JP2015055135A - Panel fitting tool and panel fitting structure - Google Patents

Panel fitting tool and panel fitting structure Download PDF

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JP2015055135A
JP2015055135A JP2013190609A JP2013190609A JP2015055135A JP 2015055135 A JP2015055135 A JP 2015055135A JP 2013190609 A JP2013190609 A JP 2013190609A JP 2013190609 A JP2013190609 A JP 2013190609A JP 2015055135 A JP2015055135 A JP 2015055135A
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panel
power generation
panels
interval
photovoltaic power
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米澤 浩
Hiroshi Yonezawa
浩 米澤
剛 永田
Takeshi Nagata
剛 永田
健一 篠崎
Kenichi Shinozaki
健一 篠崎
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Idec株式会社
Idec Corp
Idec株式会社
佐用町
Sayo Town
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve working efficiency, and to reduce cost, by dispensing with caulking work and covering member insertion work to an interval between panels.SOLUTION: A panel fitting tool 10 mounted with a packing 20 on the outside, is arranged between vertically adjacent two photovoltaic power generation panels 300. Outside surfaces of interval regulation parts 11A and 11B abut on mutually opposed side surfaces in the upper-lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 respectively with the packing 20 interposed therebetween, and an interval D2 between the upper-lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 is regulated. Reverse surfaces of abutting parts 12A and 12B abut on respective edge part surfaces of the upper-lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 with the packing 20 interposed therebetween, and respective edge parts of the upper-lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 are held between reverse surfaces of the abutting parts 12A and 12B and a surface of a vertical support member 220. A part positioned at the interval D2 in the vertical support member 220 is covered with a covering part 13 positioned at an upper part, and is not directly exposed to rain and snow.

Description

この発明は、太陽光発電パネル等のパネルを架台に取り付ける際に用いられるパネル取付具、及びこのパネル取付具を用いたパネル取付構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a panel attachment used when a panel such as a photovoltaic power generation panel is attached to a gantry, and a panel attachment structure using the panel attachment.
太陽光発電システムは、多数の太陽光発電パネルを架台に固定して構成される。太陽光発電パネルは、架台に位置決めして載置した後、架台及び太陽光発電パネルの取付孔に挿入したボルトを締結することで、架台に固定される(例えば、特許文献1参照。)。   The photovoltaic power generation system is configured by fixing a large number of photovoltaic power generation panels on a gantry. After the solar power generation panel is positioned and placed on the gantry, it is fixed to the gantry by fastening bolts inserted into the gantry and the mounting holes of the solar power generation panel (see, for example, Patent Document 1).
ところが、架台と太陽光発電パネルとに予め取付孔が形成されていると、太陽光発電パネルを架台の適正な位置に正確に載置した後、取付孔に対してボルトを正確に挿入する必要があり、架台に対する太陽光発電パネルの固定作業が煩雑化する。   However, if the mounting holes are formed in advance in the gantry and the photovoltaic power generation panel, it is necessary to accurately insert the bolts into the mounting holes after the photovoltaic power generation panel is accurately placed at the appropriate position of the gantry. And fixing the photovoltaic power generation panel to the gantry becomes complicated.
そこで、架台を木製の支持材で構成し、取付金具を介して太陽光発電パネルを架台に固定することが提案されている。取付金具は太陽光発電パネルを支持材に押し付けた状態で支持材にねじ込まれる木ねじによって架台に取り付けられ、架台に対する太陽光発電パネルの固定を容易に行うことができる。   Therefore, it has been proposed that the gantry is made of a wooden support and the photovoltaic power generation panel is fixed to the gantry via a mounting bracket. The mounting bracket is attached to the pedestal with a wood screw screwed into the support member in a state where the solar power generation panel is pressed against the support member, and the solar power generation panel can be easily fixed to the pedestal.
実登第3101437号公報Noto 3101437 gazette
しかし、多数の太陽光発電パネルをマトリックス状に配置した状態で取付金具を介して架台に固定する場合、隣接する太陽光発電パネルの間には取付金具を配置するための間隔が必要となり、平面視において隣接する太陽光発電パネルの間隔に支持材の一部が露出する。太陽光発電システムは、屋外に配置されるため、支持材の一部が雨、露、雪等に晒されることになる。これを防止するために、隣接する太陽光発電パネルの間隔に、コーキングを施すこととすると架台に対する太陽光発電パネルの固定作業が煩雑化し、被覆部材を挿入することとするとコストの上昇を招く。このような問題は、太陽光発電パネルを架台に固定する場合だけでなく、また架台を構成する支持部材の素材に関わらず生じる。   However, when a large number of photovoltaic panels are arranged in a matrix and are fixed to the gantry via mounting brackets, an interval for arranging the mounting brackets is necessary between adjacent photovoltaic panels. A part of the support member is exposed in the space between the adjacent photovoltaic power generation panels in view. Since the solar power generation system is disposed outdoors, a part of the support material is exposed to rain, dew, snow, and the like. In order to prevent this, if caulking is performed between the adjacent photovoltaic power generation panels, the fixing operation of the photovoltaic power generation panel with respect to the gantry becomes complicated, and if the covering member is inserted, the cost increases. Such a problem occurs not only when the photovoltaic power generation panel is fixed to the gantry, but also regardless of the material of the support member constituting the gantry.
この発明の目的は、架台に複数のパネルを固定する取付具によって隣接するパネルの間隔に露出した架台の一部の上面を被覆できるようにし、コーキング作業や被覆部材の挿入作業を不要にして作業性の向上及びコストの低廉化を実現できるパネル取付具及びパネル取付構造を提供することにある。   It is an object of the present invention to allow the upper surface of a part of a pedestal exposed at the interval between adjacent panels to be covered with a fixture that fixes a plurality of panels to the pedestal, and eliminates the need for caulking work and insertion work of a covering member. It is an object of the present invention to provide a panel mounting tool and a panel mounting structure that can realize improvement in performance and cost reduction.
この発明のパネル取付具は、複数のパネルを架台上にそれぞれの間に間隔を設けて固定する際に用いられ、間隔規定部分、当接部分、被覆部分、固定部分を備えている。間隔規定部分は、複数のパネルのうち隣接する2つのパネルにおける互いに対向する側面のそれぞれに当接して間隔を規定する。当接部分は、隣接する2つのパネルのそれぞれの縁部表面に当接する。被覆部分は、平面視において隣接する2つのパネルにおける互いに対向する側面に沿う長さ方向について架台の間隔に位置する部分より長く側面に直交する幅方向について間隔に等しい範囲を覆い、間隔における架台の上方に配置される。固定部分は、架台に対する位置を固定する。   The panel fixture of the present invention is used when a plurality of panels are fixed on a gantry with a space therebetween, and includes a space defining portion, a contact portion, a covering portion, and a fixing portion. The interval defining portion abuts on each of the side surfaces facing each other in two adjacent panels of the plurality of panels to define the interval. The abutting portion abuts on each edge surface of two adjacent panels. The covering portion covers a range equal to the interval in the width direction that is longer than the portion positioned at the interval of the gantry in the length direction along the side surfaces facing each other in the two adjacent panels in plan view and orthogonal to the side surface. Arranged above. The fixing portion fixes the position with respect to the gantry.
複数のパネルをその裏面が架台の上面に当接する状態で架台上に載置し、固定部分によって架台に対する位置を固定すると、隣接する2つのパネルは、互いに対向する側面の間隔を間隔規定部分によって規定され、それぞれの縁部表面に当接部分が当接する。2つのパネルは、架台上面と当接部分とに挟持された状態で架台に固定される。また、被覆部分が、平面視において隣接する2つのパネルにおける互いに対向する側面に沿う長さ方向について架台の間隔に位置する部分より長く側面に直交する幅方向について間隔に等しい範囲を覆うようにして架台の上方に配置される。平面視において隣接する2つのパネルの間隔から露出する架台の一部は、被覆部分によって上面を確実に被覆される。   When a plurality of panels are placed on the gantry with their back surfaces in contact with the upper surface of the gantry, and the position with respect to the gantry is fixed by the fixing portion, the two adjacent panels are spaced apart from each other by the interval defining portion. The abutting portions abut against the respective edge surfaces. The two panels are fixed to the gantry while being sandwiched between the upper surface of the gantry and the contact portion. Further, the covering portion covers a range equal to the interval in the width direction that is longer than the portion positioned at the interval of the gantry in the length direction along the side surfaces facing each other in the two adjacent panels in plan view and orthogonal to the side surface. It is arranged above the gantry. A part of the pedestal exposed from the interval between the two adjacent panels in plan view is reliably covered with the covering portion.
この構成において、間隔規定部分と当接部分とを2つずつ備え、2つの間隔規定部分は、それぞれの第1の端部が2つの当接部分のそれぞれの一方の端部に連続し、それぞれの第2の端部が被覆部分の両端部に連続するものとすることが好ましい。被覆部分を挟んで両側に間隔規定部分と当接部分とをこの順に連続して配置でき、1枚の板材を4箇所で折り曲げることで一体的に成形することができる。   In this configuration, two spacing defining portions and two abutting portions are provided, and each of the two spacing defining portions has a first end continuous to one end of each of the two abutting portions, It is preferable that the 2nd edge part of this shall be followed by the both ends of a coating | coated part. The gap defining portion and the abutting portion can be continuously arranged in this order on both sides with the covering portion interposed therebetween, and can be integrally formed by bending one plate material at four locations.
また、被覆部分は、側面に沿う方向の両端部に架台に向かって傾斜する傾斜面を備えることが好ましい。被覆部分に降った雨や雪等を傾斜面を経由させて下方に落下させることができる。   Moreover, it is preferable that a coating | coated part is equipped with the inclined surface which inclines toward a mount frame at the both ends of the direction along a side surface. Rain, snow, or the like that has fallen on the covering portion can be dropped downward through the inclined surface.
さらに、間隔規定部分、当接部分及び被覆部分の裏面の全面に対向するシート状のパッキンを備えることが好ましい。パネルの表面に降った雨や雪等がパネル取付具とパネルとの間を浸透して架台を濡らすことを防止できる。   Furthermore, it is preferable to provide a sheet-like packing that is opposed to the entire back surface of the space defining portion, the contact portion, and the covering portion. It is possible to prevent rain, snow, or the like that has fallen on the surface of the panel from penetrating between the panel fixture and the panel and wetting the mount.
また、上記のパネル取付具を介して架台上に複数のパネルをそれぞれの間に間隔を設けて固定するパネル取付構造は、間隔規定部分が複数のパネルのうち互いに隣接する2つのパネルにおける互いに対向する側面のそれぞれに当接し、当接部分が隣接する2つのパネルのそれぞれの縁部表面に当接する状態で、固定部分を介してパネル取付具を前記架台に固定する。   In addition, the panel mounting structure in which a plurality of panels are fixed to each other on the gantry via the panel mounting tool described above, and the spacing defining portion is opposed to each other in two adjacent panels among the plurality of panels. The panel fixture is fixed to the gantry via the fixing part in a state where the side part is in contact with each side surface and the contact part is in contact with the respective edge surfaces of the two adjacent panels.
このパネル取付構造において、架台の突端部に表面側から外嵌する端部取付具を備えることが好ましい。端部取付具は、端部当接部分、端部被覆部分を備える。端部当接部分は、複数のパネルのうち最も外側に位置するパネルの縁部表面に当接する。端部被覆部分は、突端部より広い範囲で突端部の端面に対向し、突端部の表面よりも下方で他の部分から離間して位置する。架台の端部が雨や雪等で濡れることを確実に防止できる。   In this panel mounting structure, it is preferable to include an end mounting tool that is externally fitted to the protruding end of the gantry from the surface side. The end fitting includes an end contact portion and an end covering portion. The end contact portion is in contact with the edge surface of the outermost panel among the plurality of panels. The end covering portion is opposed to the end surface of the protruding end portion in a range wider than the protruding end portion, and is positioned below the surface of the protruding end portion and separated from the other portions. It is possible to reliably prevent the end of the gantry from getting wet due to rain or snow.
この発明によれば、パネルの間隔に対するコーキング作業や被覆部材の挿入作業を不要にして作業性の向上及びコストの低廉化を実現できる。   According to the present invention, it is possible to improve the workability and reduce the cost by eliminating the caulking work and the covering member insertion work for the interval between the panels.
この発明の実施形態に係るパネル取付具及びパネル取付構造が適用される太陽光発電ユニットの外観図である。1 is an external view of a photovoltaic power generation unit to which a panel fixture and a panel attachment structure according to an embodiment of the present invention are applied. 同太陽光発電ユニットの底面側から見た外観図である。It is the external view seen from the bottom face side of the photovoltaic power generation unit. 同太陽光発電ユニットの要部の平面図である。It is a top view of the principal part of the solar power generation unit. 同パネル取付具の外観図である。It is an external view of the panel fixture. 同パネル取付具に付属するパッキンの外観図である。It is an external view of the packing attached to the panel fixture. 同パネル取付具を用いた太陽光発電パネルの固定状態を示す断面図である。It is sectional drawing which shows the fixed state of the photovoltaic power generation panel using the panel fixture. 同パネル取付構造に含まれる端部取付具の外観図である。It is an external view of the end fitting included in the panel mounting structure.
以下に、太陽光発電ユニットに適用した場合の本発明の実施形態に係るパネル取付具及びパネル取付構造について、図面を参照しつつ説明する。   Below, the panel fixture and panel attachment structure which concern on embodiment of this invention at the time of applying to a photovoltaic power generation unit are demonstrated, referring drawings.
図1及び図2に示すように、この発明の実施形態に係るパネル取付具は、一例として屋外に設置される太陽光発電ユニット100に適用される。太陽光発電ユニット100は、架台200の上面に複数の太陽光発電パネル300をマトリックス状に固定して構成されている。   As shown in FIG.1 and FIG.2, the panel fixture which concerns on embodiment of this invention is applied to the solar power generation unit 100 installed outdoors as an example. The photovoltaic power generation unit 100 is configured by fixing a plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels 300 in a matrix on the upper surface of the gantry 200.
架台200は、一例として横支持部材210、縦支持部材220、束石230,240を有している。束石230,240は、例えばコンクリートブロックで構成され、架台200の手前側に配置される束石230は、奥側に配置される束石240よりも低くされている。複数の束石230及び複数の束石240は、それぞれ直線上に配置される。前後2列に配置された束石230及び240のそれぞれの上面に横支持部材210が固定される。2本の横支持部材210の上面には、1枚の太陽光発電パネル300の裏面に左右2本が当接するようにして複数の縦支持部材220が固定される。   The gantry 200 includes, for example, a horizontal support member 210, a vertical support member 220, and stones 230 and 240. The boulders 230 and 240 are made of, for example, concrete blocks, and the boulders 230 disposed on the front side of the gantry 200 are lower than the boulders 240 disposed on the back side. The plurality of bundling stones 230 and the plurality of bundling stones 240 are respectively arranged on a straight line. The lateral support members 210 are fixed to the upper surfaces of the boulders 230 and 240 arranged in two rows in the front-rear direction. A plurality of vertical support members 220 are fixed to the upper surfaces of the two horizontal support members 210 so that the left and right two are in contact with the back surface of one photovoltaic power generation panel 300.
図3に示すように、太陽光発電ユニット100において、複数枚の太陽光発電パネル300がマトリックス状に配置されるため、1枚の太陽光発電パネル300は上下左右方向に最大計4枚の他の太陽光発電パネル300と間隔D1及びD2を設けて隣接する。平面視において、左右に隣接する2枚の太陽光発電パネル300の間の間隔D1のうち最上部及び最下部の間隔D1にのみ横支持部材210の一部が露出するが、上下に隣接する2枚の太陽光発電パネル300の間の間隔D2には必ず2本の縦支持部材220の一部が露出する。   As shown in FIG. 3, in the photovoltaic power generation unit 100, a plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels 300 are arranged in a matrix, so that one photovoltaic power generation panel 300 has a maximum of four in the vertical and horizontal directions. The solar panels 300 are adjacent to each other with spaces D1 and D2. In plan view, a part of the lateral support member 210 is exposed only at the uppermost and lowermost distances D1 among the distances D1 between the two photovoltaic power generation panels 300 adjacent to the left and right. A part of the two vertical support members 220 is always exposed at a distance D2 between the two photovoltaic power generation panels 300.
横支持部材210及び縦支持部材220の一部が、平面視において間隔D1及び間隔D2に露出している状態を放置すると、雨、露又は雪等に晒されて劣化する。間隔D1については、例えば横支持部材210の露出範囲より大きい板材を横支持部材210の上面に配置する。これによって、横支持部材210の一部が間隔D1において直接雨、露又は雪等に晒されることを防止する。板材としては、波板を用いることができる。また、板材に代えて、この発明のパネル取付具10を配置することもできる。   If a part of the horizontal support member 210 and the vertical support member 220 is left exposed at the interval D1 and the interval D2 in a plan view, it is deteriorated by being exposed to rain, dew, snow, or the like. For the distance D <b> 1, for example, a plate material that is larger than the exposed range of the lateral support member 210 is disposed on the upper surface of the lateral support member 210. This prevents a part of the lateral support member 210 from being directly exposed to rain, dew, snow, or the like at the interval D1. As the plate material, a corrugated plate can be used. Moreover, it replaces with a board | plate material and the panel fixture 10 of this invention can also be arrange | positioned.
間隔D2については、太陽光発電パネル300を架台200に固定するためのパネル取付具10を使って間隔D2に露出する縦支持部材220の一部を被覆する。この例では、各太陽光発電パネル300の裏面に2本の縦支持部材220が位置しており、最上部及び最下部に配置されるものを除いて、1枚の太陽光発電パネル300の上下4箇所から縦支持部材220が露出する。各露出箇所にパネル取付具10が配置されるため、最上部及び最下部に配置されるものを除く1枚の太陽光発電パネル300は、4つのパネル取付具10で架台200に固定される。   About the space | interval D2, a part of the vertical support member 220 exposed to the space | interval D2 is coat | covered using the panel fixture 10 for fixing the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 to the mount frame 200. FIG. In this example, two vertical support members 220 are located on the back surface of each photovoltaic power generation panel 300, and the top and bottom of one photovoltaic power generation panel 300 are excluded except those arranged at the top and bottom. The vertical support member 220 is exposed from four places. Since the panel fixture 10 is disposed at each exposed location, one photovoltaic power generation panel 300 excluding those disposed at the uppermost and lowermost portions is fixed to the gantry 200 with the four panel fixtures 10.
図4に示すように、パネル取付具10は、一例として2つの間隔規定部分11A,11B、2つの当接部分12A,12B、被覆部分13を備えている。2つの間隔規定部分11A,11Bは、それぞれの第1の端部111A,111Bが2つの当接部分12A,12Bのそれぞれの基端部に直角に連続し、それぞれの第2の端部112A,112Bが被覆部分13の両端部のそれぞれに直角に連続している。したがって、パネル取付具10は、例えば1枚の金属板からプレス加工によって形成することができる。   As shown in FIG. 4, the panel fixture 10 includes two interval defining portions 11A and 11B, two contact portions 12A and 12B, and a covering portion 13 as an example. The two space defining portions 11A and 11B have first end portions 111A and 111B that are perpendicular to the respective base end portions of the two contact portions 12A and 12B, and the second end portions 112A and 11B. 112B continues at right angles to both ends of the covering portion 13. Therefore, the panel fixture 10 can be formed from one metal plate by press work, for example.
当接部分12A,12Bの開放端部には、長手方向の両端部に計4つの係止片15が突出して形成されている。なお、被覆部分13には、2箇所に孔部131が形成されている。被覆部分13における長手方向の両端部は、下方に向けて折り曲げられ、傾斜面14A,14Bにされている。被覆部材13は、長手方向について傾斜面14A,14Bを除く範囲の長さを、縦支持部材220の幅よりも長くされている。   A total of four locking pieces 15 protrude from the open ends of the contact portions 12A and 12B at both ends in the longitudinal direction. In addition, the hole 131 is formed in the covering portion 13 at two places. Both end portions in the longitudinal direction of the covering portion 13 are bent downward to form inclined surfaces 14A and 14B. The length of the covering member 13 excluding the inclined surfaces 14 </ b> A and 14 </ b> B in the longitudinal direction is longer than the width of the vertical support member 220.
なお、横支持部材210の一部が間隔D1において直接雨、露又は雪等に晒されることを防止するための板材に代えてパネル取付具10を使用する場合には、被覆部材13は、長手方向について傾斜面14A,14Bを除く範囲の長さを、横支持部材210の幅よりも長くする。   When the panel fixture 10 is used in place of the plate material for preventing a part of the lateral support member 210 from being directly exposed to rain, dew, snow, or the like at the interval D1, the covering member 13 has a longitudinal length. The length of the range excluding the inclined surfaces 14 </ b> A and 14 </ b> B in the direction is made longer than the width of the lateral support member 210.
この実施形態に係るパネル取付構造では、太陽光発電パネル300との間にパッキン20を挟んでパネル取付具10を取り付ける。図5に示すように、パッキン20は、例えば可撓性を有するシート状のゴム体であり、平面状に展開した状態のパネル取付具10よりも全周にわたって大きく裁断されている。パッキン20は、2つの長辺側端部近傍の4箇所に切込21を有し、2つの短辺側端部近傍の2箇所にスリット22を有し、2つの短辺側端に露出する2つの切込23を有している。   In the panel mounting structure according to this embodiment, the panel mounting tool 10 is mounted with the packing 20 sandwiched between the photovoltaic power generation panel 300. As shown in FIG. 5, the packing 20 is a flexible sheet-like rubber body, for example, and is largely cut around the entire periphery of the panel fixture 10 in a state of being flattened. The packing 20 has cuts 21 at four locations near the two long side end portions, and has slits 22 at two locations near the two short side end portions, and is exposed at the two short side end portions. Two notches 23 are provided.
切込21に係止片15が貫通し、スリット22に傾斜面14A,14Bが貫通することで、パッキン20がパネル取付具10の外側に装着される。なお、切込23によってスリット22よりも外側の部分が2分割にされる。   The locking piece 15 passes through the notch 21, and the inclined surfaces 14 </ b> A and 14 </ b> B pass through the slit 22, so that the packing 20 is attached to the outside of the panel fixture 10. In addition, the part outside the slit 22 is divided into two by the notch 23.
図6に示すように、上下に隣接する2つの太陽光発電パネル300の間に、パッキン20を外側に装着したパネル取付具10が配置される。パネル取付具10は、スポンジ座金41を挟んで孔部131を貫通した木ねじ40によって縦支持部材220に取り付けられる。   As shown in FIG. 6, the panel fixture 10 having the packing 20 mounted on the outside is disposed between two vertically adjacent photovoltaic power generation panels 300. The panel fixture 10 is attached to the vertical support member 220 by a wood screw 40 that passes through the hole 131 with the sponge washer 41 interposed therebetween.
架台200に対して、最下部から最上部に向かって順に太陽光発電パネル300を載置していく。下方の太陽光発電パネル300を架台200に載置した後、上辺の2箇所にパネル取付具10を配置して上側に別の太陽光発電パネル300を載置するか、又は上側に別の太陽光発電パネル300を仮置きした後に上下の太陽光発電パネル300の間にパネル取付具10を配置する。上下の太陽光発電パネル300における互いに対向する側面のそれぞれに間隔規定部分11A及び11Bの外側面がパッキン20を挟んで当接し、上下の太陽光発電パネル300の間隔D2が規定される。   The photovoltaic power generation panel 300 is placed on the gantry 200 in order from the bottom to the top. After the lower photovoltaic power generation panel 300 is placed on the gantry 200, the panel fixture 10 is disposed at two locations on the upper side and another photovoltaic power generation panel 300 is placed on the upper side, or another solar power generation panel is placed on the upper side. After temporarily placing the photovoltaic panel 300, the panel fixture 10 is disposed between the upper and lower photovoltaic panels 300. The outer surfaces of the space defining portions 11A and 11B are in contact with the mutually opposing side surfaces of the upper and lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 with the packing 20 interposed therebetween, and the distance D2 between the upper and lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 is defined.
スポンジ座金41を挟んで孔部131を貫通した木ねじ40を縦支持部材220に螺入させると、上下の太陽光発電パネル300のそれぞれの縁部表面に当接部分12A,12Bの裏面がパッキン20を挟んで当接し、当接部分12A,12Bの裏面と縦支持部材220の表面との間に上下の太陽光発電パネル300のそれぞれの縁部が挟持される。これによって、上下の太陽光発電パネル300のそれぞれの縁部が架台200に固定される。   When the wood screw 40 penetrating through the hole 131 with the sponge washer 41 interposed therebetween is screwed into the vertical support member 220, the back surfaces of the contact portions 12A and 12B are bonded to the respective edge surfaces of the upper and lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300. And the respective edge portions of the upper and lower photovoltaic panels 300 are sandwiched between the back surfaces of the contact portions 12A and 12B and the front surface of the vertical support member 220. Accordingly, the respective edge portions of the upper and lower photovoltaic power generation panels 300 are fixed to the gantry 200.
また、パネル取付具10と太陽光発電パネル300との間にパッキン20を挟むことにより、太陽光発電パネル300の表面に降った雨や雪等が当接部分12A,12Bと太陽光発電パネル300との間を浸透して架台200を濡らすことを防止できる。   Further, by sandwiching the packing 20 between the panel fixture 10 and the photovoltaic power generation panel 300, rain, snow, or the like that has fallen on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 is brought into contact with the contact portions 12A, 12B and the photovoltaic power generation panel 300. It is possible to prevent the gantry 200 from being wetted between the two.
このとき、縦支持部材220において間隔D2に位置する部分は、上方に位置する被覆部分13によって被覆され、雨や雪等に直接晒されることがない。被覆部分13の上面に降った雨や雪等は、傾斜面14A,14Bを経由して縦支持部材220の左右の外側に落下する。孔部131と木ねじ40との間はスポンジ座金41によって閉塞されるため、被覆部分13に降った雨や雪等が孔部131から下方に落下することはない。   At this time, a portion of the vertical support member 220 positioned at the interval D2 is covered by the covering portion 13 positioned above and is not directly exposed to rain, snow, or the like. Rain, snow, or the like that has fallen on the upper surface of the covering portion 13 falls to the left and right outer sides of the vertical support member 220 via the inclined surfaces 14A and 14B. Since the gap between the hole 131 and the wood screw 40 is blocked by the sponge washer 41, rain, snow, or the like that has fallen on the covering portion 13 does not fall downward from the hole 131.
なお、間隔規定部分11A及び11Bの高さは、太陽光発電パネル300の高さよりも十分に短くされている。このため、縦支持部材220の表面は、被覆部分13の裏面だけでなくパッキン20にも接触することがなく、空気を流通させることができる。また、パッキン20において切込23によって分割された部分の一方を両面テープ等を介して太陽光発電パネル300の側面及び裏面に貼付することで、太陽光発電パネル300の表面に降った雨や雪等が側面及び裏面を伝わって縦支持部材220の表面に落下することを防止できる。   Note that the heights of the space defining portions 11 </ b> A and 11 </ b> B are sufficiently shorter than the height of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300. For this reason, the surface of the vertical support member 220 does not contact not only the back surface of the covering portion 13 but also the packing 20, and air can be circulated. Further, by attaching one of the parts divided by the cuts 23 in the packing 20 to the side surface and the back surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 via a double-sided tape or the like, rain or snow that has fallen on the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 Or the like can be prevented from falling on the surface of the vertical support member 220 along the side surface and the back surface.
図2に示したように、縦支持部材220の上下の端部は、平面視において最上部及び最下部に位置する太陽光発電パネル300の内側に位置しており、直接雨や雪等に晒されることはない。但し、最上部に位置する太陽光発電パネル300の上縁部、及び最下部に位置する太陽光発電パネル300の下縁部も架台200に固定する必要がある。そこで、この実施形態に係るパネル取付構造では、縦支持部材220の上下の端部に装着される端部取付具30を備えている。   As shown in FIG. 2, the upper and lower ends of the vertical support member 220 are located inside the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 located at the uppermost and lowermost positions in plan view, and are directly exposed to rain, snow, and the like. It will never be. However, it is necessary to fix the upper edge part of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 located at the uppermost part and the lower edge part of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300 located at the lowermost part to the gantry 200. Therefore, the panel mounting structure according to this embodiment includes end fittings 30 that are mounted on the upper and lower ends of the vertical support member 220.
図7に示すように、端部取付具30は、端部当接部分31、側面当接部分32、裏面当接部分33、第1保持部分34、第2保持部分35、第3保持部分36、端部被覆部分37を備えている。端部被覆部分37を除く部分は、一例として1枚の金属板のプレス加工によって一体的に形成されている。   As shown in FIG. 7, the end fitting 30 includes an end contact part 31, a side contact part 32, a back contact part 33, a first holding part 34, a second holding part 35, and a third holding part 36. , An end covering portion 37 is provided. As an example, the portion excluding the end covering portion 37 is integrally formed by pressing one metal plate.
端部取付具30は、裏面当接部分33、第1〜第3保持部分34〜36を縦支持部材220の突端部221の4面に外嵌させることで、縦支持部材220の上下端に装着される。具体的には、縦支持部材220の突端部221に端部取付具30を仮置きした後、最上部又は最下部の太陽光発電パネル300を架台200に載置し、太陽光発電パネル300の側面に側面当接部分32が当接するように端部取付具30を位置決めする。   The end fitting 30 is fitted to the upper and lower ends of the vertical support member 220 by fitting the back contact portion 33 and the first to third holding portions 34 to 36 to the four surfaces of the protruding end portion 221 of the vertical support member 220. Installed. Specifically, after the end fixture 30 is temporarily placed on the protruding end 221 of the vertical support member 220, the uppermost or lowermost photovoltaic panel 300 is placed on the gantry 200, and the photovoltaic panel 300 The end fitting 30 is positioned so that the side contact portion 32 contacts the side surface.
このとき、縦支持部材220の端面222が、縦支持部材220の長手方向(上下方向)における裏面当接部分33の中間部分に位置する。また、端部当接部分31が、太陽光発電パネル300の表面に対向する。この状態で、孔部351を貫通させた図外の木ねじを縦支持部材220に螺入することにより、端部取付具30を縦支持部材220に固定する。   At this time, the end surface 222 of the vertical support member 220 is positioned at an intermediate portion of the back contact portion 33 in the longitudinal direction (vertical direction) of the vertical support member 220. Further, the end contact portion 31 faces the surface of the photovoltaic power generation panel 300. In this state, the end fitting 30 is fixed to the vertical support member 220 by screwing an unillustrated wood screw through the hole 351 into the vertical support member 220.
裏面当接部分33における側面当接部分32が連続する端部近傍には、プレス加工によって板バネ38が形成されている。太陽光発電パネル300は、縁部表面を端部当接部分31と板バネ38との間に弾性的に挟持された状態で架台200に固定される。   A leaf spring 38 is formed by pressing in the vicinity of the end of the back contact portion 33 where the side contact portion 32 continues. The photovoltaic power generation panel 300 is fixed to the gantry 200 with the edge surface elastically sandwiched between the end contact portion 31 and the leaf spring 38.
端部被覆部分37は、端部当接部分31及び側面当接部分32の外側に密着するL字形形状を呈し、下端部は縦支持部材220だけでなく端部取付具30の他の部分にも接触することなく下方に延出している。また、端部被覆部分37は、縦支持部材220の端面222の幅よりも広く形成されている。   The end cover portion 37 has an L-shape that is in close contact with the outside of the end contact portion 31 and the side contact portion 32, and the lower end portion is not only the vertical support member 220 but also other portions of the end fixture 30. Extends downward without contact. Further, the end cover portion 37 is formed wider than the width of the end surface 222 of the vertical support member 220.
端部被覆部材37に降った雨や雪等は、端部被覆部材37の下端部からのみ下方に落下し、他の部分を伝わって縦支持部材220に達することがない。これによって、縦支持部材220の突端部221における劣化を防止できる。   Rain, snow, or the like that has fallen on the end cover member 37 falls downward only from the lower end portion of the end cover member 37 and does not reach the vertical support member 220 through other portions. As a result, it is possible to prevent deterioration at the protruding end portion 221 of the vertical support member 220.
なお、この発明のパネル取付具及びパネル取付構造は、太陽光発電ユニットに限らず、複数の矩形パネルを架台に固定して構成される他のユニットにも適用することができる。   In addition, the panel fixture of this invention and a panel attachment structure are applicable not only to a photovoltaic power generation unit but other units comprised by fixing a some rectangular panel to a mount frame.
10−パネル取付具
11A,11B−間隔規定部分
12A,12B−当接部分
13−被覆部分
20−パッキン
30−端部取付具
100−太陽光発電ユニット
200−架台
210−横支持部材
220−縦支持部材
10-Panel mount 11A, 11B-Distance defining part 12A, 12B-Abutting part 13-Coating part 20-Packing 30-End part fitting 100-Solar power generation unit 200-Base 210-Horizontal support member 220-Vertical support Element

Claims (6)

  1. 複数のパネルを架台上にそれぞれの間に間隔を設けて固定する際に用いられるパネル取付具であって、
    前記複数のパネルのうち隣接する2つのパネルにおける互いに対向する側面のそれぞれに当接して前記間隔を規定する間隔規定部分と、
    前記隣接する2つのパネルのそれぞれの縁部表面に当接する当接部分と、
    平面視において前記側面に沿う長さ方向について前記架台の前記間隔に位置する部分より長く前記側面に直交する幅方向について前記間隔に等しい範囲を覆う被覆部分であって、前記間隔における前記架台の上方に配置される被覆部分と、
    前記架台に対する位置を固定する固定部分と、
    を備えたパネル取付具。
    A panel fixture used when fixing a plurality of panels on a gantry with an interval between them,
    An interval defining portion that abuts against each of the side surfaces facing each other in two adjacent panels of the plurality of panels to define the interval;
    A contact portion that contacts each edge surface of the two adjacent panels;
    A covering portion that covers a range equal to the interval in the width direction perpendicular to the side surface longer than a portion positioned at the interval of the gantry in the length direction along the side surface in plan view, and is above the gantry in the interval A covering portion disposed on,
    A fixing portion for fixing the position with respect to the gantry;
    Panel fixture with
  2. 前記間隔規定部分及び前記当接部分を2つずつ備え、2つの前記間隔規定部分は、それぞれ第1の端部が2つの前記当接部分のそれぞれの一方の端部に連続し、それぞれの第2の端部が前記被覆部分の両端部に連続する請求項1に記載のパネル取付具。 Two spacing defining portions and two abutting portions are provided, and each of the two spacing defining portions has a first end connected to one end of each of the two abutting portions, The panel fixture according to claim 1, wherein two end portions are continuous with both end portions of the covering portion.
  3. 前記被覆部分は、前記側面に沿う方向の両端部に前記架台に向かって傾斜する傾斜面を備えた請求項1又は2に記載のパネル取付具。 The panel attachment according to claim 1, wherein the covering portion includes inclined surfaces that are inclined toward the frame at both ends in a direction along the side surface.
  4. 前記間隔規定部分、前記当接部分及び前記被覆部分の裏面の全面に対向するシート状のパッキンを備えた請求項1乃至3の何れかに記載のパネル取付具。 The panel fixture according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising a sheet-like packing that faces the entire back surface of the gap defining portion, the contact portion, and the covering portion.
  5. 請求項1乃至4の何れかに記載のパネル取付具を介して架台上に複数のパネルをそれぞれの間に間隔を設けて固定するパネル取付構造であって、
    前記間隔規定部分が前記複数のパネルのうち互いに隣接する2つのパネルにおける互いに対向する側面のそれぞれに当接し、前記当接部分が前記隣接する2つのパネルのそれぞれの縁部表面に当接する状態で、前記固定部分を介して前記パネル取付具を前記架台に固定するパネル取付構造。
    A panel mounting structure for fixing a plurality of panels on the gantry via the panel mounting tool according to any one of claims 1 to 4, with an interval between them.
    In the state where the space defining portion is in contact with each of the side surfaces facing each other in the two adjacent panels among the plurality of panels, and the contact portion is in contact with the respective edge surfaces of the two adjacent panels. A panel mounting structure for fixing the panel mounting tool to the mount via the fixing portion.
  6. 前記架台の突端部に表面側から外嵌する端部取付具であって、前記複数のパネルのうち最も外側に位置するパネルの縁部表面に当接する端部当接部分と、前記突端部より広い範囲で前記突端部の端面に対向する端部被覆部分であって前記突端部の表面よりも下方で他の部分から離間して位置する端部被覆部分と、を備えた端部取付具を含む請求項5に記載のパネル取付構造。 An end fitting that is externally fitted to the protruding end of the pedestal from the surface side, and an end contacting portion that contacts the edge surface of the panel located on the outermost side among the plurality of panels, and the protruding end An end covering portion, which is an end covering portion facing the end face of the protruding end portion over a wide range, and is positioned below the surface of the protruding end portion and spaced apart from other portions. The panel mounting structure according to claim 5.
JP2013190609A 2013-09-13 2013-09-13 Panel fitting tool and panel fitting structure Pending JP2015055135A (en)

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KR101939060B1 (en) 2018-08-22 2019-02-15 주식회사 누리플랜 Generating structure for slope supporting equipment

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