JP2012009315A - Led illumination lamp, and illumination fixture having the same built-in - Google Patents

Led illumination lamp, and illumination fixture having the same built-in Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2012009315A
JP2012009315A JP2010144853A JP2010144853A JP2012009315A JP 2012009315 A JP2012009315 A JP 2012009315A JP 2010144853 A JP2010144853 A JP 2010144853A JP 2010144853 A JP2010144853 A JP 2010144853A JP 2012009315 A JP2012009315 A JP 2012009315A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
led
light source
adjacent
lamp
led elements
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Pending
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JP2010144853A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Sadao Fujimoto
Satoru Nishioka
定男 藤本
哲 西岡
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World Electronic Co Ltd
ワールド電子株式会社
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Priority to JP2010144853A priority Critical patent/JP2012009315A/en
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Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

An LED illuminating lamp L capable of efficiently illuminating a wide area with as few LED elements 22 as possible.
An LED illuminating lamp L of the present invention includes an LED light source body 21 having a plurality of LED elements 22 and a heat radiator 23 having a mounting portion 26 formed in a polygonal cross section. The LED light source body 21 is attached to each of the outer side surfaces 26 a of the mounting portion 26. The sum of the angle α formed by the adjacent outer surfaces 26a and the directivity angle 2θ of each LED element 22 is set to 180 ° or more. In this case, the irradiation light from the adjacent LED elements 22 extends in parallel or overlaps. As a result, a wide range can be illuminated by the adjacent LED elements 22 and uneven irradiation can be eliminated.
[Selection] Figure 5

Description

  The present invention relates to an LED illumination lamp using an LED element (light-emitting diode element) as a light source, and an illumination fixture incorporating the LED illumination lamp.

  In recent years, various LED illumination lamps using LED elements as light sources have been proposed. This type of LED lighting has features such as power saving, high brightness, and long life compared to conventional lighting with fluorescent lamps and incandescent bulbs as the light source, replacing fluorescent lamps and incandescent bulbs. It attracts attention as a new illumination (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

JP 2001-351402 A

  By the way, the LED element used for this kind of LED lighting lamp tends to have high directivity compared with a fluorescent lamp and an incandescent lamp. For this reason, in order to illuminate a wide area brightly in the conventional configuration, the number of LED elements used in one LED illuminating lamp must be increased, and there is room for improvement in terms of cost.

  The present invention has been made with such a problem as a trigger, and provides a technique for providing an LED illumination lamp that can efficiently illuminate a wide area with as few LED elements as possible, and a lighting fixture incorporating the LED illumination lamp. It is a subject.

  The present invention includes both an LED illuminating lamp using an LED element as a light source and a lighting fixture incorporating the LED illuminating lamp. The LED illumination lamp according to the invention of claim 1 includes an LED light source body having a plurality of LED elements, and a heat radiator having a mounting portion formed in a polygonal cross section. The LED light source body is attached to each of the side surfaces, and the sum of the angle formed by the adjacent outer surfaces and the directivity angle of each LED element is set to 180 ° or more.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the LED illuminating lamp according to the first aspect, each of the LED elements is a surface mount type, while the mounting portion of the radiator is formed in a mountain shape in cross section. The angle formed by the outer side surfaces adjacent to each other is matched to the directivity angle of each LED element.

  The invention of claim 3 relates to a lighting fixture. More specifically, the LED illumination lamp according to claim 1 or 2 is built in a fixture body having a light transmitting portion through which light passes. is there.

  According to the LED illuminating lamp of the first aspect of the present invention, the LED light source body includes an LED light source body having a plurality of LED elements, and a heat radiator having a mounting portion formed in a polygonal cross section. The LED light source body is attached to each of the outer side surfaces, and the sum of the angle formed between the adjacent outer side surfaces and the directivity angle of each LED element is set to 180 ° or more, so that they are adjacent to each other. Irradiation light from the LED elements extends in parallel or overlaps. For this reason, the LED elements adjacent to each other can illuminate a wide area, and there is an effect of eliminating irradiation unevenness.

  According to the invention of claim 2, in the LED illuminating lamp according to claim 1, each of the LED elements is a surface mount type, while the mounting portion of the radiator is formed in a mountain shape in cross section, Since the angle formed by the adjacent outer surfaces in the mounting portion is matched to the directivity angle of each LED element, an irradiation range of approximately 180 ° can be secured in the LED elements on the adjacent outer surface. . For this reason, for example, when the light source of a security light for outdoor placement or a lighting fixture placed on an indoor ceiling is the LED lighting, it is necessary to illuminate the area above the security light or the lighting fixture, that is, Irradiation light does not spread to a region that does not exist. Therefore, although it is the said LED illumination light which eliminated the irradiation nonuniformity, there exists an effect that the area | region which needs to be illuminated can be efficiently illuminated with as few said LED elements as possible.

  Since the lighting fixture which concerns on invention of Claim 3 incorporates the LED illumination light as described in Claim 1 or 2 in the fixture main body which has the translucent part which light permeate | transmits, there is no irradiation nonuniformity, There is an effect that it is possible to provide a consumer with the lighting fixture that can illuminate a wide area with as few LED elements as possible.

It is side surface sectional drawing of a security light. It is a bottom view of the security light with the glove removed It is a side view of an LED illumination lamp. It is a bottom view of an LED illumination lamp. It is sectional drawing of an LED illumination lamp. It is a circuit diagram of a lighting circuit. (A) is explanatory drawing of the LED illuminating lamp of 2nd Embodiment, (b) is explanatory drawing of the LED illuminating lamp of 3rd Embodiment, (c) is explanatory drawing of the LED illuminating lamp of 4th Embodiment. It is a side view which shows the structure of the heat radiator of 5th Embodiment.

  Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. 1 to 6 show the first embodiment, and FIG. 7 and subsequent drawings show other embodiments. Hereinafter, the first embodiment will be described sequentially.

(1). 1st Embodiment (FIGS. 1-6)
As shown in FIG.1 and FIG.2, the lighting fixture of 1st Embodiment is the crime prevention light 1 used outdoors, the fixture main body 10 which has the glove | globe 11 as a translucent part which light permeate | transmits, and it uses as a light source LED lighting L. The instrument body 10 is an existing one that has been commercially available. That is, the fixture body 10 is obtained by removing the fluorescent lamp F (see FIG. 5) from the security lamp 1 which is an existing fluorescent lamp fixture.

  The instrument body 10 of the first embodiment is made of an insulating material and is formed in a substantially boat shape that opens downward. A metal arm 12 for fixing the instrument main body 10 to a steel pipe pole or a power pole on the side of the road is inserted and fixed on the base end side of the instrument main body 10. The downward opening of the instrument body 10 is covered with a globe 11 which is a light transmitting part. The tip side of the globe 11 is attached to the tip side of the instrument body 10 via a hinge 13 so as to be capable of opening and closing. By engaging the locking spring 14 fixed to the metal arm 12 with the engaging portion 15 formed on the proximal end side of the globe 11, the globe 11 is held in a closed state.

  Inside the appliance main body 10, a voltage adjusting ballast 16, a glow starter 17, a power factor improving capacitor 18 and a pair of socket parts 19 are provided as a power conversion circuit for lighting the fluorescent lamp F. In addition, in 1st Embodiment, the arrangement | positioning space | interval of a pair of socket part 19 is made to respond | correspond to the full length of the 20W type fluorescent lamp F. As shown in FIG. That is, the instrument main body 10 has a structure that originally corresponds to the 20 W fluorescent lamp F.

  As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the LED illuminating lamp L includes an LED light source body 21 having a plurality of LED elements 22 and a heat radiator 23 to which the LED light source body 21 is attached. The LED light source body 21 is configured by mounting a plurality of LED elements 22 arranged in a line at intervals of flying on one side of a printed circuit board 24 formed in a band shape. The LED element 22 of the first embodiment is a surface-mount type and has a directivity angle 2θ of about 110 ° (see FIG. 5). In addition, as the LED element 22 of the first embodiment, a so-called “white” emission color is employed.

  The radiator 23 includes a long plate-like base plate 25 and a mounting plate 26 having a polygonal cross section as a mounting portion attached to a longitudinally middle portion of one surface of the base plate 25. The base plate 25 and the mounting plate 26 are made of a metal plate having high thermal conductivity such as aluminum, aluminum alloy, or magnesium alloy, and are excellent in heat dissipation. The total length of the radiator 23 (which may be called the base plate 25) is set to a length corresponding to the fluorescent lamp standard. In the first embodiment, since the arrangement interval of both socket portions 19 corresponds to the 20 W type fluorescent lamp F, the total length of the radiator 23 (base plate 25) is matched with that of the 20 W type fluorescent lamp F. .

  The mounting plate 26 is formed in the same cross-sectional shape over the entire length by press molding, extrusion molding, roll die molding, or the like. The mounting plate 26 of the first embodiment is formed in a mountain shape in cross section. Therefore, the mounting plate 26 of the first embodiment has two outer surfaces 26a on which the LED light source bodies 21 can be arranged. The LED light source body 21 is attached to each outer side surface 26a of the mounting plate 26 in a posture that exposes each LED element 21 to the surface by a heat conductive silicone adhesive and a screw. The sum of the angle α formed between the adjacent outer surfaces 26 a in the mounting plate 26 and the directivity angle 2θ of each LED element 22 is set to be 180 ° or more. In the first embodiment, the angle α formed between the adjacent outer surfaces 26a is matched with the directivity angle 2θ of each LED element 22, and α = 2θ = 110 ° (see FIG. 5).

  For this reason, the irradiation light from the adjacent LED elements 22 extends in parallel or overlaps when viewed from the longitudinal direction of the radiator 23. As shown in FIG. 5, in the first embodiment, the irradiation light from adjacent LED elements 22 overlaps at an angle of 40 °, and the directivity angle 2θ is 110 °. Can secure an irradiation range of about 180 ° with the two LED elements 22 (illuminate the range of about 180 ° efficiently) and eliminate uneven irradiation. In particular, by adjusting the angle α formed by the adjacent outer surfaces 26 a in the mounting plate 26 to the directivity angle 2θ (110 ° in the first embodiment) of each LED element 22, the two LED elements 22 have approximately 180. In order to secure an irradiation range of °, for example, when the light source of the crime prevention light 1 arranged outdoors or the lighting fixture arranged on the ceiling of the indoor is an LED illumination light L, it is above the security light 1 and the illumination fixture. Irradiation light does not spread to a region, that is, a region that does not need to be illuminated. Therefore, the area that needs to be illuminated can be efficiently illuminated with as few LED elements 22 as possible while the LED illumination lamp L eliminates uneven illumination.

  In the first embodiment, the abutting piece portions 26b protruding laterally outward from the pair of long side edges of the mounting plate 26 are fastened and fixed to the longitudinal middle portion of the base plate 25 with a plurality of bolts 27 and nuts 28. By doing so, the base plate 25 and the mounting plate 26 are closely fixed. For this reason, sufficient heat dissipation performance is ensured for the entire radiator 23. The base plate 25 and the mounting plate 26 are not limited to being fastened by the bolts 27 and the nuts 28, and may be riveted or welded.

  As shown in FIG.3 and FIG.4, the terminal-like engaging part which can be engaged / disengaged with the socket part 19 of the crime prevention lamp 1 which is the existing fluorescent lamp apparatus in the longitudinal direction both ends of the heat radiator 23 (base board 25). 29. Each terminal-like engagement portion 29 has substantially the same shape as the electrode pin of the existing fluorescent lamp F. That is, each terminal-like engaging portion 29 has a shape like two pins extending in parallel so as to fit into a insertion hole (not shown) formed in the socket portion 19 of the security light 1. By fitting the respective terminal-like engaging portions 29 into the corresponding insertion holes of the socket portions 19 so that the LED light source body 21 side (the mounting plate 26 side) can face the inner surface of the globe 11 in the radiator 23. The radiator 23 is supported by both socket portions 19 of the appliance body 10 (the LED illumination lamp L is attached to the security lamp 1).

  In the first embodiment, notches 39 are formed in a part of both long side edges of the radiator 23 (the base plate 25 and the mounting plate 26). This is to prevent interference between the heat radiator 23 and the ballast 16 due to the positional relationship of the ballast 16 in the instrument body 10 when the heat radiator 23 is attached when the socket portion 19 is a rotary type. is there.

  On the other side of the base plate 25 (the surface opposite to the mounting plate 26), there is a lighting circuit 30 that adjusts the power from the external power source and supplies it to the LED light source body 21. The lighting circuit 30 of the first embodiment is fixed to the other side of the base plate 25 (see FIGS. 1 to 4). The lighting circuit 30 is connected to one end of a wiring cord 31 that passes through the inside and outside of the instrument body 10, and a general commercial AC power supply 33 (for example, AC 100 V) as an external power source is connected to the other end of the wiring cord 31. (See FIG. 6).

  As can be seen from FIG. 6, one end side of the wiring cord 31 in the instrument main body 10 is originally connected to the power conversion circuits 16 to 19 that turn on the fluorescent lamp F. In this case, in the wiring cord 31, the upstream side of the power conversion circuits 16 to 19 is temporarily cut out of the portion in the instrument body 10, and the cut portion is connected to the cord extending from the lighting circuit 30 via the crimp terminal 32. Yes. For this reason, the electric power from the commercial AC power supply 33 is adjusted by supplying power directly to the lighting circuit 30 without passing through the power conversion circuits 16 to 19 inherent to the security light 1, and is adjusted by the lighting circuit 30 to adjust the LED. The light source body 21 is supplied.

  The lighting circuit 30 according to the first embodiment includes a rectifier circuit 34 that rectifies a commercial alternating current, and a constant voltage circuit 35 connected to the rectifier circuit 34. In this case, the LED elements 22 of the LED light source bodies 21 are connected in series to the lighting circuit 30 including these 34 and 35. Reference numeral 38 in FIG. 6 is a power switch for turning on / off the LED lighting L.

  Needless to say, the instrument body 10 need not be an existing one, and may be a newly produced one. In this case, the voltage adjustment ballast 16, the glow starter 17, and the power factor correction capacitor 18, which are power conversion circuits for lighting the fluorescent lamp F, are not necessary. The pair of socket portions 19 are for supporting the LED lighting L, and it is not necessary to supply power to the LED lighting L from these socket portions 19.

  As apparent from the above description and FIGS. 3 to 5, the LED illuminating lamp L of the present invention includes an LED light source body 21 having a plurality of LED elements 22 and a mounting portion 26 formed in a polygonal cross section. The LED light source body 21 is attached to each of the outer side surfaces 26a of the mounting portion 26, the angle α formed between the adjacent outer side surfaces 26a, and each LED. Since the sum with the directivity angle 2θ of the element 22 is set to 180 ° or more, the irradiation light from the adjacent LED elements 22 extends in parallel or overlaps. For this reason, the LED elements 22 adjacent to each other can illuminate a wide area, and there is an effect that irradiation unevenness can be eliminated.

  As shown in the above description and FIGS. 3 to 5, each LED element 22 is a surface mount type, while the mounting portion 26 of the radiator 23 is formed in a cross-sectional mountain shape, 26, the angle α formed between the adjacent outer surfaces 26a is adjusted to the directivity angle 2θ of each LED element 22, so that the LED element 22 on the adjacent outer surface 26a has an irradiation range of approximately 180 °. Can be secured. For this reason, for example, when the light source of the security light 1 for outdoor placement or the lighting fixture placed on the ceiling in the indoor space is the LED lighting L, the area above the security light 1 or the lighting fixture, that is, the illumination light is illuminated. Irradiation light does not spread to areas that are not necessary. Therefore, although the LED illumination lamp L is free from uneven irradiation, the area that needs to be illuminated can be efficiently illuminated with as few LED elements 22 as possible.

  As apparent from the above description and FIGS. 1 and 2, the luminaire 1 of the present invention includes the LED illuminating lamp L incorporated in the luminaire main body 10 having a light transmitting portion 11 through which light passes. Therefore, there is an effect that not only there is no unevenness in illumination, but also the lighting fixture 1 that can illuminate a wide area with as few LED elements 22 as possible can be provided to consumers.

  As apparent from the above description and FIGS. 3 to 5, the LED illumination lamp L of the present invention includes an LED light source body 21 having a plurality of LED elements 22 and a heat radiator 23 to which the LED light source body 21 is attached. The total length of the radiator 23 is set in accordance with the fluorescent lamp standard, and can be engaged with and disengaged from the socket 19 of the existing fluorescent lamp fixture 10 at both ends of the radiator 23 in the longitudinal direction. Since the terminal-like engagement portion 29 is provided, the fluorescent lamp F can be detached from the existing fluorescent lamp fixture 10 and the LED illumination lamp L can be attached to the existing fluorescent lamp fixture 10 as it is. In addition, heat due to power supply (light emission) to the LED element 22 is radiated through the heat radiating body 23 to which the LED light source body 21 is attached. In other words, the member 23 itself supporting the LED light source body 21 exhibits a heat dissipation function. Therefore, although it is the LED lighting lamp L that can be replaced with the existing fluorescent lamp F, it is possible to suppress an increase in temperature associated with power feeding to the LED element 22 and to secure sufficient illuminance and product life. .

  As apparent from the above description and FIGS. 3 to 6, it has a lighting circuit 30 that adjusts the electric power from the external power supply 33 and supplies it to the LED light source body 21, and is unique to the fluorescent lamp fixture 10. In the case where the existing fluorescent lamp F is replaced with the LED lighting lamp L since the external power source 33 directly supplies power to the lighting circuit 30 without going through the power conversion circuits 16 to 19. The power conversion circuits 16 to 19 are unnecessary, and the LED lighting L can be used without being affected by the life of the power conversion circuits 16 to 19. Therefore, there is an effect that the advantages of the LED lighting L having a long life can be fully enjoyed.

  As is clear from the above description and FIGS. 3 to 5, since the heat radiating body 23 is made of a metal plate having high thermal conductivity, heat generated by power feeding (light emission) to the LED element 22 is converted into the LED light source body. Thus, the heat can be efficiently radiated from the heat radiation body 23 through the heat radiating body 23.

(2). Another embodiment of LED lighting (FIG. 7)
Next, another embodiment of the LED lighting L will be described with reference to FIG. In the LED illuminating lamp L of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 7A, the mounting plate 26 is formed in a cross-sectional mountain shape as in the first embodiment, but the outer side surfaces 26 a adjacent to each other on the mounting plate 26. Is 90 °. In addition, the directivity angle 2θ of the surface-mounted LED element 22 is also set to 90 ° in accordance with the angle α (α = 2θ = 90 °). In this case, the irradiation light from the adjacent LED elements 22 extends in parallel when viewed from the longitudinal direction of the heat radiating body 23, and an irradiation range of approximately 180 ° can be secured by the two LED elements 22.

  In the LED illuminating lamp L of the third embodiment shown in FIG. 7B, the mounting plate 26 is formed in a trapezoidal cross section, and the angle α formed between the adjacent outer surfaces 26a is set to 120 °. . As the LED element 22, a bullet-type element is adopted, and the directivity angle 2θ is set to 60 °. In this case, the sum of the angle α formed between the adjacent outer surfaces 26a and the directivity angle 2θ of each LED element 22 is 180 °, and the irradiation light from the adjacent LED elements 22 is the longitudinal length of the radiator 23. While extending in parallel when viewed from the direction, the three LED elements 22 ensure an irradiation range of approximately 180 °.

  In the LED illuminating lamp L of the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 7 (c), the mounting plate 26 is formed in a rectangular cross section (square pipe shape), and the angle α formed between the adjacent outer surfaces 26a is 90 °. It is set. The directivity angle 2θ of the surface-mounted LED element 22 is set to 110 ° as in the first embodiment. In this case, the irradiation lights from the adjacent LED elements 22 overlap each other, and the entire circumference of the mounting plate 26, that is, all directions (360 °) can be illuminated by the LED illumination lamp L.

(3). Another embodiment of the radiator (FIG. 8)
Next, another embodiment of the radiator 23 will be described with reference to FIG. In the fifth embodiment shown in FIG. 8, the entire length of the radiator 23 (base plate 25) is matched with that of the 10 W type fluorescent lamp F, and the terminal-like engagement portions 29 are provided at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the base plate 25. By attaching the extended body 40, the heat dissipating body 23 can be attached to the appliance main body 10 for the 20W type fluorescent lamp F. Thus, by enabling the length adjustment (extension) of the radiator 23, it is possible to replace the fluorescent lamp F (4W to 110W) having various lengths. Although not shown in detail, the structure for adjusting the length may be, for example, a structure that expands and contracts by a slide, or can be extended by adding the mounting plate 26.

(4). Others The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and can be embodied in various forms. For example, the LED element 22 may be a surface mount type or a shell type. The directivity angle 2θ in the case of the surface mount type is about 90 ° to 120 °, and the directivity angle 2θ in the case of the shell type is about 15 ° to 60 °. The socket part 19 may be a rotary type or a plunger type. In addition, the structure of each part is not limited to embodiment of illustration, A various change is possible in the range which does not deviate from the meaning of this invention.

L LED illuminator α Angle between adjacent outer surfaces 2θ Directional angle 1 Security light (lighting fixture)
10 Instrument body 11 Globe (translucent part)
16 Ballast 17 Glow starter 18 Power factor improving capacitor 19 Socket portion 21 LED light source body 22 LED element 23 radiator 25 base plate 26 mounting plate (mounting portion)
26a Outer side surface 29 Terminal-like engagement portion 30 Lighting circuit 31 Wiring cord 33 Commercial AC power supply

Claims (3)

  1. An LED light source body having a plurality of LED elements and a heat radiating body having a mounting portion formed in a polygonal cross section are provided, and the LED light source body is attached to each of the outer surfaces of the mounting portion. The sum of the angle formed by the adjacent outer surfaces and the directivity angle of each LED element is set to 180 ° or more,
    LED lighting.
  2. While each said LED element is a surface mounting type | mold, the said mounting part of the said heat sink is formed in the cross-sectional mountain shape, and the angle which the said outer surfaces adjacent in the said mounting part make is said each LED element. Matching the directional angle,
    The LED illumination lamp according to claim 1.
  3. The instrument main body having a light-transmitting part through which light is transmitted, the LED illumination lamp according to claim 1 or 2 is built in,
    lighting equipment.
JP2010144853A 2010-06-25 2010-06-25 Led illumination lamp, and illumination fixture having the same built-in Pending JP2012009315A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2010144853A JP2012009315A (en) 2010-06-25 2010-06-25 Led illumination lamp, and illumination fixture having the same built-in

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2013235782A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-21 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Guide light device
JP2014165140A (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-09-08 Panasonic Corp Lighting device
JP2015060792A (en) * 2013-09-20 2015-03-30 かがつう株式会社 Lighting fixture
WO2016021241A1 (en) * 2014-08-06 2016-02-11 Necライティング株式会社 Illumination device and illumination method
JP2017195203A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-10-26 かがつう株式会社 Lighting apparatus installed at an outdoor area

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008243498A (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-10-09 First System Co Ltd Led lighting device
JP2009190582A (en) * 2008-02-15 2009-08-27 Lecip Corp Luminaire for vehicle

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008243498A (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-10-09 First System Co Ltd Led lighting device
JP2009190582A (en) * 2008-02-15 2009-08-27 Lecip Corp Luminaire for vehicle

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2013235782A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-21 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Guide light device
JP2014165140A (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-09-08 Panasonic Corp Lighting device
JP2015060792A (en) * 2013-09-20 2015-03-30 かがつう株式会社 Lighting fixture
WO2016021241A1 (en) * 2014-08-06 2016-02-11 Necライティング株式会社 Illumination device and illumination method
JP2017195203A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-10-26 かがつう株式会社 Lighting apparatus installed at an outdoor area

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