JP2012517545A5 - - Google Patents

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JP2012517545A5
JP2012517545A5 JP2011549654A JP2011549654A JP2012517545A5 JP 2012517545 A5 JP2012517545 A5 JP 2012517545A5 JP 2011549654 A JP2011549654 A JP 2011549654A JP 2011549654 A JP2011549654 A JP 2011549654A JP 2012517545 A5 JP2012517545 A5 JP 2012517545A5
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support
riverbed
seabed
anchor
pile
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JP2011549654A
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JP5572638B2 (en
JP2012517545A (en
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Priority to GBGB0902289.8A priority patent/GB0902289D0/en
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Priority to PCT/GB2010/000258 priority patent/WO2010092351A1/en
Publication of JP2012517545A publication Critical patent/JP2012517545A/en
Publication of JP2012517545A5 publication Critical patent/JP2012517545A5/ja
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Description

図1を参照するに、図1に示されている支持構体1はジャケット構体2から成る。ジャケット構体2は支持脚アセンブリ4により支持されている、直立した一本の支柱のような主本体3を包含する。支持脚アセンブリ4は、主本体(支柱)3のまわりに等角で配設されている4つの同一の支持脚ユニット5により形成されている。支持脚ユニット5の各々は、内側管5Aと外側管5B(これらについては後で詳細に説明する)とにより形成されている中央の管状構体6と、外側管5Bに接続されている海底又は川底係合脚7とを包含する。外側管5Bは、支持脚アセンブリ4の一部分、すなわち、構体2の主本体3の下方端区域9に接続している、ほぼ水平な部材8と、関連する水平部材8よりも上方の位置で構体2の主本体3に接続している傾斜部材10とにより構体2の主本体3にそれ自体接続されている、支持脚アセンブリ4の一部分を形成する。 Referring to FIG. 1, the support structure 1 shown in FIG. The jacket assembly 2 includes a main body 3 such as a single upright post supported by a support leg assembly 4. The support leg assembly 4 is formed by four identical support leg units 5 that are disposed equiangularly around the main body (post) 3. Each of the supporting leg units 5 includes a central tubular structure 6 formed by an inner tube 5A and an outer tube 5B (which will be described in detail later), and a seabed or riverbed connected to the outer tube 5B. Engaging legs 7. The outer tube 5B is connected to a portion of the support leg assembly 4, ie, the lower end area 9 of the main body 3 of the structure 2, and the structure at a position above the associated horizontal member 8. A part of the supporting leg assembly 4, which is itself connected to the main body 3 of the assembly 2, is formed by an inclined member 10 connected to the two main bodies 3.
この段階で、調節可能な係合脚7は現場に放置されて残されるか又はこれらの係合脚7を再使用のために取り外す作業を行うことができる。最後に、一時的な上部構体12、クレーン13、クレーン13に関連する装置、コンダクタ管15及び任意の他のツールを、穴あけ中に安定のために加えられたバラスト14と一緒に、クレーンを備えている船により取り除くことができる。ジャケット構体2の全体を所定の位置に設置するのに必要とされる船よりも小さくてかつコストの低い船を、この目的のために用いることができる。この第2の船は、また、設置の完成のために必要とされている他の装置、例えば風力又は潮流タービンを表面ハウジング又はデッキの上に備えることができる。代替的に、もしジャケット構体2の全体が水中に沈められることが必要とされる場合には、取り外し可能な上方部分をこの段階で取り外しするか、又は特殊化した装置と置換することができる。 At this stage, the adjustable engagement legs 7 can be left in the field or the engagement legs 7 can be removed for reuse. Finally, the temporary superstructure 12, crane 13, equipment associated with the crane 13, conductor tube 15 and any other tools are provided with the crane, along with ballast 14 added for stability during drilling. It can be removed by the ship that is. A ship that is smaller and less expensive than the ship required to install the entire jacket assembly 2 in place can be used for this purpose. This second ship may also be equipped with other equipment needed for completion of the installation, such as a wind or tidal turbine, on the surface housing or deck. Alternatively, if the entire jacket assembly 2 needs to be submerged, the removable upper portion can be removed at this stage or replaced with a specialized device.

Claims (15)

  1. 海底又は川底に設置することが必要とされている支持構体(1)を設置する方法において、前記支持構体を海底又は川底に永久的に定着するために必要とされる作業を行う前に及びこれらの作業の間中に、前記支持構体を海底又は川底上に一時的に自己直立することができるように建造することを包含する方法。   In the method of installing the support structure (1) which is required to be installed on the seabed or riverbed, before performing the work required to permanently fix the support structure on the seabed or riverbed and these Building the support structure such that it can temporarily stand upright on the seabed or riverbed during the operation.
  2. 請求項1記載の方法において、前記支持構体が水沈可能な水駆動タービン及び風駆動タービンの少なくとも一方を支持するための細長い支柱(2)の形である方法。 The method of claim 1, wherein the support structure is in the form of an elongated strut (2) for supporting at least one of a water-sinkable water driven turbine and a wind driven turbine.
  3. 請求項1又は2記載の方法において、パイル又は同種のアンカー手段(23)により前記支持構体(1)を海底又は川底に定着する段階を包含している方法。   3. The method according to claim 1, further comprising the step of anchoring said support structure (1) on the seabed or riverbed by means of piles or similar anchoring means (23).
  4. 請求項3記載の方法において、前記支持構体(1)が複数の支持構体用支持脚ユニット(5)と協働する複数のアンカー位置(4)を包含し、前記支持脚ユニット(5)の各々が支持構体用アンカーパイル又は同種の手段(23)を受け入れて設置するようにし、前記アンカーパイル又は同種の手段(23)が前記支持構体(1)により支持されて前記アンカーパイル又は同種の手段(23)を取り扱って水沈することができる手段により海底又は川底上に水沈されるようにした方法。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the support structure (1) includes a plurality of anchor positions (4) cooperating with a plurality of support structure support leg units (5), each of the support leg units (5). There so placed accept means (23) of the anchor piles or similar supporting structure, said anchor piles or similar means (23), said support structure (1) by supported by the anchor piles or similar means (23) A method in which water is submerged on a seabed or a riverbed by means that can be submerged.
  5. 請求4記載の方法において、前記支持脚ユニット(5)の各々が前記支持構体(1)を海底又は川底(SB)に関して要求した高さレベル及び方位にセットすることができるように海底又は川底(SB)に関して位置が調節可能である方法。 The method according to 4, wherein each of the support legs unit (5) is the support structure for (1) so that it can be set to a high level and orientation that requested with respect to the seabed or riverbed (SB), seabed or A method whose position is adjustable with respect to the riverbed (SB).
  6. 請求項5記載の方法において、前記支持構体(1)は、海底又は川底(SB)に下降させて関連する前記アンカーパイル(23)の水沈前に、各独立する海底又は川底係合脚(7)の位置を調節することによって海底又は川底(SB)の平坦でない形状に適合させる調節手段(7,16)によりレべリングすることができるように、設計されている方法。 6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the support structure (1) is lowered to the seabed or riverbed (SB) and before each submerged anchor pile (23) is submerged, each independent seabed or riverbed engaging leg ( 7) A method designed so that it can be leveled by adjusting means (7, 16) adapted to the uneven shape of the seabed or riverbed (SB) by adjusting the position of 7).
  7. 請求項5又は6記載の方法において、各独立する前記アンカーパイル(23)が海底又は川底(SB)中に挿入されている位置に各独立する前記アンカーパイル(23)をセメント状用材のグラウトで固定する段階を包含する方法。 A method according to claim 5 or 6, wherein the position each independently be the anchor pile (23) is inserted into the seabed or riverbed (SB), the anchor pile (23) a cementitious timber for each independent grout A method comprising the step of fixing with.
  8. 請求項4〜7のいずれか一項に記載の方法において、一時的な構体(12)を前記支持構体(1)の頂部に設ける段階を包含し、前記一時的な構体(12)で前記アンカーパイル(23)を水沈するために必要とされる作業が行われるようにした方法。   The method according to any one of claims 4 to 7, comprising the step of providing a temporary structure (12) on top of the support structure (1), wherein the anchor is at the temporary structure (12). A method in which the work required to submerge the pile (23) is performed.
  9. 請求項1記載の方法において、設置作業中における海底又は川底(SB)との摩擦接触が不十分で前記支持構体(1)が水流、波又は風によって動かされる可能性がある場合に、その設置の期間中に設置を維持するために、追加のおもりを前記支持構体(1)に追加する段階を包含する方法。 2. A method according to claim 1 , wherein the support structure (1) is inadequate in frictional contact with the seabed or riverbed (SB) during installation work and the support structure (1) may be moved by water currents, waves or winds. Adding an additional weight to the support structure (1) in order to maintain the installation during the period .
  10. 請求項9記載の方法において、前記アンカーパイル(23)を定着した後に、前記支持構体(1)の設置のために取り付けられた装置と一緒に前記追加のおもりを取り除く段階を包含し、これにより前記支持構体がもはや海底又は川底(SB)に関して動くことができないようにした方法。   10. The method according to claim 9, comprising the step of removing said additional weight together with a device attached for installation of said support structure (1) after fixing said anchor pile (23). A method in which the support structure can no longer move with respect to the seabed or riverbed (SB).
  11. 海底又は川底(SB)に設置することができる支持構体(1)において、支持構体(1)を海底又は川底(SB)との摩擦接触によって適所に保持するのに十分な重さにより海底又は川底(SB)上に一時的に自己起立するのに十分な重さであるように構成され、また複数の位置調節可能な海底又は川底係合支持脚ユニット(5)と協働する複数のアンカー位置(4)を包含し、前記支持脚ユニット(5)の各々が支持構体用アンカーパイル(23)を受け入れて設置するようにし、前記アンカーパイル(23)が前記支持構体により支持されて前記アンカーパイル(23)を取り扱って水沈せしめる手段によって海底又は川底(SB)上に水沈させられることを特徴とする支持構体。 In the support structure (1) that can be installed on the seabed or riverbed (SB), the seabed or riverbed is sufficiently heavy to hold the support structure (1) in place by frictional contact with the seabed or riverbed (SB) (SB) a plurality of anchor positions configured to be sufficiently heavy to temporarily stand on top and cooperate with a plurality of adjustable seabed or riverbed engaging support leg units (5) (4), wherein each of the support leg units (5) receives and installs an anchor pile (23) for a support structure , and the anchor pile (23) is supported by the support structure and the anchor support structure to cover the pile (23) by the water-precipitation allowed to means, characterized in that it is caused to Mizu沈on the seabed or riverbed (SB).
  12. 請求項11記載の支持構体(1)において、水沈可能なタービンを支持するための細長い支柱(2)の形であることを特徴とする支持構体。   12. Support structure (1) according to claim 11, characterized in that it is in the form of elongated struts (2) for supporting a submergible turbine.
  13. 請求項11又は12記載の支持構体(1)において、前記支持構体(1)の頂部に設けられた一時的な追加の構体(12)を包含し、前記パイル(23)を水沈させるのに必要とされる作業を行う設備が前記一時的な追加の構体(12)に設けられていることを特徴とする支持構体。   13. Support structure (1) according to claim 11 or 12, comprising a temporary additional structure (12) provided on top of the support structure (1) for submerging said pile (23). A support structure characterized in that the temporary additional structure (12) is provided with equipment for performing the required work.
  14. 請求項13記載の支持構体(1)において、前記一時的な構体(12)が追加のおもりを担持することができるような構成とされ、これにより、設置中における前記支持構体(1)が水流、波又は風によって動かされる可能性がある場合には、設置作業中における海底又は川底(SB)との十分な摩擦を維持するため、適当な追加のおもりを前記一時的な構体(12)に追加して、前記支持構体の海底又は川底(SB)との許容摩擦を維持できるようにしたことを特徴とする支持構体。 14. The support structure (1) according to claim 13, wherein the temporary structure (12) is configured to carry an additional weight, whereby the support structure (1) during installation is water flow. , if there is likely to be moved by waves or wind, in order to maintain sufficient friction between the seabed or riverbed (SB) during the installation process, appropriate additional said weight transient assembly (12) In addition to the above, it is possible to maintain the allowable friction with the seabed or the riverbed (SB) of the support structure.
  15. 請求項11記載の支持構体(1)において、一時的なフーチング(7,16)を包含し、前記一時的なフーチング(7,16)が前記支持構体(1)を海底又は川底(SB)に固定する前に前記支持構体(1)をレべリングすることができるように高さ及び位置合わせを調節することができ、このような調節を行うための力が液圧ジャッキ,スクリュージャッキ又は任意の他の同種の手段により与えられることを特徴とする支持構体。 12. Support structure (1) according to claim 11, comprising a temporary footing (7, 16), wherein the temporary footing (7, 16) makes the support structure (1) undersea or riverbed (SB). The height and alignment can be adjusted so that the support structure (1) can be leveled before being secured to a hydraulic jack, screw jack or Support structure characterized in that it is provided by any other similar means.
JP2011549654A 2009-02-12 2010-02-12 Installation of submerged support structure Expired - Fee Related JP5572638B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0902289.8 2009-02-12
GBGB0902289.8A GB0902289D0 (en) 2009-02-12 2009-02-12 Methods for installing pin-piled jacket type structures at sea
PCT/GB2010/000258 WO2010092351A1 (en) 2009-02-12 2010-02-12 Installing submerged support structures

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JP2014094668A Division JP5774158B2 (en) 2009-02-12 2014-05-01 Installation of submerged support structure

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JP2012517545A JP2012517545A (en) 2012-08-02
JP2012517545A5 true JP2012517545A5 (en) 2013-05-02
JP5572638B2 JP5572638B2 (en) 2014-08-13

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JP2011549654A Expired - Fee Related JP5572638B2 (en) 2009-02-12 2010-02-12 Installation of submerged support structure
JP2014094668A Expired - Fee Related JP5774158B2 (en) 2009-02-12 2014-05-01 Installation of submerged support structure

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US (1) US20110318113A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2396474A1 (en)
JP (2) JP5572638B2 (en)
KR (1) KR20110124277A (en)
CN (1) CN102362033B (en)
AU (1) AU2010212668A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2752288A1 (en)
CL (1) CL2011001954A1 (en)
GB (2) GB0902289D0 (en)
NZ (2) NZ594528A (en)
RU (1) RU2543835C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2010092351A1 (en)

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