JP2015072786A - Separator joining device for electric device - Google Patents

Separator joining device for electric device Download PDF

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JP2015072786A
JP2015072786A JP2013207671A JP2013207671A JP2015072786A JP 2015072786 A JP2015072786 A JP 2015072786A JP 2013207671 A JP2013207671 A JP 2013207671A JP 2013207671 A JP2013207671 A JP 2013207671A JP 2015072786 A JP2015072786 A JP 2015072786A
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separator
ceramic
electrode
transport
direction
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JP2013207671A
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JP6264817B2 (en
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岳洋 柳
Takehiro Yanagi
岳洋 柳
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日産自動車株式会社
Nissan Motor Co Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a separator joining device for an electric device that prevents wrinkles from occurring when a couple of separators are butt-joined together.SOLUTION: A separator joining device 100 for an electric device 11 that joins a couple of separators 40 holding an electrode (positive electrode 20) to each other comprises: a separator conveying portions (a first separator conveying portion 120, a second conveying portion 130) that convey each of the separators while being held by suction drums (a first conveying drum 124, a second conveying drum 134) capable of changing suction force; and a butting portion 190 for butting the pair of separators conveyed together. The butting portion holds the separators at the downstream in the conveying direction of the separators of a position p1 where the suction force by the suction drums is released.

Description

  The present invention relates to a separator bonding apparatus for electrical devices.

  Conventionally, a battery such as a lithium ion secondary battery is configured by sealing a power generating element to be charged and discharged with an exterior material. The power generation element is configured, for example, by laminating a plurality of packaged electrodes formed by sandwiching a positive electrode with a pair of separators and negative electrodes. The packaged electrode joins both ends thereof to suppress the movement of the positive electrode, thereby preventing a short circuit with the adjacent negative electrode through the separator (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-320636

  Since electrical devices such as the secondary battery are required to have high output and high density, the separators and electrodes per sheet tend to be thin. In addition, the separator that sandwiches the electrode may be abutted and joined while being held by the suction drum, but there is a problem that wrinkles occur during joining because the separator is thinly formed. .

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problem, and an object of the present invention is to provide a separator joining apparatus for an electric device that prevents wrinkles that occur when a pair of separators are butted and joined.

  The present invention that achieves the above object is a separator joining apparatus for an electric device for joining a pair of separators sandwiching an electrode to each other, and is a separator that conveys each of the separators while being held by a suction drum capable of switching suction power. It has a conveyance part and a contact part which makes a pair of conveyed separators contact. In the present invention, the contact portion sandwiches the separator downstream of the separator in the transport direction from the position where the suction force by the suction drum is released.

  According to the separator joining apparatus for an electric device in the present invention, the contact portion is configured to sandwich the separator downstream in the transport direction of the separator from the position where the suction force by the suction drum is released. Therefore, the suction force by the suction drum and the sandwiching force of the separator by the contact portion are not simultaneously applied, thereby preventing the separator from being wrinkled and preventing the quality of the electrical device from being deteriorated.

It is a perspective view which shows the lithium ion secondary battery comprised using the electric device (packed electrode) which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a disassembled perspective view which decomposes | disassembles and shows the lithium ion secondary battery of FIG. 1 to each structural member. It is a perspective view which shows the state which each laminated | stacked the negative electrode on both surfaces of the packaging electrode of FIG. FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view showing the configuration of FIG. 3 along line 4-4 shown in FIG. 3. It is a perspective view which shows the separator joining apparatus of the electric device which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a fragmentary sectional view which shows the separator joining apparatus of the electric device which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the separator holding | maintenance part of FIG. 5A, a separator junction part, a separator conveyance follower, and a bagging electrode conveyance part. It is a perspective view which shows the separator junction part of FIG. 5A. It is a fragmentary sectional view showing typically the state just before joining a pair of ceramic separators by the separator joined part of Drawing 5A. It is a photograph which shows a pair of ceramic separator in the state of FIG. 8 from the side surface along a conveyance direction. It is a fragmentary sectional view showing typically the state immediately after joining a pair of ceramic separators by the separator joined part of Drawing 5A. It is a photograph which shows a pair of ceramic separator in the state of FIG. 10 from the side surface along a conveyance direction. It is a perspective view which shows the various forms of the horn of the separator junction part of FIG. 5A. It is a perspective view which shows a separator holding | maintenance part, a separator joining part, a separator conveyance follower, and a bagging electrode conveyance part in the separator joining apparatus of the electric device which concerns on the modification of embodiment. It is sectional drawing which shows the action | operation of the separator holding part and separator junction part of FIG.

  Embodiments according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the description of the drawings, the same elements are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description is omitted. The sizes and ratios of the members in the drawings are exaggerated for convenience of explanation and may be different from the actual sizes and ratios. In all of FIGS. 1 to 16, the azimuth is indicated by using arrows represented by X, Y, and Z. The direction of the arrow represented by X indicates the conveyance direction X of the ceramic separator 40, the positive electrode 20, and the like. The direction of the arrow represented by Y indicates the direction Y that intersects the transport direction of the ceramic separator 40, the positive electrode 20, and the like. The direction of the arrow represented by Z indicates the stacking direction Z of the ceramic separator 40, the positive electrode 20, and the like.

  The electric device formed by bonding with the separator bonding apparatus 100 corresponds to, for example, the packaged electrode 11 of the lithium ion secondary battery 10 as shown in FIGS. The lithium ion secondary battery 10 is configured by sealing a power generation element 12 to be charged and discharged with an exterior material 50. The power generation element 12 is configured by alternately laminating the packed electrode 11 and the negative electrode 30 in which the positive electrode 20 is sandwiched and bonded by a pair of ceramic separators 40. Even if the lithium ion secondary battery 10 vibrates or receives an impact, it is adjacent to each other via the ceramic separator 40 by suppressing the movement of the positive electrode 20 by the joint portions 40h formed at both ends of the pair of ceramic separators 40. A short circuit between the positive electrode 20 and the negative electrode 30 is prevented. The joining portion 40h moves the ceramic layer 42 adjacent to the polypropylene layer 41 to be melted to the surrounding area while roughening the polypropylene layers 41 in a state where the ceramic layers 42 face each other, The polypropylene layers 41 facing each other are formed by welding.

  The separator joining apparatus 100 is shown in FIGS. Separator joining apparatus 100 is used in joining an electric device (packed electrode 11 of lithium ion secondary battery 10). Separator joining apparatus 100 includes ceramic separators 40 each including a sheet-like molten material (corresponding to polypropylene layer 41) and a molten material (corresponding to polypropylene layer 41) laminated on polypropylene layer 41 and having a melting temperature higher than that of polypropylene layer 41. Join.

  The separator bonding apparatus 100 includes an electrode transport unit 110 that transports an electrode (positive electrode 20 or negative electrode 30), a first separator transport unit 120 that transports a ceramic separator 40 stacked on one surface of the positive electrode 20, and a stack on the other surface of the positive electrode 20. The 2nd separator conveyance part 130 which conveys the ceramic separator 40 to perform is included. The separator bonding apparatus 100 includes a separator holding unit 140 that holds a pair of ceramic separators 40 that sandwich the positive electrode 20, a separator bonding unit 150 that bonds the pair of ceramic separators 40 to each other, and the ceramic separators 40 being bonded together. In addition, a separator transport follower 160 that follows the transport operation of the packaged electrode transport unit 170 is included. Furthermore, the separator joining apparatus 100 includes a packaged electrode transport unit 170 that transports the packaged electrode 11 and a control unit 180 that controls the operation of each component.

  First, the packaged electrode 11 formed by bonding using the separator bonding apparatus 100 will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 4 based on the configuration of the lithium ion secondary battery 10 including the packaged electrode 11.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a lithium ion secondary battery 10 configured using an electric device (packed electrode 11). FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view showing the lithium ion secondary battery 10 of FIG. FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a state in which the negative electrodes 30 are laminated on both surfaces of the packaged electrode 11 of FIG. FIG. 4 is a partial cross-sectional view showing the configuration of FIG. 3 along line 4-4 shown in FIG.

  The positive electrode 20 corresponds to an electrode, and is formed by binding a positive electrode active material on both surfaces of a positive electrode current collector 21 which is a conductor. The positive electrode terminal 21 a for taking out electric power is formed to extend from a part of one end of the positive electrode current collector 21. The positive electrode terminals 21a of the stacked positive electrodes 20 are fixed to each other by welding or adhesion.

  The material of the positive electrode current collector 21 of the positive electrode 20 is, for example, aluminum expanded metal, aluminum mesh, or aluminum punched metal. The material of the positive electrode active material of the positive electrode 20 includes various oxides (lithium manganese oxide such as LiMn 2 O 4, manganese dioxide, lithium nickel oxide such as LiNiO 2, lithium cobalt oxide such as LiCoO 2, and lithium-containing nickel cobalt. An oxide or amorphous vanadium pentoxide containing lithium) or a chalcogen compound (titanium disulfide, molybdenum disulfide) or the like is used.

  The negative electrode 30 corresponds to an electrode having a polarity different from that of the positive electrode 20, and is formed by binding a negative electrode active material 32 on both surfaces of a negative electrode current collector 31 that is a conductor. The negative electrode terminal 31 a extends from a part of one end of the negative electrode current collector 31 so as not to overlap with the positive electrode terminal 21 a formed on the positive electrode 20. The length of the negative electrode 30 in the longitudinal direction is longer than the length of the positive electrode 20 in the longitudinal direction. The length of the negative electrode 30 in the short direction is the same as the length of the positive electrode 20 in the short direction. The negative electrode terminals 31a of the plurality of negative electrodes 30 that are stacked are fixed to each other by welding or adhesion.

  As the material of the negative electrode current collector 31 of the negative electrode 30, for example, a copper expanded metal, a copper mesh, or a copper punched metal is used. As the material of the negative electrode active material 32 of the negative electrode 30, a carbon material that absorbs and releases lithium ions is used. For such carbon materials, for example, natural graphite, artificial graphite, carbon black, activated carbon, carbon fiber, coke, or organic precursor (phenol resin, polyacrylonitrile, or cellulose) is heat-treated in an inert atmosphere and synthesized. Carbon is used.

  The ceramic separator 40 is provided between the positive electrode 20 and the negative electrode 30 and electrically isolates the positive electrode 20 and the negative electrode 30. The ceramic separator 40 holds the electrolytic solution between the positive electrode 20 and the negative electrode 30 to ensure ion conductivity. The ceramic separator 40 is formed in a rectangular shape. The length in the longitudinal direction of the ceramic separator 40 is longer than the length in the longitudinal direction of the negative electrode 30 excluding the portion of the negative electrode terminal 31a.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the ceramic separator 40 is formed, for example, by laminating a ceramic layer 42 corresponding to a heat-resistant material on a polypropylene layer 41 corresponding to a molten material. The ceramic layer 42 has a higher melting temperature than the polypropylene layer 41. The pair of ceramic separators 40 sandwich the positive electrode 20 and laminate the ceramic layers 42 facing each other. The ceramic layer 42 is in contact with the positive electrode active material of the positive electrode 20.

  The polypropylene layer 41 of the ceramic separator 40 is formed of polypropylene in a sheet shape. The polypropylene layer 41 is impregnated with a nonaqueous electrolytic solution prepared by dissolving an electrolyte in a nonaqueous solvent. In order to hold the non-aqueous electrolyte in the polypropylene layer 41, a polymer is contained. The ceramic layer 42 is formed by, for example, applying a ceramic obtained by molding an inorganic compound at a high temperature to the polypropylene layer 41 and drying it. The ceramic is made of a porous material formed by bonding a ceramic particle such as silica, alumina, zirconium oxide, titanium oxide or the like and a binder.

  The pair of ceramic separators 40 are joined to each other by a plurality of joining portions 40 h formed at both ends in the longitudinal direction along the transport direction X of the separator joining device 100. While the ceramic layers 42 face each other, the joint 40h partially melts the polypropylene layers 41 while moving the ceramic layer 42 adjacent to the polypropylene layer 41 to the surrounding area to make it rough and face each other. It is formed by welding the polypropylene layers 41 together.

  A pair of ceramic separators 40 are stacked so as to sandwich both surfaces of the positive electrode 20 and packed into a bag, thereby forming a packaged electrode 11. For example, three joint portions 40h are formed on both sides along the longitudinal direction of the pair of ceramic separators 40, for example, at both end portions and the central portion. Even if the lithium ion secondary battery 10 vibrates or receives an impact, the movement of the positive electrode 20 in the packaged electrode 11 can be suppressed by the joint portions 40 h formed at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the ceramic separator 40. . That is, it is possible to prevent a short circuit between the adjacent positive electrode 20 and negative electrode 30 through the ceramic separator 40. Therefore, the lithium ion secondary battery 10 can maintain the initial electrical characteristics.

  The exterior material 50 is composed of, for example, laminate sheets 51 and 52 each having a metal plate therein, and covers and seals the power generation element 12 from both sides. When the power generating element 12 is sealed with the laminate sheets 51 and 52, a part of the periphery of the laminate sheets 51 and 52 is opened, and the other periphery is sealed by heat welding or the like. The electrolyte solution is injected from the open portions of the laminate sheets 51 and 52, and the ceramic separator 40 and the like are impregnated with the electrolyte solution. While decompressing the inside from the open portions of the laminate sheets 51 and 52, the open portions are also heat-sealed and completely sealed.

  For example, the laminate sheets 51 and 52 of the exterior material 50 each have a three-layer structure formed by laminating three kinds of materials. The first layer corresponds to a heat-fusible resin and uses, for example, polyethylene (PE), ionomer, or ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA). The first layer material is adjacent to the negative electrode 30. The second layer corresponds to a metal foil formed, for example, an Al foil or Ni foil. The third layer corresponds to a resinous film and uses, for example, rigid polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or nylon.

  Next, each constituent member (electrode transport unit 110, first separator transport unit 120, second separator transport unit 130, separator) of the separator joining apparatus 100 of the electrical device (corresponding to the packaged electrode 11 of the lithium ion secondary battery 10) The holding | maintenance part 140, the separator junction part 150, the separator conveyance follower 160, the bagging electrode conveyance part 170, and the control part 180) are demonstrated in order, referring FIG. 5A-FIG.

  FIG. 5A is a perspective view showing the separator bonding apparatus 100 of the electric device (packed electrode 11). FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing separator holding unit 140, separator joint 150, separator conveyance follower 160, and packaged electrode conveyance unit 170 of FIG. 5A. FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing the separator joint 150 of FIG. 5A. FIG. 8 is a partial cross-sectional view schematically showing a state immediately before the pair of ceramic separators 40 are joined by the separator joint 150 of FIG. 5A. FIG. 9 is a photograph showing the pair of ceramic separators 40 in the state of FIG. FIG. 10 is a partial cross-sectional view schematically showing a state immediately after the pair of ceramic separators 40 are joined by the separator joint 150 of FIG. 5A. FIG. 11 is a photograph showing the pair of ceramic separators 40 in the state of FIG. FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing various forms of the horn of the separator joint 150 of FIG. 5A.

  The electrode conveyance part 110 cuts out and conveys the positive electrode 20 from the elongate positive electrode base material 20A shown in FIG. 5A.

  The electrode supply roller 111 of the electrode transport unit 110 has a columnar shape, and holds the long positive electrode base material 20 </ b> A wound around. The conveyance roller 112 has an elongated cylindrical shape, and is guided to the conveyance belt 113 in a state where a certain tension is applied to the positive electrode base material 20 </ b> A wound around the electrode supply roller 111. The conveyor belt 113 is an endless belt provided with a plurality of suction ports on the outer peripheral surface, and conveys the positive electrode base material 20A along the conveyance direction X in a sucked state. The width of the transport belt 113 along the direction Y intersecting the transport direction X is longer than the width of the positive electrode base material 20A. A plurality of rotation rollers 114 are arranged on the inner peripheral surface of the conveyance belt 113 along the direction Y intersecting the conveyance direction X to rotate the conveyance belt 113. Among the plurality of rotating rollers 114, one is a driving roller provided with power, and the other is a driven roller driven by the driving roller. The transport roller 112 and the electrode supply roller 111 rotate following the rotation of the transport belt 113.

  The cutting blades 115 and 116 of the electrode transport unit 110 are arranged so as to be adjacent to each other along a direction Y intersecting the transport direction X, and the positive electrode base material 20A is cut into a predetermined shape to form a positive electrode. The cutting blade 115 is provided with a straight and sharp blade at the tip, and cuts one end of the positive electrode base material 20A along the direction Y in a straight line. The cutting blade 116 is provided with a sharp blade that is partially refracted at the tip, and cuts the other end of the positive electrode base material 20A immediately after one end is cut according to the shape of the positive electrode terminal 21a. To do. The cradle 117 receives the cutting blade 115 and the cutting blade 116 for cutting the positive electrode base material 20A. The cradle 117 is disposed to face the cutting blade 115 and the cutting blade 116 via the positive electrode base material 20A to be conveyed. The electrode transport unit 110 carries out the positive electrode 20 cut out from the positive electrode base material 20 </ b> A so as to pass between the first separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130.

  5A, the first separator conveyance unit 120 cuts out the ceramic separator 40 for stacking on one surface of the positive electrode 20 (upward in FIG. 5A along the stacking direction Z) from the ceramic separator substrate 40A. Transport.

  The first separator transport unit 120 is disposed downstream of the electrode transport unit 110 in the transport direction X and above the stacking direction Z in FIG. The 1st separator supply roller 121 of the 1st separator conveyance part 120 consists of cylindrical shapes, and winds and hold | maintains the elongate ceramic separator base material 40A. The first pressure roller 122 and the first nip roller 123 that are arranged to face each other have an elongated cylindrical shape, and apply a certain tension to the ceramic separator substrate 40A wound around the first separator supply roller 121. In this state, it is guided to the first transport drum 124. The first transport drum 124 has a cylindrical shape, and the interior is divided in the angular direction to form internal spaces 124a to 124d. The internal spaces 124a to 124d are connected to a negative pressure generator such as a pump (not shown) and a valve. Connected so that the pressure in each of the internal spaces 124a to 124d can be adjusted. The width of the first transport drum 124 along the direction Y intersecting the transport direction X is shorter than the width of the ceramic separator substrate 40A. That is, both ends of the ceramic separator substrate 40A protrude outward from the first transport drum 124 in the direction Y. In this way, the first transport drum 124 avoids interference with the separator holding part 140 and the separator joint part 150.

  When the first transport drum 124 of the first separator transport unit 120 is rotated, the first separator supply roller 121 is driven and rotated in addition to the first pressure roller 122 and the first nip roller 123. The first cutting blade 125 is provided with a straight and sharp blade at the tip, is disposed along a direction Y intersecting the transport direction X, and is used for a long ceramic separator sucked by the first transport drum 124 The base material 40A is cut with a certain width. The first conveying drum 124 generates a suction force by a negative pressure generating device, adsorbs the ceramic separator 40 cut into a rectangular shape to the side surfaces of the internal spaces 124 a to 124 d, conveys the ceramic separator 40 in the rotation direction, and contacts the positive electrode 20. Alternatively, the suction force is released at the proximity point and the layers are stacked on the one surface side of the positive electrode 20 carried out from the electrode transport unit 110. The ceramic separator 40 has the ceramic layer 42 facing the one surface of the positive electrode 20.

  5A, the second separator transport unit 130 is a separator for stacking from the ceramic separator base material 40A on the other surface facing the one surface of the positive electrode 20 (downward in FIG. 5A along the stacking direction Z). 40 is cut out and transported.

  The second separator transport unit 130 is disposed downstream of the electrode transport unit 110 in the transport direction X and below the stacking direction Z in FIG. The second separator transport unit 130 is disposed to face the first separator transport unit 120 along the stacking direction Z. The second separator supply roller 131 of the second separator transport unit 130 has a cylindrical shape, and holds the long ceramic separator base material 40A wound around it. The second pressure roller 132 and the second nip roller 133 that are arranged to face each other have an elongated cylindrical shape, and apply a certain tension to the ceramic separator substrate 40A wound around the second separator supply roller 131. In this state, it is guided to the second transport drum 134. The second transport drum 134 has a cylindrical shape, and the interior thereof is divided into 134a to 134d in the angular direction like the first transport drum 124 so that the pressure in each internal space can be adjusted by a negative pressure generator (not shown). It is composed. Similarly to the first transport drum 124, the second transport drum 134 has a width along the direction Y intersecting the transport direction X shorter than the width of the ceramic separator substrate 40A. Interference with the separator joint 150 is avoided.

  When the second transport drum 134 of the second separator transport unit 130 is rotated, the second separator supply roller 131 is driven and rotated in addition to the second pressure roller 132 and the second nip roller 133. The second cutting blade 135 is provided with a linear sharp blade at the tip, is disposed along the direction Y intersecting the transport direction X, and is a long ceramic separator 40 sucked by the second transport drum 134. Is cut to a certain width. Similarly to the first transport drum 124, the second transport drum 134 causes the negative pressure generator to generate a suction force to adsorb the ceramic separator substrate 40A cut into a rectangular shape to the side surfaces of the internal spaces 134a to 134d. Then, the suction force is released at a contact point or a proximity point with the positive electrode 20 and the other side of the positive electrode 20 carried out from the electrode conveyance unit 110 is laminated. The ceramic separator 40 has the ceramic layer 42 facing the other surface of the positive electrode 20.

  The first separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130 are stacked so that the positive electrode 20 is sandwiched between the pair of ceramic separators 40 in the gap portion between the first transport drum 124 and the second transport drum 134. Transport along the transport direction X. Separator holding portions 140 and separator joint portions 150 are disposed at both ends on the downstream side along the transport direction X, respectively.

  The separator holding unit 140 holds a pair of ceramic separators 40 shown in FIGS. 5A and 6 and sandwiched and stacked with the positive electrode 20 interposed therebetween.

  The separator holding unit 140 is adjacent to the electrode transport unit 110 along the transport direction X, and is disposed downstream of the first separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130 in the transport direction X. One set of separator holding portions 140 is disposed at both ends along the conveyance direction X of the packaged electrode conveyance portion 170. The holding plate 141 of the separator holding unit 140 is formed in a long plate shape. The holding plate 141 is disposed below the stacking direction Z of the ceramic separator 40 in FIG. 6 and in parallel with the end portion along the transport direction X of the ceramic separator 40. The holding plate 141 assists the bonding of the ceramic separators 40 by the separator bonding portion 150 by holding the pair of ceramic separators 40 from below in the stacking direction Z in FIG. The holding plate 141 has a rectangular hole in order to avoid interference with the horn 151 and the anvil 154 of the separator joint 150.

  The holding plate 141 of the separator holding unit 140 is raised and lowered along the stacking direction Z by the drive column 158 of the separator joint 150. The holding plate 141 holds the pair of ceramic separators 40 from below in the stacking direction Z in FIG. 6 while the horn 151 and the anvil 154 are in contact with each other so as to sandwich the pair of ceramic separators 40. On the other hand, the holding plate 141 is retracted downward in the stacking direction Z shown in FIG. 6 while the horn 151 and the anvil 154 are separated from the pair of ceramic separators 40.

  The separator joining portion 150 is related to FIGS. 5A to 12, and joins the ceramic separators 40 laminated so as to sandwich the positive electrode 20 by heating with frictional heat by ultrasonic waves.

  First, the configuration of the separator joint 150 will be described with reference to FIGS. 5A to 7.

  Separator joint 150 is disposed downstream of transport direction X from first separator transport unit 120 and second separator transport unit 130. One set of separator joints 150 is disposed at both ends along the transport direction X. Separator joining portion 150 is close to separator holding portion 140.

  The horn 151 of the separator joint 150 applies ultrasonic waves to the ceramic separator 40. The horn 151 is made of metal, and integrally includes a rectangular main body 151a and a protrusion 151b that protrudes from a corner of the main body 151a. The horn 151 is pressed by the pressing member 155 as indicated by the arrow P1 in FIG. 7, and the protruding portion 151 b contacts the polypropylene layer 41 of the ceramic separator 40. The horn 151 applies ultrasonic waves along the bonding surfaces of the ceramic layers 42 intersecting with the stacking direction Z as shown by the wavy line S1 in FIG.

  The booster 152 of the separator joint 150 amplifies the ultrasonic wave while fastening the horn 151 and the vibrator 153. The booster 152 is made of metal and has a cylindrical shape. The vibrator 153 generates vibration corresponding to the frequency of the ultrasonic wave by using electric power supplied from the outside. The vibrator 153 has one end fastened to the booster 152 and a power cable connected to the other end facing the one end. The anvil 154 corresponds to a contact member, and biases the horn 151 while receiving ultrasonic vibration derived from the horn 151. The anvil 154 is made of metal, and integrally includes a rectangular main body 154a and a protrusion 154b formed to protrude from one end of the main body 154a. The protruding portion 154b of the anvil 154 faces the protruding portion 151b of the horn 151 with the pair of ceramic separators 40 interposed therebetween. The anvil 154 is pressed by the urging member 156 to urge the horn 151 as indicated by the arrow P2 in FIG.

  The pressing member 155 of the separator joint 150 presses the horn 151 along the stacking direction Z in the downward direction shown in FIG. One end of the pressing member 155 is formed in an annular shape, and the booster 152 fastened to the horn 151 is inserted therethrough, and the horn 151, the booster 152, and the vibrator 153 are rotatably held. In FIG. 7, the horn 151 and the booster 152 shown on the front side and the horn 151 and the booster 152 shown on the back side are fastened by screws, and the rotation directions in which the screws of the horn 151 and booster 152 on the front side and back side are tightened are both. It is configured in the same direction. The side of the pressing member 155 is movably connected to the drive column 158 along the stacking direction Z. The pressing member 155 has a contact member 155a that can be switched between contact and non-contact with the horn 151. The contact member 155a is configured to protrude and retract from the plate-like surface of the pressing member 155. The urging member 156 presses the anvil 154 upward along the stacking direction Z shown in FIG. The urging member 156 is formed in a plate shape, and an anvil 154 is joined to the end thereof. The urging member 156 is connected to the drive column 158 so as to be movable along the stacking direction Z.

  The drive stage 157 of the separator joint 150 moves the pressing member 155 and the urging member 156 along the stacking direction Z via the drive column 158. The driving force generated by the driving stage 157 is converted into a driving force along the stacking direction Z by the driving column 158 and used.

  In the separator joining portion 150, the horn 151, the booster 152, the vibrator 153, and the pressing member 155 are disposed above the separator holding portion 140 in the stacking direction Z in FIG. It is configured in a scale. The anvil 154 and the urging member 156 are disposed below the separator holding portion 140 in the stacking direction Z in FIG. 7 and are formed in a long shape along the transport direction X. The drive stage 157 is disposed directly below the reference numeral 7 in the drawing direction Z of the biasing member 156 on which the anvil 154 is placed, and is disposed along the transport direction X. That is, the constituent members of the separator joint 150 are arranged in a long shape along the transport direction X.

  Next, the effect | action of the separator junction part 150 is demonstrated, referring FIGS. 8-11.

  8 and 9 show a state immediately before the pair of ceramic separators 40 are joined by the separator joining portion 150. FIG. The ceramic separator 40 formed by laminating the polypropylene layer 41 and the ceramic layer 42 has the ceramic layers 42 facing each other as shown in FIG.

  A state immediately after the pair of ceramic separators 40 are joined by the separator joining portion 150 is shown in FIGS. The horn 151 is in contact with the polypropylene layer 41 of one ceramic separator 40 of the pair of ceramic separators 40 and is represented by a wavy line S1 in FIG. 10 along the bonding surface between the ceramic layers 42 intersecting the stacking direction Z. Ultrasonic waves were applied to the. The direction of the wavy line S1 corresponds to the transport direction X that intersects the stacking direction Z. At the same time, the pressing member 155 pressed the horn 151 toward the polypropylene layer 41 of the ceramic separator 40 as represented by the arrow P1 in FIG. Further, the urging member 156 pressed the anvil 154 toward the horn 151 as indicated by an arrow P2 in FIG. By acting in this manner, the pair of ceramic separators 40 becomes rough as the polypropylene layer 41 is heated and melted as shown in FIG. 11 and the ceramic layers 42 move from the joint 40h to the surrounding region. Therefore, the facing polypropylene layers 41 could be joined.

  Next, various configurations of the horn along with the operation of the separator joint 150 will be described with reference to FIG.

  The horn 151 described above is shown in FIG. Since the ultrasonic wave is applied to the horn 151 by the vibrator 153, the portion facing the anvil 154 deteriorates. Therefore, when the protrusion 151b1 formed at one corner of one side surface of the main body 151a deteriorates, first, the contact member 155a of the pressing member 155 is changed from the state in contact with the side surface of the horn 151 to the non-contact state. The main body 151a is rotated 180 ° about the transport direction X as a rotation axis, and the protrusion 151b2 facing the protrusion 151b1 is used. Next, when the protruding portion 151b2 deteriorates, the horns 151 arranged one by one so as to face each other along the direction Y via the packaged electrode transport portion 170 are exchanged so as to move in parallel along the direction Y. The projection 151b3 of the replaced horn 151 is used. Further, when the protrusion 151b3 deteriorates, the main body 151a is rotated by 180 ° with the transport direction X as the rotation axis, and the protrusion 151b4 facing the protrusion 151b3 is used. Thus, if one protrusion 151b is formed at each of the four corners of one end of the main body 151a, the life of the horn 151 can be extended four times. Further, by rotating the horn 151 including the booster 152 and the rotor 153, the diagonal positions of the protrusions 151b1 to 151b4 for joining the separators can be easily exchanged. Moreover, the projection parts 151b1-151b4 to be used can be switched easily by switching contact or non-contact with the horn 151 by the contact member 155a of the pressing member 155. Further, by using the same type of screws for fastening the front and back horns 151 and the booster 152 in FIG. 7, the front and back horns 151 can be shared, thereby reducing costs. be able to.

  A horn 191 according to Modification 1 of the horn 151 is shown in FIG. The horn 191 is integrally formed with two protrusions 191b so as to be adjacent to each other at four corners on one side of the main body 191a so as to be orthogonal to each other. Therefore, the life of the horn 191 can be extended to twice the life of the horn 151 by using another protrusion 191b each time the protrusion 191b deteriorates.

  A horn 192 according to Modification 2 of the horn 151 is shown in FIG. In the horn 192, one protrusion 192b is formed integrally with each of the four corners on one side of the main body 192a and the four corners on the other side facing the one side. Therefore, the life of the horn 192 can be extended to the same extent as the life of the horn 191 by using another protrusion 192b each time the protrusion 192b deteriorates. Here, the anvil 154 receives ultrasonic vibration derived from the horn 151 via the pair of ceramic separators 40, and thus deteriorates in the same manner as the horn 151. Therefore, the anvil 154 has a plurality of protrusions 154b formed integrally with the main body 154a, as with the horn 151.

  The separator conveyance follower 160 is shown in FIGS. 5A, 5B, and 6, and follows the conveyance of the packaged electrode conveyance unit 170 while the separator bonding unit 150 bonds the ceramic separators 40 to each other. Move etc.

  Separator conveyance follower 160 is the lower side shown in FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B along the stacking direction Z of packaged electrode conveyance unit 170, and is in the conveyance direction more than first separator conveyance unit 120 and second separator conveyance unit 130. It is arranged downstream of X. The X-axis stage 161 of the separator conveyance follower 160 mounts all the constituent members of the separator holding portion 140 and all the constituent members of the separator joint portion 150. The X-axis stage 161 moves so as to reciprocate between the downstream side and the upstream side in the transport direction X. The X-axis stage 161 moves along the downstream side in the transport direction X while the horn 151 and the anvil 154 are in contact with and joined to the pair of ceramic separators 40. On the other hand, when the horn 151 and the anvil 154 complete the joining of the pair of ceramic separators 40 and are separated from each other, the X-axis stage 161 moves at a high speed along the upstream side in the transport direction X and returns to the original position.

  Since the separator transport follower 160 moves the separator holder 140, the separator joint 150, and a contact portion 190 described later along the transport direction X, the first time while the pair of ceramic separators 40 are joined. The operations of the separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130 can be continued. That is, by using the X-axis stage 161, without stopping the rotation of the first transport drum 124 of the first separator transport unit 120 and the second transport drum 134 of the second separator transport unit 130, the pair of ceramic separators 40 Joining can be completed.

  5A, FIG. 5B, and FIG. 6, the packaged electrode transport unit 170 transports the packaged electrode 11 formed by the separator joint 150.

  The packaged electrode transport unit 170 is adjacent to the electrode transport unit 110 along the transport direction X, and is disposed downstream of the first separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130 in the transport direction X. The transport belt 171 of the packaged electrode transport unit 170 is an endless belt provided with a plurality of suction ports on the outer peripheral surface, and transports along the transport direction X while the packaged electrode 11 is sucked. The conveyance belt 171 has a width along the direction Y intersecting the conveyance direction X shorter than the width of the packaged electrode 11. That is, both ends of the bagging electrode 11 protrude outward from the conveyance belt 171 in the direction Y. In this way, the conveyor belt 171 avoids interference with the separator holding part 140 and the separator joining part 150.

  A plurality of rotating rollers 172 of the packaged electrode transport unit 170 are arranged on the inner peripheral surface of the transport belt 171 along the direction Y intersecting the transport direction X, and rotate the transport belt 171. The rotating roller 172 does not protrude from the conveyor belt 171 in order to avoid interference with the separator holding unit 140 and the separator joint 150. Among the plurality of rotating rollers 172, one is a driving roller provided with power, and the other is a driven roller driven by the driving roller. For example, three transport belts 171 are arranged along the transport direction X.

  The suction pad 173 of the packaged electrode transport unit 170 is positioned to face the packaged electrode 11 above the packaged electrode 11 placed on the transport belt 171 in the stacking direction Z in FIG. 5A. Yes. The suction pad 173 has a plate shape, and a plurality of suction ports are provided on the surface that comes into contact with the bagging electrode 11. The elastic member 174 is located above the suction pad 173 in the stacking direction Z shown in FIG. 5A. One end of the elastic member 174 is joined to the suction pad. The stretchable member 174 is stretchable along the stacking direction Z by using an air compressor or the like as power.

  The X-axis stage 175 and the X-axis auxiliary rail 176 of the packaged electrode transport unit 170 movably support the other end facing the one end of the elastic member 174. The X-axis stage 175 is disposed along the transport direction X and scans the telescopic member 174 along the transport direction X. The X-axis auxiliary rail 176 is disposed in parallel with the X-axis stage 175 and assists the scanning of the telescopic member 174 by the X-axis stage 175. The mounting table 177 has a plate shape, and is disposed on the downstream side in the conveyance direction X with respect to, for example, three conveyance belts 171. The mounting table 177 temporarily stores and stores the packaged electrode 11.

  The control unit 180 is shown in FIG. 5A, and the electrode transport unit 110, the first separator transport unit 120, the second separator transport unit 130, the separator holding unit 140, the separator joining unit 150, the separator transport follower 160, and the packaged electrode transport unit 170. Controls the operation of each.

  The controller 181 of the control unit 180 includes a ROM, a CPU, and a RAM. A ROM (Read Only Memory) stores a control program related to the separator bonding apparatus 100. The control program includes the rotation roller 114 and the cutting blades 115 and 116 of the electrode transport unit 110, the first transport drum 124 and the first cutting blade 125 of the first separator transport unit 120, and the second transport drum of the second separator transport unit 130. 134 and control of the second cutting blade 135 are included. Further, the control program includes the holding plate 141 of the separator holding unit 140, the vibrator 153 and the drive stage 157 of the separator bonding unit 150, the X-axis stage 161 of the separator conveyance follower 160, and the rotation roller 172 of the packaged electrode conveyance unit 170. And those related to the control of the expansion and contraction member 174 and the like.

  A CPU (Central Processing Unit) of the control unit 180 controls the operation of each component of the separator bonding apparatus 100 based on a control program. A RAM (Random Access Memory) temporarily stores various data related to each component of the separator joining apparatus 100 under control. The data relates to, for example, the operation timing of the vibrator 153 of the separator joint 150.

  5A and 5B, the contact part 190 makes a pair of separator 40 conveyed by the separator conveyance parts 120 and 130 contact. The contact portion 190 holds the separator 40 downstream of the separator 40 in the transport direction from the position p1 where the suction force by the transport drums 124 and 134 is released. The contact portion 190 is moved along the transport direction X together with the separator holding portion 140 and the separator joint portion 150 by the separator transport follower 160.

  Further, the abutting portion 190 sandwiches the separator 40 while moving in synchronization with the separator 40 by the separator conveyance follower 160 at a position downstream of the separator conveyance portion in the conveyance direction of the separator 40.

  Further, the abutting portion 190 increases in cross-sectional area with respect to the direction Z intersecting the contact surface with the separator 40 as the distance from the contact surface increases, and the separator 40 is transported when viewed from the side in the transport direction X of the electrode 20. The end portion on the upstream side in the direction moves to the upstream side in the transport direction X as it moves away from the contact surface with the separator 40.

  Further, the contact portion 190 is disposed on the upstream side in the transport direction of the separator 40 with respect to the horn 151, and the end portion on the downstream side in the transport direction of the horn 151 when viewed from the side in the transport direction of the positive electrode 20 is the separator 40. As the distance from the contact surface increases, the horn 151 does not approach (in this embodiment, the horn 151 is parallel to the adjacent surface).

  Further, the contact portion 190 has a non-slip portion that prevents slippage with the contact surface with the separator 40. The non-slip portion is configured by, for example, performing a surface treatment for increasing the friction coefficient of the anti-slip on the contact surface of the contact portion 190 with the separator 40 or providing a member having a high friction coefficient such as rubber.

  Next, the operation of the separator bonding apparatus 100 will be described.

  As shown in FIG. 5A, the electrode transport unit 110 forms the positive electrode 20 by cutting the long positive electrode base material 20 </ b> A one by one into a predetermined shape by the cutting blades 115 and 116. The electrode transport unit 110 transports the positive electrode 20 between the first separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130.

  Next, as shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the first separator transport unit 120 cuts out and transports the ceramic separator 40 for stacking on one surface of the positive electrode 20 from the ceramic separator substrate 40A. The long ceramic separator substrate 40A is cut into a rectangular shape one by one by the first cutting blade 125, and the ceramic separator 40 is formed. The first separator transport unit 120 rotates in the rotational direction by exerting a suction force until reaching the contact point or the proximity point with the positive electrode 20 while adsorbing the separator 40 to the side surfaces of the internal spaces 124a to 124i of the internal spaces by the negative pressure generator. And the suction force of the internal spaces 124 a to 124 i is released at the contact point or the proximity point with the positive electrode 20, the separator 40 is stacked on the one surface side of the positive electrode 20 carried out from the electrode conveyance unit 110, and the contact portion 190. Hold by.

  Next, as shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the second separator transport unit 130 cuts out and transports the ceramic separator 40 to be laminated on the other surface facing the one surface of the positive electrode 20 from the ceramic separator substrate 40A. The long ceramic separator substrate 40A is cut into a rectangular shape one by one by the second cutting blade 135, and the ceramic separator 40 is formed. The second separator transport unit 130 transports the separator 40 in the rotational direction while generating a suction force by the negative pressure generator and attracting the separator 40 to the side surfaces of the internal spaces 134a to 134d of each internal space. At this point, the suction force of the internal spaces 134 a to 134 d is released, and the separator 40 is stacked on the one surface side of the positive electrode 20 carried out from the electrode transport unit 110 and sandwiched by the contact part 190.

  Next, the separator holding unit 140 holds a pair of ceramic separators 40 stacked on the positive electrode 20 as shown in FIGS. 5A, 5B and 6. The holding plate 141 assists the bonding of the ceramic separators 40 by the separator bonding portion 150 by holding the pair of ceramic separators 40 from below in the stacking direction Z in FIG. That is, while the horn 151 and the anvil 154 are in contact with the pair of ceramic separators 40, the holding plate 141 holds the ceramic separator 40 positioned below the pair from the lower side shown in FIG. .

  Next, as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the separator joining portion 150 joins the ceramic separators 40 laminated so as to sandwich the positive electrode 20. The horn 151 abuts on the polypropylene layer 41 of the ceramic separator 40 and applies ultrasonic waves along the bonding surface of the ceramic layers 42 intersecting with the stacking direction Z as indicated by a broken line S1 in the drawing. The direction of the wavy line S1 corresponds to the transport direction X that intersects the stacking direction Z. The pressing member 155 presses the horn 151 along the stacking direction Z toward the polypropylene layer 41 of the ceramic separator 40 as represented by an arrow P1 in the drawing. The anvil 154 presses toward the horn 151 as represented by the arrow P2 in the figure. In this way, as shown in FIG. 11, the pair of ceramic separators 40 is heated and melted by the polypropylene layer 41, and the ceramic layers 42 move from the joint 40h to the surrounding region to become rough, and the polypropylene layer 41 joins. Therefore, the ceramic separator 40 can be joined to each other from the state in which the ceramic layers 42 that are difficult to melt are opposed to each other.

  Here, as shown in FIGS. 5A, 5B, and 6, the separator conveyance follower 160 follows the conveyance operation of the packaged electrode conveyance unit 170 while the separator joint 150 joins the ceramic separators 40 to each other. To do. The X-axis stage 161 mounts all the constituent members of the separator holding portion 140 and all the constituent members of the separator joint portion 150. The X-axis stage 161 moves along the downstream side in the transport direction X while the horn 151 and the anvil 154 are in contact with and joined to the pair of ceramic separators 40. That is, by using the X-axis stage 161, the pair of ceramic separators 40 can be joined without stopping the rotation of the first transport drum 124 and the second transport drum 134.

  Thereafter, as shown in FIGS. 5A and 6, the packaged electrode transport unit 170 transports the packaged electrode 11 formed by the separator joining unit 150. The packaged electrode transport unit 170 places the packaged electrode 11 on the mounting table 177 and temporarily stores it.

  According to embodiment mentioned above, there exists an effect by the following structures.

  Since electrical devices such as secondary batteries are required to have high output and high density, separators and electrodes per sheet tend to be thin. In addition, the separator that sandwiches the electrode may be abutted and joined while being held by the suction drum, but there is a problem that wrinkles occur during joining because the separator is thinly formed. . On the other hand, in the present embodiment, the separator 40 is sandwiched by the contact portion 190 at the downstream side of the separator 40 in the transport direction from the position p1 where the suction force by the first transport drum 124 and the second transport drum 134 that contact the suction drum is released. It is configured to do.

  Therefore, the suction force by the transport drums 124 and 134 and the clamping force by the contact portion 190 do not act simultaneously, thereby preventing wrinkles from being generated in the separator 40 and preventing the quality of the packaged electrode 11 from deteriorating. it can.

  Further, the contact portion 190 sandwiches the separator 40 while moving in synchronization with the transport speed of the separator transport portions 120 and 130 by the separator transport follower 160 at a position downstream of the separator transport portions 120 and 130 in the transport direction of the separator 40. It is configured to do. Therefore, the contact portion 190 can be sandwiched without generating wrinkles even when the separator 40 is being moved, and can be joined by the separator joining portion 150.

  Further, the abutting portion 190 increases in cross-sectional area as it moves away from the contact surface in the direction intersecting the contact surface with the separator 40, and the upstream side in the transport direction of the separator 40 when viewed from the side surface in the transport direction X of the positive electrode 20. It is configured so that the end portion on the side moves to the upstream side in the transport direction as it moves away from the contact surface with the separator 40. Therefore, the length of the contact portion 190 is increased while the length in the transport direction on the contact surface with the positive electrode 20 is shortened so that the length in the transport direction X of the electrode transport portion 110 is not increased, and the pair of separators is increased. The clamping pressure for clamping 40 can be increased.

  Further, the contact portion 190 is disposed on the upstream side of the horn 151 in the transport direction of the separator 40, and the end on the downstream side in the transport direction when viewed from the side surface in the transport direction X of the positive electrode 20 is in contact with the separator 40. As the distance from the surface increases, the horn 151 does not approach (in this embodiment, it is parallel to the adjacent surface of the horn 151). With this configuration, the degree of freedom in layout with the horn 151 can be increased without increasing the distance from the contact portion 190 to the horn 151.

  Moreover, the contact part 190 is comprised so that it may have a non-slip part which prevents a slip with the contact surface with the separator 40 by surface treatment or the material characteristic of member itself. By comprising in this way, even if the contact surface with the positive electrode 20 in the contact part 190 is small, clamping force can be enlarged.

(Modification of the above embodiment)
A separator bonding apparatus for the packaged electrode 11 according to a modification of the above embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 13 and 14.

  FIG. 13 is a perspective view showing the separator holding unit 240, the separator bonding unit 150, the separator conveyance follower 160, and the packaged electrode conveyance unit 170 of the separator bonding apparatus. FIG. 14 is a cross-sectional view showing the operation of the separator holding portion 240 and the separator joint portion 150 of FIG.

  In the separator joining apparatus according to the modification of the embodiment, the configuration in which the pair of holding plates 241 and 242 are separated from the polypropylene layers 41 after the horn 151 is detached from the polypropylene layer 41 of the ceramic separator 40 is the above-described configuration. It differs from the structure of the separator joining apparatus 100 which concerns on embodiment.

  In the modification of the above-described embodiment, the same reference numerals are used for components having the same configuration as that of the above-described embodiment, and the above description is omitted.

  First, the configuration of the separator holding unit 240 will be described with reference to FIG.

  The separator holding unit 240 is disposed on the downstream side in the transport direction X with respect to the first separator transport unit 120 and the second separator transport unit 130. One set of separator holding parts 240 is disposed at both ends along the carrying direction X of the packaged electrode carrying part 170. The holding plate 241 of the separator holding unit 240 is formed in a long plate shape, and is below the stacking direction Z of the ceramic separator 40 in FIG. 13 and at an end portion along the conveying direction X of the ceramic separator 40. They are arranged in parallel. The holding plate 242 has the same shape as the holding plate 241. The holding plate 241 and the holding plate 242 are disposed to face each other along the stacking direction Z with a pair of ceramic separators 40 interposed therebetween. The holding plate 241 has a rectangular hole in order to avoid interference with the anvil 154 of the separator joint 150. On the other hand, the holding plate 242 includes a rectangular hole in order to avoid interference with the horn 151 of the separator joint 150. The holding plates 241 and 242 are raised and lowered by the drive support column 158 of the separator joint 150 so as to approach and separate from each other along the stacking direction Z.

  Next, the operation of the separator holding portion 240 will be described with reference to FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 14A, the separator holding unit 240 holds a pair of ceramic separators 40 along the stacking direction Z by a pair of holding plates 241 and 242. The horn 151 and the anvil 154 are ultrasonically bonded to the pair of ceramic separators 40 while being pressed against the polypropylene layer 41. Next, as shown in FIG. 14B, the horn 151 is detached upward along the stacking direction Z from the pair of ceramic separators 40 as indicated by the arrow T1 in FIG. At the same time as the operation of the horn 151, the anvil 154 is spaced downward along the stacking direction Z from the pair of ceramic separators 40, as indicated by the arrow T2 in FIG. Next, as shown in FIG. 14C, the holding plate 241 is separated downward along the stacking direction Z from the pair of ceramic separators 40 as represented by the arrow T <b> 4 in FIG. 14. At the same time as the operation of the holding plate 241, the holding plate 242 is detached upward along the stacking direction Z from the pair of ceramic separators 40 as indicated by the arrow T <b> 3 in FIG. 14.

  According to the modification of the above-described embodiment described above, the following effects are achieved.

  The separator bonding apparatus for the electrical device (corresponding to the packaged electrode 11 of the lithium ion secondary battery 10) further includes a pair of holding plates 241 and 242. The pair of holding plates 241 and 242 sandwich and hold the polypropylene layers 41 along the stacking direction Z. The pair of holding plates 241 and 242 are separated from the polypropylene layers 41 after the horn 151 is detached from the polypropylene layer 41.

  According to such a configuration, the horn 151 is in a state where the polypropylene layers 41 are held by the pair of holding plates 241 and 242 even if the horn 151 adheres to the polypropylene layer 41 when the pair of ceramic separators 40 are welded. Thus, it can be separated from the polypropylene layer 41. Therefore, the horn 151 can be prevented from moving while attached to the polypropylene layer 41, and the ceramic separator 40 is not damaged.

  Further, in the configuration of the modified example of the above embodiment, even if the anvil 154 adheres to the polypropylene layer 41 when contacting the pair of ceramic separators 40, the pair of holding plates 241 and 242 allows the polypropylene layers 41 to communicate with each other. Can be separated from the polypropylene layer 41. Therefore, the anvil 154 can be prevented from moving while attached to the polypropylene layer 41, and the ceramic separator 40 is not damaged.

  The present invention can be modified in various ways based on the configurations described in the claims, and these are also within the scope of the present invention.

  For example, the direction in which the ultrasonic wave is propagated to the ceramic separator 40 may be a direction along the bonding surface of the ceramic layers 42 intersecting with the stacking direction Z, and the conveyance direction X and the direction Y intersecting the stacking direction Z There is no particular limitation as long as it is within the plane to be formed.

  In the above description, the ceramic layers 42 of the pair of ceramic separators 40 are partially moved to the surrounding area and roughened to thereby bond the facing polypropylene layers 41 to each other. Here, it is not necessary to completely move the ceramic layers 42 at the portion to be the joint portion to the surrounding area, and they may be moved to the extent that they become rough. That is, the facing polypropylene layers 41 can be bonded together in a state where a part of the ceramic layers 42 remains in a portion that becomes a bonding portion.

  Moreover, although the said embodiment demonstrated the structure which joins a pair of ceramic separator 40 mutually in the packaged electrode 11 used for the lithium ion secondary battery 10, it is not limited to such a structure. The present invention can also be applied to joining members other than the packaged electrode 11 used in the lithium ion secondary battery 10.

  In the above description, the secondary battery has been described with the configuration of the lithium ion secondary battery 10, but the configuration is not limited to such a configuration. The secondary battery can be configured as, for example, a polymer lithium battery, a nickel-hydrogen battery, or a nickel-cadmium battery.

  In the above description, the heat-resistant material of the ceramic separator 40 has been described with the configuration of the ceramic layer 42, but is not limited to such a configuration. The heat-resistant material is not limited to ceramics and may be a member having a melting temperature higher than that of the molten material.

  In the above description, the melting material of the ceramic separator 40 has been described with the configuration of the polypropylene layer 41, but is not limited to such a configuration. The molten material is not limited to polypropylene and may be a member having a melting temperature lower than that of the heat-resistant material.

  Moreover, although the ceramic separator 40 was demonstrated as the structure which laminated | stacked the heat-resistant material (ceramics layer 42) on the single side | surface of the molten material (polypropylene layer 41) above, it is not limited to such a structure. The ceramic separator 40 may be configured by laminating a heat resistant material (ceramic layer 42) on both surfaces of a molten material (polypropylene layer 41).

  In the above description, the positive electrode 20 is packed with the pair of ceramic separators 40 to form the packed electrode 11, but the present invention is not limited to such a configuration. The negative electrode 30 may be packed with a pair of ceramic separators 40 to form a packed electrode. Furthermore, it is good also as a structure which inserts the positive electrode 20 or the negative electrode 30 after joining a pair of ceramic separator 40 mutually, and forms a packing electrode.

  In the above description, the positive electrode 20, the ceramic separator 40, and the packaged electrode 11 have been described as being automatically conveyed. However, the present invention is not limited to such a configuration. The positive electrode 20, the ceramic separator 40, or the packaged electrode 11 may be configured to be manually transported.

  In the above description, the horn 151 and the anvil 154 provided with the protrusions are used to spot weld both ends of the pair of ceramic separators 40. However, the present invention is not limited to such a configuration. It is good also as a structure which operates the horn 151 provided with the projection part, and the anvil 154 so that a junction part may continue, and seam-welds the both ends of a pair of ceramic separator 40. FIG.

  In the above description, the projection 151b of the horn 151 and the projection 154b of the anvil 154 are described as being pressed while sandwiching the pair of ceramic separators 40. However, the configuration is not limited thereto. What is necessary is just to provide the projection part in any one of the horn 151 or the anvil 154. FIG. In other words, the pair of ceramic separators 40 may be pressed while being held between the protrusion 151b of the horn 151 and the flat portion of the main body 154a of the anvil 154. Moreover, it is good also as a structure pressed while pinching so that the part which becomes a junction part of a pair of ceramic separator 40 may be pinched | interposed by the convex-shaped projection part 151b of the horn 151, and the concave hollow part of the anvil 154. Further, the pair of ceramic separators 40 may be pressed while being sandwiched between one end of the flat portion of the main body portion 151a of the horn 151 and one end of the flat portion of the main body portion 154a of the anvil 154.

10 Lithium ion secondary battery,
11, 13 Packed electrode (electric device),
12 power generation elements,
20 positive electrode (electrode),
20A positive electrode substrate,
21 positive electrode current collector,
21a positive electrode terminal,
30 negative electrode (electrode),
31 negative electrode current collector,
31a negative electrode terminal,
32 negative electrode active material,
40 Ceramic separator (separator),
40A substrate for ceramic separator,
40h, 40i joint,
41 polypropylene layer (melting material),
42 Ceramic layer (heat-resistant material),
50 exterior materials,
51,52 Laminate sheet,
100 separator joining device,
110 Electrode transfer unit,
111 electrode supply roller,
112 transport rollers,
113 Conveyor belt,
114 rotating rollers,
115,116 cutting blades,
117 cradle,
120 first separator transport section,
121 first separator supply roller;
122 first pressure roller,
123 first nip roller,
124 1st conveyance drum (adsorption drum),
124a-124d, 134a-134d internal space,
125 first cutting blade,
130 second separator transport section,
131 second separator supply roller;
132 second pressure roller,
133 second nip roller,
134 second transport drum (adsorption drum),
135 second cutting blade,
140,240 separator holding part,
141, 241, 242 holding plate,
150, 350 separator joint,
151, 191, 192, 351 Horn (joint),
151a, 191a, 192a main body,
151b, 151b1, 151b2, 151b3, 151b4, 191b, 192b protrusions,
152 booster,
153 vibrator,
154,354 anvil (contact member),
154a body part,
154b protrusion,
155 pressing member,
156, 356 biasing member,
157 drive stage,
158 drive strut,
160 separator conveyance follower,
161 X-axis stage,
170 Packed electrode transport section,
171 Conveyor belt,
172 rotating roller,
173 suction pad,
174 telescopic member,
175 X axis stage,
176 X-axis auxiliary rail,
177 mounting table,
180 control unit,
181 controller,
190 abutting part,
X transport direction,
Y direction (crossing the transport direction X),
Z Stacking direction.

Claims (5)

  1. A separator joining apparatus for an electric device for joining a pair of separators sandwiching an electrode to each other,
    A separator transport unit that transports the separator while holding each separator by a suction drum capable of switching the suction force;
    A contact portion for bringing the pair of conveyed separators into contact with each other,
    The separator contact apparatus for an electric device, wherein the contact portion sandwiches the separator downstream of the separator in the transport direction from a position where the suction force by the suction drum is released.
  2.   2. The separator joining apparatus for an electric device according to claim 1, wherein the contact portion sandwiches the separator while moving in synchronization with the separator at a position downstream of the separator conveying portion in the conveying direction of the separator.
  3.   The abutting portion has a cross-sectional area that increases with distance from the contact surface in a direction intersecting the contact surface with the separator, and is located upstream of the separator in the transport direction when viewed from the side in the transport direction of the electrode. The separator joining apparatus of the electric device of Claim 1 or 2 which moves to an upstream of the said conveyance direction as an edge part leaves | separates from the contact surface with the said separator.
  4. It further has a joint for joining the pair of separators,
    The contact portion is disposed on the upstream side in the transport direction of the separator with respect to the joint portion, and an end portion on the downstream side in the transport direction of the joint portion when viewed from the side surface in the transport direction of the electrode. The separator joining apparatus of the electrical device of any one of Claim 1 to 3 formed so that it may not approach the said junction part as it leaves | separates from the contact surface with the said separator.
  5.   5. The separator joining apparatus for an electric device according to claim 1, wherein the abutting portion has a slip preventing portion that prevents slippage with a contact surface with the separator. 6.
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JP2012221707A (en) * 2011-04-07 2012-11-12 Kyoto Seisakusho Co Ltd Device and method for conveying separator
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JP2013178951A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-09 Nagano Automation Kk Device for holding polar plate with separator

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011003381A (en) * 2009-06-18 2011-01-06 Hi-Mecha Corp Bag body molding method and bag body molding device of sheet-shaped secondary battery
WO2012137912A1 (en) * 2011-04-07 2012-10-11 日産自動車株式会社 Lamination device and lamination method
JP2012221707A (en) * 2011-04-07 2012-11-12 Kyoto Seisakusho Co Ltd Device and method for conveying separator
JP2012221710A (en) * 2011-04-07 2012-11-12 Kyoto Seisakusho Co Ltd Bagged electrode manufacturing device, and bagged electrode manufacturing method
JP2013178951A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-09 Nagano Automation Kk Device for holding polar plate with separator

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