JP2012017908A - Hybrid hot-water supply system - Google Patents

Hybrid hot-water supply system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2012017908A
JP2012017908A JP2010155322A JP2010155322A JP2012017908A JP 2012017908 A JP2012017908 A JP 2012017908A JP 2010155322 A JP2010155322 A JP 2010155322A JP 2010155322 A JP2010155322 A JP 2010155322A JP 2012017908 A JP2012017908 A JP 2012017908A
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power
water heater
water
hot water
power supply
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JP2010155322A
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JP5600505B2 (en
Inventor
Hironobu Hori
Tsutomu Nagata
Shinya Sawada
Nobuhiko Toda
Shinji Yamawaki
Osamu Yoshii
堀  宏展
信二 山脇
亘彦 戸田
訓 永田
慎也 澤田
理 芳井
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Panasonic Electric Works Co Ltd
パナソニック電工株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To prevent the occurrence of hot-water shortage due to the stop of power supply to a water heater in a hybrid hot-water supply system having a plurality of water heaters using mutually different heat sources.SOLUTION: A heat pump water heater 3, a solar water heater 5, and a gas water heater 7 are driven by power supply from power sources (AC power source 8, photovoltaic power generator 13, private power generator 15) via feeder lines 9, 14 and 16 respectively. The feeder line 9 is provided with a changeover switch 17. The water heaters 3, 5 and 7 are respectively provided with control sections 27, 28 and 31 for comprehending the situations of powers to be supplied from the power sources 8, 13 and 15 based on the amounts of currents running through the feeder lines 9, 14 and 16. When knowing the stop of power supply due to the power failure of the AC power source 8 or the like, the control section 27 switches the changeover switch 17, so that the powers from the power sources 13 and 15 of the other water heaters 5 and 7 can be supplied to the self-water heater 3. Thus, it is possible to continue the operation of the self-water heater 3, and to prevent the occurrence of hot water shortage.

Description

  The present invention relates to a hybrid hot water supply system.

  2. Description of the Related Art A hybrid hot water supply system having a plurality of hot water heaters whose heat sources are composed of different ones such as a heat pump, a solar heat collector, and a gas heater is known. For example, if a heat pump and solar collector are used as the heat source, hot water is created by driving the heat pump using cheap electricity at night, and hot water is produced using the solar collector as a heat source during the day. By controlling the switching of the heat source, hot water can be supplied at low cost.

  In the heat pump type hot water supply apparatus having a plurality of hot water storage tanks, when the temperature of the hot water in any of the tanks is lowered, the hot water can be discharged continuously by switching the tank to be heated and the tank to be boiled in order. Is known (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

JP-A-6-221673

  By the way, it should be avoided as much as possible that the hot water supply from the hot water supply system stops. Especially when the hot water supply system is used for business purposes such as a restaurant or an accommodation facility, It will be a serious situation. Hot water shortage is often caused by a failure or stoppage of a power source that drives a heat source.

  Specifically, for example, in the case of a hot water supply system in which a water heater having a heat pump is driven by an AC power supply, a power failure of the AC power supply directly leads to hot water shortage, and in the case of a hot water supply system driven by electricity generated by a photovoltaic power generation panel, Lack of power generation due to bad weather and failure of the solar power generation panel itself can easily cause hot water shortages.

  The situation is the same in the case of a hybrid hot water supply system having a plurality of hot water heaters using different heat sources, but in the case of a hybrid hot water supply system, the power sources for driving the hot water heaters can be different from each other. Specifically, for example, a water heater having a heat pump is driven by an AC power source, and a water heater having a solar heat collector is driven by electricity obtained by solar power generation.

  Therefore, the present inventor has conceived the present invention by paying attention to the point that the power source of each hot water heater can be different in the hybrid hot water supply system as described above. The present invention solves the above-described problem, and switches a power source in a hybrid water heater system having a plurality of water heaters using different heat sources and having different power sources for driving the water heaters. Therefore, it aims at providing the hybrid hot-water supply system which can prevent generation | occurrence | production of hot water shortage.

  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a hybrid water heater system having a plurality of water heaters using different heat sources, and having a plurality of power sources for driving each water heater. A control unit that grasps the state of power supplied to the water heater is provided, and the control unit switches a power source that supplies power to the water heater in accordance with the grasped power supply state.

  The power source preferably uses natural energy.

  According to the present invention, since the power source that supplies power to the water heater is switched in accordance with the power supply status ascertained by the control unit, it is possible to prevent hot water from occurring as much as possible.

The block diagram of the hybrid hot-water supply system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. The figure which shows the conceptual structure in case the power source of a various aspect is connected to a water heater in the hybrid hot water supply system.

  Hereinafter, a hybrid hot water supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. A hybrid hot water supply system 1 according to this embodiment includes a heat pump water heater 3 using a heat pump 2 as a heat source, a solar water heater 5 using a solar heat collector 4 as a heat source, and a gas water heater using a gas heater 6 as a heat source. 7.

  An AC power source 8 as a power source is connected to the heat pump water heater 3 via a power supply line 9, and a solar power generation device 13 including a solar panel 11 and a storage battery 12 is connected to the solar water heater 5 with a power supply line 14. A private power supply 15 is connected to the gas water heater 7 via a feeder line 16. The power supply line 9 includes a changeover switch 17 that switches the terminals 17 a, 17 b, and 17 c on the power supply side among the AC power supply 8, the solar power generation device 13, and the private power generation power supply 15. The operation of the changeover switch 17 will be described later.

  Hot water generated by the heat pump 2 and the solar heat collector 4 is stored in a common hot water storage tank 18, and then passes through a hot water supply pipe 19 to use hot water such as a kitchen facility of a restaurant or a bathing facility of a hotel / accommodation facility. To be supplied. The hot water generated by the gas water heater 7 is supplied to the hot water use facility through the hot water piping 21 and the header pipe 22.

  The heat pump water heater 3 detects the hot water temperature in the hot water storage tank 18 via a temperature sensor 23 attached in the hot water storage tank 18, and controls the operation of the heat pump 2 based on the detected hot water temperature. A control unit 27 is provided for controlling the opening and closing of valves such as the electromagnetic valve 25 of the water supply pipe 24 and the electromagnetic valve 26 of the tapping pipe 19. The heat pump 2 is highly efficient using natural refrigerant (carbon dioxide) and contributes to improving the boiling efficiency of the heat pump water heater 3.

  The control unit 27 includes a microcomputer (hereinafter referred to as a microcomputer) 27a and a transmission / reception unit 27b. The microcomputer 27a detects the boiling state based on the operating state of the heat pump 2, the hot water temperature in the hot water storage tank 18, and the like, detects the current flowing through the feeder line 9, and grasps the state of the electric power supplied from the AC power source 8. To do. The transmitter / receiver 27b transmits the boiling state of the hot water storage tank 18 and the power supply state grasped by the microcomputer 27a to the other hot water heaters 5 and 7 in accordance with a predetermined unified protocol.

  Similar to the control unit 27, the solar water heater 5 includes a control unit 28 having a microcomputer 28a and a transmission / reception unit 28b. The microcomputer 28 a controls the solar heat collector 4 based on the hot water temperature information in the hot water storage tank 18 transmitted by the control unit 27, and collects the solar light through a temperature sensor 29 attached to the solar heat collector 4. The operating state of the heater 4 is grasped, the current flowing through the feeder 14 is detected, and the state of the electric power supplied from the solar power generation device 13 is grasped. The transmitter / receiver 28b transmits the state of the solar heat collector 4 and the power supply state grasped by the microcomputer 28a to the other hot water heaters 3 and 7 according to the same protocol as described above.

  Similarly to the control units 27 and 28, the gas water heater 7 includes a control unit 31 having a microcomputer 31a and a transmission / reception unit 31b. The microcomputer 31 a controls the gas heater 6 based on the hot water temperature information in the hot water storage tank 18 transmitted by the control unit 27, and the operating state of the gas heater 6 via the temperature sensor 32 attached to the gas heater 6. And the current flowing through the feeder line 16 is detected to grasp the state of the power supplied from the private power generation power source 15. Further, it controls the opening and closing of the solenoid valve 34 of the room temperature water supply pipe 33 and the solenoid valve 36 of the hot water supply pipe 21. The transmitter / receiver 31b transmits the state of the gas heater 6 and the power supply state grasped by the microcomputer 31a to the other water heaters 3 and 5 according to the same protocol as described above. Furthermore, the microcomputer 31a transmits a control signal to the private power generation power source 15 via the transmission / reception unit 31b, and controls start / stop of the private power generation power source 15.

  The transmission / reception units 27b, 28b, and 31b are wire-connected via a communication line 37 such as an optical fiber. Information that the control units 27, 28, and 31 communicate with each other via the communication line 37 includes, for example, the temperature information of hot water in the hot water storage tank 18 and the failure of each heat source in addition to the operating status of the heat source and the power supply status. Life and death information such as whether or not it has been performed, and control information for controlling other water heaters are included. Further, the control unit 27 transmits a switching signal via the signal line 38 based on the power supply status to the self-water heater 3 and the power supply status to the other water heaters 5 and 7, and the changeover switch 17. Is switched.

  Various configurations other than the configuration in which each control unit 27, 28, 31 grasps the power supply state in addition to the configuration in which the current flowing through the feeder lines 9, 14, 16 is detected as described above are possible. For example, a data transmission device (not shown) that transmits the amount of power currently being output as data is provided inside the AC power supply 8, the solar power generation device 13, and the private power generation power supply 15, and the power transmitted by the data transmission device You may make it grasp | ascertain when the control parts 27, 28, and 31 receive quantity data. In this case, if the data transmission device transmits data related to the state of the power source indicating whether or not each power source is operating normally together with the power amount data, the control units 27, 28, 31 are provided. Can grasp the power supply situation more accurately.

  Next, operation | movement of this hybrid hot-water supply system 1 is demonstrated. The heat pump water heater 3 receives power supply from an AC power source 8 and operates throughout the day and night. The solar water heater 5 operates mainly during the day by the electricity generated and stored by the solar power generation device 13 during the day. The vessel 7 is assumed to operate in an auxiliary manner mainly in winter.

  Now, when the changeover switch 17 is in the position indicated by the solid line in FIG. 1 (the state where the terminal 17d is connected to the terminal 17a) and the heat pump water heater 3 is in operation by receiving power supply from the AC power supply 8. Suppose that the AC power supply 8 fails and the power supply is stopped. In this case, the control unit 27 recognizes a power failure of the AC power supply 8 because the current flowing through the feeder line 9 stops. And the control part 27 judges whether the solar power generation device 13 is a state which can supply electric power normally based on the information which shows the state of the solar water heater 5 transmitted from the control part 28, and solar power generation When the device 13 is normal, the selector switch 17 is switched to the position indicated by the alternate long and short dash line (the state where the terminal 17d is connected to the terminal 17b).

  As a result, driving power is supplied from the solar power generation device 13 to the heat pump water heater 3 instead of the AC power supply 8, and the heat pump water heater 3 can continuously perform the temperature raising operation of the hot water in the hot water storage tank 18. It is possible to prevent running out of hot water.

  Further, the control unit 27 determines that the amount of power stored in the solar power generation device 13 is not sufficient based on the information indicating the state of the solar water heater 5, and the solar power generation device 13 is not in a state in which power can be normally supplied. When the control unit 31 transmits a control signal for starting the private power generation power source 15 to start the private power generation power source 15, the changeover switch 17 is moved to the position indicated by the two-dot chain line (the terminal 17 d is connected to the terminal 17 c). Switch to connected state.

  As a result, even when the amount of power stored in the solar power generation device 13 is not sufficient due to the influence of bad weather or the like, the driving power is supplied from the private power generation power source 15 to the heat pump water heater 3 instead of the AC power source 8, and the heat pump hot water supply The temperature rising operation can be continuously performed in the vessel 3, and it is possible to prevent the hot water from running out.

  Not only the power supply line 9 that connects the heat pump water heater 3 and the AC power source 8 is provided with the changeover switch 17, but the other power supply lines 14 and 16 are also provided with a changeover switch (not shown), and each water heater 3 Depending on the state of power supply to 5 and 7, the manner of connection between the water heaters 3, 5 and 7 and the power source (AC power supply 8, solar power generation device 13, private power generation power supply 15) is variously changed. You may do it.

  Specifically, for example, the power supply line 14 includes a changeover switch that is controlled to be switched by the control unit 28, and the power source connected to the solar water heater 5 can be switched to the AC power supply 8 or the private power generation power supply 15. You may do it. Similarly, the power supply line 16 is provided with a changeover switch that is controlled by the control unit 31 so that the power source connected to the gas water heater 7 can be switched to the AC power supply 8 or the solar power generation device 13. Also good. By configuring as described above, even when one of the power sources cannot supply power due to a failure or the like, the normal power source can be connected to the water heater to be operated by appropriately switching the changeover switch. The operation of the vessels 3, 5 and 7 can be continued to prevent the hot water from running out.

  In addition, when comprised so that one power source may be connected and used with respect to several water heaters, the number of the power sources to install can be reduced and equipment cost can be reduced. In this case, two or more water heaters cannot be operated at the same time, and the amount of hot water supply is reduced, but it is only necessary to install one hot water storage tank having a small capacity for a plurality of water heaters. Therefore, the installation space of the whole hot water supply system 1 can be made small.

  Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 2, it is also possible to connect many types of power sources (power generation devices) to the water heater, including those using natural energy such as hot spring water or geothermal heat. A voltage backflow prevention element 51 is inserted in the path 50 for supplying power from each power source to the water heater. Those that use natural energy are solar power generation, load power generation, impact power generation, hot spring water power generation, and geothermal power generation. Unlike power generation using fossil fuels, these do not require replenishment of fuel, so they can take out power semi-permanently, and in that respect, the water heater can be operated continuously and hot water can be prevented from running out. Can do.

  In particular, since load power generation and impact power generation convert a load or impact applied to the floor when a person walks into electricity using a piezoelectric element, the hybrid hot water supply system 1 that employs a load power generation device as a power source is used. When installed in a facility where people gather, such as restaurants and accommodation facilities, the larger the number of visitors, the greater the amount of power generated, and the greater the demand for hot water supply.

  As described above, in the hybrid hot water supply system 1 of the present embodiment, the state of power supplied to each of the water heaters 3, 5, 7 from the power source (AC power supply 8, solar power generation device 13, private power generation power supply 15). Control units 27, 28, and 31 for grasping the power, and the power from the power source of the other water heaters 3, 5, and 7 is switched to the self-heating water heaters 3, 5, and 7 according to the grasped situation. It is possible to prevent the operation of 3, 5, and 7 from being stopped due to a power failure or the like, and thus it is possible to prevent the hot water from running out.

1 Hybrid hot water supply system 2 Heat pump (heat source)
3 Heat pump water heater 4 Solar collector (heat source)
5 Solar water heater 6 Gas heater (heat source)
7 Gas water heater 8 AC power supply (power source)
13 Solar power generator (power source)
15 Private power generation (power source)
17 control switch 27 control unit 28 control unit 31 control unit

Claims (2)

  1. In a hybrid hot water supply system having a plurality of water heaters using different heat sources and having a plurality of power sources for driving each water heater,
    A controller for grasping a state of power supplied from the power source to the water heater, wherein the controller switches a power source for supplying power to the water heater according to the grasped power supply state; A featured hybrid hot-water supply system.
  2.   The hybrid hot water supply system according to claim 1, wherein the power source uses natural energy.
JP2010155322A 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Hybrid hot water supply system Expired - Fee Related JP5600505B2 (en)

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JP2010155322A JP5600505B2 (en) 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Hybrid hot water supply system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2010155322A JP5600505B2 (en) 2010-07-08 2010-07-08 Hybrid hot water supply system

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JP2012017908A true JP2012017908A (en) 2012-01-26
JP5600505B2 JP5600505B2 (en) 2014-10-01

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012117688A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-21 Noritz Corp Solar water heater system
JP2013224764A (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-31 Rinnai Corp Heat supply device
JP2014092326A (en) * 2012-11-05 2014-05-19 Marinekkus:Kk Hybrid type hot water supply system
JP2014103782A (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-06-05 Chofu Seisakusho Co Ltd Heat source machine
KR101436734B1 (en) 2012-04-19 2014-09-01 린나이코리아 주식회사 Storage type hot water supply device
JP2014238258A (en) * 2014-09-26 2014-12-18 リンナイ株式会社 Heat supply device
JP2018009784A (en) * 2017-09-01 2018-01-18 ダイニチ工業株式会社 Cogeneration system

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5829327A (en) * 1981-08-14 1983-02-21 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Power source
JP2002022270A (en) * 2000-07-07 2002-01-23 Sanyo Electric Air Conditioning Co Ltd Heat pump type hot water feeding device
JP2002191139A (en) * 2000-12-21 2002-07-05 Nippon Denryoku:Kk Hybrid generation system
JP2007040613A (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-02-15 Kri Inc System and method for adjusting energy demand and supply balance, control device and computer program
JP2007155295A (en) * 2005-12-08 2007-06-21 Sharp Corp Heat pump type water heater
JP2009284590A (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-12-03 Osaka Gas Co Ltd Power generation system
JP2010002157A (en) * 2008-06-23 2010-01-07 Sharp Corp Multi-energy resource heating system
JP2010107101A (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-05-13 Noritz Corp Solar system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5829327A (en) * 1981-08-14 1983-02-21 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Power source
JP2002022270A (en) * 2000-07-07 2002-01-23 Sanyo Electric Air Conditioning Co Ltd Heat pump type hot water feeding device
JP2002191139A (en) * 2000-12-21 2002-07-05 Nippon Denryoku:Kk Hybrid generation system
JP2007040613A (en) * 2005-08-03 2007-02-15 Kri Inc System and method for adjusting energy demand and supply balance, control device and computer program
JP2007155295A (en) * 2005-12-08 2007-06-21 Sharp Corp Heat pump type water heater
JP2009284590A (en) * 2008-05-20 2009-12-03 Osaka Gas Co Ltd Power generation system
JP2010002157A (en) * 2008-06-23 2010-01-07 Sharp Corp Multi-energy resource heating system
JP2010107101A (en) * 2008-10-30 2010-05-13 Noritz Corp Solar system

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012117688A (en) * 2010-11-29 2012-06-21 Noritz Corp Solar water heater system
KR101436734B1 (en) 2012-04-19 2014-09-01 린나이코리아 주식회사 Storage type hot water supply device
JP2013224764A (en) * 2012-04-20 2013-10-31 Rinnai Corp Heat supply device
KR101436251B1 (en) * 2012-04-20 2014-08-29 린나이코리아 주식회사 Heat supply device
JP2014092326A (en) * 2012-11-05 2014-05-19 Marinekkus:Kk Hybrid type hot water supply system
JP2014103782A (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-06-05 Chofu Seisakusho Co Ltd Heat source machine
JP2014238258A (en) * 2014-09-26 2014-12-18 リンナイ株式会社 Heat supply device
JP2018009784A (en) * 2017-09-01 2018-01-18 ダイニチ工業株式会社 Cogeneration system

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