JP2013079550A - Improved foundation and construction method for the same - Google Patents

Improved foundation and construction method for the same Download PDF

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JP2013079550A
JP2013079550A JP2011221161A JP2011221161A JP2013079550A JP 2013079550 A JP2013079550 A JP 2013079550A JP 2011221161 A JP2011221161 A JP 2011221161A JP 2011221161 A JP2011221161 A JP 2011221161A JP 2013079550 A JP2013079550 A JP 2013079550A
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roadbed
layer
waterproof sheet
permeable
synthetic resin
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JP5815360B2 (en
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Kunio Yoshimiya
宮 邦 雄 吉
Satoshi Akaneya
谷 聡 茜
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Akaneya Co Ltd
株式会社茜谷
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a new construction method which can construct a pavement in a short construction period at low costs, with the pavement being capable of surely preventing a crack from being generated in a pavement because of occurrence of an earthquake, interrupting the flow of ground water in the longitudinal (vertical) direction of the pavement, smoothly draining in the horizontal direction, inhibiting washout of sediment, and surely enabling sand boil to be prevented from rising to a surface.SOLUTION: An improved foundation 1 is constructed by laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5, which has a composition and structure capable of guiding and draining water generated due to liquefaction in the horizontal direction and suppressing upheaval of sediment, over closed conduits 3, 3 embedded at least along the outer edge of an excavated present ground 2, and moreover, interposing and laying a geotextile 8 for water-permeable crack prevention between a lower layer earth cover layer 70 and an upper layer earth cover layer 71 on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 to form an earth cover 7.

Description

この発明は、地盤の改良技術に関連するものであり、特に、地震に伴い発生する液状化現象による被害を最小限度に留めることを可能とする各種敷地や道路などの地盤を改良する技術、およびそれによって改良した地盤構造、舗装構造などを提供する分野は勿論のこと、その施工に必要な資材や設機器などの輸送、保管、組み立て、利用に必要となる設備、基器具類を提供、販売する分野から、それら資材や機械装置、部品類に必要となる素材、例えば、木材、石材、各種繊維類、プラスチック、各種金属材料等を提供する分野、それらに組み込まれる電子部品やそれらを集積した制御関連機器の分野、各種計測器の分野、当該設備、器具を動かす動力機械の分野、そのエネルギーとなる電力やエネルギー源である電気、オイルの分野といった一般的に産業機械と総称されている分野、更には、それら設備、器具類を試験、研究したり、それらの展示、販売、輸出入に係わる分野、将又、それらの使用の結果やそれを造るための設備、器具類の運転に伴って発生するゴミ屑の回収、運搬等に係わる分野、それらゴミ屑を効率的に再利用するリサイクル分野などの外、現時点で想定できない新たな分野までと、関連しない技術分野はない程である。
The present invention relates to ground improvement technology, and in particular, technology for improving ground such as various sites and roads that can minimize damage caused by liquefaction caused by an earthquake, and In addition to the fields that provide improved ground structures and pavement structures, we provide and sell equipment and basic equipment necessary for the transportation, storage, assembly and use of materials and equipment necessary for the construction. From the field to provide materials necessary for those materials, machinery and parts, such as wood, stone, various fibers, plastics, various metal materials, etc., electronic components incorporated in them, and integrated them The field of control-related equipment, the field of various measuring instruments, the field of the equipment, the power machine that moves the instrument, the field of electricity and energy as the energy and the field of oil, etc. Fields generally referred to as industrial machinery, as well as testing and researching these facilities and equipment, fields related to display, sales, import / export, results of their use, and results In addition to the fields related to the collection and transportation of garbage debris generated by the operation of equipment and equipment to be built, the recycling field that efficiently recycles these garbage debris, and other new fields that cannot be envisaged at this time There are no unrelated technical fields.
(着目点)
地震に伴い発生する液状化現象は、地中の土砂を地下水と共に地表に吹き出す、所謂噴砂を発生し、路面などに局地的な隆起や陥没を生じ、多大な被害を招くものであり、こうした現象による被害を防止する技術としては、従前から、排水工法(グランベルドレーン工法)、締固め工法(サンドコンパクションパイル工法)、固結工法(深層混合処理工法)、地下水低下工法(ディープウェル工法)などを施工して対策するのが一般的となっているが、こうした工法は、何れも井戸を掘り、パイルを打つなど、地盤に対して縦(上下)方向の強度を強化して対策するという考え方を主眼とするものであり、それら施工に伴う騒音、振動対策を必要とするだけではなく、施工後における地盤沈下の虞などが懸念される外、何よりも多額の施工費用を必要とすることになることから、この度の3・11東日本大震災などのように広域に股がる被害を被むってしまい、道路交通網の復旧、整備などへ長距離に渡る施工を必要とするときなどへの対策には実質的に不可能となってしまうということと、こり度の被害状況からは、それまで採用されてきていた工法自体の実効如何についても疑問を抱くこととなった。
(Points of interest)
The liquefaction phenomenon caused by an earthquake generates so-called sand that blows underground soil and groundwater together with the groundwater, causing local uplift and depression on the road surface, etc. As a technology to prevent damage due to phenomena, the drainage method (Granbel drain method), the compaction method (sand compaction pile method), the consolidation method (deep mixing method), the groundwater reduction method (deep well method), etc. It is common practice to take measures against the ground, but all of these methods are based on the idea of increasing the strength in the vertical (vertical) direction against the ground, such as digging a well and hitting a pile. In addition to the need for noise and vibration countermeasures associated with construction, there is a concern about the possibility of land subsidence after construction, and most of the construction costs As a result, it will suffer widespread damage, such as the 3.11 Great East Japan Earthquake, and will require long-distance construction to restore and maintain the road traffic network. From the fact that it was practically impossible to take measures against time, and from the damage situation of the stiffness, it was questioned about the effectiveness of the construction method that had been adopted so far.
(従来の技術)
こうした状況を反映し、その打開策となるような提案も、これまでに散見されない訳ではない。
例えば、下記の特許文献1(1)に提案されているものに代表されるように、液状化の可能性のある砂地盤の表層部1〜3m程度の範囲を掘削撤去し、排水孔を有する中空ブロックを掘削部に敷き並べ、各中空ブロックには砕石等の間隙形成材を充填し、各ブロック上には、必要に応じて簡易舗装を施し、地震発生時の地盤内における間隙水圧の上昇に伴い、各ブロック下面の排水孔から侵入してくる水を、間隙形成材間の間隙および上面の排水孔を経由する排水路を通じて排出することにより、地盤における間隙水圧の上昇を抑え、液状化を抑制可能とするようにしたものや、同特許文献1(2)に見られるような、コンクリート版の目地上に、樹脂モルタル層およびクラック防止シートからなる舗装用板状部材を配置し、該板状部材上にシートを介してアスファルト層を敷設するようにしてなるものとし、コンクリート版の伸縮により目地部に応力等が加わってもその応力を板状部材が緩和し、アスファルト層に分散してアスファルト層にクラックが発生するのを防止可能としてなるものなどが散見される。
(Conventional technology)
Proposals that reflect this situation and serve as a breakthrough are not unheard of.
For example, as typified by what is proposed in Patent Document 1 (1) below, the surface layer portion of the sand ground having a possibility of liquefaction is excavated and removed and has a drain hole. Hollow blocks are lined up in the excavation area, each hollow block is filled with gap forming material such as crushed stone, and simple paving is applied on each block as necessary to increase the pore water pressure in the ground when an earthquake occurs As a result, water entering from the drain holes on the lower surface of each block is discharged through the drainage channel via the gap between the gap forming material and the drain hole on the upper surface, thereby suppressing the increase in pore water pressure in the ground and liquefaction. A pavement plate-like member composed of a resin mortar layer and a crack prevention sheet is disposed on the surface of the concrete plate, as shown in Patent Document 1 (2), On the plate The asphalt layer shall be laid through a sheet, and even if stress is applied to the joints due to the expansion and contraction of the concrete plate, the plate member will relieve the stress and disperse in the asphalt layer to form the asphalt layer. There are some things that can prevent cracks from occurring.
しかし、前者特許文献1(1)に示されているような施工敷地範囲内に渡り、多数の中空ブロックを敷設する舗装工法は、各中空ブロックの排水孔を通じて地下水を水平方向に排水するのに有効であり、舗装の縦(上昇)方向への地下水の流出を抑制することができるという効果が得られるが、各中空ブロック同士は敷き並べられているだけなので、大地震などの地盤の変動によって、それら機材は簡単に連携を崩し、崩壊、移動してしまうのは必然であり、その結果、それに起因して、例えば舗装に亀裂が生じさせて噴砂現象を惹起してしまうことが容易に予想され、片や、後者特許文献1(2)に代表するような、コンクリート版の目地上に舗装用板状部材を配置してなるものなどでは、コンクリート版目地上のアスファルト層に亀裂が生じるのを効果的に防止できるとはいうものの、地盤中における液状化による噴砂現象の抑制には全く繋がらないという致命的な欠点を残すものであった。
(1)特開平6−146255号公報 (2)特開平7−119114号公報 (3)特許第3100398号公報
However, the paving method that lays a large number of hollow blocks over the construction site range as shown in the former patent document 1 (1) is to drain groundwater horizontally through the drainage holes of each hollow block. It is effective, and the effect that the outflow of groundwater in the vertical (ascending) direction of the pavement can be suppressed is obtained, but each hollow block is only laid side by side. Therefore, it is inevitable that these equipments will be easily broken, collapsed, and moved, and as a result, for example, it is easily expected that a crack will occur in the pavement and cause a sandblast phenomenon. In the case of a piece or a plate-like member arranged on the surface of a concrete plate, as represented by the latter patent document 1 (2), etc., there is a crack in the asphalt layer on the surface of the concrete plate. Nevertheless it prevented Jill to effectively was achieved, leaving a fatal defect that does not lead at all to the suppression of sand boiling phenomenon caused by liquefaction in the ground.
(1) JP-A-6-146255 (2) JP-A-7-119114 (3) Japanese Patent No. 3100388
(問題意識)
上述したとおり、従前までに提案のある各種液状化対策技術などは、何れも井戸の掘削やパイルの打ち込みなどといった地盤の根本的改良に多額の工事費用を必要とするなどから、広範囲に及ぶ対策施工には適合し難くなるというだけではなく、液状化防止対策として、縦(上下)方向強度の増強を主眼とした地盤改良に対する実効に疑問を残す結果となった現状を踏まえると、より低コストで迅速に施工可能で、実効ある液状化対策の早期実現の必要性は焦眉の急であり、永年、様々な土木工事に応じて柔軟、適切に対応する中で高品質の施工法の開発、実施に数多く携わってきて信頼性ある地盤改良技術を提供し続け、それらから得られた様々な知見、および、震災後の被害状況を調査した各種資料や、施工主、利用者を含む様々な方面からなどの情報に基づき、地面の亀裂や舗装目地の継ぎ目などから噴砂を生じて被害を拡大する事態を回避するようにし、被災後の復旧工事件数を極力抑えて復旧経費の大幅な削減を果たすようにすることが必要であるという認識を持つに至り、そのためには、従前から踏襲されてきていた地盤の縦(上下)方向への地盤強化という対策技術について根本的な見直しを要することに想到し、その実現化を痛感するに至ったものである。
(Awareness of problems)
As described above, the various liquefaction countermeasure technologies that have been proposed so far require a wide range of countermeasures, such as requiring a large amount of construction costs for the fundamental improvement of the ground, such as drilling wells or driving piles. Not only is it difficult to adapt to construction, but it is also less costly in light of the current situation that has left questions about the effectiveness of ground improvement with the main focus on increasing longitudinal (vertical) strength as a liquefaction prevention measure. The need for early implementation of effective liquefaction countermeasures is urgent, and high-quality construction methods can be developed in response to various civil engineering works for many years. We have been involved in many implementations and have continued to provide reliable ground improvement technologies. Various knowledge obtained from them, various materials surveyed after the earthquake, and various information including contractors and users. Direction Based on such information, we will avoid a situation where sandblasting from ground cracks or joints of pavement joints causes damage to be expanded, reducing the number of restoration works after the disaster as much as possible, and greatly reducing restoration costs. In order to achieve this, it is thought that a fundamental review of the countermeasure technology for ground reinforcement in the vertical (vertical) direction of the ground that has been followed has been required. However, it has come to a realization that its realization.
(発明の目的)
そこで、この発明は、従前から地盤強化技術の根本的な見直しという視点に立脚し、地震発生に伴う地面などの亀裂発生を確実に抑止可能になると共に、地盤縦(上下)方向への地下水の流動を遮断し、水平方向への排水を誘導して土砂の流失を阻止し、地表への噴砂を確実に防止可能とするようにし、短工期で安価に施工可能とする新たな施工技術の開発はできないものかとの判断から、逸速くその開発、研究に着手し、長期に渡る試行錯誤と幾多の試作、実験とを繰り返してきた結果、今回、遂に新規な構造の改良地盤、およびその新規な施工方法を実現化することに成功したものであり、以下では、図面に示すこの発明を代表する実施例と共に、その構成を詳述することとする。
(Object of invention)
Therefore, the present invention is based on the viewpoint of fundamental review of ground strengthening technology from the past, and it is possible to surely prevent the occurrence of cracks in the ground due to the occurrence of an earthquake, and groundwater in the vertical (up and down) direction of the ground. Development of new construction technology that cuts off the flow, induces drainage in the horizontal direction, prevents the sediment from flowing out, reliably prevents the sand from blowing onto the surface of the earth, and enables construction at low cost in a short construction period. As a result of the long-term trial and error, many trial productions, and experiments, we finally started the development and research from the judgment of whether it can be done. The construction method has been successfully realized, and hereinafter, the configuration thereof will be described in detail together with an embodiment representing the present invention shown in the drawings.
(発明の構成)
図面に示すこの発明を代表する実施例からも明確に理解されるように、この発明の改良地盤は、基本的に次のような構成から成り立っている。
即ち、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成してなるものとした構成を要旨とする改良地盤である。
(Structure of the invention)
As will be clearly understood from the embodiments representing the present invention shown in the drawings, the improved ground of the present invention basically comprises the following configuration.
In other words, it is possible to guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction in the horizontal direction across the culvert buried at least along the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth, and suppresses the rise of sediment A synthetic resin film formed by molding a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex composition on the front surface and a concave surface on the back surface, and each protrusion protrusion tip of the synthetic resin film. On the top, a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet is formed by laminating, sticking and integrating synthetic resin water permeable geotextiles with a laminar gap for drainage guidance, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, a lower covering soil layer and It is an improved ground having a configuration in which a cover soil is formed by laying and laying a geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks between the upper cover soil layer.
この基本的な構成からなる改良地盤は、その表現を変えて示すならば、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成し、地震に伴う液状化で現地盤中に湧き出す水を、該水平排水型防水シートが、水平方向に誘導・排水可能にすると共に、現地盤の隆起を阻止可能とし、各暗渠が、それら暗渠間範囲内からの円滑な排水と、土砂の流失阻止とを行い、該透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルが、覆土のクラックを防止可能としてなるものとした構成からなる改良地盤となる。     The improved ground consisting of this basic structure, if expressed in a different way, is liquefied over the culvert buried at least along the outer edge of the local ground excavated to the required depth. It has a composition and structure that can guide and drain the springing water in the horizontal direction and suppress the rise of earth and sand, and has formed a plurality of underground fixing protrusions that are convex on the surface and concave on the back. A horizontal drainage waterproof sheet that has a synthetic resin film, and a synthetic resin water-permeable geotextile is laminated, adhered, and integrated with a laminar gap for drainage guidance on the protrusions of each synthetic resin film. In addition, on the horizontal drainage tarpaulin, a geotextile for preventing permeable cracks is interposed between the lower cover layer and the upper cover layer. The water that springs in the horizontal drainage mold The water sheet can be guided and drained in the horizontal direction, and the uplift of the local board can be prevented, and each culvert performs smooth drainage from within the range between the culverts and prevents the sediment from flowing, The geotextile for preventing cracking becomes an improved ground having a configuration that can prevent cracking of the covering soil.
より具体的には、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成し、該覆土上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装してなるものとした構成からなる改良地盤となる。     More specifically, it is possible to horizontally guide and drain the water that is liquefied over the culverts buried at least along the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth and leveled. And a synthetic resin film formed by molding a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface. A horizontal drainage waterproof sheet formed by laminating, sticking and integrating a synthetic resin water-permeable geotextile with a laminar gap for drainage guidance is laid on the protruding ends of each protrusion, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, Between the lower cover soil layer and the upper cover soil layer, a geotextile for preventing permeable cracks is interposed, and a covered soil is formed, and the base layer and the surface layer are sequentially constructed and paved on the cover soil. It becomes an improved ground.
さらに具体的に示すと、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある透水管暗渠上間に渡り、水平排水型防水シートであるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を介在、敷設した覆土を形成してなるものとした構成からなる改良地盤となる。     More specifically, it is a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by Tema (Italy), which is a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet across at least the outer perimeter of the perimeter of the local board excavated to the required depth and leveled. Fond drain plus (trade name) was laid, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, between the lower soil covering layer and the upper soil covering layer, made by Tema (Italy) X grid PET (Geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks) It becomes an improved ground consisting of a structure formed by forming a covering soil with a product name) interposed and laid.
これを換言すると、所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠を埋設した上、それら暗渠上間および路床上に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設し、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した路盤を形成してなるものとした構成からなる改良地盤ということができる。     In other words, a roadbed is formed on a local board that is excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and a culvert with a predetermined permeability coefficient is provided along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the upper end of the roadbed. It has a composition and structure that can be horizontally guided and drained from the liquefaction between the culverts and on the roadbed, and can suppress the rise of the roadbed earth and sand. , Has a synthetic resin film formed with a plurality of concave fixing protrusions on the back surface, and a synthetic resin film with a laminar gap for drainage guidance on the protruding part of each synthetic resin film A horizontal drainage waterproof sheet is formed by laminating, sticking and integrating permeable geotextiles, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, a geotextile for preventing permeable cracks is interposed between the lower layer roadbed and the upper layer roadbed. Forming a laid roadbed It can be said that the improved ground consisting of the construction of.
より具体的に示すと、所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の透水管暗渠を埋設した上、それら透水管暗渠上間および路床上に、水平排水型防水シートであるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)を敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を介在、敷設した路盤を形成してなるものとした構成からなる改良地盤となる。     More specifically, a roadbed is formed on a local board excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and has a predetermined hydraulic conductivity along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the upper end of the roadbed. After burying permeable pipe culverts, a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (trade name) is installed between the permeable pipe culverts and on the road floor, and the horizontal drainage waterproof A structure in which a roadbed made by laying and laying Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) as a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks is formed on the sheet between the lower roadbed and the upper roadbed. An improved ground consisting of
さらに具体的に示すと、所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の透水管暗渠を埋設した上、それら透水管暗渠上間および路床上に、水平排水型防水シートであるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)を敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を介在、敷設した路盤を形成し、該路盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装してなるものとした構成からなる改良地盤ということができる。     More specifically, a road bed is formed on a local board that has been excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and has a predetermined hydraulic conductivity along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the upper end of the road bed. After burying permeable pipe culverts, a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (trade name) is installed between the permeable pipe culverts and on the road floor, and the horizontal drainage waterproof On the sheet, a roadbed made by laying and laying Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) as a geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks is formed between the lower roadbed and the upper roadbed, and the base layer is formed on the roadbed. It can be said that it is an improved ground consisting of a construction in which the surface layer is constructed and paved sequentially.
(関連する発明)
上記した改良地盤に関連し、この発明には、その施工方法も包含している。
即ち、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って暗渠を埋設し、各暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成するようにしてなるものとした、この発明の基本をなす上記したとおりの改良地盤の施工方法である。
(Related invention)
In connection with the above-described improved ground, the present invention also includes its construction method.
In other words, a culvert is buried along at least the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth, and the water that is liquefied over the culvert can be guided and drained in the horizontal direction. A synthetic resin film formed by molding a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface, and each protrusion of the synthetic resin film. A horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating a synthetic resin water-permeable geotextile with a laminar gap for drainage guidance is laid on the projecting tip, and then a lower layer covering soil is placed on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet. It is a construction method for the improved ground as described above, which forms the covering soil laid by interposing a geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks between the layer and the upper covering soil layer, and forming the covering soil laid. .
この改良地盤の施工方法を表現を変えて示すと、所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠を埋設した上、それら暗渠上間および路床上に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した路盤を形成してなるものとした、この発明の基本となる上記したとおりの改良地盤の施工方法ということができる。     When this improved ground construction method is expressed in different ways, a roadbed is formed on a local board that is excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the upper end of the roadbed. In addition, a culvert with a predetermined hydraulic conductivity is embedded along the pit, and the composition that makes it possible to guide and drain water that is liquefied horizontally between the culverts and on the roadbed, and to suppress the rise of the roadbed soil, It has a structure made of a synthetic resin film in which a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface are molded. After laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating synthetic resin water permeable geotextiles with a laminar gap for guidance, on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, between the lower layer roadbed and the upper layer roadbed , Through geotextile for preventing water permeability cracks It can was made by forming a laid the roadbed, that the underlying method of constructing the ground improved as described above according to the present invention.
より具体的に示すと、所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠を埋設した上、それら暗渠上間および路床上に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した路盤を形成し、必要に応じて該路盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装するようにしてなるものとした、この発明の基本となる上記したとおりの改良地盤の施工方法となる。
More specifically, a roadbed is formed on a local board excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and has a predetermined hydraulic conductivity along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the upper end of the roadbed. In addition to burying underdrains, the composition and structure that can guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction in the horizontal direction between the underdrains and on the roadbed, and can suppress the rise of the roadbed earth and sand, on the surface It has a synthetic resin film formed with multiple convex fixing protrusions that are convex and concave on the back surface, and a synthetic layered gap for drainage induction is synthesized on the protruding part of each synthetic resin film. After laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating resin water permeable geotextiles, the geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks is placed on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet between the lower and upper layer roadbeds. To form a roadbed Base layer 該路 surface plate, the surface layer sequentially if necessary, was made so as to installation and paving, a method of constructing the ground improved as described above forms the basis of the present invention.
以上のとおり、この発明の改良地盤によれば、従前までのものとは違い、上記したとおりの固有の特徴ある構成から、低廉且つ短工期で施工可能でありながら、地震などに伴い現地盤中に液状化現象による湧き水が発生した場合にあっても、現地盤上に敷設した水平排水型防水シートが、湧き水を覆土層下に沿って水平方向に誘導すると共に、水分のみを暗渠を通じて速やかに排水し、覆土層よりも上方への噴砂を確実に防止可能であり、液状化に伴う覆土層の隆起や崩壊を確実に阻止することができる上、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に介在させた透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルが、覆土層の高い透・排水性を確保し、且つ、覆土の水平方向への伸縮強度およびクラックに対する耐久強度を格段に高めたものとすることができるという秀れた特徴が得られるものである。     As described above, according to the improved ground of the present invention, unlike the conventional one, it is possible to construct at a low cost and in a short construction period from the unique characteristic configuration as described above, Even if spring water is generated due to liquefaction, the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet laid on the local board guides the spring water horizontally along the cover layer, and quickly removes only moisture through the underdrain. It is possible to drain and reliably prevent sand blowing above the soil cover layer, and to prevent the soil cover layer from rising and collapsing due to liquefaction, and between the lower soil cover layer and the upper soil cover layer. The interposed geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks can ensure high permeability and drainage of the soil covering layer, and can greatly increase the stretching strength in the horizontal direction of the soil covering and the durability against cracks. Soo features referred are those obtained.
加えて、覆土上に基層、表層を順次、施工してなるものは、一段と上質で耐久強度の高い舗装を実現化することができるから、覆土のみの施工に加え、多様な顧客ニーズに対して、より広く応えることのできる施工例を提供することができるものとなる。     In addition, since the base layer and surface layer that have been constructed in sequence on the soil cover can realize a pavement with higher quality and higher durability, it is possible to meet various customer needs in addition to the soil cover construction alone. Therefore, it is possible to provide a construction example that can be more widely met.
さらに、水平排水型防水シートとして、それまでは構築物の防水施工材として、専らコンクリート打設面にしか採用されることのなかったテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)を、同社の許可の下で、地盤面に直接敷設して専ら水平方向への強度補強と遮水機能達成目途としてなる改良地盤によれば、特有の排水誘導用の層状間隙、および防水貼着機構などによって広範囲に渡る現地盤をより確実に防水することができるものとなり、また、同様に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルにテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を、同様、同社の許可の下で、採用してなる改良地盤によれば、ジオテキスタイル素材の軽量且つ高強度な品質が、施工作業を簡便なものとし、格段に耐久性および排水性に秀れた覆土を実現化できるものになるという効果を奏するものになる。     Furthermore, as a horizontal drainage type tarpaulin, Teflon Drain Plus (trade name) made by Tema (Italy), which was previously used only for the concrete placement surface as a waterproof construction material for construction, According to the improved ground, which is laid directly on the ground surface with the permission of the above and is intended to achieve the strength reinforcement and water shielding function exclusively in the horizontal direction, due to the layered gap for water drainage guidance and waterproof sticking mechanism etc. It is possible to more reliably waterproof a wide range of local boards. Similarly, Tema's (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) is also used as a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks, as well as the company's permission. Below, according to the improved ground adopted, the lightweight and high-strength quality of the geotextile material makes the construction work simpler, and has outstanding durability and drainage. It becomes what an effect that becomes what can realize the cover soil.
そして、この発明の改良地盤による舗装を施してなる道路によれば、従前までの液状化対策技術の施されたものであれば、大地震で一瞬にして広大な範囲に激震が及び、長大な総延長距離の道路に点在するように液状化による甚大な被害を受けてしまう事態を、結果として避けることができなかったものが、従前までよりも遙かに低予算にて、水平排水型防水シートおよび透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを敷設するという簡便な施工によって、液状化に伴う道路施設への被害を大幅に低減し、格段に耐久強度に秀れた舗装道路を提供できるという秀れた効果が得られるものになる。     And according to the road that has been paved by the improved ground of the present invention, if a conventional liquefaction countermeasure technology has been applied, a major earthquake will hit a vast range in a moment and a long earthquake As a result, it was impossible to avoid the situation where the liquefaction was so severe that it was scattered on the road of the total extension distance, but it was a horizontal drainage type with much lower budget than before. The simple construction of laying waterproof sheets and geotextiles for preventing water permeable cracks greatly reduced the damage to road facilities caused by liquefaction, and provided a paved road with exceptional durability. An effect is obtained.
この発明の改良地盤による舗装道路に、水平排水型防水シートとしてテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)を、また、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を夫々採用してなるものは、それら特有の防水吊着機構などによって広範囲に渡る路盤以上の舗装層を所定幅員に渡り、より確実に防水することができる上、それら素材の軽量且つ高強度な品質が、施工作業を簡便し、一段と高強度の路盤を実現化できるものになるという効果を奏するものである。     Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (trade name) as a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet on the paved road with the improved ground of the present invention, and Tema (Italy) X grid PET as a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks (Product name) is adopted, each of which has a pavement layer over a wide range of roadbeds over a wide range by a unique waterproof suspension mechanism, etc., and can be waterproofed more reliably, and the light weight of these materials In addition, the high strength quality has the effect of simplifying the construction work and realizing a higher strength roadbed.
加えて、この発明の改良地盤による舗装道路の路盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工してなるものとしたものは、より高い走行安全性と耐久強度とを達成することができ、前述と同様に、水平排水型防水シートおよび透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルによる、路面強度の向上と、液状化現象に起因する路面の隆起をより確実に防止できるものとすることができる。     In addition, the construction in which the base layer and the surface layer are sequentially constructed on the roadbed of the paved road by the improved ground of the present invention can achieve higher traveling safety and durability strength, as described above. In addition, it is possible to more reliably prevent the road surface from being raised and the road surface from being raised due to the liquefaction phenomenon by the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet and the geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks.
そして、この発明の改良地盤の施工方法によれば、一般的な地盤整備工事の適切な工程段階の途中で、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上面に対し、水平排水型防水シートを敷設し、また、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成するという特有の構成により、シンプルな作業工程で簡単、迅速且つ正確に施工することが可能である上、従前までの軟弱地盤の改良工事に比較して格段に低コストにて施工できるようになるという秀れた特徴を発揮することができる。     And according to the improved ground construction method of the present invention, the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet is applied to the upper surface of the local ground excavated to the required depth in the middle of the appropriate process stage of general ground maintenance work. Simple work with a unique construction of laying and forming a covered soil on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, with a geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks interposed between the lower cover soil layer and the upper cover soil layer In addition to being able to construct easily, quickly and accurately in the process, it has the excellent feature that it can be constructed at a much lower cost than conventional soft ground improvement work. it can.
さらに、この発明の改良地盤の施工方法を道路の地盤改良に採用することにより、従前までの各種工法では、膨大な費用と長期に亘る工期を避けることができず、道路管理者に長期に亘り、コスト的にも人的にも多大な負担を強いるものとなってしまっていたものが、こうした弊害を一切解消し、一般的な道路整備のための工事と略同等の労力と工期とにより、格段に低コストで液状化による被害を防止可能とする道路を施工することができるものになるという秀れた効果を得ることができ、加えて、この発明の改良地盤の施工方法を採用した道路施工に際し、路盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工するようにしてなるものでは、安全な車両走行に適する平滑でスリップし難い高品質の路面舗装を実現化することができるという効果を奏するものとなる。
Furthermore, by adopting the improved ground construction method of the present invention for road ground improvement, various conventional construction methods cannot avoid enormous costs and long construction periods, and the road manager can be extended for a long time. , Which had become a heavy burden both in terms of cost and human beings, all these problems were eliminated, and with the work and construction period almost the same as general road maintenance work, A road that can achieve the excellent effect of being able to construct a road that can prevent damage due to liquefaction at a significantly lower cost, and in addition, a road that employs the improved ground construction method of the present invention When construction, the base layer and the surface layer are constructed in order on the roadbed, and the effect is that it is possible to realize a high-quality road pavement that is suitable for safe vehicle running and is difficult to slip. It made.
上記したとおりの構成からなるこの発明の実施に際し、その最良もしくは望ましい形態について説明を加えることにする。
当該改良地盤は、通常の舗装と同等の機能を発揮する上、地下に含有する水分量が多く、地震に伴って液状化現象の発生が懸念される敷地に施工し、液状化現象による亀裂、陥没、隆起などの各種変形や破損から舗装を保護可能とする機能を担うものであり、例えば、各種道路、駐車場、グラウンド、公園、庭園、またはその他の施設や敷地に採用することが可能であり、地盤面積に応じて外縁間を幾つかに分割して複数列に暗渠を敷設し、各暗渠間には水平排水型防水シートを夫々分割、敷設し、覆土は、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在し、それら地盤面積全体を連続、カバーするようにしてなるものとすることができる。
In implementing the present invention having the above-described configuration, the best or desirable mode will be described.
The improved ground exhibits the same functions as ordinary pavement, and is built on a site where there is a large amount of moisture contained in the basement and the occurrence of a liquefaction phenomenon due to an earthquake. It has a function to protect the pavement from various deformations and breaks such as depressions and bumps, and can be used for various roads, parking lots, grounds, parks, gardens, or other facilities and sites. Yes, the outer edge is divided into several parts according to the ground area, and culverts are laid in multiple rows, and horizontal drainage waterproof sheets are divided and laid between each culvert, and the cover soil is a geotextile for preventing permeable cracks And the entire ground area can be continuously covered.
現地盤は、当該改良地盤の路床、およびそれ以上の舗装全体を支持する原地盤部分であり、施工前の地表を覆土または路床形成の深さまで掘削し、露出させた地下部分ということになり、当該改良地盤施工の対象となるのは、基本的に多量の水分を含み、地震の発生に伴い液状化現象を生じる虞のある地層であるということが可能であるが、通常は乾燥状態にあっても、周辺の地形や地層、各種施設などから、地震や事故などの発生に伴い、多量の水分が地層中に流入し、その結果としてそれ以降、液状化現象を生じ易くなる虞がある土地を所定深さまで掘削、露出させた場所などとすることが可能であり、地中の水分含有量などの各種条件に制限を受けるものではない。     The local board is the original ground part that supports the roadbed of the improved ground and the entire pavement beyond it, and it is an underground part that has been excavated and exposed to the depth of covering or roadbed formation before construction. Therefore, it is possible to say that the improved ground construction is basically a layer that contains a large amount of moisture and may cause liquefaction due to the occurrence of an earthquake. However, there is a risk that a large amount of moisture will flow into the formation due to the occurrence of earthquakes and accidents from the surrounding topography, geological formations, various facilities, etc., and as a result, liquefaction may easily occur thereafter. It is possible to make a place where a certain land has been excavated and exposed to a predetermined depth, and is not limited by various conditions such as moisture content in the ground.
路床は、それ以上の舗装と一体となって地上からの荷重を分散支持すると共に、その上端と下層路盤下端との間に水平排水型防水シートを敷設状に支持可能とする機能を担い、水平排水型防水シートの凹凸形状に噛合状となって水平排水型防水シートの上下、水平方向へのズレや滑動を阻止可能としてなるものとしなければならず、施工の対象となる現地盤は、軟弱地盤であることが多いから、地盤の一定の厚さを良質土に入れ替えて施工するのが望ましく、セメントや石灰等などを用いた簡易的な安定化処理を施すことも可能であるが、基本的には過度な防・排水や固結などの工事は一切不要である。     The roadbed is integrated with the further pavement and supports the load from the ground in a distributed manner, and bears the function of enabling the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet to be supported in a laying manner between its upper end and the lower layer subbase, It must mesh with the uneven shape of the horizontal drainage tarpaulin so that it can prevent vertical displacement and sliding in the horizontal direction and the horizontal drainage tarpaulin. Since it is often soft ground, it is desirable to replace the fixed thickness of the ground with high-quality soil, and it is possible to perform a simple stabilization process using cement, lime, etc. Basically, excessive work such as prevention, drainage and consolidation is unnecessary.
暗渠は、水平排水型防水シート下の現地盤や路床などで液状化した砂水の中の水分のみを当該改良地盤範囲外に円滑に排水可能とする機能を担い、土砂を殆ど排出せず、水分のみを分離、排水可能とする所定透水係数のものを採用しなければならず、土砂の排出を抑制したり、透水係数を調整したりする目的から、周囲や適所にフィルターなどを適宜装着したものとすることができ、施工性や経済性を考慮すると、後述する実施例にも示すように、多孔質素材製の可撓性パイプや、全面有孔の排水パイプなどを、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも左右外がわ縁に沿って埋設したものとすることができ、対象となる地盤面積に応じて外縁間を幾つかに分割して複数列状、格子状、枝別れ状など、地形に応じて円滑な排水を実現可能とする様々な配置状態の何れかとするよう敷設した上、各暗渠間には水平排水型防水シートを夫々分割、敷設し、覆土は、それら全体を連続、カバーするように施工してなるものとすることができる。     The culvert has a function that allows only the water in the sand water liquefied on the local board or roadbed under the horizontal drainable tarpaulin to be drained smoothly outside the improved ground area, and does not discharge most of the earth and sand. A filter with a predetermined permeability that allows only water to be separated and drained must be used. Filters and the like are appropriately installed around and at appropriate locations for the purpose of suppressing sediment discharge and adjusting the permeability. In consideration of workability and economic efficiency, the flexible pipe made of a porous material, the drainage pipe with a full hole, etc., as shown in the examples described later, have the required depth. It is assumed that at least the left and right outer sides of the local board excavated and leveled are embedded along the edge of the ground, and the outer edges are divided into several rows according to the target ground area, in a plurality of rows and grids Smooth drainage according to the terrain, such as branching The horizontal drainage waterproof sheet is divided and laid between each culvert, and the covering soil is constructed so as to cover and cover the whole. be able to.
水平排水型防水シートは、敷設範囲内の液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする機能を担い、、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなるものとしなければならず、後述する実施例に示すように、テマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)の外、同社製のテフォンドドレン(商品名)やテフォンドHP(商品名)などとすることができる。     Horizontal drainage tarpaulin is responsible for the function of horizontally guiding and draining the water that springs from liquefaction within the laying range, and suppressing the rise of earth and sand. A synthetic resin film formed by molding a plurality of ground fixing protrusions, and a synthetic resin permeable geotextile with a laminar gap for drainage guidance is laminated on each protrusion of the synthetic resin film. As shown in the examples described later, in addition to Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (product name), the company's Tefond drain (product name) Or HP (product name).
覆土は、歩行や車両の走行などを安全且つ円滑に行えるよう、地表面を平らに均すと共に、地表に加わる荷重を現地盤に分散可能なものとする機能を担い、下層覆土層と上層覆土層とを有し、それら下層覆土層および上層覆土層の間には、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設してなるものとしなければならず、粒度を均質化していない粒状材を敷き詰めた下層覆土層と、粒度を均質化した粒状材を敷き詰めた上層覆土層との間に透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設してなるものとすることができる外、後述する実施例に示すように、現地産の粒状材を利用した下層路盤と、一定粒度の粒状材に瀝青や消石灰、生石灰、セメントなどを加えたものからなる上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設してなる路盤に置き換えることが可能である。     Covering soil has the function of leveling the ground surface and dispersing the load applied to the ground surface to the local board so that walking and driving can be performed safely and smoothly. Between the lower soil cover layer and the upper soil cover layer, a geotextile for preventing water permeability cracks must be interposed and laid, and granular materials whose particle sizes are not uniform are spread. A geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks may be interposed and laid between the lower covering soil layer and the upper covering soil layer laid with a granular material having a uniform particle size, as shown in the examples described later. In addition, a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks between a lower layer roadbed using locally produced granular material and an upper layer roadbed made by adding bitumen, slaked lime, quicklime, cement, etc. to a granular material of a fixed particle size. Interposed yl, it is possible to replace the roadbed formed by laying.
下層覆土層は、現地盤の不陸を均し、上層覆土層からの荷重を現地盤に分散、伝達可能とする機能を分担し、砕石や砂利などの粗粒度の材料を締め固めてなるものとすることができ、上層覆土層は、地表面を平滑且つ滑り難い安全なものにすると共に、地上からの荷重を下層覆土層に分散、伝達可能とする機能を担い、密粒度の材料を締め固めてなるものとすることができ、運動場や競技場などのようなグラウンドや庭園、歩道、道路などを形成することができる。     The lower soil cover layer equalizes the unevenness of the local board, distributes and transmits the load from the upper soil cover layer to the local board, and compacts coarse-grained materials such as crushed stone and gravel. The upper soil cover layer has a function to make the ground surface smooth and hard to slide, and to distribute and transmit loads from the ground to the lower soil cover layer. It can be solidified and can form grounds such as playgrounds and stadiums, gardens, sidewalks, roads and the like.
路盤は、交通などによる荷重を分散し、路床に伝える機能を担い、比較的支持力の小さい廉価な素材を用いた下層路盤、不織布、織布、紐や糸状の樹脂フィルムによる織布などからなる透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル、および、支持力の大きな良質の材料からなる上層路盤からなるものとしなければならず、後述する実施例に示すように、下層路盤は、現地産の砕石やスラグなどの粒状材を利用したり、それら粒状材に消石灰や生石灰、セメントなどで安定処理したものを用いたものとするのが望ましく、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルは、テマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPETを採用することができ、上層路盤は、一定粒度の砕石やスラグを敷き詰めるか、砕石や現地産材料などに瀝青や消石灰、生石灰、セメントなどを加えて硬化させ、支持力を高めたものとするのが望ましい。     The roadbed has a function to disperse the load due to traffic and transmit it to the roadbed. From the lower layer roadbed using a low-cost material with a relatively small supporting capacity, non-woven fabric, woven fabric, woven fabric made of string or thread-like resin film It must be composed of a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks and an upper layer roadbed made of a high-quality material with a large bearing capacity. As shown in the examples described later, the lower layer roadbed is locally produced crushed stone, slag, etc. It is desirable to use these granular materials, or those that have been stably treated with slaked lime, quicklime, cement, etc., and geotextiles for preventing water-permeable cracks are manufactured by Tema (Italy) X Grid PET The upper roadbed is covered with crushed stone and slag of a certain particle size, or bitumen, slaked lime, quicklime, cement, etc. In addition cured, it is desirable to those with increased supporting force.
当該改良地盤は、覆土や盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装してなるものとすることが可能であり、基層は、表層に加わる交通荷重を路盤に均一に分散・伝達する機能を担い、表層の一つ下層に敷設されるアスファルト混合物層であり、重車両の交通量に応じて省略することが可能であり、表層は、雨水が下部に浸透するのを防ぎ、交通荷重を分散して下層に伝達すると共に、交通荷重による流動、摩耗、亀裂を抑制し、表面を平坦化して安全走行可能な路面を形成するという機能を担い、アスファルト混合物からなる層とすることができる外、単層、または3層以上のアスファルト舗装、または、コンクリート舗装などを施すことができる。     The improved ground can be constructed by paving and paving the base layer and the surface layer sequentially on the cover and the ground, and the base layer has a function to uniformly distribute and transmit the traffic load applied to the surface layer to the roadbed. It is an asphalt mixture layer laid under one of the surface layers and can be omitted depending on the traffic volume of heavy vehicles, the surface layer prevents rainwater from penetrating to the bottom and distributes traffic load In addition to being transmitted to the lower layer, it suppresses the flow, wear, and cracking caused by traffic load, has the function of flattening the surface and forming a road surface that can be driven safely, and can be a layer made of asphalt mixture, A single layer, three or more layers of asphalt pavement, concrete pavement, or the like can be applied.
当該改良地盤の施工方法は、グラウンドや公園、駐車場、庭などの各種敷地の外、自動車用や自転車用などの各種道路、歩道などを施工する技術であり、所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って暗渠を埋設し、各暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成するようにしてなるものとしなければならず、対象となる地盤面積に応じて外縁間を幾つかに分割して複数列状、格子状、枝別れ状など、地形に応じて円滑な排水を実現可能とする様々な配置状態の何れかとするよう暗渠を敷設した上、各暗渠間には水平排水型防水シートを夫々分割、敷設し、覆土は、それら全体を連続、カバーするように施工を進めるものとすることが可能である。     The improved ground construction method is a technique for constructing various roads and sidewalks for automobiles and bicycles outside grounds, parks, parking lots, gardens, and other sites. The composition and structure that burials are buried along at least the outer edge of the local board, the water that is liquefied over the culverts can be guided and drained horizontally, and the rise of roadbed sediment can be suppressed. And having a synthetic resin film in which a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface are molded, and a drainage guide is provided on each protrusion of the synthetic resin film. After laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating synthetic resin water-permeable geotextiles with layered gaps for use, on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, between the lower cover soil layer and the upper cover soil layer And geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks It must be designed to form a covering soil that has been laid, and divided into several areas, such as multiple rows, grids, branches, etc., depending on the target ground area. In response to the installation of a culvert so that it can be smoothly drained according to the situation, a horizontal drainage tarpaulin is divided and laid between each culvert, and the covering soil is continuous throughout. It is possible to proceed with construction so as to cover.
さらに、当該覆土上や路盤上には、必要に応じて基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装するようにしてなるものとすることが可能であり、舗装の使用や必要条件などに応じて基層のみか、または、表層のみかの何れか一方を形成するようにしたものとすることが可能である。
以下では、図面に示すこの発明を代表する実施例と共に、その構造について詳述することとする。
Furthermore, it is possible to construct and pave the base layer and the surface layer in order on the soil covering and roadbed, if necessary, only the base layer depending on the use and necessary conditions of the pavement. Or only one of the surface layers can be formed.
In the following, the structure of the present invention will be described in detail together with an embodiment representative of the present invention shown in the drawings.
図面は、この発明の改良地盤、およびその施工方法の技術的思想を具現化した代表的な幾つかの実施例を示すものである。
改良地盤を示す縦断面図である。 改良地盤である道路の各層を断面化して示す斜視図である。 水平排水型防水シートを示す斜視図である。 透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを示す斜視図である。 改良地盤による作用を示す縦断面図である。 改良地盤の他の例をを示す縦断面図である。 改良地盤の他の例による作用を示す縦断面図である。 改良地盤のさらに他の例による作用を示す縦断面図である。
The drawings show some typical embodiments embodying the technical idea of the improved ground and the construction method of the present invention.
It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the improved ground. It is a perspective view which cuts and shows each layer of the road which is improved ground. It is a perspective view which shows a horizontal drainage-type waterproof sheet. It is a perspective view which shows the geotextile for water-permeable crack prevention. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the effect | action by an improved ground. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the other example of an improved ground. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the effect | action by the other example of an improved ground. It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view which shows the effect | action by the further another example of the improved ground.
図1ないし図5に示す事例は、掘削した現地盤2の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠3,3上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造の水平排水型防水シート5を敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート5上に、下層覆土層70と上層覆土層71との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル8を介在、敷設した覆土7を形成してなるものとした、この発明の改良地盤における代表的な一実施例をしめすものである。
以下では、この発明の改良地盤の施工方法の一例に従い順次、当該改良地盤1の構造を示して行くこととする。
The example shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 is that it can be guided and drained horizontally in the horizontal direction over the culverts 3 and 3 buried along at least the outer edge of the excavated field board 2 and The horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 having a composition and structure capable of suppressing the earth and sand uplift is laid, and a water-permeable crack is formed on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 between the lower cover soil layer 70 and the upper cover soil layer 71. A typical embodiment of the improved ground according to the present invention, which is formed by forming a covering soil 7 in which a geotextile 8 for prevention is interposed and laid, is shown.
Hereinafter, the structure of the improved ground 1 will be shown sequentially in accordance with an example of the improved ground construction method of the present invention.
それら各図からも明確に把握できるとおり、この発明の改良地盤1は、一般的な道路を形成するものとしてあり、所定幅員Wおよび所要深さDに掘削し、突き固めて均した現地盤2上に、上下厚さ約1mの路床4を形成し、平坦に均した該路床4の上端寄りであって所定幅員Wの左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠3,3(例えばトヨドレンTDZ150:商品名)を埋設した上、それら暗渠3,3上間および路床4上面に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床4土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、図3に示すように、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部51,51,……を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜50を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜50の各突起部51,51,……突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙52をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイル53を積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シート5を敷設したものとする。     As can be clearly understood from these drawings, the improved ground 1 of the present invention is intended to form a general road, and is excavated to a predetermined width W and a required depth D, and struck and leveled. A roadbed 4 having a thickness of about 1 m is formed on the upper side of the roadbed 4. The underdrains 3 and 3 (eg, TDZ150 (trade name) is buried, and the water spilled by liquefaction can be guided and drained horizontally between the culverts 3 and 3 and the upper surface of the road bed 4, and the rise of the road bed 4 earth and sand can be suppressed. As shown in FIG. 3, a synthetic resin film 50 having a plurality of underground fixing protrusions 51, 51,... Having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface is provided. On the protruding ends 51, 51,... Of the synthetic resin film 50, Laminated with a layered gap 52 synthetic resin water permeable geotextile 53 for water induction, and those laid horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet 5 formed by sticking and integrated.
水平排水型防水シート5は、その表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる各突起部51,51,……が、路床4の上部と、後述する下層路盤70の下部とに噛合し、路床4と下層路盤70とが、互いに水平方向に滑り動かないよう結合するよう介在させたものとし、テマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)5を採用した場合には、図2および図3に示すと共に、前記特許文献1(3)に開示されたように、複数枚のテフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)5,5,……各端縁同士の重ね合わせ範囲に形成した複数の連結用短円柱形の接合突起55,55,……と接合凹部56,56,……との間に、シール材ストリップとしての両面粘着テープ57を挟み込み、防水貼着機構54を形成して強固に双方が密着、連結し、一体のシート状とするようにして大面積をカバーするようにしてなるものとすることが可能である。     The horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet 5 has convex portions 51, 51,... Which are convex on the front surface and concave on the back surface, and mesh with the upper portion of the road bed 4 and the lower portion of the lower layer roadbed 70 described later. When the roadbed 4 and the lower roadbed 70 are interposed so as not to slide in the horizontal direction, and the Tema (Italy) Tefondo drain plus (trade name) 5 is adopted, 2 and FIG. 3, and as disclosed in the above-mentioned Patent Document 1 (3), a plurality of tefondo drain plus (trade names) 5, 5,... A double-sided adhesive tape 57 serving as a sealing material strip is sandwiched between a plurality of connecting short cylindrical connecting protrusions 55, 55,... And a connecting recess 56, 56,. Both firmly and firmly connected to each other, It is possible to made so as to cover a large area in the so that.
このように敷設した水平排水型防水シート5上には、その所定幅員Wに渡ってクラッシャラン、切込砂利や安定処理した現地材料などを所定厚みで敷き詰め、締め固めて均し下層覆土層70としての下層路盤70を形成した後、該下層路盤70面上の所定幅員Wに渡り、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル8であるテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)8を展開、敷設した上、粒度調整工法、瀝青安定処理工法、セメント安定処理工法などにて上層覆土層71としての上層路盤71を形成し、所定厚みの覆土7となる路盤7を形成し、さらに、該路盤7上層路盤71面上には、粗粒度アスファルト混合物などの加熱アスファルト混合物からなる基層9で不陸を補正してから、密粒度アスファルト混合物などの加熱アスファルト混合物からなる表層90で舗装6するよう施工するものである。
On the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 laid in this way, the crusher run, the cutting gravel and the stable local material are spread over the predetermined width W with a predetermined thickness, and are compacted and leveled as the lower covering soil layer 70. After forming the lower layer roadbed 70, the Tema (Italy) X grid PET (trade name) 8, which is a geotextile 8 for preventing water-permeable cracks, was developed and laid over the predetermined width W on the surface of the lower layer roadbed 70. In addition, the upper roadbed 71 as the upper cover soil layer 71 is formed by the grain size adjusting method, the bitumen stable treatment method, the cement stable treatment method, etc., and the roadbed 7 that becomes the soil cover 7 having a predetermined thickness is formed. On the surface of the roadbed 71, the unevenness is corrected by the base layer 9 made of a heated asphalt mixture such as a coarse grained asphalt mixture, and then heated asphalt such as a dense grained asphalt mixture. In the surface layer 90 consisting of a mixture is to construction to paving 6.
この発明の改良地盤1は、図6および図7に示すように、グランドや庭園などの舗装6にも採用することが可能でり、その構成につき施工工程に従って示すと以下のようなものとなる。
所要深さに掘削した現地盤2の外縁に沿って暗渠3,3を埋設し、各暗渠3,3間の現地盤2を突き固めると共に、同現地盤2上面および各暗渠3,3上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、図3に示すように、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部51,51,……を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜50を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜50の各突起部51,51,……突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙52をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイル53を積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シート5を敷設したものとする。
As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the improved ground 1 of the present invention can also be used for a pavement 6 such as a ground or a garden. .
The culverts 3 and 3 are buried along the outer edge of the local board 2 excavated to the required depth, and the local board 2 between the culverts 3 and 3 is squeezed. It is a composition and structure that can guide and drain the water that springs from liquefaction in the horizontal direction and suppress the rise of earth and sand, as shown in FIG. Are provided with a synthetic resin coating 50 formed by molding a plurality of underground fixing projections 51, 51,..., And drainage is formed on the projections 51, 51,. It is assumed that a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 formed by laminating, adhering and integrating a synthetic resin water-permeable geotextile 53 with a laminar gap 52 for guidance is assumed.
当該水平排水型防水シート5は、実施例1と同様に、テマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)5を採用するのが望ましく、当該水平排水型防水シート5上には、クラッシャラン、切込砂利や安定処理した現地材料などを所定厚みで敷き詰め、締め固めて均した下層覆土層70、および、粒度調整工法、瀝青安定処理工法、セメント安定処理工法などにてなる上層覆土層71との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル8であるテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)8を展開、敷設状に介在させるよう挟み込み、3層からなる覆土7を形成するよう施工するものである。     As in the first embodiment, the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 is preferably a Tema (Italy) Tefondo drain plus (trade name) 5, and the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 has a crusher run. The lower covering layer 70 laid with a predetermined thickness of cut gravel or locally treated local material, etc., compacted and leveled, and the upper covering layer 71 composed of a grain size adjusting method, a bitumen stabilizing method, a cement stabilizing method, etc. The Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) 8, which is a geotextile 8 for preventing water-permeable cracks, is expanded between and sandwiched so as to be laid in a laying manner to form a three-layer covering soil 7 To do.
(実施例1の作用・効果)
以上のとおりの構成からなるこの発明の改良地盤1は、図1ないし図5の特に図5中の実線矢印Lに示すように、地震などに伴い、現地盤2および路床4に液状化現象が生じた場合には、路床4上に敷設してある水平排水型防水シート5としてのテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)5が、その合成樹脂製皮膜50にて、地上に向け上昇しようとする噴砂Lの上昇を抑え込み、水平方向に誘導し、所定透水係数の各暗渠3,3が、土砂の排出を抑制しつつ水分のみを外部排水経路(図示せず)に向け速やかに排水するものとなる。
(Operation / Effect of Example 1)
The improved ground 1 of the present invention constructed as described above is a liquefaction phenomenon in the local board 2 and the road bed 4 due to an earthquake or the like as shown by a solid arrow L in FIGS. Occurs, Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (trade name) 5 as a horizontal drainage waterproofing sheet 5 laid on the road bed 4 is the synthetic resin film 50, Suppressing the rise of the blown sand L that is going to rise toward the ground, guiding it in the horizontal direction, and the underdrains 3 and 3 having a predetermined hydraulic conductivity allow only the moisture to the external drainage path (not shown) while suppressing the discharge of earth and sand. It will drain quickly.
図2および図3に示すように、水平排水型防水シート5であるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)5は、その合成樹脂製皮膜50表裏面に凹凸形をなす複数の地中定着用突起部51,51,……が、路床4上面および路盤7下層路盤70下面と確り噛合して両者の結合を強化し、現地盤2上の所定幅員W範囲内からのズレ移動や崩壊を阻止可能とするものとなり、路盤7下層路盤70以上から浸透する雨水や、周辺上方地層などから湧き出し、浸透してくる水などは、当該合成樹脂製皮膜50と合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイル53との間に、各地中定着用突起部51,51,……が形成する層状間隙52を通じ、やはり水平方向に向けて誘導、排出するものとなり、各暗渠3,3を通じて円滑に排水可能であるから、路盤7下層路盤70以上の土砂の流失を防止して路盤7以上の舗装6の破壊を防止することができる。     As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5 made by Tema (Italy) Tefondo drain plus (trade name) 5 has a plurality of concave and convex shapes on the front and back surfaces of the synthetic resin film 50. The ground fixing protrusions 51, 51,... Are firmly engaged with the upper surface of the road bed 4 and the lower surface of the roadbed 7 lower layer roadbed 70, strengthening the coupling between them, and shifting from within a predetermined width W range on the local board 2. It becomes possible to prevent movement and collapse, and rainwater that permeates from the roadbed 7 lower layer roadbed 70 or above, water that springs out and penetrates from the upper surrounding strata, and the like are the synthetic resin film 50 and the synthetic resin water permeability. Through the laminar gap 52 formed by the fixing projections 51, 51,... Between the various geotextiles 53 in the various places, and is also guided and discharged in the horizontal direction, and is smoothly drained through the underdrains 3, 3. Because it is possible To prevent erosion of the roadbed 7 underlying subbase 70 or more sediment can be prevented the destruction of the roadbed 7 or more paving 6.
図2および図4に示すように、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル8としてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)8は、表層90、基層9、上層路盤71を通じて浸透する雨水や雪解け水などを、下層路盤70がわに円滑に浸透、流下可能とし、水平排水型防水シート5上に沿った水平方向への迅速な排水を可能とするものとなり、さらに、路盤7下層路盤70と上層路盤71との一体性を高めて、水平方向への伸縮変形を防止して荷重の分散性能を向上し、地震や車両による荷重、振動などに対する耐久強度を高め、クラックの発生を抑制するという効果を得ることができる。     As shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) 8 as geotextile 8 for preventing permeable cracks is a rainwater or a thaw that penetrates through surface layer 90, base layer 9, and upper roadbed 71. Water or the like can be smoothly permeated and flowed into the lower layer roadbed 70, and can be quickly drained in the horizontal direction along the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet 5. Further, Improves integrity with the upper roadbed 71, prevents expansion and contraction in the horizontal direction, improves load dispersion performance, increases durability against earthquakes, vehicle loads and vibrations, and suppresses the occurrence of cracks An effect can be obtained.
(実施例2の作用・効果)
この発明の改良地盤1は、図6および図7に示すように、地震に起因する液状化現象が現地盤2に発生し、噴砂Lが覆土7下層覆土層70に向けて上昇しようとした場合に、水平排水型防水シート5であるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)5が、噴砂Lの上昇を阻止して水平方向に誘導し、所定透水係数の各暗渠3,3を通じて水分のみを外部排水経路(図示せず)に向け、速やかに排水するものとなり、液状化による覆土層7の隆起を防止するものとなり、さらに、覆土7下層覆土層70、上層覆土層71、および該下層覆土層70と上層覆土層71との間に介在する透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル8であるテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)8が、覆土層7の上下方向の透水性を確保して舗装6(覆土層7)に充分な排水性を与えると共に、覆土7の水平方向への伸縮変形を抑制し、クラックの発生を防止可能にするという効果を発生する。
(Operation / Effect of Example 2)
In the improved ground 1 of the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, a liquefaction phenomenon caused by an earthquake occurs in the local board 2, and the sand sand L is going to rise toward the cover soil 7 lower layer cover layer 70. In addition, a horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet 5 made by Tema (Italy) Tefondo drain plus (trade name) 5 prevents the sand sand L from rising and guides it in the horizontal direction. Through this, only the moisture is directed to the external drainage path (not shown), and the water is drained quickly, and the soil covering layer 7 is prevented from rising due to liquefaction, and further, the soil covering 7 is the lower soil covering layer 70, the upper soil covering layer 71, The Tema (Italy) X grid PET (trade name) 8, which is a geotextile 8 for preventing water-permeable cracks interposed between the lower covering layer 70 and the upper covering layer 71, is vertically permeable to the covering layer 7. Secure the sex Together provide sufficient drainage property in instrumentation 6 (soil cover layer 7), to suppress the expansion and contraction deformation in the horizontal direction of the soil cover 7, to generate the effect of enabling preventing the occurrence of cracks.
また、図8中に示すように、下層覆土層70と上層覆土層71との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル8を介在、敷設した覆土7の上面に、適宜粒度のアスファルト製、または、適宜密度のコンクリート製の表層90を施工した改良地盤1は、例えば、大荷重の掛からない歩道、遊歩道、自転車用道路、競技場などのグラウンド、庭園、庭などの地盤を低価格にて改良するのに有効である。     Further, as shown in FIG. 8, an asphalt having an appropriate particle size is formed on the upper surface of the covering soil 7 laid between the lower covering soil layer 70 and the upper covering soil layer 71, with the permeable crack preventing geotextile 8 interposed therebetween, or The improved ground 1 in which the surface layer 90 made of concrete having an appropriate density is constructed, for example, improves the ground such as sidewalks, promenades, bicycle roads, stadiums, grounds, gardens, and gardens where heavy loads are not applied at low cost. It is effective.
(結 び)
叙述の如く、この発明の改良地盤、およびその施工方法は、その新規な構成によって所期の目的を遍く達成可能とするものであり、しかも施工も容易で、従前からの軟弱地盤改良や液状化対策工法などの各種技術に比較し、アースオーガや穿孔機などに代表されるような基礎工事用・大型建設機械などが不要となる上、工事の工数を大幅に削減して遥かに経済的なものとすることができ、ジオテキスタイルの敷設は作業性を大幅に改善すると共に、対象地盤をムラなく安定的に支持して地上からの荷重を効果的に分散するものとなるから、高い耐久性が得られ、施工後のメンテナンスに要する経費を大幅に削減し、格段に経済的な維持管理を実現化するものとなり、従前までは、公的安全の確保や、各種施設の維持管理のため止む無く高額の施工費用を投じなければならなかった、各種道路や駐車場および各種競技場のグラウンドや庭園などの施工者や管理者はもとより、施工費用が高額となってしまう為に、施工を断念するか否か大いに悩むこととなっていた一般家庭や、そうした顧客から施工の依頼を請け負う建築土木業界においても高く評価され、広範に渡って利用、普及していくものになると予想される。
(Conclusion)
As described above, the improved ground of the present invention and the construction method thereof can achieve the intended purpose even by the new configuration, and the construction is easy, and the soft ground improvement and liquefaction from the past are easy. Compared to various techniques such as countermeasure construction methods, foundation construction and large construction machines such as earth augers and drilling machines are not required, and the number of construction work is greatly reduced, making it much more economical. Geotextile laying greatly improves workability, and supports the target ground evenly and distributes loads from the ground effectively. As a result, the cost required for maintenance after construction will be drastically reduced, and a much more economical maintenance will be realized. Until now, there has been no end to ensuring public safety and maintenance of various facilities. Expensive Whether to abandon the construction because the construction cost will be high as well as the construction and management of various roads, parking lots, grounds and gardens of various stadiums, etc. that had to invest construction costs It has been highly evaluated by ordinary households who have been worried about it, as well as the construction and civil engineering industry, which has received construction requests from such customers, and is expected to become widely used and popularized.
1 改良地盤
2 現地盤
3 暗渠
4 路床
5 水平排水型防水シート
50 同 合成樹脂製皮膜
51 同 地中定着用突起部
52 同 層状間隙
53 同 合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイル
54 同 防水貼着機構
55 同 接合突起
56 同 接合凹部
57 同 両面粘着テープ
6 舗装
7 路盤7(覆土)
70 同 下層路盤(下層覆土層)
71 同 上層路盤(上層覆土層)
8 透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイル
9 基層
90 同 表層
W 所定幅員
D 所要深さ
L 噴砂
1 improved ground 2 local board 3 culvert 4 roadbed 5 horizontal drainage type tarpaulin
50 Synthetic resin coating
51 Protrusion for fixing in the ground
52 Layer gap
53 Water-permeable geotextile made of synthetic resin
54 Waterproof adhesion mechanism
55 Same joint protrusion
56 Joint recess
57 Double sided adhesive tape 6 Pavement 7 Roadbed 7 (Cover)
70 Same subbase (lower cover soil layer)
71 The same upper layer roadbed (upper cover soil layer)
8 Geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks 9 Substrates
90 Same surface layer W Predetermined width D Required depth L Sand spray

Claims (10)

  1. 所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成してなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     It is possible to guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction horizontally over the underdrains buried along at least the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth, and to suppress the rise of earth and sand. A synthetic resin film in which a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface are molded, and on each protrusion protrusion tip of the synthetic resin film. Lays a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating synthetic resin water-permeable geotextiles with a laminar gap for drainage guidance, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, a lower cover soil layer and an upper cover soil An improved ground characterized in that a covered soil is formed by interposing a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks between the layers.
  2. 所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成し、地震に伴う液状化で現地盤中に湧き出す水を、該水平排水型防水シートが、水平方向に誘導・排水可能にすると共に、現地盤の隆起を阻止可能とし、各暗渠が、それら暗渠間範囲内からの円滑な排水と、土砂の流失阻止とを行い、該透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルが、覆土のクラックを防止可能としてなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     It is possible to guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction horizontally over the underdrains buried along at least the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth, and to suppress the rise of earth and sand. A synthetic resin film in which a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface are molded, and on each protrusion protrusion tip of the synthetic resin film. Lays a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating synthetic resin water-permeable geotextiles with a laminar gap for drainage guidance, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, a lower cover soil layer and an upper cover soil A geotextile for preventing permeable cracks is interposed between the layers, forming a covered soil, and the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet guides the water that springs into the local board due to liquefaction caused by the earthquake in the horizontal direction. Allow drainage and uplift of local board It is possible to prevent, and each culvert performs smooth drainage from within the range between the culverts and prevents the earth and sand from flowing out, and the geotextile for preventing water permeability cracks can prevent cracking of the cover soil. Improved ground.
  3. 所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成し、該覆土上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装してなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     It is possible to guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction horizontally over the underdrains buried along at least the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth, and to suppress the rise of earth and sand. A synthetic resin film in which a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex shape on the front surface and a concave shape on the back surface are molded, and on each protrusion protrusion tip of the synthetic resin film. Lays a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating synthetic resin water-permeable geotextiles with a laminar gap for drainage guidance, and on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, a lower cover soil layer and an upper cover soil An improved ground characterized in that a covered soil is formed by laying and laying a geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks between the layers, and a base layer and a surface layer are sequentially constructed and paved on the covered soil.
  4. 所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って埋設してある透水管暗渠上間に渡り、水平排水型防水シートであるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を介在、敷設した覆土を形成してなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     Made by Tema (Italy) Tefond Drain Plus (product name), a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet that runs over the culvert pipe buried at least along the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth and leveled After laying, the Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) as a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks is interposed and laid on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet between the lower and upper cover layers. An improved ground characterized by forming a covered soil.
  5. 所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠を埋設した上、それら暗渠上間および路床上に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設し、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した路盤を形成してなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     A roadbed is formed on a local board that has been excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and a culvert with a predetermined hydraulic conductivity is buried along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the top of the roadbed. It is a composition and structure that can guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction in the space between culverts and on the roadbed, and can suppress the rise of roadbed soil, with a convex shape on the front and a concave shape on the back A synthetic resin permeable geotextile with a laminar gap for drainage guidance is laminated on the protruding ends of each synthetic resin film. Laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet that is bonded and integrated, and forming a roadbed with a permeable crack-preventing geotextile on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet between the lower layer and the upper layer Special features Improved ground to.
  6. 所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の透水管暗渠を埋設した上、それら透水管暗渠上間および路床上に、水平排水型防水シートであるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)を敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を介在、敷設した路盤を形成してなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     A road bed is formed on the ground board that has been excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and permeable pipe culverts with a predetermined permeability coefficient are embedded along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width. In addition, a horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet made by Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (trade name) is laid between the permeable pipe underdrains and on the road floor, and on the horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet, An improved ground characterized in that a roadbed with a Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) as a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks is interposed and laid between the upper-layer roadbed.
  7. 所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の透水管暗渠を埋設した上、それら透水管暗渠上間および路床上に、水平排水型防水シートであるテマ社製(イタリア)テフォンドドレンプラス(商品名)を敷設した上、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルとしてのテマ社製(イタリア)XグリッドPET(商品名)を介在、敷設した路盤を形成し、該路盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装してなるものとしたことを特徴とする改良地盤。     A road bed is formed on the ground board that has been excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and permeable pipe culverts with a predetermined permeability coefficient are embedded along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width. In addition, a horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet made by Tema (Italy) Tefond drain plus (trade name) is laid between the permeable pipe underdrains and on the road floor, and on the horizontal drainage type waterproof sheet, A Tema (Italy) X-grid PET (trade name) as a geotextile for preventing water-permeable cracks is interposed between the upper-layer roadbed, and a roadbed is laid, and the base layer and the surface layer are sequentially constructed on the roadbed. An improved ground characterized by paving.
  8. 所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤の少なくとも外縁に沿って暗渠を埋設し、各暗渠上間に渡り、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層覆土層と上層覆土層との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した覆土を形成するようにしてなるものとした、請求項1ないし4何れか一記載の改良地盤の施工方法。     A culvert is buried along at least the outer edge of the local board excavated to the required depth, and the water that is liquefied over the culvert can be guided and drained in the horizontal direction. A synthetic resin film formed by molding a plurality of underground fixing protrusions having a convex composition on the front surface and a concave surface on the back surface, and each protrusion protrusion tip of the synthetic resin film. On the top, after laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet made by laminating, adhering and integrating synthetic resin water-permeable geotextiles with a laminar gap for drainage guidance, on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet, a lower cover soil layer and 5. The improved ground construction method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a cover soil is formed by interposing and laying a geotextile for preventing water permeable cracks between the upper cover soil layer.
  9. 所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠を埋設した上、それら暗渠上間および路床上に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した路盤を形成してなるものとした、請求項5ないし7何れか一記載の改良地盤の施工方法。     A roadbed is formed on a local board that has been excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and a culvert with a predetermined hydraulic conductivity is buried along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the top of the roadbed. It is a composition and structure that can guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction in the space between culverts and on the roadbed, and can suppress the rise of roadbed soil, with a convex shape on the front and a concave shape on the back A synthetic resin permeable geotextile with a laminar gap for drainage guidance is laminated on the protruding ends of each synthetic resin film. After laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet that is bonded and integrated, a roadbed with a permeable crack prevention geotextile interposed between the lower drainage roadbed and the upper layer roadbed on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet. Formed Method of constructing improved ground sections 5-7 any one described.
  10. 所定幅員および所要深さに掘削して均した現地盤上に路床を形成し、該路床上端寄りであって所定幅員の少なくとも左右外縁に沿って所定透水係数の暗渠を埋設した上、それら暗渠上間および路床上に、液状化で湧き出す水分を水平方向に誘導・排水可能、且つ路床土砂の隆起を抑制可能とする組成、構造であって、表面に凸形、裏面に凹形となる地中定着用突起部を複数個成型した合成樹脂製皮膜を有し、該合成樹脂製皮膜の各突起部突端上には、排水誘導用の層状間隙をもって合成樹脂製透水性ジオテキスタイルを積層、貼着・一体化してなる水平排水型防水シートを敷設した後、該水平排水型防水シート上に、下層路盤と上層路盤との間に、透水性クラック防止用ジオテキスタイルを介在、敷設した路盤を形成し、必要に応じて該路盤上に基層、表層を順次、施工・舗装するようにしてなるものとした、請求項4ないし6何れか一記載の改良地盤の施工方法。     A roadbed is formed on a local board that has been excavated to a predetermined width and a required depth and leveled, and a culvert with a predetermined hydraulic conductivity is buried along at least the left and right outer edges of the predetermined width near the top of the roadbed. It is a composition and structure that can guide and drain the water spilled by liquefaction in the space between culverts and on the roadbed, and can suppress the rise of roadbed soil, with a convex shape on the front and a concave shape on the back A synthetic resin permeable geotextile with a laminar gap for drainage guidance is laminated on the protruding ends of each synthetic resin film. After laying a horizontal drainage waterproof sheet that is bonded and integrated, a roadbed with a permeable crack prevention geotextile interposed between the lower drainage roadbed and the upper layer roadbed on the horizontal drainage waterproof sheet. Forming and subbase as required Base, the surface layer were sequentially shall become so as to installation and paving, claims 4 to 6 the construction method of the improved ground in any one described.
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JP2014234622A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-12-15 大成建設株式会社 Sand boil countermeasure structure
CN104695298A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Complete permeable compound type road surface structure
JP2016172980A (en) * 2015-03-17 2016-09-29 株式会社大林組 Sand boil prevention method
JP2017155586A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-09-07 大成建設株式会社 Sand boil countermeasure structure
CN110093828A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-06 江苏惠淳建设有限公司 A kind of town road structure and its construction method

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JP2006016875A (en) * 2004-07-02 2006-01-19 Takiron Co Ltd Face drainage material
JP2011137375A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-07-14 Japan Racing Association Method of regenerating surface body

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JPH0995954A (en) * 1995-10-04 1997-04-08 Ohbayashi Corp Liquefaction countermeasure structure and construction method thereof for ground
JP2006016875A (en) * 2004-07-02 2006-01-19 Takiron Co Ltd Face drainage material
JP2011137375A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-07-14 Japan Racing Association Method of regenerating surface body

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014234622A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-12-15 大成建設株式会社 Sand boil countermeasure structure
CN104695298A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Complete permeable compound type road surface structure
JP2016172980A (en) * 2015-03-17 2016-09-29 株式会社大林組 Sand boil prevention method
JP2017155586A (en) * 2017-05-16 2017-09-07 大成建設株式会社 Sand boil countermeasure structure
CN110093828A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-06 江苏惠淳建设有限公司 A kind of town road structure and its construction method

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