JP2014007533A - Wanderer position management system - Google Patents

Wanderer position management system Download PDF

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JP2014007533A
JP2014007533A JP2012141499A JP2012141499A JP2014007533A JP 2014007533 A JP2014007533 A JP 2014007533A JP 2012141499 A JP2012141499 A JP 2012141499A JP 2012141499 A JP2012141499 A JP 2012141499A JP 2014007533 A JP2014007533 A JP 2014007533A
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information
terminal
unit
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communication
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Nobuhiro Kishimoto
信弘 岸本
Morihiro Fujii
盛浩 藤井
Toshinobu Nagamatsu
俊信 永松
Junji Ikeda
順治 池田
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MAZERAN SYSTEMS JAPAN KK
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a system that determines the position of a wanderer, is low cost, and has a terminal to be detected which is small and light and can be used for a long time.SOLUTION: A wanderer position management system comprises: a communication repeater 1 which includes a transmission/reception unit 18 and forms a short-range low-speed radio communication network Z; a terminal to be detected 3 which is held by a wanderer and which includes a positioning satellite radio receiving unit 35 for receiving a radio wave from a positioning satellite, a storage unit 33 holding identification information, a calculation processing unit 32 which performs positioning processing to calculate position information by the radio wave and creates management information associating the identification information, the position information and time information, and a communication unit 38 able to perform short-range low-speed radio communication with the short-range low-speed radio communication network Z; integrated information processing means 7 which includes an information storage unit 73 holding map information, and an integrated calculation processing unit 72 which obtains the management information from the terminal to be detected 3 on the short-range low-speed radio communication network Z, and creates detection result information by associating the management information with the map information; and display means 21 for displaying the detection result information.

Description

本発明は、徘徊者位置管理システムに関する。   The present invention relates to a deaf position management system.

従来、行方不明となった徘徊者を捜索するために、徘徊者に、携帯電話機能とGPS機能を設けた被検知端末を予め保持させ、携帯電話回線を介して、徘徊者の位置情報を呼び出して、監視者が徘徊者の位置情報を取得するシステムがあった(例えば、特許文献1参照)。   Conventionally, in order to search for a missing person who has been missing, the person in advance holds a detected terminal equipped with a mobile phone function and a GPS function, and calls the position information of the person through a mobile phone line. In addition, there is a system in which a supervisor acquires position information of a deaf person (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

特開平8−65413号公報JP-A-8-65413

しかし、携帯電話回線は通信事業者の回線を使用するため、多数の徘徊者を管理する場合に、徘徊者の人数分だけ回線を使用する権利が必要となりランニングコストが高いという問題があった。また、携帯電話機能は、電池の消費量が多く、長期期間の連続使用が困難といった問題や、小型化や軽量化に限界があった。   However, since the mobile phone line uses the line of a telecommunications carrier, when managing a large number of users, there is a problem that the right to use as many lines as the number of users is required and the running cost is high. In addition, the mobile phone function has a problem that it consumes a large amount of battery and is difficult to use continuously for a long period of time, and there is a limit to miniaturization and weight reduction.

そこで、本発明は、徘徊者の位置を容易かつ確実に特定可能で、ランニングコストが低く、被検知端末が軽量で長期間使用可能な徘徊者位置管理システムの提供を目的とする。   In view of the above, an object of the present invention is to provide a deaf position management system that can easily and surely identify the position of a deaf person, has a low running cost, is light in weight, and can be used for a long time.

また、徘徊者には、病気の老人だけでなく、買い物客、スポーツ選手、幼児など広く人を含み、それらの人々の位置管理システムの提供を目的とする。   In addition, deaf people include not only elderly people with illness but also people such as shoppers, athletes and infants, and the purpose is to provide a position management system for those people.

前記目的を達成するために、短距離低速無線用の送受信部(18)を有し、相互通信の中継にて短距離低速無線通信網Z)を形成する複数の通信中継機器(1)と、測位衛星からの電波を受信可能な測位衛星無線受信部(35)と、予め識別情報が記憶される記憶部(33)と、受信した電波により位置情報を算出する測位処理を行うと共に前記識別情報と前記位置情報と時刻情報とを関連付けた管理情報の作成を行う演算処理部(32)と、前記短距離低速無線通信網(Z)と短距離低速無線通信可能な通信部(38)と、を有し、徘徊者が保持する被検知端末(3)と、予め地図情報が記憶される情報記憶部(73)と、前記短距離低速無線通信網(Z)を介して前記被検知端末(3)から前記管理情報を取得して前記地図情報と関連付けて検知結果情報の作成を行う統合演算処理部(72)と、を有する統合情報処理手段(7)と、前記検知結果情報を監視者に視認させる表示手段(21)と、を具備し、前記被検知端末(3)は、前記管理情報を前記短距離低速無線通信網(Z)へ所定時間毎に自動送信することを特徴とする徘徊者位置管理システムを用いる。   In order to achieve the above object, a plurality of communication relay devices (1) having a transmission / reception unit (18) for short-range low-speed wireless and forming a short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z) by relay of mutual communication; A positioning satellite wireless receiver (35) capable of receiving radio waves from a positioning satellite, a storage unit (33) in which identification information is stored in advance, and a positioning process for calculating position information from the received radio waves and the identification information And an arithmetic processing unit (32) for creating management information in which the positional information and time information are associated with each other, and a communication unit (38) capable of short-range low-speed wireless communication with the short-range low-speed wireless communication network (Z), The detected terminal (3) held by the deaf person, the information storage unit (73) in which map information is stored in advance, and the detected terminal (Z) via the short-range low-speed wireless communication network (Z) Obtain the management information from 3) and associate it with the map information An integrated information processing means (7) having a detection result information and a display means (21) for allowing a monitor to visually recognize the detection result information, The detected terminal (3) uses a deaf position management system that automatically transmits the management information to the short-range low-speed wireless communication network (Z) at predetermined time intervals.

本発明によれば、被検知端末の通信を、短距離低速無線方式としたことで小型かつ軽量にできる。電力消費量が少なく長期間使用できる。独自に形成した(通信業者の回線でない)短距離低速無線通信網に位置情報を送信するので、監視対象の徘徊者が多い場合でも、ランニングコストを低くでき、多数の徘徊者を管理する必要がある介護施設に有用である。また、通信中継機器を薄く、薄型・軽量にできる。短距離低速無線通信網を容易かつ安価に形成でき、導入費用を軽減できる。また、徘徊者が行方不明になるのを確実に防ぐことができる。   According to the present invention, the communication of the detected terminal can be made small and light by adopting the short-range low-speed wireless system. It can be used for a long time with low power consumption. Because location information is sent to a short-range, low-speed wireless communication network that is uniquely formed (not a carrier's line), even if there are many monitored users, running costs can be reduced and a large number of users need to be managed. Useful for some nursing homes. In addition, the communication relay device can be made thin, thin and light. A short-range low-speed wireless communication network can be formed easily and inexpensively, and the introduction cost can be reduced. In addition, it is possible to reliably prevent the deaf person from missing.

また、徘徊者として、買い物客や運動選手、幼児などを対象とすれば、いろいろな人の動きを管理することができる。   Moreover, if a shopper is a shopper, an athlete, an infant, etc., it can manage the movements of various people.

本発明の実施の一形態を示す簡略ブロック図である。It is a simplified block diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施の一形態を示す簡略構成図である。It is a simplified block diagram which shows one Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施の一形態を示す簡略ブロック図である。It is a simplified block diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施の一形態を示す簡略構成図である。It is a simplified block diagram which shows one Embodiment of this invention.

以下、図示の実施形態に基づき本発明を詳説する。   Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail based on illustrated embodiments.

(実施の形態1)
本発明の徘徊者位置管理システムは、1つの例として、介護施設用であって、行方不明となる虞のある老人等の徘徊者の居所を管理(監視、捜索、特定)するためのシステムである。
(Embodiment 1)
The deaf position management system of the present invention is, as an example, a system for managing (monitoring, searching, and identifying) the deceased of deceased persons such as the elderly who are for nursing care facilities and may be missing. is there.

図1乃至図4に示すように、短距離低速無線の相互通信による中継にて、短距離低速無線通信網Zを形成する複数(多数)の通信中継機器1を構えている。   As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, a plurality of (many) communication relay devices 1 that form a short-distance low-speed wireless communication network Z are provided by relay using short-distance low-speed wireless mutual communication.

各通信中継機器1は、短距離低速無線用の送受信部10と、通信中継機器1毎に異なる中継機器識別情報及び各種設定値が記憶されている中継機器記憶部13と、記憶されている各種設定値に基づいて送受信部10を制御する制御部12と、を有している。通信中継機器1は、短距離通信かつ低速通信(小容量の通信)を行うため、基板やバッテリーが小さなものが良く、携帯電話器に比べて低消費電力である。また、薄く、小型・軽量である。   Each communication relay device 1 includes a transmission / reception unit 10 for short-distance low-speed wireless, a relay device storage unit 13 in which different relay device identification information and various setting values are stored for each communication relay device 1, and various stored types. And a control unit 12 that controls the transmission / reception unit 10 based on the set value. Since the communication relay device 1 performs short-distance communication and low-speed communication (small-capacity communication), it is preferable that the substrate and the battery are small, and the power consumption is lower than that of the mobile phone. It is thin, small and lightweight.

また、徘徊者(行方不明になる虞のある者)が保持する被検知端末3を備えている。   Moreover, the to-be-detected terminal 3 which a deaf person (person who may be missing) hold | maintains is provided.

被検知端末3は、GPS衛星等の測位衛星から電波を受信可能な測位衛星無線受信部35と、予め識別情報(ID)及び端末設定値が記憶される記憶部33と、受信した電波により緯度・経度等の位置情報を算出する測位処理を行う演算処理部32と、短距離低速無線通信網Z(通信中継機器1の送受信部10)と短距離低速無線通信可能な通信部30と、公知の加速度センサ部38と、を有している。   The detected terminal 3 includes a positioning satellite wireless receiving unit 35 that can receive radio waves from a positioning satellite such as a GPS satellite, a storage unit 33 that stores identification information (ID) and terminal setting values in advance, and a latitude based on the received radio waves. An arithmetic processing unit 32 that performs a positioning process for calculating position information such as longitude, a short-distance low-speed wireless communication network Z (transmission / reception unit 10 of the communication relay device 1), and a communication unit 30 capable of short-distance low-speed wireless communication, and publicly known Acceleration sensor unit 38.

なお、図示省略しているが、監視対象となる徘徊者が複数(多数)人の場合は、識別情報が夫々異なる被検知端末3を、徘徊者に夫々保持させている。また、図2に示すように、被検知端末3は、徘徊者が使用する靴(履物)91、又、杖92に内蔵させて徘徊者に保持させるのが望ましい。被検知端末3は、携帯電話器に比べて低消費電力かつ薄く、小型・軽量である。   Although not shown in the figure, when there are a plurality of (many) persons to be monitored, the detected terminals 3 having different identification information are held by the persons. In addition, as shown in FIG. 2, it is desirable that the detected terminal 3 is built in a shoe (footwear) 91 used by the deaf person or a cane 92 and is held by the deer. The detected terminal 3 is low in power consumption, thin, small and light compared to a mobile phone.

被検知端末3は、演算処理部32にて、識別情報(端末識別情報)と位置情報(端末位置情報)とその位置情報を得たときの時刻情報とを関連付けた管理情報の作成(管理情報作成処理)を行う。そして、被検知端末3が短距離低速無線通信網Zとの通信可能範囲N内に設定される行動許可エリアEから出た場合に、作成した管理情報を、通信部30を介して、短距離低速無線通信にて所定時間毎(定期的)に、自動送信(発信)する。   The detected terminal 3 creates management information in which the identification information (terminal identification information), position information (terminal position information), and time information when the position information is obtained (management information) in the arithmetic processing unit 32. Create process). When the detected terminal 3 leaves the action permission area E set within the communicable range N with the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z, the created management information is transmitted to the short-distance via the communication unit 30. Automatic transmission (transmission) at predetermined time intervals (periodically) by low-speed wireless communication.

記憶部33に記憶される端末設定値とは、測位処理を行う測位間隔時間の設定値(例えば、30秒毎に測定する場合は30)、管理情報を発信する測位間隔時間の設定値(例えば、60秒毎に発信する場合は60)、行動許可エリアEのエリア設定値(例えば、介護施設の中心から半径200mとする場合は200)等であり、演算処理部32はこの端末設定値を呼び出して処理を行う。   The terminal setting value stored in the storage unit 33 is a setting value of a positioning interval time for performing positioning processing (for example, 30 when measuring every 30 seconds), and a setting value of a positioning interval time for transmitting management information (for example, , 60 when the transmission is made every 60 seconds, the area setting value of the action permission area E (for example, 200 when the radius is 200 m from the center of the care facility), and the arithmetic processing unit 32 sets the terminal setting value. Call and process.

また、演算処理部32は、加速度センサ部38の信号から徘徊者(被検知端末3)が停止状態か否か(移動状態か)の判定を行う行動判定処理を行う。行動判定処理は、所定時間以上(例えば10分以上)歩行(移動)していない場合に停止状態と判定する。   In addition, the arithmetic processing unit 32 performs an action determination process for determining whether the deaf person (the detected terminal 3) is in a stopped state (whether it is in a moving state) from the signal of the acceleration sensor unit 38. The action determination process is determined to be a stop state when the user has not walked (moved) for a predetermined time or longer (for example, 10 minutes or longer).

また、被検知端末3は、停止状態と判定した場合に測位衛星無線受信部35の電源をOFFにし、演算処理部32の測位処理を停止状態にする省電力(省エネルギー)モード移行制御と、移動状態の場合には、測位衛星無線受信部35の電源をONにする(測位処理を可能にする)測位モード移行制御と、を行う受信電源制御部39を有している。   In addition, the detected terminal 3 turns off the power of the positioning satellite radio reception unit 35 and determines the power saving (energy saving) mode transition control for moving the positioning processing of the arithmetic processing unit 32 to the stopped state when it is determined to be in the stopped state, In the case of the state, it has a reception power source control unit 39 that performs positioning mode shift control for turning on the power of the positioning satellite radio reception unit 35 (enabling positioning processing).

つまり、被検知端末3は、徘徊者が停止状態の場合は、測位処理を行わず(停止し)、電力の消費を抑えている。そして、徘徊者が休憩等で座っているといった停止状態中は、位置情報は大きく変化しないので、演算処理部32は、省電力モードに移行する前の(最後の測位処理で算出した)位置情報で管理情報を作成し、通信部30がその情報を発信する。   That is, the detected terminal 3 does not perform the positioning process (stops) when the deaf person is in a stopped state, and suppresses power consumption. And, since the position information does not change greatly during the stop state where the deaf person is sitting on a break or the like, the arithmetic processing unit 32 is the position information (calculated in the last positioning process) before shifting to the power saving mode. Then, management information is created, and the communication unit 30 transmits the information.

また、介護施設の建物K(システム利用者の建物)内に配置され、被検知端末3から発信された管理情報を短距離低速無線通信網Zを介して取得するパーソナルコンピュータ等の情報処理装置2を備えている。   Further, the information processing apparatus 2 such as a personal computer, which is arranged in a care facility building K (system user's building) and obtains management information transmitted from the detected terminal 3 via the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z. It has.

情報処理装置2は、演算処理可能なCPU等の演算部とハードディスク等の記憶部とを有する情報処理手段20と、モニタ等の表示手段21と、使用者(監視者)の命令を入力するためのマウスやキーボード等の操作(入力)手段22と、スピーカ等の音声出力手段23と、を備えている。   The information processing apparatus 2 inputs information processing means 20 having a calculation unit such as a CPU capable of calculation processing and a storage unit such as a hard disk, a display unit 21 such as a monitor, and a user (monitoring) command. And an operation (input) means 22 such as a mouse and a keyboard, and an audio output means 23 such as a speaker.

情報処理手段20は、多数の通信中継機器1の内の1つ(コーディネーター用通信中継機器1A)と接続され、短距離低速無線通信網Zに対して、情報を送受信可能である。また、インタ−ネット通信網Tに対しても情報を相互通信可能に接続されている。   The information processing means 20 is connected to one of the many communication relay devices 1 (coordinator communication relay device 1A), and can transmit and receive information to and from the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z. Information is also connected to the Internet communication network T so as to be able to communicate with each other.

情報処理装置2は、使用者が操作手段22にて入力した命令(設定値)を、短距離低速無線通信網Zを介して、被検知端末3の端末設定値を変更可能としている。   The information processing device 2 can change the terminal setting value of the detected terminal 3 via the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z by a command (setting value) input by the user through the operation means 22.

また、介護施設の建物Kから離れた位置(システム徘徊者の建物)に離散され、短距離低速無線通信網Zと、情報処理手段20と、インタ−ネット通信網Tを順次介して、被検知端末3からの管理情報、及び、被検知端末3から管理情報を直接的に受信した通信中継機器1(最終接続の通信中継機器1B)の中継機器識別情報を取得する統合情報処理手段7を備えている。   In addition, it is dispersed at a position away from the building K of the nursing care facility (the building of the system user), and is detected via the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z, the information processing means 20, and the Internet communication network T sequentially. Integrated information processing means 7 is provided for acquiring management information from the terminal 3 and relay device identification information of the communication relay device 1 (final connection communication relay device 1B) that has directly received the management information from the detected terminal 3. ing.

統合情報処理手段7は、インタ−ネット通信網Tに対して情報を送受信可能に接続される通信回線部75と、予め(前記・管理情報等を取得する前に)地図情報が記憶される情報記憶部73と、取得した管理情報と地図情報とを関連付けて検知結果情報の作成(結果作成処理)を行う統合演算処理部72と、を有している。統合情報処理手段7は、クラウド型コンピュータである。   The integrated information processing means 7 includes a communication line unit 75 connected to the Internet communication network T so that information can be transmitted and received, and information in which map information is stored in advance (before acquiring the management information and the like). It has the memory | storage part 73 and the integrated calculation process part 72 which links | relates the acquired management information and map information, and produces detection result information (result creation process). The integrated information processing means 7 is a cloud type computer.

統合情報処理手段7は、インタ−ネット通信網Tを介して、表示手段21に、検知結果情報を、排徘徊者を監視する必要のある介護者等の監視者に、視認させる。表示手段21は、地図上に被検知端末3を保持している徘徊者の位置を、マークや記号等で表示する。   The integrated information processing means 7 causes the display means 21 to visually recognize the detection result information to a monitor such as a caregiver who needs to monitor the rejector via the Internet communication network T. The display means 21 displays the position of the deaf person holding the detected terminal 3 on the map with marks, symbols, and the like.

また、情報記憶部73には、予め、それぞれの通信中継機器1の中継機器識別情報(通信中継機器1のID)と中継機器設置位置情報(通信中継機器1が何処に設置されているか)が関連付けられた中継機器情報が記憶されている。   Further, in the information storage unit 73, relay device identification information (ID of the communication relay device 1) and relay device installation position information (where the communication relay device 1 is installed) of each communication relay device 1 are stored in advance. The associated relay device information is stored.

また、情報記憶部73には、予め、それぞれの被検知端末3の識別情報が記憶される。情報処理装置2で入力(変更)された被検知端末3毎の端末設定値と、各被検知端末3の識別情報と、を関連付けて記憶する。   Further, identification information of each detected terminal 3 is stored in the information storage unit 73 in advance. The terminal setting value for each detected terminal 3 input (changed) by the information processing apparatus 2 and the identification information of each detected terminal 3 are stored in association with each other.

結果作成処理において、取得した被検知端末3の位置情報が、不完全であった場合(障害物等で測位衛星の電波を受信できず、測位処理が失敗した時の情報であった場合)に、取得した(最終接続の通信中継機器1Bの中継機器識別情報と、予め保存されていた中継機器情報及び地図情報と、に基づいて、表示手段21に、被検知端末3の代わりに最終接続の通信中継機器1Bの位置を表示、又は、最終接続の通信中継機器1Bの位置を中心とした円(通信中継機器1の電波到達可能距離を半径とした円)を地図上に表示させる検知結果情報を作成する。被検知端末3が測位衛星からの受信に失敗した場合でも、被検知端末3が、どの辺り(どの通信中継機器1近傍)に居るかを監視者に確実に伝える。   In the result creation process, when the acquired location information of the detected terminal 3 is incomplete (when the positioning satellite fails to receive the positioning satellite's radio wave due to an obstacle, etc., the information is information when the positioning process fails) , Based on the acquired relay device identification information of the last connected communication relay device 1B and the relay device information and map information stored in advance, the display means 21 displays the final connection instead of the detected terminal 3. Detection result information for displaying the position of the communication relay device 1B or displaying on the map a circle centered on the position of the communication relay device 1B of the last connection (a circle having a radius of the radio relay reachable distance of the communication relay device 1) Even when the detected terminal 3 fails to receive from the positioning satellite, the detected terminal 3 is surely notified to the monitor (where the communication relay device 1 is).

ここで、被検知端末3が行動許可エリアEの外が内か(否か)の判定をするエリア判定処理は、被検知端末3の演算処理部32がエリア設定値と位置情報から判定する。また、演算処理部32は、行動許可エリアEの外である判定結果の場合に、管理情報を通信部30から発信させる。   Here, the area determination process in which the detected terminal 3 determines whether or not the outside of the action permission area E is inside (whether) is determined by the arithmetic processing unit 32 of the detected terminal 3 based on the area setting value and the position information. In addition, in the case of a determination result that is outside the action permission area E, the arithmetic processing unit 32 transmits management information from the communication unit 30.

なお、統合情報処理手段7でエリア判定処理を行っても良い。   Note that the integrated information processing means 7 may perform area determination processing.

例えば、統合情報処理手段7の統合演算処理部72が、取得した管理情報及び中継機器識別情報と、予め保存されている地図情報及び中継機器情報と、入力されたエリア設定値と、によって(基づいて)エリア判定処理し、エリア判定結果情報を作成して、その作成した情報を被検知端末3に送信する。そして、被検知端末3は、受信したエリア判定結果情報が、行動許可エリアE外である判定の場合、管理情報を自動(徘徊者や捜索者、監視者が発信命令を行わなくとも)送信し、行動許可エリアE内であるという判定結果情報を受信するまで、管理情報を設定された通知間隔毎(所定時間毎)に発信し続ける。   For example, the integrated arithmetic processing unit 72 of the integrated information processing means 7 is based on the acquired management information and relay device identification information, map information and relay device information stored in advance, and the input area setting value (based on Area determination processing, area determination result information is created, and the created information is transmitted to the detected terminal 3. And the to-be-detected terminal 3 transmits management information automatically (even if a deaf person, a searcher, and a supervisor do not perform a transmission command), when the received area determination result information is the determination that it is outside the action permission area E. Until the determination result information indicating that it is within the action permission area E is received, the management information is continuously transmitted at every set notification interval (every predetermined time).

また、統合情報処理手段7の統合演算処理部72は、被検知端末3(徘徊者)が、行動許可エリアEから出た場合に、表示手段21に注意メッセージや注意画像の表示、地図上の該当するマークを点滅や点灯或いは色の変化等の注意表示を行わせ、スピーカ等の音声出力手段23に、ブザー音や音声メッセージ等の注意音を発生させる注意報発生処理を行う。   In addition, the integrated calculation processing unit 72 of the integrated information processing means 7 displays a warning message or a warning image on the display means 21 when the detected terminal 3 (the deaf person) goes out of the action permission area E, or on the map. Attention indication such as blinking, lighting, or color change is performed for the corresponding mark, and attention generation processing for generating a warning sound such as a buzzer sound or a voice message is performed on the voice output means 23 such as a speaker.

また、行動許可エリアEを越え、さらに、通信可能範囲外へ出てしまった場合(或いは、被検知端末3から管理情報が取得できなくなった場合に、表示手段21に警告メッセージや警告画像の表示、最後に得た管理情報や最終接続の中継機器識別情報を基に何処の位置や方角から徘徊者が出たかを地図上に表示させ、普声出力手段23にブザー音や音声等の警告音を発生させる警報発生処理を行う。   In addition, when the action permission area E is exceeded and the communication information is out of the communicable range (or when management information cannot be acquired from the detected terminal 3, a warning message or warning image is displayed on the display unit 21. Based on the management information obtained last and the relay device identification information of the last connection, the location and direction from which the deaf person came out is displayed on the map, and a warning sound such as a buzzer sound or voice is displayed on the voice output means 23 Alarm generation processing that generates

そして、図3及び図4に示すように、被検知端末3が、通信可能範囲外へ出てしまった時のために、徘徊者を追跡するための捜索端末5を構えている。   And as shown in FIG.3 and FIG.4, when the to-be-detected terminal 3 goes out of the communicable range, it has the search terminal 5 for tracking a deaf person.

捜索端末5は、捜索者(追跡者)が保持するものであって、被検知端末3の通信部30と短距離低速無線通信可能な捜索用通信部50と、捜索用通信部50と通信部38が通信可能な距離に接近した(相互通信が確立された)ことを捜索者に伝える伝達部58と、表示画面部61を有しインターネット通信網Tに接続可能なPDAやスマートフォン等の公知の外部端末6と通信するための外部通信部55と、送受信する情報を記憶可能な捜索用記憶部53と、捜索用記憶部53から情報の呼び出しや演算が可能な捜索用演算処理部52と、を備えている。   The search terminal 5 is held by a searcher (tracker), and the search communication unit 50 capable of short-distance low-speed wireless communication with the communication unit 30 of the detected terminal 3, the search communication unit 50, and the communication unit A communication unit 58 that informs the searcher that the communication distance 38 is close to a communicable distance (intercommunication has been established), and a publicly known PDA or smartphone that has a display screen unit 61 and can be connected to the Internet communication network T An external communication unit 55 for communicating with the external terminal 6, a search storage unit 53 capable of storing information to be transmitted and received, a search calculation processing unit 52 capable of calling and calculating information from the search storage unit 53, It has.

捜索端末5は、被検知端末3と短距離低速無線通信が可能となると、その被検知端末3から管理情報を取得し、その取得した管理情報を外部端末6に送信する。   When short-distance low-speed wireless communication with the detected terminal 3 becomes possible, the search terminal 5 acquires management information from the detected terminal 3 and transmits the acquired management information to the external terminal 6.

そして、通信可能範囲N外で、捜索端末5が取得した管理情報を外部端末6に送信した場合に、統合情報処理手段7は、インターネット通信網Tを介して外部端末6から管理情報を取得し、検知結果情報を作成して、その作成した検知結果情報をインターネット通信網Tを介して外部端末6に送信し、表示画面部61にその検知結果情報を捜索者に視認可能に表示させる。また、インターネット通信網Tを介して施設内の表示手段21に同様の検知結果情報を表示させ、監視者(施設内の介護者)に視認させる。   When the management information acquired by the search terminal 5 is transmitted to the external terminal 6 outside the communicable range N, the integrated information processing means 7 acquires the management information from the external terminal 6 via the Internet communication network T. Then, detection result information is created, the created detection result information is transmitted to the external terminal 6 via the Internet communication network T, and the detection result information is displayed on the display screen unit 61 so as to be visible to the searcher. Further, similar detection result information is displayed on the display means 21 in the facility via the Internet communication network T, and is visually recognized by a supervisor (caregiver in the facility).

また、捜索端末5の捜索用演算処理部52、被検知端末3と相互通信を確立すると、予め捜索用記憶部53に保存されていた距離測定用情報(所定容量の情報)を被検知端末3に送信し、その後、その送った距離測定用情報を被検知端末3から取得し、距離測定用情報が捜索端末5と被検知端末3の間を往復した時間、及び、通信した電波の強弱、に基づいて、被検知端末3との距離を算出する距離測定処理を行う。   Further, when mutual communication is established with the search calculation processing unit 52 and the detected terminal 3 of the search terminal 5, the distance measurement information (predetermined capacity information) previously stored in the search storage unit 53 is detected. The distance measurement information sent from the detected terminal 3, the time when the distance measurement information reciprocated between the search terminal 5 and the detected terminal 3, and the strength of the radio wave transmitted, Based on the above, distance measurement processing for calculating the distance to the detected terminal 3 is performed.

そして、摸索端末5は、被検知端末3に接近しているか遠ざかっているかを、伝達部58を介して捜索者に伝達する。   Then, the snooping terminal 5 transmits to the searcher via the transmitting unit 58 whether the terminal 3 is approaching or moving away from the detected terminal 3.

例えば、伝達部58をLED等の発光手段とした場合は、接近するにつれて明るく点灯し、遠ざかると暗くなる。或いは、接近すると点滅の間隔が早くなり、遠ざかると点滅の間隔が遅くなるような強弱出力を行う。また、伝達部58が複数のLED等の発光手段とした場合、接近するにつれて点灯又は点滅するランプの数を増やすような強弱出力を行う。   For example, when the transmission unit 58 is a light emitting means such as an LED, the light is brightly lit as it approaches, and darkens as it moves away. Alternatively, a strong and weak output is performed so that the flashing interval becomes faster when approaching, and the flashing interval becomes slower when moving away. Further, when the transmission unit 58 is a light emitting unit such as a plurality of LEDs, the intensity output is performed so as to increase the number of lamps that are lit or blinking as they approach.

また、伝達部58がブザーやスピーカ等の書出力手段とした場合は、接近するにつれて、音量が大きくなるよう強弱出力を行う。   In addition, when the transmission unit 58 is a writing output unit such as a buzzer or a speaker, it outputs a strength so that the volume increases as it approaches.

ここで、被検知端末3と通信中継機器1の通信、通信中継機器1同士の中継通信、被検知端末3と捜索端末5の通信は、IEEE802.15.4に準拠した短距離低速無線通信であり、言い換えると、ZigBee(登録商標)の規格に準拠した通信方式である。   Here, the communication between the detected terminal 3 and the communication relay device 1, the relay communication between the communication relay devices 1, and the communication between the detected terminal 3 and the search terminal 5 are short-range low-speed wireless communication compliant with IEEE 802.15.4. Yes, in other words, it is a communication system compliant with the ZigBee (registered trademark) standard.

さらに言い換えると、相互通信可能距離が数10m〜数100mと短距離で、データ転送速度が20〜250Kbpsと低速通信であり、乾電池程度の電力で100日〜数年間、通信可能な低消費電力の通信である。   In other words, the mutual communicable distance is as short as several tens of meters to several hundreds of meters, the data transfer rate is as low as 20 to 250 Kbps, and low power consumption that enables communication for 100 days to several years with the power of a dry cell. Communication.

また、短距離低速無線通信網Zは、多数の通信中継機器1同士の中継(リレー)により、図示省略するが、メッシュ型、スター型、ツリー型のネットワーク(センサネットワーク)を構成し、1つの通信中継機器1が故障等により停止しても、迂回経路を形成して、通信を継続可能としている。また、通信中継機器1を増減させることで、通信可能範囲Nの広さを自由に拡縮可能である。   The short-distance low-speed wireless communication network Z includes a mesh type network, a star type network, and a tree type network (sensor network), which are not shown in the figure by relays between a large number of communication relay devices 1. Even if the communication relay device 1 stops due to a failure or the like, a bypass path is formed so that communication can be continued. Further, by increasing / decreasing the communication relay device 1, the area of the communicable range N can be freely expanded or reduced.

また、捜索端末5と外部端末6の通信は、短距離低速無線通信とは異なる通信方式であり、例えば、有線通信や高速無線通信である。高速無線通信の具体例としては、近距離高速無線通信であるIEEE802.15.1に準拠した無線通信、言い換えるとBluetooth(登録商標)の規格に準拠した通信方式がある。   The communication between the search terminal 5 and the external terminal 6 is a communication method different from the short-distance low-speed wireless communication, for example, wired communication or high-speed wireless communication. As a specific example of the high-speed wireless communication, there is a wireless communication based on IEEE802.15.1 which is a short-range high-speed wireless communication, in other words, a communication method based on the Bluetooth (registered trademark) standard.

また、外部端末6とインターネット通信網T(回線)の通信は、短距離低速無線通信とは異なり、公知の高速(大容量)無線通信であれば良く、例えば、携帯電話回線を利用した無線通信である。   The communication between the external terminal 6 and the Internet communication network T (line) may be a known high-speed (large capacity) wireless communication, unlike short-distance low-speed wireless communication. For example, wireless communication using a mobile phone line It is.

また、インタ−ネット通信網Tは、暗号化等のセキユリティ対策が行われている回線(セキュアな回線)を用いるのが望ましい。   The Internet communication network T preferably uses a line (secure line) on which security measures such as encryption are taken.

なお、本発明は、設計変更可能であって、被検知端末3が行動許可エリアE内にある場合でも管理情報を発信するように設け、統合情報処理手段7が表示手段21に行動許可エリアE内の被検知端末3の位置を表示させるように構成しても良い。   In the present invention, the design can be changed and the management information is transmitted even when the detected terminal 3 is in the action permission area E, and the integrated information processing means 7 sends the action information to the display means 21 in the action permission area E. You may comprise so that the position of the to-be-detected terminal 3 may be displayed.

情報処理装置2は、図示した形状以外にも、情報処理手段20と表示手段21と操作手段22と音声出力手段23とを一体化し、携帯自在な大きさに小型化された、ノート型やタブレット型、PDA型、スマートフォン型等とするも良い。また、情報処理装置2の情報処理手段20と統合情報処理手段7と一体状に設け、統合情報処理手段7を施設設置型とするも良いが、システム提供者設置型(クラウド型)の方が、情報処理手段20の記憶容量や演算能力が低いもので良く、システム利用者の導入費用を軽減できるといった利点がある。なお、本発明において、介護施設とは、病院や老人ホーム、養護施設等を含む。   In addition to the shape shown in the figure, the information processing apparatus 2 integrates the information processing means 20, the display means 21, the operation means 22, and the audio output means 23, and is reduced in size to a portable size. It may be a type, a PDA type, a smartphone type, or the like. Further, the information processing unit 20 and the integrated information processing unit 7 of the information processing apparatus 2 may be provided integrally, and the integrated information processing unit 7 may be a facility installation type, but the system provider installation type (cloud type) is more preferable. The information processing means 20 may have a low storage capacity and low computing capacity, and there is an advantage that the introduction cost of the system user can be reduced. In the present invention, the care facility includes a hospital, a nursing home, a nursing home, and the like.

以上のように、本発明の徘徊者位置管理システムは、短距離低速無線用の送受信部10を有し、相互通信の中継にて短距離低速無線通信網Zを形成する複数の通信中継機器1と、測位衛星からの電波を受信可能な測位衛星無線受信部35と、予め識別情報が記憶される記憶部33と、受信した電波により位置情報を算出する測位処理を行うと共に識別情報と位置情報と時刻情報とを関連付けた管理情報の作成を行う演算処理部32と、短距離低速無線通信網Zと短距離低速無線通信可能な通信部30と、を有し、徘徊者が保持する被検知端末3と、予め地図情報が記憶される情報記憶部73と、短距離低速無線通信網Zを介して被検知端末3から管理情報を取得して地図情報と関連付けて検知結果情報の作成を行う統合演算処理部72と、を有する統合情報処理手段7と、検知結果情報を監視者に視認させる表示手段21と、を具備し、被検知端末3は、管理情報を短距離低速無線通信網Zへ所定時間毎に自動送信するので、被検知端末3を、小型かつ軽量で薄いコンパクトなものにでき、保持する徘徊者への負担を軽減できる。電力消費量が少なく長期間使用できると共に電力不足による通信切れの発生を軽減できる。独自に形成した(通信業者の回線でない)短距離低速無線通信網Zに位置情報を送信するので、監視対象の徘徊者が多い場合でも、ランニングコストを低くでき、多数の徘徊者を管理する必要がある介護施設に有用である。また、通信中継機器1を薄く、小型・軽量にでき、かつ安価に製造できる短距離低速無線通信網Zを容易かつ安価に形成でき、導入費用及びランニングコストを軽減できると共に、通信可能範囲Nの拡大縮小を容易かつ安価に行うことができる。短距離無線通信でありながら通信の中継によって広範囲を監視して、徘徊者の位置を容易かつ確実に特定し、徘徊者が行方不明になるのを確実に防ぐことができる。   As described above, the deaf position management system of the present invention has a transmission / reception unit 10 for short-distance low-speed radio, and a plurality of communication relay devices 1 that form a short-distance low-speed radio communication network Z by relaying mutual communication. A positioning satellite wireless reception unit 35 that can receive radio waves from the positioning satellite, a storage unit 33 in which identification information is stored in advance, and a positioning process that calculates position information based on the received radio waves, as well as identification information and position information And a processing unit 32 that creates management information in association with time information and a short-distance low-speed wireless communication network Z and a communication unit 30 capable of short-distance low-speed wireless communication, and are detected by a deaf person Management information is acquired from the detected terminal 3 via the terminal 3, the information storage unit 73 in which map information is stored in advance, and the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z, and the detection result information is created in association with the map information. An integrated arithmetic processing unit 72; Integrated information processing means 7 and display means 21 for allowing the monitor to visually recognize the detection result information. The detected terminal 3 automatically transmits the management information to the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z every predetermined time. Therefore, the detected terminal 3 can be made small, light and thin, and the burden on the holding person can be reduced. It can be used for a long time with low power consumption, and can reduce the occurrence of communication interruption due to power shortage. Since the location information is transmitted to the short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z that is uniquely formed (not the communication company's line), even if there are many monitoring target users, the running cost can be reduced and it is necessary to manage many users Useful for nursing homes. In addition, the communication relay device 1 can be made thin, small and light, and a short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z that can be manufactured at low cost can be easily and inexpensively formed. Enlargement / reduction can be easily and inexpensively performed. Although it is a short-range wireless communication, it is possible to monitor a wide range by relaying communication, and easily and reliably specify the position of the deaf person, and reliably prevent the deceased person from missing.

また、被検知端末3の通信部30と短距離低速無線通信可能な捜索用通信部50と、捜索用通信部50と通信部30が通信可能な距離に接近したことを捜索者に伝える伝達部58と、表示画面部61を有する外部端末6と通信するための外部通信部55と、を備えた捜索端末5を具備し、捜索端末5は、被検知端末3が短距離低速無線通信網Zとの通信可能範囲N外で、被検知端末3と通信可能に接近した場合に、被検知端末3から管理情報を受信し、捜索者に徘徊者に接近していることを伝達し、管理情報を外部端末6に送信し、さらに、統合情報処理手段7は、インターネット通信網Tを介して外部端末6から管理情報を取得して、検知結果情報を作成し、作成した検知結果情報を外部端末6の表示画面部61に表示させるので、通信可能範囲Nから徘徊者が出てしまっても、確実かつ容易に徘徊者を追跡できると共に位置を容易かつ確実に特定でき、行方不明になるのを防止できる。公知の外部端末6を利用でき、捜索端末5を小型・軽量なものにできる。   Further, a communication unit for search 50 capable of short-range low-speed wireless communication with the communication unit 30 of the detected terminal 3, and a transmission unit for telling the searcher that the communication unit for search 50 and the communication unit 30 have approached a communicable distance. 58 and an external communication unit 55 for communicating with the external terminal 6 having the display screen unit 61, and the search terminal 5 includes a short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z as the detected terminal 3. When the communication terminal is close to be communicable with the detected terminal 3 outside the communicable range N, the management information is received from the detected terminal 3 and the searcher is informed that he is approaching the deaf person. The integrated information processing means 7 acquires management information from the external terminal 6 via the Internet communication network T, creates detection result information, and uses the created detection result information as the external terminal. 6 is displayed on the display screen 61, so communication is possible. Even from a range N gone out wanderer, position can be easily and reliably identify with track reliably and easily wanderer can be prevented from becoming missing. A known external terminal 6 can be used, and the search terminal 5 can be made small and light.

また、被検知端末3と通信中継機器1の通信、通信中継機器1同士の中継通信、及び、被検知端末3と捜索端末5の通信は、IEEE802.15.4に準拠した短距離低速無線通信を行うので、中継(多段階接線)による柔軟なネットワークにより、監視範囲(通信可能範囲N)の拡縮や形状を環境に合わせて容易に形成できる。また、規格に対応した様々なメーカの通信モジュールを使用でき(互換性が良く)被検知端末3、通信中継機器1、捜索端末5等を安価で高品質にできると共に、安定して供給できる。   The communication between the detected terminal 3 and the communication relay device 1, the relay communication between the communication relay devices 1, and the communication between the detected terminal 3 and the search terminal 5 are short-range low-speed wireless communication compliant with IEEE 802.15.4. Therefore, it is possible to easily form an expansion / contraction or shape of the monitoring range (communication range N) according to the environment by a flexible network using relay (multi-stage tangent). In addition, communication modules of various manufacturers corresponding to the standard can be used (good compatibility), and the detected terminal 3, the communication relay device 1, the search terminal 5 and the like can be made inexpensive and high quality and can be supplied stably.

また、被検知端末3に、加速度センサ部38を設け、被検知端末3は、演算処理部32にて加速度センサ部38の信号から徘徊者が停止状態か否かの行動判定処理を行って、徘徊者が停止状態の際に測位処理を停止するので、被検知端末3の電池(バッテリー)の電力消費量を抑える(軽減)でき、長期間の使用を可能にし、ランニングコストを軽減できる。   Further, the detected terminal 3 is provided with an acceleration sensor unit 38, and the detected terminal 3 performs an action determination process on whether or not the deaf person is in a stop state from the signal of the acceleration sensor unit 38 in the arithmetic processing unit 32. Since the positioning process is stopped when the user is in the stopped state, the power consumption of the battery (battery) of the detected terminal 3 can be suppressed (reduced), enabling long-term use and reducing the running cost.

被検知端末3を、徘徊者が使用する靴91又は杖92に内蔵したので、外出する際には必須のものに内蔵することにより、携帯(保持)率を上げることができる。たとえ、靴91(スリッパや長靴等を含む履物)を無くした場合や、脱げた場合でも、靴91を履かずに歩行している人は奇妙に見えるため、発見や通報に繋がりやすい利点がある。また、外出先で杖92を置き忘れた場合でも、杖92がない状態では遠くに行けないことが多いため、杖92の周囲を捜索することで、容易に徘徊者を発見できる。   Since the detected terminal 3 is built in the shoe 91 or the cane 92 used by the deaf person, the portable (holding) rate can be increased by incorporating the detected terminal 3 in an essential item when going out. Even if the shoes 91 (footwear including slippers, boots, etc.) are lost or removed, the person walking without wearing the shoes 91 looks strange, which has the advantage of easily leading to discovery and reporting. . Also, even if the cane 92 is misplaced on the go, it is often impossible to go far away without the cane 92, so that it is possible to easily find a deaf person by searching around the cane 92.

(実施の形態2)(生体センサ)
この例は、被検知端末3の加速度センサ部38の代わりに、または、加速度センサ部38とともに、生体センサを用いた例である。徘徊者として、広く病人を含む、場所も養護施設、病院等でなく、地域、町内、学校などある一定の領域を広く意味する。その他は実施の形態1と同じである。
(Embodiment 2) (Biological sensor)
This example is an example in which a biosensor is used instead of the acceleration sensor unit 38 of the detected terminal 3 or together with the acceleration sensor unit 38. As a deaf person, the place widely includes the sick, and the place is not limited to nursing homes, hospitals, etc., but it also means a certain area such as an area, a town, or a school. The rest is the same as in the first embodiment.

生体センサとしては、以下のものが使用できる。   The following can be used as a biosensor.

株式会社エム・アイ・ラボの空気動圧センサを使用できる。このセンサは、被測定者(徘徊者)の体重の一部が各種生体信号 に基づいて変動することを利用している。 被測定者の体重の一部が、シート状袋の空気室に加われば検出が可能である。 被測定者が測定されていることを意識することなく、自然な状態で長時間にわたり、呼吸、心拍、いびき、呼吸音などの生体信号を観察することができる。このセンサを靴や、服にセットすることができる。   The air dynamic pressure sensor of MI Lab Co., Ltd. can be used. This sensor makes use of the fact that part of the body weight of the person being measured (the person) is based on various biological signals. Detection is possible if a part of the body weight of the person to be measured is added to the air chamber of the sheet-like bag. It is possible to observe biological signals such as breathing, heartbeat, snoring, and breathing sound over a long period of time in a natural state without being conscious of the subject being measured. This sensor can be set on shoes or clothes.

ユニオンツール株式会社のウエアラブルセンサを用いれば、心拍数、体表温、自律神経分析体の向き、睡眠分析、活動量分析をモニタできる。前記以外の生体センサ、バイオセンサ、ウエアラブルセンサも使用できる。   By using a wearable sensor from Union Tool Co., Ltd., heart rate, body surface temperature, autonomic nerve analyzer orientation, sleep analysis, and activity analysis can be monitored. Other biosensors, biosensors, and wearable sensors can be used.

なお、前記生体センサを、被検知端末3とは別の徘徊者の体に設け、この生体センサからの情報を、被検知端末3へ送り、その後、実施の形態1と同様、被検知端末3の通信部30を介して、短距離低速無線通信にて所定時間毎に、自動送信する。   In addition, the said biosensor is provided in the body of a deaf person different from the to-be-detected terminal 3, the information from this biosensor is sent to the to-be-detected terminal 3, and then to the to-be-detected terminal 3 similarly to Embodiment 1. Are automatically transmitted every predetermined time by short-distance low-speed wireless communication.

生体センサは、人の体のいろいろな部分、心臓などの近く、肺などの近くに設置する必要があるものがあり、小型でシート状の生体センサを用いることができるように、被検知端末3と別体で小型化する。被検知端末3は、大きくなるが、靴、腰の部分に設ければよい。   Some biosensors need to be installed near various parts of the human body, near the heart, near the lungs, etc., so that a small and sheet-like biosensor can be used. And miniaturized separately. Although the detected terminal 3 is large, it may be provided on the shoes and the waist.

生体センサとして、表面筋電図用の円板電極を、徘徊者の人体に直接貼り付ければ、表面筋電のデータを取ることができる。表面筋電図は、表面電極で筋電図を記録するものでありいくつかの筋を同時に記録することができるのが特徴である。不随運動(AIM:abnormal involuntary movement)の補助診断としてよく用いられる。円板電極を被検筋の長軸方向に3cm毎に、数箇所、装着し、主動筋と拮抗筋を同時に計測するのを基本とする。また不随意運動の分布に合わせて関連する筋肉の同時記録を行うこともできる。加速度計や脳波同時記録を行うこともできる。   If a disk electrode for surface electromyogram is directly attached to a human body as a biosensor, surface electromyogram data can be taken. A surface electromyogram records an electromyogram with a surface electrode, and is characterized in that several muscles can be recorded simultaneously. It is often used as an auxiliary diagnosis for involuntary movement (AIM). Basically, disk electrodes are mounted at several locations in the long axis direction of the muscle to be examined at several locations, and the main and antagonist muscles are measured simultaneously. It is also possible to simultaneously record related muscles according to the distribution of involuntary movements. It can also perform accelerometer and simultaneous brain wave recording.

また、セイコーインスツル株式会社の温度センサICを生体センサとして利用もできる。体温を測定することもできる。   A temperature sensor IC manufactured by Seiko Instruments Inc. can also be used as a biosensor. Body temperature can also be measured.

また、脈拍センサも用いることができる。使うセンサは、赤外線を出しながらその反射を感じ取るセンサで、光(フォト)を反射(インタラプト or リフレクト)するので「フォトインタラプタ」と呼ばれたり、「フォトリフレクタ」と呼ばれているものである。   A pulse sensor can also be used. The sensor to be used is a sensor that senses the reflection while emitting infrared rays and reflects light (interrupt or reflect), so it is called “photo interrupter” or “photo reflector”.

ヤマハ株式会社のイヤホン型の脈拍センサも使用できる。耳につけるだけでよいので、対象の人が変更になっても対応しやすい。   An earphone type pulse sensor from Yamaha Corporation can also be used. Since it only needs to be put on the ear, it is easy to respond even if the target person changes.

株式会社トライテックの指輪型脈拍計「パルスプラス」も使用できる。このセンサは「胸ベルトなし」かつ「運動しながら脈拍数計測」ができる超小型&軽量の指輪型の心拍計(脈拍計)である。指に心拍計をセットし、ボタンを押せば測定開始の簡単操作ができる。脈拍測定は運動中も継続測定が可能である。さらに身体情報と合わせることで、運動強度(%表示)、累積トレーニング時間、平均脈拍数、燃焼カロリーも判る。時計・温度計のデータもとれる。仕様は、脈拍測定範囲30〜250拍/分 精度:±3%、30×35mm/約15gである。   You can also use "Pulse Plus", a ring-type pulsometer from Tritech. This sensor is an ultra-compact and lightweight ring-type heart rate meter (pulse meter) capable of “no chest belt” and “measure pulse rate while exercising”. If you set a heart rate monitor on your finger and press the button, you can easily start measurement. Pulse measurement can be continued during exercise. Furthermore, by combining with physical information, exercise intensity (% display), cumulative training time, average pulse rate, and burned calories are also known. Clock and thermometer data can be obtained. The specification is a pulse measurement range of 30 to 250 beats / minute. Accuracy: ± 3%, 30 × 35 mm / about 15 g.

マイクロ・メディカル・デバイス株式会社のワイヤレス生体センサRF−ECG EKも使用できる。心電計測センサ、3軸加速度センサ、温度センサを有する。   A wireless biosensor RF-ECG EK manufactured by Micro Medical Device Co., Ltd. can also be used. It has an electrocardiograph sensor, a three-axis acceleration sensor, and a temperature sensor.

上記センサを使用して、そのデータから、実施の形態1のシステムにより徘徊者の健康状況、状態を分析できる。医師、看護師などが、徘徊者である看者のところに行かなくとも、状況を即座に知ることができる。さらに、一定のレベルの基準値を、あらかじめ設定し、その値を超えると、情報処理装置2において、警報(音、デイスプレイ表示)をすることで、即座に対応できる。患者(徘徊者)ごとに、そのレベルを変えるとさらに詳細に対応できる。病院建物内、病院敷地内、病院周辺地域などで利用できる。このセンサの場合は、胸の近くの皮膚に直接つける必要がある。   Using the sensor, it is possible to analyze the health status and condition of the deaf person from the data by the system of the first embodiment. Doctors, nurses, etc. can immediately know the situation without having to go to the guardian. Furthermore, if a reference value of a certain level is set in advance and exceeds that value, the information processing apparatus 2 can respond immediately by issuing an alarm (sound, display display). For each patient (dangerous person), the level can be changed in more detail. It can be used in hospital buildings, hospital premises, and hospital surrounding areas. In the case of this sensor, it must be applied directly to the skin near the chest.

ここで、分離型の生体センサからの情報は、ANT+、Bluetooth(登録商標) LE、その他微弱無線で被検知端末3に送り、被検知端末3からZigBee(登録商標)で通信すると、消費電力が低く、通信費用が安価で済む。   Here, the information from the separation-type biosensor is sent to the detected terminal 3 by ANT +, Bluetooth (registered trademark) LE, or other weak radio, and if the detected terminal 3 communicates with ZigBee (registered trademark), the power consumption is reduced. Low communication costs.

(実施の形態3)(圧力センサ)
この例では、被検知端末3の加速度センサ部38の代わりに、または、いっしょに、圧力センサを用い、徘徊者の代わりに運動選手に使用した例である。その他は、実施の形態1、2と同じである。
(Embodiment 3) (Pressure sensor)
In this example, instead of the acceleration sensor unit 38 of the detected terminal 3 or together, a pressure sensor is used and used for an athlete instead of a deaf person. The rest is the same as in the first and second embodiments.

圧力センサとしては、いろいろなものが利用できる。例えば、腕時計タイプの高度計や、水深を表示するダイバーズウォッチなどに使われている圧力センサ(ピエゾ抵抗型)を用いることができる。もっとも、よいものは、ピエゾ抵抗効果を利用した半導体圧力センサである。   Various pressure sensors can be used. For example, a pressure sensor (piezoresistive type) used in a wristwatch type altimeter, a divers watch that displays water depth, or the like can be used. The best one is a semiconductor pressure sensor using the piezoresistance effect.

また、株式会社ユティックのテキスタイルセンサも使用できる。織物多層構造体の圧縮特性を利用して圧力を検知するテキスタイルセンサである。構造は、多層構造物の上部、下部に導電性繊維を交錯させ、かつ接触させないように配置する。圧力を検知する原理は、空間がつぶれ上下の導電糸が接触し、電気回路上の電気信号の変化が生じて、これをモニタで検知する。導電糸は、金属繊維は伸縮性が低いため、芯糸に繊維構造体と同一(ポリエステルマルチフィラメント)、カバリング糸に銅線を用いたダブルカバード糸を用いている。   Moreover, the textile sensor of Utic Co., Ltd. can be used. This is a textile sensor that detects pressure by utilizing the compression characteristics of a woven multilayer structure. The structure is arranged so that conductive fibers are interlaced and not in contact with the upper and lower parts of the multilayer structure. The principle of detecting the pressure is that the space is crushed and the upper and lower conductive yarns come into contact with each other, causing a change in the electric signal on the electric circuit, which is detected by the monitor. As the conductive yarn, the metal fiber has low elasticity, and therefore, the same as the fiber structure (polyester multifilament) is used for the core yarn, and a double covered yarn using a copper wire is used for the covering yarn.

応用として、例えば、サッカーの選手全員に圧力センサを搭載した被検知端末3を靴にセットし、試合中の動きを、情報処理装置2で分析する。各選手の動きを、試合後、試合中に分析でき、選手の育成、戦術に活用できる。サッカー、野球、ラクビー、アイススケートなどすべてのスポーツで利用できる。また、試合中に分析すれば、選手交代や、戦術の変更が試合中にできる。連携した動きが分析できる。   As an application, for example, the detected terminals 3 equipped with pressure sensors are set on shoes for all soccer players, and the movement during the game is analyzed by the information processing device 2. The movement of each player can be analyzed during the game after the game, and can be used for the development and tactics of the player. It can be used in all sports such as soccer, baseball, rugby and ice skating. Also, if you analyze during the game, you can change players and change tactics during the game. You can analyze the linked movements.

さらに、足の裏に複数の圧力センサを用いるか、または、テキスタイルセンサなら足の裏全体に設け、位置ごとに検出できるようにすれば、足裏の内での体重のかけ方など、さらに細かい動きがわかる。   Furthermore, if multiple pressure sensors are used on the sole of the foot, or if the textile sensor is provided on the entire sole of the foot so that it can be detected for each position, how to apply weight within the sole of the foot, etc. I can see the movement.

サッカー選手の場合、ドリブルの練習での体重移動、野球選手の場合、バッテイングの体重移動、足の位置、マラソン選手なら体重移動、足のどの部分から地面につくかなどが分析できる。スポーツ全般に利用できる。   For soccer players, it is possible to analyze the weight shift during dribbling practice, for baseball players, the weight shift of the batting, the position of the foot, for the marathon player, the weight shift, and from which part of the foot to touch the ground. Can be used for sports in general.

ここで、分離型の生体センサからの情報は、ANT+、Bluetooth(登録商標) LE、その他微弱無線で被検知端末3に送り、被検知端末3からZigBeeで通信すると、消費電力が低く、通信費用が安価で済む。   Here, when the information from the separation-type biosensor is sent to the detected terminal 3 by ANT +, Bluetooth (registered trademark) LE, or other weak radio and communicated by the ZigBee from the detected terminal 3, the power consumption is low and the communication cost is low. Is cheap.

本願発明の徘徊者位置管理システムは、老人だけでなく、買い物客、スポーツ選手など種々の人が行動する範囲を監視やモニター、追跡等するシステムとして利用できる。   The deaf position management system of the present invention can be used as a system for monitoring, monitoring, tracking, etc. not only the elderly but also the range where various people such as shoppers and athletes act.

1 通信中継機器
3 被検知端末
5 捜索端末
6 外部端末
7 統合情報処理手段
10 送受信部
21 表示手段
30 通信部
32 演算処理部
33 記憶部
35 測位衛星無線受信部
38 加速度センサ部
50 捜索用通信部
55 外部通信部
58 伝達部
61 表示画面部
72 統合演算処理部
73 情報記憶部
91 靴
92 杖
N 通信可能範囲
T インタ−ネット通信網
Z 短距離低速無線通信網
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Communication relay apparatus 3 Detected terminal 5 Search terminal 6 External terminal 7 Integrated information processing means 10 Transmission / reception part 21 Display means 30 Communication part 32 Operation processing part 33 Storage part 35 Positioning satellite radio | wireless reception part 38 Acceleration sensor part 50 Search communication part 55 External communication unit 58 Transmission unit 61 Display screen unit 72 Integrated calculation processing unit 73 Information storage unit 91 Shoes 92 Cane N Communication range T Internet communication network Z Short range low speed wireless communication network

Claims (12)

短距離低速無線用の送受信部(18)を有し、相互通信の中継にて短距離低速無線通信網Zを形成する複数の通信中継機器(1)と、
測位衛星からの電波を受信可能な測位衛星無線受信部(35)と、予め識別情報が記憶される記憶部(33)と、受信した電波により位置情報を算出する測位処理を行うと共に前記識別情報と前記位置情報と時刻情報とを関連付けた管理情報の作成を行う演算処理部(32)と、
前記短距離低速無線通信網(Z)と短距離低速無線通信可能な通信部(38)と、を有する徘徊者が保持する被検知端末(3)と、
予め地図情報が記憶される情報記憶部(73)と、前記短距離低無線通信網(Z)を介して前記被検知端末(3)から前記管理情報を取得して前記地図情報と関連付けて検知結果情報の作成を行う統合演算処理部(72)と、を有する統合情報処理手段(7)と、
前記検知結果情報を監視者に視認させる表示手段(21)と、を具備し、
前記被検知端末(3)は、前記管理情報を前記短距離低速無線通信網(Z)へ所定時間毎に自動送信することを特徴とする徘徊者位置管理システム。
A plurality of communication relay devices (1) having a transmission / reception unit (18) for short-range low-speed wireless, and forming a short-range low-speed wireless communication network Z by relay of mutual communication;
A positioning satellite wireless receiver (35) capable of receiving radio waves from a positioning satellite, a storage unit (33) in which identification information is stored in advance, and a positioning process for calculating position information from the received radio waves and the identification information And an arithmetic processing unit (32) for creating management information in which the position information and time information are associated with each other,
A detected terminal (3) held by a deaf person having the short-range low-speed wireless communication network (Z) and a communication unit (38) capable of short-range low-speed wireless communication;
The management information is acquired from the detected terminal (3) via the information storage unit (73) in which map information is stored in advance and the short-range low-wireless communication network (Z), and is detected in association with the map information. An integrated information processing means (7) having an integrated arithmetic processing unit (72) for creating result information;
Display means (21) for allowing a monitor to visually recognize the detection result information,
The detected terminal (3) automatically transmits the management information to the short-range low-speed wireless communication network (Z) every predetermined time.
前記被検知端末(3)の前記通信部(30)と短距離低速無線通信可能な捜索用通信部(50)と、
前記捜索用通信部(50)と前記通信部(30)とが通信可能な距離に接近したことを捜索者に伝える伝達部(58)と、
表示画面画像部(61)を有する外部端末(6)と通信するための外部通信部(55)と、
を備えた捜索端宋(5)を具備し、
前記捜索端末(5)は、前記被検知端末(3)が前記短距離低速無線通信網(Z)との通信可能範囲(N)外で、該被検知端末(3)と通信可能に接近した場合に、前記被検知端末(3)から前記管理情報を受信し、前記捜索者に前記徘徊者に接近していることを伝達し、前記管理情報を前記外部端末(6)に送信し、
さらに、前記統合情報処理手段(7)は、インターネット通信網(T)を介して前記外部端末(6)から前記管理情報を取得して、前記検知結果情報を作成し、該作成した検知結果情報を前記外部端末(6)の前記表示画面部(61)に表示させる請求項1記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。
A search communication unit (50) capable of short-range low-speed wireless communication with the communication unit (30) of the detected terminal (3);
A transmission unit (58) for informing a searcher that the search communication unit (50) and the communication unit (30) have approached a communicable distance;
An external communication unit (55) for communicating with an external terminal (6) having a display screen image unit (61);
Equipped with a search terminal (5) with
The search terminal (5) is close to the detected terminal (3) so that the detected terminal (3) can communicate with the detected terminal (3) outside the communicable range (N) with the short-range low-speed wireless communication network (Z). In this case, the management information is received from the detected terminal (3), the searcher is informed that the approaching person is approached, and the management information is transmitted to the external terminal (6).
Further, the integrated information processing means (7) acquires the management information from the external terminal (6) via the Internet communication network (T), creates the detection result information, and creates the created detection result information. The heel position management system according to claim 1, wherein the display screen (61) of the external terminal (6) is displayed.
前記被検知端末(3)と前記通信中継機器(l)の通信、前記通信中継機器(1)同士の中継通信、及び、前記被検知端末(3)と前記捜索端末(5)の通信は、IEEE802.15.4に準拠した短距離低速無線通信を行う請求項2記載の徘徊者位置管理システム.   The communication between the detected terminal (3) and the communication relay device (l), the relay communication between the communication relay devices (1), and the communication between the detected terminal (3) and the search terminal (5) The deaf position management system according to claim 2, which performs short-distance low-speed wireless communication conforming to IEEE 802.15.4. 前記被検知端末(3)に、加速度センサ部(38)を設け、該被検知端末(3)は、前記演算処理部(32)にて該加速度センサ部(38)の信号から前記徘徊者が停止状態か否かの行動判定処理を行って、前記徘徊者が停止状態の際に前記測位処理を停止する請求項1,2又は3記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。   The detected terminal (3) is provided with an acceleration sensor unit (38), and the detected terminal (3) receives the signal from the acceleration sensor unit (38) by the arithmetic processing unit (32). The deaf position management system according to claim 1, 2, or 3, wherein an action determination process for determining whether or not the person is in a stopped state performs the positioning process when the deaf person is in a stopped state. 前記被検知端末(3)を、前記徘徊者が使用する鞄(91)又は杖(92)に内蔵した請求項1,2,3又は4記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。   The deaf position management system according to claim 1, 2, 3, or 4, wherein the detected terminal (3) is built in a reed (91) or a cane (92) used by the deaf person. 前記被検知端末(3)に、生体センサを設け、前記徘徊者の健康状態を判定する請求項1から5のいずれか1項に記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。   The deaf position management system according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a living body sensor is provided in the detected terminal (3) to determine the dementia's health condition. 前記健康状態とは、脈拍、体温、表面筋電、心拍計のいずれか1つ以上である請求項6に記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。   The deaf person position management system according to claim 6, wherein the health condition is one or more of a pulse, a body temperature, a surface electromyogram, and a heart rate monitor. さらに、前記徘徊者の身体情報と組み合わせ、運動状態を評価する請求項7に記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。   Furthermore, the position management system of a deaf person of Claim 7 which evaluates an exercise state combining with the said bodily's physical information. 前記健康状態が基準値外である場合、警告を発する請求項8項に記載の徘徊者位置管理位置管理システム。   The deaf person position management position management system according to claim 8, wherein a warning is issued when the health condition is outside a reference value. 前記被検知端末に、圧力センサを設け、前記徘徊者として運動選手を対象とし、前記運動選手の動きを分析する請求項1から9のいずれか1項に記載の徘徊者位置管理システム。   The deaf position management system according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein a pressure sensor is provided in the detected terminal, and the movement of the athlete is analyzed by targeting an athlete as the deaf person. 前記圧力センサを、前記運動選手の靴に設け、足の裏面の場所ごとの圧力を検出する請求項10記載の位置管理システム。   The position management system according to claim 10, wherein the pressure sensor is provided on a shoe of the athlete and detects a pressure for each place on the back side of the foot. 前記生体センサ、または、前記圧力センサを前記被検出端末とは、別に設け、前記生体センサ、または、前記圧力センサと、前記被検出端末とを通信する請求項6から11のいずれか1項に記載の位置管理システム。   The biological sensor or the pressure sensor is provided separately from the detected terminal, and the biological sensor or the pressure sensor communicates with the detected terminal. The location management system described.
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