JP2011251248A - Sand pumping apparatus and sand pumping method - Google Patents

Sand pumping apparatus and sand pumping method Download PDF

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JP2011251248A
JP2011251248A JP2010126591A JP2010126591A JP2011251248A JP 2011251248 A JP2011251248 A JP 2011251248A JP 2010126591 A JP2010126591 A JP 2010126591A JP 2010126591 A JP2010126591 A JP 2010126591A JP 2011251248 A JP2011251248 A JP 2011251248A
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sand
valve
settling
ejector
water
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JP5638286B2 (en
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Toru Kazui
徹 数井
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Maezawa Ind Inc
前澤工業株式会社
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a sand pumping apparatus and a sand pumping method for efficiently sucking up and discharging sand, pebble, etc. accumulated in a plurality of grit pits.SOLUTION: The sand pumping apparatus 11 includes: grit suction pipes 12 disposed to each of the plurality of grit pits; a grit storage tank 14 to which the plurality of grit suction pipes are connected in parallel through suction valves 13; an ejector 22 that suctions a fluid in the grit storage tank and discharges; a pressure pump 18 that feeds water with pressure to the ejector and the grit storage tank; an ejector driving water supply passage 26 which connects the pressure pump and the ejector through an ejector operating valve 25; a sand washout water supply passage 16 that connects the pressure pump and the grit storage tank through a sand washout water supply valve 15; and a grit discharge passage 20 that discharges grit in the grit storage tank through a sand washout valve 19.

Description

本発明は、揚砂装置及び揚砂方法に係り、例えば、取水設備等における沈砂池の沈砂ピットに堆積した砂や小石等を吸い上げて排出するための揚砂装置及び揚砂方法に関する。   The present invention relates to a sand raising device and a sand raising method, for example, a sand raising device and a sand raising method for sucking and discharging sand, pebbles and the like accumulated in a sand pit of a sand basin in a water intake facility or the like.
取水設備や下水処理設備、ポンプ場等に設けられる沈砂池に堆積した砂等を吸い上げて排出するための揚砂装置として、水中に揚砂ポンプを設置した揚砂装置が広く知られている(例えば、特許文献1参照。)。   As a sand lifting device for sucking up and discharging sand accumulated in a settling basin provided in a water intake facility, a sewage treatment facility, a pumping station, etc., a sand lifting device in which a sand pump is installed in water is widely known ( For example, see Patent Document 1.)
特開2004−11542号公報JP 2004-11542 A
上述の揚砂装置では、各沈砂ピットの水中に1台ずつ揚砂ポンプを配置していることからコストが嵩み、また、保守整備に手間が掛かるという問題があった。   In the above-described sand raising device, there is a problem that the cost is increased because one sand raising pump is arranged in the water of each sand settling pit, and maintenance work is troublesome.
そこで本発明は、圧送ポンプとエゼクタとによって、複数の沈砂ピットに堆積した砂や小石等を吸い上げることのできる揚砂装置及び揚砂方法を提供することを目的としている。   Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a sand raising apparatus and a sand raising method capable of sucking up sand, pebbles and the like accumulated in a plurality of sand settling pits by using a pressure pump and an ejector.
上記目的を達成するため、本発明の揚砂装置は、池底部に形成された沈砂ピット内の沈砂を、沈砂吸入管を介して水と共に吸引して移送する揚砂装置において、複数の沈砂ピットにそれぞれ配置した複数の沈砂吸入管と、該複数の沈砂吸入管を吸入弁を介してそれぞれ並列に接続した沈砂貯留槽と、該沈砂貯留槽内の流体を排出弁を介して吸引するエゼクタと、該エゼクタと前記沈砂貯留槽とに水を圧送する圧送ポンプと、該圧送ポンプと前記エゼクタとをエゼクタ作動弁を介して接続したエゼクタ駆動水供給経路と、前記圧送ポンプと前記沈砂貯留槽とを排砂水供給弁を介して接続した排砂水供給経路と、前記沈砂貯留槽内から排砂弁を介して沈砂を排出する沈砂排出経路とを備えたことを特徴としている。   In order to achieve the above object, a sand raising apparatus according to the present invention comprises a plurality of sand pits in a sand raising apparatus that sucks and transfers sand in a sand pit formed at the bottom of a pond together with water through a sand set suction pipe. A plurality of sand settling pipes arranged in each of the above, a sand settling tank in which the plurality of sand settling pipes are connected in parallel through suction valves, and an ejector for sucking the fluid in the sand settling tank through a discharge valve, A pressure pump for pumping water to the ejector and the sand settling tank, an ejector drive water supply path connecting the pressure pump and the ejector via an ejector operating valve, the pressure pump and the sand settling tank, Are provided with a sand discharge water supply path connected through a sand discharge water supply valve and a sand settling discharge path for discharging the sand settling through the sand settling tank through the sand discharge valve.
また、本発明の揚砂方法の第1の構成は、前記揚砂装置を使用した揚砂方法であって、前記エゼクタ作動弁と前記流体排出弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記エゼクタに水を圧送して前記沈砂貯留槽内の流体を前記流体排出弁を介して吸引して沈砂貯留槽内を減圧する減圧操作と、いずれか一つの前記吸入弁を開き、減圧された前記沈砂貯留槽に前記沈砂吸入管を介して該沈砂吸入管が設けられた沈砂ピット内の水と沈砂とを吸い上げる沈砂吸上操作と、前記排砂水供給弁と前記排砂弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記沈砂貯留槽内に排砂水を供給し、該排砂水と共に沈砂貯留槽内の沈砂を前記沈砂排出経路に排出する排砂操作とを、前記複数の沈砂ピットに対して順次行うことを特徴としている。   The first configuration of the sand raising method of the present invention is a sand raising method using the sand raising device, wherein the ejector operating valve and the fluid discharge valve are opened and the other valves are closed. A pressure reducing operation for pumping water from the pressure pump to the ejector and sucking the fluid in the sand settling tank through the fluid discharge valve to depressurize the inside of the sand settling tank; and opening any one of the suction valves. A sand sink suction operation for sucking up water and sand in the sand settling pit in which the sand settling suction pipe is provided in the decompressed sand settling storage tank via the sand settling suction pipe, the sand discharge water supply valve, and the sand discharge With the valve open and the other valves closed, the waste water is supplied from the pumping pump into the sand settling tank, and the sand settling in the sand settling tank is discharged into the sand settling path together with the drained water. Sand operation is sequentially performed on the plurality of sand pits. It is set to.
さらに、本発明の揚砂方法の第2の構成は、前記揚砂装置を使用した揚砂方法であって、いずれか一つの前記吸入弁と前記エゼクタ作動弁と前記流体排出弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記エゼクタに水を圧送して前記沈砂貯留槽内の流体を前記流体排出弁を介して吸引するとともに、吸入弁を開いた一つの沈砂吸入管を介して該沈砂吸入管が設けられた沈砂ピット内の水と沈砂とを前記沈砂貯留槽に吸い上げる沈砂吸上操作と、前記排砂水供給弁と前記排砂弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記沈砂貯留槽内に排砂水を供給し、該排砂水と共に沈砂貯留槽内の沈砂を前記沈砂排出経路に排出する排砂操作とを、前記複数の沈砂ピットに対して順次行うことを特徴としている。   Further, the second configuration of the sand raising method of the present invention is a sand raising method using the sand raising device, and opens any one of the suction valve, the ejector operation valve, and the fluid discharge valve, With the other valve closed, water is pumped from the pressure pump to the ejector to suck the fluid in the sand settling tank through the fluid discharge valve, and one sand settling suction pipe having an open suction valve is provided. Through the sand settling operation to suck up the water and the settling water in the sand settling pit provided with the sand settling pipe into the settling tank, and open the drained water supply valve and the settling valve, and open the other valves. Sand discharge operation for supplying sand discharge water into the sand settling tank from the pressure pump in a closed state, and discharging sand settling in the sand set storage tank to the sand set discharge path together with the sand discharge water, the plurality of sand settling It is characterized by being performed sequentially on the pits.
本発明によれば、圧送ポンプと1台のエゼクタとにより、複数の沈砂ピット内に堆積した砂や小石等を水と共に沈砂貯留槽に吸い上げて沈砂ピットから排出することができるので、使用する機器を削減することができ、コストの削減化を図ることができる。   According to the present invention, sand and pebbles accumulated in a plurality of sedimentation pits can be sucked together with water into the sedimentation storage tank and discharged from the sedimentation pit by a pumping pump and one ejector. The cost can be reduced.
本発明の第1形態例を示す揚砂装置の系統図である。It is a systematic diagram of the sand raising apparatus which shows the 1st form example of this invention. 本発明の揚砂装置における減圧操作時の状態を示す系統図である。It is a systematic diagram which shows the state at the time of pressure reduction operation in the sand lifting apparatus of this invention. 同じく沈砂吸上操作時の状態を示す系統図である。It is a systematic diagram which similarly shows the state at the time of sand wicking operation. 同じく排砂操作時の状態を示す揚砂装置の系統図である。It is a systematic diagram of the sand raising apparatus which similarly shows the state at the time of sand removal operation.
本形態例に示す揚砂装置11は、沈砂池の底部に形成された複数の沈砂ピット(図示せず)内の沈砂を、各沈砂ピットにそれぞれ配置された沈砂吸入管12にて吸い込んで揚砂するもので、各沈砂吸入管12は、吸入弁13を介して一つの沈砂貯留槽14にそれぞれ並列に接続されている。沈砂貯留槽14には、排砂水供給弁15を備えた排砂水供給経路16を介して貯水槽17内の水を圧送する2台の圧送ポンプ18,18が接続されると共に、排砂弁19を備えた沈砂排出経路20が槽下部に接続され、さらに、流体排出弁21を介して沈砂貯留槽14内の流体を吸引するエゼクタ22が槽上部に接続され、さらに、槽底部にはドレン排出弁23を備えたドレン排出管24が設けられている。また、エゼクタ22は、エゼクタ作動弁25を備えたエゼクタ駆動水供給経路26を介して前記2台の圧送ポンプ18,18に接続されると共に、吐出側が排出管27に接続されている。   The sand raising device 11 shown in the present embodiment sucks sand in a plurality of sand pits (not shown) formed at the bottom of a sand basin by using a sand set suction pipe 12 disposed in each sand pit. Each sand settling suction pipe 12 is connected in parallel to one sand settling storage tank 14 via a suction valve 13. The sand settling tank 14 is connected with two pumping pumps 18, 18 for pumping water in the water storage tank 17 through a wastewater supply path 16 having a drainage water supply valve 15, and sand discharge. A sedimentation discharge path 20 provided with a valve 19 is connected to the bottom of the tank, and further, an ejector 22 that sucks fluid in the sedimentation storage tank 14 through a fluid discharge valve 21 is connected to the top of the tank. A drain discharge pipe 24 having a drain discharge valve 23 is provided. The ejector 22 is connected to the two pumps 18 and 18 through an ejector drive water supply path 26 having an ejector operating valve 25, and the discharge side is connected to a discharge pipe 27.
さらに、本形態例では、エゼクタ22から排出管27に吐出された水に含まれる空気を分離して排出するための空気弁28を備えたエア抜タンク29を設け、該エア抜タンク29で空気を分離した水を沈砂池に設けた集砂装置30に供給できるように形成し、前記排出管27に吐出される水を集砂装置30の噴出水として利用できるようにしている。加えて、エゼクタ22及びエゼクタ作動弁25をバイパスするバイパス弁31を備えたバイパス管32を設け、このバイパス管32を使用することによって揚砂処理とは別に集砂装置30に噴出水を供給できるように形成している。   Furthermore, in this embodiment, an air vent tank 29 having an air valve 28 for separating and discharging air contained in water discharged from the ejector 22 to the discharge pipe 27 is provided. The separated water is formed so that it can be supplied to the sand collecting device 30 provided in the sand basin, and the water discharged to the discharge pipe 27 can be used as the ejected water of the sand collecting device 30. In addition, a bypass pipe 32 provided with a bypass valve 31 that bypasses the ejector 22 and the ejector operating valve 25 is provided, and by using this bypass pipe 32, squirt water can be supplied to the sand collecting device 30 separately from the sand collection process. It is formed as follows.
次に、このように形成した揚砂装置11を用いた揚砂方法の第1形態例を、図2乃至図4に基づいて説明する。なお、図2乃至図4では、揚砂処理に必要な経路のみを図示しており、図1に示した揚砂装置と同じ構成要素には同一の符号を付して詳細な説明は省略する。   Next, the 1st example of the sanding method using the sanding apparatus 11 formed in this way is demonstrated based on FIG. 2 thru | or FIG. 2 to 4 show only a route necessary for the sanding process, the same components as those in the sanding apparatus shown in FIG. 1 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted. .
まず、図2に示すように、前記エゼクタ作動弁25と前記流体排出弁21とを開いて他の弁を閉じた状態とし、前記圧送ポンプ18から前記エゼクタ22に水を圧送してエゼクタ22を作動させ、前記沈砂貯留槽14内の空気を排出弁19を介して吸引し、排出管27に排出することによって沈砂貯留槽14内を減圧する減圧操作を行う。   First, as shown in FIG. 2, the ejector actuating valve 25 and the fluid discharge valve 21 are opened and the other valves are closed, and water is pumped from the pumping pump 18 to the ejector 22 so that the ejector 22 is moved. The depressurization operation which depressurizes the inside of the sand settling tank 14 by operating, sucking the air in the said sand settling tank 14 through the discharge valve 19, and discharging | emitting to the discharge pipe 27 is performed.
この減圧操作で沈砂貯留槽14内を十分に減圧した後、図3に示すように、何れか一つの吸入弁13を開き、一つの沈砂ピットから沈砂吸入管12を介して沈砂と水とを沈砂貯留槽14内に吸い上げる沈砂吸上操作を行う。この沈砂吸上操作は、沈砂貯留槽14内があらかじめ十分に減圧された状態で開始するので、沈砂貯留槽14内と沈砂ピットとの圧力差が大きくなり、強い吸引力で沈砂を吸い上げることができる。これにより、比較的大きな砂利、小石等も確実に沈砂貯留槽14内に吸い上げることが可能となる。   After the pressure inside the sedimentation tank 14 is sufficiently decompressed by this decompression operation, as shown in FIG. 3, one of the suction valves 13 is opened, and the sedimentation and water are discharged from one sedimentation pit via the sedimentation suction pipe 12. Sediment sand suction operation to suck up into the sand sediment storage tank 14 is performed. Since the sand sediment suction operation is started in a state where the inside of the sand sediment storage tank 14 is sufficiently depressurized in advance, the pressure difference between the sand sediment storage tank 14 and the sand sediment pit becomes large, and the sand sediment can be sucked up with a strong suction force. it can. As a result, relatively large gravel, pebbles and the like can be reliably sucked into the sand settling tank 14.
さらに、圧送ポンプ18及びエゼクタ22は、減圧操作で沈砂貯留槽14を十分に減圧できればよいことから、圧送ポンプ18やエゼクタ22として小型のものを用いることができ、従来の揚砂ポンプに比べてコストや消費エネルギーを大幅に低減することができる。   Furthermore, since the pumping pump 18 and the ejector 22 only need to be able to sufficiently depressurize the sand storage tank 14 by a decompression operation, small pumps can be used as the pumping pump 18 and the ejector 22, compared with conventional sand pumps. Cost and energy consumption can be greatly reduced.
沈砂吸上操作を行った後、沈砂貯留槽14内に貯留された沈砂を排出するため、図4に示すように、排砂水供給弁15と排砂弁19とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態で圧送ポンプ18を作動させ、圧送ポンプ18から排砂水供給経路16を介して沈砂貯留槽14内に沈砂排出用の排砂水を供給し、沈砂貯留槽14内の沈砂を排砂水に同伴させて沈砂排出経路20から排出する排砂操作を行う。沈砂排出経路20に排出した沈砂を含む排砂水は、例えば、別途設けた沈砂分離機のホッパーなどに移送される。排砂操作終了後は、圧送ポンプ18を停止させて沈砂貯留槽14内に残る排砂水を沈砂排出経路20あるいはドレン排出管24から排出する。   After the sand sediment suction operation, in order to discharge the sand sediment stored in the sand sediment storage tank 14, the waste water supply valve 15 and the sand discharge valve 19 are opened as shown in FIG. In a closed state, the pumping pump 18 is operated, and the discharged sand water for discharging the settling sand is supplied from the pumping pump 18 to the settling tank 14 via the settling water supply path 16 to discharge the settling sand in the settling tank 14. A sand discharge operation is performed in which the sand is discharged from the settling discharge path 20 along with the sand water. The sand discharge water including the sand settling discharged into the sand settling path 20 is transferred to, for example, a hopper of a separately provided sand set separator. After completion of the sand discharge operation, the pumping pump 18 is stopped and the discharged sand water remaining in the sand settling tank 14 is discharged from the sand settling discharge path 20 or the drain discharge pipe 24.
一つの沈砂ピットの揚砂を行った後、他の沈砂ピットの揚砂を行う際には、前記減圧操作を行って沈砂貯留槽14内を減圧した後、他の吸入弁13を開いて他の沈砂ピットの沈砂吸上操作を行い、他の沈砂ピットから沈砂と水とを沈砂貯留槽14内に吸い上げた後、前記排砂操作を行って沈砂貯留槽14内の沈砂を排出する。このように、複数の沈砂ピットに対して減圧操作、沈砂吸上操作及び排砂操作を順次行うことにより、各沈砂ピットから沈砂を揚砂して排出することができる。   After sanding one sand pit, when sanding another sand pit, the decompression operation is performed to decompress the sand sediment storage tank 14, and then another suction valve 13 is opened. Then, the sand sinking operation of the sand settling pit is performed, and the sand settling and water are sucked up from the other settling pits into the sand settling storage tank 14, and then the sand discharging operation is performed to discharge the sand settling in the sand settling storage tank 14. In this manner, by sequentially performing a pressure reduction operation, a sand sediment suction operation, and a sand discharge operation on a plurality of sand sediment pits, the sand sediment can be sanded and discharged from each sand sediment pit.
また、沈砂池や沈砂ピットの状況、圧送ポンプ18及びエゼクタ22の能力によっては、前記減圧操作を省略することも可能である。すなわち、最初に、図3に示すように、何れか一つの吸入弁13と、流体排出弁21と、エゼクタ作動弁25とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態で、圧送ポンプ18を作動させ、圧送ポンプ18からエゼクタ駆動水供給経路26を介してエゼクタ22に駆動水を供給し、エゼクタ22の吸引作用で沈砂貯留槽14内の空気を吸引して排出管27に排出する。   Moreover, the said pressure reduction operation | movement is also omissible according to the condition of a sand basin or a sand pit, and the capability of the pumping pump 18 and the ejector 22. FIG. That is, first, as shown in FIG. 3, any one of the suction valves 13, the fluid discharge valve 21, and the ejector operation valve 25 are opened, and the pressure feed pump 18 is operated with the other valves closed. Then, the driving water is supplied from the pressure pump 18 to the ejector 22 through the ejector driving water supply path 26, and the air in the sand settling tank 14 is sucked by the suction action of the ejector 22 and discharged to the discharge pipe 27.
これにより、沈砂貯留槽14内の空気がエゼクタ22によって吸引されて沈砂貯留槽14内が減圧状態になるとともに、吸入弁13を開いた一つの沈砂ピットから沈砂吸入管12を介して沈砂と水とが沈砂貯留槽14内に吸い上げられて沈砂吸上操作が行われる。このとき、沈砂貯留槽14の構造や大きさを適当に設定することにより、沈砂貯留槽14内で沈砂と水とを分離することができ、沈砂貯留槽14が満杯状態になったときでも、沈砂貯留槽14内で分離した水のみをエゼクタ22に吸引して排出管27に排出することができ、エゼクタ22に砂などが吸引されることを回避できる。排出管27に排出されたエゼクタ駆動水などは、貯水槽17に戻したり、沈砂池に戻したりすることができる。   As a result, the air in the sand settling tank 14 is sucked by the ejector 22 so that the inside of the sand settling tank 14 is in a decompressed state, and the sand settling and water are passed through the sand settling pipe 12 from one sand settling pit in which the suction valve 13 is opened. Are sucked into the sand settling tank 14 and the sand settling operation is performed. At this time, by appropriately setting the structure and size of the sand settling tank 14, it is possible to separate the sand and water in the sand settling tank 14, and even when the sand settling tank 14 is full, Only the water separated in the sand settling tank 14 can be sucked into the ejector 22 and discharged into the discharge pipe 27, and sand and the like can be avoided from being sucked into the ejector 22. The ejector driving water discharged to the discharge pipe 27 can be returned to the water storage tank 17 or returned to the sand basin.
この沈砂吸上操作を行った後は、前記同様、図4に示すように、排砂水供給弁15と排砂弁19とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態で圧送ポンプ18を作動させて排砂水供給経路16から沈砂貯留槽14内に排砂水を供給し、沈砂貯留槽14内の沈砂を沈砂排出経路20から排出する排砂操作を行う。   After the sand sink suction operation, as shown in FIG. 4, the sand pumping water supply valve 15 and the sand discharging valve 19 are opened and the pressure feed pump 18 is operated with the other valves closed as shown in FIG. Then, the sand discharge operation is performed to supply sand discharge water from the sand discharge water supply path 16 to the sand settling tank 14 and discharge the sand settling in the sand settling tank 14 from the sand set discharge path 20.
この場合、排砂操作を行って沈砂貯留槽14内の沈砂を排出した後、そのまま他の吸入弁13を開いて他の沈砂ピットの沈砂吸上操作を連続して行うこともできる。このように、沈砂吸上操作と排砂操作とを複数の沈砂ピットに対して順次行うことにより、1台のエゼクタ22に圧送ポンプ18からエゼクタ駆動水を供給することで、複数の沈砂ピットの沈砂を順番に沈砂貯留槽14に吸い上げて排出することができる。   In this case, after the sand discharge operation is performed and the sand settling in the sand settling tank 14 is discharged, the other suction valve 13 can be opened as it is, and the sand settling operation of other settling pits can be continuously performed. In this way, by sequentially performing the sand sink suction operation and the sand discharge operation on the plurality of sand pits, the ejector driving water is supplied from the pumping pump 18 to one ejector 22, so that Sediment can be sucked up and discharged to the sedimentation tank 14 in order.
また、前記減圧操作や前記沈砂吸上操作を行っているときに、圧送ポンプ18から供給されてエゼクタ22から吐出された水や空気と水との混合流体をエア抜タンク29に導入し、エア抜タンク29で空気を分離排出した水を集砂装置30に供給することにより、沈砂池の底部に堆積した沈砂を沈砂ピットに集めることができる。例えば、次に揚砂を行う沈砂ピットに沈砂をあらかじめ集めておくことにより、揚砂効率を向上させることができる。   In addition, when the pressure reducing operation or the sand sediment suction operation is performed, water or a mixed fluid of air and water supplied from the pressure pump 18 and discharged from the ejector 22 is introduced into the air vent tank 29, By supplying water from which the air has been separated and discharged in the extraction tank 29 to the sand collecting device 30, the sand settling at the bottom of the settling basin can be collected in the settling pit. For example, sand collection efficiency can be improved by collecting sand in advance in a sand settling pit for next sand removal.
また、雨天などで池底に堆積する沈砂の量が多くなるときには、バイパス弁31を開いて他の弁を閉じておくことにより、圧送ポンプ18から圧送される水を集砂装置30に直接供給することができるので、沈砂池の底部に大量の沈砂が堆積することを防止できる。   Further, when the amount of sand settling on the pond bottom increases due to rain or the like, the water fed by the pressure pump 18 is directly supplied to the sand collecting device 30 by opening the bypass valve 31 and closing the other valves. Therefore, it is possible to prevent a large amount of sand from being accumulated at the bottom of the sand basin.
さらに、圧送ポンプ18を停止してドレン排出弁23を開いた状態で流体排出弁21を開くことにより、エア抜タンク29内の水を沈砂貯留槽14に逆流させることができ、沈砂貯留槽14内を清掃することができ、また、ドレン排出弁23に代えて任意の吸入弁13を開くことにより、沈砂吸入管12に水を逆流させて沈砂吸入管12内の清掃を行うことができ、沈砂吸入管12の閉塞を解消することができる。   Further, by opening the fluid discharge valve 21 while the pressure pump 18 is stopped and the drain discharge valve 23 is opened, the water in the air vent tank 29 can be caused to flow back to the sand settling tank 14. It is possible to clean the inside of the sand settling suction pipe 12 by opening the optional suction valve 13 in place of the drain discharge valve 23 and allowing water to flow backward through the sand settling suction pipe 12. The blockage of the sand settling suction pipe 12 can be eliminated.
なお、本発明は、様々な池、水槽等の揚砂に適用することができる。また、圧送ポンプの作動、各弁の開閉は、それぞれ手動で行うこともでき、予め設定した手順に基づいて自動的に行うこともできる。また、圧送ポンプの台数は任意であり、さらに、沈砂貯留槽での水と砂との分離も任意の手段で行うことができる。   The present invention can be applied to various types of ponds, water tanks, and the like. The operation of the pressure feed pump and the opening / closing of each valve can be performed manually, or can be performed automatically based on a preset procedure. Moreover, the number of the pressure pumps is arbitrary, and further, separation of water and sand in the sand settling tank can be performed by any means.
11…揚砂装置、12…沈砂吸入管、13…吸入弁、14…沈砂分離槽、15…排砂水供給弁、16…排砂水供給経路、17…貯水槽、18…圧送ポンプ、19…排砂弁、20…沈砂排出経路、21…流体排出弁、22…エゼクタ、23…ドレン排出弁、24…ドレン排出管、25…エゼクタ作動弁、26…エゼクタ駆動水供給経路、27…排出管、28…空気弁、29…エア抜タンク、30…集砂装置、31…バイパス弁、32…バイパス管   DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 ... Sand raising apparatus, 12 ... Sand sink suction pipe, 13 ... Suction valve, 14 ... Sand settling tank, 15 ... Sand discharge water supply valve, 16 ... Sand discharge water supply path, 17 ... Water storage tank, 18 ... Pressure pump, 19 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS ... Sand discharge valve, 20 ... Sand discharge path, 21 ... Fluid discharge valve, 22 ... Ejector, 23 ... Drain discharge valve, 24 ... Drain discharge pipe, 25 ... Ejector operation valve, 26 ... Ejector drive water supply path, 27 ... Drain Pipe, 28 ... Air valve, 29 ... Air vent tank, 30 ... Sand collector, 31 ... Bypass valve, 32 ... Bypass pipe

Claims (3)

  1. 池底部に形成された沈砂ピット内の沈砂を、沈砂吸入管を介して水と共に吸引して移送する揚砂装置において、複数の沈砂ピットにそれぞれ配置した複数の沈砂吸入管と、該複数の沈砂吸入管を吸入弁を介してそれぞれ並列に接続した沈砂貯留槽と、該沈砂貯留槽内の流体を流体排出弁を介して吸引するエゼクタと、該エゼクタと前記沈砂貯留槽とに水を圧送する圧送ポンプと、該圧送ポンプと前記エゼクタとをエゼクタ作動弁を介して接続したエゼクタ駆動水供給経路と、前記圧送ポンプと前記沈砂貯留槽とを排砂水供給弁を介して接続した排砂水供給経路と、前記沈砂貯留槽内から排砂弁を介して沈砂を排出する沈砂排出経路とを備えたことを特徴とする揚砂装置。 In a sand pumping device for sucking and transferring sand in a sand pit formed at the bottom of a pond together with water through a sand set suction pipe, a plurality of sand set suction pipes respectively disposed in the plurality of sand set pits, and the plurality of sand settling Water is pumped to the sand settling tank in which the suction pipes are connected in parallel through the suction valves, the ejector that sucks the fluid in the sand settling tank through the fluid discharge valve, and the ejector and the sand settling tank. A pressure pump, an ejector drive water supply path in which the pressure pump and the ejector are connected via an ejector operating valve, and a sand discharge water in which the pressure pump and the sand settling tank are connected via a waste water supply valve A sand raising device, comprising: a supply path; and a sand settling path for discharging settling sand from the sand settling tank through a sand discharging valve.
  2. 請求項1記載の揚砂装置を使用した揚砂方法であって、前記エゼクタ作動弁と前記流体排出弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記エゼクタに水を圧送して前記沈砂貯留槽内の流体を前記流体排出弁を介して吸引して沈砂貯留槽内を減圧する減圧操作と、いずれか一つの前記吸入弁を開き、減圧された前記沈砂貯留槽に前記沈砂吸入管を介して該沈砂吸入管が設けられた沈砂ピット内の水と沈砂とを吸い上げる沈砂吸上操作と、前記排砂水供給弁と前記排砂弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記沈砂貯留槽内に排砂水を供給し、該排砂水と共に沈砂貯留槽内の沈砂を前記沈砂排出経路に排出する排砂操作とを、前記複数の沈砂ピットに対して順次行うことを特徴とする揚砂方法。 2. A sand pumping method using the sand pumping device according to claim 1, wherein the ejector operating valve and the fluid discharge valve are opened and the other valves are closed, and water is pumped from the pump to the ejector. A pressure reducing operation for sucking the fluid in the sand settling tank through the fluid discharge valve to depressurize the inside of the sand settling tank, and opening any one of the suction valves to put the sand settling in the depressurized sand settling tank. Sediment suction operation for sucking up water and sediment in the sand pit provided with the sand sediment suction pipe through the suction pipe, the waste water supply valve and the sand discharge valve were opened, and the other valves were closed. Sand discharge operation is performed on the plurality of sand pits by supplying sand discharge water into the sand settling tank from the pump as a state, and discharging sand settling in the sand set storage tank to the sand set discharge path together with the sand discharge water. A sanding method characterized in that it is performed sequentially.
  3. 請求項1記載の揚砂装置を使用した揚砂方法であって、いずれか一つの前記吸入弁と前記エゼクタ作動弁と前記流体排出弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記エゼクタに水を圧送して前記沈砂貯留槽内の流体を前記流体排出弁を介して吸引するとともに、吸入弁を開いた一つの沈砂吸入管を介して該沈砂吸入管が設けられた沈砂ピット内の水と沈砂とを前記沈砂貯留槽に吸い上げる沈砂吸上操作と、前記排砂水供給弁と前記排砂弁とを開き、他の弁を閉じた状態として前記圧送ポンプから前記沈砂貯留槽内に排砂水を供給し、該排砂水と共に沈砂貯留槽内の沈砂を前記沈砂排出経路に排出する排砂操作とを、前記複数の沈砂ピットに対して順次行うことを特徴とする揚砂方法。 A sand pumping method using the sand pumping device according to claim 1, wherein any one of the suction valve, the ejector operation valve, and the fluid discharge valve is opened and the other valve is closed, and the pressure feed pump is used. The sand settling pipe provided with the sand settling suction pipe through one sand settling suction pipe having the suction valve opened while sucking the fluid in the sand settling tank through the fluid discharge valve by pumping water to the ejector Sand sinking operation for sucking up water and sand settling in the pit into the sand settling tank, opening the sand discharge water supply valve and the sand discharge valve, and closing the other valve to store the sand settling from the pump Sand discharge operation is performed sequentially for the plurality of sand set pits by supplying sand discharge water into the tank and discharging the set sand in the settling tank together with the drain water to the settling discharge path. The sanding method.
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JP2013000632A (en) * 2011-06-14 2013-01-07 Maezawa Ind Inc Sand pumping device, and sand pumping method
JP2013130147A (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-07-04 Tlv Co Ltd Ejector type vacuum pump
JP2013215656A (en) * 2012-04-06 2013-10-24 Maezawa Ind Inc Grit treatment facility

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JP2013000632A (en) * 2011-06-14 2013-01-07 Maezawa Ind Inc Sand pumping device, and sand pumping method
JP2013130147A (en) * 2011-12-22 2013-07-04 Tlv Co Ltd Ejector type vacuum pump
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