JP2013029622A - Optical device and projector device - Google Patents

Optical device and projector device Download PDF

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JP2013029622A
JP2013029622A JP2011164875A JP2011164875A JP2013029622A JP 2013029622 A JP2013029622 A JP 2013029622A JP 2011164875 A JP2011164875 A JP 2011164875A JP 2011164875 A JP2011164875 A JP 2011164875A JP 2013029622 A JP2013029622 A JP 2013029622A
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light source
light
excitation light
phosphor
source device
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JP2011164875A
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JP5762198B2 (en
Inventor
Tomofumi Koishi
知文 小石
Takanori Hara
隆則 原
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Kyocera Corp
京セラ株式会社
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Abstract

A light source device capable of easily and accurately changing the balance of light emission colors by changing the balance of irradiation time to a phosphor corresponding to each color, and a projector device provided with the light source device.
In a light source device (1) according to the present invention, a light receiving surface of excitation light emitted from an excitation light source (1a) is divided into a plurality of regions, and phosphors (6R, 6G) are provided in each of the plurality of regions. 6B) and at least one of the irradiation direction of the excitation light source (1a) and the position of the wavelength conversion element (1b) is changed so that the phosphor that receives the excitation light is different from the wavelength conversion element (1b) in which the excitation light is received. Driving means (7) for carrying out the operation. In particular, the driving means (7) is characterized in that the ratio of the irradiation time of the excitation light to each phosphor is variably controlled.
[Selection] Figure 5

Description

  The present invention relates to a technical field of a light source device that outputs time-division modulated excitation light from an excitation light source into a plurality of wavelength band lights, and a projector device including the light source device.

  Conventionally, in a projector that performs color display, in order to display three colors of blue, green, and red, a light source light from a white light source is dispersed into each color by a spectral element such as a dichroic prism, and three spatial lights corresponding to these three colors. Color modulation is performed by adjusting the amount of light for each display pixel in the modulator. However, in this type of color projector, since it is necessary to prepare a plurality of spectral elements and spatial light modulators corresponding to the respective colors, the configuration becomes complicated and the size of the apparatus increases.

  In order to solve such problems, in recent years, a method has been devised in which light source light from a white light source is time-division modulated by a color wheel to produce three-color light of blue, green, and red. For example, in Patent Documents 1 and 2, a disk-shaped color wheel is used, and the disk-shaped surface is divided into a plurality of fan-shaped segments, and phosphors having different wavelength bands are formed in each of the fan-shaped segments. Then, it is said that by rotating the color wheel with a motor, the phosphor to be irradiated with the light source light can be changed, and three-color light can be created in a time-sharing manner.

JP 2004-341105 A JP 2009-277516 A

  However, in Patent Documents 1 and 2, since the phosphors formed on the color wheel generally have different emission intensities depending on their types, the phosphors have the lowest emission intensity (dark color) level. In addition, it is necessary to adjust the level by reducing the amount of light emitted from the phosphors of other colors. Therefore, there is a problem that the light use efficiency is not good and the light loss is large.

  Also, depending on the projected image, it is necessary to change the balance of each color. The color wheel that is rotationally driven as in the above-mentioned patent document needs to be balanced by adjusting the period during which the light source light irradiates each phosphor by changing the rotational speed and direction. However, when controlling the rotation of a disk-shaped color wheel, it is necessary to change the rotation speed and direction in order to control the order of selecting wavelengths and the time during which light of each wavelength is emitted. Considering the synchronization of the two, it is very difficult to realize. In particular, since the color wheel has an inertial force accompanying rotational driving, it is technically difficult to finely control the rotational speed and direction.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and a light source device capable of displaying a bright and clear image by time-division-modulating and outputting excitation light from an excitation light source into a plurality of wavelength band lights, and the light source device An object of the present invention is to provide a projector device including a light source device.

  In order to solve the above problems, a light source device according to the present invention is a light source device that outputs time-division-modulated excitation light from an excitation light source into a plurality of wavelength band lights, and has a plurality of light receiving surfaces of the excitation light. A wavelength conversion element that is divided into regions and in which phosphors corresponding to the plurality of wavelength band lights are formed in each of the plurality of regions is different from a phosphor that is irradiated with the excitation light in the wavelength conversion device. As described above, the driving unit changes at least one of the irradiation direction of the excitation light source and the position of the wavelength conversion element, and the driving unit varies the ratio of the irradiation time of the excitation light to each of the phosphors. It is characterized by controlling to.

  According to the present invention, by changing at least one of the irradiation direction of the excitation light source and the position of the wavelength conversion element by the driving means, the period during which the excitation light is irradiated to each phosphor corresponding to each color can be changed. . As a result, the emission period and switching order of each color light can be arbitrarily controlled, so that when used as a light source for image display, there is little light loss in synchronization with the image signal, and the light utilization efficiency is excellent. A light source device can be realized.

  Preferably, the driving means is a piezoelectric element. The piezoelectric element expands and contracts depending on the applied voltage value, so that the driven object can be driven with a very high response. Therefore, by adopting a piezoelectric element as the above-mentioned driving means, it is possible to change the position of the wavelength conversion element and the irradiation direction of the excitation light source quickly and accurately. In addition, in the conventional color wheel, an electric motor is used for rotational driving, but since the piezoelectric element is small in size, the light source device can be downsized.

  The excitation light source may include a light emitting diode or a semiconductor laser. In order to excite the phosphor of the wavelength conversion element, light having a peak wavelength in the ultraviolet to blue region is preferable as excitation light, and a light emitting diode or a semiconductor laser is suitable as the excitation light source.

  A projector device according to the present invention includes the above-described light source device (including the various aspects described above), a spatial light modulator, and a projection optical system. Since this light source device has little light loss when synchronized with an image signal and is excellent in light utilization efficiency, it can be applied to a projector device to enable bright, clear and high-quality image display. it can.

It is the schematic which shows the basic composition of the projector apparatus provided with the light source device which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of a projector apparatus functionally. It is the schematic which shows the other structural example of a projector apparatus. It is a top view which shows the structure at the time of seeing a wavelength conversion element from the irradiation direction of light source light. It is a top view which shows typically a mode that the fluorescent substance shown to Fig.4 (a) is driven by a piezoelectric element. It is an example of the display image of a projector apparatus. It is a timing chart which shows the emission timing of the three-color light from the light source device using the conventional color wheel. It is a timing chart which shows the emission timing of 3 color light of the light source device which concerns on this invention. It is the schematic which shows the basic composition in the modification of a projector apparatus.

  FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing a basic configuration of a projector apparatus 100 including a light source device 1 according to the present invention. The projector device 100 is synchronized with a light source device 1 that emits light having a wavelength corresponding to three colors of red, green, and blue as light source light, a reflection mirror 2 that changes an optical path by reflection, and a display image. It includes a spatial light modulator 3 that performs modulation by changing the amount of light for each pixel, and a projection lens 4 that forms an image on a screen (not shown).

  The light source device 1 includes a light emitting unit 1a that emits light source light, and a wavelength conversion element 1b that time-division modulates the wavelength of the emitted light source light. The wavelength conversion element 1b is provided with a phosphor for irradiating the light source light emitted from the light emitting unit 1a and converting the wavelength of the emitted light source light into wavelengths corresponding to three colors of red, green, and blue. It has been. Since the light emitting unit 1a needs to emit light having a peak wavelength in the ultraviolet region to blue region in order to excite the phosphor in the wavelength conversion element 1b, a light emitting diode or semiconductor laser having a narrow band wavelength spectrum is required. It is composed of

  FIG. 2 is a block diagram functionally showing the configuration of projector apparatus 100 shown in FIG. The control unit 5 is a control unit that supervises control of each of the above-described parts constituting the projector device 100. When the control unit 5 acquires an image signal related to a video to be projected by the projector device 100, the control unit 5 transmits a control signal to the light source device 1 and the spatial light modulator 3 so as to be synchronized with the image signal. As a result, the light source device 1 emits three-color light (red light, green light, and blue light) in a time-sharing manner so as to be synchronized with the image signal, and the spatial light modulator 3 emits a light amount for each pixel. Is controlled to form display light corresponding to the image signal.

  FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram showing another configuration example of the projector device 100 according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, by forming the spatial light modulator 3 with a transmissive element, the light emitting unit 1 a and the wavelength conversion element 1 b constituting the light source device 1 and the spatial light are arranged on the optical axis of the projection lens 5. The modulators 3 may be configured to be linearly arranged. In this case, there is an advantage that the internal layout of the projector apparatus 100 can be further simplified and downsizing of the apparatus can be promoted. In FIG. 3, the same reference numerals are assigned to portions common to FIG. 1, and detailed description thereof is omitted.

  Next, with reference to FIG. 4, the structure of the wavelength conversion element 1b with which the light source device 1 is provided is demonstrated concretely. FIG. 4 is a plan view showing a configuration when the wavelength conversion element 1b is viewed from the irradiation direction of the light source light. The wavelength conversion element 1b is arranged so that the light receiving surface of the light emitted from the light emitting unit 1a is orthogonal to the optical axis, and the irradiated light source light corresponds to each of red, green, and blue on the light receiving surface. A phosphor 6 is formed for conversion into wavelength light.

  First, in FIG. 4A, as the phosphor 6, a red phosphor 6R, a green phosphor 6G, and a blue phosphor 6B are provided. These phosphors 6R, 6G, and 6B are driven by piezoelectric elements 7R, 7G, and 7B as driving means provided so as to correspond to the phosphors 6R, 6G, and 6B. Yes. In FIG. 4A, the irradiation position of the light source light in the initial state where the piezoelectric element 7 is not driven is surrounded by a dotted line. The piezoelectric elements 7 are provided so as to correspond to the respective phosphor layers 6. When a predetermined voltage is applied to the piezoelectric elements 7R, 7G, 7B, the phosphors 6R, 6G, 6B are respectively shown by arrows shown in FIG. The phosphor 6 that moves along the direction and is irradiated with the light source light can be changed.

  In the example shown in FIG. 4A, each phosphor 6 has a substantially triangular shape, and is provided so that two sides of each phosphor layer face each other. And the piezoelectric element 7 is arrange | positioned so that it may contact | abut from the outer side with respect to the edge | side which does not oppose. A control signal of a predetermined voltage is applied to the piezoelectric element 7 from the control unit 5, and the phosphor 6 is configured to expand and contract in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. .

  FIG. 5 is a plan view schematically showing how the phosphor 6 shown in FIG. 4A is driven by the piezoelectric element 7.

  When a voltage is applied from the control unit 5 to the piezoelectric element 7R, as shown in FIG. 5A, the piezoelectric element 7R extends to press the phosphor 6R from the outside. Then, the phosphors 6R, 6G, and 6B that are bonded and fixed to each other are integrally moved in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 5A, and the light source light is irradiated only to the red phosphor 6R among the phosphors 6 of three colors. Is done. At this time, since the light source light from the light emitting unit 1a is modulated to a wavelength corresponding to red by the phosphor 6R, red light is emitted from the light source device 1.

  When a voltage is applied from the control unit 5 to the piezoelectric element 7G, as shown in FIG. 5B, the piezoelectric element 7G extends to press the phosphor 6G from the outside. Then, the phosphors 6R, 6G, and 6B that are bonded and fixed to each other are integrally moved in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 5B, and the light source light is irradiated only to the green phosphor 6G among the phosphors 6 of three colors. Is done. At this time, since the light source light from the light emitting unit 1a is modulated to a wavelength corresponding to green by the phosphor 6G, green light is emitted from the light source device 1.

  When a voltage is applied from the control unit 5 to the piezoelectric element 7B, as shown in FIG. 5C, the piezoelectric element 7B extends to press the phosphor 6B from the outside. Then, the phosphors 6R, 6G, and 6B that are bonded and fixed to each other are integrally moved in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 5C, and light source light is irradiated only to the blue phosphor 6B among the phosphors 6 of three colors. Is done. At this time, since the light source light from the light emitting unit 1a is modulated to a wavelength corresponding to blue by the phosphor 6B, blue light is emitted from the light source device 1.

  As described above, in the wavelength conversion element 1b, the position of the light source light irradiated is changed by translating the phosphors 6 corresponding to the respective colors by the piezoelectric element 7, and the wavelength of the light emitted from the light source device 1 in a time division manner. Can be switched. In particular, in this embodiment, excellent response can be obtained by using the piezoelectric element 7 as the driving means of the phosphor 6. The piezoelectric element 7 can drive the driven object with a very high response by controlling the applied voltage value. Therefore, by adopting the piezoelectric element as the driving means, the position of the wavelength conversion element 1b can be changed quickly and accurately. Further, by using the piezoelectric element 7, it becomes unnecessary to use an electric motor or the like having a large size for driving like a conventional color wheel, so that the entire apparatus can be downsized.

  Further, in the light source device using the conventional color wheel, it is necessary to monitor the rotation and perform feedback control so that the rotation period does not shift when the rotation of the color wheel is controlled. On the other hand, in the translational direction using the piezoelectric element 7 as in the present invention, since motion control itself is performed in synchronization with the video signal, motion monitoring is not necessary. In addition, by always selecting an appropriate wavelength according to the video, it is possible to prevent light loss and obtain a bright display image.

  The configuration of the wavelength conversion element 1b can take the form shown in FIGS. 4B to 4D, for example, in addition to those shown in FIGS. FIG. 4B is a mode in which the blue phosphor 6B is omitted from FIG. In this case, it is necessary to use a blue light source as the light emitting unit 1a. However, there is an advantage in terms of cost and size because the number of necessary phosphors can be reduced accordingly.

  Moreover, as shown in FIG.4 (c), the fluorescent substance 6 corresponding to each color may be formed in substantially square shape, and these may be arranged in a one-dimensional (linear) form. In this case, it is preferable that the piezoelectric element 7 is configured to be movable along the longitudinal direction by bringing the piezoelectric element 7 into contact with the outer peripheral surface on the short side of the arranged phosphors 6 from the outside. With this configuration, the light source device 1 can be realized with a simpler structure because only two piezoelectric elements 7 are required for the phosphors 6 of three colors.

  Moreover, as shown in FIG.4 (d), you may arrange these two-dimensionally, forming the fluorescent substance 6 in substantially square shape similarly to FIG.4 (c). With this configuration, when the phosphor element 6R is driven by the piezoelectric element 7 by irradiating the phosphor 6R sandwiched between the other two phosphors in the initial state, the other two phosphors can be quickly obtained. It is more advantageous than FIG. 4C in that the light source light can be irradiated to the bodies 6G and 6B.

  Next, with reference to FIGS. 6 to 8, the difference between the present invention and the prior art will be described by taking a specific display image by the projector device 100 as an example. FIG. 6 is an example of a display image of the projector device 100. FIG. 7 is a timing chart showing the emission timing of three-color light from a light source device using a conventional color wheel. FIG. 8 is a timing chart showing the emission timing of the three-color light of the light source device according to the present invention.

  In the display image shown in FIG. 6, the central portion is displayed in red and the peripheral portion is displayed in yellow. This display image is displayed in such a manner that the light source device 1 and the spatial light modulator 3 are synchronously controlled by giving an image signal having an 8-bit value for each of the three RGB colors to the control unit 5.

  As shown in FIG. 7, in a conventional light source device using a color wheel, three color phosphors formed on a light receiving surface are sequentially (periodically) irradiated with light source light as the color wheel rotates. Color light is emitted sequentially. Therefore, while the blue wavelength is selected (while the light source light is applied to the blue phosphor), the spatial light modulator 3 is set to OFF in the entire screen, and no light is projected during that time. At this time, the light emitted from the light source device is blocked by the spatial light modulator 3 and is wasted as light loss.

  In such a light source device using a color wheel, even when an image that does not require blue light is displayed, a period in which the blue phosphor is irradiated with the light source light inevitably occurs. This is because it is technically difficult to change the rotation speed and rotation direction finely in synchronization with the image because there is an inertial force associated with the rotation drive because the color wheel switches each color by rotation drive. It is.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 8, in the projector device 100 according to the present invention, the phosphor 6 is driven by the piezoelectric element 7 in the light source device 1 so that the light source light is emitted only to the red phosphor 6R and the green phosphor 6G. Can be irradiated. In this way, the light source light can be easily irradiated only to the other phosphors 6R and 6G without irradiating the light source light to the unnecessary blue phosphor 6B by translational driving by the piezoelectric element 6. As apparent from comparison between FIG. 7 and FIG. 8, in FIG. 7, the light source light was wasted during the period in which the blue phosphor was selected, but in FIG. 8, the period in which the blue phosphor 6B was selected was omitted. The red phosphor 6R and the green phosphor 6G can be efficiently selected. For this reason, there is no wasted light source light, and light can be used efficiently, so that a bright and clear image can be projected.

(Modification)
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram showing a basic configuration in a modification of the projector apparatus. In FIG. 9, parts that are the same as those in the above embodiment are given the same reference numerals, and redundant explanations are omitted as appropriate.

  In the above-described embodiment, the position of the wavelength conversion element 1b is translated by the piezoelectric element 7 so as to select the phosphor 6 irradiated with the light source light. However, the orientation of the light emitting unit 1a in the light source device 1 is selected. The piezoelectric element 7 may be provided inside the light source device 1 so as to select the phosphor 6 irradiated with the light source light emitted from the light emitting unit 1a.

  In this example, the piezoelectric element 7 is disposed inside the light source device 1 so as to come into contact with both sides of the light emitting unit 1a (both sides in a direction substantially perpendicular to the light emission direction). The piezoelectric element 7 expands and contracts by applying a voltage control signal from the control unit 5 (not shown in FIG. 9), so that the light emitting unit 1a emits light from the light emitting unit 1a around the fixed fulcrum A. The direction is variable. Phosphors 6R, 6G, and 6B corresponding to three colors are provided on the wavelength conversion element 1b, respectively, and by changing the direction of the light emitting unit 1a, one of the phosphors 6 is irradiated with light source light. Wavelength conversion is performed. That is, in this modification, by selecting the type of the phosphor 6 that is irradiated with the light source light by changing the direction of the light emitting unit 1a, the three-color light is time-divided substantially in the same manner as in the above embodiment. Can be emitted.

  As the direction of the light emitting section 1a changes, the direction of the transmitted light that passes through the wavelength conversion element 1b also changes, so that the transmitted light is always irradiated to a predetermined position of the spatial light modulator 3. The reflecting mirror 2 may be arranged with its position and angle adjusted. In FIG. 9, the positions of the reflecting mirrors 2 arranged in accordance with the color of the phosphor 6 irradiated with the light source light from the light emitting unit 1a are indicated by reference numerals 2R, 2G, and 2B, respectively.

  As described above, according to the present invention, the excitation light is irradiated to each phosphor 6 corresponding to each color by changing the position of at least one of the light emitting unit 1 a and the wavelength conversion element 1 b by the piezoelectric element 7. The period can be changed. As a result, the emission period and switching order of each color light can be arbitrarily controlled, so that when used as a light source for image display, there is little light loss in synchronization with the image signal, and the light utilization efficiency is excellent. The light source device 1 can be realized. Such a light source device 1 has little light loss when synchronized with an image signal and is excellent in light utilization efficiency. Therefore, when applied to the projector device 100, a bright, clear and high-quality image display is possible. It can be.

  INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY The present invention can be used for a light source device that outputs time-division modulated excitation light from an excitation light source into a plurality of wavelength band lights and a projector device including the light source device.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Light source device 1a Light emission part 1b Wavelength conversion element 2 Reflection mirror 3 Spatial light modulator 4 Projection lens 5 Control part 6 Phosphor 6R Red phosphor 6G Green phosphor 6B Blue phosphor 7 Piezoelectric element

Claims (4)

  1. A light source device that outputs time-division modulated excitation light from an excitation light source into a plurality of wavelength band lights,
    A wavelength conversion element in which a light receiving surface of the excitation light is divided into a plurality of regions, and phosphors corresponding to the plurality of wavelength band lights are respectively formed in the plurality of regions;
    Drive means for changing at least one of the irradiation direction of the excitation light source and the position of the wavelength conversion element so that the phosphor to which the excitation light is irradiated differs in the wavelength conversion element;
    The light source apparatus characterized in that the drive means variably controls the ratio of the irradiation time of the excitation light to each of the phosphors.
  2.   The light source device according to claim 1, wherein the driving unit is a piezoelectric element.
  3.   The light source apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the excitation light source includes a light emitting diode or a semiconductor laser.
  4.   A projector apparatus comprising the light source device according to claim 1, a spatial light modulator, and a projection optical system.
JP2011164875A 2011-07-27 2011-07-27 Optical device and projector device Expired - Fee Related JP5762198B2 (en)

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JP2015082025A (en) * 2013-10-23 2015-04-27 キヤノン株式会社 Light source device and projection type display device
DE102014014852B3 (en) * 2014-10-07 2016-02-11 Audi Ag Monitoring a lighting device having a conversion device and a laser-based luminous means
WO2020031750A1 (en) * 2018-08-10 2020-02-13 ソニー株式会社 Light source device and projector

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JP2011108502A (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-02 Stanley Electric Co Ltd Light source device and illuminating device
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JP2010085745A (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-15 Casio Computer Co Ltd Light source device and projector
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JP2011108502A (en) * 2009-11-18 2011-06-02 Stanley Electric Co Ltd Light source device and illuminating device
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JP2015082025A (en) * 2013-10-23 2015-04-27 キヤノン株式会社 Light source device and projection type display device
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WO2020031750A1 (en) * 2018-08-10 2020-02-13 ソニー株式会社 Light source device and projector

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