JP2015216847A - Method of manufacturing livestock feed, and livestock feed - Google Patents

Method of manufacturing livestock feed, and livestock feed Download PDF

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JP2015216847A
JP2015216847A JP2014100114A JP2014100114A JP2015216847A JP 2015216847 A JP2015216847 A JP 2015216847A JP 2014100114 A JP2014100114 A JP 2014100114A JP 2014100114 A JP2014100114 A JP 2014100114A JP 2015216847 A JP2015216847 A JP 2015216847A
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waste
bag
feed
citrus
air
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JP6087316B2 (en )
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澤 宏 典 大
Hironori Osawa
澤 宏 典 大
木 敬 司 鈴
Keiji Suzuki
木 敬 司 鈴
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川口精機株式会社
Kawaguchi Seiki Kk
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production
    • Y02P60/877Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production from by-products of vegetal origin

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method of manufacturing highly nutritious livestock feed at a low cost and livestock feed by using peel of a citrus such as a mandarin orange or a heavily damaged citrus itself such as a mandarin orange, which has been used as compost or fertilizer, or discarded as it was, as a material.SOLUTION: In a manufacturing method of livestock feed, waste matter of a citrus is contained into a non-permeable bag, for example, and sealed, and is fermented under an anaerobic condition by an action of anaerobic fermenting bacteria attached to the waste matter.

Description

本発明は、飼料の製造方法及び飼料に係り、特に、これまで堆肥や肥料とするか、そのまま廃棄されていたミカン等柑橘類の皮あるいは痛みの多いミカン等柑橘類そのものを原料とし、高い栄養価を備えた飼料を低コストで製造する方法及び、この方法で得られる飼料に関する。 The present invention relates to a manufacturing method and feed of feed, in particular, which until either the compost, fertilizer, as it is often oranges like citrus itself skinned or pain discarded once was mandarin like citrus as a raw material, a high nutritional value method of manufacturing a feed with a low cost and to a feed obtained by this method.

従来、ミカンの皮等の果皮は、粉砕、乾燥によって堆肥や肥料として利用されている(特許文献1参照)。 Conventionally, peel skin like tangerine, the milling has been used as compost or fertilizer by drying (see Patent Document 1).
また、ミカンに関しては、果実は缶詰として大量に利用されるが、皮は残渣として、産業廃棄物、つまり、「ごみ」として扱われているのが実情でもある。 In addition, with regard to the mandarin oranges, fruit is in large quantities used as canning, skin is as a residue, industrial waste, in other words, of being treated as "garbage" is also a reality.

特開2006−226662 Patent 2006-226662

上記特許文献1記載の乾燥は、例えば、熱源を利用した乾燥機で行わなければならず、乾燥機が必要であると共に、重油等燃料の消費も大きく、乾燥に要するコストは膨大である。 Drying of the above Patent Document 1, for example, must be carried out in a dryer which uses a heat source, dryer with a necessary, greater consumption of fuel oil such as a fuel, the cost required for drying is enormous.
また、家畜等の飼料も、できるだけ低コストで賄わねばならないという実情もある。 In addition, livestock feed, etc. also, there is also a reality that must be financed by the lowest possible cost.
加えて、「ごみ」として扱われているミカンの皮も、有価資源として有効に使用したいという要求も考慮する必要がある。 In addition, tangerine peel, which is treated as a "garbage" is also a desire to effectively use as a valuable resource it is necessary to consider.

本発明は、以上のような各種の問題を悉く解決するためになされたものであり、これまで廃棄物とされていたミカン等柑橘類の皮や、痛みがあり商品とならないミカン等柑橘類そのものを有効利用し、家畜の飼料を低コストで製造する方法と、この方法で得られる飼料を提供することを目的とする。 The present invention has been made in order to entirely solve the various problems as described above, so far oranges etc. and citrus peel which has been considered to be waste, oranges etc. citrus itself not a product is painful valid utilized, the purpose and method of making a livestock feed at low cost, to provide a feed obtained by this method.

請求項1記載の飼料の製造方法は、柑橘類の廃棄物を、常温・常圧に置かれた非通気性の容器内に閉じ込めて密封し、前記廃棄物に付着している嫌気性発酵菌(通性嫌気性菌)の作用により、嫌気条件下で発酵処理するものである。 The process according to claim 1, wherein the feed, citrus waste and sealed confined to normal temperature and placed in pressure in an air-impermeable container, anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste ( by the action of facultative anaerobes), it is intended to fermentation under anaerobic conditions.

また、請求項2記載の飼料の製造方法は、請求項1記載の飼料の製造方法において、柑橘類の廃棄物は、ミカンの皮で、前記ミカンの皮を50mm以下に破砕されているものである。 A method of manufacturing a feed according to claim 2 is a method of manufacturing a feed according to claim 1, waste citrus, in tangerine peel, peel of the oranges is what is crushed into 50mm or less .

また、請求項3記載の飼料の製造方法は、ミカンの皮の廃棄物を、50mm以下に破砕した後、該廃棄物を、常温・常圧下においた非通気性の袋内に入れ、前記袋を上方から押圧して前記袋内の空気を前記袋外に追い出し、前記袋を密封し、前記廃棄物に付着している嫌気性発酵菌により、嫌気条件下で発酵処理するものである。 A method of manufacturing a feed according to claim 3, wherein the waste tangerine peel, after crushed to less than 50mm, put the waste in a non-breathable bags placed at normal temperature under normal pressure, the bag the presses from above expel air in the bag out of the bag, and sealing the bag, by anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste, it is to fermentation under anaerobic conditions.

また、請求項4記載の飼料は、請求項1〜3のいずれか1項に記載の製造方法により製造されるものである。 The feed according to claim 4 is intended to be produced by the method according to any one of claims 1 to 3.

請求項1記載の飼料の製造方法によれば、「ミカンの皮等の果皮を、粉砕、乾燥によって堆肥や肥料として利用した」従来の方法に比べ、柑橘類の廃棄物を非通気性の袋等の容器内に閉じ込めて密封すれば、前記廃棄物に付着している嫌気性発酵菌(通性嫌気性菌)の作用により、該廃棄物が嫌気条件下で発酵処理されるため、乾燥機等の設備を要しないばかりか、該設備に要する重油等の燃料のコストもかからない。 According to the manufacturing method of feed of claim 1, "the pericarp peel like tangerine, ground and used as compost or fertilizer by drying" compared with the conventional methods, citrus waste air-impermeable bag such as if sealed confined in the container, wherein by the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste (facultative anaerobe), since the waste is fermented under anaerobic conditions, drier or the like not only it does not require the equipment, do not take less than the cost of fuel such as heavy oil required for the equipment.

しかも、通常は廃棄されているミカンの皮はもとより、痛みの多い柑橘類には、周知の通り、果糖やミネラル類(ビタミン類)が多種多量に含まれており、これらの果糖やミネラル類が、柑橘類の廃棄物に本来付着している嫌気性発酵菌の栄養分となり、該菌の発酵活動を促進するのみならず、この発酵処理により果糖やミネラル分が低分子化し、家畜等にとっては、より良好に利用され易い形態となる。 Moreover, usually the skin of oranges that have been discarded, as well as in a lot of pain citrus, as is well known, fructose and minerals (vitamins) is included in a wide large amount, these fructose and minerals, become nutrient anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering originally citrus waste, not only to promote the fermentation activity of the fungus, the fermentation fructose and minerals are low molecular weight by, for livestock and the like, better the likely form be utilized.

以上要するに、本発明によれば、極めて低コストで、従来廃棄されていた柑橘類の廃棄物を、栄養価の高い飼料原料として利用でき、柑橘類の廃棄物の有効利用を図ることができる。 In short, according to the present invention, at extremely low cost, citrus that are conventionally discarded waste, can be used as a nutritious feedstuff, it is possible to effectively utilize the citrus waste.

また、請求項2記載の飼料の製造方法によれば、前述した請求項1記載の発明の効果に加え、非通気性の袋等の容器内に閉じ込められたミカンの皮の廃棄物は、50mm以下に破砕されているため、減容され、該容器内に廃棄物をより多く収納することができるだけでなく、破砕された廃棄物の自重により廃棄物が該容器内底部に移行し、この移行に伴って廃棄物間に滞留している空気はもとより、該容器内の空気が自然に脱気され、該容器内が嫌気条件となり、嫌気性発酵菌の発酵活動を促進させることができる。 According to the manufacturing method of feed according to claim 2, in addition to the effect of the first aspect described above, waste of air-impermeable mandarin confined in a container such as a bag skin, 50 mm because it is crushed to below, is reduced in volume, not only can be more accommodating waste into said vessel, waste moves within the container bottom by the weight of the crushed waste, the transition air, as well as the air is evacuated naturally within said vessel, the vessel becomes anaerobic conditions, it is possible to promote the fermentation activity of the anaerobic fermentation bacteria staying with in between waste.

また、請求項3記載の飼料の製造方法によれば、「ミカンの皮等の果皮を、粉砕、乾燥によって堆肥や肥料として利用した」従来の方法に比べ、ミカンの皮の廃棄物を、破砕し、破砕後、前記廃棄物を常温・常圧下に置いた非通気性の袋内に入れ、その後、前記廃棄物を上から押圧して前記袋内の空気を外に追い出し、追い出し後、前記袋を閉じて密封すれば、前記廃棄物に付着している嫌気性発酵菌の作用により、嫌気条件下で発酵処理されるため、乾燥機等の設備を要しないばかりか、重油等燃料のコストもかからず、しかも、これまで廃棄していた栄養価の高いミカンの皮を飼料原料として利用でき、柑橘類の廃棄物の有効利用を図ることができる。 According to the manufacturing method of feed according to claim 3, "the pericarp peel like tangerine, ground and used as compost or fertilizer by drying" compared with the conventional methods, the waste tangerine peel, crushed and, after crushing, the waste placed at normal temperature under normal pressure in the air-impermeable in the bag placed, then pressed from above the waste expel air in the inner bag to the outer, after eviction, the if sealed closed bag, by the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste to be fermented under anaerobic conditions, not only does not require equipment drier or the like, the cost of the heavy oil fuel despite, moreover, to date the skin nutritious had discarded oranges can be used as feed materials, it is possible to effectively utilize the citrus waste. 更に、袋内の破砕された廃棄物は上から押圧して廃棄物間に滞留している空気はもとより袋内の空気をも外に追い出すため、袋内に柑橘類の廃棄物をより多く収納するだけでなく、袋内の押圧だけで脱気できるため、嫌気条件の確保が容易である。 Moreover, crushed waste bag is to expel out also the air in the well bag air staying between the waste is pressed from above, a larger amount storing citrus waste bag not only because it can degassing only by pressing the bag, it is easy to secure the anaerobic conditions.

また、請求項4記載の飼料によれば、従来、産業廃棄物として処理されていた栄養価の高い柑橘類の廃棄物を低コストで、飼料の原料とすることができ、結果として栄養価の高い飼料を提供することができる。 Further, according to the feed of claim 4 wherein, prior, waste nutritious that was being processed citrus at low cost as industrial waste, can be a feed material, nutritious as a result it is possible to provide a feed.

本発明の飼料の製造方法及び飼料を詳細に説明する。 Illustrating a feed production methods and feed of the present invention in detail.
本発明の飼料の製造方法は、柑橘類の廃棄物を、非通気性の合成樹脂製の袋、バケツ、箱、筒等の容器であって、好ましくは脱気操作を容易にするための逆止弁の付いた蓋を有するものの内に閉じ込めて密封し、脱気をすることで、前記廃棄物に付着した嫌気性発酵菌(例えば、乳酸菌)が嫌気条件下で発酵活動を開始し、前記廃棄物を発酵処理するものである。 The method of manufacturing feed of the present invention, the citrus waste, non-breathable plastic bags, buckets, boxes, a container of cylindrical or the like, a check for preferably facilitates deaeration and sealed confinement within those having a lid with a valve, by degassing, the anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste (e.g., lactic acid) starts fermentation activity under anaerobic conditions, the waste it is intended to fermentation things. 勿論、上記の容器内に破砕後の廃棄物を充填し、次いで該廃棄物の上に非通気性の例えば合成樹脂製のフィルムやシートを載置して該廃棄物を該フィルムやシートで覆うことでも嫌気条件は確保でき、この場合、脱気操作は不要となる。 Of course, filling the waste crushed to the container, then covered by placing a air-impermeable synthetic resin, for example made of film or sheet onto the waste the waste the film or sheet also anaerobic conditions it is possible to ensure, in this case, the degassing operation is not required.

すなわち、本発明の飼料は、概略、下記のプロセスにより製造される。 That is, feed of the present invention is produced schematically, by the following process.
出発原料として、柑橘類の廃棄物が用いられる。 As a starting material, waste of citrus is used. 柑橘類の廃棄物は、例えば、ミカンの実を缶詰として利用して残った残渣であるミカンの皮や、収穫の際、あるいは保管の際や、箱詰め作業や出荷作業、あるいは運搬の際等に痛みが生じ、商品にならない柑橘類の廃棄物である。 Citrus waste pain, for example, peel and tangerine is a residue remaining using the fruit of mandarin as canned, during harvesting or and during storage, packing work and shipping operation, or when transporting such occurs, it is a waste of citrus that are not in the product.
特に、ミカンの皮は、缶詰工場でミカンの外側の皮を機械でむいたり、蒸気でミカンの皮をやわらかくして人の手でむいたりして、多量に得られる。 In particular, tangerine peel is, or peeled outside of tangerine peel in a machine at the canning factory, with or peeled in the hands of people with soft tangerine peel with steam, is a large amount obtained.

次に、採取されたミカンの皮や、廃棄物となっている柑橘類の残渣中に、異物(刃物、プラスチック、木片、輪ゴム等のゴム類、紙類、グリス等の油類、その他の有機溶剤等)が混入しないように管理される。 Next, leather or taken oranges, citrus residue which is a waste, foreign matter (tool, plastic, wood, rubber such as a rubber band, paper, oils such as grease, and other organic solvents etc.) is managed so as not to introduce.
混入するようであれば、原因を究明し、混入しないようにする。 If so mixed, to investigate the cause, to avoid contamination.
異物が混入しないように管理されたミカンの皮は、破砕(破砕の程度は、50mm以下、好ましくは20mm以下、より好ましくは5mm〜10mm)され、破砕後、例えばフレキシブルコンテナに装着された非通気性の袋に充填される。 Tangerine peel foreign matter is managed so as not to introduce the fracture (the degree of crushing it is 50 mm or less, preferably 20mm or less, more preferably 5 mm to 10 mm) is, after crushing, for example, non-vented attached to flexible container It is filled to the sex of the bag. なお、本発明では、これに限定されず、非通気性の合成樹脂やガラス製、あるいは内面が上記のような耐腐食処理が施された金属製の各種容器(これらの容器の場合は、フレキシブルコンテナは不要)に充填してもよい。 In the present invention, not limited to this, an air-impermeable synthetic resin or glass, or if the inner surface is various containers (the containers made of metal that corrosion treatment as described above has been subjected, flexible the container may be filled to the required).
袋等容器の大きさは、特に制限しないが、各種作業性の効率を考慮して、柑橘類の廃棄物が10〜500Kg程度充填できる程度の大きさが好ましい。 The size of the bag like container is not particularly limited, in consideration of the efficiency of various workability, waste citrus preferably large enough to fill about 10~500Kg. (袋は、例えば、直径約1m、高さ約1m〜2mである。) (Bags, for example, about 1 m, a height of about 1m~2m diameter.)
なお、上記の袋等の容器は、発酵処理中、雑菌の繁殖による悪臭や腐食等諸々の弊害を排除するために、非通気性の袋その他の容器、あるいは上記の廃棄物を覆うフィルムやシートは、予め殺菌消毒をしておくことが重要である。 Incidentally, the container such as the bag during the fermentation process, in order to eliminate odors and corrosion miscellaneous adverse effects of growth of bacteria, a film covering the air-impermeable bags or other containers or said waste sheet is important to keep the pre-sterilization. また、該容器に充填する廃棄物にも嫌気性発酵菌以外の菌の付着があると、上記のような弊害を誘発することがあるため、できれば洗浄(水洗)しておくことが好ましい。 Also, when even waste filling the vessel there is adhesion of bacteria other than anaerobic fermentation bacteria, because it may induce adverse effects as described above, it is preferable to wash (washing) if possible.

充填後、非通気性の袋等容器を密封する。 After filling, sealing the air-impermeable bag such containers. 密封は、例えば、袋の場合はテープ、紐等で袋の開口部を閉じればよく、バケツ、箱、筒等の容器の場合は蓋を閉じ、テープ等で容器本体と蓋を密封すればよい。 Sealing, for example, in the case of bag tape, may be closing the opening of the bag with a string or the like, buckets, boxes, close the lid if the container tube or the like may be sealed container body and lid with tape or the like .
なお、この操作に先立って、脱気を行うが、非通気性の容器が袋の場合は、廃棄物を充填した後、袋の上方から押圧するだけで脱気ができるが、逆止弁付き袋の場合は、例えば掃除機等で袋内の空気を吸引することで脱気してもよい。 In advance of this operation, it performs the degassing, in the case of air-impermeable container is a bag, after filling the waste, but it is degassed by simply pressed from above of the bag, with the check valve If the bag, for example, the air in the bag with a vacuum cleaner or the like may be degassed by sucking. また、バケツや箱、筒の場合も同様に掃除機等で吸引しながら、蓋をしても良いし、この蓋に予め逆止弁を取り付けておけば、脱気操作が容易にかつ正確におこなうことができる。 Also, bucket or box, with suction similar to a vacuum cleaner or the like in the case of cylindrical, it may be capped, if fitted with a pre-check valve to the cover, and accurate degassing is easily it can be carried out. 更に、バケツや箱あるいは筒等の容器を使用する場合には、廃棄物充填後に、該廃棄物を上記のフィルムやシートで覆うことで嫌気条件を確保することができ、脱気操作は省略できる。 Furthermore, when using a container such as a bucket or box or cylinder, after waste loading, the waste can ensure anaerobic conditions by covering with the above film or sheet, deaeration can be omitted .
上記のようにして、脱気、密封した後、上記の非通気性の容器を、常温・常圧下に置くのみで、上記の柑橘類の廃棄物(例えば、ミカンの皮)に付着している嫌気性発酵菌(乳酸菌等)の作用で廃棄物の発酵が進行し、上記容器に充填した廃棄物の量にもよるが、上記した量(10〜500Kg)の場合は、約20日前後で発酵が完了する。 As described above, degassing, after sealing, the air-impermeable container above, only placed at normal temperature under normal pressure, anaerobic adhering to the citrus waste (e.g., mandarin orange peel) fermentation of waste proceeds by the action of sex fermenters (lactic acid, etc.), depending on the amount of waste was filled in the container, when the amount mentioned above (10~500Kg), fermented at about 20 days after There is completed.
なお、このとき上記の容器は、雑菌の繁殖を抑制するために、暗所におくことが好ましいが、容器が暗色不透明である場合には、特に暗所に置く必要はない。 At this time the container described above, in order to suppress the growth of bacteria, it is preferable to place in the dark, the container when it is dark opaque need not be placed at particular dark.

本実施例の飼料の製造方法によれば、「ミカンの皮等の果皮を、粉砕、乾燥によって堆肥や肥料として利用した」従来の方法に比べ、柑橘類の廃棄物を非通気性の袋内に閉じ込めて密封すると言う極めて簡易な操作により、前記廃棄物に付着した嫌気性発酵菌の作用で、該廃棄物が嫌気条件下で発酵処理されるため、乾燥機等の設備を要しないばかりか、重油等の燃料も不要であり、低コストで、しかも、栄養価の高い柑橘類の廃棄物を飼料原料として利用でき、該廃棄物の有効利用を図ることができる。 According to the manufacturing method of the feed of the present embodiment, "the pericarp peel like tangerine, ground and used as compost or fertilizer by drying" compared with the conventional methods, the citrus waste air-impermeable in the bag by a very simple operation called confinement sealed, the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste, since the waste is fermented under anaerobic conditions, not only does not require equipment drier or the like, fuel such as heavy oil is also necessary, at a low cost, moreover, waste nutritious citrus can be used as feed materials, it is possible to effectively utilize of the waste.
従って、本実施例の飼料の製造方法によれば、例えば、柑橘類を処理する食品業者にあっては、従来、残渣である柑橘類の廃棄物に要した処理費用の大幅な低減化を図ることができると共に、飼料の提供を受け入れる畜産業者にあっては、飼料原料を低コストで得られるという格別の効果を有するものである。 Therefore, according to the manufacturing method of the feed of the present embodiment, for example, in the food skill to handle citrus, conventionally, making it possible to greatly reduce the processing expenses required for citrus waste is the residue it is possible, in the livestock skilled accept providing feed, and has a significant effect of obtaining a feed material at a low cost.

なお、ミカンの皮の廃棄物を破砕し、破砕後、非通気性の袋内に入れ、前記袋を閉じて密封すれば、 Incidentally, crushed waste tangerine peel, crushed, put into an air-impermeable in the bag, if sealed closing said bag,
前記廃棄物に付着した嫌気性発酵菌(乳酸菌等)の作用により、ミカンの皮が嫌気条件下で発酵処理されるため、乾燥機等の設備を要しないばかりか、重油等燃料のコストもかからず、しかも、栄養価の高いミカンの皮を飼料原料として利用でき、これまで廃棄物としての有効利用を図ることができ、ミカンの皮を大量に収納することができ、袋内での嫌気条件下で、嫌気性発酵菌の作用による発酵処理をより良好に行うことができる。 By the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste (lactic acid, etc.), probably because the tangerine peel is fermented under anaerobic conditions, not only it does not require equipment drier or the like, the cost of fuel oil such as a fuel Karraz, moreover, a nutritious tangerine peel can be used as a raw material for feed, so far it is possible to achieve the effective use of as waste, can be housed tangerine peel in large quantities, anaerobic in the bag under conditions, it is possible to perform the fermentation process by the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria better.
また、ミカンの皮の廃棄物を破砕し、破砕後、非通気性の袋内に入れ、その後、前記廃棄物を該袋の上方から押圧して前記袋内の空気を外に追い出し、追い出し後、前記袋を閉じて密封すれば、 Moreover, crushed waste tangerine peel, crushed, put into an air-impermeable in the bag, then presses the waste from above of the bag expel air in the inner bag to the outer, after eviction if sealed closing said bag,
前記廃棄物に付着した嫌気性発酵菌(乳酸菌等)の作用により、ミカンの皮が嫌気条件下で発酵処理されるため、乾燥機等の設備を要しないばかりか、重油等燃料のコストもかからず、しかも、栄養価の高いミカンの皮を飼料原料として利用でき、これまで廃棄物としての有効利用を図ることができ、更に、袋内の破砕されたミカンの皮は充填後の袋の上方から押圧するだけで袋内の空気を外に追い出すことができるため、袋内の脱気が極めて容易であるとともに、ミカンの皮を大量に収納することができ、袋内での嫌気条件下で、嫌気性発酵菌の作用による発酵処理をより良好に行うことができる。 By the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste (lactic acid, etc.), probably because the tangerine peel is fermented under anaerobic conditions, not only it does not require equipment drier or the like, the cost of fuel oil such as a fuel Karraz, moreover, nutritious tangerine peel the available as feed materials, heretofore can be effectively utilized as waste, furthermore, skin crushed tangerine bag is bag after filling because only by pushing from above can expel the air in the bag to the outside, with degassing in the bag is very easy, it can be mass accommodated tangerine peel, anaerobic conditions at bag in, it is possible to perform the fermentation process by the action of anaerobic fermentation bacteria better.

〔実験例1〕 [Experimental Example 1]
某ミカン缶詰工場で発生したミカンの皮の廃棄物から、異物(剃刀の刃、プラスチック片、木片、輪ゴム、砂等)を除去(ミカンの皮の重量は13kg)し、廃棄物の1辺が15mm程度になるように破砕した。 From waste of oranges that occurred in certain mandarin cannery peel, foreign objects (razor blade, plastic pieces, wood chips, rubber bands, sand) is removed (by weight of tangerine peel is 13 kg), and one side of the waste It was crushed to be about 15mm.
この破砕物を、米20kgが入る塩化ビニル系樹脂製の袋に充填し、該袋の上方から押圧し、合成樹脂製の荷造り紐で密閉した。 The crushed material was filled in a bag made of vinyl chloride resin rice 20kg enters, and pressed from above of the bag and sealed with synthetic resin packing cord.
これを、工場内倉庫(暗所)に保管(常温・常圧)し、20日後に開封した結果、漬物状態であった。 This was stored in the factory warehouse (dark) to (normal temperature and normal pressure), a result of the opening after 20 days, it was pickled state.
また、乳牛に、そのまま与えたところ、残さず平らげていた。 In addition, in dairy cows, it was given as it is, had ate without leaving.

〔実験例2〕 [Experimental Example 2]
実験例1で使用したものと同じミカンの皮の廃棄物10kgと、某農家で発生した痛みが多く市場に出荷できないミカン10kgと、同レモン10kgと、同オレンジ10kgを混合し(以下、これを柑橘類廃棄物)、異物(剃刀の刃、プラスチック片、木片、輪ゴム、砂等)の除去を行った。 And waste 10kg of the skin of the same tangerine as that used in Experimental Example 1, and oranges 10kg pain that occurred in certain farmers can not be shipped to many market, and the same lemon 10kg, a mixture of the same orange 10kg (below, this citrus waste), foreign objects (razor blade, plastic pieces, wood chips, rubber bands, the removal of the sand) was performed.
異物の除去後、実験例1と同様にして破砕し、この破砕物を約40kg入り漬物桶(塩化ビニル系樹脂製)に充填し、破砕物の上面を市販のラップで覆い、漬物樽の蓋を被せ、実験例1と同様にして保管した。 After removal of the foreign matter, and crushed in the same manner as in Experimental Example 1, filling the crushed material to approximately 40kg containing pickle tub (manufactured vinyl chloride resin), to cover the upper surface of the crushed material a commercial wrap, pickles barrel lid the covered, and stored in the same manner as in experimental example 1.
保管30日後に蓋を開けた結果、実験例1と同様に、漬物状態であった。 Result of opening the cover after storage 30 days, in the same manner as in Experimental Example 1 was pickled state.
また、実験例1とは別の乳牛3頭に均等な量で、そのまま与えたところ、3頭とも残さず平らげていた。 Further, in an amount equivalent to another cow three animals from the experimental example 1, it was directly applied had ate without leaving the three animals.

〔実験例3〕 [Experimental Example 3]
実験例2と同様の柑橘類廃棄物を、実験例2と同様に破砕し、逆止弁付きの塩化ビニル系樹脂製袋(市販の布団収納袋)に充填し、家庭用の掃除機で該袋内を吸引し、該袋の体積が最初の体積の30%程度になった時点で吸引を止め、念のため、逆止弁に栓を取り付けて密閉した。 Similar citrus waste as in Experimental Example 2, were disrupted in the same manner as in Experimental Example 2 was filled in a check valve with a vinyl resin bag chloride (commercially available futon storage bag), the bag Household vacuum cleaners the inner is aspirated, stop suction when the volume of the bag becomes about 30% of the initial volume, as a precaution, and sealed by attaching a stopper to a check valve.
この袋を、実験例1及び2と同様にして保管した。 The bags were stored in the same manner as in Experimental Example 1 and 2.
保管30日後に栓・逆止弁を開けた結果、実験例1及び2と同様に、漬物状態であった。 Storage 30 days results opened plug-return valve after the same manner as in Experimental Example 1 and 2 was pickled state.
また、実験例1及び2とは別の乳牛3頭に均等な量で、そのまま与えたところ、3頭とも残さず平らげていた。 Further, in an amount equivalent to another cow three animals from the experimental examples 1 and 2, it was given as had ate without leaving the three animals.

Claims (4)

  1. 柑橘類の廃棄物を、常温・常圧に置かれた非通気性の密閉容器内で、前記廃棄物に付着している嫌気性発酵菌により、嫌気条件下で発酵処理する ことを特徴とする飼料の製造方法。 Citrus waste in a closed container air-impermeable placed in normal temperature and pressure, by anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste feed, which comprises fermentation under anaerobic conditions the method of production.
  2. 柑橘類の廃棄物は、ミカンの皮で、前記ミカンの皮を50mm以下に破砕されている ことを特徴とする請求項1記載の飼料の製造方法。 Citrus waste, in tangerine peel, manufacturing method of feed according to claim 1, characterized in that it is crushed peel of the oranges to 50mm or less.
  3. ミカンの皮の廃棄物を、50mm以下に破砕した後、該廃棄物を、常温・常圧下においた非通気性の袋内に入れ、前記袋を上方から押圧して前記袋内の空気を前記袋外に追い出し、前記袋を密封し、前記廃棄物に付着している嫌気性発酵菌により、嫌気条件下で発酵処理する ことを特徴とする飼料の製造方法。 Waste tangerine peel, after crushed to less than 50mm, the waste placed in an air-impermeable bag placed at normal temperature under normal pressure, the air in the inner bag by pressing the bag from above expelled outside the bag, and sealing the bag, by anaerobic fermentation bacteria adhering to the waste, the production method of feed, which comprises fermentation under anaerobic conditions.
  4. 請求項1〜3のいずれか1項に記載の製造方法により製造される ことを特徴とする飼料。 Feed characterized in that it is produced by the production method according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56160949A (en) * 1980-05-17 1981-12-11 Juichiro Fukumoto Making method of silage
JP2002218914A (en) * 2001-01-26 2002-08-06 Futaba Hiryo Kk Method for producing complete feed silage for cattle and method for feeding
JP2004073050A (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-03-11 Ryukyu Bio Resource Kaihatsu:Kk Method for producing fermented plant and lactic fermentation product
JP2004189718A (en) * 2002-11-29 2004-07-08 Toyo Shinyaku:Kk Fermented material containing citrus fruit peel
US20060177916A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-10 Renewable Spirits, Llc Ethanol production from citrus processing waste
JP2010081814A (en) * 2008-09-29 2010-04-15 Keiichi Karino Method for producing livestock feed
US20100166913A1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-07-01 Stewart David A Cellulosic ethanol distillers residues

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56160949A (en) * 1980-05-17 1981-12-11 Juichiro Fukumoto Making method of silage
JP2002218914A (en) * 2001-01-26 2002-08-06 Futaba Hiryo Kk Method for producing complete feed silage for cattle and method for feeding
JP2004073050A (en) * 2002-08-13 2004-03-11 Ryukyu Bio Resource Kaihatsu:Kk Method for producing fermented plant and lactic fermentation product
JP2004189718A (en) * 2002-11-29 2004-07-08 Toyo Shinyaku:Kk Fermented material containing citrus fruit peel
US20060177916A1 (en) * 2005-02-07 2006-08-10 Renewable Spirits, Llc Ethanol production from citrus processing waste
JP2010081814A (en) * 2008-09-29 2010-04-15 Keiichi Karino Method for producing livestock feed
US20100166913A1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-07-01 Stewart David A Cellulosic ethanol distillers residues

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