JP2013096402A - Pneumatic type rotation assisting device - Google Patents

Pneumatic type rotation assisting device Download PDF

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JP2013096402A
JP2013096402A JP2011251069A JP2011251069A JP2013096402A JP 2013096402 A JP2013096402 A JP 2013096402A JP 2011251069 A JP2011251069 A JP 2011251069A JP 2011251069 A JP2011251069 A JP 2011251069A JP 2013096402 A JP2013096402 A JP 2013096402A
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pneumatic
rotation
air
pneumatic drive
energy
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JP2011251069A
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Sohei Takashima
宗平 高島
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Sohei Takashima
宗平 高島
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Priority to JP2011251069A priority Critical patent/JP2013096402A/en
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To save energy in raw resources and motive power, by a pneumatic type rotation assisting device for assisting external power, by adding pressure energy and rotational energy generated by themselves to a rotary part, and to form the pneumatic type rotation assisting device as a mechanism for eliminating a pneumatic loss without increasing weight.SOLUTION: Air pressurized by an air pressurizing device is sent into an air pressure driving device arranged on the same axis of a crankshaft, and the external power required for rotation of a rotary body is assisted by operating the device. At this point, the air pressurizing device is increased in a speed by a speed increaser incorporated into a crankpin shaft of the air pressure driving device, and the rotational energy different from the pressure energy from the air pressure driving device is output. Pressure is accumulated in an air pressurizing device cylinder head, an air pressurizing device exhaust port and an exhaust-intake pipe instead of a pressure tank between an air pressurizing device cylinder 1 and an air pressure driving device cylinder 2 adjacent with each other.

Description

The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention includes a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, and a screw propeller that rotate due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy, or inertia. A crankshaft is fixed to a vehicle, a ship, an aircraft, a building, a structure, or the like to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is attached using the rotation of a rotating body such as From the air pressurizing device that rotates around the upper crankpin, the pressurized air is sent to a pneumatic drive device that has one of the connecting rods connected to a crankpin that is separately installed on the same axis as the crankshaft. By operating the drive unit, the crank is repulsive when compressed by the air pressurizer External force required to rotate the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. These are auxiliary devices, and these devices have a shape and rigidity integrated with a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, a screw propeller, and the like.
Also, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention has an output shaft that can extract the rotation speed of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device from a rotation speed different from the rotation speed of the rotating portion by a speed increasing device built in the crankpin shaft. This output shaft outputs rotational energy different from the pressure energy from the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device.

  Conventionally, there have been inventions and devices for filling a pressure tank with compressed air and driving a pneumatic drive device using the compressed air as power to rotate a wheel of a vehicle or the like, but the pressure tank is integrated with the rotating part. There is no device having a mechanism or structure having a device that assists external power required for rotating the wheel without having it.

  Conventionally, in devices that rotate due to external power factors such as human power, prime movers, electric motors, and other natural energy, the rotation of wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc. is a coefficient of friction. The efficiency of rotational efficiency has been improved by reducing, reducing the weight, making the energy required for rotation by the transmission gear uniform, variable blades, and improving the hydrodynamic efficiency of the device. In addition, there is no device having a mechanism or structure that generates air pressure of auxiliary energy using the rotation of the rotating body as a driving force and uses the repulsive force during air compression and the expansion force during expansion as auxiliary rotational force.

Utility model literature

  Utility Model Registration No. 311598 / International Publication Number PCT / JP2005 / 021326

However, according to the above technique, since the pressure tank is used in the wheel-in type auxiliary rotation pneumatic device of [0004], there is a time lag in filling the pressure tank from the air pressurizing device at the initial rotation. However, there is a problem that sufficient pneumatic pressure cannot be sent to the pneumatic drive device.
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a mechanism in which a sufficient pneumatic pressure is sent to the pneumatic drive device from the initial rotation without increasing the weight of the device.

Also, according to the above technique, the wheel-in type auxiliary rotation pneumatic device of [0004] has a valve open position when the rotation of the wheel stops even when the pressurized tank is filled with pressurized air. There is a problem in that the pressurized air escapes from the pressure tank.
Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a mechanism without air pressure loss when rotation is stopped without increasing the weight of the apparatus.

  Therefore, the first problem of the present invention is that a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, a screw propeller, and the like that are rotated by external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy. It is a device that assists external power required for a rotating part of a vehicle, a ship, an aircraft, a generator, an industrial machine or the like to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is mounted, using rotation as a driving force.

  The second problem of the present invention is that rotating parts such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, and the like that are rotated by external power factors such as human power, prime movers, electric motors, and other natural energy. All the devices for constructing the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention such as an air pressurizing device and a pneumatic drive device are built in, and the mechanism as the pneumatic rotation assisting device is completed.

  A third problem of the present invention is that a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, and rotor to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy is mounted. A rotating part such as a casing, a runner cone, an impeller, a screw propeller or the like is a device having a mechanism and structure having rigidity as a rotating body.

  A fourth problem of the present invention is a structure in which the device itself rotates in a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, a screw propeller and the like to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is attached. In order to improve the rotation balance, all the devices that construct the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention such as an air pressurization device and a pneumatic drive device are arranged radially with the crankshaft as the central axis. It is a device.

  The fifth object of the present invention is to rotate wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc. that rotate due to external power factors such as human power, prime movers, electric motors, and other natural energy. As a driving force, in vehicles, ships, airplanes, generators, industrial machines, etc. to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is attached, energy saving is the greatest appeal point that is socially required. This pneumatic rotation assist device is a device that specifically realizes energy saving of the driving force as a device that assists external power.

  The sixth problem of the present invention is that rotation of rotating parts such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers and the like to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is attached from the initial rotation. It is a device with a mechanism and structure that applies pressure energy in the direction.

  The seventh problem of the present invention is that pressure energy is applied in the rotational direction of rotating parts such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, and screw propellers to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is attached. In addition to the above, it is a device having a mechanism and a structure including an output shaft for applying rotational energy having a rotational speed different from the rotational speed of the rotating part.

  In order to solve the above problems, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a wheel to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy is mounted. It is equipped with an air pressurization device, a pneumatic drive device, etc. having a shape and structure integrated with a rotating part such as a drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. By not using a pressure tank between the pressure device and the pneumatic drive device, pressure is applied to the rotating parts such as the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller in the rotational direction from the initial rotation. It is a pneumatic rotation assist device with a mechanism and structure for applying energy. .

  Further, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a vehicle, ship, aircraft, or building equipped with a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., to which the pneumatic rotation assist device is mounted. One of the connecting rods is connected to a crankshaft fixed to an object, a structure, etc., and the air pressure is connected to one of the connecting rods on the same axis as the crankshaft by an air pressurizing device that rotates around the periphery. The pneumatic drive device is fed into the drive device, and the pneumatic drive device is operated, so that the pneumatic drive device moves the crankshaft crankshaft by the force of pushing the crank pin of the crankshaft by the repulsive force when compressed by the air pressurizer and the pressurized air Wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose by force pushing the pin Over emissions, rotor casing, a mechanism for assisting Ran'nakon, impeller, an external power necessary for the rotation of such screw propeller, but a device structure.

  Next, in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, one of the connecting rods is connected to a crankshaft fixed to a vehicle, ship, aircraft, building, structure, or the like to which the pneumatic rotation assist device is mounted. A pneumatic driving device in which one of the connecting rods is connected coaxially with the above-described air pressurizing device and the above-described crankshaft when the piston is raised in the air pressurizing device, and when the piston is lowered in the pneumatic drive device This is a device with a mechanism and structure in which the crank angle is set at the position where the crank is pushed.

  The pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention constitutes the present invention with a crankshaft fixed to a vehicle, ship, aircraft, building, structure, or the like to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device is mounted as an axis. In addition to applying pressure energy in the rotating direction of rotating parts such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc., pneumatic presses, pneumatic drive units, etc., connecting rods for pneumatic drive units This is an apparatus having a mechanism and a structure including an output shaft that can take out a rotational speed different from the rotational speed of the rotating portion by a speed increasing device built in the crankpin shaft.

  In the following paragraphs 0019 to 0026, the mechanism and structure of the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention will be clarified.

  The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a rotation of wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, and the like that are rotated by external power factors such as human power, prime movers, electric motors, and other natural energy. Pneumatic rotation of connecting rods, pistons, cylinders, intake / exhaust valves, exhaust / intake pipes, and connecting rods, pistons, cylinders, supply / exhaust valves, etc., which constitute pneumatic actuators, with the crankshaft as the central axis All the devices for constructing the auxiliary device are built-in and the mechanism as the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device is completed.

  The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention rotates around a crankshaft as a central axis in a rotating part such as a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., to which the pneumatic rotation assist device is mounted. The crankshaft that serves as the central axis is a vehicle, ship, aircraft, or building equipped with a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, etc., to which a pneumatic rotation assist device is attached. It is fixed to a structure or the like and does not rotate.

  The fixed crankshaft, which is the central axis in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, pushes the crankpin through the connecting rod connected to the crankshaft by the repulsive force when the piston in the cylinder constituting the air pressurizing device is compressed. It is desirable that the piston in the cylinder that constitutes the pneumatic drive device is pushed down by the force and the pressurized air, and the force pushing the crankpin through the connecting rod connected to the crankshaft is generated continuously. The crank angle is set small because the timing interval of the valve is shortened and the distance of the exhaust / intake pipe between the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic driving device is shortened.

  In addition, a pneumatic driving device is configured by a force that pushes a crank pin of the crankshaft through a connecting rod connected to the crankshaft by a repulsive force when the piston in the cylinder constituting the air pressurizing device is compressed, and a pressurized air. Since it is desirable that the force to push the crankpin through the connecting rod connected to the crankpin of the crankshaft is pushed down and the piston in the cylinder is continuously generated, the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device are arranged in a multi-cylinder arrangement. In this case, the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device are arranged in a star shape, and the star air pressurization device and the star type pneumatic drive device are arranged in a double row so that each of the crank pins provided on the crankshaft is coaxial. It rotates as a central axis.

  Therefore, from the above-mentioned items 0021 and 0022, the crank pin to which the connecting rod of the air pressurizing device is connected to the crank pin to which the connecting rod of the pneumatic driving device is connected is coaxial with the star type air pressurizing device and the star type. 20 degrees when the pneumatic drive device is 9 cylinders, 18 degrees when the star air pressurization device and the star pneumatic drive device are 10 cylinders respectively, 15 degrees when the 12 cylinders are used, and 18 cylinders In this case, a crank angle of 10 degrees is given.

In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, all the devices constituting the pneumatic rotation assist device are arranged radially with the crankshaft as the central axis, so that the pneumatic rotation assist device itself is the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention. It not only has a structure that functions as a rigid body for rotating parts such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, and screw propellers to which auxiliary devices are mounted, but also has excellent rotational balance as a rotating body. It has a structure and arrangement.
In addition, even when the multi-cylinder arrangement is made by arranging the star-type air pressurization device and the star-type pneumatic drive device described in the above-mentioned item 0022, and the item 0023 in a double-row arrangement, the width of the device does not increase, This is to realize multi-cylinder.

  Next, in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the compressed air is compressed by the pneumatic drive device because the resistance at the time of compression of the compressed air in the cylinder when the piston of the air pressurizer is raised pushes the crank through the connecting rod. It is preferable that the timing of opening inside the cylinder is late. For this reason, the air supply valve of the pneumatic drive device has a special slide valve structure that slides inside the cylinder head of the pneumatic drive device and synchronizes with the piston. It has a structure that opens at the dead center and is closed by a valve spring provided at the top of the cylinder head and the top of the slide valve.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, in the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device, the bore and stroke in the air pressurization device are set to exceed the bore and stroke of the pneumatic drive device, Wheels, drive shafts, blades to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is rotated by external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, other natural energy, or inertia and the energy of the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention As long as rotating parts such as nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc. rotate, the force that pushes the crank pin of the crankshaft with the repulsive force when compressed air is compressed in the air pressurizer, and the pressurized air Pneumatic drive presses crankshaft crank pin There occurs, it is to operate as a device for applying pressure energy in the direction of rotation.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, an output capable of taking out a rotation speed different from the rotation speed of the above-mentioned rotating portion by the speed increasing device built in the crankpin shaft for the rotation of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device. It has a shaft output shaft, and this output shaft is connected to rotating parts such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc., to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is attached. By doing so, it has a mechanism and structure for applying rotational energy different from the pressure energy from the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic drive device to the rotating body.

  The output shaft obtained by increasing the rotation speed of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device according to the item 0027 by a speed increasing device built in the crankpin shaft includes a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, Since it outputs a rotational speed different from the rotational speed of the nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., it has a mechanism and structure capable of driving an adjacent separate device.

  The output shaft capable of taking out the rotation speed of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device of the above-mentioned item 0027 and 0028 from the rotational speed of the rotating portion by means of the speed increasing device is a pneumatic drive device for the crankshaft together with the speed increasing device. Since it has a structure built in the crankpin shaft, it greatly contributes to the rigidity of the crankshaft.

  The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a rotating portion such as a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, a screw propeller, and the like that is rotated by external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy. Compressed to the pneumatic drive device at the valve timing corresponding to the crank angle from the air pressurization device from the start of rotation by not having a pressure tank between the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device. Since air is sent in, the problem of filling the pressure tank at the time of the initial rotation by the wheel-in type auxiliary rotation pneumatic device described in paragraph 0005 is solved.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the air pressure that is the pressure energy is generated by the difference in the bore and stroke of the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic drive device. Rotating a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., in which air is fed from an air pressurization device to a pneumatic drive device and equipped with the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention As long as the part rotates, pressure energy is applied in the rotating direction of the rotating part regardless of the number of rotations to assist external power.

  It should be noted that the problem of air pressure loss at the time of rotation stoppage by the wheel-in type auxiliary rotation pneumatic device described in the paragraph 0006 is also the necessity of filling the pressure tank and accumulating pressure in the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention. The absence of a pressure tank is eliminated, and at the same time, the absence of a pressure tank means that the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is lighter in its mechanism and structure than the wheel-in rotation assist pneumatic device. It is an embodiment.

  In the pneumatic type rotation assist device of the present invention, the repulsive force at the time of compression of the compressed air in the cylinder when the piston of the air pressurizer is raised pushes the crank through the connecting rod, so that the first stage pressure energy is rotated in the rotation direction. Next, when compressed air is sent to the cylinder of the pneumatic drive unit, the piston in the cylinder is pushed down, and the pressure energy of the second stage is rotated by the force pushing the crank pin through the connecting rod connected to the crankshaft. It is added in the direction.

  The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention has an output shaft in which the rotation of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device is increased by the speed increasing device, and this output shaft is mounted with the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention. Rotational energy different from the pressure energy from the air pressurization device and pneumatic drive device is rotated by connecting to the rotating part such as wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller etc. It is added to the body as the third stage energy.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, and other natural energy. It is a device that operates using rotation of a runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. as a driving force, does not require other energy, and specifically realizes energy saving.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the repulsive force at the time of compression in the cylinder when the piston of the air pressurizing device, which is generally resistance energy, is fixed to the crankshaft, the connecting rod of the pneumatic rotation assist device, The piston, cylinder, and supply / exhaust valve side rotate to function as an energy conversion device that converts general resistance energy through a unique mechanism and structure in which pressure energy is applied in the rotational direction along with the ideal crank pin position. Is.

  In addition, the force of pushing the crank pin through the connecting rod connected to the crankshaft by pushing the compressed air of the air pressurizing device described in the item 0033 into the cylinder of the pneumatic driving device and the piston in the cylinder is pushed down is the item in the item 0036. Since the same compressed air is used, this is also a device that specifically realizes energy saving.

  The output shaft obtained by increasing the rotation speed of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device according to the item 0034 by the speed increasing device built in the crankpin shaft is a wheel, drive shaft, and blade to which the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention is mounted. , Nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., with the mechanism and structure that operates together with the rotation assist mechanism of paragraphs 0036 and 0037 is activated, and the rotation speed is different from the above rotation section Therefore, if necessary, it is an energy saving device having a mechanism and a structure capable of driving an adjacent separate device.

In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, and the like that are rotated by external power factors such as human power, prime movers, electric motors, and other natural energy. The rotation of the rotating part is assisted by the pressure energy from the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic driving device. The rotation of the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. 1 Since the positive rotation auxiliary energy is always added to the rotation, the driving force of the second rotation is the addition of the positive rotation auxiliary energy, and the driving force of the third rotation is the driving force of the second rotation. Plus alpha assistance And it serves as a rolling thing that energy is applied.
Therefore, since the rotation of the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. increases as it rotates, the power of the driving force is manpower, prime mover, electric motor, etc. This is a device that specifically realizes energy saving of raw materials by reducing the energy of external power factors such as natural energy and controlling the rotation speed.

The conceptual diagram which shows the relationship between the cylinder arrangement | positioning, crankpin position, and connecting rod at the time of making the pneumatic-type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention multi-cylinder. The conceptual diagram of the cylinder arrangement | positioning at the time of making the pneumatic type rotation auxiliary device of this invention multi-cylinder, a crankpin position, a connecting rod, and a piston. The conceptual diagram of a cylinder, a crankpin position, a connecting rod and a piston, and a speed increasing device when the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention is multi-cylinder. The conceptual diagram which shows the state which made the pneumatic type rotation auxiliary device of this invention multi-cylinder, and was integrated in the rotary body. The conceptual diagram of the cylinder of the air pressurization apparatus in the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention, a cylinder head, and an intake / exhaust valve. The conceptual diagram of the piston of the air pressurization apparatus in the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention. The conceptual diagram of the cylinder of the pneumatic drive apparatus in the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention, a cylinder head, and a slide type valve. The conceptual diagram of the piston of the pneumatic drive apparatus in the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention. The conceptual diagram of the main connecting rod of the air pressurization apparatus in the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention. The conceptual diagram of the main connecting rod of the pneumatic drive apparatus in the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention. The conceptual diagram of the speed increasing apparatus incorporated in the crankpin shaft in the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention. The conceptual diagram which shows one Embodiment at the time of incorporating the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention in the wheel of a bicycle. The conceptual diagram which shows one Embodiment at the time of incorporating the pneumatic type rotation assistance apparatus of this invention in the screw propeller of a ship.

  The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is rotated by external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, and other natural energy. It is characterized by comprising an air pressurizing device, a pneumatic driving device, etc. having a shape and structure integrated with a rotating part such as a rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., and the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, etc. An air pressurizing device that rotates one of the connecting rods connected to a crankshaft fixed to a vehicle, a ship, an aircraft, or a building, structure, etc. equipped with a rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. Compressed air on the same axis as the above crankshaft One of the rods is fed into the connected pneumatic drive device, and the pneumatic drive device is operated, so that the force of pushing the crank pin of the crankshaft by the repulsive force at the time of compression by the air pressurizer and the pressurized air It is a device with a mechanism and structure that assists external power required for rotation of wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc. by the force with which the pneumatic drive device pushes the crank pin of the crank shaft Therefore, the operation is described below in the order of air flow.

  Also, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention has an output shaft that can extract the rotation speed of the connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device from a rotation speed different from the rotation speed of the rotating portion by a speed increasing device built in the crankpin shaft. When the pneumatic drive unit in section 0041 is operated, this output shaft outputs rotational energy different from the pressure energy from the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic drive unit as the third stage energy. is there.

The air, which is an energy factor of the present invention, is air-pressurized inside a rotating part such as a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted. From the air inlet hole provided on the side of the cylinder head of the device, the piston flows into the cylinder through the intake valve when it operates in the direction of bottom dead center.
In addition, a special shaped piston has a valve built in, and when the piston is operated in the direction of bottom dead center, the valve opens to allow the air current to pass from the center of the piston head to the bottom dead center of the piston. Reduced resistance during direction actuation.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, a screw propeller, etc. equipped with the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, a ship, an aircraft, Alternatively, the crankshaft fixed to the building, structure, etc. is not only used as the main shaft of the rotating body such as the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. Although the center axis is also shared, when the pneumatic rotation assist device has a multi-cylinder configuration, the star air pressurization device and the star air pressure drive device are respectively connected as described in the paragraph 0023 above. 20 cylinders with 9 cylinders, 18 degrees with 10 cylinders, 12 air 15 cylinders and 18 cylinders have a shape and structure with a crank angle of 10 degrees, and 9 cylinders are installed at the outer periphery of the central axis with connecting rods at 0 and 20 degrees. Rotation that is connected to the piston of the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic drive device, respectively, and rotates by external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, other natural energy, or inertia and the energy of the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention As the part rotates, the piston inevitably reciprocates inside the cylinder of the air pressure device and the pneumatic drive device.

In the case where the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device described in the above paragraph 0044 have a multi-cylinder configuration, a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, and a runner cone to which the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention is attached. , Impellers, screw propellers, etc., which are arranged in a star shape around the crankshaft as the central axis, and the pistons of each cylinder are connected to the crankpin of the crankshaft by the main connecting rod and sub connecting rod It is.
The structure in which the star air pressure device and the star air pressure drive device are arranged in series with the crankshaft on the crankshaft on the same axis as the crankshaft is such that the star air pressure device and the cylinder of the star air pressure drive device are Since they are arranged in parallel, it is desirable that the size of the device does not increase due to the number of cylinders even in the case of multi-cylinders and that the balance as a rotating device is desirable.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, rotation of wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, and the like that are rotated by external power factors such as human power, prime movers, electric motors, and other natural energy. Since the body and the pneumatic rotation assist device have an integral structure, the rotational speed of the main connecting rod rotating around the crankshaft and the rotational speed of the rotating body are in a relational expression of 1: 1.

  The air that flows into the cylinder of the air pressurizer is caused by the external power factor such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, and other natural energy, or the rotation of the rotating body that rotates due to inertia, as shown in the above paragraph 0044. Because the piston of the pressurizing device has a mechanism and structure that moves up, the air in the cylinder is compressed, and the direction of rotation by pushing the crank pin of the crank shaft to which the main connecting rod and sub connecting rod are fixed by the repulsive force during compression Pressure energy.

  The air compressed in the cylinder of the air pressurizer is exhausted in the compressed air state by opening the exhaust valve of the overhead valve type air pressurizer provided inside the cylinder head by compressed air near the top dead center of the piston. Through a pipe, it is sent between the slide valves through an air supply hole provided in the cylinder head of the pneumatic drive device, and is accumulated.

  When the piston inside the cylinder of the pneumatic drive device has a multi-cylinder configuration as described in the above paragraph 0044, the piston of the air pressurizing device reaches the top dead center with a delay of the crank angle after reaching the top dead center. As shown in the above paragraph 0044, of course, due to the rotation of a rotating body that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, other natural energy, or inertia, as a matter of course. It has a mechanism and a structure in which the piston of the air pressurizer rises.

  The air supply valve of the pneumatic drive unit has a pneumatic slide unit cylinder head and a special slide valve structure that slides inside the cylinder and synchronizes with the piston. The air supply hole is opened, and a valve spring provided at the top of the cylinder head and the top of the slide valve has a structure in which the air supply hole is closed by being pushed down together with the piston when the piston is lowered.

  The compressed air accumulated between the exhaust air intake pipe between the air pressurizing device and the pneumatic driving device and the slide valve of the pneumatic driving device cylinder head, as described in the above paragraphs 0049 and 0050, A special slide valve that slides inside the cylinder and synchronizes with the piston, the air supply hole opens at the top dead center of the piston, opens into the slide valve of the pneumatic drive unit, and the main connecting rod and sub connecting rod are fixed by pushing down the piston Pressing the crank pin of the shaft adds pressure energy in the direction of rotation.

  When the piston rises in the direction of top dead center, the air released in the cylinder of the pneumatic drive unit is discharged from the exhaust hole of the cylinder head between the cylinder and the slide valve, and the valve is not inserted between the slide valve and the piston. When the piston is operated in the direction of the top dead center, the valve is opened by the built-in special shape piston, and the air current passes through the piston from the center of the piston head to reduce the resistance when the piston is operated in the direction of the top dead center. It exhausts with.

  In addition, as described in the paragraph 0044, the piston is inevitably controlled by the crank angle in the cylinder of the air pressurization apparatus and the pneumatic drive apparatus, and the operation from the paragraph 0043 to the paragraph 0053 is the pneumatic rotation of the present invention. Until the rotating body such as the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. to which the auxiliary device is mounted is intentionally stopped, or until resistance due to some external factor stops the rotating body It will be repeated.

  In the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention, when the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device are configured as a multi-cylinder structure, and the star type air pressurization device and the star type pneumatic drive device are used, the adjacent air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device are arranged. Among the above, the operations from 0043 to 0053 are the rotating bodies such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc., to which the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention is attached. Is operated during one rotation, and when the star air pressurizing device and the star pneumatic driving device are each 9 cylinders, 9 times, 10 cylinders, 10 times, 12 cylinders When 12 cylinders and 18 cylinders are used, 18 cylinders operate during one rotation.

  Embodiments will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is an embodiment showing the relationship between a cylinder arrangement, a crankpin position, and a connecting rod when the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is multi-cylindered.
In the case where the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device of the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention have a multi-cylinder configuration, the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted. , Runner cones, impellers, screw propellers and the like are arranged in a star shape with the crankshaft as the central axis as shown in FIG. The structure in which the cylinders of the star air pressurization device and the star air pressure drive device are arranged in parallel, and the piston of each cylinder is the main connecting rod. In addition, it is connected to the crankpin of the crankshaft by the sub connecting rod
In the figure, the cylinder having a large bore and stroke is the air pressurizing device cylinder 1, and the cylinder having a small bore and stroke is the pneumatic drive device cylinder 2.
An air pressurizer piston is inserted into the air pressurizer cylinder 1, and the air pressurizer main connecting rod 3 connects the air pressurizer piston and the crank pin of the crankshaft.
Since FIG. 1 is a star-type air pressurizing device as an embodiment, nine air pressurizing device cylinders 1 are provided, and an air pressurizer into which the air pressurizing device main connecting rod 3 is inserted is provided. When the pressure device cylinder 1 is the first cylinder, the air pressure device pistons of the second to ninth air pressure device cylinders 1 and the air pressure device main connecting rod 3 are connected by the air pressure device sub connecting rod 4. It is what.
Further, since the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 is also a star type pneumatic drive apparatus as an embodiment, the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 is equipped with nine pneumatic drive cylinders 2 and the pneumatic drive into which the pneumatic drive main connecting rod 5 is inserted. Assuming that the device cylinder 2 is the first cylinder, the pneumatic drive device pistons of the pneumatic drive device cylinders 2 to 9 and the pneumatic drive device main connecting rod 5 are connected by the pneumatic drive device sub connecting rod 6.
Next, the crankshaft position 7 is the central axis of the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, and is mounted with the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, and other natural energy. It serves as the central axis of a rotating part such as a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, and a screw propeller, or is on an extension line thereof.
The crank pin provided on the same axis of the crankshaft is an air pressurizing device that serves as an air pressurizing device crankpin to which the air pressurizing device main connecting rod 3 of the air pressurizing device of the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is connected. The pneumatic drive device crankpin position 9 becomes a pneumatic drive device crankpin connected to the crankpin position 8 and the pneumatic drive device main connecting rod 5 of the pneumatic drive device. If the star pneumatic drive unit is 9 cylinders, the crank angle is 20 degrees, if it is 10 cylinders it is 18 degrees, if it is 12 cylinders it is 15 degrees, and if it is 18 cylinders it gives a crank angle of 10 degrees. is there.
Incidentally, since FIG. 1 is an embodiment in which the air pressurizing device is set to 9 cylinders and the pneumatic drive device is set to 9 cylinders, a crank angle of 20 degrees can be given, and the air pressurizing device main connecting rod 3 Rotates around the air pressurizer crank position 8 and the pneumatic drive main connecting rod 5 rotates around the pneumatic drive crank position 9.
In addition, (circle) displayed inside the air pressurization apparatus cylinder 1 and the pneumatic drive apparatus cylinder 2 is a piston position.

  FIG. 2 is an embodiment showing the relationship between the cylinder arrangement and the crankpin position, the connecting rod and the piston when the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is multi-cylindered. The air pressurizer cylinder head 10 mounted on the air pressurizer cylinder 1, the air pressurizer piston 11, and the air pressure drive are based on an embodiment in which the cylinder is set to 9 cylinders and the pneumatic drive apparatus is set to 9 cylinders. The relationship between the pneumatic drive cylinder head 12, the pneumatic drive slide valve 13 and the pneumatic drive piston 14 mounted on the device cylinder 2 is shown.

FIG. 3 shows an embodiment of a cylinder and a crankpin position, a connecting rod and a piston, and a speed increasing device when the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is multi-cylindered. The cross section of the arrangement of the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device when incorporated in a power generation nose cone or the like along the crankshaft is shown.
In the figure, the rotating body has no power unit other than the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, and the front wheel wheel of the bicycle incorporating the pneumatic rotation assist device bicycle of the present invention, the wind power nose. It is an embodiment in which a cone or the like is rotated by human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, other external power factors such as natural energy, or inertia, etc., and an air pressurizer cylinder 1, an air pressurizer cylinder head 10, air The pressurizing device main connecting rod 3, the pneumatic driving device cylinder 2, and the pneumatic driving device main connecting rod 5 have a structure in which the crank pin is pushed by pressure energy in the same layout as in the 0056 and 0057 terms. The speed increasing device 15 built in the motor is driven by the rotation of the main connecting rod 5 of the pneumatic driving device. The planetary gear of the speed increasing device 15 is meshed with the ring gear mounted on the pneumatic drive device main connecting rod 5 with the pressure drive device crankpin position 9 as the central axis, and a rotational speed different from the rotational speed of the rotating part can be taken out. By having the output shaft 16 that can be produced, rotational energy is output.
Note that FIG. 3 is an example in the case where the driving force is the rotation of a rotating part such as a wheel, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. that rotates due to external power factors such as human power and other natural energy. The crankshaft on the left side in the figure serves as a fixed shaft and functions to set the crank angle, and rotational energy is output as the output shaft 16 from the speed increasing device 15 built in the crankshaft 9 shaft of the pneumatic drive device. The output shaft 16 is set at the center axis position of the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention.

FIG. 4 shows an embodiment in which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is multi-cylindered and incorporated in a rotating body. As an example, the rotational force represented by a rear wheel of a bicycle is mechanically applied. The cross section of the arrangement of the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device when incorporated in the device obtained by the mechanism is shown along the crankshaft.
In the figure, a wheel as a rotating body that operates with an integrated shape and structure equipped with the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a human power, a motor, an electric motor, other external power factors such as natural energy, inertia, etc. An embodiment in which a mechanism for rotating a rear wheel 19 from a drive shaft 17 by a bevel gear 18 and a pneumatic rotation assisting device are integrated as a device for inputting raw energy as a rotating element by a mechanical mechanism. It is shown.
In the present invention, as a matter of course, since the structure is such that the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device operates when the wheel as the rotating body rotates, the rear wheel 19 is mechanically operated with raw energy. The input device and the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device share a central axis, and the edge is cut off as a mechanism other than the air pressure device cylinder and the pneumatic drive device cylinder integrated with the wheel.
In FIG. 4, the driving force for rotating the rear wheel is input from the drive shaft 17 by changing the angle by the bevel gear 18, and passes through the drive shaft 20 that is float-mounted by the bearing 22 on the fixed shaft 21 that functions as the central shaft. A one-way clutch 23 having a key between the drive shaft 20 and the rear wheel 19 can give the rear wheel 19 propulsive force only in the forward direction.
The fixed shaft 21 that functions as the central axis of the rear wheel 19 is also the central axis of the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention, and also functions as the crankshaft of the pneumatic rotation assisting device. 8, the air pressurizing device main connecting rod 3 is mounted, and the pneumatic driving device crankpin 9 is mounted with the air driving device main connecting rod 5 which also serves as the speed increasing device 15.
In this figure, the repulsive force at the time of compression of the compressed air in the air pressurizer cylinder 1 when the air pressurizer piston 11 of the air pressurizer rises is transmitted through the air pressurizer main connecting rod 3 to the air pressurizer crank. When the pin 8 is pressed, the first stage pressure energy is applied in the rotation direction, and then the compressed air is sent to the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 of the pneumatic drive device, so that the air pressure in the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 is increased. The pressure energy of the second stage is applied in the rotational direction by the force of pushing the pneumatic driving device crank pin 9 through the pneumatic driving device main connecting rod 5 which is pushed down and connected to the pneumatic driving device crank pin 9.
Further, rotational energy is output as an output shaft 16 from the inside of the speed increasing device 15 built in the shaft of the pneumatic drive crankshaft 9 and the output shaft 16 is directly connected to the rear wheel. .

FIG. 5 shows an embodiment of the air pressurizer cylinder 1 and the air pressurizer cylinder head 26, the air pressurizer intake valve 24, and the air pressurizer exhaust valve 25 in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention. It is.
In the figure, the air pressurizing device cylinder head 26 is divided into two parts and assembled with a head bolt, and includes a mounting portion of the exhaust and intake pipe 34.
The air pressurizer cylinder head 26 is provided on the side and top, and the air pressurizer intake head 27 between the air pressurizer intake valve 27 and the air pressurizer intake valve 24 is provided inside the air pressurizer cylinder head 26 by an intake port 35. It has a shape and a structure excellent in atmospheric suction efficiency together with two air pressurization device intake valves 24 per cylinder.

FIG. 6 shows an embodiment of the air pressurizing device piston 11, the piston ring 29, the backup ring 30, and the air pressurizing device piston control valve 36 in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention.
In the figure, the air pressurization device piston 11 has an air flow distribution device inside the piston, and when the air pressurization device piston 11 is lowered by the air pressurization device piston control valve 36 inside the air pressurization device cylinder 1. A shape that assists the suction efficiency of the air pressurization device intake valve 24 at the time of atmospheric suction by passing the air from the lower part of the piston through the inside of the piston and flowing out of the air pressurization piston exhaust hole 37 provided at the top of the piston. It has a structure.
When the air pressurizing device piston 11 is raised, the air pressurizing device piston control valve 36 is closed to generate a force that pushes the crank pin of the crankshaft by a repulsive force at the time of compression using a normal compression process. is there.

FIG. 7 shows an embodiment of the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 and the pneumatic drive cylinder head 10 and the pneumatic drive slide valve 13 in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention.
In the figure, the pneumatic drive device sliding valve 13 is controlled by the pneumatic drive device piston 14 inside the pneumatic drive device cylinder 2 and the pneumatic drive device cylinder head 10, and the pneumatic drive device piston 14 is at the top dead center. When rising in the direction, the pneumatic drive piston 14 pushes up the pneumatic drive slide valve 13 inside the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 and the pneumatic drive cylinder head 10, but is provided at the top of the pneumatic drive cylinder 2. The shape of the compression resistance loss when rising in the direction of the top dead center of the pneumatic drive device piston 14 between the pneumatic drive device cylinder 2 and the pneumatic drive device slide type valve 13 is reduced by the air flow flowing out from the exhaust hole 38 of the pneumatic drive device. And has a structure.
When the pneumatic drive piston 14 rises in the direction of the top dead center, a compression resistance loss occurs between the pneumatic drive device slide valve 13 and the pneumatic drive piston 14, but is provided in the pneumatic drive piston 14. This is solved by a control valve for a pneumatic drive piston, and the pneumatic drive piston 14 is described in the following paragraph 0063.
In addition, when the pneumatic drive device piston 14 is lowered toward the bottom dead center by the compressed air that the pneumatic drive device slide valve 13 opens and flows in at the top dead center, the top of the pneumatic drive device slide valve 13 inside the pneumatic drive cylinder head The pneumatic spring piston 14 is pushed down in the pneumatic drive device slide valve 13 by the action of the valve spring mounted on the edge, and the edge provided on the skirt portion of the pneumatic drive device slide valve 13 is pneumatically driven near the bottom dead center. It has a mechanism and a structure that is pulled down by the device piston 14 toward the bottom dead center.

FIG. 8 shows an embodiment of the pneumatic drive piston 14 in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention.
In the drawing, the pneumatic drive piston 14 has an air flow distribution device inside the piston, and when the pneumatic drive piston 14 is raised inside the pneumatic drive device slide valve 13 by the pneumatic drive piston control valve 39, the top of the piston is shown. Pneumatic drive device piston air intake hole 40 passes through the inside of the piston and flows out of pneumatic drive device piston exhaust hole 44 provided at the lower portion of the piston. It has a shape and structure that assists the exhaust efficiency.
When the pneumatic drive piston 14 descends in the direction of the bottom dead center, the pneumatic drive piston control valve 39 closes so that the pneumatic drive piston 14 descends due to the pressure of the compressed air flowing into the pneumatic drive slide valve 13. It has a mechanism and structure for pushing the crankpin of the crankshaft.

FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of the air pressurizing device main connecting rod 3 in the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention.
The top portion is connected to the air pressurizer piston 11 located in the air pressurizer cylinder 1 by a piston pin 45, and the rotation center shaft is connected to the air pressurizer crankpin 8 by a bearing.
In addition, the sub connecting rod connecting position 46 provided in the air pressurizing device main connecting rod 3 is connected by the air connecting device piston 11 and the piston pin 45 located in the air pressurizing device cylinder 1 adjacent to the star shape by the sub connecting rod. It is what is done.

FIG. 10 shows an embodiment of the pneumatic connecting device main connecting rod 5 in the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention.
The top portion is connected by a pneumatic drive piston 14 located in the pneumatic drive cylinder 2 and a piston pin 45, and the central axis also functions as a crank to the pneumatic drive crank pin 9. It has a characteristic shape and mechanism having a ring gear 48 that meshes with the speed device planetary gear 47.
In addition, the sub connecting rod connecting position 46 provided in the pneumatic driving device main connecting rod 5 is connected by the piston pin 45 and the pneumatic driving device piston 14 located in the pneumatic driving device cylinder 2 adjacent to each other by the sub connecting rod. It is.

FIG. 11 shows an embodiment of the speed increasing device 15 in the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention.
As described in the above paragraph 0065, the speed increasing device 15 built in the shaft of the pneumatic driving device crank pin 9 has a function as the pneumatic driving device crank pin 9, so that the speed increasing device case 49 is the crank shaft. The pneumatic drive device crankpin 9 has a structure that does not rotate, and the speed of the ring gear 48 that is press-fitted into the pneumatic drive device main connecting rod 5 and fixed by the key is increased by the gear portion protruding from the speed increaser case 49. In this figure, the output shaft 16 is taken out from the rear end of the speed increasing device case 49 by setting a 7-axis down gear.
The output shaft 16 output from the speed increasing device 15 is a rotating part such as a wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc., to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is attached. It functions as a device having a mechanism and a structure for outputting a rotational speed different from the rotational speed.

FIG. 12 is a conceptual diagram showing an embodiment when the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is incorporated in a wheel of a bicycle or the like as an example of use.
Incidentally, in a bicycle or the like, an external power factor such as human power or natural energy is converted into a wheel rotational force by a mechanical mechanism, and the vehicle is driven by ground driving by a tire integrated with the wheel or by inertia. When the pneumatic rotation assisting device is incorporated into the wheel, the wheel rotates, so that the air pressurizing device pushes the air pressurizing crank pin 8 with the repulsive force at the time of compression by the air pressurizing device and the air pressure by the pressurized air. As long as the wheel rotates by the force with which the driving device pushes the pneumatic driving device crank pin 9 and the rotational force of the output shaft 16 output from the speed increasing device 15, the rotation of the wheel is always assisted.
Also, in bicycles and the like, the external power factor of human power is generally converted into the rotational force of the rear wheel by a mechanical mechanism such as crank, sprocket, chain ring, chain or drive shaft, free gear, etc. It is driven by ground friction drive or inertia, and the front wheel often rotates due to ground friction, but no driving force is generated, and it exists for steering and vehicle balance. However, when the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is incorporated in a wheel, the pneumatic rotation assisting device is activated by a ground friction drive by a tire that is integrated with the wheel or by rotating a wheel that rotates due to inertia. Since the driving force is generated by the mechanism and structure, not only the rear wheel but also the front wheel that rotates simultaneously with the running But also generates a driving force in the.
In addition, although this figure displays the bicycle as one Embodiment, the same use is possible also in an electric bicycle, a motorcycle, another vehicle, etc.

FIG. 13 is a conceptual diagram showing an embodiment in which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is incorporated in a ship's screw propeller 55 as an example of use.
When the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted inside the boss of the screw propeller 55 in a ship or the like, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted on the propeller shaft 56, or both of them. The installation position when the device is mounted is displayed, and the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention has a mechanism and structure that not only functions in any direction of rotation but also functions in any size. It is shown as one embodiment.

  The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention includes a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, and a screw propeller that rotate due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy, or inertia. As the driving force of rotation, etc., pressure energy and rotational energy are always applied in the rotating direction of the rotating part by an air pressurizing device, pneumatic driving device, speed increasing device of a shape and structure integrated with the rotating part, It is a device that assists external motive energy and rotational energy, and saves energy of external motive energy.

The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention includes a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, and a wheel to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, and other natural energy, or inertia, is mounted. Nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers and other vehicles, ships, aircraft, generators, other machines with rotating mechanisms, etc., wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones Because the rotation energy of the positive rotation is always added to one rotation of the impeller, screw propeller, etc., the rotation force of the rotating body in the second rotation is added to the rotation force of the rotation body. It becomes a thing, and the third rotation Rotational force is made is assumed that the auxiliary rotational energy of plus alpha applied to the rotational force of the rotating body rotation for the second time.
Therefore, since the rotation of the wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller, screw propeller, etc. increases as it rotates, the power of the driving force is manpower, prime mover, electric motor, etc. This is a device that specifically realizes energy saving of raw materials by reducing the energy of external power factors such as natural energy and controlling the rotation speed.

  As described in the above paragraph 0071, the rotation of the wheel, the drive shaft, the blade, the nose cone, the rotor casing, the runner cone, the impeller, the screw propeller, and the like, to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted, the more the rotation. It has an ascending mechanism and structure, and it is possible to control the rotational speed by restricting the energy of the external power factor, so vehicles, ships, aircraft, generators, other machines having a rotating mechanism, etc. In comparison with the prior art, it is possible to reduce the size of the prime mover, the electric motor, etc., which are power factors, and to reduce the size of the entire apparatus and equipment when natural energy is the power factor.

In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, a rotating body such as a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, and a screw propeller to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted is a manpower, a prime mover It is a device having a mechanism and a structure that operates as long as it rotates due to an external power factor such as an electric motor, other natural energy, or inertia, and as an example, when the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is attached to a bicycle wheel, Even during climbing, as long as the wheel rotates, auxiliary rotational energy in the rotational direction is applied to the wheel.
Therefore, unlike conventional bicycle climbing, which has been supported by human power, rotational efficiency, weight reduction, etc., as long as the road surface is able to travel, climb as long as the wheel rotates with the appropriate gear ratio and human power. Yes, the difference in manpower energy consumption on flat roads and sloped roads is greatly reduced compared to conventional bicycles.
Of course, in the case of a bicycle, since the human energy of the original energy is limited, the bicycle has a wheel equipped with the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention in terms of travel distance compared to a conventional bicycle. The mileage is greatly increased by saving human energy.
Further, in the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, since the rotation of the wheel is a driving force, the problem of the load on the bicycle body and the load on the load can be determined as long as the road surface can travel as in climbing. Because it is possible to run as long as the wheel rotates with the selection of ratio and human power, it can be used as a long-distance transportation means and transportation means to areas where infrastructure facilities are not prepared, and in large cities and national parks It is possible to fully cope with environmental problems such as air pollution protection measures.

  In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, independent devices for each rotating body such as a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller, and a screw propeller to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted. In the case of a wheel to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device of the present invention is attached, in the case of a two-wheeled vehicle, a two-wheel drive and a four-wheeled vehicle are operated. In this case, four-wheel drive and six-wheel drive are easily realized in the case of a six-wheeled vehicle, and for the same reason, it corresponds to a differential device that causes a rotational difference between the front, rear, left and right wheels.

In the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention, the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention has a mechanism and a structure that functions regardless of the rotation direction, so that forward / reverse switching rotation operation of a vehicle, a ship, an aircraft, etc. is required. It is possible to cope with the mounting target.
In addition, since no switching operation is required at the time of forward / reverse operation switching and a mechanical switching device is not included in the mechanism and structure, labor saving such as operation and maintenance can be achieved.

Low / medium speeds for ships, aircraft, hydroelectric generators, etc. equipped with rotating bodies such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc. to which the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is mounted As described above, in the target to use rotation as regular rotation, the energy of external power factors such as prime mover, electric motor, and other natural energy, which are the source of motive power, is controlled by controlling the number of rotations. It is a device that specifically realizes energy saving such as fossil fuel and water flow. At the same time, it is possible to reduce the size of the prime mover, electric motor, etc. that are power factors, and if the natural energy is the power factor, the size of the device and the entire equipment It is possible to save energy, but the inside out of the speed increasing device of the pneumatic rotation assist device Low and medium speed connected to the motor and motor in ships, aircrafts, etc. by setting a double output shaft with the shaft and the outer output shaft that takes out the rotation of the rotating body to which the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device is mounted This contributes to space saving because the outer output shaft of the rotation and the inner output shaft of the high-speed rotation connected to the generator can be taken out at the same time.
Needless to say, the rotation output of only the output shaft taken out from the speed increasing device of the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device, the rotation output of only the output shaft taking out the rotation of the rotating body to which the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device is mounted, or the Since it is possible to add the output of the speed increasing device of the pressure type rotation assisting device to the rotation of the rotating body that is rotationally assisted by pressure energy as the rotation output, It can be set according to the characteristics.

The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a step of accumulating air pressure that causes the pneumatic drive device to generate pressure energy in the pressure tank from a mechanism and structure that does not have a pressure tank between the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device. Is characterized by the absence of.
Since this pressure tank does not exist, instead of the pressure tank, the air pressurizer cylinder head, the air pressurizer exhaust port and the exhaust intake pipe accumulate air pressure sufficient to generate pressure energy. The pressure energy and rotational energy that assist the rotation of the rotating body such as wheels, drive shafts, blades, nose cones, rotor casings, runner cones, impellers, screw propellers, etc., to which the pneumatic rotation assisting device is mounted in the rotational direction. As well as being added, it greatly contributes to the downsizing and weight reduction of the entire apparatus.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Air pressurizer cylinder 2 Pneumatic drive device cylinder 3 Air pressurizer main connecting rod 4 Air pressurizer sub connecting rod 5 Pneumatic drive device main connecting rod 6 Pneumatic drive device sub connecting rod 7 Crankshaft position 8 Air pressurizing device crankpin 9 Pneumatic Drive device crankpin 10 Air pressure device cylinder head 11 Air pressure device piston 12 Pneumatic drive device cylinder head 13 Pneumatic drive device slide valve 14 Pneumatic drive device piston 15 Speed increasing device 16 Output shaft 17 Drive shaft 18 Bevel gear 19 Rear wheel 20 Drive shaft 21 Fixed shaft 22 Bearing 23 One-way clutch 24 Air pressurizer intake valve 25 Air pressurizer exhaust valve 26 Air pressurizer cylinder head 27 Air pressurizer intake hole 28 Air pressurizer exhaust Hole 29 Piston ring 30 Backup ring 31 Valve spring 32 Air pressurizer intake port 33 Air pressurizer exhaust port 34 Exhaust intake pipe 35 Intake port 36 Air pressurizer piston control valve 37 Air pressurizer piston exhaust hole 38 Pneumatic drive device exhaust hole 39 Pneumatic drive device piston control valve 40 Pneumatic drive device piston intake hole 41 Pneumatic drive device cylinder head intake hole 42 Pneumatic drive device slide valve intake hole 43 Pneumatic drive device slide valve valve spring 44 Pneumatic drive device piston Exhaust hole 45 Piston pin 46 Sub connecting rod connecting position 47 Speed increaser planetary gear 48 Ring gear 49 Speed increaser case 50 Crank journal 51 Crank pin 52 Crank arm 53 Pneumatic rotation assist device Mounting wheel 54 Disc brake 55 Screw propeller 56 Propeller shaft 57 Pneumatic rotation assist device

Claims (6)

  1.   The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a rotating body such as a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, or other natural energy, or inertia. An air pressurizing device, a pneumatic drive device, and a connecting rod that rotates around the crankpin that is installed on the same axis as the fixed crankshaft, with the rotation and rotation of the rotating body as a driving force. In addition, the pneumatic rotation assisting device is characterized by a mechanism and a structure that assists the rotational force of the rotating body by operating the speed increasing device.
  2.   In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the compressed air compressed by the piston connected to the connecting rod that rotates around the crank pin as the center axis of the air pressurizer of the air pressurizer installed on the same axis as the crankshaft is The pneumatic rotation assisting device according to claim 1, wherein the crankshaft is fixed so that a repulsive force during compression applies pressure energy in the rotational direction by pushing the crank pin of the air pressurizing device. Device.
  3.   In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the compressed air pressurized by the air pressurizing device is sent to a pneumatic driving device in which one of the connecting rods is connected to a pneumatic driving device crankpin installed on the same axis as the crankshaft. However, the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention does not have a pressure tank between the air pressurization device and the pneumatic drive device, and instead of the pressure tank, air is used between the adjacent air pressurization device cylinder and the pneumatic drive device cylinder. The pneumatic rotation assisting device according to claim 1, characterized in that a pressure energy is generated from the time of initial rotation by accumulating pressure in the pressure device cylinder head, air pressure device exhaust port and exhaust air intake pipe.
  4.   In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the pneumatic drive device slide type valve slides up and down inside the pneumatic drive device cylinder and the pneumatic drive device cylinder head and is controlled by the pneumatic drive device piston, compressed air, and valve spring. Pneumatic drive unit exhaust valve provided at the top of the pneumatic drive unit cylinder, pneumatic drive unit piston control valve and pneumatic drive unit slide valve skirt edge combined with the mechanism to reduce the exhaust resistance when the pneumatic drive unit piston rises 2. The pneumatic rotation assisting device according to claim 1, wherein the pneumatic rotation assisting device has a characteristic shape and structure that reduces and integrally secures a compressed air inflow mechanism at a piston top dead center.
  5.   In the pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention, the speed increasing device built in the pneumatic drive crank pin shaft also functions as the pneumatic drive crank pin, so the speed increasing device case is the crank shaft pneumatic drive crank pin. The rotation of the ring gear that is press-fitted into the main connecting rod of the pneumatic drive device and fixed by the key is input by the speed increasing device planetary gear protruding from the speed increasing device case, and the speed increasing device The wheel, drive shaft, blade, nose cone, rotor casing, runner cone, impeller on which the pneumatic rotation auxiliary device of the present invention is mounted by outputting the output shaft from the rear end of the speed increasing device case by setting the down gear in the case , With a rotational speed different from the rotational speed of the rotating part such as a screw propeller. A rolling energy pneumatic rotation assistance device according to claim 1, wherein the mechanism and structure for outputting.
  6. The pneumatic rotation assist device of the present invention is a rotating body such as a wheel, a drive shaft, a blade, a nose cone, a rotor casing, a runner cone, an impeller that rotates due to external power factors such as human power, a prime mover, an electric motor, or other natural energy, or inertia. The rotating body is driven by a connecting rod that rotates around the crankpin that is installed on the same axis of the fixed crankshaft, and the air pressurizing device, the pneumatic drive device, and the speed increasing device are operated. It is a pneumatic rotation assist device that assists the rotational force, and since it has a mechanism and structure in which an auxiliary rotational energy of plus alpha is always applied to one rotation of the rotating body, the rotational force of the second rotation rotates. It becomes the one that the supplementary rotational energy of plus alpha is added to the rotational force of the body, and three more times The driving force of the rotation of the one in which the one auxiliary rotational energy plus alpha applied to the rotation force of the rotary body rotating in the second.
    Therefore, since the rotation of the rotating body increases as it rotates, the energy of external power factors such as human power, prime mover, electric motor, and other natural energy that is the source of the driving force is controlled by controlling the rotation speed. The pneumatic rotation assisting device according to claim 1, wherein the device as a whole has a mechanism and structure that specifically realizes energy saving of raw resources.
JP2011251069A 2011-10-31 2011-10-31 Pneumatic type rotation assisting device Pending JP2013096402A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0685955U (en) * 1993-05-28 1994-12-13 達 加賀谷 Continuously variable transmission that improves fuel efficiency with an air motor
JPH0783307A (en) * 1993-09-01 1995-03-28 Hideyuki Tanimoto Torque transmitting mechanism
JP2003106251A (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-09 Yutaka Fukuda Micromini-hydraulic circulation-type electrostatic generator
JP2005503512A (en) * 2001-09-14 2005-02-03 トイフェル,エーリヒ Piston reciprocating engine with rotary cylinder
JP3112598U (en) * 2004-11-18 2005-08-25 宗平 高島 Wheel-in type rotational auxiliary pneumatic device
JP2009167798A (en) * 2006-10-05 2009-07-30 Inoue Masao Polygonal amplification motor

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0685955U (en) * 1993-05-28 1994-12-13 達 加賀谷 Continuously variable transmission that improves fuel efficiency with an air motor
JPH0783307A (en) * 1993-09-01 1995-03-28 Hideyuki Tanimoto Torque transmitting mechanism
JP2005503512A (en) * 2001-09-14 2005-02-03 トイフェル,エーリヒ Piston reciprocating engine with rotary cylinder
JP2003106251A (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-04-09 Yutaka Fukuda Micromini-hydraulic circulation-type electrostatic generator
JP3112598U (en) * 2004-11-18 2005-08-25 宗平 高島 Wheel-in type rotational auxiliary pneumatic device
JP2009167798A (en) * 2006-10-05 2009-07-30 Inoue Masao Polygonal amplification motor

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