JP2013163172A - Vibration generator - Google Patents

Vibration generator Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2013163172A
JP2013163172A JP2012028847A JP2012028847A JP2013163172A JP 2013163172 A JP2013163172 A JP 2013163172A JP 2012028847 A JP2012028847 A JP 2012028847A JP 2012028847 A JP2012028847 A JP 2012028847A JP 2013163172 A JP2013163172 A JP 2013163172A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
vibrator
portion
vibration generator
frame
holder
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Granted
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JP2012028847A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP5979899B2 (en
Inventor
Minoru Kuroda
稔 黒田
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Minebea Co Ltd
ミネベア株式会社
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Priority to JP2012028847A priority Critical patent/JP5979899B2/en
Priority claimed from US13/618,987 external-priority patent/US9590463B2/en
Publication of JP2013163172A publication Critical patent/JP2013163172A/en
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Publication of JP5979899B2 publication Critical patent/JP5979899B2/en
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a vibration generator that can be thinned more, and can operate properly.SOLUTION: A vibration generator 1 includes: a frame 20; a bottom plate 30 disposed at the frame 20; a coil 40; and a holder 50. The holder 50 retains a vibrator 80 of a plate shape composed of a magnet 60 and a york 70 to be able to be moved for the frame 20. The coil 40 is disposed to surface-oppose to the vibrator 80 above the bottom plate 30. A magnetic attraction by the magnet 60 is not generated between the vibrator 80 and the bottom plate 30 because the bottom plate 30 is composed by using a non-magnetic material. Therefore, the vibrator 80 can smoothly operate according to a magnetic field that the coil 40 generates.

Description

  The present invention relates to a vibration generator, and more particularly to a vibration generator that generates vibration by causing a current to flow through a coil and moving a vibrator.

  Various types of vibration generators that generate vibrations by moving a vibrator have a structure in which a vibrator including a magnet is supported by a housing via a spring portion. This type of vibration generator includes a coil disposed below the magnet so as to face the magnet. The vibrator reciprocates in a substantially horizontal plane as the coil is energized to generate a magnetic field.

  The following Patent Document 1 discloses a vibration generator having a structure in which a vibration part having a magnet is supported via a leaf spring. In this vibration generator, one flat coil is arranged so as to face the magnet of the vibration part. One end of the leaf spring is fixed to the housing using a screw. The other end of the leaf spring is fixed to the weight of the vibration part by caulking.

  Patent Document 2 listed below discloses a vibration generator in which a magnet is attached to a mover block, and a coil is wound around a rod-shaped yoke body arranged along the magnet. In this vibration generator, the spring portion that supports the mover block and the frame portion of the frame are integrally formed of a resin material.

JP 2003-24871 A JP 2010-94567 A

  In recent years, with the downsizing of devices on which vibration generators are mounted, there is a demand for smaller and thinner vibration generators. In a vibration generator having a structure in which a bottom plate is attached to a housing and a coil, a vibrator, or the like is covered with a bottom plate, when the vibration generator is thinned, the vibrator and the bottom plate approach each other. When the bottom plate is made of a soft magnetic material such as iron, if the vibrator and the bottom plate approach each other, the vibrator may be attracted to the bottom plate by the magnetic attractive force, and the vibration generator may not be able to operate properly. is there.

  No effective solution for such a problem is disclosed in Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 2. Although the vibration generator described in Patent Document 1 covers the bottom surface with a substrate, it does not have a bottom plate. In the vibration generator described in Patent Document 1, the lower yoke is disposed between the coil and the substrate. However, if the vibration generator is thinned, the vibrator may be attracted to the lower yoke. It is done.

  The present invention has been made to solve such problems, and an object thereof is to provide a vibration generator that can be made thinner and can operate properly.

  In order to achieve the above object, according to one aspect of the present invention, the vibration generator includes a magnet, a vibrator having a plate shape parallel to a horizontal plane, and is attached to the housing, and the vibrator is attached to the housing. And a holder that is displaceably held, and a thin coil that is disposed face-to-face with respect to the vibrator and generates a magnetic field for changing at least one of the position and orientation of the vibrator with respect to the housing And a bottom plate that is attached to the housing and disposed at a position away from the coil with respect to the vibrator, and the bottom plate is made of a nonmagnetic material.

  Preferably, the circuit board further includes a circuit board disposed along the bottom plate, and the coil is connected to the circuit board.

  Preferably, the circuit board is a flexible printed circuit board, and a notch is formed in a part of the peripheral edge of the bottom plate, and the circuit board is folded back at the notch so that a part of each of both sides of the bottom plate is formed. It is arranged to cover.

  Preferably, two coils are provided so as to be adjacent to each other in a direction corresponding to the direction of motion of the vibrator, and the vibrators are excited by two different currents flowing through the two coils. As it moves, it moves in the direction of movement.

  Preferably, the holder connects the vibrator holding portion for holding the vibrator, the fixed portion fixed to the housing, the fixed portion and the vibrator holding portion, and the vibrator holding portion can be displaced with respect to the fixed portion. The holder has a structure in which the fixing portion, the arm portion, and the vibrator holding portion are integrally formed using resin.

  According to these inventions, since the bottom plate is configured using a nonmagnetic material, the vibrator is not attracted to the bottom plate. Therefore, it is possible to provide a vibration generator that can be made thinner and can operate properly.

It is a top view which shows the vibration generator in the 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the sectional view on the AA line of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows a holder. It is sectional drawing of the flame | frame in the BB line of FIG. It is sectional drawing of the flame | frame in the CC line of FIG. It is a sectional side view of the yoke in the BB line of FIG. It is a top view which shows the vibration generator in 2nd Embodiment. It is the EE sectional view taken on the line of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows a holder. It is a top view which shows a holder. It is an expanded view which shows a board | substrate. It is a top view which shows a yoke. It is the FF sectional view taken on the line of FIG. It is a top view which shows the vibration generator in 3rd Embodiment. It is the GG sectional view taken on the line of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows a holder and a vibrator | oscillator. FIG. 17 is an exploded perspective view of FIG. 16. It is an expanded view which shows a board | substrate. It is a top view which shows a yoke. It is the HH sectional view taken on the line of FIG.

  Hereinafter, the vibration generator in the embodiment of the present invention will be described.

  The vibration generator has a structure in which a vibrator holding a magnet is supported by a housing so as to be displaceable with respect to the housing. A coil is disposed near the vibrator. The vibrator generates a magnetic field for changing at least one of a position and a posture with respect to the housing. The vibration generator is of a so-called linear type that generates a vibration force by reciprocating a vibrator according to excitation of a coil.

  [First Embodiment]

  FIG. 1 is a plan view showing a vibration generator according to the first embodiment of the present invention. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG.

  In FIG. 1, the holder 50 and the like that are originally hidden by the upper surface of the frame 20 are partially displayed with a solid line so that the component layout of the vibration generator 1 can be easily understood.

  In the following description, regarding the vibration generator 1, the X-axis direction of the coordinates shown in FIG. 1 is the left-right direction (the direction positive on the X-axis when viewed from the origin is the right direction), and the Y-axis direction is the front-back direction (from the origin The direction that is positive on the Y axis as viewed is sometimes referred to as the backward direction). Also, the Z-axis direction in FIG. 2 (the direction perpendicular to the XY plane in FIG. 1) may be referred to as the vertical direction (the positive direction on the Z-axis when viewed from the origin is the upward direction).

  [Overall structure of vibration generator 1]

  As shown in FIG. 1, the vibration generator 1 roughly includes a double-sided board (an example of a circuit board) 10, a frame (an example of a housing) 20, a bottom plate 30, a coil 40, and a holder 50. Have. In the present embodiment, the holder 50 includes four columnar bodies (an example of a fixing portion) 51 (51a, 51b, 51c, 51d), four arm portions 53 (53a, 53b, 53c, 53d), and one And a vibrator holding part (hereinafter, simply referred to as a holding part) 55. The holding unit 55 holds a vibrator 80 including a magnet 60 and a yoke 70.

  The vibration generator 1 as a whole is formed in a thin, substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape with relatively small vertical dimensions. The vibration generator 1 is, for example, a small one whose outer dimensions in the left-right direction and the front-rear direction are only about 10 millimeters to 20 millimeters. The vibration generator 1 has a box-shaped outer shape in which front and rear, left and right side surfaces and an upper surface are constituted by a frame 20 and the bottom surface is covered by a double-sided substrate 10.

  In the present embodiment, the frame 20 and the yoke 70 are, for example, soft magnetic materials such as iron.

  The double-sided board 10 is a printed wiring board provided with a pattern on both sides. Two terminals 11 and 12 are provided at the center of the upper surface of the double-sided substrate 10. The terminals 11 and 12 are electrically connected to a pattern (not shown) provided on the bottom surface of the double-sided substrate 10. The winding ends of the coil 40 are connected to the terminals 11 and 12 using solder, and the coil 40 can be energized through a pattern on the bottom surface of the double-sided substrate 10.

  The bottom plate 30 is formed in a rectangular plate shape so as to cover substantially the entire upper surface of the double-sided substrate 10. The bottom plate 30 and the double-sided substrate 10 are fixed to each other through, for example, an adhesive sheet or an adhesive. In other words, the double-sided board 10 is connected along the bottom plate 30. An opening 31 is provided at the center of the bottom plate 30 so that the two terminals 11 and 12 are exposed upward. Four joints 33 (33a, 33b, 33c, 33d) are formed on the four sides of the bottom plate 30. As shown in FIG. 2, each joint portion 33 is formed by being bent approximately 90 degrees upward from the bottom plate 30, and has an L-shaped cross section together with a portion of the bottom plate 30 on the double-sided substrate 10. Each joint portion 33 is formed so that the outer surface thereof is in contact with the inner surface of the side portion of the frame 20. The bottom plate 30 is disposed at a position away from the coil 40 with respect to the vibrator 80. That is, the bottom plate 30 covers the vibrator 80 and the coil 40 together with the frame 20.

  In the present embodiment, the bottom plate 30 is configured using a nonmagnetic material. The bottom plate 30 is made of a nonmagnetic metal material such as nonmagnetic stainless steel. The bottom plate 30 is not limited to one using a metal material, and may be made of a resin, for example.

  The frame 20 as a whole has a rectangular parallelepiped shape with an open bottom. The frame 20 is formed, for example, by drawing an iron plate. In plan view, the corners of the frame 20 (parts between the side surfaces) are connected to each other with the R-plane portion interposed therebetween. As shown in FIG. 2, the frame 20 is disposed so as to cover the upper surface of the double-sided substrate 10 from above the double-sided substrate 10. The frame 20 is fixed to the bottom plate 30 by being bonded or welded to each joint portion 33 so that the inner surface of each side surface is in contact with the side surface of each joint portion 33 of the bottom plate 30. . In other words, the bottom plate 30 is attached to the frame 20. The frame 20 may be fitted into the joint portion 33 or may be fixed to the bottom plate 30 by other methods.

  Thus, since the vibration generator 1 has a structure surrounded by the frame 20, it is not easily affected by the surrounding magnetic field. Further, the magnetic flux in the vibration generator 1 is hardly leaked to the outside, and it is prevented that the external device or circuit is affected.

  Further, since the vibration generator 1 is surrounded by the frame 20 and the bottom plate 30 in a box shape, the rigidity of the vibration generator 1 itself is increased. Therefore, the vibration generator 1 can reliably generate vibration. In addition, the vibration generator 1 is easy to handle during attachment to an external device or the like.

  The coil 40 is an air core coil that is an elliptical and flat plate as a whole, for example, formed by winding a conductive wire. That is, the coil 40 is a thin coil in which the dimension in the winding axis direction is smaller than the dimension in the direction orthogonal to the winding axis direction. The coil 40 may be formed by slicing a wound metal foil, or may be a laminate of sheet coils. The coil 40 may have a circular shape or a polygonal shape such as a quadrangular shape in plan view.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the coil 40 is disposed on the upper surface of the bottom plate 30 such that the winding axis direction is the vertical direction. As shown in FIG. 1, the coil 40 is disposed in the center of the vibration generator 1 so as to face the vibrator 80 as will be described later in plan view. The coil 40 and the bottom plate 30 are insulated. The two winding ends of the coil 40 are both wired from the inside of the coil 40 to the upper surface side of the double-sided substrate 10 through the opening 31 and connected to the terminals 11 and 12.

  The holder 50 is integrally formed with the magnet 60 and the yoke 70 by insert molding. That is, the holder 50 and the vibrator 80 are integrally formed. In the present embodiment, the columnar body 51, the arm portion 53, and the holding portion 55 are integrally formed using an elastic body (an example of resin). As the elastic body, for example, heat-resistant fluorine-based or silicon-based rubber can be used. By forming the holder 50 using such rubber, the heat resistance of the vibration generator 1 can be improved. The elastic body is not limited to this, and various types can be used.

  [Structure of holder 50 and vibrator 80]

  FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the holder 50.

  The holder 50 shown in FIG. 3 shows a state in which the magnet 60 and the yoke 70 are not attached to the holding portion 55. That is, in the present embodiment, the holder 50 is integrally formed with the vibrator 80 including the magnet 60 and the yoke 70, but the vibrator 80 is not shown for this portion in FIG. Only the holder 50 portion constituted by an elastic body is shown.

  Each columnar body 51 has a cylindrical shape whose height direction is the vertical direction. The height of each columnar body 51 is slightly smaller than the vertical dimension inside the frame 20.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the four columnar bodies 51 are arranged at positions that are the four corners of the holder 50 in plan view. The columnar bodies 51 are respectively disposed on the R-shaped portions on the side surfaces of the frame 20.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the vibrator 80 has a plate shape parallel to a horizontal plane (XY plane in FIG. 1). The vibrator 80 is formed in a substantially rectangular shape in which each side is parallel to the front-rear direction or the left-right direction in plan view.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the vibrator 80 is arranged at the center of the holder 50, that is, at the center of the vibration generator 1 in plan view. As shown in FIG. 2, the vibrator 80 is disposed so as to face the coil 40 in substantially parallel to the coil 40.

  The magnet 60 is a permanent magnet and has a thin rectangular parallelepiped shape. For example, the magnet 60 is magnetized in two poles so that the N-pole and the S-pole are separated in the front-rear direction on the bottom side facing the coil 40. The yoke 70 is a rectangular magnetic plate attached so as to cover the upper surface of the magnet 60 in plan view. The upper surface of the yoke 70 is disposed so as to face the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20. The yoke 70 has ears 71 and 72 that partially protrude in the left-right direction from the left and right sides. The yoke 70 and the magnet 60 are joined to each other by, for example, spot welding or adhesion to constitute an integrated vibrator 80. In a state where the yoke 70 and the magnet 60 are joined, the vibrator 80 and the holder 50 are integrally formed by insert molding. Protrusions 75 a and 75 b are provided on the upper surface of the yoke 70.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the holding portion 55 has a rectangular frame shape that forms a substantially square hole portion 55 a in which the vibrator 80 is disposed. Here, the holding portion 55 is formed with two protruding portions 55b and 55c protruding in the left-right direction. As shown in FIG. 2, the yoke 70 is disposed together with the magnet 60 so that the ears 71 and 72 are embedded in the overhang portions 55b and 55c, respectively. By having such a structure, the vibrator 80 is configured to be difficult to drop off from the holding portion 55.

  The four arm portions 53 are formed so as to connect each corner portion of the holding portion 55 and the columnar body 51 closest to the corner portion. Each arm portion 53 is formed in a beam shape extending in the left-right direction. As shown in FIG. 2, the dimension in the width direction (front-rear direction) of the arm portion 53 is smaller than the dimension in the vertical direction (up-down direction). Since each arm part 53 is formed of an elastic body, it is easy to bend in the front-rear direction. In addition, the relationship between the dimension of the width direction of each arm part 53 and the dimension of a vertical direction is not limited to this. The widthwise dimension of each arm portion 53 may be equal to the longitudinal dimension or may be larger than the longitudinal dimension.

  As described above, the four arm portions 53 are formed to be easily bent in the front-rear direction, so that the vibrator 80 can be displaced mainly in the front-rear direction with respect to the columnar body 51. That is, the vibrator 80 is supported by the arm portion 53 so as to be displaceable in a direction substantially parallel to the horizontal plane.

  The holder 50 is attached to the frame 20 by fixing each of the four columnar bodies 51 to the frame 20. Thus, a basic structure of the vibration generator 1 is configured in which the vibrator 80 is supported so as to be displaceable with respect to the frame 20 by the holder 50 integrally formed separately from the frame 20.

  In the vibration generator 1, the coil 40 generates a magnetic field for causing the vibrator 80 to reciprocate with respect to the frame 20. That is, when a current flows through the coil 40, the coil 40 is excited and a magnetic field is generated in the vertical direction. When a magnetic field is generated, the magnet 60 is affected by the magnetic field and generates a repulsive / attractive force. Therefore, depending on the direction of the magnetic field and the arrangement of the magnetic poles of the magnet 60, the force that causes the vibrator 80 to move forward or backward Works. Therefore, the vibrator 80 is displaced in any one of the front and rear directions while bending each arm portion 53. Therefore, when an alternating current is passed through the coil 40, the vibrator 80 reciprocates linearly in the front-rear direction with respect to the frame 20 in a plan view according to the alternating current. Thereby, the vibration generator 1 generates a vibration force.

  When the alternating current value decreases and the magnetic field becomes weak or disappears, the restoring force of the arm unit 53 causes the vibrator 80 to return to the center of the vibration generator 1 in plan view. At this time, since the arm portion 53 is an elastic body, the energy consumed by the arm portion 53 is relatively large. Therefore, the vibration is quickly damped.

  In the present embodiment, since the bottom plate 30 is configured using a nonmagnetic material, no magnetic attractive force is generated by the magnet 60 between the vibrator 80 and the bottom plate 30. The vibrator 80 is displaced smoothly and efficiently according to the magnetic field generated by the coil 40. Therefore, the vibration generator 1 can be made thinner and can be operated appropriately.

  [Mounting structure of holder 50 to frame 20]

  By the way, in this Embodiment, the columnar body 51 is attached to the flame | frame 20 by engaging with the engaging part 21 (21a, 21b, 21c, 21d) provided in the flame | frame 20. As shown in FIG. Thereby, the holder 50 is configured to be easily attachable to the frame 20.

  4 is a cross-sectional view of the frame 20 taken along line BB in FIG. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the frame 20 taken along the line CC of FIG.

  In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 5, the engaging portions 21 are provided at the corners of the frame 20 in plan view. Each of the four engaging portions 21 includes two claw portions 22 including a first claw portion 22 (22a, 22b, 22c, 22d) and a second claw portion 23 (23a, 23b, 23c, 23d), 23.

  As shown in FIG. 4, in each engaging portion 21, each of the two claw portions 22 and 23 is provided with a U-shaped (U-shaped) notch on a part of the side surface of the frame 20. The inside of the notch is formed by being pushed toward the inside of the frame 20. Therefore, the claw portions 22 and 23 are formed integrally with the frame 20. By forming the claw portions 22 and 23 in this manner, the gaps 25 (25a, 25b, 25c, and 25d) are partially provided on the side surfaces of the frame 20.

  In the present embodiment, the claw portions 22 and 23 are formed in a shape corresponding to the shape of the columnar body 51. That is, the columnar body 51 has a cylindrical shape, and the claw portions 22 and 23 are formed in a shape along the side peripheral surface of the columnar body 51. As shown in FIG. 5, each engagement portion 21 is a columnar body 51 arranged in the engagement portion 21 by the claw portions 22 and 23 and the R-plane portion between the side surfaces of the frame 20 in plan view. Is formed so as to surround a portion of the outer peripheral surface of the half or more.

  When the holder 50 is disposed on the frame 20, first, the four columnar bodies 51 are fitted into the four engaging portions 21. As a result, each columnar body 51 is sandwiched between the claw portions 22 and 23 of the engaging portion 21. In other words, each columnar body 51 is in a state in which the side peripheral surface is gripped by the claw portion 22 and the claw portion 23 of the engagement portion 21. Thus, the columnar body 51 and the engaging portion 21 are engaged, whereby the columnar body 51 is fixed to the frame 20 and the holder 50 is attached to the frame 20.

  The claw portions 22 and 23 are caulked to the columnar body 51 in a state where the columnar bodies 51 are respectively fitted into the engaging portions 21. For example, as indicated by an arrow in FIG. 5, for example, with respect to the engaging portion 21d, the first claw portion 22d is pushed forward (downward in FIG. 5), and the second claw portion 23d is moved to the right. It is pushed in (to the right in FIG. 5). As the claw portions 22 and 23 are caulked in this way, the claw portions 22 and 23 bite into the respective columnar bodies 51, and the columnar bodies 51 are more firmly fixed to the frame 20.

  In a conventional vibration generator, a leaf spring attached to a housing is used to support the vibrator. For example, a leaf spring is attached to the housing using a screw. There has been a problem that the structure of the mounting portion on the housing side becomes complicated. Therefore, the assembly man-hour of the vibration generator becomes complicated, the number of parts increases, and the manufacturing cost of the vibration generator increases. Such problems have become more prominent as the demand for smaller and thinner vibration generators increases. That is, as the vibration generator is downsized, the components are also downsized, so it is necessary to use a mounting method such as spot welding instead of screwing or caulking, and the structure of the mounting portion between the components becomes complicated. . For example, when spot welding is performed on the attachment part between the leaf spring and the housing, it is necessary to weld many points in order to keep the reliability of the vibration generator high. is there. This is because the spot welded portion becomes relatively brittle with respect to impact force. With respect to such a problem, in the structure in which the spring part and the frame part of the frame are integrally formed as seen in the prior art, the above-described problem of the method for joining the spring part and the casing does not occur in the first place. However, in this case, there is a problem that the material used for the housing is limited to a material that can be integrally formed with the spring portion.

  With respect to such a problem, in the present embodiment, the holder 50 including the columnar body 51 is integrally formed, and the holder 50 is fitted to the engaging portion 21 so that the holder 50 is attached to the frame 20. Attached. Since the holder 50 can be easily attached to the frame 20 and the number of parts can be reduced, the manufacturing cost of the vibration generator 1 can be reduced. In addition, since the holder 50 and the frame 20 are integrally formed, the attachment portion between the holder 50 and the frame 20 does not become brittle. Therefore, the reliability with respect to the impact of the vibration generator 1 can be improved. Since attachment of the holder 50 to the frame 20 does not require another member such as a screw, the vibration generator 1 can be reduced in size, thickness, and weight.

  When using a structure in which the spring part and the case that support the vibrator are integrally formed of resin as seen in the past, the spring part and the case must be made of the same material. There is a problem. However, in the present embodiment, since the holder 50 and the frame 20 are formed of different members, the number of parts is reduced. Further, the material of the frame 20 can be selected as appropriate while having a simple structure that can be easily assembled. Therefore, for example, the frame 20 can be configured to fulfill its role without providing a member that functions as a magnetic circuit or a magnetic shield.

  The holder 50 is configured by integrally forming a columnar body 51, an arm portion 53, and a vibrator holding portion 55 with an elastic body. Therefore, the number of parts can be reduced and the holder 50 can be easily manufactured. In the present embodiment, since the magnet 60 and the yoke 70 are insert-molded together with the holder 50, the holder 50 holding the vibrator 80 can be easily configured, and the manufacturing process of the vibration generator 1 is further improved. It can be simplified.

  The engaging portion 21 is formed integrally with the frame 20 by providing a notch in a part of the side surface of the frame 20 to form the claw portions 22 and 23. Therefore, the number of parts can be further reduced, and the manufacturing cost can be further reduced.

  The attachment structure of the holder 50 to the frame 20 is such that a columnar body 51 is gripped by two claw portions 22 and 23. Therefore, while simplifying the structure of the vibration generator 1, the columnar body 51 can be reliably positioned on the frame 20, and the attachment accuracy of the holder 50 to the frame 20 can be increased. Since the claw portions 22 and 23 are caulked with respect to the columnar body 51, the holder 50 is firmly attached to the frame 20.

  The attachment structure of the vibrator 80 to the holder 50, that is, the attachment structure of the magnet 60 and the yoke 70 to the holder 50 is not limited to insert molding. For example, a magnet 60 and a yoke 70 that are joined to each other by welding or the like may be incorporated into the integrally formed holder 50 and may be bonded. Alternatively, the holder 50 and the yoke 70 may be integrally formed, and then the magnet 60 may be attached to the yoke 70 portion.

  [Structure of yoke 70]

  When the vibrator 80 moves under the influence of a magnetic field generated by a coil disposed below, the vibrator 80 may be displaced in the vertical direction or tilted from the horizontal plane (in this sense, the movement of the vibrator 80 is Strictly speaking, it is not performed in a horizontal plane, however, the amount of displacement and posture change of the transducer 80 in the vertical direction is relatively small, and the motion of the transducer 80 is viewed macroscopically. Is sometimes expressed as “moving horizontally”.) Further, when an external force is applied to the vibration generator 1, the vibrator 80 may be displaced in the vertical direction with respect to the frame 20. The vibration generator 1 has a thin structure, and the distance between the frame 20 and the upper surface of the vibrator 80 is relatively narrow. Therefore, when the vibrator 80 is displaced or tilted in the vertical direction with respect to the frame 20 in this way, the upper portion of the vibrator 80 may come into contact with the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20.

  In the present embodiment, when the vibrator 80 is displaced or tilted in the vertical direction with respect to the frame 20, the two protrusions 75 a and 75 b are in contact with the frame 20 on the upper surface of the yoke 70. ing.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the protrusions 75 a and 75 b are provided so as to protrude from the upper surface of the yoke 70 toward the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20. Each of the protrusions 75a and 75b is provided at two locations that pass through the center of the vibrator 80 and are symmetrical to each other with respect to a plane (plane parallel to the ZX plane) perpendicular to the front-rear direction that is the direction of motion of the vibrator 80. It has been. Further, each of the projecting portions 75a and 75b is located at two locations on a plane that passes through the center of the vibrator 80 and is parallel to the YZ plane. That is, in the present embodiment, the protrusion 75 a is provided behind the left and right central portions of the upper surface of the vibrator 80. The protrusion 75b is provided in a position symmetrical to the protrusion 75a in front of the left and right central portions of the upper surface of the vibrator 80.

  6 is a side sectional view of the yoke 70 taken along the line BB in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 6, in the present embodiment, each of the protrusions 75a and 75b has a curved surface shape that protrudes upward (to the right in FIG. 6). In other words, each of the protrusions 75 a and 75 b has a curved surface shape that is convex toward the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20. The surface shape of each protrusion 75a, 75b is formed to be, for example, a substantially spherical shape (a substantially arc shape in the cross section shown in FIG. 6). Each protrusion 75a, 75b is formed by being pushed upward from the flat yoke 70 by press working or sheet metal working. That is, each protrusion 75a, 75b is formed integrally with the other part of the yoke 70. In addition, each protrusion part 75a, 75b is not restricted to the thing of such a structure. For example, the protrusions 75 a and 75 b may be provided by attaching a member formed separately from the main body of the yoke 70 to the upper surface of the yoke 70. Each of the protrusions 75a and 75b may be formed by placing another liquid member (for example, an epoxy resin material or a molten metal) on the upper surface of the yoke 70 and curing or solidifying it. Good.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, since the protrusions 75a and 75b are provided on the upper surface of the yoke 70, even if the vibrator 80 approaches the frame 20, the protrusion 75a or the protrusion 75b is first formed. Contact the frame 20. Since the part that contacts the frame 20 is limited to the protrusions 75a and 75b, the area that contacts the frame 20 is limited. Therefore, when the protrusions 75 a and 75 b of the vibrator 80 come into contact with the frame 20, the frictional force acting on the vibrator 80 is small, and the influence on the operation of the vibrator 80 is small. The vibration generator 1 that can operate properly can be made thinner. In addition, since the frictional force acting on the vibrator 80 can be reduced, the power consumption of the vibration generator 1 can be reduced. It is possible to prevent the operation of the vibrator 80 from being obstructed by contact with the frame 20, and the vibrator 80 can be operated smoothly.

  The protrusions 75a and 75b are arranged symmetrically with respect to the movement direction (vibration direction) of the vibrator 80. Therefore, when the vibrator 80 is in contact with the frame 20 during the vibration of the vibrator 80, the protrusions 75a and 75b are surely in contact with the frame 20, and the other portions are less likely to come into contact with the frame 20. Therefore, the influence on the operation of the vibrator 80 by the vibrator 80 coming into contact with the frame 20 can be reliably reduced.

  Since each protrusion 75a, 75b has a spherical shape that is convex toward the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20, each protrusion 75a, 75b and the frame 20 contact each other by point contact. Therefore, the frictional force acting on the vibrator 80 can be reliably reduced, and the vibrator 80 can be operated reliably.

  [Second Embodiment]

  Since the basic configuration of the vibration generator in the second embodiment is the same as that in the first embodiment, description thereof will not be repeated here. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment mainly in that the vibrator has a weight and a flexible printed circuit board is used.

  FIG. 7 is a plan view showing a vibration generator 201 according to the second embodiment. 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along line EE in FIG.

  In FIG. 7, as in FIG. 1, the holder 250 and the like that are originally hidden by the upper surface of the frame 20 are partially displayed with solid lines. In FIG. 7, the substrate 210 (shown in FIG. 8 and the like) is not shown.

  The vibration generator 201 is the first embodiment mainly in that it has a holder 250 instead of the holder 50 and a substrate 210 that has a structure different from that of the double-sided substrate 10. This has a structure different from that of the vibration generator 201 of the form.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the holder 250 has four columnar bodies 51 and four arm portions 53, similar to the holder 50. The holder 250 includes a vibrator holding part (hereinafter, also referred to as a holding part) 255 having a shape different from that of the vibrator holding part 55. A magnet 60, weights 281 and 282, and a yoke 270 are attached to the vibrator holding unit 255. That is, in the second embodiment, the magnet 60, the weights 281 and 282, and the yoke 270 constitute the vibrator 280 of the vibration generator 201.

  As shown in FIG. 8, the substrate 210 is a flexible printed circuit board (FPC) and is disposed so as to sandwich the bottom plate 230. In other words, the substrate 210 is disposed so as to cover a part of each of both surfaces of the bottom plate 230. In the present embodiment, bottom plate 230 has a flat plate shape. The bottom plate 230 is fixed to the frame 20 by being fitted into the bottom side portion of the frame 20. A cutout portion 235 is provided on the right edge portion (an example of a part of the peripheral edge portion) of the bottom plate 230. As a result, in a state where the bottom plate 230 is fixed to the frame 20, the inside and the outside of the vibration generator 201 communicate with each other at the portion where the notch 235 is provided.

  The bottom plate 230 is configured using a nonmagnetic material such as nonmagnetic stainless steel. Since the vibration generator 201 is surrounded by the frame 20 and the bottom plate 230 which are metal materials, the vibration generator 201 becomes easier to handle and the durability of the vibration generator 201 is also increased.

  The substrate 210 has an upper surface portion 216 disposed along the upper surface of the bottom plate 230 and a bottom surface portion 217 disposed along the bottom surface of the bottom plate 230. A folded portion 218 is formed between the upper surface portion 216 and the bottom surface portion 217. The upper surface portion 216 is disposed so as to be sandwiched between the coil 40 and the bottom plate 230. The substrate 210 is folded at the folded portion 218 located at the notch 235 so that the bottom surface portion 217 is along the bottom surface of the bottom plate 230. The substrate 210 is bonded and fixed to the bottom plate 230, for example.

  FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing the holder 250. FIG. 10 is a plan view showing the holder 250.

  In FIG. 9, the holder 250 is shown with the magnet 60, the yoke 270, and the weights 281 and 282 omitted, as in FIG. In FIG. 10, the yoke 270 is not shown.

  As shown in FIG. 9, the holding portion 255 of the holder 250 is provided with a hole portion 255a and hole portions 255b and 255c. A magnet 60 is attached to the hole 255a. The hole portions 255b and 255c are provided on both left and right sides of the hole portion 255a so as to protrude from the portion where the hole portion 255a is provided to the left and right. Each of the holes 255b and 255c has a rectangular shape with long sides in the front-rear direction in plan view. An elastic body is formed in a part between the hole part 255a and the hole part 255b and a part between the hole part 255a and the hole part 255c so as to be recessed from the upper surface of the holding part 255. Thereby, the holes 255a, 255b, and 255c are partitioned from each other.

  As shown in FIG. 10, weights 281 and 282 are attached to the holes 255b and 255c, respectively. The holder 250 has a symmetrical shape with respect to a plane perpendicular to the left-right direction that passes through the central portion of the vibrator 280. That is, the weights 281 and 282 have the same shape.

  FIG. 11 is a development view showing the substrate 210.

  In FIG. 11, the substrate 210 is in a state where an upper surface portion 216, a bottom surface portion 217, and a folded portion 218 are developed in a planar shape. As shown in FIG. 11, two pads 211 and 212 are provided on the upper surface portion 216 of the substrate 210, and two pads 211 a and 212 a are provided on the bottom surface portion 217. The pad 211 and the pad 211a, and the pad 212 and the pad 212a are connected via a wiring pattern so as to have the same potential. A winding end portion of the coil 40 is connected to the pads 211 and 212 of the upper surface portion 216. The pads 211a and 212a of the bottom surface portion 217 serve as electrodes when the vibration generator 201 is mounted on a circuit or the like.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the yoke 270 is a single magnetic plate formed so as to cover the magnet 60 and the portions where the weights 281 and 282 are provided on the upper surface of the vibrator 280. is there. In the present embodiment, the vibrator 280 including the magnet 60 and the yoke 270 and the weights 281 and 282 is integrally formed with the holder 250 by insert molding and is held by the holding portion 255 of the holder 250.

  FIG. 12 is a plan view showing the yoke 270. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken along line FF in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the yoke 270 is provided with four protrusions 275 (275a, 275b, 275c, 275d). As shown in FIG. 13, in the second embodiment as well, each protrusion 275 protrudes toward the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20 (upward and in the Z direction), as in the first embodiment. It has a spherical shape.

  The protrusions 275 are arranged symmetrically on the yoke 270. That is, as shown in FIG. 7, each of the protrusions 275a and 275b passes through the center of the vibrator 280 and is a first plane perpendicular to the front-rear direction, which is the movement direction of the vibrator 280 (a plane parallel to the ZX plane). Are provided at two locations which are symmetrical to each other. Each of the protrusions 275a and 275b is located at two places on a second plane that passes through the center of the vibrator 280 and is parallel to the YZ plane. On the other hand, the protrusions 275c and 275d are provided at two locations which are symmetrical to each other with respect to the second plane and located on the first plane. That is, in the present embodiment, the protruding portion 275a is provided behind the left and right central portions of the upper surface of the vibrator 280. The protrusion 275 b is provided in a position symmetrical to the protrusion 275 a in front of the left and right center part of the upper surface of the vibrator 280. The protrusion 275 c is provided at the right front and rear center of the upper surface of the vibrator 280. The protruding portion 275b is provided at a position symmetrical to the protruding portion 275c at the left front and rear central portion of the upper surface of the vibrator 280.

  In the second embodiment, the vibration generator 201 basically has the same configuration as that of the first embodiment, so that the same effect as that of the first embodiment can be obtained. In the second embodiment, weights 281 and 282 are provided on the vibrator 280, and the weights 281 and 282 are displaced as the vibrator 280 reciprocates. Therefore, the generation amount of vibration force can be increased. Regardless of the size and length of the arm portion 53 and the material of the elastic body, the required vibration force can be easily adjusted. As the weights 281 and 282, a metal having a relatively large specific gravity may be used, but is not limited thereto.

  In the second embodiment, a substrate 210 that is an FPC is used. Therefore, the vertical dimension of the vibration generator 201 can be reduced as compared with the case where a double-sided substrate is used. Further, the shape of the bottom plate 230 can be simplified.

  Since the notch 235 is provided in the bottom plate 230, the substrate 210 does not protrude outside the housing, and the substrate 210 can be reliably protected.

  Also in the second embodiment, since the protrusion 275 is provided on the yoke 270, the vibration generator 201 can be thinned while maintaining a state in which the vibrator 280 can move properly. The yoke 270 is provided with projections 275c and 275d at positions corresponding to the left and right directions where the weights 281 and 282 are provided. Therefore, since the inertial force is increased by providing the weights 281 and 282, and the protrusions 275c and 275d are in contact with the frame 20 even if the vibrator 280 is easily in contact with the frame 20, it is ensured. The vibration generator 201 can be operated.

  Since the bottom plate 230 is configured using a non-magnetic material, the operation of the vibrator 280 is prevented even when the distance between the vibrator 280 and the bottom plate 230 is narrow, as in the first embodiment. Absent. Therefore, a highly durable and thin vibration generator 201 whose bottom is covered with the bottom plate 230 can be provided.

  [Third Embodiment]

  Since the basic configuration of the vibration generator in the third embodiment is the same as that in the first embodiment, description thereof will not be repeated here. The third embodiment is different from the first embodiment and the second embodiment described above in that a plurality of coils are mainly provided.

  FIG. 14 is a plan view showing a vibration generator 401 according to the third embodiment. 15 is a cross-sectional view taken along line GG in FIG.

  In FIG. 14, like FIG. 1, the holder 450 and the like that are originally hidden by the upper surface of the frame 20 are partially displayed with solid lines. Further, in FIG. 14, the illustration of the holding structure of the four columnar bodies 51 of the holder 450 by the frame 20 is omitted. Also in the third embodiment, the holding structure of the holder 450 by the frame 20 is the same as that in the first embodiment.

  The vibration generator 401 has a holder 450 in place of the holder 50, and is different from the vibration generator 1 of the first embodiment in that the vibrator 480 includes weights 481 to 484. Further, the vibration generator 401 is different from the vibration generator 201 of the second embodiment in that it includes two coils 440a and 440b. The vibration generator 401 is configured to generate vibration by reciprocating the vibrator 480 in the left-right direction.

  As shown in FIG. 15, the substrate 410 is a flexible printed circuit board (FPC) like the substrate 410 of the second embodiment, and is arranged so as to sandwich the bottom plate 430. The bottom plate 430 is configured using a nonmagnetic material such as nonmagnetic stainless steel. The bottom plate 430 is also configured in substantially the same manner as the bottom plate 230 of the second embodiment. That is, the bottom plate 430 is fitted to the bottom surface side of the frame 20 and is fixed to the frame 20. A notch 435 is provided at the right edge of the bottom plate 430. The upper surface portion 416 of the substrate 410 is disposed so as to be sandwiched between the coils 440 a and 440 b and the bottom plate 430. The substrate 410 is folded at the folded portion 418 located at the notch portion 435 so that the bottom surface portion 417 is along the bottom surface of the bottom plate 430. Thus, a part of each of both surfaces of the bottom plate 430 is covered with the substrate 410.

  FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing the holder 450 and the vibrator 480. FIG. 17 is an exploded perspective view of FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 16, the holder 450 has four columnar bodies 51 and four arm portions 53, similar to the holder 50. In the third embodiment, each arm portion 53 is formed such that the longitudinal direction is the longitudinal direction. Thereby, the vibrator 480 can vibrate in the left-right direction.

  As shown in FIG. 17, the holder 450 has a vibrator holding part (hereinafter, also referred to as a holding part) 455 having a shape different from that of the vibrator holding part 55. The holding portion 455 stores a magnet 460 and weights 481 and 482 arranged on the left and right sides of the magnet 460. A yoke 470 is attached to the upper surface of the holding portion 455. The yoke 470 is formed so as to protrude from the holding portion 455 in the front-rear direction. Weights 483 and 484 are attached to the lower side of the portion of yoke 470 that protrudes from holding portion 455. That is, in the third embodiment, the magnet 460, the weights 481, 482, 483, 484, and the yoke 470 constitute the vibrator 480 of the vibration generator 401. Each member constituting the vibrator 480 is integrally formed as a whole by being bonded to each other, welded, welded, or joined by a method such as insert molding.

  The holder 450 passes through the central portion of the vibrator 480 and is perpendicular to the left and right direction (a plane parallel to the YZ plane), and passes through the central portion of the vibrator 480 and is perpendicular to the front and rear direction (the ZX plane). (Parallel planes) each have a symmetrical shape. The weights 481 and 482 have the same shape. Further, the weights 483 and 484 have the same shape.

  The yoke 470 has a flat plate shape as a whole and is formed so as to cover substantially the entire upper surface of the holding portion 455. As shown in FIG. 17, holes 471 a and 471 b are formed near the left and right side portions of the yoke 470 at positions corresponding to the weights 481 and 482. Projections 481a and 482a projecting upward are formed on the upper surfaces of the weights 481 and 482, respectively. The protrusions 481a and 482b are formed so as to fit into the holes 471a and 471b, respectively. That is, the weights 481 and 482 are fixed to the yoke 470 in a state where the protruding portions 481a and 482b are fitted in the hole portions 471a and 471b, respectively.

  In the present embodiment, the shape of the magnet 460 is substantially the same as that of the magnet 60 of the first embodiment, but the magnetization mode of the magnet 460 is different from that of the magnet 60. That is, the magnet 460 is magnetized to a single pole. The bottom surface side of the magnet 460 is magnetized to either the S pole or the N pole.

  Overhang portions 473a to 473d are formed in the yoke 470 so as to extend in the vertical direction from each of the portions corresponding to the four apexes of the magnet 460. The overhang portion 473 a is provided at the left rear portion of the vibrator 480. The overhang portion 473b is provided at the right rear portion of the vibrator 480. The overhang portion 473 c is provided at the left front portion of the vibrator 480. The overhang portion 473d is provided at the right front portion of the vibrator 480. These projecting portions 473a to 473d project forward or rearward from the holding portion 455 in plan view. The weight 483 is fixed to the yoke 470 with the upper surfaces of the left and right side portions joined to the overhang portions 473a and 473b. The weight 484 is fixed to the yoke 470 with the upper surfaces of the left and right side portions joined to the overhang portions 473c and 473d. A raised portion 483a is formed on the upper surface of the weight 483 so as to fit between the overhang portion 473a and the overhang portion 473b. A raised portion 484a is formed on the upper surface of the weight 484 so as to fit between the overhang portion 473c and the overhang portion 473d. Each of the raised portions 483a and 484a is raised from the upper surface of the weights 483 and 484 by a height substantially equal to the thickness of the yoke 470. Thereby, the weight of the vibrator 480 can be increased without increasing the vertical dimension of the vibrator 480 or increasing the size.

  FIG. 18 is a development view showing the substrate 410.

  In FIG. 18, the substrate 410 is in a state where an upper surface portion 416, a bottom surface portion 417, and a folded portion 418 are developed in a planar shape. In FIG. 18, the positions where the coils 440a and 440b are mounted are indicated by thick two-dot chain lines.

  The coils 440a and 440b are arranged adjacent to each other in the left-right direction, that is, in the direction corresponding to the movement direction of the vibrator 480. The coil 440a is disposed on the left side (lower side in FIG. 18) of the vibration generator 401, and the coil 440b is disposed on the right side (upper side in FIG. 18) of the vibration generator 401. As shown in FIG. 14, the coils 440 a and 440 b are disposed at positions that are symmetrical with respect to the third plane.

  As shown in FIG. 18, pads 411a and 411b and pads 412a and 412b are provided on the upper surface portion 416 of the substrate 410, respectively. The pad 411a is provided at the center of the position where the coil 440a is disposed. The pad 411b is provided at the center of the position where the coil 440b is disposed. Each of the pads 412a and 412b is disposed behind the coils 440a and 440b. Two pads 413 a and 413 b are provided on the bottom surface portion 417 of the substrate 410. The pad 411a and the pad 413a are connected via a wiring pattern so as to have the same potential. The pad 411b and the pad 413b are connected through a wiring pattern so as to have the same potential. The pad 412a and the pad 412b are connected via a wiring pattern so as to have the same potential. The pads 412a and 412b are connected to the ground potential, for example. A winding end of a coil 440a is connected to the pads 411a and 412a. A winding end of a coil 440b is connected to the pads 411b and 412b. The pads 413a and 413b of the bottom surface portion 417 serve as electrodes when the vibration generator 401 is mounted on a circuit or the like.

  The vibration generator 401 is driven by causing currents in different directions to flow through the two coils 440a and 440b via the pads 413a and 413b. That is, since the magnet 460 is magnetized to a single pole, the vibrator 480 moves in the left-right direction as the two coils 440a and 440b are alternately excited with different polarities.

  As shown in FIG. 14 and the like, the yoke 470 is a single magnetic plate. Also in the third embodiment, the yoke 470 is provided with protrusions 475a, 475b, 475c, and 475d.

  FIG. 19 is a plan view showing the yoke 470. 20 is a cross-sectional view taken along line HH in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 19, the yoke 470 is provided with four protrusions 475 (475a, 475b, 475c, 475d). The protrusion 475a is provided on the overhang portion 473a. The protruding portion 475b is provided on the overhang portion 473b. The protrusion 475c is provided on the overhang portion 473c. The protrusion 475d is provided on the overhang portion 473d. As shown in FIG. 20, also in the third embodiment, each projection 475 protrudes toward the inner surface of the upper surface of the frame 20 (upward and in the Z direction), as in the first embodiment. It has a spherical shape.

  Each protrusion 475 is disposed symmetrically on the yoke 470. That is, each of the protrusions 475a and 475b is provided at two locations that are symmetrical to each other with respect to the third plane that is perpendicular to the horizontal direction that is the movement direction of the vibrator 480. Similarly, each of the protrusions 475c and 475d is provided at two locations that are symmetrical to each other with respect to the third plane. The protrusion 475a is symmetrical with respect to the protrusion 475c, and the protrusion 475b is symmetrical with respect to the fourth plane with respect to the protrusion 475d.

  In the third embodiment, the vibration generator 401 is basically the second in that the weights 481 to 484 are included in the vibrator 480 and the substrate 410 that is an FPC is used. Since it has the same configuration as that of the embodiment, the same effect as that of the second embodiment can be obtained. That is, the vertical dimension of the vibration generator 401 can be reduced as compared with the case of using a double-sided substrate. Further, since the weights 481 to 484 are provided, the generation amount of the vibration force can be increased, and the necessary vibration force can be easily adjusted. As the weights 481 to 484, a metal having a relatively large specific gravity may be used, but is not limited thereto.

  In the third embodiment, the vibrator 480 is driven with a simple structure using the two coils 440a and 440b. In this case, the vibrator 480 can be reliably moved to one of the coils 440a and 440b. Since the vibrator 480 can be moved efficiently with a high driving force, the vibration generator 401 can have higher performance.

  Since the protrusions 475 are provided in the vicinity of the four corners of the yoke 470, the vibration generator 401 can be thinned while maintaining a state in which the vibrator 480 can move properly. Regardless of the posture of the vibrator 480, the contact range between the vibrator 480 and the frame 20 can be reduced more reliably.

  Also in the third embodiment, since the bottom plate 430 is configured using a nonmagnetic material, the operation of the vibrator 480 is not hindered even if the distance between the vibrator 480 and the bottom plate 430 is narrow. . Therefore, a highly durable and thin vibration generator 401 can be provided.

  [Others]

  In the second embodiment and the third embodiment described above, an R chamfered portion may be provided in the notch portion of the bottom plate. The chamfered part should just be provided in the edge part which can be formed by the notch part being formed, for example. Thereby, even if the board | substrate which is FPC is bend | folded in a notch part, it becomes difficult to apply a stress to a board | substrate and can prevent damage to a board | substrate more reliably.

  The frame is not limited to iron, and may be configured using other materials. For example, it may be made of resin formed separately from the holder. The frame may not be provided with an upper surface or a bottom surface and may surround the holder in a plan view. The frame may be square in plan view.

  The circuit board may not be provided. The bottom plate may be disposed only on a part of the bottom of the frame without covering the entire surface of the bottom of the frame.

  The number of protrusions provided on the yoke may be four or an odd number. The surface of the protrusion is not limited to a spherical shape, and is not limited to a curved shape. By forming the protrusion so that a limited area portion contacts the inner surface of the frame, the above-described effects can be obtained.

  The number of columnar bodies and the number of arm portions may be two or more, respectively. The columnar body may not have a cylindrical shape, and may have a polygonal columnar shape. The holder is not integrally molded, and may be configured by assembling a plurality of members.

  The attachment structure of the holder to the frame is not limited to the structure in which the columnar body and two claws that sandwich the columnar body are engaged, but the other side fixed part of the holder and the engagement formed on the frame What is necessary is just to engage with a part. For example, a hole-shaped engagement portion may be formed in the frame, and a holder-side protrusion may be fitted into the engagement portion so that the holder is attached to the frame.

  The holder is not limited to a single color molded one. For example, the columnar body, the holding portion, and the arm portion may be integrally formed by two-color molding using different materials.

  The attachment structure of the vibrator to the holder, that is, the attachment structure of the magnet and the yoke to the holder is not limited to insert molding. For example, it may have a structure in which a magnet and a yoke joined together by welding or the like are incorporated into an integrally molded holder and bonded or the like in a process different from the molding of the holder. Further, the holder and the yoke may be integrally formed, and then the magnet may be attached to the yoke portion.

  The weight may be arranged at the center of the magnet. What is necessary is just to arrange | position a weight in the part which does not have so much influence on generation | occurrence | production of the force for a vibrator to move. Accordingly, it is possible to configure a vibration generator that can generate a large vibration force while reducing the size of the vibrator.

  The configuration of the holder as described above is not limited to the holder for the vibration generator as described above, and can be widely applied. That is, the holder is configured such that the mover provided with the magnet (the portion serving as the vibrator in the above-described embodiment) can be displaced via the arm portion with respect to the portion supported by the frame. The Such a holder can be used in various other devices such as an actuator that is driven using magnetism and a device that is used by appropriately moving the mover in a predetermined direction. Even in an apparatus different from such a vibration generator, the same effects as described above can be obtained by configuring the holder as described above.

  The above embodiment should be considered as illustrative in all points and not restrictive. The scope of the present invention is defined by the terms of the claims, rather than the description above, and is intended to include any modifications within the scope and meaning equivalent to the terms of the claims.

1, 201, 401 Vibration generator 10 Double-sided board (an example of a circuit board)
20 frames (example of housing)
21 (21a, 21b, 21c, 21d) Engaging portion 22 (22a, 22b, 22c, 22d) First claw portion 23 (23a, 23b, 23c, 23d) Second claw portion 30, 230, 430 Bottom plate 40 , 440a, 440b Coil 50, 250, 450 Holder 51 (51a, 51b, 51c, 51d) Columnar body (an example of a fixing part)
53 (53a, 53b, 53c, 53d) Arm portion 55, 255, 455 Vibrator holding portion 60, 460 Magnet 70, 270, 470 Yoke (magnetic plate)
75a, 75b, 275a to 275d, 475a to 475d Protrusion 80, 280, 480 Vibrator 210, 410 Substrate (an example of a circuit board)
281,282,481-484 weight

Claims (5)

  1. A vibrator including a magnet and having a plate shape parallel to a horizontal plane;
    A holder attached to a housing, and holding the vibrator so as to be displaceable with respect to the housing;
    A thin coil that is disposed face-to-face with respect to the vibrator and generates a magnetic field for changing at least one of a position and a posture of the vibrator with respect to the housing;
    A bottom plate that is attached to the housing and disposed at a position away from the coil with respect to the vibrator;
    The bottom plate is a vibration generator configured using a non-magnetic material.
  2. A circuit board disposed along the bottom plate;
    The vibration generator according to claim 1, wherein the coil is connected to the circuit board.
  3. The circuit board is a flexible printed circuit board,
    A notch is formed in a part of the peripheral edge of the bottom plate,
    The vibration generator according to claim 2, wherein the circuit board is folded back at the notch and is disposed so as to cover a part of each of both surfaces of the bottom plate.
  4. Two coils are provided so as to be adjacent to each other in a direction corresponding to the direction of motion of the vibrator,
    4. The vibration according to claim 1, wherein the vibrator moves in the movement direction as currents in different directions flow through the two coils and the two coils are excited. 5. Generator.
  5. The holder is
    A vibrator holding unit for holding the vibrator;
    A fixing portion fixed to the housing;
    An arm part that connects the fixed part and the vibrator holding part and supports the vibrator holding part so as to be displaceable with respect to the fixed part;
    The vibration generator according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the holder has a structure in which the fixing portion, the arm portion, and the vibrator holding portion are integrally formed using resin.
JP2012028847A 2012-02-13 2012-02-13 Vibration generator Active JP5979899B2 (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012028847A JP5979899B2 (en) 2012-02-13 2012-02-13 Vibration generator
US13/618,987 US9590463B2 (en) 2011-09-22 2012-09-14 Vibration generator moving vibrator by magnetic field generated by coil and holder used in vibration-generator
CN2012204837933U CN203193471U (en) 2011-09-22 2012-09-20 Oscillation generator and support used for same
US15/417,901 US20180254690A9 (en) 2011-09-22 2017-01-27 Vibration generator moving vibrator by magnetic field generated by coil and holder used in vibration-generator
US15/417,927 US10298106B2 (en) 2011-09-22 2017-01-27 Vibration generator moving vibrator by magnetic field generated by coil and holder used in vibration-generator
US15/417,844 US20170141643A1 (en) 2011-09-22 2017-01-27 Vibration generator moving vibrator by magnetic field generated by coil and holder used in vibration-generator
US16/416,832 US20190273425A1 (en) 2011-09-22 2019-05-20 Vibration generator moving vibrator by magnetic field generated by coil and holder used in vibration-generator

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JP2017029971A (en) * 2015-07-31 2017-02-09 エーエーシー テクノロジーズ ピーティーイー リミテッドAac Technologies Pte.Ltd. Vibration motor
JP2017029968A (en) * 2015-07-31 2017-02-09 エーエーシー テクノロジーズ ピーティーイー リミテッド Vibration motor
KR20170142848A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-12-28 주식회사 엠플러스 Linear vibrator
WO2018030267A1 (en) * 2016-08-09 2018-02-15 日本電産サンキョー株式会社 Linear actuator
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