JP2014187396A - Variable capacitance capacitor element - Google Patents

Variable capacitance capacitor element Download PDF

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JP2014187396A
JP2014187396A JP2014131001A JP2014131001A JP2014187396A JP 2014187396 A JP2014187396 A JP 2014187396A JP 2014131001 A JP2014131001 A JP 2014131001A JP 2014131001 A JP2014131001 A JP 2014131001A JP 2014187396 A JP2014187396 A JP 2014187396A
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electrode layer
variable capacitor
capacitance
bias voltage
thin film
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JP2014187396A5 (en
Inventor
Daiki Ishii
大基 石井
Michikazu Ikenaga
倫和 池永
Kentaro Nakamura
中村  健太郎
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Taiyo Yuden Co Ltd
太陽誘電株式会社
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Priority to JP2014131001A priority Critical patent/JP2014187396A/en
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a variable capacitance capacitor having capacitance that largely changes due to application of DC bias voltage in an embodiment of the present invention, and having a capacitance value that changes in a small amount over time when the application of the DC bias voltage is continued.SOLUTION: A variable capacitance capacitor element 50 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a support substrate 51, a first electrode layer 59 provided on the support substrate 51, a second electrode layer 60 provided to face the first electrode layer, and a dielectric layer 61 arranged between the first electrode layer 59 and the second electrode layer 60. In one aspect, the dielectric layer 61 has a main component represented by the composition formula BaSrTiO(0.5≤x≤0.8), and a thickness equal to or less than 200 nm.

Description

  The present invention relates to a variable capacitor element, and more particularly to a thin film variable capacitor element used with an NFC-compliant resonant circuit.

  NFC (Near Field Communication or near field communication) using a frequency near 13 MHz is one of the methods for performing wireless communication at a short distance within 10 cm by electromagnetically coupling circuits equipped with antenna coils. It is. A circuit compliant with NFC can be mounted on various media, for example, mounted on an electronic device such as a card, a tag, or a mobile phone.

  An NFC-compliant circuit usually includes an antenna circuit having an antenna coil and an IC chip, and an operating voltage is supplied from a built-in battery. The IC chip includes a memory for storing a chip-specific ID number and transmission / reception data, and a CPU for controlling signal transmission / reception processing and data writing / reading. A card equipped with such an IC chip is called a non-contact IC card because it can transmit and receive data without contacting a reader / writer device located at a short distance.

  The IC chip of the non-contact IC card is supplied with operating voltage by the output from the antenna circuit. Specifically, the antenna circuit includes an antenna coil and a capacitor that resonates with the antenna coil, and operates efficiently at the resonance frequency. This resonance frequency is set to 13.56 MHz which is the frequency of the carrier wave transmitted from the reader / writer device. When the contactless IC card is held over the reader / writer device, the carrier wave is received by the antenna circuit, and the power of the received carrier wave is rectified to supply an operating voltage to the IC chip. Accordingly, processing such as data transmission / reception with the reader / writer device can be performed without receiving operation voltage from a power source such as a battery. Therefore, in order to stably supply the operating voltage to the IC chip, the resonance frequency of the resonance circuit needs to be adjusted correctly to the frequency of the carrier wave. When the IC chip of the non-contact IC card is mounted on an electronic device having a built-in battery such as a mobile phone, power is supplied from the built-in battery of the electronic device to the IC chip. In this case, in order to perform transmission / reception processing with the reader / writer device with high sensitivity, the resonance frequency of the resonance circuit needs to be correctly adjusted to the frequency of the carrier wave.

  However, in the actual manufacturing process, the resonance frequency may deviate from the design value of 13.56 MHz due to variations in the electrical characteristics of the antenna coil and the capacitor from the design values and deviation of the element arrangement from the predetermined position. Therefore, it is necessary to adjust the resonance frequency to the carrier frequency after manufacturing.

  There is a disclosure example about a method of adjusting the resonance frequency after manufacturing. For example, an antenna device for a non-contact IC card described in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Publication No. 2009-200748 (Patent Document 1) uses a laser or the like to cut a part of wiring that connects reactance elements of a resonance circuit, The resonant frequency of the resonant circuit is adjusted discretely.

  In addition, the present applicant has proposed a resonance circuit that can adjust the resonance frequency without mechanically changing the wiring pattern by using a variable capacitor element whose capacitance value varies depending on the bias voltage. See application 2011-073607).

There are various disclosure examples of the variable capacitor element. For example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2011-119482 and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2010-055570 disclose variable capacitance capacitors configured by laminating a plurality of dielectric layers and electrode layers. Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2006-303389 discloses a thin film variable capacitor element in which an electrode layer and a dielectric layer are thinned.

Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2009-200748 JP 2011-119482 A JP 2010-055570 A JP 2006-303389 A

  When adjusting the resonance frequency using a variable capacitor element, a capacitance change characteristic indicating the relationship between the DC bias voltage applied to the variable capacitor element and the capacitance of the variable capacitor element (for example, patent A bias voltage corresponding to a desired amount of change in the resonance frequency is determined based on FIG. 11B of Document 3, and the determined bias voltage is applied. The change characteristic of the capacitance with respect to the bias voltage varies depending on the dielectric material constituting the variable capacitor. In order to adjust the resonance frequency over a sufficiently wide frequency range, it is desirable to use a dielectric material having a large capacitance change rate with respect to the applied bias voltage.

  However, when a DC bias voltage is continuously applied to the variable capacitor element, a phenomenon called DC aging occurs in which the capacitance of the variable capacitor gradually decreases with time. When DC aging occurs, the capacitance of the variable capacitor deviates from the capacitance value determined from the capacitance change characteristic, and as a result, the resonance frequency cannot be adjusted accurately.

  As described above, there is a need for a variable capacitor element that has a capacitance that greatly changes due to the application of a DC bias voltage and that has a small temporal variation in capacitance value when the DC bias voltage is continuously applied. It is an object of the present invention to provide such a variable capacitor according to various embodiments thereof. Other problems of the present invention will be understood from the description of this specification and the accompanying drawings.

A variable capacitor device according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a support substrate, a first electrode layer provided on the support substrate, a second electrode layer provided to face the first electrode layer, , And a first thin film dielectric layer disposed between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer. In one embodiment, the main component of the first thin film dielectric layer is represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 (where 0.5 < x < 0.8) and the film thickness is 200 nm or less.

  According to various embodiments of the present invention, a variable capacitance capacitor element is provided in which the capacitance varies greatly with the application of a DC bias voltage and the time variation of the capacitance value when the DC bias voltage is continuously applied is small. .

1 is a circuit diagram showing a resonant circuit including a variable capacitor according to an embodiment of the present invention. 1 is a schematic diagram of a variable capacitor according to an embodiment of the present invention. AA sectional view of the variable capacitor shown in FIG. Graph showing the relationship between the DC bias voltage applied to the variable capacitor and the rate of change of capacitance The graph which shows the relationship between the application time of fixed DC bias voltage, and the fluctuation rate of an electrostatic capacitance

  Various embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. In each embodiment, similar constituent elements are denoted by similar reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted as appropriate. It should be noted that the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale for convenience of explanation.

  FIG. 1 is a circuit diagram showing a resonance circuit 10 including a variable capacitor according to an embodiment of the present invention. The resonance circuit 10 in one embodiment is electrically connected to an IC (not shown), and is mounted on an electronic device such as a mobile phone together with the IC.

The resonance circuit 10 includes an antenna circuit 20 and a frequency adjustment circuit 40, and has a predetermined resonance frequency. When the resonant circuit 10 is incorporated in a chip compliant with NFC, the antenna circuit 20 and the frequency adjustment circuit 40 are configured so that the resonant frequency is 13.56 MHz, which is the NFC use frequency defined by ISO 18092 or the like. The

  The antenna circuit 20 includes an antenna coil 22 and a capacitor 24 arranged in parallel with each other between the connection terminal 12 and the connection terminal 14. In one embodiment, a 13.56 MHz carrier wave transmitted from a reader / writer device (not shown) is received via the antenna coil 22 electromagnetically coupled to the antenna coil of the reader / writer device, and the received signal is connected to the connection terminal 12. And 14 to the subsequent IC (not shown).

In one embodiment, the frequency adjustment circuit 40 includes a variable capacitor 30 including two variable capacitors 31 and 32 connected in series, and three DC removal resistors 41, 43, and 45. In one embodiment, the variable capacitor 31 is disposed between a power connection terminal 42 to which a resistor 41 is connected in series and a grounding terminal 44 to which a resistor 43 is connected, and the variable capacitor 32 is connected to a resistor 41 in series. The power supply connecting terminal 42 and the resistor 45 are arranged between the grounding terminal 46 connected in series. The variable capacitors 31 and 32 are configured such that their capacitances change in accordance with the DC bias voltage applied between the power connection terminal 42, the grounding terminal 44 and the grounding terminal 46. By changing the capacitance values of the variable capacitors 31 and 32, the resonance frequency of the resonance circuit 10 can be adjusted even after the resonance circuit 10 is manufactured. The bias voltage to be applied is normally determined between 0V and 3V when the resonance circuit 10 is mounted on a mobile phone. FIG. 1 shows an example in which the DC removal resistors 41, 43, and 45 are provided outside the variable capacitor circuit 30, but the present invention is not limited to this, and the variable capacitor circuit 30 includes the DC removal resistor. 41, 43, 45 may be provided.

  2 and 3 schematically show the structure of a variable capacitor element 50 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The variable capacitor element 50 corresponds to the variable capacitor circuit 30 in FIG. As illustrated, the variable capacitor element 50 includes a support substrate 51, a first insulating layer 52 formed on the support substrate 51, and a second insulation layer formed on the first insulating layer 52. The layer 53 and a third insulating layer 54 formed on the second insulating layer 53 are stacked. A plurality (three in FIG. 3) of through holes are formed in the third insulating layer 54. A seed layer 58 is formed on the upper surface of the third insulating layer 54 and the inner peripheral surface of the through hole, and terminal electrodes 55, 56, 57 are formed on the seed layer 58 by electroless plating or the like.

Between the lower end of the terminal electrode 56 and the second insulating layer 52, there are a lower electrode layer 59 (first electrode layer), a thin film dielectric layer 61 (first thin film dielectric layer), and an upper electrode layer 60 (second electrode layer). A capacitor generating portion C1 having a MIM (Metal-Insulator-Metal, metal / insulator / metal) structure in which the electrode layers are stacked in this order from the support substrate 51 side is provided. Similarly, the lower electrode layer 59 (first electrode layer) and the thin film dielectric layer 61 (second thin film dielectric) are disposed between the lower end of the internal electrode 57 and the second insulating layer 52 in the same manner as the capacitance generating portion C1. Layer) and an upper electrode layer 60 (third electrode layer) are provided in this order from the support substrate 51 side in this order. The internal electrodes 55, 56, and 57 correspond to the power connection terminal 42, the grounding terminal 44, and the grounding terminal 46 of FIG. Further, the capacitance generation unit C1 corresponds to the variable capacitance capacitor 31, and the capacitance generation unit C2 corresponds to the variable capacitance capacitor 32.

The support substrate 51 is a support substrate made of Si, for example. The support substrate 51 can be formed of an arbitrary material, for example, an insulating support substrate such as quartz, alumina, sapphire, or glass, or a conductive support substrate such as Si. When a conductive support substrate is used as the support substrate 51, the support substrate 51 is preferably a high resistance support substrate. The first insulating film 52 formed on the support substrate 51 is, for example, a SiO 2 thermal oxide film.

For example, the second insulating layer 53 is formed by depositing Al 2 O 3 on the surface of the first insulating layer 52. The second insulating layer 53 can be formed of an arbitrary insulating material, and is a single layer obtained by depositing, for example, Al 2 O 3 , SiN, Ta 2 O 5 , or SrTiO 3 . The second insulating layer 53 can also be configured by stacking these single layers.

The third insulating layer 54 is configured by, for example, forming a polyimide film on the second insulating layer 53. As the third insulating layer 54, any inorganic insulating film such as SiO 2 or SiN, or any organic insulating film such as polyimide resin or BCB resin can be used.

The seed layer 58 is, for example, a TaN / Ta layer. The TaN / Ta layer is formed, for example, by first depositing TaN on the third insulating layer 54 by sputtering, and then depositing Ta on the TaN layer. Instead of TaN, various materials, for example, nitrides such as TiN, TaN, TiSiN, TaSiN, or oxides such as SrRuO 3 and IrO 2 can be used.

  The terminal electrodes 55, 56, 57 are made of any conductive material such as Cu, Ni, Co, Cr, Ag, Au, Pd, Fe, Sn, Pt, or an alloy thereof. The terminal electrodes 55, 56, and 57 are configured by depositing these metals or alloys on the seed layer 58 by, for example, electrolytic plating.

The lower electrode layer 59 and the upper electrode layer 60 of the capacitance generator C1 are made of various electrode materials such as noble metals such as Pt, Ir, Ru, or conductive oxides such as SrRuO 3 , RuO 2 , IrO 2 . The lower electrode layer 59 is formed on the surface of the first insulating film 52 by, for example, a sputtering method. The lower electrode layer 59 may be formed directly on the surface of the first insulating film 52 or may be formed on an adhesion layer of Ti or TiO 2 formed on the surface of the first insulating film 52.

On the upper surface of the lower electrode layer 59, a thin film dielectric layer 61 is formed by crystal growth from a substrate using a thin film deposition method such as a sputtering method, a CVD method, or a pulse laser deposition method. Since the thin film dielectric layer 61 obtained by crystal growth from the substrate is more susceptible to substrate restraint than the bulk crystal, the temperature characteristics are improved. Therefore, the thin film dielectric layer 61 may be formed by crystal growth from the substrate using the CSD method or the sol-gel method in addition to the above. In one embodiment, the thin film dielectric layer 61 is made of a ceramic composition represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 (where 0.5 < x < 0.8). The thin film dielectric layer 61 is desirably formed to have a film thickness of 200 nm or less, preferably 60 nm or more and 150 nm or less. Also,
The thin film dielectric layer 61 can contain Mn and Nb as additives. We have Mn and Nb
It was confirmed that the reliability was further improved by adding one or both of the above. Further, Mn can be used for improving adhesion, and Nb can be used for improving moisture resistance. The addition amount is desirably 10 at% or less in terms of Ti ratio.
An upper electrode layer 60 is formed on the upper surface of the thin film dielectric layer 61 by the same material and manufacturing method as the lower electrode layer 59. By firing the laminated body having such a structure at a predetermined temperature, the variable capacitor element according to the embodiment of the present invention can be obtained.

In the ceramic composition represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 , the change characteristic of the capacitance when a DC bias voltage is applied changes according to the content ratio of Ba to Sr. An example of this change characteristic is shown in FIG. FIG. 4 is a graph showing measurement results obtained by measuring a change in capacitance with respect to an applied DC bias voltage for a sample having the same configuration as the variable capacitor element 50 shown in FIG. Similar to the variable capacitor element 50 in FIG. 3, the sample is a Pt lower electrode layer 59 having a thickness of 100 nm on a Si support substrate 51, and the main component is represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 . A thin film dielectric layer 61 and a Pt upper electrode layer 60 having a thickness of 100 nm were laminated in this order.

The thin film dielectric layer 61 is formed on the lower electrode layer 59 by sputtering by applying RF power of 150 W under conditions of a film forming temperature of 600 ° C., an Ar / O 2 flow rate ratio of 1: 1, and a film forming pressure of 0.1 Pa. Obtained by depositing to a thickness of 150 nm. The thin film dielectric layer 61 has main components represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 having x = 0, 0.2,
0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 were prepared, respectively, and variable capacitor elements having these seven types of thin film dielectric layers 61 were prepared. FIG. 4 shows the results of measuring the capacitance change characteristics of each of these seven types of variable capacitor elements.

The horizontal axis of FIG. 4 represents the DC bias voltage applied between the lower electrode layer 59 and the upper electrode layer 60 in terms of electric field strength (MV / cm). The vertical axis represents the change rate of the capacitance of the variable capacitor based on the capacitance when no DC bias voltage is applied (sometimes referred to simply as “capacitance change rate” in this specification). Specifically, at OSC LEVEL 100 mV, 10 kHz, the capacitance represented by the following equation 1 when a DC bias voltage is applied in the range of electric field strength of 0 MV / cm to 0.5 MV / cm It is expressed as the rate of change.
(Capacitance when DC bias voltage is applied-Capacitance when DC bias voltage is not applied) / Capacitance when DC bias voltage is not applied (Formula 1)

  FIG. 4 shows that the capacitance change rate of the manufactured variable capacitor has a peak in the range of x = 0.2 to 0.6.

  Subsequently, a constant DC bias voltage was continuously applied for 2000 seconds for the above-described seven types of variable capacitance capacitor elements, and the change in capacitance during this period was measured. FIG. 5 shows the fluctuation of the capacitance of each variable capacitor when a DC bias voltage of 1.0 MV / cm is continuously applied to the above seven types of variable capacitors for 2000 seconds. The horizontal axis of FIG. 5 shows the bias voltage application time in seconds, and the vertical axis shows the variation rate of the capacitance of the variable capacitor with reference to the capacitance at the start of applying the DC bias voltage.

  As apparent from FIG. 5, the higher the Ba content ratio (x becomes smaller in the composition formula of the main component of the dielectric layer), the larger the variation rate of the capacitance when the DC bias voltage is applied for a predetermined time. .

In an NFC-compliant resonant circuit, it is generally desired that the resonant frequency can be adjusted in units of 100 kHz over a width of 700 kHz in a frequency region around 13.56 MHz. In order to adjust the resonance frequency with a width of 700 kHz in the resonance circuit 10 shown in FIG. 1, it is desirable that the capacitances of the variable capacitors 31 and 32 fluctuate greatly when a DC bias voltage of a predetermined voltage is applied. . In the resonant circuit 10 shown in FIG. 1, when a DC bias voltage of 3 V that can be used in many electronic devices is used, the capacitance of the variable capacitor circuit 30 (the combined capacitance of the variable capacitors 31 and 32) is 33%. If the above changes, the resonance frequency can be adjusted over a width of 700 kHz. From the measurement results of FIG. 4, in the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 , if the dielectric thickness is 150 nm or less and 0.2 < x <0.8, the capacity change rate is considered to be 33% or more. If the dielectric composition is limited to x = 0.5, the capacitance change rate is 33% or more even when the dielectric thickness is 200 nm or less.

On the other hand, in order to adjust the resonance frequency in units of 100 kHz, the variation in the resonance frequency due to the change in capacitance when the DC bias voltage is continuously applied must be smaller than 100 kHz. In the resonance circuit 10 shown in FIG. 1, when the capacitance of the variable capacitor circuit 30 (the combined capacitance of the variable capacitors 31 and 32) changes by 4% or more, the resonance frequency changes by 100 kHz or more. Further, the rate of change in capacitance when a DC bias voltage is continuously applied varies more significantly as the electric field strength increases. When a DC bias voltage of 3 V that can be used in many electronic devices is used, the dielectric thickness with an electric field strength of 1.0 MV / cm or less is 30 nm or more. From the measurement results of FIG. 5, in the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 , if 0.5 < x and the dielectric thickness is 30 nm or more, the fluctuation of the capacitance of the variable capacitor circuit 30 is more than 4%. It turns out that it becomes small.

Therefore, in the variable capacitor element 50, the main component of the thin film dielectric layer 61 of the capacitance generating portions C1 and C2 is a ceramic represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 (where 0.5 < x < 0.8). By using the composition, it is possible to provide the variable capacitor element 50 in which the capacitance greatly changes due to the application of the DC bias voltage and the time variation of the capacitance value is small even when the DC bias voltage is continuously applied. . In this variable capacitor element 50, particularly in an NFC-compliant resonance circuit, the resonance frequency can be adjusted in units of 100 kHz in a frequency region extending over 700 kHz.

  Embodiments of the present invention are not limited to the modes explicitly described above, and various changes can be made. For example, the connection method of the variable capacitors 31 and 32 is not limited to the series connection and may be a parallel connection. When the variable capacitors 31 and 32 are connected in parallel, the arrangement of the capacity generators C1 and C2 and the terminal electrodes 55 to 57 shown in FIG. 3 is changed so that the capacity generators C1 and C2 are connected in parallel. Is done. 3 shows an example in which the capacity generation units C1 and C2 have a single MIM structure, but the capacity generation units C1 and C2 are configured by connecting two or more MIM structures in series. You can also.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Resonant circuit 30 Variable capacitor circuit 31, 32 Variable capacitor 50 Variable capacitor element C1, C2 Capacity generation part

Claims (5)

  1. A support substrate;
    A first electrode layer provided on the support substrate;
    A second electrode layer provided to face the first electrode layer;
    A first thin film dielectric layer disposed between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer;
    With
    The main component of the first thin film dielectric layer is represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 (where 0.5 < x < 0.8),
    And the thickness of the first thin film dielectric layer is 200 nm or less,
    Variable capacitor element.
  2. 2. The variable capacitor element according to claim 1, wherein the first thin film dielectric layer has a thickness of 30 nm to 150 nm.
  3. The said 1st thin film dielectric layer contains 1 or more types of Mn or Nb as an additive.
    The variable capacitor element described in 1.
  4. A third electrode layer provided to face the first electrode layer;
    A second thin film dielectric layer disposed between the first electrode layer and the third electrode layer;
    Further comprising
    The main component of the second thin film dielectric layer is represented by the composition formula Ba 1-x Sr x TiO 3 (where 0.5 < x < 0.8), and the second thin film dielectric layer has a thickness of 200 nm or less. The variable capacitor element according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  5. An antenna circuit including an antenna coil;
    The variable capacitor element according to any one of claims 1 to 4, electrically connected to the antenna circuit,
    A resonant circuit comprising:
JP2014131001A 2014-06-26 2014-06-26 Variable capacitance capacitor element Pending JP2014187396A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10256085A (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-25 Sharp Corp Capacitance-varying element, its driving method, and its manufacturing method
JP2006049840A (en) * 2004-06-28 2006-02-16 Kyocera Corp Variable capacitance capacitor, circuit module and communication device
JP2007123494A (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-17 Kyocera Corp Variable capacitance capacitor
WO2008149622A1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2008-12-11 Kyocera Corporation Capacitor, resonator, filter device, communication device and electric circuit
JP2010055570A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-11 Sony Corp Non-contact reception device, resonant circuit and variable capacity element
JP2011119482A (en) * 2009-12-03 2011-06-16 Sony Corp Variable capacitance device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10256085A (en) * 1997-03-14 1998-09-25 Sharp Corp Capacitance-varying element, its driving method, and its manufacturing method
JP2006049840A (en) * 2004-06-28 2006-02-16 Kyocera Corp Variable capacitance capacitor, circuit module and communication device
JP2007123494A (en) * 2005-10-27 2007-05-17 Kyocera Corp Variable capacitance capacitor
WO2008149622A1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2008-12-11 Kyocera Corporation Capacitor, resonator, filter device, communication device and electric circuit
JP2010055570A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-11 Sony Corp Non-contact reception device, resonant circuit and variable capacity element
JP2011119482A (en) * 2009-12-03 2011-06-16 Sony Corp Variable capacitance device

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