JP2012093725A - Protective sheet and polarizing plate - Google Patents

Protective sheet and polarizing plate Download PDF

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JP2012093725A
JP2012093725A JP2011206664A JP2011206664A JP2012093725A JP 2012093725 A JP2012093725 A JP 2012093725A JP 2011206664 A JP2011206664 A JP 2011206664A JP 2011206664 A JP2011206664 A JP 2011206664A JP 2012093725 A JP2012093725 A JP 2012093725A
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protective sheet
mass
acrylic resin
heat
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JP6297247B2 (en
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Yutaka Mineo
裕 峯尾
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Jiroo Corporate Plan:Kk
株式会社ジロオコーポレートプラン
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Priority claimed from KR1020110098413A external-priority patent/KR101296240B1/en
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Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a protective sheet having high heat resistance, ultraviolet absorbing ability and flexibility.
The protective sheet of the present invention is a protective sheet having a sea-island structure having a matrix phase containing a heat-resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer and a dispersed phase containing an acrylic rubber as a main polymer, the matrix phase Contains a UV absorber, and as this UV absorber, a compound having both a phenolic hydroxyl group and a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms is used. It is characterized by.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a protective sheet and a polarizing plate.

  In recent years, liquid crystal display devices are widely used as an alternative to CRTs because they are thin, lightweight, and consume less power. Specifically, liquid crystal display devices are widely used from small items such as calculators and watches to large items such as automobile meters, PC monitors, and televisions.

  A liquid crystal display element incorporated in a liquid crystal display device includes a liquid crystal cell and a pair of polarizing plates disposed on both surfaces of the liquid crystal cell. This polarizing plate includes a sheet-like polarizer and a pair of protective sheets disposed on both sides of the polarizer. The protective sheet is a sheet for protecting the structure of the polarizer, and is generally made of triacetyl cellulose (hereinafter referred to as “TAC”) having a small birefringence and excellent transparency. Is formed.

  However, this TAC has insufficient moisture and heat resistance, and when a polarizing plate using TAC as a polarizer protective film is used at high temperature or high humidity, there is a disadvantage that the performance of the polarizing plate such as the degree of polarization and the hue deteriorates. . In addition, TAC produces a phase difference with respect to obliquely incident light. Such a phase difference significantly affects viewing angle characteristics as the size of liquid crystal displays increases in recent years. Therefore, the use of a heat-resistant acrylic resin as an alternative to TAC has been studied.

  Specifically, a protection sheet having a sea-island structure having a matrix phase containing a heat-resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer and a dispersed phase containing an acrylic rubber as a main polymer has been studied (for example, JP 2010-70646 A). Issue gazette). Also. Inclusion of an ultraviolet absorber in the matrix phase has also been studied (for example, see JP 2010-70646 A).

  As described above, various matters are studied in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2010-70646. However, when a heat-resistant acrylic resin is used as a substitute for TAC, the heat resistance, ultraviolet absorbing ability and flexibility of the protective sheet are sufficiently obtained. Need to increase.

JP 2010-70646 A

  The present invention has been made in view of these disadvantages, and an object thereof is to provide a protective sheet having high heat resistance, ultraviolet absorbing ability and flexibility, and a polarizing plate having the protective sheet.

The invention made to solve the above problems is
A sea-island structure protective sheet having a matrix phase containing a heat-resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer and a dispersed phase containing an acrylic rubber as a main polymer,
The matrix phase includes a UV absorber;
As this ultraviolet absorber, a compound having both a phenolic hydroxyl group and a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms is used.

  Since the protective sheet is a sea-island protective sheet having a matrix phase containing a heat-resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer and a dispersed phase containing an acrylic rubber as a main polymer, the protective sheet is heat-resistant and flexible. The effect is high. Moreover, since the said matrix phase contains the ultraviolet absorber, there exists an effect that the said protective sheet is hard to yellow. Moreover, the ultraviolet absorber of the said protection sheet contains a phenolic hydroxyl group and a C4-C12 branched alkyl group or a C4-C12 linear alkoxy group. Since the phenolic hydroxyl group of the ultraviolet absorber has a high polarity, it has a high affinity for the heat-resistant acrylic resin having an ester group with a high polarity. Since the branched alkyl group or linear alkoxy group of the ultraviolet absorber contains a carbon chain having a low polarity and an appropriate length, it has an affinity for an acrylic rubber that easily interacts with the carbon chain. high. Therefore, the ultraviolet absorber is likely to be present at the interface between the heat-resistant acrylic resin and the acrylic rubber. Therefore, the ultraviolet absorbent is uniformly dispersed in the matrix of the protective sheet. As a result, the protective sheet can exhibit an excellent ultraviolet absorbing ability.

  The dispersed phase preferably contains the ultraviolet absorber. When the dispersed phase contains the ultraviolet absorber, the dispersion uniformity of the ultraviolet absorber in the protective sheet is improved. Therefore, when the protective sheet is laminated on both surfaces of a sheet-like polarizer to form a polarizing plate, it is possible to further suppress the transmission of ultraviolet rays to the polarizer.

  The content of the ultraviolet absorber in the matrix phase or the dispersed phase is preferably 0.5% by mass or more and 10% by mass or less. If the content of the ultraviolet absorber is less than 0.5% by mass, the protective sheet may not be able to sufficiently absorb ultraviolet rays. If the content of the ultraviolet absorber exceeds 10% by mass, the heat resistance of the protective sheet May decrease. However, when the content of the ultraviolet absorber is 0.5% by mass or more and 10% by mass or less, the protective sheet can sufficiently absorb ultraviolet rays and maintain a high heat resistance state.

  The content of the dispersed phase is preferably 5% by mass or more and 40% by mass or less. When the content is 5% by mass or more, the flexibility of the protective sheet can be further increased. When the content is 40% by mass or less, the transparency of the protective sheet can be maintained.

  In the protective sheet, the retardation value in the planar direction is preferably 0 nm or more and 15 nm or less, and the retardation value in the thickness direction is preferably −15 nm or more and 0 nm or less. As a result, the transmitted light that has passed through the protective sheet is less likely to cause a phase difference. For this reason, even if it is used as a protective sheet for a sheet having a polarizing function, such as a polarizing plate, this polarizing function is not hindered. Have

  The heat-resistant acrylic resin preferably has a ring structure in the main chain. Thereby, the said protection sheet has an effect that heat resistance is higher.

  The protective sheet is preferably matted on one side or both sides. Thereby, the effect that it becomes easy to stick the surface which gave the mat | matte process to another member via an adhesive agent etc. is exhibited. For example, the protective sheet can be firmly adhered to the polarizer to produce a polarizing plate by adhering the matted surface to one surface of the sheet-like polarizer with an aqueous adhesive.

  The protective sheet preferably includes a hard coat layer laminated on one side. The hard coat layer can enhance the scratch resistance of the protective sheet. The hard coat layer is preferably formed by applying an acrylic paint. Thereby, the transparency of the protective sheet can be maintained.

  The present invention also includes a polarizing plate including a sheet-like polarizer and a pair of protective sheets laminated on both surfaces of the polarizer via an adhesive layer.

  As described above, the protective sheet of the present invention has the effects of high heat resistance, ultraviolet absorption capability and flexibility.

It is sectional drawing of the polarizing plate of embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing of the liquid crystal display element of embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing of the polarizing plate of other embodiment of this invention.

  Hereinafter, protective sheets and the like according to embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings as appropriate.

  The protective sheet of the present embodiment has a matrix phase containing a heat-resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer and a dispersed phase containing an acrylic rubber as a main polymer. Thereby, the said protection sheet has an effect that heat resistance and flexibility are high.

<Matrix phase>
The matrix phase contains a heat resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer. The heat-resistant acrylic resin means a polymer containing acrylic monomers such as acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, and derivatives thereof as monomer components. Examples of the heat-resistant acrylic resin include methacrylic acid alkyl esters such as cyclohexyl methacrylate, t-butylcyclohexyl methacrylate, and methyl methacrylate; methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, butyl acrylate, isopropyl acrylate, acrylic acid What polymerized the 1 type or multiple types of acrylic monomer chosen from acrylic acid alkylesters, such as 2-ethylhexyl, is mentioned. This heat-resistant acrylic resin includes those obtained by copolymerizing an acrylic monomer and other monomer components. In the case of such copolymerization, the content (copolymerization ratio) of other monomer components is preferably 60% by mass or less, and preferably 50% by mass with respect to all monomer components constituting the heat-resistant acrylic resin. The following is more preferable, and 40% by mass or less is more preferable.

  The heat-resistant acrylic resin is preferably a polymer containing methyl methacrylate as a monomer component. When the heat resistant acrylic resin contains methyl methacrylate as a monomer component, the compatibility of the obtained heat resistant acrylic resin is improved. Examples of the polymer containing methyl methacrylate as a monomer component include a homopolymer of methyl methacrylate, a copolymer of methyl methacrylate and another monomer, and the like. Examples of other monomers copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate include methacrylic acid alkyl esters other than methyl methacrylate; acrylic acid alkyl esters, α-hydroxymethyl acrylic acid alkyl esters; styrene; o-methyl styrene. Alkyl-substituted styrene such as p-methylstyrene, 2,4-dimethylstyrene, ethylstyrene, p-tert-butylstyrene, α-alkyl-substituted styrene such as α-methylstyrene, α-methyl-p-methylstyrene, etc. Aromatic vinyl compounds; unsaturated nitriles such as acrylonitrile and methacrylonitrile; maleimides such as N-phenylmaleimide and N-cyclohexylmaleimide; unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydrides such as maleic anhydride; acrylic acid and methacrylic acid Unsaturated carbo such as maleic acid Mention may be made of the acids and the like. These other monomers include α-hydroxymethylacrylic acid alkyl esters, styrene, alkyl-substituted styrene, α-alkyl-substituted styrene, unsaturated, from the viewpoint of improving the flexibility and heat resistance of the resulting protective sheet. Carboxylic acids are preferable, α-hydroxymethyl acrylic acid alkyl esters, styrene, α-alkyl-substituted styrene, and unsaturated carboxylic acids are more preferable. Among them, α-hydroxymethyl methyl acrylate, styrene, α-methyl styrene, methacrylic acid are preferable. Acid is more preferred. As another monomer, when α-hydroxymethyl acrylic acid alkyl ester is used and copolymerized with methyl methacrylate, a lactone ring partially containing the polymer main chain is obtained by performing a dehydration reaction. Therefore, the heat resistance of the resulting heat-resistant acrylic resin is particularly improved. These monomers can be used individually by 1 type or in combination of multiple types. In such a copolymer of methyl methacrylate and another monomer, the content of other monomer components is preferably 50% by mass or less with respect to methyl methacrylate.

  As the other monomer copolymerizable with methyl methacrylate described above, alkyl acrylates are preferable. By using alkyl acrylates as other monomers, the heat resistant temperature of the resulting heat resistant acrylic resin is improved, and the fluidity during molding is increased. In such a copolymer of methyl methacrylate and an alkyl acrylate, the content of the alkyl acrylate monomer component is 0% relative to the total monomer component from the viewpoint of improving heat resistance. 1 mass% or more and 15 mass% or less are preferable, 0.2 mass% or more and 14 mass% or less are more preferable, and 1 mass% or more and 12 mass% or less are more preferable.

  As the above-mentioned alkyl acrylates, methyl acrylate and ethyl acrylate are preferable because the effect of improving the fluidity at the time of molding described above can be remarkably obtained only by a small amount of copolymerization with methyl methacrylate.

  As the heat-resistant acrylic resin, isotactic polymethacrylic acid ester or syndiotactic polymethacrylic acid ester can also be used. In addition, as the heat-resistant acrylic resin, a commercially available product may be used as it is, or it can be produced from a commercially available product that becomes a precursor.

  As a method for producing the above heat-resistant acrylic resin, a conventionally known method can be employed. For example, a polymerization method such as cast polymerization, bulk polymerization, suspension polymerization, solution polymerization, emulsion polymerization, anion polymerization, etc. can be employed. It is. Bulk polymerization and solution polymerization without using a suspending agent or an emulsifier are preferred, and this can reduce the mixing of fine foreign substances. In the case of solution polymerization, an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent such as toluene can be used. In the case of bulk polymerization, the polymerization can be started by irradiation with free radicals generated by heating or ionizing radiation. Examples of the polymerization initiator used in the polymerization reaction include azo compounds such as azobisisobutyronitrile; organic peroxides such as benzoyl peroxide, lauroyl peroxide, and t-butylperoxy-2-ethylhexanoate. An oxide or the like can be used.

  In addition, when polymerization is performed under a temperature condition of 90 ° C. or higher, solution polymerization is generally employed. Among polymerization initiators soluble in organic solvents, those having a 10-hour half-life temperature of 80 ° C. or higher are used. It is preferable to use it. As such a polymerization initiator, specifically, 1,1-bis (t-butylperoxy) -3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane, cyclohexane peroxide, 2,5-dimethyl-2,5- Examples include di (benzoylperoxy) hexane, 1,1-azobis (1-cyclohexanecarbonitrile), 2- (carbamoylazo) isobutyronitrile, and the like. As the usage-amount of these polymerization initiators with respect to the said polymerization reaction, 0.005-5 mass parts is preferable with respect to 100 mass parts of all the monomers used for superposition | polymerization.

  In the polymerization reaction, a molecular weight regulator can be used as necessary. As this molecular weight regulator, those generally used in radical polymerization can be adopted. Specifically, for example, a mercaptan compound such as butyl mercaptan, octyl mercaptan, dodecyl mercaptan, 2-ethylhexyl thioglycolate can be used. These molecular weight regulators are preferably added in a concentration range such that the molecular weight of the heat-resistant acrylic resin is in a desired range.

  In addition, as a manufacturing method of heat resistant acrylic resin, it is possible to use the method described, for example in Japanese Patent Publication No.63-1964. In addition, as a heat-resistant acrylic resin, a ternary or higher copolymer is obtained by copolymerizing a methacrylic acid alkyl ester and / or an acrylic acid alkyl ester and one or more other monomers. You can also.

  In the above ternary or higher copolymer, other monomer components copolymerized with the alkyl methacrylate and / or the alkyl alkyl ester include, for example, styrene, α-methylstyrene, o-methylstyrene, p- Aromatic vinyl compounds such as methylstyrene, o-ethylstyrene, p-ethylstyrene and pt-butylstyrene; Unsaturated nitriles such as acrylonitrile, methacrylonitrile and ethacrylonitrile; N-methylmaleimide, N- Maleimides such as ethylmaleimide, N-cyclohexylmaleimide, N-phenylmaleimide; (meth) acrylamides such as acrylamide, methacrylamide, N-methylacrylamide, butoxymethylacrylamide, N-propylmethacrylamide; maleic anhydride, italy anhydride Unsaturated carboxylic acid anhydrides such as acid; unsaturated carboxylic acids such as acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, crotonic acid, α-substituted acrylic acid, α-substituted methacrylic acid and maleic acid; methyl (meth) acrylate, ( (Meth) ethyl acrylate, (meth) acrylate n-propyl, (meth) acrylate n-butyl, (meth) acrylate t-butyl, (meth) acrylate n-hexyl, (meth) acrylate cyclohexyl, ( Chloromethyl (meth) acrylate, 2-chloroethyl (meth) acrylate, 2-hydroxyethyl (meth) acrylate, 3-hydroxypropyl (meth) acrylate, 2,3,4,5,6 (meth) acrylic acid -Unsaturated carboxylic acid alkyl esters such as pentahydroxyhexyl and 2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxypentyl (meth) acrylate It is possible to adopt the kind and the like.

  As the resin constituting the matrix phase, in addition to the heat-resistant acrylic resin as the main polymer, an acrylic resin that is not a heat-resistant acrylic resin (hereinafter also referred to as “acrylic resin (a)”) may be used. Good. In this case, in the matrix phase, the respective contents of the heat-resistant acrylic resin and the acrylic resin (a) are the mass ratio of the acrylic resin (a) to the heat-resistant acrylic resin (acrylic resin (a) / heat resistance). (Acrylic resin) is preferably 0.1 / 99.9 or more and 50/50 or less. By adjusting the mass ratio of the acrylic resin (a) and the heat-resistant acrylic resin, it is possible to adjust the photoelastic coefficient and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the protective sheet obtained. The mass ratio is preferably from 0.1 / 99.9 to 40/60, more preferably from 0.1 / 99.9 to 35/65.

  The weight average molecular weight (Mw) in terms of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) of the heat-resistant acrylic resin is preferably 10,000 or more and 400,000 or less, and preferably 40,000 or more and 300,000 or less. It is more preferable that it is 70,000 or more and 200,000 or less. By making Mw of the said heat resistant acrylic resin into the said range, while the intensity | strength of the protective sheet obtained improves, the workability and fluidity | liquidity of protective sheet shaping | molding improve. The molecular weight distribution (Mw / Mn) is preferably 1.8 or more and 3.0 or less, more preferably 1.8 or more and 2.7 or less, and further preferably 1.8 or more and 2.5 or less.

  The heat-resistant acrylic resin may be a mixture of two or more heat-resistant acrylic resins having different monomer component compositions, molecular weights, and the like. In this case, the weight average molecular weight means the average value.

  The Vicat softening temperature of the heat-resistant acrylic resin is preferably 105 ° C or higher and 140 ° C or lower, more preferably 110 ° C or higher, and further preferably 120 ° C or higher. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of the heat-resistant acrylic resin is preferably 110 ° C. or higher, more preferably 115 ° C. or higher, and further preferably 120 ° C. or higher. The melt index (ASTM D1238; I condition) of the heat-resistant acrylic resin is preferably 10 g / 10 min or less, more preferably 6 g / 10 min or less, and more preferably 3 g / 10 min or less from the viewpoint of the strength of the protective sheet obtained. Further preferred.

  When the heat-resistant acrylic resin is a heat-resistant acrylic resin not containing an aromatic vinyl monomer as a monomer component (hereinafter also referred to as “heat-resistant acrylic resin (1)”), the heat-resistant acrylic It is preferable that it is 40 mass% or more with respect to all the monomer components which comprise heat-resistant acrylic resin (1) as a content rate of the acrylic monomer component in a system resin (1). Examples of the acrylic resin (1) include methacrylic acid esters such as cyclohexyl methacrylate, t-butylcyclohexyl methacrylate, and methyl methacrylate; methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, butyl acrylate, isopropyl acrylate, and acrylic acid. What polymerized 1 or more types of monomers chosen from acrylic acid esters, such as 2-ethylhexyl, can be used.

  The weight average molecular weight of the acrylic resin (1) is preferably from 50,000 to 200,000, and more preferably from 70,000 to 150,000. By making this weight average molecular weight into the above range, the obtained protective sheet is excellent in strength and excellent in molding processability and fluidity at the time of forming the protective sheet.

  Furthermore, as a heat-resistant acrylic resin constituting the matrix phase, a heat-resistant acrylic resin containing an aromatic vinyl monomer as a monomer component and the above aromatic vinyl monomer as a monomer component are included. In the case of using together with a non-acrylic resin (1), it is also possible to use another acrylic resin together. In this case, the content of the other acrylic resin is preferably 20 parts by mass or less and more preferably 10 parts by mass or less with respect to 100 parts by mass of the total resin constituting the matrix phase. The content of the heat-resistant acrylic resin (1) is preferably 0.1 part by mass or more and 50 parts by mass or less, and 0.1 part by mass or more and 40 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the total resin constituting the matrix phase. The following is more preferable, and 0.1 to 35 parts by mass is particularly preferable. Furthermore, the content of the heat-resistant acrylic resin is preferably 50 parts by mass or more and 99.9 parts by mass or less, and 60 parts by mass or more and 99.9 parts by mass or less with respect to 100 parts by mass of the total resin constituting the matrix phase. Is more preferably 65 parts by mass or more and 99.9 parts by mass or less. By making content of the heat resistant acrylic resin in a matrix phase into the said range, the heat resistance of the protective sheet obtained can be improved. Moreover, the heat resistance of the said protection sheet can be made high by using the heat resistant acrylic resin which has a ring structure in a principal chain.

<Dispersed phase>
The dispersed phase includes acrylic rubber as a main polymer. This acrylic rubber means rubber containing acrylic monomers such as acrylic acid and methacrylic acid, and derivatives thereof as monomer components. The acrylic rubber may be composed of only acrylic monomers, or may be composed of acrylic monomers and other monomers. Examples of the acrylic monomer include methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, n-butyl methacrylate, allyl methacrylate, methyl acrylate, ethyl acrylate, i-propyl acrylate, and n-butyl acrylate. Examples of other monomers include aromatics such as styrene, α-methylstyrene, 2-methylstyrene, 4-methylstyrene, 2,4-diethylstyrene, 4-butoxystyrene, and N, N-dimethylaminostyrene. Vinyl compounds; α, β-ethylenically unsaturated nitrile compounds such as acrylonitrile, methacrylonitrile and vinylidene cyanide; Vinyl ester compounds such as vinyl acetate and vinyl propionate; Vinyl ether compounds such as ethyl vinyl ether, cetyl vinyl ether and hydroxybutyl vinyl ether Etc. These other monomers can be used alone or in admixture of two or more.

  The acrylic rubber may be crosslinked using a crosslinking agent. Examples of the crosslinking agent include sulfur; organic peroxides such as 2,4-dichlorobenzoyl peroxide, benzoyl peroxide, di-tert-butylperoxydiisopropylbenzene; tetramethylthiuram monosulfide, tetramethylthiuram disulfide, etc. Organic sulfur compounds; oxime compounds such as p-quinonedioxime and p, p′-dibenzoylquinonedioxime; and polyamines such as hexamethylenediamine carbamate. When a crosslinking agent is used, a vulcanization accelerator such as diphenyl guanidine, zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, dibenzothiazyl sulfide may be used as necessary.

  The average particle size of the dispersed phase is 1 nm or more and less than 50 nm, preferably 2 nm or more and less than 50 nm, and more preferably 3 nm or more and less than 50 nm. There exists a possibility that the flexibility of a protective sheet may fall that the average particle diameter of a dispersed phase is less than the said minimum. Conversely, if the average particle diameter exceeds the above upper limit, the transparency of the protective sheet may be deteriorated.

  In the protective sheet, the content of the dispersed phase is preferably 5% by mass to 40% by mass, more preferably 10% by mass to 35% by mass, and more preferably 20% by mass to 30% by mass with respect to the protective sheet. The following is more preferable. There exists a possibility that the flexibility of a protective sheet may fall that content of a dispersed phase is less than the said minimum. Conversely, if the content of the dispersed phase exceeds the above upper limit, the transparency of the protective sheet may be deteriorated.

  As this dispersed phase, one having a multilayer structure can be adopted. This multi-layer structure includes, for example, a two-layer structure composed of a core-shell structure, a three-layer structure composed of a central hard layer, a soft layer, and an outermost hard layer, and an intermediate hard layer between the soft layer and the outermost hard layer. It is possible to adopt a four-layer structure or the like further having layers.

  As the two-layer structure, for example, a core-shell structure composed of a core layer made of a rubber-like polymer and a shell layer made of an acrylic resin-based glassy polymer can be used. The rubbery polymer used for the core layer is not particularly limited as long as it is rubbery at room temperature. For example, a rubbery polymer containing butadiene as a main component (for example, butadiene homopolymer, butadiene-aromatic). Group vinyl copolymer, etc.) and rubbery polymers (eg, butyl acrylate-styrene copolymer, 2-ethylhexyl acrylate-styrene copolymer, etc.) mainly composed of alkyl acrylate. . In addition, it is preferable to employ | adopt a butadiene-styrene copolymer, and intensity | strength, productivity, and transparency can be improved by this. The glassy polymer used for the shell layer is not particularly limited as long as it is a glassy acrylic polymer at room temperature. For example, a methyl methacrylate homopolymer, a methyl methacrylate-methyl acrylate copolymer, or the like is used. be able to.

  In addition, examples of the dispersed phase having a multilayer structure of three or more layers include those in which a soft layer made of a rubbery polymer and a hard layer made of a glassy polymer are laminated in three or more layers. As the rubbery polymer used for the soft layer and the glassy polymer used for the hard layer, those described for the rubber particles having the two-layer structure can be used.

  As long as the effect of the present invention is not impaired, other polymers can be mixed in addition to the heat-resistant acrylic resin constituting the matrix phase and the acrylic rubber constituting the dispersed phase. Examples of other polymers include polyolefin resins such as polyethylene and polypropylene; polyamide resins; polyphenylene sulfide resins; polyether ether ketone resins; polyesters, polysulfones, polyphenylene oxides, polyimides, polyether imides, polyacetals, and the like. Plastic resins; and thermosetting resins such as phenol resins, melamine resins, silicone resins, and epoxy resins. Other polymers can be used singly or in combination. In addition, it is preferable that content of another polymer shall be 20 mass parts or less with respect to 100 mass parts of matrix phases.

<Ultraviolet absorber>
The protective sheet contains an ultraviolet absorber in the matrix phase. When the protective sheet contains an ultraviolet absorber in the matrix, the protective sheet is less likely to yellow. Moreover, when the said protective sheet is laminated | stacked on both surfaces of a sheet-like polarizer and a polarizing plate is formed, the ultraviolet-ray transmission to a polarizer can be suppressed. Moreover, it is preferable that this ultraviolet absorber is further contained in the dispersed phase. By further including an ultraviolet absorber in the dispersion layer, the dispersion uniformity of the ultraviolet absorber in the protective sheet is improved, and the protective sheet is laminated on both sides of the sheet-like polarizer to form a polarizing plate. When formed, ultraviolet transmission to the polarizer can be further suppressed.

  As this ultraviolet absorber, a compound having both a phenolic hydroxyl group and a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms is used. Since the phenolic hydroxyl group of the ultraviolet absorber has a high polarity, it has a high affinity for the heat-resistant acrylic resin having an ester group with a high polarity. Since the branched alkyl group or linear alkoxy group of the ultraviolet absorber contains a carbon chain having a low polarity and an appropriate length, it has an affinity for an acrylic rubber that easily interacts with the carbon chain. high. Therefore, the ultraviolet absorber is likely to be present at the interface between the heat-resistant acrylic resin and the acrylic rubber. Therefore, the ultraviolet absorbent is uniformly dispersed in the matrix of the protective sheet. As a result, the protective sheet can exhibit an excellent ultraviolet absorbing ability.

  As the ultraviolet absorber, a benzotriazole compound, a benzophenone compound, a benzoate compound, and a triazine compound are preferable because they have high transparency and are excellent in preventing the deterioration of the polarizing plate. In particular, it is more preferable to employ an ultraviolet absorber made of a benzotriazole-based compound that is less colored and highly transparent.

  Moreover, as said ultraviolet absorber, it can select suitably from the compound represented by each of following formula (1)-(5).

In Formula (1), R1 to R4 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms, or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms. However, not all of R1 to R4 are hydrogen atoms. X1 is a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom.

In formula (2), R5 and R6 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms, or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms. However, there is no case where both R5 and R6 are hydrogen atoms. R7 is a methylene group or an alkylene group having 2 to 4 carbon atoms. X2 and X3 are each independently a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom.

In Formula (3), R8 to R10 are a hydrogen atom, a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms, or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms. However, not all of R8 to R10 are hydrogen atoms.

In formula (4), R11 is a hydrogen atom or a hydroxyl group. R12 is a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms.

In formula (5), R13 to R16 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms, or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms. However, there is no case where all of R13 to R16 are hydrogen atoms.

  More specifically, the ultraviolet absorber can be appropriately selected from compounds represented by the following formulas (1-1) to (2-1). The following formula (1-1) is a specific example of the above formula (1), the following formula (2-1) is a specific example of the above formula (2), and the following formula (3-1) is the above formula (3). The following formula (4-1) is a specific example of the above formula (4), and the following formula (5-1) is a specific example of the above formula (5).

  In addition, it is preferable that the melting | fusing point of the said ultraviolet absorber is 110 degreeC or more, It is more preferable that it is 120 degreeC or more, It is further more preferable that it is 130 degreeC or more. When the melting point of the UV absorber is less than the above lower limit, there is little volatilization when heated and melted for processing, precipitation and aggregation of the UV absorber at a molding outlet such as an extrusion outlet is difficult to occur, and contamination during sheet molding Is less likely to occur and does not hinder the transparency of the sheet.

  As content of the said ultraviolet absorber, 0.5 mass% or more and 10 mass% or less are preferable with respect to a matrix phase, 1 mass% or more and 9 mass% or less are more preferable, and 2 mass% or more and 8 mass% or less are further. preferable. There exists a possibility that the protective sheet obtained may not fully absorb an ultraviolet-ray as content of an ultraviolet absorber is less than the said minimum. Moreover, when content of a ultraviolet absorber exceeds the said upper limit, there exists a possibility that the heat resistance of a protective sheet may fall.

<Fine particles>
The protective sheet contains fine particles in the matrix phase. As the material of the fine particles, silicon dioxide is preferably used. In addition, titanium dioxide, aluminum oxide, zirconium oxide, calcium carbonate, kaolin, talc, calcined calcium silicate, hydrated calcium silicate, aluminum silicate, silicic acid. It is also possible to use inorganic materials such as magnesium and calcium phosphate and organic materials such as cross-linked polymers. In addition, it is preferable to employ silicon dioxide as the material of the fine particles because the haze of the protective sheet can be reduced. Moreover, it is preferable from the viewpoint of reducing the haze of the protective sheet that the fine particles whose surface is treated with an organic substance is used as the material of silicon dioxide. Examples of the organic substance used for the surface treatment include halosilanes, alkoxysilanes, silazane, and siloxane. Examples of commercially available products include “Sirohovic” (manufactured by Fuji Silysia Chemical), “Aerosil 200V” (manufactured by Nippon Aerosil Co., Ltd.), and “Aerosil R972V” (manufactured by Nippon Aerosil Co., Ltd.). These can be used alone or in combination.

  The fine particles preferably have an average particle size of 0.005 μm to 2 μm, and more preferably 0.05 μm to 1 μm. The fine particles are arranged so as to protrude from the surface of the protective sheet, and the maximum protruding height of the fine particles is preferably 0.01 μm or more and 0.1 μm, and is 0.02 μm or more and 0.05 μm or less. Is more preferable. The fine particles are provided so as to protrude from the surface as described above by stretching (finely stretching) the sheet when forming the protective sheet.

  The content of the fine particles is preferably 0.005% by mass or more and 1% by mass or less, more preferably 0.01% by mass or more and 0.5% by mass or less, and more preferably 0.1% by mass or more and 0% by mass with respect to the protective sheet. .3% by mass or less is particularly preferable.

  The fine particles may be contained not only in the matrix phase but also in the dispersed phase. The fine particles to be contained in the dispersed phase can be the same material, maximum protrusion height and blending amount as those of the fine particles contained in the matrix phase.

<Protective sheet>
The protective sheet is formed by, for example, extrusion molding a mixture of a heat-resistant acrylic resin that forms a matrix phase and an acrylic rubber that forms a dispersed phase. Here, the protective sheet is formed into a sheet by being slightly stretched after extrusion. This stretching is preferably uniaxial stretching. Moreover, the draw ratio by this fine drawing is 1% or more and 5% or less. In order to realize the stretch ratio, for example, the extrusion is performed in a state where the tensile speed for pulling the cooled and formed sheet is 0.3% higher than the extrusion speed at which the molten material is extruded during the extrusion. As described above, fine stretching after extrusion makes it easy to dispose the fine particles in a state of protruding from the surface of the protective sheet, thereby improving the slipperiness of the protective sheet. Moreover, since it is fine extending | stretching, the transparency of a protective sheet is maintainable.

  The thickness of the protective sheet is preferably 15 μm or more and 400 μm or less, more preferably 20 μm or more and 300 μm or less, further preferably 40 μm or more and 200 μm or less, and particularly preferably 40 μm or more and 150 μm or less. By setting the thickness of the protective sheet within the above range, the protective sheet can be provided with sufficient toughness, and the protective sheet can be easily wound.

  The thickness of the polarizing plate produced by bonding with a polarizer using the protective sheet is preferably from 150 μm to 800 μm, more preferably from 180 μm to 700 μm, and even more preferably from 200 μm to 600 μm. By setting the thickness of the polarizing plate in the above range, the handleability can be improved such that sufficient toughness can be imparted to the polarizing plate and the polarizing plate can be easily wound.

In the protective sheet, the planar retardation value (Re) is preferably 0 nm or more and 15 nm or less. Moreover, it is preferable that the retardation value (Rth) of the thickness direction is -15 nm or more and 0 nm or less. Here, the retardation value (Re) in the planar direction and the retardation value (Rth) in the thickness direction are defined by equations (a) and (b), respectively.
Re1 = (nx1-ny1) × d [nm] (a)
Rth1 = {(nx1 + ny1) / 2−nz1} × d [nm] (b)
Here, nx1 is the main refractive index in the planar direction of the protective sheet. ny1 is a refractive index in a direction orthogonal to nx1. nz1 is the main refractive index in the thickness direction of the protective sheet. d is the thickness of the protective sheet.

  In the protective sheet, the transmittance of light having a wavelength of 380 nm is preferably 60% or less, more preferably 20% or less, still more preferably 8% or less, and particularly preferably within 5%. is there. Since the transmittance of light having a wavelength of 380 nm is less than or equal to the above upper limit, ultraviolet rays can be accurately absorbed by the protective sheet. In addition, the transmittance | permeability is a ratio which the incident light of a specific wavelength passes a sample (protection sheet).

  Furthermore, in the protective sheet, the transmittance of light having a wavelength of 420 nm is preferably 90% or more, and more preferably 91% or more. In the protective sheet, the transmittance of light having a wavelength of 550 nm is preferably 91% or more, and more preferably 92% or more. When the transmittance of the light beam having the specific wavelength is equal to or higher than the lower limit value, visible light can be effectively transmitted, and even when used in an optical system of a liquid crystal display device, the light beam is displayed for display. Can be used effectively.

<Polarizing plate>
The protective sheet can be used as a polarizing plate protective sheet. FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a polarizing plate according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the polarizing plate includes a pair of protective sheets 1 and a plate-like polarizer 2 interposed between the pair of protective sheets 1. The protective sheet 1 and the polarizer 2 are attached to each other with an adhesive (not shown) such as an aqueous paste. For example, each of the pair of protective sheets 1 is laminated on both surfaces of the polarizer 2 via an adhesive layer, thereby forming a polarizing plate.

<Liquid crystal display element>
The polarizing plate provided with the protective sheet 1 can be used in a liquid crystal display device. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the liquid crystal display element according to the embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the liquid crystal display element includes a liquid crystal panel 3 and a pair of polarizing plates arranged on each of both surfaces of the liquid crystal panel 3. As described above, the polarizing plate is a plate in which a pair of protective sheets 1 and a polarizer 2 interposed between the pair of protective sheets 1 are laminated with an adhesive. The liquid crystal panel 3 and each of the pair of polarizing plates are attached by an adhesive 4 such as an ultraviolet effect adhesive.
<Other embodiments>

  In addition, this invention is not limited to the said embodiment, A various design change is possible, and it is also possible to give a mat process to the single side | surface or both surfaces of the said protection sheet. Thereby, the effect that it becomes easy to stick the surface which gave the mat | matte process to another member via an adhesive agent etc. is exhibited. In the polarizing plate of FIG. 3, the mat layer 5 is formed on one side of each of the pair of protective sheets 1. And the polarizer 2 is arrange | positioned between the mat layers 5 of this pair of protective sheets 1, and the mat layer 5 and the polarizer 2 are stuck by the water-system adhesive (illustration omitted). The mat layer 5 can be formed using a mat agent. Specifically, the mat layer 5 can be formed by applying a coating liquid containing a mat agent to one surface of the protective sheet 1. As the matting agent, organic or inorganic fine particles can be used. For example, silica, talc, calcium carbonate, precipitated barium sulfate, alumina, acidic clay, clay, magnesium carbonate, carbon black, tin oxide, titanium White, urea powder resin, etc. can be used.

  Moreover, as shown in FIG. 3, it is also possible to employ | adopt the structure by which the hard-coat layer 6 was laminated | stacked on the single side | surface of the said protection sheet. In the polarizing plate of FIG. 3, in one of the pair of protective sheets 1, the hard coat layer 6 is laminated on the surface of the protective sheet 1 that does not face the polarizer 2. Thereby, the abrasion resistance of the protective sheet 1 can be improved. The hard coat layer 6 is formed by applying an acrylic paint. Thereby, the transparency of the hard coat layer 6 is also ensured, and the transparency of the protective sheet 1 can be maintained.

  EXAMPLES Hereinafter, although this invention is demonstrated concretely based on an Example, this invention is not limited to these Examples.

  Add acrylic rubber and UV absorber to heat-resistant acrylic resin, and use a T-die mounting extruder to adjust the screw speed, the resin temperature in the cylinder of the extruder, and the temperature of the T-die. As a result, a plurality of types of protective sheets were obtained. As UV absorbers, TINUVIN 360 and TINUVIN 1577 manufactured by BASF Japan Ltd., and SEESORB 707 and SEESORB 709 manufactured by Sipro Kasei Co., Ltd. were used. With respect to 100 parts by mass of the heat-resistant acrylic resin, the amount of addition was changed using one or two of the above four types of ultraviolet absorbers to obtain a plurality of types of protective sheets having a thickness of 40 μm. About each of the obtained several protective sheet, the transmittance | permeability Tt (%) of the light ray of each wavelength of 380 nm, 420 nm, and 550 nm was measured. The measurement results were as shown in Tables 1 and 2 below.

  As is clear from Table 1 and Table 2 above, the protective sheet of each example has a low transmittance of light with a wavelength of 380 nm and a high transmittance of light with a wavelength of 420 nm and 550 nm. It is easy to transmit and has high UV absorption ability.

  The polarizing plate of the present invention can be used as a component of a liquid crystal display element incorporated in a liquid crystal display device. The protective sheet of the present invention can be used as a component of a polarizing plate.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Protective sheet 2 Polarizer 3 Liquid crystal panel 4 Adhesive 5 Mat layer 6 Hard coat layer

Claims (9)

  1. A sea-island structure protective sheet having a matrix phase containing a heat-resistant acrylic resin as a main polymer and a dispersed phase containing an acrylic rubber as a main polymer,
    The matrix phase includes a UV absorber;
    A protective sheet comprising a compound having both a phenolic hydroxyl group and a branched alkyl group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms or a linear alkoxy group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms as the ultraviolet absorber.
  2.   The protective sheet according to claim 1, wherein the dispersed phase contains the ultraviolet absorber.
  3.   The protective sheet according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the content of the ultraviolet absorber in the matrix phase or the dispersed phase is 0.5 mass% or more and 10 mass% or less.
  4.   The protective sheet according to claim 1, wherein the content of the dispersed phase is 5% by mass or more and 40% by mass or less.
  5.   The protective sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a retardation value in a planar direction is 0 nm to 15 nm and a retardation value in a thickness direction is -15 nm to 0 nm.
  6.   The protective sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the heat-resistant acrylic resin has a ring structure in the main chain.
  7.   The protective sheet according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a mat processing is performed on one side or both sides.
  8. With a hard coat layer laminated on one side,
    The protective sheet according to claim 1, wherein the hard coat layer is formed by applying an acrylic paint.
  9. A sheet-like polarizer,
    A polarizing plate provided with a pair of protective sheet of any one of Claims 1-8 laminated | stacked on both surfaces of this polarizer via an adhesive bond layer.
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JP2011206664A JP6297247B2 (en) 2010-09-30 2011-09-21 Protective sheet, method for producing protective sheet and polarizing plate
TW100134697A TWI462832B (en) 2010-09-30 2011-09-27 Protective sheet and polarizer
KR1020110098413A KR101296240B1 (en) 2010-09-30 2011-09-28 Protection sheet and polarizing plate
CN 201110304906 CN102445718B (en) 2010-09-30 2011-09-30 Protection sheet and polarizing plate

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