JP2011152995A - Side plate for air conditioning car, and system for air conditioning cage interior - Google Patents

Side plate for air conditioning car, and system for air conditioning cage interior Download PDF

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JP2011152995A
JP2011152995A JP2010015932A JP2010015932A JP2011152995A JP 2011152995 A JP2011152995 A JP 2011152995A JP 2010015932 A JP2010015932 A JP 2010015932A JP 2010015932 A JP2010015932 A JP 2010015932A JP 2011152995 A JP2011152995 A JP 2011152995A
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car
temperature
thermoelectric element
data
means
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Hiroyuki Morimoto
浩行 森本
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Toshiba Elevator Co Ltd
東芝エレベータ株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To effectively air-condition a cage interior while effectively using Peltier effects of a thermoelement. <P>SOLUTION: The system for air conditioning in the cage includes: a side plate 1b for air conditioning the car having a thermoelement 13 between inner and outer panels 11, 12 as car side plates and an insulating material 14 in a space region excluding the thermoelement; a temperature detector 3 which detects a cage room temperature; a comparison determining means 23 which compares the detected cage room temperature with a temperature set value and outputs a heat absorbing or heat discharging command in accordance with the relationship between the cage room temperature and the temperature set value; and a thermoelectric element driving and controlling means 24 having a feeding power switching part 24b, a current direction switching part 24c, and a switching drive determining part 24d. The switching drive determining part feeds electric power of the main power source 24a to the current direction switching part via the feeding power switching part. When receiving the heat absorbing command, the switching drive determining part drives the thermoelectric element to absorb the cage temperature via the current direction switching part. When receiving the heat discharging command, the switching drive determining part drives the thermoelectric element to discharge its heat into the cage via the current direction switching part. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2011,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to an improvement in a car room air-conditioning system that heats and cools an elevator car using a thermoelectric element.

  As a conventional car room air conditioning system, a heating and cooling system that heats and cools the car interior by incorporating a thermoelectric element that generates heat and absorbs heat by the Peltier effect on the back of the car side plate of the elevator car is used as a radiation panel. (Patent Document 1).

Registered Utility Model No. 2500255

  However, according to the technique of Patent Document 1 as described above, the following problems are pointed out.

(1) When the car side plate is used as a radiant panel and is cooled by a thermoelectric element, the elevator car's side plate absorbs the temperature in the hoistway when the temperature in the hoistway becomes high. There is a problem that decreases.

(2) In addition, when the car side plate is used as a radiant panel and heated by a thermoelectric element, if the temperature in the hoistway becomes low, the warm temperature in the car room radiates heat into the hoistway, so the heating efficiency in the car room decreases. There is a problem.

(3) When incorporating a thermoelectric element on the back of the car side plate of the elevator car, it is necessary to attach a radiation fin to the thermoelectric element. As a result, the side plate portion of the elevator car may become thick, or the radiating fins may fall off from the thermoelectric element due to vibration or the like when the car is running.

(4) Since the thermoelectric element is electrically driven using the storage battery, for example, when the temperature difference between the hoistway and the car room is large, the power consumption increases, and the storage battery cannot be effectively used for air conditioning. There's a problem.

(5) Since the passengers in the elevator car have different ways of feeling the temperature, a passenger who feels a temperature difference is too hot or too cold.

(6) When the elevator car is not in a hoistway that is too high or too low without a passenger for a long time, the thermoelectric element can effectively improve the cooling and heating effect even if it moves suddenly by calling the passenger. There are problems that are difficult to demonstrate.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and provides a car room air-conditioning system configured to efficiently exhibit a thermoelectric element having a Peltier effect and efficiently air-conditioning a car room. With the goal.

(1) In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a thermoelectric element and a heat insulating material in a space area excluding the thermoelectric element between a car interior panel arranged on the inner and outer surfaces of the elevator car and the car outer panel. An intervening car cooling / heating side plate, a car internal temperature detector for detecting the indoor temperature of the car, a car indoor temperature detected by the car internal temperature detector, and a temperature set value set to be adjustable from the outside. Comparing and judging means for outputting an endothermic command or an exhaust heat command according to whether or not the car room temperature is larger than a temperature set value, a power supply switching unit, a current direction switching unit, and a switching drive judging unit Thermoelectric element drive control means having
The switching drive determination unit normally supplies power from the main power source to the current direction switching unit through the power supply power switching unit, and receives the heat absorption command from the comparison determination unit, and then switches the current direction. And driving the thermoelectric element to absorb the temperature in the car by passing a current in a predetermined direction through the unit, and when receiving the exhaust heat command, the thermoelectric element is supplied to the thermoelectric element through the current direction switching unit. It is a car room cooling and heating system that switches the current direction and drives so that the heat generated by the thermoelectric element is exhausted into the car room.

  In addition to the above configuration, a storage battery that constantly charges the power of the main power supply, a detector that detects the power charged in the storage battery, and the charging power detected by the detector reach a predetermined power. In this case, the thermoelectric element drive control means used for driving the thermoelectric element is added by feeding the charging power of the storage battery to the current direction switching unit via the power supply switching unit. Also good.

(2) In addition, the present invention is for car cooling and heating in which a heat insulating material is interposed between a thermoelectric element and a space area excluding the thermoelectric element between a car interior panel arranged on the inner and outer surfaces of the elevator car and the car outer panel. A side plate, a car temperature detector that detects the indoor temperature of the elevator car, a hoistway temperature detector that is installed at an appropriate location of the hoistway and detects the temperature in the hoistway, and the car temperature detector Compares the car room temperature detected in step 3 and the temperature set value that can be adjusted from the outside, and outputs an endothermic command or exhaust heat command depending on whether the car room temperature is higher than the temperature set value. Comparison judgment means, and a thermoelectric element drive control means having a power supply switching part having a power supply disconnecting terminal, a current direction switching part, and a switching drive judgment part,
The switching drive determination unit normally supplies the power of the storage battery to the current direction switching unit via the power supply switching unit, and receives the heat absorption command from the comparison determination unit, the current direction switching unit When a current in a predetermined direction is passed through the thermoelectric element to drive the temperature in the car to absorb heat, and the exhaust heat command is received, the current to the thermoelectric element is passed through the current direction switching unit. The direction is changed and the heat generation of the thermoelectric element is driven to be exhausted into the car room, and when the car room temperature and the hoistway temperature become a predetermined temperature difference or more, the power supply power source switching unit Is switched to the power supply disconnecting terminal side to disconnect the storage battery and charge the storage battery with electric power generated by the thermoelectric element due to the temperature difference.

(3) Furthermore, in the present invention, in addition to the configuration of (1) or (2), a body temperature detection monitor for detecting the body temperature of a passenger in a car, and an audio signal emitted from the passenger in the car Voice analysis device for capturing and analyzing, data storage means for previously storing temperature comparison data and voice pattern data similar to hot and cold, passenger body temperature data detected by the body temperature detection monitor and the voice analysis device Temperature change determination processing means for outputting a change command for increasing / decreasing the temperature set value by a predetermined temperature based on the detected voice data and the temperature comparison data and voice pattern data stored in the data storage means. It is a basket indoor air conditioning system.

(4) Further, according to the present invention, a plurality of hall temperature detectors for detecting the hall temperature of each floor and the elevator car for a certain time or more are newly added to any one of the structures (1) to (3). When the vehicle is stopped, the elevator car is optimized according to the hall temperature of each floor detected by the hall temperature detector based on the temperature difference between the car room temperature and the temperature set value sent from the comparison judgment means. It is a car indoor air-conditioning system provided with the elevator control device moved to the floor.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, it comprises so that the thermoelectric element which has a Peltier effect can be exhibited effectively, and the car room air conditioning system which can cool / heat a car room efficiently can be provided.

The figure which shows the example of installation of the main components in the elevator car room used by each embodiment of the car room air conditioning system according to the present invention. Sectional drawing which shows an example of the side plate for cage | basket | cooling / heating used in each embodiment of the cage | basket | car indoor air conditioning system which concerns on this invention. The schematic external view of the elevator car at the time of using another side plate for heating / cooling a car. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The block diagram which shows 1st Embodiment of the cage | basket | car indoor air-conditioning system which concerns on this invention. The block diagram which shows 2nd Embodiment of the cage | basket | car room air-conditioning system which concerns on this invention. The lineblock diagram showing a 3rd embodiment of the car indoor air-conditioning system concerning the present invention. The flowchart explaining operation | movement of the principal part structure of 3rd Embodiment. The block diagram which shows 4th Embodiment of the cage | basket | car indoor air-conditioning system which concerns on this invention. The figure which shows the example of attachment of the hall temperature detector in each floor. The flowchart explaining operation | movement of the principal part structure of 4th Embodiment.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
(First embodiment)
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing an installation example of main components in an elevator car room used in each embodiment of a car room air conditioning system according to the present invention.

  In the figure, reference numeral 1 denotes an elevator car, which includes a floor plate 1a, side plates 1b and 1b for car cooling / heating which are both side walls standing from both ends of the floor plate 1a, and a side plate 1c which is a front wall of the car 1. The top plate 1d is a ceiling installed on the upper ends of the side plates 1b and 1c, the back plate (not shown) is the car back wall, and the car door 1e.

  The elevator car 1 includes a car control device 2 that controls the temperature inside the car, a temperature detector 3 that detects the temperature inside the car, a temperature control device 4 that performs a temperature control operation from the car, and a body temperature that detects the passenger's body temperature. There are provided a monitor 5 for detection, a voice analysis device 6 for recognizing information on hot and cold sound from voice signals emitted from passengers, a storage battery 8 housed in a battery housing duct 7, and the like.

  The temperature detector 3, the body temperature detection monitor 5, the voice analysis device 6 and the like are attached to the top board 1d, for example. Further, the storage battery 8 may be housed by attaching the battery housing duct 7 to the side plates 1b and 1c as well as the upper part of the elevator car 1, for example.

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing an example of a car air conditioner side plate used in each embodiment of the car indoor air conditioner system according to the present invention.
The car air-conditioning / heating side plate 1b includes a car interior panel 11 serving as a radiation surface facing the car interior side, a car exterior panel 12 serving as a heat radiating or heat absorbing surface facing the hoistway side, and the car interior panel 11 and the exterior car surface. It is comprised with the heat insulating material 14 arrange | positioned in the space area | region except the thermoelectric element 13 interposed between the panels 12, and the thermoelectric element 13. FIG.

  Both the car interior panel 11 and the car exterior panel 12 are made of a metal material having good thermal conductivity.

  The thermoelectric element 13 generates heat and absorbs heat by the Peltier effect by electrically changing the direction of the drive current. As described above, by interposing the heat insulating material 14 in the space area excluding the thermoelectric element 13, Heat conduction between the car interior panel 11 and the car outer panel 12 is prevented, and the Peltier effect of the thermoelectric element 13 and the functions as the intended radiating surface, heat radiating surface or heat absorbing surface of both the panels 11 and 12 are fully utilized. To do.

  In addition, as the thermoelectric element 13, as shown in FIG. 2, it intervened in the cage | basket | car side plate, and it was set as the cage | basket | air-conditioning side plate 1b, but it is based on the following reason. That is, when the thermoelectric element 13 is installed on the top plate 1d or the like, it becomes a restriction on the installation of the inspection port and the thermoelectric element 13 that the maintenance person goes between the car room and the upper part of the car at the time of inspection, and the maintenance person When the inspection work is performed on the upper part, vibration is transmitted to the top plate 1d, causing the thermoelectric element 13 to be damaged, and an illumination device (not shown) is installed on the top plate 1d. It is affected by the generated temperature.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the car interior panel 11 and the car outer panel 12 have a configuration in which a plurality of inner surface division panels 11a and 11b are connected in the vertical direction and a plurality of outer surface division panels 12a and 12b are connected to each other. However, the thermoelectric elements 13 and 13 are divided and installed between the corresponding inner and outer divided panels 11a-12a and 11b-12b, respectively.

The thermoelectric elements 13 and 13 are shifted slightly closer to the lower part of the car than the upper part of the car in consideration of reducing the influence of heat by the lighting device and reducing the influence of the wind when the elevator car 1 is raised and lowered. FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a first embodiment of a car room air conditioning system according to the present invention.
The car indoor air conditioning system includes the car control device 2, the temperature detector 3, the temperature control device 4, the storage battery 8, the thermoelectric element 13, and the car air conditioning side plate 1 b shown in FIG. 1.

  The car control device 2 includes a temperature receiving means 21 having an interface function for receiving an elevator car room temperature, a temperature set value storage means 22 for storing a predetermined temperature set value, a comparison judgment means 23, a thermoelectric element drive control means 24, and Temperature setting value changing means 25 is provided.

  The comparison judgment means 23 compares the car room temperature with the temperature set value, and when the car room temperature is equal to or higher than the temperature set value, sends a heat absorption command to the thermoelectric element drive control means 24, and conversely the car room temperature. When the temperature becomes lower than the temperature set value, an exhaust heat command is sent to the thermoelectric element drive control means 24.

  The thermoelectric element drive control means 24 includes a main power supply (steady power supply) 24a that outputs predetermined DC power sent from the elevator control device, a power supply power switch section 24b, a current direction switch section 24c, a switch drive determination section 24d, and the like. Consists of.

  The switching drive determination unit 24d always controls the power supply power switching unit 24b to select the output of the main power supply 24a, and controls the storage battery 8 to be selected under a predetermined condition. Further, the switching drive determination unit 24d performs switching control of the current direction switching unit 24c according to the heat absorption command or the exhaust heat command from the comparison determination unit 23, and drives the thermoelectric element 13 to change the current direction.

  The temperature set value changing means 25 has a function of receiving the temperature set change value by the operation of the temperature adjusting device 4 and rewriting and changing the temperature set value stored in the temperature set value storage means 22 to the temperature set change value. Yes.

  Next, the operation of the car indoor air conditioning system configured as described above will be described.

  First, the switching drive determination unit 24d normally selects a predetermined DC voltage (for example, 24V) of the main power supply 24a via the power supply power switching unit 24b and supplies power to the current direction switching unit 24c.

  In this state, the comparison / determination means 23 takes in the car room temperature received by the temperature receiving means 21 at predetermined intervals, and compares the car room temperature with the temperature set value set in the temperature set value storage means 22. . Here, when the car room temperature becomes equal to or higher than the temperature set value as a result of comparing the car room temperature with the temperature set value, an endothermic command is sent to the thermoelectric element drive control means 24.

  When the switching drive determination unit 24d of the thermoelectric element drive control unit 24 receives an endothermic command from the comparison determination unit 23, the current in the direction indicated by the solid line arrow flows through the thermoelectric element 13 through the current direction switching unit 24c to absorb the temperature in the car room. Thus, the thermoelectric element 13 is electrically driven. As a result, the thermoelectric element 13 takes in the temperature in the car room and acts to dissipate heat from the heat radiating surface that is the car outer panel 12 facing the hoistway, so that the temperature in the car room gradually approaches the temperature set value, The inside of the car room becomes the optimum temperature setting value, and so-called cooling of the car room is performed.

  On the other hand, as a result of comparing the car room temperature with the temperature set value, the comparison judgment means 23 sends an exhaust heat command to the thermoelectric element drive control means 24 when the car room temperature becomes lower than the temperature set value.

  When the switching drive determination unit 24d of the thermoelectric element drive control unit 24 receives the exhaust heat command from the comparison determination unit 23, the switching drive determination unit 24d performs switching control of the current direction switching unit 24c so that the current flows in the opposite direction. That is, a current is applied to the thermoelectric element 13 so that the current direction is in the direction indicated by the dotted arrow in the figure, and the heat generated from the thermoelectric element 13 is electrically driven so as to be exhausted into the car room. As a result, the thermoelectric element 13 acts to exhaust heat into the car room, and when the temperature in the hoistway is high, the car outer panel 12 facing the hoistway side is used as the heat absorbing surface, and the temperature in the car room gradually increases. It raises so that it may approach a setting value, and what is called a cage room heating is performed.

  During the drive control of the thermoelectric element 13 as described above, the voltage detector 24e always measures the charging voltage of the storage battery 8 that is charging the output voltage of the main power supply 24a and transmits it to the switching drive determination unit 24d. .

  Therefore, the switching drive determination unit 24d determines whether or not the charging voltage of the storage battery 8 has reached a predetermined voltage that is the output voltage of the main power supply 24a. When it is determined that the charging voltage has been reached, the thermoelectric element 13 can be driven. It is determined that there is, and switching to the storage battery 8 side is performed via the power supply switching unit 24b, and control is performed so as to supply predetermined power to the thermoelectric element 13 from the storage battery 8 side.

  Then, the switching drive determination unit 24d selects the output of the main power supply 24a via the power supply power switching unit 24b when the voltage drops to a predetermined set voltage.

  Furthermore, since the appropriate temperature of passengers in the car room varies depending on the season and the like, it is possible to change the temperature set value from the temperature control device 4. That is, when a temperature setting value changing operation is performed from the temperature control device 4, the temperature setting value changing unit 25 receives the temperature setting changing value based on the operation and sets it in a predetermined area of the temperature setting value storage unit 22. The temperature setting value is rewritten and changed based on the received temperature setting change value.

  Therefore, according to the embodiment as described above, the car cooling / heating side plate 1b is the car interior panel 11 serving as a radiating surface facing the car interior side, and the heat radiating surface or the heat absorbing surface facing the hoistway side. By interposing a heat insulating material 14 in a space area excluding the thermoelectric element 13 between the car outer surface panel 12 and the car indoor surface panel 11 and the car outer surface panel 12, the heat insulating material 14 between the car indoor surface panel 11 and the car outer surface panel 12 Heat conduction between the hoistway and the radiant surface during cooling is suppressed, and exhaust heat from the radiant surface to the hoistway is suppressed during heating to efficiently cool the car room. Or can be warmed.

  In addition, since the electric heating element 13 is integrated into the conventional common car side plate to form the heating / cooling side plate 1b, the car outer panel 12 facing the hoistway side is used as a heat radiating surface or a heat absorbing surface. It is not necessary to attach the heat radiating fins, and the problem that the heat radiating fins drop off due to repeated vibrations can be solved. Further, the car cooling / heating side plate 1b can be realized thinly and simply.

  Further, in addition to the main power supply 24a, a storage battery 8 is prepared, and the output voltage of the main power supply 24a is charged to the storage battery 8 at all times, and when the predetermined charging voltage is reached, the storage battery 8 is switched to drive the heat-emitting element 13. Therefore, the storage battery 8 can be used effectively, and the energy saving effect of the main power supply 24 can be expected.

  The comparison / determination means 23 frequently repeats the heat absorption command and the heat generation command when the car room temperature changes with the temperature set value as a boundary. Thus, for example, when the car room temperature changes from a temperature lower than the temperature set value to a high temperature, or when the car room temperature changes from a high temperature to a low temperature, the dead zone is detected until the car room temperature exceeds, for example, about the temperature set value ± 0.5 It may be set so as to prevent the hunting phenomenon.

(Second Embodiment)
FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing a second embodiment of the car room air conditioning system according to the present invention. In FIG. 5, the same parts as those in FIG. 4 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description of the overlapping parts is omitted.

  This car room cooling and heating system is configured to realize an energy saving effect by disconnecting the thermoelectric element 13 from the power sources 24a and 8 under a certain condition, and charging the storage battery 8 with the electric power generated by the thermoelectric element 13.

  The car indoor air conditioning system is newly added to the configuration of FIG. 4, a hoistway temperature detector 31 installed at an appropriate location of the hoistway, and a hoistway temperature that receives the temperature detected by the hoistway temperature detector 31. A receiving unit 32, a main power supply disconnecting unit 24f, and a power generation direction switching unit 24g are provided.

  Furthermore, in the car room cooling and heating system, in addition to the power supply switching unit 24b that performs two-contact switching, the power supply switching unit 24b ′ that performs three-contact switching that has a power disconnecting contact is used in the hoistway every predetermined cycle. The temperature difference between the temperature of the car and the temperature in the car is detected, and when this temperature difference exceeds a predetermined temperature difference, the main power supply 24a is disconnected, and the power supply power supply switching unit 24b 'is disconnected and switched to the contact side. A switching drive determination unit 24d ′ that switches the thermoelectric element 13 for in-house power generation is provided.

  Next, the operation of the car indoor air conditioning system configured as described above will be described.

  In addition to the operation described in the first embodiment, the car indoor air conditioning system performs the following operation.

  The switching drive determination unit 24d 'captures and compares the car room temperature and the hoistway temperature received by the temperature receiving means 21 and 32 at predetermined intervals. Here, when the temperature difference between the car room temperature and the temperature in the hoistway becomes equal to or greater than a predetermined temperature difference (for example, about 5 ° C.), the storage battery 8 is disconnected from the main power supply 24a via the main power supply disconnecting portion 24f. Then, the power supply switching 24 b ′ is disconnected from the power supply and switched to the contact side to disconnect the thermoelectric element 13 from the main power supply 24 a and the storage battery 8.

  Thereafter, the switching drive determination unit 24d ′ selects the power generation direction switching unit 24g so as to have an endothermic action or an exhaust heat action in accordance with the magnitude relationship between the car room temperature and the hoistway temperature, and the thermoelectric element 13 is connected to the charging line. Is connected to the storage battery 8.

  At this time, since the car interior panel 11 and the car exterior panel 12 face the car room and the hoistway, respectively, the car interior temperature and the hoistway temperature are controlled through the car interior panel 11 and the car exterior panel 12. A temperature difference is applied to the thermoelectric element 13, and electric power is generated.

  The electric power generated by the thermoelectric element 13 is sequentially charged to the storage battery 8 through the power generation direction switching unit 24g and the charging line.

  Therefore, according to the embodiment as described above, the temperature difference between the car room temperature and the hoistway temperature is used to disconnect from the power sources 24a and 8, and the thermoelectric element 13 generates power naturally using the temperature difference. Since the generated power is charged into the storage battery 8, the thermoelectric element 13 can generate the necessary power while effectively utilizing the temperature difference between the car room temperature and the hoistway temperature, and the power consumption can be reduced. Storage battery 8 can be used efficiently, suppressing.

  In the above embodiment, the configuration of the first embodiment is assumed. However, since the thermoelectric element 13 generates necessary power and charges the storage battery 8, the main power supply 24a can be eliminated. Accordingly, the main power supply disconnecting unit 24f can also be deleted.

(Third embodiment)
FIG. 6 is a block diagram showing a third embodiment of a car room air conditioning system according to the present invention.

  The car room cooling and heating system is a system in which the following configuration is newly added to the configuration shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 1, a body temperature detection monitor 5 and a voice analysis device 6 are installed in the car room.

  As the body temperature detection monitor 5, a temperature detection monitor in which a plurality of far infrared sensor elements are two-dimensionally arranged, a far infrared temperature monitoring camera already on the market, or the like is used.

  The voice analysis device 6 has a function of taking voice signals from passengers in the car room and performing FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) analysis or taking out voice waveform data based on LPC (Linear Prediction Analysis).

  Further, in the car control device 2, a body temperature output detection means 41 that takes in and outputs passenger body temperature data a detected by the body temperature detection monitor 5 and a temperature comparison data b for comparison determination are newly added to the configuration shown in FIG. Comparison data storage means 42 for storing voice recognition means 43 for extracting voice detection data c representing, for example, voice characteristics from voice waveform data, voice pattern storage means 44 for storing voice pattern data d, and temperature change determination processing section 45 etc. are added.

  In addition, the temperature comparison data b memorize | stored in the temperature comparison data memory | storage means 42 is corresponded to the temperature data which a passenger seems to be optimal based on experience or the past performance.

  The voice pattern data d stored in the voice pattern storage means 44 includes a number of voice patterns related to “hot” and “samui”. That is, the sound pattern includes not only a sound pattern related to “hot” and “samui” but also a number of sound patterns similar to “hot” and “samui”.

  The temperature change determination processing unit 45 is stored in the voice pattern determination unit 45a for determining the presence / absence of voice data, and in the voice pattern storage unit 44 when voice data is present, on the premise that the passenger body temperature data a is a certain condition. It is determined whether or not the voice pattern data d and the voice detection data c have reached a predetermined similarity, and the voice detection data c does not match the voice pattern data d but is within the predetermined similarity The voice pattern learning means 45b adds the voice detection data c to the voice pattern storage means 44 as similar to the voice pattern data d, the change command output means 45c, and the like.

  Next, the operation of the car indoor air conditioning system configured as described above will be described with reference to FIG. In addition, about the part which overlaps with 1st Embodiment in a car indoor air-conditioning system, it abbreviate | omits here, and demonstrates the effect | action about the part added especially in 3rd Embodiment.

  In the car room cooling and heating system, the body temperature detection monitor 5 installed in the car detects the body temperature of the passengers in the car room. The body temperature output detection means 41 takes in the passenger body temperature data a detected by the body temperature detection monitor 5 and sends it to the temperature change determination processing unit 45.

  On the other hand, the voice recognition means 43 also extracts voice detection data c from the voice waveform data analyzed by the voice analyzer 6 by taking voice signals emitted from passengers in the car room, and similarly sending them to the temperature change determination processing unit 45. To do.

  Here, the temperature change determination processing unit 45 takes in the passenger body temperature data a and the voice detection data c sent from the body temperature output detection means 41 and the voice recognition means 43. Further, the temperature comparison data b and the voice pattern data d are read from the storage means 42 and 44 and stored in an appropriate memory (S1).

  Thereafter, the temperature change determination processing unit 45 executes the sound presence / absence determination means 45a. The voice presence / absence determining means 45a compares the passenger body temperature data a with the preset temperature comparison data b, and whether the passenger body temperature data a is at least a predetermined temperature (for example, 2 ° C. or more) higher than the temperature comparison data b. It is determined whether the temperature is lower than the data b by at least a predetermined temperature (for example, 2 ° C. or less) (S2, S3).

  When the passenger body temperature data a is high or low, a flag is set in an appropriate high or low temperature area of the memory, and the process proceeds to the next step S4.

  In step S4, the presence / absence of voice from the passenger is determined from the presence / absence of voice detection data c output from the voice recognition means 43.

  Here, when it is determined that there is no sound, the change command output means 45c is executed. The change command output means 45c sends no decrease / increase temperature change instruction to the above-described temperature set value change means 25 because there is no sound but it is determined from the memory flag that the passenger body temperature data a is high or low. .

  The temperature set value changing means 25 changes the temperature set value stored in the temperature set value storage means 22 so as to decrease by 0.5 ° C., for example, based on the decrease temperature change command. On the other hand, in response to the increase temperature change command, for example, the temperature set value of the temperature set value storage means 22 is changed so as to decrease by 0.5 ° C.

  In step S4, if there is a voice, the voice pattern learning means 45b is executed. The voice pattern learning means 45b sequentially compares the voice detection data c output from the voice recognition means 43 and the plurality of voice pattern data d, and determines whether or not the highest similarity is within a predetermined similarity. (S6), if not, the process proceeds to step S9, and a decrease / increase temperature change command is sent to the temperature set value change means 25 based on the above description.

  On the other hand, when the voice detection data c is within a predetermined similarity, for example, when the voice pattern data d is “hot” and the voice detection data c is “warm”, “too hot” or the like. Is determined to be similar to “hot”, and is written and added to the voice pattern data d of the voice pattern storage means 44 (S8), and then a decrease / increase temperature change command is sent to the temperature set value change means 25 as described above (see FIG. S9).

  Therefore, according to the above embodiment, the body temperature and sound of the passenger in the elevator car 1 are acquired, and when the passenger's body temperature is higher or lower than a predetermined temperature, the passengers are further "hot", " When the sound related to “Samui” is emitted, the temperature setting value is gradually adjusted in consideration of the excessive temperature and temperature of passengers in the car. Can be generated.

  In the third embodiment, the combination with the first embodiment (configuration shown in FIG. 4) has been described. However, the combination with the second embodiment (configuration shown in FIG. 5) may be used. In this case, in addition to the same effects as those of the first and second embodiments, the effects obtained in the third embodiment can also be achieved.

(Fourth embodiment)
FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing a fourth embodiment of the car room air-conditioning system according to the present invention.

  The car room air conditioning system detects the temperature of each floor landing when the elevator car 1 stops for a certain period of time, moves the elevator car 1 to a floor having the required temperature optimum from the viewpoint of air conditioning in the car room, and the thermoelectric element 13 It is the structure which enables it to cool and heat efficiently.

  In the car indoor air conditioning system, an elevator controller 50 is connected to the comparison / determination means 23 which is a part of the configuration of the first to third embodiments (see FIGS. 4 to 6). Further, as shown in FIG. 9, an operation panel 52 installed near the landing door 51 on each floor is connected to the elevator control device 50. A hall temperature detector 53i (i = 1 to n representing a floor) is attached to the operation panel 52 of each floor.

  The elevator control device 50 includes a temperature receiving means 54 having an interface function for receiving the temperature detected by the hall temperature detector 53i for each hall, and a car room sent from the comparison judgment means 23 when the elevator car 1 is stopped for a certain period of time. When the temperature and the temperature set value are acquired and it is determined from the temperature difference that the thermoelectric element 13 does not sufficiently exhibit the ability due to the Peltier effect, the optimum temperature scale is determined from the detected temperature of each floor received by the temperature receiving means 54. A main controller 55 that executes control to move to the main controller 55 and a memory 56 that stores data necessary for a series of processes of the main controller 55 are provided.

  Other configurations are as described in the first to third embodiments (see FIGS. 4 to 6). Here, the description of the overlapping parts is omitted.

  The operation | movement of the component which becomes the principal part of this embodiment among the cage | basket | car indoor air-conditioning systems comprised as mentioned above is demonstrated with reference to FIG.

  First, the main controller 55 takes in the car room temperature data e and the temperature set value f sent from the comparison / determination means 23 of the car control device 2 every predetermined time, and sequentially stores them in the memory 56 together with the time data. Further, the main controller 55 takes in the hall temperature data gi (i represents a floor) of each floor received by the temperature receiving means 54 and stores it in a predetermined area of the memory 56.

  The main controller 55 determines whether or not the elevator car 1 has been stopped for a certain time (for example, 10 minutes) or longer (S11). Here, when it is determined that the vehicle has stopped for a certain time or longer, the car room temperature data e, the temperature set value f, and the hall temperature data gi of each floor are read out from the memory 56 (S12).

  After that, the main controller 55 compares the car room temperature data e with the temperature set value f, and responds to the temperature difference between the car room temperature data e and the temperature set value f or a plurality of time data stored in the memory 56. When the temperature difference between each car room temperature data e and each temperature set value f is always larger than a preset temperature difference, it is determined that the thermoelectric element 13 is not fully performing (S13). The process proceeds to step S14.

  In addition, the case where the thermoelectric element 13 does not sufficiently exhibit the ability is, for example, that the elevator car 1 is stopped in a closed state in the hoistway of the floor where the elevator car 1 is located, and is too hot or too much in the hoistway. It is in a state and may be far from the temperature on the landing side. That is, there is a state where the car room temperature data e is far from the temperature set value f and is not improved at all.

  Therefore, in step S14, the magnitude relation between the car room temperature data e and the temperature set value f is determined (S14). When the car room temperature data e is larger than the temperature set value f by a set temperature difference or more, the hall temperature on each floor is determined. Of the data gi, the elevator car 1 is moved to a floor having a low temperature gi (S15). Then, after arriving at the floor where the temperature gi is low, the door is opened, and the thermoelectric element 13 performs control to lower the temperature.

  At this time, a display unit is provided on the operation panel 52, and “currently ventilating” is displayed on the display unit, and / or a sound generator is provided at an appropriate place on the operation panel 5 or the landing. A voice message “Ventilation is in progress” may be output.

  Conversely, when the car room temperature data e is lower than the temperature set value f by a set temperature difference or more, the elevator car 1 is moved to the floor having the higher temperature gi among the hall temperature data gi of each floor (S16). Implement control to increase temperature. At this time, “currently ventilating” is displayed as described above, and a voice message “currently ventilating” is output.

  Therefore, according to the embodiment as described above, when the heating / cooling efficiency of the thermoelectric element 1 is poor, the temperature of each floor can be utilized to fully demonstrate the ability of the thermoelectric element 1, so that the passenger car Even if called, the temperature inside the car can be kept in an optimum state.

  Furthermore, the above embodiments can be implemented in combination as much as possible, and in that case, the effect of the combination can be obtained. Further, each of the above embodiments includes various higher-level and lower-level inventions, and various inventions can be extracted by appropriately combining a plurality of disclosed constituent elements. For example, when an invention is extracted because some constituent elements can be omitted from all the constituent elements described in the means for solving the problem, the omitted part is used when the extracted invention is implemented. Is appropriately supplemented by well-known conventional techniques.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Elevator car, 1b ... Car air-conditioning side plate, 1e ... Car door, 2 ... Car control device, 3 ... Temperature detector, 4 ... Temperature control device, 5 ... Body temperature detection monitor, 6 ... Voice analysis device, 8 ... Storage battery, 11 ... car interior panel, 12 ... car outer panel, 13 ... thermoelectric element, 14 ... heat insulating material, 23 ... comparison judging means, 24 ... thermoelectric element drive control means, 24a ... main power supply (steady power supply), 24b, 24b '... power supply switching unit, 24c ... current direction switching unit, 24d, 24d' ... switch drive determination unit, 24g ... power generation direction switching unit, 25 ... temperature setting value changing means, 31 ... hoistway temperature detector, 42 ... Temperature comparison data storage means, 44 ... voice pattern storage means, 45 ... temperature change determination processing section, 45a ... voice presence / absence determination means 45a, 45b ... voice pattern learning means, 45c ... change command output means, 50 ... elevator 52, control panel for each floor, 53i, hall temperature detector for each floor, 55 ... main controller.

Claims (10)

  1. In a car room air-conditioning system that heats and cools the elevator car,
    A car heating / cooling side plate interposing a thermoelectric element and a space region excluding the thermoelectric element between a car interior panel and a car outer panel arranged as a car side plate of the elevator;
    A temperature detector for detecting the temperature inside the car;
    The car room temperature detected by the temperature detector is compared with a temperature set value that is set to be adjustable from the outside, and an endothermic command or exhaust is determined depending on whether the car room temperature is larger than the temperature set value. Comparison judgment means for outputting a heat command;
    Thermoelectric element drive control means having a power supply switching unit, a current direction switching unit, and a switching drive determination unit,
    The switching drive determination unit normally supplies power from the main power source to the current direction switching unit through the power supply power switching unit, and receives the heat absorption command from the comparison determination unit, and then switches the current direction. And driving the thermoelectric element to absorb the temperature in the car by passing a current in a predetermined direction through the unit, and when receiving the exhaust heat command, the thermoelectric element is supplied to the thermoelectric element through the current direction switching unit. A car room cooling / heating system, wherein the current direction is switched and the heat generation of the thermoelectric element is driven to be exhausted into the car room.
  2. In the car indoor air-conditioning system according to claim 1,
    A storage battery for charging the power of the main power source at all times;
    A detector for detecting the power charged in the storage battery;
    The thermoelectric element drive control means supplies the charging power of the storage battery to the current direction switching unit via the power supply switching unit when the charging power detected by the detector reaches a predetermined power. Thus, the car room cooling and heating system is used for driving the thermoelectric element.
  3. In a car room air-conditioning system that heats and cools the elevator car,
    A car heating / cooling side plate interposing a thermoelectric element and a space region excluding the thermoelectric element between a car interior panel and a car outer panel arranged as a car side plate of the elevator;
    An in-car temperature detector for detecting the car room temperature;
    A temperature detector in the hoistway that detects the temperature in the hoistway;
    Comparing the car room temperature detected by the car temperature detector with a temperature set value that can be adjusted from the outside, and depending on whether the car room temperature is greater than the temperature set value, an endothermic command Or a comparison judgment means for outputting an exhaust heat command;
    A power supply switching unit having a power disconnection terminal, a thermoelectric element drive control means having a current direction switching unit and a switching drive determination unit;
    The switching drive determination unit normally supplies the power of the storage battery to the current direction switching unit via the power supply switching unit, and receives the heat absorption command from the comparison determination unit, the current direction switching unit When a current in a predetermined direction is passed through the thermoelectric element to drive the temperature in the car to absorb heat, and the exhaust heat command is received, the current to the thermoelectric element is passed through the current direction switching unit. The direction is changed and the heat generation of the thermoelectric element is driven to be exhausted into the car room.When the car room temperature and the hoistway temperature are equal to or higher than a predetermined temperature difference, the power supply power source switching unit is A car indoor air-conditioning / heating system, wherein the storage battery is disconnected by switching to the power disconnection terminal side, and electric power generated by the thermoelectric element is charged to the storage battery based on the temperature difference.
  4. In the car indoor air-conditioning system as described in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 3,
    A car room air-conditioning system characterized in that a metal material having excellent thermal conductivity is used for a car interior panel and a car exterior panel constituting a side plate for car air conditioning.
  5. In the car indoor air-conditioning system as described in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 4,
    As the car air conditioning / heating side plate, the car interior panel facing the car interior side by interposing the heat insulating material in a space area excluding the thermoelectric element between the car interior panel and the car outer panel. Is a radiant surface, and the car exterior panel facing the hoistway side is used as a heat radiating surface or a heat absorbing surface.
  6. In the car indoor air-conditioning system as described in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 4,
    As the car air-conditioning / heating side plate, when the car interior panel and the car outer panel are arranged connected in the vertical direction divided into a plurality, each divided panel arranged on the inner and outer surfaces, and A car indoor air-conditioning / heating system, wherein the thermoelectric element is interposed at a position where the influence of electrical equipment in the car and the influence of wind when raising and lowering the car are small.
  7. In the car indoor air-conditioning system as described in any one of Claims 1 thru | or 6,
    A body temperature detection monitor for detecting the body temperature of passengers in the car;
    A voice analysis device for capturing and analyzing voice signals emitted from passengers in the car;
    Data storage means for storing temperature comparison data and voice pattern data related to hot and cold;
    Based on passenger temperature data detected by the body temperature detection monitor, voice detection data analyzed by the voice analyzer, temperature comparison data and voice pattern data stored in the data storage means, A car room air-conditioning system comprising temperature change determination processing means for outputting an increase / decrease change command.
  8. The car indoor air-conditioning system according to claim 7,
    When the temperature change determination processing means compares the passenger body temperature data with the temperature comparison data, and determines that the passenger body temperature data is higher or lower than the temperature comparison data by a predetermined temperature, the voice detection data Voice presence / absence judgment means for judging the presence / absence of voice, and first temperature change command output means for outputting a temperature change command for decreasing / increasing when the voice detection data is determined to be higher or lower than the predetermined temperature. When the voice detection data is determined to be present, the voice detection data is compared with the voice pattern data. If the two data are not the same but are in a similar relationship, the voice detection data is converted into the voice pattern data. Regardless of whether the both data are similar or dissimilar, the voice pattern learning means to be added and the temperature change that decreases or increases depending on whether it is higher or lower than the predetermined temperature. Your room heating and cooling system or is characterized by providing a second temperature changing command output means for outputting a command.
  9. In the car indoor air-conditioning system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, claim 7, and claim 8,
    A plurality of hall temperature detectors for detecting the hall temperature on each floor;
    When the elevator car is stopped for a certain period of time or longer, the hall of each floor detected by the hall temperature detector based on the temperature difference between the car room temperature and the temperature set value sent from the comparison judgment means A car room air-conditioning system comprising an elevator control device that moves the elevator car to an optimum floor according to temperature.
  10. In the car indoor air-conditioning system according to claim 9,
    The elevator control device has a storage means for storing the car room temperature and the temperature set value sent from the comparison judgment means at predetermined intervals, and when the elevator car is stopped for a predetermined time or more, An element capability judging means for judging that the capability of the thermoelectric element is not exhibited when the temperature difference between the temperature in the car and the temperature set value over the required time stored in the storage means is larger than a preset temperature difference; Means for moving the elevator car to the lowest or highest temperature floor among the hall temperatures detected by the hall temperature detector when it is determined that the performance of the thermoelectric element is not exhibited. And a means for controlling the thermoelectric element so as to reduce or increase the temperature inside the car by opening the door after the elevator car arrives at the destination floor. Your indoor air-conditioning system or characterized by Rukoto.
JP2010015932A 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Side plate for air conditioning car, and system for air conditioning cage interior Withdrawn JP2011152995A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2010015932A JP2011152995A (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Side plate for air conditioning car, and system for air conditioning cage interior

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2010015932A JP2011152995A (en) 2010-01-27 2010-01-27 Side plate for air conditioning car, and system for air conditioning cage interior

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2013170032A (en) * 2012-02-20 2013-09-02 Toshiba Elevator Co Ltd Elevator car ventilation control device
CN105584921A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-05-18 广州广日电梯工业有限公司 Energy conversation system for elevators
US9580274B2 (en) 2011-11-08 2017-02-28 Inventio Ag Information exchange between elevator systems and building systems
JP6258439B1 (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-01-10 東芝エレベータ株式会社 Elevator air conditioning control device and elevator air conditioning control system
CN107720498A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-23 广东寰宇电子科技股份有限公司 One kind realizes temperature controlled method and elevator device in lift car

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9580274B2 (en) 2011-11-08 2017-02-28 Inventio Ag Information exchange between elevator systems and building systems
GB2510077B (en) * 2011-11-08 2017-05-10 Inventio Ag Information exchange between elevator systems and building systems
JP2013170032A (en) * 2012-02-20 2013-09-02 Toshiba Elevator Co Ltd Elevator car ventilation control device
CN105584921A (en) * 2016-02-29 2016-05-18 广州广日电梯工业有限公司 Energy conversation system for elevators
JP6258439B1 (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-01-10 東芝エレベータ株式会社 Elevator air conditioning control device and elevator air conditioning control system
CN108375179A (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-08-07 东芝电梯株式会社 Elevator air conditioning control device and air conditioner for elevator control system
CN107720498A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-02-23 广东寰宇电子科技股份有限公司 One kind realizes temperature controlled method and elevator device in lift car

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