JP2012241490A - Multistory parking garage and building - Google Patents

Multistory parking garage and building Download PDF

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JP2012241490A
JP2012241490A JP2011115483A JP2011115483A JP2012241490A JP 2012241490 A JP2012241490 A JP 2012241490A JP 2011115483 A JP2011115483 A JP 2011115483A JP 2011115483 A JP2011115483 A JP 2011115483A JP 2012241490 A JP2012241490 A JP 2012241490A
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buffer member
main body
parking lot
building
vertical line
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Hideji Ozeki
秀二 大関
Takeshi Nakaya
豪 中矢
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IHI Transport Machinery Co Ltd
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IHI Transport Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a building having a buffer member suitably placed between a building main body and a multistory parking garage with a simple configuration.SOLUTION: A building which is different from a conventional building comprises: a building main body; a multistory parking garage main body; and a plurality of buffer members. The buffer member has: a first buffer member which is supported by the multistory parking garage main body and directs a first edge surface, which has a horizontally extended first normal line, toward the building main body; and a second buffer member which is supported by the multistory parking garage main body and directs a second edge surface, which has a horizontally extended second normal line, toward the building main body. One of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is arranged around the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member. When an earthquake does not occur, the first edge surface keeps a space with predetermined dimensions from the building main body which faces the first edge surface, and the second edge surface contacts the building main body which faces the second edge surface. Also, at least a portion of the second buffer member deforms along the second normal line when compressed.

Description

本発明は、建築物本体と共に設けられる立体駐車場とその建築物に係る。特に、騒音が小さく地震が発生したときの安定性に優れる立体駐車場とその建築物に関する。   The present invention relates to a multi-story parking lot provided together with a building body and the building. In particular, the present invention relates to a multilevel parking lot and its building that have low noise and excellent stability when an earthquake occurs.

車両を駐車させるために立体駐車場が用いられる。
例えば、建築物の一部として立体駐車場を設けることがある。
例えば、建築物本体が基礎に自立し、立体駐車場がその建築物本体に併設して自立する。
例えば、中空空間を内部にもつ建築物本体が基礎に自立し、立体駐車場がその内部空間に収まって基礎に自立する。
これらの場合に、緩衝部材を建築物本体と立体駐車場との間に配することがある。
この様にすると、地震等が発生したときに、緩衝部材が建築物本体と立体駐車場との直接に干渉することを防ぐことをできる。
また、地震が発生しないときも、緩衝部材が建築物本体と立体駐車場との間に介在すると、立体駐車場を安定させることできる。
地震が発生したときに緩衝部材に要求される物理特性と地震が発生しないときに緩衝部材に異なり物理特性を要求される。
例えば、地震が発生したときに、建築物本体と立体駐車場とが直接に接触しない様に、緩衝部材の弾性変形代が少ないことを望まれる。また、建築物本体や立体駐車場に施工した耐火壁を傷めないことを求められる。
例えば、地震が発生しないときに、立体駐車場から発生する振動が建築物に伝搬して騒音が建築物本体に生じないことを求められる。
A multilevel parking lot is used to park the vehicle.
For example, a multi-story parking lot may be provided as a part of a building.
For example, a building body is self-supporting on the foundation, and a multi-story parking lot is self-supporting alongside the building body.
For example, a building body having a hollow space inside is self-supporting on the foundation, and a multi-story parking lot is housed in the internal space and is self-supporting.
In these cases, the buffer member may be disposed between the building body and the multistory parking lot.
If it does in this way, when an earthquake etc. generate | occur | produce, it can prevent that a buffer member interferes directly with a building main body and a multistory parking lot.
Moreover, even when an earthquake does not occur, if the buffer member is interposed between the building body and the multistory parking lot, the multistory parking lot can be stabilized.
The physical characteristics required for the buffer member when an earthquake occurs and the physical characteristics required for the buffer member differ when the earthquake does not occur.
For example, it is desired that the elastic deformation of the buffer member is small so that the building main body and the multistory parking lot do not directly contact when an earthquake occurs. Moreover, it is required not to damage the fire wall constructed in the building main body or the multistory parking lot.
For example, when an earthquake does not occur, it is required that vibration generated from a multilevel parking lot propagates to a building and no noise is generated in the building body.

上記の要求を満足するために異なる物理特性を持つ2種類の緩衝部材を用意し、地震が発生しないときに1種類の緩衝部材が建築物本体と立体駐車場とに接触し、地震が発生すると他の種類の緩衝部材が建築物本体と立体駐車場とに接触するにようする工夫が考えられる。   In order to satisfy the above requirements, two types of buffer members with different physical characteristics are prepared. When an earthquake does not occur, one type of buffer member comes in contact with the building body and the multistory parking lot, and an earthquake occurs. A device that allows other types of cushioning members to come into contact with the building body and the multistory parking lot can be considered.

本発明は以上に述べた問題点に鑑み案出されたもので、簡易な構成で建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に介在させるのに適した緩衝部材を備えた立体駐車場と建築物とを提供しようとする。   The present invention has been devised in view of the above-described problems, and a multi-story parking lot and a building having a buffer member suitable for being interposed between the building main body and the multi-story parking lot main body with a simple configuration. Try to offer things.

上記目的を達成するため、本発明に係る基礎に設けられる建築物を、基礎に自立する建築物本体と、基礎に自立する立体駐車場本体と、建築物本体と立体駐車場本と体の間に設けられる複数の緩衝部材と、を備え、前記緩衝部材は前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線をもつ第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第一緩衝部材と前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線を持つ第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第二緩衝部材とを有し、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲に配され、地震が発生しないときに前記第一端面と対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け前記第二端面を対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させ、第二緩衝部材の少なくとも一部が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる、ものとした。   In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, the building provided on the foundation according to the present invention includes a building body that is self-supporting on the foundation, a multi-story parking lot body that is self-supporting on the foundation, and between the building main body and the multi-story parking lot book A plurality of cushioning members provided on the first, and the cushioning members are supported by either one of the building body or the multistory parking lot body and have a first vertical line extending horizontally. The first buffer member that faces the other end of the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body and the first buffer member and the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body are supported by one of the first buffer member and extend horizontally. A second buffer member that directs a second end surface having two vertical lines to the other of the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body, and one of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is The first cushioning member Is arranged around the other end of the second buffer member, and when the earthquake does not occur, the second end face has a gap of a predetermined dimension between the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body facing the first end face. It is assumed that at least a part of the second buffer member can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line by contacting the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing each other.

上記本発明の構成により、建築物本体が、基礎に自立する。立体駐車場本体が、基礎に自立する。複数の緩衝部材が、建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に設けられる。前記緩衝部材の第一緩衝部材は、前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線をもつ第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける。前記緩衝部材の第二緩衝部材は、前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線を持つ第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける。前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲に配される。地震が発生しないときに前記第一端面と対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け前記第二端面を対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させる。
第二緩衝部材が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる。
その結果、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場の振動が第二緩衝部材を介して建築物本体に伝達され、地震が発生すると前記第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に接触して建築物本体と立体駐車場本体とが支え合う。
By the structure of the said invention, a building main body becomes independent on a foundation. The multistory parking lot itself is self-supporting. A plurality of buffer members are provided between the building main body and the multistory parking lot main body. The first buffer member of the buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body, and has a first end surface having a first vertical line extending horizontally along the building. Turn to the other of the main body or the multi-story parking lot main body. The second buffer member of the buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body, and has a second end surface having a second vertical line extending horizontally along the building. Turn to the other of the main body or the multi-story parking lot main body. One of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is disposed around the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member. A gap of a predetermined dimension is provided between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the first end surface when an earthquake does not occur, and the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface Make contact.
The second buffer member can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line.
As a result, when an earthquake does not occur, the vibration of the multilevel parking lot is transmitted to the building body via the second buffer member, and when the earthquake occurs, the second buffer member is compressed and deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension. A 1st end surface contacts a building main body or a multistory parking lot main body, and a building main body and a multistory parking lot main body support each other.

以下に、本発明の実施形態に係る建築物を説明する。本発明は、以下に記載した実施形態のいずれか、またはそれらの中の二つ以上が組み合わされた態様を含む。   Below, the building which concerns on embodiment of this invention is demonstrated. The present invention includes any of the embodiments described below, or a combination of two or more of them.

本発明の実施形態に係る建築物は、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちから一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲を囲う。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちから一方が、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲を囲う。
その結果、第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に安定して接触する。
In the building according to the embodiment of the present invention, one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member surrounds the other of the first buffer member and the second buffer member.
With the configuration of the above embodiment, one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member surrounds the other of the first buffer member and the second buffer member.
As a result, when the second buffer member is compressively deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension, the first end surface stably contacts the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body.

本発明の実施形態に係る建築物は、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方が前記空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方の弾性体が、開口をもつ空隙を形成する。前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の弾性体が、前記空隙に嵌まる。
その結果、第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に安定して接触する。
The building which concerns on embodiment of this invention has an elastic body which forms the space | gap which either one of said 1st buffer member or said 2nd buffer member has an opening,
The other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member has an elastic body that fits into the gap.
According to the configuration of the above-described embodiment, either one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member forms a gap having an opening. The other elastic body of the first buffer member or the second buffer member fits into the gap.
As a result, when the second buffer member is compressively deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension, the first end surface stably contacts the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body.

本発明の実施形態に係る建築物は、前記緩衝部材が前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にする様に前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持する支持部材と該支持部材を前記第一垂直線に沿って移動させて前記第一端面と前記第一端面に対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整可能な調整機構とを有する。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記緩衝部材の支持部材が、前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にする様に前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持する。
前記緩衝部材の調整機構が、該支持部材を前記第一垂直線に沿って移動させて前記第一端面と前記第一端面に対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整可能である。
その結果、第一端面とと前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を所定寸法に容易に調整できる。
In the building according to the embodiment of the present invention, the buffer member supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the first vertical line and the second vertical line are parallel to each other. And the support member are moved along the first vertical line so that a gap formed between the first end surface and the building main body or the multi-story parking main body facing the first end surface can be adjusted. Mechanism.
With the configuration of the above-described embodiment, the support member of the buffer member supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the first vertical line and the second vertical line are parallel to each other.
The adjustment mechanism of the buffer member moves the support member along the first vertical line so that the space is provided between the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body facing the first end surface and the first end surface. The gap can be adjusted.
As a result, a gap formed between the first end surface and the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body can be easily adjusted to a predetermined size.

本発明の実施形態に係る建築物は、複数の前記緩衝部材が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置され、複数の前記緩衝部材の各々の前記第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さい。
上記の実施形態の構成により、複数の前記緩衝部材が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置される。複数の前記緩衝部材の各々の前記第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さい。
その結果、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場本体の振動が第二緩衝部材を介して建築物本体に伝達する振動特性を調整できる。
In the building according to the embodiment of the present invention, the plurality of buffer members are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction, and the second vertical line of the second buffer member of each of the plurality of buffer members. Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the line is smaller than 20 Hz.
With the configuration of the above-described embodiment, the plurality of buffer members are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction. Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line of the second buffer member of each of the plurality of buffer members is smaller than 20 Hz.
As a result, it is possible to adjust the vibration characteristic that the vibration of the multistory parking lot body transmits to the building body via the second buffer member when no earthquake occurs.

本発明の実施形態に係る建築物は、前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい。
その結果、地震が発生して第一端面が前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触した際に立体駐車場本体と建築物本体の相対変位を抑制できる。
In the building according to the embodiment of the present invention, the first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is the compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member. It is larger than the second compression spring constant.
According to the configuration of the above embodiment, the first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is the second related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member. Greater than compression spring constant.
As a result, when the earthquake occurs and the first end surface comes into contact with the building main body or the multi-story parking main body, the relative displacement between the multi-story parking main body and the building main body can be suppressed.

上記目的を達成するため、本発明に係る建築物本体と共に設けられる立体駐車場を、基礎に自立する立体駐車場本体と、建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に設けられる複数の緩衝部材と、を備え、前記緩衝部材は前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線をもつ第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第一緩衝部材と前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線を持つ第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第二緩衝部材とを有し、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲に配され、地震が発生しないときに前記第一端面と対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け前記第二端面を対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させ、
第二緩衝部材が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる、ものとした。
In order to achieve the above object, a multi-story parking lot provided with a building main body according to the present invention is a self-supporting multi-story parking lot main body, and a plurality of buffer members provided between the building main body and the multi-story car park main body. The buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body, and has a first end surface having a first vertical line extending horizontally along the building main body or A second buffering line that is supported by one of the first buffer member facing the other of the three-dimensional parking lot main body and the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body and has a second vertical line extending horizontally. A second buffer member that faces the other end of the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body, and one of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is the first buffer member or the second buffer member. Second loose The building which is arranged around the other side of the member and faces the second end face with a gap of a predetermined dimension between the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body facing the first end face when an earthquake does not occur Contact the object body or the three-dimensional parking lot body,
The second buffer member can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line.

上記本発明の構成により、建築物本体が、基礎に自立する。立体駐車場本体が、基礎に自立する。複数の緩衝部材が、建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に設けられる。前記緩衝部材の第一緩衝部材は、前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線をもつ第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける。前記緩衝部材の第二緩衝部材は、前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線を持つ第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける。前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲に配される。地震が発生しないときに前記第一端面と対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け前記第二端面を対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させる。第二緩衝部材が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる。
その結果、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場の振動が第二緩衝部材を介して建築物本体に伝達され、地震が発生すると前記第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に接触して建築物本体と立体駐車場本体とが支え合う。
By the structure of the said invention, a building main body becomes independent on a foundation. The multistory parking lot itself is self-supporting. A plurality of buffer members are provided between the building main body and the multistory parking lot main body. The first buffer member of the buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body, and has a first end surface having a first vertical line extending horizontally along the building. Turn to the other of the main body or the multi-story parking lot main body. The second buffer member of the buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body, and has a second end surface having a second vertical line extending horizontally along the building. Turn to the other of the main body or the multi-story parking lot main body. One of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is disposed around the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member. A gap of a predetermined dimension is provided between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the first end surface when an earthquake does not occur, and the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface Make contact. The second buffer member can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line.
As a result, when an earthquake does not occur, the vibration of the multilevel parking lot is transmitted to the building body via the second buffer member, and when the earthquake occurs, the second buffer member is compressed and deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension. A 1st end surface contacts a building main body or a multistory parking lot main body, and a building main body and a multistory parking lot main body support each other.

以下に、本発明の実施形態に係る立体駐車場を説明する。本発明は、以下に記載した実施形態のいずれか、またはそれらの中の二つ以上が組み合わされた態様を含む。   Below, the multistory parking lot which concerns on embodiment of this invention is demonstrated. The present invention includes any of the embodiments described below, or a combination of two or more of them.

本発明の実施形態に係る立体駐車場は、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲を囲う。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲を囲う。
その結果、第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に安定して接触する。
In the multi-story parking lot according to the embodiment of the present invention, either the first buffer member or the second buffer member surrounds the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member.
With the configuration of the above embodiment, either the first buffer member or the second buffer member surrounds the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member.
As a result, when the second buffer member is compressively deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension, the first end surface stably contacts the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body.

本発明の実施形態に係る立体駐車場は、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方が前記空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方の弾性体が、開口をもつ空隙を形成する。前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の弾性体が、前記空隙に嵌まる。
その結果、第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に安定して接触する。
The multi-story parking lot according to the embodiment of the present invention has an elastic body in which one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member forms an opening, and the first buffer member or the first buffer member. The other of the two buffer members has an elastic body that fits into the gap.
According to the configuration of the above-described embodiment, either one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member forms a gap having an opening. The other elastic body of the first buffer member or the second buffer member fits into the gap.
As a result, when the second buffer member is compressively deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension, the first end surface stably contacts the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body.

本発明の実施形態に係る立体駐車場は、前記緩衝部材が前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にする様に前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持する支持部材と該支持部材を前記第一垂直線に沿って移動させて前記第一端面と前記第一端面に対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整可能な調整機構とを有する。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記緩衝部材の支持部材が、前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にする様に前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持する。前記緩衝部材の調整機構が、該支持部材を前記第一垂直線に沿って移動させて前記第一端面と前記第一端面に対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整可能である。
その結果、第一端面とと前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を所定寸法に容易に調整できる。
In the multi-story parking lot according to the embodiment of the present invention, the buffer member supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the first vertical line and the second vertical line are parallel to each other. A gap formed between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the first end surface and the first end surface can be adjusted by moving the member and the support member along the first vertical line. And an adjustment mechanism.
With the configuration of the above-described embodiment, the support member of the buffer member supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the first vertical line and the second vertical line are parallel to each other. The adjustment mechanism of the buffer member moves the support member along the first vertical line so that the space is provided between the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body facing the first end surface and the first end surface. The gap can be adjusted.
As a result, a gap formed between the first end surface and the building main body or the multi-story parking lot main body can be easily adjusted to a predetermined size.

本発明の実施形態に係る立体駐車場は、複数の前記緩衝部材が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置され、複数の前記緩衝部材の各々の前記第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さい。
上記の実施形態の構成により、複数の前記緩衝部材が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置される。複数の前記緩衝部材の各々の前記第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さい。
その結果、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場本体の振動が第二緩衝部材を介して建築物本体に伝達する振動特性を調整できる。
In the multi-story parking lot according to the embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of the buffer members are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction, and the second vertical of the second buffer member of each of the plurality of buffer members. Each natural frequency associated with the displacement along the line is less than 20 Hz.
With the configuration of the above-described embodiment, the plurality of buffer members are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction. Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line of the second buffer member of each of the plurality of buffer members is smaller than 20 Hz.
As a result, it is possible to adjust the vibration characteristic that the vibration of the multistory parking lot body transmits to the building body via the second buffer member when no earthquake occurs.

本発明の実施形態に係る立体駐車場は、前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい。
上記の実施形態の構成により、前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい。
その結果、地震が発生して第一端面が前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触した際に立体駐車場本体と建築物本体の相対変位を抑制できる。
In the multi-story parking lot according to the embodiment of the present invention, the first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is the compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member. It is larger than the second compression spring constant according to.
According to the configuration of the above embodiment, the first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is the second related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member. Greater than compression spring constant.
As a result, when the earthquake occurs and the first end surface comes into contact with the building main body or the multi-story parking main body, the relative displacement between the multi-story parking main body and the building main body can be suppressed.

以上説明したように、本発明に係る建築物と立体駐車場とは、その構成により、以下の効果を有する。
複数の緩衝部際を基礎に自立する建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に設け、緩衝部材の第一緩衝部材と第二緩衝部材との一方が他方の周囲に配され、第一緩衝部材が前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体の一方に支持させており第一端面を他方に向け、第二緩衝部材が前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体の一方に支持させており第二端面を他方に向け、地震が発生しないときに第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させて第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に隙間を空け、前記第二緩衝部材が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる様にしたので、
地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場の振動が第二緩衝部材を介して建築物本体に伝達され、地震が発生すると前記第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に接触して建築物本体と立体駐車場本体とが支え合う。
また、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちから一方が他方の周囲を囲う様にしたので、第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に安定して接触する。
また、前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方の弾性体が形成する開口をもつ空隙に他方が嵌まる様にしたので、第二緩衝部材が圧縮変形し所定寸法だけ短くなったときに第一端面が建築物本体または立体駐車場本体に安定して接触する。
また、支持部材が前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持し、前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にし、前記調整機構が前記支持部材を移動させて第一端面と前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整できる様にしたので、第一端面とと前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を所定寸法に容易に調整できる。
また、高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置される複数の緩衝部材の各々の第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位にかかる各々の固有振動数を20Hzより各々に小さくする様にしたので、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場本体の振動が第二緩衝部材を介して建築物本体に伝達する振動特性を調整できる。
また、前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい様にしたので、地震が発生して第一端面が前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触した際に立体駐車場本体と建築物本体の相対変位を抑制できる。
従って、簡易な構成で建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に介在させるのに適した緩衝部座を備えた立体駐車場と建築物とを提供できる。
As described above, the building and the multistory parking lot according to the present invention have the following effects due to their configurations.
Provided between the main body of the building and the parking lot main body that are self-supporting on the basis of a plurality of buffer portions, one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member of the buffer member is arranged around the other, and the first buffer The member is supported by one of the building body or the multistory parking lot body, the first end face is directed to the other, and the second buffer member is supported by one of the building body or the multistory parking lot body. When the second end face is directed to the other side and the earthquake does not occur, the second end face is brought into contact with the building body or the multistory parking lot body, and the first end surface is spaced from the building body or the multistory parking lot body Since the second buffer member can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line,
When the earthquake does not occur, the vibration of the multistory parking lot is transmitted to the building body through the second buffer member, and when the earthquake occurs, the second buffer member is compressed and deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension. Comes into contact with the main body of the building or the parking lot main body, and the main body of the building and the parking lot main body support each other.
Also, since one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member surrounds the other, the first end surface is constructed when the second buffer member is compressed and deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension. Stable contact with the object body or multistory parking lot body.
In addition, since the other is fitted into a gap having an opening formed by one of the first buffer member and the second buffer member, the second buffer member is compressed and deformed to a predetermined size. When it becomes shorter, the first end surface stably comes into contact with the building body or the multi-story parking lot body.
Further, the support member supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member, the first vertical line and the second vertical line are made parallel, and the adjustment mechanism moves the support member to make the first Since the gap formed between the end surface and the building body or the parking lot body can be adjusted, the gap formed between the first end surface and the building body or the parking lot body is provided. It can be easily adjusted to a predetermined dimension.
Further, each natural frequency applied to the displacement along the second vertical line of each of the plurality of buffer members arranged at a predetermined interval in the height direction is made smaller than 20 Hz. Since it did in this way, when the earthquake does not generate | occur | produce, the vibration characteristic which the vibration of a multistory parking lot main body transmits to a building main body via a 2nd buffer member can be adjusted.
The first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is larger than the second compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member. Therefore, when an earthquake occurs and the first end surface comes into contact with the building main body or the multi-story parking main body, the relative displacement between the multi-story parking main body and the building main body can be suppressed.
Therefore, it is possible to provide a multistory parking lot and a building having a buffer seat suitable for being interposed between the building main body and the multistory parking lot main body with a simple configuration.

本発明の第一の実施形態に係る建築物の正面図である。It is a front view of the building concerning a first embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第一の実施形態に係る立体駐車場の正面図である。It is a front view of the multistory parking lot which concerns on 1st embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第一の実施形態に係る立体駐車場のA−A矢視図である。It is an AA arrow line view of the multistory parking lot which concerns on 1st embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の正面図である。It is a front view of the buffer member concerning a first embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の側面図である。It is a side view of the buffer member concerning a first embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用図である。It is an effect | action figure of the buffer member which concerns on 1st embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第二の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の正面図である。It is a front view of the buffer member concerning a second embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第二の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の平面図である。It is a top view of a buffer member concerning a second embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第二の実施形態に係る駐車装置の作用図である。It is an effect | action figure of the parking apparatus which concerns on 2nd embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第三の実施形態に係る立体駐車場のA−A矢視図である。It is an AA arrow line view of the multistory parking lot which concerns on 3rd embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の正面図である。It is a front view of the buffer member concerning a 4th embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の側面図である。It is a side view of the buffer member concerning a 4th embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用図である。It is an effect | action figure of the buffer member which concerns on 4th embodiment of this invention. 本発明の実施形態にかかる建築物の質点系モデル図である。It is a mass point type | system | group model figure of the building concerning embodiment of this invention.

以下、本発明を実施するための形態を、図面を参照して説明する。   Hereinafter, embodiments for carrying out the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

最初に、本発明の第一の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場を説明する。
図1は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る建築物の正面図である。図2は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る立体駐車場の正面図である。図3は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る立体駐車場のA−A矢視図である。図4は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の正面図である。図5は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の側面図である。図6は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用図である。図14は、本発明の実施形態にかかる建築物の質点系モデル図である。
Initially, the building and multistory parking lot concerning 1st embodiment of this invention are demonstrated.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a building according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a front view of the multistory parking lot according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 is an AA arrow view of the multi-story parking lot according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a front view of the buffer member according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 is a side view of the buffer member according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is an operation diagram of the buffer member according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 14 is a mass system model diagram of a building according to the embodiment of the present invention.

本発明の第一の実施形態に係る建築物100は、基礎に設けられるものであって、建築物本体110と立体駐車場200とで構成される。
立体駐車場200は、車両を駐車させるものであって、建築物本体110と共に設けられるものである。
立体駐車場200は、立体駐車場本体210と複数の緩衝部材220とで構成される。
建築物本体110が内部空間Hを形成し、立体駐車場200が内部空間Hに設けられてもよい。
内部空間Hは、ボイドと呼称される。
立体駐車場本体210は、基礎に自立する。
例えば、立体駐車場本体210は、内部空間Hに設けられ、基礎に自立する。
複数の緩衝部材220は、建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との間に設けられる。
複数の緩衝部材220は、高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220のうち幾つかの緩衝部材220を一組として、複数組が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
The building 100 according to the first embodiment of the present invention is provided on a foundation, and includes a building main body 110 and a multistory parking lot 200.
The three-dimensional parking lot 200 parks a vehicle and is provided together with the building main body 110.
The multistory parking lot 200 includes a multistory parking lot body 210 and a plurality of buffer members 220.
The building body 110 may form the internal space H, and the three-dimensional parking lot 200 may be provided in the internal space H.
The internal space H is called a void.
The multistory parking lot body 210 is self-supporting.
For example, the multistory parking lot main body 210 is provided in the internal space H and is self-supporting.
The plurality of buffer members 220 are provided between the building body 110 and the multistory parking lot body 210.
The plurality of buffer members 220 may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.
Several buffer members 220 among the plurality of buffer members 220 may be set as a set, and the plurality of sets may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.

図3は、8個の緩衝部材220を一組として、一組の緩衝部材220が、一定の高さに配される様子を示す。
1組の緩衝部材220は、4個のx軸方向緩衝部材220xと4個のy軸方向緩衝部材220yとで構成される。
水平面に含まれるxy直交座標を仮想し、x軸方向緩衝部材220xの後述する第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2がx軸に沿って延び、y軸方向緩衝部材220yの後述する第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2がy軸に沿って延びる。
FIG. 3 shows a state in which a set of eight buffer members 220 is arranged at a certain height with a set of eight buffer members 220 as a set.
One set of the buffer members 220 includes four x-axis direction buffer members 220x and four y-axis direction buffer members 220y.
An xy orthogonal coordinate included in the horizontal plane is assumed, and a first vertical line G1 and a second vertical line G2 described later of the x-axis direction buffer member 220x extend along the x-axis, and a first later-described first of the y-axis direction buffer member 220y. A vertical line G1 and a second vertical line G2 extend along the y-axis.

緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とで構成される。
緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222と支持部材223と調整機構224とで構成されてもよい。
The buffer member 220 includes a first buffer member 221 and a second buffer member 222.
The buffer member 220 may include a first buffer member 221, a second buffer member 222, a support member 223, and an adjustment mechanism 224.

第一緩衝部材221は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221は、立体駐車場本体210により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110に向ける部材である。
The first buffer member 221 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a first end surface S1 having a first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is a member that is supported by the multi-story parking lot body 210 and directs the first end surface S1 having the first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal direction toward the building body 110.

第二緩衝部材222は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222は、立体駐車場本体210により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を建築物本体110に向ける部材である。
The second buffer member 222 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a second end surface S2 having a second vertical line G2 extending horizontally. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the second buffer member 222 is a member that is supported by the multi-story parking lot body 210 and directs the second end surface S2 having the second vertical line G2 extending horizontally along the building body 110.

地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210と間に所定寸法Dの隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触させる。
例えば、地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110と間に所定寸法Dの隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する建築物本体110に接触させる。
第一緩衝部材221が第一垂直線G1に沿って圧縮変形できる。
第二緩衝部材222が第二垂直線G2に沿って圧縮変形できる。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が、第一端面S1を形成する弾性体を持つ。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222が、第二端面S2を形成する弾性体を持つ。
When an earthquake does not occur, the building body 110 or the multilevel parking lot facing the second end surface S2 with a gap of a predetermined dimension D between the building main body 110 or the multilevel parking lot main body 210 facing the first end surface S1. The main body 210 is brought into contact.
For example, when an earthquake does not occur, a gap of a predetermined dimension D is formed between the building main body 110 facing the first end surface S1 and the building main body 110 facing the second end surface S2 is brought into contact.
The first buffer member 221 can be compressed and deformed along the first vertical line G1.
The second buffer member 222 can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line G2.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms the first end surface S1.
For example, the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms the second end surface S2.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲に配される。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の周囲に配される。
One of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 is disposed around the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is disposed around the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちから一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲を囲ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の周囲を囲う。
One of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 may surround the other of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 surrounds the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第二緩衝部材222が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ。
図4は、第一緩衝部材221の弾性体が直径D1の空隙を形成し、第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が直径D2の円柱形である様子を示す。第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が第一緩衝部材221の弾性体が形成する直径D1の空隙に嵌まる。
Either the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening, and the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap. You may have.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening, and the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that fits into the gap.
FIG. 4 shows a state in which the elastic body of the first buffer member 221 forms a gap with a diameter D1, and the elastic body of the second buffer member 222 has a cylindrical shape with a diameter D2. The elastic body of the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap having the diameter D1 formed by the elastic body of the first buffer member 221.

支持部材223は、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にする様に第一緩衝部材と第二緩衝部材とを支持する部材である。
例えば、支持部材223は、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にする様に第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とを共に支持する1つの部材である。
例えば、支持部材223は、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にし第一端面S1と第二端面S2とを同一方向に向けて第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とを共に支持する1つの部材である。
The support member 223 is a member that supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 are parallel to each other.
For example, the support member 223 is one member that supports both the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 so that the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 are parallel to each other.
For example, the support member 223 has the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 with the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 in parallel and the first end surface S1 and the second end surface S2 facing in the same direction. It is one member which supports together.

調整機構224は、支持部材223を第一垂直線G1に沿って移動させて、第一端面S1と第一端面S1に対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210との間に空けた隙間を調整可能な機構である。
例えば、調整機構224は、支持部材223を第一垂直線G1に沿って移動させて、第一端面S1と第一端面S1に対面する建築物本体110の間に空けた隙間の寸法Dを調整可能な機構である。
例えば、調整機構224は、ネジ棒224aとナット224bと一対のフランジ224cとで構成される。
一対のフランジ224cがネジ棒224aの両端にナット224bにより連結される。
ナット224bを回転させることにより、一対の224cの離間距離が調整され、第一端面S1と第一端面S1に対面する建築物本体110の間に空けた隙間の寸法Dを調整できる。
The adjustment mechanism 224 moves the support member 223 along the first vertical line G1, and a gap is formed between the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210 facing the first end surface S1 and the first end surface S1. This is an adjustable mechanism.
For example, the adjustment mechanism 224 moves the support member 223 along the first vertical line G1, and adjusts the dimension D of the gap formed between the first end surface S1 and the building body 110 facing the first end surface S1. It is a possible mechanism.
For example, the adjustment mechanism 224 includes a screw rod 224a, a nut 224b, and a pair of flanges 224c.
A pair of flanges 224c are connected to both ends of the screw rod 224a by nuts 224b.
By rotating the nut 224b, the separation distance between the pair of 224c is adjusted, and the dimension D of the gap formed between the first end face S1 and the building body 110 facing the first end face S1 can be adjusted.

複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が15Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
この様にすると、可聴域の振動が駐車場本体210から建築物本体110へ固体伝搬するのを抑制できる。
図14は、図1の建築物を質点系モデルである。
立体駐車場の質量は緩衝部材220の設けられる高さ毎に分かれて分布する複数の集中質量と仮想し、複数の集中質量は複数の高さ毎に緩衝部材220を各々に設けられる。
固有振動数fは以下の式により計算する。

f=1/2π×SQRT(K×g/W)

ここで、
Kは同一の方向に沿った変位に係るばね定数(kgf/cm)
Wは同一の方向に沿って変位する1組の緩衝部材にかかる集中質量(kgf)
gは重量加速度(980cm/s

ばね定数Kは集中質量を第一垂直線または第二垂直線のうちの一方に沿って単位変位させるのに必要な力である。

例えば、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2がx軸に沿って延びる一組の緩衝部材について、
fx=1/2π×SQRT(Kx×g/W)

ここで、
Kxはx軸方向に沿った変位に係るばね定数(kgf/cm)
Wは同一の方向に沿って変位する1組の緩衝部材にかかる集中質量(kgf)
gは重量加速度(980cm/s

fy=1/2π×SQRT(Ky×g/W)

ここで、
Kyはy軸方向に沿った変位に係るばね定数(kgf/cm)
Wは同一の方向に沿って変位する1組の緩衝部材にかかる集中質量(kgf)
gは重量加速度(980cm/s
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of each of the second buffer members 222 of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 20 Hz.
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222 of each of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 15 Hz.
If it does in this way, it can control that the vibration of an audible area carries out solid propagation from parking lot main part 210 to building main part 110.
FIG. 14 is a mass point model of the building of FIG.
The mass of the multi-story parking lot is assumed to be a plurality of concentrated masses divided and distributed for each height at which the buffer member 220 is provided, and the plurality of concentrated masses are provided with the buffer members 220 for each of the plurality of heights.
The natural frequency f is calculated by the following formula.

f = 1 / 2π × SQRT (K × g / W)

here,
K is the spring constant related to the displacement along the same direction (kgf / cm)
W is a concentrated mass (kgf) applied to a set of cushioning members that are displaced along the same direction.
g is weight acceleration (980 cm / s 2 )

The spring constant K is the force required to displace the concentrated mass along one of the first vertical line or the second vertical line.

For example, for a set of cushioning members in which the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 extend along the x-axis,
fx = 1 / 2π × SQRT (Kx × g / W)

here,
Kx is the spring constant related to the displacement along the x-axis direction (kgf / cm)
W is a concentrated mass (kgf) applied to a set of cushioning members that are displaced along the same direction.
g is weight acceleration (980 cm / s 2 )

fy = 1 / 2π × SQRT (Ky × g / W)

here,
Ky is the spring constant related to the displacement along the y-axis direction (kgf / cm)
W is a concentrated mass (kgf) applied to a set of cushioning members that are displaced along the same direction.
g is weight acceleration (980 cm / s 2 )

第一緩衝部材221の第一垂直線G1に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きくてもよい。
第一端面S1の面積を選んで、第一圧縮ばね定数を所望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第一半径D1を小さくすると第一端面S1の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。第一半径D1を大きくすると第一端面S1の面積が小さくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。
第二端面S2の面積を選んで、第二圧縮ばね定数を希望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第二半径D2を小さくすると第二端面S2の面積が小さくなり、第二圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。第二半径D2を大きくすると第二端面S2の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。
The first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line G1 of the first buffer member 221 may be larger than the second compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222. .
The first compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the first end surface S1.
For example, when the first radius D1 is decreased, the area of the first end surface S1 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased. When the first radius D1 is increased, the area of the first end surface S1 is decreased, and the first compression spring constant is decreased.
The second compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the second end face S2.
For example, when the second radius D2 is decreased, the area of the second end surface S2 is decreased, and the second compression spring constant is decreased. When the second radius D2 is increased, the area of the second end face S2 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased.

以下に、本発明の第一の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場の作用を、図を基に、説明する。
図6は、本発明の第一の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用を示す。
Below, the effect | action of the building concerning the first embodiment of this invention and a multistory parking lot is demonstrated based on figures.
FIG. 6 shows the operation of the buffer member according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

図6の上図は、地震が発生しないときの緩衝部材220の様子を示す。
第一緩衝部材221の第一端面S1が建築物本体110との間に所定の隙間Dを空ける。
例えば、第一端面S1が建築物架構111との間に所定寸法Dの隙間を空ける。
第二緩衝部材222の第二端面S2が建築物本体110に接触する。
例えば、第二端面S2が建築物架構111に接触する。
立体駐車場本体210で発生した振動が、第二緩衝部材222を介して建築物本体110に固体伝搬する。
The upper diagram in FIG. 6 shows the state of the buffer member 220 when an earthquake does not occur.
A predetermined gap D is formed between the first end surface S <b> 1 of the first buffer member 221 and the building body 110.
For example, a gap of a predetermined dimension D is formed between the first end surface S1 and the building frame 111.
The second end surface S <b> 2 of the second buffer member 222 contacts the building body 110.
For example, the second end surface S <b> 2 contacts the building frame 111.
The vibration generated in the multi-story parking lot main body 210 is solid-propagated to the building main body 110 via the second buffer member 222.

図6の下図は、地震が発生したときの緩衝部材220の様子を示す。
地震の変動により建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との複数の隙間のうちの幾つかの隙間が狭くなり、第二緩衝部材222が圧縮される。
第一緩衝部材221の第一端面S1が、建築物本体110に接触する。
例えば、第一端面S1が建築物架構111に接触する。
地震が収まると、上図の状態に戻る。
The lower diagram of FIG. 6 shows the state of the buffer member 220 when an earthquake occurs.
Due to the fluctuation of the earthquake, some of the plurality of gaps between the building main body 110 and the multistory parking lot main body 210 are narrowed, and the second buffer member 222 is compressed.
The first end surface S <b> 1 of the first buffer member 221 contacts the building body 110.
For example, the first end surface S <b> 1 contacts the building frame 111.
When the earthquake stops, it returns to the state shown above.

次に、本発明の第二の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場を説明する。
図7は、本発明の第二の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の正面図である。図8は、本発明の第二の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の平面図である。図9は、本発明の第二の実施形態に係る駐車装置の作用図である。
Next, the building and multistory parking lot concerning 2nd embodiment of this invention are demonstrated.
FIG. 7 is a front view of the buffer member according to the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a plan view of the buffer member according to the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is an operation diagram of the parking apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

本発明の第二の実施形態に係る建築物100は、基礎に設けられるものであって、建築物本体110と立体駐車場200とで構成される。
立体駐車場200は、車両を駐車させるものであって、建築物本体110と共に設けられるものである。
立体駐車場200は、立体駐車場本体210と複数の緩衝部材220とで構成される。
建築物本体110が内部空間を形成し、立体駐車場200が内部空間に設けられてもよい。
立体駐車場本体210は、基礎に自立する。
例えば、立体駐車場本体210は、内部空間Hに設けられ、基礎に自立する。
複数の緩衝部材220は、建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との間に設けられる。
複数の緩衝部材220は、高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220のうち幾つかの緩衝部材220を一組として、複数組が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
The building 100 according to the second embodiment of the present invention is provided on the foundation, and includes a building main body 110 and a multistory parking lot 200.
The three-dimensional parking lot 200 parks a vehicle and is provided together with the building main body 110.
The multistory parking lot 200 includes a multistory parking lot body 210 and a plurality of buffer members 220.
The building body 110 may form an internal space, and the multi-story parking lot 200 may be provided in the internal space.
The multistory parking lot body 210 is self-supporting.
For example, the multistory parking lot main body 210 is provided in the internal space H and is self-supporting.
The plurality of buffer members 220 are provided between the building body 110 and the multistory parking lot body 210.
The plurality of buffer members 220 may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.
Several buffer members 220 among the plurality of buffer members 220 may be set as a set, and the plurality of sets may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.

一定の高さ毎における複数の緩衝部材220の配置は、第一の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場のものと同じなので、説明を省略する。   Since the arrangement | positioning of the several buffer member 220 for every fixed height is the same as the building concerning the first embodiment, and the thing of a multistory parking lot, description is abbreviate | omitted.

緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とで構成される。
緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222と支持部材223と調整機構224とで構成されてもよい。
The buffer member 220 includes a first buffer member 221 and a second buffer member 222.
The buffer member 220 may include a first buffer member 221, a second buffer member 222, a support member 223, and an adjustment mechanism 224.

第一緩衝部材221は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221は、立体駐車場本体210により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110に向ける部材である。
The first buffer member 221 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a first end surface S1 having a first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is a member that is supported by the multi-story parking lot body 210 and directs the first end surface S1 having the first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal direction toward the building body 110.

第二緩衝部材222は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222は、立体駐車場本体210により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を建築物本体110に向ける部材である。
The second buffer member 222 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a second end surface S2 having a second vertical line G2 extending horizontally. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the second buffer member 222 is a member that is supported by the multi-story parking lot body 210 and directs the second end surface S2 having the second vertical line G2 extending horizontally along the building body 110.

地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触させる。
例えば、地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する建築物本体110に接触させる。
第二緩衝部材222が第二垂直線G2に沿って圧縮変形できる。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が、第一端面S1を形成する弾性体を持つ。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222が、第二端面S2を形成する弾性体を持つ。
When an earthquake does not occur, the building main body 110 or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface S2 with a gap of a predetermined dimension between the building main body 110 or the three-dimensional parking lot main body 210 facing the first end surface S1. 210 is brought into contact.
For example, when an earthquake does not occur, a gap of a predetermined dimension is made between the building body 110 facing the first end surface S1 and the building body 110 facing the second end surface S2 is contacted.
The second buffer member 222 can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line G2.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms the first end surface S1.
For example, the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms the second end surface S2.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲に配される。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の周囲に配される。
One of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 is disposed around the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is disposed around the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちから一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲を囲ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の左右に配される。
One of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 may surround the other of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is disposed on the left and right of the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちらか一方が間に空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方が空隙に位置する弾性体を持ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が間に空隙を設けた1対の弾性体をもち、第二緩衝部材222が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ。
図7は、第一緩衝部材221の左右1対の弾性体が間に隙間を形成し、第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が直径D2の円柱形である様子を示す。第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が第一緩衝部材221の左右1対の弾性体が形成する空隙に嵌まる。
Either the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms a gap therebetween, and the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body positioned in the gap. You may have it.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has a pair of elastic bodies with a gap therebetween, and the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that fits into the gap.
FIG. 7 shows a state in which the pair of left and right elastic bodies of the first buffer member 221 forms a gap therebetween, and the elastic body of the second buffer member 222 has a cylindrical shape with a diameter D2. The elastic body of the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap formed by the pair of left and right elastic bodies of the first buffer member 221.

支持部材223は、調整機構224の構造は、第一の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場のものと同じなので、説明を省略する。   Since the support member 223 has the same structure of the adjustment mechanism 224 as that of the building according to the first embodiment and that of the multi-story parking lot, description thereof is omitted.

複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が15Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
この様にすると、可聴域の振動が駐車場本体210から建築物本体110へ固体伝搬するのを抑制できる。
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of each of the second buffer members 222 of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 20 Hz.
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222 of each of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 15 Hz.
If it does in this way, it can control that the vibration of an audible area carries out solid propagation from parking lot main part 210 to building main part 110.

第一緩衝部材221の第一垂直線G1に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きくてもよい。
ここで、圧縮ばね定数は単位変位をするのに必要な力である。
第一端面S1の面積を選んで、第一圧縮ばね定数を所望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第一端面S1の面積を大きくすると、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。第一端面S1の面積を小さくすると、第一圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。
第二端面S2の面積を選んで、第二圧縮ばね定数を希望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第二半径D2を小さくすると第二端面S2の面積が小さくなり、第二圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。第二半径D2を大きくすると第二端面S2の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。
The first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line G1 of the first buffer member 221 may be larger than the second compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222. .
Here, the compression spring constant is a force necessary to make a unit displacement.
The first compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the first end surface S1.
For example, when the area of the first end surface S1 is increased, the first compression spring constant is increased. When the area of the first end surface S1 is reduced, the first compression spring constant is reduced.
The second compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the second end face S2.
For example, when the second radius D2 is decreased, the area of the second end surface S2 is decreased, and the second compression spring constant is decreased. When the second radius D2 is increased, the area of the second end face S2 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased.

以下に、本発明の第二の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場の作用を、図を基に、説明する。
図9は、本発明の第二の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用を示す。
Below, the effect | action of the building concerning the second embodiment of this invention and a multistory parking lot is demonstrated based on a figure.
FIG. 9 shows the operation of the buffer member according to the second embodiment of the present invention.

図9の上図は、地震が発生しないときの緩衝部材220の様子を示す。
第一緩衝部材221の第一端面S1が建築物本体110との間に所定寸法Dの隙間を空ける。
例えば、第一端面S1が建築物架構111との間に所定寸法Dの隙間を空ける。
第二緩衝部材222の第二端面S2が建築物本体110に接触する。
例えば、第二端面S2が建築物架構111に接触する。
立体駐車場本体210で発生した振動が、第二緩衝部材222を介して建築物本体110に固体伝搬する。
The upper diagram of FIG. 9 shows the state of the buffer member 220 when an earthquake does not occur.
A gap of a predetermined dimension D is formed between the first end surface S <b> 1 of the first buffer member 221 and the building body 110.
For example, a gap of a predetermined dimension D is formed between the first end surface S1 and the building frame 111.
The second end surface S <b> 2 of the second buffer member 222 contacts the building body 110.
For example, the second end surface S <b> 2 contacts the building frame 111.
The vibration generated in the multi-story parking lot main body 210 is solid-propagated to the building main body 110 via the second buffer member 222.

図9の下図は、地震が発生したときの緩衝部材220の様子を示す。
地震の変動により建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との複数の隙間のうちの幾つかの隙間が狭くなり、第二緩衝部材222が圧縮される。
第一緩衝部材221の第一端面S1が、建築物本体110に接触する。
例えば、第一端面S1が建築物架構111に接触する。
地震が収まると、上図の状態に戻る。
The lower diagram of FIG. 9 shows the state of the buffer member 220 when an earthquake occurs.
Due to the fluctuation of the earthquake, some of the plurality of gaps between the building main body 110 and the multistory parking lot main body 210 are narrowed, and the second buffer member 222 is compressed.
The first end surface S <b> 1 of the first buffer member 221 contacts the building body 110.
For example, the first end surface S <b> 1 contacts the building frame 111.
When the earthquake stops, it returns to the state shown above.

次に、本発明の第三の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場を説明する。
図10は、本発明の第三の実施形態に係る立体駐車場のA−A矢視図である。
Next, the building and multistory parking lot concerning 3rd embodiment of this invention are demonstrated.
FIG. 10 is an AA arrow view of a multi-story parking lot according to the third embodiment of the present invention.

本発明の第三の実施形態に係る建築物100は、基礎に設けられるものであって、建築物本体110と立体駐車場200とで構成される。
立体駐車場200は、車両を駐車させるものであって、建築物本体110と共に設けられるものである。
立体駐車場200は、立体駐車場本体210と複数の緩衝部材220とで構成される。
建築物本体110が内部空間を形成し、立体駐車場200が内部空間に設けられてもよい。
立体駐車場本体210は、基礎に自立する。
例えば、立体駐車場本体210は、内部空間Hに設けられ、基礎に自立する。
複数の緩衝部材220は、建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との間に設けられる。
複数の緩衝部材220は、高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220のうち幾つかの緩衝部材220を一組として、複数組が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
The building 100 according to the third embodiment of the present invention is provided on a foundation, and includes a building main body 110 and a multistory parking lot 200.
The three-dimensional parking lot 200 parks a vehicle and is provided together with the building main body 110.
The multistory parking lot 200 includes a multistory parking lot body 210 and a plurality of buffer members 220.
The building body 110 may form an internal space, and the multi-story parking lot 200 may be provided in the internal space.
The multistory parking lot body 210 is self-supporting.
For example, the multistory parking lot main body 210 is provided in the internal space H and is self-supporting.
The plurality of buffer members 220 are provided between the building body 110 and the multistory parking lot body 210.
The plurality of buffer members 220 may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.
Several buffer members 220 among the plurality of buffer members 220 may be set as a set, and the plurality of sets may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.

図10は、8個の緩衝部材220を一組として、一組の緩衝部材220が、一定の高さに配される様子を示す。
1組の緩衝部材220は、4個のx軸方向緩衝部材220xと4個のy軸方向緩衝部材220yとで構成される。
水平面に含まれるxy直交座標を仮想し、x軸方向緩衝部材220xの後述する第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2がx軸に沿って延び、y軸方向緩衝部材220yの後述する第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2がy軸に沿って延びる。
FIG. 10 shows a set of eight buffer members 220 as a set, and the set of buffer members 220 arranged at a certain height.
One set of the buffer members 220 includes four x-axis direction buffer members 220x and four y-axis direction buffer members 220y.
An xy orthogonal coordinate included in the horizontal plane is assumed, and a first vertical line G1 and a second vertical line G2 described later of the x-axis direction buffer member 220x extend along the x-axis, and a first later-described first of the y-axis direction buffer member 220y. A vertical line G1 and a second vertical line G2 extend along the y-axis.

緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とで構成される。
緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222と支持部材223と調整機構224とで構成されてもよい。
The buffer member 220 includes a first buffer member 221 and a second buffer member 222.
The buffer member 220 may include a first buffer member 221, a second buffer member 222, a support member 223, and an adjustment mechanism 224.

第一緩衝部材221は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221は、建築物本体110により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を立体駐車場本体210に向ける部材である。
The first buffer member 221 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a first end surface S1 having a first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is a member that is supported by the building body 110 and directs the first end surface S1 having the first vertical line G1 extending horizontally along the multilevel parking lot body 210.

第二緩衝部材222は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222は、建築物本体110により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を立体駐車場本体210に向ける部材である。
The second buffer member 222 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a second end surface S2 having a second vertical line G2 extending horizontally. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the second buffer member 222 is a member that is supported by the building main body 110 and directs the second end surface S2 having the second vertical line G2 extending horizontally along the multilevel parking lot main body 210.

地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触させる。
例えば、地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する立体駐車場本体210と間に所定寸法Dの隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する立体駐車場本体210に接触させる。
第二緩衝部材222が第二垂直線G2に沿って圧縮変形できる。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が、第一端面S1を形成する弾性体を持つ。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222が、第二端面S2を形成する弾性体を持つ。
When an earthquake does not occur, the building main body 110 or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface S2 with a gap of a predetermined dimension between the building main body 110 or the three-dimensional parking lot main body 210 facing the first end surface S1. 210 is brought into contact.
For example, when an earthquake does not occur, a gap of a predetermined dimension D is provided between the multistory parking lot body 210 facing the first end surface S1 and the second parking lot body 210 facing the second end surface S2.
The second buffer member 222 can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line G2.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms the first end surface S1.
For example, the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms the second end surface S2.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲に配される。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の周囲に配される。
One of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 is disposed around the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is disposed around the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちから一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲を囲ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲を囲う。
One of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 may surround the other of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 surrounds the other periphery of the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第二緩衝部材222が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ。
図4は、第一緩衝部材221の弾性体が直径D1の空隙を形成し、第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が直径D2の円柱形である様子を示す。第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が第一緩衝部材221の弾性体が形成する直径D1の空隙に嵌まる。
Either the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening, and the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap. You may have.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening, and the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that fits into the gap.
FIG. 4 shows a state in which the elastic body of the first buffer member 221 forms a gap with a diameter D1, and the elastic body of the second buffer member 222 has a cylindrical shape with a diameter D2. The elastic body of the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap having the diameter D1 formed by the elastic body of the first buffer member 221.

支持部材223は、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にする様に第一緩衝部材と第二緩衝部材とを支持する部材である。
例えば、支持部材223は、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にする様に第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とを共に支持する1つの部材である。
例えば、支持部材223は、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にし第一端面S1と第二端面S2とを同一方向に向けて第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とを共に支持する1つの部材である。
The support member 223 is a member that supports the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 are parallel to each other.
For example, the support member 223 is one member that supports both the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 so that the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 are parallel to each other.
For example, the support member 223 has the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 with the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 in parallel and the first end surface S1 and the second end surface S2 facing in the same direction. It is one member which supports together.

調整機構224は、支持部材223を第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とに沿って移動させて、第一端面S1と第一端面S1に対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210との間に空けた隙間を調整可能な機構である。
例えば、 調整機構224は、支持部材223を第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とに沿って移動させて、第一端面S1と第一端面S1に対面する立体駐車場本体210の間に空けた隙間を調整可能な機構である。
例えば、調整機構224は、ネジ棒224aとナット224bと一対のフランジ224cとで構成される。
一対のフランジ224cがネジ棒224aの両端にナット224bにより連結される。
ナット224bを回転させることにより、一対の224cの離間距離が調整され、第一端面S1と第一端面S1に対面する立体駐車場本体210との間に空けた隙間を調整できる。
The adjustment mechanism 224 moves the support member 223 along the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2, and faces the first end surface S1 and the first end surface S1, and the building body 110 or the multistory parking lot body 210. It is a mechanism that can adjust the gap left between.
For example, the adjustment mechanism 224 moves the support member 223 along the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 so that the space between the first parking lot body 210 facing the first end surface S1 and the first end surface S1 can be reduced. This mechanism can adjust the gap.
For example, the adjustment mechanism 224 includes a screw rod 224a, a nut 224b, and a pair of flanges 224c.
A pair of flanges 224c are connected to both ends of the screw rod 224a by nuts 224b.
By rotating the nut 224b, the separation distance between the pair of 224c is adjusted, and the gap formed between the first end surface S1 and the three-dimensional parking lot body 210 facing the first end surface S1 can be adjusted.

複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が15Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
この様にすると、可聴域の振動が駐車場本体210から建築物本体110へ固体伝搬擦るのを抑制できる。
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of each of the second buffer members 222 of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 20 Hz.
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222 of each of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 15 Hz.
If it does in this way, it can suppress that the vibration of an audible area rubs solid propagation from the parking lot main body 210 to the building main body 110.

第一緩衝部材221の第一垂直線G1に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きくてもよい。
ここで、圧縮ばね定数は単位変位をするのに必要な力である。
第一端面S1の面積を選んで、第一圧縮ばね定数を所望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第一半径D1を小さくすると第一端面S1の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。第一半径D1を大きくすると第一端面S1の面積が小さくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。
第二端面S2の面積を選んで、第二圧縮ばね定数を希望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第二半径D2を小さくすると第二端面S2の面積が小さくなり、第二圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。第二半径D2を大きくすると第二端面S2の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。
The first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line G1 of the first buffer member 221 may be larger than the second compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222. .
Here, the compression spring constant is a force necessary to make a unit displacement.
The first compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the first end surface S1.
For example, when the first radius D1 is decreased, the area of the first end surface S1 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased. When the first radius D1 is increased, the area of the first end surface S1 is decreased, and the first compression spring constant is decreased.
The second compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the second end face S2.
For example, when the second radius D2 is decreased, the area of the second end surface S2 is decreased, and the second compression spring constant is decreased. When the second radius D2 is increased, the area of the second end face S2 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased.

以下に、本発明の第三の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場の作用は、第一の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場のものと同じなので、説明を省略する。   Below, since the effect | action of the building concerning the third embodiment of this invention and a multistory parking lot is the same as that of the building concerning a first embodiment and a multistory parking lot, description is abbreviate | omitted.

以下に、本発明の第四の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場を説明する。
図11は、本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の正面図である。図12は、本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の側面図である。図13は、本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用図である。
Below, the building and multistory parking lot concerning 4th embodiment of this invention are demonstrated.
FIG. 11 is a front view of a buffer member according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 12 is a side view of the buffer member according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 13 is an operational view of the buffer member according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention.

本発明の第四の実施形態に係る建築物100は、基礎に設けられるものであって、建築物本体110と立体駐車場200とで構成される。
立体駐車場200は、車両を駐車させるものであって、建築物本体110と共に設けられるものである。
立体駐車場200は、立体駐車場本体210と複数の緩衝部材220とで構成される。
建築物本体110が内部空間を形成し、立体駐車場200が内部空間に設けられてもよい。
立体駐車場本体210は、基礎に自立する。
例えば、立体駐車場本体210は、内部空間Hに設けられ、基礎に自立する。
複数の緩衝部材220は、建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との間に設けられる。
複数の緩衝部材220は、高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220のうち幾つかの緩衝部材220を一組として、複数組が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されてもよい。
A building 100 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention is provided on a foundation, and includes a building main body 110 and a multistory parking lot 200.
The three-dimensional parking lot 200 parks a vehicle and is provided together with the building main body 110.
The multistory parking lot 200 includes a multistory parking lot body 210 and a plurality of buffer members 220.
The building body 110 may form an internal space, and the multi-story parking lot 200 may be provided in the internal space.
The multistory parking lot body 210 is self-supporting.
For example, the multistory parking lot main body 210 is provided in the internal space H and is self-supporting.
The plurality of buffer members 220 are provided between the building body 110 and the multistory parking lot body 210.
The plurality of buffer members 220 may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.
Several buffer members 220 among the plurality of buffer members 220 may be set as a set, and the plurality of sets may be arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction.

一定の高さ毎における複数の緩衝部材220の配置は、第一の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場のものと同じなので、説明を省略する。   Since the arrangement | positioning of the several buffer member 220 for every fixed height is the same as the building concerning the first embodiment, and the thing of a multistory parking lot, description is abbreviate | omitted.

緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とで構成される。
緩衝部材220は、第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222と支持部材223と調整機構224とで構成されてもよい。
The buffer member 220 includes a first buffer member 221 and a second buffer member 222.
The buffer member 220 may include a first buffer member 221, a second buffer member 222, a support member 223, and an adjustment mechanism 224.

第一緩衝部材221は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221は、立体駐車場本体210により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線G1をもつ第一端面S1を建築物本体110に向ける部材である。
The first buffer member 221 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a first end surface S1 having a first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is a member that is supported by the multi-story parking lot body 210 and directs the first end surface S1 having the first vertical line G1 extending along the horizontal direction toward the building body 110.

第二緩衝部材222は、建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210のうちの他方に向ける部材である。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222は、建築物本体110により支持されており、水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線G2をもつ第二端面S2を立体駐車場本体210に向ける部材である。
The second buffer member 222 is supported by either the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210, and the building main body 110 has a second end surface S2 having a second vertical line G2 extending horizontally. Or it is a member toward the other of the multi-story parking lot main body 210.
For example, the second buffer member 222 is a member that is supported by the building main body 110 and directs the second end surface S2 having the second vertical line G2 extending horizontally along the multilevel parking lot main body 210.

地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触させる。
例えば、地震が発生しないときに、第一端面S1と対面する建築物本体110と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け、第二端面S2を対面する立体駐車場本体210に接触させる。
第一緩衝部材221が第一垂直線G1に沿って圧縮変形できる。
第二緩衝部材222が第二垂直線G2に沿って圧縮変形できる。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が、第一端面S1を形成する弾性体を持つ。
例えば、第二緩衝部材222が、第二端面S2を形成する弾性体を持つ。
When an earthquake does not occur, the building main body 110 or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface S2 with a gap of a predetermined dimension between the building main body 110 or the three-dimensional parking lot main body 210 facing the first end surface S1. 210 is brought into contact.
For example, when an earthquake does not occur, a gap of a predetermined size is formed between the building main body 110 facing the first end surface S1 and the second parking space main body 210 facing the second end surface S2.
The first buffer member 221 can be compressed and deformed along the first vertical line G1.
The second buffer member 222 can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line G2.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms the first end surface S1.
For example, the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms the second end surface S2.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲に配される。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の周囲に配される。
One of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 is disposed around the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 is disposed around the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちから一方が第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲を囲ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が第二緩衝部材222の他方の周囲を囲う。
One of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 may surround the other of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222.
For example, the first buffer member 221 surrounds the other periphery of the second buffer member 222.

第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222の他方が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持ってもよい。
例えば、第一緩衝部材221が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、第二緩衝部材222が空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ。
図11は、第一緩衝部材221の弾性体が直径D1の空隙を形成し、第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が直径D2の円柱形である様子を示す。第二緩衝部材222の弾性体が第一緩衝部材221の弾性体が形成する直径D1の空隙に嵌まる。
Either the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening, and the other of the first buffer member 221 or the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap. You may have.
For example, the first buffer member 221 has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening, and the second buffer member 222 has an elastic body that fits into the gap.
FIG. 11 shows a state in which the elastic body of the first buffer member 221 forms a gap with a diameter D1, and the elastic body of the second buffer member 222 has a cylindrical shape with a diameter D2. The elastic body of the second buffer member 222 fits into the gap having the diameter D1 formed by the elastic body of the first buffer member 221.

支持部材223と調整機構224の構成は、第一の支持形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場のものと同じなので、説明を省略する。   Since the structure of the support member 223 and the adjustment mechanism 224 is the same as that of the building according to the first support mode and that of the multi-story parking lot, description thereof is omitted.

複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
複数の緩衝部材220が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置されており、
複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が15Hzより各々に小さくてもよい。
この様にすると、可聴域の振動が立体駐車場本体210から建築物本体110へ固体伝搬するのを抑制できる。
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of each of the second buffer members 222 of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 20 Hz.
A plurality of buffer members 220 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each natural frequency related to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222 of each of the plurality of buffer members 220 may be smaller than 15 Hz.
If it does in this way, it can suppress that the vibration of an audible area carries out solid propagation from the multistory parking lot main body 210 to the building main body 110. FIG.

第一緩衝部材221の第一垂直線G1に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きくてもよい。
ここで、圧縮ばね定数は単位変位をするのに必要な力である。
第一端面S1の面積を選んで、第一圧縮ばね定数を所望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第一半径D1を小さくすると第一端面S1の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。第一半径D1を大きくすると第一端面S1の面積が小さくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。
第二端面S2の面積を選んで、第二圧縮ばね定数を希望の値にすることができる。
例えば、第二半径D2を小さくすると第二端面S2の面積が小さくなり、第二圧縮ばね定数が小さくなる。第二半径D2を大きくすると第二端面S2の面積が大きくなり、第一圧縮ばね定数が大きくなる。
The first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line G1 of the first buffer member 221 may be larger than the second compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222. .
Here, the compression spring constant is a force necessary to make a unit displacement.
The first compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the first end surface S1.
For example, when the first radius D1 is decreased, the area of the first end surface S1 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased. When the first radius D1 is increased, the area of the first end surface S1 is decreased, and the first compression spring constant is decreased.
The second compression spring constant can be set to a desired value by selecting the area of the second end face S2.
For example, when the second radius D2 is decreased, the area of the second end surface S2 is decreased, and the second compression spring constant is decreased. When the second radius D2 is increased, the area of the second end face S2 is increased, and the first compression spring constant is increased.

以下に、本発明の第四の実施形態にかかる建築物と立体駐車場の作用を、図を基に、説明する。
図13は、本発明の第四の実施形態に係る緩衝部材の作用を示す。
Below, the effect | action of the building concerning the 4th embodiment of this invention and a multistory parking lot is demonstrated based on a figure.
FIG. 13 shows the operation of the buffer member according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention.

図13の上図は、地震が発生しないときの緩衝部材220の様子を示す。
第一緩衝部材221の第一端面S1が建築物本体110との間に所定の隙間Dを空ける。
例えば、第一端面S1が建築物架構111との間に所定の隙間Dを空ける。
第二緩衝部材222の第二端面S2が立体駐車場本体210に接触する。
例えば、第二端面S2が支持部材223に接触する。
立体駐車場本体210で発生した振動が、第二緩衝部材222を介して建築物本体110に固体伝搬する。
The upper part of FIG. 13 shows the state of the buffer member 220 when an earthquake does not occur.
A predetermined gap D is formed between the first end surface S <b> 1 of the first buffer member 221 and the building body 110.
For example, a predetermined gap D is formed between the first end surface S <b> 1 and the building frame 111.
The second end surface S <b> 2 of the second buffer member 222 comes into contact with the multi-story parking lot body 210.
For example, the second end surface S2 contacts the support member 223.
The vibration generated in the multi-story parking lot main body 210 is solid-propagated to the building main body 110 via the second buffer member 222.

図13の下図は、地震が発生したときの緩衝部材220の様子を示す。
地震の変動により建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との複数の隙間のうちの幾つかの隙間が狭くなり、第二緩衝部材222が圧縮される。
第一緩衝部材221の第一端面S1が、建築物本体110に接触する。
例えば、第一端面S1が建築物架構111に接触する。
地震が収まると、上図の状態に戻る。
The lower diagram of FIG. 13 shows the state of the buffer member 220 when an earthquake occurs.
Due to the fluctuation of the earthquake, some of the plurality of gaps between the building main body 110 and the multistory parking lot main body 210 are narrowed, and the second buffer member 222 is compressed.
The first end surface S <b> 1 of the first buffer member 221 contacts the building body 110.
For example, the first end surface S <b> 1 contacts the building frame 111.
When the earthquake stops, it returns to the state shown above.

本発明の実施形態に係る駐車装置は、その構成により、以下の効果を有する。
複数の緩衝部際220を基礎に自立する建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210との間に設け、緩衝部材220の第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222との一方が他方の周囲に配され、第一緩衝部材221が建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210の一方に支持させており第一端面S1を他方に向け、第二緩衝部材222が建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210の一方に支持させており第二端面S2を他方に向け、地震が発生しないときに第二端面S2を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触させて第一端面S1を建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210との間に隙間を空け、第二緩衝部材222が第二垂直線G2に沿って圧縮変形できる様にしたので、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場200の振動が第二緩衝部材222を介して建築物本体110に伝達され、地震が発生すると第二緩衝部材222が圧縮変形し所定寸法Dだけ短くなったときに第一端面S1が建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触して建築物本体110と立体駐車場本体210とが支え合う。
また、第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちから一方が他方の周囲を囲う様にしたので、第二緩衝部材222が圧縮変形し所定寸法Dだけ短くなったときに第一端面S1が建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に安定して接触する。
また、第一緩衝部材221または第二緩衝部材222のうちのどちらか一方の弾性体が形成する開口をもつ空隙に他方が嵌まる様にしたので、第二緩衝部材222が圧縮変形し所定寸法Dだけ短くなったときに第一端面S1が建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に安定して接触する。
また、支持部材223が第一緩衝部材221と第二緩衝部材222とを支持し、第一垂直線G1と第二垂直線G2とを平行にし、調整機構224が支持部材223を移動させて第一端面S1と建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210との間に空けた隙間の寸法を調整できる様にしたので、第一端面S1と建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210との間に空けた隙間を所定寸法Dに容易に調整できる。
また、高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置される複数の緩衝部材220の各々の第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う変位にかかる各々の固有振動数fを20Hzより各々に小さくする様にしたので、地震が発生しないときに立体駐車場本体210の振動が第二緩衝部材222を介して建築物本体110に伝達する振動特性を調整できる。
また、第一緩衝部材221の第一垂直線G1に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が第二緩衝部材222の第二垂直線G2に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい様にしたので、地震が発生して第一端面S1が建築物本体110または立体駐車場本体210に接触した際に立体駐車場本体210と建築物本体110の相対変位を抑制できる。
The parking apparatus which concerns on embodiment of this invention has the following effects by the structure.
Provided between the building body 110 and the multi-story parking lot body 210 that are self-supporting on the basis of a plurality of buffer portions 220, one of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 of the buffer member 220 is around the other The first buffer member 221 is supported by one of the building body 110 or the multistory parking lot body 210, the first end surface S1 faces the other, and the second buffer member 222 is the building body 110 or the multistory parking lot body. The second end surface S2 is supported on one side of 210, and the second end surface S2 faces the other side, and when the earthquake does not occur, the second end surface S2 is brought into contact with the building body 110 or the multi-story parking lot body 210, thereby 110 or the multi-story parking lot body 210 so that the second buffer member 222 can be compressed and deformed along the second vertical line G2 so that the multi-story parking lot 200 can be used when an earthquake does not occur. When the vibration is transmitted to the building body 110 via the second buffer member 222 and an earthquake occurs, the second buffer member 222 is compressed and deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension D, so that the first end surface S1 is the building body 110 or The building main body 110 and the three-dimensional parking lot main body 210 support each other in contact with the three-dimensional parking lot main body 210.
In addition, since one of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222 surrounds the other, the first end surface when the second buffer member 222 is compressed and deformed and shortened by a predetermined dimension D. S1 contacts the building main body 110 or the multistory parking lot main body 210 stably.
Further, since the other is fitted into the gap having an opening formed by one of the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222, the second buffer member 222 is compressed and deformed to a predetermined size. When the length is shortened by D, the first end surface S1 stably comes into contact with the building body 110 or the multistory parking lot body 210.
Further, the support member 223 supports the first buffer member 221 and the second buffer member 222, the first vertical line G1 and the second vertical line G2 are made parallel, and the adjustment mechanism 224 moves the support member 223 to change the first Since the size of the gap formed between the one end surface S1 and the building main body 110 or the multi-story parking lot body 210 can be adjusted, the space between the first end surface S1 and the building main body 110 or the multi-story parking lot main body 210 is adjusted. The opened gap can be easily adjusted to the predetermined dimension D.
Each natural frequency f applied to the displacement along the second vertical line G2 of each of the second buffer members 222 of the plurality of buffer members 220 arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction is set to 20 Hz. Since each is made small, the vibration characteristic which the vibration of the multistory parking lot main body 210 transmits to the building main body 110 via the second buffer member 222 when an earthquake does not occur can be adjusted.
Further, the first compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the first vertical line G1 of the first buffer member 221 is larger than the second compression spring constant related to the compression deformation along the second vertical line G2 of the second buffer member 222. Therefore, when the earthquake occurs and the first end surface S1 contacts the building main body 110 or the multi-story parking body 210, the relative displacement between the multi-story parking lot body 210 and the building main body 110 can be suppressed.

本発明は以上に述べた実施形態に限られるものではなく、発明の要旨を逸脱しない範囲で各種の変更が可能である。
立体駐車場が建築物のボイドの中に自立する例で説明したが、これに限定されない。例えば、立体駐車場と建築物本体とが並列して自立してもよい。
The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and various modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention.
Although the example in which the multistory parking lot is self-supporting in the void of the building has been described, it is not limited to this. For example, a multi-story parking lot and a building body may be independent in parallel.

H 内部空間
D 所定の寸法
G1 第一垂直線
G2 第二垂直線
S1 第一端面
S2 第二端面
100 建築物
110 建築物本体
111 建築物架構
200 立体駐車場
210 立体駐車場本体
220 緩衝部材
220x x軸方向緩衝部材
220y y軸方向緩衝部材
221 第一緩衝部材
222 第二緩衝部材
223 支持部材
224 調整機構
224a ネジ棒
224b ナット
224c フランジ
H Interior space D Predetermined dimension G1 First vertical line G2 Second vertical line S1 First end surface S2 Second end surface 100 Building 110 Building body 111 Building frame 200 Three-dimensional parking lot 210 Three-dimensional parking lot main body 220 Buffer member 220x x Axial buffer member 220y y-axis buffer member 221 First buffer member 222 Second buffer member 223 Support member 224 Adjustment mechanism 224a Screw rod 224b Nut 224c Flange

特開平10−115113号JP 10-115113 A 特開2003−56189号JP 2003-56189 A 特開2009−114651号JP 2009-114651 A

Claims (12)

基礎に設けられる建築物であって、
基礎に自立する建築物本体と、
基礎に自立する立体駐車場本体と、
建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に設けられる複数の緩衝部材と、
を備え、
前記緩衝部材は前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線をもつ第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第一緩衝部材と前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線を持つ第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第二緩衝部材とを有し、
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲に配され、
地震が発生しないときに前記第一端面と対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け前記第二端面を対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させ、
第二緩衝部材が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる、
ことを特徴とする建築物。
A building on the foundation,
The building itself that is independent of the foundation,
A multi-story parking lot that is self-supporting, and
A plurality of buffer members provided between the building body and the multi-story parking lot body;
With
The buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body, and has a first end surface having a first vertical line extending horizontally along the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body. The second end face having a second vertical line that is supported by one of the first cushioning member and the building body or the multistory parking lot body that are directed to the other of the two and extending horizontally. A second buffer member facing the other of the main body or the multi-story parking lot main body,
One of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is arranged around the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member,
A gap of a predetermined dimension is provided between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the first end surface when an earthquake does not occur, and the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface Contact,
The second buffer member can be compressively deformed along the second vertical line;
A building characterized by that.
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちから一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲を囲う、
ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の建築物。
One of the first buffer member and the second buffer member surrounds the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member,
The building according to claim 1.
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方が前記空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ、
ことを特長とする請求項2に記載の建築物。
Either one of the first buffer member or the second buffer member has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening,
The other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member has an elastic body that fits into the gap,
The building according to claim 2, wherein
前記緩衝部材が前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にする様に前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持する支持部材と該支持部材を前記第一垂直線に沿って移動させて前記第一端面と前記第一端面に対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整可能な調整機構とを有する、
ことを特徴とする請求項3に記載の建築物。
A support member for supporting the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the buffer member makes the first vertical line and the second vertical line parallel to each other, and the support member to the first vertical line An adjustment mechanism capable of adjusting a gap opened between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body that is moved along the first end surface and faces the first end surface;
The building according to claim 3.
複数の前記緩衝部材が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置され、
複数の前記緩衝部材の各々の前記第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さい、
ことを特徴とする請求項4に記載の建築物。
A plurality of the buffer members are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each of the natural frequencies related to the displacement along the second vertical line of the second buffer member of each of the plurality of buffer members is smaller than 20 Hz,
The building according to claim 4.
前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい、
ことを特徴とする請求項5に記載の建築物。
A first compression spring constant related to compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is greater than a second compression spring constant related to compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member;
The building according to claim 5.
建築物本体と共に設けられる立体駐車場であって、
基礎に自立する立体駐車場本体と、
建築物本体と立体駐車場本体との間に設けられる複数の緩衝部材と、
を備え、
前記緩衝部材は前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第一垂直線をもつ第一端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第一緩衝部材と前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちのどちらか一方により支持されており水平に沿って延びる第二垂直線を持つ第二端面を前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体のうちの他方に向ける第二緩衝部材とを有し、
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲に配され、
地震が発生しないときに前記第一端面と対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体と間に所定寸法の隙間を空け前記第二端面を対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体に接触させ、
第二緩衝部材が第二垂直線に沿って圧縮変形できる、
ことを特徴とする立体駐車場。
It is a multi-story parking lot provided with the building body,
A multi-story parking lot that is self-supporting, and
A plurality of buffer members provided between the building body and the multi-story parking lot body;
With
The buffer member is supported by either the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body, and has a first end surface having a first vertical line extending horizontally along the building main body or the multistory parking lot main body. The second end face having a second vertical line that is supported by one of the first cushioning member and the building body or the multistory parking lot body that are directed to the other of the two and extending horizontally. A second buffer member facing the other of the main body or the multi-story parking lot main body,
One of the first buffer member or the second buffer member is arranged around the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member,
A gap of a predetermined dimension is provided between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the first end surface when an earthquake does not occur, and the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body facing the second end surface Contact,
The second buffer member can be compressively deformed along the second vertical line;
A multi-story parking lot characterized by that.
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方の周囲を囲う、
ことを特徴とする請求項7に記載の立体駐車場。
Either one of the first buffer member or the second buffer member surrounds the other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member,
The multi-story parking lot according to claim 7.
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材のうちのどちらか一方が開口をもつ空隙を形成する弾性体をもち、
前記第一緩衝部材または前記第二緩衝部材の他方が前記空隙に嵌まる弾性体を持つ、
ことを特長とする請求項8に記載の立体駐車場。
Either one of the first buffer member or the second buffer member has an elastic body that forms a gap having an opening,
The other of the first buffer member or the second buffer member has an elastic body that fits into the gap,
The multi-story parking lot according to claim 8, characterized in that.
前記緩衝部材が前記第一垂直線と前記第二垂直線とを平行にする様に前記第一緩衝部材と前記第二緩衝部材とを支持する支持部材と該支持部材を前記第一垂直線に沿って移動させて前記第一端面と前記第一端面に対面する前記建築物本体または前記立体駐車場本体との間に空けた隙間を調整可能な調整機構とを有する、
ことを特徴とする請求項9に記載の立体駐車場。
A support member for supporting the first buffer member and the second buffer member so that the buffer member makes the first vertical line and the second vertical line parallel to each other, and the support member to the first vertical line An adjustment mechanism capable of adjusting a gap opened between the building main body or the three-dimensional parking lot main body that is moved along the first end surface and faces the first end surface;
The multistory parking lot of Claim 9 characterized by the above-mentioned.
複数の前記緩衝部材が高さ方向に所定の間隔を隔てて各々に配置され、
複数の前記緩衝部材の各々の前記第二緩衝部材の第二垂直線に沿う変位に係る各々の固有振動数が20Hzより各々に小さい、
ことを特徴とする請求項10に記載の立体駐車場。
A plurality of the buffer members are arranged at predetermined intervals in the height direction,
Each of the natural frequencies related to the displacement along the second vertical line of the second buffer member of each of the plurality of buffer members is smaller than 20 Hz,
The multistory parking lot of Claim 10 characterized by the above-mentioned.
前記第一緩衝部材の前記第一垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第一圧縮ばね定数が前記第二緩衝部材の前記第二垂直線に沿う圧縮変形に係る第二圧縮ばね定数より大きい、
ことを特徴とする請求項11に記載の立体駐車場。
A first compression spring constant related to compression deformation along the first vertical line of the first buffer member is greater than a second compression spring constant related to compression deformation along the second vertical line of the second buffer member;
The multi-story parking lot of Claim 11 characterized by the above-mentioned.
JP2011115483A 2011-05-24 2011-05-24 Multistory parking garage and building Pending JP2012241490A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016030936A (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-03-07 Ihi運搬機械株式会社 Horizontal bearing device and method for mechanical parking facility incorporated in building

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003056189A (en) * 2001-08-20 2003-02-26 Taisei Corp Building
JP2009114651A (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-28 Shinmaywa Engineerings Ltd Built-in-building-void type multistory parking equipment and horizontal support device therefor
JP2009228697A (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-10-08 Hirakata Giken:Kk Vibration damping rubber unit
JP2009263880A (en) * 2008-04-22 2009-11-12 Shinmaywa Engineering Ltd Multistory parking system assembled inside building void and horizontal support device therefor

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003056189A (en) * 2001-08-20 2003-02-26 Taisei Corp Building
JP2009114651A (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-28 Shinmaywa Engineerings Ltd Built-in-building-void type multistory parking equipment and horizontal support device therefor
JP2009228697A (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-10-08 Hirakata Giken:Kk Vibration damping rubber unit
JP2009263880A (en) * 2008-04-22 2009-11-12 Shinmaywa Engineering Ltd Multistory parking system assembled inside building void and horizontal support device therefor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016030936A (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-03-07 Ihi運搬機械株式会社 Horizontal bearing device and method for mechanical parking facility incorporated in building

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