JP2010236239A - Structure for connecting building material - Google Patents

Structure for connecting building material Download PDF

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JP2010236239A
JP2010236239A JP2009084490A JP2009084490A JP2010236239A JP 2010236239 A JP2010236239 A JP 2010236239A JP 2009084490 A JP2009084490 A JP 2009084490A JP 2009084490 A JP2009084490 A JP 2009084490A JP 2010236239 A JP2010236239 A JP 2010236239A
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column member
plate portion
column
plate
shaped cross
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JP5396663B2 (en
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Manabu Kagomoto
学 籠本
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HOMEZOO CO Ltd
KEITSUU KENCHIKU SEKKEISHO KK
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HOMEZOO CO Ltd
KEITSUU KENCHIKU SEKKEISHO KK
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a structure for connecting a building material, which simplifies and rationalizes a construction method etc. <P>SOLUTION: This structure for connecting the building material includes a column material (20) which is constituted by joining an H-shaped cross-section member (21) and a T-shaped cross-section column member (22) together, and a beam material (30) which is connected to the column material (20) via a connecting means (4). The H-shaped cross-section column member (21) comprises a pair of opposed plate portions (211 and 212) facing each other, and a connecting plate portion (213) for connecting the opposed plate portions (211 and 212) together; the T-shaped cross-section column member (22) comprises a base end plate portion (221) which is joined to the connecting plate portion (213) of the column member (21), and a leading end plate portion (222); and a through-hole (215) for the connecting means is formed in at least one of the opposed plate portions (211 and 212). <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2011,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、柱梁等の建材の接続構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a connection structure for building materials such as column beams.

柱梁等の建材の接続構造については、下記特許文献2のほか、出願人が先に出願した下記特許文献1に記載されたように、鋼製の金具とドリフトピンを用いた建材の接続構造が存在する。   As for the connection structure of building materials such as pillars and beams, as described in the following patent document 1 as well as the following patent document 1 filed by the applicant, the connection structure of building materials using steel fittings and drift pins. Exists.

特願2008−150382号Japanese Patent Application No. 2008-150382 特開平07−150644号公報Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 07-150644

ところで、当該技術分野においては、職人ないし技術不足という問題が顕著であり、工法等の簡易化・合理化が希求される。   By the way, in this technical field, there is a remarkable problem of craftsmanship or lack of technology, and simplification and rationalization of construction methods and the like are desired.

職人等の専門職への依存度を減少させ、精度のばらつきを無くし、安定した品質を保つことが極めて重要である。   It is extremely important to reduce reliance on professionals such as craftsmen, eliminate variations in accuracy, and maintain stable quality.

そこで本発明は、基本的には、簡易かつ合理的な建築構造を提示することによって、職人ないし技術不足を解消することを目的とする。   Therefore, the present invention basically aims to solve a shortage of craftsmen or technology by presenting a simple and rational building structure.

本発明は、断面H型の柱部材(21)と断面T型の柱部材(22)とを接合してなる柱材(20)と、接続手段(4)を介して前記柱材(20)に接続された梁材(30)とからなる建材接続構造である(請求項1)。   The present invention provides a column member (20) formed by joining a column member (21) having an H-shaped section and a column member (22) having a T-shaped section, and the column member (20) via a connecting means (4). It is a building material connection structure which consists of the beam material (30) connected to (Claim 1).

また、断面H型の柱部材(21)と、一組の断面T型の柱部材(22、22)とを接合してなる柱材(20)と、接続手段(4)を介して柱材(20)に接続される梁材(30)とからなる建材接続構造である(請求項2)。   Further, a column member (20) formed by joining a column member (21) having an H-shaped section and a pair of column members (22, 22) having a T-section, and a column member via a connecting means (4). A building material connection structure comprising a beam member (30) connected to (20) (Claim 2).

また、断面H型の柱部材(21)は、対向する一対の対向板部(211、212)と、対向板部(211、212)を連結する連結板部(213)とで構成され、断面T型の柱部材(22)は、柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)に接合された基端板部(221)と、先端板部(222)とで構成され、対向板部(211、212)の少なくとも一方に接続手段用の貫通孔(213)が形成されている請求項1又は2に記載の建材接続構造である(請求項3)。柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)の一側面に基端板部(221)の一端を溶接するものである。結合板部(213)の幅方向に直交する方向に基端板部(221)を溶接するものである。また、柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)の一側面に、一の基端板部(221)の一端を溶接すると共に、柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)の他側面に、他の基端板部(221)の一端を溶接することができる。   The column member (21) having an H-shaped section includes a pair of opposed plate portions (211 and 212) facing each other and a connecting plate portion (213) that couples the opposed plate portions (211 and 212). The T-shaped column member (22) includes a proximal end plate portion (221) joined to the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21) and a distal end plate portion (222). The building material connection structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a through hole (213) for connection means is formed in at least one of 211, 212). One end of the base end plate portion (221) is welded to one side surface of the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21). The proximal end plate portion (221) is welded in a direction orthogonal to the width direction of the coupling plate portion (213). Further, one end of one base end plate portion (221) is welded to one side surface of the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21), and the other side surface of the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21). In addition, one end of the other base end plate portion (221) can be welded.

また、断面H型の柱部材(21)は、対向する一対の対向板部(211、212)と、対向板部(211、212)を連結する連結板部(213)とで構成され、断面T型の柱部材(22)は、柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)に接合された基端板部(221)と、先端板部(222)とで構成され、先端板部(222)に接続手段用の貫通孔が形成されている請求項1又は2に記載の建材接続構造である(請求項4)。   The column member (21) having an H-shaped section includes a pair of opposed plate portions (211 and 212) facing each other and a connecting plate portion (213) that couples the opposed plate portions (211 and 212). The T-shaped column member (22) includes a proximal end plate portion (221) joined to the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21) and a distal end plate portion (222). 222) The building material connection structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a through hole for connecting means is formed at 222).

また、鋼製の柱材(20)と、木製の梁材(30)とを接続手段を用いて接続したことを特徴とする請求項1〜4のいずれかに記載の建材接続構造である(請求項5)。   Moreover, it is the building material connection structure in any one of Claims 1-4 which connected the steel pillar material (20) and the wooden beam material (30) using the connection means ( Claim 5).

また、鋼製の柱材(20)と木製の梁材(30)との間に少なくとも木製のプレートを介在させて接続したことを特徴とする請求項1〜5のいずれかに記載の建材接続構造である(請求項6)。また、本発明は、これらの建材接続構造を用いた建物構造である。   The building material connection according to claim 1, wherein at least a wooden plate is interposed between the steel pillar member (20) and the wooden beam member (30). Structure (Claim 6). Moreover, this invention is a building structure using these building material connection structures.

本発明は、簡易かつ合理的な建材接続構造、当該構造を用いた建築構造を採用することによって、職人ないし技術不足を解消される。   The present invention eliminates craftsmen or technical shortages by adopting a simple and rational building material connection structure and a building structure using the structure.

本発明の実施例を用いた建物平面図Building plan using an embodiment of the present invention 図1に部分拡大図Fig. 1 is a partially enlarged view. 実施例1の分解斜視図Exploded perspective view of Example 1 図3の組立側断面図Assembly side sectional view of FIG. 実施例1の他の実施態様を示す組立側断面図Assembly side sectional view showing another embodiment of Example 1 実施例1の他の実施態様を示す組立側断面図Assembly side sectional view showing another embodiment of Example 1 実施例2の分解斜視図Exploded perspective view of Example 2 図7の組立側断面図FIG. 7 is an assembled side sectional view. 実施例3の分解斜視図Exploded perspective view of Example 3 図9の組立側断面図Assembly side sectional view of FIG. 実施例4の分解斜視図Exploded perspective view of Example 4 図10の組立側断面図Assembly side sectional view of FIG. 実施例5の分解斜視図Exploded perspective view of Example 5 図13の組立側断面図Assembly side sectional view of FIG. 従来技術を示す図Diagram showing conventional technology

本実施例の特徴は、木造軸組工法の柱部分に鉄骨組立柱材である柱材20A、20Bを採用することにより、たとえば、図15に示すコラム柱Cを用いた構造に比較して、建物内部空間を有効に利用できる点に特徴がある。そして、モジュールの制約が少なく、コスト的にも有意である等の木造建築物の利点と、粘り強い等の鉄の利点を融合させている点にも特徴がある。モジュールの制約が少ないため、極小間口住宅建物から大規模住宅建物まで幅広く対応できる。また、採光的要求に対しても、構造的に面的な構造的制約が小さいので多様な間取りを実現できる。さらに、建築強度の保持、居住者等の安全確保にも非常に有効である。そのうえ、H型鋼とCT鋼をベースにして鉄骨組立柱に構成することにより、材料ユニット化、現場施工の省力化を図る点にも特徴がある。以下、各実施例の構造について説明する。   The feature of this embodiment is that, by adopting the column members 20A and 20B, which are steel-assembled column members, in the column part of the wooden frame construction method, for example, compared to the structure using the column column C shown in FIG. It is characterized in that the interior space of the building can be used effectively. Another advantage is that the advantages of wooden buildings, such as few module restrictions and significant costs, are combined with the advantages of iron, such as tenacity. Since there are few restrictions on modules, it can be used for a wide range of buildings, from extremely small entrance houses to large-scale residential buildings. In addition, various floor plans can be realized even for daylighting requirements since structural structural limitations are small. Furthermore, it is very effective for maintaining the building strength and ensuring the safety of residents. In addition, it is also characterized in that it is made into a steel unit assembling column based on H-shaped steel and CT steel, thereby making it a material unit and saving labor for on-site construction. Hereinafter, the structure of each embodiment will be described.

(実施例1)
図1〜図4は、実施例1の基本形態を示すものである。
Example 1
1 to 4 show a basic form of the first embodiment.

図1は、本実施例1の建物構造を採用した建物平面図であり、同図中、10はサイディング等の建物外壁材であり、11は通気防水シート、12はグラスウール等の断熱材であり、13は石膏ボード等の内部材である。なお、これらは建築構造として一般的なものであり、特に限定されるものではない。   FIG. 1 is a plan view of a building adopting the building structure of the first embodiment, in which 10 is a building outer wall material such as siding, 11 is a ventilation waterproof sheet, and 12 is a heat insulating material such as glass wool. , 13 are internal members such as a gypsum board. These are general construction structures and are not particularly limited.

図中、20(20A、20B)は本発明の要部である鋼材からなる柱材である。以下、柱材20A、20Bについて詳細に説明する。なお、図2中、柱材20A、20Bに隣接する部材は補助木材である。   In the figure, 20 (20A, 20B) is a pillar material made of a steel material, which is the main part of the present invention. Hereinafter, the column members 20A and 20B will be described in detail. In FIG. 2, the members adjacent to the column members 20A and 20B are auxiliary wood.

(柱材20A)
柱材20Aは、図2(a)に示すとおり、建物平面の角部に配置される柱材であって、主に熱間圧延によって成形された鋼材である断面H型の柱部材21と、この断面H型の柱部材21を切断して製造される断面T型の柱部材22とを溶接してなる柱材である。
(Column 20A)
As shown in FIG. 2 (a), the column member 20A is a column member disposed at a corner of a building plane, and is a column member 21 having an H-shaped cross section that is a steel material mainly formed by hot rolling, This is a column material formed by welding a column member 22 having a T-shaped cross section manufactured by cutting the column member 21 having an H-shaped cross section.

断面H型の柱部材21は、所定間隔を介して平行に対向する一対の鋼板部分である対向板部(フランジ)211、212と、対向板部211、212の間にあって両者を接合する鋼板部分である連結板部(ウェブ)213とで構成される。   The column member 21 having an H-shaped cross section is a pair of steel plates that are opposed to each other in parallel at a predetermined interval. It is comprised with the connection board part (web) 213 which is.

具体的には、図2に示すとおり、立設された断面H型の柱部材21を構成する一対の対向板部(フランジ)211、212は、建物平面のX方向(図2において左右方向)に所定間隔を介して平行に対向すると共に各々Y方向(図2において上下方向)に延びる一対の対向板部(フランジ)211、212である。   Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2, the pair of opposed plate portions (flanges) 211 and 212 that constitute the standing H-shaped column member 21 are in the X direction of the building plane (left and right direction in FIG. 2). A pair of opposing plate portions (flanges) 211 and 212 that face each other in parallel with a predetermined interval and extend in the Y direction (vertical direction in FIG. 2).

また、連結板部(ウェブ)213は、そのX方向の一端を対向板部211のY方向幅の中央位置に接合すると共に、その他端を対向板部212のY方向幅の中央位置に接合してX方向に延びる連結板部(ウェブ)213である。   The connecting plate portion (web) 213 has one end in the X direction joined to the center position of the opposing plate portion 211 in the Y direction width, and the other end joined to the center position of the opposing plate portion 212 in the Y direction width. The connecting plate portion (web) 213 extends in the X direction.

断面T型の柱部材22は、断面H型の柱部材21の連結板部213にその一端を溶接された鋼板部分である基端板部221と、基端板部221の他端に接合した鋼板部分である先端板部222とで構成される。   The T-shaped column member 22 is joined to the base plate 221 which is a steel plate portion whose one end is welded to the connecting plate 213 of the H-shaped column member 21 and the other end of the base plate 221. It is comprised with the front-end | tip board part 222 which is a steel plate part.

具体的には、基端板部221は、そのY方向の一端を、連結板部(ウェブ)213のY方向側面に溶接したものであり、また、基端板部221のY方向の他端には、X方向に延びる先端板部222が構成される。   Specifically, the base end plate portion 221 is obtained by welding one end in the Y direction to the side surface in the Y direction of the connecting plate portion (web) 213 and the other end of the base end plate portion 221 in the Y direction. A tip plate portion 222 extending in the X direction is configured.

(柱材20B)
また、柱材20Bは、図2(b)に示すとおり、主に熱間圧延によって成形された鋼材である断面H型の柱部材21と、この断面H型の柱部材21を切断して製造される一組の断面T型の柱部材22、22とを溶接してなる柱材である。
(Column 20B)
Further, as shown in FIG. 2B, the column member 20B is manufactured by cutting the column member 21 having an H-shaped section, which is a steel material mainly formed by hot rolling, and the column member 21 having an H-shaped section. It is a column material formed by welding a pair of T-shaped column members 22 and 22 to be formed.

具体的には、図2(b)に示すとおり、立設された断面H型の柱部材21を構成する一対の対向板部(フランジ)211、212は、建物平面のX方向(図2において左右方向)に所定間隔を介して平行に対向すると共に各々Y方向(図2において上下方向)に延びる一対の対向板部(フランジ)211、212である。   Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2 (b), a pair of opposing plate portions (flanges) 211 and 212 constituting the upright H-shaped column member 21 are arranged in the X direction of the building plane (in FIG. 2). A pair of opposed plate portions (flanges) 211 and 212 that face each other in the left-right direction) at a predetermined interval and extend in the Y-direction (up-down direction in FIG. 2).

また、連結板部(ウェブ)213は、そのX方向の一端を対向板部211のY方向幅の中央位置に接合すると共に、その他端を対向板部212のY方向幅の中央位置に接合してX方向に延びる連結板部(ウェブ)213である。   The connecting plate portion (web) 213 has one end in the X direction joined to the center position of the opposing plate portion 211 in the Y direction width, and the other end joined to the center position of the opposing plate portion 212 in the Y direction width. The connecting plate portion (web) 213 extends in the X direction.

断面T型の柱部材22、22は、断面H型の柱部材21の連結板部213にその一端を溶接された鋼板部分である基端板部221と、基端板部221の他端に接合した鋼板部分である先端板部222とで構成される。   The T-shaped column members 22, 22 are provided on the other end of the base plate 221 and the base plate 221, which is a steel plate portion whose one end is welded to the connecting plate 213 of the column H member 21. It is comprised with the front-end | tip board part 222 which is the joined steel plate part.

具体的には、基端板部221は、そのY方向の一端を、連結板部(ウェブ)213のY方向一側面に溶接したものである。また、基端板部221のY方向に他端には、X方向に延びる先端板部222が接合されている。同様に、他の基端板部221は、そのY方向の一端を、連結板部(ウェブ)213のY方向一側面の反対面に溶接したものである。また、基端板部221のY方向に他端には、X方向に延びる先端板部222が接合されている。
図3に示すとおり、柱材20の対向板部212には、複数の貫通孔215が形成されている(同図において8個)。貫通孔215の径は、ボルト41のボルト頭部412の径よりも小径である。なお、図3では対向板部212にのみ貫通孔215を図示しているが、柱部材22の先端板部222にも同様の貫通孔を形成することができる。
Specifically, the base end plate portion 221 is formed by welding one end in the Y direction to one side surface of the connecting plate portion (web) 213 in the Y direction. A distal end plate portion 222 extending in the X direction is joined to the other end of the proximal end plate portion 221 in the Y direction. Similarly, the other base end plate portion 221 is obtained by welding one end in the Y direction to the opposite surface of one side surface of the connecting plate portion (web) 213 in the Y direction. A distal end plate portion 222 extending in the X direction is joined to the other end of the proximal end plate portion 221 in the Y direction.
As shown in FIG. 3, a plurality of through holes 215 are formed in the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20 (eight in the same figure). The diameter of the through hole 215 is smaller than the diameter of the bolt head 412 of the bolt 41. Although the through hole 215 is illustrated only in the counter plate portion 212 in FIG. 3, a similar through hole can be formed in the tip plate portion 222 of the column member 22.

図3に示すとおり、柱材20には、その強度を向上するために、平面視L型の鋼板であるスチフナプレート23が溶接されている。   As shown in FIG. 3, a stiffener plate 23, which is an L-shaped steel plate in plan view, is welded to the column member 20 in order to improve its strength.

図3、4に示すとおり、対向板部212の外側端面には、外側方向に突出する略円柱状の凸部214が設けられている。図4に示すとおり、凸部214の基端部の外側面には雄螺子部が形成される。また、対向板部212には内側面に雌螺子部を形成した凹部212aが設けられている。凸部214は、凹部212aの内側面に形成された雌螺子部に対して螺子止め固定される。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, a substantially cylindrical convex portion 214 protruding outward is provided on the outer end surface of the opposing plate portion 212. As shown in FIG. 4, a male screw portion is formed on the outer surface of the base end portion of the convex portion 214. In addition, the opposing plate portion 212 is provided with a concave portion 212a in which a female screw portion is formed on the inner surface. The convex portion 214 is screwed and fixed to a female screw portion formed on the inner surface of the concave portion 212a.

(接続手段4など)
次に、柱材20等と梁材30とを接続する接続手段4について説明する。
(Connecting means 4 etc.)
Next, the connecting means 4 for connecting the column member 20 and the beam member 30 will be described.

図3、4に示すとおり、集成材や無垢材等である木製の梁材30の長手方向の側面32には、接続手段4である複数のラグスクリューボルト40が埋設されている。図示しないが、反対側の側面にも複数のラグスクリューボルト40が埋設されている。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, a plurality of lag screw bolts 40, which are connecting means 4, are embedded in a side surface 32 in the longitudinal direction of a wooden beam member 30 such as a laminated material or a solid material. Although not shown, a plurality of lag screw bolts 40 are also embedded on the opposite side surface.

ラグスクリューボルト40は、その軸部401の外側面に雄螺子部を形成し、軸端部402の内側面(ボルト用孔の内面)に雌螺子部を形成した接合具である。ラグスクリューボルト40は、軸部401の外側面に形成した雄螺子部によって木製の梁材30内に固定される。ラグスクリューボルト40は、梁材30の側面32と、柱材20の対向板部212の外側面とを対向させた際に、複数の貫通孔215に対面する位置に各々埋設固定される。また、ラグスクリューボルト40の軸端部402の内側面に形成された雌螺子部は、ボルト41の外側面に施された雄螺子部411と連結可能である。   The lag screw bolt 40 is a joining tool in which a male screw part is formed on the outer surface of the shaft part 401 and a female screw part is formed on the inner side surface of the shaft end part 402 (the inner surface of the bolt hole). The lag screw bolt 40 is fixed in the wooden beam member 30 by a male screw portion formed on the outer surface of the shaft portion 401. The lag screw bolt 40 is embedded and fixed at positions facing the plurality of through holes 215 when the side surface 32 of the beam member 30 and the outer surface of the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20 are opposed to each other. The female screw portion formed on the inner surface of the shaft end portion 402 of the lag screw bolt 40 can be connected to the male screw portion 411 provided on the outer surface of the bolt 41.

図3、4に示すとおり、木製の梁材30の側面32には、凹部31が形成されている。凹部31は、柱材20の対向板部212に設けられた凸部214と嵌合するものである。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, a concave portion 31 is formed on a side surface 32 of the wooden beam member 30. The concave portion 31 is fitted with a convex portion 214 provided on the counter plate portion 212 of the column member 20.

次に、木質の梁材30と柱材20の接続方法を説明する。   Next, a method for connecting the wooden beam member 30 and the column member 20 will be described.

図3、4に示すとおり、梁材30の長手方向の側面32と、柱材20の対向板部212の外側面とを対向接触させ、対向板部212の貫通孔215の内側方向から外側方向に向けてボルト41を挿入し、ラグスクリューボルト40の軸端部402の内側に形成された雌螺子と螺着することによって、梁材30と柱材20とを接続する。   As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the longitudinal side surface 32 of the beam member 30 and the outer side surface of the counter plate portion 212 of the column member 20 are brought into contact with each other, and the inner side direction of the through hole 215 of the counter plate portion 212 is changed to the outer side direction. The beam 41 and the column member 20 are connected to each other by inserting the bolt 41 toward the head and screwing the bolt 41 with the female screw formed inside the shaft end portion 402 of the lag screw bolt 40.

なお、図示しないが、柱材20Aの先端板部222にも同様に、貫通孔を形成し、ラグスクリューボルトが埋設された木製の梁材と接続することが可能である。本実施例の柱材は、X方向に横架される梁材のX方向端面に対向すると共にラグスクリューボルト等の接続手段を介して接続される対向部材212と、Y方向に横架される梁材のY方向端面に対向すると共にラグスクリューボルト等の接続手段を介して接続される先端板部222を有するものとすることができ、図2(a)のように建物平面の角部に配置される。   Although not shown, it is possible to form a through hole in the front end plate portion 222 of the column member 20A in the same manner and connect it to a wooden beam member in which a lag screw bolt is embedded. The column member of the present embodiment is horizontally mounted in the Y direction with an opposing member 212 that is opposed to the X-direction end surface of the beam material that is horizontally mounted in the X direction and that is connected through connection means such as a lag screw bolt. It is possible to have a front end plate portion 222 that faces the Y-direction end face of the beam material and is connected via a connecting means such as a lag screw bolt, and at the corner of the building plane as shown in FIG. Be placed.

また、柱材20Bは、X方向に横架される梁材30のX方向端面に対向すると共にラグスクリューボルト等の接続手段を介して接続される対向板部212と、Y方向に横架される梁材30のY方向端面に対向して接合される先端板部222と、Y方向に横架される他の梁材30のY方向端面に対向すると共にラグスクリューボルト等の接続手段を介して接続される他の先端部材222とを有するものとすることができ、図2(b)のように、3方向から梁材が接続される位置に配置できる。なお、当然ながら、図2(b)の2対向板部211にも貫通孔を形成し、ラグスクリューボルトが埋設された木製の梁材と接続することが可能であり、その場合は、4方向から。梁材が接続される位置に配置できる。   Further, the column member 20B is horizontally mounted in the Y direction with an opposing plate portion 212 that is opposed to the end surface in the X direction of the beam member 30 that is horizontally mounted in the X direction and is connected through connection means such as a lag screw bolt. The end plate portion 222 joined to face the Y-direction end face of the beam material 30 and the Y-direction end face of the other beam material 30 horizontally mounted in the Y-direction and via connecting means such as a lag screw bolt. And the other tip member 222 connected to each other, and can be arranged at a position where the beam material is connected from three directions as shown in FIG. Needless to say, it is possible to form a through hole in the two opposing plate portion 211 of FIG. 2B and connect it to a wooden beam material in which a lag screw bolt is embedded. From. It can be placed at the position where the beam is connected.

なお、ラグスクリューボルト40は、上記数及び構造に限るものではなく、軸部の外側に雄螺子部を有し、軸端部にも雄螺子部を有する接合具であってもよい。この場合、軸端部の雄螺子も連結するナットを用いる。   Note that the lag screw bolt 40 is not limited to the above-described number and structure, and may be a connector having a male screw portion outside the shaft portion and also having a male screw portion at the shaft end portion. In this case, a nut that connects the male screw at the shaft end is also used.

また、柱材20には梁材30の底面を下方から保持するための受け金具を溶接等にて形成することも可能である。   Moreover, it is also possible to form a receiving metal fitting for holding the bottom surface of the beam member 30 from below on the column member 20 by welding or the like.

(図5の実施態様)
図5は接続手段の他の実施態様を示すものであり、上記実施例1に比較してラグスクリューボルト40及びボルト41のみ異なるものである。このラグスクリューボルト40は、軸端部403の径を軸部404よりも相対的に大きく成形したものである。これにより、相対的に大きな径で強度的に有利なボルト41を用いることができる実施態様である。
(Embodiment of FIG. 5)
FIG. 5 shows another embodiment of the connecting means, and only the lag screw bolt 40 and the bolt 41 are different from the first embodiment. This lag screw bolt 40 is formed by forming the diameter of the shaft end portion 403 relatively larger than that of the shaft portion 404. This is an embodiment in which the bolt 41 having a relatively large diameter and advantageous in strength can be used.

(図6の実施態様)
図6は接続手段の他の実施態様を示すものであり、上記実施例1に比較してラグスクリューボルト40、ボルト41、対向板部212の貫通孔の構成が異なるものである。このラグスクリューボルト40及びボルト41は、ボルト41の頭部413の外周面に雄螺子部413aを形成し、対向板部212の貫通孔215の内側面に雌螺子部215aを形成することにより、両者を螺着する実施態様である。
(Embodiment of FIG. 6)
FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the connecting means, and the configurations of the through holes of the lag screw bolt 40, the bolt 41, and the counter plate portion 212 are different from those of the first embodiment. The lag screw bolt 40 and the bolt 41 are formed by forming a male screw portion 413a on the outer peripheral surface of the head portion 413 of the bolt 41 and forming a female screw portion 215a on the inner surface of the through hole 215 of the opposing plate portion 212. This is an embodiment in which both are screwed together.

(実施例2)
図7、8は、実施例2を示すものである。
(Example 2)
7 and 8 show the second embodiment.

実施例1に比較して異なるのは、鋼製板であるプレート5を、木製の梁材30と柱材20の間に介在させた点である。   The difference from the first embodiment is that a plate 5, which is a steel plate, is interposed between the wooden beam member 30 and the column member 20.

プレート5は、ラグスクリューボルト用の貫通孔51を有する。貫通孔51は梁材30に埋設された各ラグスクリューボルト40の位置に対応する位置に形成されており、その内側面には雌螺子部を形成している。   The plate 5 has a through hole 51 for a lag screw bolt. The through hole 51 is formed at a position corresponding to the position of each lag screw bolt 40 embedded in the beam member 30, and a female screw portion is formed on the inner side surface thereof.

また、プレート5の四隅には貫通孔52が形成されており、貫通孔52は柱材20の対向板部212に形成された貫通孔215に対応する位置に形成されている。   Further, through holes 52 are formed at the four corners of the plate 5, and the through holes 52 are formed at positions corresponding to the through holes 215 formed in the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20.

梁材30と柱材20の接続方法を説明する。   A method for connecting the beam member 30 and the column member 20 will be described.

図7、8に示すとおり、梁材30の長手方向の側端面32と、プレート5の側面とを対向接触させ、プレート5の貫通孔51からラグスクリューボルト40の方向にボルト41を挿入し、ボルト軸部411に形成された雄螺子部と、ラグスクリューボルト40の軸端部402の内側に形成された雌螺子部とを螺着すると共に、ボルト頭部412に形成された雄螺子部と、貫通孔51の内側面に雌螺子部とを螺着することにより、梁材30とプレート5とが接続される。   As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the side end surface 32 in the longitudinal direction of the beam member 30 and the side surface of the plate 5 are opposed to each other, and the bolt 41 is inserted from the through hole 51 of the plate 5 toward the lag screw bolt 40. A male screw portion formed on the bolt shaft portion 411 and a female screw portion formed on the inner side of the shaft end portion 402 of the lag screw bolt 40 are screwed together, and a male screw portion formed on the bolt head portion 412; The beam member 30 and the plate 5 are connected by screwing a female screw part to the inner surface of the through hole 51.

次いで、プレート5の他方の側面と、柱材20の対向板部212とを対向接触させ、対向板部212の貫通孔215の内側方向から外側方向にボルト42を挿入すると共に、ボルト42の先端側にプレート5を介してナット43を螺着して、梁材30は柱材20に接続される。   Next, the other side surface of the plate 5 and the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20 are brought into opposed contact with each other, and the bolts 42 are inserted from the inner side to the outer side of the through-holes 215 of the opposing plate portion 212. A nut 43 is screwed to the side via the plate 5, and the beam member 30 is connected to the column member 20.

(実施例3)
図9、10は、実施例3を示すものである。
(Example 3)
9 and 10 show the third embodiment.

実施例2に比較して異なるのは、集成材や無垢材である木製のプレート6を、鋼製板であるプレート5と柱材20の間に介在させた点である。   The difference from the second embodiment is that a wooden plate 6, which is a laminated material or a solid material, is interposed between a plate 5, which is a steel plate, and a pillar material 20.

木製のプレート6は、鋼製のプレート5の貫通孔54の位置に対応すると共に、柱材20の対向板部212の貫通孔215に対応する位置に貫通孔61が形成される。   The wooden plate 6 corresponds to the position of the through hole 54 of the steel plate 5, and the through hole 61 is formed at a position corresponding to the through hole 215 of the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20.

梁材30と柱材20の接続方法を説明する。梁材30の長手方向の側端面32と、鋼製のプレート5の側端面とを対向接触させ、プレート5のラグスクリュー用の貫通孔53にボルト41を挿入し、ラグスクリューボルト40の軸端部402の内側に形成された雌螺子と螺着することによって、梁材30とプレート5とが接続される。   A method for connecting the beam member 30 and the column member 20 will be described. The side end surface 32 in the longitudinal direction of the beam member 30 and the side end surface of the steel plate 5 are brought into contact with each other, the bolt 41 is inserted into the through hole 53 for the lag screw of the plate 5, and the shaft end of the lag screw bolt 40 The beam member 30 and the plate 5 are connected to each other by screwing with a female screw formed inside the portion 402.

次いで、プレート5の反対側の側面と、柱材20の対向板部212との間に、木製のプレート6を介在させ、対向板部212の貫通孔215にボルト42を挿入すると共に、ボルト42の先端側に、プレート5及びプレート6を介在させ、ナット43を螺着することにより、梁材30は柱材20に接続される。   Next, the wooden plate 6 is interposed between the opposite side surface of the plate 5 and the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20, and the bolt 42 is inserted into the through hole 215 of the opposing plate portion 212. The beam member 30 is connected to the column member 20 by interposing the plate 5 and the plate 6 and screwing the nut 43 to the front end side.

これにより、木製のプレート6により、鋼製部材のみからなる接合構造に比較して、脆性特性を靭性特性に近づけることができる。   Thereby, compared with the joining structure which consists only of steel members with a wooden plate 6, a brittle characteristic can be brought close to a toughness characteristic.

なお、木製のプレート6は、図7のように上下一対である2部材からなるものでも、矩形板状の1部材からなるものでも良い。また、木質プレート6、及び、鋼製のプレートの数は特に限定されず、交互に積層されたものであればよい。また、木製のプレート6に変えて、樹脂性のプレートを採用することにより、靭性特性に近づけることができる。   The wooden plate 6 may be composed of a pair of upper and lower members as shown in FIG. 7, or may be composed of one member having a rectangular plate shape. The number of the wood plates 6 and the steel plates is not particularly limited as long as they are alternately stacked. In addition, by adopting a resin plate instead of the wooden plate 6, it is possible to approximate toughness characteristics.

(実施例4)
図11、12は、実施例4を示すものであり、接続手段にドリフトピンを用いたものである。
Example 4
11 and 12 show a fourth embodiment, which uses a drift pin as a connecting means.

柱材20は、図11に示すとおり、断面H型の柱部材21と、断面T型の柱部材22とからなり、実施例1と同様である。   As shown in FIG. 11, the column member 20 includes a column member 21 having an H-section and a column member 22 having a T-section, and is the same as that of the first embodiment.

柱材20には、接続手段を構成する断面I型の突設部材45が溶接等で設けられている。断面H型の柱部材21の対向部材212の外側面に突設された突設部材45には、ドリフトピン44用の複数の貫通孔451が形成されている。   The column member 20 is provided with a protruding member 45 having an I-shaped cross section that constitutes a connection means by welding or the like. A plurality of through holes 451 for the drift pins 44 are formed in the projecting member 45 projecting from the outer surface of the opposing member 212 of the column member 21 having an H-shaped cross section.

梁材30には、切り欠かれた溝であるスリット33が形成されている。スリット33には突設部材45が挿入可能である。また、梁材30には、ドリフトピン用の複数の貫通孔34が形成されている。   The beam member 30 is formed with slits 33 that are notched grooves. A projecting member 45 can be inserted into the slit 33. The beam member 30 has a plurality of through holes 34 for drift pins.

梁材30と柱材20の接続方法を説明する。突設部材45をスリット33に挿入し、梁材30の貫通孔34と、突設部材45の貫通孔451とを合致させた状態で、ドリフトピン44を打ち込んで固定することにより、梁材30と柱材20を接続する。   A method for connecting the beam member 30 and the column member 20 will be described. The projecting member 45 is inserted into the slit 33, and the drift pin 44 is driven and fixed in a state in which the through hole 34 of the beam member 30 and the through hole 451 of the projecting member 45 are aligned with each other. And the column member 20 are connected.

(実施例5)
図13、14は、実施例5を示すものであり、接続手段にドリフトピンを用いたものである。
(Example 5)
FIGS. 13 and 14 show a fifth embodiment, which uses a drift pin as a connection means.

柱材20は、図13、14に示すとおり、実施例1と同様であり、梁材30は実施例4と同様である。   As shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, the column member 20 is the same as that of the first embodiment, and the beam member 30 is the same as that of the fourth embodiment.

図13、14において、6は木製矩形状のプレートであり、四隅に貫通孔61が形成されている。また、46は、断面T字型の接続手段である。接続手段46は、四隅に貫通孔471を形成した鋼板板部である基部47と、基部47の側端面に設けられると共にドリフトピン用の貫通孔481を複数形成した鋼板板部である先端部48からなる。   13 and 14, reference numeral 6 denotes a wooden rectangular plate having through holes 61 formed at four corners. Reference numeral 46 denotes connection means having a T-shaped cross section. The connection means 46 includes a base portion 47 that is a steel plate portion having through holes 471 at four corners, and a tip portion 48 that is a steel plate portion provided on the side end surface of the base portion 47 and having a plurality of through holes 481 for drift pins. Consists of.

梁材30と柱材20の接続方法を説明する。接続手段46の基部47の側端面と、柱材20の対向板部212との間に、木製板部であるプレート6を介在させた状態で、ボルト42及びナット43を締結して前記三者を接続する。   A method for connecting the beam member 30 and the column member 20 will be described. The bolt 42 and the nut 43 are fastened with the plate 6 being a wooden plate portion interposed between the side end surface of the base portion 47 of the connecting means 46 and the opposing plate portion 212 of the column member 20, and the three members Connect.

次いで、スリット33に先端部48を挿入し、梁材30の貫通孔34と、先端部48の貫通孔481とを合致させた状態で、ドリフトピン44を打ち込んで固定することにより、梁材30と柱材20を接続する。   Next, the tip end portion 48 is inserted into the slit 33, and the drift pin 44 is driven and fixed in a state where the through hole 34 of the beam member 30 and the through hole 481 of the tip end portion 48 are matched, thereby fixing the beam member 30. And the column member 20 are connected.

20 柱材
21 断面H型の柱部材
22 断面T型の柱部材
30 梁材
4 接続手段
20 Column material 21 Column member with H-shaped cross section 22 Column member with T-shaped section 30 Beam material 4 Connection means

Claims (6)

断面H型の柱部材(21)と断面T型の柱部材(22)とを接合してなる柱材(20)と、接続手段(4)を介して前記柱材(20)に接続された梁材(30)とからなる建材接続構造。 A column member (20) formed by joining a column member (21) having an H-shaped cross section and a column member (22) having a T-shaped cross section, and connected to the column member (20) via a connecting means (4). A building material connection structure comprising a beam material (30). 断面H型の柱部材(21)と、一組の断面T型の柱部材(22、22)とを接合してなる柱材(20)と、接続手段(4)を介して柱材(20)に接続される梁材(30)とからなる建材接続構造。 A column member (20) formed by joining a column member (21) having an H-shaped cross section and a pair of column members (22, 22) having a T-shaped cross section, and a column member (20) via a connecting means (4). The building material connection structure which consists of the beam material (30) connected to). 断面H型の柱部材(21)は、対向する一対の対向板部(211、212)と、対向板部(211、212)を連結する連結板部(213)とで構成され、断面T型の柱部材(22)は、柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)に接合された基端板部(221)と、先端板部(222)とで構成され、対向板部(211、212)の少なくとも一方に接続手段用の貫通孔(215)が形成されている請求項1又は2に記載の建材接続構造。 The column member (21) having an H-shaped cross section includes a pair of opposed plate portions (211 and 212) facing each other and a connecting plate portion (213) that couples the opposed plate portions (211 and 212). The column member (22) is composed of a base end plate portion (221) joined to the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21), and a tip end plate portion (222), and an opposing plate portion (211; The building material connection structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a through hole (215) for connection means is formed in at least one of 212). 断面H型の柱部材(21)は、対向する一対の対向板部(211、212)と、対向板部(211、212)を連結する連結板部(213)とで構成され、断面T型の柱部材(22)は、柱部材(21)の結合板部(213)に接合された基端板部(221)と、先端板部(222)とで構成され、先端板部(222)に接続手段用の貫通孔が形成されている請求項1又は2に記載の建材接続構造。 The column member (21) having an H-shaped cross section includes a pair of opposed plate portions (211 and 212) facing each other and a connecting plate portion (213) that couples the opposed plate portions (211 and 212). The column member (22) includes a proximal end plate portion (221) joined to the coupling plate portion (213) of the column member (21) and a distal end plate portion (222), and the distal end plate portion (222). The building material connection structure according to claim 1, wherein a through-hole for connecting means is formed in the housing. 鋼製の柱材(20)と、木製の梁材(30)とを接続手段を用いて接続したことを特徴とする請求項1〜4のいずれかに記載の建材接続構造。 The building material connection structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the steel pillar member (20) and the wooden beam member (30) are connected using a connecting means. 鋼製の柱材(20)と木製の梁材(30)との間に少なくとも木製のプレートを介在させて接続したことを特徴とする請求項1〜5のいずれかに記載の建材接続構造。 The building material connection structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein at least a wooden plate is interposed between the steel pillar material (20) and the wooden beam material (30).
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2015045190A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-12 史 安麗 Wall reinforcement structure
JP2015059347A (en) * 2013-09-19 2015-03-30 株式会社竹中工務店 Column-beam structure
CN110732821A (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-01-31 中冶天工(天津)装备制造有限公司 assembling method for assembling cross column by using special jig

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JPH0183820U (en) * 1987-11-26 1989-06-05
JP2007231644A (en) * 2006-03-02 2007-09-13 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Jointing construction method for ligneous structural member and joint structure

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JP2007231644A (en) * 2006-03-02 2007-09-13 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Jointing construction method for ligneous structural member and joint structure

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2015045190A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-12 史 安麗 Wall reinforcement structure
JP2015059347A (en) * 2013-09-19 2015-03-30 株式会社竹中工務店 Column-beam structure
CN110732821A (en) * 2019-08-05 2020-01-31 中冶天工(天津)装备制造有限公司 assembling method for assembling cross column by using special jig
CN110732821B (en) * 2019-08-05 2021-08-24 中冶天工(天津)装备制造有限公司 Assembling method for assembling cross column by using special jig

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