JP2014178086A - Refrigerated warehouse - Google Patents

Refrigerated warehouse Download PDF

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JP2014178086A
JP2014178086A JP2013054099A JP2013054099A JP2014178086A JP 2014178086 A JP2014178086 A JP 2014178086A JP 2013054099 A JP2013054099 A JP 2013054099A JP 2013054099 A JP2013054099 A JP 2013054099A JP 2014178086 A JP2014178086 A JP 2014178086A
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floor
refrigerated
refrigerated warehouse
warehouse
room
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Naoko Hanida
直子 埴田
Michiaki Kobata
理朗 木幡
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Taisei Corp
大成建設株式会社
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PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a refrigerated warehouse with a disaster mitigation measure capable of protecting refrigerated goods from a tsunami for a fishery processing facility which is likely to be constructed in a sea-side district.SOLUTION: In a multi-storied refrigerated warehouse, columns on a lower floor including at least a first floor are structural columns and, in contrast, at least a portion of outer walls of the lower floor is a nonstructural wall. The multi-storied refrigerated warehouse has: a refrigerating room 21 arranged on a second floor 20 which is a floor above the lower floor; a freezing facility installed on the first floor; and a refrigerating machine for the refrigerating room 21 installed in a machine room on a fourth floor 40 which is the floor above the second floor 20 where the refrigerating room 21 is installed.

Description

本発明は冷蔵倉庫に関する。   The present invention relates to a refrigerated warehouse.
荷物を低温保存する設備として冷蔵倉庫が知られている(例えば特許文献1)。一般に冷蔵倉庫は、荷捌き、凍結及び保存を効率的に行うために、これらを冷蔵倉庫の1階部分で行えるように構成されたものが多く、その電気・機械設備も1階部分に配設される場合が多い。   A refrigerated warehouse is known as a facility for storing luggage at low temperature (for example, Patent Document 1). In general, refrigerated warehouses are often constructed so that they can be carried out on the first floor of the refrigerated warehouse in order to efficiently carry, freeze, and store, and their electrical and mechanical equipment is also located on the first floor. Often done.
特開2009−102131号公報JP 2009-102131 A
水産物を凍結して冷凍保存する冷蔵倉庫を備えた水産加工施設は、利便性の点で臨海地域に建設される場合が多く、津波に対する対策が要望されている。1階部分の階高クラスの大津波が襲来した場合、倉庫外壁が津波から強い水平力を受けることで冷蔵倉庫全体の倒壊を招くおそれがある。また、倒壊を免れたとしても、冷蔵倉庫の主要な設備が1階部分に配設される従来の構成では、1階部分が海水に浸水することで機能不全に陥る。長期間にわたって冷蔵能力を失うことで、財産価値の高い冷蔵品を全て失うことになり、多大な損害が発生する。特に、サンマ、カツオといった短期間に大量に獲れる魚類については、その損害が甚大なものとなる。   Fishery processing facilities equipped with refrigerated warehouses that freeze and store marine products are often built in coastal areas for convenience, and countermeasures against tsunamis are demanded. When a large-scale tsunami hits the first floor, the outer wall of the warehouse may receive a strong horizontal force from the tsunami, causing the entire refrigerated warehouse to collapse. Moreover, even if it escapes from collapse, in the conventional structure by which the main facilities of a refrigerated warehouse are arrange | positioned in the 1st floor part, it falls into a malfunction because the 1st floor part is immersed in seawater. Losing refrigeration capacity over a long period of time will result in the loss of all refrigerated goods with high property value, resulting in significant damage. Especially for fish such as saury and skipjack that are caught in large quantities in a short period of time, the damage will be significant.
本発明の目的は、津波に対して冷蔵品を守ることができる減災害冷蔵倉庫を提供することにある。   An object of the present invention is to provide a disaster-reducing refrigerated warehouse that can protect refrigerated goods against tsunami.
本発明によれば、複数階層の冷蔵倉庫であって、少なくとも1階部分を含む下層階の柱を構造柱とする一方、前記下層階の外壁の少なくとも一部を非構造壁とし、前記下層階よりも上層階に冷蔵室を配置したことを特徴とする冷蔵倉庫が提供される。   According to the present invention, the refrigerated warehouse has a plurality of floors, and the pillars of the lower floor including at least the first floor portion are used as the structural pillars, while at least a part of the outer wall of the lower floor is the non-structural wall, In addition, a refrigerated warehouse is provided in which a refrigerated room is arranged on the upper floor.
本発明によれば、津波に対して冷蔵品を守ることができる減災害冷蔵倉庫を提供することができる。   According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a reduced disaster refrigerated warehouse that can protect a refrigerated product against a tsunami.
(A)及び(B)は本発明の一実施形態に係る冷蔵倉庫の立面図。(A) And (B) is an elevation view of the refrigerator warehouse which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. (A)及び(B)は図1の冷蔵倉庫の1階部分及び2階部分の平面図。(A) And (B) is a top view of the 1st floor part and 2nd floor part of the refrigerated warehouse of FIG. (A)及び(B)は図1の冷蔵倉庫の3階部分及び4階部分の平面図。(A) And (B) is a top view of the 3rd floor part and 4th floor part of the refrigerated warehouse of FIG. (A)は図1の冷蔵倉庫の屋上階の平面図、(B)は津波襲来時の説明図。(A) is a top view of the roof floor of the refrigerated warehouse of FIG. 1, (B) is explanatory drawing at the time of tsunami attack.
図1(A)及び図1(B)は本発明の一実施形態に係る冷蔵倉庫Aの立面図であり、方位を異ならせて示したものである。なお、各図に示す矢印X、Yは互いに直交する水平方向を示し、矢印Zは上下方向(垂直方向)を示している。   1 (A) and 1 (B) are elevational views of a refrigerated warehouse A according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing different orientations. In the drawings, arrows X and Y indicate horizontal directions orthogonal to each other, and an arrow Z indicates a vertical direction (vertical direction).
冷蔵倉庫Aは複数階層を有しており、本実施形態の場合、1階部分10と、2階部分20と、3階部分30と、4階部分40と、屋根部分50と、を備える。なお、階層数はこれに限られず、少なくとも2階層あればよい。   The refrigerated warehouse A has a plurality of levels. In the present embodiment, the refrigerated warehouse A includes a first floor portion 10, a second floor portion 20, a third floor portion 30, a fourth floor portion 40, and a roof portion 50. Note that the number of hierarchies is not limited to this, and at least two hierarchies are sufficient.
冷蔵倉庫Aは杭1上に支持されている。杭1は場所打ち杭が好ましい。津波により地盤表土がえぐられて消失しても、冷蔵倉庫Aの転倒を防止でき、また、冷蔵倉庫Aが浮遊してしまうことを回避できる。1階部分10の柱2は杭1上に立設された構造柱とされており、本実施形態の場合、SRC造(鉄骨鉄筋コンクリート造)の柱である。柱2をSRC造とすることで、潮風に対して劣化しにくく、また、津波漂流物の衝突にも対抗できる。柱2はマトリックス状に配置されている。   The refrigerated warehouse A is supported on the pile 1. The pile 1 is preferably a cast-in-place pile. Even if the ground topsoil is removed due to a tsunami, the refrigerated warehouse A can be prevented from falling, and the refrigerated warehouse A can be prevented from floating. The pillar 2 of the first floor portion 10 is a structural pillar erected on the pile 1, and in the case of this embodiment, is a pillar of SRC structure (steel reinforced concrete structure). By making the column 2 an SRC structure, it is difficult to deteriorate against the sea breeze, and it is possible to counter the collision of tsunami drifting objects. The pillars 2 are arranged in a matrix.
本実施形態の場合、2階部分20から上層階においては、S造(鉄骨造)としている。S造とすることで、ロングスパン架橋とし易くなり、柱の少ない使いやすい倉庫内空間を構築できる。以下、各階層の構成について順次説明する。   In the case of this embodiment, from the second floor portion 20 to the upper floor, it is S structure (steel structure). By using S construction, it becomes easy to make long span bridges, and an easy-to-use warehouse space with few pillars can be constructed. Hereinafter, the configuration of each layer will be described in order.
図1(A)及び図1(B)並びに図2(A)を参照して1階部分10の構成について説明する。図2(A)は1階部分10の平面図である。1階部分10は、建物部分11cの両側にピロティ11a及び11bが形成されている。ピロティ11aはトラックTに荷物を出し入れするトラックバースを形成している。ピロティ11bは資材置場とすることができる。1階部分10は建物部分の面積を減らすことで、津波の圧力を低減するようにしている。   The configuration of the first floor portion 10 will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 (A), 1 (B), and 2 (A). FIG. 2A is a plan view of the first floor portion 10. In the first floor portion 10, pilotis 11a and 11b are formed on both sides of the building portion 11c. The piloti 11a forms a truck berth for loading and unloading the truck T. The piloti 11b can be a material storage. The first floor portion 10 reduces the tsunami pressure by reducing the area of the building portion.
1階部分10は、その建物部分11cの外壁3が非構造壁とされており、例えば、ALC(Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete)パネルで外壁3が構成される。1階部分10の外壁3を非構造壁とすることで、大津波が襲来した場合に、外壁3が外れて津波の圧力を受け流すことができる。1階部分10の外壁3は、その全てを非構造壁としてもよいが一部でもよく、例えば、津波の襲来方向が予想される場合等においては、津波の圧力を受ける部位のみを非構造壁としてもよい。また、1階部分10の内壁もその全てを非構造壁としてもよいし、一部を非構造壁としてもよい。2階部分20から上層階の外壁については非構造壁としてもよいし構造壁としてもよい。   In the first floor portion 10, the outer wall 3 of the building portion 11c is an unstructured wall. For example, the outer wall 3 is configured by an ALC (Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete) panel. By setting the outer wall 3 of the first floor portion 10 as a non-structural wall, when a large tsunami strikes, the outer wall 3 is detached and the pressure of the tsunami can be received. The outer wall 3 of the first floor portion 10 may be all non-structural walls, but may be a part. For example, in the case where the tsunami attack direction is expected, only the portion that receives the tsunami pressure is the non-structural wall It is good. Moreover, all the inner walls of the first floor portion 10 may be non-structural walls, or a part may be non-structural walls. The outer wall from the second floor portion 20 to the upper floor may be an unstructured wall or a structured wall.
建物部分11cはピロティ11a側に入口12aを有している。また、階層間を移動するために非常階段12bが2か所設けられている。建物部分11cはピロティ11aに面して荷捌室13a、13aが設けられている。荷捌室13aにはシャッタ13bが設けられており、シャッタ13bを開放することで、荷捌室13aとトラックTとの間で荷物の受け渡しができる。入口12a近傍には荷捌室13aに面して事務室14が形成されており、事務室14の窓部を介して荷捌室13a内の監視ができる。   The building portion 11c has an entrance 12a on the piloti 11a side. Also, two emergency stairs 12b are provided to move between the levels. The building portion 11c faces the piloti 11a and is provided with cargo handling rooms 13a and 13a. The cargo handling chamber 13a is provided with a shutter 13b. By opening the shutter 13b, the cargo can be delivered between the cargo handling chamber 13a and the truck T. An office room 14 is formed in the vicinity of the entrance 12a so as to face the cargo room 13a, and the inside of the cargo room 13a can be monitored through the window of the office room 14.
荷捌室13aに隣接して、凍結設備14が設けられている。凍結設備14は、凍結庫14a、14aと、凍結庫14aの温度調整を行う冷凍機が配置された機械室14bと、を備える。凍結庫14aは例えば−35°Cに温度調整され、荷捌室13aに搬送されてきた水産物を冷凍する。   A freezing facility 14 is provided adjacent to the cargo handling chamber 13a. The freezing facility 14 includes freezers 14a and 14a and a machine room 14b in which a refrigerator for adjusting the temperature of the freezer 14a is arranged. The freezer 14a is adjusted to a temperature of, for example, −35 ° C., and freezes the seafood that has been transported to the cargo compartment 13a.
凍結庫14aに隣接して、荷物用のエレベータ15a、15aが設けられている。エレベータ15aは、例えば、凍結庫14aで凍結した水産物や荷捌室13aに搬送されてきた水産物を上層階へ搬送したり、あるいは、上層階で保存されている水産物を下層階へ搬送するために用いられる。入口12aの近傍には、乗用のエレベータ15b、15bが設けられており、階層間での人間の移動を容易化する。   Adjacent to the freezer 14a, luggage elevators 15a and 15a are provided. The elevator 15a is used, for example, to transport the seafood frozen in the freezer 14a or the seafood transported to the cargo compartment 13a to the upper floor, or transport the seafood stored on the upper floor to the lower floor. It is done. Passenger elevators 15b and 15b are provided in the vicinity of the entrance 12a to facilitate human movement between the floors.
次に、図1(A)及び図1(B)並びに図2(B)を参照して2階部分20の構成について説明する。図2(B)は2階部分20の平面図である。2階部分20は、その大部分が冷蔵室21で構成されており、本実施形態の場合、4室の冷蔵室21が配設されている。各冷蔵室21には水産物が冷凍保存される。例えば、凍結設備14で冷凍された水産物が冷蔵室21に搬送されて保存される。冷蔵室21は例えば−30°Cに温度調整される。   Next, the configuration of the second floor portion 20 will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 (A), 1 (B), and 2 (B). FIG. 2B is a plan view of the second floor portion 20. Most of the second floor portion 20 is composed of a refrigerator compartment 21, and in this embodiment, four refrigerator compartments 21 are provided. In each refrigerator room 21, marine products are stored frozen. For example, marine products frozen in the freezing facility 14 are transported to the refrigerator compartment 21 and stored. The temperature of the refrigerator compartment 21 is adjusted to −30 ° C., for example.
2階部分20の外壁には非常用扉22が設けられている。非常時には非常用扉22を開放して各冷蔵室21に保存された水産物を外部へ搬出できる。非常用扉22の近傍には、外部電源の接続部23が設けられている。非常時には非常用扉22を開放して、電源車などの外部電源を接続部23に接続することで、冷蔵倉庫A内の少なくとも1部の電気設備に電力供給が可能となる。本実施形態の場合、接続部23を2階部分20に設けたが、より上層階に設けてもよい。1階部分10よりも上層階に設けることで、津波の襲来により1階部分10が浸水した場合であっても、接続部23に外部電源を接続することで電力供給が可能となり、より早期の復旧を見込めると共に冷蔵倉庫Aの冷蔵機能を最低限維持することが可能となる。   An emergency door 22 is provided on the outer wall of the second floor portion 20. In an emergency, the emergency door 22 can be opened and the marine products stored in each refrigerator compartment 21 can be carried out to the outside. In the vicinity of the emergency door 22, an external power connection 23 is provided. In an emergency, the emergency door 22 is opened, and an external power source such as a power supply car is connected to the connecting portion 23, so that power can be supplied to at least a part of the electrical equipment in the refrigerated warehouse A. In the present embodiment, the connecting portion 23 is provided on the second floor portion 20, but it may be provided on a higher floor. By providing it on the upper floor than the first floor portion 10, even if the first floor portion 10 is flooded due to the tsunami, power can be supplied by connecting an external power source to the connection portion 23, so that the earlier Recovery can be expected and the refrigeration function of the refrigerated warehouse A can be maintained to a minimum.
次に、図1(A)及び図1(B)並びに図3(A)を参照して3階部分30の構成について説明する。図3(A)は3階部分30の平面図である。3階部分30は、その大部分が加工工場31と製品保管庫32で構成されており、本実施形態の場合、3室の加工工場31と1室の製品保管庫32が配設されている。   Next, the configuration of the third-floor portion 30 will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 (A), 1 (B), and 3 (A). FIG. 3A is a plan view of the third floor portion 30. Most of the third-floor portion 30 is composed of a processing factory 31 and a product storage 32. In this embodiment, three processing factories 31 and a single product storage 32 are arranged. .
加工工場31は、水産物の受入エリア31a、受け入れた水産物の加工作業が行われる加工エリア31b、加工済みの水産物を包装する包装エリア31c及び作業者の準備室31dを含む、加工エリア31bに面した3階部分30の外壁には非常用扉31eが設けられている。非常時には非常用扉31bを開放して加工工場31内の水産物を外部へ搬出できる。製品保管庫32は例えば−30°Cに温度調整され、加工工場31で加工された水産物が保存される。   The processing factory 31 faces a processing area 31b including a marine product receiving area 31a, a processing area 31b in which received marine products are processed, a packaging area 31c for packaging processed marine products, and an operator preparation room 31d. An emergency door 31 e is provided on the outer wall of the third floor portion 30. In an emergency, the emergency door 31b can be opened to carry the marine products in the processing factory 31 to the outside. The product storage 32 is adjusted to a temperature of, for example, −30 ° C., and marine products processed in the processing factory 31 are stored.
3階部分30には、また、複数の事務室33が設けられるとともに、その外壁に非常用扉34が設けられている。非常時には非常用扉31bを開放して加工工場31や製品保管庫32内の水産物を外部へ搬出できる。   The third floor portion 30 is also provided with a plurality of office rooms 33, and an emergency door 34 is provided on the outer wall thereof. In an emergency, the emergency door 31b is opened, and the marine products in the processing factory 31 and the product storage 32 can be carried out to the outside.
次に、図1(A)及び図1(B)並びに図3(B)を参照して4階部分40の構成について説明する。図3(B)は4階部分40の平面図である。4階部分40は、機械室41及び42、電気室43及び給水タンク44を含む。機械室41には、2階部分20の冷蔵室21用の冷凍機や、3階部分30の加工エリア31b用の空調設備、3階部分30の製品保管庫32用の冷凍機等が配設される。   Next, the configuration of the fourth floor portion 40 will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 (A), 1 (B), and 3 (B). FIG. 3B is a plan view of the fourth floor portion 40. The fourth floor portion 40 includes machine rooms 41 and 42, an electric room 43, and a water supply tank 44. The machine room 41 is provided with a refrigerator for the refrigerator compartment 21 in the second floor portion 20, an air conditioner for the processing area 31b in the third floor portion 30, a refrigerator for the product storage 32 in the third floor portion 30, and the like. Is done.
冷蔵室21用の冷凍機は空冷式の冷凍機であることが好ましい。非常時に断水に至った場合であっても、その運転を行うことができ、冷蔵室21の室温を所定の室温に維持することができる。   The refrigerator for the refrigerator compartment 21 is preferably an air-cooled refrigerator. Even in the case of water outage in an emergency, the operation can be performed, and the room temperature of the refrigerator compartment 21 can be maintained at a predetermined room temperature.
機械室42には荷物用のエレベータ15aを昇降する機械類が配設される。電気室43には、冷蔵倉庫A全体の電力制御を行う電気設備が配設され、特に、機械室41内の機械類への電力制御を行う電気設備が含まれる。2階部分20の接続部23を介して電気室43に外部電源から電力供給を可能とすることで、停電時においても冷蔵倉庫A全体の電力供給が可能となり、特に、少なくとも冷蔵室21用の冷凍機に電力供給を可能とすることで、冷蔵室21内に保存されている水産品を守ることができる。   In the machine room 42, machinery for raising and lowering the elevator 15a for luggage is disposed. The electrical room 43 is provided with electrical equipment for performing power control of the entire refrigerated warehouse A, and particularly includes electrical equipment for performing power control on the machinery in the machine room 41. By making it possible to supply electric power from the external power source to the electric room 43 via the connection part 23 of the second floor part 20, it becomes possible to supply electric power to the entire refrigerated warehouse A even during a power failure. By allowing power to be supplied to the refrigerator, marine products stored in the refrigerator compartment 21 can be protected.
本実施形態では、冷蔵室20を設けた階層(2階部分20)や、加工工場31及び製品保管庫32を設けた階層(3階部分30)よりも上層階である4階部分40に機械室41や電気室43を配置し、それらの温度制御等を行う機械・電気類を配置している。これにより、各階層においては冷蔵室20等の専有面積をより広く確保するとともに、大津波の襲来時には、機械・電気類がより確実に海水に浸水しないようにし、機械・電気類の損傷により早期復旧が妨げられる事態を回避することができる。なお、機械室41及び42、電気室43は図4(A)に示すように屋根部分50でおおわれる。   In the present embodiment, the machine is installed in the fourth floor portion 40 that is an upper floor than the floor (second floor portion 20) provided with the refrigerator compartment 20 and the hierarchy (third floor portion 30) provided with the processing factory 31 and the product storage 32. The chamber 41 and the electric chamber 43 are arranged, and machines and electrics for controlling the temperature thereof are arranged. As a result, each floor has a larger area occupied by the refrigerator compartment 20 and the like, and in the event of a major tsunami, machinery and electricity are more reliably prevented from being immersed in seawater. It is possible to avoid situations where recovery is hindered. The machine rooms 41 and 42 and the electric room 43 are covered with a roof portion 50 as shown in FIG.
給水タンク44は水道水を備蓄する高置水槽であり、屋上に設置されている。非常時に断水に至った場合であっても、給水タンク44から各階層への給水が可能となる。ここで、例えば、下層階(例えば1階部分10のみ)の給水方式を水道管から給水を受ける直結式とし、下層階よりも上層階(2階部分20よりも上層階)の給水方式を給水タンク44から給水を受けるタンク式としてもよい。給水系統を2系統とすることで、大津波の襲来により1階部分10の給水管が破損しても、上層階においては漏水することなく一時的に水の使用が可能となる。   The water supply tank 44 is an elevated water tank that stores tap water, and is installed on the roof. Even in the case of water outage in an emergency, water can be supplied from the water supply tank 44 to each level. Here, for example, the water supply method of the lower floor (for example, only the first floor portion 10) is a direct connection type that receives water from the water pipe, and the water supply method of the upper floor (upper floor than the second floor portion 20) is lower than the lower floor. It is good also as a tank type which receives water supply from the tank 44. FIG. By using two water supply systems, even if the water supply pipe of the first floor portion 10 is damaged due to the invasion of a large tsunami, water can be temporarily used on the upper floor without leakage.
係る構成からなる冷蔵倉庫Aに対して、例えば、大津波が襲来した場合について、図4(B)を参照して説明する。図4(B)は1階部分10の階高に相当する大津波(例えば6m)が襲来した場合の冷蔵倉庫Aの損傷状態を示している。本実施形態の冷蔵倉庫Aでは、柱2が構造柱とされる一方で、1階部分10の外壁3が非構造壁とされているので、波力により外壁3が外れて1階部分10は柱2だけが残されたピロティ形式の構造となる。これにより冷蔵倉庫Aに加わる津波の力を最小限に抑えることができ、冷蔵倉庫Aの倒壊を免れる。   For example, a case where a large tsunami attacks the refrigerated warehouse A having such a configuration will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 4B shows a damaged state of the refrigerated warehouse A when a large tsunami (for example, 6 m) corresponding to the floor height of the first floor portion 10 attacks. In the refrigerated warehouse A according to the present embodiment, the pillar 2 is a structural pillar, while the outer wall 3 of the first floor portion 10 is a non-structural wall. It is a piloti-type structure in which only the pillar 2 is left. As a result, the tsunami force applied to the refrigerated warehouse A can be minimized, and the refrigerated warehouse A can be prevented from collapsing.
冷蔵室21や加工工場31、製品保管庫32及び機械室41並びに電気室43は2階以上の階層に配設されているので、財産価値の高い冷蔵品や機械・電気設備を守ることができる。1階部分10はその全体が流されたり、浸水して使用できなくなる場合があるが、荷捌室13aや冷凍設備14といった、水産品が一時的に滞留する設備が大部分であるので、損害を最小に抑えることができ、逆に、平常時の業務においては、これらが1階部分10にあることで、荷作業や凍結作業を効率よく行える。   The refrigerated room 21, processing factory 31, product storage 32, machine room 41, and electrical room 43 are arranged on the second floor or higher, so that refrigerated goods, machines, and electrical equipment with high property value can be protected. . The entire first floor portion 10 may be washed away and may become unusable, but most of the facilities such as the cargo compartment 13a and the refrigeration equipment 14 where fishery products are temporarily retained are damaged. On the contrary, in normal business, since these are located on the first floor portion 10, loading work and freezing work can be performed efficiently.
津波が去った後には、自家発電装置による電力供給による復旧や、接続部23に外部電源を接続することで復旧を行うことができ、財産価値の高い冷蔵品等をより長期間にわたって守ることができる。こうして、本実施形態によれば、津波に対して冷蔵品を守ることができる減災害冷蔵倉庫を提供することができる。   After the tsunami has passed, it can be restored by power supply by a private power generator or by connecting an external power source to the connection unit 23, and refrigerated goods with high property value can be protected for a longer period of time. it can. Thus, according to this embodiment, it is possible to provide a reduced disaster refrigerated warehouse that can protect refrigerated products against tsunami.
なお、本実施形態では、1階部分10の柱2を構造柱とし、外壁3を非構造壁とし、大津波が来た場合に1階部分10が流れてもよいことを想定したが、階高や、想定する津波の高さに応じて、2階部分20まで流れてもよい設計とするなど、適宜の変形が可能である。この場合、冷蔵室21等は、流れてもよい階層よりも高い階層に配置することで、財産価値の高い冷蔵品等を守ることができる。   In this embodiment, it is assumed that the pillar 2 of the first floor portion 10 is a structural pillar, the outer wall 3 is a non-structural wall, and the first floor portion 10 may flow when a large tsunami comes. Appropriate modifications are possible, such as a design that may flow up to the second floor portion 20 depending on the height and the height of the assumed tsunami. In this case, the refrigerator compartment 21 etc. can be arranged in a higher hierarchy than the hierarchy that may flow, thereby protecting refrigerated goods having a high property value.
なお、冷蔵室21等については、その全てについて、流れてもよい階層よりも高い階層に配置することを基本とするが、一部の冷蔵室を流れてもよい階層に配置してもよい。この場合、財産価値が比較的低い冷蔵品を保存するようにして、津波襲来時の被害を最小限にすることができる。   In addition, about the refrigerator compartment 21 grade | etc., It is fundamentally arrange | positioned in the hierarchy higher than the hierarchy which may flow, However, You may arrange | position in the hierarchy which may flow through some refrigerator compartments. In this case, refrigerated products having a relatively low property value can be stored to minimize damage caused by the tsunami.

Claims (6)

  1. 複数階層の冷蔵倉庫であって、
    少なくとも1階部分を含む下層階の柱を構造柱とする一方、前記下層階の外壁の少なくとも一部を非構造壁とし、
    前記下層階よりも上層階に冷蔵室を配置したことを特徴とする冷蔵倉庫。
    A multi-level refrigerated warehouse,
    While the lower floor pillar including at least the first floor portion is a structural pillar, at least a part of the outer wall of the lower floor is a non-structural wall,
    A refrigerated warehouse, wherein a refrigerated room is arranged on an upper floor than the lower floor.
  2. 1階部分に凍結設備を設け、
    前記冷蔵室を設けた階層よりも上層階に前記冷蔵室用の冷凍機を配置したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の冷蔵倉庫。
    Freezing equipment is installed on the first floor,
    The refrigerating warehouse according to claim 1, wherein a refrigerator for the refrigerating room is arranged on a higher floor than the floor in which the refrigerating room is provided.
  3. 前記非構造壁がACLであることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の冷蔵倉庫。   The refrigerated warehouse according to claim 1, wherein the non-structural wall is an ACL.
  4. 前記冷凍機が空冷式冷凍機であることを特徴とする請求項2に記載の冷蔵倉庫。   The refrigerated warehouse according to claim 2, wherein the refrigerator is an air-cooled refrigerator.
  5. 少なくとも前記冷凍機に電力供給が可能な外部電源の接続部を1階部分よりも上層階に設けたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至4のいずれか1項に記載の冷蔵倉庫。   5. The refrigerated warehouse according to claim 1, wherein a connection part of an external power source capable of supplying power to at least the refrigerator is provided on a higher floor than the first floor part.
  6. 前記下層階よりも上層階に給水タンクを設け、
    前記下層階の給水方式を水道管から給水を受ける直結式とし、
    前記下層階よりも上層階の給水方式を前記給水タンクから給水を受けるタンク式としたことを特徴とする請求項1乃至5のいずれか1項に記載の冷蔵倉庫。
    A water tank is provided on the upper floor above the lower floor,
    The lower floor water supply system is a direct connection type that receives water from a water pipe,
    The refrigerated warehouse according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a water supply method of an upper floor than the lower floor is a tank type that receives water from the water supply tank.
JP2013054099A 2013-03-15 2013-03-15 Refrigerated warehouse Pending JP2014178086A (en)

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US20110239675A1 (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-10-06 The Coca-Cola Company Chest Cooler
JP2012219452A (en) * 2011-04-05 2012-11-12 Takeshi Kikuchi Lifesaving and disaster preventing urban area system strong against huge tsunami
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JP2013040442A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-02-28 Sumitomo Mitsui Construction Co Ltd Multistory building for refuge

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH069000A (en) * 1992-05-27 1994-01-18 Maezawa Kiyuusou Kogyo Kk Water supply apparatus with spare tank
JP2003113676A (en) * 2001-10-04 2003-04-18 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Kitchen facility
JP2004069098A (en) * 2002-08-02 2004-03-04 Kajima Corp Frost heaving prevention method of under floor
WO2009037790A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Earthship K.K. Cooling system of warehouse for cooling article
JP2009102131A (en) * 2007-10-24 2009-05-14 Shimizu Building Life Care Kyushu Co Ltd Elevator facility in refrigerated warehouse
JP2009036014A (en) * 2008-02-28 2009-02-19 Fujiwara Sangyo Kk Pedestrian bridge
JP2010150790A (en) * 2008-12-25 2010-07-08 Koichiro Tanigawa Domestic water storage facility for dwelling house used in natural disaster
US20110239675A1 (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-10-06 The Coca-Cola Company Chest Cooler
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JP2013040442A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-02-28 Sumitomo Mitsui Construction Co Ltd Multistory building for refuge

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