JP2012000013A - Combine harvester - Google Patents

Combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2012000013A
JP2012000013A JP2010135227A JP2010135227A JP2012000013A JP 2012000013 A JP2012000013 A JP 2012000013A JP 2010135227 A JP2010135227 A JP 2010135227A JP 2010135227 A JP2010135227 A JP 2010135227A JP 2012000013 A JP2012000013 A JP 2012000013A
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tip
transfer
transfer device
threshing
stock
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Inventor
Hisayuki Satoji
久幸 里路
Manabu Saito
学 齋藤
Koji Kusume
浩司 楠目
Noriyuki Sakamoto
憲之 坂本
Kazuya Okumura
和哉 奥村
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Iseki and Co Ltd
Iseki Agricultural Machinery Mfg Co Ltd
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Iseki and Co Ltd
Iseki Agricultural Machinery Mfg Co Ltd
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Priority to JP2010135227A priority Critical patent/JP2012000013A/en
Publication of JP2012000013A publication Critical patent/JP2012000013A/en
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve a collection rate of grain culms, and to smoothly perform reaping/threshing operation with a combine harvester by preventing drop of grain culms by interference of the conveyed grain culms and the periphery of a supply port of a threshing device.SOLUTION: The combine harvester includes: a stub base transfer device (10a) and an ear tip transfer device (12) for conveying and supplying the reaped grain culms reaped by a reaping deice (4) at the front part of the machine body to the threshing device (2a) provided at the rear side of the reaping device (4); and a first ear tip leading rod (30a) for pressing the ear tip of the grain culms at the upper side of the ear tip transfer device (12). The combine harvester is provided with a second ear tip leading rod (30b) extending rearward more than the conveyance termination of the ear tip transfer device (12) is provided at a conveyance lower side position of the first ear tip leading rod (30a).

Description

この発明は、圃場内の植立穀稈を刈り取って脱穀機内へ移送する穀稈移送装置を備えるコンバインに関する。   The present invention relates to a combine equipped with a culm transfer device that cuts and transfers planted culm in a field into a threshing machine.

コンバインでの植立穀稈の収穫作業は、コンバインを圃場で走行させて、走行車台の前側に設けた刈取装置の前部で、下方から後上方に向けて設けたナローガイドと分草体で植立穀稈が条分けされ、この条分けした穀稈が複数の掻込移送装置で掻込まれながら刈刃装置で株元を刈り取られ、各条の穀稈を株元移送装置と穂先移送装置と搬送し、合流させて供給移送装置へ挟持移送される。供給移送装置から脱穀機に搬送される穀稈は、搬送途中に穀稈の穂先位置が脱穀機の適正供給位置となるよう株元挟持位置を調整されて、脱穀機のフィードチェンと挟持杆へ引継がれて穀稈の穂先側が脱穀機の供給口から内部へ供給され、フィードチェンと挟持杆とで株元側を挟持された穀稈が後方へ送られながら穂先側が脱穀機内を通過する間に脱穀される。脱穀機内で脱穀し選別された穀粒は、この脱穀機の横側へ設けた穀粒貯留タンク内へ供給されて、一時貯留される。   The harvesting work of the planted cereal with the combine is carried out by driving the combine in the field and planting with a narrow guide and a herbaceous body provided from the lower part to the rear upper part at the front part of the cutting device provided on the front side of the traveling chassis. Standing cereals are divided into strips, and the cereals are cut by a cutting blade device while being squeezed by a plurality of scraping transfer devices. Are conveyed and merged and nipped and transferred to the supply and transfer device. The cereals conveyed from the supply transfer device to the threshing machine are adjusted to the stock holding position so that the tip position of the cereal is the proper supply position of the threshing machine during the transfer, and then to the feed chain and the holding bowl of the threshing machine While the head of the cereal is passed to the inside through the feed port of the threshing machine, while the cereal with the stock side held between the feed chain and the holding bowl is fed backward, the tip side passes through the threshing machine Threshed. The grains threshed and selected in the threshing machine are supplied into a grain storage tank provided on the side of the threshing machine and temporarily stored.

前記供給移送装置は、特許文献1に例示するように、供給移送装置に着脱自在な掻込支持装置を備えるとともに、供給移送装置の上側に穀稈の穂先が浮き上がらないように掻込支持装置に備える穂先挟持杆によって穂先を押え込み、穀稈の搬送姿勢を安定させる技術が知られている。   As illustrated in Patent Document 1, the supply and transfer device includes a scraping support device that is detachable from the supply and transfer device, and the scraping support device is arranged so that the tip of the cereals does not float above the supply and transfer device. A technique is known in which the tip is pressed by the tip pinching rod provided to stabilize the conveying posture of the cereal.

特開2004−016077号公報JP 2004-016077 A

しかしながら、上記特許文献に記載されたような従来技術においては、刈取穀稈は、株元移送装置と穂先移送装置とで引継ぎ移送部に集められてさらに穂先位置を脱穀機供給口供給位置に調整され、さらにフィードチェンと挟持杆で株元を挟持されて後方へ搬送される間に穀稈の穂先側が脱穀機の供給口から内部に引き込まれて脱穀されるが、引継ぎ移送部で、穀稈の姿勢を刈取姿勢である縦姿勢から、脱穀機へ挿入する横姿勢へと変更しながら搬送する構成である為に、刈取速度が速くなると穂先側が横姿勢とならないまま供給口へと移送されてしまい、脱穀機の供給口に多くの刈取穀稈が供給されて穀稈の穂先部分が脱穀機の供給口周囲に衝突することで穀粒が脱粒し、機外に飛散して収量が低減する問題がある。また、穀稈の詰まりを解消するため掻込支持装置の着脱する際に、穂先挟持杆が支持杆に引掛かり着脱作業の妨げとなる上、穂先挟持杆の変形や破損を招く問題がある。   However, in the prior art as described in the above patent document, the harvested cereal meal is collected in the takeover transfer unit by the stock transfer device and the tip transfer device, and the tip position is further adjusted to the threshing machine supply port supply position. Furthermore, while the stock head is held between the feed chain and the holding rod and conveyed backward, the tip side of the kernel is drawn into the inside from the supply port of the threshing machine and threshed. Therefore, when the cutting speed increases, the tip side is transferred to the supply port without being in the horizontal position because the posture is changed from the vertical position that is the cutting position to the horizontal position to be inserted into the threshing machine. Therefore, a lot of harvested cereals are supplied to the supply port of the threshing machine, and the grain part is shattered when the tip part of the cereal collides with the periphery of the supply port of the threshing machine. There's a problem. In addition, when attaching and detaching the rake support device in order to eliminate clogging of the cereals, there is a problem that the tip pinch hook is hooked on the support hook and hinders the attachment / detachment work, and the tip pinch punch is deformed or broken.

本発明は、脱穀機の供給口で盛り上がる穀稈の穂先側を押えて脱穀機内に入り易くして、供給口周囲に当たって脱粒する穀粒を少なくして収穫する穀粒の収量ロスを低減すると共に、掻込支持装置の着脱を容易にすることを課題とする。   The present invention makes it easy to enter the threshing machine by pressing the tip side of the cereal that rises at the supply port of the threshing machine, and reduces the yield loss of the grain to be harvested by reducing the number of grains that hit the periphery of the supply port. It is an object of the present invention to facilitate attachment / detachment of the scraping support device.

上記本発明の課題は、次の技術手段により解決される。
即ち、請求項1記載の発明は、機体前部の刈取装置(4)で刈り取った刈取穀稈を該刈取装置(4)の後側に設けた脱穀装置(2a)に搬送供給する株元移送装置(10a)と穂先移送装置(12)を設け、該穂先移送装置(12)の上側で穀稈の穂先を押える第一穂先誘導杆(30a)を設けたコンバインにおいて、前記第一穂先誘導杆(30a)の搬送下手側の位置に、穂先移送装置(12)の搬送終端よりも後方に延出する第二穂先誘導杆(30b)を設けたことを特徴とするコンバインとした。
The problems of the present invention are solved by the following technical means.
That is, the invention according to claim 1 is a stock transporter that feeds the harvested cereals harvested by the harvesting device (4) at the front of the machine body to the threshing device (2a) provided on the rear side of the harvesting device (4). In a combine provided with a device (10a) and a tip transfer device (12), and provided with a first tip guide rod (30a) for pressing the tip of the cereal at the upper side of the tip transfer device (12), the first tip guide rod The combine is characterized in that a second tip guide rod (30b) extending backward from the end of transport of the tip transfer device (12) is provided at a position on the lower transport side of (30a).

請求項2記載の発明は、前記第二穂先誘導杆(30b)の後端部を下方に向けた屈曲形状に形成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載のコンバインとした。
請求項3記載の発明は、前記穂先移送装置(12)に対する第二穂先誘導杆(30b)の上下位置を調節自在に構成したことを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項2記載のコンバインとした。
The invention according to claim 2 is the combine according to claim 1, characterized in that the rear end portion of the second tip induction rod (30b) is formed in a bent shape facing downward.
The invention according to claim 3 is the combine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the vertical position of the second tip guide rod (30b) relative to the tip transfer device (12) is adjustable. .

請求項1記載の発明によると、穂先移送装置(12)で脱穀装置(2a)に供給される穀稈の穂先側が、穂先誘導杆(30)によって浮き上がりを押えられながら脱穀装置(2a)へと搬送されるので、脱穀装置(2a)の供給口周辺との干渉による穀粒の脱粒を防いで、穀粒の回収率を高めることができると共に、コンバインによる刈取脱穀作業を円滑に行なうことができる。   According to the invention of claim 1, the tip side of the cereal cocoon supplied to the threshing device (2a) by the tip transfer device (12) is being lifted by the tip induction cocoon (30) while being pushed up to the threshing device (2a). Since it is conveyed, it can prevent grain threshing due to interference with the periphery of the supply port of the threshing apparatus (2a), increase the recovery rate of the grain, and can smoothly perform the harvest threshing work by the combine. .

請求項2記載の発明によると、上記請求項1記載の発明の効果に加え、脱粒防止効果を一層高めることができる。
請求項3記載の発明によると、上記請求項1又は請求項2記載の発明の効果に加え、刈取作業状態や穀稈の品種等に応じて第二穂先誘導杆(30b)を上下調節して穀稈の押え位置を変更し、搬送効率を高めることができ、第二穂先誘導杆(30b)の過度の干渉による脱粒を防止することができる。
According to the invention described in claim 2, in addition to the effect of the invention described in claim 1, the effect of preventing the degranulation can be further enhanced.
According to the invention described in claim 3, in addition to the effect of the invention described in claim 1 or claim 2, the second tip induction rod (30b) is adjusted up and down in accordance with the cutting operation state, the variety of the culm and the like. It is possible to change the press position of the cereal cocoon, increase the conveyance efficiency, and prevent degranulation due to excessive interference of the second tip induction cocoon (30b).

穀稈刈取移送装置部の拡大平面図である。It is an enlarged plan view of a grain harvesting and transferring device unit. 穂先移送装置部と供給移送装置部の拡大平面図である。It is an enlarged plan view of a tip transfer device part and a supply transfer device part. コンバインの正面図である。It is a front view of a combine. 穀稈刈取移送装置部の概略平面図である。It is a schematic plan view of a cereal harvesting and transferring device unit. 穂先移送装置部と供給移送装置部の拡大平面図である。It is an enlarged plan view of a tip transfer device part and a supply transfer device part. 穂先移送ケースの概略平面図である。It is a schematic plan view of a tip transfer case. 穂先移送装置部の拡大側面図である。It is an enlarged side view of a tip transfer device part. コンバインの左側面図である。It is a left view of a combine. コンバインの平面図である。It is a top view of a combine. 株元移送装置部の拡大平面図である。It is an enlarged plan view of a stock former transfer device part. 別実施例におけるコンバインの部分拡大右側面図である。It is a partial expanded right view of the combine in another Example. 第二伸縮筒の外筒の側断面図である。It is side sectional drawing of the outer cylinder of a 2nd expansion-contraction cylinder. 別実施例第二伸縮筒の外筒の側断面図である。It is side sectional drawing of the outer cylinder of another Example 2 expansion-contraction cylinder. 別実施例におけるコンバインの部分拡大右側面図である。It is a partial expanded right view of the combine in another Example. 第二伸縮筒の側断面図である。It is a sectional side view of a 2nd expansion-contraction cylinder. 別実施例第二伸縮筒の側断面図である。It is sectional side view of another Example 2 expansion-contraction cylinder. 別実施例のコンバイン右側面図である。It is a combine right view of another Example.

以下、本発明の実施形態を図面に示す実施例を参照しながら説明する。尚、以下では説明の便宜上、機体の進行方向に対する左右を夫々左側、右側と言うことがある。
実施例は、四条列の植立穀稈を刈取り脱穀するコンバイン1である。このコンバイン1の走行車台2の下側には、図8及び図9で示すように、圃場を走行する左右一対の走行クローラ3aを張設した走行装置3を配設し、走行車台2の上側に脱穀装置2aを載置した構成である。走行車台2の前方部の刈取装置4で植立穀稈を刈取りして、後上方へ移送し、脱穀装置2aのフィードチェン2cと、挟持杆2dとで引継いで挟持移送しながら穀稈の穂先側を供給口から脱穀装置2aに供給して脱穀する。脱穀して選別した穀粒は、脱穀装置2aの右横側へ配設した穀粒貯留タンク2b内へ供給されて一時貯留される。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to examples shown in the drawings. In the following, for convenience of explanation, the left and right with respect to the traveling direction of the aircraft may be referred to as the left side and the right side, respectively.
An Example is the combine 1 which cuts and threshs four rows of planted cereals. As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, a traveling device 3 in which a pair of left and right traveling crawlers 3 a that travel on the field is stretched is disposed below the traveling chassis 2 of the combine 1. It is the structure which mounted the threshing apparatus 2a. The planted culm is harvested by the reaping device 4 at the front part of the traveling chassis 2 and transferred rearward and upward, and the tip of the cereal culm is transferred while being sandwiched and transferred between the feed chain 2c of the threshing device 2a and the clamping rod 2d. The side is supplied to the threshing apparatus 2a from the supply port and threshed. The grains that have been threshed and selected are supplied into the grain storage tank 2b disposed on the right side of the threshing apparatus 2a and temporarily stored.

前記走行車台2の前方部には、図8及び図9で示すように、植立穀稈を分離するナローガイド5a、及び複数個の分草体5bと、倒伏穀稈を引起す複数個の引起装置6と、引起された穀稈を掻込む穀稈掻込移送装置9の外側左右両側と、中央部左右両側とに四個の各掻込装置9aと、掻込された穀稈を刈取る刈刃装置5cと、刈り取られた穀稈を挟持移送して、脱穀装置2aのフィードチェン2cと挟持杆2dとへ受渡しする穀稈掻込移送装置9の右側は、右上株元移送装置10aと、右下株元移送装置10bと、穂先移送装置12と、左側は、左株元移送装置11と、供給移送装置14等とからなる刈取装置4を設けている。該刈取装置4は、油圧駆動による伸縮シリンダ16により、土壌面に対して、昇降する構成である。   As shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, a narrow guide 5 a for separating the planted culm, a plurality of weed bodies 5 b, and a plurality of wakes for causing the lodging cereal are provided at the front portion of the traveling chassis 2. Four scraping devices 9a and the squeezed corn straw are reaped on the left and right sides of the apparatus 6 and the cedar scraping and transferring apparatus 9 that rakes the raised cocoon. The cutting blade device 5c and the right side of the cereal scraping and transferring device 9 that sandwiches and transfers the cut cereal and delivers it to the feed chain 2c and the holding 杆 2d of the threshing device 2a are the upper right stock transfer device 10a and The lower right stock transfer device 10b, the tip transfer device 12, and the left side are provided with a cutting device 4 including a left stock transfer device 11, a supply transfer device 14, and the like. The mowing device 4 is configured to move up and down with respect to the soil surface by a telescopic cylinder 16 that is hydraulically driven.

前記刈取装置4の前方下部から後方上部へ傾斜する伝動機構16dを内装した支持杆16aの上端部に設ける伝動機構16eを内装した支持パイプ杆16bを走行車台2の上側面に設けた支持装置16cで回動自在に支持させている。伸縮シリンダ16を作動させると支持杆16aと共に、刈取装置4が上下回動する構成である。この支持杆16aの外径上側部で上後方向の所定位置には、中央部左右両側の各掻込装置9a、9aを装着する取付装置16fを固着して設けている。   A support device 16c in which a support pipe rod 16b provided with a transmission mechanism 16e provided at an upper end portion of a support rod 16a provided with a transmission mechanism 16d inclined from the front lower portion to the rear upper portion of the cutting device 4 is provided on the upper side surface of the traveling chassis 2. It is supported so that it can rotate freely. When the telescopic cylinder 16 is operated, the reaping device 4 rotates up and down together with the support rod 16a. At a predetermined position in the upper rear direction on the upper side of the outer diameter of the support rod 16a, attachment devices 16f for attaching the respective scavenging devices 9a, 9a on the left and right sides of the central portion are fixedly provided.

前記穀粒貯留タンク2b側の前部には、図8及び図9で示すように、コンバイン1を始動、停止、及び各部を調節等の操作を行う操作装置22と、操縦席23とを設け、この操縦席23の下側にエンジン24を載置している。   As shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, an operation device 22 for starting and stopping the combine 1 and adjusting each part and the like and a cockpit 23 are provided at the front part on the grain storage tank 2 b side. The engine 24 is placed below the cockpit 23.

前記走行車台2の前端部に装架した走行用のミッションケース25内の伝動機構25aの伝動経路中には、その出力に基づいて、走行車速を検出するポテンションメータ方式の車速センサ25bを設けている。   A potentiometer type vehicle speed sensor 25b for detecting the traveling vehicle speed is provided in the transmission path of the transmission mechanism 25a in the traveling mission case 25 mounted on the front end portion of the traveling chassis 2 based on the output. ing.

前記穀粒貯留タンク2b内へ貯留した穀粒を機外へ排出するために、この穀粒貯留タンク2bの後側には、図8及び図9で示すように、縦移送螺旋26aを内装した縦移送筒26を略垂直姿勢で旋回自在に装着して設け、この縦移送筒26の上端部には、その全長がコンバイン1の前後長に亘る機外へ穀粒を排出する排出螺旋27aを伸縮自在に内装した排出オーガ27を伸縮自在、上下回動自在、及び左右旋回自在に前後方向に配設した構成である。   In order to discharge the grain stored in the grain storage tank 2b to the outside of the machine, as shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, a longitudinal transfer spiral 26a is provided on the rear side of the grain storage tank 2b. A vertical transfer cylinder 26 is provided so as to be pivotable in a substantially vertical posture, and a discharge spiral 27 a for discharging the grains to the outside of the machine whose entire length extends across the length of the combine 1 is provided at the upper end of the vertical transfer cylinder 26. The discharge auger 27 that is extendably and retractably arranged is arranged in the front-rear direction so as to be extendable, vertically rotatable, and horizontally rotatable.

図8及び図9で示すように、左側二条列の穀稈は、左外側と左外側より二番目と中央部との分草体5b、5b、5bにより、穀稈を条毎に分離すると共に、右側二条列の穀稈は、右外側と右外側より二番目と中央部との分草体5b、5b、5bにより、穀稈を条毎に分離する。   As shown in FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, the left side two rows of cereals are separated from the left side and the left side by the weed bodies 5b, 5b, 5b from the left side and the center part, and the cereals are separated for each line. The right side of the row of cereals separates the cereal for each strip by the weed bodies 5b, 5b, 5b of the right outer side, the second from the right outer side, and the central part.

前記引起装置6は、図4及び図9で示すように、左右両外側部には、左外引起装置7aと右外引起装置7bを設けると共に、中央部の左右両側には、左内引起装置6aと右内引起装置6bを設けている。これら左外引起装置7aと左内引起装置6aとにより、左側の二条列の穀稈が引起しされる。又、これら右外引起装置7bと右内引起装置6bとにより、右側の二条列の穀稈が引起される。   As shown in FIGS. 4 and 9, the pulling device 6 is provided with a left outer pulling device 7a and a right outer pulling device 7b on both left and right outer portions, and on the left and right sides of the central portion, a left inner pulling device. 6a and a right inner pulling device 6b are provided. By these left outer pulling device 7a and left inner pulling device 6a, the left two rows of grain straws are raised. Also, the right outer row raising device 7b and the right inner raising device 6b raise the right two rows of grain straws.

前記左内引起装置6aと右内引起装置6bと、左外引起装置7aと右外引起装置7bとは、図2で示す個別に設けた引起ケース8a内の上下端部には、上・下スプロケット8b、8cを軸支して設け、これら上・下スプロケット8b、8cには、所定間隔に引起ラグ8eを装着した引起チェン8dを掛け渡している。   The left inner pulling device 6a, the right inner pulling device 6b, the left outer pulling device 7a, and the right outer pulling device 7b are arranged at the upper and lower ends in the separately provided pulling case 8a shown in FIG. Sprockets 8b and 8c are pivotally supported, and the upper and lower sprockets 8b and 8c are spanned by pulling chains 8d with pulling lugs 8e mounted at predetermined intervals.

前記各引起ラグ8eの作用範囲は、引起ケース8aの搬送通路側部が作用範囲であり、搬送通路に向けて引起ケース8a内より突出した各引起ラグ8eは上スプロケット8bの回転駆動により、穀稈を引起しする。非搬送通路側では、各引起ラグ8eは引起ケース8内へ収納状態で引起チェン8dに沿う姿勢となる。   The working range of the pulling lugs 8e is the working range of the side of the conveying path of the pulling case 8a. The pulling lugs 8e protruding from the pulling case 8a toward the conveying path are driven by the rotation of the upper sprocket 8b. Causes a spear. On the non-conveyance passage side, each pulling lug 8e is in a posture along the pulling chain 8d in a retracted state in the pulling case 8.

前記左外引起装置7aと右外引起装置7b、及び左内引起装置6aと右内引起装置6bの後側には、図4及び図9で示すように、左右両側の二条列毎の穀稈を掻込みする各掻込装置9aを平面視左右両側に、後側で二条分の穀稈を合流させるべく略V字形状に設けている。   As shown in FIGS. 4 and 9, on the rear side of the left outer pulling device 7a and the right outer pulling device 7b, and the left inner pulling device 6a and the right inner pulling device 6b Each of the scoring devices 9a is provided in a substantially V shape so as to join two cereal grains on the left and right sides in a plan view and on the rear side.

前記各掻込装置9aは、掻込ケース9bの下側部に所定間隔で掻込ラグ9cを設けた掻込ベルト9dを張設すると共に、この掻込ベルト9dの下側で、後側の掻込軸9eに掻込スターホイル9fを軸支している。掻込ベルト9dと掻込スターホイル9fの間には円筒部を形成している。   Each of the scraping devices 9a stretches a scraping belt 9d provided with a scraping lug 9c at a predetermined interval on the lower side of the scratching case 9b, and below the scraping belt 9d, A stir-up star wheel 9f is pivotally supported on the scooping shaft 9e. A cylindrical portion is formed between the take-in belt 9d and the take-in star wheel 9f.

前記左側2個の掻込装置9a、9aで、左側二条列の穀稈を掻込みする。又、右側2個の掻込装置9a、9aで、右側二条列の穀稈を掻込みする。
中央部の左右両側の前記掻込装置9a、9aの掻込ケース9b、9bの上外側面で掻込軸9e、9eには、図4で示すように、略へ字形状の接続杆9hを設けて、これら左右両側の掻込装置9a,9aを接続している。この接続杆9hの左右方向略中央部に取付板9jを固着して設け、この取付板9jをボルト、及びナット等により、支持杆16aへ設けた取付装置16fへ着脱自在である。これにより、中央部の左右両側の掻込装置9a、9aを一体の部分組立品として、着脱自在である。左右両側のこの掻込装置9a、9aに穀稈の詰まり等の不具合が発生したときには、両者を一体で取り外して対処する。
The left two rows of cereals are scraped by the two left side scraping devices 9a, 9a. Further, the right two rows of cereals are scraped by the two right side scraping devices 9a, 9a.
As shown in FIG. 4, as shown in FIG. 4, connection rods 9 h having a substantially square shape are provided on the upper and outer surfaces of the scraping cases 9 b and 9 b of the scraping devices 9 a and 9 a on both the left and right sides of the center portion. Provided to connect the left and right side scraping devices 9a, 9a. A mounting plate 9j is fixedly provided at a substantially central portion in the left-right direction of the connecting rod 9h, and the mounting plate 9j is detachable from a mounting device 16f provided on the support rod 16a by a bolt, a nut, or the like. Thereby, the scraping devices 9a, 9a on both the left and right sides of the central portion can be attached and detached as an integrated partial assembly. When troubles such as clogging of cereals occur in the left and right side of the scraping devices 9a, 9a, both are removed and dealt with.

中央部右側の前記掻込装置9aの掻込ラグ8eの下側へ設けた小外径の掻込スターホイル9fは、掻込軸9eへ回転自在に軸支して設けている。この掻込スターホイル9fの下側で、支持杆16aの取付装置16fへ株元案内ガイド9mをボルト、及びナット等により装着している。   A small outer diameter scratching star wheel 9f provided on the lower side of the scraping lug 8e of the scraping device 9a on the right side of the central portion is rotatably supported on the scraping shaft 9e. The stock guide 9m is attached to the attachment device 16f of the support rod 16a with bolts, nuts, and the like below the stir-up star wheel 9f.

前記株元案内ガイド9mの取付位置は、図1で示すように、小外径の掻込スターホイル9fの上面に接近した位置に、前側部では小外径の掻込スターホイル9fの歯底部A位置へ位置させて、この歯底部A位置から順次横側部は、円弧状に湾曲させて、後側部では、該掻込スターホイル9fの歯先部B位置へと順次変更させて設け、後端を右下株元移送チェン10dに沿うように構成している。   As shown in FIG. 1, the stock guide 9m is mounted at a position close to the upper surface of the small outer diameter stir star foil 9f, and at the front side, the bottom portion of the small outer diameter stir star foil 9f. Positioned to the A position, the lateral side portion is sequentially curved in an arc shape from the root portion A position, and the rear side portion is sequentially changed to the tooth tip portion B position of the stirring star wheel 9f. The rear end is configured to follow the lower right stock former transfer chain 10d.

この構成により、小外径の掻込スターホイル9f上面への藁屑、及び泥等の堆積を防止することができる。又、小外径の該掻込スターホイル9fへの藁屑等の巻き付きを防止できる。更に、該株元案内ガイド9mを四角形状の角パイプ材としたことにより、掻込スターホイル9fの円筒部9n部への隙間を小さくすることができ、移送する穀稈の株元との接触面を広くさせることができて、穀稈を起立させて安定した搬送ができる。   With this configuration, accumulation of swarf, mud and the like on the upper surface of the small outer diameter scraped star wheel 9f can be prevented. Further, it is possible to prevent swarf or the like from being wound around the small-diameter rake star wheel 9f. Further, by making the stock guide 9m as a square-shaped square pipe material, the gap to the cylindrical portion 9n of the stir-up star wheel 9f can be reduced, and contact with the stock of the cereals to be transferred The surface can be widened, and the cereal can be raised and can be stably conveyed.

前記外左側と中央部左側、及び外右側と中央部右側とへ平面視略V字形状に設けた前記各掻込装置9a、9a間には、図1で示すように、分草体5bの分草パイプ5dを設け、この各分草パイプ5dの外径上部には、大案内ガイド5eと、小案内ガイド5fとを個別に設けている。   As shown in FIG. 1, as shown in FIG. 1, the distribution of the weeding body 5 b is provided between the outer left side and the left side of the central part, and between the outer right side and the right side of the central part. A grass pipe 5d is provided, and a large guide guide 5e and a small guide guide 5f are individually provided above the outer diameter of each weed pipe 5d.

前記各掻込装置9aの後方部の右側の下部には、図4、図5、及び図9で示すように、右上株元移送チェン10cを掛け渡した右上株元移送装置10aと、右下株元移送チェン10dを掛け渡した右下株元移送装置10bとを設けると共に、右側の上部には、略三角形状で平面視移送側面部が略L字形状の穂先移送ケース12aの下側へ所定間隔で穂先移送ラグ12cを装着した穂先移送チェン12bを掛け渡した穂先移送装置12を設けている。   In the lower part on the right side of the rear part of each of the scraping devices 9a, as shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 5, and FIG. 9, the upper right stock transfer device 10a spanning the upper right stock transfer chain 10c, A right lower stock transfer device 10b is provided that spans the stock transfer chain 10d, and the upper portion on the right side has a substantially triangular shape and a transfer side surface portion in plan view has a substantially L-shaped head transfer case 12a. A tip transfer device 12 is provided that spans a tip transfer chain 12b equipped with a tip transfer lug 12c at a predetermined interval.

又、左側の下部には、左株元移送チェン11aを掛け渡した、左株元移送装置11を設けると共に、左側の上部には、従動軸15aへ設けた供給ケース14aの下側へ複数個の供給ラグ14cと、供給スターホイル14bとを、従動軸15aへ軸支した、供給移送装置14を設けている。   In addition, a left stock transfer device 11 is provided in the lower part on the left side, and a left stock transfer device 11 is provided over the left stock transfer chain 11a. A plurality of lower stock supply devices 14a provided on the driven shaft 15a are provided in the upper part on the left side. The supply transfer device 14 is provided in which the supply lug 14c and the supply star wheel 14b are pivotally supported on the driven shaft 15a.

図1で示すように、これら右下株元移送チェン10dと、左株元移送チェン11aとで形成する合流部(リ)の左右両側部は、略半円形状に形成して、前側部は、平面視略ハ字形状に形成し、又、後側部は、平面視略逆ハ字形状に形成して設けると共に、該右下株元移送チェン10dと、該左株元移送チェン11aとの移送終端部には、これら移送チェン10dと、左株元移送チェン11aとを伸縮操作するテンション装置28を個別に設けている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the left and right sides of the junction (re) formed by the lower right stock transfer chain 10d and the left stock transfer chain 11a are formed in a substantially semicircular shape, and the front side is The rear side portion is formed in a substantially inverted C shape in plan view, and is provided with the lower right stock transfer chain 10d and the left stock transfer chain 11a. A tension device 28 for extending and contracting the transfer chain 10d and the left stock former transfer chain 11a is individually provided at the transfer terminal portion.

前記テンション装置28は、図1で示すように、略L字形状のテンションアーム28aの回動中心部は、テンション回動軸28bで軸支して設け、このテンション回動軸28bにテンションプーリ28cを、回転自在に軸支して設けると共に、該テンションアーム28aの一方側の端部には、テンション軸28dを軸支して設け、このテンション軸28dにテンションプーリ28cを回動自在に軸支して設けている。又、テンションアーム28aの他方側の端部には、テンション装置28を伸縮作動する、テンションスプリング28eを設けている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the tension device 28 is provided with a rotation center portion of a substantially L-shaped tension arm 28a supported by a tension rotation shaft 28b, and a tension pulley 28c on the tension rotation shaft 28b. And a tension shaft 28d is pivotally supported at one end of the tension arm 28a, and a tension pulley 28c is pivotally supported on the tension shaft 28d. Provided. Further, a tension spring 28e for extending and contracting the tension device 28 is provided at the other end of the tension arm 28a.

前記穂先移送装置12と、右上株元移送装置10aと、供給移送装置14とは、一体で上下回動自在に設けている。穀稈の稈長により、脱穀装置2aへ供給する穀稈の供給深さ(扱ぎ深さ)を、これら三部品を一体的に自動で上下回動移動させて、脱穀装置2aへ供給する穀稈の扱ぎ深さ位置を自動調節する構成である。   The tip transfer device 12, the upper right stock transfer device 10a, and the supply transfer device 14 are integrally provided so as to be rotatable up and down. The corn straw that is supplied to the threshing apparatus 2a by automatically automatically moving these three parts up and down to adjust the supply depth (handling depth) of the cereal grains to be supplied to the threshing apparatus 2a according to the length of the grain culm. This is a configuration that automatically adjusts the handling depth position.

前記穂先移送装置12の平面視略三角形状に形成した穂先移送ケース12aの上部の移送終端部へ設けた穂先上部軸13aに上部スプロケット13dを軸支して設け、略中間の頂上部へ設けた穂先中間軸13cに中間スプロケット13eと、駆動スターホイル12dとを軸支して設け、下部の移送始端部へ設けた穂先下部軸13bに下部スプロケット13fを軸支して設けている。   An upper sprocket 13d is pivotally supported on the tip upper shaft 13a provided at the transfer terminal end of the tip transfer case 12a formed in a substantially triangular shape in the plan view of the tip transfer device 12, and is provided at a substantially intermediate top. An intermediate sprocket 13e and a drive star wheel 12d are pivotally supported on the tip intermediate shaft 13c, and a lower sprocket 13f is pivotally supported on a tip lower shaft 13b provided at the lower transfer start end.

前記上部・中間・下部スプロケット13d、13e、13fに穂先移送ラグ12cを所定間隔で装着した穂先移送チェン12bを掛け渡している。各穂先移送ラグ12cは、略三角形状の短辺側の二辺部で平面視移送側面部が略L字形状部では、穂先移送ケース12aから突出して、穀稈の穂先側を移送する作用側としている。又、反対側は穀稈を移送しない非作用側である。   A tip transfer chain 12b having a tip transfer lug 12c mounted at a predetermined interval is stretched over the upper, middle, and lower sprockets 13d, 13e, and 13f. Each tip transfer lug 12c has two sides on the short side of the substantially triangular shape, and the side surface transfer side portion in a substantially L-shaped portion protrudes from the tip transfer case 12a and transfers the tip side of the cereal. It is said. The opposite side is a non-working side that does not transfer cereals.

前記穂先移送ケース12aは、図5及び図6で示すように、この穂先移送ケース12aの穀稈移送作用側の短辺側の二辺部の移送角度は、平面視横移送側から縦移送側へ向けて、移送始端部側から移送終端部へ向けて、平面視水平に対して、順次小角度から大角度に複数段に変更して設けている。   As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the tip transfer case 12 a has a transfer angle of the two sides on the short side of the tip transfer case 12 a on the side of the cereal transfer operation from the horizontal transfer side to the vertical transfer side. From the transfer start end side toward the transfer end portion, the plurality of stages are sequentially changed from a small angle to a large angle with respect to the horizontal in plan view.

図6で示すように、例えば、移送始端部側より、水平に対して、小角度の25度から、50度、75度、移送終端部側の90度に、略25度、又は移送終端部は、略15度増加させて、順次変更して形成している。25度の範囲は、右側2条列が移送される箇所であり、25度から50度へ変化する箇所は、左・右2条列が合流する合流部(リ)である。又、50度以後の箇所は、左右の2条列が合流されて、4条列の穀稈が移送される。   As shown in FIG. 6, for example, from the transfer start end side to the horizontal, from a small angle of 25 degrees to 50 degrees, 75 degrees, 90 degrees on the transfer end section side, approximately 25 degrees, or the transfer end section Are formed by sequentially changing them by approximately 15 degrees. The range of 25 degrees is a place where the right two rows are transported, and the place changing from 25 degrees to 50 degrees is a joining portion (re) where the left and right two rows join. In addition, at the position after 50 degrees, the left and right two rows are joined, and the four rows of cereals are transferred.

前記穂先移送装置12の穂先移送ケース12aの上側面には、図5と図7で示すように、穂先案内カバー12fを設けている。この穂先案内カバー12fの後端部は、刈取装置4の後側へ設けた脱穀装置2aの前側近部か、前端部は、右外側の引起装置6の後側近傍部までの間に位置させて設けると共に、穂先案内カバー12fの前後方向の外形形状は、穂先移送ケース12aの前後方向の外形形状と略同じ形状に形成し、又、穂先案内カバー12fは、頂点部から、穀稈移送の作用側へ向けて、下り傾斜させて設けると共に、上下回動自在な穂先移送ケース12aを最上部位置へ回動移動操作した時でも、この穂先移送ケース12aの前端は、前方下部へ下り傾斜状態に設けたことにより、穂先案内カバー12f、及び穂先移送ケース12aには、移送中に穀稈から落下した藁屑、及び塵埃等の堆積を防止することができる。又、移送中の穀稈より飛散する穀粒を防止できるとともに、穀稈の穂先側がスムーズに移送される。   As shown in FIGS. 5 and 7, a tip guide cover 12 f is provided on the upper side surface of the tip transfer case 12 a of the tip transfer device 12. The rear end portion of the tip guide cover 12f is positioned near the front side of the threshing device 2a provided on the rear side of the reaping device 4, or the front end portion is positioned between the rear side vicinity of the pulling device 6 on the right outer side. The tip guide cover 12f has an outer shape in the front-rear direction that is substantially the same as the outer shape in the front-rear direction of the tip transfer case 12a. The tip guide cover 12f The tip end of the tip transfer case 12a is inclined downward to the front lower part even when the tip transfer case 12a that can be turned up and down is rotated to the uppermost position. As a result, it is possible to prevent the tip guide cover 12f and the tip transfer case 12a from accumulating swarf, dust, and the like that have fallen from the culm during transfer. Moreover, while the grain which is scattered from the grain pod during transfer can be prevented, the tip side of the grain cocoon is smoothly transferred.

又、前記穂先移送ケース12aを最上部位置へ回動移動操作した時でも、この穂先移送ケース12aの前端部は、後方部から前方部へ向けて下り傾斜状態に設けている。穂先移送装置12で移送中の穀稈から、落下する藁屑、及び塵等は、穂先移送ケース12a、及び穂先案内カバー12fへ堆積しない構成である。   Even when the tip transfer case 12a is rotated to the uppermost position, the front end portion of the tip transfer case 12a is provided in a downwardly inclined state from the rear portion toward the front portion. The scraps, dust, and the like that fall from the grain pods being transferred by the tip transfer device 12 are configured not to accumulate on the tip transfer case 12a and the tip guide cover 12f.

前記供給移送装置14の従動軸15aへ軸支した、供給スターホイル14bの上側面には、図5で示すように、複数個の供給ラグ14cを回転自在に設け、供給ケース14aより、前方部側と内側部とで突出して、穀稈へ供給スターホイル14bと共に、作用して移送する。又、供給ラグ14cは、前方部側と内側部との以外では、逐次供給ケース14a内へ収納状態になる不作用側である。供給スターホイル14bは、穂先移送装置12の駆動スターホイル12dと噛合して、回転駆動される。   As shown in FIG. 5, a plurality of supply lugs 14c are rotatably provided on the upper side surface of the supply star wheel 14b that is pivotally supported by the driven shaft 15a of the supply transfer device 14, and the front portion of the supply case 14a is further forward than the supply case 14a. It protrudes at the side and the inner side and acts and transports along with the feed star wheel 14b to the cereal. The supply lug 14c is a non-operating side that is sequentially housed in the supply case 14a except for the front side and the inner side. The supply star wheel 14b meshes with the drive star wheel 12d of the tip transfer device 12 and is driven to rotate.

前記供給移送装置14は、図2と図5で示すように、穂先移送装置12へ設けた支持杆15bの先端部へコ字形状の支持枠15cを設け、この支持枠15cへ受杆15dを設け、この受杆15dへ供給ケース14aをボルト15eで装着して設けると共に、受杆15dの前端部に従動軸15aを装着して設けている。又、支持枠15cには、スプリング(図示せず)等により、挟持移動自在に挟持用杆17aを設け、この挟持用杆17aの後端部に受板17bを固着して設け、この受板17bに後挟持用杆17cを装着している。   As shown in FIGS. 2 and 5, the supply transfer device 14 is provided with a U-shaped support frame 15c at the tip of a support rod 15b provided on the tip transfer device 12, and a receiving rod 15d is provided on the support frame 15c. The supply case 14a is mounted on the receiving rod 15d with a bolt 15e, and a driven shaft 15a is mounted on the front end of the receiving rod 15d. The support frame 15c is provided with a clamping rod 17a that can be clamped and moved by a spring (not shown) or the like, and a receiving plate 17b is fixed to the rear end of the clamping rod 17a. A rear clamping hook 17c is attached to 17b.

供給移送装置14の供給ケース14aには、搬送される刈取穀稈の穂先側を前記穂先案内カバー12fに向けて押え込む線材からなる第一穂先誘導杆30aと第一中間誘導杆31と第二中間誘導杆32を穂先案内カバー12fの上面(搬送面)と略平行姿勢で固着し、支持杆15bに前記第一穂先誘導杆30aに続けて刈取穀稈の穂先側を押え込む第二穂先誘導杆30bを設けている。第二穂先誘導杆30bの取り付け部は、先端部を上下に揺動調節可能に固定するが、電動モータで上下揺動可能にして、操縦席23の近くに設ける調節ダイヤル或いは次に述べる如く穂先移送装置12等の上下動に伴って自動で揺動位置を調整するようにしても良い。   The supply case 14a of the supply transfer device 14 has a first tip guide rod 30a, a first intermediate guide rod 31 and a second tip made of wire rods that hold the tip side of the harvested cereal rice bowl toward the tip guide cover 12f. A second tip guide for fixing the intermediate guide rod 32 in a substantially parallel posture to the upper surface (conveying surface) of the tip guide cover 12f, and pressing the tip side of the harvested cereal pod after the first tip guide rod 30a on the support rod 15b. A collar 30b is provided. The attachment portion of the second tip guide rod 30b is fixed so that the tip portion can be swung up and down, but can be swung up and down with an electric motor, and an adjustment dial provided near the cockpit 23 or a tip as described below. You may make it adjust a rocking | swiveling position automatically with the up-and-down movement of the transfer apparatus 12 grade | etc.,.

即ち、支持杆15bには、刈取穀稈の穂先先端を検出する第一穂先センサ33aと第二穂先センサ33bを設け、第一穂先センサ33aが穂先を検出せず第二穂先センサ33bが穂先を検出する状態が正常な刈取穀稈搬送状態で、第一穂先センサ33aと第二穂先センサ33bとが共に穀稈検出状態にあるときは深扱ぎ状態であり、両センサとも穀稈を検出していない場合は、浅扱ぎ状態である。この正常な刈取穀稈搬送状態になるように、前記穂先移送装置12と右上株元移送装置10aと供給移送装置14とを一体で前側を、深扱ぎ状態においては上方に、浅扱ぎ状態においては下方に上下回動調節する。第二穂先誘導30bはこれに伴い、穂先移送装置12と右上株元移送装置10aと供給移送装置14との相対位置を上下に調節する。   In other words, the support rod 15b is provided with a first tip sensor 33a and a second tip sensor 33b for detecting the tip of the harvested grain pod, and the first tip sensor 33a does not detect the tip and the second tip sensor 33b detects the tip. When the state to be detected is a normal harvested culm conveying state and both the first tip sensor 33a and the second tip sensor 33b are in the culm detection state, they are in a deep handling state, and both sensors detect the culm. If not, it is in a shallow state. The head transfer device 12, the upper right stock transfer device 10a, and the supply transfer device 14 are integrated with each other so as to be in the normal state where the harvested cereals are conveyed. In, the vertical rotation is adjusted downward. Accordingly, the second tip guide 30b adjusts the relative positions of the tip transfer device 12, the upper right stock transfer device 10a, and the supply transfer device 14 up and down.

この構成によって、扱深さが如何なる状態に調節されていても、第二穂先誘導杆30bが穀稈の稈身方向適正位置を押えることができ、穀稈の搬送状態を安定させるものでありながら、過度に穀稈の先端側部分に干渉して脱粒させる虞がない。   Even if the handling depth is adjusted to any state by this configuration, the second tip guide rod 30b can press the appropriate position in the slimming direction of the kernel and stabilize the conveying state of the kernel. There is no risk of excessively interfering with the tip side portion of the cereal and causing the grain to fall.

前記右側部二個の前記掻込装置9a、9aで掻込されながら、刈刃装置5cで刈取りされた穀稈は、図4と図9で示すように、右側のこの掻込装置9a、9aから右下株元移送装置10bと、同時に上下回動自在な穂先移送装置12、及び右上株元移送10aとにより、後方上部へ移送される。又、左側部二個の掻込装置9a、9aで掻込されながら刈刃装置5cで刈取りされた穀稈は、図4と図9で示すように、左側のこの掻込装置9a、9aから左株元移送装置11と、供給移送装置14とにより、合流部(リ)へ移送され、この合流部(リ)で左右両側を移送される刈取り穀稈は合流され、更に右上株元移送装置10aと、穂先移送装置12とにより、後方上部へ移送され、脱穀へ供給され、この脱穀装置2aのフィードチェン2cと挟持杆2dとで引継ぎされ、脱穀装置2a内を挟持移送され、この脱穀装置2a内で脱穀される。   As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 9, the culm that has been cut by the cutting blade device 5 c while being scratched by the two right side scraping devices 9 a, 9 a, To the lower right stock transfer device 10b, the tip transfer device 12 that can be rotated up and down simultaneously, and the upper right stock transfer 10a. Moreover, as shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 9, the cereals harvested by the cutting blade device 5 c while being scratched by the two left side scraping devices 9 a, 9 a are removed from the left side scraping devices 9 a, 9 a. By the left stock transfer device 11 and the supply transfer device 14, the harvested cereal grains that have been transferred to the merging section (re) and transferred on both the left and right sides are merged. 10a and the tip transfer device 12 are transferred to the rear upper part, supplied to the threshing, taken over by the feed chain 2c and the clamping rod 2d of the threshing device 2a, and held and transferred in the threshing device 2a. Threshed within 2a.

前記穂先移送装置12の穀稈移送作用側で、上側の移送終端部側へ設けた穂先上部軸13aの軸心(イ)と、穂先移送装置12の前側へ設けた供給移送装置14の従動軸15aの軸心(ニ)とは、図5で示すように、前後方向に略直線上へ位置させて設けた構成である。又、左側の二条列の穀稈と、右側の二条列の穀稈とが、後方上部へ移送されて合流される位置までの形状は、図5で示すように、平面視で略Y字形状に形成した構成である。   On the grain transfer action side of the tip transfer device 12, the axis (b) of the tip upper shaft 13 a provided on the upper transfer end portion side, and the driven shaft of the supply transfer device 14 provided on the front side of the tip transfer device 12 As shown in FIG. 5, the axis 15 (d) of 15 a is a configuration provided so as to be positioned on a substantially straight line in the front-rear direction. Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the shape of the left two rows of grain straws and the right two rows of grain straws are transferred to the upper rear and merged is substantially Y-shaped in plan view. It is the structure formed in.

前記穂先移送装置12の穀稈の穂先側を移送する移送終端部の穂先上部軸13aの軸心(イ)位置と、供給移送装置14の従動軸15aの軸心(ニ)位置とは、前後方向に略直線上へ位置させて設けた構成としたことにより、左側の二条列の穀稈と、右側の二条列の穀稈との合流部(リ)で合流したときの穀稈の乱れを防止できる。又、供給移送装置14の供給ラグ14cの移送範囲を少なくしたことにより、多量の穀稈の移送が可能である。更に、穂先の振れが少ないことにより、穀粒の飛散防止ができる。   The axial center (b) position of the tip upper shaft 13a of the transfer terminal end part for transferring the head side of the grain tip of the tip transfer device 12 and the axial center (d) position of the driven shaft 15a of the supply transfer device 14 are front and rear By having a configuration that is located on a substantially straight line in the direction, turbulence of the cereals when merging at the junction (re) of the left side two rows of cereals and the right side two rows of cereals Can be prevented. Moreover, by reducing the transfer range of the supply lug 14c of the supply transfer device 14, a large amount of cereal can be transferred. Furthermore, since there is little fluctuation of the tip, it is possible to prevent the grain from scattering.

前記支持杆16aの上端部へ設けた支持パイプ杆16bには、図8と図9で示すように、支持メタル19aを設け、この支持メタル19aと、穂先移送装置12の上部の移送終端部に設けた穂先上部メタル12eとの間には、接続メタル19bを設けて接続している。この接続メタル19bへ回動自在に軸支した接続軸19cを回動中心として、穂先移送装置12の穀稈移送部側の下側部を上下回動自在に形成している。接続軸19cの中心位置は、支持パイプ杆16bの中心位置より、所定距離上部へ位置させて設けている。支持パイプ杆16bを支持する支持メタル19aは、図9で示すように、コンバイン1の機体1aの左右方向略中央部へ位置させて設けている。   As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, a support metal 19 a is provided on the support pipe rod 16 b provided at the upper end of the support rod 16 a, and the support metal 19 a and the transfer terminal portion at the top of the tip transfer device 12 are provided. A connection metal 19b is provided and connected to the provided tip metal 12e. With the connecting shaft 19c pivotally supported on the connecting metal 19b as the center of rotation, the lower side portion of the tip transfer device 12 on the side of the grain transfer portion is formed so as to be vertically rotatable. The center position of the connecting shaft 19c is provided at a predetermined distance above the center position of the support pipe rod 16b. As shown in FIG. 9, the support metal 19 a that supports the support pipe rod 16 b is provided so as to be positioned at a substantially central portion in the left-right direction of the body 1 a of the combine 1.

前記前側、及び横側へ設けた前側の操作装置22の前側面部から、左横外側の操作装置22の左横外側面部にわたって設ける防塵用外カバー20の外側面は、図9で示すように、刈取装置4の左右方向の中心(チ)の近傍部、又は略同じ位置へ設けている。   As shown in FIG. 9, the outer side surface of the outer cover 20 for dust protection provided from the front side portion of the front side operation device 22 provided on the front side and the side side to the left side outer side surface portion of the left side outer operation device 22 is as shown in FIG. The mowing device 4 is provided in the vicinity of the center (h) in the left-right direction or substantially the same position.

これにより、穀稈の穂先移送通路と前記各操作装置22とを離すことで藁屑等の溜りを防止する。又、穀粒及び塵埃の飛散を防止できる。
前記右下株元移送装置10bの右下株元移送チェン10dは、図9、及び図10で示すように、右外側の掻込装置9aへ設けたスプロケット9Qと、移送終端部へ設けたテンション装置28とへ掛け渡している。右下株元移送チェン10dの移送始端部側で、右外側と、右側より二番目の各掻込装置9a、9aの各掻込スターホイル9f、9fの噛合部の後側には、凹部(逃がし部)10fを設けている。多量の穀稈が掻込みされたときであっても、右下株元移送チェン10dは、この凹部10f部で穀稈を逃がして、移送中の穀稈の詰りを防止している。10eはチェンレールであり、右下株元移送チェン10dを支持させている。右外側の掻込スターホイル9fの外径(D1)より、右側より二番目の掻込スターホイル9fの外径(D2)を所定寸法小径に形成して設けている。
Thereby, accumulation of swarf etc. is prevented by separating | separating the head transfer path | route of a grain basket, and each said operating device 22. FIG. Moreover, scattering of grains and dust can be prevented.
As shown in FIG. 9 and FIG. 10, the right lower stock transfer chain 10d of the lower right stock transfer device 10b includes a sprocket 9Q provided in the right outer scraping device 9a and a tension provided in the transfer end portion. It crosses over to the device 28. On the transfer start end side of the lower right stocker transfer chain 10d, on the right outer side and on the rear side of the meshing portions of the respective stirrer star wheels 9f, 9f of the respective second scoring devices 9a, 9a from the right side, a recess ( (Relief part) 10f is provided. Even when a large amount of cereal is scraped, the lower right stock former transfer chain 10d escapes the cereal at the recess 10f to prevent clogging of the cereal during transfer. 10e is a chain rail that supports the lower right stock former transfer chain 10d. The outer diameter (D2) of the second scratched star wheel 9f from the right side is formed to be smaller than the outer diameter (D1) of the right outer scratched starfoil 9f.

前記右下株元移送装置10bの右下株元移送チェン10dの前側の穀稈を移送する作用側には、図10で示すように、挟持ガイド21を挟持受装置21aで摺動移動自在に設けている。この挟持ガイド21の移送終端部には、合流部(リ)まで延長した補助挟持ガイド21bを設けると共に、テンション装置28の前側には、後挟持ガイド21cを設けている。スプリング21dは、挟持ガイド21を弾発する。   As shown in FIG. 10, the holding guide 21 is slidably moved by the holding device 21a on the working side of the lower right stock transfer device 10b for transferring the cereals on the front side of the lower right stock transfer chain 10d. Provided. An auxiliary clamping guide 21b extending to the junction (re) is provided at the transfer terminal end of the clamping guide 21, and a rear clamping guide 21c is provided on the front side of the tension device 28. The spring 21d repels the clamping guide 21.

右側二条列の掻込みされて、刈取りされた刈取り穀稈の株元側は、右下株元移送チェン10dと、各挟持ガイド21,21b,21cとの間へ挟持されて、合流部(リ)へ移送される。   The stocker side of the harvested cereals that have been scraped and cut in the right two rows are sandwiched between the lower right stocker transfer chain 10d and each of the sandwiching guides 21, 21b, 21c, and the junction (re- ).

これにより、右側二条列の穀稈が多量掻込みされて、引継ぎされたときであっても、右下株元移送装置10bの右下株元移送チェン10dの移送始端部側へ穀稈の詰りを防止することができる。又、部品の変形、及び破損を防止できる。   As a result, even when the right two rows of cereal straws are scraped and taken over, the cereals are clogged to the transfer start end side of the lower right stock source transfer chain 10d of the lower right stock source transfer device 10b. Can be prevented. Moreover, deformation and breakage of parts can be prevented.

図11は、刈取装置4を浮かせて支持するフローティング機構を設けた実施例で、刈取装置4の支持杆16aと走行車台2を伸縮シリンダ16で連結する部分の拡大図で、伸縮シリンダ16の上側を支持杆16aに枢支した第一伸縮筒35と走行車台2に固着した第二伸縮筒36を枢支軸37で連結している。   FIG. 11 is an embodiment in which a floating mechanism for floating and supporting the reaping device 4 is provided. FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of a portion where the support rod 16a of the reaping device 4 and the traveling chassis 2 are connected by the telescopic cylinder 16. The first telescopic cylinder 35 pivotally supported by the support rod 16a and the second telescopic cylinder 36 fixed to the traveling chassis 2 are connected by the pivot shaft 37.

第一伸縮筒35は圧縮バネ35cを内装した内筒35aと外筒35bで、第二伸縮筒36は同じく圧縮バネ36cを内装した内筒36aと外筒36bで内筒36a側に圧縮バネ36cを貫通して外筒36bのフランジ36fに設ける貫通孔36eから後方へ突出する芯軸36dを設け、この芯軸36dの突出端部に抜け止め用ストップ環38を固着して、第一伸縮筒35の外筒35b側と第二伸縮筒36の内筒36a側を枢支軸37で連結している。   The first telescopic cylinder 35 is an inner cylinder 35a and an outer cylinder 35b with an internal compression spring 35c, and the second telescopic cylinder 36 is an inner cylinder 36a and an outer cylinder 36b with an internal compression spring 36c, and the compression spring 36c on the inner cylinder 36a side. A core shaft 36d that protrudes rearward from a through hole 36e provided in the flange 36f of the outer cylinder 36b is provided, and a stop ring 38 for retaining is fixed to a protruding end portion of the core shaft 36d, and the first telescopic cylinder The outer cylinder 35 b side of the 35 and the inner cylinder 36 a side of the second telescopic cylinder 36 are connected by a pivot shaft 37.

フランジ36fの貫通孔36eは、芯軸36dが上下に僅かに動いても支障が無いように上下方向の長穴としている。
第二伸縮筒36の内筒36aは、図12の如く、内筒36aのフランジ36hとU字状連結部材36gを芯軸36dで貫通して一体的に溶接している。なお、U字状連結部材36gは、図13の如く、二枚の帯板をフランジ36hに溶接した構成にしても良い。
また、抜け止め用ストップ環38は、座金と芯軸36dの軸端ネジ部に締め付けるダブル ナットで構成して抜け止め位置を変更可能にしても良く、図14に示す如く、芯軸36dに設けた複数の係合孔41に通したRピン40と座金39で抜け止め用ストップ環38を構成し、抜け止め位置を変更可能にしても良い。
The through hole 36e of the flange 36f is a long hole in the vertical direction so that there is no problem even if the core shaft 36d moves slightly up and down.
As shown in FIG. 12, the inner cylinder 36a of the second telescopic cylinder 36 is integrally welded through the flange 36h of the inner cylinder 36a and the U-shaped connecting member 36g through a core shaft 36d. The U-shaped connecting member 36g may have a configuration in which two strips are welded to the flange 36h as shown in FIG.
Further, the retaining stop ring 38 may be constituted by a washer and a double nut fastened to the shaft end thread portion of the core shaft 36d so that the retaining position can be changed. As shown in FIG. 14, the retaining ring 38 is provided on the core shaft 36d. Alternatively, the retaining ring 38 may be configured by the R pin 40 and the washer 39 that are passed through the plurality of engaging holes 41 so that the retaining position can be changed.

さらに、図15に示す如く、フランジ36fに芯軸36dを挿通する角筒42を固着し、芯軸36dを角軸或いは角筒としてこの芯軸36dを横切る長溝を形成し、角筒42を横切って挿したピン43を前記芯軸36dの長溝に挿し込んで芯軸36dの可動域を規制した構成にしても良い。この構成で、ピン43を角筒42の複数位置に差し込んで固定するようにすれば、芯軸36dの可動域を変更出来る。   Further, as shown in FIG. 15, a square tube 42 through which the core shaft 36d is inserted is fixed to the flange 36f, and a long groove is formed across the core shaft 36d by using the core shaft 36d as a square shaft or a rectangular tube. The pin 43 inserted in this manner may be inserted into the long groove of the core shaft 36d to restrict the movable range of the core shaft 36d. With this configuration, if the pin 43 is inserted and fixed at a plurality of positions of the square tube 42, the movable range of the core shaft 36d can be changed.

また、図16に示す如く、角筒42の後端にボルト45を螺合する止め栓42aを固着し、この止め栓42aに螺合したボルト45をナット44で固定して、芯軸36dの軸端にボルト45を当てて第二伸縮筒36の縮み規制としても良い。   Further, as shown in FIG. 16, a stopper plug 42a to which a bolt 45 is screwed is fixed to the rear end of the square tube 42, and the bolt 45 screwed to the stopper plug 42a is fixed with a nut 44, so that the core shaft 36d is fixed. The bolt 45 may be applied to the shaft end to restrict the contraction of the second telescopic cylinder 36.

角筒4を固着したフランジ36fを第二伸縮筒36の外筒36bに対してボルトとナットで着脱可能にしても良い。
第二伸縮筒36は、フランジ36fを走行車台2に溶接しているが、走行車台2側に取付板を溶接し、この取付板とフランジ36fを上下方向の長穴或いは複数孔とボルトで取付高さ位置を調整可能にしても良い。
The flange 36f to which the square tube 4 is fixed may be detachable from the outer tube 36b of the second telescopic tube 36 with bolts and nuts.
In the second telescopic cylinder 36, the flange 36f is welded to the traveling chassis 2, but a mounting plate is welded to the traveling chassis 2 side, and this mounting plate and the flange 36f are mounted with a vertically long slot or a plurality of holes and bolts. The height position may be adjustable.

図17に示すコンバインは、前記のフロート支持装置48で刈取装置4の支持杆16aを支持し、さらに第一接地ソリ体46aを設けた分草体5bの分草フレーム49と第二接地ソリ体46bを設けた刈取装置4の刈刃フレーム50を融通機構47で支持杆16aに支持した構成で、軽い分草フレーム49と刈刃フレーム50が圃場面の凹凸によって融通機構47の許す範囲で昇降し、さらに大きな昇降は、フロート支持装置48の許す範囲で昇降するようにしている。   The combine shown in FIG. 17 supports the support rod 16a of the reaping device 4 with the float support device 48, and the weed frame 49 of the weed body 5b provided with the first grounding sled body 46a and the second grounded sled body 46b. The cutting blade frame 50 of the cutting device 4 provided with the support mechanism 16a is supported by the support mechanism 16a, and the light weeding frame 49 and the cutting blade frame 50 are moved up and down within the range allowed by the accommodation mechanism 47 due to unevenness of the field scene. Further, the larger lift is performed within the range allowed by the float support device 48.

この構成で、分草体5bと刈取装置4が軽快に昇降し、より大きな刈取装置4全体の昇降も行うようになる。   With this configuration, the weeding body 5b and the reaping device 4 are lifted and lowered, and the larger reaping device 4 is also lifted and lowered.

2a 脱穀装置
4 刈取装置
10a 右上株元移送装置
12 穂先移送装置
14 供給移送装置
15b 支持杆
30 穂先誘導杆
30a 第一穂先誘導杆
30b 第二穂先誘導杆
2a Threshing device 4 Harvesting device 10a Upper right stock transfer device 12 Tip transfer device 14 Feed transfer device 15b Support rod 30 Tip guide rod 30a First tip guide rod 30b Second tip induction rod

Claims (3)

機体前部の刈取装置(4)で刈り取った刈取穀稈を該刈取装置(4)の後側に設けた脱穀装置(2a)に搬送供給する株元移送装置(10a)と穂先移送装置(12)を設け、該穂先移送装置(12)の上側で穀稈の穂先を押える第一穂先誘導杆(30a)を設けたコンバインにおいて、前記第一穂先誘導杆(30a)の搬送下手側の位置に、穂先移送装置(12)の搬送終端よりも後方に延出する第二穂先誘導杆(30b)を設けたことを特徴とするコンバイン。   The stock transfer device (10a) and the tip transfer device (12) for feeding and feeding the harvested cereals harvested by the harvesting device (4) at the front of the machine body to the threshing device (2a) provided on the rear side of the harvesting device (4) ) And a combine provided with a first tip guide rod (30a) that presses the tip of the grain pod on the upper side of the tip transfer device (12), at a position on the lower transport side of the first tip guide rod (30a) The combine characterized by providing the 2nd tip guide rod (30b) extended back rather than the conveyance termination of a tip transfer device (12). 前記第二穂先誘導杆(30b)の後端部を下方に向けた屈曲形状に形成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載のコンバイン。   The combine according to claim 1, wherein the combiner is formed in a bent shape with a rear end portion of the second tip guide rod (30b) facing downward. 前記穂先移送装置(12)に対する第二穂先誘導杆(30b)の上下位置を調節自在に構成したことを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項2記載のコンバイン。   The combine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the vertical position of the second tip guide rod (30b) relative to the tip transfer device (12) is adjustable.
JP2010135227A 2010-06-14 2010-06-14 Combine harvester Pending JP2012000013A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2018139540A (en) * 2017-02-28 2018-09-13 井関農機株式会社 Combine harvester

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2018139540A (en) * 2017-02-28 2018-09-13 井関農機株式会社 Combine harvester

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