JP2015501595A - Downlink control channel monitoring method and wireless device - Google Patents

Downlink control channel monitoring method and wireless device Download PDF

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JP2015501595A
JP2015501595A JP2014538725A JP2014538725A JP2015501595A JP 2015501595 A JP2015501595 A JP 2015501595A JP 2014538725 A JP2014538725 A JP 2014538725A JP 2014538725 A JP2014538725 A JP 2014538725A JP 2015501595 A JP2015501595 A JP 2015501595A
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control channel
downlink control
pdcch
epdcch
search space
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JP5980938B2 (en
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ハク ソン キム,
ハク ソン キム,
ハン ビョル セオ,
ハン ビョル セオ,
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エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド
エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド
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Priority to US201261679050P priority
Priority to PCT/KR2012/009139 priority patent/WO2013066084A2/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • H04W24/08Testing, supervising or monitoring using real traffic
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04JMULTIPLEX COMMUNICATION
    • H04J11/00Orthogonal multiplex systems, e.g. using WALSH codes
    • H04J11/0069Cell search, i.e. determining cell identity [cell-ID]
    • H04J11/0093Neighbour cell search
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0001Arrangements for dividing the transmission path
    • H04L5/0003Two-dimensional division
    • H04L5/0005Time-frequency
    • H04L5/0007Time-frequency the frequencies being orthogonal, e.g. OFDM(A), DMT
    • H04L5/001Time-frequency the frequencies being orthogonal, e.g. OFDM(A), DMT the frequencies being arranged in component carriers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0048Allocation of pilot signals, i.e. of signals known to the receiver
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L5/00Arrangements affording multiple use of the transmission path
    • H04L5/003Arrangements for allocating sub-channels of the transmission path
    • H04L5/0053Allocation of signaling, i.e. of overhead other than pilot signals

Abstract

A method and a wireless device for monitoring a downlink control channel in a wireless communication system are provided. A wireless device monitors a first downlink control channel in a first search space and monitors a second downlink control channel in a second search space. The first downlink control channel is demodulated by a first reference signal generated based on a first serving cell identifier, and the second downlink control channel is based on a second serving cell identifier. Demodulated by the generated second reference signal. [Selection] Figure 8

Description

  The present invention relates to wireless communication, and more particularly, to a method for monitoring a downlink control channel in a wireless communication system and a wireless device using the method.

  LTE (long term evolution) based on 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) TS (Technical Specification) Release 8 is a leading next-generation mobile communication standard. Recently, standardization of LTE-A (LTE-advanced) based on 3GPP TS Release 10 supporting multiple carriers is underway.

  3GPP TS 36.211 V10.2.0 (2011-06) "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 10)" as described in 3LTE TE The physical channels in FIG. 1 are the downlink channels PDSCH (Physical Downlink Shared Channel) and PDCCH (Physical Downlink Control Channel), and the uplink channels PUSCH (Physical UplinkChunP). ol Channel).

  In order to cope with the increasing data traffic, various techniques for increasing the transmission capacity of the mobile communication system have been introduced. For example, a multiple input multiple output (MIMO) technology using a plurality of antennas, a carrier aggregation technology supporting a plurality of cells, and the like have been introduced.

  A control channel designed in 3GPP LTE / LTE-A transmits various control information. As new technologies are introduced, it is required to increase control channel capacity and improve scheduling flexibility.

  The present invention provides a method for monitoring a downlink control channel and a wireless device using the method.

  In one aspect, a downlink control channel monitoring method in a wireless communication system is provided. The method includes the steps of a wireless device monitoring a first downlink control channel in a first search space and the wireless device monitoring a second downlink control channel in a second search space. The first downlink control channel is demodulated by a first reference signal generated based on a first serving cell identifier, and the second downlink control channel is based on a second serving cell identifier. Demodulated by the generated second reference signal.

  The maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is the same as the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel.

  The maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is different from the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel.

  In another aspect, a wireless device that monitors a control channel in a wireless communication system includes an RF (radio frequency) unit that transmits and receives a radio signal and a processor coupled to the RF unit, The first downlink control channel is monitored in the search space, and the second downlink control channel is monitored in the second search space.

  The complexity of blind decoding for detecting the downlink control channel can be reduced, and the efficiency of transmission resources for the downlink control channel can be increased.

The structure of the downlink radio frame in 3GPP LTE-A is shown. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of PDCCH. It is an illustration figure which shows monitoring of PDCCH. An example in which a reference signal and a control channel are arranged in a DL subframe of 3GPP LTE is shown. It is an example of the sub-frame which has EPDCCH. 4 shows subframe settings according to an embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 4 illustrates control channel monitoring according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 shows downlink control channel monitoring according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating a wireless communication system in which an embodiment of the present invention is implemented.

  A wireless device (wireless device) may be fixed or mobile, and may be a UE (User Equipment), an MS (Mobile Station), an MT (Mobile Terminal), an UT (User Terminal), an SS (SS) It may also be called by other terms such as a subscriber station (PDA), a personal digital assistant (PDA), a wireless modem, a handheld device, and the like. Alternatively, the wireless device may be a device that supports only data communication, such as an MTC (Machine-Type Communication) device.

  A base station (BS) generally means a fixed station (fixed station) that communicates with a wireless device, eNB (evolved-NodeB), BTS (Base Transceiver System), an access point (Access Point), etc. Sometimes called by other terms.

  Hereinafter, 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) TS (Technical Specification) Release (Release) 8 based on 3GPP LTE (long term evolution) or 3GPP TS Release 10 based on 3GPP LTE-A Describe. This is merely an example, and the present invention can be applied to various wireless communication networks. Hereinafter, LTE includes LTE and / or LTE-A.

  A wireless device can be served by multiple serving cells. Each serving cell can be defined as a DL (component carrier) CC or a DL CC and UL (uplink) CC pair.

  The serving cell can be classified into a primary cell and a secondary cell. The primary cell is a cell that operates at a primary frequency and performs an initial connection establishment process, starts a connection re-establishment process, or is designated as a primary cell in a handover process. The primary cell is also referred to as a reference cell. The secondary cell operates at a secondary frequency and can be set up after RRC (Radio Resource Control) connection is established, and can be used to provide additional radio resources. At least one primary cell is always set, and the secondary cell can be added / modified / cancelled by higher layer signaling (eg, RRC (radio resource control) message).

  The CI (cell index) of the primary cell can be fixed. For example, the lowest CI can be designated as the CI of the primary cell. Hereinafter, it is assumed that the CI of the primary cell is 0 and the CI of the secondary cell is assigned sequentially from 1.

  FIG. 1 shows a structure of a downlink radio frame in 3GPP LTE-A. This can be referred to Section 6 of 3GPP TS 36.211 V10.2.0 (2011-06) “Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical Channels and Modulation (Release 10)”.

  A radio frame includes 10 subframes indexed from 0 to 9. One subframe includes two consecutive slots. The time required for transmission of one subframe is called TTI (transmission time interval). For example, the length of one subframe is 1 ms and the length of one slot is 0.5 ms.

  One slot may include a plurality of OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) symbols in the time domain. The OFDM symbol uses only OFDMA (orthogonal frequency division multiple access) in the downlink (DL) in 3GPP LTE, and thus is merely a symbol period in the time domain, and is multiplexed. There are no restrictions on the connection method or name. For example, the OFDM symbol may be referred to by another name such as a single carrier-frequency multiple access (SC-FDMA) symbol or a symbol interval.

  One slot exemplarily describes one including 7 OFDM symbols, but the number of OFDM symbols included in one slot may vary depending on the length of CP (Cyclic Prefix). According to 3GPP TS 36.211 V10.2.0, in regular CP, 1 slot contains 7 OFDM symbols, and in extended CP, 1 slot contains 6 OFDM symbols.

  A resource block (RB) is a resource allocation unit and includes a plurality of subcarriers in one slot. For example, if one slot includes 7 OFDM symbols in the time domain and a resource block includes 12 subcarriers in the frequency domain, one resource block includes 7 × 12 resource elements (resources). element, RE).

  A DL (downlink) subframe is divided into a control region and a data region in the time domain. The control region includes a maximum of four OFDM symbols in front of the first slot in the subframe, but the number of OFDM symbols included in the control region can vary. A PDCCH (Physical Downlink Control Channel) and other control channels are allocated to the control area, and a PDSCH is allocated to the data area.

  As disclosed in 3GPP TS 36.211 V10.2.0, the physical control channel in 3GPP LTE / LTE-A is PDCCH (Physical Downlink Control Channel), PCFICH (Physical Control Format IndicatorPHI). Hybrid-ARQ Indicator Channel).

  The PCFICH transmitted in the first OFDM symbol of the subframe transmits a control format indicator (CFI) for the number of OFDM symbols used for transmission of the control channel (that is, the size of the control region) in the subframe. The wireless device first monitors the PDCCH after receiving the CFI on the PCFICH.

  Unlike the PDCCH, the PCFICH is transmitted via a fixed subframe PCFICH resource without using blind decoding.

  The PHICH transmits an ACK (positive-acknowledgement) / NACK (negative-acknowledgement) signal for uplink HARQ (hybrid automatic repeat request). An ACK / NACK signal for UL (uplink) data on PUSCH transmitted by the wireless device is transmitted on PHICH.

  PBCH (Physical Broadcast Channel) is transmitted in four OFDM symbols in the front part of the second slot of the first subframe of the radio frame. The PBCH transmits system information essential for communication between the wireless device and the base station, and the system information transmitted via the PBCH is referred to as an MIB (Master Information Block). On the other hand, system information transmitted on the PDSCH indicated by the PDCCH is referred to as SIB (system information block).

  Control information transmitted via the PDCCH is referred to as downlink control information (DCI). DCI includes PDSCH resource allocation (also referred to as DL grant), PUSCH resource allocation (also referred to as UL grant), and transmission power control commands for individual UEs in any UE group. And / or activation of VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol).

  In 3GPP LTE / LTE-A, transmission of a DL transmission block is performed by a pair of PDCCH and PDSCH. Transmission of the UL transmission block is performed by a pair of PDCCH and PUSCH. For example, the wireless device receives a DL transmission block on the PDSCH indicated by the PDCCH. The wireless device monitors the PDCCH in the DL subframe and receives the DL resource assignment on the PDCCH. The wireless device receives the DL transmission block on the PDSCH indicated by the DL resource allocation.

  FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing the configuration of PDCCH.

  In 3GPP LTE / LTE-A, blind decoding is used for PDCCH detection. Blind decoding is a method in which a desired identifier is demasked on a CRC of a received PDCCH (referred to as a candidate PDCCH), and a CRC error is checked to check whether the corresponding PDCCH is its own control channel. is there.

  After determining the PDCCH format by DCI sent to the wireless device, the base station attaches a CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) to the DCI, and a unique identifier depending on the owner of the PDCCH and the application (this is called RNTI (Radio Network Temporary Identifier)). Is masked to the CRC (block 210).

  In the case of PDCCH for a specific wireless device, a unique identifier of the wireless device, for example, C-RNTI (Cell-RNTI) may be masked by CRC. Alternatively, in the case of PDCCH for a paging message, a paging indication identifier, for example, P-RNTI (Paging-RNTI) may be masked by CRC. In the case of PDCCH for system information, a system information identifier, SI-RNTI (system information-RNTI) may be masked by CRC. A RA-RNTI (Random Access-RNTI) may be masked in the CRC to indicate a random access response that is a response to the transmission of the random access preamble. The TPC-RNTI may be masked in the CRC to indicate a TPC (Transmit Power Control) command for a plurality of wireless devices.

  When the C-RNTI is used, the PDCCH transmits control information for the corresponding specific wireless device (this is referred to as UE-specific control information), and when another RNTI is used, the PDCCH The common control information received by all or a plurality of wireless devices in the cell is transmitted.

  The encoded data (coded data) is generated by encoding the DCI to which the CRC is added (block 220). Encoding includes channel encoding and rate matching.

  The encoded data is modulated to generate modulation symbols (block 230).

  The modulation symbols are mapped to physical RE (resource element) (block 240). Each modulation symbol is mapped to an RE.

  The control area in the subframe includes a plurality of CCEs (control channel elements). The CCE is a logical allocation unit used to provide the coding rate according to the state of the radio channel to the PDCCH, and corresponds to a plurality of resource element groups (REGs). The REG includes a plurality of resource elements. The PDCCH format and the number of possible PDCCH bits are determined according to the relationship between the number of CCEs and the coding rate provided by the CCEs.

  One REG includes four REs, and one CCE includes nine REGs. {1, 2, 4, 8} CCEs can be used to construct one PDCCH, and each element of {1, 2, 4, 8} is called a CCE aggregation level.

  The number of CCEs used for PDDCH transmission is determined by the base station according to the channel state. For example, one CCE can be used for PDCCH transmission for a wireless device having good downlink channel conditions. Eight CCEs can be used for PDCCH transmission for wireless devices with poor downlink channel conditions.

  A control channel configured with one or more CCEs is interleaved in units of REGs, and is mapped to a physical resource after a cyclic shift based on a cell ID (identifier) is performed.

  FIG. 3 is an exemplary diagram illustrating monitoring of PDCCH. This can be referred to in section 9 of 3GPP TS 36.213 V10.2.0 (2011-06).

  In 3GPP LTE, blind decoding is used for PDCCH detection. Blind decoding is a method in which a desired identifier is demasked in the CRC of a received PDCCH (referred to as a PDCCH candidate) and a CRC error is checked to check whether the corresponding PDCCH is its own control channel. is there. The wireless device does not know what CCE aggregation level or DCI format is used to transmit its PDCCH at which position in the control area.

  A plurality of PDCCHs can be transmitted in one subframe. The wireless device monitors a plurality of PDCCHs for each subframe. Here, monitoring means that the wireless device attempts to decode PDCCH according to the monitored PDCCH format.

  In 3GPP LTE, a search space is used to reduce the burden of blind decoding. The search space refers to a CCE monitoring set for the PDCCH. The wireless device monitors the PDCCH within the corresponding search space.

  The search space is divided into a common search space (common search space) and a terminal-specific search space (UE-specific search space). The common search space is a space for searching for PDCCH having common control information, and is composed of 16 CCEs having CCE indexes 0 to 15, and supports PDCCH having a CCE aggregation level of {4, 8}. However, PDCCH (DCI format 0, 1A) for transmitting terminal-specific information can also be transmitted to the common search space. The terminal specific search space supports PDCCH with CCE aggregation level of {1, 2, 4, 8}.

  Table 1 below shows the number of PDCCH candidates monitored by the wireless device.

  The size of the search space is determined according to Table 1, and the start point of the search space is defined so that the common search space and the search space unique to the terminal are different. The starting point of the common search space is fixed regardless of the subframe, but the starting point of the terminal-specific search space is the terminal identifier (eg, C-RNTI), CCE aggregation level, and / or radio frame. Depending on the slot number, it can be changed for each subframe. If the start point of the terminal-specific search space is within the common search space, the search space specific to the terminal overlaps with the common search space.

At the aggregation level Lε {1, 2, 4, 8}, the search space S (L) k is defined by a set of PDCCH candidates. The CCE corresponding to the PDCCH candidate m of the search space S (L) k is given as follows.

Here, i = 0, 1,. . . , L-1, m = 0,. . . , M (L) -1, N CCE, k is the total number of CCEs that can be used for PDCCH transmission within the control region of subframe k. The control region includes a set of CCEs numbered from 0 to N CCE, k- 1. M (L) is the number of PDCCH candidates at the CCE aggregation level L in a given search space.

When CIF (carrier indicator field) is set in the wireless device, m ′ = m + M (L) n cif . n cif is the value of CIF. When CIF is not set in the wireless device, m ′ = m.

In a common search space, Y k is set to 0 for two aggregation levels, L = 4 and L = 8.

In the search space specific to the terminal at the aggregation level L, the variable Y k is defined as follows.

Here, Y −1 = n RNTI ≠ 0, A = 39827, D = 65537, k = floor (n s / 2), and n s is a slot number in the radio frame.

  When the wireless device monitors the PDCCH based on the C-RNTI, the DCI format and the search space to be monitored are determined according to the transmission mode of the PDSCH. The following table shows an example of PDCCH monitoring with C-RNTI configured.

  Applications of the DCI format are classified as shown in the following table.

  FIG. 4 illustrates an example in which a reference signal and a control channel are arranged in a DL subframe of 3GPP LTE.

  The control region (or PDCCH region) includes three front OFDM symbols, and the data region in which the PDSCH is transmitted includes the remaining OFDM symbols.

  PCFICH, PHICH and / or PDCCH are transmitted in the control area. The PCFICH CFI indicates three OFDM symbols. A region excluding resources in which PCFICH and / or PHICH is transmitted in the control region is a PDCCH region for monitoring PDCCH.

  Also, various reference signals are transmitted in the subframe.

  CRS (cell-specific reference signal) can be received by all wireless devices in the cell and transmitted over the entire downlink band. In the drawing, 'R0' indicates RE (resource element) in which CRS for the first antenna port is transmitted, 'R1' indicates RE in which CRS for the second antenna port is transmitted, and 'R2' Indicates the RE to which the CRS for the third antenna port is transmitted, and 'R3' indicates the RE to which the CRS for the fourth antenna port is transmitted.

The RS sequence r l, ns (m) for CRS is defined as follows.

Here, m = 0, 1,. . . , 2N maxRB -1, N maxRB is the maximum number of RBs, ns is the slot number in the radio frame, and l is the OFDM symbol number in the slot.

  The pseudo-random sequence c (i) is defined by a Gold sequence of length 31 as follows.

Here, Nc = 1600, the first m-sequence is x 1 (0) = 1, x 1 (n) = 0, m = 1, 2,. . . , 30.

The second m-sequence is initialized with c init = 2 10 (7 (ns + 1) + l + 1) (2N cell ID + 1) + 2N cell ID + N CP at the beginning of each OFDM symbol. The N cell ID is a cell's PCI (physical cell identity), N CP = 1 for a regular CP, and N CP = 0 for an extended CP.

  URS (UE-specific Reference Signal) is transmitted in the subframe. While the CRS is transmitted in the entire region of the subframe, the URS is transmitted in the data region of the subframe and is used for demodulation of the corresponding PDSCH. In the drawing, 'R5' indicates an RE to which URS is transmitted. URS is also referred to as DRS (Dedicated Reference Signal) or DM-RS (Demodulation Reference Signal).

  The URS is transmitted only in the RB to which the corresponding PDSCH is mapped. In the drawing, R5 is also displayed outside the region where the PDSCH is transmitted, because this indicates the position of the RE to which the URS is mapped.

URS is used only by wireless devices that receive the corresponding PDSCH. The RS sequence r ns (m) for US is the same as Equation 3. At this time, m = 0, 1,. . . , 12N PDSCH, RB- 1, where N PDSCH, RB is the number of RBs of the corresponding PDSCH transmission. The pseudo-random sequence generator is initialized with c init = (floor (ns / 2) +1) (2N cell ID + 1) 2 16 + n RNTI at the beginning of each subframe. n RNTI is an identifier of the wireless device.

The above is a case where the URS is transmitted via a single antenna, and when the URS is transmitted via multiple antennas, the pseudo-random sequence generator generates c init = (floor (ns / 2) +1) (2N cell ID + 1) 2 16 + n Initialized with SCID . n SCID is a parameter obtained from the DL grant (eg, DCI format 2B or 2C) associated with PDSCH transmission.

  URS supports MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) transmission. An RS sequence for URS can be spread into a spreading sequence as follows by antenna ports or layers.

  A layer can be defined by an information path input by a precoder. The rank is the number of non-zero eigenvalues of the MIMO channel matrix and is the same as the number of layers or the number of spatial streams. The hierarchy can correspond to an antenna port that partitions the URS and / or a spreading sequence applied to the URS.

  On the other hand, PDCCH is monitored in a limited area called a control area in a subframe, and CRS transmitted in the entire band is used for demodulation of PDCCH. As the types of control information are diversified and the amount of control information is increased, scheduling flexibility is reduced only with the existing PDCCH. Also, EPDCCH (enhanced PDCCH) has been introduced to reduce the burden of CRS transmission.

  FIG. 5 is an example of a subframe having an EPDCCH.

  A subframe may include zero or one PDCCH region 410 and zero or more EPDCCH regions 420, 430.

  The EPDCCH areas 420 and 430 are areas where the wireless device monitors the EPDCCH. Although the PDCCH region 410 is located in a maximum of four OFDM symbols in the front part of the subframe, the EPDCCH regions 420 and 430 can be flexibly scheduled with OFDM symbols after the PDCCH region 410.

  One or more EPDCCH regions 420 and 430 are designated for the wireless device, and the wireless device can monitor the EPDCCH in the designated EPDCCH regions 420 and 430.

  Information on the number / position / size of the EPDCCH regions 420 and 430 and / or subframes for monitoring the EPDCCH can be notified from the base station to the wireless device via an RRC message or the like.

  In PDCCH area 410, PDCCH can be demodulated based on CRS. In the EPDCCH regions 420 and 430, a DM (demodulation) RS that is not a CRS can be defined for demodulation of the EPDCCH. Associated DM RSs may be transmitted in corresponding EPDCCH regions 420, 430.

The RS sequence r ns (m) for the associated DM RS is the same as Equation 3. At this time, m = 0, 1,. . . , 12N RB −1, where N RB is the number of maximum RBs. The pseudo-random sequence generator can be initialized with c init = (floor (ns / 2) +1) (2N EPDCCH, ID + 1) 2 16 + n EPDCCH, SCID at the beginning of each subframe. ns is a slot number in the radio frame, N EPDCCH, ID is a cell index associated with the corresponding EPDCCH region, and n EPDCCH, SCID is a parameter given from higher layer signaling.

  Each EPDCCH region 420, 430 can be used for scheduling for different cells. For example, the EPDCCH in the EPDCCH region 420 may transmit scheduling information for the primary cell, and the EPDCCH in the EPDCCH region 430 may transmit scheduling information for the secondary cell.

  When the EPDCCH is transmitted through multiple antennas in the EPDCCH regions 420 and 430, the DM RS in the EPDCCH regions 420 and 430 can be applied with the same precoding as the EPDCCH.

  The transmission resource unit for EPCCH is referred to as ECCE (Enhanced Control Channel Element) as compared with the PDCCH using CCE for each transmission resource. The aggregation level can be defined in units of resources for monitoring the EPDCCH. For example, when 1 ECCE is the minimum resource for EPDCCH, the aggregation level L can be defined as {1, 2, 4, 8, 16}.

  Hereinafter, the EPDDCH search space may correspond to the EPDCCH region. In the EPDCCH search space, one or more EPDCCH candidates can be monitored for each one or more aggregation levels.

  The EPDCCH does not transmit control information to an existing limited PDCCH region, and the base station can transmit DCI in the PDSCH region, so that flexible scheduling is possible. In addition, the EPDCCH can contribute to reduction of inter-cell interference in a wireless network having a macro cell and a pico cell.

  The EPDDCH region is designated in advance via an RRC message or the like, and only in the EPDCCH region, the wireless device can perform blind decoding. However, a situation in which the EPDCCH cannot be normally monitored due to unexpected interference, EPDCCH reconfiguration, RRC reconfiguration, etc. can occur. In this case, monitoring PDCCH instead of EPDCCH can robust system operation. That is, the wireless device can monitor the EPDCCH in the normal mode, but can switch to the fallback mode (fallback mode) in which the PDCCH is monitored instead of the EPDCCH in a specific situation.

  In order to switch to the fallback mode, a subframe in which the PDCCH can be monitored needs to be specified. The wireless device operates in a fallback mode in a specified subframe. For example, even if the decoding of EPDCCH fails due to inter-cell interference, the wireless device can acquire DCI through the PDCCH of the subframe in the fallback mode. The DCI on the PDCCH in fallback mode may include the same content as the DCI on the EPDCCH, or may include new content.

  If the situation where the specific condition is not satisfied and the EPDCCH cannot be received exceeds a certain time interval, the wireless device can monitor only the PDCCH thereafter. For example, the specific condition is 1) EPDCCH reception quality is less than a threshold value, or 2) EPDCCH decoding failure is N times or more in a designated time interval, or 3) after EPDCCH decoding failure starts. After N subframes, 4) a timer is started as EPDCCH decoding failure occurs, and at least one of the times when the timer expires can be included.

  FIG. 6 illustrates subframe settings according to an embodiment of the present invention.

  In subframes # 1, # 2, and # 3, the wireless device monitors EPDCCH, and in subframes # 4 and # 5, the wireless device monitors EPDCCH. Subframes # 1, # 2, and # 3 are subframes for monitoring EPDCCH, and are also referred to as normal subframes, EPDCCH subframes, and first type subframes. The EPDDCH subframe can also monitor the PDCCH in addition to the EDPCCH. Subframes # 4 and # 5 are subframes for monitoring PDCCH that is not EPDCCH, and are also referred to as fallback subframes, PDCCH subframes, and second type subframes. The number and position of subframes are merely examples.

  The PDCCH subframe may be specified in units of radio frames (Radio frames) or may be specified every integer multiple of radio frames. For example, a specific pattern or a bitmap format can be specified for each radio frame. The bitmap {0001100011} for subframes # 1 to # 10 can indicate that subframes # 4, # 5, # 9, and # 10 are PDCCH subframes. Alternatively, a subframe in which a specific signal (eg, PBCH, synchronization signal) is transmitted can be designated as a PDCCH subframe.

  Depending on the characteristics of the control information, the PDCCH subframe and the EPDCCH subframe can be appropriately combined and operated. For example, system information, information such as important information changes and updates such as cell selection / reselection, or broadcast information or information masked by SI-RNTI, P-RNTI, RA-RNTI is monitored in the PDCCH region. The scheduling information (DL grant and UL grant) can be monitored on the EPDCCH. Information transmitted on the PDCCH is not transmitted on the EPDCCH. Alternatively, it can be said that there is no common search space (hereinafter referred to as CSS) in the EPDCCH region, and only a terminal-specific search space (UE-Specific Search Space, hereinafter referred to as USS).

  Although both CSS and USS can exist in the EPDCCH region, important information such as system information is stored in the EPDCCH region in designated subframes (eg, the first and sixth subframes of a radio frame). Can be monitored by CSS in the PDCCH region instead of the CSS.

  Hereinafter, various methods for implementing CSS and USS in the PDCCH region and the EPDCCH region are proposed.

  As a first embodiment, it can be designed to maintain the same blind decoding complexity / capability / time between subframes.

  Assuming that the number of times of blind decoding does not change for each subframe, the wireless device can attempt various types of blind decoding within a range that does not exceed the performance in the PDCCH subframe and the EPDCCH subframe. For example, it is assumed that the blind decoding performance of the wireless device is a maximum of 44 times. If there is one DCI format monitored in the EPDCCH subframe, all blind decoding performance can be used. If there are two DCI formats, blind decoding can be attempted separately for each DCI format. Decoding can be attempted 22 times per DCI format. As in the case of the DCI format 1A and the DCI format 0, DCI formats having the same size can be regarded as one DCI format.

  Assume that only CSS is present in the PDCCH subframe, only DCI format 1A / 1C is monitored, and only USS is present in the EPDCCH subframe. The blind decoding complexity in CSS and the blind decoding complexity in USS can be set substantially the same.

  As a second example, blind decoding complexity may be allocated between search spaces, DCI formats, or candidate positions in the same subframe.

  When the total number of blind decodings that the wireless device can perform in one subframe is fixed, the number of candidate EPDCCHs and / or the aggregation level of EPDCCHs may change.

  Assume that the wireless device can perform a total of N times of blind decoding in one subframe. When sub-frame k performs K times of blind decoding in the PDCCH region, it is possible to perform maximum (NK) times of blind decoding in the EPDCCH region. When the PDCCH region is not monitored in subframe k + 1, blind decoding can be performed a maximum of N times in the EPDCCH region.

  Whether to decode the aggregation level / number of candidate EPDDCHs in the EPDCCH region monitored by the wireless device according to subframes, particularly in the corresponding subframes, in order to minimize the blocking probability of DCI transmission It is suggested to adjust differently depending on.

  FIG. 7 shows control channel monitoring according to an embodiment of the present invention.

  There are 16 CCEs and there are indexes 0-15. Assume that the aggregation level L = 4 and that there are four PDCCH candidates (1), (2), (3), and (4). Therefore, the maximum blind decoding count is 4 at the aggregation level L = 4.

  Assume that in subframe n, the wireless device monitors PDCCH region 710 and EPDCCH region 720, and in subframe n + 1, the wireless device monitors EPDCCH region 780.

  In subframe n, the wireless device monitors PDCCH candidate (1) in PDCCH region 710 and monitors PDCCH candidates (2), (3), and (4) in EPDCCH region 720. In subframe n + 1, the wireless device monitors PDCCH candidates (1), (2), (3), and (4) in EPDCCH region 780. Therefore, in all subframes, the maximum blind decoding count is 4 in the same way.

  The location / number of PDCCH / EPDCCH regions, the aggregation level, the number of PDCCH candidates, and the number of CCEs are merely examples.

  In the drawing, it is illustrated that PDCCH and EPDCCH use the same CCE aggregation, but independent resource allocation is possible for PDCCH and EPDCCH. PDCCH can use existing CCE aggregation and EPDDCH can use ECCE aggregation.

  Assuming that there are N PDCCH / EPDDCH candidates, the PDCCH may perform decoding on the forward (NK) PDCCH candidates. In order to make the positions of PDCCH candidates uniform within the CCE aggregation, the CCE index by the operation of floor {n * N / (NK)} (n = 0, 1,..., N−K−1) is set. It can also be selected as the starting point of the corresponding PDCCH candidate. Here, floor {x} means the largest integer smaller than x.

  Hereinafter, an example of a mathematical formula for partitioning the PDCCH and the EPDCCH is shown.

  Here, N is the total number of PDCCH candidates in the search space to be divided, K is the number of PDCCH candidates assigned to the PDCCH or E-PDCCH, and i is the index of the PDCCH candidate to be selected. a, b, and c are parameters based on the division ratio and the selection pattern.

  As another method, the base station can set the position and the number of (NK) PDCCH candidates in the terminal via the upper layer signal.

  Hereinafter, a method for defining the CSS in the EPDCCH region is proposed.

  Hereinafter, USS and CSS mean USS and CSS in the PDCCH region, and E-USS (Enhanced-USS) and E-CSS (Enhanced-CSS) mean USS and CSS in the EPDCCH region. The CSS is an area monitored by a plurality of wireless devices in the cell or all wireless devices in the cell.

  The CSS of the existing PDCCH region has an aggregation level of {4, 8}, and its starting point is fixed. In the EPDCCH region, the E-CSS is configured to partially or entirely overlap with the E-USS. Here, the overlapping region can be configured depending on the position of the EPDCCH candidate of E-CSS.

  Since E-CSS is intended to transmit control information and system information to a plurality of wireless devices, high reliability is required. Therefore, for example, it is preferable to use a relatively high aggregation level such as {4,8}. If the E-USS is defined for the aggregation level L = {1, 2, 4, 8}, the wireless device detects that the E-CSS DCI format is detected with L = {4, 8}. You must know the fact that you can also. In this case, when the E-CSS is configured to have the same size as the DCI format 1A / 0, a scheme similar to the division of the DCI format 1A / 0 can be applied to the E-CSS DCI format and blinded. Decoding complexity can be reduced. A separate RNTI can be used to partition the E-CSS, or the DCI can include an indicator to partition the CSS / USS.

  Only the E-CSS DCI format can be monitored for specific aggregation levels (eg, 4, 8). Also, E-CSS can use a different aggregation level than E-USS, such as L = 12. The overlap of E-USS and E-CSS can be applied to some or all aggregation levels. Alternatively, a part of the aggregation levels that can be used by the E-USS is allocated to the E-CSS, and it can be assumed that the E-USS does not use the corresponding aggregation level. For example, when L = {1, 2, 4, 8} is defined in E-USS, but E-CSS is set to L = 4, the wireless device uses L = {1, 1, in E-USS. EPDCCH detection can only be attempted for 2,8}.

  The E-CSS in the EPDCCH region can be monitored by a wireless device or a specific wireless device group sharing the DM RS.

  Hereinafter, subframe configuration for PDCCH and EPDCCH will be described.

  The following table is an example of the proposed subframe configuration.

  'O' indicates that a corresponding search space exists in the corresponding subframe.

  Subframe setting 7 indicates search space division in regular subframes. Define CSS in the stable PDCCH region and define E-USS in the EPDCCH region. EPDCCH transmits radio device scheduling information, and PDCCH transmits common control information.

  The subframe setting 13 indicates that E-CSS and E-USS are defined in the EPDCCH region, but CSS is additionally defined in the PDCCH region. Since the blind decoding complexity greatly depends on the number of times of blind decoding, if the three search spaces are appropriately designed within a range where the maximum number of times is not increased, the complexity is not increased. More specifically, the number or aggregation level of EPDDCH candidates can be allocated between CSS and E-CSS. For example, CSS can use aggregation level 4 and E-CSS can use aggregation level 8. The blind decoding times between CSS and E-CSS can be the same or different from each other. The blind decoding allocation by the search space can also be applied to the subframe settings 6, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15.

  In subframe setting 15, CSS / USS is defined in both the PDCCH region and the EPDCCH region.

  In subframe setting 5, only CSS / USS of the PDCCH region is defined. This can be regarded as a kind of PDCCH fallback. The wireless device can monitor the EPDCCH region and switch to a fallback mode, i.e., a mode to monitor the PDCCH in certain situations. In the fallback mode, unlike 3GPP LTE, more aggregation levels or more PDCCH candidates can be defined.

  The subframe setting 11 can be utilized for additionally securing an E-CSS due to insufficient CSS in the PDCCH region.

  The subframe setting 12 is a method of additionally securing E-USS in the E-PDCCH region on the basis of monitoring a safely designed PDCCH region.

  The subframe setting 13 indicates that the E-CSS is additionally secured in the subframe setting 7. On the contrary, it can be interpreted that the E-PDCCH is configured and CSS is additionally reserved in the PDCCH region.

  The subframe setting 14 additionally monitors the USS in the PDCCH region in the EPDCCH monitoring mode.

  The subframe settings 1 to 16 described above can be combined. The subframe setting may be changed on a subframe basis, periodically or aperiodically. The reason is that there is an advantage for each subframe setting, so it is more efficient to select an appropriate subframe setting depending on the situation.

  For example, subframe settings 10 and 5 can be combined. Only EPDCCH can be monitored by subframe setting 10 in a specific subframe, and only PDCCH can be monitored by subframe setting 5 in other subframes.

  Subframe settings 7 and 5 can be combined. In a specific subframe, CSS in the PDCCH region and USS in the EPDCCH region can be monitored by subframe setting 7, and only PDCCH can be monitored by subframe setting 5 in other subframes. This can be usefully applied to the TDD special subframe. Special subframe depends on PDCCH by subframe setting 5 and subframe setting 7 for the remaining TDD subframes.

  Subframe settings 9 and 6 can be combined. In a specific subframe, the USS in the PDCCH region and the E-USS in the EPDCCH region are monitored by subframe setting 9, and the CSS in the PDCCH region and the E-CSS in the EPDCCH region can be monitored in subframe setting 6 in other subframes. it can.

  The combinations are merely examples, and various combinations of the subframe settings 1 to 16 are possible. Alternatively, one or more subframe settings may be applied to one subframe. The subframe setting changes when a specific condition is satisfied, or can change according to a pre-designated pattern.

  The subframe setting can be set in units of subframes or radio frames. The base station can set a period and / or a change condition for changing the subframe setting in the wireless device.

  The base station can assign an available subframe setting set to a wireless device and activate / deactivate the available subframe setting set. For example, the base station informs the wireless device that the available subframe settings are subframe settings 7 and 5. The base station can notify the subframe setting in units of subframes or radio frames. For example, when the base station transmits a bitmap {0001100000} to 10 subframes belonging to a radio frame, the radio device applies subframe setting 5 to the subframes having indexes 3 and 4. The subframe setting 7 can be applied to the remaining subframes. Thereafter, in order to change the subframe setting, the base station can transmit only the changed bitmap to the wireless device.

  The subframe setting can be made different depending on the bandwidth. For example, assume that a wireless network supports a 20 MHz bandwidth and a 1 MHz bandwidth. At this time, the number of REs allocated to the data area is insufficient in the subframe corresponding to the 1 MHz bandwidth. Therefore, subframe setting 7 can be used in the 20 MHz bandwidth, and subframe setting 5 can be used in the 1 MHz bandwidth.

  FIG. 8 shows downlink control channel monitoring according to an embodiment of the present invention.

  The EPDCCH region can be divided into a plurality of sub-regions 810 and 820. Assume that the EPDCCH region includes N ECCEs. The first sub-region 810 can start with ECCE with index 0, and the second sub-region 820 can start with ECCE with index 4.

  The number of sub-regions and the starting point are merely examples.

  The sub-regions 810 and 820 may be defined for each serving cell, and may be referred to as an EPDCCH set in other terms. Hereinafter, it is assumed that the first sub-region 810 corresponds to EPDCCH set 1 and the second sub-region 820 corresponds to EPDCCH set 2.

  The first DM RS used for the demodulation of the EPDCCH set 1 and the second DM RS used for the demodulation of the EPDCCH set 2 can be generated based on different cell IDs. For example, the first DM RS may be generated based on the cell ID of the first serving cell, and the second DM RS may be generated based on the second serving cell ID.

  The number of EPDCCH sets can be changed for each subframe. The subframe configuration of Table 5 described above can be applied to each EPDCCH set.

  Each EPDCCH set may have a different starting point within the EPDCCH region. Alternatively, each EPDCCH set can have the same starting point within the EPDCCH region.

  Settings for a plurality of EPDCCH sets can be notified by the base station to the wireless device via an RRC message or the like.

  Dividing the EPDCCH region into a plurality of EPDCCH sets has many advantages. First, more reliable transmission is possible by applying different transmission modes to a plurality of EPDCCH sets. For example, the EPDCCH set 1 can apply localized transmission and the EPDCCH set 2 can apply distributed transmission. Even if it is difficult to monitor an EPDCCH set due to poor channel conditions, it is easier to monitor other EPDCCH sets. Second, it is possible to increase flexibility in transmission resource allocation. EPDCCH is assigned to a PRB pair unit, and when the payload is not large, different EPDCCH sets can be assigned to one PRB pair.

  Even if the EPDCCH region is divided into a plurality of EPDCCH sets, it is preferable to maintain the maximum number of times of blind decoding. Blind decoding performance for the EPDCCH region can be divided into blind decoding performance for multiple EPDCCH sets.

  The maximum number of blind decodings for each of a plurality of EPDCCH sets is all the same or different.

  The table below shows the number of EPDCCH candidates for each aggregation level when there are EPDCCH sets 1 and 2 and the aggregation level L = {1, 2, 4, 8, 16} is defined.

  Settings 0 and 1 are an EPDCCH set 1 and an EPDCCH set 2 that are evenly distributed. Setting 2 gives EPDCCH set 1 more blind decoding times and gives priority to lower aggregation levels. Setting 3 gives EPDCCH set 1 more blind decoding times and gives priority to higher aggregation levels. In the setting 4, EPDCCH set 1 and EPDCCH set 2 are assigned different aggregation levels.

  The following table shows various examples.

  FIG. 9 is a block diagram illustrating a wireless communication system in which an embodiment of the present invention is implemented.

  The base station 50 includes a processor 51, a memory 52, and an RF unit (RF (radio frequency) unit) 53. The memory 52 is connected to the processor 51 and stores various information for driving the processor 51. The RF unit 53 is connected to the processor 51 and transmits and / or receives a radio signal. The processor 51 embodies the proposed functions, processes and / or methods. In the above-described embodiment, the operation of the base station can be implemented by the processor 51. The processor 51 may set a search space for EPDCCH and / or PDCCH, and transmit EPDCCH and PDCCH.

  The wireless device 60 includes a processor 61, a memory 62, and an RF unit 63. The memory 62 is connected to the processor 61 and stores various information for driving the processor 61. The RF unit 63 is connected to the processor 61 and transmits and / or receives a radio signal. The processor 61 embodies the proposed functions, processes and / or methods. In the embodiment described above, the operation of the wireless device can be implemented by the processor 61. The processor 61 can monitor EPDCCH and PDCCH in the search space.

  The processor may include an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), other chipset, logic circuit, and / or data processing device. The memory may include a read-only memory (ROM), a random access memory (RAM), a flash memory, a memory card, a storage medium, and / or other storage device. The RF unit can include a baseband circuit for processing a radio signal. When the embodiment is implemented by software, the above-described technique can be implemented by modules (processes, functions, etc.) that perform the above-described functions. The module can be stored in memory and executed by a processor. The memory is internal or external to the processor and can be coupled to the processor by various well-known means.

  In the exemplary system described above, the method has been described based on a flowchart with a series of steps or blocks, but the present invention is not limited to the order of the steps, and certain steps may differ from those described above. And can occur in different orders or simultaneously. Also, one of ordinary skill in the art can appreciate that the steps shown in the flowchart are not exclusive, include other steps, or that one or more steps in the flowchart can be deleted without affecting the scope of the invention. I can understand that.

In another aspect, a wireless device that monitors a control channel in a wireless communication system includes an RF (radio frequency) unit that transmits and receives a radio signal and a processor coupled to the RF unit, The first downlink control channel is monitored in the search space, and the second downlink control channel is monitored in the second search space.
For example, the present invention provides the following items.
(Item 1)
In a downlink control channel monitoring method in a wireless communication system,
The wireless device monitoring a first downlink control channel in a first search space; and
The wireless device monitoring a second downlink control channel in a second search space;
The first downlink control channel is demodulated by a first reference signal generated based on an identifier of a first serving cell;
The downlink control channel monitoring method, wherein the second downlink control channel is demodulated by a second reference signal generated based on an identifier of a second serving cell.
(Item 2)
The maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is the same as the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. Downlink control channel monitoring method.
(Item 3)
The downlink according to item 1, wherein the maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is different from the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. Control channel monitoring method.
(Item 4)
The downlink control channel monitoring method according to item 1, wherein an aggregation level for the first search space and an aggregation level for the second search space are different from each other.
(Item 5)
The downlink control channel monitoring of claim 1, wherein the first and second downlink control channels are decoded based on an identifier of the wireless device in the first and second search spaces. Method.
(Item 6)
The downlink according to item 1, wherein the first reference signal is received in the first search space and the second reference signal is received in the second search space. Control channel monitoring method.
(Item 7)
In a wireless device that monitors a control channel in a wireless communication system,
An RF (radio frequency) unit for transmitting and receiving radio signals; and
A processor coupled to the RF unit;
Monitoring a first downlink control channel in a first search space; and
Monitoring the second downlink control channel in the second search space;
The first downlink control channel is demodulated by a first reference signal generated based on an identifier of a first serving cell;
The wireless device, wherein the second downlink control channel is demodulated by a second reference signal generated based on an identifier of a second serving cell.
(Item 8)
The maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is the same as the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. Wireless equipment.
(Item 9)
8. The wireless device of item 7, wherein the maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is different from the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. .
(Item 10)
8. The wireless device according to item 7, wherein an aggregation level for the first search space and an aggregation level for the second search space are different from each other.
(Item 11)
The wireless device according to item 7, wherein the first reference signal is received in the first search space, and the second reference signal is received in the second search space. .

Claims (11)

  1. In a downlink control channel monitoring method in a wireless communication system,
    The wireless device monitoring a first downlink control channel in a first search space; and
    The wireless device monitoring a second downlink control channel in a second search space;
    The first downlink control channel is demodulated by a first reference signal generated based on an identifier of a first serving cell;
    The downlink control channel monitoring method, wherein the second downlink control channel is demodulated by a second reference signal generated based on an identifier of a second serving cell.
  2.   The maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is the same as the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. Downlink control channel monitoring method.
  3.   The down of claim 1, wherein the maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is different from the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. Link control channel monitoring method.
  4.   The method of claim 1, wherein an aggregation level for the first search space and an aggregation level for the second search space are different from each other.
  5.   The downlink control channel of claim 1, wherein the first and second downlink control channels are decoded based on an identifier of the wireless device in the first and second search spaces. Monitoring method.
  6.   The down of claim 1, wherein the first reference signal is received in the first search space, and the second reference signal is received in the second search space. Link control channel monitoring method.
  7. In a wireless device that monitors a control channel in a wireless communication system,
    An RF (radio frequency) unit for transmitting and receiving radio signals; and
    A processor coupled to the RF unit;
    Monitoring a first downlink control channel in a first search space; and
    Monitoring the second downlink control channel in the second search space;
    The first downlink control channel is demodulated by a first reference signal generated based on an identifier of a first serving cell;
    The wireless device, wherein the second downlink control channel is demodulated by a second reference signal generated based on an identifier of a second serving cell.
  8.   The maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is the same as the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. Wireless equipment.
  9.   The radio of claim 7, wherein the maximum number of blind decoding for the first downlink control channel is different from the maximum number of blind decoding for the second downlink control channel. machine.
  10.   The wireless device according to claim 7, wherein the aggregation level for the first search space and the aggregation level for the second search space are different from each other.
  11.   The radio according to claim 7, wherein the first reference signal is received in the first search space, and the second reference signal is received in the second search space. machine.
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JPN6015025000; NTT DOCOMO: 'UE-specific DL DM-RS Sequence for Rel-11 CoMP[online]' 3GPP TSG-RAN WG1#68    R1-120407 , 20120206, インターネット<URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ra *
JPN6016010645; Motorola Mobility: 'RRC Signalling for EPDCCH[online]' 3GPP TSG-RAN WG1#70b    R1-124458 , 20121008, インターネット<URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ra *
JPN6016010646; Panasonic: 'ePDCCH search space design[online]' 3GPP TSG-RAN WG1#70    R1-123289 , 20120813, インターネット<URL:http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/tsg_ra *

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JP2018511279A (en) * 2015-02-13 2018-04-19 ダタン リンクテスター テクノロジー カンパニー リミテッド Method and system for blind detection of physical downlink control channel (PDCCH)

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