JP2010209515A - Solar power generation equipment - Google Patents

Solar power generation equipment Download PDF

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JP2010209515A
JP2010209515A JP2009053367A JP2009053367A JP2010209515A JP 2010209515 A JP2010209515 A JP 2010209515A JP 2009053367 A JP2009053367 A JP 2009053367A JP 2009053367 A JP2009053367 A JP 2009053367A JP 2010209515 A JP2010209515 A JP 2010209515A
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vertical
power generation
horizontal
frame
solar power
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JP2009053367A
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JP4382143B1 (en
Inventor
Ken Abe
Shinichi Fukada
Kazu Nagai
Masami Nakajima
Yasuyuki Nakajima
Nobuyuki Waki
正実 中島
靖之 中島
伸一 深田
信行 脇
和 長井
兼 阿部
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Sanko Metal Ind Co Ltd
三晃金属工業株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/40Preventing corrosion; Protecting against dirt or contamination
    • F24S40/44Draining rainwater or condensation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • F24S25/35Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles by means of profiles with a cross-section defining separate supporting portions for adjacent modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • F24S25/37Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles forming coplanar grids comprising longitudinal and transversal profiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/63Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing modules or their peripheral frames to supporting elements
    • F24S25/634Clamps; Clips
    • F24S25/636Clamps; Clips clamping by screw-threaded elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/01Special support components; Methods of use
    • F24S2025/022Sealing means between support elements, e.g. overlapping arrangements; Gap closing arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To perform simple and rapid construction, and to make watertightness excellent. <P>SOLUTION: This solar power generation equipment includes: a solar power generation unit A in which solar power generation cells 11a are collected in a frame body 2 having a square frame formed of a cross beam as a structural material 3, both vertical frames 22 and 22 and both horizontal frames; a longitudinally-long downspout material 4 which has a mounting protrusive streak part 42 formed almost in the center of a gutter-like part 41; and a horizontal gutter 6. The plurality of downspout materials 4 are fixed in the direction of inclination at predetermined spacings among the plurality of juxtaposed cross beams. The vertical frames 22 and 22 of the solar power generation unit A and A adjacent to each other are placed and fixed on the mounting protrusive streak part 42 in the gutter-like part 41 of the downspout material 4; and only a location directly above the gutter-like part 41 between the vertical frames is covered with a covering material 5. The horizontal frames of the solar power generation units A and A are arranged between both lateral rising parts 62 and 62 of the horizontal gutter 6 in the same direction as the longitudinal direction of the downspout material 4; and both ends of a main plate 61 of the horizontal gutter 6 are elongated onto the gutter-like part 41 in which the covering material 5 does not exist on the downspout material 4. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2010,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、簡易で且つ迅速な施工ができると共に、水密性の優れた太陽光発電装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a photovoltaic power generation apparatus that can be easily and quickly constructed and has excellent water tightness.

従来より、太陽光発電モジュール体を使用して、構造物の屋根又は壁に設けた太陽光発電装置が存在している。例えば、傾斜した屋根又は壁とした場合に対応できるが、構造が複雑化して、価格的にも高価となる等の欠点があった。また、雨仕舞が良好にできない問題もあった。特に、特許文献1では、明細書の内容では、サッシを設けながら、構造が複雑化するものであった。特許文献2では、サッシに取り付ける構成であるが、具体的な構成としては、屋根の雨仕舞を良好にするための構成が複雑化して極端に問題があった。さらに、特許文献3においては、太陽光発電モジュール体をサッシに取付けながらも、雨仕舞を良好にできにくいと考えられる構成であった。   2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there is a solar power generation device provided on a roof or a wall of a structure using a solar power generation module body. For example, it is possible to cope with the case of an inclined roof or wall, but there are drawbacks such as a complicated structure and high price. There was also a problem that the rain was not good. In particular, in Patent Document 1, the content of the specification complicates the structure while providing a sash. In patent document 2, it is the structure attached to a sash, However As a concrete structure, the structure for making the rain performance of a roof favorable was complicated, and there existed a problem extremely. Furthermore, in patent document 3, it was the structure considered that it was difficult to make rain performance favorable, attaching a solar power generation module body to a sash.

特許第2939238号Japanese Patent No. 2939238 特許第2857581号Japanese Patent No. 2857581 特開2001−298205 JP 2001-298205 A 特開2000−234425 JP 2000-234425 A

特許文献1乃至3では、何れも構造的には、特に雨仕舞い構造を複雑化しているが、該雨仕舞いが不完全である可能性が大である。特に、特許文献4は、構成がシンプルではあるが、良好なる雨仕舞が期待できない重大な欠点があった。このため、本発明が解決しようとする課題(技術的課題又は目的等)は、簡易で且つ迅速な施工ができると共に、水密性の良好な太陽光発電装置を実現することである。   In all of Patent Documents 1 to 3, the rain closing structure is complicated in terms of structure, but there is a high possibility that the rain closing is incomplete. In particular, although Patent Document 4 has a simple configuration, there is a serious drawback that a good rain performance cannot be expected. For this reason, the problem (technical problem or purpose, etc.) to be solved by the present invention is to realize a solar power generation apparatus that can be easily and quickly constructed and has good water tightness.

そこで、発明者は上記課題を解決すべく鋭意,研究を重ねた結果、請求項1の発明を、構造材としての横梁と、両縦フレーム,両横フレームとで方形枠を形成した枠体に平板状の太陽光発電セルを集合させた太陽光発電アレイが収納された太陽光発電ユニットと、平坦部と縦方向立上り部とからなる樋状部の略中央に取付突条部が形成された長手方向に長尺の縦樋材と、主板の両側より横方向立上り部が形成された横樋とからなり、複数並設された前記横梁間に、所定間隔をおいて複数の縦樋材が傾斜方向を向いて固定され、該縦樋材に直交する方向に隣接する太陽光発電ユニットの縦フレーム相互が、前記縦樋材の樋状部内の取付突条部に載置固着されると共に、その相互間の樋状部直上箇所のみが被覆材にて被覆され、前記縦樋材の長手方向と同方向には太陽光発電ユニットの横フレーム相互が、前記横樋の両横方向立上り部間に配置され、且つ前記横樋の前記主板の両端は前記縦樋材上に被覆材が存在しない樋状部上に延出してなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   In view of this, the inventor has intensively studied to solve the above problems, and as a result, the invention of claim 1 is applied to a frame body in which a rectangular frame is formed by a horizontal beam as a structural material, both vertical frames, and both horizontal frames. A mounting ridge is formed at the approximate center of a photovoltaic power generation unit in which a photovoltaic power generation array in which flat photovoltaic power generation cells are assembled and a flat portion and a vertical rising portion are formed. It consists of a long vertical bar material in the longitudinal direction and a horizontal bar with lateral rising parts formed on both sides of the main plate, and a plurality of vertical bar materials are inclined at a predetermined interval between the horizontal beams arranged in parallel. The vertical frames of the photovoltaic power generation units that are fixed in the direction and are adjacent to each other in the direction orthogonal to the vertical rod are mounted and fixed to the mounting protrusions in the vertical portion of the vertical rod, and Only the portion directly above the ridge-shaped portion between them is covered with a covering material, The horizontal frames of the photovoltaic power generation units are arranged between the horizontal rising portions of the horizontal plane in the same direction as the vertical direction, and the both ends of the main plate of the horizontal plane have no covering material on the vertical plane. The above-mentioned problem has been solved by providing a solar power generation device characterized in that it extends on the shape portion.

請求項2の発明を、請求項1において、前記太陽光発電ユニットの縦フレームには、それぞれ縦フレーム樋状部が設けられ、該縦フレーム樋状部は、前記被覆材上に同等長さにて配置されると共に、前記縦樋材に等間隔をおいて被覆された被覆材相互間の開口部に前記縦フレーム樋状部の両端が位置するように設けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。請求項3の発明を、請求項1又は2において、前記樋状部の両外側にL形側部を一体的に設けた縦樋材とし、該縦樋材は、前記横梁に吊子を介して取り付けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect, the vertical frame of the solar power generation unit is provided with a vertical frame hook-shaped portion, and the vertical frame hook-shaped portion has an equal length on the covering material. The sun is provided such that both ends of the vertical frame hook-shaped portion are located in openings between the covering materials coated at equal intervals on the vertical hook material. By using a photovoltaic power generation device, the above-described problems have been solved. According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a vertical saddle member in which L-shaped side portions are integrally provided on both outer sides of the saddle-shaped portion, and The above-mentioned problem has been solved by using a solar power generation device characterized in that the solar power generation device is attached.

請求項4の発明を、請求項1,2又は3において、隣接する前記太陽光発電ユニットの対向する両横フレーム相互は、前記横樋の略中央に形成された膨出部に載置固着されてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。請求項5の発明を、請求項1,2,3又は4において、前記被覆材は、防水性を有する貼着テープとして形成されてなり、所要の箇所が塞がれてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。   According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the first, second, or third aspect, the opposite lateral frames of the adjacent photovoltaic power generation units are mounted and fixed to a bulging portion formed substantially at the center of the lateral ridge. By solving the above problem, the above-described problem was solved. The invention of claim 5 is characterized in that, in claim 1, 2, 3 or 4, the covering material is formed as a waterproof adhesive tape, and a required portion is blocked. The problem was solved by using a solar power generation device.

請求項6の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4又は5において、複数の前記太陽光発電パネルの隣接する両縦フレーム間には長尺の縦ジョイナー材が、且つ同隣接する両縦フレーム間には横ジョイナーがそれぞれ水密的に取り付けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。請求項7の発明を、請求項1,2,3,4,5又は6において、前記太陽光発電セルを透明又は半透明状に構成してなることを特徴とする太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決した。請求項8の発明を、請求項2,3,4,5,6又は7において、前記太陽光発電パネルの下側であって、隣接する前記縦樋材のL形側部の立上り部間に、透明又は半透明状で平板状の下部側採光板が水密的に取り付けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置としたことにより、前記課題を解決したものである。   A sixth aspect of the present invention is the first, second, third, fourth or fifth aspect, wherein a long vertical joiner material is disposed between the adjacent vertical frames of the plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels, and the vertical lengths of the adjacent vertical frames are the same. The above-mentioned problems have been solved by providing a photovoltaic power generation device characterized in that horizontal joiners are watertightly attached between the frames. The invention according to claim 7 is the solar power generation device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, wherein the solar power generation cell is configured to be transparent or translucent. The above-mentioned problem has been solved. The invention according to claim 8 is the invention according to claim 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7, which is the lower side of the photovoltaic power generation panel and between the rising portions of the L-shaped side portions of the adjacent vertical saddle members. The above-mentioned problem is solved by providing a solar power generation device characterized in that a transparent or translucent flat plate-shaped lower side lighting plate is watertightly attached.

請求項1の発明においては、簡易で且つ迅速な施工ができると共に、水密性の優れた太陽光発電装置を提供できる。特に、本発明では、太陽光発電ユニットを前記縦樋材、横樋上に敷き並べることで極めて簡易且つ迅速に施工できる最大の利点がある。また、被覆材の存在により雨仕舞いを良好にできる。請求項2の発明では、開口部に集中的に雨水を集中させて、より一層雨仕舞いを良好にできる。請求項3の発明では、構造材への取付性と、これに下部側採光板を簡単に取り付けることができる構成にできる。請求項4及び5の発明においては、請求項1又は2と同様の効果を奏する。   In invention of Claim 1, while being able to perform simple and quick construction, the solar power generation device excellent in watertightness can be provided. In particular, in the present invention, there is the greatest advantage that the solar power generation unit can be constructed extremely simply and quickly by laying the solar power generation unit on the vertical fence material and the horizontal rail. Further, the presence of the covering material can improve the rain performance. According to the second aspect of the present invention, rainwater can be concentrated on the opening portion, so that the rain can be further improved. In invention of Claim 3, it can be set as the structure which can attach to a structural material easily and a lower side lighting board can be attached to this. In inventions of claims 4 and 5, the same effects as in claims 1 and 2 are obtained.

請求項6の発明では、一層雨仕舞いを良好にできる。請求項7の発明においては、下部側採光板を設けて二重構造にでき、断熱性能を上昇させうる。特に、上側が太陽光発電ユニットであるため、発電効率をも向上させることができる。請求項7の発明では、太陽光発電パネルが透明又は半透明状であるため、スカイライトとしての機能をも奏する。請求項8の発明においては、発電効率には支障を与えない二重構造にでき、断熱性能を上昇させうる。さらには、請求項7の発明と同様な効果も発揮しうる。   According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, it is possible to further improve the rain performance. In the invention of claim 7, the lower side lighting plate can be provided to form a double structure, and the heat insulation performance can be increased. In particular, since the upper side is a photovoltaic power generation unit, power generation efficiency can be improved. In invention of Claim 7, since a photovoltaic power generation panel is transparent or semi-transparent, it also has a function as a skylight. In invention of Claim 8, it can be set as the double structure which does not interfere with electric power generation efficiency, and can improve heat insulation performance. Furthermore, the same effect as that of the invention of claim 7 can be exhibited.

本発明の太陽光発電装置の一部斜視図である。 It is a partial perspective view of the solar power generation device of the present invention. 本発明の太陽光発電装置の要部拡大斜視図である。 It is a principal part expansion perspective view of the solar power generation device of this invention. (A)は太陽光発電パネルの集合体を屋根として施工した構造物の一部斜視図、(B)は(A)の一部平面略示図である。 (A) is a partial perspective view of the structure constructed with the aggregate of photovoltaic power generation panels as a roof, and (B) is a partial plan schematic view of (A). 図3(B)のP−P矢視拡大断面図である。 It is a PP arrow expanded sectional view of Drawing 3 (B). 図3(B)のQ−Q矢視拡大断面図である。 It is a QQ arrow expanded sectional view of Drawing 3 (B). 図4のR−R矢視拡大断面図であって、雨水流下状態図である。 FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken along the line RR in FIG. 4 and is a rainwater flow state diagram. 図4とは別の実施形態の拡大断面図である。 It is an expanded sectional view of another embodiment different from FIG. (A)は太陽光発電ユニットを分解した斜視図、(B)は太陽光発電ユニット全体の斜視図、(C)は(B)の(ア)部拡大斜視図である。(A) is the perspective view which decomposed | disassembled the photovoltaic power generation unit, (B) is a perspective view of the whole photovoltaic power generation unit, (C) is the (a) part expansion perspective view of (B). (A)及び(B)は縦フレームの断面図、(C)は被覆材の斜視図、(D)は縦ジョイナー材の断面図、(E)は縦樋材の断面図である。 (A) And (B) is sectional drawing of a vertical frame, (C) is a perspective view of a coating | covering material, (D) is sectional drawing of a vertical joiner material, (E) is sectional drawing of a vertical rod material. (A)及び(B)は横フレームの断面図、(C)は横ジョイナーの斜視図、(D)は横樋の斜視図である。 (A) And (B) is sectional drawing of a horizontal frame, (C) is a perspective view of a horizontal joiner, (D) is a perspective view of a reed.

以下、本発明の実施形態について図面に基づいて説明すると、平板状の太陽光発電ユニットAは、図1及び図8等に示すように、太陽光発電パネル1と枠体2との結合されたものである。前記太陽光発電パネル1は、太陽光発電セル11a,11a,・・・が多数集合されて太陽光発電アレイ11が構成され、該太陽光発電アレイ11が複数集合されて構成されている。具体的には、例えば、太陽光発電セル11aが数cm平方であり、太陽光発電アレイ11が約30cm平方である。太陽光発電パネル1が約1m内外の平方又は長方形(約1m×約1.5m)である。   DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. A flat-plate photovoltaic power generation unit A is combined with a photovoltaic power generation panel 1 and a frame 2 as shown in FIGS. Is. The photovoltaic power generation panel 1 includes a large number of photovoltaic power generation cells 11a, 11a,... To constitute a photovoltaic power generation array 11, and a plurality of the photovoltaic power generation arrays 11 are assembled. Specifically, for example, the photovoltaic cell 11a is several cm square, and the photovoltaic array 11 is about 30 cm square. The photovoltaic power generation panel 1 is a square or rectangle (about 1 m × about 1.5 m) inside and outside about 1 m.

前記枠体2は、図2(A)に示すように、両縦フレーム21,22と、両横フレーム23,24とで方形枠を形成するものである。また、図9(A),(B)及び図10(A),(B)に示すように、両縦フレーム21,22と、両横水下・水上フレーム23,24は、それぞれ内フレームと外フレームとで構成されている。縦フレーム21と縦フレーム22とは勝手反対に形成され、それぞれが縦内フレーム21a,縦外フレーム21bと、縦内フレーム22a,縦外フレーム22bにて構成されている。また、前記横水下フレーム23と横水上フレーム24も勝手反対に形成され、それぞれが横内フレーム23a,横外フレーム23bと、横内フレーム24a,横外フレーム24bにて構成されている。前記横水下フレーム23と横水上フレーム24とを総称して、単に「横フレーム」ということもある。   As shown in FIG. 2 (A), the frame body 2 forms a rectangular frame with both vertical frames 21 and 22 and both horizontal frames 23 and 24. Further, as shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B and FIGS. 10A and 10B, both the vertical frames 21 and 22 and both the horizontal underwater and over water frames 23 and 24 are respectively an inner frame. It consists of an outer frame. The vertical frame 21 and the vertical frame 22 are formed opposite to each other, and each includes a vertical inner frame 21a, a vertical outer frame 21b, a vertical inner frame 22a, and a vertical outer frame 22b. Further, the horizontal water frame 23 and the horizontal water frame 24 are also formed on the opposite side, and each is constituted by a horizontal inner frame 23a, a horizontal outer frame 23b, a horizontal inner frame 24a, and a horizontal outer frame 24b. The horizontal water frame 23 and the horizontal water frame 24 may be collectively referred to simply as a “horizontal frame”.

前記縦フレーム21と縦フレーム22とは左右勝手反対であるため、前記縦フレーム21のみを図9(A),(B)に基づいて説明する。該縦内フレーム21aはL字形部211の垂直片の上側に、前記太陽光発電パネル1の一辺を挿入支持するコ字状部212が設けられて構成されている。また、前記縦外フレーム21bは、大型L字形部213の内側に前記縦内フレーム21aを抱きかかえるL形突出片214が設けられ、前記大型L字形部213の下部側に断面U字形の縦フレーム樋状部213aが形成されている。特に、前記縦内フレーム21a,縦外フレーム21bとはビスなどにて固着され、縦外フレーム21bの頂部215が一段と低くなり、後述の縦ジョイナー材が載置固定される部位が設けられている。   Since the vertical frame 21 and the vertical frame 22 are opposite to each other, only the vertical frame 21 will be described with reference to FIGS. The vertical inner frame 21 a is configured by providing a U-shaped portion 212 for inserting and supporting one side of the photovoltaic power generation panel 1 on the upper side of the vertical piece of the L-shaped portion 211. The vertical outer frame 21b is provided with an L-shaped projecting piece 214 for holding the vertical inner frame 21a inside the large L-shaped portion 213, and a vertical frame having a U-shaped cross section on the lower side of the large L-shaped portion 213. A bowl-shaped portion 213a is formed. In particular, the vertical inner frame 21a and the vertical outer frame 21b are fixed with screws or the like, and the top portion 215 of the vertical outer frame 21b is further lowered to provide a portion on which a vertical joiner material described later is placed and fixed. .

また、前記横水下フレーム23と横水上フレーム24とは左右勝手反対であるため、前記横水下フレーム23のみを図10(A),(B)に基づいて説明する。該横内フレーム23aはL字形部231の垂直片の上側内方に、前記太陽光発電パネル1の一辺を挿入支持するコ字状部232が設けられ、且つ垂直片の上側外方に取付上部233が設けられている。また、前記横外フレーム23bは、大型ト字形部234の内側に前記横内フレーム23aを抱きかかえるL形突出片235が設けられ、前記大型ト字形部234の中間箇所に断面U字形の横フレーム樋状部234aが形成されている。さらに、その底部箇所は方形枠236が設けられ、前記大型ト字形部234の外側位置に立上り部237が形成されている。   Further, since the horizontal water frame 23 and the horizontal water frame 24 are opposite to each other, only the horizontal water frame 23 will be described with reference to FIGS. 10 (A) and 10 (B). The horizontal inner frame 23 a is provided with a U-shaped portion 232 for inserting and supporting one side of the photovoltaic power generation panel 1 on the upper inner side of the vertical piece of the L-shaped portion 231, and a mounting upper portion 233 on the upper outer side of the vertical piece. Is provided. Further, the lateral outer frame 23b is provided with an L-shaped projecting piece 235 for holding the lateral inner frame 23a inside the large-shaped toroidal portion 234, and a lateral frame having a U-shaped cross section at an intermediate position of the large-shaped toroidal portion 234. A shaped portion 234a is formed. Further, a rectangular frame 236 is provided at the bottom portion, and a rising portion 237 is formed at an outer position of the large toroidal portion 234.

特に、大型ト字形部234の上端位置に前記取付上部233に重ねられる取付上部237が設けられている。特に、前記横内フレーム23a,横外フレーム23bとはビスなどにて固着され、前記横内フレーム23aの一段と低くなった取付上部233に、後述の横ジョイナーが載置固定される。このようにして太陽光発電ユニットAは構成されている。電線等は適宜突出するように構成されているがここでは省略する。   In particular, an attachment upper portion 237 is provided at the upper end position of the large tongue-shaped portion 234 so as to overlap the attachment upper portion 233. In particular, the horizontal inner frame 23a and the horizontal outer frame 23b are fixed with screws or the like, and a horizontal joiner described later is placed and fixed on the mounting upper portion 233 which is lower than the horizontal inner frame 23a. In this way, the photovoltaic power generation unit A is configured. Although the electric wire etc. are comprised so that it may protrude suitably, it abbreviate | omits here.

3は横梁などの構造材である。該構造材3は、リップ溝形鋼,H形鋼或いはI形鋼等からなっており、必要に応じて断熱板等の下地材等が設けられている。4は、図1及び図2、図9(E)等に示すように、長手方向に長尺又は適宜の長さを有する金属製の縦樋材であって、平坦部411と縦方向立上り部412,412とからなる樋状部41の略中央に取付突条部42が形成され、さらに、前記樋状部41の両外側にL型側部43,43が一体形成されている。前記縦方向立上り部412の先端より内方に上縁片412aが屈曲形成されている。   3 is a structural material such as a cross beam. The structural material 3 is made of lip groove steel, H-shape steel, I-shape steel, or the like, and is provided with a base material such as a heat insulating plate as necessary. 1, 2, 9 (E) and the like, 4 is a metal vertical rod material having a long or appropriate length in the longitudinal direction, which is a flat portion 411 and a vertical rising portion. A mounting protrusion 42 is formed substantially at the center of the hook-shaped portion 41 composed of 412, 412, and L-shaped side portions 43, 43 are integrally formed on both outer sides of the hook-shaped portion 41. An upper edge piece 412 a is bent and formed inward from the tip of the vertical rising portion 412.

特に、前記樋状部41は、実施形態では、アルミニウム製で押出形成されているが、金属製板材が折り曲げ形成される場合もある。5は被覆材であって、図1及び図2等に示すように、前記樋状部41の一部を塞ぐように(被覆)構成されている。前記縦樋材4に直交する方向に隣接する太陽光発電ユニットA,Aの縦フレーム21,22相互が、前記縦樋材4の樋状部41内の取付突条部42に載置固着されると共に、その相互間の樋状部41直上箇所のみが被覆材5にて被覆されている。   In particular, in the embodiment, the hook-like portion 41 is made of aluminum and formed by extrusion. However, a metal plate material may be formed by bending. Reference numeral 5 denotes a covering material, which is configured to cover (cover) a part of the hook-shaped portion 41 as shown in FIGS. The vertical frames 21 and 22 of the photovoltaic power generation units A and A adjacent to each other in the direction orthogonal to the vertical rod member 4 are mounted and fixed on the mounting protrusion 42 in the flange portion 41 of the vertical rod member 4. At the same time, only the portion just above the flange 41 between them is covered with the covering material 5.

つまり、前記太陽光発電ユニットAの縦フレーム21,22には、それぞれ縦フレーム樋状部213a,223aが設けられ、該縦フレーム樋状部213a,223aは、前記被覆材5上に同等長さにて配置されると共に、前記縦樋材4に等間隔をおいて被覆された被覆材5,5相互間の開口部51に前記縦フレーム樋状部213a,223aの両端が位置するように設けられている。該縦フレーム樋状部213a,223aは、前記被覆材5上にあって、接触又は非接触状態で設けられている。このため、図6に示すように、傾斜角θとなった縦フレーム樋状部213a,223aに流下した雨水は、開口部51に集中的に流れるように構成されている。   That is, the vertical frames 21 and 22 of the photovoltaic power generation unit A are provided with vertical frame hooks 213a and 223a, respectively, and the vertical frame hooks 213a and 223a have the same length on the covering material 5. And the vertical frame hooks 213a and 223a are provided so that both ends of the vertical frame hooks 213a and 223a are positioned in the openings 51 between the coverings 5 and 5 covered with the vertical hooks 4 at equal intervals. It has been. The vertical frame hooks 213a and 223a are on the covering material 5 and are provided in a contact or non-contact state. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 6, rainwater that has flowed down to the vertical frame hook-shaped portions 213 a and 223 a having the inclination angle θ is configured to flow intensively to the opening 51.

このことを、図3(B)のX方向に隣接する隙間内に入り込む雨水は、前述したように、太陽光発電ユニットAの縦フレーム樋状部213a,223aから、開口部51に流下して雨仕舞を良好にできる。6は、所定長さ(隣接する前記縦樋材4,4間の長さに相当する)の横樋であって、主板61の両側より横方向立上り部62,62が形成され、その中央に膨出部63が形成されている。特に、前記横樋6の長手方向の両端は、前記縦樋材4の樋状部41の縦方向立上り412,412の上端に載置され、その両端には、下向きの屈曲片61a,61aが形成されている。図3(B)のY方向に隣接する隙間内に入り込む雨水は、太陽光発電ユニットAの横フレーム樋状部234a,244a及び横樋6を介して開口部51に流下して雨仕舞を良好にできる。   As described above, the rainwater that enters the gap adjacent to the X direction in FIG. 3B flows down from the vertical frame hooks 213a and 223a of the solar power generation unit A to the opening 51. It can rain well. 6 is a reed having a predetermined length (corresponding to the length between the adjacent vertical reed members 4 and 4), and laterally rising portions 62 and 62 are formed from both sides of the main plate 61, and bulges in the center thereof. A protruding portion 63 is formed. In particular, both ends in the longitudinal direction of the horizontal bar 6 are placed on the upper ends of the vertical rises 412 and 412 of the bar-shaped portion 41 of the vertical bar 4, and downward bent pieces 61 a and 61 a are formed at both ends. Has been. Rainwater that enters the gap adjacent to the Y direction in FIG. 3 (B) flows down to the opening 51 through the horizontal frame hooks 234a and 244a and the horizontal hooks 6 of the photovoltaic power generation unit A, and the rain performance is improved. it can.

71は縦ジョイナー材、72は横ジョイナーであって、それぞれ隣接する前記太陽光発電ユニットAの間を塞ぐように設けられ、その間隔個所の雨仕舞を図る。図1,図4,図6及び図9(D)等に示すように、前記縦ジョイナー材71は、長手方向に長尺又は適宜の長さを有する合成樹脂製又は金属製であって、平坦状の主板71aの両側寄りの下側に垂下片71b,71bが形成され、幅中央箇所は、表面は同一面であるが裏側が薄材部71cとして形成され、裏面に伝わるような雨水が垂下片71b下端より落下しやすいように構成されている。   71 is a vertical joiner material, and 72 is a horizontal joiner, which are provided so as to block between the adjacent solar power generation units A, and aim at raining at the intervals. As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 4, FIG. 6 and FIG. 9D, the vertical joiner material 71 is made of synthetic resin or metal having a long or appropriate length in the longitudinal direction, and is flat. Drooping pieces 71b and 71b are formed on both sides of the main plate 71a in the shape of a plate, and the central portion of the width has the same surface but the back side is formed as a thin material portion 71c. It is configured to easily fall from the lower end of the piece 71b.

図1,図5及び図19(C)等に示すように、前記横ジョイナー72は、適宜の長さを有する合成樹脂製又は金属製であって、前記太陽光発電ユニットAの横幅又は前記隣接する前記縦樋材4,4間の長さに相当している。そして断面としては、前記縦ジョイナー材71と同等であり、主板72a、垂下片72b,72b、薄材部72cがそれぞれ形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 1, 5 and 19C, the horizontal joiner 72 is made of a synthetic resin or metal having an appropriate length, and the horizontal width of the photovoltaic power generation unit A or the adjacent area. This corresponds to the length between the vertical gutters 4 and 4. The cross section is the same as that of the vertical joiner material 71, and is formed with a main plate 72a, hanging pieces 72b and 72b, and a thin material portion 72c.

その施工順序及び施工された太陽光発電装置について説明する。該太陽光発電装置は、図3(A)に示すように、構造物の屋根として施工された例である。Y方向を屋根の傾斜方向とし、X方向を屋根の棟方向とする。その傾斜角度をθとする。まず、構造材3のみから構成される場合であって、母屋などの構造材3が棟方向に平行に所定間隔をおいて併設される。そして、前記縦樋材4,4,…が、所定間隔(前記太陽光発電ユニットAの横幅に相当間隔)をおいて並列状態にして縦樋用吊子81にて固着される。また、場合によっては、溶接手段にて固着されることもある。   The construction order and the constructed photovoltaic power generation apparatus will be described. This solar power generation device is an example constructed as a roof of a structure as shown in FIG. The Y direction is the roof inclination direction, and the X direction is the roof ridge direction. The inclination angle is θ. First, in the case of only the structural material 3, the structural material 3 such as a purlin is provided side by side with a predetermined interval in parallel to the ridge direction. .. Are fixed in a parallel state with a predetermined interval (corresponding to the horizontal width of the photovoltaic power generation unit A) in a parallel state. Moreover, depending on the case, it may adhere by welding means.

次いで、横樋6が、隣接する前記縦樋材4,4間に取付けられる。そして所定長さの被覆材5が開口部51の幅を開けつつ、前記縦樋材5に被覆される。次に、前記横樋6の長手方向の両端の主板61の両端が、前記縦樋材4の縦方向立上り412に載置され、ビスなどの固着具83にて前記縦樋材4に横樋6が固着されている。特に、前記横樋6の並列間隔は、前記太陽光発電ユニットAの横幅に相当する間隔をなしている。   Next, the horizontal bar 6 is attached between the adjacent vertical bars 4, 4. Then, the covering material 5 having a predetermined length is covered with the vertical covering material 5 while opening the width of the opening 51. Next, both ends of the main plate 61 at both ends in the longitudinal direction of the horizontal bar 6 are placed on the vertical rising 412 of the vertical bar 4, and the horizontal bar 6 is attached to the vertical bar 4 by a fixing tool 83 such as a screw. It is fixed. In particular, the parallel spacing of the horizontal rods 6 corresponds to the horizontal width of the photovoltaic power generation unit A.

この作業で重要なことは、前記開口部51箇所に対して前記横樋6の両端及び両屈曲片61aを配置することである。屈曲片61aの横幅が前記開口部51よりも大きい場合には、適宜切除などして前記屈曲片61aが前記開口部51箇所内に挿入配置される。図1及び図2に示すように、内部に入った雨水は開口部51に入り、これが縦樋材4の樋状部41を流下して外部に流れ、雨仕舞を良好にできる。   What is important in this operation is to dispose both ends of the reed 6 and both bent pieces 61a with respect to the 51 openings. When the lateral width of the bent piece 61a is larger than that of the opening 51, the bent piece 61a is inserted and arranged in the opening 51 at an appropriate position. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, rainwater that has entered the interior enters the opening 51, which flows down the ridge-like portion 41 of the vertical fence member 4 and flows to the outside, so that the rain performance can be improved.

そして太陽光発電ユニットAが、図1及び図5に示すように、前記縦樋材4の水上側及び水下側に取付られる。そのとき、本願発明の太陽光発電ユニットAが、隣接する左右側の前記縦樋材4,4の間の水上側及び水下側に取付られる。このようにして太陽光発電ユニットA多数が、Y方向及びX方向に整然と取り付けられる。   And the solar power generation unit A is attached to the water upper side and the water lower side of the said vertical saddle member 4, as shown in FIG.1 and FIG.5. At that time, the photovoltaic power generation unit A of the present invention is attached to the water side and the water side between the adjacent vertical gutters 4 and 4 on the left and right sides. In this way, a large number of photovoltaic power generation units A are orderly attached in the Y direction and the X direction.

最後に、棟方向(棟方向:X方向)の太陽光発電ユニットA,A間それぞれには、長尺の縦ジョイナー材71が挿入されて固着される(図1及び図4参照)。そして、水上側と水下側の前記太陽光発電ユニットA,A間それぞれに、所定長さの横ジョイナー72が挿入されて固着される(図1及び図5参照)そして、必要に応じて、縦ジョイナー材71と横ジョイナー72との取付箇所の水密性向上のために、何らかの充填剤を介在することもある。   Finally, a long vertical joiner material 71 is inserted and fixed between the photovoltaic power generation units A and A in the ridge direction (ridge direction: X direction) (see FIGS. 1 and 4). And, a lateral joiner 72 having a predetermined length is inserted and fixed between the solar power generation units A and A on the water upper side and the water lower side (see FIGS. 1 and 5). In order to improve the water tightness of the attachment portion between the vertical joiner material 71 and the horizontal joiner 72, some filler may be interposed.

さらに、図4及び図7に示すように、隣接する前記縦樋材4,4間のL形側部43,43間に、前記太陽光発電パネル1と同等大きさの透明又は半透明状の下部側採光板91が板状枠92を介して水密的に嵌合施工されることもある。また、前述した縦フレーム21,22、横水下・水上フレーム23,24の適所には、必要に応じて適宜水抜き孔pを形成することがある。   Furthermore, as shown in FIG.4 and FIG.7, between the L-shaped side parts 43 and 43 between the said vertical saddle members 4 and 4, transparent or translucent shape of the same magnitude | size as the said photovoltaic power generation panel 1 is used. The lower-side lighting plate 91 may be water-tightly fitted through the plate-like frame 92. In addition, drainage holes p may be appropriately formed at appropriate positions of the vertical frames 21 and 22 and the horizontal and horizontal frames 23 and 24 described above.

また、前記被覆材5は、図7に示すように、防水性を有する貼着テープ(アルミ製テープ等)として形成されることがある。この場合には、前記縦樋材4の縦方向立上り412と前記取付突条部42の頂部とを、それぞれ2箇所設ける。また、前記縦フレーム21,22の下面に下向き突起が形成され、該突起に貼着テープなる被覆材5が、図7点線のように曲がって構成されることもある。さらに、前記太陽光発電ユニットAの太陽光発電パネル1の太陽光発電セル11aを透明又は半透明に構成すれば、屋根などの採光部として提供できる利点がある。   Moreover, the said covering material 5 may be formed as a sticking tape (aluminum tape etc.) which has waterproofness, as shown in FIG. In this case, two vertical rises 412 of the vertical saddle member 4 and two top portions of the mounting protrusion 42 are provided. Further, downward projections may be formed on the lower surfaces of the vertical frames 21 and 22, and the covering material 5 serving as an adhesive tape may be bent on the projections as shown by dotted lines in FIG. Furthermore, if the photovoltaic cell 11a of the photovoltaic panel 1 of the photovoltaic unit A is configured to be transparent or translucent, there is an advantage that it can be provided as a daylighting unit such as a roof.

A…太陽光発電ユニット、11…太陽光発電アレイ、11a…太陽光発電セル、
2…枠体、21,22…縦フレーム、23…横水下フレーム、24…横水上フレーム、
3…構造材、4…縦樋材、41…樋状部、5…被覆材、51…開口部、6…横樋、
71…縦ジョイナー材、72…横ジョイナー。
A ... solar power generation unit, 11 ... solar power generation array, 11a ... solar power generation cell,
2 ... Frame body, 21, 22 ... Vertical frame, 23 ... Horizontal water frame, 24 ... Horizontal water frame,
3 ... Structural material, 4 ... Vertical rod material, 41 ... Bridge-shaped portion, 5 ... Coating material, 51 ... Opening portion, 6 ... Bridge,
71 ... Vertical joiner material, 72 ... Horizontal joiner.

Claims (8)

  1. 構造材としての横梁と、両縦フレーム,両横フレームとで方形枠を形成した枠体に平板状の太陽光発電セルを集合させた太陽光発電アレイが収納された太陽光発電ユニットと、平坦部と縦方向立上り部とからなる樋状部の略中央に取付突条部が形成された長手方向に長尺の縦樋材と、主板の両側より横方向立上り部が形成された横樋とからなり、複数並設された前記横梁間に、所定間隔をおいて複数の縦樋材が傾斜方向を向いて固定され、該縦樋材に直交する方向に隣接する太陽光発電ユニットの縦フレーム相互が、前記縦樋材の樋状部内の取付突条部に載置固着されると共に、その相互間の樋状部直上箇所のみが被覆材にて被覆され、前記縦樋材の長手方向と同方向には太陽光発電ユニットの横フレーム相互が、前記横樋の両横方向立上り部間に配置され、且つ前記横樋の前記主板の両端は前記縦樋材上に被覆材が存在しない樋状部上に延出してなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   A photovoltaic power generation unit in which a photovoltaic power generation array in which flat photovoltaic cells are assembled in a frame body in which a rectangular frame is formed by a horizontal beam as a structural material, both vertical frames and both horizontal frames, and flat A longitudinally long vertical rod member in which a mounting protrusion is formed in the approximate center of a hook-shaped portion consisting of a vertical portion and a vertical rising portion, and a horizontal rod in which a horizontal rising portion is formed from both sides of the main plate The vertical frames of the photovoltaic power generation units adjacent to each other in a direction orthogonal to the vertical rods are fixed between the horizontal beams arranged side by side with a plurality of vertical rods fixed at a predetermined interval in an inclined direction. However, it is mounted and fixed on the mounting protrusions in the saddle-like portion of the vertical saddle member, and only the portion directly above the saddle-like portion is covered with a covering material, and is the same as the longitudinal direction of the vertical saddle member. In the direction, the horizontal frames of the photovoltaic power generation units It is disposed between, and the both ends of the main plate of Yokodoi the photovoltaic device characterized by comprising extends trough on which no coating material onto said longitudinal trough member.
  2. 請求項1において、前記太陽光発電ユニットの縦フレームには、それぞれ縦フレーム樋状部が設けられ、該縦フレーム樋状部は、前記被覆材上に同等長さにて配置されると共に、前記縦樋材に等間隔をおいて被覆された被覆材相互間の開口部に前記縦フレーム樋状部の両端が位置するように設けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   In Claim 1, each vertical frame of the photovoltaic power generation unit is provided with a vertical frame hook-shaped portion, and the vertical frame hook-shaped portion is arranged on the covering material with an equal length, and A photovoltaic power generation apparatus, wherein both ends of the vertical frame hook-shaped portion are located at openings between the covering materials coated at equal intervals on the vertical hook material.
  3. 請求項1又は2において、前記樋状部の両外側にL形側部を一体的に設けた縦樋材とし、該縦樋材は、前記横梁に吊子を介して取り付けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   3. The vertical saddle member according to claim 1 or 2, wherein L-shaped side portions are integrally provided on both outer sides of the saddle-like portion, and the vertical saddle member is attached to the horizontal beam via a hanging member. A featured solar power generator.
  4. 請求項1,2又は3において、隣接する前記太陽光発電ユニットの対向する両横フレーム相互は、前記横樋の略中央に形成された膨出部に載置固着されてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   4. The sun according to claim 1, 2, or 3, wherein both the adjacent horizontal frames of the adjacent photovoltaic power generation units are mounted and fixed on a bulging portion formed at a substantially center of the horizontal bar. Photovoltaic generator.
  5. 請求項1,2,3又は4において、前記被覆材は、防水性を有する貼着テープとして形成されてなり、所要の箇所が塞がれてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   5. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the covering material is formed as a waterproof adhesive tape, and a required portion is closed.
  6. 請求項1,2,3,4又は5において、複数の前記太陽光発電パネルの隣接する両縦フレーム間には長尺の縦ジョイナー材が、且つ同隣接する両縦フレーム間には横ジョイナーがそれぞれ水密的に取り付けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   In Claim 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5, a long vertical joiner material is provided between adjacent vertical frames of the plurality of photovoltaic panels, and a horizontal joiner is provided between the adjacent vertical frames. A solar power generation device characterized in that each is watertightly attached.
  7. 請求項1,2,3,4,5又は6において、前記太陽光発電セルを透明又は半透明状に構成してなることを特徴とする太陽光発電装置。   The solar power generation device according to claim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, wherein the solar power generation cell is configured to be transparent or translucent.
  8. 請求項2,3,4,5,6又は7において、前記太陽光発電パネルの下側であって、隣接する前記縦樋材のL形側部の立上り部間に、透明又は半透明状で平板状の下部側採光板が水密的に取り付けられてなることを特徴とした太陽光発電装置。   In Claim 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7, it is a transparent or semi-transparent state between the rising parts of the L-shaped side part of the said vertical saddle member which is the lower side of the said photovoltaic power generation panel. A solar power generation apparatus, wherein a flat lower-side daylighting plate is attached in a watertight manner.
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