JP2013160468A - Air conditioner for four floors - Google Patents

Air conditioner for four floors Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2013160468A
JP2013160468A JP2012023640A JP2012023640A JP2013160468A JP 2013160468 A JP2013160468 A JP 2013160468A JP 2012023640 A JP2012023640 A JP 2012023640A JP 2012023640 A JP2012023640 A JP 2012023640A JP 2013160468 A JP2013160468 A JP 2013160468A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
air
floors
opening
bed
room
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2012023640A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasushi Yutani
康史 油谷
Kazuhiro Kawakubo
和寛 川久保
Masao Aiiso
雅央 相磯
Maki Yamane
真樹 山根
Hidekazu Fukumoto
英一 福本
Original Assignee
Kume Sekkei:Kk
株式会社久米設計
Shinko Kogyo Co Ltd
新晃工業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kume Sekkei:Kk, 株式会社久米設計, Shinko Kogyo Co Ltd, 新晃工業株式会社 filed Critical Kume Sekkei:Kk
Priority to JP2012023640A priority Critical patent/JP2013160468A/en
Publication of JP2013160468A publication Critical patent/JP2013160468A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To sufficiently supply air-conditioning air to every floors even in a small amount of air by installing an air conditioner for four floors at the center of a ceiling in one room without using a damper unit or a duct as in the conventional way.SOLUTION: An air conditioner for four floors that is installed at the center of a ceiling in one room includes an adjustable direction adjusting blades that blow air-conditioned air to each direction of four floors in the room, an air volume adjusting vane that is provided in the upstream of each of the direction adjusting blades to adjust an air-conditioned air volume by adjustable opening, and a leading opening for leading an indoor air to a position out of an air route between the direction adjusting blade and air volume adjusting vane. Blow-out air velocity becomes high specially when the opening of the air volume adjusting vane is smaller, thereby increasing the volume of air blown out from the direction adjusting blade by sucking more leading air. Even when the opening of the air volume adjusting vane is small, an air-conditioning air flow is independently and individually controlled for each of four floors so that air-conditioned air necessary for each of the four floors may arrive at the floors.

Description

本発明は、一つの室内に4床が存在する空気調和機、更に詳しくは、4床に必要な空調空気を給気する4床用空気調和機に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an air conditioner having four beds in one room, and more particularly to a four-bed air conditioner for supplying conditioned air necessary for the four beds.
従来、病院等において、一つの室内を4等分したスペースに、それぞれ1台の床(ベッド)を配置する4床病室が多い。これらの4床病室のそれぞれの床での使用者には好む空調に個人差があり、このため4床病室では各床毎に個別空調制御を行うことがある。
4床病室の個別空調制御の例としては、本出願人らによって特許文献1が提案されているが、これは1台の4床用空気調和機の吹出部に内蔵した4分岐ダンパユニットを設け、4床用空気調和機からの空調空気を分岐して、各床近傍までダクトを延ばして、各床の天井に取り付けたダクトからの吹出口から送風し、前記ダンパユニットを制御して各床毎の個別空調制御を行っていた。
Conventionally, in hospitals and the like, there are many four-bed hospital rooms in which one floor (bed) is arranged in a space obtained by dividing one room into four equal parts. There are individual differences in the air conditioning preferred by users on the respective floors of these four-bed hospital rooms. For this reason, individual air-conditioning control may be performed for each floor in the four-bed hospital rooms.
As an example of individual air-conditioning control for a four-bed hospital room, Patent Document 1 has been proposed by the present applicants, and this is provided with a four-branch damper unit built in the blow-out part of a single four-bed air conditioner. Branches the conditioned air from the four-bed air conditioner, extends the ducts to the vicinity of each floor, blows air from the air outlets from the ducts attached to the ceiling of each floor, and controls the damper unit to control each floor Individual air conditioning control was performed.
しかし、特許文献1のようなダンパユニットとダクトの組み合わせの個別空調制御は、個別制御が可能であるが、天井内にダクト工事が必要であり、各床の天井に取り付けるダクトや吹出口が必要であり、また、空気調和機に4分岐ダンパユニットを内蔵するとなると、4分岐ダンパユニット自体のサイズが大きいので大きなスペースを必要とするといった問題点があった。   However, the individual air-conditioning control of the combination of the damper unit and the duct as in Patent Document 1 can be individually controlled, but the duct work is necessary in the ceiling, and the duct and the air outlet attached to the ceiling of each floor are necessary. In addition, when the 4-branch damper unit is built in the air conditioner, there is a problem that a large space is required because the size of the 4-branch damper unit itself is large.
特開2004−360978号公報JP 2004-360978 A
本発明は、上記の問題点に鑑みてなされたもので、その課題は、4床用空気調和機において、従来のようにダンパユニットやダクトを用いること無しに、一つの室内の天井中央に4床用空気調和機を据え付け、この4床用空気調和機によって、各床へ十分な空調空気が到達するようにする4床用空気調和機を提供しようとするものである。また、別の課題は、各床への空調空気の風量が少なくなった場合でも、各床へ十分な空調空気が到達するようにする4床用空気調和機を提供しようとするものである。   The present invention has been made in view of the above-mentioned problems, and its problem is that, in a four-bed air conditioner, the center of the ceiling of one room can be used without using a damper unit or a duct as in the prior art. It is intended to provide a four-bed air conditioner in which a floor air conditioner is installed and sufficient conditioned air reaches each floor by the four-bed air conditioner. Another problem is to provide a four-bed air conditioner that allows sufficient conditioned air to reach each floor even when the volume of conditioned air to each floor decreases.
上記の課題を解決するために、請求項1の発明は、一つの室内の天井中央に据え付ける4床用空気調和機であって、一つの室内の4床の各方向に向けて、各方向毎に空気調和された空気を吹出す吹出口を設け、該吹出口毎の上流に開度が調整可能で空気調和された空気量を調整する風量調整ベーンを設け、該風量調整ベーンはそれぞれ独立して調整を可能にし、4床方向毎に個別に空調気流を制御することができることを特徴とする4床用空気調和機である。
請求項2の発明は、請求項1に記載の4床用空気調和機において、前記吹出口には方向調整ブレードを設け、該方向調整ブレードによって吹出方向を調整可能にし、4床方向毎に個別に空調気流を制御することができることを特徴とする。
In order to solve the above problems, the invention of claim 1 is a four-bed air conditioner installed at the center of a ceiling in one room, and is directed to each direction of the four floors in one room. Provided with an air outlet that blows out air-conditioned air, and provided with an air volume adjusting vane that adjusts the air volume that is adjustable in air opening upstream of each air outlet, and the air volume adjusting vanes are independent of each other. The four-bed air conditioner is characterized in that the air-conditioning airflow can be individually controlled for every four floor directions.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the four-bed air conditioner according to the first aspect, the air outlet is provided with a direction adjusting blade, the blowing direction can be adjusted by the direction adjusting blade, and the air flow is individually provided every four floor directions. The air-conditioning airflow can be controlled.
請求項3の発明は、請求項1又は請求項2に記載の4床用空気調和機において、前記吹出口と風量調整ベーンとの風道を外れた位置に室内空気を誘引する誘引開口を設け、前記風量調整ベーンの開度が小さい場合ほど誘引空気を多く吸い込むようにして吹出口からの吹出空気の量を多くし、前記風量調整ベーンの開度が小さくても各床に必要な空気調和された空気が届くようにして4床毎に個別に空調気流を制御することができることを特徴とする。   According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the four-bed air conditioner according to the first or second aspect, an induction opening for attracting room air is provided at a position outside the air passage between the air outlet and the air volume adjusting vane. The smaller the opening of the air volume adjustment vane, the greater the amount of air drawn from the outlet by sucking in more air, and the air conditioning required for each floor even if the opening of the air volume adjustment vane is small. The air-conditioning airflow can be individually controlled every four floors so that the delivered air can reach.
以上説明したように、請求項1の4床用空気調和機の発明によれば、従来のようにダンパユニットやダクトを用いることなしに、一つの室内の天井中央に4床用空気調和機を据え付けるだけでよく、簡単な工事で一つの室内の4床の各方向に向けて空気調和が可能になり、保守も容易でより的確に個別空調制御が可能な4床用空気調和機とすることができる。
請求項2の4床用空気調和機の発明によれば、請求項1の効果に加えて、4床の各方向の調整が可能であるので、適切に4床毎に向けての空気調和が可能になる。
請求項3の4床用空気調和機の発明によれば、請求項1又は請求項2の効果に加えて、各床への空調空気の風量が少なくなった場合でも、風量調整ベーン開度が小さいほど吹出風速は大きくなることと相俟って、誘引空気を多く吸い込むようになり吹出口からの吹出空気の量を多くし、これらの相乗効果により、十分な空調空気が各床まで到達し、各床への個別空調制御がより的確に行うことができる。
また、従来のファンコイルユニットは、冷房時に風量が少ないと吹出箇所が局部的に低温となりすぎ、その病室患者等に不快感を与えたり、結露を発生する可能性があるが、誘引気流との混合により吹出温度は高くなり、低温気流による不快感を防止でき、結露も生じない。
As described above, according to the invention of the four-bed air conditioner of claim 1, the four-bed air conditioner is installed in the center of the ceiling of one room without using a damper unit or a duct as in the prior art. It is only necessary to install it, and air conditioning can be performed in each direction of four floors in one room with simple construction, and maintenance is easy, and a four-bed air conditioner that can perform individual air conditioning control more accurately. Can do.
According to the four-bed air conditioner of the second aspect, in addition to the effect of the first aspect, the adjustment of each direction of the four floors is possible. It becomes possible.
According to the invention of the four-bed air conditioner of claim 3, in addition to the effect of claim 1 or 2, even if the air volume of the conditioned air to each floor is reduced, the air volume adjusting vane opening degree is Combined with the fact that the smaller the smaller, the higher the blown air speed, so that more air is drawn in and the amount of air blown out from the air outlet is increased. By these synergistic effects, sufficient conditioned air reaches each floor. Individual air conditioning control for each floor can be performed more accurately.
In addition, the conventional fan coil unit, when the air volume during cooling is low, the blowout part becomes too cold locally, which may cause discomfort to the patient in the hospital room or the like, and may cause condensation. Mixing increases the blowing temperature, prevents discomfort caused by low-temperature airflow, and does not cause condensation.
本発明の実施例の4床用空気調和機1の病室B内のベッドとの配置関係を示す概略図、Schematic which shows the arrangement | positioning relationship with the bed in the hospital room B of the 4-bed air conditioner 1 of the Example of this invention, 実施例の4床用空気調和機1の側面からの断面図、Sectional drawing from the side of the air conditioner 1 for four floors of an Example, 図2の4床用空気調和機1の正面図、The front view of the air conditioner 1 for 4 beds of FIG. 図2の4床用空気調和機1の天井での底面図、The bottom view in the ceiling of the air conditioner 1 for 4 floors of FIG. 図2のダクト2の斜視図、FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the duct 2 of FIG. 図2の吹出部5の拡大断面図、The expanded sectional view of the blowing part 5 of FIG. 本発明の実施例及び従来例での吹出中心気流の気流軌跡を説明するグラフの図、The figure of the graph explaining the airflow locus | trajectory of the blowing center airflow in the Example of this invention, and a prior art example, 図1で空調空気の供給空気量が少なく誘引空気もない場合の参考図である。FIG. 2 is a reference diagram when the supply amount of conditioned air is small and there is no induction air in FIG. 1.
本発明の好適な4床用空気調和機1の1実施例を図面に沿って説明する。
図1は、本実施例の4床用空気調和機1の4床病室Bでの配置を示すもので、病院の一つの4床病室B内に4ベッド(B1,B2,B3,B4)を4床病室Bの4隅に配置し、その中央の天井に天井型の4床用空気調和機1が取り付けられ、4ベッドに向けてその4方向に吹出している。
図2から4は、図1での4床用空気調和機1は、天井に設けた状態の全体を示すもので、図2は側面断面図、図3は天井内を含めた正面図、図4は天井の下から見上げた底面図である。
図2の4床用空気調和機1の側断面図で、枠体11は天井パネル12等の下枠体111とファン31や熱交換器(コイル)41等の上枠体112からなり、上枠体112は天井内の梁等に固定され、下枠体111はパネル吊りボルト113によって連結固定されている。
One preferred embodiment of a four-bed air conditioner 1 of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 shows the arrangement of a four-bed air conditioner 1 of this embodiment in a four-bed room B, and four beds (B1, B2, B3, B4) are placed in one four-bed room B of a hospital. Arranged at the four corners of a four-bed hospital room B, a ceiling-type four-bed air conditioner 1 is attached to the ceiling at the center, and is blown out in four directions toward the four beds.
2 to 4 show the entire state of the air conditioner 1 for four floors in FIG. 1 provided on the ceiling, FIG. 2 is a side sectional view, FIG. 3 is a front view including the inside of the ceiling, FIG. 4 is a bottom view looking up from under the ceiling.
2 is a side cross-sectional view of the four-bed air conditioner 1 in FIG. 2, wherein the frame 11 includes a lower frame 111 such as a ceiling panel 12 and an upper frame 112 such as a fan 31 and a heat exchanger (coil) 41. The frame body 112 is fixed to a beam or the like in the ceiling, and the lower frame body 111 is connected and fixed by a panel suspension bolt 113.
図2において、天井パネル12には中央部には還気RAを下から枠体11内に吸い込む吸込口125を設けた中央パネル121と、天井パネル12の左右両側(図4参照)に設けた給気SAを供給する右側(図2で)の吹出口122a、左側(図2で)の吹出口122bが設けられ、還気RAは中央パネル121とフィルター123を通過して、中央部を仕切モール124で区画された通路を通過し、図5に示すようなダクト2の中央還気開口21を通過し、吸気室3のファン31に吸い込まれ、ファン31によって隔壁32を介した送給室4に送給される。
送給室4には、熱交換器(コイル)41及び底部にドレインパン42が設けられ、ここで所定の温度にされた給気SAは、ダクト2の中央開口21の周りに設けた給気ダクト22によって分岐されて給気され、吹出部5を経由して、天井パネル12の左右の吹出口122a、122bから4床病室B内に給気される。
In FIG. 2, the ceiling panel 12 is provided with a central panel 121 provided with a suction port 125 for sucking the return air RA into the frame 11 from below in the center, and on the left and right sides of the ceiling panel 12 (see FIG. 4). The right side (in FIG. 2) outlet 122a and the left side (in FIG. 2) outlet 122b for supplying the supply air SA are provided, and the return air RA passes through the central panel 121 and the filter 123 to partition the central part. Passing through the passage partitioned by the mall 124, passing through the central return opening 21 of the duct 2 as shown in FIG. 5, sucked into the fan 31 of the intake chamber 3, and the feeding chamber through the partition wall 32 by the fan 31. 4 is sent.
The feed chamber 4 is provided with a heat exchanger (coil) 41 and a drain pan 42 at the bottom, and the air supply SA brought to a predetermined temperature here is an air supply provided around the central opening 21 of the duct 2. The air is branched and supplied by the duct 22, and is supplied into the four-bed hospital room B from the left and right air outlets 122 a and 122 b of the ceiling panel 12 via the air outlet 5.
[吹出部5]
本発明の特徴部分である吹出部5について説明する。
前記吹出部5には、図2に示されるように、概略、ダクト2の給気ダクト22(図5)の給気口23(図2,図5)から吹出口122までのガイド通路51が設けられ、ガイド通路51の空気の流れの上流にはベーン55が、下流にはブレード52が設けられ、ガイド通路51の空気流の経路上から外れた位置に誘引空気口58が配置されている。
[Blowout part 5]
The blowing part 5 which is a characteristic part of the present invention will be described.
As shown in FIG. 2, a guide passage 51 from the air supply port 23 (FIG. 2, FIG. 5) of the air supply duct 22 (FIG. 5) of the duct 2 to the air outlet 122 is provided in the blowout portion 5. A vane 55 is provided upstream of the air flow in the guide passage 51 and a blade 52 is provided downstream, and an induction air port 58 is disposed at a position off the air flow path of the guide passage 51. .
[ブレード]
図4(図3)に示すように、吹出部5は、ガイド経路51(図2)の下流の先端の室内天井位置には吹出口122を設け、吹出口122の直前でガイド経路51の下流には吹出風向を調整するブレード52を設けてある。
このブレード52の空気流案内方向は、4つの吹出区画(C1,C2,C3,C4)で独立して調整可能なように、それぞれ調整ツマミ53が側枠13に設けられている。すなわち、図4では、図面の左上の吹出区画C1のブレード52aは、ベッドB1の方向に給気SAが到達するように調整ツマミ53bで調整し、同様に、右上の区画C2のブレード52bはベッドB2の方向に給気SAが到達するように調整ツマミ53aで調整し、右下の区画C3のブレード52cはベッドB3の方向に給気SAが到達するように調整ツマミ53cで調整し、右下の区画C4のブレード52dはベッドB4の方向に給気SAが到達するように調整ツマミ53dで調整する。
したがって、4床(B1,B2,B3,B4)の内の各床分の吹出方向を調整ツマミ53により任意に調整できる。勿論、手動の調整ツマミ53に代え、ステップもモーター等を用いて、リモコンで患者自ら寝ながら操作するようにしても良い。
[blade]
As shown in FIG. 4 (FIG. 3), the blowout unit 5 is provided with a blower outlet 122 at the indoor ceiling position at the downstream end of the guide path 51 (FIG. 2), and immediately downstream of the guide path 51. Is provided with a blade 52 for adjusting the blowing air direction.
An adjustment knob 53 is provided on the side frame 13 so that the air flow guide direction of the blade 52 can be adjusted independently by the four blowing sections (C1, C2, C3, C4). That is, in FIG. 4, the blade 52a in the upper left blowing section C1 of the drawing is adjusted by the adjustment knob 53b so that the air supply SA reaches the direction of the bed B1, and similarly, the blade 52b in the upper right section C2 is adjusted to the bed B1. The adjustment knob 53a is used to adjust the supply air SA in the direction B2, and the blade 52c in the lower right section C3 is adjusted using the adjustment knob 53c so that the supply air SA reaches the bed B3. The blade 52d of the section C4 is adjusted by the adjustment knob 53d so that the supply air SA reaches the direction of the bed B4.
Therefore, the blowing direction of each floor of the four floors (B1, B2, B3, B4) can be arbitrarily adjusted by the adjusting knob 53. Of course, instead of the manual adjustment knob 53, the step may be operated using a motor or the like while the patient is sleeping on the remote controller.
[ベーン55]
ガイド通路51の上流には開口幅に対応して横に長いベーン55が設けられているが、このベーン55は空調空気の空気量および吹出風速を調整でき、図6に示すように、このベーン55の空気流に沿う断面形状は多少湾曲した湾曲部551を有し、一端には回動軸552を設け、この回動軸552を中心にアクチュエータ56によって回動し、この回動によりベーン先端部553とガイド経路51のガイド内壁511との間隔をアクチュエータ56によって調整できる構造になっている。
ベーン先端部553とガイド内壁511との間隔が空気通路となるが、この間隔の開度が、本実施例では、図6に示すように、全開位置A1、半開位置A2、1/4開位置A3の3つの位置にアクチュエータ56で3段階に制御されるようにしている。なお、別の実施例として、例えば、前記開度は風量の強弱の2段階だけ、全開位置A1と半開位置A2の2つの位置の2段階に制御するようにしてもよい。また、この開度が小さくなるにつれ吹出風速は早くなる。
重要なことは、どの位置でも給気SAが大部分がブレード52に送られる形状、位置に設定しておくことである。
したがって、図6ではベーン55の全開位置A1でも、ベーン先端部553はガイド通路51のほぼ中間位置であるが、これ以上ベーン先端部553がガイド内壁511から離れると、誘引空気口58から給気SAが吹き出す危険性があるので、全開位置A1が限界であり、ガイド内壁511から離れた空間は、室内空気滞留室59(図6参照)にして室内空気を待機させる空間にしておけば良い。
[Vane 55]
An elongated vane 55 is provided upstream of the guide passage 51 in correspondence with the opening width. The vane 55 can adjust the air amount and the blown air speed of the conditioned air. As shown in FIG. The cross-sectional shape along the air flow of 55 has a curved portion 551 that is slightly curved, and is provided with a rotating shaft 552 at one end, and is rotated by an actuator 56 around the rotating shaft 552. The distance between the portion 553 and the guide inner wall 511 of the guide path 51 can be adjusted by the actuator 56.
The interval between the vane tip 553 and the guide inner wall 511 is an air passage. In this embodiment, the opening of this interval is, as shown in FIG. 6, fully open position A1, half open position A2, 1/4 open position. The actuator 56 controls the three positions A3 in three stages. As another example, for example, the opening degree may be controlled in two stages of two positions, the fully open position A1 and the half-open position A2, only in two stages of the air volume. Further, as the opening becomes smaller, the blown wind speed becomes faster.
What is important is that the air supply SA is set to a shape and position where most of the supply air SA is sent to the blade 52 at any position.
Therefore, in FIG. 6, even at the fully open position A1 of the vane 55, the vane tip 553 is almost in the middle of the guide passage 51, but when the vane tip 553 is further away from the guide inner wall 511, air is supplied from the induction air port 58. Since there is a risk that SA is blown out, the fully open position A1 is the limit, and the space away from the guide inner wall 511 may be a space in which the indoor air is waited as the indoor air retention chamber 59 (see FIG. 6).
[誘引空気口58]
ところで、空気調和機から4方向に空気を給気し、各床への方向の風量を制御しても、単に風量が少ない場合は、図8に示すように、空気調和された吹出空気は途中の室内空気に阻害されて失速し、所定の床位置まで空調空気が十分到達しないことがある。
また、一般に天井型空気調和機であるファンコイルユニットは、冷房時に風量が少ないと吹出箇所が局部的に低温となりすぎ、その病室患者等に不快感を与えたり、結露を発生する可能性がある。
そこで、本発明の実施例では、ガイド通路51の空気流の経路上から外れた位置に誘引空気口58が設けられている。
この誘引空気口58は室内の誘引空気raを誘引するために設けたもので、図6、図4に示されるように、誘引空気口58は天井パネル12に床に向かって開口し、かつ、この開口は誘引空気口58はガイド通路51の空気流の経路上から外れた位置に設け、誘引空気口58とガイド通路51との間には室内空気滞留室59を設けたものである。そして、ベーン先端部553とガイド内壁511との間隔からの吹出口122に向かう風速のある空気SA(1次空気)が、誘引空気口58及び室内空気滞留室59の室内の誘引空気raを誘引して取り込み風量を増して吹出口122から吹き出される。
[Attraction air port 58]
By the way, even if air is supplied from the air conditioner in four directions and the air volume in the direction toward each floor is controlled, if the air volume is simply small, as shown in FIG. In some cases, the air is hampered by the room air and the air-conditioning air does not reach the predetermined floor position sufficiently.
In general, a fan coil unit that is a ceiling type air conditioner has a possibility that the blowout part becomes too cold locally when the air volume is low at the time of cooling, which may cause discomfort to the patient in the patient room or cause condensation. .
Therefore, in the embodiment of the present invention, the attraction air port 58 is provided at a position deviated from the air flow path of the guide passage 51.
This attraction air port 58 is provided for attracting indoor attraction air ra, and as shown in FIGS. 6 and 4, the attraction air port 58 opens to the ceiling panel 12 toward the floor, and In this opening, the induction air port 58 is provided at a position away from the air flow path of the guide passage 51, and an indoor air retention chamber 59 is provided between the induction air port 58 and the guide passage 51. Then, air SA (primary air) having a wind speed toward the air outlet 122 from the interval between the vane tip 553 and the guide inner wall 511 attracts the air attraction of the air at the air inlet 58 and the indoor air retention chamber 59. Then, the intake air volume is increased and the air is blown out from the air outlet 122.
[作用]
図6のような位置関係でのベーン55の開度と誘引比を実測したのが次の表1である。
[表1]
誘引比(%)=誘引空気量/1次空気×100
ベーン開度:1/4開(A3)・・・32%
ベーン開度:半開(A2) ・・・10%
ベーン開度:全開(A1) ・・・ 8%

すなわち、各吹出区画(C1,C2,C3,C4)で、個別に独立してベーン55の開度を全開(強)(図6;A1)、半開度(A2)、1/4開(A3)に操作でき、個別に風量調整可能であり、その際各ベーン開度でも[表1]のように室内空気を誘引するので、誘引空気が無い場合に比べて送風量が多くなり、特に、温調のためベーン開度を小さくして弱運転時でも、吹出風量が大きく減ることがなく、従来の4床用空気調和機に比べて、図1に示すように、各床に空調空気が到達する距離が延びる。
[Action]
Table 1 below shows the actual opening and attraction ratio of the vane 55 in the positional relationship as shown in FIG.
[Table 1]
Attraction ratio (%) = Attraction air volume / Primary air × 100
Vane opening: 1/4 open (A3) ... 32%
Vane opening: half open (A2) ... 10%
Vane opening: fully open (A1) 8%

That is, in each blowing section (C1, C2, C3, C4), the opening degree of the vane 55 is fully opened (strong) (FIG. 6; A1), half opening degree (A2), 1/4 opening (A3) independently. ), And the air volume can be adjusted individually. At that time, each vane opening also induces indoor air as shown in [Table 1]. As the temperature is controlled, the vane opening is reduced and the air flow is not greatly reduced even during weak operation. Compared to the conventional four-bed air conditioner, conditioned air is present on each floor as shown in FIG. The distance to reach is extended.
ここで、本実施例の吹出気流の状態を図7のグラフに沿って説明する。
病室Bを天井までの高さ2.5mとし、その天井中央部に本実施例の4床用空気調和機1を取り付け、図1の4つのベッド(B1,B2,B3,B4)のうち1つのベッドB1を例として、ベーン55を1/4開(A3)32%とし、吹出口122から80cm離れた位置に天井から50cmまでがメッシュのカーテンを引いた場合の吹出中心気流のシュミレーションを行った。
図7に示すように、誘引空気がない場合は、吹出中心気流X2は下側の曲線のように直ぐに下降する軌跡になり、カーテンに衝突しベッドB1には届かない。
一方、ベーン55を1/4開(A3)した時の気流は、誘引比32%の室内の誘引気流raを誘引することで、吹出風量が増加し、室内空気の混合で吹出温度が上昇したことで、吹出中心気流X1は上側の曲線のような軌跡になり、カーテン上部のメッシュ部分を通過し、ベッドB1に空調空気が到達する。
Here, the state of the blowing airflow of a present Example is demonstrated along the graph of FIG.
Hospital room B has a height of 2.5 m to the ceiling, and the four-bed air conditioner 1 of this embodiment is attached to the center of the ceiling, and one of the four beds (B1, B2, B3, B4) in FIG. Taking one bed B1 as an example, simulation was performed for the airflow from the center when the vane 55 was 1/4 open (A3) 32% and a mesh curtain was drawn up to 50 cm from the ceiling at a position 80 cm away from the outlet 122. It was.
As shown in FIG. 7, when there is no attraction air, the blowout central airflow X2 has a trajectory that descends immediately like a lower curve, collides with the curtain, and does not reach the bed B1.
On the other hand, the air flow when the vane 55 is opened 1/4 (A3) attracts the indoor induced air flow ra with an induction ratio of 32%, thereby increasing the amount of blown air and increasing the blown temperature by mixing the indoor air. Thus, the blowout central airflow X1 has a trajectory like the upper curve, passes through the mesh portion above the curtain, and the conditioned air reaches the bed B1.
本実施例は上記のような構成であるから、従来ようにダンパユニットやダクトを用いることなしに、一つの病室B内の天井中央に4床用空気調和機1を据え付けるだけで、この4床用空気調和機1によって、各床への空調空気の風量が少くなった場合でも、風量調整ベーン開度が小さいほど、吹出風速は大きくなることと相俟って、誘引空気を多く吸い込むようになり、吹出口からの吹出空気の量を多くして、十分な空調空気が各床まで到達し、各床への個別空調制御がより的確に行うことができる。また、従来のファンコイルユニットは、冷房時に風量が少ないと吹出箇所が局部的に低温となりすぎ、その病室患者等に不快感を与えたり、結露を発生する可能性があるが、誘引気流との混合により吹出温度は高くなり、低温気流による不快感を防止でき、結露も生じない4床用空気調和機とすることができる。
更に、広い一つの病室B内の領域ごとに、各ベッドの領域毎に独立して調和空気の個別制御が可能であり、しかも、1つの4床用空気調和機1だけであるので、病室B全体の温度制御が容易であり、送風機31の一定回転をより長時間維持できるので安定した空調運転となり、装置自体の簡単で据え付けで、簡単な工事で保守も容易、且つより的確に独立して個別空調制御が可能な4床用空気調和機1とすることができる。
Since the present embodiment is configured as described above, the four-bed air conditioner 1 is simply installed in the center of the ceiling in one hospital room B without using a damper unit or duct as in the prior art. Even if the air volume of the conditioned air to each floor is reduced by the air conditioner 1, the air flow adjustment vane opening increases the blowing air speed as the air volume adjusting vane opening decreases, so that a large amount of air is drawn in. Thus, the amount of air blown from the outlet is increased so that sufficient conditioned air reaches each floor, and individual air conditioning control to each floor can be performed more accurately. In addition, the conventional fan coil unit, when the air volume during cooling is low, the blowout part becomes too cold locally, which may cause discomfort to the patient in the hospital room or the like, and may cause condensation. By mixing, the blowing temperature becomes high, an unpleasant feeling due to a low temperature airflow can be prevented, and a four-bed air conditioner that does not cause condensation can be obtained.
Furthermore, individual control of the conditioned air can be performed independently for each area of each large bed in the room B, and only one four-bed air conditioner 1 is provided. The overall temperature control is easy, the constant rotation of the blower 31 can be maintained for a longer time, so the air conditioning operation is stable, the device itself is easy to install, easy to maintain with simple construction, and more accurately and independently It can be set as the 4-bed air conditioner 1 in which individual air-conditioning control is possible.
なお、本発明の特徴を損うものでなければ、上記の実施例に限定されるものでないことは勿論である。例えば、病室を4ベッドとしたが、これ以外の複数のベット数に対応して複数個別吹出口として、これに対応したブレードとベーンを用いても良いことは勿論であり、病院以外でも複数領域を独立して空調管理する事務所等に用いても良いことも勿論である。   Needless to say, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments as long as the features of the present invention are not impaired. For example, although the hospital room has 4 beds, it is of course possible to use blades and vanes corresponding to this as a plurality of individual outlets corresponding to a number of other bets, and it is also possible to use a plurality of areas other than hospitals. Of course, it may be used in an office or the like that independently manages air conditioning.
A1,A2,A3・・誘引空気%毎の吹出空気流、
B・・4床病室、B1,B2,B3,B4・・ベッド、
C1,C2,C3,C4・・・吹出区画、
SA・・給気、RA・・還気、ra・・誘引空気、
X1・・誘引空気32%(A1)の吹出中心気流の軌跡
X2・・誘引空気が無い吹出中心気流の軌跡
F・・天井、
1・・4床用空気調和機、11・・枠体、111・・下枠体、112・・上枠体、
113・・パネル吊りボルト、
12・・天井パネル、121・・中央パネル、
122・・吹出口、122a・・右側の吹出口、122b・・左右側の吹出口
123・・フィルター、124・・仕切モール、125・・吸込口
13・・側枠、
2・・ダクト、21・・中央還気開口、22・・給気ダクト、
23・・給気口、
3・・吸気室、31・・ファン、32・・隔壁、
4・・送給室、41・・熱交換器(コイル)、42・・ドレインパン、
5・・吹出部、51・・ガイド経路、511・・ガイド内壁
52,52a,52b,52c,52d・・ブレード、
53,53a,53b,53c,53d・・・調整ツマミ、
55・・ベーン、551・・湾曲部、552・・回動軸、
553・・ベーン先端部、
56・・アクチュエータ、
58・・誘引空気口、59・・室内空気滞留室、
A1, A2, A3 .... Blowing air flow for each% of attracted air
B ... 4 bed rooms, B1, B2, B3, B4 ... bed,
C1, C2, C3, C4 ... blowing section,
SA ・ ・ Air supply, RA ・ ・ Return air, ra ・ ・ Attraction air,
X1 ··· The trajectory of the blowout central airflow 32% (A1) of the induced air X2 ··· The trajectory of the blowout central airflow without the induced air F ··· Ceiling,
1 ・ ・ 4 floor air conditioner, 11 ・ ・ Frame, 111 ・ ・ Lower frame, 112 ・ ・ Upper frame,
113 .. Panel suspension bolt,
12 .... Ceiling panel, 121 ... Central panel,
122 .. outlet, 122a .. right outlet, 122b .. right and left outlet 123 .. filter, 124 .. partition molding, 125 .. inlet 13 .. side frame,
2. Duct, 21 ... Central air return opening, 22. Air supply duct,
23. Air supply port,
3 .... Intake chamber, 31 ... Fan, 32 ... Bulkhead,
4 .. Feeding room, 41 .. Heat exchanger (coil), 42 .. Drain pan,
5. ・ Blowout part, 51 ・ ・ Guide path, 511 ・ ・ Guide inner wall 52, 52a, 52b, 52c, 52d ・ ・ Blade,
53, 53a, 53b, 53c, 53d ... Adjustment knob,
55 ... Vane, 551 ... Bending part, 552 ... Rotating shaft,
553..Vane tip,
56 .. Actuator,
58..Attraction air port, 59 .. Indoor air retention chamber,

Claims (3)

  1. 一つの室内の天井中央に据え付ける4床用空気調和機であって、
    一つの室内の4床の各方向に向けて、各方向毎に空気調和された空気を吹出す吹出口を設け、
    該吹出口毎の上流に開度が調整可能で空気調和された空気量を調整する風量調整ベーンを設け、該風量調整ベーンはそれぞれ独立して調整を可能にし、4床方向毎に個別に空調気流を制御することができることを特徴とする4床用空気調和機。
    An air conditioner for 4 floors installed in the center of the ceiling of one room,
    To each direction of four floors in one room, air outlets that blow out air-conditioned air in each direction are provided,
    An air volume adjustment vane that adjusts the amount of air that is air conditioned and adjustable in opening is provided upstream of each outlet, and the air volume adjustment vanes can be adjusted independently, and air conditioning is performed individually for each of the four floor directions. A four-bed air conditioner characterized by being capable of controlling airflow.
  2. 前記吹出口には方向調整ブレードを設け、該方向調整ブレードによって吹出方向を調整可能にし、4床方向毎に個別に空調気流を制御することができることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の4床用空気調和機。   The 4-floor according to claim 1, wherein a directional adjustment blade is provided at the air outlet, and the blast air direction can be adjusted by the directional adjustment blade so that the air-conditioning airflow can be individually controlled for every 4 floor directions. Air conditioner.
  3. 前記吹出口と風量調整ベーンとの風道を外れた位置に室内空気を誘引する誘引開口を設け、前記風量調整ベーンの開度が小さい場合ほど誘引空気を多く吸い込むようにして吹出口からの吹出空気の量を多くし、
    前記風量調整ベーンの開度が小さくても各床に必要な空気調和された空気が届くようにして4床毎に個別に空調気流を制御することができることを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の4床用空気調和機。
    An outlet opening for attracting room air is provided at a position off the air passage between the air outlet and the air volume adjusting vane, and the air from the air outlet is sucked in as the air volume adjusting vane has a smaller opening. Increase the amount of air,
    The air-conditioning airflow can be individually controlled for every four beds so that necessary air-conditioned air reaches each floor even if the opening of the air volume adjusting vane is small. The four-bed air conditioner as described.
JP2012023640A 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Air conditioner for four floors Pending JP2013160468A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012023640A JP2013160468A (en) 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Air conditioner for four floors

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2012023640A JP2013160468A (en) 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Air conditioner for four floors

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2013160468A true JP2013160468A (en) 2013-08-19

Family

ID=49172859

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2012023640A Pending JP2013160468A (en) 2012-02-07 2012-02-07 Air conditioner for four floors

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2013160468A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015079548A1 (en) * 2013-11-29 2015-06-04 三菱電機株式会社 Air conditioning system
WO2019042424A1 (en) * 2017-09-04 2019-03-07 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Wall-mounted type air conditioner indoor unit

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56107427U (en) * 1980-01-22 1981-08-20
JPS63286648A (en) * 1987-05-18 1988-11-24 Matsushita Refrig Co Air-conditioning machine
JPH09210440A (en) * 1996-02-02 1997-08-12 Nippon Sekkei:Kk Induction type variable constant air volume device
WO2001079762A1 (en) * 2000-04-19 2001-10-25 Daikin Industries, Ltd. Air conditioner
JP2011169531A (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-09-01 Taisei Corp Air conditioning blowout instrument

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS56107427U (en) * 1980-01-22 1981-08-20
JPS63286648A (en) * 1987-05-18 1988-11-24 Matsushita Refrig Co Air-conditioning machine
JPH09210440A (en) * 1996-02-02 1997-08-12 Nippon Sekkei:Kk Induction type variable constant air volume device
WO2001079762A1 (en) * 2000-04-19 2001-10-25 Daikin Industries, Ltd. Air conditioner
JP2011169531A (en) * 2010-02-19 2011-09-01 Taisei Corp Air conditioning blowout instrument

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015079548A1 (en) * 2013-11-29 2015-06-04 三菱電機株式会社 Air conditioning system
JP6091655B2 (en) * 2013-11-29 2017-03-08 三菱電機株式会社 Air conditioning system
WO2019042424A1 (en) * 2017-09-04 2019-03-07 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Wall-mounted type air conditioner indoor unit

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP6223953B2 (en) Air conditioner
CN104697058B (en) Indoor apparatus of air conditioner and its control method
JP2008281212A (en) Air conditioner
CN104697053B (en) Air conditioner room unit and deep bead
JP2013525726A (en) Air diffuser and air circulation system
CN104949198B (en) Air conditioner
JP3731397B2 (en) Blower, air conditioner, and blower method
JP2013160468A (en) Air conditioner for four floors
KR101431834B1 (en) Air conditioning apparatus and controlling method for the air conditioning apparatus
JP2014159890A (en) Air blowing system
JP3966138B2 (en) Air conditioner
JP6493997B2 (en) Air conditioner
JP2007107726A (en) Ceiling-suspension type air conditioner
JP6462094B1 (en) Indoor circulation air conditioning system
WO2017175749A1 (en) Indoor air conditioning system
JP2002039606A (en) Air supply fan unit
JP5523865B2 (en) Air-conditioning blower
JP2002243186A (en) Ceiling installation type air conditioner
JP2017166820A (en) Air conditioner
JP2017166819A (en) Air conditioner
JP2018194265A (en) Air conditioning system for operating room
JP2004286295A (en) Air conditioning system
JP2004278823A (en) Fan coil unit
KR200458718Y1 (en) Variable discharge type swirl diffuser for high place installation
JP6818295B2 (en) Air conditioning system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20150202

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20151016

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20151204

A02 Decision of refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A02

Effective date: 20160506