JP2013121282A - Component for power conversion device - Google Patents

Component for power conversion device Download PDF

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JP2013121282A
JP2013121282A JP2011268924A JP2011268924A JP2013121282A JP 2013121282 A JP2013121282 A JP 2013121282A JP 2011268924 A JP2011268924 A JP 2011268924A JP 2011268924 A JP2011268924 A JP 2011268924A JP 2013121282 A JP2013121282 A JP 2013121282A
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switching elements
electrode side
connected
capacitor
power
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JP5938202B2 (en
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Hironobu Kin
宏信 金
Masayuki Hida
正幸 飛田
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Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial System Corp
東芝三菱電機産業システム株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a component for a power conversion device which has a circuit comprising a plurality of switching elements connected in series and can continue supplying a control power supply even if any switching element fails.SOLUTION: A unit module 1 comprises: four switching elements 2a-2d connected in series; a capacitor 6a connected in parallel with the positive side switching elements 2a, 2b; a capacitor 6b connected in parallel with the negative side switching elements 2c, 2d; four drive circuits 4a-4d for driving the switching elements 2a-2d, respectively; and main circuit feed circuits 7a, 7b and a module power supply 8 for supplying power to the four drive circuits 4a-4d on the basis of a voltage applied to at least either of the two capacitors 6a, 6b.

Description

  The present invention relates to a component used for a power converter.

  In general, an MMC (modular multilevel converter) circuit is known as a circuit of a power converter. Since the MMC circuit has a configuration in which a plurality of unit modules are connected in series, the DC power applied to the MMC circuit becomes a high voltage. For this reason, it is difficult to supply this high-voltage DC power directly to each unit module as a control power source. Therefore, a main circuit power feeding method is known in which each unit module creates a control power supply (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

  The unit module is composed of a switching element such as an IGBT (insulated gate bipolar transistor). When the switching element fails, in order to continue the operation of the power converter, it is necessary to short-circuit between the terminals of the unit module in which the switching element has failed. Therefore, a circuit is disclosed in which a mechanical switch is provided between the outputs of the unit modules and the mechanical switch is turned on when the switching element fails (see, for example, Patent Document 2).

Special table 2009-519692 gazette JP2011-193615A

  However, in the main circuit power supply unit module (component for power converter), there is no known one that considers continuing the supply of control power in the unit module when the switching element fails. For this reason, even if a switching element fails, such a unit module cannot produce a control power supply. For this reason, the operation corresponding to the failure due to the switching element cannot be performed because the control power supply is turned off. Therefore, a mechanical switch is required to disconnect the failed unit module. However, when the mechanical switch is provided in this way, the unit module is increased in size or cost.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a component for a power conversion device that includes a circuit in which a plurality of switching elements are connected in series, and that can continue to supply control power even if the switching element fails. .

  A power converter device component according to an aspect of the present invention includes four switching elements connected in series, four drive circuits for driving the four switching elements, and the two switching elements on the positive electrode side. Applied to at least one of the first capacitor or the second capacitor, the first capacitor connected in parallel with the first capacitor, the second capacitor connected in parallel with the two negative-side switching elements, and the second capacitor. Power supply means for supplying power to the four drive circuits based on the voltage to be supplied.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the part for power converters provided with the circuit where the some switching element was connected in series, and being able to continue supply of control power even if a switching element fails can be provided.

The block diagram which shows the structure of the unit module which concerns on embodiment of this invention. The block diagram which shows the structure of the power converter device using the unit module which concerns on embodiment.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

(Embodiment)
FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram showing a configuration of a unit module 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the same part in drawing, the detailed description is abbreviate | omitted, and a different part is mainly described.

  The unit module 1 is a component used in the power conversion device. The power conversion device is controlled by the host control device 20.

  The unit module 1 includes four switching elements 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, four free-wheeling diodes 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, four drive circuits 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, and four failure detection circuits 5a. , 5b, 5c, 5d, two capacitors 6a, 6b, main circuit power supply circuits 7a, 7b, an in-module power supply 8, and an element control circuit 9.

  The four switching elements 2a to 2d are connected in series. The switching element 2a is located on the most positive electrode side. The switching element 2b is secondly located on the positive electrode side. The switching element 2c is secondly located on the negative electrode side. The switching element 2d is located on the most negative electrode side. Therefore, the switching element 2a and the switching element 2d are outer elements located outside. The switching element 2b and the switching element 2c are inner elements located inside. The switching elements 2a to 2d are IGBTs of a pressure contact type (flat type) package.

  Here, the pressure contact type package has a structure in which two electrode plates are pressed from both sides of the switching element body without using wiring or the like (for example, wire bonding). Therefore, when the switching element of the press contact type package is damaged inside the switching element, the electrodes are short-circuited.

  A connection point between the two switching elements 2a and 2b provided on the positive electrode side is connected to a negative electrode side of another unit module 1 provided on the positive electrode side. A connection point between the two switching elements 2c and 2d provided on the negative electrode side is connected to a positive electrode side of another unit module 1 provided on the negative electrode side.

  The four free-wheeling diodes 3a to 3d are connected in antiparallel with the four switching elements 2a to 2d, respectively.

  The four drive circuits 4a to 4d are provided corresponding to the four switching elements 2a to 2d, respectively. The drive circuits 4a to 4d are circuits for turning on / off the corresponding switching elements 2a to 2d.

  The four failure detection circuits 5a to 5d are provided corresponding to the four switching elements 2a to 2d, respectively. The failure detection circuits 5a to 5d are circuits for detecting a failure of the corresponding switching elements 2a to 2d. The failure detection circuits 5a to 5d may detect the failure of the switching elements 2a to 2d in any way. For example, the failure detection circuits 5a to 5d detect a failure based on the voltage or current of the switching elements 2a to 2d.

  The capacitor 6a is connected to both ends of two switching elements 2a and 2b connected in series located on the positive electrode side. The capacitor 6b is connected to both ends of two switching elements 2c and 2d connected in series located on the negative electrode side.

  The two main circuit power supply circuits 7a and 7b are connected to both terminals of the capacitors 6a and 6b, respectively. The main circuit power supply circuits 7a and 7b control the DC high voltage applied to the capacitors 6a and 6b to a constant low voltage for supplying power to the in-module power supply 8.

  The in-module power supply 8 converts the power supplied from the two main circuit power supply circuits 7 a and 7 b into power to be supplied as power to the four drive circuits 4 a to 4 d and the element control circuit 9. The in-module power supply 8 supplies the converted power to the four drive circuits 4a to 4d. The in-module power supply 8 ensures the insulation of the four drive circuits 4a to 4d by supplying power to the drive circuits 4a to 4d via a transformer or the like.

  The element control circuit 9 performs control for driving the four switching elements 2a to 2d. The element control circuit 9 transmits the drive signals to the drive circuits 4a to 4d corresponding to the switching elements 2a to 2d based on the optical signal received from the host controller 20, thereby driving the switching elements 2a to 2d. Control. The switching elements 2a to 2d are turned on or off according to the drive signal. The element control circuit 9 controls the driving of the switching elements 2a to 2d so as to respond to the failure based on the failure signal detected by the failure detection circuits 5a to 5d.

  Next, the operation of the unit module 1 under the control of the element control circuit 9 when the switching elements 2a to 2d fail will be described.

  Now, assume that the switching element 2a is damaged. Since the switching element 2a has a press-contact type package structure, the terminals are short-circuited.

  However, even if a short-circuit current flows through the adjacent switching element 2b due to damage to the switching element 2a, the switching element 2b is not necessarily damaged.

  Therefore, when the element control circuit 9 detects that the switching element 2a has failed, the element control circuit 9 outputs a drive signal for always turning on the switching element 2b. As a result, the current flowing from the unit module 1 adjacent to the positive electrode side flows to the switching element 2b. The current that flows through the switching element 2b flows through the switching element 2c at the time of ON, and then flows into the unit module 1 that is adjacent to the negative electrode side. Similarly, when the element control circuit 9 detects that the switching element 2d has failed, the element control circuit 9 outputs a drive signal for always turning on the switching element 2c.

  That is, when the element control circuit 9 detects the failure of the switching elements 2a and 2d located outside, the element control circuit 9 always turns on the switching elements 2b and 2c located inside connected to the failed switching elements 2a and 2d. Drive signal for output.

  The element control circuit 9 also outputs a drive signal for always turning on the failed switching elements 2b and 2c even when the failure of the switching elements 2b and 2c located inside is detected. Thereby, the switching elements 2b and 2c located on the inner side where the failure has occurred can be surely brought into a short-circuit state.

  FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram showing a configuration of the power conversion device 30 using the unit module 1 according to the present embodiment.

  The power conversion device 30 includes six arms 21up, 21um, 21vp, 21vm, 21wp, 21wm, six buffer reactors 22up, 22um, 22vp, 22vm, 22wp, 22wm, and a DC power supply 23.

  The AC side of the power conversion device 30 is connected to the AC power system via the transformer 24. The DC side of the power conversion device 30 is connected to the DC power source 23. The power converter 30 converts the DC power supplied from the DC power source 23 into three-phase AC power.

  Each of the arms 21up to 21wm has a configuration in which a plurality of unit modules 1 are connected in series. The U-phase positive electrode side arm 21up and the U-phase negative electrode side arm 21um are configured for the U-phase of three-phase alternating current. The V-phase positive electrode side arm 21vp and the V-phase negative electrode side arm 21vm are configured for the three-phase AC V phase. The W-phase positive electrode side arm 21wp and the W-phase negative electrode side arm 21wm are configured for the three-phase AC W phase.

  The unit modules 1 constituting the arms 21up to 21wm are connected by a serial communication method. In the serial communication method, each unit module 1 is serially connected by an optical fiber. The host controller 20 transmits the signals of the plurality of unit modules 1 on the optical fiber. Each unit module 1 takes in a signal necessary for itself from the received signal.

  The buffer reactors 22up to 22wm are impedances for allowing a constant direct current to flow through the circuit of the power conversion device 30.

  The U-phase positive electrode side buffer reactor 22up and the U-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22um are connected in series. A connection point between the U-phase positive electrode side buffer reactor 22up and the U-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22um is connected to the U-phase of a three-phase alternating current. A U-phase positive side arm 21up is connected to the positive side of the U-phase positive side buffer reactor 22up. A U-phase negative electrode side arm 21 um is connected to the negative electrode side of the U-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22 um.

  The V-phase positive electrode side buffer reactor 22vp and the V-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22vm are connected in series. The connection point between the V-phase positive-side buffer reactor 22vp and the V-phase negative-side buffer reactor 22vm is connected to the V-phase of three-phase alternating current. A V-phase positive side arm 21 vp is connected to the positive side of the V-phase positive side buffer reactor 22 vp. A V-phase negative electrode side arm 21 vm is connected to the negative electrode side of the V-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22 vm.

  The W-phase positive electrode side buffer reactor 22wp and the W-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22wm are connected in series. A connection point between the W-phase positive electrode buffer reactor 22wp and the W-phase negative buffer reactor 22wm is connected to the three-phase AC W phase. A W-phase positive side arm 21wp is connected to the positive side of the W-phase positive side buffer reactor 22wp. A W-phase negative electrode side arm 21 wm is connected to the negative electrode side of the W-phase negative electrode side buffer reactor 22 wm.

  According to this embodiment, the following effects can be obtained.

  The unit module 1 is provided with two main circuit power supply circuits 7a and 7b. The two main circuit power supply circuits 7a and 7b supply power to the in-module power supply 8 by voltages applied to two separate capacitors 6a and 6b. The two capacitors 6a and 6b are respectively provided in two different sets of two switching elements 2a to 2d connected in series.

  Therefore, if the two switching elements 2c and 2d provided with the negative capacitor 6b are normal even if the two switching elements 2a and 2b provided with the positive capacitor 6a fail, the main circuit It is possible to supply power to the in-module power supply 8 from the power supply circuit 7b. As a result, the in-module power supply 8 can continue to supply control power to the drive circuits 4 a to 4 d and the element control circuit 9. Similarly, even if the two switching elements 2c and 2d provided with the negative-side capacitor 6b fail, the in-module power supply 8 continues to supply control power to the drive circuits 4a to 4d and the element control circuit 9. be able to. That is, the unit module 1 can ensure the control power supply of the circuit in the unit module 1 by the in-module power supply 8 even if some of the switching elements 2a to 2d fail. Therefore, the unit module 1 can be configured to have a high redundancy of the internal control power supply.

  Moreover, by making the switching elements 2a to 2d into pressure contact packages, the terminals are short-circuited when the switching elements 2a to 2d are out of order without being controlled by the element control circuit 9. Thereby, at the time of failure of switching elements 2a-2d, the operation of power converter 30 can be continued irrespective of the control at the time of failure by element control circuit 9.

  Further, the unit module 1 can continue to supply the control power even if some of the switching elements fail. For this reason, it is not necessary to provide a mechanical switch or the like for disconnecting itself from the power conversion circuit when a failure occurs between the terminals of the unit module 1. Therefore, the unit module 1 can be reduced in size or cost.

  In the embodiment, the failure detection circuits 5a to 5d are provided outside the drive circuits 4a to 4d, but may be provided inside the drive circuits 4a to 4d. In this case, as long as it has a function equivalent to that of the failure detection circuits 5a to 5d as one function of the drive circuits 4a to 4d, it may not be separated as hardware.

  In the embodiment, the switching elements 2a to 2d are pressure contact type packages, but may have any structure such as a terminal type package or a module type package. By providing the element control circuit 9 with a function corresponding to the failure of the switching elements 2a to 2d described above, the operation of the power conversion device can be continued even in packages other than the pressure contact type.

  Furthermore, in the embodiment, the power conversion device 30 using the unit module 1 is configured to convert DC power to AC power, but may be configured to convert AC power to DC power, or may be configured to convert DC power to AC power. It is good also as a structure which mutually converts. The power conversion device 30 may be configured to convert single-phase AC power and DC power. In this case, by removing the arm and buffer reactor for one phase from the configuration of the power conversion device 30 shown in FIG. 2, it is possible to obtain a configuration for converting single-phase AC power and DC power.

  In the embodiment, the main circuit power supply circuits 7a and 7b and the in-module power supply 8 are configured separately, but may be integrated.

  Note that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment as it is, and can be embodied by modifying the constituent elements without departing from the scope of the invention in the implementation stage. Moreover, various inventions can be formed by appropriately combining a plurality of constituent elements disclosed in the embodiment. For example, some components may be deleted from all the components shown in the embodiment. Furthermore, constituent elements over different embodiments may be appropriately combined.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Unit module, 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d ... Switching element, 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d ... Freewheeling diode, 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d ... Drive circuit, 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d ... Fault detection circuit, 6a, 6b ... capacitors, 7a, 7b ... main circuit power supply circuit, 8 ... module power supply, 9 ... element control circuit, 20 ... host controller, 21up, 21um, 21vp, 21vm, 21wp, 21wm ... arm, 22up, 22um , 22vp, 22vm, 22wp, 22wm ... buffer reactor, 23 ... DC power supply, 24 ... transformer, 30 ... power converter.

Claims (7)

  1. Four switching elements connected in series;
    Four drive circuits for driving each of the four switching elements;
    A first capacitor connected in parallel with the two switching elements on the positive electrode side;
    A second capacitor connected in parallel with the two switching elements on the negative electrode side;
    And a power supply means for supplying power to the four drive circuits based on a voltage applied to at least one of the first capacitor and the second capacitor. parts.
  2. The power supply means is
    First voltage conversion means for converting a voltage applied to the first capacitor;
    Second voltage conversion means for converting a voltage applied to the second capacitor;
    And a power supply circuit for supplying power to the four drive circuits based on a voltage converted by at least one of the first voltage conversion means or the second voltage conversion means. The power converter device component according to claim 1.
  3. In the four switching elements, the connection point of the two switching elements on the positive electrode side is connected to the positive electrode side, and the connection point of the two switching elements on the negative electrode side is connected to the negative electrode side,
    Four failure detection means for detecting a failure of each of the four switching elements;
    When at least one failure is detected among the two switching elements on the positive electrode side by the four failure detection means, the switching element on the negative electrode side is turned on among the two switching elements on the positive electrode side, 2. A control means for turning on the positive-side switching element among the two negative-side switching elements when a failure of at least one of the two switching elements is detected. Or the components for power converters of Claim 2.
  4. The component for a power conversion device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the switching element has a structure in which a positive electrode portion and a negative electrode portion are pressed from both sides of the main body.
  5. Four switching elements are connected in series, a first capacitor is connected in parallel with the two switching elements on the positive side, and a second capacitor is connected in parallel with the two switching elements on the negative side. A power supply method for supplying power to components for a power converter provided with four drive circuits for driving the switching elements,
    A power supply method for components for a power converter, wherein power is supplied to the four drive circuits based on a voltage applied to at least one of the first capacitor or the second capacitor.
  6. Four switching elements are connected in series, a first capacitor is connected in parallel with the two switching elements on the positive side, and a second capacitor is connected in parallel with the two switching elements on the negative side. A control method for controlling a component for a power converter provided with four drive circuits for driving the switching elements,
    A power converter component control method, comprising: supplying power to the four drive circuits based on a voltage applied to at least one of the first capacitor or the second capacitor.
  7. The connection point of the two switching elements on the positive electrode side is connected to the positive electrode side, the connection point of the two switching elements on the negative electrode side is connected to the negative electrode side,
    Detecting a failure of each of the four switching elements;
    When at least one failure is detected among the two switching elements on the positive electrode side, the switching element on the negative electrode side is turned on among the two switching elements on the positive electrode side, and at least of the two switching elements on the negative electrode side The method for controlling a component for a power conversion device according to claim 6, wherein, when one failure is detected, the switching element on the positive electrode side is turned on among the two switching elements on the negative electrode side.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2015019569A (en) * 2013-07-12 2015-01-29 アーベーベー・テクノロジー・アーゲー High-output semiconductor module, module-type multi level converter system, and method for bypassing high-output semiconductor module
JP2017216808A (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-07 東芝三菱電機産業システム株式会社 Power conversion device
WO2018038109A1 (en) * 2016-08-23 2018-03-01 国立大学法人 長崎大学 Power conditioning system
WO2018198331A1 (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-11-01 東芝三菱電機産業システム株式会社 Power conversion device
US10128741B2 (en) 2013-12-16 2018-11-13 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Power conversion device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000068297A (en) * 1998-08-25 2000-03-03 Hitachi Ltd Press-contact type semiconductor device and converter using the same
JP2009519692A (en) * 2005-09-21 2009-05-14 シーメンス アクチエンゲゼルシヤフトSiemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for control of a multi-phase power converter with distributed energy storage
JP2011024390A (en) * 2009-07-21 2011-02-03 Hitachi Ltd Power converter

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000068297A (en) * 1998-08-25 2000-03-03 Hitachi Ltd Press-contact type semiconductor device and converter using the same
JP2009519692A (en) * 2005-09-21 2009-05-14 シーメンス アクチエンゲゼルシヤフトSiemens Aktiengesellschaft Method for control of a multi-phase power converter with distributed energy storage
JP2011024390A (en) * 2009-07-21 2011-02-03 Hitachi Ltd Power converter

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2015019569A (en) * 2013-07-12 2015-01-29 アーベーベー・テクノロジー・アーゲー High-output semiconductor module, module-type multi level converter system, and method for bypassing high-output semiconductor module
EP2824701B1 (en) * 2013-07-12 2020-05-06 ABB Power Grids Switzerland AG High-power semiconductor module
US10128741B2 (en) 2013-12-16 2018-11-13 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Power conversion device
JP2017216808A (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-12-07 東芝三菱電機産業システム株式会社 Power conversion device
WO2018038109A1 (en) * 2016-08-23 2018-03-01 国立大学法人 長崎大学 Power conditioning system
WO2018198331A1 (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-11-01 東芝三菱電機産業システム株式会社 Power conversion device

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