JP2012047606A - Nucleic acid related substance measurement system and nucleic acid related substance measurement method - Google Patents

Nucleic acid related substance measurement system and nucleic acid related substance measurement method Download PDF

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JP2012047606A
JP2012047606A JP2010190230A JP2010190230A JP2012047606A JP 2012047606 A JP2012047606 A JP 2012047606A JP 2010190230 A JP2010190230 A JP 2010190230A JP 2010190230 A JP2010190230 A JP 2010190230A JP 2012047606 A JP2012047606 A JP 2012047606A
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nucleic acid
related substance
fish
sensor
body fluid
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JP5816912B2 (en
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Hiroko Murata
Shoichi Murata
Taiji Nishi
Keiichi Noma
昌一 村田
裕子 村田
泰治 西
慶一 野間
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Fisheries Research Agency
Fujidenoro Co Ltd
フジデノロ株式会社
独立行政法人水産総合研究センター
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Abstract

A nucleic acid-related substance measurement system capable of measuring the amount of a nucleic acid-related substance that serves as a freshness index for fishery products at each site of a producer, market, brokerage, and retail store of fishery distribution.
A nucleic acid-related substance measurement system includes a purification container and a sensor. The purification container has an outer cylinder, a partition plate, a pusher, and a fish meat arrangement part. The sensor 6 includes a base plate, a working electrode, a reference electrode, and a counter electrode supported on one surface of the base plate, and a cover plate that forms an examination room for holding fish body fluid together with the base plate. On the working electrode, an enzyme reagent that reacts with a nucleic acid-related substance contained in the body fluid of fish is applied.
[Selection] Figure 2

Description

  The present invention relates to a system for measuring the amount of nucleic acid substances in fish and a nucleic acid-related substance method.

  Current quality assessment methods for fishery products are not methods that anyone can measure because they require specialized knowledge and sophisticated equipment. For this reason, quality assessment at the site of fisheries distribution is evaluated according to each standard based on each experience value (connoisseur) at the stage of producer, market, brokerage, and retail store. In other words, the information for the final consumer is not transmitted to the producer, and the information for the connoisseur at the retail store is directly used for purchase. This means that even if producers and subsequent distributors put their efforts into freshness and quality, quality information cannot be communicated to consumers. It seems that the situation has not been formed. Under these circumstances, it is considered that even if producers provide high-quality marine products, the fish price does not increase accordingly.

  In addition, fishery processors want raw materials with good freshness in order to produce high-quality and delicious processed products, but they cannot produce processed products of a certain quality because there is no accurate measure of freshness. There's a problem. Against this backdrop, fishery producers are eager to develop equipment for evaluating quality such as freshness with small size, simplicity, speed and accuracy.

  On the other hand, consumers are becoming more aware of the safety and security of marine products, and quality information including freshness is also information that consumers want to know. In particular, freshness is an important indicator from a hygienic viewpoint. Yes. According to the consumer survey conducted by the Central Fisheries Research Institute, fishery products with information on the origin and date of shipment, etc. are added. From this point of view, we believe that quality assessment information that can be objectively evaluated in the fishery distribution system is necessary from producers to consumers. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to develop inexpensive quality evaluation equipment that can measure easily, quickly and accurately.

  Until now, K values for measuring nucleic acid-related substances such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) have been mainly used for quality evaluation. In this measurement, after destroying marine products, a sample extracted with strong acid is measured by liquid chromatography etc., and the freshness is quantified by calculation based on those measured values, although it is an accurate numerical value, Measurement requires time, specialized knowledge, equipment, and equipment, and is not a technique that can be measured at a fishery flow site such as a producer, fishery distributor, or retail store.

Conventionally, the freshness index of fishery products is the basis of the K value, and it is thought that the measurement of adenosine triphosphate in fish meat reflects the freshness most, but adenosine triphosphate is rapidly decomposed and the amount contained in fish is small. Since it is not possible, degradation nucleic acid related substances of adenosine triphosphate such as inosinic acid (IMP) are measured, and the rate of change is used as a K value as a freshness evaluation index.
Representing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in fish meat as a representative, an inexpensive freshness assessment system that can measure nucleic acid-related substances easily, quickly and accurately at production, market, brokerage, retail stores and consumption sites is strong It is desired.

  As a means for solving this problem, a method for quantifying adenosine ester using a bioluminescent reagent has been proposed (Patent Document 1). In this method, light is emitted by allowing luciferin and luciferase to act on ATP extracted from a material in the presence of a divalent metal ion. In this luminescence, since one photon is detected per molecule, ATP is quantitatively detected by integrating the value with respect to the luminescence time. The bioluminescence method using luciferin-luciferase has the advantage that ATP can be rapidly quantified, but has the problem that the luminescence stability is poor, in which luminescence disappears in a very short time, and thus forms an ATP regeneration reaction system. Thus, a method has been devised for obtaining the light emission stability without attenuating the light emission amount.

  However, quantification of adenosine acid ester by bioluminescence method is expensive for luminescence detection device and requires space for optical system such as optical path, condensing part, light receiving part and so on. It was unsuitable for use at each site.

  Furthermore, the analysis method using the bioluminescence method is difficult to measure as it is because opaque samples such as milk and blood shield light from weak light.

  In particular, since fish body fluid is contained in fish meat, measurement is impossible unless the body fluid and solid content of the fish meat are separated. Even if the body fluid of fish meat can be separated from the solid content, the body fluid of fish meat contains a lot of protein, so the sample is opaque and measurement is impossible. It is predicted that a large amount of protein will be attached to the side surface of the measurement cell, and the detection sensitivity will be greatly reduced. In order to enable measurement with the body fluid of fish meat, it is conceivable to dilute the sample. However, the concentration of the adenosine ester, which is the measurement target substance, decreases, resulting in a decrease in measurement accuracy.

  As a means for solving the problem of the bioluminescence method, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) measuring device by an electrochemical method has been proposed (Patent Document 2). In the electrochemical measurement method, even if the sample is opaque, measurement is possible if there is no inhibitor in the sample.

  According to this method, a plurality of reaction layers having different specific enzyme or reagent concentrations can be used to measure a wide range of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentrations from low to high concentrations.

  However, even if the electrochemical measurement method is used, since the body fluid of fish is contained in the fish meat, measurement is impossible unless the body fluid and solid content of the fish meat are separated.

  As a method for collecting body fluid from fish meat, when measuring by liquid chromatography or the like, a sample extracted with a strong acid is used after destroying a marine product (after manually dropping). The collection of body fluids requires specialized knowledge and equipment, and is not a technique that can be measured at the site of producers, fishery distributors, retail stores, and the like.

  Even if the body fluid and solids of the fish meat can be separated, the fish body fluid contains a large amount of protein, so it is predicted that a large amount of the surface protein of the electrode will be attached, and the detection sensitivity will be greatly reduced. It is predicted. In this example, commercially available reagents are used for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and buffer, and no actual sample is used.

Japanese Patent No. 34099962 JP 2008-96163 A

  The conventional nucleic acid-related substance measurement method employs a method in which a sample extracted with a strong acid is measured by liquid chromatography after destroying marine products, and the freshness is quantified by calculation based on those measured values. . Although it is an accurate value, measurement requires time, specialized knowledge, equipment and devices, and is not a technique that can be measured at a fishery flow site such as a producer, a fishery distributor, or a retail store.

  The bioluminescence method has a problem that it cannot be used at each site such as food inspection because the light emission detection device is expensive and requires an optical path, a condensing unit, a light receiving unit and other optical system space, and is difficult to downsize. was there. Moreover, even if the body fluid and solid content of the fish meat could be separated, the measurement was impossible because the body fluid of the fish meat contained a lot of protein and the sample was opaque.

  In the electrochemical measurement method, even if the sample is opaque, measurement is possible if there is no inhibitor in the sample. However, since the body fluid of fish is contained in fish meat, there is a problem that it cannot be measured unless the body fluid and solid content of fish meat are separated. Since the body fluid of fish meat contains a large amount of protein, there is a problem that the surface protein of the electrode adheres in a large amount and the detection sensitivity decreases.

  The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and enables measurement of the amount of a nucleic acid-related substance serving as a freshness index of a fishery product at each stage of a fishery distribution producer, market, brokerage, and retail store. It is an object of the present invention to provide a nucleic acid related substance measuring system and a nucleic acid related substance measuring method using the nucleic acid related substance measuring system.

  To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a purification container for separating fish body fluid from solids, and a nucleic acid-related substance contained in the fish body fluid, which has a working electrode, a reference electrode, and a counter electrode. A measuring instrument in which a sensor including an enzyme reagent that reacts is arranged and calculates the amount of a nucleic acid-related substance contained in the body fluid of the fish based on a current value that flows when a voltage is applied between the working electrode and the counter electrode And a nucleic acid-related substance measurement system comprising a main body.

  Furthermore, the present invention provides a method for measuring a nucleic acid-related substance, wherein the freshness of the fish is measured using the value of the current flowing through the electrode by the reaction between the nucleic acid-related substance contained in the body fluid of the fish and the enzyme reagent.

  Furthermore, the present invention provides a method for measuring nucleic acid-related substances, wherein the nucleic acid-related substance measurement system records the freshness state of fish from the measured amount of nucleic acid-related substances and is applied to fish freshness traceability management.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to measure the amount of a nucleic acid-related substance that serves as a freshness index for fishery products at each stage of fishery distribution producers, markets, brokerage, and retail stores. This makes it possible to form prices for seafood according to quality and contribute to food safety and security for consumers.

(A) And (b) is a model photograph figure which shows the nucleic acid related substance measuring system which concerns on the 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the sensor which comprises the nucleic acid related substance measuring system shown in FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the sensor connected with the purification container which comprises the nucleic acid related substance measuring system shown in FIG. It is a model photograph figure which shows the modification of a sensor. (A) is a disassembled perspective view which shows the purification container which has a partition plate, (b) is a perspective view which shows the state which has extract | collected the bodily fluid with this purification container. (A) is a top view which shows the baseplate of a sensor, (b) is a side view which shows the baseplate of a sensor. (A) is a top view which shows the cover plate of a sensor, (b) is a side view which shows the cover plate of a sensor. (A) is a disassembled perspective view which shows the purification container which has a partition plate, (b) is a perspective view which shows the state which has extract | collected the bodily fluid with this purification container. (A) is a disassembled perspective view which shows the purification container which has a partition plate, (b) It is a perspective view which shows the state which has extract | collected the bodily fluid with the purification container. (A) is a disassembled perspective view which shows the modification of the purification container which has a partition plate, (b) is a perspective view which shows the state which has extract | collected the bodily fluid with this purification container. It is a perspective view which shows the modification of a purification container. (A) is a top view which shows the modification of the baseplate of a sensor, (b) is a side view which shows the baseplate of this sensor. (A) is a top view which shows the modification of the cover plate of a sensor, (b) is a side view which shows the cover plate of this sensor. It is a perspective view which shows the modification of a purification container. It is a graph (scattering chart) which shows the relationship of the electric current value with respect to elapsed time of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). It is a graph (scatter diagram) which shows the relationship of the electric current value with respect to elapsed time of inosinic acid (IMP).

  The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system of the present invention can measure the amount of nucleic acid substance simply and quickly. This nucleic acid-related substance measuring apparatus is composed of a purification container 1, a sensor 6, and a measuring instrument main body. For example, as shown in FIGS. Can be used at retail sites.

  The purification container 1 will be described. Fish, especially tuna, bonito, and Thailand, have less leakage of bodily fluids, called drip, the higher the freshness. The main components of this drip are the contents of broken cell membranes that are generated during thawing and the contents of broken erythrocyte shells called hemolysis. Is not suitable. In addition, since nucleic acid-related substances are easily decomposed when excessive shearing force or heat is applied, they cannot be applied to a mixer such as a food processor.

  The purification container 1 can easily obtain a body fluid or a solid containing a large amount of body fluid without applying a strong shearing force or heat to the fish meat. As shown in FIG. 5, the purification container 1 includes, as an example, a pusher 3, a fish arrangement portion (outer cylinder) 4, and a partition plate 5 having an opening. The collected fish meat is compressed and subdivided by a partition plate 5 having an opening by setting the pusher 3, and separated into solid content and body fluid, or solid content containing a large amount of body fluid. As shown in FIG. 2, electrochemical measurement can be performed by disposing separated body fluid or solid content containing a large amount of body fluid in the electrode portion 7 of the sensor 6.

  In the electrochemical measurement, when three electrodes are used, the reference potential to be applied can be set accurately, and the measurement accuracy can be increased. In the measurement procedure, the voltage applied to the working electrode and the reference electrode is set in accordance with the detection target in the range of 0.1 V to 0.9 V, for example, and the current value flowing between the working electrode and the counter electrode at that voltage Is measured and displayed as the amount of nucleic acid-related substance.

  When the enzyme reagent detects adenosine triphosphate (ATP), for example, a two-stage enzymatic reaction with two kinds of enzymes, glycerol kinase (GK) and glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (G3PO), pyruvate dehydrogenase is used. Examples include a method in which the glutaraldehyde solution is exposed to vapor of a glutaraldehyde solution to form a cross-link between glutaraldehyde and pyruvate dehumanlogenase, and the enzyme is immobilized on an electrode.

  As shown in FIG. 3, when a sensor 6 is connected to the purification container 1, simplicity can be further improved.

  As an example, the purification container 1 includes a pusher 3, a fish arrangement part (outer cylinder) 4, a partition plate 5 having an opening, and a sensor 6 arrangement part. The collected fish meat is compressed and subdivided by a partition plate 5 having an opening by setting a pushing lid, and separated into solid content and body fluid, or solid content containing a large amount of body fluid. The separated body fluid or the solid content containing a large amount of body fluid moves to the electrode portion 7 of the sensor 6 arranged, and electrochemical measurement by an enzyme reaction becomes possible.

  In addition, the purification container 1 has a role of a fish collection container, for example, by reducing the wall thickness at the end portion, and collects samples, separates the solid content of the fish meat from the body fluid, and moves the body fluid to the sensor. It is also possible to carry out with one purification vessel 1.

  By arranging at least two kinds of materials having a pore size of 1 micron or more for filtering the solid content, or a material for filtering smaller than the pore size of the material in the purification container 1, body fluid separated from fish meat Purity can be increased and detection sensitivity can be further increased.

  By disposing the fish meat in the purification container 1 and setting the pusher 3, it is separated into a body fluid or a solid content containing a large amount of body fluid. The body fluid or the solid content containing a large amount of body fluid contains a large amount of protein and lipid, and there is a concern that it may adhere to the surface of the working electrode and lower the detection sensitivity.

  As shown in FIG. 8 or FIG. 9, the filtration material 8 having a pore diameter of 1 micron or more for filtering the solid content next to the arrangement portion (outer cylinder) 4 of the fish of the purification container 1 and the partition plate 5 having the opening. It is possible to adsorb proteins and lipids and to collect body fluid with higher purity.

  The pore size of the material to be filtered is more than 1 micron, and by using multiple types of filtration materials 9 with smaller pore sizes, it becomes possible to adsorb proteins and lipids, so that body fluids and enzyme reagents can be adsorbed. In the case of mixing, it is possible to dissolve quickly, and the detection time can be shortened.

  Examples of the material to be filtered and adsorbed include fiber aggregates, foams, glass fibers and the like made of polymers such as polypropylene, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, polyvinyl alcohol, polyurethane, rayon, and acrylic resin.

  Further, as a method for improving the wettability of fish body fluid, the surface of the material may be hydrophilized by corona discharge treatment, oxygen plasma treatment, vapor deposition method, hydrophilic resin dipping treatment, or the like.

  L / D, which is the ratio of the diameter D of the material for filtering the solid content and the thickness L, is 0 from the viewpoint of adsorbing the protein and fat contained in the body fluid and securing the amount of body fluid necessary for the measurement. The range of 0.001 to 5 is preferable, and the range of 0.003 to 1 is more preferable.

  Further, as another method not using the purification container 1, for example, a material having a pore diameter of 1 micron or more for filtering solid content, a material having a length and width of 5 cm, a thickness of 0.2 cm, or a material having a pore size smaller than that of the material is filtered. There is a method in which fish meat is placed at the center of a material having at least two kinds of materials, the fish meat is wrapped with the material, the fish meat is manually filtered and filtered, and body fluid is dropped onto the sensor 6.

  In addition to this, for example, a material having a pore size of 1 micron or more for filtering solids and having a length and width of 3 cm and a thickness of 0.2 cm, or a material that performs filtration smaller than the pore size of the material is used to push the material into the fish meat. There is a method in which the body fluid containing the fish meat is absorbed and then the material is manually compressed and filtered, and the body fluid is dropped onto the sensor 6.

  In addition, there is a method in which the material is fixed like a cotton swab and a body fluid containing fish meat is absorbed, and then the body fluid is dropped onto the sensor 6.

  As shown in FIG. 13, the purification container 1 has a clip structure having a spring 10, so that body fluid can be easily collected by automatically crushing the disposed fish meat. In the operation procedure, for example, the sensor 6 is disposed on one side of two plates for clipping fish meat, and the fish meat is disposed thereon. When the plate on one side crushes the fish meat by the force of the spring 10, the body fluid flows into the sensor 6 arranged on the lower side, and measurement is possible. The electrodes of the sensor 6 need only be in contact with the same body fluid. For example, if only the working electrode is disposable, the body fluid contacts the working electrode, and the reference electrode and the counter electrode are in the vicinity of the body fluid. Measurements are possible by contact with fish meat.

  Even if the purification container 1 has a pair of overlapping structures, body fluid can be easily collected. For example, body fluid can be supplied to the sensor 6 by collecting fish meat in one container, overlaying the other container, and crushing the disposed fish meat, and easily measure the amount of nucleic acid-related substances Is possible. The electrodes of the sensor 6 need only be in contact with the same body fluid. For example, if only the working electrode is disposable, the body fluid contacts the working electrode, and the reference electrode and the counter electrode are in the vicinity of the body fluid. Measurements are possible by contact with fish meat.

  The sensor 6 may have two types of electrodes, a working electrode and a counter electrode.

  For example, in Japanese Patent Application No. 2005-328162, adenosine triphosphate amplification reaction and adenosine triphosphate regeneration reaction are made into a pair of reaction systems, and the number of times of the reaction is repeated to amplify adenosine triphosphate, and oxidoreductase It has been proposed to use electrochemical detection. Accordingly, even a low concentration sample may be a two-electrode sensor as long as a high current value can be obtained by amplification.

  However, since the time required for amplification needs 10 minutes or more, it is necessary to select the application such as a research test application.

  In the sensor 6, the working electrode may be made disposable, and other electrodes, for example, the reference electrode and the counter electrode may be repeatedly used as rod-shaped electrodes.

  Since only one working electrode is used as the disposable substrate, the number of electrodes to be coated is one, so that even a small lot can be produced at a low cost. Even in mass production, the area of the substrate can be reduced, and hundreds of working electrode chips can be manufactured on a single masked substrate, thereby increasing the spread.

The electrode area of the working electrode is 0.005 cm as a range in which the signal current value is increased by increasing the area of the working electrode as a reaction field without increasing the value of the base current value flowing between the working electrode and the counter electrode. 2 range to 5 cm 2 it is preferred, and more preferably in the range of 0.05 cm 2 2 cm 2.

  Examples of the electrode forming method include vapor deposition, sputtering, electroplating, silk screen printing, and the like. Since the electric resistance value of the electrode varies depending on the electrode forming method, it is preferable to select it appropriately according to the required sensitivity.

  In the freshness measurement, the reference electrode and the counter electrode may be in contact with the same body fluid as the working electrode. By disposing the solid content containing a large amount of body fluid separated by the purification container 1 in the sensor 6, the working electrode, the reference electrode, and the counter electrode can be in contact with the body fluid, and freshness measurement is possible.

The sensor 6 may be, for example, a rod-shaped electrode in which all electrodes can be used repeatedly. If the electrode rod-shaped working electrode, by the electrode area becomes small, the sensitivity is a concern that a decrease, the electrode area of the working electrode is preferably in the range of 0.005cm 2 ~5cm 2, 0. More preferably, it is in the range of 05 cm 2 to 2 cm 2 .

  In order to repeat the working electrode as a rod-shaped electrode, for example, there is a method of embedding an enzyme in an immobilization film using an epoxy resin, chitosan, a porous structure film, a photocurable resin, or the like.

  The sensor can further improve measurement accuracy by covering the working electrode with a hydrogen peroxide selective film. In the electrochemical detection method, for example, hydrogen peroxide is generated by a reaction between a nucleic acid-related substance and an enzyme, and the current value obtained by the electrolysis is measured as the amount of nucleic acid-related substance. Fish contains antioxidants such as vitamins and catalase, and has the effect of eliminating hydrogen peroxide, which is a kind of active oxygen.

  Only hydrogen peroxide generated by the reaction between nucleic acid-related substances and enzymes is coated on the working electrode with a hydrogen peroxide selective membrane that does not allow high molecular weight antioxidants to pass through and allows only low molecular weight hydrogen peroxide to permeate. Can be detected electrochemically, and the measurement accuracy can be improved.

  Materials used for the hydrogen peroxide selective membrane are cellulose acetate, acetyl cellulose membrane, Nafion, which is a kind of anion exchange resin, fluororesin, membrane obtained by crosslinking bovine serum albumin with glutaraldehyde, photocrosslinkable polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) ) Etc.

  The hydrogen peroxide selective membrane is preferably in the range of 0.05 to 5 microns, more preferably in the range of 0.1 to 1 micron.

  As another method for increasing the sensitivity of the sensor 6, an activity inhibitor of catalase, which is an antioxidant, may be included. By adding a calatase activity inhibitor, the hydrogen peroxide generated by the reaction between the nucleic acid-related substance and the enzyme can be electrochemically detected without disappearing.

  Examples of the calatase activity inhibitor include maleic acid, aspartic acid, malic acid and the like.

  The amount of fish meat to be placed in the purification container is preferably in the range of 0.1 to 50 g, and more preferably in the range of 1 to 10 g. For example, when the working electrode, the reference electrode, and the counter electrode are arranged on one sensor substrate, the amount of fish meat is about 1 to 5 g, whereas, for example, only the working electrode is a disposable substrate, In the case of a rod-shaped electrode that is repeatedly used, 5 to 20 g is required for each electrode to come into contact with the liquid. It is desirable to appropriately select the fish dose according to the type of sensor 6 to be selected.

  Nucleic acid-related substances for measuring the freshness of fish are adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), inosinic acid (IMP), inosine (HxR), hypoxanthine (Hx) It is desirable to select appropriately according to the purpose of measurement.

  For example, for the purpose of measuring the freshness immediately after being caught, the content of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can be measured and used as an index for determining the fish price according to the freshness. In addition, at the distribution and retail stages, for example, by measuring the umami component inosinic acid (IMP), it is possible to quantify the deliciousness of sashimi and respond to consumer safety and security requirements. Become. In addition, such freshness measurement is not intended to lead to the disposal of food, but contributes to the appropriate utilization of marine resources by optimizing usage such as sashimi, pickles, and processing.

  Nucleic acid-related substances are abundant in fish species that migrate around among fish, and the fish species whose freshness is to be measured are preferably tuna, bonito, thailand, yellowtail, yellowtail, and flounder, among which tuna, bonito, thailand, Yellowtail is more preferred.

  The method of measuring the freshness of fish (nucleic acid-related substances) using the current value flowing through the electrodes by the reaction of nucleic acid-related substances and enzyme reagents contained in the body fluids of fish can reduce the size of the system and is simple and quick. Since low-cost measurement is possible, it can be used at each stage of producer, market, brokerage, and retail store.

  The traceability of fishery products is to disclose who, when, where, how and how fish were caught and landed, and how they were delivered to consumers under such conditions after seri, and disclose the actual status of quality control . At present, attempts have been made to input this information into a small chip called an IC tag and use it for food safety management.

  Nucleic acid-related substance measurement system allows you to know the food safety numerically when freshness information at each stage of producer, market, brokerage, and retail store is entered and disclosed, and groundbreaking traceability A system can be provided.

  The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system can grasp the freshness state of individual fishes, so that it is possible to determine the fish price based on scientific values and to achieve an appropriate price for the fish price. At the same time, marine resources can be effectively used by selecting uses such as sashimi, pickles, and processed foods according to the measured amount of nucleic acid-related substances.

Examples will be described below. The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system shown in this example is an example, and the present invention is not limited to these examples.
[Standard nucleic acid-related substance measurement method]

After collecting 2 g of raw tuna red meat and homogenizing in 10 ml water-cooled 10% perchloric acid, centrifugation was repeated twice at 6000 rpm for 10 minutes, and the supernatant was collected. Next, the supernatant was neutralized with a 5 N aqueous potassium hydroxide solution to a pH of around 7.0 and dissolved in 25 ml with distilled water to obtain a crude extract. A high performance liquid chromatograph (Shimadzu Corporation, LC10Avp, analysis conditions were Column: Shinwa Kako STR-ODSII, mobile phase: 100 mM phosphate-trimethylammonium buffer / acetonitrile = 100/1, flow rate: 1 ml / min, column temperature: 40 ° C., detection wavelength: UV254 nm, control / data analysis software: Shimadzu Quantitative analysis was carried out with a factory CLASS-VP).
[Reference nucleic acid-related substance measurement results]

  The redness (a, b, c, d, e, f) of the tail of raw tuna, which has been estimated 2, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 hours after catching, is collected from each peak area of the chromatograph. The concentrations of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), inosinic acid (IMP), inosine (HxR) and hypoxanthine (Hx) were calculated. Next, the concentration (%) of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and inosinic acid (IMP) with respect to the total concentration of nucleic acid-related substances was calculated.

The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration was a: 87%, b: 68%, c: 45%, d: 21%, e: 5%, f: 2%. Inosinic acid (IMP) concentrations were a: 4%, b: 10%, c: 37%, d: 66%, e: 79%, f: 58%.
[Example 1]
[Production of purification container and collection of body fluid]

A Terumo syringe (unsterilized, 5 ml) was used, and a partition plate 5 was provided inside. As the partition plate 5, an acrylic resin (Kuraray Co., Ltd., Parapet GH-S) was used, and a partition plate 5 having a width of 5 mm and a diameter 0.8 mm smaller than the inner diameter of the outer cylinder 4 was manufactured by an injection molding method. Next, after placing 3 g of raw tuna lean in the syringe, the pusher 3 is pressed to compress redness, and body fluid is passed through the gap between the outer cylinder 4 and the partition plate 5 to obtain body fluid from the tip of the syringe. It was.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

  As shown in FIG. 7, a base plate 11 having a length of 40 mm, a width of 30 mm, and a thickness of 1 mm was formed by injection molding using an acrylic resin (Kuraray Co., Ltd., Parapet GH-S). Next, the base plate 11 was masked, and a working electrode (platinum), a reference electrode (silver / silver chloride), and a counter electrode (platinum) were formed by using a vapor deposition apparatus (manufactured by ULVAC, Inc., model: UEP). Specifically, the diameter of the first electrode part is 2 mm, and the diameter of the second electrode part is 4 mm.

  Next, enzyme reagents (glycerol kinase (GK) and glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (G3PO) were applied and fixed on the working electrode (gold) by an immersion method. The thickness of the enzyme reagent was 0.02 μm. is there.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 6, an acrylic resin (Parapet GH-S manufactured by Kuraray Co., Ltd.) is used, and the working chamber, reference electrode, and counter electrode are all in contact with each other by injection molding. A cover plate 12 having an inlet and having a length of 33 mm, a width of 30 mm, and a thickness of 2 mm was formed.

Next, the base plate 11 and the cover plate 12 were welded using a laser resin welding machine (Miyachi Technos, model: ML-5220B) to obtain an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) measurement sensor except that a 5'-nucleotidase enzyme reagent was used on the working electrode (bacteria).
[Example 2]
[Production of purification container and collection of body fluid]

Example 1 except that a polyethylene fiber having a pore diameter of 7 microns and a material having a ratio L / D of a diameter D and a thickness L of 0.1 is disposed between the partition plate and the syringe top. Similarly, a purification container was obtained and body fluid was collected.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

In the same manner as in Example 1, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1.
[Example 3]
[Production of purification container and collection of body fluid]

A polyethylene fiber with a pore diameter of 7 microns and a polyethylene fiber with a pore diameter of 3 microns are connected, and a material with a ratio L / D of 0.2 between the diameter D and the thickness L is arranged between the partition plate and the syringe top. Except for the above, a purification container was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1, and body fluid was collected.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

In the same manner as in Example 1, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]
An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1.
[Example 4]
[Production of purification container and collection of body fluid]

  As shown in FIG. 10, an acrylic resin (Kuraray Co., Ltd., Parapet GH-S) is used, and by injection molding, a pair of container shapes are formed. One side has a length of 30 mm, a width of 30 mm, and the other. Produced a molded product having a length of 0.5 mm and a width of 28 mm.

For collecting body fluid, the nucleic acid-related substance measurement sensor 6 is placed in a container with a length of 30 mm on one side, and then placed in a 10 g container of fresh tuna red meat. The body fluid was extracted by crushing and the body fluid was fixed in the sensor 6.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

An adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the working electrode, the reference electrode, and the counter electrode portion each had an opening in contact with the liquid.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the working electrode, the reference electrode, and the counter electrode portion each had an opening in contact with the liquid.
[Example 5]
[Production of purification container and collection of body fluid]

A purification container was obtained in the same manner as in Example 3, and body fluid was collected.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

An adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that a cellulose acetate membrane having a thickness of 0.2 microns was coated on the working electrode having an enzyme as the hydrogen peroxide selective membrane. It was.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that a cellulose acetate membrane having a thickness of 0.2 microns was coated on the working electrode having an enzyme as a hydrogen peroxide selective membrane.
[Comparative Example 1]
[Body fluid collection]

Using a food processor (Panasonic Corporation, MK-K60-W), 150 g of reddish was pulverized over 1 minute. Next, a body fluid containing fish meat was collected using a Terumo syringe (unsterilized, 5 ml).
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

In the same manner as in Example 1, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1.
[Comparative Example 2]
[Body fluid collection]

Using a Terumo syringe (unsterilized, 5 ml), the body fluid exuded from the fish meat was collected by pushing the fish meat on the tail. While the body fluid obtained in the examples was red, the body fluid obtained by pressing the fish meat was a white translucent liquid.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

In the same manner as in Example 1, an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1.
[Comparative Example 3]
[Production of purification container and collection of body fluid]

A purification container was produced in the same manner as in Example 1, and body fluid was collected.
[Production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor]

An adenosine triphosphate (ATP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the enzyme reagent was not fixed.
[Production of inosinic acid (IMP) sensor]

An inosinic acid (IMP) sensor was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the enzyme reagent was not fixed.
[Measurement of current value detected by active oxygen sensor]

  About the sample extracted from the fish meat af mentioned above, the electric current was detected using the diffusion related substance sensor of an Example and a comparative example, and the electric current value was measured. For the measurement of the current value, a potentiostat / galvanostat (Hokuto Denko Co., Ltd., model: HA-151) was used.

  A direct voltage of 1 V was applied to the working electrode and the reference electrode, and then an additional voltage of 0.7 V was applied to the working electrode. At the same time as hydrogen peroxide was generated on the working electrode, an electric current flowed between the working electrode and the counter electrode due to the electrolysis of hydrogen peroxide. The current value was measured. The current value was measured by fixing the nucleic acid-related substance measurement sensor on a plate-type heater set at 37 ° C.

  The measurement results were as shown in Table 1 and FIGS.

Table 1 is a table showing the relationship of the current value with respect to the elapsed time of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and inosinic acid (IMP). From Table 1, in Comparative Examples 1 to 3, there is almost no difference in the current value. It can be seen that it is difficult to detect adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and inosinic acid (IMP). In Comparative Example 1, it is presumed that the nucleic acid-related substance was decomposed by the high shearing force and heat generated by the food processor. In Comparative Example 2, it is presumed that the collected body fluid contained a large amount of protein and fat and the concentration of the nucleic acid-related substance was low. In Comparative Example 3, since no enzyme is immobilized, it has no specificity and it is difficult to detect a nucleic acid-related substance.

  From the graph of FIG. 14, in Examples 1-5, the current value which shows an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) density | concentration increases, and the correlation with the measurement result by a high performance liquid chromatograph is so short that the elapsed time from catching. It can confirm that it is favorable. In Example 5, it was confirmed that the current value increased when the hydrogen peroxide selective membrane was coated. It can be seen that when the polyethylene fibers of Examples 2 and 3 are arranged in the purification container, the protein that easily adheres to the working electrode can be adsorbed to the fibers, and the current value becomes higher.

  From the graph of FIG. 15, in Examples 1 to 5, the current value indicating inosinic acid (IMP) increases as the time elapsed since catching increases, and there is a correlation with the measurement result by the high performance liquid chromatograph. It can confirm that it is favorable.

1 Purification container 6 Sensor 10 Spring

Claims (17)

  1. A purpose of measuring the freshness of fish, a purification container for separating the body fluid and solid content of fish meat, and a working electrode, a reference electrode, a counter electrode, and a nucleic acid-related substance contained in the fish body fluid A sensor containing an enzymatic reagent to react;
    A measuring instrument body for calculating the amount of a nucleic acid-related substance contained in the body fluid of the fish, based on a current value that flows when a voltage is applied between the working electrode and the counter electrode;
    A nucleic acid-related substance measurement system comprising:
  2. The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to claim 1, wherein the purification container and the sensor are connected.
  3.   The nucleic acid-related product according to claim 1 or 2, wherein at least two kinds of materials having a pore size of 1 micron or more for filtering a solid content or a material for filtering smaller than the pore size of the material are disposed in the purification container. Substance measurement system.
  4.   The nucleic acid-related substance according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein L / D, which is a ratio between a diameter D and a thickness L of the material for filtering the solid content, is in the range of 0.001 to 5. Measuring system.
  5.   The nucleic acid-related substance measuring system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the purification container has a clip structure having a spring, and has a fish arrangement part and a fish crushing plate.
  6.   The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the purification container has a pair of overlapping structures, and includes a fish arrangement part and a fish crushing plate.
  7.   The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the sensor has two types of electrodes, a working electrode and a counter electrode.
  8.   The nucleic acid-related substance measuring system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein in the sensor, the working electrode is disposable and the other electrodes are electrodes that are repeatedly used.
  9.   The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein in the sensor, all electrodes are electrodes that are repeatedly used.
  10.   The nucleic acid-related substance measuring system according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein in the sensor, a hydrogen peroxide selective film having a thickness of 0.05 to 5 µm is coated on the working electrode.
  11.   The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the sensor includes a catalase activity inhibitor.
  12.   The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein a dose of fish meat to be placed in the purification container is 0.1 to 50 g.
  13.   Nucleic acid-related substances for measuring the freshness of fish include adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), inosine acid (IMP), inosine (HxR), hypoxanthine (Hx The nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
  14.   The nucleic acid-related substance measuring system according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the fish species for measuring the freshness of the fish are tuna, skipjack, Thailand, yellowtail, yellowtail, and flounder.
  15.   The nucleic acid-related substance measurement according to any one of claims 1 to 14, wherein the freshness of the fish is measured by using a current value flowing through the electrode by a reaction between the nucleic acid-related substance contained in the body fluid of the fish and the enzyme reagent. Method.
  16.   The nucleic acid-related substance measuring system according to any one of claims 1 to 14, wherein the freshness state of fish is recorded from the measured amount of nucleic acid-related substance, and applied to fishness traceability management. Related substance measurement method.
  17.   The freshness state of fish is recorded from the measured amount of nucleic acid-related substance by the nucleic acid-related substance measurement system according to any one of claims 1 to 14, and the fish price and use are determined from the amount of the nucleic acid-related substance. A method for measuring a nucleic acid-related substance.
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