JP2010222256A - Method for effectively controlling disease of jatropha - Google Patents

Method for effectively controlling disease of jatropha Download PDF

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JP2010222256A
JP2010222256A JP2009067798A JP2009067798A JP2010222256A JP 2010222256 A JP2010222256 A JP 2010222256A JP 2009067798 A JP2009067798 A JP 2009067798A JP 2009067798 A JP2009067798 A JP 2009067798A JP 2010222256 A JP2010222256 A JP 2010222256A
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group
represents
jatropha
metconazole
fungicides
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Akira Ishikawa
Masako Shoami
雅子 正阿彌
亮 石川
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Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd
住友化学株式会社
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Abstract

The present invention provides a method for effectively controlling a disease occurring in Jatropha.
A method for controlling a disease of Jatropha, which comprises applying an effective amount of at least one compound selected from a specific compound group to Jatropha or a cultivation area of Jatropha.
[Selection figure] None

Description

  The present invention relates to a disease control method for Jatropha.

  At present, many plant disease control drugs are commercially available and used (see, for example, Non-Patent Document 1), but what kind of drug can be used to effectively control diseases occurring in Jatropha. Is not known about.

The Pesticide Manual, Fourteenth Edition (2006), British Crop Protection Council (ISBN: 1-901396-14-2)

  An object of the present invention is to provide a method for effectively controlling a disease occurring in Jatropha.

As a result of intensive studies, the present inventors have found that a specific compound is effective in controlling the disease of Jatropha, and have reached the present invention.
That is, the present invention
A method for controlling disease of Jatropha (hereinafter, referred to as the following) characterized by applying an effective amount of at least one compound selected from the following compound group (hereinafter, sometimes referred to as the present compound) to Jatropha or Yatropha cultivation site Sometimes referred to as the present invention).
≪Compound group≫
(1) Azole fungicides propiconazole, prothioconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, penconazole, zebolazole, tebuconazole, tebuconazole diconazole, bromuconazole, epoxyconazole, difenoconazole, cyproconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole. Laconazole, microbutanil, fenbuconazole, hexaconazole, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole Flutriafol, simeconazole, ipconazole;
(2) amine fungicides fenpropimorph, tridemorph, fenpropidin, spiroxamine;
(3) benzimidazole fungicides carbendazim, benomyl, thiabendazole, thiophanate-methyl;
(4) dicarboximide fungicides procymidone, iprodione, vinclozolin;
(5) Anilinopyrimidine fungicides cyprodinil, pyrimethanil, mepanipyrim;
(6) Phenylpyrrole fungicide fenpiclonil, fludioxonil;
(7) The strobilurin fungicide cresoxim-methyl, azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, floxastrobin, picoxystrobin (picoxystrobin) pyraclostrobin, dimoxystrobin, pyribencarb, methinostrobin, oryzatrobin, enestrobin,
Formula (1)
[Wherein X 3 represents a methyl group, a difluoromethyl group, or an ethyl group, X 4 represents a methoxy group or a methylamino group, and X 5 represents a phenyl group, a 2-methylphenyl group, or 2,5- Represents a dimethylphenyl group. ]
An α-alkoxyphenylacetic acid compound represented by:
(8) Phenylamide-based fungicides metalaxyl, metalaxyl M or mefenoxam (metalaxyl-M or mefenoxam), benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M;
(9) Carboxylic acid amide fungicide dimethomorph, iprovalicalb, benchavaricarb-isopropyl, mandipropamide, varifenal;
(10) carboxamide fungicides carboxin, mepronil, flutolanil, thifluzamide, boscalid, fluopyram;
(11) Other fungicides dietofencarb, thiuram, fluazinam, mancozeb, chlorothalonil, captan, diclofluuranid, folpette, quinoxyphene, fenhexamide, famoxadone, fenamidone, zoxamide, ethaboxam, amisulbrom, cyazofamide, metolafenone, ciflufenadamide, proxanthamide Flusulfamide, fluopicolide, fosetil, simoxanyl, pencyclon, toluclophosmethyl, carpropamide, diclocimet, phenoxanyl; Isoproti Orchids, oxolinic acid, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, basic copper chloride, cupric hydroxide, basic copper sulfate, oxyquinoline copper, sulfur,
Formula (2)
[Wherein, X 1 represents a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X 2 represents a methyl group, a difluoromethyl group, or a trifluoromethyl group, and Q represents any of the following groups:
Represents. ]
A pyrazole carboxamide compound represented by:

Formula (3)
[In the formula, X 6 represents a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a propoxy group, a 2-propenyloxy group, a 2-propynyloxy group, a 3-butenyloxy group, a 3-butynyloxy group, a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, or a 2-propenylthio group. X 7 represents a 1-methylethyl group or a 1-methylpropyl group, and X 8 represents a 2-methylphenyl group or a 2,6-dichlorophenyl group. ]
A pyrazolinone compound represented by:
Etc. are provided.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a method for effectively controlling a disease occurring in Jatropha.

The method of the present invention is a method for controlling a disease occurring in Jatropha by applying an effective amount of a specific compound to Jatropha or a place where Jatropha is grown. Jatropha is a deciduous shrub of the Euphorbiaceae family. Examples of the seed include Jatropha curcus, and the seed contains oil as a raw material for biodiesel fuel.
The specific compound is at least one compound selected from the compounds (1) to (11) described as the compound group.

In this compound,
As the α-alkoxyphenylacetic acid compound represented by the formula (1), for example,
A compound wherein X 3 is a methyl group, X 4 is a methoxy group, and X 5 is a 2,5-dimethylphenyl group;
A compound in which X 3 is a methyl group, X 4 is a methylamino group, and X 5 is a phenyl group;
A compound in which X 3 is a methyl group, X 4 is a methylamino group, and X 5 is a 2,5-dimethylphenyl group;
Etc.
Examples of the pyrazole carboxamide compound represented by the formula (2) include:
A compound wherein X 1 is a chlorine atom, X 2 is a methyl group and Q is Q 1 (generic name: furametopyl);
A compound wherein X 1 is a hydrogen atom, X 2 is a trifluoromethyl group and Q is Q 2 (generic name: pentiopyrad),
A compound wherein X 1 is a hydrogen atom, X 2 is a difluoromethyl group, and Q is Q 3 (generic name: bixaphene);
A compound wherein X 1 is a fluorine atom, X 2 is a methyl group, and Q is Q 4;
A compound wherein X 1 is a hydrogen atom, X 2 is a difluoromethyl group, and Q is Q5,
A compound wherein X 1 is a hydrogen atom, X 2 is a difluoromethyl group, and Q is Q6,
Etc.
As a pyrazolinone compound represented by the formula (3), for example,
A compound wherein X 6 is an ethylthio group, X 7 is a 1-methylethyl group, and X 8 is a 2,6-dichlorophenyl group;
A compound wherein X 6 is a 2-propenylthio group, X 7 is a 1-methylethyl group, and X 8 is a 2-methylphenyl group;
Etc.

Preferred as this compound are chlorothalonil, azoxystrobin, iprodione, iminotadine albesylate, iminotazine acetate, oxpoconazole fumarate, captan, cresoxime methyl, dietofencarb, thiophanate methyl, tebuconazole, fenhexamide, fluazinam, fludioxonil , Prosimidone, benomyl, boscalid, polyoxin complex, polycarbamate, manzeb, mepanipyrim, oxyquinoline copper,
Formula (I)
An α-alkoxyphenylacetic acid compound represented by formula (hereinafter also referred to as compound (I)),
The following formula (II)
(Hereinafter also referred to as compound (II)),
Metconazole, prothioconazole, pyrimethanil, cyprodinil, pyribencarb, pyraclostrobin, dimoxystrobin, bixaphene, fluopyram, pentiopyrad,
Can give.

Examples of diseases that can be controlled by the present invention include diseases caused by the following pathogenic bacteria.
Magnaporthe grisea, Cochliobolus miyabeanus, Rhizoctonia solani, Gibberella fujikuroi, Erysiphe graminis, Fusarium graminearum, F. avenacerum, F. culmorum, Microdochium nivale, Puccinia striiformis, P. graminis, P. recondella pival. , Ustilago tritici, U. nuda, Tilletia caries, Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides, Rhynchosporium secalis, Septoria tritici, Leptosphaeria nodorum, Pyrenophora teres Drechsophiateri, Elsinoe fawccum, Penicilliumthatum ceratosperma, Podosphaera leucotricha, Alternaria alternata apple pathotype, Venturia inaequalis, Colletotrichum acutatum, Phytophtora cactorum, Venturia nashicola, V. pirina, Alternaria alternata Japanese pear pathotype, Gymnosporangium, , Glomerella cingul ata, Uncinula necator, Phakopsora ampelopsidis, Guignardia bidwellii, Plasmopara viticola, Gloeosporium kaki, Cercospora kaki, Mycosphaerella nawae, Colletotrichum lagenarium, Sphaerotheca fuliginea, Phyrium fulvum, Phytophthora infestans, Phomopsis vexans, Erysiphe cichoracearum, Alternaria japonica, Cercosporella brassicae, Plasmodiophora brassicae, Peronospora parasitica, Puccinia allii, Peronospora destructor, Cercospora kikuchii, Elsinoeport Cercospora personata, Cercospora arachidicola, Sclerotium rolfsii, Erysiphe pisi, Alternaria solani, Phytophthora infestans, Phytophthora erythroseptica, Spongospora subterranean f. Sp. Subterranea, Sphaerotheca humuli, glomerellaobasidium Elsinoe leucospila, Pestalotiopsis sp., Colletotrichum theae-sinensis, Alternaria longipes, Erysiphe cichoracearum, Colletotrichum tabacum, Peronospora tabacina, Phytophthora nicotianae, Cercospora beticola, Thanatephorus cucumeris, Thanatephorus cucumeris , Septoria chrysanthemi-indici, Puccinia horiana, Pythium aphanidermatum, Pythium debarianum, Pythium graminicola, Pythium irregulare, Pythium ultimum, Botrytis cinerea, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Alternaria brassicicola, Sclerotinia home Diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria belonging to the genus Penicillium, Fusarium, Gibberella, Tricoderma, Thielaviopsis, Rhizopus, Mucor, Corticium, Phoma, Rhizoctonia, and Diplodia.
Viral diseases mediated by the genus Polymixa or Olpidium.

  In the present invention, Jatropha when applying this compound may be a grown plant or a seed. Moreover, the cultivation place of Jatropha is usually a Jatropha garden, and Jatropha may already be cultivated or may be a planned cultivation area (that is, before the cultivation is started).

  Jatropha in the method of the present invention includes HPPD inhibitors such as isoxaflutol, ALS inhibitors such as imazetapyr and thifensulfuron methyl, EPSP synthase inhibitors such as glyphosate, glutamine synthetase inhibitors such as glufosinate, cetoxydim and the like Acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibitors, PPO inhibitors such as flumioxazin, and those conferred with resistance to herbicides such as bromoxynil, dicamba and 2,4-D by classical breeding methods or genetic recombination techniques .

The Jatropha in the method of the present invention also includes a genetically modified Jatropha that makes it possible to synthesize, for example, a selective toxin known in the genus Bacillus using a genetic recombination technique.
Examples of toxins expressed in the genetically modified Jatropha include insecticidal proteins derived from Bacillus cereus and Bacillus popirie; δ- such as Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1F, Cry1Fa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bb1 or Cry9C derived from Bacillus thuringiensis Insecticidal proteins such as endotoxin, VIP1, VIP2, VIP3 or VIP3A; insecticidal proteins from nematodes; toxins produced by animals such as scorpion toxin, spider toxin, bee toxin or insect-specific neurotoxin; filamentous fungal toxins; plant lectins Agglutinin; protease inhibitors such as trypsin inhibitor, serine protease inhibitor, patatin, cystatin, papain inhibitor; lysine, corn-RIP, abrin, ruffin, saporin, brioji Ribosome inactivating protein (RIP) such as: 3-hydroxysteroid oxidase, ecdysteroid-UDP-glucosyltransferase, steroid metabolic enzymes such as cholesterol oxidase; ecdysone inhibitor; HMG-CoA reductase; sodium channel inhibitor, calcium channel Ion channel inhibitors such as inhibitors; juvenile hormone esterase; diuretic hormone receptor; stilbene synthase; bibenzyl synthase; chitinase;
Moreover, as toxins expressed in such genetically engineered Jatropha, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1F, Cry1Fa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bb1 or Cry9C and other delta-endotoxin proteins, VIP1, VIP2, VIP3, VIP3A and other insecticidal protein hybrids Toxins, partially defective toxins, modified toxins are also included. Hybrid toxins are produced by new combinations of different domains of these proteins using recombinant technology. As a toxin lacking a part, Cry1Ab lacking a part of the amino acid sequence is known. In the modified toxin, one or more amino acids of the natural toxin are substituted.
These toxins are described in EP-A-0 374 753, WO 93/07278, WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 427 529, EP-A-451 878, WO 03/052073, and the like.
These toxins particularly confer resistance to Jatropha on Coleoptera, Diptera, and Lepidoptera pests.

Jatropha, which is a target crop of the present invention, includes those imparted with an ability to produce an anti-pathogenic substance having a selective action using a gene recombination technique.
Examples of anti-pathogenic substances include PR proteins (described in PRPs, EP-A-0392225); sodium channel inhibitors, calcium channel inhibitors (virus-produced KP1, KP4, KP6 toxins, etc.) Stilbene synthase; bibenzyl synthase; chitinase; glucanase; peptide antibiotics, heterocyclic antibiotics, protein factors involved in plant disease resistance (called plant disease resistance genes) , Described in WO03 / 000906), and the like. Such anti-pathogenic substances are described in EP-A-0392225, WO95 / 33818, EP-A-0353191 and the like.

Jatropha, which is the target crop of the present invention, includes those to which useful traits such as oil component modification and amino acid content enhancing traits have been imparted using genetic recombination techniques.

In addition, the above-mentioned classic herbicide traits or herbicide resistance genes, insecticidal pest resistance genes, anti-pathogenic substance production genes, oil traits modification, amino acid content enhancement traits, etc. Combined stack varieties are also included.

  The compound is usually dissolved or dispersed in a suitable liquid carrier, mixed with a suitable solid carrier or adsorbed, and formulated into a dosage form convenient for the intended use. Formulations of this inhibitor include, for example, emulsions, liquids, oils, sprays, wettable powders, powders, DL (driftless) type powders, granules, fine granules, fine granules F, fine granules F, and granular wettable powders. , Water solvent, flowable agent, dry flowable agent, jumbo agent, tablet, paste agent and the like. If necessary, these preparations may further contain formulation adjuvants such as emulsifiers, dispersants, spreading agents, penetrants, wetting agents, binders, thickeners, preservatives, antioxidants, and coloring agents. And can be prepared by known methods.

  Examples of the liquid carrier used for formulation include water, alcohols (eg, methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, ethylene glycol, etc.), ketones (eg, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, etc.), Ethers (eg, dioxane, tetrahydrofuran, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol monomethyl ether, propylene glycol monomethyl ether), aliphatic hydrocarbons (eg, hexane, octane, cyclohexane, kerosene, fuel oil, machine oil, etc.), aroma Group hydrocarbons (eg, benzene, toluene, xylene, solvent naphtha, methylnaphthalene, etc.), halogenated hydrocarbons (eg, dichloromethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, etc.), acid amides (eg, Methylformamide, dimethylacetamide, N- methylpyrrolidone), esters (e.g., ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, fatty acid glycerin ester, etc.), nitriles (e.g., acetonitrile, and propionitrile, etc.) and the like. These liquid carriers can be used by mixing two or more kinds at an appropriate ratio.

Solid carriers used for formulation include vegetable powders (eg, soybean powder, tobacco powder, wheat flour, wood powder, etc.), mineral powders (eg, kaolin, bentonite, acid clay, clays such as clay) Talc such as talc powder and wax stone powder, silica such as diatomaceous earth and mica powder), alumina, sulfur powder, activated carbon, saccharides (eg lactose, glucose etc.), inorganic salts (eg calcium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate) Etc.), glass hollow bodies (natural glassy materials fired and encapsulated with bubbles), and the like. Two or more kinds of these solid carriers can be mixed and used at an appropriate ratio.
The liquid carrier or solid carrier is usually used in an amount of 1 to 99% by weight, preferably about 10 to 99% by weight, based on the whole preparation.

  A surfactant is usually used as an emulsifier, a dispersant, a spreading agent, a penetrating agent, a wetting agent and the like used for formulation. Examples of surfactants include anions such as alkyl sulfate ester salts, alkyl aryl sulfonates, dialkyl sulfosuccinates, polyoxyethylene alkyl aryl ether phosphate esters, lignin sulfonates, and naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde polycondensates. Nonionic surfactants such as surfactants and polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, polyoxyethylene alkyl aryl ethers, polyoxyethylene alkyl polyoxypropylene block copolymers, sorbitan fatty acid esters and the like can be mentioned. Two or more kinds of these surfactants can be used. The surfactant is usually used in a proportion of 0.1 to 50% by weight, preferably about 0.1 to 25% by weight, based on the whole preparation.

  Examples of the binder and thickener include dextrin, sodium salt of carboxymethyl cellulose, polycarboxylic acid polymer compound, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyvinyl alcohol, sodium lignin sulfonate, calcium lignin sulfonate, sodium polyacrylate, gum arabic Sodium alginate, mannitol, sorbitol, bentonite minerals, polyacrylic acid and its derivatives, sodium salt of carboxymethyl cellulose, white carbon, natural sugar derivatives (eg, xanthan gum, guar gum, etc.), and the like.

  The total amount of the active ingredient of the disinfectant contained in the preparation is usually 1 to 90% by weight with respect to the whole preparation in the case of emulsion, wettable powder, wettable powder, liquid preparation, aqueous solvent, flowable preparation and the like. For oils, powders, DL type powders, etc., the ratio is usually 0.01 to 10% by weight relative to the whole preparation, and for fines, fines F, fines F, granules, etc. The concentration is generally 0.05 to 10% by weight based on the whole, but these concentrations may be appropriately changed depending on the purpose of use. Emulsions, wettable powders, wettable powders, liquids, aqueous solvents, flowables, etc. are usually used by appropriately diluting with water or the like, but usually diluted about 100 to 100,000 times. .

  In this invention, when applying this compound, an insecticide, an acaricide, a nematicide, a safener, a fertilizer, or a soil conditioner can also be used together as another component.

Examples of the insecticide include the following insecticides (1) to (12).
(1) Organophosphorus compound Acephate, aluminum phosphide, butathiofos, cadusafos, chlorethoxyphos, chlorfenbinphos (ch1orfenvinphos), chlorpyrinphos Chlorpyrifos-methyl, cyanophos (CYAP), diazinon, DCIP (dichlorodipropionether), dichlorfenthion (ECP), dichlorvos (DichV) Dimethoate, dimethylvinphos, disulfoton, EPN, etion, ethoprofos, etrimfos, fenthion (MPP), fenitrothion (fetio) fothiazate, formothion (formulation), hydrogen phosphide, isofenphos, isoxathion (isoxathion), malathion (malathion), mesulfenfos (meth) thionthio, DM Nocrotophos, nared (BRP), oxydeprofos (ESP), parathion, fosarone, phosmet (PMP), pirimiphosenth (pirp) Quinalphos, phenhoate (PAP), profenofos, propopafos, prothiophos, pyraclorfos, salithion, sulprofos sulprofos upirifos, temefos, tetrachlorbinphos (tetrach1orvinphos), terbufos, thiomethon, trichlorfon (DEP), bamidothionate, fomidosa folate, c

(2) Carbamate compounds alaniccarb, bendiocarb, benfuracarb, BPMC, carbaryl (carbary), carbofuran, carbothofen, carbotophene ), Fenobucarb, phenothiocarb, phenoxycarb, furathiocarb, isoprocarb (MIPC), metocarbyl, metolcarb thiocarb), NAC, oxamyl (oxamyl), pirimicarb (pirimicarb), propoxur (propoxur: PHC), XMC, thiodicarb (thiodicarb), xylylcarb (xylylcarb), aldicarb (aldicarb) or the like;

(3) Synthetic pyrethroid compounds Acrinathrin, Allethrin, Benfluthrin, Beta-Cyfluthrin, Bifenthrin, Cycloprothrin, Cycloprothrin (Cycloprothrin) cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, esfenvalerate, etofenprox, fenpropratrin, fenvalerate, fenvalate (Flucythrinate), flufenprox, flumethrin, fluvalinate, halfenprox, imiprothrin, permethrin, praretrin, praletrin. (Resmethrin), sigma-cypermethrin, silaflufen, tefluthrin, tralomethrin, transfluthrin, tetrartrin methrin), phenothrin, cyphenothrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, lambda cithalthrin (lambda-thalmethrin) (Tau-flavinate), 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4- (methoxymethyl) benzyl (EZ)-(1RS, 3RS; 1RS, 3SR) -2,2-dimethyl-3-prop-1- Enylcyclopropanecarboxylate, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-methylbenzyl (EZ)-(1RS, 3RS; 1RS, 3SR) -2,2-dimethyl -3-prop-1-enylcyclopropanecarboxylate, 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4- (methoxymethyl) benzyl (1RS, 3RS; 1RS, 3SR) -2,2-dimethyl-3- ( 2-methyl-1-propenyl) cyclopropanecarboxylate and the like;

(4) Nereistoxin compounds Cartap, bensultap, thiocyclam, monosultap, bisultap, etc .;

(5) Neonicotinoid compounds imidacloprid (imidac1oprid), nitenpyram (nitenpyram), acetamiprid (acetamipride), thiamethoxam (thiacloprid) (thiacloprid), dinotefur (din)

(6) Benzoylurea compounds Chlorfluazuron, bistrifluron, diafenthiuron, diflubenzuron, fluazuron, flucycloxuron, flucycloxuron Sulfuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, noviflumuron, teflubenzuron, triflumuron, triflumuron, etc.

(7) Phenylpyrazole compounds Acetoprole, etiprole, fipronil, vaniliprole, pyriprole, pyrafluprole, etc .;
(8) Bt toxin insecticide, live spores and produced crystal toxins derived from Bacillus thuringiensis, and mixtures thereof;
(9) Hydrazine compounds Chromafenozide, halofenozide, methoxyphenozide, tebufenozide and the like;
(10) Organochlorine compounds Aldrin, dieldrin, dienochlor, endosulfan, methoxychlor and the like;
(11) Natural insecticide machine oil, nicotine sulfate (nicotine-sulfate);

(12) Other insecticides avermectin (vermectin-B), bromopropyrate, buprofezin, chlorphenapyr, cyromazine, benzo (p), benzo (p) emamectin-benzoate, phenazaquin, flupyrazofos, hydroprene, methoprene, indoxacarb, metoxadiamine etrozine, pyridalyl, pyriproxyfen, spinosad, sulfuramide, tolfenpyrad, triazemate i, flubenamide i, flubendiamide f Arsenic acid, Benclothiaz, lime nitrogen (Calcium polysulfide), chlordane, DDT, DSP, flufenemide, flufenemimide Flurimfen, formatenate, metham-ammonium, metham-sodium, methyl bromide, ninototefuran, potassium oleate, oleate Trifenbute, spiromesifen, sulfur, metaflumizone, spirotetramat, pyrifluquinone, pitraquinone, pitraquinone aniliprole),
Following formula (4)
[Where:
R 1 is a methyl group, Cl, Br or F,
R 2 is F, Cl, Br, C1-C4 haloalkyl, or C1-C4 haloalkoxy,
R 3 is F, Cl or Br,
R 4 is H, one or more halogen atoms; cyano group; thiomethyl group; S (O) Me; C1-C4 alkyl optionally substituted with S (0) 2 Me and OMe, C3-C4 Alkenyl, C3-C4 alkynyl, or C3-C5 cycloalkylalkyl,
R 5 is H or a methyl group,
R 6 is H, F or Cl,
R 7 represents H, F or Cl. A compound represented by
Following formula (5)
[Wherein X represents Cl, Br or I. ]
A compound represented by

  Examples of the acaricide (acaricidal active ingredient) include acequinocyl, amitraz, benzoximate, bifenate, phenisobromolate, quinomethionate, chinomethionate, Benzyllate, CPCBS (chlorfenson), clofentezine, cyflumetofen, quercene (dicofol), etoxazole (fenoxate), fenbutatin oxide (fenbutatin) Fenpyroximate, fluacrylpyrim, fluproxyfen (fenpyridine), propyrgite (fenpyridine), propylene (fenpyridine) , Tetradiphon, spirodiclofen, spiromesifen, spirotetramat, amidoflumet, cienopyrfen fen), and the like.

  Examples of the nematicide (nematicidal active ingredient) include DCIP, fostiazate, levamisole hydrochloride, methylisothiocyanate, morantel tartrate, imisiaphos, etc. Can be mentioned.

  Examples of the safeners (phytotoxicity-reducing active ingredients) include, for example, 1,8-naphthalic anhydride, chometrinyl, oxabetrilin, fluxofenine, and flurazole (fluxazole). flurazole, benoxacor, dichlormid, furilazole, fenchlorim, daimuron, cumyluron, dimepiperate (dimepiperate) Chlorazole ethyl (fenc lorazole-ethyl), mefenpyr-diethyl (mefenpyr-diethyl), isoxadifen-ethyl (isoxadifen-ethyl) and the like.

In the method of the present invention, when the compound and the other component are used in combination, the ratio of the compound and the other component is usually 1: 0.005 to 1: 100, preferably by weight. It is in the range of 1: 0.01 to 1:50.

The application method of this compound can use the method similar to the normal well-known pesticide application method, for example, aerial spraying, soil spraying, foliage spraying etc. are mention | raise | lifted. Specific examples of the control method of the present invention include treatment of foliage of Jatropha such as foliage spraying, treatment of cultivated Jatropha such as soil treatment, treatment of seeds such as seed disinfection and seed coat, and the like. .
Specific examples of the treatment for the foliage in the method of the present invention include a treatment method applied to the surface of the plant such as foliage spray and trunk spray.
Examples of the soil treatment method in the control method of the present invention include application to the soil, soil mixing, and chemical irrigation (chemical irrigation, soil injection, chemical drip) to the soil. , Cropping, near planting hole, near cropping, whole area of cropping area, crop border, inter-stock, under-trunk, main trunk, soil cultivation, seedling box, seedling tray, nursery, etc. , Seeding time, immediately after sowing, seedling season, before planting, at the time of planting, and the growing season after planting. Moreover, in the said soil treatment, an active ingredient may be processed simultaneously to a plant, and solid fertilizers, such as a paste fertilizer containing an active ingredient, may be applied to soil. Moreover, you may mix with an irrigation liquid, for example, the injection | pouring to irrigation equipments (irrigation tube, irrigation pipe, a sprinkler, etc.), the mixing to a streak water solution, mixing to a hydroponic liquid etc. are mentioned. In addition, the irrigation liquid and the active ingredient can be mixed in advance, and can be treated using an appropriate irrigation method such as the above irrigation method or other watering or watering.
The seed treatment in the method of the present invention is, for example, a method in which the present compound is treated directly or in the vicinity of the seed. Specifically, for example, a suspension of the present compound is sprayed on the seed surface. Spraying treatment, adding a small amount of water to wettable powders, emulsions or flowables, or applying it to seeds as it is, soaking the suspension of this compound in an organic solvent solution for a certain period of time Treatment, film coating treatment, pellet coating treatment may be mentioned.
The amount of this compound used varies depending on the application area, application time, application method, target disease, etc., but is usually about 1 to 20000 g, preferably about 10 to 5000 g, per hectare of Jatropha cultivation.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to examples. However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.

Hereinafter, formulation examples are shown.
Formulation Example 1
Each emulsion is obtained by thoroughly mixing 30 parts of Compound (I), 14 parts of polyoxyethylene styrylphenyl ether, 6 parts of calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, and 76.25 parts of xylene.

Formulation Example 2
30 parts of compound (II), 35 parts of a mixture of white carbon and polyoxyethylene alkyl ether sulfate ammonium salt (weight ratio 1: 1), and 55 parts of water are mixed and finely pulverized by a wet pulverization method. Obtain a flowable formulation.

Formulation Example 3
10 parts of Compound (I), 1.5 parts of sorbitan trioleate, and 28.5 parts of an aqueous solution containing 2 parts of polyvinyl alcohol were mixed and pulverized by a wet pulverization method. Add 45 parts of an aqueous solution containing .05 parts and 0.1 parts of aluminum magnesium silicate, and then add 10 parts of propylene glycol and stir and mix to obtain each flowable preparation.

Formulation Example 4
20 parts of Compound (I), 1.5 parts of sorbitan trioleate, and 28.5 parts of an aqueous solution containing 2 parts of polyvinyl alcohol were mixed and pulverized by a wet pulverization method. Add 45 parts of an aqueous solution containing 0.05 part and 0.1 part of aluminum magnesium silicate, and then add 10 parts of propylene glycol and stir to mix to obtain a flowable preparation for various child treatments.

Formulation Example 5
40 parts of compound (II), 5 parts of imidacloprid, 5 parts of propylene glycol (manufactured by Nacalai Tesque), 5 parts of Soprophor FLK (manufactured by Rhodia Nikka), 0.2 part of antifoam C emulsion (manufactured by Dow Corning) ), 0.3 part of Proxel GXL (manufactured by Arch Chemical) and 49.5 parts of ion-exchanged water are mixed to prepare a base slurry. 150 parts of glass beads (Φ = 1 mm) are put into 100 parts of the slurry, and pulverized for 2 hours while cooling with cooling water. After pulverization, the glass beads are removed by filtration to obtain flowable preparations for various child treatments.

Formulation Example 6
50 parts of compound (I), 38.5 parts of NN kaolin clay (manufactured by Takehara Chemical Industry), 10 parts of Morwet D425, 1.5 parts of Morwer EFW (manufactured by Akzo Nobel) are mixed in a proportion of Get a mix. The premix is pulverized with a jet mill to obtain a dry seed treatment powder.

Formulation Example 7
1 part of Compound (I), 4 parts of clothianidin, 1 part of synthetic hydrous silicon oxide, 2 parts of calcium lignin sulfonate, 30 parts of bentonite and 57 parts of kaolin clay were thoroughly pulverized and mixed together with water. Then, each granule is obtained by granulating and drying.

Formulation Example 8
Each wettable powder is obtained by thoroughly pulverizing and mixing 10 parts of Compound (I), 10 parts of Compound (II), 3 parts of calcium lignin sulfonate, 2 parts of sodium lauryl sulfate, and 54 parts of synthetic hydrous hydroxide.

Formulation Example 9
1 part of compound (I), 4 parts of thiamethoxam, 1 part of synthetic hydrous silicon oxide, 2 parts of calcium lignin sulfonate, 30 parts of bentonite and 57 parts of kaolin clay were mixed well, and kneaded well with water. Then, each granule is obtained by granulating and drying.

  Hereinafter, seed treatment examples will be shown.

Seed treatment example 1
The emulsion prepared according to Formulation Example 1 is treated with 500 ml of a dry seed processing machine (seed dresser, manufactured by Hans-Ulrich Hege GmbH) on 100 kg of dried Jatropha seeds to obtain treated seeds.

Seed treatment example 2
The flowable preparation produced according to Preparation Example 2 is treated with 50 ml of a dry seed treatment machine (seed dresser, manufactured by Hans-Ulrich Hege GmbH) for 10 kg of dried Jatropha seeds to obtain treated seeds. .

Seed treatment example 3
The flowable formulation produced according to Formulation Example 3 is treated with 40 ml of a dry seed treatment machine (seed dresser, manufactured by Hans-Ulrich Hege GmbH) for 10 kg of dried Jatropha seeds to obtain treated seeds. .

Test examples are shown below.
Test example 1
Pots with a diameter of 24 cm and a height of 21 cm were filled with upland field soil, and one tree of Jatropha was planted and cultivated in a greenhouse. When 8 true leaves appeared, a sufficient amount of chemical solution diluted and adjusted to a predetermined concentration was sprayed on Jatropha true leaves. After spraying, the plants were air-dried, and PDA medium containing spores of gray mold was placed on the Jatropha leaf surface. After inoculation, it was placed at 12 ° C. under high humidity for 6 days, and then the control effect was investigated. In addition, in order to calculate the control value, the lesion diameter in the case of no treatment with the drug was also investigated.
At the time of investigation, the lesion diameter (mm) was examined, and the control value (%) was calculated using Equation 1.
As a result, a good effect was obtained. The results are shown in Table 1.
"Formula 1"
Control value = 100 × (A−B) / A
A: Disease spot diameter (mm) of plant in untreated section
B: Disease spot diameter of the plant in the treatment area (mm)

Test example 2
Pots with a diameter of 24 cm and a height of 21 cm were filled with upland field soil, and one tree of Jatropha was planted and cultivated in a greenhouse. At the time when 8 true leaves appeared, a flowable was prepared according to Formulation Example 2, and a sufficient amount of a chemical solution diluted and adjusted to a predetermined concentration was sprayed on Jatropha true leaves. After spraying, the plants were air-dried, and a mycelia-containing PDA medium containing mycorrhizal fungi was placed on the Jatropha leaf surface. After inoculation, it was placed at 12 ° C. under high humidity for 6 days, and then the control effect was investigated. In addition, in order to calculate the control value, the lesion diameter in the case of no treatment with the drug was also investigated.
At the time of investigation, the lesion diameter (mm) was examined, and the control value (%) was calculated using Equation 1.
As a result, a good effect was obtained. The results are shown in Table 2.

Test example 3
Pots with a diameter of 24 cm and a height of 21 cm are filled with upland soil, and one tree of Jatropha is planted and cultivated in a greenhouse. When 8 true leaves appear, flowable according to Formulation Example 2 using any of epoxiconazole, propiconazole, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, flusilazole, hexaconazole, microbutanyl, prochloraz, ipconazole, and sulfur. , And spray a sufficient amount of the medicinal solution adjusted to a predetermined concentration on Jatropha. After spraying, air-dry the plants and sprinkle powdery mildew conidia on the Jatropha leaf. After inoculating at 20 ° C. for 10 days after inoculation, the lesion area rate is investigated and the control effect is calculated. As a result, a good disease control effect is shown.

Test example 4
Pots with a diameter of 24 cm and a height of 21 cm are filled with upland soil, and one tree of Jatropha is planted and cultivated in a greenhouse. When 8 true leaves appear, make a flowable of either trifloxystrobin or picoxystrobin according to Formulation Example 2, and add a sufficient amount of medicinal solution adjusted to a predetermined concentration in Jatropha. Scatter. After spraying, the plants are air-dried and sprayed with Alternaria conidial spore suspension onto Jatropha leaf surface. After inoculation for 7 days under high humidity at 20 ° C., the lesion area rate is investigated and the control effect is calculated. As a result, a good disease control effect is shown.

Test Example 5
Pots with a diameter of 24 cm and a height of 21 cm are filled with upland soil, and one tree of Jatropha is planted and cultivated in a greenhouse. When 8 true leaves are produced, a flowable preparation of any of metalaxyl, mefenoxam, simoxanyl, fosetil, dimethomorph, phorpet, and copper according to Formulation Example 2 is prepared and diluted to a predetermined concentration. Apply a sufficient amount to true leaves. After spraying, the plants are air-dried, and Phytophthora zoospore suspension is sprayed on the Jatropha leaf surface. After inoculation at 18 ° C. and high humidity for 7 days, the lesion area rate is investigated and the control effect is calculated. As a result, a good disease control effect is shown.

Test Example 6
A pot with a diameter of 24 cm and a height of 21 cm is filled with upland soil mixed with Rhizotonia bacteria cultured in a bran medium, and one Jatropha seed is planted. A wettable powder is prepared from any one of validamycin, tolcrofosmethyl, and flametopir according to Formulation Example 8, and a drug solution that is diluted to a predetermined concentration is irrigated into the pot. Thereafter, it is cultivated in a greenhouse for 14 days, the germination number is investigated, and the control effect is calculated. As a result, a good disease control effect is shown.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a method for effectively controlling a disease occurring in Jatropha.

Claims (1)

  1. A method for controlling disease of Jatropha, comprising applying an effective amount of at least one compound selected from the following compound group to Jatropha or a place where Jatropha is grown.
    ≪Compound group≫
    (1) Azole fungicides propiconazole, prothioconazole, triadimenol, prochloraz, penconazole, zebolazole, tebuconazole, tebuconazole diconazole, bromuconazole, epoxyconazole, difenoconazole, cyproconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole, metconazole. Laconazole, microbutanil, fenbuconazole, hexaconazole, fluquinconazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole, triticonazole Flutriafol, simeconazole, ipconazole;
    (2) amine fungicides fenpropimorph, tridemorph, fenpropidin, spiroxamine;
    (3) benzimidazole fungicides carbendazim, benomyl, thiabendazole, thiophanate-methyl;
    (4) dicarboximide fungicides procymidone, iprodione, vinclozolin;
    (5) Anilinopyrimidine fungicides cyprodinil, pyrimethanil, mepanipyrim;
    (6) Phenylpyrrole fungicide fenpiclonil, fludioxonil;
    (7) The strobilurin fungicide cresoxim-methyl, azoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin, floxastrobin, picoxystrobin (picoxystrobin) pyraclostrobin, dimoxystrobin, pyribencarb, methinostrobin, oryzatrobin, enestrobin,
    Formula (1)
    [Wherein X 3 represents a methyl group, a difluoromethyl group, or an ethyl group, X 4 represents a methoxy group or a methylamino group, and X 5 represents a phenyl group, a 2-methylphenyl group, or 2,5- Represents a dimethylphenyl group. ]
    An α-alkoxyphenylacetic acid compound represented by:
    (8) Phenylamide-based fungicides metalaxyl, metalaxyl M or mefenoxam (metalaxyl-M or mefenoxam), benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M;
    (9) Carboxylic acid amide fungicides dimethomorph, iprovarialcarb, benchavaricarb-isopropyl, mandipropamide, varifenal;
    (10) carboxamide fungicides carboxin, mepronil, flutolanil, thifluzamide, boscalid, fluopyram;
    (11) Other fungicides dietofencarb, thiuram, fluazinam, mancozeb, chlorothalonil, captan, diclofluuranid, folpette, quinoxyphene, fenhexamide, famoxadone, fenamidone, zoxamide, ethaboxam, amisulbrom, cyazofamide, metolafenone, ciflufenadamide, proxanthamide Flusulfamide, fluopicolide, fosetil, simoxanyl, pencyclon, toluclophosmethyl, carpropamide, diclocimet, phenoxanyl; Isoproti Orchids, oxolinic acid, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, basic copper chloride, cupric hydroxide, basic copper sulfate, oxyquinoline copper, sulfur,
    Formula (2)
    [Wherein, X 1 represents a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom, X 2 represents a methyl group, a difluoromethyl group, or a trifluoromethyl group, and Q represents any of the following groups:
    Represents. ]
    A pyrazole carboxamide compound represented by:
    Formula (3)
    [In the formula, X 6 represents a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, a propoxy group, a 2-propenyloxy group, a 2-propynyloxy group, a 3-butenyloxy group, a 3-butynyloxy group, a methylthio group, an ethylthio group, or a 2-propenylthio group. X 7 represents a 1-methylethyl group or a 1-methylpropyl group, and X 8 represents a 2-methylphenyl group or a 2,6-dichlorophenyl group. ]
    A pyrazolinone compound represented by:
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CN102007913A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-04-13 陕西美邦农药有限公司 Synergistic sterilizing composition containing Cyprodinil
CN102017961A (en) * 2010-12-18 2011-04-20 陕西美邦农药有限公司 Bactericidal composition containing tridemorph
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CN103875692A (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-25 陕西汤普森生物科技有限公司 Sterilizing composition containing fenpyrazamine
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JP2012097040A (en) * 2010-11-02 2012-05-24 Nihon Green & Garden Corp Plant disease control composition, and control method of plant disease
CN102007913A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-04-13 陕西美邦农药有限公司 Synergistic sterilizing composition containing Cyprodinil
CN102017961A (en) * 2010-12-18 2011-04-20 陕西美邦农药有限公司 Bactericidal composition containing tridemorph
WO2014003083A1 (en) * 2012-06-26 2014-01-03 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Pesticidal composition in the form of aqueous emulsion
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