JP2013149847A - Photoelectric conversion element and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Photoelectric conversion element and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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JP2013149847A
JP2013149847A JP2012010228A JP2012010228A JP2013149847A JP 2013149847 A JP2013149847 A JP 2013149847A JP 2012010228 A JP2012010228 A JP 2012010228A JP 2012010228 A JP2012010228 A JP 2012010228A JP 2013149847 A JP2013149847 A JP 2013149847A
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welding
welding line
substrate
photoelectric conversion
line
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JP5850237B2 (en
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Michiharu Ota
道春 太田
Katsuichi Sakai
勝一 坂井
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Aisin Seiki Co Ltd
アイシン精機株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a photoelectric conversion element: which eliminates the use of a sealing member; which can prevent the loss of sealability against moisture intrusion even if a poorly welded portion is present on a welding line; and which has a welded part hardly removed by external force, and also to provide a manufacturing method of the photoelectric conversion element.SOLUTION: A photoelectric conversion element comprises: a first substrate (101) and a second substrate (102) at least one of which is transparent; and a photoelectric conversion layer (104) which is sandwiched between the first and second substrates. A first welding line (105) which surrounds the photoelectric conversion layer and a second welding line (106) which surrounds the first welding line are formed on a mating surface (103) between the first substrate and the second substrate. A plurality of joint welding lines (107) which vertically traverse the first and second welding lines and form at least one closed region together with the first and second welding lines are formed on the mating surface. The invention also provides a manufacturing method of the photoelectric conversion element.

Description

  The present invention relates to a photoelectric conversion element and a manufacturing method thereof.

  Multi-photon absorption phenomenon occurs by irradiating a welded part of a laminated member made of a transparent glass member or a transparent resin with an ultrashort pulse laser such as a femtosecond laser, a picosecond laser, or a nanosecond laser. The laminated members can be welded by melting the laminated members.

  Patent Document 1 discloses a technique in which a glass substrate is stacked on an array substrate on which an organic EL element or the like is formed, and the glass substrate is laser-welded using a sealing member such as frit glass. Patent Document 2 discloses a technique for laser sealing between glass substrates using a laser sealing material. Patent Document 3 is a technique for welding two materials by causing a nonlinear absorption phenomenon with an ultrashort optical pulse laser beam, and accurately positioning the focal point of the ultrashort optical pulse laser beam between the two materials to be welded. Disclosed is a technique that does not require alignment with a contact portion.

JP 2011-077077 A JP 2011-126722 A International Publication Number WO 2008/035770 A1

  The techniques disclosed in Patent Documents 1 and 2 have a problem that a sealing member and a laser sealing material application process and the respective management techniques are required, and therefore the manufacturing cost increases. In the technique disclosed in Patent Document 3, when there is a poor weld location due to the presence of foreign matter or the like on the welding line, there is a problem in that moisture enters from the outside through the poor weld location and the internal photoelectric conversion layer deteriorates. When the external force is applied to the welded portion, there is a problem that the welded portion is relatively easily peeled off.

  FIG. 15A is a schematic diagram showing a photoelectric conversion element 8 according to the prior art. The photoelectric conversion element 8 includes a substrate 1, a substrate 2, and a photoelectric conversion layer 4 sandwiched between the substrates 1 and 2. On the mating surface 3 of the substrate 1 and the substrate 2, a welding line 5 and a welding line 6 are formed along the periphery of the substrate. FIG. 15B is an enlarged top view of a part of the mating surface 3 indicated by P in FIG. As can be understood from the description of FIG. 15B, when even one weld failure portion F exists in each of the welding line 5 and the welding line 6, moisture enters the substrate from the outside, and photoelectric conversion is performed by the moisture. Layer 4 is degraded. Moreover, in welding of only the welding line 5 and the welding line 6, it is weak with respect to the external force from the board | substrate side surface which shifts the board | substrate 1 and the board | substrate 2, and a welding part tends to peel comparatively.

  FIG. 16A is a schematic diagram showing a photoelectric conversion element 9 according to the prior art. The photoelectric conversion element 9 has a structure in which a welding line 7 is further formed from the structure of the photoelectric conversion element 8 shown in FIG. Compared with the structure of the photoelectric conversion element 8, even if there is a weld failure point F in each of the welding line 5 and the welding line 6, the penetration of moisture may be prevented by the welding line 7. However, with this structure, the proportion of the area used for welding on the substrate is relatively large. As a result, the ratio of the region that can be used for the photoelectric conversion layer 4 on the substrate is reduced, and the manufacturing cost is increased. FIG. 16B is an enlarged top view of a part of the mating surface 3 indicated by P in FIG. As can be understood from the description in FIG. 16B, if at least one weld failure point F exists in each of the welding line 5, the welding line 6, and the welding line 7, moisture enters the substrate from the outside anyway. However, the photoelectric conversion layer 4 deteriorates due to the moisture. Moreover, in welding of only the welding line 5, the welding line 6, and the welding line 7, it is weak with respect to the external force from the board | substrate side surface which shifts the board | substrate 1 and the board | substrate 2, and a welding part tends to peel comparatively.

  In view of such problems, the problem to be solved by the present invention is that a sealing member, a laser sealing material, or the like is not used, and even if there is a poorly welded part on the welding line, the mating surface of the two substrates It is an object to provide a photoelectric conversion element and a method for manufacturing the photoelectric conversion element that reduce intrusion of water into the inside of a substrate and that are strong against external force and relatively difficult to peel off a weld.

  According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a step of preparing a first substrate and a second substrate, at least one of which is transparent with a photoelectric conversion layer interposed therebetween, and a first laser and a welding laser. A step of forming a first welding line surrounding the photoelectric conversion layer on the mating surface with the second substrate; and a region for intersecting the first welding line on the mating surface using a welding laser. And forming a joint weld line that forms at least one closed region with the first weld line.

  A second aspect of the present invention is a photoelectric conversion element including a first substrate and a second substrate, at least one of which is transparent, and a photoelectric conversion layer sandwiched between the first and second substrates. A first welding line surrounding the photoelectric exchange layer and a second welding line surrounding the first welding line are formed on the mating surface of the first substrate and the second substrate, and the mating surface And a plurality of connecting weld lines that vertically traverse the first and second weld lines and form at least one closed region together with the first and second weld lines. To do.

  According to the present invention, an increase in manufacturing cost due to the use of a sealing member, a laser sealing material, or the like can be avoided. According to the present invention, the ratio of the area used for welding due to the formation of a further welding line is not increased, and thus an increase in manufacturing cost can be avoided. And according to this invention, since the probability that sealing performance will be lost due to the poor welding location on a welding line can be reduced, the probability of moisture permeation from the outside can be reduced.

It is the schematic which shows the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is the top view to which a part of mating surface shown by A of FIG. 1 was expanded. It is the top view to which a part of mating surface shown by A of FIG. 1 was expanded. It is a figure which shows the flowchart of the manufacturing method of the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a block diagram which shows the laser welding apparatus used when manufacturing the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a schematic enlarged view explaining the focusing of the laser welding apparatus of FIG. It is a schematic diagram for demonstrating calculation of the distance from the condensing lens front-end | tip of the laser welding apparatus of FIG. 5 to a mating surface. It is a block diagram for controlling the moving part which displaces the lens of the laser welding apparatus of FIG. It is the schematic which shows the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 10 is an enlarged top view of a part of the mating surface shown by A in FIG. 9. FIG. 10 is an enlarged top view of a part of the mating surface shown by A in FIG. 9. It is a figure which shows the flowchart of the manufacturing method of the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is the schematic which shows the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a figure which shows the flowchart of the manufacturing method of the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is the schematic of the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on a prior art. It is the schematic of the photoelectric conversion element which concerns on a prior art.

  Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments for carrying out the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. However, dimensions, materials, shapes, relative positions of components, and the like described in the following embodiments are arbitrary, and can be changed according to the structure of the apparatus to which the present invention is applied or various conditions. Further, unless otherwise specified, the scope of the present invention is not limited to the form specifically described in the embodiments described below. In the drawings described below, components having the same function are denoted by the same reference numerals, and repeated description thereof may be omitted. (In the present specification, the terms “cross”, “intersect”, and “intersect” are not limited to the case where both lines intersect like a “ten” shape, but also “ And the case where the line does not extend further from the point where one or both lines intersect, such as an “L” shape.

[First Embodiment]
(Photoelectric conversion element)
FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing a photoelectric conversion element 100 according to the first embodiment of the present invention. The photoelectric conversion element 100 includes a first substrate 101 and a second substrate 102, at least one of which is transparent, and a photoelectric conversion layer 104 sandwiched between the first and second substrates 101 and 102. In the first embodiment, transparent soda glass is used as the first and second substrates. The transparent substrate other than soda glass is preferably quartz glass, transparent resin, sapphire, or the like, and is preferably made of a material that is transparent to the wavelength of the laser light and has a large band gap. . The photoelectric conversion layer 104 may be any photoelectric conversion element such as an organic EL element or a solar cell element.

  At the mating surface 103 of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102, a first welding line 105 and a second welding line 106 are formed along the periphery of the substrate, and the first and second weldings are formed. A plurality of connection welding lines 107 are formed across the line. Here, the mating surface 103 is an interface where the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 are in contact with each other, and is a surface that becomes a welding surface by laser irradiation.

  FIG. 2 is an enlarged top view of a part of the mating surface 103 indicated by A in FIG. The first and second welding lines 105, 106 have areas intersecting the first and second welding lines 105, 106 by traversing perpendicularly to the first and second welding lines 105, 106. At the same time, a plurality of connection welding lines 107 are formed so as to form a plurality of closed regions (“sealing regions”). Even if there is at least one weld failure point F in each of the first welding line 105 and the second welding line 106 and moisture enters from the outside, the entered moisture is surrounded by the symbol cdhi in FIG. Damped by the sealed area. Therefore, moisture does not enter the substrate from the sealing region.

  Further, since the plurality of connection welding lines 107 are formed perpendicular to the first and second welding lines 101, 102 and perpendicular to the side surfaces of the first and second substrates 101, 102, The welded portion is strong against an external force from the side of the substrate that shifts the first and second substrates 101 and 102, and the welded portion is relatively difficult to peel off. Moreover, the ratio of the area | region used for the welding on a board | substrate by providing the further welding line 7 like a prior art does not increase. Furthermore, the welding area (the total length of the welding line) can be increased by the amount of the connecting welding line 107.

  Therefore, even if a new welding line is not provided so as to surround the photoelectric conversion layer 104 in addition to the first welding line 105 and the second welding line 106, the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 can be connected to each other. Adhesion can be increased. That is, the adhesive force can be increased without newly adding a welding line to the assumed welding line (in this embodiment, the first welding line 105 and the second welding line 106). The welding can be further strengthened without enlarging the weld line forming area on the substrate.

  FIG. 2 discloses a structure in which the connection welding line 107 according to the present embodiment intersects the first and second welding lines 105 and 106 perpendicularly, but the intersection angle is not necessarily perpendicular. It does not have to be formed so as to cross both welding lines.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the connection welding line 117 may be one continuous line that periodically crosses the first and second welding lines 105 and 106. The structure shown in FIG. 3 maintains the sealing performance against moisture intrusion from the outside as in the structure shown in FIG. 2, and the total length of the connection welding line 117 is longer than the structure shown in FIG. On the other hand, the welded portion is stronger, and as a result, the welded portion can be made difficult to peel off.

  As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, the number of sealing regions increases as the number of the plurality of connection welding lines 107 increases or the periodicity of the connection welding lines 117 increases. For this reason, the sealing performance of the welded portion is improved, and the entire length of the welding line is increased, so that the welded portion is hardly peeled off.

  In the present embodiment, it is important to form the connection welding line 117 so as to form a closed region by the first welding line 105, the second welding line 106, and the connection welding line 117. Therefore, if this can be realized, the connecting welding line 117 is not limited to a sinusoidal periodic structure as shown in FIG. 3, but a rectangular wave shape (for example, FIG. 11A described later) or a triangular wave shape (for example, a later described diagram). 11 (b), and the connection welding line 117 may not have periodicity as long as the closed region can be formed.

(Manufacturing method of photoelectric conversion element)
FIG. 4 is a view showing a flowchart of a method for manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment. In the method for manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment, first, the first and second substrates 101 and 102 in which at least one of the photoelectric conversion layers 104 is transparent are prepared (step 401). At this time, the stacked body of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 sandwiching the photoelectric conversion layer 104 is placed on a placement portion 502 of a laser welding apparatus 501 described later. Next, the first and second welding lines 105 and 106 are formed on the mating surface 103 along the periphery of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 by the laser welding apparatus 501 (step 402). Then, the laser welding apparatus 501 periodically crosses the plurality of connection welding lines 107 or the first and second welding lines 105, 106 so as to cross the first and second welding lines 105, 106. The connection welding line 117 which is a continuous line is formed (step 403). Note that step 403 may be performed before step 402. As an example, although not limited, the first substrate 101 is soda glass having a thickness of 3 mm, the second substrate 102 is soda glass having a thickness of 2 mm, and the photoelectric conversion layer 104 is an organic EL layer. Yes, a welding line can be formed on the mating surface 103 using a femtosecond laser having an output of 2 W, a pulse width of 500 fs, and a repetition rate of 500 kHz.

(Laser welding equipment used for manufacturing photoelectric conversion elements)
FIG. 5 is a block diagram illustrating a laser welding apparatus 501 used when manufacturing the photoelectric conversion elements according to the present embodiment and the following embodiments. In addition, this invention is not limited to the laser welding apparatus demonstrated below, You may use what kind of laser welding apparatus which can implement | achieve the manufacturing method which concerns on this invention.

  The laser welding apparatus 501 includes a mounting unit 502 on which the first and second substrates 101 and 102 are mounted, a motor for moving the mounting unit 502 along the arrow A, and a rotary encoder provided in the motor. A driving unit 502 a having 502 b, a laser light source 503 that emits laser light 5110 to the first and second substrates 101 and 102, and a thickness measurement sensor 504 that measures the thickness of the first and second substrates 101 and 102. And a control device 507 for controlling various components of the laser welding apparatus 501 and performing predetermined calculations.

  The first substrate 101 is located on the laser light source 503 side with respect to the mating surface 103, and the second substrate 102 is located on the placement unit 502 side. The laser welding apparatus 501 includes a condenser lens 505 that condenses the laser light 5110 emitted from the laser light source 503, and a moving unit 506 that moves the condenser lens 505 in the direction of the optical axis 5120 of the laser light 5110.

  The control device 507 controls the moving unit 506 so as to move the condenser lens 505 to a desired position, and controls the laser light source 503 so that the laser light 5110 is emitted at a desired timing. The control device 507 controls the thickness measurement sensor 504 so as to measure the thicknesses of the first and second substrates 101 and 102, respectively. Further, the control device 507 can control the operation of the drive unit 502a, and receives rotation information of the motor included in the drive unit 502a from the rotary encoder 502b.

  The laser light emitted from the laser light source 503 is condensed by the condensing lens 505 and irradiated onto the welded part 5101 on the mating surface 103. As a result, a multiphoton absorption phenomenon occurs in the welded part 5101, and at least one of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 is melted. As a result, both substrates are welded. When the two substrates are welded, the mounting unit 502 transports the first and second substrates 101 and 102 in the direction indicated by the arrow A by driving the driving unit 502a. The laser beam 5110 scans the welding site 5101 relatively to weld a desired region. A desired welding line and a connected welding line are formed on the mating surface 103 by the placement unit 502 appropriately moving the first and second substrates 101 and 102.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the first and second substrates 101 and 102 are conveyed in the direction indicated by the arrow A to the welding position D through the measurement position C. A thickness measurement sensor 504 such as a laser displacement sensor is disposed upstream of the laser light source 503 and the condenser lens 505 in the transport direction of the first and second substrates 101 and 102, and is connected to the control device 507. For example, the thickness measurement sensor 504 irradiates the first and second substrates 101 and 102 with light, detects the reflected light from the surface of the first substrate 101 and the mating surface 103, and displays the detection result of the reflected light. It transmits to the control apparatus 507. The control device 507 measures the thickness of the first substrate 101 based on the received reflected light detection result. Similarly, the thickness measurement sensor 504 irradiates the first and second substrates 101 and 102 with light, and reflects the reflected light from the mating surface 103 and the back surface of the second substrate 102 (the surface in contact with the mounting portion 502). Then, the detection result of the reflected light is transmitted to the control device 507. The control device 507 measures the thickness of the second substrate 102 based on the received reflected light detection result.

  The condenser lens 505 is provided integrally with the thickness measurement sensor 504 via the condenser lens support arm 551 in a state of being separated from the thickness measurement sensor 504 by a predetermined distance. With this structure, the laser welding apparatus 501 can be reduced in size. Since the thickness measurement sensor 504 is separated from the condenser lens 505, the measurement position C is less affected by changes in the thickness of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 due to heating during laser welding. Further, since the thickness measurement sensor 504 is separated from the condenser lens 505, the thickness measurement sensor 504 is hardly affected by plasma generated during laser welding. Therefore, the thickness of the first substrate 101 can be accurately measured.

  The moving unit 506 of the laser welding apparatus 501 is, for example, a piezo actuator or the like, and is controlled by the control device 507. The moving unit 506 moves the condenser lens 505 along the arrow B to a desired position in the direction of the optical axis 5120 of the laser light 5110.

  The control device 507 includes a CPU (not shown), a memory unit (not shown), and the like. The CPU controls the entire laser welding apparatus 501 based on a program or the like stored in the memory unit. The memory unit includes a RAM that is a system work memory for the CPU to operate, a ROM that stores the program, system software, and the like, a hard disk drive, and the like. The control device 507 displays various displays including an input operation unit 571 including a keyboard or various switches for inputting predetermined commands or data, and the input / setting state of the laser welding device 501 and various measurement results. A display unit 572 is connected.

  The distance from the tip of the condenser lens 505 (the reference point for distance measurement on the lens side of the working distance WD of the condenser lens 505) to the mating surface 103 (hereinafter referred to as the first distance) is the thickness of the first substrate 101. And based on the refractive index. And when welding the thickness measurement location in the 1st and 2nd board | substrates 101 and 102, the condensing lens 505 is moved based on 1st distance. Specifically, for a certain region of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 located at the welding position, the distance from the mating surface 103 to the condensing lens 505 is the measured first substrate 101 in the certain region. The control device 507 controls the moving unit 506 to move the condensing lens 505 so as to coincide with the first distance calculated based on the thickness of the lens, and in this state, the laser beam is emitted. Therefore, the focus of the laser beam 5110 via the condenser lens 505 can be accurately positioned on the alignment surface 103.

  That is, in a certain region of the first and second substrates 101 and 102, the thickness of the first substrate 101 in the certain region is measured before the laser irradiation, and the first and second substrates 101 and 102 are measured according to the thickness and refractive index of the first substrate 101. Is calculated, and when the certain area is located at the welding position D, it is essential that the distance between the tip of the condenser lens 505 and the mating surface 103 is set to the calculated first distance. . For this reason, it is important to calculate the first distance.

  The calculation of the first distance will be described with reference to FIG. 6 showing a portion surrounded by a dotted circle in FIG. As shown in FIG. 6, the laser beam 5110 is incident on the first substrate 101 at an incident angle θ1, and is refracted at a refraction angle θ2 of the first substrate 101 when incident. Therefore, the distance from the condensing lens 505 to the focal point of the laser beam 5110 formed on the welded part 5101 is longer than the working distance WD of the condensing lens 505. The working distance is the distance from the tip 505a of the condenser lens 505 in the air to the focal position.

As shown in FIG. 6, the first distance is the sum of the distance y1 from the tip of the condenser lens 505 to the lens-side surface of the first substrate 101 and the thickness t1 of the first substrate 101. Since the thickness t1 can be acquired from the measurement result of the thickness measurement sensor 504, if the distance y1 is acquired, the first distance in the region where the thickness t1 is measured can be acquired. When the numerical aperture of the condenser lens 505 is NA, the working distance of the condenser lens 505 is WD, and the refractive index of the first substrate 101 is n, the distance y1 is as follows.
y1 = WD− (t1 / n) × cos (sin −1 (NA)) / cos (sin −1 (NA / n)) (1)

Derivation of the distance y1 will be described.
As described above, since the refractive index of the first substrate 101 is n, from Snell's law,
sin θ1 = n · sin θ2 (2)
It becomes.
From FIG. 7, a relational expression of tan θ1 = X / (WD−y1) is obtained. From the relational expression,
sin θ1 = X · cos θ1 / (WD−y1) (3)
Is obtained.
Further, a relational expression of tan θ2 = X / t1 is obtained from FIG.
sin θ2 = X · cos θ2 / t1 (4)
Is obtained.

From the above formulas (2) to (4),
X · cos θ1 / (WD−y1) = n · X · cos θ2 / t1
From this,
y1 = WD− (t1 / n) × cos θ1 / cos θ2 (5)
Is obtained.
Here, since NA of the condensing lens 505 is sin θ1, θ1 = sin −1 (NA), and if this is substituted into the equation (5), the equation (1) can be obtained.

  FIG. 8 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration for controlling the movement (displacement) of the moving unit 506 according to the laser welding apparatus 501. The thickness acquisition unit 507a controls the thickness measurement sensor 504 so as to measure the thickness of the first substrate 101, and acquires the thickness t1 of the first substrate 101 based on the measurement result received from the thickness measurement sensor 504. . In addition, the thickness acquisition unit 507a can acquire the thickness t2 of the second substrate 102 under the control of the thickness measurement sensor 504. The acquired thicknesses t1 and t2 are stored in the memory unit.

  In response to a measurement command from the thickness acquisition unit 507a, the thickness measurement sensor 504 performs measurement for acquiring the thickness of the first substrate 101 at the measurement position C. Here, the area of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 located at the measurement position C at the time of the measurement is referred to as a “thickness measurement point”. That is, the thicknesses of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 at the thickness measurement point are measured. The thickness acquisition unit 507a acquires the thickness t1 for each predetermined interval d along the planned welding line. The area of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 located at the measurement position C at the start of thickness measurement is the first thickness measurement point, and coincides with the planned welding line from the area located at the measurement position C at the start of the thickness. A position shifted by a predetermined distance d along the transport direction (arrow direction A) is the second thickness measurement point. That is, the kth (k is an integer of 2 or more) thickness measurement point is separated from the (k−1) th thickness measurement point by the predetermined distance d. The thickness acquisition unit 507a stores the thickness t1 in the memory unit in association with the order of the thickness measurement points. In the memory unit, the corresponding thickness t1 is stored in association with each of the first to kth measurement points.

  The refractive index acquisition unit 507d acquires the refractive index of the first substrate 101. For example, when the user inputs the refractive index n of the first substrate 101 via the input operation unit 571, the refractive index acquisition unit 507d accepts the user input, and the refractive index of the first substrate 101 is received by the user input. Get n. When the refractive index of each material is stored in advance in the memory unit, the user designates the material of the first substrate 101 via the input operation unit 571, so that the refractive index acquisition unit 507d performs the user designation. The refractive index of the corresponding material may be extracted from the memory unit to obtain the refractive index n of the first substrate 101.

  The first distance calculation unit 507b uses Equation (1) by the thickness t1 acquired by the thickness acquisition unit 507a and the refractive index n of the first substrate 101 acquired by the refractive index acquisition unit 507d. A first distance is calculated. Note that the working distance WD of the condenser lens 505 and the numerical aperture NA of the condenser lens 505 may be stored in advance in the memory unit. Specifically, the first distance calculation unit 507b reads out the working distance WD, the numerical aperture NA, the thickness t1 with respect to a certain thickness measurement point, and the refractive index n stored in the memory unit, and the above is obtained according to the equation (1). A distance y1 related to the thickness measurement point is calculated, and a first distance related to the certain thickness measurement point is calculated by adding the thickness y1 related to the certain thickness measurement point to the calculated y1. The first distance calculation unit 507b obtains a first distance for each thickness measurement point based on the thickness t1 corresponding to each thickness measurement point, and corresponds to each of the first to kth thickness measurement points. Are stored in the memory unit in association with each other.

  The position detection unit 507e detects that the thickness measurement points of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 are located at the welding position D, and the movement unit drive control unit 507c detects that the thickness measurement point is located at the welding position D. Notify Specifically, the position detection unit 507e detects that each thickness measurement point is located at the welding position D based on the rotation information of the motor included in the drive unit 502a received from the rotary encoder 502b. Since the relative positional relationship between the thickness measurement sensor 504 and the condenser lens 505 is unchanged, the distance between the measurement position C and the welding position D is constant. Therefore, when the first and second substrates 101 and 102 are transported by the rotation of the motor included in the drive unit 502a, it is detected from the rotation information that a certain region that has passed the measurement position C is located at the welding position D. It can be done. The position detection unit 507e detects that the first thickness measurement point is located at the welding position D based on the rotation information, and notifies the movement unit drive control unit 507c of the detection result. For the second thickness measurement point, the position detection unit 507e performs the predetermined interval from the detection of the first thickness measurement point (detection that the thickness measurement point is located at the welding position D) based on the rotation information. After the first and second substrates 101, 102 have moved by d, the detection of the second thickness measurement point is notified to the moving unit drive control unit 507c. That is, the position detection unit 507e performs the above rotation for the notification of detection of the kth thickness detection point (notification that the thickness measurement point is located at the welding position D) to the moving unit drive control unit 507c. Based on the information, the first and second substrates 101 and 102 are moved every predetermined distance d from the (k−1) th detection. Therefore, the movement part drive control part 507c can know that each thickness measurement point is located in the welding position D. FIG.

  The moving unit drive control unit 507 c uses the thickness measurement sensor 504 to measure the area (thickness measurement point) of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 between the mating surface 103 and the tip of the condenser lens 505. The moving unit 506 is moved so that the distance between them is the first distance calculated by the first distance calculating unit 507b. Specifically, the moving unit drive control unit 507c sets the first distance corresponding to the first thickness measurement point before the first thickness measurement point is positioned at the welding position D based on the rotation information. Read from the memory unit, and move the moving unit 6 so that the distance between the mating surface 103 and the tip of the condenser lens 505 is the first distance corresponding to the first thickness measurement point. Further, since the detection notification is transmitted from the position detection unit 507e in the ordinal number of the thickness measurement point (in the order of thickness measurement by the thickness measurement sensor 504), the movement unit drive control unit 507c transmits the detection notification. Reads the first distance corresponding to the kth thickness measurement point after receiving the k-1 (k is an integer equal to or greater than 2) detection notification, and before receiving the kth detection notification. Further, the moving unit 6 is displaced so that the distance between the mating surface 103 and the tip of the condenser lens 505 becomes the first distance corresponding to the read kth thickness measurement point. For example, when the first detection notification is received from the position detection unit 507e, the moving unit drive control unit 507c reads the first distance corresponding to the second thickness measurement point from the memory unit and receives the second detection notification. Prior to establishing the read first distance. In addition, when the second detection notification is received, the first distance corresponding to the third thickness measurement point is read from the memory unit, and before the third detection notification is received, the read first distance is read. Establish. By controlling in this way, for a certain thickness measurement point, when the thickness measurement point is located at the welding position D, the first distance according to the certain thickness measurement point can be established.

  Note that the distance between the mating surface 103 and the tip of the condenser lens 505 is defined with reference to the mating surface 103. Therefore, since the positioning of the z-axis along the arrow direction B of the moving unit 506 is performed with reference to the mounting unit 502, the moving unit drive control unit 507c reads the thickness t2 from the memory unit, and collects the condensing lens on the z-axis. The moving unit 506 is moved with reference to a position shifted to the 505 side by a distance corresponding to the thickness t2. Specifically, the moving unit drive control unit 507c controls the moving unit 506 so that the tip of the condenser lens 505 is separated from the mounting unit 502 by the sum of the first distance and the thickness t2.

[Second Embodiment]
(Photoelectric conversion element)
FIG. 9 is a schematic view showing a photoelectric conversion element 900 according to the second embodiment of the present invention. The photoelectric conversion element 900 includes a first substrate 101 and a second substrate 102, at least one of which is transparent, and a photoelectric conversion layer 104 sandwiched between the first and second substrates. In the second embodiment, transparent soda glass is used as the first and second substrates.

  A first welding line 905 is formed along the periphery of the substrate at the mating surface 103 of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102, and has a region intersecting with the first welding line 905, A connection welding line 907 that is a single continuous line that periodically forms a plurality of closed regions (“sealing regions”) together with the first welding line 905 is formed. The photoelectric conversion element 900 according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of seals between the first welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907 except for the second welding line 106 from the structure of the photoelectric conversion element 100 according to the first embodiment. A structure for forming a region is taken.

  FIG. 10 is an enlarged top view of a part of the mating surface 103 indicated by A in FIG. A first welding line 905 and a connection welding line 907 that periodically forms a plurality of sealing regions with the first welding line are formed. Even when there is at least one poor welding point F in each of the first welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907 and moisture enters from the outside, the entered moisture is surrounded by symbols de and ef in FIG. No penetration into the substrate from the sealed area. Further, since the connection welding line 907 is formed at a predetermined angle from the direction perpendicular to the side surfaces of the first and second substrates 101 and 102, the welded portion connects the first and second substrates 101 and 102 to each other. It is strong against external force from the side surface of the substrate to be displaced and is relatively difficult to peel off. Furthermore, unlike the prior art, an increase in the proportion of the area used for welding on the substrate due to the provision of a further welding line 7 does not occur.

  As will be understood by those skilled in the art, in the photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment, as the number of sealing regions is increased, the sealing performance is improved and the welded portion is less likely to be peeled off.

  Moreover, the structure as shown to Fig.11 (a)-(c) may be sufficient as the 1st welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907. FIG. FIG. 11A shows a structure in which a plurality of closed regions (“sealing regions”) formed by the first welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907 are rectangular. This structure has a sealing property against moisture permeation from the outside, and since the entire length of the connection welding line 907 is relatively long, the welded portion is strong against external force from the side surface of the substrate and is not easily peeled off. FIG. 11B shows a structure in which a plurality of sealing regions formed by the first welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907 are triangular. This structure has a sealing property against the ingress of moisture from the outside, and shortens the manufacturing time because the entire length of the connection welding line 907 is relatively short, and thus the manufacturing cost. FIG. 11C shows a structure in which the first welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907 have a corrugated structure in which they are periodically overlapped with each other, and a plurality of sealing regions are elliptical. This structure has a sealing property against the intrusion of moisture from the outside, and since the entire length of the first welding line 905 and the connection welding line 907 is relatively long, the welded portion is strong against an external force from the substrate side surface. It is difficult to peel off.

(Manufacturing method of photoelectric conversion element)
FIG. 12 is a diagram showing a flowchart of the method for manufacturing the photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment. In the method for manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment, first and second substrates 101 and 102 in which at least one of the photoelectric conversion layers 104 is transparent are prepared (step 1201). Next, a first welding line 905 is formed on the mating surface 103 along the periphery of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 by the laser welding apparatus 501 (step 1202). Then, the laser welding apparatus 501 forms a connection welding line 907 that is one continuous line that periodically forms a plurality of closed regions (“sealing regions”) together with the first welding line 905 (step 1203). ). Note that step 1203 may be performed before step 1202.

[Third Embodiment]
(Photoelectric conversion element)
FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram showing a photoelectric conversion element 1300 according to this embodiment. The photoelectric conversion element 1300 includes a first substrate 101 and a second substrate 102, at least one of which is transparent, and a photoelectric conversion layer 104 sandwiched between the first and second substrates. In the third embodiment, transparent soda glass is used as the first and second substrates.

  On the mating surface 103 of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102, a first welding line 1305 and a second welding line 1306 are formed along the periphery of the substrate. A plurality of closed regions (“sealing regions”) are formed by forming a connection welding line in a part of the first and second welding lines 105 and 106 and by the first and second welding lines. ) Are formed (structures 1307a, 1307b, 1307c). The structure 1307a is a structure including the sealing region illustrated in FIG. 2, the structure 1307b is a structure including the sealing region illustrated in FIG. 3, and the structure 1307c is a structure including the sealing region illustrated in FIG. . As described above, a connection welding line may be formed only in a part where moisture intrusion is assumed, and a sealing region may be appropriately formed. Further, by appropriately changing the shape of the sealing region, it is possible to reduce the manufacturing cost while realizing a desired effect.

(Manufacturing method of photoelectric conversion element)
FIG. 14 is a diagram illustrating a flowchart of the method for manufacturing the photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment. In the method for manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element according to this embodiment, first and second substrates 101 and 102 in which at least one sandwiching the photoelectric conversion layer 104 is transparent are prepared (step 1401). Next, first and second welding lines 1305 and 1306 are formed on the mating surface 103 along the periphery of the first and second substrates 101 and 102 by the laser welding apparatus 501 (step 1402). Then, a plurality of closed regions (“sealing regions”) are formed in part of the first and second welding lines 1305 and 1306 by the laser welding apparatus 501 (step 1403).

  Note that the present invention continuously surrounds at least one welding line formed on the mating surface 103 so as to surround the photoelectric conversion layer, and a connection welding line formed on the mating surface 103 separately from the welding line. The formed area (closed area) is formed on the mating surface 103. Therefore, the present invention intends to reduce the intrusion of moisture into the photoelectric conversion layer 104 by the closed region even when a weld defect occurs in the welding line, that is, the moisture due to the presence of the closed region. It is intended to reduce the probability of entering. Therefore, the number of closed regions is not limited to a plurality, and if there is at least one, the probability of moisture intrusion can be reduced.

  Moreover, the connection welding line which functions as a part of the enclosure for forming the closed region is a welded portion between the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102, and a region (intersection) intersecting with the welding line is defined. Have. Therefore, by forming at least one closed region using the connection welding line, a welded portion that intersects the welding line is formed, and resistance to external force from the lateral direction of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 is increased. Is improved. Further, the welded portion (full length) of the first substrate 101 and the second substrate 102 is increased by the amount of the connection welding line. Therefore, in the mating surface 103, an increase in the ratio of the region used for welding on the substrate is suppressed, and the adhesive force between the first substrate 101 and the second substrate is increased.

  As described above, in the present invention, the connection welding line reduces moisture intrusion into the inner side of the welding line 103 (that is, on the photoelectric conversion layer 104 side) at the mating surface 103 even if a welding defect occurs in the welding line. It functions as a part of the closed region of the substrate and contributes to an improvement in resistance to external force, particularly an external force applied from the side surface direction of the laminate, and an improvement in adhesion between the first substrate 101 and the second substrate. In the first to third embodiments, the second substrate on the side opposite to the laser beam incident side may be an opaque metal, ceramic, semiconductor, or the like.

  100: photoelectric conversion element 101: first substrate 102: second substrate 103: mating surface 104: photoelectric conversion layer 105: first welding line 106: second welding line 107: connection Welding line

Claims (11)

  1. Preparing a first substrate and a second substrate, at least one of which sandwiches the photoelectric conversion layer, and
    Forming a first welding line surrounding the photoelectric conversion layer on a mating surface of the first substrate and the second substrate using a welding laser;
    Using a welding laser to form a connection welding line on the mating surface that has a region intersecting with the first welding line and that forms at least one closed region together with the first welding line; A method for producing a photoelectric conversion element comprising:
  2. The step of forming the first welding line comprises the step of further forming a second welding line surrounding the first welding line on the mating surface using a welding laser,
    The connection welding line is a plurality of welding lines that form at least one of the closed regions together with the first and second welding lines and perpendicularly cross the first and second welding lines. The manufacturing method according to claim 1.
  3. The step of forming the first welding line comprises the step of further forming a second welding line surrounding the first welding line on the mating surface using a welding laser,
    The connecting welding line is a continuous line that forms at least one closed region together with the first and second welding lines and intersects both the first and second welding lines at at least two points. The manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein:
  4.   The connection welding line is a continuous line that forms a plurality of the closed regions together with the first and second welding lines and periodically crosses the first and second welding lines. The manufacturing method of Claim 3 characterized by the above-mentioned.
  5.   The connection welding line is one continuous line that forms at least one of the closed regions together with the first welding line and intersects the first welding line at at least two points. Item 2. The manufacturing method according to Item 1.
  6.   6. The connection welding line is a continuous line that forms a plurality of the closed regions together with the first welding line and periodically crosses the first welding line. The manufacturing method as described in.
  7. A first substrate and a second substrate, at least one of which is transparent;
    A photoelectric conversion element comprising a photoelectric conversion layer sandwiched between the first and second substrates,
    A first welding line surrounding the photoelectric exchange layer and a second welding line surrounding the first welding line are formed on a mating surface of the first substrate and the second substrate;
    A plurality of connection welding lines are formed on the mating surface so as to vertically traverse the first and second welding lines and form at least one closed region together with the first and second welding lines. A photoelectric conversion element characterized by the above.
  8. A first substrate and a second substrate, at least one of which is transparent;
    A photoelectric conversion element comprising a photoelectric conversion layer sandwiched between the first and second substrates,
    A first welding line surrounding the photoelectric exchange layer is formed on a mating surface of the first substrate and the second substrate;
    A connection welding line is formed on the mating surface, which is one continuous line that intersects with the first welding line at at least two places and forms at least one closed region together with the first welding line. The photoelectric conversion element characterized by the above-mentioned.
  9.   9. The connection welding line is a single continuous line that periodically crosses the first welding line and forms a plurality of the closed regions together with the first welding line. The photoelectric conversion element as described in 2.
  10. A second welding line surrounding the first welding line is further formed on the mating surface;
    The connection welding line intersects with both the first and second welding lines at at least two points, and forms one or more continuous lines together with the first and second welding lines. The photoelectric conversion element according to claim 8, wherein:
  11.   The connection welding line is one continuous line that periodically crosses the first and second welding lines and forms a plurality of the closed regions together with the first and second welding lines. The photoelectric conversion element according to claim 10.
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CN106141432A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-23 深圳市海目星激光科技有限公司 A kind of battery precision welding process equipment

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JP2006007619A (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-01-12 Aisin Seiki Co Ltd Laser machining method and device
JP2007200845A (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-08-09 Samsung Sdi Co Ltd Organic electroluminescent display
JP2011018479A (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-01-27 Panasonic Corp Organic electroluminescent display device and method of manufacturing the same

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JP2006007619A (en) * 2004-06-25 2006-01-12 Aisin Seiki Co Ltd Laser machining method and device
JP2007200845A (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-08-09 Samsung Sdi Co Ltd Organic electroluminescent display
JP2011018479A (en) * 2009-07-07 2011-01-27 Panasonic Corp Organic electroluminescent display device and method of manufacturing the same

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106141432A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-23 深圳市海目星激光科技有限公司 A kind of battery precision welding process equipment

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