JP2010193657A - Power supply system for mobile vehicle - Google Patents

Power supply system for mobile vehicle Download PDF

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JP2010193657A
JP2010193657A JP2009036941A JP2009036941A JP2010193657A JP 2010193657 A JP2010193657 A JP 2010193657A JP 2009036941 A JP2009036941 A JP 2009036941A JP 2009036941 A JP2009036941 A JP 2009036941A JP 2010193657 A JP2010193657 A JP 2010193657A
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power
power supply
vehicle
area
system
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JP5359353B2 (en )
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Wanleng Ang
Yoshitoku Fujitake
Shinji Ichikawa
Shingo Ieda
Kenji Itagaki
Yoshikazu Kataoka
Taira Kikuchi
Atsushi Mizutani
Kenji Murasato
Susumu Sasaki
Hiroki Sawada
Yukihiro Yamamoto
将 佐々木
真吾 家田
幸宏 山本
真士 市川
健次 村里
憲治 板垣
篤志 水谷
遠齢 洪
博樹 澤田
義和 片岡
平 菊池
良徳 藤竹
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Toyota Motor Corp
トヨタ自動車株式会社
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/182Charging electric vehicles by inductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/1824Details of charging stations, e.g. vehicle recognition or billing
    • B60L11/1827Automatic adjustment of relative position between charging device and vehicle
    • B60L11/1829Automatic adjustment of relative position between charging device and vehicle for inductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/1824Details of charging stations, e.g. vehicle recognition or billing
    • B60L11/1827Automatic adjustment of relative position between charging device and vehicle
    • B60L11/1833Automatic adjustment of relative position between charging device and vehicle the vehicle being positioned
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/121Electric charging stations by conductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/122Electric charging stations by inductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/125Alignment between the vehicle and the charging station
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a power supply system for a mobile vehicle that stably supplies power to a mobile vehicle contactlessly. <P>SOLUTION: The power supply system 10 for the mobile vehicle is configured such that electric power is supplied to a plurality of power supply areas 300 provided on a traveling route 8 of a mobile vehicle 6 from a system power supply 200, and electric power is supplied contactlessly to an energy storage device 64 of the mobile vehicle that stops at an arbitrary power supply area 300. Each power supply area 300 includes an energy storage device 30 at the power supply area side that is charged with electric power from the system power supply 200 and a power transmission device 50 for transmitting electric power of the system power supply 200 contactlessly to the mobile vehicle 6 by using discharging of the energy storage device 30 at the power supply area side. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2010,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、移動車両給電システムに係り、特に、非接触で給電を行う移動車両給電システムに関する。 The present invention relates to a vehicle electric power supply system, in particular, to vehicle electric power supply system for supplying power in a non-contact manner.

ハイブリッド車や電気自動車に給電する移動車両給電システムでは、自宅での給電等、移動車両が長時間駐車している間に行われる給電だけでは車載バッテリの性能等の問題から長距離の走行が困難な場合がある。 The vehicle electric power supply system for supplying power to the hybrid and electric vehicles, such as the power supply at home, only the power supply that is performed while the mobile vehicle is parked for a long time is difficult long-distance travel from problems such as the performance of the on-vehicle battery there is a case. そこで、移動車両が走行する途中の種々の場所で給電が行えるように複数の給電エリアが設置されることが提案されている。 Therefore, moving the vehicle a plurality of power supply areas to allow power feed at various locations on the way to travel has been proposed to be installed. 例えば、特許文献1には、間歇給電式電気車両システムが開示されている。 For example, Patent Document 1 discloses intermittently powered electric vehicle system. ここでは、給電装置を備えた給電ステーションを停留所、ガソリンスタンド、坂道、交差点等の予め定めた複数の地点に設置し、蓄電器(池)と複数のスイッチを含む充放電回路を有するモータ駆動の電気車両を給電ステーションに停車させる。 Here, stop the feeding station with a feed device, a gas station, slope, and installed in a plurality of locations determined in advance, such as an intersection, an electric motor drive having a charging and discharging circuit including a plurality of switches and the capacitor (pond) to stop the vehicle in the power supply station. そして、少なくとも停車中にスイッチのオンオフ制御により給電装置から給電される電力により蓄電器(池)を充電し、その後は該蓄電器(池)からの放電によりモータを駆動して走行するものが開示されている。 Then, charging the capacitor (pond) by the power fed from the power supply apparatus by on-off control of the switch at least during a stop, thereafter it is disclosed which travels by driving a motor by discharge from accumulating collector (ponds) there.

また、特許文献2には、電源から給電線を介して非接触で移動体に電力を供給する非接触給電システムが開示されている。 Further, Patent Document 2, the non-contact power supply system is disclosed for supplying power from a power source to the mobile in a non-contact manner via a feed line. ここでは、給電線を複数の区間に分割したときに、隣接する区間を分離または接続する複数の第1のスイッチ手段と、複数の区間の給電線の一端を区間毎に短絡させる複数の第2のスイッチ手段とを備えることが述べられている。 Here, when dividing the feed line into a plurality of sections, and a plurality of first switching means for separating or connecting adjacent sections, a plurality of shorting end of the feed line of the plurality of sections for each section second it is stated and a switching means. さらに、給電線のインダクタンス分を補償する複数のコンデンサと、電源から移動体の存在する区間までが閉区間となるように第1及び第2のスイッチ手段を制御する制御手段を備えることが述べられている。 Further, a plurality of capacitors for compensating the inductance of the feed lines, it is stated that up section existing mobile from the power supply control means for controlling the first and second switch means so that a closed interval ing.

特開2005−86876号公報 JP 2005-86876 JP 特開2000−103263号公報 JP 2000-103263 JP

上記特許文献1の構成によれば、充放電回路を利用して電気車両の蓄電器に給電を行うことができる。 According to the configuration of Patent Document 1, power can be supplied to the capacitor of the electric vehicle using the charging and discharging circuit. しかし、特許文献1の構成では、充放電回路は電気車両に設けられて電気車両が走行運行中での一時停車中に充放電を行っている。 However, in the configuration of Patent Document 1, the charge and discharge circuit is subjected to a charge and discharge in one o'clock stop of the electric vehicle provided electric vehicle is traveling operation. このように、短時間の停止中に充放電を行う場合は、送電の切替時間が短くなる。 Thus, if the charging and discharging during a brief stop, switching time of the transmission is shortened. そして、車両への給電は数kWの大電力を送電する必要があり、送電の切替スピードを早くすると、例えば系統電源から電力を供給する場合には電力損失が大きくなるため、安定した電力供給が困難となることがある。 Then, power supply to the vehicle, it is necessary to power a large electric power of several kW, the faster the switching speed of the power transmission, for example, because the power loss is increased in the case of supplying power from the system power supply, stable power supply it may be difficult.

また、上記特許文献2の構成によれば、非接触給電を行うことができる。 Further, according to the configuration of Patent Document 2, it is possible to perform non-contact power supply. しかし、特許文献2の構成では、上記と同様に短時間の停車中に非接触給電を行うと、同様に系統電源の電力損失が大きくなるため、安定した電力供給が困難となることがある。 However, in the configuration of Patent Document 2, when the non-contact power supply during stop of the short period of time as described above, as well as for the power loss of the system power source is large, sometimes stable electric power supply is difficult.

本発明の目的は、安定して非接触の給電を行う移動車両給電システムを提供することである。 An object of the present invention is to provide a vehicle electric power supply system for supplying power stably without contact.

本発明に係る移動車両給電システムは、移動車両の走行経路に設けられる複数の給電エリアに系統電源から電力を供給し、任意の給電エリアに駐停車中の移動車両側蓄電装置へ電力を非接触で給電する移動車両給電システムであって、各給電エリアは、系統電源からの電力を充電する給電エリア側蓄電装置と、給電エリア側蓄電装置の放電を利用して系統電源の電力を非接触で移動車両に送電する送電装置と、を備えることを特徴とする。 Vehicle electric power supply system according to the present invention, power is supplied from the system power supply to a plurality of power supply areas provided in the travel path of the moving vehicle, the non-contact power to any mobile vehicle power storage device in the parked to the feeding area in a vehicle electric power supply system for feeding power, the feeding area, the feeding area side power storage device to charge the electric power from the system power source, the power of the system power source by utilizing the discharging of the power supply area side power storage device in a non-contact characterized in that it comprises a power transmission device for transmission to the moving vehicle.

また、本発明に係る移動車両給電システムにおいて、各給電エリアは、移動車両の走行経路に設けられる交通信号機が進行表示のときに系統電源の電力が給電エリア側蓄電装置に充電され、交通信号機が停止表示のときに給電エリア側蓄電装置からの電力の放電により移動車両に送電することが好ましい。 In the mobile vehicle power supply system according to the present invention, the feeding area, the power of the system power source is charged in the power supply area side power storage device when the traffic signals provided at the traveling path of the moving vehicle is traveling display, traffic signal is it is preferred to power the moving vehicle by discharge power from the power supply area side power storage device when the stop display.

また、本発明に係る移動車両給電システムにおいて、移動車両の蓄電情報と、各給電エリアにおける給電エリア側蓄電装置の蓄電量と、移動車両の位置情報とを取得する取得手段と、取得された蓄電情報と蓄電量と位置情報とに基づいて、当該移動車両に対する最適な給電エリアを探索する最適給電エリア探索手段と、を備えることが好ましい。 In the mobile vehicle power supply system according to the present invention, a power storage information of the mobile vehicle, a power storage amount of the power supply area side power storage device in the feeding area, an acquisition unit that acquires the position information of the moving vehicle, which is acquired power storage based on the information and the storage amount and location information, and the optimum transmission area searching means for searching an optimal power supply area for the mobile vehicle is preferably provided with a.

また、本発明に係る移動車両給電システムにおいて、取得された蓄電情報と蓄電量と位置情報とに基づいて、各給電エリアの給電エリア側蓄電装置のそれぞれの充電量を調整する調整手段を備えることが好ましい。 In the mobile vehicle power supply system according to the present invention, comprise an adjusting means on the basis of the obtained power storage information and the storage amount and location information, to adjust the respective amount of charge of the power feeding area side electric storage devices of the feeding area It is preferred.

また、本発明に係る移動車両給電システムにおいて、移動車両の走行経路に設けられ、移動車両との間で無線により通信を行うことで移動車両の蓄電情報と位置情報とを取得する複数の無線通信機と、最適な給電エリアまでの最適経路を探索する最適経路手段と、無線通信機によって最適給電エリアと最適経路とを移動車両に提供する提供手段と、を備えることが好ましい。 In the mobile vehicle power supply system according to the present invention, provided in the traveling path of the moving vehicle, a plurality of wireless communication for obtaining the power storage information of the mobile vehicle and the position information by communicating by radio with a mobile vehicle a machine, and the optimum path means for searching the optimum route to the optimum feeding area is preferably provided with, and providing means for providing to the mobile vehicle and the optimum feeding area and the optimum path by the wireless communication device.

上記構成によれば、系統電源からの電力を給電エリアに設けられる給電エリア側蓄電装置に充電した後、給電エリア側蓄電装置の放電を利用して系統電源の電力を非接触で移動車両に送電する。 According to the above configuration, after charging to the feeding area side power storage device provided in the feeding area of ​​the power from the system power source, the power transmission to the mobile vehicle power system power supply without contact by utilizing the discharging of the power supply area side power storage device to. これにより、系統電源から直接ではなく、給電エリア側蓄電装置を介して移動車両に電力を給電するため、例えば短時間の給電を行う時でも安定した電力供給が可能となる。 Thus, rather than directly from the system power source, for supplying power to the moving vehicle via a feeding area side power storage device, it is possible to even stable power supply when performing for example a short feed.

本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システムを示す図である。 It is a diagram illustrating a vehicle electric power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システムにおいて、送電装置と受電装置の各要素を詳細に示した図である。 In vehicle electric power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention, a diagram is shown in detail the elements of the power transmission device and the power receiving device. 本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システムにおいて、制御部の各要素を示す図である。 In vehicle electric power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing the elements of the control unit. 本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システムにおいて、移動車両から制御部100に対して車両に関する情報を送信する手順を示すフローチャートである。 In vehicle electric power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention, it is a flowchart illustrating a procedure of transmitting the information about the vehicle to the control unit 100 from the moving vehicle. 本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システムにおいて、制御部で移動車両給電プログラムが実行されて最適給電エリアの探索とその給電エリアまでの最適ルートの情報を当該移動車両に送信される手順を示すフローチャートである。 In vehicle electric power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention, the procedure for moving the vehicle power supply program control unit is transmitted the information of the optimum route search of the optimal feeding area is executed up to its feeding area to the mobile vehicle it is a flow chart showing. 本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システムにおいて、当該移動車両が最適給電エリアと最適ルート情報を取得して給電を開始する手順を示すフローチャートである。 In vehicle electric power supply system according to an embodiment of the present invention, it is a flowchart illustrating a procedure of the mobile vehicle starts acquired by feeding an optimum feeding area and the optimal route information.

以下に、本発明に係る実施の形態について添付図面を参照しながら詳細に説明する。 It will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings showing preferred embodiments of the present invention. また、以下では、移動車両と制御部との間の通信は光ビーコンによって行われるものとして説明するが、無線により通信を行えるものあればよく、例えば電波等により通信を行う無線通信機であってもよい。 In the following, communication between the mobile vehicle and the control unit is described as being performed by the optical beacon, sufficient if those can communicate wirelessly, for example, a wireless communication device that performs communication by radio waves it may be. また、以下では、交通信号機が青信号のときに給電エリア側蓄電装置を充電し、赤信号のときに放電を行うものとして説明するが、それ以外のタイミングで充放電してもよく、例えば予め定められた時間で充放電をしてもよい。 In the following, charging the power supply area side power storage device when the traffic signal is green light will be described as to discharge when the red light, may be charged and discharged at other timings, for example, predetermined may be charged and discharged at the time was.

以下では、全ての図面において同様の要素には同一の符号を付し、重複する説明を省略する。 Hereinafter, like reference numerals denote like elements in all the drawings, without redundant description. また、本文中の説明においては、必要に応じそれ以前に述べた符号を用いるものとする。 Further, in the description in the text, it is assumed to use a code mentioned earlier needed.

図1は、本発明の一実施形態である移動車両給電システム10を示す図である。 Figure 1 is a diagram illustrating a vehicle electric power supply system 10 of the embodiment of the present invention. 移動車両給電システム10は、系統電源200と、給電エリア300と、無線通信機40、交通信号機9と、制御部100とを含んで構成される。 Configured vehicle electric power supply system 10 includes a system power supply 200, a feeding area 300, wireless communication device 40, the traffic signal 9, and a control unit 100. 移動車両給電システム10は、給電エリア300において移動車両6に対して給電するシステムである。 Vehicle electric power supply system 10 is a system for supplying power to move the vehicle 6 in the power supply area 300. 給電エリア300は、給電ポイント60と、給電エリア側蓄電装置30と、送電装置50とを含んで構成される。 Feeding area 300, a feeding point 60, and the feeding area side power storage device 30, configured to include a power transmission device 50.

移動車両6は、街等に設けられる走行経路8(換言すれば道路)を走行して目的地までの移動を行うための車両である。 Moving vehicles 6 is a vehicle for moving to the destination by traveling along the traveling path 8 provided on the streets or the like (the road in other words). そして、走行経路8の側部には、交通信号機9と無線通信機40等を取り付けるための構造物15が所定の間隔で配置される。 Then, on the side of the travel path 8, the structure 15 for mounting the traffic lights 9 and the radio communication device 40 or the like is arranged at a predetermined interval.

交通信号機9は、複数の移動車両6を走行経路8を安全かつ円滑に走行させるために、例えば図示しない交差点等において設けられる信号機である。 Traffic signal 9, for running a plurality of moving vehicles 6 travel route 8 safely and smoothly, a traffic light provided at an intersection or the like (not shown), for example. そして、交通信号機9は、移動車両6に対して進行可能であることを表示する青信号と、移動車両6に対して進行注意であることを表示する黄信号と、移動車両6に対して進行禁止であることを表示する赤信号といった3つの信号から構成されている。 The traffic signal 9, a green light to indicate that it can proceed to the mobile vehicle 6, and yellow signal indicating that a progressive attention to moving vehicles 6, traveling prohibition against moving vehicles 6 and a three signals such red to indicate that it is. もちろん、交通信号機9は、これらの信号の種類に限定されず、例えば青信号が点灯している場合には進行可能であることを表示し、青信号が点滅へと切り替わった場合には進行注意であることを表示し、その後青信号から赤信号へと切り替わった場合には進行禁止であることを表示するものであってもよい。 Of course, traffic signal 9 is not limited to these types of signals, for example, when the green light is lit to show that it is possible progression is the progression care when green light is switched to flashing displays that may be used for displaying that the subsequent progress prohibited when switching from green light to red light.

系統電源200は、電力会社が保有する商用電力を各給電エリア300に供給するための電源である。 System power supply 200 is a power source for supplying a commercial power held by the power company to the feeding area 300. 系統電源200は、電力線106を用いて各給電エリア300の給電エリア側蓄電装置30に接続される。 System power supply 200 is connected to a feeding area side power storage device 30 of the feeding area 300 using the power line 106. 系統電源200は、後述する制御部100からの指令により各給電エリア側蓄電装置30への充放電制御を行う。 System power supply 200, charging and discharging control for the feeding area side power storage device 30 by a command from the control unit 100 to be described later. 電力線106は、電力を給電エリア側蓄電装置30に送電するための電気配線であるが、PLC(Power Line Communications)技術により通信回線として利用することもできる。 Power line 106 is the electrical wiring for transmitting the electric power to the feeding area side power storage device 30 can also be used as a communication line by PLC (Power Line Communications) technology. これにより、系統電源200は、各給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量を取得することもできる。 Thus, system power supply 200 may also obtain the storage amount of the feeding area side power storage device 30.

給電ポイント60は、交通信号機9が設置される交差点において移動車両6が一時停車するために設けられた領域である。 Feed point 60, moving vehicles 6 at the intersection where the traffic signal 9 is installed is an area provided for temporarily stops. 給電エリア側蓄電装置30は、交通信号機9が取り付けられる構造物15の近傍に配置される。 Feeding area side power storage device 30 is disposed in the vicinity of the structure 15 which traffic signal 9 is attached. また、給電エリア側蓄電装置30は、複数の単電池を組み合わせて所定の電圧とした組電池であって、系統電源200からの電力を充電によって蓄電し、放電によってその電力を送電装置50に対して出力できるようにした二次電池である。 Further, the feeding area side power storage device 30 is a battery assembly with a predetermined voltage by combining a plurality of cells, and energy storage by the charging electric power from the system power supply 200, to the power transmitting apparatus 50 and the power by the discharge a secondary battery can be output Te. 給電エリア側蓄電装置30は、系統電源200からの制御により、交通信号機9が青信号のときに系統電源200からの電力によって充電が行われ、交通信号機9が赤信号のときに送電装置50を介して移動車両6に対して電力の放電を行う。 Feeding area side power storage device 30, the control of the system power supply 200, the traffic signal 9 is performed charged by the power from the system power source 200 when the green signal, traffic signal 9 via the power transmission device 50 when the red signal to discharge the electric power to the moving vehicle 6 Te. もちろん、給電エリア側蓄電装置30は、充放電できるものであれば二次電池以外のものであってもよく、例えば、キャパシタを用いて構成してもよい。 Of course, the feeding area side power storage device 30, as long as it can be charged and discharged may be other than the secondary battery, for example, may be configured using a capacitor.

送電装置50は、給電ポイント60の地下に埋め込んで配置される装置である。 Power transmission device 50 is a device which is disposed embedded in the basement of the feed point 60. また、送電装置50は、給電ポイント60に移動車両6が停車できる数に対応して複数の送電装置50が配置されている。 Further, the power transmission device 50, corresponding to the number of moving vehicles 6 can stop the feeding point 60 is a plurality of power transmitting apparatus 50 is disposed. 送電装置50は、移動車両6の受電装置62に対して電力を送電するための装置であり、詳細な機能と構成については後述する。 Power transmission device 50 is a device for transmitting power to the power receiving device 62 of the moving vehicle 6 will be described later configuration and detailed functions.

無線通信機40は、構造物15に設けられ、赤外線を用いて移動車両6の車両側通信機66との間で双方向通信を行う光ビーコンである。 Wireless communication device 40 is provided in the structure 15, a light beacon for bidirectional communication between the vehicle-side communication device 66 of the moving vehicle 6 using infrared. 無線通信機40は、移動車両6からは、移動車両6の移動車両側蓄電装置64に関する蓄電情報や、走行経路8における移動車両6の位置情報を取得し、後述する制御部100に対して、それらの情報を送信する機能を有する。 Wireless communication device 40 from the mobile vehicle 6, and power storage information on the mobile vehicle power storage device 64 of the moving vehicle 6 to obtain location information of a mobile vehicle 6 in the traveling path 8, the control unit 100 to be described later, It has a function of transmitting the information. また、無線通信機40は、制御部100から取得する給電エリア情報を移動車両6に対して送信する機能を有する。 The wireless communication device 40 has a function of transmitting the power supply area information acquired from the control unit 100 to the mobile vehicle 6.

移動車両6は、車両側通信機66と、受電装置62と、移動車両側蓄電装置64とを含んで構成される。 Moving vehicle 6 includes a vehicle-side communication device 66, the power receiving device 62, configured to include a moving vehicle power storage device 64. 車両側通信機66は、無線通信機40(光ビーコン)との間で赤外線により双方向通信を行う通信機である。 Vehicle communication device 66 is a communication device that performs two-way communication via infrared between the wireless communication device 40 (optical beacons).

移動車両側蓄電装置64は、複数の単電池を組み合わせて所定の電圧とした組電池であって、受電装置62からの電力を充電によって蓄電し、放電によって図示しないモータに対して電力を供給するための二次電池である。 Moving the vehicle-side power storage device 64 is a battery assembly with a predetermined voltage by combining a plurality of cells, and energy storage by the charging electric power from the power receiving device 62 supplies power to the motor (not shown) by a discharge it is a secondary battery for. もちろん、移動車両側蓄電装置64は、充放電できるものであれば二次電池以外のものであってもよく、例えば、キャパシタを用いて構成してもよい。 Of course, moving the vehicle-side power storage device 64, as long as it can be charged and discharged may be other than the secondary battery, for example, may be configured using a capacitor. なお、受電装置62については後述する。 It will be described later power receiving device 62.

図2は、送電装置50と受電装置62の各要素を詳細に示した図である。 Figure 2 is a diagram of showing in detail the elements of the power receiving device 62 and the power transmitting device 50. 送電装置50は、送電アンテナ502と送電回路500とを含んで構成される。 Power transmission device 50 is configured to include a power transmission antenna 502 and the transmission circuit 500. 一方、受電装置62は、受電アンテナ622と受電回路624とを含んで構成される。 Meanwhile, the power receiving device 62 is configured to include a power receiving antenna 622 and receiving circuit 624.

送電アンテナ502は、図示しない送電コアに導線が巻回されて構成され、受電アンテナ622に対して非接触により電力を供給するコイルである。 Power transmission antenna 502, lead is configured by winding a power transmission core (not shown), a coil for supplying power by non-contact with the power receiving antenna 622. 一方、受電アンテナ622は、図示しない受電コアに導線が巻回されて構成され、送電アンテナ502から送電される電力を受電するコイルである。 Meanwhile, the power receiving antenna 622 is constituted by lead is wound around a power receiving core (not shown), a coil for receiving the power transmitted from the power transmission antenna 502. そして、移動車両6が給電を行う際に給電ポイント60において送電装置50と受電装置62とが対向する位置に停車したときに、送電アンテナ502と受電アンテナ622との電磁誘導回路が構成される。 When the power transmitting device 50 at the feed point 60 when the mobile vehicle 6 for supplying power and a power receiving device 62 has stopped at a position opposite the electromagnetic induction circuit is formed between the power transmission antenna 502 and the power receiving antenna 622. つまり、送電アンテナ502は、受電アンテナ622に対して非接触の電磁誘導作用により電力の給電が可能となる。 In other words, the power transmission antenna 502, it is possible to feed electric power by electromagnetic induction of the non-contact with the power receiving antenna 622.

送電回路500は、給電エリア側蓄電装置30から放電された直流電力を所定の高周波電力に変換し、この高周波電力を送電アンテナ502に供給する。 Power transmission circuit 500 converts the DC power discharged from the power supply area side power storage device 30 to a predetermined high-frequency power and supplies the high frequency power to the power transmission antenna 502. また、送電回路500が送電する電流値、電圧値、周波数は図示していない制御回路により制御される。 The current value transmission circuit 500 transmission, the voltage value, the frequency is controlled by a control circuit (not shown). 受電回路624は、受電アンテナ622の高周波電力を整流して直流電力に変換し、移動車両側蓄電装置64に対して供給する機能を有する。 Receiving circuit 624, the high frequency power rectified into a DC power of the power receiving antenna 622 has a function of supplying the mobile vehicle power storage device 64.

図3は、制御部100の各要素を示す図である。 Figure 3 is a diagram showing the elements of the control unit 100. 制御部100は、系統電源I/F130と、無線通信機I/F140と、記憶部120と、CPU110とを含んで構成される。 It constituted the control unit 100 includes a system power supply I / F 130, a wireless communication device I / F 140, a storage unit 120, and a CPU 110. 各要素は、内部バスを通じて相互に接続される。 Each element is connected to each other through the internal bus. かかる制御部100は、移動車両給電システムに適したコンピュータを用いることができる。 The control unit 100 may use computer suitable vehicle electric power supply system.

系統電源I/F130は、系統電源200と接続されるインターフェース回路である。 System power supply I / F 130 is an interface circuit connected to the system power supply 200. 無線通信機I/F140は、無線通信機40と接続されるインターフェース回路である。 Wireless communication device I / F 140 is an interface circuit which is connected to the wireless communication device 40. 記憶部120は、CPU110の各機能モジュールにおいて実行される移動車両給電プログラム等を格納する記憶装置である。 Storage unit 120 is a storage device for storing vehicle electric power supply programs executed in each function module of CPU 110.

CPU110は、車両蓄電情報取得モジュール112と、給電エリア蓄電情報取得モジュール113と、車両位置情報取得モジュール114と、最適給電エリア探索モジュール115と、最適ルート探索モジュール116と、系統電源制御モジュール118と、給電エリア・ルート情報送信モジュール119とを含んで構成される。 CPU110 includes a vehicle power storage information acquisition module 112, a power supply area power storage information acquiring module 113, a vehicle position information acquisition module 114, an optimum feeding area search module 115, the optimum route searching module 116, a system power source control module 118, configured to include a power feeding area route information transmission module 119. これらの各機能は、ソフトウェアを実行することで実現でき、具体的には記憶部120に記憶された移動車両給電プログラムを実行することにより実現できる。 Each of these functions can be realized by executing software, specifically implemented by executing a vehicle electric power supply program stored in the storage unit 120. また、かかる機能の一部あるいは全部をハードウェアで実現するものとしてもよい。 It is also a part or all of such functions as being implemented in hardware.

車両蓄電情報取得モジュール112は、無線通信機40によって取得された移動車両6に必要な充電量が反映された車両蓄電情報を無線通信機I/F140を介して取得する機能を有する。 Vehicle electric storage information acquisition module 112 has a function of acquiring the vehicle power storage information amount of charge is reflected required to move the vehicle 6 acquired by the wireless communication device 40 via the wireless communication device I / F 140.

給電エリア蓄電情報取得モジュール113は、系統電源200によって取得された給電エリア300の給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量を系統電源I/F130を介して取得する機能を有する。 Power supply area power storage information acquiring module 113 has a function of acquiring storage amount of the power feeding area side power storage device 30 of the the power supply area 300 obtained by the system power supply 200 via the system power supply I / F 130.

車両位置情報取得モジュール114は、無線通信機40によって取得された走行経路8における移動車両6の位置情報を無線通信機I/F140を介して取得する機能を有する。 Vehicle position information acquisition module 114 has a function of acquiring the position information of the moving vehicle 6 in the traveling path 8 acquired by the wireless communication device 40 via the wireless communication device I / F 140.

最適給電エリア探索モジュール115は、車両蓄電情報取得モジュール112によって取得された移動車両6の車両蓄電情報と、給電エリア蓄電情報取得モジュール113によって取得された給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量と、車両位置情報取得モジュール114によって取得された移動車両6の位置情報とに基づいて、当該移動車両6が給電を行うのに最適な給電エリア300を探索する機能を有する。 Optimal feeding area search module 115, a vehicle power storage information of the mobile vehicle 6 acquired by the vehicle electric storage information acquisition module 112, a power storage amount of the power supply area side power storage device 30 obtained by the power supply area power storage information acquiring module 113, the vehicle based on the location information of the mobile vehicle 6 acquired by the position information acquisition module 114, having the function of moving the vehicle 6 to search for the optimum feeding area 300 to perform the feeding.

最適ルート探索モジュール116は、最適給電エリア探索モジュール115によって探索された走行経路8における最適な給電エリア300への最適ルートを探索する機能を有する。 Optimum route searching module 116 has a function of searching the best route to the best power supply area 300 in the running route 8 which is searched by the optimum feeding area search module 115.

系統電源制御モジュール118は、車両蓄電情報取得モジュール112によって取得された移動車両6の車両蓄電情報と、給電エリア蓄電情報取得モジュール113によって取得された給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量と、車両位置情報取得モジュール114によって取得された移動車両6の位置情報とに基づいて、系統電源I/F130を介して系統電源200に対し、各給電エリア側蓄電装置30のそれぞれの充電量を調整する機能を有する。 System power supply control module 118, a vehicle power storage information of the mobile vehicle 6 acquired by the vehicle electric storage information acquisition module 112, a power storage amount of the power supply area side power storage device 30 obtained by the power supply area power storage information acquiring module 113, the vehicle position based on the location information of the mobile vehicle 6 acquired by the information acquisition module 114, to the system power supply 200 via the system power supply I / F 130, a function of adjusting the respective amount of charge in the feeding area side power storage device 30 a.

給電エリア・ルート情報送信モジュール119は、最適給電エリア探索モジュール115によって取得された最適給電エリアの情報と、最適ルート探索モジュール116によって取得された最適ルートの情報とを無線通信機I/F140を介して無線通信機40に対して送信する機能を有する。 Power supply area route information transmission module 119, via the information of the optimum feed area obtained by the optimum power supply area search module 115, a wireless communication device I / F 140 and a best route information acquired by the optimum route searching module 116 It has a function of transmitting to the wireless communication device 40 Te.

続いて、上記構成の移動車両給電システム10の動作について、図1〜図6を参照して説明する。 Next, the operation of the vehicle electric power supply system 10 of the above configuration will be described with reference to FIGS. 図4は、移動車両6から制御部100に対して車両に関する情報を送信する手順を示すフローチャートである。 Figure 4 is a flowchart illustrating a procedure for transmitting information about the vehicle to the control unit 100 from the moving vehicle 6. 図5は、制御部100で移動車両給電プログラムが実行されて最適給電エリアの探索とその給電エリアまでの最適ルートの情報を当該移動車両6に送信される手順を示すフローチャートである。 Figure 5 is a search and information of the optimum route to the transmission area of ​​the optimal feeding area is running vehicle electric power supply program in the control unit 100 a flow chart showing a procedure to be transmitted to the moving vehicle 6. 図6は、当該移動車両6が最適給電エリアと最適ルート情報を取得して給電を開始する手順を示すフローチャートである。 Figure 6 is a flowchart showing a procedure of the mobile vehicle 6 starts to get to feed an optimum feeding area and the optimal route information.

まず、図4を用いて、最初に移動車両6から制御部100に対して車両に関する情報を送信する手順について説明する。 First, with reference to FIG. 4, the procedure will be described that first sends the information about the vehicle to the control unit 100 from the moving vehicle 6. 移動車両6において移動車両側蓄電装置64の蓄電状態であるSOC(State Of Charge)を確認する(S2)。 In moving vehicle 6 is a charge state of the mobile vehicle power storage device 64 SOC (State Of Charge) confirms (S2). そして、移動車両6が継続して走行するために充電が必要なエネルギを算出する(S4)。 Then, to calculate the energy necessary to charge for moving the vehicle 6 travels continuously (S4). 次に、S4において算出されたエネルギに基づいて、当該移動車両6に給電が必要かどうかを判断する(S6)。 Then, based on the energy calculated in S4, it is determined whether the power supply to the mobile vehicle 6 should (S6). ここで、当該移動車両6に給電が必要でないと判断すれば、再びS2に戻る。 Here, if determined not to be required feed to the moving vehicle 6 returns to S2 again. また、当該移動車両6に給電が必要であると判断すれば、移動車両6の蓄電情報や走行経路8における当該移動車両6の位置情報といった車両情報が車両側通信機66から無線通信機40に対して送信される(S8)。 Further, if it is judged that it is necessary to supply power to the moving vehicle 6, the vehicle information is a vehicle-side communication device 66, such as location information of the mobile vehicle 6 in power storage information and travel route 8 of the moving vehicle 6 to the radio communication device 40 It sent for (S8). その後、END処理へと進む。 Thereafter, the process proceeds to the END processing. なお、これらの手順の処理は、移動車両6に搭載される図示しない車両制御装置の機能によって実行される。 The processing of these steps is executed by the function of the vehicle control device (not shown) is mounted on a moving vehicle 6.

次に、図5を用いて、制御部100で移動車両給電プログラムが実行されて最適給電エリアの探索とその給電エリアまでの最適ルートの情報を当該移動車両6に送信される手順について説明する。 Next, with reference to FIG. 5, illustrating a search and information of the optimum route to the transmission area of ​​the optimal feeding area is running vehicle electric power supply program in the control unit 100 for instructions to be sent to the mobile vehicle 6. まず、無線通信機40を介して移動車両6の蓄電情報と位置情報を取得する(S10)。 First, to obtain the position information and the storage information of the moving vehicle 6 via the radio communication device 40 (S10). この機能は、CPU110の車両蓄電情報取得モジュール112と車両位置情報取得モジュール114の機能によって実行される。 This function is executed by the function of the vehicle power storage information acquisition module 112 and the vehicle position information acquisition module 114 of the CPU 110.

続いて、各給電エリア300における給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量を確認する(S12)。 Subsequently, to check the amount of charge in the feeding area side power storage device 30 in the feeding area 300 (S12). この機能は、CPU110の給電エリア蓄電情報取得モジュール113の機能によって実行される。 This function is executed by the function of the power supply area power storage information acquisition module 113 of the CPU 110.

さらに、各給電エリア300における給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量に基づいて、各給電エリア側蓄電装置間の蓄電量の調整を行うように系統電源200に対して指令を与える(S14)。 Furthermore, based on the amount of charge in the feeding area side power storage device 30 in the feeding area 300 gives a command to the system power supply 200 to adjust the charged amount among the power supply area side power storage device (S14). この指令を受けて、さらに交通信号機9が青信号のときに該当給電エリア側蓄電装置30に対して充電が行われる。 In response to this instruction, charging is performed for the relevant transmission area side power storage device 30 when further traffic signal 9 is green light. この機能は、CPU110の系統電源制御モジュール118の機能によって実行される。 This function is executed by the function of the system power source control module 118 of the CPU 110.

そして、移動車両6の蓄電情報及び位置情報と、給電エリア側蓄電装置30の蓄電量とに基づいて、その移動車両6が給電を行うのに最適な給電エリア300を探索する(S16)。 Then, a power storage information and the position information of the moving vehicle 6, on the basis of the storage amount of the power supply area side power storage device 30, the moving vehicle 6 to search for the optimum feeding area 300 to perform the power feeding (S16). この機能は、CPU110の最適給電エリア探索モジュール115の機能によって実行される。 This function is executed by the function of the optimum power supply area search module 115 of the CPU 110.

次に、S16において探索された最適給電エリア300までの最適ルートを探索する(S18)。 Then, to search for the optimal route to the optimum power supply area 300 which is searched in S16 (S18). この機能は、CPU110の最適ルート探索モジュール116の機能によって実行される。 This function is executed by the function of the optimum route searching module 116 of CPU 110.

続いて、S16,S18で探索された給電エリア300とその給電エリア300までの最適ルートの情報について無線通信機40を介して当該移動車両6に対して送信する(S20)。 Subsequently, S16, S18 and feed area 300 which is searched by the information of the optimum route to the power supply area 300 via the wireless communication device 40 transmits to the mobile vehicle 6 (S20). この機能は、CPU110の給電エリア・ルート情報送信モジュール119の機能によって実行される。 This function is executed by the function of the power supply area route information transmission module 119 of the CPU 110. その後、END処理へと進む。 Thereafter, the process proceeds to the END processing.

次に、図6を用いて、移動車両6が最適給電エリアと最適ルート情報を取得して給電を開始する手順について説明する。 Next, with reference to FIG. 6, the mobile vehicle 6 will be described how to start getting to feed an optimum feeding area and the optimal route information. まず、移動車両6が、無線通信機40から制御部100によって探索された最適給電エリアの情報と最適ルートの情報を受信する(S22)。 First, the mobile vehicle 6 receives the information of the information and the optimal route of optimum feeding area which is searched by the controller 100 from the radio communication device 40 (S22). 続いて、移動車両6は、S22において受信した最適ルートに基づいて、当該給電エリア300に移動する(S24)。 Then, moving the vehicle 6, based on the optimum route received in S22, to move to the feeding area 300 (S24). なお、これらの手順の処理は、移動車両6に搭載される図示しない車両制御装置の機能によって実行される。 The processing of these steps is executed by the function of the vehicle control device (not shown) is mounted on a moving vehicle 6.

そして、交通信号機9が赤信号となり、当該移動車両6が当該給電エリア300の給電ポイント60に停車して送電装置50と受電装置62とが送受電可能な対応する位置となったときに必要な電力が供給される。 The traffic signal 9 becomes red, required when the mobile vehicle 6 and the power receiving device 62 and the power transmitting device 50 stops the feeding point 60 of the feeding area 300 becomes transmitting and receiving possible corresponding positions power is supplied. つまり、当該移動車両6に対して給電が行われる(S26)。 That is, power is supplied to the mobile vehicle 6 (S26). そして、受電装置62から移動車両側蓄電装置64に必要な電力が充電される。 The power required to move the vehicle side power storage device 64 from the power receiving device 62 is charged.

このように、移動車両給電システム10によれば、系統電源200から一旦、給電エリア側蓄電装置30に電力を溜めておき、給電エリア側蓄電装置30の充放電により移動車両6に電力を送電するため、系統電源200の損失はなく安定した電力供給ができる。 Thus, according to the vehicle electric power supply system 10, once the system power supply 200, Accumulate power feeding area side power storage device 30, which transmits power to the moving vehicle 6 by charging and discharging the power supply area side power storage device 30 Therefore, the loss of the system power source 200 may stable power supply without. また、移動車両6は、制御部100によって探索された最適給電エリアまでの最適ルートに基づいて移動して給電を行える。 The mobile vehicle 6 can perform to feed moves based on the optimal route to the optimum feeding area which is searched by the controller 100. したがって、安定した電力の下で移動車両6の走行を行うことが可能となる。 Therefore, it is possible to perform traveling of the mobile vehicle 6 under stable power.

6 移動車両、8 走行経路、9 交通信号機、10 移動車両給電システム、15 構造物、30 給電エリア側蓄電装置、40 無線通信機、50 送電装置、60 給電ポイント、62 受電装置、64 移動車両側蓄電装置、66 車両側通信機、100 制御部、106 電力線、110 CPU、112 車両蓄電情報取得モジュール、113 給電エリア蓄電情報取得モジュール、114 車両位置情報取得モジュール、115 最適給電エリア探索モジュール、116 最適ルート探索モジュール、118 系統電源制御モジュール、119 給電エリア・ルート情報送信モジュール、120 記憶部、130 系統電源I/F、140 無線通信機I/F、200 系統電源、300 給電エリア、500 送電回路、502 送電アンテナ、622 受電アンテナ 6 moving vehicles, 8 travel route, 9 traffic lights, 10 vehicle electric power supply system, 15 structures, 30 the feeding area side power storage device, 40 a radio communication device, 50 power transmission device, 60 feed point, 62 powered device 64 moves the vehicle power storage device 66 vehicle side communication device, 100 control unit, 106 power line, 110 CPU, 112 vehicle power storage information acquisition module, 113 power supply area power storage information acquiring module, 114 the vehicle position information acquisition module, 115 the optimum feeding area search module, 116 the optimum route searching module, 118 the system power supply control module, 119 feeding area route information transmitting module, 120 storage unit, 130 a system power supply I / F, 140 radios I / F, 200 a system power supply, 300 power supply area, 500 transmission circuit, 502 power transmission antenna, 622 power receiving antenna 624 受電回路。 624 receiving circuit.

Claims (5)

  1. 移動車両の走行経路に設けられる複数の給電エリアに系統電源から電力を供給し、任意の給電エリアに駐停車中の移動車両側蓄電装置へ電力を非接触で給電する移動車両給電システムであって、 Power is supplied from the system power supply to a plurality of power supply areas provided in the travel path of the moving vehicle, a vehicle electric power supply system for feeding power by the non-contact power to any mobile vehicle power storage device in the parked to the feeding area ,
    各給電エリアは、 The feeding area,
    系統電源からの電力を充電する給電エリア側蓄電装置と、 And power supply area side power storage device to charge the electric power from the system power source,
    給電エリア側蓄電装置の放電を利用して系統電源の電力を非接触で移動車両に送電する送電装置と、 A power transmission device for transmitting to the mobile vehicle power system power supply without contact by utilizing the discharging of the power supply area side power storage device,
    を備えることを特徴とする移動車両給電システム。 Vehicle electric power supply system comprising: a.
  2. 請求項1に記載の移動車両給電システムにおいて、 In vehicle electric power supply system according to claim 1,
    各給電エリアは、 The feeding area,
    移動車両の走行経路に設けられる交通信号機が進行表示のときに系統電源の電力が給電エリア側蓄電装置に充電され、交通信号機が停止表示のときに給電エリア側蓄電装置からの電力の放電により移動車両に送電することを特徴とする移動車両給電システム。 Power of the system power source when the travel path provided are traffic signal progression display of a moving vehicle is charged in the power supply area side power storage device moving, traffic lights have the power discharge from the power supply area side power storage device when the stop display vehicle electric power supply system, characterized in that the power transmission to the vehicle.
  3. 請求項1または請求項2に記載の移動車両給電システムにおいて、 In vehicle electric power supply system according to claim 1 or claim 2,
    移動車両の蓄電情報と、各給電エリアにおける給電エリア側蓄電装置の蓄電量と、移動車両の位置情報とを取得する取得手段と、 A power storage information of the mobile vehicle, a power storage amount of the power supply area side power storage device in the feeding area, an acquisition unit that acquires the position information of the moving vehicle,
    取得された蓄電情報と蓄電量と位置情報とに基づいて、当該移動車両に対する最適な給電エリアを探索する最適給電エリア探索手段と、 Based on the obtained power storage information and the storage amount and location information, and the optimum transmission area searching means for searching an optimal power supply area for the mobile vehicle,
    を備えることを特徴とする移動車両給電システム。 Vehicle electric power supply system comprising: a.
  4. 請求項3に記載の移動車両給電システムにおいて、 In vehicle electric power supply system according to claim 3,
    取得された蓄電情報と蓄電量と位置情報とに基づいて、各給電エリアの給電エリア側蓄電装置のそれぞれの充電量を調整する調整手段を備えることを特徴とする移動車両給電システム。 Based on the obtained power storage information and the storage amount and location information, vehicle electric power supply system, characterized in that it comprises adjusting means for adjusting the respective amount of charge of the power feeding area side electric storage devices of the feeding area.
  5. 請求項3または請求項4に記載の移動車両給電システムにおいて、 In vehicle electric power supply system according to claim 3 or claim 4,
    移動車両の走行経路に設けられ、移動車両との間で無線により通信を行うことで移動車両の蓄電情報と位置情報とを取得する複数の無線通信機と、 Provided on the traveling path of the moving vehicle, and a plurality of wireless communication devices to obtain an electric storage information of the mobile vehicle and the position information by communicating by radio with a mobile vehicle,
    最適な給電エリアまでの最適経路を探索する最適経路手段と、 The optimum path means for searching the optimum route to optimal transmission area,
    無線通信機によって最適給電エリアと最適経路とを移動車両に提供する提供手段と、 And providing means for providing the optimum feeding area and the optimal route to the mobile vehicle by the wireless communication device,
    を備えることを特徴とする移動車両給電システム。 Vehicle electric power supply system comprising: a.
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