JP2013064560A - Solid fuel combustion device, solid fuel stove, boiler, and power generating apparatus - Google Patents

Solid fuel combustion device, solid fuel stove, boiler, and power generating apparatus Download PDF

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JP2013064560A
JP2013064560A JP2011203989A JP2011203989A JP2013064560A JP 2013064560 A JP2013064560 A JP 2013064560A JP 2011203989 A JP2011203989 A JP 2011203989A JP 2011203989 A JP2011203989 A JP 2011203989A JP 2013064560 A JP2013064560 A JP 2013064560A
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solid fuel
combustion
metal plate
fuel stove
fuel combustion
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JP5858700B2 (en
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Yasuo Maruyama
弥寿郎 丸山
Shoichi Muraoka
正一 村岡
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Maruyama Tekkosho:Kk
株式会社丸山鐵工所
Shoichi Muraoka
正一 村岡
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Abstract

Provided is a solid fuel combustion apparatus that produces less soot and less odor than conventional ones.
SOLUTION: An air intake 2 for taking in air, a combustion chamber 5 for burning solid fuel b using air a1 taken from the air intake 2, and generated when burning the solid fuel b in the combustion chamber 5. The guide plate 6 that guides the flame a3 and the unburned component a4 and the air a1 taken in from the air intake port 2 toward a predetermined area above the combustion chamber 5, and the concave inner surface disposed below the predetermined area. A solid fuel stove (solid fuel combustion device) 100 including a reflective dome 7 on the side.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a solid fuel combustion apparatus, a solid fuel stove, a boiler, and a power generation apparatus.

  FIG. 13 is an external view of a conventional solid fuel stove 900. A conventional solid fuel stove 900 is a wood stove (model number: MB-600) manufactured and sold by the applicant (Maruyama Steel Co., Ltd.) (for example, see Non-Patent Document 1).

  The conventional solid fuel stove 900 includes a second air intake (not shown) disposed at the rear of the solid fuel stove in addition to the air intake disposed on the front surface of the solid fuel stove.

  According to the conventional solid fuel stove 900, the solid fuel is burned (clean burned) using the air taken in from the air intake port arranged on the front surface of the solid fuel stove, and disposed at the rear of the solid fuel stove. The unburned gas can be secondarily burned using the air taken in from the air intake not to be used. As a result, the conventional solid fuel stove 900 is an excellent solid fuel stove with less generation of soot and odor.

Product brochure of Maruyama Iron Works Co., Ltd., "For wood stove and long (MB-600)"

  By the way, in the field of solid fuel stoves, there is always a need for solid fuel stoves with less soot generation and odor generation than in the past. Such a situation does not exist only in the solid fuel stove but exists in the solid fuel combustion apparatus in general. Moreover, it exists also in a boiler and electric power generating apparatus provided with the solid fuel combustion apparatus which has the structure similar to a solid fuel stove.

  Therefore, the present invention has been made in view of the above-described circumstances, and an object thereof is to provide a solid fuel combustion apparatus with less soot generation and odor generation than in the past. It is another object of the present invention to provide a solid fuel stove composed of such a solid fuel combustion apparatus, a boiler and a power generation apparatus equipped with the above solid fuel combustion apparatus.

[1] The solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention includes an air intake port for taking in air, a combustion chamber for burning solid fuel using the air taken in from the air intake port, and when burning the solid fuel in the combustion chamber A guide plate for guiding the flame and unburned components generated in the air and the air taken in from the air intake port toward a predetermined area above the combustion chamber, and a concave inner surface disposed below the predetermined area. A reflective dome on the side.

  Since the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention includes the guide plate and the reflective dome as described above, the solid fuel combustion has less soot generation and odor generation than the conventional one, as is apparent from the embodiments described later. It becomes a device.

  When the guide plate and the reflective dome as described above are provided, the flame and unburned components generated when the solid fuel is burned in the combustion chamber and the time that the air taken in from the air intake stays in the combustion chamber and the reflective dome. This is because the unburned components and air are uniformly mixed. As a result, unburned components (unburned gas and soot) are burned more efficiently than before, and soot generation and odor generation are less than before.

  The reflective dome reflects the flame, unburned gas, and air guided by the guide plate and leads them in a direction different from the introduction direction. The reflective dome has a function of returning the flame downward, and may be referred to as a flame return plate. Moreover, in order to dissipate radiant heat downward, it may be called a radiation heat sink or a radiant dome.

  In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, the solid fuel includes soot, wood pellets, banana trunk, jatropha pomace, dried horse dung, coal, charcoal and the like.

[2] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, it is preferable that a reticulated catalytic metal plate for promoting secondary combustion of the unburned components is disposed at least below the reflective dome.

  With such a configuration, the catalytic activity of the reticulated catalyst metal plate is increased by the flame and unburned components retained in the reflective dome and the heat held by the air, and the unburned components and air are used by the reticulated catalytic metal plate. Since it passes twice, the secondary combustion of the unburned component is performed more efficiently, and as a result, the generation of soot and the generation of odor are further reduced.

  Further, since the reticulated catalyst metal plate has a small heat capacity and immediately becomes a high temperature state, the above configuration reduces the generation of soot and odor from the early stage of combustion where soot and odor are likely to occur. It becomes possible.

  Further, since the reticulated catalyst metal plate has a reticulated structure, the pressure loss is small and the volumetric efficiency is high as compared with a widely distributed honeycomb catalyst. Furthermore, since there is no restriction on the shape, there is an advantage that the degree of freedom in attaching to the most effective attachment position (position covering the lower opening of the reflective dome) is high. Various attachment methods (for example, mounting on a plate-like member having an opening in the center or fixing by screwing) are possible as attachment methods for the reticulated catalyst metal plate.

  The thickness of the reticulated catalytic metal plate is preferably in the range of 0.1 mm to 2 mm. This is because when the thickness of the mesh-like catalyst metal plate is less than 0.1 mm, it may be difficult to maintain the mechanical strength of the mesh-like catalyst metal plate. On the other hand, when the thickness of the mesh catalyst metal plate is larger than 2 mm, it may be difficult to sufficiently reduce the heat capacity.

The average opening area of the net-like catalytic metal plate is preferably in the range of 0.5 mm 2 100 mm 2. This is because when the average opening area of the mesh-like catalyst metal plate is smaller than 0.5 mm 2 , the soot may be easily clogged in the opening. This is because when the average opening area of the mesh catalyst metal plate is larger than 100 mm 2 , the secondary combustion efficiency of the unburned components may be lowered.

  Moreover, it is preferable that the aperture ratio of a reticulated catalyst metal plate is in the range of 10% to 70%. This is because, when the efficiency of the reticulated catalytic metal plate is less than 10%, the soot may easily clog the opening. On the other hand, when the aperture ratio of the mesh catalyst metal plate is larger than 70%, the secondary combustion efficiency of the unburned component may be lowered.

[3] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, the reticulated catalytic metal plate is subjected to heat treatment on the Al-Fe-Cr based alloy reticulated metal plate and the Al-Fe-Cr based alloy reticulated metal plate. It is preferable to have an Al 2 O 3 coating layer formed on the surface of the Al—Fe—Cr-based alloy reticulated metal plate and a platinum group catalyst supported on the Al 2 O 3 coating layer.

With such a configuration, the secondary combustion of the unburned components is more efficiently performed by the catalytic action of the Al 2 O 3 coating layer and the catalytic action of the platinum group catalyst.

[4] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, it is also preferable that a net-like metal plate for promoting secondary combustion of the unburned component is disposed at least below the reflective dome.

  Even if it is set as such a structure, as a result that secondary combustion of an unburned component will be performed more efficiently, generation | occurrence | production of a soot and generation | occurrence | production of an odor will become still less.

The reticulated metal plate is obtained by removing the platinum group catalyst from the reticulated catalyst metal plate described above (that is, heat treating the reed metal plate made of Al—Fe—Cr base alloy and the reticulated metal plate made of Al—Fe—Cr base alloy). By applying this, a reticulated metal plate having an Al 2 O 3 coating layer formed on the surface of a reticulated metal plate made of an Al—Fe—Cr base alloy can be suitably used. In addition to the above, a simple metal plate (for example, stainless steel net) can also be suitably used.

[5] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, it is preferable that the guide plate is disposed to be inclined inward with respect to the housing of the solid fuel combustion apparatus.

  With such a configuration, it is possible to easily guide unburned components and air to the reflective dome. When the cross-sectional shape of the solid fuel combustion apparatus is, for example, a rectangle, the guide plate may be arranged on four sides (all sides) or on two sides of the whole circumference (four sides). May be.

[6] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, the reflective dome preferably has a mortar-shaped inner surface.

  With such a configuration, the unburned gas and air that have passed through the mesh catalyst metal plate near the center of the reflective dome reach the top of the reflective dome, and then reach the outer edge along the inner wall surface of the reflective dome. After being guided and passed through the reticulated catalytic metal plate again, it is discharged from the exhaust pipe through the flue. In this case, unburned components and air are derived smoothly.

  In this case, the outer surface shape of the reflecting dome is not particularly limited, but for example, has an outer surface shape like a bowl.

[7] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, the reflective dome preferably has a box-shaped inner surface.

  Even with such a configuration, the unburned gas and air that have passed through the mesh catalyst metal plate near the center of the reflective dome reach the top of the reflective dome, and then the outer edge along the inner wall surface of the reflective dome. After passing through the mesh catalyst metal plate again, it is discharged from the exhaust pipe through the flue. In this case, the manufacturing cost of the reflective dome can be further reduced.

  Also in this case, the outer surface shape of the reflective dome is not particularly limited, but for example, has an outer surface shape like a bento box.

[8] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, the reflective dome is preferably made of a metal plate.

  By adopting such a configuration, since the heat capacity of the reflective dome is small and immediately becomes a high temperature state, it is possible to reduce the generation of soot and odor from the early stage of combustion where soot and odor are likely to occur. Become.

[9] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, it is preferable that a preheating chamber for preheating air taken in from the air intake port is disposed below the combustion chamber.

  By adopting such a configuration, it becomes possible to further increase the temperature of the flame, unburned components and air, so that unburned components (unburned gas and soot) are burned more efficiently. As a result, soot generation and odor generation are further reduced.

[10] In the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention, it is preferable that a grate for separating the preheating chamber and the combustion chamber is disposed between the preheating chamber and the combustion chamber.

  By setting it as such a structure, the preheated air can be smoothly guide | induced to a combustion chamber.

[11] The solid fuel stove of the present invention comprises the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention.

  Therefore, the solid fuel stove of the present invention has the same effect as the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention.

[12] The boiler of the present invention includes the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention.

  Therefore, the boiler of this invention has the effect which the solid fuel combustion apparatus of this invention has as it is.

[13] A power generation apparatus of the present invention includes the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention.

  Therefore, the power generator of the present invention has the same effect as the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention.

1 is an external view of a solid fuel stove 100 according to Embodiment 1. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a solid fuel stove 100 according to Embodiment 1. FIG. It is a figure shown in order to demonstrate the mesh-like catalyst metal plate 8. FIG. It is a figure shown in order to demonstrate the mesh-like catalyst metal plate 8. FIG. It is a figure shown in order to demonstrate the mesh-like catalyst metal plate 8. FIG. It is sectional drawing of the solid fuel stove 102 which concerns on Embodiment 2. FIG. It is sectional drawing of the solid fuel stove 104 which concerns on Embodiment 3. FIG. It is sectional drawing of the solid fuel stove 106 concerning Embodiment 4. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a solid fuel stove 108 according to Embodiment 5. FIG. It is sectional drawing of the solid fuel stove 110 concerning Embodiment 6. FIG. It is sectional drawing of the solid fuel stove 112 concerning Embodiment 7. FIG. It is a graph which shows the result of an Example. It is an external view of sectional drawing 900 of the conventional solid fuel stove.

  Hereinafter, the solid fuel combustion device, the solid fuel stove, the boiler, and the power generation device of the present invention will be described in more detail based on the embodiments shown in the drawings.

[Embodiment 1]
Embodiments 1 to 7 are embodiments shown for explaining a solid fuel stove as a solid fuel combustion apparatus.

FIG. 1 is an external view of a solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment. 3 and 4 are views for explaining the mesh catalyst metal plate 8. FIG. 3A is a perspective view of the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8, and FIG. 3B is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8. FIG. 4A is a view showing a SEM photograph of the reticulated metal plate 8 ′ before supporting the platinum group catalyst, and FIG. 4B is a SEM photograph of the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 after supporting the platinum group catalyst. FIG. FIG. 5 is a diagram showing the results of X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) of the surface of the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81.

1. Configuration of Solid Fuel Stove 100 According to Embodiment 1 As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the solid fuel stove 100 according to Embodiment 1 includes an air intake 2 for taking in air and air taken from the air intake 2. A combustion chamber 5 for burning the solid fuel b, and a flame a3 and unburned component a4 generated when the solid fuel b is burned in the combustion chamber 5 and the air a2 taken from the air intake port 2 above the combustion chamber 5 The guide plate 6 guides toward a predetermined area, and the reflective dome 7 disposed in the predetermined area and having a concave inner surface on the lower side.

In the solid fuel stove 100 according to Embodiment 1, a reticulated catalytic metal plate 8 that promotes secondary combustion of the unburned component a4 is disposed at least below the reflective dome 7. The reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 has a lath net structure as shown in FIG. Further, as shown in FIG. 3B, the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 is subjected to heat treatment on the reed metal plate 80 made of Al—Fe—Cr base alloy and the reticulated metal plate 80 made of Al—Fe—Cr base alloy. The Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 formed on the surface of the Al—Fe—Cr-based alloy mesh metal plate 80 and the platinum group catalyst 82 supported on the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 (FIG. 4 ( (See a) and FIG. 4B.)

  The net-like metal plate 80 made of an Al—Fe—Cr base alloy contains 3 wt% to 7 wt% Al and 0.02 wt% to 0.07 wt% La.

The Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 contains at least γ-Al 2 O 3 and α-Al 2 O 3, and the content ratio of γ-Al 2 O 3 in the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 is Al 2 O 3. It is larger than the content rate of α-Al 2 O 3 in the coating layer 81.

The reflection intensity from γ-Al 2 O 3 is larger than the reflection intensity from α-Al 2 O 3 as shown in FIG. This indicates that the content of γ-Al 2 O 3 in the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 is greater than the content of the α-Al 2 O 3 in the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81.

The thickness of the mesh catalyst metal plate 8 is in the range of 0.1 mm to 2 mm (for example, 0.2 mm). The average opening area of the net-like catalytic metal plate 8 is in the range of 0.5 mm 2 100 mm 2 (e.g., 2 mm 2). Moreover, the aperture ratio of the reticulated catalyst metal plate 9 is in the range of 10% to 70% (for example, 50%).

  In the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the guide plate 6 is disposed to be inclined inward with respect to the housing 1 of the solid fuel stove.

  In the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the reflective dome 7 has a mortar-shaped inner surface (and an outer surface shaped like a bowl-like surface).

  In the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the reflective dome 7 is made of a metal plate (for example, a stainless steel plate).

  In the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, a preheating chamber 3 that preheats air taken from the air intake 2 is disposed below the combustion chamber 5. Between the preheating chamber 3 and the combustion chamber 5, a grate 4 that divides the preheating chamber 3 and the combustion chamber 5 is disposed.

2. Operation of Solid Fuel Stove 100 According to Embodiment 1 The soot b is burned in the combustion chamber 5 of the solid fuel stove 100, and a flame a3 is generated. As a result, the air a1 taken from the air intake 2 by heating the grate 4 passes through the holes of the grate 4 heated in the preheating chamber 3 and becomes preheated air a2 and rises in the combustion chamber 5. The soot b is burned to generate a flame a3. Further, the preheated air a2 is collected along with the guide plate 6 in the center of the combustion chamber 5 together with the flame a3 and the unburned components (unburned gas and soot) a4 to burn the unburned components a4, The catalyst metal plate 8 is passed.

  The mesh catalyst metal plate 6 is heated by the flame a3 and reaches the activation temperature necessary for the oxidation of the unburned component a4. The flame a3 and the unburned component a4 further rising after passing through the mesh-like catalytic metal plate 6 are mixed and stirred by heating the mortar-shaped reflective dome 7 and being guided by the inner surface of the reflective dome 7. It becomes. At that time, the flame a3, the unburned component a4, and the preheated air a2 heat the mesh catalyst metal plate 6, so that secondary combustion is performed more efficiently, resulting in cleaner flue gas. It passes through the flue 9 and is discharged from the exhaust tube 10.

3. Effect of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment Since the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment includes the guide plate 6 and the reflective dome 7 as described above, as will be apparent from the examples described later, The amount of soot and odor generated is less than before.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 that promotes the secondary combustion of the unburned components is disposed below the reflective dome 7. As a result of more efficient secondary combustion, soot generation and odor generation are further reduced.

  In addition, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the reticulated catalytic metal plate 8 has a small heat capacity and immediately becomes a high temperature state. Therefore, the generation of soot and odor from the initial stage of combustion where soot and odor are likely to occur. Odor generation can be reduced.

  In addition, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, since the reticulated catalyst metal plate has a reticulated structure, the pressure loss is small compared with the widely distributed honeycomb catalyst, and the volume High efficiency. Furthermore, since there is no restriction on the shape, there is an advantage that the degree of freedom in attaching to the most effective attachment position (position covering the lower opening of the reflective dome) is high.

In addition, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 is heat-treated into the Al—Fe—Cr base alloy net metal plate 80 and the Al—Fe—Cr base alloy net metal plate 80. To provide an Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 formed on the surface of the net-like metal plate 80 made of Al—Fe—Cr base alloy and a platinum group catalyst 82 supported on the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81. Due to the catalytic action of the Al 2 O 3 coating layer 81 and the catalytic action of the platinum group catalyst 82, the secondary combustion of the unburned components can be performed more efficiently.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, since the guide plate 6 is disposed to be inclined inward with respect to the housing 1 of the solid fuel stove 100, the unburned component a4 and the air a2 are reflected. It is possible to easily guide the dome 7.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, since the reflective dome 7 has a mortar-shaped inner surface, the unburned gas a4 and air a2 that have passed through the mesh catalyst metal plate 8 near the center of the reflective dome 7 are: After reaching the zenith portion of the reflective dome 7, it is guided to the outer edge along the inner wall surface of the reflective dome 7, passes again through the mesh catalyst metal plate 8, and then exits from the exhaust stack 10 via the flue 9. The unburned component a4 and the air a2 are smoothly led out.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, since the reflective dome 7 is made of a metal plate, the heat capacity of the reflective dome 7 is small and immediately becomes a high temperature state, so that the initial stage of combustion is likely to generate soot and odor. From this stage, generation of soot and generation of odor can be reduced.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the preheating chamber 3 that preheats the air taken in from the air intake 2 is disposed below the combustion chamber 5, so Since the temperature of the fuel component a4 and the air a2 can be further increased, the unburned component (unburned gas and soot) a4 is burned more efficiently, resulting in the generation of soot and odor. Is even less.

  Furthermore, according to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the grate 4 separating the preheating chamber 3 and the combustion chamber 5 is disposed between the preheating chamber 3 and the combustion chamber 5. The preheated air a2 can be smoothly guided to the combustion chamber 5.

[Embodiment 2]
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 102 according to the second embodiment.
The solid fuel stove 102 according to the second embodiment basically has the same configuration as that of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, but the solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment is not provided with the mesh catalyst metal plate 8. 100 is different.

  As described above, the solid fuel stove 102 according to the second embodiment is different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment in that the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 is not included, but is similar to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment. Moreover, since the guide plate 6 and the reflective dome 7 are provided, the amount of soot generation and odor generation is further reduced.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 102 according to the second embodiment, since the reticulated catalytic metal plate 8 is not provided, it is possible to provide a solid fuel stove that is less expensive to manufacture than the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment. It becomes.

[Embodiment 3]
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 104 according to the third embodiment.
The solid fuel stove 104 according to the third embodiment basically has the same configuration as that of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, but is implemented in that it has a net-like catalytic metal plate 8 in the internal space of the reflective dome 7. Different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment.

  As described above, the solid fuel stove 104 according to the third embodiment is different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment in that the net-like catalytic metal plate 8 is also provided in the internal space of the reflective dome 7. Like the solid fuel stove 100, since the guide plate 6 and the reflective dome 7 are provided, the amount of soot generation and odor generation is further reduced.

  Further, according to the solid fuel stove 104 according to the third embodiment, since the reticulated dome 7 has the reticulated catalyst metal plate 8 in the internal space, the amount of soot generated and the odor of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment are reduced. It becomes possible to provide a solid fuel stove with much less generation amount.

[Embodiment 4]
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 106 according to the fourth embodiment.
The solid fuel stove 106 according to the fourth embodiment basically has the same configuration as that of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, but instead of the mesh catalyst metal plate 8, the mesh catalyst metal plate according to the first embodiment is used. The solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment is different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment in that the reticulated metal plate 8a excluding the platinum group catalyst is provided.

  As described above, the solid fuel stove 106 according to the fourth embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that it has the mesh metal plate 8a obtained by removing the platinum group catalyst from the mesh catalyst metal plate in the first embodiment instead of the mesh catalyst metal plate 8. Although the solid fuel stove 100 is different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, since the guide plate 6 and the reflective dome 7 are provided as in the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the amount of soot generation and odor generation is further reduced. It becomes.

  Moreover, according to the solid fuel stove 106 according to the fourth embodiment, the solid fuel stove 106 according to the first embodiment has the mesh metal plate 8a obtained by removing the platinum group catalyst from the mesh catalyst metal plate according to the first embodiment. A low-cost solid fuel stove can be provided.

[Embodiments 5 and 6]
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 108 according to the fifth embodiment. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 110 according to the sixth embodiment.
The solid fuel stove 108 according to the fifth embodiment and the solid fuel stove 110 according to the sixth embodiment basically have the same configuration as the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, but the reflective domes 7a and 7b are box-shaped. It differs from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment in that it has a shape.

  Thus, the solid fuel stove 108 according to the fifth embodiment and the solid fuel stove 110 according to the sixth embodiment are different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment in that the reflective domes 7a and 7b have a box shape. However, since the guide plate 6 and the reflective domes 7a and 7b are provided in the same manner as the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, the amount of soot generation and odor generation is further reduced.

  In addition, according to the solid fuel stove 108 according to the fifth embodiment and the solid fuel stove 110 according to the sixth embodiment, the reflective domes 7a and 7b have a box shape, and thus are manufactured more than the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment. A low-cost solid fuel stove can be provided.

[Embodiment 7]
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of the solid fuel stove 112 according to the seventh embodiment.
The solid fuel stove 112 according to the seventh embodiment has basically the same configuration as that of the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment, but further includes a vertical guide plate 12 and a second net-like catalytic metal plate 11. This is different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment.

  As described above, the solid fuel stove 112 according to the seventh embodiment is different from the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment in that the vertical fuel guide plate 12 and the second reticulated catalytic metal plate 11 are further provided. Since the guide plate 6 and the reflective dome 7 are provided in the same manner as the solid fuel stove 100 according to No. 1, the solid fuel stove is further reduced in the amount of soot and odor.

  In addition, according to the solid fuel stove 112 according to the seventh embodiment, since the vertical guide plate 12 and the second net-like catalytic metal plate 11 are further provided, the amount of soot generated compared to the solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment and It becomes possible to provide a solid fuel stove with much less odor generation.

[Example]
The performance of the solid fuel stove of the present invention was evaluated using the following solid fuel stove.

1. Preparation of solid fuel stove The solid fuel stove 100 according to the first embodiment was used as the solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment. The solid fuel stove 102 according to Embodiment 2 was used as the solid fuel stove according to Example 2. A conventional solid fuel stove 900 (solid fuel stove MB-600 manufactured and sold by the present applicant (Maruyama Steel Co., Ltd.)) was used as the solid fuel stove according to the comparative example. The solid fuel stove according to Example 1 includes both a reflective dome and a reticulated catalytic metal plate. The solid fuel stove according to Example 2 includes only the reflective dome among the reflective dome and the reticulated catalytic metal plate. The solid fuel stove according to the comparative example does not include any of the reflective dome and the reticulated catalytic metal plate. Therefore, the solid fuel stove according to Example 1 and the solid fuel stove according to Example 2 are the solid fuel stoves of the present invention, and the solid fuel stove according to the comparative example is a conventional solid fuel stove.

2. Evaluation Items and Evaluation Method (1) Thermal Efficiency Thermal efficiency was measured in accordance with JIS S3031 “General rules for test methods for petroleum combustion equipment”. The fuel was made of wood pellets, and 42 g of fuel was introduced from the front door at 1 minute intervals so that a predetermined combustion amount was obtained. Based on the air ratio of 3, the data immediately before fuel injection was adopted. The fuel uses pellets from Kamiina Forest Association, and the high calorific value of the fuel uses data from Kamiina Forest Association.

(2) Gas concentration The concentration of the gas (CO2, CO and O2) is the same as that of the solid fuel stove according to Example 1, Example 2 and Comparative Example of the exhaust gas probe of the combustion exhaust gas analyzer (Testo 327-2 manufactured by Testo Inc.). Measurement was conducted by introducing into an exhaust pipe.

(3) Smoke number The smoke number was measured by comparing the filter paper to which flue gas was adhered using a Baccarat smoke tester (manufactured by Hodaka Co., Ltd.) with the smoke scale in the appendix.

(4) Odor Index The odor index was measured in accordance with 1995 Environmental Agency Notification No. 63 “Method of calculating odor index and odor emission intensity” (hereinafter referred to as “olfaction measurement method”). As fuel, a piece of 100 g of oak was used, and 600 g of fuel was fed from the front door at 10 minute intervals. For the measurement, the data immediately before fuel injection was adopted.

3. Evaluation Results FIG. 12 is a chart showing the results of the examples.

(1) Thermal efficiency As can be seen from FIG. 12, the solid fuel stove having the reflective dome (the solid fuel stove according to Example 1 and the solid fuel stove according to Example 2) does not have the reflective dome (comparison). It was found to have a higher thermal efficiency than the solid fuel stove according to the example. Among the solid fuel stoves having the reflective dome, the solid fuel stove having the reticulated catalyst metal plate (solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment) is the solid fuel stove without the reticulated catalyst metal plate (according to the second embodiment). It has been found that it has a higher thermal efficiency than solid fuel stoves.

(2) Gas concentration As can be seen from FIG. 12, the solid fuel stove having the reflective dome (the solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment and the solid fuel stove according to the second embodiment) has a solid fuel stove without the reflective dome ( It was found to have a higher CO 2 concentration, a lower CO concentration and a lower O 2 concentration than the solid fuel stove according to the comparative example, that is, a higher combustion efficiency. Among the solid fuel stoves having the reflective dome, the solid fuel stove having the reticulated catalyst metal plate (solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment) is the solid fuel stove without the reticulated catalyst metal plate (according to the second embodiment). It has been found that it has a higher CO 2 concentration, lower CO concentration and lower O 2 concentration than solid fuel stoves, ie it has a high combustion efficiency.

(3) Air ratio As can be seen from FIG. 12, the solid fuel stove having the reflective dome (the solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment and the solid fuel stove according to the second embodiment) does not have the reflective dome. It was found that combustion was possible at a lower air ratio than the solid fuel stove according to the comparative example. Among the solid fuel stoves having the reflective dome, the solid fuel stove having the reticulated catalyst metal plate (solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment) is the solid fuel stove without the reticulated catalyst metal plate (according to the second embodiment). It was found that combustion was possible at a lower air ratio than solid fuel stoves.

(4) Smoke number As can be seen from FIG. 12, the solid fuel stove having the reflective dome (the solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment and the solid fuel stove according to the second embodiment) does not have the reflective dome ( It was found to have a lower smoke number than the solid fuel stove according to the comparative example. Among the solid fuel stoves having the reflective dome, the solid fuel stove having the reticulated catalyst metal plate (solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment) is the solid fuel stove without the reticulated catalyst metal plate (according to the second embodiment). It was found to have a lower smoke number than solid fuel stoves.

(5) Odor index As can be seen from FIG. 12, the solid fuel stove having the reflective dome (the solid fuel stove according to Example 1 and the solid fuel stove according to Example 2) has a solid fuel stove without the reflective dome ( It was found to have a lower odor index than the solid fuel stove according to the comparative example. Among the solid fuel stoves having the reflective dome, the solid fuel stove having the reticulated catalyst metal plate (solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment) is the solid fuel stove without the reticulated catalyst metal plate (according to the second embodiment). It was found to have a lower odor index than solid fuel stoves.

  As can be seen from the above, the solid fuel stove having the reflective dome (solid fuel stove according to Example 1 and the solid fuel stove according to Example 2) is a solid fuel stove without the reflective dome (solid fuel according to the comparative example). It was confirmed that the performance was superior in various respects compared to the stove. Among solid fuel stoves having a reflective dome, a solid fuel stove having a reticulated catalyst metal plate (solid fuel stove according to Example 1) is a solid fuel stove not having a reticulated catalyst metal plate (according to Example 2). It has been confirmed that it has performance superior to that of a solid fuel stove.

  In particular, according to the solid fuel stove according to the first embodiment, by providing the guide plate and the reflective dome, the combustion chamber residence time of the combustion exhaust gas is increased, so that the thermal efficiency is improved and the thermal efficiency equivalent to the electric pellet stove (69. 0%) was obtained. Also, good values (smoke number: 2, odor index: 25) were obtained for the smoke number and odor index.

  As mentioned above, although the solid fuel stove of this invention was demonstrated based on said each embodiment, this invention is not limited to said each embodiment, In the range which does not deviate from the summary, it implements in a various aspect. For example, the following modifications are possible.

(1) In the said Embodiment 1, 3, and 5-7, although the reticulated catalyst metal plate made from the Al-Fe-Cr base alloy containing La was used, this invention is not limited to this. For example, a reticulated catalytic metal plate made of an Al—Fe—Cr base alloy containing another rare earth noble metal element (Hf, Sc, Y or Ce) may be used.

(2) In Embodiment 4 above, the platinum group catalyst is removed from the mesh catalyst metal plate of Embodiment 1 (ie, an Al—Fe—Cr based alloy mesh metal plate and an Al—Fe—Cr based alloy product). The reticulated metal plate having a Al 2 O 3 coating layer formed on the surface of the reticulated metal plate made of an Al—Fe—Cr base alloy by performing a heat treatment was used, but the present invention is limited to this. Is not to be done. For example, a simple mesh metal plate (for example, a mesh stainless steel plate) can be used.

(3) In each of the above embodiments, the solid fuel combustion apparatus of the present invention has been described by taking a solid fuel stove as an example, but the present invention is not limited to this. For example, a boiler and a power generation device including the solid fuel combustion device of the present invention are also included in the present invention. Also in this case, it becomes a boiler or power generation device with less generation amount of soot and generation of odor than before.

(4) A thermoelectric power generation element can be attached to the housing of the solid fuel stove according to each of the above embodiments. With such a configuration, it is also possible to obtain electric power at the same time while using the solid fuel stove of the present invention as a heating appliance.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Housing, 2 ... Air intake port, 3 ... Preheating chamber, 4 ... Grate, 5 ... Combustion chamber, 6 ... Guide plate, 7 ... Reflection dome, 8 ... Reticulated catalyst metal plate, 8a ... Reticulated metal plate, 9 ... flue, 10 ... exhaust pipe, 11 ... second reticulated catalytic metal plate, 12 ... vertical guide plate, 100, 102, 104, 106, 108, 110, 112, 900 ... solid fuel stove, a1 ... air, a2 ... preheated air, a3 ... flame, a4 ... unburned component, a5 ... exhaust gas

Claims (13)

  1. An air intake for taking in air;
    A combustion chamber for burning solid fuel using air taken from the air intake;
    A guide plate for guiding the flame and unburned components generated when the solid fuel is burned in the combustion chamber and the air taken in from the air intake port toward a predetermined region above the combustion chamber;
    A solid fuel combustion apparatus comprising: a reflective dome disposed in the predetermined region and having a concave inner surface on a lower side.
  2. The solid fuel combustion apparatus according to claim 1,
    At least below the reflective dome, a reticulated catalytic metal plate that promotes secondary combustion of the unburned components is disposed.
  3. The solid fuel combustion apparatus according to claim 2,
    The mesh catalyst metal plate is made of an Al—Fe—Cr based alloy mesh metal plate and the Al—Fe—Cr based alloy mesh metal plate by heat-treating the Al—Fe—Cr based alloy mesh metal plate. and Al 2 O 3 coating layer formed on the surface of the solid fuel combustion apparatus; and a platinum group catalyst supported on the Al 2 O 3 coating layer.
  4. The solid fuel combustion apparatus according to claim 1,
    A solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein a net-like metal plate that promotes secondary combustion of the unburned component is disposed at least below the reflective dome.
  5. In the solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-4,
    The solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein the guide plate is disposed inwardly with respect to a housing of the solid fuel combustion apparatus.
  6. In the solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-5,
    The solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein the reflective dome has a mortar-shaped inner surface.
  7. In the solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-5,
    The solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein the reflective dome has a box-shaped inner surface.
  8. In the solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-7,
    The solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein the reflective dome is made of a metal plate.
  9. In the solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-8,
    A solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein a preheating chamber for preheating air taken in from the air intake port is disposed below the combustion chamber.
  10. The solid fuel combustion apparatus according to claim 9, wherein
    A solid fuel combustion apparatus, wherein a grate separating the preheating chamber and the combustion chamber is disposed between the preheating chamber and the combustion chamber.
  11.   The solid fuel stove which consists of a solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-10.
  12.   A boiler provided with the solid fuel combustion apparatus in any one of Claims 1-10.
  13.   A power generator comprising the solid fuel combustion device according to any one of claims 1 to 10.
JP2011203989A 2011-09-19 2011-09-19 Solid fuel stove Active JP5858700B2 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018067078A1 (en) * 2016-10-03 2018-04-12 Demirel Hayri Multi chamber incinerator for turbulent combustion of solid and biomass fuel

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JPS54151839U (en) * 1978-04-13 1979-10-22
JPS56107432U (en) * 1980-01-21 1981-08-20
JPH06341625A (en) * 1993-05-31 1994-12-13 Mochise Denki Kk Incinerator
JP2004169976A (en) * 2002-11-19 2004-06-17 Earth Engineering:Kk Solid fuel boiler installation providing for dioxin
JP2005233519A (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-09-02 Shoichi Ueno Flue gas treatment device and stove with flue gas treatment device
JP2007285660A (en) * 2006-04-20 2007-11-01 Ikeda Akira Wood stove
WO2008148648A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-12-11 Unical Ag S.P.A. Solid fuel boiler with natural draft
JP2009027876A (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-02-05 Ings Shinano:Kk Portable thermoelectric generator and portable combustion device
JP2010078269A (en) * 2008-09-29 2010-04-08 Topre Corp Pellet combustor

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JPS54151839U (en) * 1978-04-13 1979-10-22
JPS56107432U (en) * 1980-01-21 1981-08-20
JPH06341625A (en) * 1993-05-31 1994-12-13 Mochise Denki Kk Incinerator
JP2004169976A (en) * 2002-11-19 2004-06-17 Earth Engineering:Kk Solid fuel boiler installation providing for dioxin
JP2005233519A (en) * 2004-02-19 2005-09-02 Shoichi Ueno Flue gas treatment device and stove with flue gas treatment device
JP2007285660A (en) * 2006-04-20 2007-11-01 Ikeda Akira Wood stove
WO2008148648A1 (en) * 2007-06-04 2008-12-11 Unical Ag S.P.A. Solid fuel boiler with natural draft
JP2009027876A (en) * 2007-07-23 2009-02-05 Ings Shinano:Kk Portable thermoelectric generator and portable combustion device
JP2010078269A (en) * 2008-09-29 2010-04-08 Topre Corp Pellet combustor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018067078A1 (en) * 2016-10-03 2018-04-12 Demirel Hayri Multi chamber incinerator for turbulent combustion of solid and biomass fuel

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