JP2012122713A - Burner for cooking stove - Google Patents

Burner for cooking stove Download PDF

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JP2012122713A
JP2012122713A JP2011226408A JP2011226408A JP2012122713A JP 2012122713 A JP2012122713 A JP 2012122713A JP 2011226408 A JP2011226408 A JP 2011226408A JP 2011226408 A JP2011226408 A JP 2011226408A JP 2012122713 A JP2012122713 A JP 2012122713A
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burner
flame
circumferential
ignition
recessed
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JP5491476B2 (en
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Hiroyasu Sato
裕康 佐藤
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Rinnai Corp
リンナイ株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve fire spreading property, ignition property and heat distribution, in a burner for a cooking stove having a recess where a spark generating part between an ignition electrode and a target is disposed and which is dented radially inward at one position in a circumference direction of an annular wall formed on one of a burner body and a burner cap.SOLUTION: On a wall part 62a radially inward a recess 62, a pair of ignition burner ports 63 for ejecting a mixture gas toward a spark generating part 32 is formed at a position spaced in one circumference direction and a position spaced in the other circumference direction from a section facing the spark generating part 32. On wall parts 62b in both circumferential sides of the recess 62, fire spreading ports 64 are formed where the mixed air is branched and ejected from main burner ports 613 adjoining to the recess 62. Further, on the inner wall 62a, slit-like auxiliary burner ports 65 are formed extending from the ignition burner ports 63 to the wall parts 62b on the sides in the circumference direction.

Description

本発明は、燃料ガスと一次空気との混合気が供給されるバーナボディと、バーナボディ上に載置されるバーナキャップとを備えるコンロ用バーナに関する。   The present invention relates to a burner for a stove that includes a burner body to which an air-fuel mixture of fuel gas and primary air is supplied, and a burner cap that is placed on the burner body.

従来、この種のコンロ用バーナとして、特許文献1により、バーナキャップの下面外周部にバーナボディの上面外周部に当接する環状壁を突設し、この環状壁に、周方向の間隔を存して混合気が噴出する多数の主炎口を形成すると共に、環状壁の周方向1箇所に、点火電極と点火電極の上方のターゲットとの間のスパーク発生部が配置される、径方向内方に凹入する凹入部を形成し、この凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、混合気が噴出する点火炎口を形成し、凹入部の周方向両側の壁部に、凹入部に隣接する主炎口から混合気が分流して噴出する火移り炎口を形成したものが知られている。このものでは、点火炎口から噴出する混合気にスパーク発生部でのスパークにより点火されると、火移り炎口を介して主炎口にスムーズに火移りし、火移り性が良好になるとしている。   Conventionally, as a burner for a stove of this type, according to Patent Document 1, an annular wall that abuts on the outer periphery of the upper surface of the burner body is provided on the outer periphery of the lower surface of the burner cap, and there is a circumferential interval between the annular walls. A plurality of main flame outlets from which the air-fuel mixture is ejected, and a spark generating portion between the ignition electrode and the target above the ignition electrode is disposed at one circumferential direction of the annular wall. An indentation is formed in the wall, and an ignition flame port is formed on the radially inner wall of the indentation. It is known to form a fire-transfer flame outlet in which the air-fuel mixture diverges from the main flame outlet and ejects. In this case, when the air-fuel mixture ejected from the ignition flame is ignited by the spark at the spark generating part, the fire smoothly moves to the main flame via the fire migration flame, and the fire transfer property is improved. Yes.

ところで、上記従来例のものにおいて、点火炎口は、凹入部の径方向内方の壁部のスパーク発生部に正対する部分に形成されている。そして、点火炎口からの混合気の噴出速度が速くなると、点火性が悪化する(スパークによる混合気への点火がうまく行われなくなること)ため、点火炎口は小さく形成される。従って、点火炎口から噴出する混合気の燃焼で形成される点火炎は凹入部の外方までは伸びない。その結果、凹入部に合致する周方向位置では被加熱物を有効に加熱できなくなり、熱分布が悪くなる。   By the way, in the thing of the said prior art example, the ignition flame mouth is formed in the part which opposes the spark generating part of the wall part of the radial inside of a recessed part. When the jet speed of the air-fuel mixture from the ignition flame port increases, the ignitability deteriorates (ignition of the air-fuel mixture by spark is not performed well), so the ignition flame port is formed small. Therefore, the ignition flame formed by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture ejected from the ignition flame port does not extend to the outside of the recessed portion. As a result, the object to be heated cannot be effectively heated at the circumferential position that matches the recessed portion, resulting in poor heat distribution.

特開平8−114308号公報JP-A-8-114308

本発明は、以上の点に鑑み、火移り性と点火性と熱分布とを全て良好にできるようにしたコンロ用バーナを提供することをその課題としている。   In view of the above points, an object of the present invention is to provide a burner for a stove that can improve the fire transfer property, the ignitability, and the heat distribution.

上記課題を解決するために、本発明は、燃料ガスと一次空気との混合気が供給されるバーナボディと、バーナボディ上に載置されるバーナキャップとを備えるコンロ用バーナであって、バーナボディの上面外周部とバーナキャップの下面外周部との一方に他方に当接する環状壁が突設され、この環状壁に、周方向の間隔を存して混合気が噴出する多数の主炎口が形成されると共に、環状壁の周方向1箇所に、点火電極と点火電極の上方のターゲットとの間のスパーク発生部が配置される、径方向内方に凹入する凹入部が形成され、この凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、混合気が噴出する点火炎口が形成され、凹入部の周方向両側の壁部に、凹入部に隣接する主炎口から混合気が分流して噴出する火移り炎口が形成されるものにおいて、凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、周方向の間隔を存して一対の点火炎口が形成され、両点火炎口のうち周方向一方の点火炎口は、スパーク発生部に正対する部分から周方向一方に離隔した部分に、混合気が周方向他方に向かう方向成分を持って噴出するように形成され、両点火炎口から噴出する混合気がぶつかり合うようにしたことを特徴とする。   In order to solve the above problems, the present invention is a burner for a stove comprising a burner body to which an air-fuel mixture of fuel gas and primary air is supplied, and a burner cap mounted on the burner body. An annular wall that abuts the other on one of the outer periphery of the upper surface of the body and the outer periphery of the lower surface of the burner cap, and a plurality of main flame ports through which air-fuel mixture is ejected at intervals in the circumferential direction Is formed at one place in the circumferential direction of the annular wall, a spark generating portion is disposed between the ignition electrode and the target above the ignition electrode, and a concave portion that is recessed inward in the radial direction is formed, An ignition flame port is formed on the radially inner wall of the recessed portion, and the air-fuel mixture is diverted from the main flame port adjacent to the recessed portion to the wall portions on both sides in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion. In the case where a fire transfer spout is formed, A pair of ignition flame ports are formed on the inner wall portion in the circumferential direction with a gap in the circumferential direction, and one of the ignition flame ports in the circumferential direction is circumferential from the portion facing the spark generating portion. The air-fuel mixture is formed so as to be ejected in a portion separated in one side with a component in the circumferential direction, and the air-fuel mixture ejected from both ignition flames collides with each other.

本発明によれば、一対の点火炎口から噴出する混合気がぶつかり合って、混合気の一部が渦を巻くようにしてスパーク発生部に滞留する。従って、点火炎口を然程小さく形成しなくても、点火性は良好になる。そして、点火後は、一対の点火炎口から噴出する混合気の燃焼で形成される点火炎同士がぶつかり合うため、両点火炎が集合した火炎が凹入部の外方に伸びる。その結果、凹入部に合致する周方向位置でも被加熱物を有効に加熱でき、熱分布が良好になる。   According to the present invention, the air-fuel mixture ejected from the pair of ignition flames collides, and a part of the air-fuel mixture stays in the spark generating portion so as to vortex. Therefore, the ignitability can be improved without forming the ignition flame port so small. And after ignition, since the ignition flames formed by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture ejected from the pair of ignition flames collide with each other, the flame in which both ignition flames are gathered extends to the outside of the recessed portion. As a result, the object to be heated can be effectively heated even at the circumferential position that matches the recessed portion, and the heat distribution is improved.

また、本発明において、両点火炎口のうち周方向他方の点火炎口は、スパーク発生部に正対する部分から周方向他方に離隔した部分に、混合気が周方向一方に向かう方向成分を持って噴出するように形成されることが望ましい。ここで、周方向他方の点火炎口は、スパーク発生部に正対する部分に、スパーク発生部に向けて径方向に真直に混合気を噴出するように形成することも可能である。但し、スパーク発生部に混合気を効果的に滞留させるには、上記の如く構成することが望ましい。即ち、上記の如く構成すれば、周方向一方の点火炎口からの混合気に周方向他方に向かう速度成分を与えるだけでなく、周方向他方の点火炎口からの混合気に周方向一方に向かう速度成分を与えて、両混合気を勢いよくぶつけ合わせることができる。その結果、スパーク発生部に混合気が効果的に滞留するようになり、点火性が一層向上する。   Further, in the present invention, the other ignition flame port in the circumferential direction of both ignition flame ports has a direction component in which the air-fuel mixture is directed in the circumferential direction at a portion spaced from the portion facing the spark generation portion to the other circumferential direction. It is desirable to be formed so as to erupt. Here, the other ignition flame port in the circumferential direction can be formed so that the air-fuel mixture is ejected straight in the radial direction toward the spark generating portion at the portion facing the spark generating portion. However, in order to effectively retain the air-fuel mixture in the spark generating portion, it is desirable to configure as described above. In other words, if configured as described above, not only a speed component toward the other circumferential direction is given to the air-fuel mixture from one circumferential ignition flame port, but also to the air-fuel mixture from the other circumferential ignition flame port in one circumferential direction. It is possible to strike the two air-fuel mixtures vigorously by giving a speed component toward them. As a result, the air-fuel mixture effectively stays in the spark generating part, and the ignitability is further improved.

尚、本発明では、凹入部の周方向中央部に点火炎が形成されるため、凹入部に隣接する主炎口への火移り性の悪化が懸念される。然し、凹入部内にその周方向両側の壁部に形成した火移り炎口から混合気が噴出して、点火炎からこの混合気を介して凹入部に隣接する主炎口から噴出する混合気に火移りするため、火移り性は悪化しない。   In the present invention, since the ignition flame is formed at the center in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion, there is a concern that the fire transfer property to the main flame opening adjacent to the recessed portion is deteriorated. However, an air-fuel mixture is ejected from the fire transfer port formed in the wall on both sides in the circumferential direction into the recessed portion, and the air-fuel mixture is ejected from the ignition flame through the air-fuel mixture from the main flame port adjacent to the recessed portion. Since it is transferred to the fire, the fire transfer property does not deteriorate.

但し、凹入部の周方向幅が広くなると、点火炎と火移り炎口との間の距離が長くなって、火移り炎口から噴出する混合気にうまく火移りしなくなることがある。また、点火炎口を比較的大きくすると、強火時に点火炎の吹き飛びを生じやすくなる。   However, if the circumferential width of the recessed portion is increased, the distance between the ignition flame and the flame transfer flame port becomes long, and the gas mixture injected from the flame transfer flame port may not be transferred to the flame well. Also, if the ignition flame opening is made relatively large, the ignition flame tends to blow off during a strong fire.

そのため、本発明においては、凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、各点火炎口から凹入部の周方向各側の壁部に向けて細長くのびるスリット状の補助炎口が形成されることが望ましい。これによれば、凹入部の周方向幅が広くても、火移り炎口から噴出する混合気に補助炎口から噴出する混合気を介して確実に火移りし、火移り性が良好になる。更に、スリット状の補助炎口から低速で混合気が噴出するため、この混合気の燃焼で形成される炎により点火炎が保炎され、点火炎の吹き飛びが防止される。   For this reason, in the present invention, a slit-like auxiliary flame port is formed in the radially inner wall portion of the recessed portion so as to extend from each ignition flame port toward the wall portion on each side in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion. Is desirable. According to this, even if the circumferential width of the recessed portion is wide, the mixture is surely transferred to the air-fuel mixture ejected from the fire-transfer flame port via the air-fuel mixture ejected from the auxiliary flame port, and the fire transfer property is improved. . Furthermore, since the air-fuel mixture is ejected from the slit-shaped auxiliary flame port at a low speed, the ignition flame is held by the flame formed by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture, and the ignition flame is prevented from blowing off.

また、補助炎口を形成する場合、火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部が、凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に入り込んで補助炎口に連通するようにすれば、補助炎口から火移り炎口への火移り性が向上する。この場合、凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部と補助炎口との連通箇所において、火移り炎口よりも補助炎口の上下方向寸法を小さくすることで上下方向の段差が形成される。そして、この段差を径方向外方に向けて凹入部の周方向内方に傾斜させれば、火移り炎口への火移り性が一層向上する。   In addition, when forming the auxiliary flame mouth, if the radially inner end of the flame transfer flame entrance enters the radially inner wall of the recessed portion and communicates with the auxiliary flame mouth, the auxiliary flame mouth Fire transfer from the mouth to the flame opening is improved. In this case, the dimension in the vertical direction of the auxiliary flame mouth than the fire transfer flame mouth is connected to the radially inner wall portion of the recessed portion at the communication point between the radially inner end of the fire transfer flame mouth and the auxiliary flame mouth. A step in the vertical direction is formed by reducing. And if this level | step difference is inclined inward in the circumferential direction of a recessed part toward a radial direction outward, the fire transfer property to a fire transfer flame mouth will improve further.

尚、凹入部の周方向幅が狭く、補助炎口を形成しない場合であっても、火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部を凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に入り込ませるようにしてもよい。この場合、凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部の周方向端面となる上下方向の段差が形成されるが、この段差を径方向外方に向けて凹入部の周方向内方に傾斜させれば、火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部から点火炎口に向かう方向成分をもって混合気が噴出し、点火炎口から火移り炎口への火移り性が向上する。   In addition, even if the circumferential width of the recessed portion is narrow and no auxiliary flame port is formed, the radially inner end portion of the flame transfer flame port is allowed to enter the radially inner wall portion of the recessed portion. It may be. In this case, a step in the vertical direction is formed on the radially inner wall of the recessed portion, which becomes the circumferential end surface of the radially inner end of the flame transfer flame opening. If it is inclined inward in the circumferential direction of the recessed part, the air-fuel mixture is ejected with a directional component from the radially inner end of the fire transfer flame port to the ignition flame port, and the fire transfer flame is emitted from the ignition flame port. Improves the ability to transfer to the mouth.

本発明の実施形態のコンロ用バーナの斜視図。The perspective view of the burner for stove of embodiment of this invention. 図1のII−II線で切断した断面図。Sectional drawing cut | disconnected by the II-II line | wire of FIG. 実施形態のコンロ用バーナのバーナキャップを取外した状態の斜視図。The perspective view of the state which removed the burner cap of the stove burner of embodiment. 他の実施形態のコンロ用バーナの要部の斜視図。The perspective view of the principal part of the burner for stove of other embodiment.

図1、図2を参照して、1は、図示省略したコンロ本体内に設置されるバーナホルダを示しており、このバーナホルダ1により本発明の実施形態のコンロ用バーナAが支持される。バーナホルダ1は、台座部11と、台座部11の一端に立設した支柱部12と、支柱部12の上端から台座部11に対向するようにして張り出す支持筒部13と、支柱部12の中間から支持筒部13とは反対方向に張り出す電極取付部14とを有している。   1 and 2, reference numeral 1 denotes a burner holder installed in a stove main body (not shown), and the burner holder A according to the embodiment of the present invention is supported by the burner holder 1. The burner holder 1 includes a pedestal portion 11, a column portion 12 erected on one end of the pedestal portion 11, a support cylinder portion 13 that projects from the upper end of the column portion 12 to face the pedestal portion 11, It has an electrode mounting portion 14 projecting from the middle in the direction opposite to the support tube portion 13.

台座部11の上面には、支持筒部13の中心軸線上に位置するガスノズル2が取付けられている。そして、台座部11に形成したガス通路15を介してガスノズル2に燃料ガスが供給されるようにしている。また、電極取付部14には、これにねじ止めされる取付金具16によって点火電極3が固定されている。   A gas nozzle 2 located on the central axis of the support cylinder 13 is attached to the upper surface of the pedestal 11. The fuel gas is supplied to the gas nozzle 2 through the gas passage 15 formed in the pedestal portion 11. The ignition electrode 3 is fixed to the electrode mounting portion 14 by a mounting bracket 16 screwed to the electrode mounting portion 14.

コンロ用バーナAは、バーナホルダ1で支持されるバーナボディ4と、バーナボディ4上に載置されるバーナキャップ5とを備えている。バーナボディ4は、円板状のベース部41と、ベース部41の上面中央部に突設した隆起部42と、ベース部41の下面中央部に垂設した垂下部43と、隆起部42及び垂下部43を貫通して上下に開口するスロート部44と、ベース部41の上面外周部に突設した環状壁6とを有している。そして、垂下部43をバーナホルダ1の支持筒部13に内嵌させることにより、ガスノズル2とスロート部44とが同一軸線上に位置するように、バーナボディ4がバーナホルダ1に芯決めされた状態で支持される。   The stove burner A includes a burner body 4 supported by the burner holder 1 and a burner cap 5 placed on the burner body 4. The burner body 4 includes a disc-shaped base portion 41, a raised portion 42 protruding from the center of the upper surface of the base portion 41, a hanging portion 43 extending from the lower surface of the base portion 41, a raised portion 42, and It has a throat portion 44 that penetrates the hanging portion 43 and opens up and down, and an annular wall 6 that protrudes from the outer peripheral portion of the upper surface of the base portion 41. Then, by inserting the hanging portion 43 into the support cylinder portion 13 of the burner holder 1, the burner body 4 is centered on the burner holder 1 so that the gas nozzle 2 and the throat portion 44 are positioned on the same axis. Supported.

また、支持筒部13の上端部の周方向1箇所に切欠き13aを形成すると共に、垂下部43の上端部の周囲1箇所に突起43aを形成している。そして、この突起43aを切欠き13aに係合させることで、バーナボディ4が位相決めされるようにしている。   Further, a notch 13 a is formed at one location in the circumferential direction of the upper end portion of the support cylinder portion 13, and a protrusion 43 a is formed at one location around the upper end portion of the hanging portion 43. Then, the burner body 4 is phased by engaging the protrusion 43a with the notch 13a.

バーナキャップ5は円板状に形成されており、その下面中央部には、隆起部42の上端面に所定の隙間を存して対向する裏板51が取付けられている。裏板51の外周には、周方向の間隔を存して複数の芯決め片52が垂設されている。そして、これら芯決め片52の下端部を隆起部42の外周面に当接させることでバーナキャップ5がバーナボディ4に対し芯決めされ、バーナキャップ5の下面外周部がバーナボディ4の環状壁6の上端面に当接するようにしている。   The burner cap 5 is formed in a disc shape, and a back plate 51 facing the upper end surface of the raised portion 42 with a predetermined gap is attached to the center portion of the lower surface thereof. On the outer periphery of the back plate 51, a plurality of centering pieces 52 are provided vertically with a circumferential interval therebetween. The burner cap 5 is centered with respect to the burner body 4 by bringing the lower ends of the centering pieces 52 into contact with the outer peripheral surface of the raised portion 42, and the outer peripheral portion of the lower surface of the burner cap 5 is the annular wall of the burner body 4. 6 is in contact with the upper end surface.

尚、バーナキャップ5への裏板51の固定は、裏板51に形成した上方への凸出し部53をバーナキャップ5の下面に形成した凹孔に嵌合させた状態で、凸出し部53をバーナキャップ5に溶接することで行われる。   The back plate 51 is fixed to the burner cap 5 in a state where the upward protruding portion 53 formed on the back plate 51 is fitted in the recessed hole formed on the lower surface of the burner cap 5. Is welded to the burner cap 5.

ここで、ガスノズル2から燃料ガスを噴出すると、スロート部44の上端開口から流出するガス流が裏板51の下面に当たって径方向に広がり、所謂ラジアルベンチュリー効果を生じて、スロート部44の下端開口から一次空気が吸い込まれる。これにより、燃料ガスと一次空気との混合気がスロート部44を介してバーナボディ4に供給される。バーナボディ4に供給された混合気は、環状壁6に形成した後述する炎口から噴出して燃焼し、図示省略したコンロ天板上の五徳に載置する被加熱物が加熱される。   Here, when the fuel gas is ejected from the gas nozzle 2, the gas flow flowing out from the upper end opening of the throat portion 44 strikes the lower surface of the back plate 51 and expands in the radial direction, producing a so-called radial venturi effect, and from the lower end opening of the throat portion 44. Primary air is inhaled. As a result, an air-fuel mixture of fuel gas and primary air is supplied to the burner body 4 via the throat portion 44. The air-fuel mixture supplied to the burner body 4 is ejected from a flame port, which will be described later, formed in the annular wall 6 and burned, and the object to be heated placed on the virtues on the stove top plate (not shown) is heated.

環状壁6には、周方向の間隔を存して多数の主炎口61が形成されると共に、点火電極3と同一方位に位置する環状壁6の周方向1箇所には、径方向内方に凹入する凹入部62が形成されている。凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aの周方向中央部分の上端部には、点火電極3の上方に対向するターゲット31が突設されている。そして、点火電極3とターゲット31との間のスパーク発生部32が凹入部62に配置されるようにしている。   A large number of main flame openings 61 are formed in the annular wall 6 at intervals in the circumferential direction, and one circumferential direction of the annular wall 6 located in the same orientation as the ignition electrode 3 is radially inward. A recessed portion 62 is formed in the recessed portion. At the upper end portion of the central portion in the circumferential direction of the radially inward wall portion 62a of the recessed portion 62, a target 31 facing the upper side of the ignition electrode 3 is projected. The spark generating part 32 between the ignition electrode 3 and the target 31 is arranged in the recessed part 62.

図3を参照して、主炎口61は、環状壁6の上端から下方に窪む溝で構成されている。主炎口61には、溝深さの大きな大炎口611と、溝深さの小さな小炎孔612と、溝深さが大炎口611と小炎口612の中間の中炎口613との3種類の炎口がある。ここで、五徳は複数(例えば、4個)の五徳爪を具備しており、これら五徳爪に火炎が触れると不完全燃焼する。これら五徳爪と同一方位に位置する環状壁6の箇所は、凹入部62とそれ以外の3箇所であり、これら3箇所には、連続して3つの小炎口612を形成して、火炎が五徳爪に触れないようにしている。また、五徳爪間に位置する環状壁6の部分には、大炎口611と小炎口612とを交互に形成し、大炎口611に生ずる大きな火炎が小炎口612に生ずる小さな火炎で保炎されるようにしている。また、凹入部62に隣接する主炎口61は中炎口613としている。   Referring to FIG. 3, the main flame opening 61 is configured by a groove that is recessed downward from the upper end of the annular wall 6. The main flame outlet 61 includes a large flame outlet 611 having a large groove depth, a small flame hole 612 having a small groove depth, and a medium flame outlet 613 intermediate between the large flame mouth 611 and the small flame opening 612. There are three types of flame outlets. Here, the five virtues are provided with a plurality of (for example, four) virtues, and when these virtues are touched by a flame, incomplete combustion occurs. The locations of the annular wall 6 located in the same orientation as these five virtue claws are the recessed portion 62 and the other three locations. In these three locations, three small flame openings 612 are continuously formed, and the flame is generated. I try not to touch my virgin claws. In addition, large flame openings 611 and small flame openings 612 are alternately formed in the portion of the annular wall 6 positioned between the five victories, and a large flame generated in the large flame opening 611 is a small flame generated in the small flame opening 612. I am trying to hold the flame. The main flame outlet 61 adjacent to the recessed portion 62 is a medium flame outlet 613.

凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aには、周方向の間隔を存して一対の点火炎口63,63が形成されている。そして、周方向一方(図3で右方)の点火炎口63は、スパーク発生部32に正対する部分(スパーク発生部32と同一の周方向位置となる凹入部62の周方向中央部分)から周方向一方に離隔した部分に、混合気が周方向他方(図3で左方)に向かう方向成分を持って噴出するように形成されている。また、周方向他方(図3で左方)の点火炎口63は、スパーク発生部32に正対する部分から周方向他方に離隔した部分に、混合気が周方向一方(図3で右方)に向かう方向成分を持って噴出するように形成される。   A pair of ignition flame ports 63, 63 are formed in the radially inward wall portion 62a of the recessed portion 62 with a circumferential interval. The ignition flame port 63 on one side in the circumferential direction (on the right side in FIG. 3) is from a portion facing the spark generating portion 32 (a central portion in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion 62 at the same circumferential position as the spark generating portion 32). The air-fuel mixture is formed in a portion separated in one circumferential direction so as to be ejected with a directional component toward the other circumferential direction (left in FIG. 3). Further, the ignition flame port 63 on the other circumferential side (left side in FIG. 3) has a mixture in the circumferential direction on the one side (right side in FIG. 3) separated from the part facing the spark generating part 32 in the other circumferential direction. It is formed to erupt with a directional component toward.

より具体的に説明すれば、図3で右方の点火炎口63は、その径方向内端とバーナボディ4の中心とを結ぶ放射方向の線に対し左方に傾いており、図3で左方の点火炎口63は、その径方向内端とバーナボディ4の中心とを結ぶ放射方向の線に対し右方に傾いている。そして各点火炎口63の放射方向の線に対する傾き角度は、両点火炎口63,63から噴出する混合気がスパーク発生部32又はその近傍でぶつかり合うように設定される。   More specifically, the ignition port 63 on the right side in FIG. 3 is inclined leftward with respect to the radial line connecting the radially inner end and the center of the burner body 4. The left ignition flame 63 is inclined rightward with respect to a radial line connecting the inner end in the radial direction and the center of the burner body 4. The inclination angle of each ignition flame port 63 with respect to the radial line is set so that the air-fuel mixture ejected from both ignition flame ports 63 and 63 collides with or near the spark generating portion 32.

尚、各点火炎口63は、前記壁部62aの上端から下方に窪む溝で構成されている。ここで、壁部62aの上端部に突設したターゲット31の下面よりも下方に混合気が噴出されるように、図2に示す如く、点火炎口63の径方向外端の溝深さをターゲット31の下面よりも深くすることが必要になる。この場合、点火炎口63の径方向内端の溝深さを径方向外端の溝深さと同一にしたのでは、点火炎口63から噴出する混合気の流速が速くなり過ぎて、点火性が悪くなる。そこで、点火炎口63の径方向内端の溝深さを径方向外端の溝深さより浅くし、混合気の流速が過度に速くなることを防止している。   Each ignition flame port 63 is constituted by a groove recessed downward from the upper end of the wall portion 62a. Here, as shown in FIG. 2, the groove depth at the radially outer end of the ignition flame port 63 is set so that the air-fuel mixture is jetted below the lower surface of the target 31 projecting from the upper end of the wall 62a. It is necessary to make it deeper than the lower surface of the target 31. In this case, if the groove depth at the radially inner end of the ignition flame port 63 is made the same as the groove depth at the radially outer end, the flow velocity of the air-fuel mixture ejected from the ignition flame port 63 becomes too fast, and the ignitability. Becomes worse. Therefore, the groove depth at the inner end in the radial direction of the ignition flame port 63 is made shallower than the groove depth at the outer end in the radial direction, thereby preventing the flow rate of the air-fuel mixture from becoming excessively high.

また、凹入部62の周方向両側の壁部62bには、凹入部62に隣接する主炎口61たる中炎口613から混合気が分流して噴出する火移り炎口64が形成されている。具体的には、凹入部62と中炎口613とを仕切る壁部62bの上端に下方に窪む段部64aを形成し、この段部64aとバーナキャップ5との間に生ずる隙間で火移り炎口64を構成している。   In addition, on the wall portions 62b on both sides in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion 62, there are formed fire transfer flame ports 64 from which the air-fuel mixture is diverted and ejected from the middle flame port 613 which is the main flame port 61 adjacent to the recessed portion 62. . Specifically, a step portion 64 a that is recessed downward is formed at the upper end of the wall portion 62 b that partitions the recessed portion 62 and the medium flame port 613, and the fire is transferred by a gap generated between the step portion 64 a and the burner cap 5. A flame port 64 is formed.

更に、凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aには、各点火炎口63から凹入部62の周方向各側の壁部62bに向けて細長くのびるスリット状の補助炎口65が形成されている。具体的には、壁部62aの上端に、各点火炎口65から壁部62bに達するように、前記段部64aよりも浅い段部65aを形成し、この段部65aとバーナキャップ5との間に生ずる隙間で補助炎口65を構成している。   Further, a slit-like auxiliary flame port 65 extending from each ignition flame port 63 toward the wall 62b on each side in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion 62 is formed in the radially inner wall portion 62a of the recessed portion 62. ing. Specifically, a step portion 65a shallower than the step portion 64a is formed at the upper end of the wall portion 62a so as to reach the wall portion 62b from each ignition flame port 65, and the step portion 65a and the burner cap 5 The auxiliary flame opening 65 is constituted by a gap formed between them.

本実施形態によれば、一対の点火炎口63,63から噴出する混合気がぶつかり合って、混合気の一部が渦を巻くようにしてスパーク発生部32に滞留する。従って、点火炎口63を然程小さく形成しなくても、スパーク発生部32に生ずるスパークで混合気に確実に点火し、点火性は良好になる。そして、点火後は、一対の点火炎口63,63から噴出する混合気の燃焼で形成される点火炎同士がぶつかり合うため、両点火炎が集合した火炎が凹入部62の外方に伸びる。   According to the present embodiment, the air-fuel mixture ejected from the pair of ignition flame ports 63 and 63 collides, and a part of the air-fuel mixture stays in the spark generating portion 32 so as to spiral. Therefore, even if the ignition flame port 63 is not formed so small, the air-fuel mixture is reliably ignited by the spark generated in the spark generating portion 32, and the ignitability is improved. And after ignition, since the ignition flames formed by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture ejected from the pair of ignition flame ports 63 and 63 collide with each other, the flame in which both ignition flames are gathered extends to the outside of the recessed portion 62.

ここで、凹入部62は、五徳爪と同一方位に位置しており、熱分布を良好にする上で、凹入部62の外方にのびる火炎の長さは、主炎口61のうちの小炎口612に形成される火炎の長さと同程度であれば足りる。従って、点火炎口63からの混合気の噴出量を点火性に悪影響が及ぶ程多くする必要はなく、点火性と熱分布を共に良好にすることができる。   Here, the recessed portion 62 is located in the same direction as the five virtue claws, and in order to improve the heat distribution, the length of the flame extending outward from the recessed portion 62 is smaller than that of the main flame outlet 61. It is sufficient if it is approximately the same as the length of the flame formed at the flame outlet 612. Accordingly, it is not necessary to increase the amount of air-fuel mixture ejected from the ignition flame port 63 so that the ignition performance is adversely affected, and both the ignition performance and the heat distribution can be improved.

尚、凹入部62の周方向中央部に点火炎が形成されるため、凹入部62に隣接する主炎口61たる中炎口613への火移り性の悪化が懸念される。然し、本実施形態では、凹入部62の周方向両側の壁部62bに火移り炎口64が形成されると共に、凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aに補助炎口65が形成されるため、補助炎口65から噴出する混合気に点火炎から火移りし、この炎が火移り炎口64から噴出する混合気に火移りして、中炎口613から噴出する混合気に確実に火移りする。従って、火移り性も良好になる。   In addition, since an ignition flame is formed in the center part of the circumferential direction of the recessed part 62, there exists a concern about the deterioration of the fire transfer property to the middle flame port 613 which is the main flame port 61 adjacent to the recessed part 62. FIG. However, in this embodiment, the flame transfer port 64 is formed on the wall portions 62b on both sides in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion 62, and the auxiliary flame port 65 is formed on the radially inward wall portion 62a of the recessed portion 62. Therefore, the air-fuel mixture ejected from the auxiliary flame port 65 is transferred from the ignition flame, and the flame is transferred to the air-fuel mixture ejected from the fire port 64 and reliably injected into the air-fuel mixture ejected from the intermediate flame port 613. Move to fire. Therefore, the fire transfer property is also improved.

また、点火炎口63は、点火炎が凹入部62の外方に伸びるようにある程度以上の大きさにする必要があり、強火時に点火炎の吹き飛びを生ずることが懸念される。然し、本実施形態では、スリット状の補助炎口65から低速で混合気が噴出するため、この混合気の燃焼で形成される炎により点火炎が保炎され、点火炎の吹き飛びを防止することができる。   Further, the ignition flame port 63 needs to have a certain size or more so that the ignition flame extends outward from the recessed portion 62, and there is a concern that the ignition flame may be blown off during a strong fire. However, in this embodiment, since the air-fuel mixture is ejected from the slit-shaped auxiliary flame port 65 at a low speed, the ignition flame is held by the flame formed by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture, and the ignition flame is prevented from blowing off. Can do.

ところで、上記実施形態では、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部が補助炎口65から離れているが、図4に示す実施形態の如く、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部が、凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aに入り込んで補助炎口65に連通するようにしてもよい。これによれば、補助炎口65から火移り炎口64への火移り性が向上し、点火時の火力を比較的弱くしても、火移り炎口64から噴出する混合気に確実に火移りする。   By the way, in the said embodiment, although the edge part of the radial direction inner side of the fire-transfer flame port 64 is separated from the auxiliary flame port 65, like the embodiment shown in FIG. These end portions may enter the radially inward wall portion 62 a of the recessed portion 62 and communicate with the auxiliary flame port 65. According to this, the fire transfer property from the auxiliary flame port 65 to the fire transfer port 64 is improved, and even if the heating power at the time of ignition is relatively weak, the air-fuel mixture ejected from the fire transfer port 64 is surely fired. Move.

尚、この場合には、凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aに、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部と補助炎口65との連通箇所において、火移り炎口64よりも補助炎口65の上下方向寸法を小さくすることで上下方向の段差64bが形成される。そして、この段差64bを、図4に示す如く、径方向外方に向けて凹入部62の周方向内方に傾斜させれば、補助炎口65からの噴出混合気に交差するように火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部から混合気が噴出して、火移り炎口64への火移り性が一層向上する。   In this case, the flame transfer port 64 is connected to the radially inner wall 62a of the recessed portion 62 at the communication point between the radially inner end of the flame transfer port 64 and the auxiliary flame port 65. The vertical step 64b is formed by making the vertical dimension of the auxiliary flame opening 65 smaller. Then, as shown in FIG. 4, if this step 64 b is inclined radially outward and inward in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion 62, the flame moves so as to intersect the air-fuel mixture ejected from the auxiliary flame opening 65. The air-fuel mixture is ejected from the radially inner end of the flame port 64, and the fire transfer property to the flame transfer flame port 64 is further improved.

以上、本発明の実施形態について図面を参照して説明したが、本発明はこれに限定されない。具体的に説明すれば、両点火炎口63,63のうちの一方、例えば図3、図4で左方の点火炎口63を、スパーク発生部32に正対する部分或いはその近傍に、混合気が径方向に真直に噴出するように形成し、左方の点火炎口63からの混合気に右方の点火炎口63からの混合気が左方への速度成分を持ってぶつかるようにすることも可能である。但し、上記実施形態では、右方の点火炎口63からの混合気に左方への速度成分を与えると共に、左方の点火炎口63からの混合気に右方への速度成分を与えて、両混合気を勢いよくぶつけ合わせることができ、スパーク発生部32に効果的に混合気が滞留する。従って、点火性を可及的に向上させるには、上記実施形態の方が好ましい。また、ターゲット31は、バーナキャップ5に形成してもよい。   As mentioned above, although embodiment of this invention was described with reference to drawings, this invention is not limited to this. More specifically, one of the two ignition flame ports 63, 63, for example, the left ignition flame port 63 in FIGS. In such a manner that the air-fuel mixture from the left ignition flame port 63 collides with the air-fuel mixture from the right ignition flame port 63 with the velocity component to the left. It is also possible. However, in the above embodiment, the velocity component to the left is given to the mixture from the right ignition flame port 63 and the velocity component to the right is given to the mixture from the left ignition flame port 63. The air-fuel mixture can be vigorously collided with each other, and the air-fuel mixture is effectively retained in the spark generating portion 32. Therefore, in order to improve the ignitability as much as possible, the above embodiment is preferable. Further, the target 31 may be formed on the burner cap 5.

また、凹入部62の周方向幅が狭い場合には、凹入部62の周方向各側の壁部62bに形成した火移り炎口64から噴出する混合気に点火炎から直接火移りするため、補助炎口65は省略してもよい。この場合、図4の実施形態と同様に、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部を凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aに入り込ませてもよい。尚、このようにすると、凹入部62の径方向内方の壁部62aに、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部の周方向端面となる、図4の段差64bに相当する上下方向の段差が形成される。そして、この段差を径方向外方に向けて凹入部62の周方向内方に傾斜させれば、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部から点火炎口63に向かう方向成分をもって混合気が噴出する。そのため、点火時の火力が弱く、点火炎口63から噴出する混合気の燃焼で形成される点火炎の大きさが、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部以外の部分から噴出する混合気が接触不能となるほど小さくなっても、火移り炎口64の径方向内方の端部から噴出する混合気が点火炎に触れて火移りし、点火炎口63から火移り炎口64への火移り性が向上する。   In addition, when the circumferential width of the recessed portion 62 is narrow, the flame is directly transferred from the ignition flame to the air-fuel mixture ejected from the fire transfer port 64 formed in the wall portion 62b on each circumferential side of the recessed portion 62. The auxiliary flame outlet 65 may be omitted. In this case, as in the embodiment of FIG. 4, the radially inner end of the flame transfer port 64 may enter the radially inner wall 62 a of the recessed portion 62. In this case, the upper and lower portions corresponding to the step 64b in FIG. 4 become the circumferential end surface of the radially inner end of the flame transfer port 64 on the radially inner wall 62a of the recessed portion 62. A step in the direction is formed. Then, if this step is inclined radially outwardly inward in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion 62, mixing is performed with a directional component from the radially inward end of the flame transfer port 64 toward the ignition flame port 63. Qi gushes. Therefore, the thermal power at the time of ignition is weak, and the size of the ignition flame formed by the combustion of the air-fuel mixture ejected from the ignition flame port 63 is ejected from a portion other than the radially inner end of the fire transfer flame port 64. Even if the air-fuel mixture becomes so small that it cannot be contacted, the air-fuel mixture ejected from the radially inner end of the fire transfer flame port 64 touches the ignition flame and transfers the fire, and from the ignition flame port 63 to the fire transfer flame port 64 Improves the ability to transfer to fire.

また、上記実施形態では、バーナボディ4の上面外周部に、バーナキャップ5の下面外周部に当接する環状壁6を突設しているが、バーナキャップ5の下面外周部にバーナボディ4の上面外周部に当接する環状壁を形成し、この環状壁に主炎口、凹入部、点火炎口、火移り炎口及び補助炎口を形成することも可能である。更に、上記実施形態では、混合管を設けずに、バーナボディ4にラジアルベンチュリー効果で混合気を供給するようにしているが、バーナボディに混合管を介して混合気を供給するバーナにも同様に本発明を適用できる。   Further, in the above-described embodiment, the annular wall 6 that abuts the outer peripheral portion of the lower surface of the burner cap 5 is provided on the outer peripheral portion of the upper surface of the burner body 4, but the upper surface of the burner body 4 is provided on the outer peripheral portion of the lower surface of the burner cap 5. It is also possible to form an annular wall in contact with the outer periphery, and to form a main flame opening, a recessed portion, an ignition flame opening, a fire transfer flame opening, and an auxiliary flame opening on this annular wall. Furthermore, in the above-described embodiment, the air-fuel mixture is supplied to the burner body 4 by the radial venturi effect without providing the mixing tube, but the same applies to the burner that supplies the air-fuel mixture to the burner body via the mixing tube. The present invention can be applied to.

A…コンロ用バーナ、3…点火電極、31…ターゲット、32…スパーク発生部、4…バーナボディ、5…バーナキャップ、6…環状壁、61…主炎口、62…凹入部、62a…径方向内方の壁部、62b…周方向両側の壁部、63…点火炎口、64…火移り炎口、64b…段差、65…補助炎口。

A ... burner for stove, 3 ... ignition electrode, 31 ... target, 32 ... spark generating part, 4 ... burner body, 5 ... burner cap, 6 ... annular wall, 61 ... main flame opening, 62 ... recessed part, 62a ... diameter Wall inward of the direction, 62b ... walls on both sides in the circumferential direction, 63 ... ignition flame port, 64 ... fire transfer flame port, 64b ... step, 65 ... auxiliary flame port.

Claims (6)

燃料ガスと一次空気との混合気が供給されるバーナボディと、バーナボディ上に載置されるバーナキャップとを備えるコンロ用バーナであって、バーナボディの上面外周部とバーナキャップの下面外周部との一方に他方に当接する環状壁が突設され、この環状壁に、周方向の間隔を存して混合気が噴出する多数の主炎口が形成されると共に、環状壁の周方向1箇所に、点火電極と点火電極の上方のターゲットとの間のスパーク発生部が配置される、径方向内方に凹入する凹入部が形成され、この凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、混合気が噴出する点火炎口が形成され、凹入部の周方向両側の壁部に、凹入部に隣接する主炎口から混合気が分流して噴出する火移り炎口が形成されるものにおいて、
凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、周方向の間隔を存して一対の点火炎口が形成され、両点火炎口のうち周方向一方の点火炎口は、スパーク発生部に正対する部分から周方向一方に離隔した部分に、混合気が周方向他方に向かう方向成分を持って噴出するように形成され、両点火炎口から噴出する混合気がぶつかり合うようにしたことを特徴とするコンロ用バーナ。
A burner for a stove comprising a burner body to which an air-fuel mixture of fuel gas and primary air is supplied, and a burner cap mounted on the burner body, the upper surface outer periphery of the burner body and the lower surface outer periphery of the burner cap An annular wall that abuts the other is projectingly formed on one side, and a plurality of main flame outlets are formed on the annular wall through which air-fuel mixture is ejected at intervals in the circumferential direction. The spark generating portion between the ignition electrode and the target above the ignition electrode is disposed at a location, and a concave portion that is recessed radially inward is formed, and a radially inward wall portion of the concave portion is formed. An ignition flame port through which the air-fuel mixture is ejected is formed, and a fire-transfer flame port through which the air-fuel mixture is diverted and ejected from the main flame port adjacent to the recessed portion is formed on the walls on both sides in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion. In
A pair of ignition flame ports are formed on the radially inner wall portion of the recessed portion with a circumferential interval, and one of the ignition flame ports in the circumferential direction faces the spark generation portion. The air-fuel mixture is formed so as to be ejected in a part separated from the part in the circumferential direction with a directional component toward the other in the circumferential direction, and the air-fuel mixture ejected from both ignition flames collides. Burner for the stove.
前記両点火炎口のうち周方向他方の点火炎口は、前記スパーク発生部に正対する部分から周方向他方に離隔した部分に、混合気が周方向一方に向かう方向成分を持って噴出するように形成されることを特徴とする請求項1記載のコンロ用バーナ。   Of the two ignition flame ports, the other one in the circumferential direction jets the air-fuel mixture with a directional component toward one side in the circumferential direction at a portion spaced from the portion facing the spark generating portion to the other circumferential direction. The stove burner according to claim 1, wherein the burner is used. 前記凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、前記各点火炎口から凹入部の周方向各側の壁部に向けて細長くのびるスリット状の補助炎口が形成されることを特徴とする請求項1又は2記載のコンロ用バーナ。   A slit-like auxiliary flame port extending from each of the ignition flame ports toward a wall portion on each side in the circumferential direction of the concave portion is formed in a radially inner wall portion of the concave portion. Item 3. A stove burner according to item 1 or 2. 請求項3記載のコンロ用バーナであって、前記火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部は、前記凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に入り込んで前記補助炎口に連通することを特徴とするコンロ用バーナ。   The stove burner according to claim 3, wherein a radially inner end portion of the fire transfer flame port enters a radially inner wall portion of the recessed portion and communicates with the auxiliary flame port. Features a stove burner. 請求項4記載のコンロ用バーナであって、前記凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に、前記火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部と前記補助炎口との連通箇所において、火移り炎口よりも補助炎口の上下方向寸法を小さくすることで上下方向の段差が形成され、この段差は、径方向外方に向けて凹入部の周方向内方に傾斜することを特徴とするコンロ用バーナ。   5. The stove burner according to claim 4, wherein a radial inner wall portion of the recessed portion has a fire point at a communicating portion between the radially inner end of the fire transfer flame port and the auxiliary flame port. A vertical step is formed by making the vertical dimension of the auxiliary flame port smaller than the transition flame port, and this step is inclined inward in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion toward the radially outer side. Burner for the stove. 請求項1又は2記載のコンロ用バーナであって、前記火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部は、前記凹入部の径方向内方の壁部に入り込み、当該壁部に、火移り炎口の径方向内方の端部の周方向端面となる上下方向の段差が形成され、この段差は、径方向外方に向けて凹入部の周方向内方に傾斜することを特徴とするコンロ用バーナ。

3. The stove burner according to claim 1, wherein a radially inner end portion of the fire transfer flame entrance enters a radially inner wall portion of the recessed portion, and is transferred to the wall portion. A step in the vertical direction is formed as a circumferential end surface of the radially inner end of the flame opening, and the step is inclined inward in the circumferential direction of the recessed portion toward the radially outer side. Stove burner.

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014145512A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-14 Rinnai Corp Burner for cooking stove
CN106247328A (en) * 2016-09-12 2016-12-21 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Burner and there is its gas-cooker
KR101795504B1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-11-10 린나이코리아 주식회사 Burner for gas range
CN112013393A (en) * 2019-05-31 2020-12-01 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Fire cover for gas stove

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JPH01269812A (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-10-27 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Gas burner
JPH0346751U (en) * 1989-08-30 1991-04-30
JPH03170714A (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-07-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Range burner
JPH0396526U (en) * 1990-01-12 1991-10-02
JPH0463913U (en) * 1990-09-28 1992-06-01
JPH08114308A (en) * 1994-10-18 1996-05-07 Paloma Ind Ltd Burner for cooker
JPH08145316A (en) * 1994-11-22 1996-06-07 Rinnai Corp Range burner

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01269812A (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-10-27 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Gas burner
JPH0346751U (en) * 1989-08-30 1991-04-30
JPH03170714A (en) * 1989-11-30 1991-07-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Range burner
JPH0396526U (en) * 1990-01-12 1991-10-02
JPH0463913U (en) * 1990-09-28 1992-06-01
JPH08114308A (en) * 1994-10-18 1996-05-07 Paloma Ind Ltd Burner for cooker
JPH08145316A (en) * 1994-11-22 1996-06-07 Rinnai Corp Range burner

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014145512A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-14 Rinnai Corp Burner for cooking stove
KR101795504B1 (en) * 2016-05-31 2017-11-10 린나이코리아 주식회사 Burner for gas range
CN106247328A (en) * 2016-09-12 2016-12-21 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Burner and there is its gas-cooker
CN112013393A (en) * 2019-05-31 2020-12-01 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Fire cover for gas stove
CN112013393B (en) * 2019-05-31 2022-01-14 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Fire cover for gas stove

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