JP2010074344A - One side radiation antenna - Google Patents

One side radiation antenna Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2010074344A
JP2010074344A JP2008237554A JP2008237554A JP2010074344A JP 2010074344 A JP2010074344 A JP 2010074344A JP 2008237554 A JP2008237554 A JP 2008237554A JP 2008237554 A JP2008237554 A JP 2008237554A JP 2010074344 A JP2010074344 A JP 2010074344A
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Prior art keywords
conductor surface
antenna
radiation
single
sided
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JP2008237554A
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JP5213039B2 (en
Inventor
Haruichi Kanetani
Keiji Yoshida
啓二 吉田
晴一 金谷
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Kyushu Univ
国立大学法人九州大学
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To propose a single-sided radiation antenna that can be used more effectively in a wireless communication system such as microwave and millimeter wave.
The blocking conductor surface is an electrically insulated conductor surface, the dielectric layer is disposed on the conductor surface, the antenna pattern is disposed on the radiation conductor surface, and a half-wavelength conductor is provided in front of the dielectric pattern. A single-sided radiating antenna characterized in that it has a structure and further has a dielectric layer and an electrically grounded conductor surface below the blocking conductor surface. As a result, the transmission / reception circuit can be mounted on the back surface of the antenna, which is thinner than the conventional one.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a single-sided radiation antenna used in a wireless communication system such as a microwave and a millimeter wave.

  2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, wireless communication capable of exchanging information by transmission / reception using high-frequency radio waves without using a wired cable has become widespread in communication devices. In these wireless electronic devices, an antenna for transmitting and receiving signal waves used in wireless communication is indispensable. However, a transmitting / receiving antenna in an electronic apparatus may have a conductive object or a magnetic substance in the vicinity depending on the installation location. This affects the radiation performance of the antenna.

  A patch antenna is known as a single-sided radiation antenna. In addition, as disclosed in Non-Patent Document 1, the inventors have proposed a single-sided radiation antenna using a printed circuit board. FIG. 12 is a diagram showing (a) a patch antenna which is a background art, and (b) a single-sided radiation antenna proposed by the inventors as a background art.

  As shown in FIG. 12A, the patch antenna is formed by a radiation conductor surface and a ground conductor surface provided so as to face the radiation conductor surface. The radiated electromagnetic field is radiated from between the radiation conductor surface and the ground conductor surface. Since the radiation from the radiation conductor surface is blocked by the ground conductor surface, the patch antenna radiates only from the radiation conductor surface side by increasing the area of the ground conductor surface compared to the radiation conductor surface. It is a single-sided radiation antenna.

  On the other hand, the single-sided radiating antenna using the printed circuit board proposed by the inventors (hereinafter referred to as “antenna described in Non-Patent Document 1”) is composed of a top radiating conductor surface as shown in FIG. The slot antenna is composed of a cut-off conductor surface which is electrically insulated at the bottom.

H. Kanaya, 5 other authors, "Development of an Electrically Small One-Sided Directional Antenna with Matching Circuit", 2008 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium Proceedings, pp. 739-742, 2008.

  The patch antenna is not easily affected by radiation from the radiation conductor surface even if there is a conductive object or magnetic body behind the ground conductor surface. Therefore, a patch antenna is used when a conductive object or a magnetic material is assumed in the vicinity of the antenna installation location. Further, since the ground conductor surface is electrically grounded, it is possible to mount the transmission / reception circuit element and the digital circuit element.

  However, in the patch antenna, the distance between the radiating conductor surface and the ground conductor surface is a quarter of the frequency used by the optimum value. If this becomes shorter than the wavelength converted from the used frequency, the patch antenna radiates rapidly. In addition, there is a problem that the frequency band is narrowed. Therefore, when a patch antenna using a dielectric substrate such as a printed circuit board is used as an antenna to be attached to an electronic device for the purpose of wireless communication, the distance between the radiation conductor surface and the ground conductor surface is set to maintain the antenna characteristics. It is necessary to provide a certain amount. Further, the signal line and the ground line cannot be arranged because an electric field leaks between the lines. Accordingly, it has been impossible to reduce the thickness of the antenna itself and the electronic device equipped with the antenna, and to reduce the cost associated therewith, by reducing the thickness of the dielectric.

  Table 1 is a table showing the relationship between the substrate thickness and the radiation gain. The patch antenna exhibits a value similar to that of the single-sided radiation antenna described in Non-Patent Document 1 when the substrate thickness is 1.6 mm, but the performance is improved when the substrate thickness is 0.8 mm and 0.4 mm. It has deteriorated.

  In Non-Patent Document 1, the length of the upper radiation conductor surface in the longitudinal direction is the same as half the wavelength corresponding to the input signal frequency, and the electrically insulated insulation conductor surface By making the length in the longitudinal direction different from the longitudinal direction of the radiation conductor surface, the cutoff conductor surface is not resonated at the input signal frequency. Thereby, single-sided radiation is realized.

  However, the structure of Non-Patent Document 1 cannot be used as the ground conductor of the transmission / reception circuit element and the digital circuit element because the blocking conductor surface is electrically insulated. Therefore, these elements cannot be mounted.

  In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to propose a single-sided radiation antenna that can be used more effectively in a wireless communication system such as a microwave and a millimeter wave.

  The invention according to claim 1 is a single-sided radiating antenna having a multilayer structure having a blocking conductor plane layer, which is an electrically insulated conductor plane, in an intermediate layer, wherein the blocking conductor plane layer is provided in the multilayer structure. On the other hand, a first dielectric layer that is a dielectric, and a radiation conductor surface layer on which an antenna pattern and a radiation conductor surface are arranged, and the radiation conductor surface layer includes the antenna From one end of the pattern to one end of the radiating conductor surface, resonance is caused by a signal frequency input from the feeding portion of the antenna pattern, and the electrically insulated conductor surface of the blocking conductor surface layer is input. It does not resonate at the signal frequency, and the other has a second dielectric layer that is a dielectric and a ground conductor surface layer that is an electrically grounded conductor surface.

  The invention according to claim 2 is the single-sided radiating antenna according to claim 1, wherein, in the radiating conductor surface layer, the antenna pattern is a slot antenna that is symmetric with respect to the power feeding portion. Utilizing the fact that the length of the conductor surface is a half wavelength of the radiated signal and resonates with the signal frequency input from the power feeding portion at a distance L2 from the slot of the slot antenna to one end of the radiating conductor surface. The length of the electrically insulated conductor surface of the blocking conductor surface layer is different from L2.

  The invention according to claim 3 is the single-sided radiation antenna according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the electrically grounded conductor surface has a signal terminal connection portion in the ground conductor surface layer, and a via hole. It has the structure which supplies electric power to the said conductor surface for radiation | emission via.

  The invention according to claim 4 is the single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the radiation conductor surface is a signal terminal on a conductor surface that is electrically grounded via a via hole. The signal terminal is connected to the external signal terminal via at least one of a capacitor, a coil component, and a resistance component.

  The invention according to claim 5 is the single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein in the ground conductor surface layer, signals are transmitted and received on the electrically grounded conductor surface. A circuit element including a high-frequency circuit, a power supply circuit, a data storage circuit, and a digital circuit is disposed, and the ground conductor surface layer is connected to the radiation conductor surface layer by a signal connection terminal and a via hole.

  The invention according to claim 6 is the single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein an area of the electrically insulated conductor surface of the blocking conductor surface layer is the radiation conductor surface. The size of the electrically grounded conductor surface of the ground conductor surface layer can be designed independently of the electrically insulated conductor surface and the radiation conductor surface.

  The invention according to claim 7 is the single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein, in the multi-layer structure, a dielectric is further provided in the other direction with respect to the ground conductor surface layer. A third dielectric layer that is a body, and a second grounding conductor surface layer that is an electrically insulated conductor surface or a second ground conductor surface layer that is an electrically grounded conductor surface. is there.

  The invention according to claim 8 is the single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the electrically insulated conductor surface, the electrically grounded conductor surface, and the radiation conductor surface. At least one of these is formed of a metal, a paste containing the metal, a conductive carbon-based substance, or a conductive plastic.

  The invention according to claim 9 is the single-sided radiation antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the dielectric is a dielectric of a printed wiring board material.

  In claim 4, the capacitor, the coil component, and the resistance component may be connected in series or in parallel.

  Further, in claim 8, the metal is, for example, a copper foil or an aluminum foil, and the paste containing the metal is, for example, a copper paste or a silver paste. ")

  Furthermore, in claim 9, the dielectric of the printed wiring board material is, for example, a polyimide substrate, a glass epoxy substrate, or a ceramic substrate.

  FIG. 13 is a diagram showing a comparison of the configuration of (a) the patch antenna as the background art, (b) the single-sided radiation antenna using the printed circuit board proposed by the inventors as the background art, and (c) the present invention. It is.

  As shown in FIG. 13 (a), the patch antenna could not reduce the thickness of the antenna itself and the electronic device on which the antenna is mounted by reducing the width hp of the dielectric, and the associated cost reduction.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 13B, in the single-sided radiation antenna using the printed circuit board proposed by the inventors, the blocking conductor surface 103 is electrically insulated, so that the transmission / reception circuit element and the digital circuit element Cannot be used as a grounding conductor. Therefore, these elements cannot be mounted.

  In the invention according to each claim of the present application, as shown in FIG. 13C, the conductor surface 103 is not grounded, and the dielectric layer 104 and the lower portion of the floating conductor surface 103 in the intermediate layer are further provided. It has a conductor surface 105 that is electrically grounded.

  FIG. 14 is a diagram showing a comparison of radiation characteristics in the case of (a) a single layer as a background art, (b) a case of two layers, and (c) a short circuit. Table 2 is a diagram showing a directional gain (Peak Directivity), an efficiency (Efficiency), a maximum gain (Peak Gain), and a Q value. In the case of a single layer, in the case of two layers, or in the case of a short circuit, there is no significant change in the radiation pattern. Thus, the inventors have shown that multilayering is possible and a ground substrate can be added. Based on this knowledge, the inventors connect a ground terminal such as a receiving circuit element, a digital circuit element, or an LSI to the electrically grounded conductor surface 105 located below the blocking conductor surface 103. Showed that it is possible.

  Further, according to the invention according to each claim of the present application, the blocking conductor surface is a floating conductor surface, the antenna layer is disposed on the dielectric layer and the radiation conductor surface on the upper surface, and a half-wavelength is disposed in front of the antenna pattern. By adopting a structure in which a conductor is provided, an antenna is formed by resonance between the antenna disposed on the radiation conductor surface and the radiation conductor surface itself, and the cut-off conductor surface is adjusted to a length that does not resonate. Therefore, unlike the conventional patch antenna, it is not necessary to consider the distance between the conductor surfaces when designing, and the dielectric thickness can be reduced when the antenna of the present application is formed on a printed circuit board or the like.

  Furthermore, the radiation conductor surface of the conventional patch antenna needs to be a half-wave square. In contrast, the present invention can be adjusted by an antenna pattern (for example, a slot portion of a slot antenna).

  Furthermore, the ground conductor surface of the patch antenna needs to be larger than the radiation conductor surface, and the signal line and the ground line cannot be arranged. Further, in the single-sided radiation antenna described in Non-Patent Document 1, the back-side blocking conductor surface needs to have the same size when including the input port, and a ground line cannot be arranged. On the other hand, the present invention requires that the cut-off conductor surface has the same size as the input port, but the radiated electromagnetic field is not generated in the lower layer by the cut-off conductor surface. The size of the surface can be freely selected, and further, the signal line and the ground line can be arranged on the electrically grounded conductor surface. From the antenna to the receiving circuit element, digital circuit element, LSI, etc. connected thereto The electromagnetic wave emitted can be blocked from entering as noise.

  Furthermore, for impedance matching, the patch antenna needs to be fed near the center of the radiating conductor surface, but in the present invention, it can be fed directly to the input port on the end face.

  Further, since the patch antenna has a microstrip structure for the surface signal input, the signal line width depends on the substrate thickness hp, whereas in the present invention, the substrate is CPW (Coplanar wave guide). It does not depend on the thickness h1 or h2.

  Further, the back surface signal input can be performed by supplying the patch antenna with a coaxial line or by forming a microstrip structure with a three-layer structure, and mounting the back circuit with a three-layer structure. Further, since the single-sided radiation antenna described in Non-Patent Document 1 has no ground wire, neither the back-surface signal input nor the back-surface circuit mounting can be performed. On the other hand, in the present invention, the backside signal input has a three-layer structure, the backside ground has a GSG (coplanar line structure, and there is a ground metal with a gap between both ends of the signal line. This is possible because the ground metal is G and GSG can be freely wired, and backside circuit mounting is also possible.

  As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to reduce the thickness and mount a transmission / reception circuit on the back surface of the antenna, which can be used more effectively in a wireless communication system such as a microwave and a millimeter wave.

  Furthermore, in the invention according to claim 2 of the present application, there is a problem that the return loss increases when the input impedance of the slot antenna (slot dipole antenna) and the impedance of the semiconductor element do not match. By providing the impedance matching circuit, it is possible to provide a single-sided radiating antenna element in which return loss from the semiconductor element to the slot dipole antenna is reduced (see Non-Patent Document 1).

  Further, according to the invention according to claim 6 of the present application, since the blocking conductor surface is made larger than the radiation conductor surface, the blocking conductor surface more strongly blocks radiation from the radiation conductor surface. The radiation can be made stronger.

  Examples of the single-sided radiation antenna element of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. The embodiment of the present invention is not limited to these examples.

  1A is a front view and FIG. 1B is a cross-sectional view of a schematic configuration showing a single-sided radiation antenna according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

  As shown in FIGS. 1A and 1B, a flat radiation conductor surface 101, a dielectric 102 having an arbitrary thickness h1, a blocking conductor surface 103, and a dielectric having an arbitrary thickness h2. The body 104 is formed by an electrically grounded conductor surface 105.

  In the radiating conductor surface 101, openings 106a and 106b from which conductors are removed in a symmetric rectangular shape are formed in parallel to one side of the radiating conductor surface 101, and the openings (slots) 106a and 106b are drawn out. A signal can be input from the coaxial connector and the coaxial cable 110 through the feeder 109 through the line 107 and the impedance matching interdigital gap 108. Here, the interdigital gap is a capacitor in which a comb-shaped cut is made in the signal line.

  Further, since the conductor surface 105 is connected to the ground conductor of the coaxial cable 110, the conductor surface 105 is electrically grounded.

  At this time, since impedance matching has already been performed in the power feeding unit 109, there is no change in characteristics even if the length of the power feeding unit 109 is arbitrarily determined. The lead wire 107 and the power feeding portion 109 have a coplanar line structure, and ground conductor lines are formed on both sides of the signal line through metal peeling portions.

  The dummy metal 111 in FIG. 1A is a pattern provided for stabilizing the etching characteristics of copper and does not affect the characteristics of the antenna.

  The lengths of the openings 106a and 106b are each L1, and when the length of 107 is L4, the whole operates as a slot antenna.

  Since the openings 106a and 106b have no conductor, they can be regarded as open. Accordingly, the distance L2 between the ends 106a and 106b and one end of the radiating conductor surface 101 becomes the resonating portion 112 having both ends open, and operates as an antenna under the resonance condition.

  With this structure, not only radiation due to resonance of the openings 106a and 106b, which is a slot dipole antenna, but also radiation from an antenna that occurs due to resonance of the resonance part 112 on the radiation conductor surface is provided. Since the antenna can be configured only by the shape of the slot and the radiating metal surface, it does not depend on the thickness h1 of the dielectric 102. Therefore, when a thin film dielectric is used, the single-sided radiating antenna having better gain and radiation efficiency than the patch antenna. Can be provided.

In order to operate the single-sided radiation antenna shown in FIGS. 1A and 1B at 2.4 GHz, a flat plate-like radiation conductor surface 101 having a thickness of 30 μm, a thickness h1 = 635 μm, and a relative dielectric constant ε r = 10.2, dielectric tangent tan δ = 0.0023, dielectric conductor surface 103 having a thickness of 12 μm, thickness h2 = 200 μm, relative permittivity ε r = 4.2, dielectric loss tangent tan δ = 0.02 The dielectric 104 and the electrically grounded conductor surface 105 having a thickness of 12 μm.

  The width of the openings 106a and 106b was 1 mm. Since the length L1 and the length L2 of the radiating conductor surface are linked to each other, they can be arbitrarily determined according to the free space of the electronic device to be mounted, but in FIG. 1 (a), L1 + L4 = 13.5 mm, At this time, L2 = 19 mm as a length of resonating L2. L3 = 40 mm.

  FIG. 2 is a diagram showing an interdigital gap in the single-sided radiation antenna shown in FIG. The dimensions shown in FIG. 2 are dimensions of an interdigital gap for the single-sided radiation antenna shown in FIG. 1A to operate at 2.4 GHz.

  Since the two antennas operate at the same frequency, the interdigital gap for impedance matching has the dimensions shown in FIG.

  FIG. 3 is a diagram showing (a) a radiation pattern and (b) a coordinate axis in the simulation in the simulation of the single-sided radiation antenna according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

  FIG. 3A shows a simulation result at 2.4 GHz. Line 201 is a radiation pattern in a direction parallel to slots 106a and 106b, and line 202 is a radiation pattern in a direction perpendicular to slots 106a and 106b. The z-axis indicates the upward direction of the radiation conductor surface. In FIG. 3, the ratio of the radiation gain above the radiation conductor surface and below the ground conductor surface can be about 9 dB.

  FIG. 4 is a diagram showing (a) a photograph of a prototype of the single-sided radiation antenna according to the first embodiment of the present invention, and (b) an actual measurement value of the radiation pattern.

  As shown in FIG. 4A, power is supplied from the radiation conductor surface side by a coaxial connector. Also, a line 203 in FIG. 4B is an experimental value of a radiation pattern when the slot antennas 106a and 106b are scanned in the horizontal direction, and this corresponds to the line 201 in FIG. In this prototype, the ratio of the radiation gain above the radiation conductor surface and below the ground conductor surface can be about 10 dB.

  When the antenna of FIG. 4A is attached to a commercially available reader / writer device and the communication distance with the RFID tag is measured, the communication distance on the radiation conductor surface side is 70 mm, and the communication distance on the ground conductor surface side is 10 mm. The one-side radiation characteristics were confirmed in the comparison of communication distances.

  FIG. 5: is the (a) front view seen from the surface of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 2nd Embodiment of this invention, (b) The top view seen from the back surface, (c) It is sectional drawing. The front surface is the front surface viewed from the 101 side, and the back surface is the front surface viewed from the 105 side.

  As shown in FIGS. 5A, 5 </ b> B, and 5 </ b> C, a back surface feeding portion 113 is newly formed as a feeding portion among the electrically grounded conductor surfaces 105. 113 has a coplanar structure, is insulated from 105 and has the same configuration as 109. Through via holes 114, 115, and 116 are connected to the feeding portion 109 of the radiating conductor surface 101, and are connected to 113 by a coplanar structure. By supplying power from 113, power can be supplied from the back surface of the antenna radiating portion.

  FIG. 6 is a photograph of a prototype of the single-sided radiation antenna that is the second embodiment of the present invention.

  When the antenna of FIG. 6 is attached to a commercially available reader / writer device and the communication distance with the RFID tag is measured, the communication distance on the radiation conductor surface side is 150 mm, and the communication distance on the ground conductor surface side is 70 mm. One-sided radiation characteristics could be confirmed even when a power feeding surface was provided on the ground conductor surface.

  7A is a front view and FIG. 7B is a sectional view of a single-sided radiation antenna according to a third embodiment of the present invention.

  The interdigital gap for impedance matching cannot be changed after patterning. Accordingly, as shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B, the signal terminal on the radiation conductor surface is connected to the back surface feeding portion 113 via the via hole, and further connected to the coaxial connector via the capacitor 117. It becomes possible to adjust the frequency and band.

  FIGS. 7A and 7B are schematic diagrams in the case where only a capacitor is connected, but instead of a capacitor, a coil component, a resistance component, or a capacitor, a coil, or a resistor is connected in parallel or in series. You may connect to.

  7A and 7B, the capacitor is connected only to the via 115 of the signal line. Similarly, the capacitor 114, the coil, and the resistance component are also connected to the via 114 and the via 116, respectively. Alternatively, each may be connected in parallel or in series.

  FIG. 8 is a front view of a single-sided radiating antenna according to the third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of an antenna when a gap is formed in a signal line and a capacitor is formed by patterning instead of (a) of FIG. 7.

  The interval between the gaps 118 in FIG. 8 is 100 μm.

  FIGS. 9A and 9B are graphs showing the simulation results of the reflection coefficient when the antenna is viewed from the power feeding unit.

  FIG. 9 is a simulation result of the reflection coefficient (a) of the antenna designed according to FIG. 1 and the reflection coefficient (b) of the antenna designed according to FIG. 9A shows the case where the gap 118 is not provided, and FIG. 9B shows the result obtained when the gap 115 is provided. It can be seen that the operating frequency has shifted because the capacitance component has changed.

  FIG. 10 shows a schematic structure of a transmission / reception circuit integrated with an antenna by three-dimensional mounting, which can be realized by the second embodiment of the present invention.

  In the receiving circuit element, the digital circuit element, and the LSI connected on the electrically grounded conductor surface 105, the electromagnetic wave emitted from the antenna does not enter as noise due to the blocking conductor surface 103. Therefore, the antenna as shown in FIG. Since the circuit elements can be arranged on the front surface and the circuit elements on the back surface, the entire circuit including the antenna can be miniaturized while preventing the deterioration of the characteristics. Further, by mounting a battery on 105, it can operate as an active tag.

  FIG. 11 shows a structure in which a dielectric layer and a conductor surface are further connected to a lower layer of an electrically grounded conductor surface that can be realized by the third embodiment of the present invention, and an inductor, a capacitor, and the like are connected to each layer. The schematic structure of the arranged transmission / reception circuit is shown.

  In the above description, the case where the frequency of the signal is in the 2.4 GHz band has been described, but the performance is particularly exhibited not only in the vicinity of 2.4 GHz but also in millimeter waves and microwaves. Further, examples of utilization of the present invention include wireless networks such as Zigbee, Bluetooth, and wireless LAN.

It is the (a) front view of the schematic structure which showed the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 1st Embodiment of this invention, and (b) sectional drawing. It is a figure which shows the interdigital gap in the single-sided radiation antenna shown by (a) of FIG. It is a figure which shows the coordinate axis in (a) radiation pattern and (b) simulation in the simulation of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a figure which shows the (a) photograph of the prototype of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 1st Embodiment of this invention, and the actual value of the (b) radiation pattern. It is the (a) front view seen from the surface of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 2nd Embodiment of this invention, (b) The top view seen from the back surface, (c) It is sectional drawing. It is a photograph of the prototype of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the (a) front view of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 3rd Embodiment of this invention, and (b) sectional drawing. It is a front view of the single-sided radiation antenna which is the 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a simulation result of the reflection coefficient (a) of the antenna designed by FIG. 1, and the reflection coefficient (b) of the antenna designed by FIG. It is the model structure of the transmission / reception circuit which integrated the antenna by three-dimensional mounting which can be implement | achieved by the 2nd Embodiment of this invention. Schematic of a transmission / reception circuit that can be realized by the third embodiment of the present invention, in which a dielectric layer and a conductor surface are further connected in layers below an electrically grounded conductor surface, and an inductor, a capacitor, and the like are arranged in each layer. Structure. It is a figure which shows the patch antenna which is (a) background art, and the single-sided radiation antenna which the inventors of (b) background art proposed. A comparison is made between (a) the patch antenna as the background art, (b) the single-sided radiation antenna proposed by the inventors as the background art, and (c) the configuration of the present invention. (A) Comparison of radiation characteristics in the case of a single layer as a background art, (b) in the case of two layers, and (c) in the case of short-circuiting.

Explanation of symbols

101... Radiation conductor surface 102... Dielectric material 103... Blocking conductor surface 104... Dielectric material 105 .. Electrically grounded conductor surfaces 106 a, 106 b. .... Opening part 107 ... Leader line 107
108 ··· Interdigital gap 109 ··· Feeding unit 112 ··· Resonance unit 113 · · · Back feeding unit

Claims (9)

  1. A single-sided radiating antenna comprising a multilayer structure having a blocking conductor surface layer, which is an electrically insulated conductor surface, in an intermediate layer,
    In the multilayer structure, on the basis of the blocking conductor surface layer,
    One side has a first dielectric layer which is a dielectric, and a radiation conductor surface layer on which the antenna pattern and the radiation conductor surface are arranged, and the radiation conductor surface layer is formed from one end of the antenna pattern. Resonance is caused by the signal frequency input from the power supply part of the antenna pattern up to one end of the radiation conductor surface, and the electrically insulated conductor surface of the blocking conductor surface layer resonates at the input signal frequency. Without
    The other has a second dielectric layer that is a dielectric, and a ground conductor surface layer that is an electrically grounded conductor surface.
    Single-sided radiating antenna.
  2. In the radiation conductor surface layer,
    The antenna pattern is a slot antenna that is symmetric with respect to the feeding portion;
    The length of the radiating conductor surface is a half wavelength of the radiated signal;
    An antenna utilizing resonance at a distance L2 from the slot of the slot antenna to one end of the radiating conductor surface by a signal frequency input from the power feeding unit;
    The length of the electrically insulated conductor surface of the blocking conductor surface layer is different from L2.
    The single-sided radiating antenna according to claim 1.
  3.   3. The single-sided surface according to claim 1, wherein in the ground conductor surface layer, the electrically grounded conductor surface has a signal terminal connection portion and has a structure for supplying power to the radiation conductor surface through a via hole. Radiating antenna.
  4.   The radiation conductor surface is connected to a signal terminal of the electrically grounded conductor surface via a via hole, and further connected to an external signal terminal via at least one of a capacitor, a coil component, and a resistance component. The single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising a signal terminal.
  5. In the ground conductor surface layer, on the electrically grounded conductor surface, a circuit element including a high-frequency circuit that transmits and receives signals, a power supply circuit, a data storage circuit, and a digital circuit is disposed.
    The ground conductor surface layer is connected to the radiation conductor surface layer by signal connection terminals and via holes.
    The single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
  6. The area of the electrically insulated conductor surface of the blocking conductor surface layer is wider than the area of the radiation conductor surface,
    The size of the electrically grounded conductor surface of the ground conductor surface layer can be designed independently of the electrically insulated conductor surface and the radiation conductor surface.
    The single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 5.
  7.   In the multilayer structure, with respect to the ground conductor surface layer, in the other direction, a third dielectric layer that is a dielectric, and a second blocking conductor that is an electrically insulated conductor surface The single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein there is a second ground conductor surface layer that is a surface layer or an electrically grounded conductor surface.
  8.   At least one of the electrically insulated conductor surface, the electrically grounded conductor surface, and the radiating conductor surface is a metal, a paste containing a metal, a conductive carbon-based material, or The single-sided radiating antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the single-sided radiating antenna is formed of a conductive plastic.
  9.   The single-sided radiation antenna according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the dielectric is a dielectric of a printed wiring board material.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JP2015527820A (en) * 2013-01-06 2015-09-17 ▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司 Printed circuit board antenna and printed circuit board
WO2016067476A1 (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-05-06 株式会社日立産機システム Antenna device
US10270186B2 (en) 2015-08-31 2019-04-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Antenna module and electronic device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2015527820A (en) * 2013-01-06 2015-09-17 ▲ホア▼▲ウェイ▼技術有限公司 Printed circuit board antenna and printed circuit board
US9825366B2 (en) 2013-01-06 2017-11-21 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Printed circuit board antenna and printed circuit board
WO2016067476A1 (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-05-06 株式会社日立産機システム Antenna device
TWI581501B (en) * 2014-10-31 2017-05-01 Hitachi Industrial Equipment Systems Co Ltd Antenna device
US10270186B2 (en) 2015-08-31 2019-04-23 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Antenna module and electronic device

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