JP2012241482A - Built-up house and method for building up the sane - Google Patents

Built-up house and method for building up the sane Download PDF

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JP2012241482A
JP2012241482A JP2011115385A JP2011115385A JP2012241482A JP 2012241482 A JP2012241482 A JP 2012241482A JP 2011115385 A JP2011115385 A JP 2011115385A JP 2011115385 A JP2011115385 A JP 2011115385A JP 2012241482 A JP2012241482 A JP 2012241482A
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cut
hole
house
pillar
square
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Yasunori Uenoyama
泰規 上野山
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BFIE CO Ltd
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To solve the problem in a built-up house that although various members can be mass-produced, leading to substantial cost reduction by using a standard with a prescribed size in the built-up house, generally the house has to be built with various sizes and layouts according to applications and the number of family members so that a member corresponding to each size needs to be supplied.SOLUTION: A built-house comprises a column which has a tenon with a cross section of square at each of both ends and which has a cut-out part in the longitudinal direction of at least two opposing peripheral surfaces respectively, a beam of trapezoid in a plan view in which penetrating tenon holes of square where the tenons of the column are inserted are installed at equal intervals and in which both ends are cut off along one diagonal line of the tenon holes, a wall material to be dropped in the cut-out part between the columns erected, and plates of tongue and groove joint which bond to the beams combined at the upper and lower parts of the columns as a floor material and a ceiling material. The beam has a slit with a depth reaching the tenon hole installed in nearly central part in the longitudinal direction of both side faces.

Description

本発明は、現地で少ない構成部材により任意の大きさに組み立てることを目的とした組立家屋及びその組立方法に関する。本発明に係る組立家屋としては、一般住居用家屋の他、仮設住宅、勉強部屋、作業部屋、物置、車庫などに供し、これらの連棟を構成する場合も含む。
The present invention relates to an assembly house and an assembling method for the purpose of assembling to an arbitrary size with a small number of components on site. The assembly house according to the present invention includes not only a general residential house but also a temporary house, a study room, a work room, a storeroom, a garage, and the like, and a case where these continuous buildings are configured.

従来の組立家屋としては、骨組みとして軽量鉄骨を用い、合板等で壁面を形成する構造が一般的であり、仮設住宅などに広く利用されている。また、特許文献1に示すようにプレカットした木材で構造体を構築する方法がある。
As a conventional assembly house, a structure in which a lightweight steel frame is used as a framework and a wall surface is formed of plywood or the like is generally used, and it is widely used for temporary houses and the like. Moreover, there exists a method of constructing | assembling a structure with the pre-cut wood as shown in patent document 1.

特開2009−13624JP2009-13624

組立家屋は、所定の大きさの規格型とすることにより、各種部材を大量生産することができコストをかなり低くすることができる。しかしながら、一般的には用途や家族数などに応じて種々の大きさや間取りに構築しなければならず、その大きさに応じた部材を調達する必要が生じる。   The assembly house can be mass-produced with various members by using a standard mold of a predetermined size, and the cost can be considerably reduced. However, in general, it has to be constructed in various sizes and layouts depending on the application, the number of families, etc., and it becomes necessary to procure members according to the size.

一般的なプレハブ住宅おいても、規格化することによってコスト低減を図っているが、単一の規格型だけでは需要に対応できないため、複数の規格型を提案しているのが実情である。   Even in a typical prefabricated house, costs are reduced by standardization, but a single standard type is not enough to meet the demand.

このため、規格型とした場合であっても、単一の場合と複数の場合では、共有できる部材があるものの、複数の規格型に対応するためには製造コスト、輸送コスト、保管コスト、管理コストなどに大きく影響する。
For this reason, even if it is a standard type, there are members that can be shared in a single case and multiple cases, but in order to support multiple standard types, manufacturing cost, transportation cost, storage cost, management The cost is greatly affected.

そこで本発明者は上記問題に鑑み鋭意研究の結果、本発明を成し得たものであり、その特徴とするところは、両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え少なくとも対向する2つの周面長手方向に欠込みを設けた柱と、該柱のホゾを挿通する正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形の梁と、立設した該柱間の欠込みに落とし込む壁材、該柱の上下に組んだ該梁に貼り付ける床材及び天井材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材と、によって構成したものであって、該梁は、両側面の長手方向に該ホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットをほぼ中央部に設けたことにある。   Therefore, the present inventor has achieved the present invention as a result of intensive studies in view of the above problems, and the feature thereof is that at least two opposing circumferential surface longitudinal directions are provided with horns having a square cross section at both ends. A pillar with a notch, a square through hole that penetrates the pillar of the pillar, and a beam having a trapezoidal shape in plan view with both ends cut off along a diagonal line of the hole are provided upright. A wall material dropped into a notch between the columns, a floor material attached to the beam assembled above and below the columns, and a plate material of ridged joining as a ceiling material, In the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces, a slit having a depth reaching the hollow hole is provided at substantially the center.

また、方法の発明にあっては、両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え少なくとも対向する2つの周面長手方向に欠込みを設けた柱と、該柱のホゾを挿通する正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形であり且つ両側面の長手方向中央部に該ホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットを設けた梁と、立設した該柱間の欠込みに落とし込む壁材、該柱の上下に組んだ該梁に貼り付ける床材及び天井材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材と、を主要構成部材とした家屋の組立方法であって、ホゾ穴の中心から周方向に隣り合うホゾ穴の頂点に向かって2ヶ所をスリットに至るまで鋸で切り落とし、周面に切欠を設けた梁に対し、端部をホゾ穴の他の対角線に沿って鋸で切り落として該ホゾ穴の一面を残した突条にすると共に該突条のスリットに至る下半分を鋸で切り落として係止突条部を形成した他の梁を係合させて組み立てることにある。   Further, in the invention of the method, at least two columns having a square cross section at both ends and provided with notches in the longitudinal direction of at least two opposing circumferential surfaces, and a square through hole that penetrates the column's tenon are inserted. A beam having a trapezoidal shape in plan view in which both ends are cut off along a pair of diagonal lines and provided with a slit having a depth reaching the horn hole at the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces. In a method of assembling a house, the main material is a wall material dropped into the notch between the columns, a floor material to be attached to the beams assembled above and below the columns, and a plate material for ridged joining as a ceiling material. Then, two points are cut off from the center of the hole to the apex of the adjacent hole in the circumferential direction until reaching the slit, and the end of the beam is provided on the peripheral surface. A ridge that is cut off by a saw along the diagonal and leaves one side of the hole In the assembled by engaging the other of the beam forming the engaging protrusions cut off with a saw lower half leading to projecting Article slit while.

ここで、本明細書中でいう「柱」とは、組立家屋の壁面や間仕切りを構成するもので、天井や屋根を支持する部材をいう。本発明おける柱としては、両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え、対向する周面の長手方向に欠込みを設けた構造である。ホゾは、床面及び天井面を形成するための梁に設けた正方形のホゾ穴に挿通させるものである。また、欠込みは壁材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材を嵌め込むためのものである。柱は、壁面の他間仕切りや集合住宅として連棟する場合にも利用することがあるため、欠込みは4面全てに設けることで汎用性を高めることができる。   Here, the “column” in the present specification constitutes a wall surface or a partition of an assembly house, and refers to a member that supports a ceiling or a roof. The pillar according to the present invention has a structure in which tenons having a square cross section are provided at both ends, and a notch is provided in the longitudinal direction of the opposing circumferential surfaces. The tenon is inserted through a square tenon hole provided in a beam for forming a floor surface and a ceiling surface. In addition, the notch is for fitting a plate material for ridge joining as a wall material. Since the pillar may be used also when connecting to other partitions of the wall surface or as a housing complex, versatility can be enhanced by providing the notches on all four surfaces.

「梁」とは、組立家屋の床面や天井面を構成するためのもので、柱のホゾを挿通するための正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形の部材をいう。本発明では、この梁の両側面長手方向にホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットをほぼ中央部に設けている。梁は、床材及び天井材として板材を貼り付けるものであり、格子状に組み合わせる。スリットを設けたことで、直交させたり直線状に連結するときの連結部を鋸で切断するだけで極めて容易に形成することができる。   “Beam” is used to construct the floor and ceiling of an assembly house. Square holes for inserting pillars are inserted at equal intervals, and both ends are diagonal lines. A member having a trapezoidal shape cut in a plan view. In the present invention, a slit having a depth reaching the side hole in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces of the beam is provided at substantially the center. The beams are used to attach plate materials as floor materials and ceiling materials, and are combined in a lattice shape. By providing the slit, it can be formed very easily by simply cutting the connecting portion when it is orthogonal or linearly connected.

「板材」とは、壁材及び床材や天井材を構成する部材をいう。本発明では、この板材をさね矧ぎとし、立設した柱間の欠込みに落とし込んで壁を形成する。そして、柱の上下に格子状に組んだ梁に、この板材を貼り付けて床材や天井材とする。天井については、防水シートで覆ったり、防水塗料を塗布するなどの方法で雨対策を施す。また、屋根を板材で形成して天井に設置するようにしてもよい。
柱、梁、板材は、杉、桧などの木材やこれらの間伐材を加工したものである。
The “plate material” refers to a member constituting a wall material, a floor material, or a ceiling material. In this invention, this board | plate material is made into a ridge, and it falls into the notch between the standing pillars, and forms a wall. And this board | plate material is affixed on the beam assembled in the grid | lattice form on the upper and lower sides of a pillar, and it is set as a floor material or a ceiling material. For the ceiling, measures against rain are taken by covering the ceiling with a waterproof sheet or applying waterproof paint. Further, the roof may be formed of a plate material and installed on the ceiling.
Pillars, beams, and plates are made from wood such as cedar and firewood, and thinned wood from these.

本発明に係る組立家屋及びその組立方法は、構造体の主要構成部材として、両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え少なくとも対向する2つの周面長手方向に欠込みを設けた柱、該柱のホゾを挿通する正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形であり且つ両側面の長手方向中央部に該ホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットを設けた梁、立設した該柱間の欠込みに落とし込む壁材、該柱の上下に組んだ該梁に貼り付ける床材及び天井材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材、の3種の部材だけで、種々の大きさや形態の家屋を構築することが可能となる。   An assembly house and an assembly method thereof according to the present invention include, as main structural members of a structure, pillars each having a square cross section at both ends and provided with at least two opposed circumferential longitudinal recesses. A square in the shape of a trapezoid in plan view in which square holes to be inserted are provided at equal intervals and both ends are cut off along a pair of diagonal lines, and a depth is reached at the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces. 3 types of wall materials to be dropped into the notches between the pillars that are erected, floor materials to be attached to the beams assembled above and below the pillars, and plate materials for ridged joining as ceiling materials Houses of various sizes and forms can be constructed with only the members.

現場での作業は、全て同じ大きさの柱、梁、板材の3種の部材を、鋸挽きとビスや釘打ちするだけで組み立てることができる。特に、仮設住宅など現場で大量にしかも種々の大きさに建築する場合に極めて有効であり、作業性のみならず、管理も容易であり輸送コストなども大きく低減することができる。
On-site work can be assembled simply by sawing, screwing and nailing all three types of members, pillars, beams and plates of the same size. In particular, it is extremely effective when building in large quantities on the site such as temporary housing, and it is easy to manage as well as workability, and can greatly reduce transportation costs.

本発明に係る組立家屋の一実施例を示す正面図である。(実施例1)It is a front view which shows one Example of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. Example 1 本発明に係る組立家屋の主要構成部材である柱の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the pillar which is a main structural member of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る組立家屋の主要構成部材である梁の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the beam which is a main structural member of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る組立家屋の主要構成部材である板材の斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the board | plate material which is a main structural member of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る組立家屋を構築するための基礎杭の施工例であり、(a)は斜視図、(b)は側面図である。It is a construction example of the foundation pile for constructing the assembly house which concerns on this invention, (a) is a perspective view, (b) is a side view. 本発明に係る組立家屋の施工例であり、土台として梁を敷き込む状態を示す斜視図である。It is a construction example of the assembly house which concerns on this invention, and is a perspective view which shows the state which lays a beam as a foundation. (a)(b)(c)(d)はそれぞれ梁の接合状態を示す斜視図である。(A) (b) (c) (d) is a perspective view which shows the joining state of a beam, respectively. (a)は図6に示した土台としての梁に柱を建てた状態を示す斜視図、(b)は柱と梁の補強例を示す斜視図である。(A) is a perspective view which shows the state which built the pillar in the beam as a base shown in FIG. 6, (b) is a perspective view which shows the example of reinforcement of a pillar and a beam. 柱の立ち(垂直)を確認する状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which confirms standing (vertical) of a pillar. 柱を固定するために仮筋交で仮止めした状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state temporarily fixed by temporary bracing in order to fix a column. 柱間に板材を落とし込んで壁面や間仕切りを形成した状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which dropped the board | plate material between the pillars and formed the wall surface and the partition. 柱間の開口部に引違い戸や窓を取り付けた状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the sliding door and the window to the opening part between pillars. (a)は板材で窓枠を製作した一例を示す部分正面図、(b)は建具の一例を示す部分正面図である。(A) is a partial front view which shows an example which manufactured the window frame with the board | plate material, (b) is a partial front view which shows an example of a fitting. 柱の頂部に梁を取り付けた状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the beam to the top part of the pillar. 床面を施工する状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which constructs a floor surface. 天井面を施工する状態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the state which constructs a ceiling surface. (a)は天井面を防水シートで覆った状態を示す斜視図、(b)は防水シートを固定する例を示す部分斜視図である。(実施例2)(A) is a perspective view which shows the state which covered the ceiling surface with the waterproof sheet, (b) is a fragmentary perspective view which shows the example which fixes a waterproof sheet. (Example 2) (a)は屋根を設けるために天井面に母屋を取り付ける例を示す斜視図、(b)は母屋を連結する例を示す正面図である。(実施例3)(A) is a perspective view which shows the example which attaches a purlin to a ceiling surface in order to provide a roof, (b) is a front view which shows the example which connects a purlin. (Example 3) 母屋に垂木を取り付ける例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the example which attaches a rafter to a main building. 垂木に屋根材を取り付けた例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the example which attached the roofing material to the rafter. 図1に示した組立家屋の間取りを示す平面図である。It is a top view which shows the floor plan of the assembly house shown in FIG. (a)(b)は本発明に係る組立家屋の間取りの他の例を示す平面図である。(実施例4)(A) (b) is a top view which shows the other example of the floor plan of the assembly house which concerns on this invention. Example 4

本発明は、構造体の主要構成部材として、両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え少なくとも対向する2つの周面長手方向に欠込みを設けた柱と、該柱のホゾを挿通する正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形であり且つ両側面の長手方向中央部に該ホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットを設けた梁と、立設した該柱間の欠込みに落とし込む壁材、該柱の上下に組んだ該梁に貼り付ける床材及び天井材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材と、の3種で構成したことにより、上述した課題を解決した。
The present invention provides, as main structural members of a structure, a pillar having a square cross-section at both ends and provided with at least two opposing circumferential longitudinal recesses, and a square penetrating hollow through which the pillar of the pillar is inserted. A beam having a trapezoidal shape in a plan view in which holes are provided at equal intervals and both ends are cut off along a diagonal line of the tenon hole, and a slit having a depth reaching the tenon hole is provided at the center in the longitudinal direction on both sides. By comprising three types of wall material dropped into the notch between the pillars installed, floor material to be attached to the beam assembled above and below the pillars, and plate material of ridged joining as ceiling material, Solved the problem mentioned above.

図1は、本発明に係る組立家屋1の一実施例を示すもので、柱2、梁3、板材4の3種を主要構成部材として構築したものである。本例の組立家屋1は、5400四方の大きさであり、敷地Aに基礎杭Bを打ち込み、この上に構築する例を示しているが、布基礎やべた基礎など特に限定するものではない。   FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of an assembly house 1 according to the present invention, in which three types of pillars 2, beams 3, and plate members 4 are constructed as main constituent members. The assembly house 1 of this example has a size of 5400 squares, and shows an example in which the foundation pile B is driven into the site A and built on this, but there is no particular limitation such as a cloth foundation or a solid foundation.

主要構成部材としての柱2は、図2に示すように断面正方形で、両端にホゾ21を設け、各周面の長手方向に欠込み22を設けた構造である。本例の柱2は、(単位mm、以下同じ)105角、長さ2700。ホゾ21は28角、高さ30、欠込み22は幅32、深さ15である。   As shown in FIG. 2, the pillar 2 as a main component has a square cross section, a structure in which a side wall 21 is provided at both ends, and a notch 22 is provided in the longitudinal direction of each peripheral surface. The pillar 2 in this example has 105 squares (unit: mm, the same applies hereinafter) and a length of 2700. The tenon 21 has 28 corners, a height of 30, and the notch 22 has a width of 32 and a depth of 15.

梁3は図3に示すように、柱2のホゾ21を挿通させる貫通した正方形のホゾ穴31を等間隔に設け、両端をホゾ穴31の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視等脚台形の部材である。そして、両側面の長手方向中央部にホゾ穴31に至る深さのスリット32を設けている。本例の梁3は、105角、台形として上底が2595、下底が2805であり、30角のホゾ穴31を900間隔で設けている。また、スリット32は幅2でホゾ穴31に至る深さ37.5である。   As shown in FIG. 3, the beam 3 has an isosceles trapezoidal trapezoidal shape in a plan view in which square hollow holes 31 through which the hollows 21 of the pillar 2 are inserted are provided at equal intervals, and both ends are cut off along a pair of diagonal lines of the hollow holes 31. It is a member. In addition, a slit 32 having a depth reaching the relief hole 31 is provided at the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces. The beam 3 in this example has 105 corners, a trapezoidal shape with an upper base of 2595 and a lower base of 2805, and 30 corner holes 31 are provided at 900 intervals. In addition, the slit 32 has a width of 2 and a depth of 37.5 reaching the relief hole 31.

板材4は図4に示すように、一方の側部にさね(実)41、他方の側部に溝42を設けたさね矧ぎ接合の板である。本例の板材4は、長さ3000、幅105であり、さね41は幅8、高さ5、溝42は幅10、深さ10である。   As shown in FIG. 4, the plate member 4 is a plate for tongue-and-groove bonding in which a tongue (real) 41 is provided on one side and a groove 42 is provided on the other side. The plate member 4 in this example has a length of 3000 and a width of 105, the tongue 41 has a width of 8 and a height of 5, and the groove has a width of 10 and a depth of 10.

これらの主要構成部材で組立家屋1を構築する場合の施工手順を以下に説明する。
先ず、図5(a)のように基礎杭Bを構築する敷地Aに打ち込む。傾斜地では同図(b)のように基礎杭Bの長さを調節することで、各基礎杭Bの天端高さを水平に揃える。
The construction procedure for constructing the assembly house 1 with these main components will be described below.
First, it is driven into the site A where the foundation pile B is constructed as shown in FIG. By adjusting the length of the foundation pile B as shown in FIG.

そして、基礎杭B上に床面を形成するための梁3を格子状に組む(図6)。梁3は、かすがいなどで基礎杭Bに固定する。梁3同士の接合はホゾ穴31の位置で行なう。図中の矢印は、図7に示したL型金具33で固定する箇所である。
梁3同士の接合部において、コーナー部は斜めにカットした梁3の端部同士の面接合である[図7(a)]。T字や十字の接合は、同図(b)(c)のようにホゾ穴31の中心から周方向に隣り合うホゾ穴31の頂点に向かう2ヶ所を、スリット32に至るまで鋸で切り落として、周面に切欠34を設ける。該切欠34に接合させる梁3は、ホゾ穴31の一対角線に沿って斜めに切り落とした端部を、ホゾ穴31の他の対角線に沿って鋸で切り落として、該ホゾ穴の一面を残した突条にすると共に該突条のスリットに至る下半分を鋸で切り落として係止突条部35を形成してかみ合わせる。
And the beam 3 for forming a floor surface on the foundation pile B is assembled in a grid | lattice form (FIG. 6). The beam 3 is fixed to the foundation pile B with a gravel or the like. The beams 3 are joined to each other at the position of the relief hole 31. The arrow in the figure is a portion to be fixed by the L-shaped bracket 33 shown in FIG.
In the joint portion between the beams 3, the corner portion is a surface joint between the end portions of the beam 3 cut obliquely [FIG. 7 (a)]. T-shaped and cross-shaped joints are cut off by sawing two points from the center of the relief hole 31 to the apex of the adjacent relief hole 31 until reaching the slit 32 as shown in FIGS. A notch 34 is provided on the peripheral surface. The beam 3 to be joined to the notch 34 is cut off with an saw along the other diagonal line of the relief hole 31 at an end portion that is obliquely cut along the diagonal line of the relief hole 31 to leave one surface of the relief hole 31. The ridges are cut and the lower half leading to the slits of the ridges is cut off with a saw to form the locking ridges 35 and engaged.

また、梁3を直線状に連結(継ぎ足し)する場合は、同図(d)のようにホゾ穴31の一対角線に沿って斜めに切り落とした端部を、ホゾ穴31の他の対角線に沿ってスリット32に至る半分を鋸で切り落とすことで、これらを相互に連結する。
このように、梁3にスリット32を設けたことにより、鋸による切断だけで極めて簡単に接合部を形成することができ、作業効率が極めて高くなり、工費も大幅に少なくすることができる。
When the beams 3 are connected (added) in a straight line, the end portion diagonally cut off along the diagonal line of the relief hole 31 along the other diagonal line of the relief hole 31 as shown in FIG. Then, the half leading to the slit 32 is cut off with a saw to connect them to each other.
As described above, by providing the slits 32 in the beam 3, it is possible to form a joined portion very simply by only cutting with a saw, the working efficiency becomes extremely high, and the construction cost can be greatly reduced.

次に、基礎杭B上に格子状に組んだ梁3のホゾ穴31にホゾ21を挿通して柱2を建てる[図8(a)]。梁3と柱2は、同図(b)のように板材4を300程度に切断してビスなどで固定するのが好ましい。柱2を建てた後は、図9のように柱2の頂部に梁3を載せることで、柱2の立ち(垂直)を確認する。柱2の立ちを確認した後、図10のように仮筋交23で全ての柱2を仮止めしてから、頂部に載せた梁3を外す。   Next, the column 2 is built by inserting the column 21 into the column hole 31 of the beam 3 assembled in a lattice pattern on the foundation pile B [FIG. 8 (a)]. It is preferable that the beam 3 and the column 2 are fixed with screws or the like by cutting the plate material 4 to about 300 as shown in FIG. After the pillar 2 is built, the standing (vertical) of the pillar 2 is confirmed by placing the beam 3 on the top of the pillar 2 as shown in FIG. After confirming the standing of the pillars 2, all the pillars 2 are temporarily fixed by temporary bracing 23 as shown in FIG. 10, and then the beam 3 placed on the top is removed.

柱2を仮筋交23で仮止めした状態で、柱2間の欠込み22に板材4を落とし込んで壁面及び間仕切りを形成する(図11)。本例では、出入り口や窓などを設ける部分を開けて板材4を嵌め込んでいる。板材4は適宜ビスなどで柱2に固定しておく。このようにして柱2が固定できれば、仮筋交23を外す。
柱2間の欠込み22に対しては、板材4を斜めにして嵌め込むようにしてもよい。この方法では、柱2の頂部に梁3を載せた状態で板材4を嵌め込んで柱2を固定できるため、仮筋交23による柱2の仮止め作業は省略できる。
In a state where the column 2 is temporarily fixed by the temporary bracing 23, the plate material 4 is dropped into the notch 22 between the columns 2 to form wall surfaces and partitions (FIG. 11). In this example, the part which provides an entrance, a window, etc. is opened, and the board | plate material 4 is engage | inserted. The plate member 4 is fixed to the column 2 with screws or the like as appropriate. If the column 2 can be fixed in this way, the temporary bracing 23 is removed.
The notches 22 between the pillars 2 may be fitted with the plate material 4 inclined. In this method, since the column 2 can be fixed by fitting the plate 4 with the beam 3 placed on the top of the column 2, the temporary fixing operation of the column 2 by the temporary bracing 23 can be omitted.

開口部には、扉や窓のサッシを取り付けるが、図12に示すように板材4を利用して引違い戸43や窓44を作って嵌め込んでもよい。窓44としては、例えば図13(a)のように板材4をカットして幅1693、高さ949の窓枠45を作り、板材4を積んで木口に角材を打ち付けた建具46[同図(b)]を取り付ける。   A door or a window sash is attached to the opening, but a sliding door 43 or a window 44 may be formed and fitted using the plate material 4 as shown in FIG. As the window 44, for example, as shown in FIG. 13 (a), a plate frame 4 is cut to form a window frame 45 having a width of 1693 and a height of 949, and the fitting 46 in which the plate material 4 is stacked and a square member is struck to the end of the window [the same figure ( b)].

開口部には、扉や窓を取り付けた後は、各柱2間の頂部まで板材4を落とし込んで、柱2の頂部に天井面を形成するための梁3を取り付ける(図14)。梁3の接合や柱2との固定は、床面の場合と同じようにL型金具33などで固定する。   After the door or window is attached to the opening, the plate material 4 is dropped to the top between the pillars 2 and a beam 3 for forming a ceiling surface is attached to the top of the pillar 2 (FIG. 14). The joining of the beam 3 and the fixing to the column 2 are fixed by an L-shaped bracket 33 or the like as in the case of the floor surface.

床面47は、図15のように板材4を敷き詰めて形成する。板材4は梁3に強固に固定することで床組みの剛性を高めることができる。また、天井面48も同様に板材4を敷き詰めて形成する(図16)。
The floor surface 47 is formed by spreading the plate material 4 as shown in FIG. The plate member 4 can be firmly fixed to the beam 3 to increase the rigidity of the floor assembly. Similarly, the ceiling surface 48 is formed by spreading the plate material 4 (FIG. 16).

本発明に係る組立家屋1としては、基本的にこれで完成であるが、雨対策として防水塗料を塗布したり、図17(a)のように天井面48に防水シート5を被せる。防水シート5は、適宜板材4で押さえ込み周囲は板材4で固定し[同図(b)]、はみ出した部分をカッターでカットする。
The assembly house 1 according to the present invention is basically completed, but a waterproof paint is applied as a countermeasure against rain, or the ceiling sheet 48 is covered with the waterproof sheet 5 as shown in FIG. The waterproof sheet 5 is appropriately pressed by the plate material 4 and the periphery is fixed by the plate material 4 [(b) in the figure], and the protruding portion is cut with a cutter.

組立家屋1に屋根6を設ける場合、図18(a)のように母屋61を取り付ける。この母屋61は柱2を利用したもので、勾配をつけるために積み重ねる段数を変えている。柱2同士は、同図(b)のように欠込み22を利用して雇い実62で連結している。   When the roof 6 is provided in the assembly house 1, the main building 61 is attached as shown in FIG. This purlin 61 uses the pillar 2 and changes the number of steps to be stacked in order to give a gradient. The pillars 2 are connected to each other by a hired person 62 using a notch 22 as shown in FIG.

次に、母屋61に板材4を利用した垂木63を約600程度のピッチで固定し(図19)、この垂木63に板材4を貼り付けて屋根材64とし、図1に示した組立家屋1が完成する(図20)。内部は、図21のように2DKに構成され、流し台や便器などの機器を設置する。
Next, rafters 63 using the plate material 4 are fixed to the main building 61 at a pitch of about 600 (FIG. 19), and the plate material 4 is pasted on the rafter 63 to form the roof material 64. The assembly house 1 shown in FIG. Is completed (FIG. 20). The interior is configured as 2DK as shown in FIG. 21, and devices such as a sink and a toilet are installed.

本発明に係る組立家屋1は、主要構成部材として同じ寸法の柱2、梁3、板材4の3種によって、図22のように種々の大きさや形態の家屋を構築することができる。
例えば、同図(a)の4DK(幅5400、奥行き8100)や同図(b)の連棟タイプも容易に構築することができる。
The assembly house 1 according to the present invention can construct houses of various sizes and forms as shown in FIG. 22 by using three types of pillars 2, beams 3, and plate members 4 having the same dimensions as main constituent members.
For example, 4DK (width 5400, depth 8100) shown in FIG. 5A and the continuous building type shown in FIG. 5B can be easily constructed.

A 敷地
B 基礎杭
1 組立家屋
2 柱
21 ホゾ
22 欠込み
23 仮筋交
3 梁
31 ホゾ穴
32 スリット
33 L型金具
34 切欠
35 係止突条部
4 板材
41 さね
42 溝
43 引違い戸
44 窓
45 窓枠
46 建具
47 床面
48 天井面
5 防水シート
6 屋根
61 母屋
62 雇い実
63 垂木
64 屋根材
A site B foundation pile 1 assembly house 2 pillar
21 Hozo
22 missing
23 Temporary bracing 3 Beam
31 Hose hole
32 slits
33 L-shaped bracket
34 Notch
35 Locking ridge 4 Plate material
41
42 groove
43 sliding doors
44 windows
45 Window frame
46 joinery
47 Floor
48 Ceiling 5 Tarpaulin 6 Roof
61 Purlin
62 Employment
63 Rafter
64 Roofing material

Claims (4)

両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え少なくとも対向する2つの周面長手方向に欠込みを設けた柱と、該柱のホゾを挿通する正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形の梁と、立設した該柱間の欠込みに落とし込む壁材、該柱の上下に組んだ該梁に貼り付ける床材及び天井材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材と、によって構成したものであって、該梁は、両側面の長手方向に該ホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットをほぼ中央部に設けたことを特徴とする組立家屋。   A pillar having square cross sections at both ends and provided with at least two opposing circumferential longitudinal recesses, and a square through hole through which the pillars of the pillar are inserted are provided at equal intervals, and both ends are provided with the hollow holes. A trapezoidal beam in plan view cut off along a diagonal line, a wall material dropped into a notch between the standing columns, a floor material and a ceiling material attached to the beams assembled above and below the columns. An assembly house comprising: a plate material for row joining, wherein the beam is provided with a slit having a depth reaching the side hole in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces at a substantially central portion. 天井材は、防水シートで覆う請求項1記載の組立家屋。   The assembly house according to claim 1, wherein the ceiling material is covered with a waterproof sheet. 天井材の上面側に、板材で形成した屋根を設けた請求項1又は2記載の組立家屋。   The assembly house according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a roof made of a plate material is provided on the upper surface side of the ceiling material. 両端に断面正方形のホゾを備え少なくとも対向する2つの周面長手方向に欠込みを設けた柱と、該柱のホゾを挿通する正方形の貫通するホゾ穴を等間隔に設けると共に両端を該ホゾ穴の一対角線に沿って切り落とした平面視台形であり且つ両側面の長手方向中央部に該ホゾ穴に至る深さのスリットを設けた梁と、立設した該柱間の欠込みに落とし込む壁材、該柱の上下に組んだ該梁に貼り付ける床材及び天井材とするさね矧ぎ接合の板材と、を主要構成部材とした家屋の組立方法であって、ホゾ穴の中心から周方向に隣り合うホゾ穴の頂点に向かって2ヶ所をスリットに至るまで鋸で切り落とし、周面に切欠を設けた梁に対し、端部をホゾ穴の他の対角線に沿って鋸で切り落として該ホゾ穴の一面を残した突条にすると共に該突条のスリットに至る下半分を鋸で切り落として係止突条部を形成した他の梁を係合させて組み立てることを特徴とする組立家屋の組立方法。   A pillar having square cross sections at both ends and provided with at least two opposing circumferential longitudinal recesses, and a square through hole through which the pillars of the pillar are inserted are provided at equal intervals, and both ends are provided with the hollow holes. A wall material that has a trapezoidal shape in plan view cut off along a diagonal line and is provided with a slit having a depth that reaches the hole in the center in the longitudinal direction of both side surfaces, and a wall material that is dropped into a notch between the standing columns , A method for assembling a house mainly composed of a plate material for ridged joining as a flooring material and a ceiling material to be attached to the beam assembled above and below the pillar, and in the circumferential direction from the center of the side hole Cut two points toward the apex of the adjacent ridge hole until reaching the slit, and cut off the end of the beam along the other diagonal line of the ridge hole with a notch on the peripheral surface. Make a ridge leaving one side of the hole and slit the ridge Method of assembling an assembly house, characterized in that assembling the lower half to engage the other of the beam forming the engaging protrusions cut off with a saw throughout.
JP2011115385A 2011-05-24 2011-05-24 Built-up house and method for building up the sane Withdrawn JP2012241482A (en)

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