JP2012068672A - Optical connector - Google Patents

Optical connector Download PDF

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JP2012068672A
JP2012068672A JP2011264257A JP2011264257A JP2012068672A JP 2012068672 A JP2012068672 A JP 2012068672A JP 2011264257 A JP2011264257 A JP 2011264257A JP 2011264257 A JP2011264257 A JP 2011264257A JP 2012068672 A JP2012068672 A JP 2012068672A
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refractive index
index matching
optical fiber
fiber
matching body
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JP5477365B2 (en
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Yoshihisa Kato
Kanako Suzuki
善久 加藤
香菜子 鈴木
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Hitachi Cable Ltd
日立電線株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an optical connector that facilitates the connection work of holey fibers in an installation site of optical fibers.SOLUTION: In an optical connector 1 comprising a ferrule 3 and an optical fiber connector 5 connected to the rear end of the ferrule 3, other external optical fiber 4 is butt-connected to the rear end surface of a built-in fiber 2, which is built in the optical fiber connector 5 from the tip end of the ferrule 3 through a refractive index matching body 6 inside the optical fiber connector 5. The refractive index matching body 6 is formed by adding a stress distortion relaxing agent, which is crosslinked to form a crosslinked state, to a cross-linking-hardening refractive index matching agent to perform cross-linking hardening.

Description

  The present invention relates to an optical connector capable of easily performing a holey fiber connection operation at an optical fiber installation site.

  At present, as a method for connecting optical fibers, generally, a physical connection method for abutting optical fibers is often used. Specific methods include a connection method using a mechanical splice and a connection method using an optical connector.

  In the field of optical fiber connection, for example, an optical connector including a ferrule and an optical fiber connector that is connected to the ferrule and includes an optical fiber is used. Connection work is performed such that another optical fiber (external optical fiber) is abutted against the end face of the optical fiber (built-in fiber).

  In such a physical connection method, the shape of the end face of the optical fiber greatly affects the connection characteristics. For example, when the angle of the end face of the optical fiber (the angle with respect to the axis of the optical fiber) is deviated from a right angle or the roughness of the end face of the optical fiber is large, air enters between the end faces of the optical fibers that face each other, Since the Fresnel reflection at the end face of the optical fiber increases, the connection loss increases. As a method for preventing an increase in connection loss due to the roughness of the end face of the optical fiber, a method of polishing the end face of the optical fiber after cutting the optical fiber is known.

  In addition, after cutting the optical fiber, the end face of the optical fiber is not polished and connected in the cut state. The refractive index equivalent to the refractive index of the core of the optical fiber between the end faces of the optical fiber or A method of interposing a liquid or grease-like refractive index matching agent having a refractive index close to the refractive index of the core is known (Patent Documents 1 and 2). In this method of interposing the refractive index matching agent, the optical fiber is abutted by applying the refractive index matching agent to the end face of the optical fiber or filling the refractive index matching agent in the optical fiber connecting portion. This prevents air from entering between the end faces, reduces Fresnel reflection caused by the air, and reduces connection loss.

  In addition, a method using a solid refractive index matching member (film) is known (Patent Documents 3, 4, and 5).

Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-72641 JP-A-11-101919 Japanese Patent No. 2676705 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-324641 JP-A-55-153912

  However, the method of polishing the end face of the optical fiber has a problem when the external optical fiber is a holey fiber and when the connection work is performed at the site where the optical fiber is laid.

  In order to polish an end face of an optical fiber or the like at an optical fiber installation site, a great amount of time and labor costs are required for the polishing process. And the polishing apparatus used for the work must be prepared at the laying site. Therefore, it is not suitable for cheap and simple connection of optical fibers.

  When the end surface of the holey fiber is polished, polishing residue or abrasive is contained in the holes, which increases connection loss and decreases reliability.

  The method of interposing a liquid or grease-like refractive index matching agent between the end faces of optical fibers generally uses a silicone-based or paraffin-based liquid or grease-like refractive index matching agent. However, there is a problem of change with the passage of time, such that the hole enters the hole of the holey fiber as time passes. Usually, the refractive index of the refractive index matching agent is temperature-dependent, and there is a problem that the transmission loss of the holey fiber changes remarkably according to the change in the refractive index of the refractive index matching agent that has entered the hole. Further, when the refractive index matching agent permeates into the hole portion, the refractive index matching agent between the end faces of the optical fiber is reduced, and voids and bubbles are generated, so that the optical characteristics of the holey fiber are remarkably deteriorated. .

  On the other hand, there is a method in which the hole in the end face of the holey fiber is sealed before connecting the optical fiber, but a dedicated device is required to perform this work at the optical fiber installation site. In addition, it takes a lot of time to seal the air holes in the end face of the holey fiber. Therefore, it is not suitable for cheap and simple connection of optical fibers.

  In the method using a film, since the diameter of the optical fiber is very thin, such as 80 μm or 125 μm, it is difficult to attach the film to the end face of the optical fiber with high accuracy. Further, in order to attach a film to the end face of the optical fiber, the film needs to have adhesiveness or tackiness. For this reason, when optical fiber connection work is performed at the installation site of the optical fiber, foreign matters such as dust are likely to adhere to the film, and the optical fiber is likely to deteriorate the reliability of the optical fiber due to the foreign matter or to remove the foreign matter. There is a problem that the workability of the connection work is reduced.

  Furthermore, stress (strain) is applied to the resin used as the film when it is connected. In general, since the refractive index of a resin changes when stress is applied, there is a problem that if the stress relaxation is slow, the variation in transmission characteristics due to temperature change increases.

  In addition, there is a connection method called fusion splicing, but this method also requires a fusing machine, so that it cannot be applied to an optical connector that can be used simply and universally at an optical fiber installation site.

  As described above, when the external optical fiber is a holey fiber or when the connection work is performed at an optical fiber installation site, any of the conventionally known methods has a problem.

  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an optical connector capable of solving the above-described problems and easily performing a holey fiber connection operation at an optical fiber installation site.

 In order to achieve the above object, the present invention comprises a ferrule and an optical fiber connector connected to the rear end of the ferrule, and includes a built-in fiber incorporated from the tip of the ferrule to the inside of the optical fiber connector. In the optical connector in which another external optical fiber is butt-connected in the optical fiber connector via the refractive index matching body on the rear end face, the refractive index matching body is a stress strain relaxation agent that is in a crosslinked state after being crosslinked. Is formed by cross-linking and curing a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent to which is added.

  The stress strain relaxation agent may be a silicone gel.

  The stress strain relaxation agent may have a refractive index in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05.

  The stress strain relaxation agent may be added in an amount of 1 to 30 wt% with respect to the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent.

  The refractive index matching body may have a refractive index in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05, a light transmittance of 80% or more, a breaking elongation of 50% or more, and a glass adhesive force of 50 g / 10 mm width or more.

  The refractive index matching body may have a thickness of 5 to 50 μm.

  In a state before the external optical fiber is butt-connected, the butt connection surface of the refractive index matching body with the external optical fiber may have a rounded shape in a longitudinal sectional view.

  The refractive index matching body may be attached only to the rear end surface of the built-in fiber, and the side surface of the built-in fiber may be subjected to water repellent treatment.

  The refractive index matching body may adhere from the rear end surface to the side surface of the built-in fiber.

  The present invention exhibits the following excellent effects.

  (1) It is possible to easily perform the holey fiber connection work at the optical fiber installation site.

  Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the optical connector 1 according to the present invention includes a ferrule 3 and an optical fiber connector 5 connected to the rear end of the ferrule 3. Another optical fiber (external optical fiber) 4 is butt-connected in the optical fiber connector 5 via the refractive index matching member 6 to the rear end face of the optical fiber (built-in fiber) 2 built up to the optical fiber connector 5. In the optical connector 1, the refractive index matching body 6 is cross-linked and cured by adding a stress strain relaxation agent to the cross-linking curing type refractive index matching agent.

  The ferrule 3 accommodates the front half 2 a of the built-in fiber 2. The optical fiber connector 5 is connected to the rear end 3a of the ferrule 3 and holds the rear half 2b of the built-in fiber 2 and the external optical fiber 4 (FIG. 2). On the rear end face 2c of the built-in fiber 2, there is provided a refractive index matching body 6 that is cross-linked and cured by adding a stress strain relaxation agent to the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent.

  The external optical fiber 4 is, for example, a holey fiber. An optical fiber having no hole portion may be used.

  Although the optical connector 1 is accommodated in the housing 8 shown by the broken line, it is assumed here that the housing 8 is not provided.

  The ferrule 3 is a cylindrical member having a central hole for accommodating the built-in fiber 2, and the rear end 3 a is a flange.

  As shown in FIG. 3A, the optical fiber connector 5 has a groove block 32 having a flat surface with grooves 31 and a flat block 33 having a flat surface without grooves facing each other. The outer surface of the flat block 33 is sandwiched and integrated with a U-shaped clamp 34. A wedge insertion groove 35 is formed in the joint not covered with the clamps 34 of both the blocks 32 and 33.

  The groove 31 accommodates the rear half 2b of the built-in fiber 2 and accommodates a part of the external optical fiber 4 (FIG. 2). Although the cross-sectional shape of the groove 31 is not particularly limited, the cross-sectional area is preferably larger than that of the external optical fiber 4. The cross-sectional area of the groove 31 is defined by the cross-sectional area of the space formed when the groove block 32 and the flat block 33 are overlapped.

  In this embodiment, the groove 31 is a V-groove in which two inclined surfaces having different inclination directions form a groove wall as shown in the drawing. When the rear end face 2c provided with the refractive index matching body 6 of the built-in fiber 2 and the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 are butt-connected, a part of the refractive index matching body 6 that does not directly contribute to the butt connection is a V-groove. It is preferable that the groove 31 is a V-groove because it escapes into the excess space and thereby provides good connection characteristics.

In order to hold down and fix the built-in fiber 2 accommodated in the V-groove with the flat block 33, it is desirable that the built-in fiber 2 accommodated in the V-groove slightly protrudes from the plane of the groove block 32.
At this time, if the cross-sectional area of the V-groove is too small, the built-in fiber 2 protrudes largely from the plane of the groove block 32, and when held by the flat block 33, a gap is formed between the groove block 32 and the flat block 33. . If the cross-sectional area of the V-groove is too large, the entire built-in fiber 2 enters the V-groove and does not come out of the plane of the groove block 32, so that it cannot be fixed with the flat block 33. Therefore, the groove 31 that is a V-groove preferably has a larger cross-sectional area than the external optical fiber 4.

  As shown in FIG. 3B, the wedge 36 of the optical fiber connector 5 is a member having a width wider than the width of the wedge insertion groove 35 (FIG. 3A) into which the wedge 36 is not inserted. When the wedge 36 is inserted into the wedge insertion groove 35, a gap is formed between the groove block 32 and the flat block 33, and the clamp 34 is slightly opened.

  As shown in an enlarged view in FIG. 4, the built-in fiber 2 is formed by cutting the optical fiber 42 from which the coating layer of the optical fiber core wire 41 having the coating layer is removed into a desired length, and having one end at the center of the ferrule 3. The front end face 2d (FIG. 1) is polished together with the ferrule 3 by being inserted into the hole. A refractive index matching body 6 is provided on the opposite rear end face 2c.

  As further enlarged and shown in FIG. 5, the rear end surface 2c of the built-in fiber 2 is in a state where it is not cut and polished, and the refractive index matching body 6 is provided on the rear end surface 2c. The refractive index matching member 6 is obtained by cross-linking and curing a stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking refractive index matching agent applied to the rear end surface 2 c of the built-in fiber 2.

  Refractive index matching agent is an organic material having refractive index matching, such as acrylic, epoxy, vinyl, ethylene, silicone, urethane, polyamide, polyimide, fluorine, polybutadiene, polycarbonate, etc. The organic materials are appropriately selected according to desired optical characteristics (refractive index, light transmittance, etc.).

  The cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent is one that changes from liquid to solid by cross-linking and curing with heat, light, moisture, electron beam or the like among the refractive index matching agents. The cross-linked and cured refractive index matching body 6 may be anything as long as it is a cross-linking and curing type refractive index matching agent having various properties necessary for optical transmission.

  The stress strain relaxation agent is a material added to relieve stress strain, and silicone oil, silicone gel, and the like are preferable. Silicone oils are similar to straight silicone oils, modified silicone oils, silicone greases, and silicone oil compounds, such as those made by Shin-Etsu Silicone (KF-50, KF-56, KF-393, KF-101, KF-1002). , X-22-3939A, X-22-343, X-22-2000, X-22-2046, X-22-4741, etc.), manufactured by Toshiba Silicone (TFS410, TFS411, TFS4420, TFS4421, TFS4440, TFS4445, TFS4446) , TFS4450, TFS4452, TFS4460, KF42-334, XF42-A3161, XF-42-B0970, YF3842, TSK5353, etc., manufactured by Toray Dow Corning Silicone (BY16-837, BY16) 839, BY16-891, BY16845, BY16-874, SF8416, SF8421, SF8422, SF8427, SH3746, SH3749, SH3771, SH3711, SH8700, SH203, SH230, etc.) and the like. These stress strain relaxation agents are used alone or in combination of two or more.

  Silicone gels are those that have been three-dimensionally cross-linked or have formed a physical cross-linked state with non-covalent bonds. For example, there are Shin-Etsu Chemical (LPS-1000, KSG-15, KSG-16, KSG-18, KSG-21, etc.), fluorine-modified silicone gel (manufactured by Kose), and the like.

  The stress strain relaxation agent preferably has a refractive index in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05. When the refractive index of the stress strain relaxation agent is outside the range of 1.46 ± 0.05, the connection loss increases and the return loss decreases remarkably.

  It is desirable that the stress strain relaxation agent is added in an amount of 1 to 30 wt% with respect to the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. If the addition amount is less than 1 wt%, the effect of the addition cannot be obtained. If the addition amount is more than 30 wt%, the refractive index matching body 6 is likely to be peeled off or dropped off when the external optical fiber 4 is detached.

  The refractive index of the refractive index matching body 6 is preferably in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05. When the refractive index of the refractive index matching body 6 is out of the range of 1.46 ± 0.05, the connection loss increases and the return loss decreases remarkably. The refractive index of the refractive index matching body 6 is more preferably in the range of 1.46 ± 0.01.

  The change rate of the refractive index of the refractive index matching body 6 with respect to the temperature is preferably within ± 2% at −40 ° C. to 70 ° C.

  The light transmittance of the refractive index matching body 6 is preferably 80% or more. When the light transmittance is less than 80%, the connection loss at the connection portion with the external optical fiber 4 exceeds 1 dB. The light transmittance of the refractive index matching body 6 is more preferably 90% or more.

  The breaking elongation of the refractive index matching body 6 is preferably 50% or more. If the elongation at break is less than 50%, the refractive index matching body 6 is likely to be cracked or collapsed when the refractive index matching body 6 is deformed by pressing during connection. The breaking elongation of the refractive index matching body 6 is more preferably 100% or more.

  The elongation at break of the refractive index matching body 6 is that a film layer of a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent with a thickness of 100 to 200 μm is formed on a quartz glass plate and the film layer is cured. This is the elongation rate until the film made of the refractive index matching body produced in this way is processed into a strip shape having a width of 10 mm and the strip-like film is pulled at a pulling speed of 50 mm / min until it breaks.

  The glass adhesive force of the refractive index matching body 6 is preferably 50 g / 10 mm width or more. When the glass adhesive force is less than 50 g / 10 mm width, the refractive index matching body 6 is likely to drop off when the external optical fiber 4 is repeatedly attached to and detached from the optical connector 1.

  The glass adhesive force of the refractive index matching body 6 is preferably smaller on the surface of the refractive index matching body 6 than on the rear end face 2 c side of the built-in fiber 2. If the glass adhesive strength of the refractive index matching body 6 is equal on the rear end face 2 c side of the built-in fiber 2 and the surface of the refractive index matching body 6 or is large on the surface of the refractive index matching body 6, the external optical fiber 4 is connected to the optical connector 1. When repeatedly desorbing, the refractive index matching body 6 easily falls off the built-in fiber 2 and adheres to the external optical fiber 4.

  Note that the glass adhesive strength of the refractive index matching body 6 is that a film layer of a 100 μm-thick stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking refractive index matching agent is formed on a quartz slide glass plate, and the film layer is cured. A film composed of a refractive index matching body produced in this manner is processed into a 10 mm wide strip, and the strip-like film is quarantined in accordance with JIS Z0237 “90 ° peeling method” at a peeling rate of 50 mm / min. It is the value which calculated | required the load at the time of peeling at 90 degrees with respect to this.

  The thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is preferably 5 to 50 μm. If the thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is less than 5 μm, the amount of the refractive index matching body 6 is insufficient, and it is difficult to obtain sufficient refractive index matching, and the built-in fiber 2 and the external optical fiber 4 are in direct contact with each other. As a result, the end face of each optical fiber is likely to be scratched. On the other hand, when the thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is larger than 50 μm, the distance between the end faces of the built-in fiber 2 and the external optical fiber 4 becomes wide, and it is easy to be affected by expansion / contraction due to axial deviation and temperature change. The thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is more preferably 10 to 40 μm. The thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is more preferably 15 to 30 μm.

  The thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is the thickness of the thickest portion measured from the rear end face 2c of the refractive index matching body 6 attached to the rear end face 2c of the built-in fiber 2 and formed in a spherical shape. It is.

  Next, a procedure when the connection work for connecting the optical connector 1 of the present invention to the external optical fiber 4 is performed at an optical fiber installation site will be described.

  First, as shown in FIG. 1, the optical connector 1 to which the external optical fiber 4 is not connected is prepared. In the front half of the optical fiber connector 5, the rear half 2 b of the built-in fiber 2 is already accommodated in the groove 31. At this time, the built-in fiber 2 is sandwiched between the groove block 32 and the flat block 33, and the outer surfaces of the groove block 32 and the flat block 33 are sandwiched by the clamps 34 so that the optical fiber connector 5 is integrated. If the clamp 34 is removed and the groove block 32 and the flat block 33 are opened and closed freely, the built-in fiber 2 is displaced, so the clamp 34 is not removed so as not to be displaced.

  As shown in FIG. 3B, when the wedge 36 is inserted into the wedge insertion groove 35, a gap is formed between the groove block 32 and the flat block 33.

  Without cutting the external optical fiber 4 and polishing the end face, the external optical fiber 4 is fitted into the groove 31 in the rear half of the optical fiber connector 5 using the gap, and the external optical fiber 4 is moved forward. To guide. When the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 comes into contact with the refractive index matching body 6 provided on the rear end face 2c of the built-in fiber 2, the guide is stopped.

  When the wedge 36 is removed from the wedge insertion groove 35, the built-in fiber 2 and the external optical fiber 4 are collectively sandwiched between the groove block 32 and the flat block 33 and integrated with the optical fiber connector 5. Become. Since the external optical fiber 4 receives a lateral pressure from the groove block 32 and the flat block 33 by the spring force of the clamp 34, it does not come out of the optical fiber connector 5. This completes the connection work.

  Next, operational effects of the optical connector 1 of the present invention will be described.

  According to the present invention, since the refractive index matching body 6 is provided on the rear end face 2c of the built-in fiber 2 and is crosslinked and cured by adding a stress strain relaxation agent to the cross-linking curing type refractive index matching agent, the optical fiber (external When connecting the optical connector 1 and the external optical fiber 4 at the laying site of the optical fiber 4), the external optical fiber 4 is cut without cutting after the external optical fiber 4 is cut. 4 can be connected to the optical connector 1.

  Further, according to the present invention, since the stress strain relaxation agent is added to the refractive index matching body 6, the optical connector 1 is not easily affected by changes with time due to temperature dependence.

  Further, according to the present invention, since the refractive index matching body 6 has a glass adhesive strength of 50 g / 10 mm or more, the refractive index matching body 6 has sufficient adhesion to the glass, and the external optical fiber 4 is repeatedly detached. Even in this case, the refractive index matching body 6 is hardly dropped and the connection loss is hardly increased.

  Furthermore, according to the present invention, since the stress matching agent is included in the refractive index matching body 6, the stress accompanying the deformation of the refractive index matching body 6 when the external optical fiber 4 comes into contact with the refractive index matching body 6. Distortion is relieved. For this reason, the refractive index change resulting from the stress distortion of the refractive index matching body 6 is suppressed. Moreover, since relaxation of stress strain of the refractive index matching body 6 is promoted, the connection characteristics of the connection portion between the built-in fiber 2 and the external optical fiber 4 are stabilized.

  The refractive index matching member 6 has a refractive index in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05, a light transmittance of 80% or more, a breaking elongation of 50% or more, and a glass adhesive force of 50 g / 10 mm width or more. 2 and the connection loss between the external optical fibers 4 is reduced, and the refractive index matching body 6 is prevented from peeling or breaking.

  According to the present invention, since the thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is set to 5 to 50 μm, the increase in loss can be reduced. Here, optical connectors having various thicknesses of the refractive index matching body 6 were prepared, and a temperature cycle test (-40 to 70 ° C./6 h × 10 cycles) was performed. The transmission loss before the test and the transmission loss after the test were compared. As shown in FIG. 7, the loss increase amount is slightly larger when the thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 taken along the horizontal axis is less than 10 μm than when the thickness is 10 μm or more, and the loss increase amount is remarkable when the thickness is thinner than 5 μm. large. Further, when the thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 is 35 μm or less, the loss increase amount is slightly larger when it is thicker than 35 μm, and when it is thicker than 50 μm, the loss increase amount is remarkably large. The range of 5 to 50 μm is preferable because the loss increase amount can be kept small.

  Next, another embodiment of the present invention will be described.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the refractive index matching body 6 preferably has a spherical surface shape. The spherical shape means a rounded shape. The refractive index matching body 6 is attached only to the rear end face 2 c of the built-in fiber 2, and the entire rear end face 2 c is covered with the refractive index matching body 6.

  According to the embodiment of FIG. 5, since the surface shape of the refractive index matching body 6 is spherical, the optical fiber connection is compared with the case where the surface shape of the refractive index matching body is a flat surface as in the prior art. When the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 guided forward in the groove 31 in the rear half of the vessel 5 comes into contact with the refractive index matching body 6, there is a first effect that the refractive index matching body 6 is easily deformed. .

  Further, if the surface shape of the refractive index matching body is a flat surface as in the prior art, when the front end surface of the external optical fiber 4 is in contact with the refractive index matching body 6, the refractive index matching body 6 and the external optical fiber 4 An air layer may remain between the front end surface. This phenomenon occurs when the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 is cut perpendicular to the axis. In that respect, according to the embodiment of the present invention, since the surface shape of the refractive index matching body 6 is spherical, contact starts from the center portion, and the gap between the refractive index matching body 6 and the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 is increased. There is a second effect that the air layer does not remain.

  On the other hand, when the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 is cut obliquely about the axis, the front end face of the external optical fiber 4 is refractive index matched if the surface shape of the refractive index matching body is a flat surface as in the prior art. When in contact with the body, the external optical fiber 4 may be pushed back by the elastic force of the refractive index matching body, and the core of the external optical fiber 4 may not contact the refractive index matching body. In that respect, according to the embodiment of the present invention, since the surface shape of the refractive index matching body 6 is spherical, contact starts from the central portion, and the core of the external optical fiber 4 reliably contacts the refractive index matching body 6. There is a third effect.

  In the present embodiment, the refractive index matching body 6 is attached only to the rear end face 2 c of the built-in fiber 2 and is not attached to the side face of the built-in fiber 2. If the refractive index matching body 6 is attached to the side surface of the built-in fiber 2, when the rear half 2 b of such a built-in fiber 2 is accommodated in the groove 31 in the front half of the optical fiber connector 5, there is inherently a shaft. Axis misalignment with the power position is likely to occur. In that respect, according to the embodiment of the present invention, the refractive index matching body 6 is attached only to the rear end surface 2c of the built-in fiber 2, and is not attached to the side surface of the built-in fiber 2. There is a first effect that it can be prevented.

  The shape of the refractive index matching body 6 may be the form shown in FIGS. 6 (a) to 6 (d).

  Further, according to the embodiment of the present invention, since the refractive index matching body 6 is attached only to the rear end face 2 c of the built-in fiber 2, the built-in fiber 2 and the external optical fiber 4 are connected to the groove 31 of the optical fiber connector 5. There is a second effect that it can be smoothly accommodated inside.

  Further, according to the embodiment of the present invention, the refractive index matching body 6 is attached only to the rear end face 2 c of the built-in fiber 2, so that the rear half 2 b of the built-in fiber 2 is placed between the groove block 32 and the flat block 33. There is a third effect that there is no possibility that the refractive index matching body 6 is torn when pressed between the two.

  As a method of attaching the refractive index matching body 6 only to the rear end face 2c of the built-in fiber 2, a water-repellent treatment is performed on the side face of the built-in fiber 2, thereby adding a stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking hardening type refractive index matching agent. When applied to the rear end surface 2 c of the built-in fiber 2, the stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent is prevented from entering the side surface of the built-in fiber 2. Although the stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent is not an aqueous solution, if the side surface of the built-in fiber 2 is subjected to water repellency, it has the effect of repelling the stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent.

  In another embodiment shown in FIG. 6E, since the refractive index matching body 6 is attached from the rear end face 2c of the built-in fiber 2 to the side face, there is an effect that the refractive index matching body 6 is difficult to peel off. . The amount adhering to the side (thickness) should be negligible.

(Example # 1)
As a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, it is composed of n-butyl acrylate / methyl acrylate / acrylic acid / 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer (blending ratio = 82/15 / 2.7 / 0.3 (parts by weight)). A 50% ethyl acetate solution of an acrylic resin is used.

  Silicone oil (TSK5353: manufactured by Toshiba Silicone) is used as a stress strain relaxation agent.

  2 parts by weight of the stress strain relaxation agent and 1.0 part by weight of a crosslinking agent (trade name: Coronate, manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd.) were blended and mixed with 100 parts by weight of the crosslinking curable refractive index matching agent. The acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating solution (cross-linking refractive index matching agent with stress strain relaxation agent) obtained by this mixing was cross-linked and cured to obtain a refractive index matching body sample.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 93 to 95%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 200-300%. The glass adhesive strength was 400 to 800 g / 10 mm.

  The optical connector 1 shown in FIG. 1 was produced using the above-mentioned stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent.

  First, as shown in FIG. 4, the coating layer of the optical fiber core 41 (manufactured by Hitachi Cable Ltd., trade name: BBG-SM-WF, outer diameter of the core is about 250 μm, optical fiber diameter 125 ± 1 μm) is removed by 200 mm in length. Then, the surface of the exposed optical fiber 42 with the coating layer removed is washed with alcohol, and then the optical fiber 42 is cut with a fiber cutter at a right angle to the axis (an angle error of 1 ° or less) to form the rear end face 2c. An end face was formed.

  A stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent was potted on the end face. The refractive index matching body 6 was formed as shown in FIG. 5 by curing the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent with the addition of a stress strain relaxation agent by cross-linking curing at room temperature. The thickness of the refractive index matching body 6 was set to 20 to 25 μm.

  After cutting the optical fiber 42 from the optical fiber core wire 41 to obtain the optical fiber 42 with the refractive index matching body 6, the optical fiber 42 is inserted into the ferrule 3 of the optical connector 1 of the present invention to form the built-in fiber 2. The optical fiber 42 was cut at the front end of the ferrule 3, and the front end surface 2d was polished together with the ferrule 3 to complete the optical connector 1. Ten such optical connectors 1 were produced.

  As the external fiber 4, a coating layer on one end of a holey fiber (manufactured by Hitachi Cable, trade name: BBG-HF, outer diameter of core wire: about 250 μm, optical fiber diameter: 125 ± 1 μm) is removed to an appropriate length. After the surface of the external fiber 4 that has been removed is cleaned with alcohol, the optical fiber 42 is cut with a fiber cutter at a right angle to the axis (angle error of 1 ° or less) to form the front end face of the external fiber 4 did.

  The optical connector 1 and the external fiber 4 were connected as described in the embodiment, subjected to the following tests and measurements, and the results were entered in the column of Example # 1 in Table 1.

(1) Connection loss (dB) and return loss (dB) immediately after the optical connector 1 and the external fiber 4 are connected.
(2) Loss increase (dB) after optical connector 1 and external fiber 4 are connected and left at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.) for 24 hours.
(3) Time (h) until the return loss is stabilized.
(4) Loss increase (dB) after continuous temperature and humidity cycle test. In the continuous temperature and humidity cycle test, as shown in FIG. 8, a temperature 85 ° C. × 336 h → temperature 60 ° C. × humidity 95% × 336 h → temperature −40 ° C. to 70 ° C./8 h × 42 cycles are performed.
(5) Loss increase after the temperature cycle test (dB). As shown in FIG. 9, the temperature cycle test is performed at a temperature of −40 ° C. to 70 ° C./6 h × 10 cycles.
(6) Loss increase (dB) after the temperature and humidity cycle test. As shown in FIG. 10, the temperature / humidity cycle test is performed as follows: (temperature 25 ° C. × humidity 93% to temperature 65 ° C. × humidity 93% to temperature 25 ° C. × humidity 93% to temperature 65 ° C. × humidity 93% to temperature 25 ° C. X Humidity 93%-Temperature-10 ° C-Temperature 25 ° C x Humidity 93%-Temperature 65 ° C x Humidity 93%-Temperature 25 ° C x Humidity 93%-Temperature 65 ° C x Humidity 93%-Temperature 25 ° C x Humidity 93%) Perform 5 cycles.
(7) Loss increase (dB) after the low temperature test. As shown in FIG. 11, the low temperature test is performed at a temperature of −40 ° C. × 240 h.
(8) Presence / absence of dropping of the refractive index matching body 6 when the external fiber 4 is connected 10 times after each of the above tests. Note that five of the ten optical connectors 1 produced are used for the test (4). Then, tests (5) to (7) were sequentially performed using the remaining five.

(Example # 2)
As a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, it is composed of n-butyl acrylate / methyl acrylate / acrylic acid / 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer (blending ratio = 82/15 / 2.7 / 0.3 (parts by weight)). A 50% ethyl acetate solution of an acrylic resin is used.

  Silicone oil (TSK5353: manufactured by Toshiba Silicone) is used as a stress strain relaxation agent.

  5 parts by weight of the stress strain relaxation agent and 1.0 part by weight of a crosslinking agent (trade name: Coronate, manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd.) were blended and mixed with 100 parts by weight of the crosslinking curable refractive index matching agent. The acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating solution (cross-linking refractive index matching agent with stress strain relaxation agent) obtained by this mixing was cross-linked and cured to obtain a refractive index matching body sample.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 93 to 95%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 200-300%. The glass adhesive strength was 300 to 700 g / 10 mm.

  The optical connector 1 shown in FIG. 1 was produced using the above-mentioned stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The manufacturing method was the same as in Example # 1, and ten optical connectors 1 were manufactured. Similarly to Example # 1, the optical connector 1 and the external fiber 4 were connected, the same test and measurement were performed, and the result was entered in the column of Example # 2 in Table 1.

(Example # 3)
As a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, it is composed of n-butyl acrylate / methyl acrylate / acrylic acid / 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer (blending ratio = 82/15 / 2.7 / 0.3 (parts by weight)). A 50% ethyl acetate solution of an acrylic resin is used.

  Silicone oil (TSK5353: manufactured by Toshiba Silicone) is used as a stress strain relaxation agent.

  25 parts by weight of the stress strain relaxation agent and 1.0 part by weight of a crosslinking agent (trade name: Coronate, manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd.) were blended and mixed with 100 parts by weight of the crosslinking curable refractive index matching agent. The acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating solution (cross-linking refractive index matching agent with stress strain relaxation agent) obtained by this mixing was cross-linked and cured to obtain a refractive index matching body sample.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 93 to 95%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 200-300%. The glass adhesive force was 100 to 300 g / 10 mm.

  The optical connector 1 shown in FIG. 1 was produced using the above-mentioned stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The manufacturing method was the same as in Example # 1, and ten optical connectors 1 were manufactured. In the same manner as in Example # 1, the optical connector 1 and the external fiber 4 were connected, the same test and measurement were performed, and the result was entered in the column of Example # 3 in Table 1.

(Example # 4)
Addition type silicone pressure sensitive adhesive coating liquid composed of SD4590 / BY24-741 / SRX212 / toluene (blending ratio = 100 / 1.0 / 0.9 / 50 (parts by weight)) Also manufactured by Toray Dow Corning).

  Silicone gel (manufactured by Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd .: KSG-15) is used as a stress strain relaxation agent.

  5 parts by weight of the stress strain relaxation agent was blended and mixed with 100 parts by weight of the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent obtained by this mixing was cross-linked and cured to obtain a refractive index matching body sample.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 92 to 94%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 150-300%. The glass adhesive strength was 200 to 800 g / 10 mm.

  The optical connector 1 shown in FIG. 1 was produced using the above-mentioned stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The manufacturing method was the same as in Example # 1, and ten optical connectors 1 were manufactured. In the same manner as in Example # 1, the optical connector 1 and the external fiber 4 were connected, the same test and measurement were performed, and the result was entered in the column of Example # 4 in Table 1.

(Comparative Example # 1)
OC-431A-LVP (manufactured by Nye Lubricants. Inc., refractive index 1.46) was used as a non-crosslinking type refractive index matching agent.

  An optical connector similar to that shown in FIG. 1 was prepared using the non-crosslinking type refractive index matching agent.

  Similarly to FIG. 4, the coating layer of the optical fiber core wire (manufactured by Hitachi Cable Ltd., trade name: BBG-SM-WF, core wire outer diameter of about 250 μm, optical fiber diameter of 125 ± 1 μm) is removed by 200 mm in length After the surface of the optical fiber exposed by removing the layer is washed with alcohol, the optical fiber is cut at right angles to the axis (angle error of 1 ° or less) with a fiber cutter, and the end surface that becomes the rear end surface of the built-in fiber Formed.

  The optical fiber was cut from the optical fiber core wire and inserted into the ferrule of the optical connector to form a built-in fiber. The optical fiber was cut at the front end of the ferrule, and the front end surface was polished together with the ferrule.

  The rear end face of the optical fiber was attached with a non-crosslinked index matching agent. Ten such optical connectors were produced. In the same manner as in Examples # 1 to # 4, the optical connector and the external fiber were connected, the same test / measurement was performed, and the result was entered in the column of Comparative Example # 1 in Table 1.

(Comparative Example # 2)
As a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, it is composed of n-butyl acrylate / methyl acrylate / acrylic acid / 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer (blending ratio = 82/15 / 2.7 / 0.3 (parts by weight)). A 50% ethyl acetate solution of an acrylic resin is used.

  1.0 part by weight of a crosslinking agent (manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd., trade name: Coronate) was blended and mixed with 100 parts by weight of the above-mentioned crosslinking curable refractive index matching agent. The acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating liquid (crosslinkable curable refractive index matching agent with no stress strain relaxation agent) obtained by this mixing was crosslinked and cured alone to obtain a refractive index matching body sample. A significant difference from Examples # 1 to # 4 is that no stress strain relaxation agent is added.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 93 to 95%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 200-300%. The glass adhesive strength was 500 to 1000 g / 10 mm.

  An optical connector similar to that shown in FIG. 1 was prepared using the above-described stress-strain relaxation agent-free cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The manufacturing method was the same as in Example # 1, and 10 optical connectors were manufactured. In the same manner as in Examples # 1 to # 4, the optical connector and the external fiber were connected, the same test and measurement were performed, and the result was entered in the column of Comparative Example # 2 in Table 1.

(Comparative Example # 3)
As a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, it is composed of n-butyl acrylate / methyl acrylate / acrylic acid / 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer (blending ratio = 82/15 / 2.7 / 0.3 (parts by weight)). A 50% ethyl acetate solution of an acrylic resin is used.

  Silicone oil (TSK5353: manufactured by Toshiba Silicone) is used as a stress strain relaxation agent.

  To 100 parts by weight of the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, 0.5 part by weight of the stress strain relaxation agent and 1.0 part by weight of a cross-linking agent (manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd., trade name: Coronate) were mixed and mixed. . The acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating solution (cross-linking refractive index matching agent with stress strain relaxation agent) obtained by this mixing was cross-linked and cured to obtain a refractive index matching body sample. A significant difference from Examples # 1 to # 4 is that the stress strain relaxation agent is as small as 0.5 parts by weight.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 93 to 95%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 200-300%. The glass adhesive strength was 500 to 1000 g / 10 mm.

  An optical connector similar to that shown in FIG. 1 was produced using the above-mentioned stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The manufacturing method was the same as in Example # 1, and 10 optical connectors were manufactured. In the same manner as in Examples # 1 to # 4, the optical connector and the external fiber were connected, the same test and measurement were performed, and the result was entered in the column of Comparative Example # 3 in Table 1.

(Comparative Example # 4)
As a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, it is composed of n-butyl acrylate / methyl acrylate / acrylic acid / 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate copolymer (blending ratio = 82/15 / 2.7 / 0.3 (parts by weight)). A 50% ethyl acetate solution of an acrylic resin is used.

  Silicone oil (TSK5353: manufactured by Toshiba Silicone) is used as a stress strain relaxation agent.

  To 100 parts by weight of the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent, 35 parts by weight of the stress strain relaxation agent and 1.0 part by weight of a cross-linking agent (trade name: Coronate manufactured by Nippon Polyurethane Industry Co., Ltd.) were blended and mixed. The acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coating solution (cross-linking refractive index matching agent with stress strain relaxation agent) obtained by this mixing was cross-linked and cured to obtain a refractive index matching body sample. A significant difference from Examples # 1 to # 4 is that the stress strain relaxation agent is as large as 35 parts by weight.

  With respect to this refractive index matching body sample, the light transmittance in a wavelength region of 1300 to 1600 nm was measured with a spectrophotometer, and it was 93 to 95%. Further, when the refractive index was measured with an Abbe refractometer, it was within the range of 1.465 ± 0.005 at room temperature (23 ± 2 ° C.). The elongation at break was 100 to 200%. The glass adhesive strength was 20 to 100 g / 10 mm.

  An optical connector similar to that shown in FIG. 1 was produced using the above-mentioned stress-strain relaxation agent-added cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent. The manufacturing method was the same as in Example # 1, and 10 optical connectors were manufactured. In the same manner as in Examples # 1 to # 4, the optical connector and the external fiber were connected, the same test / measurement was performed, and the result was entered in the column of Comparative Example # 4 in Table 1.

  The test results in Table 1 will be described. In Comparative Example # 1 using a non-crosslinking type refractive index matching agent, the loss increase amount is 1 dB or more only by leaving it at room temperature for 24 hours (test (2)), and various temperature and humidity tests (tests (4) to (7)). In Example # 1 to # 4 and Comparative Examples # 2 to # 4 using a cross-linked refractive index matching agent, the loss increase is 0 in these tests. It is smaller than .3 dB, and it can be seen that excellent optical transmission characteristics can be maintained in various temperature and humidity environments.

  In Comparative Examples # 2 and # 3, since the amount of the stress strain relaxation agent added is small, the period until the return loss after connection is stabilized (test (3)) is long. It can be seen that in Examples # 1 to # 4 in which the amount of addition of the stress strain relaxation agent is appropriate, the period until the return loss after connection is stabilized is much shorter and the stability is excellent. On the other hand, in Comparative Example # 4 in which the amount of the stress strain relaxation agent added was excessive, it was confirmed that the refractive index matching body was dropped during the repeated connection (test (8)).

  In addition, after the test, the optical connectors of Examples # 1 to # 4 and Comparative Examples # 1 to # 4 were disassembled, and hole portions of holey fibers that were external fibers were observed. In Comparative Example # 1, it was confirmed that the non-crosslinking type refractive index matching agent had entered several mm to several tens mm. In Examples # 1 to # 4 and Comparative Examples # 2 to # 3 using the cross-linked refractive index matching agent, only the penetration of the applied and mounted thickness was confirmed at the maximum. In Comparative Example # 4, it was confirmed that the silicone oil used for the stress strain relaxation agent had entered several hundred μm.

It is a sectional side view of the optical connector which shows one Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 2 is a side sectional view of the optical connector of FIG. 1 when an external fiber is connected. It is AA sectional drawing of the optical connector of FIG. (A) is when the wedge is not inserted, and (b) is when the wedge is inserted. It is a side view which shows the terminal process of the optical fiber core wire performed when manufacturing a built-in fiber. It is the elements on larger scale of FIG. (A)-(e) is the elements on larger scale of the built-in fiber by other embodiment. It is a correlation characteristic figure of the thickness of the refractive index matching body in this invention, and a loss increase amount. It is a time chart of a continuous temperature and humidity cycle test. It is a time chart of a temperature cycle test. It is a time chart of a temperature / humidity cycle test. It is a time chart of a low-temperature test.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Optical connector 2 Built-in fiber 3 Ferrule 4 External optical fiber 5 Optical fiber connector 6 Refractive index matching body

Claims (9)

  1. A ferrule and an optical fiber connector connected to the rear end of the ferrule, and the other end of the built-in fiber built in from the front end of the ferrule to the inside of the optical fiber connector is connected via a refractive index matching body. In the optical connector in which the external optical fiber is butt-connected in the optical fiber connector,
    The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the refractive index matching body is obtained by crosslinking and curing a cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent to which a cross-linked stress strain relaxation agent is added.
  2.   The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the stress strain relaxation agent is a silicone gel.
  3.   3. The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the stress strain relaxation agent has a refractive index in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05.
  4.   4. The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the stress strain relaxation agent is added in an amount of 1 to 30 wt% with respect to the cross-linking curable refractive index matching agent.
  5.   The refractive index matching body has a refractive index in the range of 1.46 ± 0.05, a light transmittance of 80% or more, a breaking elongation of 50% or more, and a glass adhesive strength of 50 g / 10 mm width or more. The optical connector according to claim 1.
  6.   6. The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the refractive index matching body has a thickness of 5 to 50 [mu] m.
  7.   The butt connection surface of the refractive index matching body with the external optical fiber has a rounded shape in a longitudinal sectional view before the external optical fiber is butt connected. Item 7. The optical connector according to any one of Items 1 to 6.
  8.   The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the refractive index matching body is attached only to a rear end surface of the built-in fiber, and a side surface of the built-in fiber is subjected to water repellent treatment.
  9.   The optical connector according to claim 1, wherein the refractive index matching body is attached from a rear end surface to a side surface of the built-in fiber.
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10170756A (en) * 1996-10-09 1998-06-26 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Optical connector and its fitting method
JPH11269387A (en) * 1998-03-23 1999-10-05 Ge Toshiba Silicone Kk One-pack type curable silicone composition
JP2000137143A (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-05-16 Kyocera Corp Optical fiber device and its production
JP2002322364A (en) * 2001-04-26 2002-11-08 Dow Corning Toray Silicone Co Ltd Silicone gel composition
JP2005274839A (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-10-06 Tomoegawa Paper Co Ltd Optical connection structure and manufacturing method thereof, and end face processing method of optical transmission medium
JP4915243B2 (en) * 2007-01-15 2012-04-11 日立電線株式会社 Optical connector

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10170756A (en) * 1996-10-09 1998-06-26 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Optical connector and its fitting method
JPH11269387A (en) * 1998-03-23 1999-10-05 Ge Toshiba Silicone Kk One-pack type curable silicone composition
JP2000137143A (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-05-16 Kyocera Corp Optical fiber device and its production
JP2002322364A (en) * 2001-04-26 2002-11-08 Dow Corning Toray Silicone Co Ltd Silicone gel composition
JP2005274839A (en) * 2004-03-24 2005-10-06 Tomoegawa Paper Co Ltd Optical connection structure and manufacturing method thereof, and end face processing method of optical transmission medium
JP4915243B2 (en) * 2007-01-15 2012-04-11 日立電線株式会社 Optical connector

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