JP2012241482A - Built-up house and method for building up the sane - Google Patents

Built-up house and method for building up the sane Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2012241482A
JP2012241482A JP2011115385A JP2011115385A JP2012241482A JP 2012241482 A JP2012241482 A JP 2012241482A JP 2011115385 A JP2011115385 A JP 2011115385A JP 2011115385 A JP2011115385 A JP 2011115385A JP 2012241482 A JP2012241482 A JP 2012241482A
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Prior art keywords
cut
hole
house
pillar
square
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JP2011115385A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasunori Uenoyama
泰規 上野山
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Bfie Co Ltd
株式会社ブフィエ
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Priority to JP2011115385A priority Critical patent/JP2012241482A/en
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To solve the problem in a built-up house that although various members can be mass-produced, leading to substantial cost reduction by using a standard with a prescribed size in the built-up house, generally the house has to be built with various sizes and layouts according to applications and the number of family members so that a member corresponding to each size needs to be supplied.SOLUTION: A built-house comprises a column which has a tenon with a cross section of square at each of both ends and which has a cut-out part in the longitudinal direction of at least two opposing peripheral surfaces respectively, a beam of trapezoid in a plan view in which penetrating tenon holes of square where the tenons of the column are inserted are installed at equal intervals and in which both ends are cut off along one diagonal line of the tenon holes, a wall material to be dropped in the cut-out part between the columns erected, and plates of tongue and groove joint which bond to the beams combined at the upper and lower parts of the columns as a floor material and a ceiling material. The beam has a slit with a depth reaching the tenon hole installed in nearly central part in the longitudinal direction of both side faces.

Description

The present invention relates to an assembly house and an assembling method for the purpose of assembling to an arbitrary size with a small number of components on site. The assembly house according to the present invention includes not only a general residential house but also a temporary house, a study room, a work room, a storeroom, a garage, and the like, and a case where these continuous buildings are configured.

As a conventional assembly house, a structure in which a lightweight steel frame is used as a framework and a wall surface is formed of plywood or the like is generally used, and it is widely used for temporary houses and the like. Moreover, there exists a method of constructing | assembling a structure with the pre-cut wood as shown in patent document 1.

JP2009-13624

  The assembly house can be mass-produced with various members by using a standard mold of a predetermined size, and the cost can be considerably reduced. However, in general, it has to be constructed in various sizes and layouts depending on the application, the number of families, etc., and it becomes necessary to procure members according to the size.

  Even in a typical prefabricated house, costs are reduced by standardization, but a single standard type is not enough to meet the demand.

For this reason, even if it is a standard type, there are members that can be shared in a single case and multiple cases, but in order to support multiple standard types, manufacturing cost, transportation cost, storage cost, management The cost is greatly affected.

  Therefore, the present inventor has achieved the present invention as a result of intensive studies in view of the above problems, and the feature thereof is that at least two opposing circumferential surface longitudinal directions are provided with horns having a square cross section at both ends. A pillar with a notch, a square through hole that penetrates the pillar of the pillar, and a beam having a trapezoidal shape in plan view with both ends cut off along a diagonal line of the hole are provided upright. A wall material dropped into a notch between the columns, a floor material attached to the beam assembled above and below the columns, and a plate material of ridged joining as a ceiling material, In the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces, a slit having a depth reaching the hollow hole is provided at substantially the center.

  Further, in the invention of the method, at least two columns having a square cross section at both ends and provided with notches in the longitudinal direction of at least two opposing circumferential surfaces, and a square through hole that penetrates the column's tenon are inserted. A beam having a trapezoidal shape in plan view in which both ends are cut off along a pair of diagonal lines and provided with a slit having a depth reaching the horn hole at the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces. In a method of assembling a house, the main material is a wall material dropped into the notch between the columns, a floor material to be attached to the beams assembled above and below the columns, and a plate material for ridged joining as a ceiling material. Then, two points are cut off from the center of the hole to the apex of the adjacent hole in the circumferential direction until reaching the slit, and the end of the beam is provided on the peripheral surface. A ridge that is cut off by a saw along the diagonal and leaves one side of the hole In the assembled by engaging the other of the beam forming the engaging protrusions cut off with a saw lower half leading to projecting Article slit while.

  Here, the “column” in the present specification constitutes a wall surface or a partition of an assembly house, and refers to a member that supports a ceiling or a roof. The pillar according to the present invention has a structure in which tenons having a square cross section are provided at both ends, and a notch is provided in the longitudinal direction of the opposing circumferential surfaces. The tenon is inserted through a square tenon hole provided in a beam for forming a floor surface and a ceiling surface. In addition, the notch is for fitting a plate material for ridge joining as a wall material. Since the pillar may be used also when connecting to other partitions of the wall surface or as a housing complex, versatility can be enhanced by providing the notches on all four surfaces.

  “Beam” is used to construct the floor and ceiling of an assembly house. Square holes for inserting pillars are inserted at equal intervals, and both ends are diagonal lines. A member having a trapezoidal shape cut in a plan view. In the present invention, a slit having a depth reaching the side hole in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces of the beam is provided at substantially the center. The beams are used to attach plate materials as floor materials and ceiling materials, and are combined in a lattice shape. By providing the slit, it can be formed very easily by simply cutting the connecting portion when it is orthogonal or linearly connected.

The “plate material” refers to a member constituting a wall material, a floor material, or a ceiling material. In this invention, this board | plate material is made into a ridge, and it falls into the notch between the standing pillars, and forms a wall. And this board | plate material is affixed on the beam assembled in the grid | lattice form on the upper and lower sides of a pillar, and it is set as a floor material or a ceiling material. For the ceiling, measures against rain are taken by covering the ceiling with a waterproof sheet or applying waterproof paint. Further, the roof may be formed of a plate material and installed on the ceiling.
Pillars, beams, and plates are made from wood such as cedar and firewood, and thinned wood from these.

  An assembly house and an assembly method thereof according to the present invention include, as main structural members of a structure, pillars each having a square cross section at both ends and provided with at least two opposed circumferential longitudinal recesses. A square in the shape of a trapezoid in plan view in which square holes to be inserted are provided at equal intervals and both ends are cut off along a pair of diagonal lines, and a depth is reached at the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces. 3 types of wall materials to be dropped into the notches between the pillars that are erected, floor materials to be attached to the beams assembled above and below the pillars, and plate materials for ridged joining as ceiling materials Houses of various sizes and forms can be constructed with only the members.

On-site work can be assembled simply by sawing, screwing and nailing all three types of members, pillars, beams and plates of the same size. In particular, it is extremely effective when building in large quantities on the site such as temporary housing, and it is easy to manage as well as workability, and can greatly reduce transportation costs.

It is a front view which shows one Example of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. Example 1 It is a perspective view of the pillar which is a main structural member of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. It is a perspective view of the beam which is a main structural member of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. It is a perspective view of the board | plate material which is a main structural member of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. It is a construction example of the foundation pile for constructing the assembly house which concerns on this invention, (a) is a perspective view, (b) is a side view. It is a construction example of the assembly house which concerns on this invention, and is a perspective view which shows the state which lays a beam as a foundation. (A) (b) (c) (d) is a perspective view which shows the joining state of a beam, respectively. (A) is a perspective view which shows the state which built the pillar in the beam as a base shown in FIG. 6, (b) is a perspective view which shows the example of reinforcement of a pillar and a beam. It is a perspective view which shows the state which confirms standing (vertical) of a pillar. It is a perspective view which shows the state temporarily fixed by temporary bracing in order to fix a column. It is a perspective view which shows the state which dropped the board | plate material between the pillars and formed the wall surface and the partition. It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the sliding door and the window to the opening part between pillars. (A) is a partial front view which shows an example which manufactured the window frame with the board | plate material, (b) is a partial front view which shows an example of a fitting. It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the beam to the top part of the pillar. It is a perspective view which shows the state which constructs a floor surface. It is a perspective view which shows the state which constructs a ceiling surface. (A) is a perspective view which shows the state which covered the ceiling surface with the waterproof sheet, (b) is a fragmentary perspective view which shows the example which fixes a waterproof sheet. (Example 2) (A) is a perspective view which shows the example which attaches a purlin to a ceiling surface in order to provide a roof, (b) is a front view which shows the example which connects a purlin. (Example 3) It is a perspective view which shows the example which attaches a rafter to a main building. It is a perspective view which shows the example which attached the roofing material to the rafter. It is a top view which shows the floor plan of the assembly house shown in FIG. (A) (b) is a top view which shows the other example of the floor plan of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. Example 4

The present invention provides, as main structural members of a structure, a pillar having a square cross-section at both ends and provided with at least two opposing circumferential longitudinal recesses, and a square penetrating hollow through which the pillar of the pillar is inserted. A beam having a trapezoidal shape in a plan view in which holes are provided at equal intervals and both ends are cut off along a diagonal line of the tenon hole, and a slit having a depth reaching the tenon hole is provided at the center in the longitudinal direction on both sides. By comprising three types of wall material dropped into the notch between the pillars installed, floor material to be attached to the beam assembled above and below the pillars, and plate material of ridged joining as ceiling material, Solved the problem mentioned above.

  FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of an assembly house 1 according to the present invention, in which three types of pillars 2, beams 3, and plate members 4 are constructed as main constituent members. The assembly house 1 of this example has a size of 5400 squares, and shows an example in which the foundation pile B is driven into the site A and built on this, but there is no particular limitation such as a cloth foundation or a solid foundation.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the pillar 2 as a main component has a square cross section, a structure in which a side wall 21 is provided at both ends, and a notch 22 is provided in the longitudinal direction of each peripheral surface. The pillar 2 in this example has 105 squares (unit: mm, the same applies hereinafter) and a length of 2700. The tenon 21 has 28 corners, a height of 30, and the notch 22 has a width of 32 and a depth of 15.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the beam 3 has an isosceles trapezoidal trapezoidal shape in a plan view in which square hollow holes 31 through which the hollows 21 of the pillar 2 are inserted are provided at equal intervals, and both ends are cut off along a pair of diagonal lines of the hollow holes 31. It is a member. In addition, a slit 32 having a depth reaching the relief hole 31 is provided at the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces. The beam 3 in this example has 105 corners, a trapezoidal shape with an upper base of 2595 and a lower base of 2805, and 30 corner holes 31 are provided at 900 intervals. In addition, the slit 32 has a width of 2 and a depth of 37.5 reaching the relief hole 31.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the plate member 4 is a plate for tongue-and-groove bonding in which a tongue (real) 41 is provided on one side and a groove 42 is provided on the other side. The plate member 4 in this example has a length of 3000 and a width of 105, the tongue 41 has a width of 8 and a height of 5, and the groove has a width of 10 and a depth of 10.

The construction procedure for constructing the assembly house 1 with these main components will be described below.
First, it is driven into the site A where the foundation pile B is constructed as shown in FIG. By adjusting the length of the foundation pile B as shown in FIG.

And the beam 3 for forming a floor surface on the foundation pile B is assembled in a grid | lattice form (FIG. 6). The beam 3 is fixed to the foundation pile B with a gravel or the like. The beams 3 are joined to each other at the position of the relief hole 31. The arrow in the figure is a portion to be fixed by the L-shaped bracket 33 shown in FIG.
In the joint portion between the beams 3, the corner portion is a surface joint between the end portions of the beam 3 cut obliquely [FIG. 7 (a)]. T-shaped and cross-shaped joints are cut off by sawing two points from the center of the relief hole 31 to the apex of the adjacent relief hole 31 until reaching the slit 32 as shown in FIGS. A notch 34 is provided on the peripheral surface. The beam 3 to be joined to the notch 34 is cut off with an saw along the other diagonal line of the relief hole 31 at an end portion that is obliquely cut along the diagonal line of the relief hole 31 to leave one surface of the relief hole 31. The ridges are cut and the lower half leading to the slits of the ridges is cut off with a saw to form the locking ridges 35 and engaged.

When the beams 3 are connected (added) in a straight line, the end portion diagonally cut off along the diagonal line of the relief hole 31 along the other diagonal line of the relief hole 31 as shown in FIG. Then, the half leading to the slit 32 is cut off with a saw to connect them to each other.
As described above, by providing the slits 32 in the beam 3, it is possible to form a joined portion very simply by only cutting with a saw, the working efficiency becomes extremely high, and the construction cost can be greatly reduced.

  Next, the column 2 is built by inserting the column 21 into the column hole 31 of the beam 3 assembled in a lattice pattern on the foundation pile B [FIG. 8 (a)]. It is preferable that the beam 3 and the column 2 are fixed with screws or the like by cutting the plate material 4 to about 300 as shown in FIG. After the pillar 2 is built, the standing (vertical) of the pillar 2 is confirmed by placing the beam 3 on the top of the pillar 2 as shown in FIG. After confirming the standing of the pillars 2, all the pillars 2 are temporarily fixed by temporary bracing 23 as shown in FIG. 10, and then the beam 3 placed on the top is removed.

In a state where the column 2 is temporarily fixed by the temporary bracing 23, the plate material 4 is dropped into the notch 22 between the columns 2 to form wall surfaces and partitions (FIG. 11). In this example, the part which provides an entrance, a window, etc. is opened, and the board | plate material 4 is engage | inserted. The plate member 4 is fixed to the column 2 with screws or the like as appropriate. If the column 2 can be fixed in this way, the temporary bracing 23 is removed.
The notches 22 between the pillars 2 may be fitted with the plate material 4 inclined. In this method, since the column 2 can be fixed by fitting the plate 4 with the beam 3 placed on the top of the column 2, the temporary fixing operation of the column 2 by the temporary bracing 23 can be omitted.

  A door or a window sash is attached to the opening, but a sliding door 43 or a window 44 may be formed and fitted using the plate material 4 as shown in FIG. As the window 44, for example, as shown in FIG. 13 (a), a plate frame 4 is cut to form a window frame 45 having a width of 1693 and a height of 949, and the fitting 46 in which the plate material 4 is stacked and a square member is struck to the end of the window [the same figure ( b)].

  After the door or window is attached to the opening, the plate material 4 is dropped to the top between the pillars 2 and a beam 3 for forming a ceiling surface is attached to the top of the pillar 2 (FIG. 14). The joining of the beam 3 and the fixing to the column 2 are fixed by an L-shaped bracket 33 or the like as in the case of the floor surface.

The floor surface 47 is formed by spreading the plate material 4 as shown in FIG. The plate member 4 can be firmly fixed to the beam 3 to increase the rigidity of the floor assembly. Similarly, the ceiling surface 48 is formed by spreading the plate material 4 (FIG. 16).

The assembly house 1 according to the present invention is basically completed, but a waterproof paint is applied as a countermeasure against rain, or the ceiling sheet 48 is covered with the waterproof sheet 5 as shown in FIG. The waterproof sheet 5 is appropriately pressed by the plate material 4 and the periphery is fixed by the plate material 4 [(b) in the figure], and the protruding portion is cut with a cutter.

  When the roof 6 is provided in the assembly house 1, the main building 61 is attached as shown in FIG. This purlin 61 uses the pillar 2 and changes the number of steps to be stacked in order to give a gradient. The pillars 2 are connected to each other by a hired person 62 using a notch 22 as shown in FIG.

Next, rafters 63 using the plate material 4 are fixed to the main building 61 at a pitch of about 600 (FIG. 19), and the plate material 4 is pasted on the rafter 63 to form the roof material 64. The assembly house 1 shown in FIG. Is completed (FIG. 20). The interior is configured as 2DK as shown in FIG. 21, and devices such as a sink and a toilet are installed.

The assembly house 1 according to the present invention can construct houses of various sizes and forms as shown in FIG. 22 by using three types of pillars 2, beams 3, and plate members 4 having the same dimensions as main constituent members.
For example, 4DK (width 5400, depth 8100) shown in FIG. 5A and the continuous building type shown in FIG. 5B can be easily constructed.

A site B foundation pile 1 assembly house 2 pillar
21 Hozo
22 missing
23 Temporary bracing 3 Beam
31 Hose hole
32 slits
33 L-shaped bracket
34 Notch
35 Locking ridge 4 Plate material
41
42 groove
43 sliding doors
44 windows
45 Window frame
46 joinery
47 Floor
48 Ceiling 5 Tarpaulin 6 Roof
61 Purlin
62 Employment
63 Rafter
64 Roofing material

Claims (4)

  1.   A pillar having square cross sections at both ends and provided with at least two opposing circumferential longitudinal recesses, and a square through hole through which the pillars of the pillar are inserted are provided at equal intervals, and both ends are provided with the hollow holes. A trapezoidal beam in plan view cut off along a diagonal line, a wall material dropped into a notch between the standing columns, a floor material and a ceiling material attached to the beams assembled above and below the columns. An assembly house comprising: a plate material for row joining, wherein the beam is provided with a slit having a depth reaching the side hole in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces at a substantially central portion.
  2.   The assembly house according to claim 1, wherein the ceiling material is covered with a waterproof sheet.
  3.   The assembly house according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a roof made of a plate material is provided on the upper surface side of the ceiling material.
  4.   A pillar having square cross sections at both ends and provided with at least two opposing circumferential longitudinal recesses, and a square through hole through which the pillars of the pillar are inserted are provided at equal intervals, and both ends are provided with the hollow holes. A wall material that has a trapezoidal shape in plan view cut off along a diagonal line and is provided with a slit having a depth that reaches the hole in the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces, and a wall material that is dropped into a notch between the standing columns , A method for assembling a house mainly composed of a plate material for ridged joining as a flooring material and a ceiling material to be attached to the beam assembled above and below the pillar, and in the circumferential direction from the center of the side hole Cut two points toward the apex of the adjacent ridge hole until reaching the slit, and cut off the end of the beam along the other diagonal line of the ridge hole with a notch on the peripheral surface. Make a ridge leaving one side of the hole and slit the ridge Method of assembling an assembly house, characterized in that assembling the lower half to engage the other of the beam forming the engaging protrusions cut off with a saw throughout.
JP2011115385A 2011-05-24 2011-05-24 Built-up house and method for building up the sane Withdrawn JP2012241482A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JP2016074807A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016074809A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016074808A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016074810A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016074811A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016094545A (en) * 2014-11-14 2016-05-26 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016094520A (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-26 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016094519A (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-26 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016108514A (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016108513A (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016108366A (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016108495A (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016113522A (en) * 2014-12-12 2016-06-23 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2016074807A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016074809A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016074808A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016074810A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016074811A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-12 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016094519A (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-26 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016094520A (en) * 2014-11-13 2016-05-26 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016094545A (en) * 2014-11-14 2016-05-26 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016108366A (en) * 2014-12-02 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016108495A (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016108514A (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Pneumatic tire
JP2016108513A (en) * 2014-12-10 2016-06-20 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire
JP2016113522A (en) * 2014-12-12 2016-06-23 住友ゴム工業株式会社 Rubber composition and pneumatic tire

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