JP2014007093A - Light source device and light projector including the same - Google Patents

Light source device and light projector including the same Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2014007093A
JP2014007093A JP2012142904A JP2012142904A JP2014007093A JP 2014007093 A JP2014007093 A JP 2014007093A JP 2012142904 A JP2012142904 A JP 2012142904A JP 2012142904 A JP2012142904 A JP 2012142904A JP 2014007093 A JP2014007093 A JP 2014007093A
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Prior art keywords
light
emitting element
light emitting
emission
control unit
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JP2012142904A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP6071265B2 (en
Inventor
Koji Takahashi
幸司 高橋
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Sharp Corp
シャープ株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21S41/151Light emitting diodes [LED] arranged in one or more lines
    • F21S41/153Light emitting diodes [LED] arranged in one or more lines arranged in a matrix
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/141Light emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21S41/151Light emitting diodes [LED] arranged in one or more lines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/16Laser light sources
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/176Light sources where the light is generated by photoluminescent material spaced from a primary light generating element
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/60Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution
    • F21S41/65Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on light sources
    • F21S41/663Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by a variable light distribution by acting on light sources by switching light sources
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q2300/00Indexing codes for automatically adjustable headlamps or automatically dimmable headlamps
    • B60Q2300/10Indexing codes relating to particular vehicle conditions
    • B60Q2300/12Steering parameters
    • B60Q2300/122Steering angle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q2300/00Indexing codes for automatically adjustable headlamps or automatically dimmable headlamps
    • B60Q2300/40Indexing codes relating to other road users or special conditions
    • B60Q2300/42Indexing codes relating to other road users or special conditions oncoming vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q2300/00Indexing codes for automatically adjustable headlamps or automatically dimmable headlamps
    • B60Q2300/40Indexing codes relating to other road users or special conditions
    • B60Q2300/45Special conditions, e.g. pedestrians, road signs or potential dangers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q2400/00Special features or arrangements of exterior signal lamps for vehicles
    • B60Q2400/50Projected signs, i.e. symbol or information is projected onto the road
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/20Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by refractors, transparent cover plates, light guides or filters
    • F21S41/25Projection lenses
    • F21S41/255Lenses with a front view of circular or truncated circular outline
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/30Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by reflectors
    • F21S41/32Optical layout thereof
    • F21S41/321Optical layout thereof the reflector being a surface of revolution or a planar surface, e.g. truncated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2103/00Exterior vehicle lighting devices for signalling purposes
    • F21W2103/60Projection of signs from lighting devices, e.g. symbols or information being projected onto the road
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2105/00Planar light sources
    • F21Y2105/10Planar light sources comprising a two-dimensional array of point-like light-generating elements
    • F21Y2105/12Planar light sources comprising a two-dimensional array of point-like light-generating elements characterised by the geometrical disposition of the light-generating elements, e.g. arranging light-generating elements in differing patterns or densities
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/30Semiconductor lasers

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a light source device capable of being miniaturized and capable of changing a light projection pattern.SOLUTION: A light source device 10 includes a plurality of two-dimensionally-arranged laser element parts 11b which can individually control a light quantity, and a fluorescent member 15 which is irradiated with light emitted from the plurality of laser element parts 11b. A plurality of intersection points (centers So1) of a central axis of the light emitted from each of the laser element parts 11b and the fluorescent member 15 are two-dimensionally arranged. The plurality of laser element parts 11b individually control the light quantity to change a light emission shape of an outgoing area S of the fluorescent member 15.

Description

  The present invention relates to a light source device and a light projecting device including the light source device, and more particularly to a light source device including a plurality of light emitting element portions arranged two-dimensionally and a light projecting device including the light source device.

  2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a light projecting device including a plurality of light emitting element units arranged two-dimensionally is known (for example, see Patent Document 1).

  In Patent Document 1, a plurality of LED chips, a substrate on which the plurality of LED chips are two-dimensionally mounted, a case that houses the plurality of LED chips, and an LED chip provided at the opening of the case are emitted from the LED chip. An in-vehicle headlamp (light projecting device) including a phosphor (fluorescent member) irradiated with light is disclosed. The plurality of LED chips are two-dimensionally arranged so as to have a density. The opening of the case is formed in a predetermined shape so that a light projection pattern required for a low beam (passing headlamp) can be obtained.

JP 2009-129683 A

  Incidentally, it is necessary to switch between a high beam (traveling headlight) and a low beam (passing headlight) in an automotive headlamp. In addition, there is a headlamp that illuminates the turning direction of an automobile like an AFS (Adaptive Front-Lighting System) in conjunction with steering.

  However, since the in-vehicle headlamp of Patent Document 1 cannot change the projection pattern, there is a problem in that when this in-vehicle headlamp is used, a high beam headlamp needs to be provided separately.

  Furthermore, when illuminating the direction in which the automobile bends like AFS, it is necessary to change the light emission direction by a mechanical operation, and there is a problem that the headlamp becomes large.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a light source device that can be reduced in size and that can change a light projection pattern, and the light source device. It is to provide a floodlighting device.

  In this specification, changing the projection pattern means changing the shape of the projection pattern (shape of the projection area), changing the size of the projection pattern (size of the projection area), This is a concept including a case where the light and shade of the light projection pattern is changed (the lightness and darkness of a certain area in the light projection area is changed).

  In order to achieve the above object, a light source device according to the present invention is a light source device used in a light projecting device that projects light, and is arranged in a two-dimensional manner, and a plurality of light emitting devices capable of individually controlling the amount of light. A light diffusing member that is irradiated with light emitted from a plurality of light emitting element parts and that diffuses light; and a central axis and light of light emitted from each of the light emitting element parts The plurality of intersections with the diffusing member are two-dimensionally arranged, and the light emitting shape of the emission region that emits light of the light diffusing member is obtained by individually controlling the light amount of the plurality of light emitting element portions, and At least one of the light emission size of the emission region and the intensity distribution of light emitted from the emission region is changed.

  In the present specification and claims, “projecting” means illuminating a predetermined area (predetermined direction) with light. The light amount control includes not only increasing / decreasing the light output of the light emitting element but also switching ON / OFF. Further, the ability to control the amount of light is realized by being able to control energization. “Energization control is possible” is a concept that includes not only switching on / off the power supply to the light emitting element unit but also increasing / decreasing the power supply amount.

  As described above, the light source device of the present invention includes a plurality of light emitting element portions arranged two-dimensionally and a light diffusing member that is irradiated with light emitted from the plurality of light emitting element portions. By individually controlling the amount of light by the element unit, at least of the light emission shape of the emission region that emits light of the light diffusion member, the light emission size of the emission region, and the intensity distribution of the light emitted from the emission region One is changed. Thereby, since the pattern of the light radiate | emitted from a light-diffusion member can be changed, the light projection pattern of the light radiate | emitted from a light projector can be changed. Moreover, since it is not necessary to provide a light projector for every required light projection pattern, a light projector can be reduced in size.

  In addition, at least one of the light emission shape, the light emission size, and the light intensity distribution in the light diffusing member is changed only by individually controlling the light amount of the plurality of light emitting element portions. Thereby, since a light projection pattern can be changed, the mechanical mechanism for changing a light projection pattern becomes unnecessary. That is, the light projection pattern can be changed only by electrical control. Accordingly, the light source device and the light projecting device can be reduced in size, and the light projecting pattern can be switched instantaneously.

  In the light source device, the light diffusing member preferably has a two-dimensional spread so that light emitted from the plurality of light emitting element portions is irradiated. If comprised in this way, since it is not necessary to provide a light-diffusion member for every light emitting element part, it can suppress that the number of light-diffusion members increases.

  The light source device preferably includes a surface emitting laser array in which a plurality of light emitting element portions are two-dimensionally formed on a semiconductor substrate. For example, when mounting a plurality of individual LED chips (light emitting element portions) on a substrate in a two-dimensional manner as in Patent Document 1 described above, as the number of light emitting element portions increases, manufacturing time and manufacturing cost are increased. However, if a surface emitting laser array is used, an increase in manufacturing time and manufacturing cost can be suppressed. In addition, the plurality of light emitting element portions can be arranged with high accuracy, and the laser light source (the plurality of light emitting element portions) can be reduced in size. Furthermore, variation in electrical characteristics between the light emitting element portions can be suppressed. Thus, the use of the surface emitting laser array is much more preferable than the case where a plurality of individual light emitting element portions are mounted on a substrate.

  In the light source device, preferably, the light diffusing member includes a fluorescent member excited by light from the light emitting element portion.

  In the light source device, preferably, the light diffusing member scatters light from the light emitting element portion without wavelength conversion.

  In the light source device, preferably, the emission regions of the light emitted from the adjacent light emitting element portions overlap each other. If comprised in this way, it can suppress that a dark part (area | region which light does not radiate | emit) is formed between the emission areas | regions by the light radiate | emitted from the adjacent light emitting element part.

  In the light source device, preferably, the plurality of light emitting element portions are selectively energized. If comprised in this way, since the light emission shape and light emission size of the emission area | region of a light-diffusion member can be changed easily, the shape and size of a light projection pattern can be changed easily.

  In this case, preferably, the plurality of light emitting element portions are divided into groups, and are selectively energized for each group. With this configuration, the number of wirings for driving the light emitting element portion can be reduced, so that the light quantity can be easily controlled.

  The light source device preferably includes a translucent member that is disposed so as to cover the light emitting side of the plurality of light emitting element portions and transmits light emitted from the light emitting element portions. If comprised in this way, the surface of a light emitting element part can be protected. In addition, it is possible to seal the light emitting element portion using a translucent member. In this case, the light emitting element portion can be protected from dust or the like.

  The light projecting device of the present invention includes the light source device having the above-described configuration and a light projecting member that projects light emitted from the light diffusion member. If comprised in this way, the light projection apparatus which can be reduced in size and can change a light projection pattern can be obtained.

  In the above light projecting device, preferably, the light projecting member includes a light projecting lens, and the light projecting lens performs light projecting reflecting the light emission shape of the emission region. If comprised in this way, the light projection which reflected the light emission shape of the radiation | emission area | region can be performed easily. In the case where light is projected using a light projection lens, the light projection pattern more easily reflects the light emission shape of the emission region than when light is projected using, for example, a reflecting member without providing the light projection lens.

  In the said light projection apparatus, Preferably, it uses for the headlamp for vehicles.

  In the light projecting device used for the vehicle headlamp described above, preferably, the light projecting member has a focal point, and the focus of the light projecting member is on a portion that projects the cut-off line of the light projection pattern in the emission region. Has been placed. This configuration is particularly effective because the brightness can be switched sharply in the cut-off line.

  In the present specification and claims, the cut-off line refers to a light / dark separation line of a low beam (passing headlight) projection pattern. In the cut-off line, it is required that the light and dark are switched sharply.

  The light projecting device used for the vehicle headlamp preferably includes a control unit that individually controls energization to the light emitting element unit, and the control unit is based on a low beam lighting operation or a high beam lighting operation by the driver. Thus, energization to the light emitting element portion is controlled. With this configuration, it is possible to easily switch to the low beam projection pattern or the high beam projection pattern.

  The light projecting device used for the vehicle headlamp preferably includes a control unit that individually controls energization to the light emitting element unit, and the control unit energizes the light emitting element unit based on the vehicle speed. Control. If comprised in this way, since it can switch automatically to the light projection pattern according to the vehicle speed, it is especially effective.

  The light projecting device used for the vehicle headlamp preferably includes a control unit that individually controls energization to the light emitting element unit, and the control unit is based on a steering operation by the driver. Controls energization to. If comprised in this way, since the direction which a vehicle bends can be illuminated automatically, it is especially effective.

  Preferably, the light projecting device used in the vehicle headlamp includes a control unit that individually controls energization to the light emitting element unit, and the control unit detects the object around the light projecting direction. Based on the detection result of the device, energization to the light emitting element portion is controlled. If comprised in this way, since the illumination according to the condition of the advancing direction of a vehicle can be performed, it is especially effective.

  In the present specification and claims, an object is a concept including a person.

  In the light projecting device including the control unit and the detection device, the control unit preferably energizes the light emitting element unit so that the amount of light emitted to the oncoming vehicle is reduced when the oncoming vehicle is detected by the detection device. To control. If comprised in this way, the glare light given to the driver | operator of an oncoming vehicle can be suppressed.

  In the light projecting device including the control unit and the detection device, preferably, the control unit has a high intensity of light projected to the pedestrian or the light vehicle when the detection device detects the pedestrian or the light vehicle. Thus, the current supply to the light emitting element portion is controlled. If comprised in this way, since it becomes easy to visually recognize a pedestrian and a light vehicle, a driver | operator becomes easy to notice presence of a pedestrian and a light vehicle. Also, pedestrians are more likely to notice the presence of the vehicle.

  The light projecting device used for the vehicle headlamp preferably includes a control unit that individually controls energization to the light emitting element unit, and the control unit includes a navigation device that guides the route of the host vehicle to the destination. On the basis of this signal, energization to the light emitting element portion is controlled so that the driver can visually recognize the figure indicating the direction in which the host vehicle should travel. If comprised in this way, the driver | operator can obtain navigation information, without seeing the display part of a navigation apparatus.

  As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to easily obtain a light source device that can be miniaturized and that can change a light projection pattern, and a light projection device that includes the light source device.

It is sectional drawing which showed the structure of the light projector of 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing which showed the structure of the light source device of 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the expanded sectional view which showed the structure of the laser element part of the surface emitting laser array of 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the irradiation area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from all the laser element parts shown in FIG. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescence member when a laser beam radiate | emits from all the laser element parts shown in FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from all the laser element parts shown in FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is a figure for demonstrating the light projection pattern requested | required of the low beam of a motor vehicle. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 4th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 5th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern of the light radiate | emitted from the light projector of 6th Embodiment of this invention. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 6th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 6th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern of the light radiate | emitted from the light projection apparatus of 7th Embodiment of this invention. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 7th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 8th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of 8th Embodiment of this invention. It is the figure which showed the emission area | region of the fluorescent member when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the figure which showed the light projection pattern when a laser beam radiate | emits from the laser element part enclosed with the dashed-two dotted line of FIG. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of the 1st modification of this invention. It is the front view which showed the structure of the surface emitting laser array of the 2nd modification of this invention. It is sectional drawing which showed the structure of the light projection apparatus of the 3rd modification of this invention. It is sectional drawing which showed the structure of the light projection apparatus of the 4th modification of this invention. It is sectional drawing which showed the structure of the light source device of the 5th modification of this invention.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In order to facilitate understanding, hatching may be performed even in a cross-sectional view, or hatching may be performed even in a cross-sectional view.

(First embodiment)
First, with reference to FIGS. 1-7, the structure of the light projector 1 by 1st Embodiment of this invention is demonstrated.

  The floodlight device 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention is used, for example, as a headlamp (lamp) that illuminates the front of an automobile (vehicle). As shown in FIG. 1, the light projecting device 1 projects light in a predetermined direction using the light source device 10, the mounting member 20 to which the light source device 10 is attached, and the light emitted from the light source device 10. The member 30 and the control part 40 which controls the light projector 1 are provided.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the light source device 10 has a so-called surface emitting laser array 11 in which a plurality of laser element portions (light emitting element portions) are two-dimensionally formed on a semiconductor substrate, and a rear surface side of the surface emitting laser array 11 is fixed. Excited by the light emitted from the surface emitting laser array 11, the fixing member 12, the housing member 13 that houses the surface emitting laser array 11, the translucent member 14 that covers the light emitting side of the surface emitting laser array 11, and the surface emitting laser array 11. And a fluorescent member 15 (light diffusing member). The surface emitting laser array 11 is formed by collectively forming a plurality of laser element portions on a semiconductor substrate by a wafer process. Here, the fluorescent member 15 diffuses and emits a part of the light that excites the phosphor and the fluorescence emitted from the phosphor, and is also referred to as a light diffusing member.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the surface emitting laser array 11 has a length (L11) of about 1200 μm, a width (W11) of about 550 μm, and a thickness of several hundreds of μm. On the main surface 11a of the surface emitting laser array 11, a plurality of laser element portions 11b (light emitting element portions) capable of individually controlling the amount of light are two-dimensionally arranged. Specifically, for example, 32 (8 × 4) laser element portions 11b are formed. In addition, the interval between the laser elements 11b near the center is narrowed, and the distance between the lower left and lower right laser element parts 11b is increased. Note that p100, p150, and p200 in FIG. 3 indicate that the arrangement pitch of the laser element portions 11b is 100 μm, 150 μm, and 200 μm, respectively.

  The laser element unit 11b emits laser light that functions as excitation light. The radiation angle of the laser light emitted from the laser element portion 11b (the angle range in which the intensity of the laser light becomes half of the peak intensity) is about 8 °. Further, the laser element unit 11b is configured to emit blue laser light having a center wavelength of, for example, about 450 nm. The maximum output of each laser element unit 11b is, for example, 0.1W.

As shown in FIG. 4, the laser element portion 11b includes an n-type GaN semiconductor substrate 11c, an n-type GaN buffer layer 11d formed on the semiconductor substrate 11c in this order, and 29 pairs of AlN layers / GaN layers. It includes a DBR (Distributed Bragg Reflector) layer 11e and a clad layer 11f made of n-type GaN. In addition, a cylindrical protrusion is provided at a predetermined position of the cladding layer 11f. On this convex part, a multiple quantum well active layer 11g composed of 10 pairs of InGaN layers / GaN layers and a clad layer 11h composed of p + -type GaN are formed. In addition, a dielectric DBR layer 11i composed of 10 pairs of Ta 2 O 2 layers / SiO 2 layers is formed in the central portion on the cladding layer 11h. On the cladding layer 11h, an insulating film 11j made of silicon nitride and a p-electrode 11k are formed around the dielectric DBR layer 11i. The insulating film 11j is formed so as to cover the side surface of the convex portion. An n electrode 11m is formed on the cladding layer 11f at a predetermined distance from the convex portion.

  A wiring layer, an Au wire, or the like (not shown) is electrically connected to the p electrode 11k and the n electrode 11m so that each laser element portion 11b can be driven individually. The dielectric DBR layer 11i has a diameter of 10 μm, for example. Further, a resonator is constituted by the dielectric DBR layer 11i, the cladding layer 11h, the multiple quantum well active layer 11g, the cladding layer 11f, and the DBR layer 11e, and when a voltage is applied between the p electrode 11k and the n electrode 11m, The laser beam is emitted from the dielectric DBR layer 11i. That is, when the laser element portion 11b is viewed from the main surface 11a side, the dielectric DBR layer 11i is a light emitting point, and the diameter of the light emitting point is, for example, 10 μm.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the storage member 13 is formed in a box shape having an opening on the laser beam emission side. The storage member 13 is made of, for example, ceramics or metal.

  The fixing member 12 is a metal heat sink and is exposed from the back surface of the storage member 13. Thereby, it is possible to efficiently dissipate heat generated in the surface emitting laser array 11. The translucent member 14 is made of glass or the like that transmits laser light, and seals the opening of the storage member 13. An antireflection film that suppresses the reflection of the laser light from the surface emitting laser array 11 may be provided on the surface of the translucent member 14.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the fluorescent member 15 is expanded two-dimensionally so as to be irradiated with the laser beams emitted from the plurality of laser element portions 11b, and has a length (L15) of about 1300 μm and a width of about 650 μm. (W15). The fluorescent member 15 is, for example, a plate-like glass member sealed with a phosphor. As shown in FIG. 2, the fluorescent member 15 is irradiated with laser light emitted from a plurality of laser element portions 11b (see FIG. 3) of the surface emitting laser array 11 via a light transmissive member 14. Opposing to the part 11b. The fluorescent member 15 may be fixed on the translucent member 14. The fluorescent member 15 may not be in contact with the translucent member 14. The fluorescent member 15 has an irradiation surface 15a on which laser light is irradiated and an emission surface 15b that emits light in a diffused state. The irradiation surface 15a is disposed at a distance of, for example, 2.0 mm from the surface emitting laser array 11.

  The fluorescent member 15 converts part of the laser light (excitation light) into fluorescent light and emits it. The fluorescent member 15 is formed using, for example, phosphor particles that convert blue light (excitation light) into yellow light and emit it. Examples of the phosphor that converts blue light into yellow light include YAG phosphor. In the light source device 10, white light is obtained by mixing blue light that has not undergone wavelength conversion and yellow light that has undergone wavelength conversion.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 1, the fluorescent member 15 is disposed in a region including a first focal point F31a of a reflecting surface 31a of a reflecting member 31 (to be described later) of the light projecting member 30.

  The irradiation surface 15a of the fluorescent member 15 has a plurality of circular irradiation regions irradiated with the laser light emitted from each laser element portion 11b. As shown in FIG. 5, the center So1 of the irradiation region by each laser element unit 11b is the intersection of the central axis of the laser beam emitted from each of the laser element units 11b and the irradiation surface 15a of the fluorescent member 15. Two-dimensionally arranged. Further, as shown in FIG. 6, the emission surface 15b of the fluorescent member 15 has a plurality of circular emission regions S2 from which light is emitted. The range where the intensity of the emitted light is halved with respect to the peak intensity is defined as the emission area S2. Here, the laser beam and the fluorescence generated by being excited by the laser beam are scattered in the fluorescent member 15, but if the fluorescent member 15 is not extremely thick, the laser by each laser element portion 11b on the irradiation surface 15a. The light irradiation area and the emission area S2 of the emission light on the emission surface 15b shown in FIG. 6 have the same size.

  The laser light travels with a predetermined divergence angle with respect to the traveling direction, enters the fluorescent member 15, and excites the fluorescent member 15 having an area corresponding to the emission region S2. The fluorescence generated at this time is emitted from the emission surface 15 b while being scattered by the phosphor particles in the fluorescent member 15. The diameter of the emission region S2 is, for example, 280 μm. For this reason, the adjacent emission region S2 (the emission region S2 by the laser beam emitted from the adjacent laser element portion 11b) overlaps each other. A plurality of emission areas S2 are overlapped to form one emission area S. When all the laser element portions 11b are energized and light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. 6, the light projection pattern P 25m ahead of the light projecting device 1 becomes elliptical as shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the light source device 10 is connected to a control unit 40 via a power supply unit (not shown) that supplies power to the laser element unit 11b (see FIG. 3). The controller 40 individually controls energization to the laser element unit 11b. Thereby, the output (light quantity) of the laser element unit 11b is individually controlled. For example, if the laser element unit 11b is selectively energized by the control unit 40, the light emission shape and light emission size of the emission region S of the fluorescent member 15 can be easily changed. Further, the intensity distribution of light emitted from the emission region S of the fluorescent member 15 can be easily changed by individually increasing / decreasing the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b by the control unit 40.

  The control unit 40 is connected to a main switch (not shown) operated by the driver to turn on / off the light projecting device 1 and a changeover switch for switching between the low beam and the high beam. And the control part 40 controls electricity supply to the laser element part 11b based on the low beam lighting operation or high beam lighting operation by a driver | operator. The control unit 40 also detects a vehicle speed detector for detecting the vehicle speed (the traveling speed of the automobile), a steering angle detector for detecting the steering angle of the steering by the driver, and an object around the light projecting direction. This is connected to a detection device or a navigation device for guiding the route of the host vehicle to the destination as necessary.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the attachment member 20 is formed of a metal block, for example, and has a function of radiating heat generated by the light source device 10. The surface of the attachment member 20 may be formed of a reflective surface.

  The light projecting member 30 includes a reflecting member 31 and a convex lens 32 (light projecting lens). The reflection surface 31 a of the reflection member 31 is disposed so as to face the emission surface 15 b of the fluorescent member 15 of the light source device 10 and has a function of reflecting light from the fluorescent member 15 toward the convex lens 32. Moreover, the reflective surface 31a is formed so that a part of ellipsoid may be included. Specifically, the reflecting surface 31a is divided into an ellipsoidal plane by a plane orthogonal (intersect) to an axis connecting the first focal point F31a and the second focal point F31b, and a plane parallel to the axis. It is formed in a simple shape. The first focus refers to a focus closer to the vertex V31 of the reflecting surface 31a, and the second focus refers to a focus far from the vertex V31 of the reflecting surface 31a.

  The reflecting surface 31a has a depth of about 20 mm (length in the B direction) and is formed in a semicircular shape having a radius of about 10 mm when viewed from the light projecting direction (A direction). The reflecting member 31 may be made of metal or may be formed by providing a reflecting film on the surface of the resin.

  The convex lens 32 is disposed in front of the reflecting member 31. The convex lens 32 has a radius of about 10 mm. The convex lens 32 transmits the light reflected by the reflecting member 31 and emits the light to the outside of the light projecting device 1. The focal point F32 of the convex lens 32 and the second focal point F31b of the reflecting surface 31a of the reflecting member 31 substantially coincide with each other. For this reason, the convex lens 32 performs light projection reflecting the light emission shape and light emission size of the emission region S and the intensity distribution of the light emitted from the emission region S. The convex lens 32 may be a plano-convex lens, a biconvex lens, or other shapes.

  In the present embodiment, the light emitted from the emission surface 15b of the fluorescent member 15 is reflected by the reflection surface 31a of the reflection member 31, passes through the second focal point F31b (or the vicinity thereof) of the reflection surface 31a, and is projected by the convex lens 32. Lighted. Then, the light projection pattern P 25 m ahead of the light projecting device 1 is a projection of the light emission shape of the emission region S and the intensity distribution of the light emitted from the emission region S.

  In addition, when using the above-mentioned light projector 1 as a headlamp of a motor vehicle, for example, five light projectors 1 were put in order, and it was set as the headlamp unit for the one side of a motor vehicle. Moreover, the five light projection apparatuses 1 were installed so that each light projection pattern P might overlap. The number of the light projecting devices 1 is appropriately set according to the output of the light source device 10. When the output of the light source device 10 is sufficiently large, the headlight for one side of the vehicle is provided by one light projecting device 1. A unit may be configured.

  Next, the operation of the light projecting device 1 and the light projecting pattern P will be described with reference to FIGS.

  In this light projecting device 1, when the main switch for turning on / off the light projecting device 1 is turned on by the driver, the control unit 40 selects the laser element unit 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line L in FIG. Is energized and driven. At this time, light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. Light emitted from the emission region S is projected by the reflecting member 31 and the convex lens 32. Then, the light projection pattern P 25 m ahead of the light projecting device 1 is as shown in FIG. 10, and the light beam projection pattern P for low beam is obtained.

  Specifically, the low beam projection pattern P does not expand in the upper right direction, but expands in the left-right direction (horizontal direction) and the lower direction. In addition, the right means the right side (C direction side) in the traveling direction of the automobile, and the left means the left side (opposite to the C direction) in the traveling direction of the automobile. . In the low beam projection pattern P, the brightness is sharply switched in the cut-off lines M1 and M2, and the illumination light is not irradiated to the area above the cut-off lines M1 and M2. That is, the light projection pattern P is formed in a shape in which the upper right portion is cut away. For this reason, it is possible to suppress the glare light given to the driver of the oncoming vehicle. Further, the luminous intensity is highest in the area near the elbow point E (the area directly in front of the automobile) that is the intersection of the cutoff lines M1 and M2, and the luminous intensity decreases as the distance from the elbow point E increases. In this specification, the elbow point E refers to the intersection of the left half and right half cut-off lines M1 and M2 of the low beam (passing headlight) projection pattern P.

  Note that in a left-handed country such as Japan, the low beam of an automobile requires a light projection pattern P with the upper right portion cut away as shown in FIG. In the cut-off lines M1 and M2, it is necessary to switch the brightness sharply so as not to give glare light to the driver of the oncoming vehicle. Further, the luminous intensity of the region R1 (region in front of the automobile) in the vicinity of the elbow point E, which is the intersection of the cutoff lines M1 and M2, is highest, and the luminous intensity decreases as the distance from the region R1 increases. That is, the light intensity decreases in the order of the regions R1, R2, and R3.

  Next, when the changeover switch for switching between the low beam and the high beam is operated by the driver to switch from the low beam to the high beam, the laser element unit 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line L in FIG. Is energized and driven. At this time, light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. Then, the light projection pattern P is as shown in FIG. 14, and a high beam projection pattern P is obtained.

  Moreover, you may be comprised so that all the laser element parts 11b may be energized as needed. In this case, light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. 6, and the light projection pattern P is as shown in FIG. Thereby, it is possible to illuminate a wider area.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, a plurality of laser element units 11b arranged in a two-dimensional manner and a fluorescent member 15 irradiated with light emitted from the plurality of laser element units 11b are provided, and a plurality of lasers are provided. When the light amount is individually controlled by the element unit 11b, at least one of the light emission shape of the emission region S of the fluorescent member 15, the light emission size of the emission region S, and the intensity distribution of the light emitted from the emission region S is obtained. Be changed. Thereby, since the pattern of the light radiate | emitted from the fluorescent member 15 can be changed, the light projection pattern P of the light radiate | emitted from the light projector 1 can be changed. Moreover, since it is not necessary to provide the light projector 1 for every required light projection pattern P, the light projector 1 can be reduced in size.

  In addition, at least one of the light emission shape, the light emission size, and the light intensity distribution in the fluorescent member 15 is changed only by controlling the light quantity individually for the plurality of laser element portions 11b. Thereby, since the light projection pattern P can be changed, the mechanical mechanism for changing the light projection pattern P becomes unnecessary. That is, the light projection pattern P can be changed only by electrical control. Thereby, while being able to reduce in size the light source device 10 and the light projection apparatus 1, the light projection pattern P can be switched instantaneously.

  Further, as described above, the fluorescent member 15 has a two-dimensional spread so that light emitted from the plurality of laser element portions 11b is irradiated. Thereby, since it is not necessary to provide the fluorescent member 15 for every laser element part 11b, it can suppress that the number of the fluorescent members 15 increases.

  Further, as described above, the surface emitting laser array 11 in which a plurality of laser element portions 11b are two-dimensionally formed on the semiconductor substrate 11c is provided. For example, when mounting a plurality of individual LED chips (light emitting element portions) on a substrate in a two-dimensional manner as in Patent Document 1 described above, as the number of light emitting element portions increases, manufacturing time and manufacturing cost are increased. However, if the surface emitting laser array 11 is used, an increase in manufacturing time and manufacturing cost can be suppressed. In addition, the plurality of laser element portions 11b can be arranged with high accuracy, and the laser light source (the plurality of laser element portions 11b) can be reduced in size. Furthermore, variation in electrical characteristics between the laser element portions 11b can be suppressed. Thus, the use of the surface emitting laser array 11 is much more preferable than the case where a plurality of individual light emitting element portions are mounted on a substrate.

  Further, as described above, the light-transmitting member 14 that is disposed so as to cover the light emission side of the plurality of laser element portions 11b and transmits the light emitted from the laser element portions 11b is provided. Thereby, the surface of the laser element part 11b can be protected. Further, by sealing the laser element portion 11b using the translucent member 14, the laser element portion 11b can be protected from dust, gas emitted from the fluorescent member 15, and the like.

  Further, as described above, the emission regions S2 by the light emitted from the adjacent laser element portions 11b overlap each other. Thereby, it can suppress that a dark part (area | region where light is not radiate | emitted) is formed between radiation | emission area | regions S2 by the light radiate | emitted from the adjacent laser element part 11b.

  In addition, as described above, the plurality of laser element portions 11b are selectively energized. Thereby, since the light emission shape and light emission size of the emission area | region S of the fluorescent member 15 can be changed easily, the shape and size of the light projection pattern P can be changed easily.

  Moreover, by providing the light projection lens 32 as described above, it is possible to easily perform light projection reflecting the light emission shape of the emission region S. Note that when the light is projected using the light projection lens 32, the light projection pattern P more reflects the light emission shape of the emission region S than when the light is projected by the reflecting member 31 without providing the light projection lens 32. It becomes easy to do.

  Further, as described above, the control unit 40 controls energization to the laser element unit 11b based on a low beam lighting operation or a high beam lighting operation by the driver. Accordingly, it is possible to easily switch to the low beam projection pattern P or the high beam projection pattern P.

(Second Embodiment)
In the second embodiment, with reference to FIGS. 15 to 24, a case will be described in which the surface emitting laser array 11 is provided with more laser element portions 11b than the first embodiment.

  In the light projecting device 1 according to the second embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 15, for example, 84 laser element portions 11 b are formed on the main surface 11 a of the surface emitting laser array 11. For this reason, the plurality of laser element portions 11b are arranged more densely than in the first embodiment. The plurality of laser element portions 11b are arranged in a staggered manner, for example.

  For example, when the laser element portion 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line L in FIG. 15 among the plurality of laser element portions 11b is selectively energized, the emission region S of the fluorescent member 15 becomes as shown in FIG. .

  The emission region S is formed asymmetrically in the left-right direction so that the low beam projection pattern P becomes a projected image, and has a shape such that the upper right portion is cut away. In addition, lines Sm1, Sm2 and a point SE where the cut-off lines M1 and M2 and the elbow point E of the projection pattern P are projected images are formed in the emission region S. The lines Sm1 and Sm2 constitute a part of the edge of the emission region S. Point SE is the intersection of line Sm1 and line Sm2.

  The first focal point F31a of the reflecting surface 31a of the reflecting member 31 is disposed so as to substantially coincide with the point SE (intersection of the lines Sm1 and Sm2) of the emission region S of the fluorescent member 15. In other words, the first focal point F31a is disposed at a position where the elbow point E of the projection pattern P in the emission region S is projected.

  The remaining structure of the second embodiment is the same as that of the first embodiment.

  Next, the operation of the light projecting device 1 and the light projecting pattern P will be described.

  In this light projecting device 1, when the main switch for turning on / off the light projecting device 1 is turned on by the driver, the control unit 40 selects the laser element unit 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line L in FIG. Is energized and driven. At this time, light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. The light emitted from the emission region S is projected by the reflecting member 31 and the convex lens 32, and a low beam projection pattern P is obtained.

  Further, the laser element unit 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line L in FIG. 17 may be energized and driven by the control unit 40. In this case, light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. 18, and the size of the light projection pattern P can be reduced.

  Further, the control unit 40 may increase the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line La in FIG. 19 and decrease the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Lb. . In this case, the intensity of light emitted from the emission area Sa illustrated in FIG. 20 is increased, and the intensity of light emitted from the emission area Sb is decreased. That is, by changing the intensity distribution of the light emitted from the emission region S, it is possible to add light and shade to the light projection pattern P. Thereby, the light projection pattern P can be brought close to a general low beam light projection pattern. Moreover, since it becomes possible to suppress unnecessarily illuminating the area off the front of the automobile, it is possible to suppress power consumption.

  It is also possible to add light and shade to the light projection pattern P. For example, the control unit 40 reduces the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La, Lb, Lc, Ld, and Le in FIG. That is, the energization amount to the laser element portion 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line La is maximized, and the energization amount to the laser element portion 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Le is minimized. In this case, the intensity of light emitted from each of the emission areas Sa, Sb, Sc, Sd, and Se shown in FIG. 22 decreases stepwise. As a result, the light projection pattern P is further shaded.

  In addition, when a changeover switch for switching between the low beam and the high beam is operated by the driver to switch from the low beam to the high beam, the control unit 40 energizes the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. To be driven. At this time, the controller 40 may increase the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line La and decrease the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Lb. In this case, the intensity of light emitted from the emission area Sa shown in FIG. 24 is increased, and the intensity of light emitted from the emission area Sb is decreased. Then, light and shade are given to the high beam projection pattern P.

  Other operations in the second embodiment are the same as those in the first embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, the first focal point F31a of the reflecting surface 31a of the reflecting member 31 projects the elbow point E (intersection of the cut-off lines M1 and M2) of the projection pattern P in the emission region S. Arranged at the portion (point SE). This is particularly effective because the brightness can be sharply switched at the elbow point E (intersection of the cut-off lines M1 and M2). Further, the vicinity of the elbow point E can be brightened most. That is, the area directly in front of the automobile can be illuminated most brightly.

  Other effects of the second embodiment are the same as those of the first embodiment.

(Third embodiment)
In the third embodiment, referring to FIGS. 19, 20, 25, and 26, unlike the second embodiment, the sizes of the emission region S and the projection pattern P are changed based on the vehicle speed. Will be described.

  In the light projecting device 1 according to the third embodiment of the present invention, the control unit 40 is also connected to a vehicle speed detector (not shown) for detecting the vehicle speed. The control unit 40 is configured to control energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the vehicle speed.

  In the light projecting device 1, when traveling in a city area or the like at a low speed, a vehicle speed signal is transmitted from the vehicle speed detector to the control unit 40, and the control unit 40 determines that the vehicle speed is low. As described in the second embodiment, the control unit 40 energizes and drives the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. Thereby, light is emitted from the emission areas Sa and Sb shown in FIG.

  On the other hand, when traveling on a highway or the like at a high speed, a vehicle speed signal is transmitted from the vehicle speed detector to the control unit 40, and the control unit 40 determines that the vehicle speed is high. Then, the control unit 40 energizes and drives the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. That is, the number of energized laser element portions 11b is reduced. Specifically, energization to the laser element unit 11b for illuminating the left and right near the host vehicle is limited, and the emission size of the emission region Sb is reduced. Thereby, the size of the light projection pattern P is also reduced. Since it is possible to suppress unnecessarily illuminating a region off the front of the automobile, it is possible to suppress power consumption.

  The remaining structure and operation of the third embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, the control unit 40 controls energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the vehicle speed. Thereby, since it can switch automatically to the light projection pattern P according to a vehicle speed, it is especially effective.

  Other effects of the third embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

(Fourth embodiment)
In the fourth embodiment, referring to FIGS. 19, 20, 27, and 28, unlike the second and third embodiments, the emission region S and the light projection pattern are different between the left-hand traffic and the right-hand traffic. A case where P is reversed left and right will be described.

  In the light projecting device 1 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the control unit 40 is also connected to a left / right changeover switch (not shown) for switching between a left-hand passing low beam and a right-hand passing low beam. The control unit 40 is configured to control energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the operation of the left / right changeover switch by the driver.

  In this light projecting device 1, when traveling in the UK, for example, in left-hand traffic, as described in the second embodiment, the laser element portion surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. 11b is energized and driven. As a result, light is emitted from the emission areas Sa and Sb shown in FIG. 20, and a left-side light projection pattern P is obtained.

  Next, when traveling from the UK to France, which is right-hand traffic, for example, and traveling in France, the left / right selector switch is operated by the driver, and the left-hand traffic low beam is switched to the right-hand traffic low beam. At this time, as shown in FIG. 27, the laser element unit 11b is energized by the control unit 40 in a state that is horizontally reversed from that of FIG. Then, as shown in FIG. 28, emission regions Sa and Sb are formed in a state that is horizontally reversed from FIG. Thereby, the light projection pattern P is also reversed left and right, and the light projection pattern P for right-hand traffic is obtained.

  The remaining structure and operation of the fourth embodiment are similar to those of the aforementioned second embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, the left-hand light projection pattern P and the right-hand light projection pattern P can be switched only by electrical control, which is particularly effective.

  Other effects of the fourth embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

(Fifth embodiment)
In the fifth embodiment, referring to FIGS. 19, 20, 29 and 30, unlike the second to fourth embodiments, the emission region S and the light projection pattern are based on the steering operation of the driver. A case where P is controlled will be described.

  In the light projecting device 1 according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention, the control unit 40 is also connected to a steering angle detector for detecting the steering angle of the steering by the driver. The control unit 40 is configured to control energization to the laser element unit 11b based on a steering operation by the driver.

  In this light projecting device 1, when a main switch for turning on / off the light projecting device 1 is turned on by the driver, a steering angle signal from the steering angle detector is transmitted to the control unit 40. When the control unit 40 determines that the vehicle is traveling straight ahead, as described in the second embodiment, the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. 19 is energized and driven. Is done. Thereby, light is emitted from the emission areas Sa and Sb shown in FIG.

  Next, when the driver operates the steering in the right turn direction, for example, the control unit 40 determines that the car is turning right, and the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. 29 is energized. To be driven. Then, light is emitted from the emission areas Sa and Sb shown in FIG. Thereby, when turning right, the lines Sm1, Sm2 and the point SE of the emission region S move to the right side, and a wider range on the right side with respect to the traveling direction is illuminated. When the steering angle of the steering is gradually increased, the lines Sm1 and Sm2 and the point SE of the emission region S are also gradually moved.

  Other structures and operations of the fifth embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, the control unit 40 controls energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the steering operation by the driver. Thereby, since the direction in which a car bends can be illuminated automatically, it is especially effective.

  The other effects of the fifth embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

(Sixth embodiment)
In the sixth embodiment, referring to FIGS. 31 to 36, unlike the second to fifth embodiments, a detection device 50 for detecting an object in the vicinity of the light projecting direction (in front of the host vehicle 100). A case where the emission region S and the light projection pattern P are controlled based on the detection result will be described.

  In the light projecting device 1 according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention, the control unit 40 is also connected to a detection device 50 (see FIG. 31) for detecting an object around the light projecting direction (in front of the host vehicle 100). Yes. Note that the vicinity of the light projecting direction refers to, for example, a region illuminated by the light projecting device 1 or a region slightly wider than that. The detection device 50 is configured by an in-vehicle camera capable of image recognition, for example. The detection device 50 of the present embodiment has a function of detecting an oncoming vehicle 101 (see FIG. 31) around the light projecting direction, and sends a signal including relative position (distance and direction) information of the oncoming vehicle 101 to the control unit 40. Send. The control unit 40 has a function of controlling energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the detection result of the detection device 50 so that the amount of light emitted to the oncoming vehicle 101 is reduced.

  In the light projecting device 1, when the oncoming vehicle 101 is far away, the control unit 40 energizes and drives the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. Thereby, light is emitted from the emission regions Sa and Sb shown in FIG. At this time, the light projection pattern P is as shown in FIG.

  When the oncoming vehicle 101 approaches, the control unit 40 energizes and drives the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. Thereby, light is emitted from the emission areas Sa and Sb shown in FIG. In other words, energization to the laser element unit 11b for illuminating the area where the oncoming vehicle 101 exists is restricted, and the emission area S is also restricted. And the light projection pattern P becomes as shown in FIG. 36, and the light projection to the oncoming vehicle 101 is restricted. Further, as the oncoming vehicle 101 approaches, the lines Sm1 and Sm2 and the point SE of the emission region S also move gradually.

  Note that if the control unit 40 is configured to illuminate a part of the oncoming vehicle 101 (for example, the lower part) or reduce the illumination light to the oncoming vehicle 101, the visibility of the oncoming vehicle 101 by the driver is improved. It is possible to suppress the decrease.

  Other structures and operations of the sixth embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, the control unit 40 controls energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the detection result of the detection device 50 for detecting an object around the light projecting direction. Thereby, since illumination according to the situation in the traveling direction of the automobile can be performed, it is particularly effective.

  Further, as described above, when the oncoming vehicle 101 is detected by the detection device 50, the control unit 40 controls energization of the laser element unit 11b so that the amount of light emitted to the oncoming vehicle 101 is reduced. Thereby, the glare light given to the driver | operator of the oncoming vehicle 101 can be suppressed.

  The other effects of the sixth embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

(Seventh embodiment)
In the seventh embodiment, referring to FIGS. 19, 20, and 37 to 40, unlike the sixth embodiment, the detection device 50 detects a pedestrian or a light vehicle (not shown). explain.

  In the light projection device 1 according to the seventh embodiment of the present invention, the detection device 50 has a function of detecting pedestrians and light vehicles around the light projection direction. The control unit 40 has a function of controlling energization to the laser element unit 11b based on the detection result of the detection device 50 so that the intensity of light projected to a pedestrian or a light vehicle is increased.

  In this light projecting device 1, when there are no pedestrians or light vehicles around the light projecting direction, as described in the second embodiment, the control unit 40 surrounds the light projecting device 1 with two-dot chain lines La and Lb in FIG. The laser element unit 11b is energized and driven. Thereby, light is emitted from the emission areas Sa and Sb shown in FIG. At this time, the light projection pattern P is as shown in FIG.

  On the other hand, when there is a pedestrian 102 (see FIG. 40) around the light projecting direction, for example, the control unit 40 causes the laser element unit 11b (two-dot chain line in FIG. The laser element 11b) surrounded by Lc is energized. Thereby, light is emitted also from the emission region Sc shown in FIG. 39, and the pedestrian 102 is illuminated as shown in FIG. That is, the intensity of light projected to the pedestrian 102 is increased. At this time, it is preferable that the laser element 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Lc is driven to blink by the control unit 40.

  This blinking cycle is set so that the driver can easily notice the pedestrian 102 and the like. Specifically, the blinking frequency is preferably about 1 Hz to 10 Hz. More preferably, as the host vehicle 100 approaches the pedestrian 102 or the like, the blinking cycle is gradually shortened. For example, when the pedestrian 102 is far away, the blinking frequency is about 3 Hz, and when the pedestrian 102 is closest, the blinking frequency is increased to about 30 Hz. If comprised in this way, the effect of alerting a driver to danger will improve. The blinking drive of the laser element unit 11b can be performed by modulating the current flowing through the laser element unit 11b.

  The remaining structure and operation of the seventh embodiment are similar to those of the aforementioned second embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, when the detection device 50 detects a pedestrian 102 or a light vehicle, the control unit 40 increases the intensity of light projected to the pedestrian 102 or the light vehicle. In addition, energization to the laser element unit 11b is controlled. This makes it easier for the pedestrian 102 and the light vehicle to be visually recognized, so that the driver can easily notice the presence of the pedestrian 102 and the light vehicle. Also, the pedestrian 102 is likely to notice the presence of the host vehicle 100.

  Further, the pedestrian 102 and the like can be more visually recognized by causing the laser element portion 11b (the laser element portion 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line Lc in FIG. 38) to illuminate an area where the pedestrian 102 and the like exist to blink. It becomes easy. This makes the driver more aware of the presence of the pedestrian 102 and the like, which is more effective. Further, since the pedestrian 102 becomes more aware of the presence of the host vehicle 100, it is more effective. Furthermore, the glare light given to the pedestrian 102 can be suppressed.

  Other effects of the seventh embodiment are the same as those of the second and sixth embodiments.

(Eighth embodiment)
In the eighth embodiment, with reference to FIGS. 41 to 46, a case where a figure indicating the direction in which the host vehicle 100 should travel is projected, unlike the second to seventh embodiments.

  In the light projecting device 1 according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention, the control unit 40 is also connected to a navigation device 60 (see FIG. 43) that guides the route of the host vehicle 100 to the destination. The control unit 40 has a function of controlling energization to the laser element unit 11b based on a signal from the navigation device 60 so that a figure (for example, an arrow) indicating a direction in which the host vehicle 100 should travel is visually recognized by the driver. Have

  In this light projecting device 1, when the main switch for turning on / off the light projecting device 1 is turned on by the driver, the control unit 40 energizes the laser element unit 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line L in FIG. To be driven. Thereby, light is emitted from the emission region S shown in FIG. At this time, the light projection pattern P is as shown in FIG.

  And when the own vehicle 100 approaches the position which should turn right, for example, a signal will be transmitted to the control part 40 from the navigation apparatus 60. FIG. As a result, the control unit 40 increases the energization amount to the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line La in FIG. 44, and the laser element unit 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line La is driven to blink. And the intensity | strength of the light radiate | emitted from the output area | region Sa shown in FIG. 45 becomes high, and the light radiate | emitted from the output area | region Sa blinks. As a result, as shown in FIG. 46, a figure (hatching area in FIG. 46) indicating the direction in which the host vehicle 100 should travel overlaps the projection pattern P, and the figure is visually recognized by the driver. The blinking cycle is the same as that in the seventh embodiment.

  Thereafter, when the host vehicle 100 turns to the right, the control unit 40 returns to the original light amount control and returns to the light projection pattern P shown in FIG.

  The remaining structure and operation of the eighth embodiment are similar to those of the aforementioned second embodiment.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, the control unit 40 determines, based on the signal from the navigation device 60, the laser element unit 11b so that the driver can visually recognize the figure indicating the direction in which the host vehicle 100 should travel. Control energization. Thereby, the driver can obtain navigation information without looking at the display unit of the navigation device 60.

  Further, the figure is more visually recognized by causing the laser element part 11b (laser element part 11b surrounded by a two-dot chain line La in FIG. 44) to blink to display a figure indicating the direction in which the host vehicle 100 should travel. It becomes easy. As a result, the driver becomes more aware of the figure, which is more effective.

  Other effects of the eighth embodiment are the same as those of the second embodiment.

  The embodiment disclosed this time should be considered as illustrative in all points and not restrictive. The scope of the present invention is shown not by the above description of the embodiments but by the scope of claims for patent, and further includes all modifications within the meaning and scope equivalent to the scope of claims for patent.

  For example, in the said embodiment, although the example which used the light projector of this invention for the headlamp of the motor vehicle was shown, this invention is not restricted to this. You may use the light projection apparatus of this invention for the headlamp of an airplane, a ship, a robot, a motorcycle or a bicycle, and another moving body.

  Moreover, although the said embodiment showed about the example which applied the light projector of this invention to the headlamp, this invention is not limited to this. You may apply the light projector of this invention to a downlight or a spotlight, and another light projector.

  Moreover, although the example which converted excitation light into visible light was shown in the said embodiment, this invention is not limited to this, You may convert excitation light into light other than visible light. For example, when excitation light is converted into infrared light, it can be applied to night vision, which is a night driving support system for automobiles, and a night illumination device for a security CCD camera.

Further, the center wavelength of the laser light emitted from the laser element portion of the above embodiment and the type of phosphor constituting the fluorescent member can be changed as appropriate. For example, a laser element unit that emits blue-violet laser light having a center wavelength of about 405 nm and three types of phosphors that convert blue-violet light into red light, green light, and blue light, respectively, may be used. In this case, white light is obtained by mixing fluorescence of red light, green light, and blue light. Examples of the phosphor that converts blue-violet light into red light include CaAlSiN 3 : Eu. Examples of the phosphor that converts blue-violet light into green light include β-SiAlON: Eu. Examples of the phosphor that converts blue-violet light into blue light include (Ba, Sr) MgAl 10 O 17 : Eu. Moreover, the present invention is not limited to this, and the center wavelength of the laser light emitted from the laser element unit may be arbitrarily selected in the range of ultraviolet light to visible light.

  In the above embodiment, the laser element unit and the fluorescent member are configured to emit white light. However, the present invention is not limited to this. The laser element portion and the fluorescent member may be configured to emit light other than white light.

  In the above embodiment, an example using a surface emitting laser array in which a plurality of laser element portions are two-dimensionally formed on a semiconductor substrate has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the laser element portions are individually provided. The semiconductor laser chips formed may be arranged two-dimensionally. However, the surface emitting laser array is particularly advantageous from the viewpoints of downsizing the light source device and the light projecting device, shortening the manufacturing time, and reducing variations in element characteristics. preferable.

  In the above embodiment, an example in which laser light is used as excitation light has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and excitation light other than laser light may be used. In this case, for example, a light emitting diode element portion may be used as the light emitting element portion.

  Moreover, the numerical value shown by the said embodiment is an example, and each numerical value is not limited.

  In the above-described embodiment, an example in which the light amount of each laser element unit is controlled has been described, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, as in the surface emitting laser array 11 of the first modified example of the present invention shown in FIG. 47, the laser element portions 11b are grouped into a plurality of groups (for example, three), and the light amount is controlled for each group. Good. That is, the laser element unit 11b may be electrically connected for each group so as to be turned on / off all at once. In FIG. 47, a group is formed for each of the three laser elements 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Lf. With this configuration, it is possible to reduce the number of wires for driving the laser element portion 11b, so that the light quantity can be easily controlled.

  Further, for example, a plurality of (for example, three) laser element portions are formed corresponding to each laser element portion 11b of the second embodiment, and a total of 252 (84 × 3) laser element portions are formed. Also good. The amount of light may be controlled for each group including three laser element units. If comprised in this way, even if it is a case where the output of each laser element part is small, a fluorescent member can be excited strongly.

  In the above example, three laser element units are grouped, but any number of laser element units, such as five or ten, can be electrically connected and grouped. For example, like the surface emitting laser array 11 of the second modified example of the present invention shown in FIG. 48, the laser elements 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Lg are electrically connected to be turned on / off all at once. It is also effective. Since the laser element 11b surrounded by the two-dot chain line Lg functions as a light source for illuminating the road, it is not necessary to finely control the amount of light for each area. For this reason, these laser element parts 11b may always be energized.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although shown about the example which provided the reflection member and the convex lens as a light projection member, this invention is not limited to this. For example, like the light projecting device 1a of the third modified example of the present invention shown in FIG. 49, only the convex lens 32 may be provided as the light projecting member without providing the reflecting member 31. In this case, if the fluorescent member 15 is arranged in a region including the focal point F32 of the convex lens 32, parallel light can be obtained from the light projecting device 1a. The light projecting device 1a is particularly preferable because it can project the light emission shape of the emission region S as it is and has a simple structure. Note that when light is projected using the convex lens 32, the light projection pattern P more easily reflects the light emission shape of the emission region S than when light is projected by the reflecting member 31 without providing the convex lens 32. Become.

  For example, like the light projection apparatus 1b of the 4th modification of this invention shown in FIG. 50, as the light projection member, the convex lens 32 may not be provided but only the reflection member 31 may be provided. In this case, if the reflecting surface 31a of the reflecting member 31 is formed by a part of the paraboloid and the fluorescent member 15 is arranged in a region including the focal point F31 of the reflecting surface 31a, parallel light can be obtained from the light projecting device 1b. .

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the example which formed the reflective surface of the reflective member by a part of ellipse was shown, this invention is not restricted to this. As in the fourth modification, the reflecting surface may be formed by a part of the paraboloid. Further, the reflecting surface may be formed by a multi-reflector composed of a large number of curved surfaces (for example, a parabolic surface) or a free curved surface reflector provided with a large number of fine planes continuously. Further, the reflection surface may be formed in a shape other than a semicircular shape (for example, a circular shape or a polygonal shape) when viewed from the light projecting direction.

  In the above embodiment, the surface emitting laser array is disposed opposite to the irradiation surface of the fluorescent member, the excitation light is irradiated to the irradiation surface of the fluorescent member, and light is extracted from the emission surface opposite to the irradiation surface. Although shown, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, like the light source device 10 of the fifth modified example of the present invention shown in FIG. 51, the irradiation surface 15a of the fluorescent member 15 is irradiated with excitation light, and the same surface as the surface irradiated with the excitation light (irradiation surface 15a). You may take out light from. In this case, an opaque member can be disposed on the opposite side of the fluorescent member 15 from the irradiation surface 15a. That is, since the heat sink 12a made of metal, for example, can be disposed on the opposite side of the fluorescent member 15 from the irradiation surface 15a, the heat generated in the fluorescent member 15 can be efficiently dissipated.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the example which has sealed the opening part of the storage member with the translucent member was shown, this invention is not restricted to this, The translucent member has sealed the opening part of the storage member. It does not have to be.

  In the above embodiment, the light source device is provided with the light transmissive member. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and the light source device may not be provided with the light transmissive member.

  Moreover, although the said embodiment showed about the example which formed the light projection pattern in the shape which notched the upper right part without using a light-shielding plate, this invention is not limited to this. For example, a light shielding plate may be provided between the reflecting member and the light projecting lens. If comprised in this way, the brightness of the cut-off line of a light projection pattern can be switched more steeply. This is particularly effective when the laser element portions are not dense as in the first embodiment. In addition, since the shape of the emission region and the light projection pattern can be set in advance by individually controlling the light amount of the laser element unit, the amount of light shielded by the light shielding plate can be reduced. Thereby, it can suppress that the utilization efficiency of light falls.

  In the eighth embodiment, the energization amount to the laser element unit surrounded by the two-dot chain line La is increased and the laser element unit is driven to blink. However, the present invention is not limited to this. . The energization amount of the laser element unit surrounded by the two-dot chain line La may be increased, or the laser element unit surrounded by the two-dot chain line La may be driven to blink. In either case, the visibility by the driver is improved. The same applies to the seventh embodiment.

  Moreover, although the example using the fluorescent member which has a function which converts the wavelength of light was shown as said light-diffusion member in the said embodiment, this invention is not limited to this. As the light diffusing member, a member having a function of merely scattering (diffusing) light without converting the wavelength may be used. For example, a glass member containing light diffusing particles that diffuse light may be used. In this case, a visible light laser that emits red light, green light, and blue light may be used.

  Further, for example, in the eighth embodiment described above, it is possible to change the color of only the figure indicating the direction in which the host vehicle should travel. There are various methods for achieving this, but one example is to provide three projectors that project red light, green light, and blue light, respectively, and install them so that these projection patterns overlap. To do. And the output of the laser element part for illuminating the area | region which should change a color is adjusted between light projection apparatuses, A color can be changed only in a predetermined area | region and visibility can be improved more. The same applies to the seventh embodiment.

  In the above embodiment, the fluorescent member has a two-dimensional expansion, and an example in which the fluorescent member is irradiated with light emitted from a plurality of laser element units has been described, but the present invention is not limited thereto. The fluorescent member may be provided for each laser element unit.

  Further, a configuration obtained by appropriately combining the configurations of the above-described embodiment and modification examples is also included in the technical scope of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1, 1a, 1b Light projection apparatus 10 Light source apparatus 11 Surface emitting laser array 11b Laser element part (light emitting element part)
11c Semiconductor substrate 14 Translucent member 15 Fluorescent member 30 Light projecting member 32 Convex lens (light projecting lens)
40 control unit 50 detection device 60 navigation device 100 own vehicle 101 oncoming vehicle 102 pedestrian F31 focal point F31a first focal point F31b second focal point F32 focal point M1, M2 cutoff line P light projection pattern S, S2, Sa, Sb, Sc, Sd , Se emission area So1 center (intersection)

Claims (20)

  1. A light source device used in a light projecting device that projects light,
    A plurality of light emitting element units arranged in a two-dimensional shape and capable of individually controlling the amount of light;
    A light diffusing member that is irradiated with light emitted from the plurality of light emitting element portions and that emits light in a diffused state;
    With
    A plurality of intersections between a central axis of light emitted from each of the light emitting element portions and the light diffusing member are two-dimensionally arranged,
    The light emitting elements are individually controlled in light quantity, so that the light emission shape of the emission region that emits light of the light diffusion member, the light emission size of the emission region, and the light emission from the emission region are emitted. At least one of the light intensity distributions is changed.
  2.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the light diffusion member has a two-dimensional expansion so that light emitted from the plurality of light emitting element portions is irradiated.
  3.   The light source device according to claim 1, further comprising a surface emitting laser array in which the plurality of light emitting element portions are two-dimensionally formed on a semiconductor substrate.
  4.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the light diffusion member includes a fluorescent member that is excited by light from the light emitting element unit.
  5.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the light diffusing member scatters light from the light emitting element unit without converting the wavelength.
  6.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the emission regions of light emitted from the adjacent light emitting element portions overlap each other.
  7.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of light emitting element portions are selectively energized.
  8.   The light source device according to claim 7, wherein the plurality of light emitting element units are grouped and selectively energized for each group.
  9.   9. The light emitting device according to claim 1, further comprising a translucent member that is disposed so as to cover a light emitting side of the plurality of light emitting element units and transmits light emitted from the light emitting element units. The light source device described.
  10. The light source device according to any one of claims 1 to 9,
    A light projecting member that projects light emitted from the light diffusion member;
    A light projecting device comprising:
  11. The light projecting member includes a light projecting lens,
    The light projection device according to claim 10, wherein the light projection lens performs light projection reflecting a light emission shape of the emission region.
  12.   The light projecting device according to claim 10, wherein the light projecting device is used for a vehicle headlamp.
  13. The light projecting member has a focal point;
    The light projecting device according to claim 12, wherein a focal point of the light projecting member is disposed in a portion of the emission area where a cut-off line of a light projecting pattern is projected.
  14. A control unit for individually controlling energization to the light emitting element unit;
    The light projecting device according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the control unit controls energization to the light emitting element unit based on a low beam lighting operation or a high beam lighting operation by a driver.
  15. A control unit for individually controlling energization to the light emitting element unit;
    The light projecting device according to claim 12, wherein the control unit controls energization to the light emitting element unit based on a vehicle speed.
  16. A control unit for individually controlling energization to the light emitting element unit;
    16. The light projecting device according to claim 12, wherein the control unit controls energization to the light emitting element unit based on a steering operation by a driver.
  17. A control unit for individually controlling energization to the light emitting element unit;
    The said control part controls electricity supply to the said light emitting element part based on the detection result of the detection apparatus for detecting the object around a light projection direction, The any one of Claims 12-16 characterized by the above-mentioned. The light projection device described in 1.
  18.   18. The control unit according to claim 17, wherein when the oncoming vehicle is detected by the detection device, the control unit controls energization to the light emitting element unit so that a light emission amount to the oncoming vehicle is reduced. The light projector described.
  19.   When the detection device detects a pedestrian or a light vehicle, the control unit energizes the light-emitting element unit so that the intensity of light projected to the pedestrian or the light vehicle is increased. The projector according to claim 17, wherein the projector is controlled.
  20. A control unit for individually controlling energization to the light emitting element unit;
    The control unit energizes the light emitting element unit so that a driver can visually recognize a figure indicating a direction in which the host vehicle should travel based on a signal from a navigation device that guides the host vehicle to a destination. The projector according to any one of claims 12 to 19, wherein the projector is controlled.
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