JP2013153907A - Body position changing aid - Google Patents

Body position changing aid Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2013153907A
JP2013153907A JP2012016290A JP2012016290A JP2013153907A JP 2013153907 A JP2013153907 A JP 2013153907A JP 2012016290 A JP2012016290 A JP 2012016290A JP 2012016290 A JP2012016290 A JP 2012016290A JP 2013153907 A JP2013153907 A JP 2013153907A
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frame
user
bed
changing
gripping
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JP2012016290A
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Japanese (ja)
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Kenzo Hirai
健三 平井
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Kenzo Hirai
健三 平井
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Priority to JP2012016290A priority Critical patent/JP2013153907A/en
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Abstract

An object of the present invention is to reduce costs, to allow a user to easily and smoothly perform a body position change operation such as body position and posture with a small burden, and to be easy to use.
A pair of side frame portions facing each other at a predetermined interval on the left and right sides, a bottom frame portion having a flat bottom surface portion, and a bottom frame portion connected to the lower ends of the pair of side frame portions. A frame 10 formed in a quadrilateral frame shape composed of an upper frame portion 14 that opposes 13 at a predetermined interval and connects the upper ends of a pair of side frame portions 12 to each other; The body position changing assisting tool 1, which is composed of a gripping part 20 that faces the bottom frame part 13 and the upper frame part 14 of the frame body 10 and connects the pair of side frame parts 12 to each other, Depending on the purpose of the operation, it was erected at any desired position on the bed, and the upper frame portion 14 was gripped to apply force, or it was sandwiched by the side and erected at any desired position on the bed. The user can be supported by gripping the grip 20 in the state and applying force.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention can be used to lift the upper body by itself from the bed, to change the direction of the body on the bed, to move the body, etc. The present invention relates to a body position changing aid that is used as assistance means when standing up, i.e., assisting in changing the body position, posture, etc., to assist in achieving a series of actions from rising to rising. Is.
For elderly people and people with physical disabilities who have weak muscles, a series of actions from getting up on their own to lying on a bed for home use or hospital use, etc. is there. Elderly or physically handicapped people who are lying in bed get up, change their orientation or move their bodies, and force them to get up, forcibly break, fall down, etc. Some cases are connected.
In particular, when you wake your upper body from lying on the bed, you usually get up with hands and arms on the floor and support, but on the bed where mats and mattresses are laid, Since the sinking of the body is strong, for elderly people and people with physical disabilities who have weak muscles, the action of raising the upper body while supporting the body by putting power on the bed is unstable and requires a lot of labor Is. Similarly, it is easy and smooth to move the body on the bed, move the body while standing on the bed while supporting the arms by putting force on the arms on the bed, and even getting up from the bed. It is difficult to do.
Therefore, conventionally, a bed for raising the upper body that is bent manually or electrically is developed, but such a bed is extremely expensive.
Also known is a means of using a side fence provided along the bedside and serving as a safety means for preventing falling from the bed and preventing the fall of futons, etc. as a clue to a series of operations from rising to rising. ing.
  For example, in Patent Document 1, a column portion that is attached to a hole for attaching an accessory provided in a side frame of a bed in a longitudinal direction of the side frame via a column support mechanism, and an arbitrary unit via a fixing means is attached to the column portion. An assistance mechanism is disclosed that is composed of a gripping part that is tightened and mounted at a position. And according to description of patent document 1, it is supposed that the user can perform the operation | movement which raises an upper body by grasping an inverted U-shaped support | pillar part from the state which fell, and also the inverted U-shaped support | pillar. It is said that the user can move up with the body as a clue, sit down at the bedside, turn up to the outside of the floor side by the operation of the operation lever, and stand up with the gripped part as a support.
  Furthermore, in Patent Document 2, a base that is held on the mat base of the bed and is laid under the mat, a rising frame that is coupled to the base and stands upright on the side surface from the head of the bed, and is formed on the rising frame. A rising handrail gripped when the user gets up from the bed, a walking frame coupled to the rising frame, extending laterally outward of the bed and supported on the floor, and formed on the walking frame. A walking handrail gripped when the user walks out and a handrail for the bed having a rising handrail formed near both frame rising portions of the rising frame or the walking frame and gripped when the user stands up are disclosed. In this patent document 2, a user who is sleeping in a bed can get up on the bed by holding up the handrail, and can sit on the bed by holding up the handrail, and also use a handle, etc. It is stated that you can stand up and then walk out and grab a handrail.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 7-024013 JP 2003-235909 A
  Since the side fences including the above Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 2 are fixed along the bedside, the place of use is limited when used as an assistance means for getting up, Depending on the positional relationship between the user and the side fence, that is, when the user is lying at a position far from the side fence, the user has to bother the side fence each time to get up. There was inconvenience that I had to move my body to the position where I could grasp it. Also, when you move your body on the bed or get up from the bed, you can only move or stand up by holding it in the vicinity of the side fence, and the place of use as a means of assistance is limited There have been inconveniences. In addition, when raising the upper body, the body was not moved from the lying position, and the body could be damaged by trying to grab the side fence in an unreasonable posture.
Further, when such a side fence is to be retrofitted to an existing bed, it must be attached to the bedside by a fixing means such as a screw, and the assembling work is troublesome.
In addition, in the case of a side fence fixed to the bedside, the field of view of the bedside may be blocked, giving a sense of anxiety to the user.
  Therefore, the present invention has been made to solve such a problem, is low cost, allows the user to easily and smoothly perform body position change operations such as body position and posture, and is easy to use. It is an object to provide a good assisting tool for body position change.
  The body position changing auxiliary tool according to the first aspect of the present invention is a bottom having a flat bottom surface by connecting a pair of side frame portions facing left and right at a predetermined interval and a lower end portion of the pair of side frame portions. A frame body, and a frame body formed in a quadrilateral frame shape composed of a top frame portion facing the bottom frame portion at a predetermined interval and connecting the upper end portions of the pair of side frame portions, and provided therein One or two or more gripping portions that face the bottom frame portion and the upper frame portion of the frame body and connect the pair of side frame portions to each other are provided.
  Here, the frame body is a frame body having a bottom surface portion formed in a flat shape and standing on the bed with the bottom surface portion facing down to support a part of the weight of the user. It is only necessary to have a strength capable of sufficiently supporting a part, and for example, metal, synthetic resin, elastomer, wood, bamboo, etc. can be used as the material, and these can be used in combination. The frame can be cylindrical, columnar, prismatic, prismatic, etc., but when made of metal, it is made lighter by using a pipe structure or the like. Further, at the time of getting up, the upper frame portion that becomes a gripping position for the user is formed so that at least the upper surface is curved in a curved shape so that the user can easily grip and apply force. preferable. Moreover, it is desirable to provide an anti-slip function.
In the frame, the bottom frame part connecting the lower ends of the pair of side frame parts may be formed integrally with the side frame part or may be formed separately from the side frame part and fixed. You may connect to a side frame part by a means.
Also, the upper frame portion that connects the upper ends of the pair of side frame portions may be formed integrally with the side frame portion, or may be formed separately from the side frame portion and fixed. You may connect to a side frame part by a means. However, it is desirable that the bottom frame portion has a larger bottom surface area (silhouette line) indicating the thickness and length than the side frame portion and the upper frame portion so that external force is not concentrated.
  The gripping part is provided inside the frame body, and is a place where a force is applied as a grip of the user when the body is turned or moved on the bed or when standing up from the bed. As long as it has a predetermined strength, for example, a metal, a synthetic resin, an elastomer, wood, or the like can be used as the material, and these can be used in combination. The gripping portion may be cylindrical, columnar, rectangular tube, prismatic, etc., but the periphery is curved so that the user can easily grip and apply force. It is preferable to form in a cylindrical shape or a columnar shape. In particular, when it is made of metal, it is preferable to reduce the weight by using a pipe structure or the like.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a body position changing assisting device according to the first aspect, wherein the distance between the upper frame portion of the frame body and the gripping portion is freely displaceable. The distance between the upper frame part that will be placed under the user's armpit when changing direction, moving the body, or standing up from the bed, and the grip part that is the grip of the hand The structure is easy to adapt to the body shape such as the length of the body and the physical characteristics, and is also easy to match the taste.
Here, the distance between the upper frame portion of the frame body and the gripping portion can be freely changed. The pair of side frame portions connected by the upper frame portion and the gripping portion can be made variable in the length direction. This is achieved by making the connecting position of the gripping part relative to the side frame part displaceable.
  According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided the body position changing assisting tool according to the second aspect, wherein the pair of side frame portions are respectively fitted with two pipes each having a plurality of through-holes having a predetermined interval. By aligning the through hole at an appropriate position and screwing a male screw and a female screw so that the length thereof can be adjusted, the distance between the upper frame portion of the frame body and the gripping portion can be freely displaced. Therefore, it can be adjusted to the optimum length for the user with a simple operation.
A body position changing auxiliary tool according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is the structure of the first to third aspects, wherein at least the upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame body is formed in a curved shape, The vertical cross section on at least the upper surface side is circular, and is formed so that the user can easily grasp the upper frame portion.
It should be noted that at least the upper surface side of the upper frame portion in the frame body is usually defined by grasping the palm of the palm along the upper surface side of the upper frame portion when raising the upper body and using the palm of the palm Since the arm force is used efficiently by pushing the force, the minimum range that forms the curved surface on the upper surface side where the belly of the user's palm trying to get up will surely hit It is possible to form the entire upper frame portion by curving it into a curved surface. Of course, the arm force can also be used efficiently by putting the force so as to push the gripping part downward when the gripping part is gripped beyond the upper frame part in the frame and the upper body is raised.
  According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided the body position changing assisting device according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, wherein the periphery of the grip portion is formed in a curved shape, and the longitudinal section is circular. It is formed so that the user can easily grip the grip portion.
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided the body position changing assisting device according to the first to fifth aspects, wherein a slip stopper is provided on at least the upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame body.
Here, the anti-slip is only required to have a high contact resistance with the hand holding the upper frame part and to make it difficult for the hand holding the upper frame part to slip, for example, a soft resin such as rubber or elastomer. It is good also as a structure which forms with an anti-slip | skid prevention material, or provides an unevenness | corrugation.
Note that at least the upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame body is normally used when the user raises the upper body so that the user holds the palm of the palm along the upper surface side of the upper frame portion and uses the palm of the palm. Since the arm force is used efficiently by pushing the force downward, the upper side where the belly of the user's palm trying to get up always hit is set as the minimum range to provide a non-slip It is also possible to provide a slip stopper on the entire upper frame.
The body position changing assisting device according to the first aspect of the present invention is a bottom having a flat bottom surface by connecting a pair of side frame portions facing each other at a predetermined interval on the left and right sides and a lower end portion of the pair of side frame portions. A frame formed in a quadrilateral frame shape composed of a frame portion and an upper frame portion facing the bottom frame portion at a predetermined interval and connecting the upper ends of the pair of side frame portions; 1 or 2 or more holding parts which are provided and oppose the bottom frame part and upper frame part of the said frame, and connect the said one pair of side frame part mutually.
According to the body position changing aid of the present invention, when the user lying on the bed gets up, the flat bottom surface portion of the bottom frame portion is formed at an arbitrary desired position on the bed immediately beside the user. Standing on the bed face down, grabbing the upper frame with your hand and putting your hands into the gripped hands will support the user when raising their upper body. At this time, the area supported by the flat bottom surface is wide and the force applied to the range of the bottom surface is distributed, so that the sinking into the bed is small and the user can stably apply the force, so the load can be reduced smoothly. And you can easily raise your upper body.
In addition, when a user with his / her upper body turned up or moved his / her body on the bed, or when he / she stood up from the bed, he / she was placed on the bed By gripping the gripping part in the installed state and applying force to the gripped hand, depending on the case, the weight can be applied to the upper frame part to change the direction of the body, move the body, or stand up Supports the user at the time. And also at this time, since the support area by the flat bottom portion is wide, the force applied to the range of the bottom surface is distributed and less sinking into the bed, the user can stably put in the force, You can turn your body, move your body, and stand up smoothly and easily with little burden.
As described above, the body position changing auxiliary tool according to the present invention stands up in a desired position according to the user's purpose of operation and grips the upper frame part or holds the grip part by holding it on the side. It is used as a support at the user's desired position, and does not give the trouble of visibility hindrance like a conventional side fence fixed to the bedside, and it is troublesome to fix it to the bedside. Is easy to use, can be carried freely, can be used anywhere.
Furthermore, since there are few structural members and the structure is simple and the structure is not affected by the bed environment like a conventional side fence, there is no cost.
In addition, when a plurality of gripping parts are provided inside the frame, the user can grip the gripping part at an easy-to-use position according to the body shape and physical characteristics such as the length of his / her arm. It will be very easy to use.
  In this way, the body position changing aid is low in cost, can easily and smoothly perform body position changing operations such as body position and posture, etc., with less burden on the user, and is easy to use.
  According to the body position changing aid according to the invention of claim 2, the distance between the upper frame portion of the frame body and the gripping portion is made displaceable. In addition to the effects, it can be set in an easy-to-use state according to the body shape and physical characteristics of the user.
  According to the body position changing aid according to the invention of claim 3, two tubes each having a plurality of through-holes with predetermined intervals are fitted, and the through-holes are aligned at an appropriate position so that a male screw and Since the length of the pair of side frame portions can be adjusted by screwing a female screw, and the distance between the upper frame portion and the gripping portion of the frame body can be freely changed. The length adjustment structure for displacing the distance interval between the upper frame portion and the gripping portion is simple, and the adjustment can be performed by a simple operation of selecting the through hole and screwing the male screw and the female screw. Therefore, in addition to the effect of the second aspect, the elderly can easily adjust the length and has good operability, and is set in a state that is easy to use according to the body shape and physical characteristics of the user. be able to.
  According to the body position changing aid according to the invention of claim 4, since at least the upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame is formed in a curved shape, any one of claims 1 to 3. In addition to the effects described above, the user can easily raise the upper body more easily and smoothly because the upper frame part is easy to grasp and force is applied to the user who is going to get up.
  According to the assisting tool for body position change according to the invention of claim 5, the gripping part is formed with a curved periphery, and therefore, according to any one of claims 1 to 4. In addition to the effects, when changing the direction of the body or moving the body, and when standing up, it is easy for the user to grasp the grip part and apply force, and to change the direction of the body or move the body Operation and stand-up operation can be performed easily and smoothly.
  According to the body position changing aid according to the invention of claim 6, since the anti-slip is provided on at least the upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame body, any one of claims 1 to 5 is provided. In addition to the effects described above, the hand grasping the upper frame portion of the user is difficult to slip, and the user can stably apply force and can get up more easily and smoothly.
FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of a body position changing aid according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a front view of the body position changing aid according to the embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 (a) is an explanatory view showing a use state immediately before the user gets up using the body position changing aid according to the embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 3 (b) is an embodiment of the present invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows the use condition in the middle where the user gets up using the auxiliary tool for body position change concerning a form. FIG.4 (c) is explanatory drawing which shows the use condition immediately after the user got up using the auxiliary tool for body position changes concerning embodiment of this invention, FIG.4 (d) implementation of this invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows the use condition at the time of changing the direction of a body from a standing state using the body position change auxiliary | assistance tool concerning this form. FIG.5 (e) is explanatory drawing which shows the use condition just before that a user changes the direction of a body from a rising state using the assist tool for body position change concerning embodiment of this invention, FIG. f) It is explanatory drawing which shows the use condition just before standing up from the sitting state in a bedside using the auxiliary tool for body position changes concerning embodiment of this invention.
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
In the present embodiment, the same symbols and the same reference numerals mean the same or corresponding functional parts, and therefore, detailed description thereof is omitted here.
First, the structure of the body position changing aid according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment is made of aluminum or the like, similar to the upper tube 11a obtained by bending a metal round pipe material such as aluminum into a substantially U shape. 4 sides of a substantially rectangular frame are configured by fitting the lower pipe 11b obtained by bending the metal round pipe material into a substantially U shape so that the open sides of the lower tube 11b face each other. A pair of side frame portions 12 facing left and right (both sides in the width direction) at a predetermined interval, a bottom frame portion 13 positioned at a lower end portion of the pair of side frame portions 12, and an upper end portion of the pair of side frame portions 12. A frame body 10 composed of an upper frame portion 14 is formed, and a pair of side frame portions 12 are connected by a gripping portion 20 on the inner lower side of the frame body 10.
  Specifically, the frame body 10 according to the present embodiment has a shape in which the substantially U-shaped lower tube 11b disposed on the lower side is reduced in diameter toward the substantially U-shaped open side. A substantially U-shaped upper tube 11a that is fitted to the lower tube 11b and arranged on the upper side has a shape that expands toward the open side of the approximately U-shape, presents a trapezoidal frame body, The length of the bottom frame portion 13 constituting the bottom side of the quadrangular frame is longer than the length of the upper frame portion 14 constituting the upper side.
In the present embodiment, a plurality of through holes 11c are formed in the longitudinal direction at the same predetermined intervals in the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b, and the lower tube 11b is inserted into the upper tube 11a. Thus, the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b are coupled and fixed to each other by aligning the through holes 11c provided at the constant same distance at appropriate positions and screwing the male screw 11d and a female screw (not shown). It is like that. As the female screw to be screwed into the male screw 11d, a nut that does not require a large force and is convenient for operation, a wing screw that can be easily turned with a finger, or the like can be used.
That is, the pair of side frame portions 12 according to the present embodiment is configured such that the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b are slid in the fitted state, the through hole 11c is selected and the male screw 11d and the female screw (not shown) are aligned at a desired position. The length of the screw can be adjusted by screwing, and the length can be adjusted by changing the pitch of the through holes 11c between the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b. Adjustment in stages is possible.
The through hole 11c is formed with a dimensional accuracy corresponding to the dimensional shape of the male screw 11d so that the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b are not rattled in a screwed state and the vertical movement is restricted.
  The bottom frame portion 13 constituting the bottom of the rectangular frame is configured by covering the lower pipe 11b of the round pipe material with a substantially rectangular outer cylinder 15 made of rubber, soft resin, or the like. The bottom surface portion 13A (FIG. 1) is flat and forms a stable standing surface on the bed upper surface. In particular, the use of a material made of a soft resin such as rubber or elastomer for the bottom surface portion 13A serving as a standing surface on the bed upper surface applies not only a vertical force but also a horizontal force. In this case, skidding is prevented, and an anti-slip function is added. In the case of carrying out the present invention, if the bottom surface portion 13A is macroscopically flat, it is possible to form irregularities on the bottom surface portion 13A to prevent slipping.
  The upper frame portion 14 constituting the upper side of the rectangular frame is opposed to the bottom frame portion 13 with a predetermined interval through the grip portion 20, and a cylindrical pipe made of rubber, soft resin or the like is formed on the upper pipe 11a of the round pipe material. The outer cylinder 16 is covered and configured. As will be described later, the upper frame portion 14 becomes a gripping place when getting up from the bed, and a part of the body weight is added. Further, when the body is changed or moved on the bed, the upper frame portion 14 stands up from the bed. Since the upper surface of the cylindrical outer cylinder 16 is formed in a particularly smooth curve, the user can easily grip it, and the user can easily apply force to the gripped hand. It has come to be reduced. In particular, the use of a material made of rubber, soft resin, or the like for the outer cylinder 16 makes it easier to grip the outer cylinder 16 and the palm or fingers that it grips, and adds an anti-slip function. .
The grip portion 20 is disposed on the inner lower side of the frame body 10, faces the bottom frame portion 13 and the upper frame portion 14, and is positioned between the pair of side frame portions 12 at a position below the through hole 11 c that adjusts the length. (Between the insides of the U-shaped lower pipe 11b) are connected to each other, and a cylindrical outer cylinder 22 made of rubber, soft resin or the like is coated on the inner pipe 21 of a metal round pipe material such as aluminum. Configured. In particular, the gripping portion 20 acts as a gripping place when the user changes the direction of the body or moves the body or rises as will be described later, and thus a force is applied. It is formed in a curved surface so that it is easy to grip and it is easy to put power on the gripped hand. In addition, by using a material made of rubber, soft resin, or the like for the cylindrical outer cylinder 22, the outer cylinder 22 and the palm or finger to be gripped are more easily gripped, and further, an anti-slip function is provided. Added.
In addition, this holding | grip part 20 is firmly firmly fixed to the pair of side frame parts 12 by welding or the like, whereby the mechanical strength of the frame body 10 is increased.
  In the present embodiment, as described above, the pitch of the through holes 11c between the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b in the frame body 10 is changed, and the male screw 11d and a female screw (not shown) are screwed together. As a result, the fitted state of the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b is displaced, and the length of the pair of side frame portions 12 becomes variable, whereby the upper frame portion 14 formed on the U-shaped upper tube 11a and The distance between the U-shaped lower pipe 11b and the gripping part 20 that connects the lower pipes 11b is displaced. Accordingly, the distance between the upper frame portion 14 and the grip portion 20 can be set to a desired length by a simple operation in accordance with the body shape and physical characteristics such as the length of the user's arm, and is easy to use. Can be adjusted to the condition.
In the case of carrying out the present invention, the means for adjusting the length of the pair of side frame portions 12 in order to make the distance between the upper frame portion 14 and the gripping portion 20 freely displaceable is as described above. For example, a push button provided on the upper tube 11a or the lower tube 11b, which is formed with a lock hole at a predetermined interval in the upper tube 11a or the lower tube 11b and elastically supported by a spring or the like so as to be able to move in and out, is provided. The length of the side frame portion 12 can be expanded and contracted by a push button lock system that can be adjusted to a predetermined length with a simple operation by fitting, or a connection system that connects the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b with knurled screws. It is also possible to adjust freely.
Further, when carrying out the present invention, the connecting portion of the gripping portion 20 that connects the pair of side frame portions 12 is screwed or the like so that the connection position of the gripping portion 20 with respect to the pair of side frame portions 12 can be varied. Also by configuring, the distance interval between the upper frame portion 14 and the grip portion 20 can be freely changed.
Furthermore, the gripper 20 can be used by providing a plurality of stages in the frame body 10 to connect the pair of side frame parts 12 without forming the position of the gripper part 20 relative to the upper frame part 14 to be displaceable The user can grip the grip portion 20 at an easy-to-use position according to the body shape and physical characteristics such as the length of his / her arm, and the user does not need to adjust the length. The configuration is easy to use.
Incidentally, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 of the present embodiment is about 15 cm with the length of the side frame portion 12 being about 35-50 cm, and the length of the bottom frame portion 13 is about 30 cm, The length of the upper frame portion 14 is about 20 cm, and the distance between the bottom frame portion 13 and the gripping portion 20 is about 5 cm. In particular, the length of the upper frame portion 14 is shorter than that of the bottom frame portion 13 and the frame body 10 is formed in a trapezoidal shape, thereby improving usability with a compact design.
Further, the diameter of the cylindrical upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b made of metal pipe material is about 3 cm, the short diameter of the rectangular outer tube 15 made of rubber, soft resin or the like constituting the bottom frame portion 13 is about 5 cm, The diameter of the cylindrical outer cylinder 16 made of rubber, soft resin, etc. constituting the upper frame portion 14 is about 5 cm, and the diameter of the cylindrical outer cylinder 22 made of rubber, soft resin, etc. constituting the grip portion 20 is about 3 cm. Is formed.
Here, in the present embodiment, the upper frame portion 14 is surrounded by a cylindrical outer cylinder 16 so that the upper frame portion 14 of the frame body 10 is easily grasped by the user and force is easily applied to the grasped hand. However, when the user gets up, as will be described later, it is usually along the upper surface side of the upper frame portion 14 with the belly portion of the palm inward. The arm force can be used efficiently by applying a force so that it is pushed downward using the belly of the palm, so that when the present invention is carried out, the part of the palm of the palm will hit. Forming at least the upper surface side of the frame portion 14 in a curved shape is preferable because it is easy for the user to grip and a force is easily applied to the gripped hand. Furthermore, by setting the diameter of the circular section in a circular shape within the range of about 3 cm to about 5 cm, it is easy for the user to grip when getting up and has a high degree of close contact with the palm, so that the gripping hand has more power. It is easy to enter, and when the body is turned on the bed, the body is moved, or when the upper frame part 14 is placed on the side when standing up from the bed, the stability is great as a support, and it is optimal for use. Become.
In addition, the gripper 20 that is gripped when changing the direction of the body on the bed, moving the body, or standing up is curved in a curved shape, and the longitudinal section thereof is circular. By being formed, it is easy for the user to grip and to apply force to the hand, but further, by setting the diameter of the circular cross section within the range of about 2 cm to about 3 cm, it is easy to grip, The degree of close contact is so high that it is easier to apply force to the gripped hand, making it ideal for use.
  In the present embodiment, the side frame portion 12 and the bottom frame portion 13 are continuously integrated by bending the upper tube 11a and the lower tube 11b, which are metal round pipe materials, into a substantially U-shape. The side frame portion 12 and the upper frame portion 14 are also integrally formed continuously. However, when the present invention is carried out, the side frame portion 12, the bottom frame portion 13 and the upper frame portion 14 are formed. The bottom frame portion 13 and the upper frame portion 14 may be constructed with respect to the pair of side frame portions 12. In particular, the upper frame portion 14 is formed at the upper end portion of the pair of side frame portions 12. By assembling so that an external force is applied, it is possible to prevent deformation that occurs when a user who wants to raise his / her upper body grips the upper frame portion 14 and applies a force.
  Next, the use state of the body position changing aid 1 according to the present embodiment configured as described above, that is, the user gets up from the bed using the body position changing aid 1 and changes the direction of the body. The operation until the robot stands up to change or move the body and enter a walking or the like will be described with reference to FIGS.
  First, when the user wants to raise his / her upper body from the state lying on the bed B, as shown in FIG. 3 (a), the body position changing aid 1 is placed on the bed B on the immediate side of the user M, More specifically, the flat bottom surface portion 13A (see FIG. 1) of the bottom frame portion 13 of the body position changing aid 1 is used as a standing surface or a standing side to the bed B, with respect to a substantially horizontal surface of the bed B. The body position changing aid 1 is erected in a substantially vertical direction. And as shown in FIG.3 (b), the user M who turned the body in the direction where the body position change assistance tool 1 stands is the hand H1 on the opposite side to the direction where the body position change assistance tool 1 stands. By grasping the upper frame portion 14 and applying force to the hand H1 that has grasped the upper frame portion 14, the body position changing aid 1 is supported, and further force is applied to the other hand H2 on the bed B. Use the power of both arms effectively and raise the upper body as shown in FIG. Normally, the arm strength can be efficiently used by grasping the palm of the palm along the upper surface side of the upper frame portion 14 and using the palm of the palm to push downward. It is easy to wake up.
  At this time, by using the body position changing aid 1, the support area by the flat bottom surface portion 13A (see FIG. 1) is large, and the force applied to the range of the bottom surface is distributed to reduce the load per unit area. Since the force applied to the hand holding the upper frame portion 14 is dispersed, the user M is less likely to sink into the bed B compared with the case where the user directly gets up with the hand on the bed B, and the user M has a stable force. Can easily get up with little burden.
In particular, according to the body position changing aid 1 according to the present embodiment, the periphery of the upper frame portion 14 that serves as a gripping position for the user M when getting up is a cylindrical outer cylinder 16 (FIGS. 1 and 2). Bed), and the longitudinal section thereof is formed into a circular shape, and the diameter of the longitudinal section of the circle is within a range of about 3 cm to about 5 cm. The user M lying on the top easily grips the upper frame portion 14 and easily puts a force on the gripped hand.
Further, the outer cylinder 16 (see FIGS. 1 and 2) that constitutes the upper frame portion 14 and can be directly touched by the palm of the user M is formed of rubber, soft resin, or the like, so that it is difficult to slip and is safe. In addition, the close contact with the palm and the finger is increased, so that it is easier to grasp and apply force.
Further, the body position changing aid 1 according to the present embodiment has a side frame portion 12 having a length of about 35 cm to about 50 cm. When placed at an arbitrary position, there is a sufficient height to the upper frame portion 14 to be a gripping position when getting up with respect to the user M who is lying down. Therefore, when the user stands up by grabbing the upper frame portion 14 In addition, the inclination angle of the arm holding the upper frame portion 14 with respect to the upper body of the user M is sufficiently large, and the force of the arm can be used efficiently.
For this reason, according to the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment, the user M can easily raise his / her upper body without requiring large arm strength or grip strength.
  Next, when the user M who has raised his / her upper body wants to change his / her body direction on the bed B in order to stand up from the bed B, etc., as shown in FIG. The body position changing aid 1 is sandwiched between the arm and the trunk by sandwiching the upper frame portion 14 under the armpit and holding the grasping portion 20, and the body position changing aid 1 is set at an arbitrary position on the bed B. With force applied to the hand gripping the grip 20 in the installed state, in some cases, weight is applied to the upper frame portion 14 and the body position changing aid 1 is supported, as shown in FIGS. As shown in (f), the direction of the body is changed relative to the bed B. Thus, when the user sits down on the bedside, the user can proceed to the standing motion as it is. However, if necessary, the body position changing aid 1 is sandwiched between the arm and the trunk, and any position on the bed B can be placed. A force is applied to the hand gripping the grip portion 20 in a standing state, and in some cases, the weight is applied to the upper frame portion 14, and the lower limb is moved with the body position changing aid 1 serving as a fulcrum. Move on bed B to a position where you can stand up and sit on the bedside.
  At this time, by using the body position changing aid 1, the support area by the flat bottom surface portion 13 </ b> A (see FIG. 1) is wide as described above, and the force applied to the range of the bottom surface is distributed to per unit area. Since the applied force is reduced and the applied force is dispersed, the user M can stably apply the force with less sinking into the bed B than when the user gets up by directly touching the bed B. , You can easily change the direction of the body or move the body with less burden.
In addition, when the side fence fixed to the bedside is used as a clue, before the user M who has raised his body rises from the bed B, the power of his / her hand is gradually changed while the hand holding the side fence is displaced. Dependent on the side of the side fence along the bedside and sit on the bedside, but by moving the body while moving the position of the hand little by little, the position of the hand is displaced little by little Because the side fence is fixed to the bedside, you have to move the body according to the position and dimensions of the side fence so that you can move freely. Since the posture and posture are limited, it is often difficult to perform the body position changing operation smoothly and efficiently.
On the other hand, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment is used as a support by the user M holding the grasping portion 20 and holding it to the side, standing up at an arbitrary desired position. Since the body position changing aid 1 can be freely moved and used as a support at any desired position of the user M without changing the position of the hand holding the grip 20, It can be performed in the same manner as changing the direction of the body by moving a hand on the bed B or moving the body, and the use operation is simple and the movement and posture of the user M are not limited. It is possible to change the body position, posture, etc. in a stable state by entrusting himself with peace of mind. Therefore, body position changing operations such as body position and posture for changing the body direction and moving the body can be performed smoothly and efficiently.
Furthermore, when using the side fence as a clue when changing the body position, posture, etc., the side fence is usually located only on one side of the user, so the body position, posture, etc. He had to move and was prone to unexpected wandering.
On the other hand, as shown in FIGS. 4 (d) and 5 (e), by using the two body position changing aids 1, that is, the user M can assist the body position change under both sides. By putting force on both hands holding the grip 20 in a standing state on the bed B with the tool 1 in between, and supporting the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 on both sides of the user M , You can apply force in a balanced manner on the left and right sides of the body, you can change the direction of the body and move the body in a stable state, more body position change operation such as body position and posture Smooth and easy to do.
  In addition, when the side fence is used as a clue, it depends on the power of only the hand and arm that grabs the side fence to move the body. According to the tool 1, the position of the body can be changed by placing the weight on the upper frame portion 14 sandwiched between the armpits and supporting it, thereby reducing the load on the hand and arm and obtaining a stable support state. The posture changing operation such as the posture can be performed with a small force.
Further, according to the body position changing assisting tool 1 according to the present embodiment, the grip portion 20 serving as a grip for the user M when the body position is changed such as changing the body direction or moving the body. For the user M, the circumference is curved and the longitudinal section is circular, and the diameter of the longitudinal section is within the range of about 2 cm to about 3 cm. The grip part 20 is easily gripped and it is easy to put force on the gripped hand.
Further, the outer cylinder 22 (see FIGS. 1 and 2) that constitutes the grip portion 20 and can be directly touched by the palm of the user M is formed of rubber, soft resin, etc., so that it is difficult to slip, and the palm and fingers It is in a state where it is easier to grip and put more force.
Therefore, the user M can perform the operation | movement which changes the direction of a body or moves a body more smoothly and easily.
  When the user M sitting on the bedside wants to stand up from the bed B in order to walk or the like, as shown in FIG. 5 (f), the upper frame portion 14 of the body position changing aid 1 A hand that grasps the grasping portion 20 in a state where the body position changing aid 1 is sandwiched between the arm and the trunk and is erected at an arbitrary desired position on the bed B. In some cases, the weight is applied to the upper frame portion 14, and the body position changing aid 1 is supported, and the center of gravity is moved to stand up.
  At this time, by using the body position changing aid 1, the support area by the flat bottom surface portion 13 </ b> A (see FIG. 1) is wide as described above, and the force applied to the range of the bottom surface is distributed to per unit area. Since the applied force is reduced and the applied force is dispersed, the user M can stably apply the force with less sinking into the bed B than when the user gets up by directly touching the bed B. It is possible to stand up from the bed B easily with a small burden.
In addition, when using the side fence as a clue when standing up from the bed B, the side fence is usually located only on the side of the user, so the waist must be lifted with an unbalanced body position, posture, etc. It was easy to fall down because the body balance was lost.
On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 5 (f) and FIG. 5 (e), by using the two body position changing aids 1, that is, the user M supports body position changing under both sides. By putting force on both hands holding the grip 20 in a standing state on the bed B with the tool 1 in between, and supporting the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 on both sides of the user M It is possible to apply force stably in a balanced manner on the left and right sides of the body, and a stable support state can be obtained. The waist can be lifted stably and the center of gravity can be moved, and the rising motion can be performed more smoothly and easily.
  Furthermore, when the side fence is used as a clue, the power of the hand and arm that grips the side fence is relied on to stand up from the bed B. According to 1, the waist can be lifted and the center of gravity can be moved by placing the weight on the upper frame portion 14 sandwiched between the armpits and supporting it, thereby reducing the load on the hands and arms and providing a stable support state with a small force. It is also possible to stand up from B.
In addition, according to the body position changing aid 1 according to the present embodiment, when the user stands up, the periphery of the grip portion 20 that serves as a grip for the user M is curved in a curved surface, and the longitudinal section thereof is circular. Furthermore, since the diameter of the circular cross section of the longitudinal section is formed within a range of about 2 cm to about 3 cm, it is easy for the user M to grip the grip 20 and to easily apply force to the gripped hand.
Further, the outer cylinder 22 (see FIGS. 1 and 2) that constitutes the grip portion 20 and can be directly touched by the palm of the user M is formed of rubber, soft resin, etc., so that it is difficult to slip, and the palm and fingers It is in a state where it is easier to grip and put more force.
Therefore, the user M can perform the rising operation more smoothly and easily.
  As described above, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment grasps the upper frame portion 14 in a standing state at an arbitrary desired position on the bed B according to the operation purpose of the user M, The holding part 20 is sandwiched between the sides and used as a support at that position. According to the body position changing aid 1, the user M gets up with a small burden or changes the direction of the body. The body position can be moved or the body can be moved up and the body position can be changed smoothly and easily.
And according to the auxiliary tool 1 for body position change according to the present embodiment, it can be used at a position where it is desired to be used as a support, and can be used for selecting a place, so it is convenient.
That is, when using the side fence fixed to the bedside as an assisting means when the user M gets up, the place where the side fence is installed is limited. It is inconvenient that you have to move the body from the position where you can grab the side fence to the position where you can apply force, and you can move and stand up by holding it only near the side fence There was inconvenience that the place of use was limited. In some cases, the body was damaged by trying to grab the side fence in an unreasonable posture without moving the body.
On the other hand, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment is free to carry and grips the upper frame portion 14 in a standing state at an arbitrary desired position, or is sandwiched between the gripping portions 20. If you want to get up from lying on the bed B, place the body position changing aid 1 on the right side of the user M. By grasping the frame portion 14 and using it as a support at that position, it is possible to get up at the lying position without moving the body. Further, in the state where the upper body is raised, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 is sandwiched between, the grip part 20 is gripped, and it is erected at an arbitrary desired position and used as a support at that position. It is possible to change the direction of the body or move the body, and to stand up at any desired position on the bedside.
  In addition, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment is not used by being fixed to the bedside like a side fence, but can be freely moved as described above. It is used by standing up at the position, and it can be carried anywhere, so it can be used anywhere, and there is no need for the work of fixing to the bedside like a side fence. When not in use, the headboard on the head side of the bed B as shown in any desired position on the bed B, for example, as shown in FIGS. 3 (a), 3 (b) and 4 (c) It can be stood and placed, and it does not give the trouble of visibility hindering by being always fixed to the bedside like a side fence. Further, since the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 is compact, it is less likely to bother the bed user. Furthermore, it is not necessary to perform a troublesome displacement operation every time it is used like a side fence that is displaced and fixed at a position that is easy for the user M to use, and is easy to handle. Therefore, it is very convenient.
  In addition, in the case of the side rail attached to the bed, the mounting form depends on the bed environment and the cost is high due to the necessity of a structural form corresponding to the bed model, whereas for the body position change according to this embodiment The auxiliary tool 1 is constituted by the frame body 10 and the gripping part 20 and has a simple structure with few constituent members. As described above, the auxiliary tool 1 can be freely carried and moved, and does not need to be attached. It can be used on any bed to select a place, so that the cost can be reduced. Is possible.
  In addition, according to the body position changing aid 1 according to the present embodiment, it is possible to assist the user M to easily perform a series of operations from getting up to standing up by himself without needing caregiver assistance. Therefore, the user M actively gets up from the bed B, changes the direction of the body on the bed B, moves the body, or stands up from the bed B. It is possible to give an opportunity to improve bedridden condition and to assist in recovery training. In particular, when changing the direction of the body on the bed B, moving the body, or standing up, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 is sandwiched between both sides and the grip 20 is used with both hands. The aspect is also suitable as a training for developing a sense of balance.
  Thus, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment connects the pair of side frame portions 12 facing each other at a predetermined interval on the left and right sides, and the lower end portions of the pair of side frame portions 12 to form a flat shape A bottom frame portion 13 having a bottom surface portion 13A and a top frame portion 14 that is opposed to the bottom frame portion 13 at a predetermined interval and connects the upper end portions of the pair of side frame portions 12 to each other. A frame 10 and a grip 20 provided inside the frame 10 to face the bottom frame 13 and the upper frame 14 of the frame 10 and connect the pair of side frames 12 to each other. It has.
According to the body position changing aid 1 according to the present embodiment, when the user M lying on the bed B gets up, the bottom frame portion can be placed at an arbitrary desired position on the bed B just beside the user M. The flat bottom surface portion 13A of 13 is placed on the bed B, and the upper frame portion 14 is gripped by hand to apply force to support the user M when raising the upper body. In addition, when the user M in the state of raising the upper body changes the direction of the body on the bed B, moves the body, and further stands up from the bed B, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 is used as an arm. Between the body and the trunk and holding the grip 20 while putting it upright on the bed B. In some cases, the weight of the upper frame 14 can be applied to change the direction of the body. Supporting the user M when moving his body or standing up.
At this time, the support area by the flat bottom surface portion 13A is wide, the force applied to the range of the bottom surface is distributed, the sinking into the bed B is small, and the user M can stably apply the force. Therefore, it is possible to perform body posture changing operations such as body position and posture where the upper body can be raised smoothly and easily with a small burden, the direction of the body is changed, the body is moved, and the body is raised.
  In particular, in the present embodiment, since the upper frame portion 14 of the frame body 10 is formed in a curved shape, the upper frame portion 14 is easy to grasp for a user M who wants to raise his / her upper body. It is possible to get up easily and to get up more easily and smoothly. The upper frame portion 14 is configured by covering the upper tube 11a with an outer cylinder 16 made of a material such as rubber or soft resin, and is provided with a non-slip on the surface, so that it lies in a bed B shape. It is easier for the user M in a state of gripping, and the gripped hand is less slippery and safer, and the user M can apply force more stably and can get up more easily and smoothly.
  In the present embodiment, since the periphery of the gripping portion 20 is formed in a curved shape, when changing the direction of the body or moving the body, and further when standing up The gripper 20 is easy for the user M to grip and it is easy to apply force to the gripped hand, and the operation of changing the direction of the body or moving the body and the rising motion can be performed more easily and smoothly.
As described above, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment is erected at an arbitrary desired position according to the operation purpose of the user M and holds the upper frame portion 14 or sandwiches it on the side. It is used as a support at a desired position of the user M by gripping the grip 20, and does not give the trouble of visibility hindrance like a side fence fixed to a conventional bedside. It does not require the work of fixing to the bedside like a side fence, it can be freely carried and used anywhere, and it is easy to use.
In addition, in the present embodiment, two pipes of an upper pipe 11a and a lower pipe 11b each having a plurality of through holes 11c each having a predetermined interval are fitted, the through holes 11c are aligned at appropriate positions, and a male screw And the length of the pair of side frame portions 12 is adjustable by screwing with a female screw, and the distance between the upper frame portion 14 and the gripping portion 20 of the frame body 10 is freely displaceable. Therefore, it can be easily set in an easy-to-use state according to the body shape and physical characteristics of the user M, and the operation is also simple, so it is very convenient.
  Furthermore, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 according to the present embodiment is simple in structure with few components and can be manufactured at a low cost because it is a structure that does not depend on the bed environment like a conventional side fence. . In addition, the explanation has been made on the assumption that the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 is formed of a round pipe made of metal such as aluminum. It is possible to use synthetic resin, including only resin or those inserted, other metals, wood, bamboo.
  In this way, the body position changing auxiliary tool 1 which is low in cost, can easily and smoothly perform the body position changing operation such as the body position and posture with a small burden on the user M, and is easy to use. Become.
  In addition, since the numerical value quoted in the embodiment of the present invention does not indicate a critical value but indicates a preferable value suitable for implementation, even if the numerical value is slightly changed, the implementation is denied. is not.
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Body position change aid 10 Frame body 12 Side frame part 13 Bottom frame part 13A Bottom face part 14 Upper frame part 20 Grasping part

Claims (6)

  1. A pair of side frame portions facing left and right at a predetermined interval, and a bottom frame portion having a flat bottom surface portion are connected to each other at a predetermined interval. A frame formed in a quadrilateral frame shape composed of an upper frame portion connecting the upper ends of the pair of side frame portions;
    One or more gripping portions provided inside the frame body, facing the bottom frame portion and the upper frame portion of the frame body, and interconnecting the pair of side frame portions. A feature assisting tool for body position change.
  2.   The body position changing aid according to claim 1, wherein a distance between the upper frame portion of the frame body and the grip portion is freely displaceable.
  3.   The distance between the upper frame portion and the gripping portion of the frame body is such that the pair of side frame portions are fitted with two pipes each having a plurality of through holes with predetermined intervals, and the through holes The male screw and the female screw are screwed together at an appropriate position so that the length thereof can be adjusted, and the distance between the upper frame portion and the gripping portion of the frame body is freely displaceable. The body position changing aid according to claim 2.
  4.   The body position changing aid according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein at least an upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame body is formed in a curved shape.
  5.   5. The body position changing aid according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the gripping part is formed with a curved surface.
  6.   The body position changing auxiliary tool according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a slip stopper is provided on at least an upper surface side of the upper frame portion of the frame body.
JP2012016290A 2012-01-30 2012-01-30 Body position changing aid Pending JP2013153907A (en)

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JP2012016290A JP2013153907A (en) 2012-01-30 2012-01-30 Body position changing aid

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Family Applications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2017205265A (en) * 2016-05-18 2017-11-24 フランスベッド株式会社 Bed device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2017205265A (en) * 2016-05-18 2017-11-24 フランスベッド株式会社 Bed device

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