JP2014095230A - Slab track clearance measuring apparatus - Google Patents

Slab track clearance measuring apparatus Download PDF

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JP2014095230A
JP2014095230A JP2012247462A JP2012247462A JP2014095230A JP 2014095230 A JP2014095230 A JP 2014095230A JP 2012247462 A JP2012247462 A JP 2012247462A JP 2012247462 A JP2012247462 A JP 2012247462A JP 2014095230 A JP2014095230 A JP 2014095230A
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measuring
track
slab
arm
clearance
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Masamitsu Endo
正光 遠藤
Hisashi Komatsu
久志 小松
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Nippon Senro Gijutsu:Kk
株式会社日本線路技術
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PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a slab track clearance measuring apparatus capable of grasping the contents of provisional measures performed over a wide range in a short time and exactly.SOLUTION: A slab track clearance measuring apparatus is used for measuring a position of a track rail of a slab track mounted on a top face of a track slab via a tie plate. The slab track clearance measuring apparatus has a measuring arm which includes a first cross arm extending substantially in parallel with the width direction of the top face of the track slab and a second cross arm suspended from an end of the first cross arm and extending along a side face of the track slab. The first cross arm includes: first measuring means for measuring a raceway surface of the track rail; second measuring means for measuring a top face of the tie plate; and third measuring means for measuring the top face of the track slab. The second cross arm includes: fourth measuring means for measuring a side face of the track slab; and fifth measuring means for measuring a side face of a web of the track rail.

Description

本発明は、スラブ軌道隙間測定装置に関し、特に、大地震などによって大きく軌道面の変動が生じた際に行われた復旧作業の暫定処置による軌道隙間の測定を行う軌道隙間測定装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a slab track clearance measurement device, and more particularly to a track clearance measurement device that measures a track clearance by a provisional measure of restoration work performed when a large change in track surface occurs due to a large earthquake or the like.
スラブ軌道はメンテナンスフリーを前提に設計されているものであるが、敷設後所定の年数が経過し、スラブが過渡期に入った場合に、軌道レールの軌道面の高低差及び通り方向のレベル合わせを行う保守作業が行われている。   The slab track is designed on the premise of maintenance-free, but when a specified number of years have passed since laying and the slab has entered a transition period, the level difference of the track surface of the track rail and the level of the street direction are adjusted. Maintenance work is being performed.
このような保守作業の方法としては、種々の形態が知られており、例えば、下記の特許文献に記載されているように、スラブとタイプレートの間に調整鉄板を介装したり、軌道レールとタイプレートの間にパッキン材などを介装したり、タイプレートの通り方向の位置を調整するなどして、軌道レールの軌道面の高低差及び通り方向のレベル合わせが行われていた。   As a method for such maintenance work, various forms are known. For example, as described in the following patent document, an adjustment iron plate is interposed between a slab and a tie plate, or a track rail is provided. The level difference of the track surface of the track rail and the level of the street direction were adjusted by interposing a packing material between the tie plate and the tie plate or adjusting the position of the tie plate in the street direction.
特開平10−140502号公報JP-A-10-140502
また、大地震の発生によって広範囲にわたって軌道面の変動が生じた場合、列車を早期に復旧させる必要性などから、上述した従来の保守方法によって広範囲にわたって暫定処置を施すことが行われる。   In addition, when a change in the track surface occurs over a wide range due to the occurrence of a large earthquake, provisional measures are performed over a wide range by the above-described conventional maintenance method because of the need to restore the train early.
しかし、このような暫定処置のまま列車を正規運行させると安全性の問題や、更なる地震によって再度軌道面の大幅な変動が生じた場合に復旧作業を行うことができなくなる可能性などを考慮すると、スラブ軌道の保守作業について正規処置を施す必要がある。   However, if the train is operated normally with such provisional measures, the safety problem and the possibility that the restoration work cannot be performed if the track surface changes again due to a further earthquake are considered. Then, it is necessary to perform regular treatment for the maintenance work of the slab track.
この正規処置は、暫定処置で介装した調整鉄板やパッキン材を取り除いた後、介装されていた調整鉄板やパッキン材の厚み分だけ、軌道スラブを持ち上げ軌道スラブと路盤鉄筋コンクリートとの間に介在されるてん充層を拡大し、該てん充層にCAモルタルを流し込んで軌道面のレベル合わせを行うという作業を行う。   This regular treatment removes the adjustment iron plate and packing material interposed in the provisional treatment, then lifts the track slab by the thickness of the adjustment iron plate and packing material that was interposed, and is interposed between the track slab and the roadbed reinforced concrete. An operation is performed in which the packed bed is enlarged, and CA mortar is poured into the packed bed to adjust the level of the raceway surface.
しかし、大地震などで広範囲に軌道面の暫定処置を行った場合、暫定処置で用いられた調整鉄板やパッキン材の厚みが調整箇所ごとに大きく異なっており、また、暫定処置を行った範囲も広範囲であるため、暫定処置で介装された調整鉄板やパッキン材の状況のデータを一カ所ずつ確認する作業を行うと、データの収集に長時間を要し、正規処置の実施に時間を要するという問題を有していた。   However, when the provisional treatment of the raceway surface is performed extensively due to a large earthquake, etc., the thickness of the adjustment iron plate and packing material used in the provisional treatment is greatly different for each adjustment point, and the range of provisional treatment is also Because it is a wide area, it takes a long time to collect data and a long time to carry out regular treatment when checking the data of the condition of the adjustment iron plate and packing material intervened in the provisional treatment one by one Had the problem.
そこで、本発明は上記問題に鑑みてなされたものであり、広範囲にわたって施された暫定処置の内容を短時間に且つ的確に把握することができるスラブ軌道隙間測定装置を提供することを目的とする。   Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object thereof is to provide a slab track clearance measuring device capable of accurately grasping the contents of provisional treatment performed over a wide range in a short time. .
本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置は、軌道レールがタイプレートを介して軌道スラブの上面に取り付けられるスラブ軌道の前記軌道レールの位置を測定するスラブ軌道隙間測定装置であって、前記軌道スラブの上面の幅方向と略平行に延びる第1腕木と前記第1腕木の端部から垂下して前記軌道スラブの側面に沿って延びる第2腕木とを備える測定腕を有し、前記第1腕木は、前記軌道レールの軌道面を測定する第1の測定手段と、前記タイプレートの上面を測定する第2の測定手段と、前記軌道スラブの上面を測定する第3の測定手段とを備え、前記第2腕木は、前記軌道スラブの側端面を測定する第4の測定手段と、前記軌道レールのウェブの側面を測定する第5の測定手段とを備えることを特徴とする。   A slab track clearance measuring device according to the present invention is a slab track clearance measuring device that measures the position of the track rail of a slab track that is attached to the upper surface of the track slab via a tie plate, A measuring arm comprising a first arm extending substantially parallel to the width direction of the upper surface and a second arm extending from the end of the first arm and extending along the side surface of the track slab; The first measuring means for measuring the track surface of the track rail, the second measuring means for measuring the upper surface of the tie plate, and the third measuring means for measuring the upper surface of the track slab, The second arm includes a fourth measuring unit that measures a side end surface of the track slab and a fifth measuring unit that measures a side surface of the web of the track rail.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、前記第1から第5の測定手段は、前記軌道レール毎に設けられ其々一対備えることが好ましい。   In the slab track clearance measuring device according to the present invention, it is preferable that the first to fifth measuring means are provided for each of the track rails and provided in pairs.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、前記測定腕は、前記軌道レール上を転走するコロ台車に載置されると好適である。   In the slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to the present invention, it is preferable that the measuring arm is placed on a roller cart that rolls on the track rail.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、前記コロ台車には、前記第1から第5の測定手段の出力装置及び、前記第1から第5の測定手段から得られたデータを処理するコンピュータが載置されることが好ましい。   In the slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to the present invention, the roller carriage processes the data obtained from the output devices of the first to fifth measuring means and the first to fifth measuring means. A computer is preferably mounted.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、前記コロ台車は、手押しによって軌道レール上を転走自在に設置されると好適である。   In the slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to the present invention, it is preferable that the roller carriage is installed so as to be able to roll on the track rail by hand.
本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置は、軌道スラブの上面の幅方向と略平行に延びる第1腕木と前記第1腕木の端部から垂下して前記軌道スラブの側面に沿って延びる第2腕木とを備える測定腕を有し、前記第1腕木は、前記軌道レールの軌道面を測定する第1の測定手段と、前記タイプレートの上面を測定する第2の測定手段と、前記軌道スラブの上面を測定する第3の測定手段とを備え、前記第2腕木は、前記軌道スラブの側端面を測定する第4の測定手段と、前記軌道レールのウェブの側面を測定する第5の測定手段とを備えるので、第1から第5の測定手段による測定結果によって、軌道レールとタイプレートの間に介装されるパッキン材の厚さ、タイプレートと軌道スラブとの間に介装された調整鉄板及び軌道レールの幅方向の調整幅を短時間且つ容易に算出することができる。   A slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to the present invention includes a first arm extending substantially parallel to the width direction of the upper surface of the track slab and a second arm extending from the end of the first arm and extending along the side surface of the track slab. A first measuring means for measuring a track surface of the track rail, a second measuring means for measuring an upper surface of the tie plate, and a track slab. A third measuring means for measuring the upper surface, wherein the second arm is a fourth measuring means for measuring a side end face of the track slab, and a fifth measuring means for measuring a side surface of the web of the track rail. Therefore, the thickness of the packing material interposed between the track rail and the tie plate, and the adjustment interposed between the tie plate and the track slab according to the measurement results of the first to fifth measuring means. In the width direction of iron plates and track rails Seihaba can be and easily calculate a short time.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置は、第1から第5の測定手段は、軌道レール毎に設けられ其々一対備えているので、左右一対の軌道レールを同時に測定することが可能となる。   Further, in the slab track clearance measuring device according to the present invention, the first to fifth measuring means are provided for each track rail and each has a pair, so that a pair of left and right track rails can be measured simultaneously. Become.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置は、測定腕が軌道レール上を転走するコロ台車に載置されるので軌道レール上をコロ台車が転走することで測定腕の位置を容易に移動可能とすることができる。   In addition, the slab track clearance measuring device according to the present invention is mounted on the roller carriage that rolls on the track rail, so that the position of the measurement arm can be easily achieved by rolling the roller carriage on the track rail. It can be movable.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置は、コロ台車に、第1から第5の測定手段の出力装置及び、前記第1から第5の測定手段から得られたデータを処理するコンピュータが載置されるので、測定位置が広範囲にわたる場合でも容易に測定を行うことが可能となる。   In the slab track clearance measuring device according to the present invention, an output device of the first to fifth measuring means and a computer for processing data obtained from the first to fifth measuring means are mounted on the roller carriage. Therefore, it is possible to easily perform measurement even when the measurement position covers a wide range.
また、本発明に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置は、コロ台車が、手押しによって軌道レール上を転走自在に設置されるので、容易に測定位置の移動を行うことができ、測定時間を短時間にすることが可能となる。   In the slab track clearance measuring device according to the present invention, the roller carriage is installed on the track rail so as to be able to roll freely by hand, so that the measurement position can be easily moved and the measurement time can be shortened. It becomes possible to do.
スラブ軌道の概要を説明するための斜視図。The perspective view for demonstrating the outline | summary of a slab track | orbit. 本発明の実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置の上面図。The top view of the slab track clearance measuring device concerning the embodiment of the present invention. 図2におけるA−A矢視図。The AA arrow line view in FIG. 本発明の実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置の構成を説明するための拡大図。The enlarged view for demonstrating the structure of the slab track | orbit clearance gap measuring apparatus which concerns on embodiment of this invention.
以下、本発明を実施するための好適な実施形態について、図面を用いて説明する。なお、以下の実施形態は、各請求項に係る発明を限定するものではなく、また、実施形態の中で説明されている特徴の組み合わせの全てが発明の解決手段に必須であるとは限らない。   DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments for carrying out the invention will be described with reference to the drawings. The following embodiments do not limit the invention according to each claim, and all combinations of features described in the embodiments are not necessarily essential to the solution means of the invention. .
図1は、スラブ軌道の概要を説明するための斜視図であり、図2は、本発明の実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置の上面図であり、図3は、図2におけるA−A矢視図であり、図4は、本発明の実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置の構成を説明するための拡大図である。   FIG. 1 is a perspective view for explaining an outline of a slab track, FIG. 2 is a top view of a slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. FIG. 4 is an enlarged view for explaining the configuration of the slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention.
図1に示すように、軌道スラブ10は、路盤鉄筋コンクリート30上にてん充層31を介して支持されており、軌道スラブ10の上面10aには、タイプレート21を介して軌道レール20が延設固定されている。また、軌道スラブ10の延設方向の端面には、半円状の凹部12が形成されており、路盤鉄筋コンクリート30に形成された突起11と係合される。この突起11と凹部12とが係合することで、列車走行などに伴う軌道スラブ10の横方向(幅方向)の移動を拘束してその位置を固定している。   As shown in FIG. 1, the track slab 10 is supported on a roadbed reinforced concrete 30 via a packed bed 31, and a track rail 20 extends on the upper surface 10 a of the track slab 10 via a tie plate 21. It is fixed. A semicircular recess 12 is formed on the end surface of the track slab 10 in the extending direction, and is engaged with the protrusion 11 formed on the roadbed reinforced concrete 30. Engagement of the projection 11 and the recess 12 restrains the movement of the track slab 10 in the lateral direction (width direction) accompanying train travel and the like to fix the position.
軌道レール20は、その上面に形成された軌道面22で鉄道車両の車輪を支持案内する部材であり、鉄道車両の進行方向に沿って敷設される。また、軌道レール20の断面形状は、軌道面22が形成された頭部と、タイプレートに固定される底部及び、頭部と底部を連絡するウェブ23とによって構成されている。なお、軌道レール20は、鉄道車両の走行による振動や衝撃を干渉するための緩衝材やタイプレート21などを介して軌道スラブ10に締結されている。   The track rail 20 is a member that supports and guides the wheels of the railway vehicle with the track surface 22 formed on the upper surface thereof, and is laid along the traveling direction of the rail vehicle. Moreover, the cross-sectional shape of the track rail 20 includes a head portion on which the track surface 22 is formed, a bottom portion fixed to the tie plate, and a web 23 that connects the head portion and the bottom portion. The track rail 20 is fastened to the track slab 10 via a shock absorbing material or a tie plate 21 for interfering with vibrations and shocks caused by running of the railway vehicle.
てん充層31は軌道スラブ10を直接支持する部材であり、CAモルタルから形成されている。CAモルタルはセメント,砂,アスファルト乳剤等を混合した材料であり、流動性に優れ、薄く形成した場合でも割れにくいという特性をもった材料である。   The packed bed 31 is a member that directly supports the track slab 10 and is made of CA mortar. CA mortar is a material in which cement, sand, asphalt emulsion, and the like are mixed, and is excellent in fluidity and has a characteristic of being hard to break even when formed thin.
次に、図2から4を参照して本実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50の構成について説明を行う。   Next, the configuration of the slab track clearance measuring device 50 according to the present embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS.
図2に示すように、本実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50は、軌道レール20上を転走可能な車輪55を備えたコロ台車53と、軌道スラブ10の幅方向と略平行に延びる測定腕51とを有している。また、測定腕51は、取付腕54を介してコロ台車53に取り付けられている。さらに、コロ台車53の後端にはスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50を軌道レール20上で操作する取手56が取り付けられている。またさらに、コロ台車53には、後述する第1から第5の測定手段52a,52b,52c,52d,52eから得られた測定データを処理するコンピュータ60と、第1から第5の測定手段52a,52b,52c,52d,52eの出力装置61が載置されている。   As shown in FIG. 2, the slab track clearance measuring device 50 according to the present embodiment extends substantially parallel to the roller carriage 53 having wheels 55 that can roll on the track rail 20 and the width direction of the track slab 10. And a measuring arm 51. Further, the measurement arm 51 is attached to the roller carriage 53 via the attachment arm 54. Further, a handle 56 for operating the slab track clearance measuring device 50 on the track rail 20 is attached to the rear end of the roller carriage 53. Further, the roller cart 53 includes a computer 60 for processing measurement data obtained from first to fifth measuring means 52a, 52b, 52c, 52d, and 52e, which will be described later, and first to fifth measuring means 52a. , 52b, 52c, 52d, 52e are mounted.
また、図3に示すように、測定腕51は、軌道スラブ10の上面10aの幅方向と略平行に沿って延びる第1腕木51aと、この第1腕木51aの端部から垂下して軌道レール10の側面10bに沿って延びる第2腕木51bを備えている。即ち、測定腕51は、第1腕木51a及び第2腕木51b,51bが其々軌道スラブ10の上面10a及び両側面10b,10bと対向するように、略コ字状に形成されている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the measurement arm 51 includes a first arm 51a extending substantially in parallel with the width direction of the upper surface 10a of the track slab 10, and a track rail hanging from the end of the first arm 51a. 10 includes a second arm 51b extending along the side surface 10b. That is, the measuring arm 51 is formed in a substantially U shape so that the first arm 51a and the second arm 51b, 51b face the upper surface 10a and the both side surfaces 10b, 10b of the track slab 10, respectively.
また、図4に示すように、第1腕木51aには、軌道レール20の軌道面22と対向する第1の測定手段52a,タイプレート21の上面21aと対向する第2の測定手段52b及び軌道スラブ10の上面10aと対向する第3の測定手段52cが取り付けられている。さらに、第2腕木51bには、軌道レール20のウェブ23に対向する第4の測定手段52dと軌道スラブ10の側面10bに対向する第5の測定手段52eが取り付けられている。なお、第1から第5の測定手段52a,52b,52c,52d,52eは、一対の軌道レール20毎に其々一対設けられている。   As shown in FIG. 4, the first brace 51 a includes a first measuring unit 52 a that faces the track surface 22 of the track rail 20, a second measuring unit 52 b that faces the upper surface 21 a of the tie plate 21, and a track. A third measuring means 52c facing the upper surface 10a of the slab 10 is attached. Further, a fourth measuring means 52d facing the web 23 of the track rail 20 and a fifth measuring means 52e facing the side surface 10b of the track slab 10 are attached to the second arm 51b. A pair of first to fifth measuring means 52 a, 52 b, 52 c, 52 d, 52 e is provided for each pair of track rails 20.
第1から第5の測定手段52a,52b,52c,52d,52eは、第1から第5の測定手段52a,52b,52c,52d,52eから後述する測定対象位置までの距離が測定可能であれば、どのような構成を備えても構わないが、例えば赤色半導体レーザを用いたセンサーが好適に用いられる。この場合、所定の波長のレーザを測定対象位置に向けて照射し、その反射波を受信した時間から測定対象位置までの距離を測定することが可能となる。   The first to fifth measuring means 52a, 52b, 52c, 52d, and 52e can measure the distance from the first to fifth measuring means 52a, 52b, 52c, 52d, and 52e to the measurement target position described later. For example, a sensor using a red semiconductor laser is preferably used, although any configuration may be provided. In this case, it is possible to irradiate a laser having a predetermined wavelength toward the measurement target position and measure the distance from the time when the reflected wave is received to the measurement target position.
このような構成によれば、本実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50を測定対象となるタイプレート21上に移動した後、測定を行うことで、第1の測定手段52aから軌道面22までの距離La,第2の測定手段52bからタイプレート21の上面21aまでの距離Lb,第3の測定手段52cから軌道スラブ10の上面10aまでの距離Lc,第4の測定手段52dから軌道レール20のウェブ23までの距離Ld並びに第5の測定手段52eから軌道スラブ10の側面10bまでの距離Leを測定することができる。   According to such a structure, after moving the slab track clearance measuring apparatus 50 according to the present embodiment onto the tie plate 21 to be measured, the measurement is performed, so that the first measuring unit 52a to the track surface 22 are measured. , Distance Lb from the second measuring means 52b to the upper surface 21a of the tie plate 21, distance Lc from the third measuring means 52c to the upper surface 10a of the track slab 10, and from the fourth measuring means 52d to the track rail 20 The distance Ld to the web 23 and the distance Le from the fifth measuring means 52e to the side surface 10b of the track slab 10 can be measured.
この測定によって得られたデータは、コロ台車53に載置されたコンピュータ60に送られて、以下のような測定結果としてまとめられる。なお、測定の開始時に、最初のタイプレート21の位置で軌道レール20の下に介装されたパッキン材41の厚み及びタイプレート21の下に介装された調整鉄板40の厚みを入力して該入力値を基準値として用いている。   The data obtained by this measurement is sent to the computer 60 placed on the roller carriage 53 and summarized as the following measurement results. At the start of measurement, the thickness of the packing material 41 interposed under the track rail 20 and the thickness of the adjusting iron plate 40 interposed under the tie plate 21 at the position of the first tie plate 21 are input. The input value is used as a reference value.
このように、軌道スラブ10上の全てのタイプレート21の位置で測定を行うことで、軌道レール20及びタイプレート21の位置情報を得ることができる。したがって、第2の測定手段52bからタイプレート21の上面21aまでの距離Lbから第1の測定手段52aから軌道レール20の軌道面22までの距離Laを減ずることで、軌道レール20の下に介在されたパッキン材41の厚みを算出することができる。   As described above, by measuring at the positions of all the tie plates 21 on the track slab 10, the position information of the track rails 20 and the tie plates 21 can be obtained. Accordingly, the distance La from the first measurement means 52a to the track surface 22 of the track rail 20 is reduced from the distance Lb from the second measurement means 52b to the upper surface 21a of the tie plate 21, thereby interposing under the track rail 20. The thickness of the packing material 41 thus obtained can be calculated.
また、同様に第3の測定手段52cから軌道スラブ10の上面10aまでの距離Lcから第2の測定手段52bからタイプレート21の上面21aまでの距離Lbを減ずることで、タイプレート21の下に介装された調整鉄板40の厚みを算出することができ、第4の測定手段52dから軌道レール20のウェブ23までの距離Ldから第5の測定手段52eから軌道スラブ10の側面10bまでの距離Leを減ずることで、タイプレート21の幅方向の調整量を測定することが可能となる。なお、これらの演算はコロ台車53に載置されたコンピュータ60によって行われ、測定結果及び演算結果はコンピュータ60に格納される。   Similarly, by subtracting the distance Lb from the second measuring means 52b to the upper surface 21a of the tie plate 21 from the distance Lc from the third measuring means 52c to the upper surface 10a of the track slab 10, below the tie plate 21. The thickness of the interposed adjustment iron plate 40 can be calculated, and the distance from the fourth measurement means 52d to the web 23 of the track rail 20 from the fifth measurement means 52e to the side surface 10b of the track slab 10 can be calculated. By reducing Le, the adjustment amount in the width direction of the tie plate 21 can be measured. Note that these calculations are performed by the computer 60 placed on the roller carriage 53, and the measurement results and calculation results are stored in the computer 60.
このように、軌道スラブ10毎に測定を行うことで、軌道スラブ10に取り付けられたタイプレート21が其々暫定処置においてどのような高さ調整が行われているのかを容易かつ短時間で把握することができる。また、この測定結果に応じて、軌道スラブ10を所定の量だけ持ち上げ、路盤鉄筋コンクリート30と軌道スラブ10との間に生じた間隙にCAモルタルを流すことで、新たにてん充層31を形成して正規処置を施すことができる。   Thus, by measuring every track slab 10, it is possible to easily and quickly grasp what height adjustment is performed on the tie plate 21 attached to the track slab 10 in each provisional procedure. can do. Further, according to the measurement result, the track slab 10 is lifted by a predetermined amount, and CA mortar is caused to flow in the gap formed between the roadbed reinforced concrete 30 and the track slab 10, thereby forming a new packed bed 31. Can be given regular treatment.
さらに、本実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50は、タイプレート21の幅方向の調整量も測定することができるので、該測定結果に応じて軌道レール20の通り方向の調整も行うことができる。   Furthermore, since the slab track clearance measuring apparatus 50 according to the present embodiment can also measure the amount of adjustment in the width direction of the tie plate 21, it can also adjust the direction of the track rail 20 in accordance with the measurement result. it can.
また、測定範囲が広範囲にわたる場合であっても、コロ台車53によって軌道レール20に沿って容易に移動可能であり、測定位置での段取り作業も大幅に削減することができるので、暫定処置のデータ収集の時間を大幅に短縮することができる。   Further, even if the measurement range is wide, it can be easily moved along the track rail 20 by the roller carriage 53, and the setup work at the measurement position can be greatly reduced. Collection time can be greatly reduced.
また、本実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50は、取手56によって手押しによって軌道レール20上を転走自在に配置されているので、測定位置への段取りなどの取扱いが容易となる。なお、測定は測定位置へスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50を移動した後、手動によって行われるので、自動測定のように無駄データによるコンピュータ60のオーバーフローが生じることがない。   Moreover, since the slab track clearance measuring device 50 according to the present embodiment is arranged so as to be able to roll on the track rail 20 by being manually pushed by the handle 56, handling such as setup to the measurement position becomes easy. Since the measurement is performed manually after the slab track clearance measuring device 50 is moved to the measurement position, the overflow of the computer 60 due to useless data does not occur unlike the automatic measurement.
また、上述した本実施形態に係るスラブ軌道隙間測定装置50は、手押しによって所定の測定位置まで移動させる方式について説明を行ったが、車輪55に駆動装置を取付けて、自走可能に形成しても構わない。その様な変更又は改良を加えた形態も本発明の技術的範囲に含まれ得ることが、特許請求の範囲の記載から明らかである。   Moreover, although the slab track clearance measuring device 50 according to the above-described embodiment has been described with respect to the method of moving to a predetermined measurement position by hand pressing, a driving device is attached to the wheel 55 so as to be able to run on its own. It doesn't matter. It is apparent from the description of the scope of claims that embodiments with such changes or improvements can be included in the technical scope of the present invention.
10 軌道スラブ, 10a 上面, 10b 側面, 11 突起, 12 凹部, 20 軌道レール, 21 タイプレート, 21a 上面, 22 軌道面, 23 ウェブ, 30 路盤鉄筋コンクリート, 31 てん充層, 40 調整鉄板, 41 パッキン材, 50 スラブ軌道隙間測定装置, 51 測定腕, 51a 第1腕木, 51b 第2腕木, 52a 第1の測定手段, 52b 第2の測定手段, 52c 第3の測定手段, 52d 第4の測定手段, 52e 第5の測定手段, 53 コロ台車, 54 取付腕, 55 車輪, 56 取手, 60 コンピュータ, 61 出力装置。   10 track slabs, 10a top surface, 10b side surface, 11 protrusion, 12 recess, 20 track rail, 21 tie plate, 21a top surface, 22 track surface, 23 web, 30 roadbed reinforced concrete, 31 packed bed, 40 adjusting iron plate, 41 packing material 50 slab track clearance measuring device, 51 measuring arm, 51a first arm, 51b second arm, 52a first measuring means, 52b second measuring means, 52c third measuring means, 52d fourth measuring means, 52e 5th measuring means, 53 roller cart, 54 mounting arm, 55 wheels, 56 handle, 60 computer, 61 output device.

Claims (5)

  1. 軌道レールがタイプレートを介して軌道スラブの上面に取り付けられるスラブ軌道の前記軌道レールの位置を測定するスラブ軌道隙間測定装置であって、
    前記軌道スラブの上面の幅方向と略平行に延びる第1腕木と前記第1腕木の端部から垂下して前記軌道スラブの側面に沿って延びる第2腕木とを備える測定腕を有し、
    前記第1腕木は、前記軌道レールの軌道面を測定する第1の測定手段と、前記タイプレートの上面を測定する第2の測定手段と、前記軌道スラブの上面を測定する第3の測定手段とを備え、
    前記第2腕木は、前記軌道スラブの側端面を測定する第4の測定手段と、前記軌道レールのウェブの側面を測定する第5の測定手段とを備えることを特徴とするスラブ軌道隙間測定装置。
    A slab track gap measuring device that measures the position of the track rail of a slab track that is attached to the upper surface of the track slab via a tie plate,
    A measuring arm comprising a first arm extending substantially parallel to the width direction of the upper surface of the track slab and a second arm extending from the end of the first arm and extending along the side surface of the track slab;
    The first brace includes first measuring means for measuring the track surface of the track rail, second measuring means for measuring the top surface of the tie plate, and third measuring means for measuring the top surface of the track slab. And
    The slab track clearance measuring apparatus, wherein the second arm includes a fourth measuring unit for measuring a side end surface of the track slab and a fifth measuring unit for measuring a side surface of the web of the track rail. .
  2. 請求項1に記載のスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、
    前記第1から第5の測定手段は、前記軌道レール毎に設けられ其々一対備えることを特徴とするスラブ軌道隙間測定装置。
    In the slab track clearance measuring apparatus according to claim 1,
    The slab track clearance measuring apparatus, wherein the first to fifth measuring means are provided for each of the track rails and are provided in pairs.
  3. 請求項1又は2に記載のスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、
    前記測定腕は、前記軌道レール上を転走するコロ台車に載置されることを特徴とするスラブ軌道隙間測定装置。
    In the slab track clearance measuring device according to claim 1 or 2,
    The slab track gap measuring device, wherein the measuring arm is mounted on a roller carriage that rolls on the track rail.
  4. 請求項3に記載のスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、
    前記コロ台車には、前記第1から第5の測定手段の出力装置及び、前記第1から第5の測定手段から得られたデータを処理するコンピュータが載置されることを特徴とするスラブ軌道隙間測定装置。
    In the slab track clearance measuring device according to claim 3,
    A slab track on which the roller carriage is mounted with an output device of the first to fifth measuring means and a computer for processing data obtained from the first to fifth measuring means. Gap measuring device.
  5. 請求項3又は4に記載のスラブ軌道隙間測定装置において、
    前記コロ台車は、手押しによって軌道レール上を転走自在に設置されることを特徴とするスラブ軌道隙間測定装置。
    In the slab track clearance measuring device according to claim 3 or 4,
    The slab track clearance measuring device, wherein the roller carriage is installed so as to be able to roll on a track rail by hand.
JP2012247462A 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Slab track clearance measuring apparatus Pending JP2014095230A (en)

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TWI651231B (en) * 2017-02-24 2019-02-21 台灣高速鐵路股份有限公司 A turnout monitoring system and its method
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KR102021127B1 (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-09-11 (주)선구엔지니어링 Tram operation system with independent route and traffic signal system
CN112359657A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-12 李贵明 Crawling type rail distance detection device capable of improving working efficiency

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