JP2010102516A - Operation device for vehicle - Google Patents

Operation device for vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2010102516A
JP2010102516A JP2008273522A JP2008273522A JP2010102516A JP 2010102516 A JP2010102516 A JP 2010102516A JP 2008273522 A JP2008273522 A JP 2008273522A JP 2008273522 A JP2008273522 A JP 2008273522A JP 2010102516 A JP2010102516 A JP 2010102516A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
operation
dimensional
direction
surface
operation unit
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Granted
Application number
JP2008273522A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4771237B2 (en
Inventor
Takashi Aoki
Koichi Masuda
Kunihiro Nakagawa
Hiroaki Sasaki
Motoki Tachiiri
Tsuneo Uchida
Yasumune Wada
邦弘 中川
博章 佐々木
恒夫 内田
泰宗 和田
幸一 枡田
泉樹 立入
青木  隆
Original Assignee
Denso Corp
株式会社デンソー
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Publication date
Application filed by Denso Corp, 株式会社デンソー filed Critical Denso Corp
Priority to JP2008273522A priority Critical patent/JP4771237B2/en
Priority claimed from US12/564,330 external-priority patent/US8436814B2/en
Publication of JP2010102516A publication Critical patent/JP2010102516A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4771237B2 publication Critical patent/JP4771237B2/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a vehicular operation device having a stick type two-dimensional operation unit capable of reducing a user's operation burden by enabling a fine position instruction operation.
In a vehicle interior, the vehicle operating device 1 is mounted at a position where a user seated on a seat can operate, and a movable operation unit 110 has a stick-like swing shaft 114 formed at a tip. And a two-dimensional operation unit 200 in which the movable operation unit is operated so that the swing axis of the swing shaft 114 is tilted from a predetermined neutral angle position in a direction corresponding to the direction to be positioned. The operation surface 301 is exposed at the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110 that forms the distal end surface of the shaft 114, and the operation surface 301 is directed to a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction defined on the two-dimensional operation surface. An operable one-dimensional operation unit 300.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a vehicle operating device.

JP 2002-207553 A

  In recent years, as a two-dimensional operation device, when an operation force is applied to a movable operation unit, a reaction force against the operation force is applied to a stick type operation unit to give a force sense to the operation. Has been developed and put into practical use.

  However, when a predetermined display object such as a pointer image displayed on the screen is moved by such an operation device and a position instruction is given, the following problems arise. That is, since the stick-type movable operation unit is an operation that uses the wrist force, it is difficult to finely move the pointer image, and it is difficult to place the pointer image where intended. In particular, in the case of a Japanese syllabary input screen or the like, an input range (operation image) is set and displayed for each character on the screen, but since each input range is narrow, the pointer image is positioned on the target character region. It is difficult. Furthermore, it can be easily imagined that when such an operation is performed in the form of a blind operation by the driver, it becomes even more difficult. Thus, in the case of a stick-type movable operation unit (two-dimensional operation unit) mounted on a vehicle, there has been a problem that a fine position instruction operation is difficult and an excessive operation burden is imposed on the user.

  Furthermore, such an operating device may be operated even when the vehicle is traveling. Since vibration is likely to occur during traveling of the vehicle, the fine position indication operation as described above becomes even more difficult.

  An object of the present invention is to provide a vehicular operating device having a stick-type two-dimensional operation unit that enables a fine position instruction operation and can reduce a user's operation burden.

Means for Solving the Problems and Effects of the Invention

In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, the first of the vehicle operation device of the present invention is a vehicle operation device attached to a position that can be operated by a user seated on a seat in a vehicle interior,
The operation knob has a stick-like swing shaft portion formed at the tip, and the swing shaft line of the swing shaft portion is tilted from a predetermined neutral angle position in a direction corresponding to the direction to indicate the position. The operation knob is operated within a predetermined two-dimensional operation surface defined as an operation range; and
It has an operation surface exposed at the main surface of the operation knob that forms the tip surface of the swing shaft portion, and operates in the predetermined one-dimensional operation direction defined in the two-dimensional operation surface with respect to the operation surface. Possible one-dimensional operation part,
It is characterized by providing.

In the first configuration of the present invention,
A display device arranged so that the user can visually recognize the screen;
Two-dimensional operation control means for two-dimensionally moving a predetermined display target displayed on the display device on the screen based on an operation to the two-dimensional operation unit;
Based on an operation to the one-dimensional operation unit, a predetermined display object displayed on the display device is moved on the screen in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction. Display movement control and control content switching control for sequentially switching a plurality of control contents for which a switching order is defined in advance in a direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction in any one of the forward and reverse directions of the switching order. Control means for one-dimensional operation capable of implementing either or both of them,
Can also be provided.

The second aspect of the vehicle operation device of the present invention is a vehicle operation device that is attached to a position that can be operated by a user seated on a seat in a vehicle interior,
A display device arranged so that the user can visually recognize the screen;
The operation knob has a stick-like rocking shaft portion formed at the tip, and the rocking axis of the rocking shaft portion is a direction in which the display object should move on the screen from a predetermined neutral angle position. A two-dimensional operation unit in which the operation knob is operated within a predetermined two-dimensional operation surface defined as an operation range so as to be inclined in a direction corresponding to
A one-dimensional operation portion that has an operation surface exposed at a main surface of the operation knob that forms a tip surface of the swing shaft portion, and is operable in a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction with respect to the operation surface;
Two-dimensional operation control means for two-dimensionally moving a predetermined display target displayed on the display device on the screen based on an operation to the two-dimensional operation unit;
Based on an operation to the one-dimensional operation unit, a predetermined display object displayed on the display device is moved on the screen in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction. Display movement control and control content switching control for sequentially switching a plurality of control contents for which a switching order is defined in advance in a direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction in any one of the forward and reverse directions of the switching order. Control means for one-dimensional operation capable of implementing either or both of them,
It is characterized by providing.

  According to the configuration of the present invention, in the two-dimensional operation unit having a stick-type operation member whose tip is held by the user, the tip surface (upper surface) of the stick-type operation member held by the user's hand is A one-dimensional operation unit that can be operated by a finger of a hand holding the operation member is provided. Finer operation is possible than with a stick-type operation member operated with a finger of a finger, so that a position indication operation is performed by a two-dimensional operation unit, and the indicated position is finely corrected using the one-dimensional operation unit. It becomes possible. In addition, since the operation of the one-dimensional operation unit is an operation limited to a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction, no operation input is performed in other directions.

  For example, when a display object such as a pointer image is moved by the vehicle operation device of the present invention, when an operation is performed on the one-dimensional operation unit, the display object is displayed on the screen corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction. Only in the one-dimensional display direction (for example, one-dimensional linear direction). That is, since the display object moves along the one-dimensional display direction, there is no fear of moving out of the direction. For this reason, regarding the operation to the one-dimensional operation unit, it is only necessary to care about the operation amount, and thereby the movement displacement of the pointer image can be adjusted.

  Since the one-dimensional display direction on the screen is specified on the two-dimensional plane forming the screen, the one-dimensional operation direction of the one-dimensional operation unit is also specified on the two-dimensional operation surface of the two-dimensional operation unit. This makes it easy to recognize the correspondence between the two. In addition, since the vehicle occupant basically sits on the seat facing the front of the vehicle, the screen of the display device is a two-dimensional display surface that extends in the vehicle up-down direction and the vehicle left-right direction. (In some cases, the upper end side of the screen is further arranged in an inclined posture in which it is positioned on the front side of the vehicle with respect to the section end side). In this case, the two-dimensional operation surface of the two-dimensional operation unit is defined in a two-dimensional plane that extends in the vehicle front-rear direction and the vehicle left-right direction (that is, the two-dimensional operation unit is an operation unit that can be tilted and displaced in the front-rear and left-right directions of the vehicle. In addition, the vehicle up-down direction on the screen corresponds to the vehicle front-rear direction on the two-dimensional operation surface, and the vehicle left-right direction on the screen corresponds to the vehicle left-right direction on the two-dimensional operation surface. It becomes easy to understand the relationship between the direction and the display direction. At this time, the one-dimensional operation direction defined on the two-dimensional operation surface of the two-dimensional operation unit and the one-dimensional display direction defined on the two-dimensional display surface of the screen are the two-dimensional operation surface and the two-dimensional operation surface. By setting in a form that reflects the correspondence with the display surface, it is easy to intuitively understand the moving direction of the display target due to the operation in the one-dimensional operation direction.

  In addition, when the operation of the vehicle is sequentially switched by the vehicle operation device of the present invention, for example, when performing volume adjustment, the volume adjustment direction is two directions of “increase” or “decrease”. By associating with the forward and reverse two directions of the one-dimensional operation direction in the one-dimensional operation unit, the volume adjustment direction can be defined according to the operation direction, and the adjustment becomes easy.

  The display object of the present invention can be a scroll image in which a part of the image is displayed within a predetermined display range defined on the screen of the display device and the remaining part can be displayed by scrolling. In this case, the one-dimensional operation unit can perform an operation of scrolling the scroll image (display target) displayed on the screen in the display device in the one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the one-dimensional operation direction within the screen. It becomes. By applying the one-dimensional operation on the one-dimensional operation unit to the scroll operation, scroll display can be easily performed.

  The display object of the present invention may be a pointer image that can be moved to an arbitrary position on the screen of the display device. In this case, the one-dimensional operation unit can perform an operation of moving the position of the pointer image (display target) displayed on the screen in the display device in the one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the one-dimensional operation direction within the screen. Become. As a result, the position instruction operation using the pointer image can be performed not only by the operation by the two-dimensional operation unit but also by the one-dimensional operation unit, and the movement of the pointer image by the one-dimensional operation unit can be performed in a predetermined direction within the screen (primary Since the movement is limited to the original display direction), there is no blur in the other directions, the indication position can be easily adjusted, and fine adjustment is possible.

  In this case, the movement of the pointer image can be adjusted more easily by defining the one-dimensional display direction with a straight line. In particular, since the display screen is generally rectangular, for example, if the one-dimensional operation direction in the one-dimensional operation unit is defined as the vertical direction of the screen, an operation without shifting in the horizontal direction is possible. Therefore, alignment becomes easy. Further, since the position adjustment operation is more required in the direction of the narrower screen width, the operation becomes easier by defining the one-dimensional display direction in the direction of the narrower screen width.

  The display object of the present invention can also be a pointer image that moves in a moving manner on a predetermined operation image displayed on the screen of the display device. In this case, a predetermined movement order determined for a plurality of operation images can be associated with the one-dimensional operation direction. For example, in the case of a Japanese syllabary input screen, “A line” is displayed in order in the vertical direction, “K line” is displayed in order adjacent to the left side, and each line is displayed in the same manner. For this reason, the so-called “Aiueo Kakuke ...”, so-called “Aiueo order”, is associated with the one-dimensional operation direction, and it is determined that the pointer image moves sequentially in accordance with “Aiueo order” on these operation images. Can do. As a result, the pointer image advances in the order of “A line” from the top to the bottom, further to “F” in the upper left, and from “F” to the bottom. It can be moved only in either the forward or reverse direction. Since the order is determined, it is only necessary to perform an operation for sending the pointer image to the designated position desired by the user, so the operation is easy.

  By the way, the one-dimensional operation unit of the present invention is a rotation in which the one-dimensional operation unit has a rotation operation member that can be rotated in both forward and reverse directions around a predetermined rotation axis perpendicular to the swing axis of the two-dimensional operation unit. As the operation surface, the exposed surface exposed from the main surface of the operation knob is defined as the operation surface, and the one-dimensional operation defined in the two-dimensional operation surface is defined as the rotation operation. A rotation feed operation or a rotation return operation with respect to the operation surface along the direction is determined, and the rotation displacement of the rotation operation member due to the rotation operation can be detected as the operation displacement. The rotation operation member can be formed in a wheel shape, for example. Conventionally, such a wheel-type rotation operation unit has been attached to a substrate whose posture of the operation unit body does not change by operation, such as a mouse of a personal computer. On the other hand, even if it was installed, the operability was considered to be poor, and there was no case where it was applied. The above-described configuration of the present invention finds out that the one-dimensional operation unit is an operation unit having excellent operability by providing the one-dimensional operation unit at the tip of the rocking shaft portion that causes the tilt displacement in the two-dimensional operation unit, particularly the tip surface thereof. This has been achieved. Further, in recent vehicles, a large number of operation units are arranged due to the installation of various new functions, and it is becoming difficult to secure a space for arranging a new operation unit in the passenger compartment. The above configuration is added without securing a new space in the vehicle interior because the wheel-type operation unit that forms the one-dimensional operation unit is provided on the stick-shaped swing operation unit that constitutes the two-dimensional operation unit. There is also an advantage that an operation unit can be provided.

  Further, the rotation operation member has, for example, a rotation trajectory in which an exposed surface forming an operation surface of the one-dimensional operation unit appears as a plane parallel to the main surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit, And can be rotated. As a result, the operation surface can be lengthened and a long stroke operation can be performed, so that an operation with a large amount of operation can be performed.

  Moreover, the above-described rotary operation unit can be provided with guide wall portions that protrude from the operation surface at both end positions in a direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction of the operation surface. For example, a groove part formed so that a user's finger can be fitted is provided on the main surface of the operation knob, and the rotation operation member can be exposed at the bottom surface of the groove part. Since the one-dimensional operation unit is operated by the finger of the user's hand holding the two-dimensional operation unit, a guide wall portion is formed as a guide for positioning the finger on the rotation operation member of the wheel-type operation unit. Thus, the position of the rotation operation member can be grasped without being visually recognized, and the operation in the one-dimensional operation direction can be guided and easily performed.

  In addition, in the configuration including the rotary operation unit, it is possible to include a rotation operation force sense applying unit that applies a predetermined force sense when the user performs a predetermined amount of rotation operation on the rotation operation member. Thereby, since the user can recognize the operation amount of the rotary operation unit by force, it is easy to operate.

  In addition, the one-dimensional operation unit has a touch operation surface as an operation surface, and a touch movement operation that moves while touching the touch operation surface is performed, and movement of the touch movement operation in the one-dimensional operation direction is performed. It can be set as the touchpad type operation part from which a displacement is detected as an operation displacement. Conventionally, the touchpad type operation unit is attached to the object whose posture of the operation unit main body does not change by operation, such as a notebook computer, etc. Even if it was installed, the operability was considered to be poor, and there were no cases where it was applied. In the configuration of the present invention described above, the one-dimensional operation unit is provided at the tip of the swing operation unit that causes the tilt displacement in the two-dimensional operation unit, in particular, the front end surface thereof. By detecting only the movement displacement in the direction, it has been found out that the operation unit is more excellent in operability, and this is realized. Further, in recent vehicles, a large number of operation units are arranged due to the installation of various new functions, and it is becoming difficult to secure a space for arranging a new operation unit in the passenger compartment. In the configuration of the present invention, a touch operation surface (touch pad) that forms a one-dimensional operation unit is provided on a stick-like swing operation unit that constitutes a two-dimensional operation unit. There is also an advantage in that it is not necessary to ensure.

  The touch operation surface of the touch pad type operation unit can be formed on the entire main surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit. Since the entire main surface of the operation knob touched by the user's hand operating the two-dimensional operation unit is a touch operation surface, any part can detect an operation in the one-dimensional operation direction. Excellent in properties.

  On the other hand, the touch operation surface of the touch pad type operation unit can be formed in a rectangular shape whose width in the one-dimensional operation direction is longer than the width in the direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction. Thereby, in the touch operation surface formed in a plane, the one-dimensional operation direction coincides with the long side direction, so that the user can easily recognize the one-dimensional operation direction. Further, since a wide operation range is ensured in the one-dimensional operation direction, a long operation stroke can be ensured, and an operation with a large amount of operation is also possible.

  In addition, the touch operation surface of the touch pad type operation unit may be provided with guide wall portions that protrude from both end edge positions in a direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction. For example, a groove formed so that a user's finger can be fitted can be provided on the main surface of the operation knob, and a touch operation surface can be provided on the bottom surface of the groove. Thereby, it is easy to grasp the position of the touch operation surface on the operation knob, and the groove side surface becomes a guide wall portion for the touch movement operation, and the operation is also easy.

  Further, in the configuration in which the touch pad type operation unit is provided, it is possible to include a force sensation providing unit at the time of touch operation that gives a predetermined force sense as the user touches the touch operation surface. Thereby, since the user can recognize the first touch operation for starting the touch movement operation on the touch operation surface, when the user touches the touch operation surface by mistake, the user can recognize this.

  In addition, in the configuration in which the touch pad type operation unit is provided, the force sensation at the time of the touch movement operation that gives a predetermined force sense when the user performs the touch movement operation that causes a predetermined amount of movement displacement with respect to the touch operation surface. Means may be provided. Thereby, since the user can recognize the operation amount to the touch operation surface by force sense, it is easy to operate.

  Further, the one-dimensional operation unit can be a push-type operation unit in which a push operation member is provided on the distal end surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit, and display is performed according to the push operation to the push operation unit. A predetermined display object displayed on the screen of the apparatus is moved in either one of the predetermined one-dimensional display directions in the screen in the forward or reverse direction, or a plurality of control contents whose switching order is defined in advance are changed to the switching order. It can be configured to switch to either one of the forward and reverse directions. Since the push operation is not an operation in both the forward and reverse directions, the display object can be moved and the control object can be switched with the direction fixed to one of them.

  By the way, a plurality of operation surfaces of the one-dimensional operation unit of the present invention can be formed on the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit. The operability can be increased by increasing the number of operations in the one-dimensional direction.

  Further, the operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units can be arranged so that the one-dimensional operation directions are parallel to each other. The one-dimensional operation unit of the present invention, which is assumed to be operated with a finger, may have different fingers to be used depending on the user. Operation becomes easier. By providing at least operation surfaces corresponding to the index finger and the middle finger that are easily used for the operation, the operation becomes easier.

  On the other hand, the operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units can be arranged on the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit so that the one-dimensional operation directions are different from each other. Further, the operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units can be set so that the one-dimensional display directions are different from each other. Thus, by properly using the one-dimensional operation unit suitable for the application, the position instruction to the target position becomes easy. In particular, these one-dimensional operation units are arranged so that their one-dimensional operation directions are different from each other, and further, by setting them so that their one-dimensional display directions are different, fine adjustment operations in different directions are possible. Become.

  Further, the operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units can be set so that the one-dimensional operation directions are orthogonal to each other, and the one-dimensional display directions are also orthogonal to each other. Furthermore, by making the one-dimensional direction of the two one-dimensional operation parts into two orthogonal directions, a fine operation in those directions can be easily performed. When moving a pointer image or the like within a rectangular display screen, it is often required to select an inputable area arranged vertically and horizontally. In this case, the vertical movement and horizontal movement of the pointer are the basic operations. Since the accuracy of each is important (especially the accuracy of movement in the short axis direction: the accuracy of vertical movement in the case of a horizontally long screen), it is easy to operate if both of them are possible. Design features can also be obtained. In particular, when two touch operation surfaces are provided in the touch pad type operation unit and a cross-shaped operation surface in which the long side directions are orthogonal to each other is formed, the design features become more prominent.

  Further, when providing the operation surfaces of a plurality of one-dimensional operation units, the long side directions of each other are formed orthogonally, and one orthogonal operation surface is one end in the long side direction of the other operation surface It can be formed in a shape that is biased to the side. The one-dimensional operation unit of the present invention, which is assumed to be operated with a finger, may have different fingers to be used depending on the user. Operation becomes easier. However, in the hand holding the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit, the four fingers of the index finger, the middle finger, the ring finger, and the little finger are located on the back side of the main surface of the operation knob and moved from there to the front side in the vertical direction. Whereas the operation is easy to perform, the thumb is positioned on the left and right side surfaces of the main surface of the operation knob, and the lateral operation of moving from there to the opposite side surface is easy to perform. Furthermore, the position of the thumb is likely to be slightly in front of the center position of the main surface of the operation knob. Accordingly, the operation surfaces of the fingers other than the thumb are all arranged in parallel in the vertical direction, and with respect to the thumb, the horizontal direction perpendicular to this and the position in front of the center in the vertical direction. By disposing in a one-dimensional operation unit, the operability with a finger is excellent.

  By the way, when a position indication image such as a pointer image is defined as a predetermined display object displayed on the screen of the display device, the vehicle operating device of the present invention is indicated by the position indication image on the screen of the display device. A position designation input operation unit for performing position designation input with respect to the selected position can be provided. Thereby, not only an operation for instructing a position on the screen by the position instruction image but also an input operation for an operation image (icon) or the like displayed on the screen can be performed.

  In this case, by configuring the one-dimensional operation unit so that the two-dimensional operation unit can be pressed in the swing axis direction, the position designation input operation unit can be used as the one-dimensional operation unit. The pressing operation can be determined as the position designation input operation. The position designation input operation is an operation for determining an input (position designation input) at a position designated by a pointer image or the like on the screen. Such a position designation input operation is an operation that should be performed immediately when a target position is designated during the position designation operation by the one-dimensional operation unit. With the above configuration, the position designation input operation can be performed immediately by simply pressing the operated one-dimensional operation unit as it is. In the case of the wheel type operation unit, the wheel member is pressed and displaced in the swing axis direction. In the case of the touch pad type operation unit, the entire touch panel forming the touch operation surface is pressed and displaced in the swing axis direction. It becomes operation. In the case of the touch pad type operation unit, the position instruction input operation may be an operation of touching the touch operation surface twice within a predetermined period.

  The two-dimensional operation unit according to the present invention has a tilt displacement detection that detects the tilt displacement of the swinging shaft portion that occurs when the user operates the operation knob inside the operation device body that supports the swinging shaft portion so as to be swingable. It can comprise and comprise a part. At this time, the one-dimensional operation unit includes a one-dimensional operation member on which an operation surface is formed and an operation target by the user, an operation amount detection unit that detects an operation amount performed on the one-dimensional operation member, and the detected operation A signal output unit that outputs an operation signal based on the amount, and a bendable extension that extends toward the operation device main body in order to input the output operation signal to a main control circuit unit built in the operation device main body And a signal wiring portion made of a member. Thereby, a signal can be stably transmitted to the operating device body side without obstructing the tilt displacement accompanying the operation to the two-dimensional operation unit.

  In this case, the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit accommodates the operation surface of the one-dimensional operation member exposed on the main surface side, and further accommodates the one-dimensional operation detection unit and the signal output unit. Can be configured to make a body. In the case of recent vehicles, considering that it is difficult to secure a space in the vehicle interior, the above configuration contributes to space saving because the detection unit and the signal output unit are arranged in the knob. The signal wiring portion can be configured to extend to the outside from the signal output portion through a wiring hole that penetrates the main back surface of the housing. Thereby, the exposure of the signal wiring part to the outside can be greatly reduced, and it becomes difficult to cause a decrease in design.

  The operation knob of the two-dimensional operation part can be formed having an outer peripheral wall part extending from the outer peripheral edge of the main surface to which the operation surface of the one-dimensional operation part is exposed to the oscillation center side of the oscillation shaft part. As a result, the two-dimensional operation part can be operated in such a manner that the outer peripheral wall part of the operation knob serves as a holding part of the user's hand, and further, the one-dimensional operation part of the main surface of the operation knob can be operated with the fingers of the hand. It is also possible to operate. The outer peripheral wall portion can be formed, for example, as a wall portion whose outer peripheral surface is perpendicular to the main surface of the operation knob.

  Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an operation structure portion (hereinafter also referred to as a main body portion) of the vehicle operating device of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a plan view of the main body portion 100 with the movable operation portion 110 removed. is there. As shown in FIG. 37, the vehicle operating device 1A (1) is fixed to the side of the driver seat DS at the center console C in the passenger compartment of the automobile, and is operated from either the driver seat DS or the passenger seat PS user. It is possible. The purpose of use is not particularly limited. For example, while viewing the screen of a monitor (display device) 51 provided in the center console, the display position of a predetermined display object displayed on the screen is moved on the screen. Operation (display position movement operation), operation for position designation input of the operation image displayed on the screen (position designation input operation), and further, a plurality of control contents in which a switching order is defined in advance. An operation unit for performing an operation (control content switching operation) for switching in either the forward or reverse direction of the switching order, for performing a functional operation of the car navigation device or the car audio device. The display target may be a pointer image P displayed on the screen or a scroll image (an image that is partially displayed in a partial area of the screen, or an image that is partially displayed in the entire area of the screen. Can be assumed).

  The main body 100 of the vehicular operating device 1 includes a movable operation unit (operation knob) 110 that is held by a user to perform a two-dimensional operation, and a two-dimensional operation displacement (operation amount) generated in the movable operation unit 110. ) Is transmitted to a swing shaft (stick-type swing shaft portion) 114S supported so as to be swingable by a joystick main body (operation device main body) 114 via a displacement transmission mechanism 102. It is configured. That is, the two-dimensional operation unit 200 includes the movable operation unit 110, the displacement transmission mechanism 102, and the swing shaft 114S, and displays the display position of a predetermined display target displayed on the monitor 51 on the screen. Thus, it is configured as an operation unit for performing a two-dimensional operation that moves in a two-dimensional direction. The movable operation unit 110 is attached to the distal end of the swing shaft 14S via the displacement transmission mechanism 102, and an operation in which the hand is attached to the distal end surface 110a is assumed. However, the operation range of the movable operation unit 110 is defined within a predetermined two-dimensional operation surface. The main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110 is a flat surface or curved surface perpendicular to the swing axis of the swing shaft 114 in the neutral state of the swing shaft 114 and the displacement transmission mechanism 102. Here, the curved surface extends in the moving direction of the movable operation unit 110a. Thereby, the user can be aware of the two-dimensional operation direction of the movable operation unit 110 from its shape. Also, a later-described bezel 116 whose upper portion is covered by the movable operation unit 110 is also formed as the same curved surface.

  The two-dimensional operation on the movable operation unit 110 here is a direction corresponding to the direction in which the predetermined display target displayed on the screen should be moved from a predetermined neutral angle position of the swing axis of the swing shaft 114S. The operation result is transmitted to the joystick body 114 as operation information.

  The operation direction of the movable operation unit 110 is determined in a two-dimensional plane having two axes, a Y direction that coincides with the vehicle traveling direction (vehicle longitudinal direction) and an X direction that coincides with the vehicle width direction (vehicle lateral direction). The displacement transmission mechanism 102 includes a Y-direction sliding mechanism that slides in the Y direction in response to an operation displacement of the movable operation unit 110, and an X-direction sliding mechanism that similarly slides in the X direction.

  In the screen of the monitor 51, the direction corresponding to the Y direction that is the operation direction of the movable operation unit 110 is the vertical direction of the screen (the vehicle vertical direction), while the X direction that is the operation direction of the movable operation unit 110. The direction corresponding to is the horizontal direction of the screen (the vehicle left-right direction). Thereby, for example, in order to move the pointer image P displayed on the screen in the vertical direction by the movable operation unit, the movable operation unit 110 is operated in the Y direction, and the pointer image P displayed on the screen is also displayed on the movable operation unit. When moving in the horizontal direction by the screen 110, the movable operation unit 110 is operated in the X direction.

  FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the main body 100, and includes a lower case 115 attached to a vehicle-side base by a screw (fastening member) 115 t so that the joystick main body 114 is accommodated in the lower case 115. It has become. The structure of the joystick main body 114 is well known, and the lower end of the swing shaft 114S is connected to a biaxial universal joint (not shown) in the main body case 114M, and swings independently around the two rotation axes of the universal joint. It is possible. One of these swing directions coincides with the aforementioned X direction and the other coincides with the Y direction. In addition, the two-dimensional operation unit 200 of the present embodiment is configured as a haptic operation device. Specifically, as shown in the block diagram of FIG. 7, the rotational displacement of each axis of the universal joint is detected independently by the X direction rotation sensor 81 and the Y direction rotation sensor 82, respectively, while each axis is illustrated. The X direction reaction force motor 83 and the Y direction reaction force motor 84 (FIG. 7) are independently driven to rotate to generate a reaction force via a gear mechanism that does not. Inside the joystick body 114, an X-direction rotation sensor 81, a Y-direction rotation sensor 82, an X-direction reaction force motor 83 (operation reaction force applying means, reaction force drive unit), and a Y-direction reaction force motor 84 (operation reaction force application means). , The reaction force drive unit) is connected to the CPU 80, and changes in accordance with the operating position of the swing shaft 114S and the movable operation unit 110. The X direction rotation sensor (tilt displacement detection unit) 81 and the Y direction rotation sensor (tilt displacement). The output of the detection unit 82 is converted into X and Y input coordinate values by the CPU 80, and the coordinate value output can be taken out from the connector 114 c of FIG. 1 via the communication interface (communication I / F circuit) 85. . Further, as will be described later, the CPU 80 also functions as a drive control unit (operation reaction force control means) for the X direction reaction force motor 83 and the Y direction reaction force motor 84.

  Returning to FIG. 3, a frame-shaped base 113 is attached to the upper surface of the lower case 115 using screws 113 t. A pair of Y-direction rails (Y-axis movement guide portions) 113L and 113L having a tapered cross section that goes inward are integrally formed on both inner upper surfaces in the X direction of the base (Y-axis direction guide member) 113. The frame-like Y-direction slider (Y-axis direction moving member) 111 is slid in the Y-direction on the Y-direction rails 113L and 113L so that the frame-like Y-direction slider (Y-axis direction moving member) 111 is accommodated inside the base 113 via the plurality of Y-direction rollers 112. It is placed as possible. The Y-direction rails 113L and 113L, the Y-direction roller 112, and the Y-direction slider 111 constitute the aforementioned Y-direction sliding mechanism. Each Y-direction roller 112 is rotatably fitted to the lower surface of the Y-direction slider 111 in such a manner that the rotation axis is inclined along the inclination direction of the Y-direction rails 113L and 113L.

  On the other hand, a pair of X-direction rails (X-axis movement guide portions) 111L and 111L having a taper-shaped cross section that goes inward are integrally formed on both inner upper surfaces in the Y-direction of the Y-direction slider 111, An X-direction slider (X-axis direction moving member) 107 is placed on the X-direction rails 111 </ b> L and 111 </ b> L so as to be slidable in the X-direction through a plurality of X-direction rollers 110 so as to fit inside the Y-direction slider 111. Has been. The X-direction rails 111L and 111L, the X-direction roller 110, and the X-direction slider 107 constitute the aforementioned X-direction sliding mechanism 102x. Each X-direction roller 110 is rotatably fitted to the lower surface of the X-direction slider 107 in such a manner that the rotation axis is inclined along the inclination direction of the X-direction rails 111L and 111L. The movable range of the X-direction slider 107 is defined by both end walls in the X direction of the Y-direction slider 111.

  The oscillating shaft 114S of the joystick main body 114 penetrates the base 113 and the Y-direction slider 111, and the upper end is attached to the lower surface side of the X-direction slider 107 with a ball cover 109 (attached to the lower surface of the X-direction slider 107 with a screw 109t). It is slidably connected via a sliding ball 108 attached via. Also, on the upper side of the X-direction slider 107, a frame-like slider cover 104 that allows relative sliding in the X direction with respect to the Y-direction slider 111 and prevents it from coming off in the Z-direction is assembled to the Y-direction slider 111 with a screw 104t. It has been. The Y-direction slider 111, the X-direction roller 110, the X-direction slider 107, and the slider cover 104 form a Y-direction sliding unit 102y so that the Y-direction roller 112 and the base 113 are integrally slid in the Y direction. It has become. Further, an upper case 103 that prevents the entire Y-direction sliding unit 102y from coming off in the Z direction with respect to the base 113 is disposed above the Y-direction sliding unit 102y, and is assembled to the lower case 115 with a screw 103t. ing. The upper surface side of the lower case 115 is covered with a protective bezel 116. The movable range of the Y-direction slider 117 is defined by both end walls in the X direction of the Y-direction slider 111.

  Further, a switch case portion 107a is integrated in a protruding form on the upper surface of the X-direction slider 107, and a push switch (here, a tact switch) 106 is accommodated therein. Further, in the switch case portion 107a, a push guide portion 105a for pressing and urging the push switch 106 is capable of relative sliding in the vertical direction (Z direction) with respect to the switch case portion 107a. Engagement is performed so that relative movement in a plane perpendicular to this is impossible. Specifically, the push guide portion 105a is formed in a box shape in which the lower surface side is opened and the switch case portion 107a is inserted in the opening in the Z direction. Is attached to. And the stem 105 is integrated with the upper end of the push guide part 105a. The stem 105 protrudes upward through the slider cover 104, the upper case 103, and the bezel 116, and a movable operation unit 110 is attached to the tip thereof.

  5A is a cross-sectional view (AA cross-sectional view) taken along a plane parallel to the X direction and including the central axis of the stem 105 in FIG. 1B, and FIG. 6A is a cross-sectional view taken along the same plane parallel to the Y direction (BB). FIG. In the neutral state, the oscillating shaft 114S of the joystick main body 114 has zero displacement in the X direction and Y direction, and its central axis coincides with the Z direction (vertical direction).

  When an operation displacement in the X direction is applied to the movable operation unit 101 in this state, the X direction slider 107 slides in the X direction on the Y direction slider 111 via the X direction roller 110 as shown in FIG. 5B. The swing shaft 114S rotates in the X direction, and the rotational displacement is detected by the X direction rotation sensor 81 in FIG. The CPU 80 drives the X reaction force motor 83 so that the swing shaft 114S is pushed back in the opposite direction according to the detected X direction displacement value by a predetermined reaction force control program. An X direction reaction force component is generated.

  Similarly, when an operation displacement in the Y direction is applied to the movable operation unit 101, as shown in FIG. 6B, the Y direction slider 111 (and consequently the Y direction sliding unit 102y in FIG. 3) moves to the base via the Y direction roller 112. The sliding shaft 114S rotates in the Y direction while sliding on the Y direction 113, and the rotational displacement is detected by the Y direction rotation sensor 82 in FIG. The CPU 80 drives the Y reaction force motor 84 so that the swing shaft 114S is pushed back in the opposite direction according to the detected Y direction displacement value, and generates a Y direction reaction force component on the swing shaft 114S. . That is, the X and Y reaction force motors 83 and 84 function as operation reaction force applying means for applying an operation reaction force to the tilting operation performed on the two-dimensional operation unit 200.

  The drive level of the standard reaction force by the X reaction force motor 83 to the Y reaction force motor 84 can have various corresponding relationships depending on the value of the X direction displacement or the Y direction displacement. For example, in the present embodiment, the standard reaction force in the X direction or the Y direction is determined so as to increase as the amount of displacement from the neutral position increases. However, the present invention is not limited to this. On the other hand, when the movable operation unit 101 is pressed in the Z direction, the push switch 106 is energized and the occurrence of the pressing operation is recognized.

  By the way, the vehicle operating device 1 has an operation surface exposed on the main surface of the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200, and can be operated in a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction with respect to the operation surface. An original operation unit 300 is provided. The one-dimensional operation unit 300 has an operation surface 301 a exposed at the main surface 110 a of the movable operation unit 110 that forms the tip surface of the swing shaft 114 </ b> S. The operation surface 301 a operates the movable operation unit 110. Further, an operation with a finger of a hand attached to the tip surface 110a is assumed. In the main body unit 100, the operation content in the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is input as an operation signal, and the navigation ECU 52 that is communicably connected to the main body unit 100 uses the one-dimensional operation unit 300 acquired from the main body unit 100. Display movement control for moving a predetermined display target displayed on the monitor 51 on the screen in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction based on the operation content of One or both of the control content switching controls for sequentially switching a plurality of control contents in which the switching order is defined in a direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction in any one of the forward and reverse directions of the switching order. Implement (control means for two-dimensional operation and control means for one-dimensional operation).

  Specifically, the one-dimensional operation direction of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is associated with a predetermined one-dimensional display direction on the screen and a predetermined switching order for a plurality of control contents. . Accordingly, when a one-dimensional operation is performed in the one-dimensional operation direction, the display object is moved in a form in which the movement direction is limited to the one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the operation direction (display position movement operation), or A plurality of control contents can be sequentially switched in accordance with a switching order corresponding to the operation direction (control contents switching operation).

  FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the movable operation unit 110. The one-dimensional operation unit 300 of the present embodiment has a predetermined rotation axis 311x that is perpendicular to the swing axis when the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is in a neutral state, as the operation target member 301. The rotary operation unit 300 </ b> A includes a wheel-shaped rotation operation member 311 rotated with respect to the movable operation unit 110. The operation surface 301 a is an exposed surface 311 a exposed from the main surface 101 a of the movable operation unit 101 among the outer peripheral surface of the rotation operation member 311. Therefore, the rotation operation to the exposed surface 311a is a rotation feed operation to the exposed surface (operation surface) 311a along the one-dimensional operation direction defined in the two-dimensional operation surface forming the operation range of the two-dimensional operation unit 200. It is defined as (forward rotation operation) or rotation return operation (reverse rotation operation), and the rotational displacement of the rotation operation member 311 due to the rotation operation is detected as the operation displacement (operation amount). As described above, the rotation operation member 311 of this embodiment is an operation target member that can be operated in the one-dimensional operation direction defined on the two-dimensional displacement direction (two-dimensional operation surface) of the movable operation unit 110.

  In the present embodiment, the Y direction is defined as the one-dimensional operation direction, and a rotation feed operation (forward rotation operation) or a rotation return operation (reverse rotation operation) with respect to the exposed surface (operation surface) 311a is performed. A rotation axis 311x is defined along the left-right direction of the vehicle so as to be possible.

  The rotary operation unit 300 </ b> A rotates a wheel-shaped rotation operation member 311, a wheel shaft unit 312 integrated with the wheel-shaped rotation operation member 311, and the movable operation unit 110 via the wheel shaft unit 312. The rotation support portions 313 and 313 that support the rotation operation, the wheel rotation sensor (operation amount detection unit) 314 that detects the rotation displacement (operation amount) of the rotation operation member 311, and the operation signal based on the detected rotation displacement are output. A signal output unit 305 and a signal composed of a bendable member extending toward the joystick main body 114 in order to input the output operation signal to a main control circuit unit (not shown) built in the joystick main body 114 And a wiring portion 306.

  The movable operation unit 110 is configured by fixing a front end side (upper end side) operation cover 220 and a lower end side holder 210 to each other. Here, the holder 210 is fitted into the operation cover 220, and the locking projection 210 </ b> D provided on the upper end side wall 210 </ b> B of the holder 210 is accommodated in the opening 220 </ b> D provided on the side surface 220 </ b> B of the operation cover 220. Thus, the operation cover 220 and the holder 210 are fixed. The operation cover 220 has an opening 220 </ b> C for projecting and exposing a part of the outer peripheral surface (operation surface by the user) of the rotation operation member 311 on a part of the upper end surface part 220 </ b> A, and the lower end side fits the holder 210. Is open for. On the other hand, the holder 210 includes an upper end portion 211 into which the operation cover 220 is fitted, and a lower end portion 212 extending downward from the center portion of the bottom wall portion of the upper end portion 210A and passing through the through hole 116h in the center of the bezel 116. Have The lower end portion 212 has a fixing portion 220E for fixing the stem 105 integrally on the lower end side, and the upper end portion 211 is opened at the upper end side. For this reason, the movable operation unit 110 in which the operation cover 220 and the holder 210 are fixed to each other is hollow inside, and the rotary type operation unit 300A is accommodated therein.

  More specifically, the movable operation unit 110 accommodates the operation surface 301a of the one-dimensional operation member 301 so as to be exposed on the main surface 110a side of the movable operation unit 110, and further includes a wheel rotation sensor 314 and a signal. A housing structure that accommodates the output unit 305 is provided. The signal wiring portion 306 extends from the signal output portion 305 to the outside through a wiring hole 210CH that penetrates the bottom wall portion 210C of the housing structure. A substrate 240 is attached inside the movable operation unit 110. Here, the substrate 240 is attached to the tips of the ribs 220E and 220E extending downward from the upper end 220A inside the operation cover 220 by screws 240t. In addition, on the substrate 240 of the present embodiment, support seats 313 and 313 that form a rotation support portion and a wheel rotation sensor (operation amount detection portion) 314 are attached. Further, a push switch (a tact switch in this case) 230 is provided on the lower surface of the substrate 240.

  The wheel rotation sensor 314 can be a known rotation sensor, and in the present embodiment, the wheel rotation sensor 314 is an infrared transmission / reception device that forms an optical rotation sensor. Here, the rotation operation member 311 is provided with a plurality of transmission parts (not shown) that can transmit infrared rays at predetermined intervals along an arc path along the circumferential direction. The portion 314b is disposed opposite to the arc path. As the rotation operation member 311 rotates, the receiving unit 314b intermittently receives infrared rays transmitted from the transmission unit 314a. The receiving unit 314b outputs the detection result as a rotation operation signal and transmits the detection result to the signal output unit 315 via the wiring on the substrate 240. Further, the rotation operation signal is transmitted from the signal output unit 315 to the joystick main body 114 via the bendable wire harness (signal wiring unit) 306 and is input to the CPU 80 therein.

  The wire harness 306 passes through the wiring hole 210Ch provided in the bottom surface portion 210C of the lower end portion 211 of the holder 210, and is disposed so as to be surrounded by the outer peripheral wall portion 220F of the lower end portion 211 so as not to contact the bezel 116. Has been. Further, the wire harness 306 extends from the signal output unit 305 toward the joystick main body 114 so as to penetrate the wiring through hole 107 h provided in the X-direction slider 107. A terminal 307 provided at the distal end of the wire harness 306 is connected to a connector portion 114 c provided on the upper end surface of the joystick main body 114. This wire harness 306 has excellent bending durability and has a sufficient length so as not to hinder the movement of the X-direction sliding mechanism 102x in the X direction and the movement of the Y-direction sliding unit 102y in the Y direction. Is placed.

  In addition, when a predetermined amount of rotation operation is performed on the wheel-shaped rotary operation member 311 by the user, a predetermined force sense is given to the user accordingly. In the present embodiment, the rotary operation member 311 includes a convex row 301T in which a plurality of convex portions 301t are arranged at predetermined intervals along an arc path along the circumferential direction, and rotation to the rotary operation member 301. There is provided an urging piece 301s that presses and urges the convex portion 301t in the rotational operation direction in accordance with the operation, and is released when the convex portion 301t passes over the convex portion 301t. A click feeling (force sense) is provided as the urging piece 301 s passes through the convex portion 301 t by a rotation operation by the user to 301. That is, the urging piece 301s and the convex portion 301t constitute a force sense applying means during the rotation operation. In addition, the convex part 301t in FIG. 37 is a part between the recessed parts 301u adjacent to the circumferential direction. Note that the method of generating the click feeling (force sense) is not limited to this method.

  On the other hand, the push switch 230 is pressed and biased by pressing the rotation operation member 311 downward. The pressing operation in the Z direction on the push switch 230 and the push switch 106 described above is a position designation input operation in the present embodiment. The rotation operation member 311 is supported by the rotation support portions 313 and 313 in a form of being urged upward by an urging means (not shown), and is moved downward against the urging force of the urging means by the pressing operation. As a result, the push switch 230 is pressed and biased. The push switch 230 outputs a pressing operation signal in accordance with the pressing force, and the operating operation signal is transmitted to the signal output unit 305 through the wiring on the substrate 240, and further, the joystick main body through the wire harness 306. 114 and input to the CPU 80 inside.

  FIG. 7 shows a system configuration example of the vehicle operating device 1 of the present embodiment. The main body 100 of the operating device has a communication interface 85, and the CPU 80 is connected to the multiplex communication line 90 on the vehicle side via the communication interface 85 via the connector 114c in FIG. The multiplex communication line 90 is connected to a car navigation system 50 (including a navigation ECU 52 and a monitor (display: display means) 51 and a storage device 53 connected thereto).

  The angle detection values of the X-direction rotation sensor 81 and the Y-direction rotation sensor 82 indicating the operation displacement in the X direction and the Y direction to the movable operation unit 110 are converted into XY two-dimensional input coordinate values by the CPU 80, for example, In order to use it for moving the position of a predetermined display target on the monitor 51 of the car navigation device 50, it is sent to the navigation ECU 52 via the multiplex communication line 90.

  Similarly, the angle detection value of the wheel rotation sensor 304 indicating the rotation operation displacement (operation amount) of the rotation operation member 311 accompanying the rotation operation to the rotation operation unit 300A is converted into a one-dimensional input coordinate value in the Y direction by the CPU 80. After being converted, for example, it is sent to the navigation ECU 51 via the multiplex communication line 90 to be used for moving the position of a predetermined display target on the monitor 51 of the car navigation device 50, switching the control content, or the like.

  On the other hand, the navigation ECU 52 inputs an XY two-dimensional input coordinate value detected as an operation amount of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 and a one-dimensional input coordinate value detected in the Y direction as an operation amount of the one-dimensional operation unit 300. On the other hand, the operation restriction process shown in FIGS. 14 and 15 and FIG. 16 is performed, and the one-dimensional operation is invalidated according to the situation.

  The process of FIG. 14 is executed in accordance with the switching of the display screen of the monitor 51. In S1, the screen data to be displayed next is read. In S2, it is determined whether or not the operation image (operation area) I set on the screen is equal to or smaller than a predetermined size based on the read screen data. When the operation image (operation area) I set on the screen is equal to or smaller than a predetermined size, the process proceeds to S3, while both the operations of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 are enabled. If the predetermined size is exceeded, the process proceeds to S4, where only the operation of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is validated and the operation of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is invalidated. Then, the next screen is displayed based on the screen data read in S1 in S5.

  The processing in FIG. 15 is also executed in accordance with the switching of the display screen of the monitor 51. In S11, the data of the screen to be displayed next is read out. In S12, based on the read screen data, it is determined whether or not the scroll operation area S exists on the screen. If the scroll operation area S exists, the process proceeds to S13, and both the operations of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 are enabled. On the other hand, if the scroll operation area S does not exist, the process proceeds to S14. Only the operation of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is validated and the operation of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is invalidated. Then, the next screen is displayed based on the screen data read in S1 in S15.

  Note that whether to enable or disable the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is determined and determined in advance for each screen without performing determination based on image data as described above. You may make it set validation / invalidation according to the contents. However, as a determination method, both the operations of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 are effective on the screen having the operation image I exceeding the predetermined size and the screen having the scroll operation region S. In other screens, only the operation of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 may be set to be valid.

  If it is determined in S12 that the scroll operation area S exists, the operation restriction process related to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 shown in FIG. 16 is performed after the next screen display.

  That is, in S21, the current designated position of the pointer image P whose position can be moved on the screen of the monitor 51 by the two-dimensional operation unit 200 on the screen of the monitor 51 is positioned on the scroll display area SD where scroll display is possible. It is determined whether or not to do. When the current designated position of the pointer image P is located on the scroll display area SD, the process proceeds to S22, and the operation mode of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is set to the scroll display mode. Thereby, the scroll image displayed in the scroll display area SD is scrolled in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction (corresponding to the one-dimensional operation direction) in accordance with the operation amount to the one-dimensional operation unit 300. The display contents in the display area S can be changed. On the other hand, if the current designated position of the pointer image P is not located on the scroll display area SD, the process proceeds to S23.

  In S23, it is determined whether or not the current designated position of the pointer image P is located on the control content switching area SC where the control content can be switched in a predetermined order. When the current designated position of the pointer image P is located on the control content switching area SC, the process proceeds to S24, and the operation mode of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is set to the control content switching mode. Thereby, the control content information indicating the control content displayed in the control content switching area SC is set in accordance with a predetermined order (corresponding to the one-dimensional operation direction direction) according to the operation amount of the one-dimensional operation unit 300. It becomes possible to switch sequentially, and it becomes possible to implement the control content corresponding to the displayed control content information. The control content may be implemented as the display is switched, or the control content corresponding to the upper part of the currently displayed control content may be performed by a position instruction operation on another execution operation image. Good. On the other hand, if the current designated position of the pointer image P is not located on the control content switching area SC, the process proceeds to S25.

  In S25, when the current instruction position of the pointer image P is not located on the control content switching area SD, the operation mode of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is set to the position instruction mode. Thus, the pointer image P displayed on the screen of the monitor 51 can be moved in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction according to the operation amount of the one-dimensional operation unit. In the one-dimensional display direction in the position indication mode, the rectangular screen on which the pointer image P is displayed may be set to the smaller one of the vertical direction and the horizontal direction.

  The operation (one-dimensional operation) to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is performed by moving the scroll operation region S such as the scroll display region SD or the control content switching region SC by an operation (two-dimensional operation) to the two-dimensional operation unit 200. It may be activated only when the position is indicated by the possible pointer image P.

  Hereinafter, in the operation device 1 of the present embodiment, a display example based on display control on the monitor 51 performed by the navigation ECU 52 based on operations on the two-dimensional operation unit 200 and the one-dimensional operation unit 300 will be described.

  FIG. 8 is a display example of the monitor 51. Here, a flow of screen display for setting a destination by inputting the name of the destination is shown.

  A display screen 501A shown in FIG. 8A is a menu screen. A plurality of operation images (operation icons) I are displayed on the menu screen 501A, and when a position designation input operation is performed in a position instruction state by the pointer image P for the operation images, a corresponding control content is displayed as a corresponding control target. A control signal is output from the CPU 80 to be executed. Here, it is assumed that a position designation input operation is performed on the operation image I associated with the control content for switching the menu screen 501A to the destination setting screen 501B.

  A display screen 501B shown in FIG. 8B is a destination setting screen 501B, which is a lower layer screen with respect to the menu screen 501A. A plurality of operation images I are also displayed on this destination setting screen 501B. Here, it is assumed that a position designation input operation is performed in a state in which a position instruction is given by the pointer image P with respect to the operation image I associated with the control content for switching the destination setting screen 501B to the destination name input screen 501C. .

  A display screen 501C shown in FIG. 8C is a destination name input screen, and is a lower layer screen for the destination setting screen 501B. A plurality of operation images I are also displayed on the destination name input screen 501C, but a larger number of operation images I having an image range narrower than the above-described screen are set as compared with the screens 501A and 501B. This destination name input screen 501C is a character input screen for displaying an operation image I corresponding to each character, and is associated with control contents for selecting a corresponding character by a position designation input operation to these operation images I. Yes. Then, the name of the destination is input by a character string formed by sequentially selected characters. When the position designation input operation is performed in the position indication state by the pointer image P with respect to the operation image I for completing the name input, the destination including the character string formed by the character selection so far is searched, and the result Control is performed to switch the screen to the purpose search result display screen 501D for displaying.

  A display screen 501D shown in FIG. 8D is a purpose search result display screen, and is a lower layer screen for the destination name input screen 501C. The purpose search result display screen 501D is provided with a vertical scroll operation area S. The scroll operation area S is a scroll display area SD in which a list of purpose search results is displayed. A part of a predetermined scroll image is displayed in a predetermined display area. Scroll operation for moving a scroll image within a predetermined display area by a scrolling operation by means of a position designation input operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200 to a scroll operation operation image I (IS) associated with the scroll operation. Can be implemented. In addition, the operation image I displayed as a list in the scroll display area SD as the target search result displays position information corresponding to each of the operation images I, and a position designation input operation to one of them displays the position as a destination. The control content specified in is set.

  A display screen 501E shown in FIG. 8E is a destination determination screen and is a lower layer screen for the purpose search result display screen 501D. The destination determination screen 501E displays a map image M centered on the destination specified on the destination search result display screen 501D, and is associated with control details for determining the destination as a new destination. The operation image I displayed is displayed.

  In the display examples shown in FIGS. 8A to 8E, the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is an operation unit for moving the pointer image P two-dimensionally on the screen of the monitor 51 in any of the screens of FIGS. 8A to 8E. . Such an operation of moving the pointer image P two-dimensionally is a position instruction operation in the present embodiment. On the other hand, in the one-dimensional operation unit 300, all operations to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 are invalidated on the upper layer screens (FIGS. 8A and 8B) where the displayed operation image I is relatively large. However, the one-dimensional operation is validated on the lower layer screens (FIGS. 8C to 8E). Here, an operation of moving the pointer image P in a one-dimensional straight line on the screen of the monitor 51 (here, an operation of moving the pointer image P only in the vertical direction of the screen) is possible. Such an operation of moving the pointer image P one-dimensionally is also a position instruction operation in the present embodiment.

  In FIG. 8C, by performing a predetermined amount of operation on the one-dimensional operation unit 300, the current operation image that is instructed to position the pointer image P according to a predetermined order with respect to the plurality of operation images I. It is possible to sequentially move from I to another operation image I. That is, in this case, the one-dimensional display direction associated with the one-dimensional operation direction of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is the order determined for the plurality of operation images I. Since this screen is a Japanese syllabary input screen, “A line” is displayed in order in the vertical direction, “K line” is displayed in order adjacent to the left side, and each line is displayed in turn. “Aiueo order” is defined as a one-dimensional direction, and the pointer image P sequentially moves on the operation image I according to this order. Thus, when the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is operated in the positive direction of the one-dimensional operation direction, the pointer image P proceeds from “A” to “F” and further to “F” at the upper left. It is possible to move according to a predetermined order, such as “going down” from top to bottom.

  In FIG. 8D, a scroll display area SD exists. The scroll operation area S is a scroll display area SD. When the pointer image P is positioned on the area S by, for example, a position instruction operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200, the operation mode of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is the position instruction mode. To control content switching mode. When an operation is performed on the one-dimensional operation unit 300 in this state, scroll display is performed in a direction corresponding to the normal and reverse operation directions.

  FIG. 9 is a display example of the monitor 51. Here, a menu screen is displayed, and a plurality of operation images I are displayed as in FIG. 8A. However, the displayed operation image I is different from FIG. 8A. Each operation image I displayed here is associated with control contents for switching the display to the corresponding display screen.

  The display screen shown in FIG. 10 is a map screen 503 that displays the current position of the host vehicle, and is a lower hierarchy screen that is displayed by a position designation input operation on the operation image I on the menu screen 502. Also on the map screen 503, a plurality of operation images I are displayed on a map image M forming a background image. Further, on the map image M, an enlargement / reduction scroll operation image (scroll operation area S) S for displaying the displayed map image M in an enlarged or reduced manner is displayed and set. The scroll operation area S is a control content switching display area (enlargement / reduction operation image). When the pointer image P is positioned on the area S by, for example, a position instruction operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200, a one-dimensional operation is performed. The operation mode of the unit 300 is switched from the position instruction mode to the control content switching mode. When the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is operated in this state, an enlarged / reduced display that causes a corresponding scale change is performed according to the operation amount. Here, a plurality of scales are set in a predetermined order, and the scales are sequentially switched according to the operation amount of the one-dimensional operation unit 300.

  FIG. 11 shows a display example of the monitor 51. Here, a flow of displaying the sound setting screen 504B from the FM channel selection screen 504A in the in-vehicle audio apparatus is shown.

  A display screen 504 shown in FIG. 11A is an FM channel selection screen on which a plurality of operation images I are displayed, and is a lower layer screen displayed by a position designation input operation on the operation image I on the menu screen 502. Here, no. The station set to 3 has already been selected and output to the passenger compartment. In this state, the operation image I associated with the control content to be switched to the sound setting screen 503B is associated with the one-dimensional operation unit 300 or When a position instruction is made by the pointer image P by a position instruction operation of either or both of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 and a position designation input operation is further performed in this state, the display is switched to the display screen 503B shown in FIG. 11B.

  A display screen 504B shown in FIG. 11B is an acoustic setting screen and is a lower layer screen with respect to the FM channel selection screen 504A. In this sound setting screen 504B, a plurality of scroll operation areas S are displayed and set for various sound settings. The scroll operation area S is a control content switching display area (volume control operation image). When the pointer image P is positioned on the area S by, for example, a position instruction operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200, a one-dimensional operation is performed. The operation mode of the unit 300 is switched from the position instruction mode to the control content switching mode. When the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is operated in this state, corresponding volume adjustment control is performed according to the operation amount. In some scroll operation areas S, a bar image SB indicating a volume level is displayed. When an operation by the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is performed on the scroll operation area S, according to the operation amount, A control for moving the display position of the bar image SB along a predetermined one-dimensional display direction on the screen is simultaneously performed.

  FIG. 12 shows a display example of the monitor 51, which is a screen on which an operation image I for one-dimensional operation appears by a position instruction operation by a two-dimensional operation unit 200 with respect to a predetermined display object on a predetermined display screen. is there. Here, on the music playback screen 505A in the in-vehicle audio apparatus, a music selection operation image is displayed as the operation image I for the one-dimensional operation unit 300 in accordance with the position instruction operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200 and the one-dimensional operation unit 300. It is shown.

  A display screen 505A shown in FIG. 12A is one of music playback screens and is a lower layer screen displayed by a position designation input operation on the operation image I on the menu screen 502. A plurality of operation images I are displayed, and information about the selected song is displayed. Here, the operation image I associated with the control content for switching the current display state in such a manner that the operation image I for CD album selection, which is one of the operation images for music selection, appears on the current display screen. On the other hand, when a position instruction is made by the pointer image P by a position instruction operation of one or both of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200, and a position designation input operation is performed in that state, FIG. The display is switched to the display screen 504B shown.

  A display screen 505B shown in FIG. 12B is a screen in which an operation image I for music selection appears on the display screen 505A shown in FIG. 12A, and is a lower layer screen with respect to the display screen 505A. On this screen 505B, a scroll operation area S for selecting a CD album is displayed and set. The scroll operation area S is a control content switching area (CD album selection operation image) SC. When the pointer image P is positioned on the area SC by a position instruction operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200, for example, one-dimensional. The operation mode of the operation unit 300 is switched from the position instruction mode to the control content switching mode. In this state, when the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is operated, control for switching the CD album to be reproduced is sequentially performed in accordance with a predetermined CD album order according to the operation amount. At the same time, the display switching control of the CD album display area V is also performed, and the control of sequentially switching the display of the name of the CD album to be reproduced is performed.

  FIG. 13 shows a display example of the monitor 51. A position is designated by a position instruction operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200 on a predetermined display screen, and a position designation input operation is performed in the position instruction state, whereby predetermined control is performed. An operation image I for a two-dimensional operation unit that implements the contents is displayed. However, as a one-dimensional operation is performed by the one-dimensional operation unit 300 in the position indication state for the operation image I, the operation image I is a scroll operation image for one-dimensional operation that performs the same control content. Switch to Here, on the air conditioning setting screen for the in-vehicle air conditioner, the displayed operation image I for the two-dimensional operation unit for adjusting the blown air flow level is scrolled for one-dimensional operation for adjusting the blown air flow level in the same manner. A flow of switching to the operation image I is shown.

  The display screen illustrated in FIG. 13A is a setting screen for the in-vehicle air conditioner, and displays a plurality of operation images. On this screen, an operation image I for setting a blowing air volume level is displayed, and the operation image I corresponding to each air volume level is instructed by a position instructing operation by a two-dimensional operation unit, and the position is indicated in the position instructing state. By receiving the designated input operation, the corresponding blowing air volume level is set. Here, the position is instructed by the position indicating operation by the two-dimensional operation unit 200 on each operation image I for setting the air volume level or on a predetermined operation image group display area where the operation image I is displayed. When a one-dimensional operation is performed by the one-dimensional operation unit 300, the screen is switched to the display screen shown in FIG. 13B.

  The display screen shown in FIG. 13B is a screen after switching from the display screen shown in FIG. 13A, and is not the operation image I for the two-dimensional operation unit for setting the blowing air volume level. It is a screen on which an operation image for a one-dimensional operation unit for setting is displayed. On this screen, a horizontal scroll operation area S for the blowout air flow level is displayed and set. When a position instruction operation for positioning the pointer image P on the control content switching display area where the scroll operation image is displayed is performed by the two-dimensional operation of the two-dimensional operation unit 200, the operation mode of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is changed. Switch to the control content switching mode. When an operation is performed on the one-dimensional operation unit 300 in this state, the blown air volume level set in the in-vehicle air conditioner is adjusted according to the operation amount. At the same time, a bar image for indicating the volume level is displayed in the scroll operation image (scroll operation area S), and the display position moves according to the operation amount as the one-dimensional operation is performed. To do. Here, the one-dimensional operation direction of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is the Y direction, and the corresponding one-dimensional display direction on the screen of the monitor 51 is the horizontal direction of the screen.

  In the screen display example of the monitor 51 described above, when only one scroll operation area S forming the control content switching area SC is displayed on the screen, it is assigned to the one-dimensional operation unit 300. For the operation, the control content corresponding to the operation direction can be switched without performing the position instruction operation to the control content switching area SC, and the one-dimensional operation unit 300 displays a predetermined display object in a one-dimensional manner. You may make it prohibit the display movement operation which moves to a direction.

  By the way, in the operating device 1 according to the present embodiment, two push switches that perform a pressing operation in the Z direction are provided, and are pressed and urged by a push operation that presses the movable operation unit 110 in the Z direction (ON). ) The push switch 106 and the push operation that presses the operation surface 301a of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 in the Z direction causes the entire one-dimensional operation unit 300 to be pressed and biased (turned ON). A push switch 230 is provided. However, when the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is pressed to press and push the push switch 106, the movable operation unit 110 may also be displaced in the Z direction, and the push switch 230 is also pressed and biased simultaneously. There is a possibility that. Therefore, the operation stroke for pressing and urging the push switch 106 is set longer than the operation stroke for pressing and urging the push switch 230 (preferably twice or more), or the push switch 106 is pressed. By setting the operation load for energizing larger than the operation load for energizing the push switch 230 (preferably twice or more), the simultaneous operation of both push switches 106 and 230 does not occur. it can. In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 38, an operation stroke (here, 1.5 mm) for pressing and urging the push switch 106 is an operation stroke (here, 0 mm) for pressing and urging the push switch 230. .3 mm) and an operation load for pressing and urging the push switch 106 (here, at an intermediate position from the non-biasing position of the push switch 106 to the urging position (ON position)). 5N operation load is set to an intermediate position from the non-energized position of the push switch 230 to the biased position (ON position). Is set so as to generate an operation load of 1 N).

  As mentioned above, although 1st embodiment of this invention was described, these are only illustrations, this invention is not limited to these, A various change is possible unless it deviates from the meaning of a claim. It is. Hereinafter, an embodiment different from the first embodiment will be described with reference to the drawings. However, the same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals and the description thereof is omitted. In any of the examples, the same display as in the first embodiment can be performed.

  A second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 17 is a perspective view showing an operation structure portion (hereinafter also referred to as a main body portion) of the vehicle operation device of the second embodiment, FIG. 18 is an exploded perspective view of the movable operation portion, and FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 17 (cross section similar to FIG. 5), FIG. 20 is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB in FIG. 17 (cross section similar to FIG. 6), and FIG. It is a block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of an operating device.

  The vehicle operation device 1B (1) according to the second embodiment is provided with a touch pad type operation unit 300B as the one-dimensional operation unit 300. The touch pad type operation unit 300B is provided with a touch panel 321 on the distal end surface side of the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 so that a touch operation surface forming the operation surface 321a is exposed. A touch movement operation is performed in which the operation surface 321a is moved in a touched state. Then, the movement displacement of the touch movement operation in the one-dimensional operation direction predetermined on the touch operation surface 321a is detected as the operation displacement. That is, in a general touchpad type operation unit, the CPU vectorizes the movement displacement of the touch movement operation performed on the touch operation surface in two orthogonal axes (XY) defined on the touch operation surface. The CPU 80 according to the present embodiment detects only the one-dimensional operation direction (here, the Y direction), and detects the displacement in the other axis direction orthogonal to this (the other vector direction) Here, the movement displacement in the X direction) is not detected, or even if it is detected, the value is not used later. Here, the touch panel 321 has an operation target member 301 in which the operation direction to the touch operation surface 321a is set to a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction determined on the two-dimensional displacement direction (two-dimensional operation surface) of the movable operation unit 110. It has become.

  As the touch panel 321, a known resistive film type or electrostatic capacity type can be used.

  Further, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 21, a vibration control unit 329 is provided as an operational force sense imparting unit. This vibration control unit 329 includes a touch operation force sense application mode that applies a predetermined vibration (force sense) as a response to the touch operation surface being touched by the user, and a touch operation surface provided by the user to the touch operation surface. The touch movement operation force sense application mode for applying a predetermined vibration (force sense) as a response to the touch movement operation that causes a certain amount of movement displacement is provided. By giving these force sensations according to instructions from the CPU 80, the vibration control unit 329 functions as a force sensation applying means during touch operation and a force sensation providing means during touch movement operation of the present invention. Note that the force sense to be applied is not limited to vibration, and may be, for example, one that receives a pressing force in the direction opposite to the touch direction, or another one.

  Further, in the present embodiment, the movable operation unit 110 has a hollow inside as in the above-described embodiments, and the touch pad type operation unit 300B is accommodated therein, and the front end surface 111a has an opening. A portion 220C is provided, and the touch operation surface 321a is exposed from the opening 220C.

  In addition, the touch operation surface 321a of the present embodiment is formed in a rectangular shape in which the width in the one-dimensional operation direction defined on the touch operation surface 321a is longer than the width in the direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction. Yes. Furthermore, the touch operation surface has a shape that is long in the Y direction and short in the X direction, and the Y direction is one-dimensionally operated so as to be operated in both forward and reverse directions along the Y direction of the movable operation unit 110. Have as direction. Further, the one-dimensional display directions corresponding to the one-dimensional operation directions determined on the screen of the monitor 51 are also determined to be orthogonal to each other. Here, the Y direction is the vertical direction of the screen (the vehicle up-down direction). Direction) and X direction are defined in the horizontal direction of the screen (the vehicle left-right direction).

  Furthermore, in the present embodiment, the touch operation surface 321a has guide wall portions 301G protruding from the touch operation surface 321a at both end positions in a direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction defined on the operation surface 321. Is provided. Here, the inner peripheral wall portion of the opening 220C is used as the guide wall portion 301G, and the touch operation surface 321a is provided on the groove bottom surface.

  In the present embodiment, as in the first embodiment, the push switch 230 is pressed and urged by pressing the touch panel 321 downward. The touch panel 321 is supported by the substrate 240 or the operation cover 220 while being urged upward by an urging means (not shown), and is displaced downward against the urging force of the urging means by the pressing operation. Thus, the push switch 230 is configured to receive a pressing bias.

  In addition, although the touch operation surface 321a of the said embodiment is long formed in the predetermined one-dimensional direction as shown to Fig.22 (a), as shown to FIG.22 (b), the movable operation part 110 is shown. The entire main surface 110a can be used as the touch operation surface 321a. Further, as an example in which a plurality of one-dimensional operation units 300 are provided on the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200, two touch operation surfaces 321ax and 321ay are used as the touch operation surface 321a having a rectangular shape. And can be formed in a cross shape in which the long side directions intersect at the center. At this time, the one-dimensional operation directions of the touch operation surfaces 321ax and 321ay are determined to be different from each other, and are provided so as to be orthogonal to each other. Further, on the display screen that can move the pointer image P by both the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200, the one-dimensional display determined on the screen of the monitor 51 corresponding to the one-dimensional operation direction. The directions are also determined to be orthogonal to each other.

  FIG. 34 shows a configuration in which a touchpad type operation unit 300B is provided as the one-dimensional operation unit 300 as described above, but is an embodiment different from the above. Here, the touch operation surface 321 is arranged on the main surface 110 a of the movable operation unit 110 in such a manner that a user's finger holding the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is assigned. Furthermore, the one-dimensional operation direction of the arranged touch operation surface 321 is determined to be a direction in which the assigned finger can be easily moved.

  Specifically, four touch operation surfaces 321a1, 321a2, 321a3, and 321a4 are provided, and among these, three touch operation surfaces 321a1, 321a2, and 321a3 are index fingers and middle fingers that are used by the user during operation. The ring finger is assumed and arranged in parallel with each other in the form of having the long side direction in the vehicle front-rear direction, and the respective primary operation directions are also set in the vehicle front-rear direction. On the other hand, the touch operation surface 321a4 has a thumb set as a finger used by the user at the time of operation, and has a long side direction in the left-right direction of the vehicle. In addition to being arranged, the one-dimensional operation direction is also defined in the vehicle left-right direction.

  Embodiments will be described individually in FIG. FIG. 34A shows an embodiment in which four touch operation surfaces 321a1, 321a2, 321a3, and 321a4 are formed as they are on the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110. The touch operation surfaces 321a1, 321a2, 321a3, and 321a4 are provided so as to be positioned as bottom surfaces of the grooves formed on the main surface 110a, and the groove wall portion of the outer peripheral edge functions as the guide wall portion 301G. Yes. On the other hand, in FIG. 34A, the operation surface of the touch panel is formed on the entire surface. Touch operation surfaces 321a1, 321a2, 321a3, and 321a4 are provided as predetermined partial areas, and the operation input is invalidated even if a touch movement operation is performed on the remaining areas.

  In the above-described embodiment, the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is fixedly arranged with respect to the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200. However, the arrangement position may be customized. For example, an operation surface settable area that can be set as the operation surface 301a of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is formed on the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110, and a plurality of operation surface settings are set in the operation surface settable area. A prospective area is set in advance. However, the one-dimensional operation direction when it is set as the operation surface 301a is matched with these operation surface setting prospective areas to be set. On the other hand, the operation surface 301a of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 can be set by selecting the operation surface setting expected area to be set as the operation surface 301a.

  Specifically, in FIG. 34A, an area 320a (a surface area composed of areas 321a1 to 321a4) is defined as an operation surface setting available area where the operation surface 311a can be set, and the touch panel 321 of the touch panel 321 is defined in the area 320a. A touch operation surface is formed in advance. Further, in the area 320a, as a plurality of operation surface setting expected areas, areas are associated with reference numerals 321a1 to 321a4, and primary operation directions (reference numerals 321a1 to 321a3 are in the X direction and reference numeral 321a4 is in the Y direction) are associated with each other. Set in advance. As a display screen of the monitor 51, an operation surface setting screen for customizing the position of the operation surface of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is prepared in advance. For example, a screen 507 shown in FIG. 35 can be displayed on the operation surface setting screen. On the operation surface setting screen 507, an area 517a corresponding to the actual operation surface setting possible area 310a is displayed, and areas 507a1 to 507a4 corresponding to the operation surface setting expected areas 321a1 to 321a4 are also displayed on the operation surface. It is displayed in the area 517a in a form reflecting the positional relationship of the operation surface setting expected areas 321a1 to 321a4 with respect to the settable area 320a. Then, by accepting an area selection operation for selecting one or a plurality of the displayed areas 507a1 to 507a4, the operation surface setting expected areas 321a1 to 321a4 corresponding to the selected areas 507a1 to 507a4 are touched. The operation surface setting expected area corresponding to the remaining area that is set to enable the function as the surface 321a is set so that the function as the touch operation surface 321a is disabled, and these settings are set. Information is stored in a storage device (storage unit such as a ROM or a non-volatile memory) 89 connected to the CPU 80.

  Thereby, when a touch movement operation is performed on the operation surface on which the function as the touch operation surface is enabled, display movement control and control content switching control corresponding to the detected operation displacement are performed, When a touch movement operation is performed on an operation surface whose function as a touch operation surface is invalidated, display movement control and control content switching control corresponding to the detected operation displacement are not performed. The invalidation may be performed in such a manner that control corresponding to the detected operation displacement is prohibited, or detection of the operation displacement itself may be stopped.

  In the area selection operation, for example, any one of the areas 507a1 to 507a4 is designated by the position designation operation, and the designated area is selected by the position designation input operation in the designated state. Can be implemented.

  Display information for displaying the operation surface setting screen 507 is stored in a storage device (storage unit such as a ROM or a nonvolatile memory) 53 connected to the CPU of the navigation ECU 52, and the operation surface setting screen is displayed. At the time of display 507, the data is read by the CPU, and display control based on this is executed. Further, preset setting information such as the correspondence between the areas 507a1 to 507a4 and the operation surface setting expected areas 321a1 to 321a4 and the one-dimensional operation direction of each operation surface setting expected area 321a1 to 321a4 is stored in the CPU 80 of the main body 100. It is stored in a storage device (ROM, non-volatile memory, etc.) 89 connected to, and is referred to when setting the validation / invalidation of the operation surface setting expected areas 321a1 to 321a4. The storage unit 89 also stores setting results of validation / invalidation set for each of the operation surface setting expected areas 321a1 to 321a4. When a touch movement operation is performed on each of them, the CPU 80 Determines validation / invalidation based on the setting result, and performs control reflecting this.

  Further, for example, the entire main surface 110 a of the movable operation unit 110 is formed as an operation surface settable region that can be set as the operation surface 301 a of the one-dimensional operation unit 300. Then, the operation surface 301a of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 can be set to the designated region in such a manner that the region is designated on the operation surface settable region.

  More specifically, as shown in FIG. 34 (b), the entire main surface 101a of the movable operation unit 101 is an operation surface settable region 320a (a region composed of regions 321a1 to 321a4) on which the operation surface 321a can be set. The touch operation surface of the touch panel 301 is formed in advance in the area 320a. Then, for example, an operation surface setting screen 508 shown in FIG. 36 is displayed as the display screen of the monitor 51. On the operation surface setting screen 508, an area 518a corresponding to the actual operation surface setting possible area 320a is displayed. In this area 518a, an area designating operation for designating one or more areas is accepted. The operation surface setting corresponding to the remaining area which is set so that the function as the touch operation surface 321a is activated for the region on the operation surface setting possible region 320a corresponding to the region 518a1 or 518a2 that has been selected. For the prospective area, the function as the touch operation surface 321a is set to be invalidated, and the setting information is stored in a storage device (storage unit such as a ROM or a non-volatile memory) 89 connected to the CPU 80. .

  Thereby, when a touch movement operation is performed on the operation surface on which the function as the touch operation surface is enabled, display movement control and control content switching control corresponding to the detected operation displacement are performed, When a touch movement operation is performed on an operation surface whose function as a touch operation surface is invalidated, display movement control and control content switching control corresponding to the detected operation displacement are not performed. The invalidation may be performed in such a manner that control corresponding to the detected operation displacement is prohibited, or detection of the operation displacement itself may be stopped.

  Note that the region designation operation is performed, for example, by moving a frame image for region designation displayed as the operation surface setting screen 508 is displayed, and as the position of the frame image is determined, The inside of the frame image can be set as the operation surface. The movement of the frame image may be performed by the above-described position designation input operation to the operation image I for movement.

  Display information for displaying the operation surface setting screen 508 is stored in a storage device (storage unit such as a ROM or a nonvolatile memory) 53 connected to the CPU of the navigation ECU 52, and the operation surface setting screen is displayed. At the time of display 508, the data is read out by the CPU, and display control based on this is executed. Furthermore, the setting result of validation / invalidation set by the area designation operation is stored in a storage device (ROM, non-volatile memory, etc.) 89 connected to the CPU 80 of the main body 100, and the operation surface setting is performed. When a touch movement operation is performed on the possible area 310a, the CPU 80 determines whether the operation is valid / invalid based on the setting result, and performs control reflecting this.

  In the embodiment shown in FIG. 35 and FIG. 36, the navigation ECU 52 and the CPU 80 of the main body 100 cooperate with each other to function as operation surface position customizing means, and the screen display on the monitor 51 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 Customization is performed using operation input.

  A third embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 23 is a perspective view showing an operation structure portion (hereinafter also referred to as a main body portion) of the vehicle operation device of the third embodiment, FIG. 24 is an exploded perspective view of the movable operation portion, and FIG. 23 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 23 (cross section similar to FIG. 5), FIG. 26 is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB in FIG. 23 (cross section similar to FIG. 6), and FIG. It is a block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of an operating device.

  The vehicular operating device 1C (1) of the third embodiment is provided with a push-type operating unit 300C as the one-dimensional operating unit 300. The push-type operation unit 300 </ b> C includes a push operation member 330 provided on the distal end surface 110 a of the movable operation unit 110 of the two-dimensional operation unit 200. In the push operation member 330, a predetermined one-dimensional display direction is set as a moving direction of a predetermined display target (for example, pointer image P or scroll image) displayed on the screen of the monitor 51. The display object can be moved only in the direction.

  The operation target member 330 of the push type operation unit 300C in the present embodiment is a disk-shaped member having a plurality of push operation surfaces 331a on the main surface thereof, and is an upper end fixed on the substrate 240 at the center of the back surface side. Is supported by a spherical rocking support 322 so as to be rockable. When one operation surface 321a is operated, only the corresponding push switch 334 is pressed and urged. In the present embodiment, the four push operation surfaces 334 are arranged on the disk-like member 320 in a cross shape with the swing support body 322 as the center, and push switches (in this case, tact switches) corresponding to the respective push operation surfaces 334. 334 is provided. More specifically, the first operation surface 331a1 and the first push switch 3341 are arranged so that a predetermined display object displayed on the monitor 51 is a forward direction of one one-dimensional display direction in a one-dimensional display direction orthogonal to each other. The second operation surface 331a3 and the second push switch 3343 move in the opposite directions. The third operation surface 331a2 and the third push switch 3342 move the predetermined display object displayed on the monitor 51 in the forward direction of the other one-dimensional display direction in the one-dimensional display direction orthogonal to each other. The fourth operation surface 331a4 and the fourth push switch 3344 move in the opposite directions.

  A fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 28 is a perspective view showing an operation structure portion (hereinafter also referred to as a main body portion) of the vehicle operating device of the fourth embodiment, FIG. 29 is an exploded perspective view of the movable operation portion, and FIG. 28 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 28 (cross section similar to FIG. 5), FIG. 31 is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB in FIG. 28 (cross section similar to FIG. 6), and FIG. It is a block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of an operating device.

  The vehicle operating device 1D (1) according to the fourth embodiment is configured to include a rotary operation unit, as in the first embodiment described above, but the rotation trajectory is different. The operation surface (exposed surface) of the rotation operation member 341 is a rotary operation unit 300 </ b> D having a non-circular rotation path that appears as a plane parallel to the main surface 110 a of the movable operation unit 110. In the present embodiment, a belt member 341 is disposed on the outer periphery of a plurality of bearing members 342 fixed to the movable operation unit 110 so as to surround them. Of the belt member 341, an exposed portion exposed at the upper end side is an operation surface 341a. By operating the belt in the rotation direction while pressing the operation surface 341a, the belt member 341 rotates. Moves in either forward or reverse direction. This movement displacement is detected by the belt rotation sensor 344. Here, the rotation sensor is a sensor that detects the rotation of the outer ring (rotating ring) of the bearing 342 that rotates as the belt member 341 moves, and the detection method may be the same as the wheel rotation sensor described above. it can.

  In the present embodiment, as in the first embodiment, the push switch 230 is pressed and biased by pressing the rotation operation member 341 downward. The rotation operation member 341 is supported on the substrate 240 or the operation cover 220 in a form of being urged upward by an urging means (not shown), and is moved downward against the urging force of the urging means by the pressing operation. The push switch 230 is configured to be displaced by the displacement.

  In the above embodiment, the position designation input operation unit is provided in both the two-dimensional operation unit 200 and the one-dimensional operation unit 100. However, the position designation input operation unit may be provided only in the one-dimensional operation unit 100.

  In the embodiment excluding FIG. 22 described above, only one operation surface of the one-dimensional operation unit is formed on the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110, but a plurality of operation surfaces may be formed. At this time, the plurality of one-dimensional operation units can be arranged so that the one-dimensional operation directions are different from each other, and further, the one-dimensional display directions corresponding to the one-dimensional operation directions may be set differently. Good. Further, a plurality of rotary operation units 300A and 300D may be provided on the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110, or different types of one-dimensional operation units 300 may be provided on the main surface 110a of the movable operation unit 110. Good.

  By the way, in the embodiment already described, when two push switches for performing the position designation input operation are provided, the operation stroke and the operation are prevented so that they are not operated at the same time, for example, as shown in FIG. The load setting can be made different. However, one push switch 106 is highly likely to be pressed when operating the two-dimensional operation unit 200, and the other push switch 230 is pressed when operating the one-dimensional operation unit 300. It is likely to be manipulated. That is, when a position designation operation is being performed by the two-dimensional operation unit 200 and a position designation input is to be performed immediately at the currently designated position, the push switch 106 is moved by a push operation that directly pushes the movable operation unit 110. Pressing and biasing can be performed more quickly and accurately than pressing the other push switch 230. On the other hand, when a position designation operation is being performed by the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and a position designation input is to be performed immediately at the currently designated position, a push operation that directly pushes the operation surface 301a of the one-dimensional operation unit 300 Therefore, pressing and urging the push switch 230 can be performed more quickly and accurately than pressing the other push switch 106.

  For this reason, when the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is operated, the pressing force to the push switch 106 corresponding to the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is validated, and the push switch 230 corresponding to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is activated. When the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is being operated, the push urging to the push switch 230 corresponding to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is validated. The push urging to the push switch 106 corresponding to the two-dimensional operation unit 200 can be set to be invalidated. As a result, the position indicating operation and the position specifying input operation are performed by the same operation unit, so that the operation is easy to understand. It is possible to prevent an erroneous operation such that the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is pushed in the Z direction by mistake during the operation of the two-dimensional operation unit 200. More preferably, when the Z-direction operation is performed on the one-dimensional operation unit 300, not only the corresponding push switch 230 is pressed and biased, but the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is excessively pushed in the Z direction, It is desirable to prevent an erroneous operation in which the other push switch 106 is also pressed and urged. Specifically, it can be realized by performing a Z-direction pressing operation process as shown in FIG.

  In S31, the CPU 80 determines whether or not the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is being operated based on the detection result of the one-dimensional operation detection unit. If it is determined that the operation is being performed, the process proceeds to S 32, and the push bias to the push switch 230 corresponding to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is enabled and the push switch 106 corresponding to the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is activated. The pressing bias is invalidated, and the process proceeds to S38 in this state. As a result, even if the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is accidentally pushed in the Z direction during the operation of the one-dimensional operation unit 300, the pressing operation is invalidated. On the other hand, if it is determined in S31 that the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is not being operated, the process proceeds to S33.

  In S33, the CPU 80 determines whether or not the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is being operated based on the detection result of the two-dimensional operation detection unit. If it is determined that the operation is being performed, the process proceeds to S34, and the push bias to the push switch 106 corresponding to the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is enabled and the push switch 230 corresponding to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is activated. The pressing bias is invalidated, and the process proceeds to S38 in this state. Accordingly, even if the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is accidentally pushed in the Z direction during the operation of the two-dimensional operation unit 200, the pressing operation is invalidated. On the other hand, if it is determined in S33 that the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is not being operated, the process proceeds to S35.

  In S35, the CPU 80 determines whether or not a predetermined period has elapsed after the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is operated. This means that as the one-dimensional operation unit 300 enters a non-operation state, time counting is started by a timer function provided in the CPU 80, and it is determined whether or not a predetermined period has elapsed from the count value. Here, the predetermined period is set to 2 sec. When it is determined that the predetermined period has not elapsed, the process proceeds to S36, where it is determined whether or not the one-dimensional operation unit 300 has been pressed in the Z direction. When the Z direction pressing operation is performed on the one-dimensional operation unit 300, the process proceeds to S37, and the push urging to the push switch 230 corresponding to the one-dimensional operation unit 300 is enabled and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is supported. The pressing bias to the push switch 106 is invalidated, and the process proceeds to S38 in this state. As a result, when a Z-direction operation is performed on the one-dimensional operation unit 300, even if the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is pushed too much in the Z direction, the pressing operation on the two-dimensional operation unit 200 is invalidated. The If it is determined in S35 that the predetermined period has passed, if there is no Z-direction pressing operation on the one-dimensional operation unit 300 in S36, the one-dimensional operation unit 300 and the two-dimensional operation unit 200 The process proceeds to S38 while the pressing force applied to the corresponding push switches 230 and 106 is enabled.

  In S38, the CPU detects the pressing force on the push switches 230 and 106 based on the Z-direction pressing operation on the one-dimensional operation unit 300 or the two-dimensional operation unit 200, and when the pressing force is detected, Based on whether or not the push switches 230 and 106 that have been pressed and biased are set to be invalidated, the push bias is invalidated if it is invalidated, and the push bias is valid if not invalidated. Regardless, implement the corresponding control.

  In subsequent S39, all invalidation settings are canceled, and then this processing is terminated. It should be noted that this process is repeatedly performed at a predetermined cycle even after completion.

The external appearance perspective view of the main-body part of 1st embodiment operating device of this invention. The top view seen in the state which removed the bezel and movable operation part of FIG. The exploded perspective view of FIG. The disassembled perspective view of the movable operation part of FIG. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 2. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 2. BB sectional drawing in case the two-dimensional operation part is in a neutral state in FIG. The BB sectional view in case the two-dimensional operation part is not in a neutral state in FIG. The block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of the operating device of FIG. The first example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The 2nd example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The 3rd example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The 4th example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The 5th example of the screen display in a display apparatus. 6th example of screen display in a display apparatus. 7th example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The 8th example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The 9th example of the screen display in a display apparatus. The flowchart which shows the 1st example of an operation restriction process. The flowchart which shows the 2nd example of an operation restriction process. The flowchart which shows the 3rd example of an operation restriction process. The external appearance perspective view of the main-body part of the operating device of 2nd embodiment of this invention. The disassembled perspective view of the movable operation part of FIG. FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 17. FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 17. FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 17. FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 17. The block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of the operating device of FIG. The figure which shows the other example of a touch operation surface shape. The external appearance perspective view of the main-body part of the operating device for vehicles which concerns on 3rd embodiment of this invention. The disassembled perspective view of the movable operation part of FIG. FIG. 24 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 23. FIG. 24 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 23. FIG. 24 is a sectional view taken along line B-B when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 23. FIG. 24 is a sectional view taken along line BB when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 23. The block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of the operating device of FIG. The external appearance perspective view of the main-body part of 4th embodiment operating device of this invention. FIG. 29 is an exploded perspective view of the movable operation unit in FIG. 28. FIG. 29 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 28. FIG. 29 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 28. FIG. 29 is a sectional view taken along line BB when the two-dimensional operation unit is in a neutral state in FIG. 28. FIG. 29 is a sectional view taken along line BB when the two-dimensional operation unit is not in a neutral state in FIG. 28. The block diagram which shows the whole structure concept of the operating device of FIG. The figure which shows simply the structure which provides a force sense with a rotation operation member. The figure which shows the example of the touch operation surface shape different from FIG. The figure explaining customization of the setting position of the touch operation surface on the main surface of a movable operation part. The figure explaining customization of the setting position of the touch operation surface on the main surface of a movable operation part. The figure which shows the vehicle interior of the vehicle carrying the vehicle operating device of this invention. The figure explaining the structure for the push switch corresponding to each of a one-dimensional operation part and a two-dimensional operation part not being operated simultaneously. The flowchart explaining an example of the operation processing for the push switch corresponding to each of a one-dimensional operation part and a two-dimensional operation part not to be operated simultaneously.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Vehicle operation apparatus 100 Main-body part 110 Movable operation part (operation knob)
110a Main surface of movable operation unit 114 Oscillation axis (oscillation axis part)
51 Monitor (display means)
52 Navi ECU (two-dimensional operation control means, one-dimensional operation control means)
80 CPU
200 Two-dimensional operation unit 300 One-dimensional operation unit

Claims (30)

  1. A vehicle operating device that is attached to a position where a user seated on a seat can operate in a vehicle interior,
    The operation knob has a stick-like swing shaft portion formed at the tip, and the swing shaft line of the swing shaft portion is tilted from a predetermined neutral angle position in a direction corresponding to the direction to indicate the position. The operation knob is operated within a predetermined two-dimensional operation surface defined as an operation range; and
    It has an operation surface exposed at the main surface of the operation knob that forms the tip surface of the swing shaft portion, and operates in a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction defined in the two-dimensional operation surface with respect to the operation surface. Possible one-dimensional operation part,
    A vehicle operating device comprising:
  2. A display device arranged so that the user can visually recognize the screen;
    Two-dimensional operation control means for two-dimensionally moving a predetermined display target displayed on the display device on the screen based on an operation to the two-dimensional operation unit;
    Based on an operation to the one-dimensional operation unit, a predetermined display object displayed on the display device is moved on the screen in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction. Display movement control and control content switching control for sequentially switching a plurality of control contents for which a switching order is defined in advance in a direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction in any one of the forward and reverse directions of the switching order. Control means for one-dimensional operation capable of implementing either or both of them,
    The vehicle operating device according to claim 1, further comprising:
  3. A vehicle operating device that is attached to a position where a user seated on a seat can operate in a vehicle interior,
    A display device arranged so that the user can visually recognize the screen;
    A direction in which the display object should move on the screen from a predetermined neutral angle position where the operation knob has a stick-shaped swing shaft portion formed at the tip of the swing shaft portion. A two-dimensional operation unit in which the operation knob is operated within a predetermined two-dimensional operation surface defined as an operation range so as to be inclined in a direction corresponding to
    A one-dimensional operation portion that has an operation surface exposed at a main surface of the operation knob that forms a tip surface of the swing shaft portion, and is operable in a predetermined one-dimensional operation direction with respect to the operation surface;
    Two-dimensional operation control means for two-dimensionally moving a predetermined display target displayed on the display device on the screen based on an operation to the two-dimensional operation unit;
    Based on an operation on the one-dimensional operation unit, a predetermined display target displayed on the display device is moved on the screen in a predetermined one-dimensional display direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction. Display movement control and control content switching control for sequentially switching a plurality of control contents for which a switching order is defined in advance in a direction corresponding to the operated one-dimensional operation direction in any one of the forward and reverse directions of the switching order. Control means for one-dimensional operation capable of implementing either or both of them,
    A vehicle operating device comprising:
  4.   The display object is a scroll image in which a part of an image is displayed within a predetermined display range defined on a screen of the display device, and a remaining part can be displayed by scrolling. The vehicle operating device according to claim 3.
  5.   The vehicle operation device according to claim 2, wherein the display target is a pointer image that can be moved to an arbitrary position on a screen of the display device.
  6.   The vehicle operation device according to claim 2, wherein the display target is a pointer image that moves in a manner that changes over a predetermined operation image displayed on the screen of the display device.
  7.   The vehicle operation device according to claim 5 or 6, further comprising a position designation input operation unit for performing a position designation input to a position designated by the pointer image in the screen of the display device.
  8. The one-dimensional operation unit is configured to be capable of pressing in the swing axis direction of the two-dimensional operation unit,
    The vehicle operation device according to claim 7, wherein the position designation input operation unit is also used as the one-dimensional operation unit, and the pressing operation is determined as the position designation input operation.
  9.   The one-dimensional operation unit is a rotary operation unit having a rotation operation member that can be rotated in both forward and reverse directions around a predetermined rotation axis perpendicular to the swing axis of the two-dimensional operation unit, As the surface, an exposed surface from the main surface of the operation knob is defined among the outer peripheral surfaces of the rotation operation member, and the rotation operation is performed along the one-dimensional operation direction defined in the two-dimensional operation surface. The rotation feed operation or the rotation return operation with respect to the operation surface is determined, and the rotation displacement of the rotation operation member due to the rotation operation is detected as the operation displacement. The vehicle operating device according to claim 1.
  10.   The vehicle operation device according to claim 9, wherein the rotation operation member is formed in a wheel shape.
  11.   The vehicle operating device according to claim 9, wherein the rotating operation member has a rotating track whose exposed surface appears as a plane parallel to the main surface of the operating knob, and rotates along the rotating track.
  12.   12. The rotation operation force sensation providing unit that provides a predetermined force sensation as the user performs a predetermined amount of rotation operation on the rotary operation member. Vehicle operating device.
  13.   The one-dimensional operation unit has a touch operation surface as the operation surface, and a touch movement operation for moving the touch operation surface while touching the touch operation surface is performed, and movement of the touch movement operation in the one-dimensional operation direction is performed. The vehicular operating device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the operating device is a touchpad type operating unit in which the displacement is detected as an operating displacement.
  14.   The vehicle operation device according to claim 8, wherein the touch operation surface is formed on an entire main surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit.
  15.   The vehicle operation device according to claim 13, wherein the touch operation surface is formed in a rectangular shape in which a width in the one-dimensional operation direction is longer than a width in a direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction.
  16.   The vehicle operation according to any one of claims 13 to 15, wherein the touch operation surface is provided with guide wall portions protruding from both end edge positions in a direction perpendicular to the one-dimensional operation direction. apparatus.
  17.   The vehicular operating device according to any one of claims 13 to 16, further comprising a touch operation force sense imparting unit that imparts a predetermined force sense as the user performs a touch operation on the touch operation surface.
  18.   18. The touch moving operation force sense applying means for applying a predetermined force sense as the user performs the touch moving operation that causes a predetermined amount of movement displacement with respect to the touch operation surface by the user. The operation device for vehicles given in any 1 paragraph.
  19. Comprising the requirements of claim 3;
    The one-dimensional operation unit is a push-type operation unit having a push operation member provided on a front end surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit, and the display according to a push operation to the push operation unit The display target displayed on the screen is moved to either one of the predetermined one-dimensional display directions in the screen, or a plurality of control contents with a predetermined switching order are transferred to the switching order. The vehicle operating device according to claim 3, wherein the vehicle operating device is switched to any one of the forward and reverse directions.
  20.   Four operation surfaces of the push-type operation unit are arranged in a cross shape on the front end surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit, and each of the operation surfaces in two orthogonal axes defined on the screen of the display device. The vehicle operating device according to claim 19, wherein either the forward direction or the reverse direction is defined as the one-dimensional display direction.
  21.   The vehicle operation device according to any one of claims 1 to 19, wherein a plurality of operation surfaces of the one-dimensional operation unit are provided on a main surface of the operation knob of the two-dimensional operation unit.
  22.   The operation device for a vehicle according to claim 21, wherein operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units are arranged so that the one-dimensional operation directions are parallel to each other.
  23.   23. The vehicle operating device according to claim 21 or claim 22, wherein the operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units include ones having different one-dimensional operation directions.
  24.   24. The vehicle operation device according to claim 23, wherein operation surfaces of the one-dimensional operation units having different one-dimensional operation directions are set so that the corresponding one-dimensional display directions are different from each other.
  25.   25. The vehicle according to claim 24, wherein operation surfaces of the plurality of one-dimensional operation units are arranged so that the one-dimensional operation directions are orthogonal to each other, and the one-dimensional display directions are also orthogonal to each other. Operating device.
  26. Comprising the requirements of claim 15;
    26. The vehicle operation device according to claim 25, wherein the operation surface of the touch pad type operation unit is formed in a cross shape in which the long side directions are orthogonal to each other.
  27. Comprising the requirements of claim 15;
    The operation surface of the touch pad type operation unit is formed so that the long side directions thereof are orthogonal to each other, and one orthogonal operation surface is biased toward one end side in the long side direction of the other operation surface. 27. The vehicle operating device according to claim 26, wherein the vehicle operating device is formed at a position.
  28.   28. The vehicular operating device according to any one of claims 21 to 27, further comprising operating surface position customizing means for customizing an arrangement position of the operating surface on a main surface of the movable operating portion.
  29. Comprising the requirements of claim 13;
    The touch pad type operation unit is configured to have the operation surface setting possible region on the main surface of the movable operation unit, while the setting position of the touch operation surface is set in the operation surface setting possible region. 29. The vehicular operating device according to claim 28, further comprising operating surface position customizing means for customizing.
  30. The two-dimensional operation unit is an inclination that detects an inclination displacement of the swinging shaft part that occurs when the user operates the operation knob in an operating device body that supports the swinging shaft part so as to be swingable. While a displacement detector is provided,
    The one-dimensional operation unit includes a one-dimensional operation member on which the operation surface is formed and an operation target by the user, an operation amount detection unit that detects an operation amount performed on the one-dimensional operation member, and a detected operation A signal output unit that outputs an operation signal based on the amount, and a bendable extension that extends toward the operation device body in order to input the output operation signal to a main control circuit unit built in the operation device body The vehicle operating device according to any one of claims 1 to 29, further comprising a signal wiring portion made of a member.
JP2008273522A 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Vehicle control device Active JP4771237B2 (en)

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JP2008273522A JP4771237B2 (en) 2008-10-23 2008-10-23 Vehicle control device
US12/564,330 US8436814B2 (en) 2008-09-25 2009-09-22 In-vehicle manipulation apparatus and in-vehicle input apparatus

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014149739A (en) * 2013-02-01 2014-08-21 Denso Corp Operation device
US9594466B2 (en) 2013-04-02 2017-03-14 Denso Corporation Input device
US10572037B2 (en) 2016-02-17 2020-02-25 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Rotary dial with touch pad input surface and directional tilting operations

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11194891A (en) * 1998-01-06 1999-07-21 Poseidon Technical Systems:Kk Mouse pointing device
JPH11339601A (en) * 1998-05-25 1999-12-10 Alps Electric Co Ltd On-vehicle input device
JP2000172435A (en) * 1998-12-10 2000-06-23 Sega Enterp Ltd Movable input device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11194891A (en) * 1998-01-06 1999-07-21 Poseidon Technical Systems:Kk Mouse pointing device
JPH11339601A (en) * 1998-05-25 1999-12-10 Alps Electric Co Ltd On-vehicle input device
JP2000172435A (en) * 1998-12-10 2000-06-23 Sega Enterp Ltd Movable input device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014149739A (en) * 2013-02-01 2014-08-21 Denso Corp Operation device
US9594466B2 (en) 2013-04-02 2017-03-14 Denso Corporation Input device
US10572037B2 (en) 2016-02-17 2020-02-25 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Rotary dial with touch pad input surface and directional tilting operations

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