JP2015086062A - Automatic alignment machine and writing device of information to ic tag - Google Patents

Automatic alignment machine and writing device of information to ic tag Download PDF

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JP2015086062A
JP2015086062A JP2013228538A JP2013228538A JP2015086062A JP 2015086062 A JP2015086062 A JP 2015086062A JP 2013228538 A JP2013228538 A JP 2013228538A JP 2013228538 A JP2013228538 A JP 2013228538A JP 2015086062 A JP2015086062 A JP 2015086062A
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tag
disk
alignment
passage
information
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JP6270418B2 (en
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造 駒木根
Tsukuru Komagine
造 駒木根
尚彦 杉田
Naohiko Sugita
尚彦 杉田
巧 大和
Takumi Daiwa
巧 大和
鈴木 幸男
Yukio Suzuki
幸男 鈴木
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株式会社トッパンTdkレーベル
Toppan Tdk Label Co Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an automatic alignment machine and a writing device of information to an IC tag capable of being formed to become compact.SOLUTION: An automatic alignment machine 1 feeds plural objects to be aligned sequentially and arranges them into a predetermined posture and comprises: a disk member 3; a housing 2 having a cylindrical side wall part 2a for surrounding an outer peripheral side of a peripheral edge part of the disk member 3; and rotary drive means for rotating and driving the disk member 3 around a center axial line. The automatic alignment machine 1 is configured so that the disk member 3 and the housing 2 are disposed in a state inclined to a direction where the center axial line C of the disk member 3 is inclined to a vertical direction in a use state and an inside of the housing 2 has a storage space 4 for objects to be aligned and being divided by the cylindrical side wall part 2a and the disk member 3, and the peripheral edge part of the disk member 3 has plural grooves 3a which the objects to be aligned in the storage space 4 enter in the predetermined posture with intervals in the peripheral direction.

Description

この発明は、同一形状をなす多数個の整列対象物を、所定の姿勢に整えて順次に送り出す自動整列機、及び、かかる整列対象物をICタグとして、そのような自動整列機を備える、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置に関するものであり、特には、自動整列機の小型化を実現することのできる技術を提案するものである。   The present invention relates to an automatic alignment machine that arranges a plurality of alignment objects having the same shape into a predetermined posture and sequentially sends them, and an IC including such an automatic alignment machine using the alignment objects as IC tags. The present invention relates to a device for writing information to a tag, and in particular, proposes a technique that can realize downsizing of an automatic aligner.

パーツやワークを次工程に送り出すに当り、パーツないしワークの貯蔵・整列・供給を自動的に行う、いわゆるパーツフィーダと称されることのあるこの種の自動整列機は、特許文献1〜3等に記載されているような、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置に組み込まれて用いられている。
このような書き込み装置に組み込まれる自動整列機は、装置内にランダムに供給されて様々な方向を向く多数個の、たとえば円柱状のICタグのそれぞれを、情報の書き込みに先立って、所期した方向に姿勢を整えた状態で、順次に情報の書き込み位置に送るべく機能する。
This type of automatic alignment machine, which is sometimes referred to as a so-called parts feeder, automatically stores, aligns, and supplies parts or workpieces when sending parts or workpieces to the next process. Are used by being incorporated in a device for writing information to an IC tag as described in the above.
The automatic alignment machine incorporated in such a writing apparatus is intended for each of a large number of, for example, cylindrical IC tags that are randomly supplied in the apparatus and face various directions, for example, prior to writing information. It functions to send information to the information writing position sequentially with the posture adjusted in the direction.

なお、特許文献1〜3に記載された情報の書き込み装置は、たとえば、コンクリート構造物等に用いる生コンクリートに投入される無線ICタグに、その製造に係る情報を書き込み、当該ICタグを、生コンクリートを収容したミキサー車の円筒形の回転ドラム内に投入するものであり、これによれば、構造物完成後にICタグを埋設ないし貼付することなしに、コンクリートに埋設されたICタグの情報に基く、構造物の品質管理を行うことができる。   Note that the information writing apparatus described in Patent Documents 1 to 3 writes, for example, information relating to the manufacture of a wireless IC tag to be put into ready-mixed concrete used for a concrete structure and the like, It is put into a cylindrical rotating drum of a mixer truck containing concrete. According to this, information on the IC tag embedded in the concrete can be stored without embedding or attaching the IC tag after the structure is completed. Based on this, quality control of the structure can be performed.

特開2011−258030号公報JP 2011-258030 A 特開2011−28541号公報JP 2011-28541 A 特開2012−155404号公報JP 2012-155404 A

ところで、従来の自動整列機は、特許文献1にも記載されているように、ボウル状の収納容器内に供給された複数個の整列対象物に対する振動作用により、それらの整列対象物を所定の状態に整列させつつ、前記収納容器の周囲の円形搬出路に向けて送り出すものが一般的である。   By the way, as described in Patent Document 1, the conventional automatic aligner is configured to place the alignment objects in a predetermined manner by vibrating the plurality of alignment objects supplied in the bowl-shaped storage container. What is generally sent out toward the circular carry-out path around the storage container while being aligned in a state.

しかるに、このような振動式の自動整列機は、収納容器の下面側に、比較的大きな厚みを有する電磁式等の振動体を配設しているので、全体として大型化を余儀なくされる他、収納容器のサイズを大きくすると、それに伴って、容器を加振する振動体もまた大幅に大きくすることが必要になる。
従って、振動式の自動整列機では、所要量の整列対象物を収納できる容器のサイズを確保しつつ、全体としてコンパクトなものとすることができなかった。そしてそれ故に、その自動整列機を設ける装置等の十分な小型化もまた実現できなかった。
However, in such a vibration type automatic alignment machine, since a vibrating body such as an electromagnetic type having a relatively large thickness is disposed on the lower surface side of the storage container, the size of the vibration type automatic alignment machine must be increased as a whole. When the size of the storage container is increased, it is necessary to greatly increase the vibrating body for vibrating the container.
Therefore, the vibration type automatic alignment machine cannot be made compact as a whole while ensuring the size of a container that can store a required amount of alignment objects. Therefore, it has not been possible to realize a sufficient miniaturization of the apparatus provided with the automatic aligner.

また、かかる自動整列機は、振動作用に基く、整列対象物の滑りないし跳躍現象を利用して、整列対象物を自然に送り出すことから、容器内の整列対象物の配置状態等により、整列対象物が、意図せずして一度に大量に送り出されることがある等、整列対象物の送り出し量のばらつきが大きく、それ故に、この振動整列機は、それを設ける装置によっては適切ではない場合があった。
そしてまた、この整列機では、容器への振動作用に起因して、収納容器内に配置した多数個の整列対象物が、容器内面に繰り返し衝接することによる、たとえばICタグ等の欠けや割れの発生が否めない。
In addition, since the automatic alignment machine naturally sends out the alignment target object using the sliding or jumping phenomenon of the alignment target object based on the vibration action, the alignment target object is arranged depending on the arrangement state of the alignment target object in the container. There is a large variation in the amount of objects to be aligned, such as when an object is unintentionally delivered in large quantities at a time.Therefore, this vibration alignment machine may not be appropriate depending on the device on which it is installed. there were.
Moreover, in this aligning machine, due to the vibration action on the container, a large number of alignment objects arranged in the storage container repeatedly come into contact with the inner surface of the container. It cannot be denied.

この発明は、従来技術が抱えるこのような問題を解決することを課題とするものであり、それの目的とするところは、整列対象物の送り出し量のばらつきを小さく抑えるとともに、動作時の発生振動による、ICタグ等の整列対象物の欠けや割れの発生の抑制及び、サイズの小型化を実現することのできる自動整列機及び、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置を提供することにある。   The object of the present invention is to solve such problems of the prior art, and the object of the present invention is to suppress variations in the amount of objects to be aligned and to generate vibrations during operation. It is an object of the present invention to provide an automatic aligner and an information writing device for an IC tag that can suppress the occurrence of chipping and cracking of an alignment target such as an IC tag and reduce the size.

この発明の自動整列機は、好ましくは、ICチップを樹脂材料で被覆してなるICタグとしての、いずれも同一形状の複数個の整列対象物を、所定の姿勢に整えて順次に送り出すものであって、円盤部材と、該円盤部材の周縁部の外周側を取り囲む筒型側壁部を有する筐体と、前記円盤部材を中心軸線の周りに回転駆動させる回転駆動手段とを備えてなり、使用状態で、前記円盤部材及び筐体を、該円盤部材の中心軸線が鉛直方向に対して傾斜する向きに傾けて配置し、該筐体の内側に、前記筒型側壁部と円盤部材とで区画される整列対象物の収容スペースを設け、前記円盤部材の周縁部に、前記収容スペース内の整列対象物が所定の姿勢で入り込む溝部を、その周方向に間隔をおいて複数設けてなるものである。   The automatic alignment machine according to the present invention is preferably an IC tag formed by coating an IC chip with a resin material, and a plurality of alignment objects having the same shape are arranged in a predetermined posture and sequentially sent out. A disk member, a casing having a cylindrical side wall surrounding the outer peripheral side of the peripheral edge of the disk member, and a rotation driving means for rotating the disk member around a central axis. In this state, the disk member and the casing are disposed so that the central axis of the disk member is inclined with respect to the vertical direction, and the inside of the casing is partitioned by the cylindrical side wall portion and the disk member. A space for accommodating the alignment object to be arranged is provided, and a plurality of grooves are provided in the peripheral portion of the disk member so that the alignment object in the accommodation space enters in a predetermined posture at intervals in the circumferential direction. is there.

この発明の自動整列機では、前記円盤部材の、前記収容スペース側を向く表面に、該収容スペース内の整列対象物を攪拌するための、円盤部材の半径方向に延びるリブ状突起部を一本以上設けることが好ましい。
またこの自動整列機では、前記筐体が、前記筒型側壁部の、前記使用状態で下方側に位置する一端側に設けた円盤状の底部を有し、前記円盤部材を、前記底部から、円柱状をなす整列対象物の高さより短い距離で離隔させて配置することが好ましい。
In the automatic alignment machine according to the present invention, one rib-like protrusion extending in the radial direction of the disk member for stirring the alignment object in the storage space is provided on the surface of the disk member facing the storage space. It is preferable to provide the above.
Further, in this automatic alignment machine, the casing has a disk-shaped bottom portion provided on one end side of the cylindrical side wall portion located on the lower side in the use state, and the disk member is moved from the bottom portion. It is preferable to dispose them at a distance shorter than the height of the alignment object that forms a columnar shape.

ここで前記筐体に、円盤部材の回転駆動下で、円盤部材の前記溝部により収容スペースから拾い上げた整列対象物を、円盤部材から引き取って筐体の外側へ送り出す送り通路を設けることが好ましく、この場合においては、前記送り通路の少なくとも一部を、整列対象物の送り方向に沿って連続して延びる複数本のガイドワイヤーと、該送り方向の途中に配設されて、複数本のガイドワイヤーの相対位置を維持させるワイヤー支持部材とで構成することが好ましい。   Here, it is preferable to provide a feed passage in the casing, which is picked up from the disk member by the grooved portion of the disk member under the rotational drive of the disk member, and is sent out from the disk member to the outside of the casing. In this case, at least a part of the feed passage is provided with a plurality of guide wires continuously extending along the feed direction of the alignment target object, and a plurality of guide wires arranged in the middle of the feed direction. It is preferable to comprise with the wire support member which maintains the relative position.

またこの発明の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置は、装置内に供給される複数個のICタグを所定の姿勢に整列させて順次に送り出すタグ整列機構と、該タグ整列機構から送られるICタグを、二叉に分岐した通路のいずれかに振り分ける少なくとも一箇所のタグ振分け機構と、各分岐通路の進行方向の前方側に配設されて、振り分けられた前記ICタグに対し、該ICタグに対応する情報の書き込みを行う複数箇所の無線通信機構とを備えるものであって、前記タグ整列機構として、上述した自動整列機を設けたものである。   Also, the information writing device for the IC tag according to the present invention comprises a tag aligning mechanism for aligning a plurality of IC tags supplied in the device in a predetermined posture and sequentially sending them, and an IC sent from the tag aligning mechanism. At least one tag distribution mechanism that distributes the tag to one of the bifurcated passages, and the IC tag that is disposed on the front side in the traveling direction of each branch passage, And a plurality of wireless communication mechanisms for writing information corresponding to the above-described automatic alignment machine as the tag alignment mechanism.

この書き込み装置は、ICタグを装置内へ供給するためのホッパーをさらに備えるものとすることができ、ここでは、該ホッパーが、前記タグ整列機構に供給するICタグを蓄える貯蔵領域と、前記タグ整列機構の有する筐体の収容スペースに向けて延びる、通路高さを狭めた吐出通路と、該吐出通路の先端側に形成された吐出口とを有するものとし、そして、前記吐出通路に、該吐出通路でのICタグの詰まりを阻止する詰まり防止手段、及び、吐出通路を経て吐き出されるICタグの吐出量を制御する吐出量制御手段のそれぞれを、ICタグの吐出方向に並べて設けることが好ましい。
このような、前記吐出量制御手段及び詰まり防止手段のそれぞれはともに、回転駆動される軸部の周囲に、一枚以上の回転翼部を取り付けて構成することが好ましい。
The writing device may further comprise a hopper for supplying an IC tag into the device, wherein the hopper stores a storage area for storing the IC tag supplied to the tag alignment mechanism, and the tag A discharge passage having a narrow passage height extending toward the housing space of the housing of the alignment mechanism, and a discharge port formed at the front end side of the discharge passage; and It is preferable that the clogging prevention means for preventing clogging of the IC tag in the discharge passage and the discharge amount control means for controlling the discharge amount of the IC tag discharged through the discharge passage are arranged side by side in the discharge direction of the IC tag. .
Each of the discharge amount control means and the clogging prevention means is preferably configured by attaching one or more rotary blade portions around the shaft portion that is rotationally driven.

ここで、上記のタグ振分け機構の少なくとも一箇所は、回転運動により、タグ整列機構からの送り通路の開閉を行い、ICタグの進行を一時的に停止させるストッパ部材と、該ストッパ部材と同期させた回転運動によりそれぞれの分岐通路の開閉を行い、ICタグをいずれかの分岐通路へ導く通路案内部材とを有するものとして構成することが好ましい。
このストッパ部材は、該ストッパ部材の回転運動方向に沿って湾曲するプレート形状を有するものとすることが好ましい。
Here, at least one of the tag distribution mechanisms described above is configured to open and close the feed passage from the tag alignment mechanism by a rotational motion, and to synchronize with the stopper member that temporarily stops the progress of the IC tag. It is preferable that each branch passage is opened and closed by a rotating motion and a passage guide member for guiding the IC tag to one of the branch passages is provided.
The stopper member preferably has a plate shape that curves along the direction of rotational movement of the stopper member.

またここでは、前記無線通信機構に、回転運動により、情報の書き込み位置でタグを停止させるための分岐通路の閉鎖及び、情報が書き込まれたタグを通過させるための分岐通路の開放を行う回転式アーム部材を設けることが好ましく、この回転式アーム部材は、その先端部に、回転運動方向に沿って湾曲する形状で該回転運動方向に向けて突出する湾曲爪部を有するものとすることが好ましい。   Further, here, the wireless communication mechanism is a rotary type that performs a rotary motion to close the branch passage for stopping the tag at the information writing position and to open the branch passage for passing the tag on which the information is written. It is preferable to provide an arm member, and this rotary arm member preferably has a curved claw portion protruding toward the rotational motion direction in a shape curved along the rotational motion direction at the distal end portion thereof. .

そしてまた、この発明の書き込み装置は、前記無線通信機構で情報を書き込まれたICタグを、前記無線通信機構で検知されたエラーの有無に基き、タグ送出位置もしくはタグ排出位置のいずれかに振り分ける、送排出の振分け機構をさらに備えるものであって、該送排出の振分け機構が、ICタグを保持するとともに、回転運動してICタグをタグ送出位置もしくはタグ排出位置に運ぶ保持部を有するものとし、前記タグ送出位置及びタグ排出位置のそれぞれを、前記無線通信機構から送られるICタグを受け取るタグ把持位置に対し、前記保持部の回転運動方向の一方側及び他方側のそれぞれに配置することが好ましい。   The writing device according to the present invention distributes the IC tag, in which information is written by the wireless communication mechanism, to either a tag sending position or a tag discharging position based on the presence or absence of an error detected by the wireless communication mechanism. , Further comprising a feeding / discharging sorting mechanism, which has a holding part for holding the IC tag and carrying the IC tag to a tag sending position or a tag discharging position by rotating. The tag sending position and the tag discharging position are respectively arranged on one side and the other side in the rotational movement direction of the holding portion with respect to the tag holding position for receiving the IC tag sent from the wireless communication mechanism. Is preferred.

この発明の自動整列機によれば、収容スペース内の整列対象物を順次に、回転駆動手段によって回転駆動される円盤部材の周縁部の各溝部で掴んで、その際の所定の姿勢を維持したまま送り出すことができるので、従来の振動式の自動整列機のような、大きな振動体の配設が不要となり、振動体に代えて比較的小さな回転駆動手段を設けることによる全体の小型化を実現することができる。
またこの自動整列機では、個々の整列対象物を、円盤部材の各溝部で掴んで運ぶという動作により、従来の振動式の自動整列機よりも高い精度の下、整列対象物を順次に送り出すことができる。しかも、従来の自動整列機のような振動作用によらないので、整列対象物への振動の作用に起因する欠けや割れは生じることがない。
According to the automatic alignment machine of the present invention, the objects to be aligned in the accommodation space are sequentially gripped by the respective grooves on the peripheral edge of the disk member that is rotationally driven by the rotational driving means, and the predetermined posture at that time is maintained. Since it can be sent out as it is, it is not necessary to arrange a large vibrating body like a conventional vibration type automatic alignment machine, and the entire size can be reduced by providing a relatively small rotational drive means instead of the vibrating body. can do.
Moreover, in this automatic alignment machine, the alignment objects are sequentially sent out with higher accuracy than the conventional vibration type automatic alignment machine by the operation of grasping and carrying the individual alignment objects in each groove portion of the disk member. Can do. And since it does not depend on the vibration effect like the conventional automatic alignment machine, the chipping and the crack resulting from the effect | action of the vibration to an alignment target do not arise.

この発明の自動整列機の一の実施形態を示す正面図及び側面図である。It is the front view and side view which show one Embodiment of the automatic alignment machine of this invention. 図1に示す自動整列機の平面図である。It is a top view of the automatic alignment machine shown in FIG. 図1(b)のA矢視図及び、円盤部材を取り除いた状態の同様の図である。It is the same figure of the state of A arrow of FIG.1 (b), and the state which removed the disk member. 図1の自動整列装置の送り通路を整列対象物とともに示す、その送り方向に直交する向きの断面図である。It is sectional drawing of the direction orthogonal to the feed direction which shows the feed path of the automatic alignment apparatus of FIG. 1 with the alignment target object. 図1に示す自動整列機を組み込むことのできる、ICタグへの情報書き込み装置の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the information writing apparatus to an IC tag which can incorporate the automatic alignment machine shown in FIG. 図5の書き込み装置を、ケースを取り除いた状態で示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the writing apparatus of FIG. 5 in the state which removed the case. 図5の書き込み装置が備えるホッパーを、該装置から取り出して示す縦断面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which takes out and shows the hopper with which the writing apparatus of FIG. 5 is provided from this apparatus. 図7のホッパーが有する吐出量制御手段を示す、装置の平面図である。It is a top view of an apparatus which shows the discharge amount control means which the hopper of FIG. 7 has. 図5の書き込み装置が備えるタグ振分け機構及び無線通信機構を示す部分拡大正面図である。FIG. 6 is a partially enlarged front view showing a tag distribution mechanism and a wireless communication mechanism included in the writing device of FIG. 5. 図5の書き込み装置が備えるタグ振分け機構の動作の一例を示す拡大正面図である。FIG. 6 is an enlarged front view showing an example of an operation of a tag distribution mechanism provided in the writing device of FIG. 5. 図10に続く動作を示す拡大正面図である。It is an enlarged front view which shows the operation | movement following FIG. タグ振分け機構の配設箇所を増やした他の実施形態を示す拡大正面図である。It is an enlarged front view which shows other embodiment which increased the arrangement | positioning location of a tag distribution mechanism. 図5の書き込み装置が備えることのできる送排出の振分け機構を示す拡大正面図である。FIG. 6 is an enlarged front view showing a delivery / discharge sorting mechanism that the writing apparatus of FIG. 5 can have.

以下に図面に示すところに基き、この発明の実施の形態について詳細に説明する。
図1(a)及び(b)に例示する自動整列機1は、たとえば、円筒をその延在途中で斜めに切断した形状をなす筒型側壁部2aを有する筐体2と、筒型側壁部2aの内側に、その筒型側壁部2aの中心軸線と同軸に配置されて、筒型側壁部2aの内径より若干小さい外径を有するディスク状の円盤部材3と、円盤部材3を、その中心軸線の周りに回転駆動する、図示しないモーター等としての回転駆動手段とを備えてなる。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
An automatic alignment machine 1 illustrated in FIGS. 1A and 1B includes, for example, a housing 2 having a cylindrical side wall portion 2a that is formed by obliquely cutting a cylinder in the middle of its extension, and a cylindrical side wall portion. 2a, a disk-shaped disk member 3 which is arranged coaxially with the central axis of the cylindrical side wall 2a and has an outer diameter slightly smaller than the inner diameter of the cylindrical side wall 2a, and the disk member 3 Rotation drive means such as a motor (not shown) that rotates around the axis is provided.

この自動整列機1を使用するに当っては、図1(b)に示すところから解かるように、円盤部材3の、同図に破線で示す中心軸線Cが、図では上下方向の鉛直方向に対して、たとえば、45°〜65°の範囲内で傾斜するように、円盤部材3及び筐体2の双方を傾けて配置する。なお、図示の自動整列機1では、筐体2は、かかる使用状態で下方側に位置することになる、筒型側壁部2aの一端側に設けた円盤状の底部2dを有し、そして、円盤部材3と、この底部2dを隔てた位置に、上記の回転駆動手段を配置することにより、回転駆動手段が、円盤部材3を、底部2dを貫通してそれらを連結する回転軸の周りに回転駆動することができる。   When using this automatic aligner 1, as can be seen from FIG. 1 (b), the center axis C of the disk member 3 indicated by the broken line in the figure is the vertical direction in the vertical direction in the figure. On the other hand, for example, both the disk member 3 and the housing 2 are disposed so as to be inclined within a range of 45 ° to 65 °. In the automatic alignment machine 1 shown in the figure, the housing 2 has a disk-shaped bottom 2d provided on one end side of the cylindrical side wall 2a, which is positioned on the lower side in such a use state, and By disposing the above-mentioned rotation driving means at a position separating the disk member 3 and the bottom 2d, the rotation driving means allows the disk member 3 to pass through the bottom 2d and around a rotation axis connecting them. It can be rotated.

このように円盤部材3及び筐体2を傾斜配置することで、筒型側壁部2aの内側には、図2に平面図で示すように、筒型側壁部2aの内面及び円盤部材3の表面によって区画される、整列対象物の収容スペース4が形成されることになる。なおここで、筒型側壁部2aを、円筒を斜めに切断した形状としたことで、筒型側壁部2aの他端側に位置する開口部2bは、収容スペース4の略真上に位置することになり、それ故に、この収容スペース4に対しては、上方側からの整列対象物の供給が可能になる。
なおここでは、収容スペース4に収容された整列対象物の、収容スペース4からの流出を防ぐため、筒型側壁部2aの他端側開口部2bの一部には、鉛直方向に略平行な鉛直側壁部分2cを設けている。収容スペース4には、たとえば500個程度の整列対象物を収容可能な大きさとすることができる。
In this manner, the disk member 3 and the housing 2 are disposed in an inclined manner, so that the inner surface of the cylindrical side wall 2a and the surface of the disk member 3 are formed inside the cylindrical side wall 2a as shown in a plan view in FIG. Thus, a storage space 4 for the objects to be aligned is formed. Here, the cylindrical side wall portion 2a is formed by obliquely cutting the cylinder, so that the opening 2b positioned on the other end side of the cylindrical side wall portion 2a is positioned substantially directly above the accommodation space 4. Therefore, the object to be aligned can be supplied to the accommodation space 4 from the upper side.
In addition, here, in order to prevent the alignment object accommodated in the accommodation space 4 from flowing out from the accommodation space 4, a part of the opening 2b on the other end side of the cylindrical side wall 2a is substantially parallel to the vertical direction. A vertical side wall portion 2c is provided. The accommodation space 4 can be sized to accommodate, for example, about 500 alignment objects.

そして、この自動整列機1では、円盤部材3の周縁部に、該円盤部材3の外周面に開口するとともに、円盤部材3の表面から裏面まで延びる溝部3aを、たとえば円盤部材3の周方向に等間隔で複数本設ける。
このことによれば、収納スペース4内に蓄えられた多数の整列対象物は、所定の速度で回転駆動される円盤部材3の溝部3aに入り込んだものから順次に、円盤部材3の回転方向に沿って所定の姿勢で運ばれて送り出されることになるので、整列対象物の、筐体2の外側への個別の送り出しを確実に行うことができる。しかも、円盤部材3の回転動作により、対象物の整列及び送り出しを行うこととしたので、従来の自動整列装置のような振動に起因する、欠けや割れ等の対象物の破損を小さく抑えることができる。
In the automatic alignment machine 1, the groove 3 a that opens from the outer surface of the disk member 3 to the outer peripheral surface of the disk member 3 and extends from the front surface to the back surface of the disk member 3 is formed, for example, in the circumferential direction of the disk member 3. Provide multiple lines at regular intervals.
According to this, a large number of alignment objects stored in the storage space 4 are sequentially moved in the rotational direction of the disk member 3 from the one that enters the groove 3a of the disk member 3 that is rotationally driven at a predetermined speed. Accordingly, the objects to be aligned can be sent out to the outside of the housing 2 with certainty. In addition, since the objects are aligned and sent out by the rotating operation of the disk member 3, damage to the object such as chipping or cracking caused by vibration as in the conventional automatic alignment device can be suppressed to a minimum. it can.

なお、円盤部材3に設ける溝部3aの大きさは、それによって保持する整列対象物の寸法に基いて決定することができる。ここで、整列対象物が円柱形状を有するものである場合、円盤部材3は、筐体2が有する底部2dから、円柱状の整列対象物の高さよりも短い距離で離れた位置に配置することが好ましい。これにより、円盤部材3の各溝部3aと、筒型側壁部2aの内面とで、溝部3aに入り込んだ円柱状の整列対象物の外周面の周囲を取り囲み、かつ、円柱状の整列対象物の一端面が前記底部2dに接触した状態で、これを保持することができるからである。なおここでは、整列対象物が溝部3aに入り込んだ状態で、整列対象物の、収容スペース4側を向く他端面が、円盤部材3の表面と略同一平面上に位置することになるように、円盤部材3の厚み、円盤部材3の裏面と底面2dとの離隔距離、対象物の高さ等を決定することが好ましい。   In addition, the magnitude | size of the groove part 3a provided in the disk member 3 can be determined based on the dimension of the alignment target object hold | maintained by it. Here, when the alignment target object has a cylindrical shape, the disk member 3 is disposed at a position away from the bottom 2d of the housing 2 at a distance shorter than the height of the columnar alignment target object. Is preferred. Thereby, each groove part 3a of the disk member 3 and the inner surface of the cylindrical side wall part 2a surround the periphery of the columnar alignment target object that has entered the groove part 3a, and the columnar alignment target object This is because it can be held in a state where the one end face is in contact with the bottom 2d. Here, in a state where the alignment target object enters the groove portion 3a, the other end surface of the alignment target object facing the accommodation space 4 side is positioned substantially on the same plane as the surface of the disk member 3. It is preferable to determine the thickness of the disk member 3, the separation distance between the back surface and the bottom surface 2d of the disk member 3, the height of the object, and the like.

また溝部3aの形状は、そこで保持する整列対象物の形状に合わせたものとすることができる。この実施形態では、溝部3aは、円柱状の整列対象物の外周面形状に対応させて、半長円形状を有するものとしている。
ここで、収容スペース4に収容される整列対象物を、溝部3aで捕捉し易くするため、収容スペース4側を向く円盤部材3の表面には、図示の実施形態のように、該表面から突出する態様で、円盤部材3の中心付近から周縁部に向けて半径方向に沿って、たとえば直線状に延びる一本以上のリブ状突起部3bを設けることが好ましい。これにより、図示の自動整列機1では放射状をなす複数本のリブ状突起部3bが、円盤部材3の回転下で、収容スペース4の整列対象物を有効に攪拌することになり、その結果として、整列対象物が溝部3aに入り込み易くなるからである。なお、リブ状突起部3bは、全体として円盤部材3の半径方向に延びるものであればよいので、上記の直線状の形態の他、延在途中の一箇所もしくは複数箇所で屈曲ないし湾曲する形態とすることもできる。但し、このようなリブ状突起部3bの配設は必須の構成ではない。
The shape of the groove 3a can be adapted to the shape of the alignment object held there. In this embodiment, the groove part 3a has a semi-oval shape corresponding to the outer peripheral surface shape of the columnar alignment target object.
Here, in order to make it easy to capture the alignment object accommodated in the accommodation space 4 by the groove 3a, the surface of the disk member 3 facing the accommodation space 4 side protrudes from the surface as in the illustrated embodiment. In this manner, it is preferable to provide one or more rib-shaped protrusions 3b that extend, for example, linearly along the radial direction from the vicinity of the center of the disk member 3 toward the peripheral edge. As a result, in the illustrated automatic aligner 1, the plurality of radial rib-shaped protrusions 3 b effectively agitate the objects to be aligned in the accommodation space 4 under the rotation of the disk member 3. This is because the objects to be aligned can easily enter the groove 3a. The rib-shaped protrusion 3b only needs to extend in the radial direction of the disk member 3 as a whole, and therefore, in addition to the linear form described above, a form that bends or curves at one or a plurality of points in the middle of the extension. It can also be. However, the arrangement of the rib-like protrusion 3b is not an essential configuration.

ところで、整列対象物は、回転駆動される円盤部材3の溝部3aにより、円盤部材3の下方側で、収容スペース4から拾い上げられて、上方側に運ばれることになるも、筐体2には、このようにして運ばれた整列対象物を、筐体2の外側に送り出す送り通路5を設けることが好適である。   By the way, the alignment object is picked up from the storage space 4 on the lower side of the disk member 3 by the groove 3a of the disk member 3 that is rotationally driven, and is transported to the upper side. It is preferable to provide a feed passage 5 for feeding the alignment objects carried in this way to the outside of the housing 2.

かかる送り通路5は、図示の実施形態では、筒型側壁部2aのくり貫いた部分を通過するべく配設されており、筒型側壁部2aを通過する前後の部分では、図3(a)及び(b)に示すように、筐体2の底部2dと円盤部材3との間の隙間に配置される、たとえば金属板の塑性加工になる板状レール部材5aで構成することができる。また、この送り通路5は、筒型側壁部2aの外側の部分では、整列対象物の送り方向に沿って連続して延びる複数本のガイドワイヤー5bと、その送り方向の途中に、たとえば相互に所定の間隔をおいて複数個配設されて、それらのガイドワイヤー5bの相対位置の維持に寄与するワイヤー支持部材5cとで構成されている。   In the illustrated embodiment, the feed passage 5 is disposed so as to pass through a hollowed portion of the cylindrical side wall portion 2a, and in a portion before and after passing through the cylindrical side wall portion 2a, FIG. And as shown to (b), it can comprise by the plate-shaped rail member 5a arrange | positioned in the clearance gap between the bottom part 2d of the housing | casing 2, and the disk member 3, for example, which becomes the plastic processing of a metal plate. In addition, the feed passage 5 has a plurality of guide wires 5b continuously extending along the feed direction of the alignment target object and a part of the feed passage 5 in the middle of the feed direction, for example, mutually in the portion outside the cylindrical side wall 2a. A plurality of wire support members 5c that are arranged at a predetermined interval and contribute to maintaining the relative positions of the guide wires 5b are configured.

より詳細には、この自動整列機1では、円盤部材3の溝部3aに入り込んで上方側に運ばれた円柱状の整列対象物は、送り通路5の板状レール部材5aの配設位置で、自身の略半部が板状レール部材5a上を転がり始め、円盤部材3の更なる回転により、板状レール部材5a側に完全に受け渡される。そしてその後は、板状レール部材5aに繋がるガイドワイヤー5bの部分で、図4に、送り方向に直交する断面図で示すように、円柱状の整列対象物Wは、横向きに倒れた姿勢で、その両端面のそれぞれを、側方のガイドワイヤー5bに支持されるとともに、その外周面を、下側の二本のガイドワイヤー5bに支持された状態で送り出されることになる。   More specifically, in this automatic alignment machine 1, the columnar alignment target object that has entered the groove 3 a of the disk member 3 and is conveyed upward is located at the position where the plate-like rail member 5 a of the feed passage 5 is disposed, The substantially half of itself begins to roll on the plate-like rail member 5a, and is completely delivered to the plate-like rail member 5a side by the further rotation of the disk member 3. And after that, in the portion of the guide wire 5b connected to the plate-like rail member 5a, as shown in FIG. 4 in a cross-sectional view orthogonal to the feeding direction, the columnar alignment target object W is in a posture that falls sideways, Each of the both end faces is supported by the side guide wire 5b, and the outer peripheral face is sent out while being supported by the two lower guide wires 5b.

このように、送り通路5の少なくとも一部、たとえば、筐体2の外側部分を、ガイドワイヤー5bで構成することにより、たとえば雨樋形状のレールで構成した場合のような、レール内への粉塵や破片等の堆積が生じることがなく、それにより、整列対象物が常に、送り通路を円滑に通過することができる。   In this way, by forming at least a part of the feed passage 5, for example, the outer portion of the housing 2 with the guide wire 5 b, dust in the rail, for example, when configured with a gutter-shaped rail, is used. In this way, the alignment target can always smoothly pass through the feed passage.

以上に述べた自動整列機1は、上記の整列対象物をICタグとして、そのICタグに所定の情報を書き込むための、図5に全体を斜視図で示すような、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置10に組み込んで用いることができる。
この書き込み装置10は、たとえば、周囲を取り囲む略直方体状をなすケース11と、図6に、ケース11を除去して正面図で示すように、複数個のICタグTを装置内へ供給するためのホッパー20と、タグ整列機構として機能する上記の自動整列機1と、該自動整列機1から所定の姿勢で送られるICタグTを、二叉に分岐した通路のいずれかに振り分ける、たとえば一箇所のタグ振分け機構30と、それらの分岐通路のそれぞれの進行方向前方側(図では下方側)に配設されて、振り分けられたICタグTに対し、そのICタグTに対応する所定の情報を書き込む、ここでは二箇所の無線通信機構40A、40Bと、各無線通信機構40A、40Bで書き込まれたICタグTの情報のエラーの有無に基いて、ICタグの送り先を選別する、送排出の振分け機構50A、50Bとを備えるものである。
The automatic alignment machine 1 described above uses the above-described alignment target object as an IC tag, and writes information to the IC tag as shown in FIG. It can be used by being incorporated in the writing device 10.
For example, the writing device 10 is provided with a case 11 having a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape surrounding the periphery, and supplying a plurality of IC tags T into the device as shown in a front view of FIG. 6 with the case 11 removed. The hopper 20, the automatic aligner 1 functioning as a tag aligning mechanism, and the IC tag T sent from the automatic aligner 1 in a predetermined posture are distributed to one of the bifurcated paths. Predetermined information corresponding to the IC tag T with respect to the IC tag T allocated to the tag distribution mechanism 30 at the location and the forward direction (downward in the figure) of each of the branch paths in the traveling direction. Here, the destination of the IC tag is selected based on the presence or absence of an error in the information of the IC tag T written in the two wireless communication mechanisms 40A and 40B and the wireless communication mechanisms 40A and 40B. , Feed discharged distribution mechanism 50A, in which and a 50B.

ここで、図示の装置10では、ホッパー20は、図7に拡大断面図で示すように、装置10に投入される多数個のICタグTを貯蔵可能な、略立方体状の内外輪郭形状の貯蔵領域21を有し、そして、この貯蔵領域21の下方側部分に、タグ整列機構1の収容スペース4に向けて斜め下向きに延びる吐出通路22を設けている。この吐出通路22は、タグ貯蔵領域21の各側壁に連続していずれも鉛直方向に対して傾斜する向きに延びる床面22a及び上面22bのそれぞれにより区画され、貯蔵領域21から通路高さを狭めた形態をなす。
このような吐出通路22を設けた場合、ホッパー20の上方側の開口部分から貯蔵領域21に向けて投入されて、貯蔵領域21に蓄えられたICタグTは、図7に矢印で示すように、貯蔵領域21の下方側の、通路高さの低い吐出通路22を経て、吐出通路22の先端側の吐出口23から、タグ整列機構1の収容スペース4に向けて順次に吐出される。
Here, in the illustrated apparatus 10, as shown in an enlarged cross-sectional view in FIG. 7, the hopper 20 stores a substantially cubic inner and outer contour shape that can store a large number of IC tags T loaded into the apparatus 10. A discharge passage 22 having an area 21 and extending obliquely downward toward the accommodation space 4 of the tag alignment mechanism 1 is provided in a lower portion of the storage area 21. The discharge passage 22 is partitioned by a floor surface 22a and an upper surface 22b that extend in a direction inclined with respect to the vertical direction in succession to each side wall of the tag storage region 21, and narrow the passage height from the storage region 21. Form.
In the case where such a discharge passage 22 is provided, the IC tag T that is introduced from the upper opening portion of the hopper 20 toward the storage area 21 and stored in the storage area 21 is indicated by an arrow in FIG. Then, the liquid is sequentially discharged from the discharge port 23 on the tip side of the discharge passage 22 toward the accommodation space 4 of the tag alignment mechanism 1 through the discharge passage 22 having a low passage height below the storage area 21.

上述したようにして吐出されるICタグTの吐出量を制御して、タグ整列機構1へのICタグTの供給を、常に適正速度で行うため、吐出通路床面22aの、吐出口23への隣接部分をくり貫いて、そこに吐出量制御手段24を設けることが好ましい。この装置10では、吐出量制御手段24を、該床面22aに平行な平面内で図7に矢印で示す吐出方向に直交する方向に延びる軸部24aの周囲に、該軸部24aに平行に延びるとともに軸部24aの周りに回転可能な、たとえば二枚の回転翼部24bを取り付けてなるものとしている。なお、各回転翼部24bは、吐出通路22の通路高さよりも低い回転半径を有するものとすることができる。
かかる吐出量制御手段24を設けることにより、貯蔵領域21内のICタグTは、たとえば定速で回転される回転翼部24bに、吐出口23からの吐出をある程度妨げられつつも、回転翼部24bを乗り越えて一定量で吐出されることになるので、ICタグTの、吐出口23からの定量排出を、高い精度で実現することができる。
In order to always supply the IC tag T to the tag alignment mechanism 1 at an appropriate speed by controlling the discharge amount of the IC tag T discharged as described above, to the discharge port 23 of the discharge passage floor surface 22a. It is preferable that the discharge amount control means 24 is provided in the adjacent portion. In this apparatus 10, the discharge amount control means 24 is arranged around a shaft portion 24 a extending in a direction perpendicular to the discharge direction indicated by an arrow in FIG. 7 in a plane parallel to the floor surface 22 a and in parallel with the shaft portion 24 a. For example, two rotating blade portions 24b are attached to be extended and rotatable around the shaft portion 24a. In addition, each rotary blade part 24b can have a rotation radius lower than the passage height of the discharge passage 22.
By providing the discharge amount control means 24, the IC tag T in the storage area 21 can be prevented from being discharged from the discharge port 23 to some extent by the rotary blade portion 24b rotated at a constant speed, for example. Since it is discharged in a fixed amount over 24b, it is possible to realize the quantitative discharge of the IC tag T from the discharge port 23 with high accuracy.

なお、一枚または、三枚以上設けることも可能な当該回転翼部24bは、図8に装置10の平面図で示すように、長方形状をなす平板の外周側の側部を、所定の間隔をおいて複数箇所で切り欠いてなる凹凸状に連なる歯部を有する形状とすることができる。この場合、通路床面22aの縁部にも、回転翼部24bの上記歯部とは凹凸位置を入れ替えた、対応する歯部を設けることにより、回転翼部24bと通路床面22aとの相互の干渉なしに、回転翼部24bが回転することができ、また、回転翼部24b及び通路床面22aのそれぞれの歯部が互いに入れ違うことで、そこでのICタグTの落下を防止することができる。   In addition, the rotary blade part 24b that can be provided by one piece or three or more pieces is arranged with a predetermined interval between the sides on the outer peripheral side of a rectangular flat plate as shown in the plan view of the apparatus 10 in FIG. It can be set as the shape which has the tooth | gear part which continues in the uneven | corrugated shape notched in multiple places. In this case, by providing a corresponding tooth portion at the edge portion of the passage floor surface 22a with the above-described tooth portion of the rotary blade portion 24b being replaced with a concave and convex position, the mutual contact between the rotary blade portion 24b and the passage floor surface 22a is achieved. The rotating blade portion 24b can rotate without interference, and the tooth portions of the rotating blade portion 24b and the passage floor surface 22a are interchanged to prevent the IC tag T from falling there. Can do.

特に吐出量制御手段24を設ける場合は、ICタグTの吐出量が制限されることに起因する、通路高さの狭い吐出通路22での、ICタグTの詰まりを防止するため、たとえば、回転翼部25bの回転半径が相対的に小さいことを除いて吐出量制御手段24と略同様の構成とすることができる詰まり防止手段25を設けることが好ましい。この詰まり防止手段25は、回転翼部25bの回転に基き、周囲に存在するICタグTを攪拌させて、吐出通路22での詰まりを防止するべく機能する。
また、詰まり防止手段は、上述したような、軸部25aと平行に延びる回転翼部25bを有するものの他、図示は省略するが、複数枚の円板カムを軸部に沿って並べて配置してなるもの等とすることができる。
In particular, when the discharge amount control means 24 is provided, in order to prevent clogging of the IC tag T in the discharge passage 22 having a narrow passage height due to the restriction of the discharge amount of the IC tag T, for example, rotation is performed. It is preferable to provide a clogging prevention means 25 that can be configured substantially the same as the discharge amount control means 24 except that the rotation radius of the wing portion 25b is relatively small. This clogging prevention means 25 functions to prevent clogging in the discharge passage 22 by stirring the IC tag T existing around based on the rotation of the rotary blade portion 25b.
Further, the clogging preventing means includes the rotary blade portion 25b extending in parallel with the shaft portion 25a as described above, and although not illustrated, a plurality of disk cams are arranged side by side along the shaft portion. Or the like.

図示の実施形態では、たとえば人手による、装置10へのICタグTの供給回数を減らすこと等を目的として、より多くのICタグを貯蔵可能にするホッパー20を設けているも、この発明の書き込み装置では、ホッパー20を設けることは必ずしも必要ではない。ホッパー20を設けない場合は、タグ整列機構1の収容スペース4に直接的に、ICタグを供給することができる。   In the illustrated embodiment, a hopper 20 that can store a larger number of IC tags is provided for the purpose of, for example, reducing the number of times the IC tag T is supplied to the apparatus 10 manually, for example. In the apparatus, it is not always necessary to provide the hopper 20. When the hopper 20 is not provided, the IC tag can be supplied directly to the accommodation space 4 of the tag alignment mechanism 1.

なお、ホッパー20に残留しているICタグTの個数を間接的に管理するため、たとえば、タグ整列機構1の筐体2の下部に、筐体2内に存在するICタグTの重量を計測することのできる、ひずみゲージ式等のロードセルその他の重量計を設置することができる。また、ホッパー20内のICタグTの個数を、より正確に管理するため、ホッパー20に重量計を取り付けることも可能である。   In order to indirectly manage the number of IC tags T remaining in the hopper 20, for example, the weight of the IC tag T existing in the casing 2 is measured at the lower part of the casing 2 of the tag alignment mechanism 1. A load cell such as a strain gauge type or other weight scale that can be installed can be installed. Further, in order to more accurately manage the number of IC tags T in the hopper 20, it is possible to attach a weighing scale to the hopper 20.

またここで、この装置10では、ICタグTが、先に述べた自動整列機としてのタグ整列機構1を経た後に整列姿勢で送られるタグ振分け機構30において、図9に部分拡大正面図で示すように、たとえば、タグ整列機構1からの送り通路31が、分岐点Bで、いずれも下方に向けて延びるそれぞれの分岐通路32、33に、二叉に分岐して連続している。
送り通路31に送られたICタグTを、このような分岐通路32、33のいずれかに、所定の時間間隔で適正に振り分けるため、このタグ振分け機構30は、送り通路31のICタグTを通過もしくは停止させるべく、該送り通路31を開閉可能なストッパ部材34と、ストッパ部材34を通過したICタグTを二本の分岐通路32、33の一方に案内する通路案内部材35とを有する。
Further, in this apparatus 10, the IC tag T is shown in a partially enlarged front view in FIG. 9 in the tag distribution mechanism 30 in which the IC tag T is sent in the alignment posture after passing through the tag alignment mechanism 1 as the automatic alignment machine described above. Thus, for example, the feed passage 31 from the tag alignment mechanism 1 is bifurcated and continuous with each of the branch passages 32 and 33 that extend downward at the branch point B.
In order to properly distribute the IC tag T sent to the feed passage 31 to either of the branch passages 32 and 33 at a predetermined time interval, the tag sorting mechanism 30 assigns the IC tag T of the feed passage 31 to the IC tag T. In order to pass or stop, a stopper member 34 capable of opening and closing the feed passage 31 and a passage guide member 35 for guiding the IC tag T that has passed through the stopper member 34 to one of the two branch passages 32 and 33 are provided.

そしてここでは、それらのストッパ部材34及び通路案内部材35のそれぞれの作動を、それらの部材が互いに同期して回転運動することにより行わせるものとする。それにより、特許文献1〜3等に記載されたスライド式の振分け手段に比して、各部材及び駆動手段を小型化することができ、その結果として、装置10全体のコンパクト化に寄与することができる。また、このような回転式のものは、スライド式のもののような、部材間への粉塵、砂利その他の異物の詰まりのおそれがないので、様々な環境下でも、故障の発生割合の増加なしに用いることが可能になる。   In this case, the stopper member 34 and the passage guide member 35 are operated by rotating the members in synchronization with each other. Thereby, each member and the drive means can be reduced in size as compared with the slide type distributing means described in Patent Documents 1 to 3, and as a result, the apparatus 10 can contribute to the overall compactness. Can do. In addition, such a rotary type has no risk of clogging of dust, gravel and other foreign objects between members, unlike a slide type, so that the occurrence rate of failure does not increase even in various environments. Can be used.

なお、ストッパ部材34は、図示のように、自身の回転運動の方向に沿って湾曲するプレート形状とすることが好ましく、またこの実施形態では、通路案内部材35は、実質的に、中心角が鋭角の扇形形状をなす。ストッパ部材34の配設個数は、図9に示すように、その回転運動の方向に沿って、所要の間隔おいて配置した三個とすることの他、一もしくは二個または、四個以上とすることも可能である。   As shown in the drawing, the stopper member 34 preferably has a plate shape that is curved along the direction of its own rotational movement. In this embodiment, the passage guide member 35 has a substantially central angle. A sharp fan shape. As shown in FIG. 9, the number of stopper members 34 is one or two or four or more in addition to the three arranged at a predetermined interval along the direction of the rotational movement. It is also possible to do.

このようなタグ振分け機構30の動作の一例を詳説すれば、はじめに、図10(a)に示すように、ストッパ部材34が送り通路31を閉鎖した状態から、ストッパ部材34及び、それに同期する通路案内部材35を、図10(b)に矢印で示す如く、略扇形状の該通路案内部材35の中心位置の近傍の周りで、たとえば正面視で反時計回りに一定量回転させる。それにより、ストッパ部材34による送り通路31の閉鎖状態が解放されて、ICタグTは前進することになるも、該通路案内部材35の円弧状周面に当接して、そこで停止することになる。   An example of the operation of the tag distribution mechanism 30 will be described in detail. First, as shown in FIG. 10A, the stopper member 34 and the passage synchronized with the stopper member 34 from the state where the stopper member 34 closes the feed passage 31. As indicated by an arrow in FIG. 10B, the guide member 35 is rotated by a certain amount around the vicinity of the center position of the substantially fan-shaped passage guide member 35, for example, counterclockwise when viewed from the front. As a result, the closed state of the feed passage 31 by the stopper member 34 is released and the IC tag T moves forward, but comes into contact with the arcuate peripheral surface of the passage guide member 35 and stops there. .

そして、ストッパ部材34及び通路案内部材35をさらに反時計回りに回転させることで、ICタグTは、図10(c)に示すように、円弧状周面を図の左側に向けて傾倒した扇形状の通路案内部材35の右側面によるガイド下で、図の右側の分岐通路32に送られる。
このとき、送り通路31は、上述したような、通路案内部材35の、円弧状周面が左側を向く傾倒動作に同期して回動したストッパ部材34によって閉鎖されるので、上記のように分岐通路32に送られたものの次に続くICタグTは、当該ストッパ部材34により、送り通路31で停止されることになる。なおここでは、ストッパ部材34を上記のような湾曲形状としたことにより、回転運動するストッパ部材34が、互いに隣接するICタグTの相互間に入り込み易くなるという利点がある。
Then, by further rotating the stopper member 34 and the passage guide member 35 counterclockwise, as shown in FIG. 10C, the IC tag T is tilted with the arcuate peripheral surface tilted toward the left side of the drawing. Under the guidance of the right side surface of the shaped channel guide member 35, it is sent to the branch channel 32 on the right side of the figure.
At this time, the feed passage 31 is closed by the stopper member 34 rotated in synchronization with the tilting operation of the arcuate circumferential surface of the passage guide member 35 as described above, so that it branches as described above. The IC tag T following the one sent to the passage 32 is stopped in the feed passage 31 by the stopper member 34. Here, since the stopper member 34 has a curved shape as described above, there is an advantage that the stopper member 34 that rotates can easily enter between the IC tags T adjacent to each other.

次いで、ストッパ部材34及び通路案内部材35を、図11(a)に矢印で示すように、これまでとは逆の時計回りに回転させると、ストッパ部材34で停止されていた前記のICタグTは、若干前進した後に、通路案内部材35の円弧状周面に接触してストップする。
しかる後は、ストッパ部材34及び通路案内部材35をさらに時計回りに回転させることにより、当該ICタグTは、通路案内部材35の左側面にガイドされて、今度は図の左側の分岐通路33に送られる。
ストッパ部材34及び通路案内部材35のこのような動作を繰り返し行うことにより、送り通路31に整列して送られてくるICタグTを順次に、二叉分岐通路32、33のいずれかに振り分けることができる。
Next, when the stopper member 34 and the passage guide member 35 are rotated clockwise as shown by the arrow in FIG. 11A, the IC tag T is stopped by the stopper member 34. After a slight advance, the arc contacts the arcuate circumferential surface of the passage guide member 35 and stops.
After that, by further rotating the stopper member 34 and the passage guide member 35 clockwise, the IC tag T is guided to the left side surface of the passage guide member 35, and this time, the IC tag T is guided to the left branch passage 33 in the drawing. Sent.
By repeatedly performing such operations of the stopper member 34 and the passage guide member 35, the IC tags T sent in alignment with the feed passage 31 are sequentially distributed to one of the bifurcated branch passages 32 and 33. Can do.

図示の装置10では、タグ振分け機構30を一箇所だけ有するものとしているが、たとえば、図12(a)に示すように、タグ振分け機構を二箇所設けて三本の分岐通路としたり、または、図12(b)に示すように、四本の分岐通路とするために三箇所のタグ振分け機構を設けたりというように、タグ振分け機構は複数箇所に設けることができる。   In the apparatus 10 shown in the figure, the tag distributing mechanism 30 is provided only at one place. For example, as shown in FIG. 12A, two tag distributing mechanisms are provided to form three branch passages, or As shown in FIG. 12B, tag distribution mechanisms can be provided at a plurality of locations, such as three tag distribution mechanisms for providing four branch passages.

以上に述べたようにして、いずれかの分岐通路32、33に振り分けられたICタグTは、ICタグへの情報の書き込みを行う無線通信機構40A、40Bに送られる。この無線通信機構40A、40Bでは、ICタグTに対し、たとえば、イニシャライズ、情報の書き込み、当該情報の読み込み、及び、その確認その他の所要の操作を行う。
ここでは、各分岐通路32、33の進行方向前方側に設けた二箇所の無線通信機構40A、40Bのそれぞれに、基端部を分岐通路32もしくは33に隣接する位置に支持させるとともに、先端部を前記基端部の周りに回転可能とした回転式アーム部材41、42のそれぞれを設ける。これらの回転式アーム部材41、42のそれぞれの先端部には、図示のように、その回転運動方向に沿って湾曲する形状で、回転運動方向の一方側、図ではいずれも左側に向けて突出する湾曲爪部43、44を設けることができる。
As described above, the IC tag T distributed to one of the branch passages 32 and 33 is sent to the wireless communication mechanisms 40A and 40B that write information to the IC tag. In the wireless communication mechanisms 40A and 40B, for example, initialization, information writing, reading of the information, confirmation thereof, and other necessary operations are performed on the IC tag T.
Here, each of the two wireless communication mechanisms 40A, 40B provided on the front side in the traveling direction of each branch passage 32, 33 is supported at a position adjacent to the branch passage 32 or 33, and the distal end portion. Each of the rotary arm members 41 and 42 is provided so as to be rotatable around the base end portion. As shown in the figure, the distal ends of the rotary arm members 41 and 42 are curved along the rotational movement direction, and protrude toward one side of the rotational movement direction, both of which are leftward in the figure. The curved claw portions 43 and 44 can be provided.

このことによれば、回転式アーム部材41、42の長手方向が、図9に示すように鉛直方向に近づく向きでは、回転式アーム部材41、42の先端部の湾曲爪部43、44が、分岐通路32、33に入り込んで該通路を閉鎖することにより、湾曲爪部43、44上のICタグTを情報の書き込み位置Pで停止させることができる。また、ICタグTへの情報の書き込みが終了した場合等は、回転式アーム部材41、42を、湾曲爪部43、44が分岐通路32、33から離隔する向きに回転させることにより、湾曲爪部43、44による閉鎖状態であった分岐通路32、33を解放して、情報の書き込み位置PをICタグTが通過できるようになる。   According to this, in the direction in which the longitudinal direction of the rotary arm members 41 and 42 approaches the vertical direction as shown in FIG. 9, the curved claw portions 43 and 44 at the tips of the rotary arm members 41 and 42 are The IC tag T on the curved claw portions 43 and 44 can be stopped at the information writing position P by entering the branch passages 32 and 33 and closing the passage. In addition, when the writing of information to the IC tag T is completed, the curved claws are rotated by rotating the rotary arm members 41, 42 in the direction in which the curved claws 43, 44 are separated from the branch passages 32, 33. The branch passages 32 and 33 that have been closed by the portions 43 and 44 are released, and the IC tag T can pass through the information writing position P.

このような回転式アーム部材41、42とすることにより、従来の、スライド式のものに比して、スムーズな動作を実現することができるとともに、装置10のコンパクト化に寄与することができる。   By using the rotary arm members 41 and 42 as described above, it is possible to realize a smooth operation and contribute to the compactness of the apparatus 10 as compared with the conventional slide type.

無線通信機構40A、40Bにて所定の情報が書き込まれたICタグTは、この装置10では、分岐通路32、33のさらに先に設けた、送排出の振分け機構50A、50Bに到る。
それらの送排出の振分け機構50A、50Bには、図13に拡大して示すように、分岐通路32、33を経たICタグTを掴んで保持するU字状先端部51a、52aを有する保持部51、52を設け、これらのそれぞれを、たとえば略180°にわたって回転運動可能とする。なお、図示の装置では、保持部51、52は、無線通信機構40A、40Bから送られるICタグTを、直立姿勢で受け取るものとしており、保持部51、52によるこのICタグTの受け取り位置を、タグ把持位置Peとする。
The IC tag T in which the predetermined information is written by the wireless communication mechanisms 40A and 40B reaches the transmission / discharge sorting mechanisms 50A and 50B provided further ahead of the branch passages 32 and 33 in this apparatus 10.
As shown in an enlarged view in FIG. 13, the transfer mechanism 50A, 50B includes a holding portion having U-shaped tip portions 51a, 52a for holding and holding the IC tag T that has passed through the branch passages 32, 33. 51 and 52 are provided, and each of them can be rotated, for example, by approximately 180 °. In the illustrated apparatus, the holding units 51 and 52 receive the IC tag T sent from the wireless communication mechanisms 40A and 40B in an upright posture, and the receiving position of the IC tag T by the holding units 51 and 52 is determined. The tag holding position Pe.

またここでは、書き込まれた情報にエラーがあったICタグTを貯める、図示しない容器に送るためのタグ排出位置Pd、及び、エラーがあったICタグTを次工程等に搬送するためのタグ送出位置Pcをそれぞれ設ける。
ここにおいて、図示の実施形態では、上記のタグ排出位置Pd、タグ把持位置Pe及びタグ送出位置Pcをいずれも、保持部51、52の回転運動によってU字状先端部51a、52aが通る軌跡上に配置する。より詳細には、タグ排出位置Pdは、タグ把持位置Peより当該回転運動方向の一方側の回転限界位置に位置させ、この一方で、タグ送出位置Pcは、タグ把持位置Peより回転運動方向の他方側の回転限界位置に位置させている。
Further, here, the tag discharge position Pd for storing the IC tag T in which the written information has an error, which is sent to a container (not shown), and the tag for transporting the IC tag T having an error to the next process or the like are stored. A delivery position Pc is provided.
Here, in the illustrated embodiment, the tag discharge position Pd, the tag gripping position Pe, and the tag delivery position Pc are all on the trajectory through which the U-shaped tip portions 51a and 52a pass by the rotational movement of the holding portions 51 and 52. To place. More specifically, the tag discharge position Pd is positioned at a rotation limit position on one side of the rotational movement direction from the tag gripping position Pe, while the tag delivery position Pc is positioned in the rotational movement direction from the tag gripping position Pe. It is located at the rotation limit position on the other side.

このような振分け機構50A、50Bによれば、ICタグTの、エラーの有無による分別を、直線運動なしで、保持部51、52の、時計回り・反時計回りの回転運動のみで円滑に行うことができる。それにより、装置10のさらなる小型化を図ることができる。
なおこの実施形態では、保持部51、52のU字状先端部51a、52aで保持されるICタグTは、装置10のケース11のすぐ内側の、比較的奥まっていない箇所で、タグ排出位置Pdもしくはタグ送出位置Pcに運ばれるので、仮に停電時に装置10への電力供給が途切れた場合であっても、ICタグTを容易に取り出すことができる。また、保持部51、52の本体部分に、オペレーターの素手による操作が可能なハンドル部分を設けているので、非常時における保持部51、52の、電気によらない操作が可能になる。
According to such a distribution mechanism 50A, 50B, the IC tag T can be separated smoothly by only the clockwise / counterclockwise rotational movement of the holding portions 51, 52 without linear motion, without the presence of errors. be able to. Thereby, further miniaturization of the apparatus 10 can be achieved.
In this embodiment, the IC tag T held by the U-shaped tip portions 51a, 52a of the holding portions 51, 52 is located at a relatively unrecessed portion just inside the case 11 of the device 10 at the tag discharge position. Since it is carried to Pd or the tag sending position Pc, even if the power supply to the apparatus 10 is interrupted during a power failure, the IC tag T can be easily taken out. Moreover, since the handle | steering-wheel part which can be operated by an operator's bare hand is provided in the main-body part of the holding | maintenance parts 51 and 52, the operation which does not depend on electricity of the holding | maintenance parts 51 and 52 in an emergency becomes possible.

この実施形態では、上記のタグ排出位置Pdには、背面側への貫通穴を設け、そこから、エラー有りのICタグTを、下方側に設置した容器に向けて落下させる。なおここで、それぞれの送排出の振分け機構50A及び50Bのそれぞれのタグ排出位置Pdをともに、各タグ把持位置Peより装置10の幅方向内側に配置しているので、いずれのタグ排出位置Pdから排出されるICタグTも、単一の容器に貯めることができる。なお、この容器は装置10の正面側から取り出し可能とすることができ、それにより、底面を平坦形状とし、装置10の外形からの、不必要な出っ張り形状を除去することができる。
またこの実施形態では、タグ送出位置Pcに、エア噴射口を設けるとともに搬送用ホースを設けており、それにより、エラー無しでタグ送出位置Pcに運ばれたICタグTに対してエアを噴きつけることで、ICタグTは、前記ホース内を通過して、たとえば、生コンクリートを収容したミキサー車の円筒形の回転ドラム内に送り込むことができる。ホースは、設置面から210mm以下の高さに配設することで、そこでのオペレーター等の通過が容易となる。
In this embodiment, the tag discharge position Pd is provided with a through hole to the back side, and the IC tag T with an error is dropped from there toward a container installed on the lower side. Here, since each tag discharge position Pd of each of the delivery / discharge sorting mechanisms 50A and 50B is arranged inward in the width direction of the apparatus 10 from each tag gripping position Pe, from which tag discharge position Pd The discharged IC tag T can also be stored in a single container. This container can be taken out from the front side of the device 10, thereby making the bottom surface flat and removing an unnecessary protruding shape from the outer shape of the device 10.
In this embodiment, an air injection port is provided at the tag delivery position Pc and a transport hose is provided, so that air is sprayed onto the IC tag T carried to the tag delivery position Pc without error. Thus, the IC tag T can pass through the hose and be fed into, for example, a cylindrical rotating drum of a mixer truck containing ready-mixed concrete. By arranging the hose at a height of 210 mm or less from the installation surface, the operator or the like can easily pass therethrough.

1 自動整列装置、タグ整列機構
2 筐体
2a 筒型側壁部
2b 筒型側壁部の他端側開口部
2c 鉛直側壁部分2c
2d 底部
3 円盤部材
3a 溝部
3b リブ状突起部
4 収容スペース
5 送り通路
5a 板状レール部材
5b ガイドワイヤー
5c ワイヤー支持部材
10 ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置
11 ケース
20 ホッパー
21 貯蔵領域
22 吐出通路
22a 床面
22b 上面
23 吐出口
24 吐出量制御手段
24a 軸部
24b 回転翼部
25 詰まり防止手段
25a 軸部
25b 回転翼部
30 タグ振分け機構
31 送り通路
32、33 分岐通路
34 ストッパ部材
35 通路案内部材
40A、40B 無線通信機構
41、42 回転式アーム部材
43、44 湾曲爪部
50A、50B 送排出の振分け機構
51、52 保持部
51a、51b U字状先端部
W 整列対象物
Pe タグ把持位置
Pc タグ送出位置
Pd タグ排出位置
T ICタグ
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Automatic alignment apparatus, tag alignment mechanism 2 Housing | casing 2a Cylindrical side wall part 2b The other end side opening part 2c of a cylindrical side wall part 2c Vertical side wall part 2c
2d bottom part 3 disk member 3a groove part 3b rib-like projection part 4 accommodation space 5 feed passage 5a plate-like rail member 5b guide wire 5c wire support member 10 device for writing information to IC tag 11 case 20 hopper 21 storage area 22 discharge passage 22a Floor surface 22b Upper surface 23 Discharge port 24 Discharge amount control means 24a Shaft portion 24b Rotor blade portion 25 Clogging prevention means 25a Shaft portion 25b Rotor blade portion 30 Tag distribution mechanism 31 Feed passage 32, 33 Branch passage 34 Stopper member 35 Passage guide member 40A , 40B Wireless communication mechanism 41, 42 Rotary arm member 43, 44 Curved claw part 50A, 50B Feed / discharge sorting mechanism 51, 52 Holding part 51a, 51b U-shaped tip part W Alignment object Pe Tag gripping position Pc Tag sending Position Pd Tag discharge position T IC tag

Claims (14)

複数個の整列対象物を、所定の姿勢に整えて順次に送り出す自動整列機であって、円盤部材と、該円盤部材の周縁部の外周側を取り囲む筒型側壁部を有する筐体と、前記円盤部材を中心軸線の周りに回転駆動させる回転駆動手段とを備えてなり、
使用状態で、前記円盤部材及び筐体を、該円盤部材の中心軸線が鉛直方向に対して傾斜する向きに傾けて配置し、該筐体の内側に、前記筒型側壁部と円盤部材とで区画される整列対象物の収容スペースを設け、前記円盤部材の周縁部に、前記収容スペース内の整列対象物が所定の姿勢で入り込む溝部を、その周方向に間隔をおいて複数設けてなる、自動整列機。
An automatic alignment machine that arranges a plurality of alignment objects into a predetermined posture and sequentially feeds the disk, and a casing having a cylindrical side wall that surrounds the outer peripheral side of the peripheral edge of the disk member; Rotation drive means for rotating the disk member around the central axis,
In the state of use, the disk member and the housing are disposed so that the central axis of the disk member is inclined with respect to the vertical direction, and the cylindrical side wall portion and the disk member are disposed inside the housing. A space for storing the alignment target objects to be partitioned is provided, and a plurality of grooves are provided in the circumferential direction of the disk member so that the alignment target objects in the storage space enter in a predetermined posture at intervals in the circumferential direction. Automatic alignment machine.
前記円盤部材の、前記収容スペース側を向く表面に、該収容スペース内の整列対象物を攪拌するための、円盤部材の半径方向に延びるリブ状突起部を一本以上設けてなる、請求項1に記載の自動整列機。   The surface of the disk member facing the storage space is provided with one or more rib-like protrusions extending in the radial direction of the disk member for stirring the alignment objects in the storage space. Automatic alignment machine as described in 前記筐体が、前記筒型側壁部の、前記使用状態で下方側に位置する一端側に設けた円盤状の底部を有し、前記円盤部材を、前記底部から、円柱状をなす整列対象物の高さより短い距離で離隔させて配置してなる、請求項1または2に記載の自動整列機。   The casing has a disc-shaped bottom portion provided on one end side of the cylindrical side wall portion located on the lower side in the use state, and the disc member is aligned with the columnar shape from the bottom portion. The automatic aligner according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the automatic aligner is disposed at a distance shorter than the height of the automatic aligner. 前記筐体に、円盤部材の回転駆動下で、円盤部材の前記溝部により収容スペースから拾い上げた整列対象物を、円盤部材から引き取って筐体の外側へ送り出す送り通路を設けてなる、請求項1〜3のいずれか一項に記載の自動整列機。   2. A feed passage is provided in the housing, wherein the alignment object picked up from the accommodation space by the groove portion of the disk member under the rotational drive of the disk member is taken out from the disk member and sent to the outside of the housing. The automatic alignment machine as described in any one of -3. 前記送り通路の少なくとも一部を、整列対象物の送り方向に沿って連続して延びる複数本のガイドワイヤーと、該送り方向の途中に配設されて、複数本のガイドワイヤーの相対位置を維持させるワイヤー支持部材とで構成してなる、請求項4に記載の自動整列機。   At least a part of the feed passage is arranged in the middle of the feed direction with a plurality of guide wires extending continuously along the feed direction of the alignment target object, and the relative position of the plurality of guide wires is maintained. The automatic alignment machine according to claim 4, wherein the automatic alignment machine is configured by a wire support member to be moved. 前記整列対象物が、ICチップを樹脂材料で被覆してなるICタグである、請求項1〜5のいずれか一項に記載の自動整列機。   The automatic alignment machine according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the alignment object is an IC tag formed by coating an IC chip with a resin material. 装置内に供給される複数個のICタグを所定の姿勢に整列させて順次に送り出すタグ整列機構と、該タグ整列機構から送られるICタグを、二叉に分岐した通路のいずれかに振り分ける少なくとも一箇所のタグ振分け機構と、各分岐通路の進行方向の前方側に配設されて、振り分けられた前記ICタグに対し、該ICタグに対応する情報の書き込みを行う複数箇所の無線通信機構とを備える、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置であって、前記タグ整列機構として、請求項6に記載の自動整列機を設けてなる、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。   A tag alignment mechanism that aligns a plurality of IC tags supplied into the apparatus in a predetermined posture and sequentially sends them, and at least distributes the IC tags sent from the tag alignment mechanism into one of two bifurcated paths. A tag distribution mechanism at one location, and a plurality of radio communication mechanisms disposed on the front side in the traveling direction of each branch passage and writing information corresponding to the IC tag to the distributed IC tags; A device for writing information to an IC tag, comprising the automatic alignment machine according to claim 6 as the tag alignment mechanism. ICタグを装置内へ供給するためのホッパーをさらに備え、該ホッパーが、前記タグ整列機構に供給するICタグを蓄える貯蔵領域と、前記タグ整列機構の有する筐体の収容スペースに向けて延びる、通路高さを狭めた吐出通路と、該吐出通路の先端側に形成された吐出口とを有し、
前記吐出通路に、該吐出通路でのICタグの詰まりを阻止する詰まり防止手段、及び、吐出通路を経て吐き出されるICタグの吐出量を制御する吐出量制御手段のそれぞれを、ICタグの吐出方向に並べて設けてなる、請求項7に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。
A hopper for supplying the IC tag into the apparatus, the hopper extending toward a storage area for storing the IC tag supplied to the tag alignment mechanism and a housing space of a housing of the tag alignment mechanism; A discharge passage having a narrow passage height, and a discharge port formed on the tip side of the discharge passage;
The clogging prevention means for preventing clogging of the IC tag in the discharge passage and the discharge amount control means for controlling the discharge amount of the IC tag discharged through the discharge passage in the discharge passage are respectively set in the discharge direction of the IC tag. The apparatus for writing information to the IC tag according to claim 7, which is arranged side by side.
前記吐出量制御手段及び詰まり防止手段のそれぞれを、回転駆動される軸部の周囲に、一枚以上の回転翼部を取り付けて構成してなる、請求項8に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。   9. The information to the IC tag according to claim 8, wherein each of the discharge amount control means and the clogging prevention means is configured by attaching one or more rotary blades around a shaft portion that is rotationally driven. Writing device. 一箇所以上の前記タグ振分け機構が、回転運動により、タグ整列機構からの送り通路の開閉を行い、ICタグの進行を一時的に停止させるストッパ部材と、該ストッパ部材と同期させた回転運動によりそれぞれの分岐通路の開閉を行い、ICタグをいずれかの分岐通路へ導く通路案内部材とを有してなる、請求項7〜9のいずれか一項に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。   At least one of the tag distribution mechanisms opens and closes the feed path from the tag alignment mechanism by rotational movement, and temporarily stops the progress of the IC tag, and by rotational movement synchronized with the stopper member The information writing to the IC tag according to any one of claims 7 to 9, further comprising a passage guide member that opens and closes each branch passage and guides the IC tag to one of the branch passages. apparatus. 前記ストッパ部材が、該ストッパ部材の回転運動方向に沿って湾曲するプレート形状を有するものとしてなる、請求項10に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。   The device for writing information to an IC tag according to claim 10, wherein the stopper member has a plate shape that curves along the rotational movement direction of the stopper member. 前記無線通信機構に、回転運動により、情報の書き込み位置でタグを停止させるための分岐通路の閉鎖及び、情報が書き込まれたタグを通過させるための分岐通路の開放を行う回転式アーム部材を設けてなる、請求項7〜11のいずれか一項に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。   The wireless communication mechanism is provided with a rotary arm member that closes the branch passage for stopping the tag at the information writing position and opens the branch passage for allowing the tag on which the information is written to pass through the rotational movement. The device for writing information to the IC tag according to any one of claims 7 to 11. 前記回転式アーム部材が、その先端部に、回転運動方向に沿って湾曲する形状で該回転運動方向に向けて突出する湾曲爪部を有してなる、請求項12に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。   13. The IC tag according to claim 12, wherein the rotary arm member has a curved claw portion protruding toward the rotational motion direction in a shape curved along the rotational motion direction at a tip portion thereof. Information writing device. 前記無線通信機構で情報を書き込まれたICタグを、前記無線通信機構で検知されたエラーの有無に基き、タグ送出位置もしくはタグ排出位置のいずれかに振り分ける、送排出の振分け機構をさらに備え、
前記送排出の振分け機構が、ICタグを保持するとともに、回転運動してICタグをタグ送出位置もしくはタグ排出位置に運ぶ保持部を有するものとし、
前記タグ送出位置及びタグ排出位置のそれぞれを、前記無線通信機構から送られるICタグを受け取るタグ把持位置に対し、前記保持部の回転運動方向の一方側及び他方側のそれぞれに配置してなる、請求項7〜13のいずれか一項に記載の、ICタグへの情報の書き込み装置。
The IC tag in which information is written by the wireless communication mechanism is further provided with a transmission / discharge distribution mechanism that distributes the IC tag to either a tag transmission position or a tag discharge position based on the presence or absence of an error detected by the wireless communication mechanism,
The feeding / discharging distribution mechanism has an IC tag and a holding unit that rotates to move the IC tag to a tag sending position or a tag discharging position.
Each of the tag sending position and the tag discharging position is arranged on each of one side and the other side in the rotational movement direction of the holding unit with respect to a tag holding position for receiving an IC tag sent from the wireless communication mechanism. The device for writing information to the IC tag according to any one of claims 7 to 13.
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