JP2012115009A - Power source device for arc processing - Google Patents

Power source device for arc processing Download PDF

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JP2012115009A
JP2012115009A JP2010260905A JP2010260905A JP2012115009A JP 2012115009 A JP2012115009 A JP 2012115009A JP 2010260905 A JP2010260905 A JP 2010260905A JP 2010260905 A JP2010260905 A JP 2010260905A JP 2012115009 A JP2012115009 A JP 2012115009A
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switching
circuit
control signal
voltage
time
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JP5584101B2 (en
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Akihiko Manabe
Hirotsune Tajima
弘恒 田島
陽彦 真鍋
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Daihen Corp
株式会社ダイヘン
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To overcome the problem that the reduction in the reverse bias voltage of a switching element drive circuit operable to drive an inverter circuit of a power source device increases the turn-off loss, which leads to the deterioration of the switching element.SOLUTION: The power source device for arc processing comprises: a DC conversion circuit; a full-bridge inverter circuit which converts a DC voltage to a high frequency AC voltage; an output control circuit which controls the inverter circuit, and stops the inverter circuit for a given length of time when the input current to a transformer reaches or exceeds a reference current; a switching element drive circuit which drives a switching element according to an output control signal, and supplies a reverse bias capacitor with current; and a switching control circuit. The switching control circuit turns on first and fourth switching elements so that the period of the first switching element remaining ON does not overlap the period of the fourth switching element remaining ON between 0 and 1/2 cycle, and turns on second and third switching elements so that the period of the second switching element remaining ON does not overlap the period of the third switching element remaining ON between 1/2 and 1 cycle when the inverter circuit remains stopped.

Description

  The present invention relates to control of a switching element driving circuit that drives an inverter circuit built in a power supply device.

  In the switching element of the inverter circuit built in the arc machining power supply device, when the reverse bias voltage decreases, the turn-off loss is delayed and the turn-off loss increases.

  FIG. 4 is an electrical connection diagram of a conventional arc machining power supply device. In the figure, the DC conversion circuit is formed of a primary rectifier circuit DR1 and a smoothing capacitor C1 provided in parallel on the output side of the primary rectifier circuit DR1.

  The inverter circuit INV forms a full bridge from the first switching element TR1 to the fourth switching element TR4 facing each other, converts a DC voltage into a high-frequency AC voltage, and outputs it.

  The transformer INT converts the high-frequency AC voltage converted by the inverter circuit INV into a high-frequency AC voltage suitable for arc machining, and the secondary rectifier circuit DR2 rectifies the output of the main transformer INT and passes through the DC reactor DCL. Electric power is supplied between the consumable electrode 1 and the workpiece M to generate an arc.

  The primary current detection circuit ID shown in FIG. 4 detects an input current on the primary side of the transformer INT and outputs it as a primary current detection signal Id. The output current detection circuit OD detects the output current on the secondary side of the main transformer INT and outputs it as an output current detection signal Od. The primary overcurrent detection circuit OCP compares the value of the primary current detection signal Id with the value of a predetermined reference current signal If (not shown), and when the primary current detection value becomes equal to or greater than the reference current value, A current detection signal Ocp is output.

  The output control circuit SC shown in FIG. 4 performs PWM control that modulates the pulse width with a constant pulse frequency, and the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output that are shifted from each other by a half cycle according to the output current detection signal Od. The pulse width of the control signal Sc2 is controlled. When the primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp is input, the output of the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output control signal Sc2 is prohibited for a predetermined time T1.

  FIG. 2 is a detailed view of the first switching element driving circuit DK1 shown in FIG. 1, for example, using a pulse transformer. The first switching element driving circuit DK1 includes a primary driving switching element TR5, a pulse transformer PT. A primary drive switching element TR5 formed by the secondary drive switching element TR6, the resistor R6, and the reverse bias capacitor C2 and conducting in response to the first output control signal Sc1, and in response to the conduction of the primary drive switching element TR5 Then, a predetermined voltage is applied to the primary winding of the pulse transformer PT, an induced electromotive voltage is generated according to the applied voltage, and is output to the secondary winding of the pulse transformer PT. Subsequently, the secondary drive switching element TR6 is cut off according to the induced electromotive voltage, and is applied as a forward bias voltage to the gate of the first switching element TR1 forming the inverter circuit via the resistor R6, and the resistor R5. And a current is supplied to the reverse bias capacitor C2 through the resistor R6 to generate a reverse bias voltage.

  FIG. 5 is a waveform timing diagram for explaining the operation of the prior art. 5, the waveform in FIG. 5A shows the primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp, the waveform in FIG. 5B shows the first output control signal Sc1, and the waveform in FIG. The output control signal Sc2 of FIG. 4A shows the first switching drive signal Dk1 and the waveform of FIG. 4D shows the second switching drive signal Dk2.

  At time t = t1 shown in FIG. 5, when the first output control signal Sc1 shown in FIG. 5B becomes High level, the primary drive switching element TR5 of the first switching element drive circuit DK1 shown in FIG. Conduction is performed, and a predetermined primary voltage is applied to the primary winding N1 of the pulse transformer PT. The pulse transformer PT generates an induced electromotive voltage in the secondary winding N2 when the primary voltage is applied to the primary winding N1.

  At time t = t1, the secondary drive switching element TR6 is cut off according to the induced electromotive voltage, and a forward bias voltage is applied to the first switching element TR1 forming the inverter circuit via the resistor R6 to conduct. Further, the current is supplied to the reverse bias capacitor C2 through the resistor R6 and the current is supplied to the reverse bias capacitor C2 through the resistor R5 to generate a reverse bias voltage (for example, −8V).

  At time t = t2, when the first output control signal Sc1 shown in FIG. 5B becomes a low level, the primary drive switching element TR5 is cut off, and the primary voltage is applied to the primary winding N1 of the pulse transformer T1. Stops.

  When the application of the primary voltage to the primary winding N1 of the pulse transformer T1 shown in FIG. 2 is stopped at time t = t2, the generation of the induced electromotive voltage in the secondary winding N2 is stopped. At this time, when the secondary drive switching element T6 becomes conductive, the forward bias voltage changes to the reverse bias voltage (for example, + 16V to −8V), and the first switching element TR1 shown in FIG. 4 is cut off.

  At this time, when a long-term short circuit occurs during arc generation at time t = t2, the primary overcurrent detection circuit OCP shown in FIG. 4 detects the primary overcurrent due to the long-term short circuit and outputs a primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp. To do. When the primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp is input, the output control circuit SC receives the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output control signal for a predetermined time T1 (for example, two inverter cycles). By prohibiting the output of Sc2 and stopping the operation of the inverter circuit, destruction of the switching element is avoided from an increase in power loss due to a long-term short circuit.

  However, as shown in FIG. 5C, when the output inhibition time of the second output control signal Sc2 becomes longer, the charge of the reverse bias capacitor C2 is discharged and the reverse bias voltage decreases.

  At time t = t4, the output inhibition time T1 of the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output control signal Sc2 ends, and at time t = t5, the first output control signal Sc1 shown in FIG. Becomes a high level, and a forward bias voltage is applied to the first switching element TR1 to make it conductive.

At time t = t6, when the first output control signal Sc1 shown in FIG. 5B becomes a low level, the first switching element TR1 is cut off. At this time, since the reverse bias voltage (for example, −8V to −2V) is decreased, the turn-off of the first switching element TR1 is delayed, and the turn-off loss and the collector of the switching element at the time of turn-off are generated. The current increases. At this time, when the allowable range of the switching elements forming the inverter circuit is exceeded, the switching elements are deteriorated.
(For example, Patent Document 1)

JP 59-104830 A

  In the arc machining power supply device of the prior art shown in FIG. 4, if a short-circuit occurs during arc generation, a large current flows through each switching element forming the inverter circuit, resulting in a large power loss, leading to destruction of the switching element. Therefore, in order to avoid destruction of the switching element, conventionally, when a large current flows through the switching element of the inverter circuit, the operation of the inverter circuit is stopped for a predetermined time (for example, 1 to 3 periods of the inverter period). Thus, the inverter cycle is lengthened to reduce the power loss of the switching element and the number of large currents flowing through the switching element, thereby avoiding the breakdown.

  However, when the operation stop time of the inverter circuit becomes long, the reverse bias capacitor forming the switching element driving circuit is not sufficiently charged, and the reverse bias voltage is lowered. When the reverse bias voltage decreases, the turn-off speed of the switching element slows down. When the long-term short circuit is released and the inverter circuit starts operating in this state, the first turn-off loss and the switching element at the turn-off time are turned off. The collector current is greatly increased, which causes a problem that the switching element is deteriorated.

  Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a power supply device for arc machining in which overcurrent protection functions sufficiently even if a long-term short circuit occurs during arc generation.

  In order to solve the above-described problems, a first invention is a DC conversion circuit that rectifies and smoothes a commercial AC power supply to output a DC voltage, and a first switching element that converts the DC voltage into a high-frequency AC voltage. A full-bridge inverter circuit comprising a fourth switching element; a transformer for converting the high-frequency AC voltage into a voltage suitable for a load; an output control signal for controlling the inverter circuit; and an input current of the transformer An output control circuit that stops the inverter circuit for a predetermined time when the current exceeds a predetermined reference current, and a predetermined voltage is applied to the primary side of the pulse transformer in response to the output control signal, and an induced electromotive voltage is generated on the secondary side. And a switching element driving circuit for driving the switching element through a resistor and supplying a current to a reverse bias capacitor. In the power source device for machining, when the inverter circuit is stopped, the first switching element and the fourth switching element are turned on so as not to overlap each other between 0 and 1/2 cycle, and the second switching element An arc machining power supply device comprising: a switching control circuit that is turned on so that the switching element and the third switching element do not overlap each other between 1/2 and 1 period.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, the switching control circuit has an on-time of the first switching element of 0 to 1/4 cycle, an on-time of the second switching element of 1/4 to 2/4 cycle, 2. The arc machining according to claim 1, wherein the on-time of the third switching element is changed from 2/4 to 3/4 period, and the on-time of the fourth switching element is changed from 3/4 to 4/4 period. Power supply device.

  According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided the arc machining power source according to claim 1, wherein when the inverter circuit is stopped, the minimum ON time of the switching element is 5% of one cycle.

  In order to solve the above-described problems, the first invention is to stop the inverter circuit for a predetermined time and switch during the stop when a long-circuit occurs during arc generation and a large current flows through the switching element of the inverter circuit. Charge is supplied to the reverse bias capacitor that forms the element drive circuit to prevent a decrease in reverse bias voltage, so there is no delay in the turn-off speed when the long-term short circuit is released and the inverter circuit starts operating. The increase in turn-off loss and collector current can be suppressed, and the switching element can be avoided from deterioration or destruction.

  In the second invention and the third invention, by setting the on-duty of the inverter to an appropriate value, sufficient charge can be supplied to the reverse bias capacitor and the reverse bias voltage can be maintained at an appropriate value.

It is an electrical connection figure of the power supply device for arc processing which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention. FIG. 2 is a detailed diagram of a first switching element driving circuit shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is a waveform timing chart for explaining the operation of the first embodiment. It is an electrical connection figure of the power supply apparatus for arc processing of a prior art. It is a waveform timing diagram explaining the operation of the prior art.

  FIG. 1 is an electrical connection diagram of the arc machining power supply apparatus according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. In the figure, components having the same reference numerals as those in the electrical connection diagram of the prior art shown in FIG.

  The output control circuit SC shown in FIG. 1 performs PWM control that modulates the pulse width with a constant pulse frequency, and the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output that are shifted from each other by a half cycle according to the output current detection signal Od. The pulse width of the control signal Sc2 is controlled. When the primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp is input, the phase control signal Sct of a predetermined time T1 (for example, 1 to 3 periods of the inverter cycle) is output and the phase control signal Sct is output while the phase control signal Sct is output. The on-duty of the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output control signal Sc2 is fixed to a predetermined value (for example, 5% to 25%) and output.

  The switching control circuit DS shown in FIG. 1 outputs the first switching control signal Ds1 and the fourth switching control signal Ds4 in response to the first output control signal Sc1, and outputs the first switching element driving circuit DK1 and the fourth switching control circuit Ds4. The switching element driving circuit DK4 is driven, and the second switching control signal Ds2 and the third switching control signal are output in response to the second output control signal Sc2, and the second switching element driving circuit DK2 and the third switching element are output. When the drive circuit DK3 is driven, when the phase control signal Sct is input, for example, the fourth switching control signal Ds4 facing the first switching control signal Ds1 is phase-shifted by a ¼ period, The third switching control signal Ds3 opposite to the second switching control signal Ds2 is set to 1/4 cycle. Phase shift and outputs.

FIG. 3 is a waveform timing chart for explaining the operation of the first embodiment of the present invention.
3, the waveform in FIG. 3A shows the primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp, the waveform in FIG. 3B shows the phase control signal Sct, and the waveform in FIG. 3C shows the first output. The control signal Sc1 is shown, the waveform in FIG. 4D shows the second output control signal Sc2, the waveform in FIG. 1E shows the first switching control signal Ds1, and the waveform in FIG. The second switching control signal Ds2 is shown, the waveform in FIG. 10G shows the third switching control signal Ds3, the waveform in FIG. 11H shows the fourth switching control signal Ds4, ) Represents the first switching drive signal Dk1, and the waveform in FIG. 10J represents the second switching drive signal Dk2.

Next, the operation of the present invention will be described.
When the first output control signal Sc1 shown in FIG. 3C becomes High level at time t = t1 shown in FIG. 3, the switching control circuit DS sets the first output control signal Sc1 according to the High level of the first output control signal Sc1. The switching control signal Ds1 and the fourth switching control signal Ds4 are output.

  When the first switching control signal Ds1 is input to the first switching element drive circuit DK1 shown in FIG. 2 and the primary drive switching element TR5 is turned on, the primary drive switching element TR5 is the primary winding of the pulse transformer PT. When a predetermined primary voltage is applied to N1, and the primary voltage is applied to the primary winding N1, the pulse transformer PT generates an induced electromotive voltage in the secondary winding N2. Then, the secondary drive switching element TR6 is cut off according to the induced electromotive voltage, and applied as a forward bias voltage to the gate of the first switching element TR1 forming the inverter circuit via the resistor R6, and the resistor R5 and the resistor A current is supplied to the reverse bias capacitor C2 via the device R6 to generate a reverse bias voltage (for example, -8V). Since the fourth switching element drive circuit DK4 performs the same operation as described above, the description thereof is omitted.

  At time t = t2, when the first switching control signal Ds1 shown in FIG. 3C becomes a low level, the primary voltage is applied to the primary winding N1 of the pulse transformer PT of the first switching element driving circuit DK1. Stops and the generation of the induced electromotive voltage of the secondary winding N2 is also stopped. At this time, the secondary drive switching element T6 is turned on and changes from a forward bias voltage to a reverse bias voltage (for example, + 16V to −8V) as shown in FIG. 3I, and the first switching element TR1 is cut off.

  When a long-term short circuit occurs during arc generation at time t = t2, the primary overcurrent detection circuit OCP detects a primary overcurrent due to the long-term short circuit and outputs it as a primary overcurrent detection signal Ocp. Then, the output control circuit SC outputs a phase control signal Sct of a predetermined time T1 according to the primary overcurrent detection signal and while the phase control signal Sct is being output, the first output control signal Sc1 and the first output control signal Sc1. The on-duty of the output control signal Sc2 is set to a predetermined value (for example, 10%).

  When the phase control signal Sct becomes a high level at time t = t3, the switching control circuit DS shown in FIG. 1 is opposite to the second switching control signal Ds2 shown in FIG. 3F at time t = t4. The third switching control signal Ds3 shown in FIG. (G) is phase-shifted by ¼ period, and is opposed to the first switching control signal Ds1 shown in FIG. (E) at time t = t6. The fourth switching control signal Ds4 shown in FIG.

  When the third switching control signal Ds3 facing the second switching control signal Ds2 shown in FIG. 3 is phase-shifted by ¼ period, the second switching element TR2 and the third switching element TR3 are cut off, and the inverter circuit Stops working. At this time, the second switching element driving circuit DK2 applies a predetermined voltage to the primary winding of the pulse transformer PT according to the second switching control signal Ds2, and generates an induced electromotive voltage according to the applied voltage. And output to the secondary winding of the pulse transformer T2. Then, the secondary drive switching element TR6 is cut off according to the induced electromotive voltage, and applied as a forward bias voltage to the gate of the first switching element TR1 forming the inverter circuit via the resistor R6, and the resistor R5 and the resistor A current is supplied to the reverse bias capacitor C2 via the device R6 to maintain a reverse bias voltage (for example, −8V).

  The same operation described above is performed by the first switching element driving circuit DK1, the third switching element driving circuit DK3, and the fourth switching element driving circuit DK4 during the output time of the phase control signal Sct, and the reverse bias voltage (for example, − 8V) is maintained.

  When the phase control signal Sct becomes low level at time t = t11, the switching control circuit DS shifts from phase control to PWM control, and at time t = t12, the first switching control signal Ds1 and the fourth switching control signal. When Ds4 becomes High level, the first switching element TR1 and the fourth switching element TR4 are brought into conduction.

  Subsequently, at time t = t13, when the first switching control signal Ds1 and the fourth switching control signal Ds4 are at a low level, the first switching element TR1 and the fourth switching element TR4 are cut off. At this time, since the reverse bias voltage is maintained (for example, −8 V), there is no delay in the turn-off speed of the first switching element TR1 and the fourth switching element TR4.

  From the above, when a primary overcurrent occurs due to a short circuit during arc generation, the inverter circuit is shifted from PWM control to phase control, and the reverse bias voltage applied to the switching element is maintained at a predetermined voltage by phase control. The first turn-off loss and the increase in the collector current at the time of turn-off when the phase control ends and shifts to the PWM control can be suppressed, and the protection of the switching element is improved.

  In the above description, when the on-duty of the first output control signal Sc1 and the second output control signal Sc2 is 5%, the reverse bias voltage can be substantially maintained, and the turn-off speed of the switching element is not delayed.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Consumable electrode AC Commercial AC power supply C1 Smoothing capacitor DS Switching control circuit Ds1 1st switching control signal Ds2 2nd switching control signal Ds3 3rd switching control signal Ds4 4th switching control signal DCL DC reactor DR1 Primary rectifier circuit DR2 secondary rectifier circuit DK1 first switching element driving circuit DK2 second switching element driving circuit DK3 third switching element driving circuit DK4 fourth switching element driving circuit Dk1 first switching element driving signal Dk2 second switching Element drive signal Dk3 Third switching element drive signal Dk4 Fourth switching element drive signal ID Primary current detection circuit Id Primary current detection signal IR Output current setting circuit Ir Output current setting signal INT Transformer D output current detection circuit Od output current detection signal OCP primary overcurrent detection circuit Ocp primary overcurrent detection signal M workpiece SC main control circuit Sc1 first output control signal Sc2 second output control signal TH torch TS start Switch Ts Activation signal TR1 First switching element TR2 Second switching element TR3 Third switching element TR4 Fourth switching element

Claims (3)

  1.   A DC conversion circuit that rectifies and smoothes a commercial AC power supply to output a DC voltage; a full-bridge inverter circuit that includes first to fourth switching elements that convert the DC voltage into a high-frequency AC voltage; and A transformer for converting a high-frequency AC voltage into a voltage suitable for a load; and an output control signal for controlling the inverter circuit, and a predetermined time when the input current of the transformer exceeds a predetermined reference current. An output control circuit for stopping the circuit, and a predetermined voltage is applied to the primary side of the pulse transformer in response to the output control signal, an induced electromotive voltage is output to the secondary side, and the switching element is driven through a resistor and vice versa. And a switching element driving circuit for supplying a current to the bias capacitor. Is turned on so that the first switching element and the fourth switching element do not overlap in a period of 0 to 1/2, and the second switching element and the third switching element are 1 A switching control circuit that is turned on so that there is no overlap between / 2 and 1 cycle.
  2.   The switching control circuit has an ON time of the first switching element of 0 to ¼ period, an ON time of the second switching element of ¼ to 2/4 period, and an ON time of the third switching element. 2. The arc machining power supply device according to claim 1, wherein the time is set to 2/4 to 3/4 cycles, and the ON time of the fourth switching element is set to 3/4 to 4/4 cycles.
  3.   2. The arc machining power supply device according to claim 1, wherein when the inverter circuit is stopped, the minimum on-time of the switching element is 5% of one cycle.
JP2010260905A 2010-11-24 2010-11-24 Arc machining power supply Active JP5584101B2 (en)

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JP2010260905A JP5584101B2 (en) 2010-11-24 2010-11-24 Arc machining power supply
CN201110363285.1A CN102545620B (en) 2010-11-24 2011-11-16 Power supply device used for arc machining

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020041656A1 (en) * 2018-08-24 2020-02-27 Robert Bosch Gmbh Laser cutter and safe power system therefor

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2019161725A (en) 2018-03-08 2019-09-19 オムロン株式会社 Power conversion device and control method for inverter

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JPS63276319A (en) * 1987-05-07 1988-11-14 Origin Electric Co Ltd Drive circuit for semiconductor switching element
JPH04217877A (en) * 1990-12-19 1992-08-07 Hitachi Seiko Ltd Overcurrent protective device for inverter
JPH09140122A (en) * 1995-11-10 1997-05-27 Nippon Electric Ind Co Ltd Igbt driving reverse bias circuit
US6498321B1 (en) * 2001-04-09 2002-12-24 Lincoln Global, Inc. System and method for controlling an electric arc welder
JP2010284709A (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-12-24 Daihen Corp Power source device

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CN87101347A (en) * 1987-06-11 1988-12-28 张作庆 The high-voltage inverted electric welding machine of mining transistor DC
JP4597626B2 (en) * 2004-03-01 2010-12-15 株式会社ダイヘン Arc machining power supply and inverter power supply

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JPS63276319A (en) * 1987-05-07 1988-11-14 Origin Electric Co Ltd Drive circuit for semiconductor switching element
JPH04217877A (en) * 1990-12-19 1992-08-07 Hitachi Seiko Ltd Overcurrent protective device for inverter
JPH09140122A (en) * 1995-11-10 1997-05-27 Nippon Electric Ind Co Ltd Igbt driving reverse bias circuit
US6498321B1 (en) * 2001-04-09 2002-12-24 Lincoln Global, Inc. System and method for controlling an electric arc welder
JP2010284709A (en) * 2009-06-15 2010-12-24 Daihen Corp Power source device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020041656A1 (en) * 2018-08-24 2020-02-27 Robert Bosch Gmbh Laser cutter and safe power system therefor

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CN102545620A (en) 2012-07-04
CN102545620B (en) 2015-07-15

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