JP2009274878A5 - - Google Patents

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JP2009274878A5
JP2009274878A5 JP2009164666A JP2009164666A JP2009274878A5 JP 2009274878 A5 JP2009274878 A5 JP 2009274878A5 JP 2009164666 A JP2009164666 A JP 2009164666A JP 2009164666 A JP2009164666 A JP 2009164666A JP 2009274878 A5 JP2009274878 A5 JP 2009274878A5
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fruit
vegetable
vegetables
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fruit vegetables
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果菜搬送送出方法、果菜搬送送出装置Fruit and vegetable transport and delivery method, fruit and vegetable transport and delivery device
本発明は、果菜を搬送し、その搬送中の所定位置で果菜を搬送方向側方へ送り出し可能とする果菜搬送送出方法、特に、トマト、桃、梨、イチゴ等の丸玉系の果菜や、胡瓜、茄子等の長尺系の果菜を、サイズ別、形状別、色別、糖度別といった各種規格別(等級別)に自動的に選別し、規格別に送り出して並べる果菜選別用として利用するのに適する果菜搬送送出方法と、その実施に用いる果菜搬送送出装置に関するものである。 The present invention conveys fruit vegetables , and a method for conveying and delivering fruit vegetables at a predetermined position during the conveyance, in particular, a round fruit fruit vegetable such as tomato, peach, pear and strawberry, Long fruit vegetables such as pepper and eggplant are automatically sorted according to various standards (by grade) such as size, shape, color, sugar content, etc. The present invention relates to a fruit vegetable transporting and sending method suitable for the above and a fruit vegetable transporting and sending device used for its implementation.
果菜を搬送し、その搬送中に所定位置で果菜を搬送方向側方へ送り出す果菜搬送送出装置や、その果菜搬送送出装置を用いた果菜選別装置は従来から各種ある。そのような果菜選別装置の一つとして図17(a)〜(c)に示すようなバケット方式の果菜選別装置がある。この果菜選別装置は、チェーンBに取り付けられたバケットCに果菜Aを載せて搬送し、搬送中にその果菜Aのサイズ、形状等の規格を計測手段Dで計測して判別し、判別後の果菜Aが受体(プール部)Eまで搬送されてくると、バケットCが図17(c)に示すように横に倒れてバケットCの上の果菜Aが受体Eに排出されるようにしたものである。この場合、果菜Aの規格数の受体EがチェーンBの横に配置され、判別された果菜Aが規格別に夫々の受体Eに排出されるようにしてある。この果菜選別装置では果菜排出時に果菜Aが受体Eの上を転がって、受体Eに先に排出されている果菜Aに衝突して損傷することがあった。 Conveying the fruit vegetables, and fruit vegetable transport delivery device for feeding the fruit vegetables the conveying direction towards a predetermined position during its conveyance, fruit vegetable sorting apparatus using the fruit vegetables transport delivery device is various conventional. As one of such fruit vegetable sorting apparatuses, there is a bucket-type fruit and vegetables sorting apparatus as shown in FIGS. This fruit vegetable sorting device carries fruit vegetables A on a bucket C attached to a chain B and conveys them, and measures the size, shape, etc. of the fruit vegetables A by the measuring means D during the conveyance, and discriminates them. When the fruit vegetables A are conveyed to the receiver (pool part) E, the bucket C falls sideways as shown in FIG. 17C so that the fruit vegetables A on the bucket C are discharged to the receiver E. It is what. In this case, the standard number of receivers E of fruit vegetables A are arranged beside the chain B, and the determined fruit vegetables A are discharged to the respective receivers E by standard. In this fruit vegetable sorting apparatus, when the fruit vegetables are discharged, the fruit vegetables A may roll on the receiver E and collide with the fruit vegetables A that have been discharged to the receiver E before being damaged.
本件出願人は先に前記課題を解決すべく種々の果菜選別装置を開発して特許出願した(特許文献1)。   In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, the applicant of the present application developed various fruit vegetable sorting apparatuses and applied for patents (Patent Document 1).
特許文献1記載の果菜選別装置は、図18(a)(b)に示すように、チェーンBに果菜Aを載せる果菜載せ体Fを多数取り付け、該果菜載せ体Fをベルトコンベア式としたものであり、それに載せた果菜Aが所定位置まで搬送されると、果菜載せ体Fがその移動方向(矢印a方向)と90度直交する方向(矢印b方向)に回転して果菜AをチェーンBの側方に配置したプールコンベアGに送り出すようにしてある。この場合も、果菜Aの規格数のプールコンベアGがチェーンBの横に配置され、判別された果菜Aが規格別に夫々のプールコンベアGに排出されるようにしてある。この果菜選別装置では、果菜載せ体Fの上の果菜AをプールコンベアGに送り出す際に、果菜Aに送り出し方向への勢いが付いて果菜Aが横向きに転倒したり、果菜Aに傷がついたりする虞があった。   As shown in FIGS. 18 (a) and 18 (b), the fruit and vegetable sorting apparatus described in Patent Document 1 has a large number of fruit and vegetable mounting bodies F on which fruits and vegetables A are placed on a chain B, and the fruit and vegetable mounting bodies F are of a belt conveyor type. When the fruit and vegetables A loaded thereon are conveyed to a predetermined position, the fruit and vegetables loaded body F rotates in a direction (arrow b direction) 90 degrees perpendicular to the moving direction (arrow a direction) and the fruit vegetables A are chained B. It is made to send out to the pool conveyor G arrange | positioned to the side. Also in this case, the standard number of pool conveyors G of fruit vegetables A are arranged beside the chain B, and the determined fruit vegetables A are discharged to the respective pool conveyors G by standard. In this fruit vegetable sorting apparatus, when the fruit vegetable A on the fruit vegetable mounting body F is sent to the pool conveyor G, the fruit vegetable A has a momentum in the feeding direction, and the fruit vegetable A falls sideways or the fruit vegetable A is damaged. There was a risk of it.
本件出願人は前記課題を解消すべく特許文献2記載の果菜選別装置を開発した。これは図19に示すようにベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体FとプールコンベアGとの間に前方斜め向きの乗継ぎコンベアHを配置し、果菜載せ体Fの上から搬送方向側方(矢印b方向)に排出される果菜Aが乗継ぎコンベアHの上を斜め前方(矢印c方向)に通過して、その前方に配置されて矢印d方向に回転するプールコンベアG上に送り込まれるようにしてある。   The present applicant has developed a fruit vegetable sorting apparatus described in Patent Document 2 in order to solve the above-mentioned problems. As shown in FIG. 19, a transfer conveyor H that is inclined forward is disposed between the belt conveyor type fruit and vegetable carrier F and the pool conveyor G, and the fruit and vegetable carrier F is placed on the side in the conveying direction (arrow b). The fruit and vegetables A discharged in the direction) pass obliquely forward (in the direction of arrow c) on the transfer conveyor H and are sent to the pool conveyor G that is disposed in front of the transfer conveyor G and rotates in the direction of arrow d. is there.
特開2003−53275号公報。Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2003-53275. 特開2004−99285号公報。Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2004-99285.
上記特許文献2記載の果菜選別装置は果菜排出時に果菜が傷んだり別の果菜と衝突したりすることはなくなるが、乗継ぎコンベアHを必要とする分、構造が複雑となってコスト高となったり、装置全体が大型化したりするという課題がある。   The fruit vegetable sorting apparatus described in Patent Document 2 does not damage the fruit vegetables or collide with other fruit vegetables when the fruit vegetables are discharged, but the structure is complicated and the cost increases because the transfer conveyor H is required. There is a problem that the entire apparatus becomes large.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出方法は、搬送中の果菜を判別部において判別項目別に自動的に判別し、判別済みの果菜を判別内容別に搬送方向側方に送り出す果菜搬送送出方法において、果菜搬送体の果菜載せ体に載せて搬送中の果菜を、その果菜載せ体を搬送方向斜め後方に稼働させて、又は搬送方向斜め後方に移動する送出体により、同方向に移動させて送り出すものである。果菜搬送体で搬送中の果菜を、果菜搬送体から搬送方向斜め後方に送り出すこともできる。 The fruit vegetable transporting and feeding method of the present application is a fruit vegetable transporting and sending method in which the fruit and vegetables being transported are automatically discriminated by the discriminating item in the discriminating unit, and the discriminated fruit vegetables are sent to the side in the transport direction according to the discriminating contents . the fruit vegetables being conveyed put the fruit vegetables placed body, the fruit vegetables loaded body is operated in the conveying direction obliquely rearward, or by delivery body moving in the conveying direction obliquely rearward, in which feeding is moved in the same direction. The fruit vegetables being conveyed in greenhouse vegetable carrier may also be delivered in the conveying direction obliquely rearward from the fruiting carrier.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜搬送体の途中に、搬送中の果菜を判別項目別に自動的に判別する判別部を設け、判別部よりも先方で、判別済みの果菜を判別項目別に搬送方向側方に送り出して、果菜搬送体の側方に配置された果菜受体に送り出す果菜搬送送出装置において、果菜搬送体が、多数の果菜載せ体と、それらが装備された無端走行体を備え、果菜載せ体は無端走行体の走行により走行して果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送し、果菜搬送中に果菜載せ体自体が稼働して、又は駆動体により果菜搬送中の果菜載せ体を稼動させて、果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能とすることもできる。 The vegetable transporting and sending device of the present application is provided with a determination unit that automatically determines the fruits and vegetables being transported for each determination item in the middle of the fruit transporter, and transports the determined fruit vegetables by the determination item ahead of the determination unit. In the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device that sends it to the side in the direction and sends it to the fruit vegetable receiving body arranged on the side of the fruit vegetable transporting body , the fruit vegetable transporting body includes a large number of fruit vegetable mounting bodies and an endless traveling body equipped with them. , fruit vegetables loaded body carries the fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables placed body traveling by the traveling of the endless traveling member, and running the fruiting placed body itself during fruiting conveyance or running fruit vegetables loaded body in fruit vegetables conveyed by driving body Thus, the fruit and vegetables on the fruit and vegetables body can be sent out obliquely backward in the conveying direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜載せ体がベルトコンベアであり、そのベルトコンベアの下側に係止具が突設され、その係止具はベルトコンベアの走行と共に走行し、ベルトコンベアとは別の案内体にガイドされて搬送方向斜め前方に移動し、前記係止具の移動に伴って前記ベルトコンベアの上側が搬送方向斜め後方に移動又は回転して、前記ベルトコンベア上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能にすることもできる。 In the fruit vegetable transporting and feeding apparatus of the present application, the fruit and vegetable carrier is a belt conveyor, and a locking tool projects from the lower side of the belt conveyor, and the locking tool travels with the running of the belt conveyor. It is guided by another guide body and moves obliquely forward in the conveying direction, and the upper side of the belt conveyor moves or rotates obliquely rearward in the conveying direction along with the movement of the locking tool to convey the fruits and vegetables on the belt conveyor. It can also be possible to send out obliquely backward in the direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアであり、ローラーコンベアとは別に回転駆動体が設けられ、ローラーコンベアは回転駆動体の回転に伴って回転して、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能とすることもできる。果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアであり、ローラーコンベアとは別にローラーコンベアを搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜にさせる傾斜駆動体を設け、その傾斜駆動体によりローラーコンベアを搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜にして、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能とすることもできる。 In the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device of the present application, the fruit and vegetable carrier is a roller conveyor, and a rotation driving body is provided separately from the roller conveyor, and the roller conveyor rotates along with the rotation of the rotation driving body, and the fruit vegetables on the roller conveyor. Can be sent out obliquely backward in the conveying direction. The fruit and vegetables loaded body is a roller conveyor, and apart from the roller conveyor, an inclined driving body is provided that causes the roller conveyor to be inclined downward and backward in the conveying direction, and the inclined conveyor causes the roller conveyor to be inclined downward and backward in the conveying direction, The fruit vegetables on the roller conveyor can be sent out in the same direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜載せ体が鍵盤状に首振り可能な多数の支持具であり、支持具とは別に首振り駆動体を設け、その首振り駆動体により支持具を搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜に首振りさせ、支持具上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能にすることもできる。 The fruit vegetable transporting and feeding device of the present application is a large number of support tools on which the fruit and vegetables mounting body can be swung in a keyboard shape. A swing drive body is provided separately from the support tools, and the support tool is transported in the direction of transport by the swing drive body. It is also possible to swing the head downward and tilt downward so that the vegetables on the support can be fed in the same direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜搬送体の途中に、搬送中の果菜を判別項目別に自動的に判別する判別部を設け、判別部よりも先方で、判別済みの果菜を判別項目別に搬送方向側方に送り出して、果菜搬送体の側方に配置された果菜受体に送り出す果菜搬送送出装置において、果菜搬送体が多数の果菜載せ体と、それらが装備された無端走行体と、果菜載せ体上の果菜を送り出す送出体を備え、果菜載せ体は無端走行体の走行により走行して果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送し、果菜搬送中に送出体が搬送方向斜め後方に移動して、果菜載せ体上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能にすることもできる。 The vegetable transporting and sending device of the present application is provided with a determination unit that automatically determines the fruits and vegetables being transported for each determination item in the middle of the fruit transporter, and transports the determined fruit vegetables by the determination item ahead of the determination unit. In the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device that sends it to the side of the direction and sends it to the fruit vegetable receiving body arranged on the side of the fruit vegetable transporting body , the fruit vegetable transporting body is a large number of fruit vegetable mounting bodies, and an endless traveling body equipped with them, comprising a delivery member for delivering fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables loaded body, fruit vegetables loaded body carries the fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables placed body traveling by the traveling of the endless traveling member, delivery body is moved in the conveying direction obliquely rearward in fruit vegetable transport Te, the fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables loaded member may also allow feeding in the same direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜載せ体がプレート、二本以上のバー等の固定具であり、固定具とは別に送出体が設けられ、果菜搬送中に送出体が搬送方向斜め後方に移動して、固定具の上に載せた果菜を同方向に送り出し可能にすることもできる。 The fruit and vegetable transporting and feeding device of the present application is a fixture such as a plate and two or more bars, and a feeding body is provided separately from the fixture, and the feeding body is obliquely rearward in the transport direction during the transport of fruit and vegetables. It is also possible to move and make it possible to feed fruit vegetables placed on the fixture in the same direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアであり、ローラーコンベアとは別に送出体が設けられ、果菜搬送中に送出体が搬送方向斜め後方に移動して、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能にすることもできる。 Fruit vegetable transport delivery device of the present application is a roller conveyor fruiting loaded body, separate delivery member is provided with a roller conveyor, delivery body is moved in the conveying direction obliquely rearward in fruit vegetable transport, fruit vegetables on a roller conveyor Can be sent out in the same direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、多数設けられた果菜載せ体のうち、隣接する二以上の果菜載せ体が一組のユニットとされ、夫々のユニットは一又は二以上の果菜を載せることができる広さであり、各ユニットの果菜載せ体が稼動して果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能にすることもできる。 In the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device of the present application, among a plurality of fruit vegetable loading bodies, two or more adjacent fruit vegetable loading bodies are set as a set of units, and each unit can carry one or two or more fruit vegetables. It is also wide, and the fruit and vegetables on each unit can be operated so that the fruit and vegetables on the fruit and vegetables can be sent obliquely backward in the conveying direction.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は、果菜搬送体の果菜載せ体の出口側、又は果菜載せ体と果菜搬送体の側方に設けた果菜受体の間、又は果菜受体の入口側のいずれか一箇所或いは二箇所以上に、果菜載せ体から果菜受体に搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜の送り速度を減速させる減速体が設けることもできる。 Fruit vegetable transport delivery device of the present application, the outlet side of the fruit vegetables put of fruit vegetables carrier, or fruit vegetables loaded body and fruiting carrier during fruiting receptacle provided on the side of, or fruit vegetables either the inlet side of the receiving body It is also possible to provide a speed reducer that decelerates the feeding speed of the fruit vegetables that are fed obliquely rearward in the transport direction from the fruit and vegetables receiving body to the fruit and vegetable receiver in one place or two or more places.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出方法は次のような効果がある。
(1)果菜搬送体で搬送中の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出すため、果菜の送り出し速度が減速され、果菜が勢いあまって横転したり、損傷したりしにくくなり、傷つき易い果菜の場合であっても損傷が殆ど無い。
(2)果菜搬送体を搬送方向斜め後方に駆動させて果菜を送り出す場合は、搬送中の果菜を確実に送り出すことができる。
(3)搬送中の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に移動する送出体により同方向に送り出す場合は、果菜は搬送体の上に載ったまま送り出されるため送り出される果菜が安定する。
(4)果菜搬送体から搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜を、果菜搬送体の側方に配置した果菜受体に送出する場合は、果菜搬送体と果菜受体の間に乗継ぎコンベアを設ける必要がなく簡潔な構成で果菜果菜受体に送出することができる。また、果菜受体を果菜搬送体の側方に二以上用意しておけば、それら果菜受体に果菜を区分して送出することもできる。
(5)果菜搬送体から搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜を、その送出速度を減速させて送出す場合は、搬送方向斜め後方に送り出されることにより減速する果菜が更に減速されるため、送出し時に横転したり、他の果菜に衝突して損傷したりすることが殆どなくなり、損傷の心配もない。
(6)搬送中の果菜を判別部において規格別に自動的に判別し、判別済みの果菜を規格別に搬送方向斜め後方へ送り出す果菜自動選別方法とした場合は、果菜の自動判別、判別ごとの送り出しを確実に行うことができる。
The fruit vegetable conveying and sending method of the present application has the following effects.
(1) for delivering fruit vegetables being conveyed in greenhouse vegetable carrier in the conveying direction obliquely rearward, the feed rate deceleration of fruit vegetables, or overturned by fruiting is excessive force, less likely to damage or in the case of easily damaged fruit vegetables Even if there is, there is almost no damage.
(2) When the fruit vegetables are sent out by driving the fruit vegetable carrier diagonally backward in the conveying direction, the fruit vegetables being conveyed can be reliably sent out.
(3) When the fruits and vegetables being transported are sent in the same direction by the sending body that moves obliquely backward in the transport direction, the fruits and vegetables are sent out while being placed on the transport body, so that the fruits and vegetables to be sent out are stabilized.
(4) The fruit vegetables fed from fruiting carrier in the conveying direction obliquely rearward, if sent to the fruit vegetable receptacle disposed on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier is provided with a transit technique conveyor between fruit vegetable carrier and fruit vegetables receptacle It is not necessary, and fruit vegetables can be sent to the fruit vegetable receiver with a simple configuration. Moreover, if two or more fruit vegetable receivers are prepared on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier, the fruit vegetables can be divided and sent to the fruit vegetable receiver.
(5) the fruit vegetables fed from fruiting carrier in the conveying direction obliquely rearward, when be transmitted by decelerating the delivery rate, since the fruit vegetable to decelerate by being fed in the conveying direction obliquely rearward is further decelerated, delivery Occasionally it will not roll over or collide with other fruits and vegetables, and there is no worry of damage.
(6) In the case of the automatic fruit and vegetable sorting method in which the fruit and vegetable being transported are automatically identified by the standard in the discriminating unit and the identified fruit and vegetables are sent diagonally backward in the transport direction according to the standard, the fruit and vegetables are automatically identified and sent out for each judgment. Can be performed reliably.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置は次のような効果がある。
(1)果菜載せ体自体が搬送方向斜め後方に作動して同方向に果菜を送り出す場合、果菜載せ体を駆動体により搬送方向斜め後方に駆動させて同方向に果菜を送り出す場合、送出体を搬送方向斜め後方に移動させて同方向に果菜を送り出す装置の場合、のいずれの場合も、果菜の送り出し方向が搬送方向と斜め逆方向であるため、送り出される果菜が自動的に減速し安定する。
(2)果菜載せ体自体の駆動又はそれとは別の送出体の移動により果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出す構成であるため、その構成が簡潔になる。
果菜載せ体をベルトコンベアとし、ベルトコンベアから突出させた係止具が案内体にガイドされて搬送方向斜め後方に移動してベルトコンベアを同方向に移動又は回転させる場合も、ベルトコンベア上の果菜が安定して確実に送り出される。
果菜載せ体を無端走行体と共に移動する板材、二本以上のバー等にし、それとは別に、搬送方向斜め後方に移動してバーの上の果菜を同方向に送り出す送出体を設けたので、二本以上のバーの上の果菜を静止したままの安定した状態で送り出すことができる。
果菜載せ体をローラーコンベアとし、ローラーコンベアを搬送方向斜め後方に回転させる駆動回転体を設けたので、簡潔な構成で確実に果菜を送出することができる。
果菜載せ体をローラーコンベアとし、それらローラーコンベアは果菜搬送方向斜め後方に回転可能に配置し、送出体によりローラーコンベア上の果菜を同方向に送り出すようにしたので、搬送中の果菜を送出体によって確実に送り出すことができる。
果菜載せ体をローラーコンベアとし、ローラーコンベアを傾斜させる傾斜駆動体を設けたので、傾斜駆動体でローラーコンベアを傾斜させるだけで、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を果菜搬送方向斜め後方に確実に送り出すことができる。
果菜載せ体を鍵盤状に首振り可能な多数の支持具とし、支持具を首振り駆動体により搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜に首振り駆動できるようにしたので、支持具を首振りさせるだけで支持具上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出すことができる。
)走行体に取り付けた多数の果菜載せ体の二以上を一組のユニットとし、各ユニットに一又は二以上の果菜を載せられるようにしたので、個々の果菜を各ユニットに一つずつ載せて確実に送り出すことができる。
10果菜搬送体の側方に、果菜載せ体から斜め後方に送出される果菜を受ける果菜受体を配置した場合は果菜搬送体と果菜受体の間に乗継ぎコンベアを設ける必要がなく、簡潔な構成で果菜を確実に果菜受体に送り出すことができる。
11)物果菜載せ体から搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜の送り速度を減速させる減速体を設けたので、果菜載せ体から送り出される果菜の勢いを更に減ずることができ、果菜が勢いあまって横転したり損傷したりするおそれが殆どなくなる。
12果菜受体の上面を果菜載せ体側から上り傾斜にして、又は、果菜受体の上面を果菜載せ体よりも高くして、果菜載せ体から果菜受体に搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜の送り速度を減速可能とした場合も、送り出される果菜の勢いを更に減ずることができ、果菜が勢いあまって横転したり損傷したりするおそれが殆どなくなる。
13)上り傾斜にした果菜受体の上面に、又は、果菜載せ体よりも高くした果菜受体の上面に、果菜載せ体から果菜受体に搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜の送り速度を減速させる減速体を設けた場合も、送り出される果菜の勢いを更に減ずることができ、果菜が勢いあまって横転したり損傷したりするおそれが殆どなくなる。
14果菜載せ体が搬送方向に多数並んでいる場合は、果菜をいずれの果菜載せ体に載せても果菜を搬送でき、搬送中に斜め後方向に送り出すことができる。
The fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery apparatus of the present application has the following effects.
(1) When the fruit and vegetables mounting body itself operates diagonally backward in the transport direction and sends out the fruit vegetables in the same direction, when the fruit and vegetables mounting body is driven diagonally backward in the transport direction by the drive body and the fruit and vegetables are sent out in the same direction, In the case of the device that sends the vegetable in the same direction by moving it diagonally backward in the transport direction, in any case, the fruit vegetable delivery direction is diagonally opposite to the transport direction, so the delivered vegetable is automatically decelerated and stabilized .
(2) Since the fruit vegetables on the fruit and vegetables mounting body are sent out obliquely rearward in the transport direction by driving the fruit and vegetables mounting body itself or by moving the feeding body different from that, the structure is simplified.
( 3 ) The belt conveyor is also used in the case where the fruit and vegetables loaded body is a belt conveyor, and the locking tool protruding from the belt conveyor is guided by the guide body and moves obliquely rearward in the conveying direction to move or rotate the belt conveyor in the same direction. The upper fruits and vegetables are sent out stably and reliably.
( 4 ) A plate body that moves the fruits and vegetables with the endless traveling body, two or more bars, and the like, and a feeding body that moves diagonally backward in the transport direction and sends the fruits and vegetables on the bars in the same direction. As a result, fruit vegetables on two or more bars can be sent out in a stable state.
( 5 ) Since the fruit and vegetables mounting body is a roller conveyor and the drive rotating body that rotates the roller conveyor obliquely backward in the transport direction is provided, the fruit and vegetables can be reliably delivered with a simple configuration.
(6) fruit vegetables placed body and roller conveyor, they roller conveyor is rotatably disposed fruit vegetable conveying direction obliquely rearward, the fruit vegetables on a roller conveyor since as feeding in the same direction by the sending member, a fruit vegetable under conveyance It can be reliably sent out by the sending body.
( 7 ) Since the fruit vegetable loading body is a roller conveyor and the inclined driving body for tilting the roller conveyor is provided, the fruit vegetables on the roller conveyor can be surely tilted backward in the fruit vegetable conveying direction simply by tilting the roller conveyor with the inclined driving body. Can be sent out.
( 8 ) Since the fruit and vegetables mounting body is made of a number of supports that can be swung in a keyboard shape, and the support tool can be driven to swing downward in a slanting rearward direction in the transport direction by the swing drive body. It is possible to feed the fruit vegetables on the support tool diagonally backward in the transport direction simply by making them.
(9) two or more of a number of fruit vegetables loaded member mounted on the traveling body to a set of units, so Ichimata was to be loaded with two or more fruit vegetables in each unit, one by one individual fruit vegetables in each unit It can be put on and sent out reliably.
(10) on the side of the fruit vegetables carrier, it is not necessary to provide a transit technique conveyor between fruit vegetable carrier and fruiting receptacle when placing the fruit vegetables receptacle for receiving the fruit vegetables delivered obliquely rearward from the fruit vegetables placed body With a simple structure, fruit vegetables can be reliably sent to the fruit vegetable receiver.
( 11 ) Since the decelerating body for reducing the feeding speed of the fruit and vegetables sent out obliquely backward in the transport direction from the fruit and vegetable carrier is provided, the momentum of the fruit and vegetables fed from the fruit and vegetable body can be further reduced, There is almost no risk of rollover or damage.
(12) the upper surface of the fruit vegetables receptacle and from fruiting placed side in acclivity, or, to be higher than fruiting placed body upper surface of fruit vegetables receptacle is fed to the conveying direction obliquely rearward from the fruiting placed body fruit vegetables acceptor Even if the feeding speed of the fruit vegetables can be reduced, the momentum of the fruit vegetables to be sent out can be further reduced, and there is almost no possibility that the fruit vegetables will roll over and be damaged.
(13) on the upper surface of the fruit vegetable receptacle you acclivity, or, on the upper surface of the fruit vegetable receptacle was higher than fruit vegetables placed body, the feed rate of the fruits and vegetables that are sent out to the conveying direction obliquely rearward from the fruiting placed body fruit vegetables acceptor Even when a deceleration body for decelerating is provided, it is possible to further reduce the momentum of the fruit and vegetables that are sent out, and there is almost no possibility that the fruit and vegetables will gain momentum and roll over or be damaged.
(14) When the fruit vegetables loaded bodies are arranged a number in the conveying direction, also put the fruit vegetables to any of the fruit vegetable loaded member able to transport the fruit vegetables, it can be delivered obliquely rear direction during transport.
本件出願の果菜搬送送出装置を、果菜自動選別装置に利用した場合は、果菜搬送体で搬送される果菜を搬送中に規格別に判別し、判別結果に基づいて果菜果菜搬送体の側方に配置された果菜受体に搬送方向斜め後方に向けて送り出すので、送り出される果菜が自動的に減速され、果菜が勢いあまって果菜受体から横転落下したり、先に送り出されている他の果菜に衝突して損傷したりすることが殆どなくなる。 When the vegetable transporting and sending device of the present application is used for an automatic vegetable sorting device, the fruits and vegetables transported by the vegetable transporter are discriminated by standard during transport, and the fruits and vegetables are placed on the side of the fruit transporter based on the determination result. Since it is sent to the arranged fruit vegetable receiver diagonally backward in the conveying direction, the fruit and vegetables to be sent out are automatically decelerated, and the fruit vegetables are momentarily rolled over and fall from the fruit vegetable receiver or other fruit vegetables that have been sent forward There is almost no damage caused by collision.
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置を果菜選別に利用した場合の一例を示す平面図。The top view which shows an example at the time of utilizing the fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus of this invention for fruit vegetable selection. 本発明の果菜搬送送出装置における果菜搬送体から果菜受体への果菜送出し方法の説明平面図。FIG. 3 is an explanatory plan view of a method for sending fruit vegetables from a fruit carrier to a fruit receiver in the fruit vegetable carrier / delivery apparatus of the present invention. 本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の他の例であり、(a)は果菜載せ体から果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送出す前の切換レバーの斜視説明図、(b)は、果菜載せ体から果菜を送り出す場合の切換レバー切替え後の斜視説明図。Is another example of fruit vegetables transport delivery device of the present invention, (a) is a perspective view of the front of the switching lever issuing feeding the fruit vegetables in the conveying direction obliquely rearward from the fruit vegetables loaded body, (b), the fruit vegetable from fruit vegetables placed body FIG. 図3(a)、(b)に示す果菜載せ体の詳細説明図。Detailed explanatory drawing of the fruit and vegetables mounting body shown to Fig.3 (a), (b). 図3(a)、(b)に示す果菜載せ体上の果菜果菜受体に送り出す状態の斜視説明図。FIG. 3 (a), perspective view for explaining a state in which feeding the fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables loaded body fruiting receiving body shown in (b). 図3(a)、(b)に示す果菜載せ体の分解斜視説明図。 Exploded perspective view of the fruit and vegetable mounting body shown in FIGS. 図6に示す果菜載せ体の組み立て斜視説明図。FIG. 7 is an assembly perspective view of the fruit and vegetables mounting body shown in FIG. 6. (a)、(b)は果菜載せ体に異なる果菜を載せた状態の平面説明図。(A), (b) is plane explanatory drawing of the state which mounted different fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable mounting body. (a)は二本一組のベルトコンベアを一ユニットにした果菜載せ体に載せた果菜を、搬送方向後方に回転するベルトコンベアで同方向に送り出す場合の一例を示す平面説明図、(b)は(a)の詳細図。(A) plan view showing an example when feeding the fruit vegetables which carries the fruit vegetable loaded body in which one unit of the two pair of belt conveyor, in the same direction by a belt conveyor which rotates in the conveying direction rearward, (b) (B) is a detailed view of (a). 数本のベルトコンベアを一ユニットにした果菜載せ体に載せた果菜を支持体で支持し、その果菜を支持体で支持したまま、搬送方向後方に回転するベルトコンベアで同方向に送り出す場合の一例を示す平面説明図。An example of a case where the fruit vegetables which carries the fruit vegetable loaded body in which one unit of several of the belt conveyor is supported by the support, while supporting the fruit vegetables in support, sending in the same direction by a belt conveyor which rotates in the conveying direction behind FIG. ベルト裏面の係止具を搬送方向後方に移動させることにより、ベルトを同方向に移動させて、ベルトの上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能とした果菜載せ体の平面説明図。The plane explanatory drawing of the fruit and vegetables mounting body which moved the belt in the same direction by moving the latching tool on the back surface of the belt in the same direction, and was able to send out the vegetables on the belt in the same direction. (a)は本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアの場合の平面説明図、(b)は(a)に示すローラーコンベアを回転ベルトで回転させてローラーコンベアの上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出す場合の側面説明図。(A) is plane explanatory drawing in case the fruit and vegetables conveyance body of the fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus of this invention is a roller conveyor, (b) rotates the roller conveyor shown to (a) with a rotating belt, and the fruit vegetables on a roller conveyor are shown. Side surface explanatory drawing in the case of sending out diagonally back in the conveyance direction. (a)は本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアの場合の平面説明図、(b)は(a)に示すローラーコンベアを傾斜させてローラーコンベアの上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出す場合の側面説明図。(A) is plane explanatory drawing in case the fruit and vegetables conveyance body of the fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus of this invention is a roller conveyor, (b) inclines the roller conveyor shown in (a), and the fruit vegetables on a roller conveyor are diagonally conveyed. Side surface explanatory drawing in the case of sending out back. 本発明の果菜搬送送出装置において、二本のバーで構成された果菜載せ体の上の果菜を、搬送方向斜め後方に移動する送出体で同方向に送り出す場合の平面説明図。In fruit vegetable conveyor delivery apparatus of the present invention, plan view of a case of feeding the fruit vegetables over fruit vegetables loaded structure that comprises a two bar, in the same direction as a transmission member that moves in the conveying direction obliquely rearward. (a)は本発明の果菜搬送送出装置において、鍵盤状に首振りする支持具の上に果菜を載せて搬送する場合の平面説明図、(b)は支持具を鍵盤状に下り傾斜に首振りさせて支持具の上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出す場合の側面説明図。(A) is plane explanatory drawing in the case of carrying fruit vegetables on the support which swings in a keyboard shape in the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device of the present invention, and (b) is a neck in a downward inclination in a keyboard shape. Side surface explanatory drawing in the case of making it shake and send the fruit vegetables on a support tool diagonally back in the conveyance direction. (a)は本発明の果菜搬送送出装置で果菜搬送中の平面図、(b)は搬送中の果菜果菜搬送体の上から減速体の上を通して、その側方の果菜受体に送り出す場合の側面説明図。(A) is a plan view of the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device of the present invention during the conveyance of fruit vegetables , and (b) is a case where the fruit vegetables being conveyed are passed from the vegetable conveyance body over the speed reduction body to the side fruit reception body. Side explanatory drawing. (a)は従来の果菜選別装置の一例を示す平面図、(b)は(a)の装置におけるバケット式果菜載せ体の正面図、(c)は(b)の果菜載せ体を横倒しにして果菜を送出す状態の正面図。(A) is a plan view showing an example of a conventional fruit and vegetable sorting device, (b) is a front view of a bucket-type fruit and vegetable mounting body in the device (a), and (c) is a fruit and vegetable mounting body in (b) lying on its side. The front view of the state which sends out fruit vegetables. (a)は従来の果菜選別装置の他例を示す平面図、(b)は(a)の装置におけるコンベア式果菜載せ体で果菜を送出す状態の正面図。(A) is a top view which shows the other example of the conventional fruit vegetable selection apparatus, (b) is a front view of the state which sends out fruit vegetables with the conveyor type fruit vegetable mounting body in the apparatus of (a). 従来の果菜選別装置であり、搬送体で搬送中の果菜を乗継ぎコンベアにより、果菜受体に送出す状態の平面説明図。Plane explanatory drawing of the state which is a conventional fruit vegetable selection device, and sends the fruit vegetables currently conveyed with a conveyance body to a fruit vegetable acceptor by a transfer conveyor.
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法は、各種果菜果菜搬送体で搬送し、所定の位置で搬送方向斜め後方に送り出す方法であり、果菜搬送送出装置はその方法を実現するための装置である。これら方法及び装置は、例えば、トマト、桃、梨、イチゴ等の丸玉系の果菜や、胡瓜、茄子等の長尺系の果菜を、サイズ別、形状別、色別、糖度別といった各種規格別(等級別)に自動的に選別する果菜自動選別方法、果菜自動選別装置として利用するのに適するものである。 The fruit vegetable transporting and sending method of the present invention is a method of transporting various fruit vegetables by the fruit vegetable transporting body, and sending them obliquely backward in the transporting direction at a predetermined position, and the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device is an apparatus for realizing the method. These methods and devices are, for example, various kinds of standards such as round fruit vegetables such as tomatoes, peaches, pears and strawberries, and long fruit vegetables such as peppers and eggplants according to size, shape, color, and sugar content. It is suitable for use as an automatic fruit vegetable sorting method and fruit vegetable automatic sorting device that automatically sorts differently (by grade).
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態1)
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態の一例を図面に基づいて説明する。本例では、果菜搬送送出方法をトマト、桃、梨、イチゴ等の丸玉系の果菜や、胡瓜、茄子等の長尺系の果菜を、サイズ別、形状別、色別、糖度別といった各種規格別(等級別)に自動的に選別するための果菜自動選別方法として用いた例について説明する。この果菜搬送送出方法は、図1に示すように、果菜1を果菜搬送体2の果菜載せ体3上に載せて矢印a方向に搬送し、搬送中の果菜1を判別部6において規格別に自動的に判別し、判別後の果菜1を果菜搬送体側方に配置されたプールコンベア(果菜受体)4の横まで搬送すると、図2に示すように、果菜載せ体3を搬送方向斜め後方に駆動させて、果菜載せ体3上の果菜1を規格別に同方向に送り出して果菜受体4に載せ換える方法である。果菜受体4は図1に示すように果菜の規格別に果菜搬送体2の側方数箇所に配置されており、果菜1は規格別に夫々の果菜受体4に送り出されるようにしてある。この方法では、前記果菜載せ体3を図2、図3に示すように無端ベルト18とし、その上面に果菜支持具5を取付けて無端ベルト18の上に載せた果菜1をその果菜支持具5で支持できるようにしてある。また、無端ベルト18の送り出し側を図1〜図3に示すように果菜受体4の後方に向けて斜めに配置し、無端ベルト18が回転或は移動すると、その上の果菜1を搬送方向斜め後方に送出できるようにし、果菜1の送出し速度を減速させて果菜1の勢いがセーブされるようにした。
(Embodiment 1 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
An example of the embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In this example, fruit vegetables are transported and sent out in round-shaped fruit vegetables such as tomatoes, peaches, pears, strawberries, etc., and long fruit vegetables such as pepper and eggplant in various sizes, shapes, colors, sugar levels, etc. An example used as an automatic vegetable vegetable sorting method for automatically sorting by standard (by grade) will be described. As shown in FIG. 1, this fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method places the fruit vegetable 1 on the fruit vegetable carrier 3 of the fruit vegetable conveyance body 2 and conveys it in the direction of arrow a, and the fruit vegetable 1 being conveyed is automatically classified by the standard in the determination unit 6. to determine, when transporting the fruit vegetables 1 after determination until next fruit vegetables disposed in the conveying side direction pool conveyor (fruiting receptacle) 4, as shown in FIG. 2, the fruit vegetables loaded body 3 in the conveying direction obliquely rearward so driven, a method of changing put on fruiting receptacle 4 turned out fruit vegetables 1 on fruit vegetables loaded member 3 in the same direction by standards. As shown in FIG. 1, the fruit vegetable receivers 4 are arranged at several positions on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 according to the specifications of the fruit vegetables , and the fruit vegetables 1 are sent to the respective fruit vegetable receivers 4 according to the standards. In this way, the fruit vegetable loaded body 3 to FIG. 2, the endless belt 18 as shown in FIG. 3, fruit vegetables 1 The fruit vegetables support 5 placed on the endless belt 18 is attached to fruit vegetables support 5 on its upper surface It can be supported by. 1 to 3, the delivery side of the endless belt 18 is disposed obliquely toward the rear of the fruit vegetable receiver 4, and when the endless belt 18 rotates or moves, the fruit vegetable 1 on the endless belt 18 is transported. It was made to be able to feed diagonally backward, and the speed of fruit vegetable 1 was reduced to save the momentum of fruit vegetable 1.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態2)
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法では、果菜搬送体2によって搬送されている果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、前記実施形態1記載のように、ベルトコンベアを一本備える果菜載せ体3によって行う方法には限られず、例えば、図9(a)(b)のように、隣接する二本のベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3を一組のユニット50としたり、図10のように、隣接する四本のベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3を一組のユニット50としたりして、夫々のユニット50に二以上の果菜1を載せることができるようにして、各ベルトコンベアを搬送方向斜め後方へ動かして送り出すようにすることもできる。
(Embodiment 2 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
In the fruit vegetable conveying and feeding method of the present invention, the fruit vegetables 1 conveyed by the fruit vegetable conveying body 2 are fed obliquely backward in the conveying direction by the fruit vegetable mounting body 3 having one belt conveyor as described in the first embodiment. For example, as shown in FIGS. 9 (a) and 9 (b), two adjacent belt-conveyor-type fruit vegetable platforms 3 are combined into a unit 50, or as shown in FIG. The four conveyor belt-type fruit and vegetable stacks 3 are made into a set of units 50 so that two or more fruit vegetables 1 can be placed on each unit 50, and each belt conveyor is obliquely rearward in the transport direction. It can also be moved out and sent out.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態3)
果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、図11(a)(b)のような幅の細い無端ベルト18を二本平行に並べたベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3によって行うこともできる。
(Embodiment 3 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
The feeding of the fruit vegetables 1 obliquely rearward in the conveying direction can also be performed by a belt conveyor type fruit vegetable mounting body 3 in which two endless belts 18 having a narrow width are arranged in parallel as shown in FIGS.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態4)
果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、図12(a)(b)のような各ローラーを回転可能に備えたローラーコンベア式の果菜載せ体3によって行うこともできる。
(Embodiment 4 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
The fruit vegetables 1 can be sent out obliquely rearward in the conveying direction by a roller conveyor type fruit vegetable mounting body 3 that is rotatably provided with rollers as shown in FIGS.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態5)
果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、図13(a)(b)のような傾斜機構によって斜め後方に傾斜可能としたローラーコンベア式の果菜載せ体3によって行うこともできる。傾斜機構は判別結果に基づいて作動して果菜を斜め後方に送出させる。
(Embodiment 5 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
The fruit vegetables 1 can be sent out obliquely backward in the conveying direction by a roller conveyor type fruit vegetable mounting body 3 that can be inclined obliquely rearward by an inclination mechanism as shown in FIGS. The tilting mechanism operates based on the discrimination result and sends the fruit vegetables diagonally backward.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態6)
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法では、果菜搬送体2によって搬送されている果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、図14に示すように、二本のバーを搬送方向斜め後方に向けて平行に配置して果菜1を載置可能とした載置台62と、載置台62に沿って往復移動可能な送出体63で構成された果菜載せ体3を用い、載置台62上にのせた果菜1を送出体63の移動によって矢印方向に押して搬送方向斜め後方に果菜受体4に送り出し可能なものとすることもできる。果菜載せ体3は、図14に示すものには限られず、送出体63によって載置台62上の果菜1を押して果菜1を斜め後方に送出可能なものであれば、例えば、載置台を、プレート等の固定具としたり、搬送方向斜め後方に回転可能に配置されたローラーコンベアとしたりするなど、任意のものとすることができる。
(Embodiment 6 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
In the fruit vegetable transporting and sending method of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 14, the fruit vegetables 1 being transported by the fruit vegetable transporting body 2 are sent out obliquely rearward in the transport direction, and the two bars are directed diagonally rearward in the transport direction. The fruit and vegetable 1 placed on the mounting table 62 using the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 composed of the mounting table 62 on which the fruit and vegetable 1 can be mounted and the sending body 63 that can reciprocate along the mounting table 62. Can be pushed out in the direction of the arrow by the movement of the sending body 63 and sent out to the fruit vegetable receiving body 4 obliquely backward in the conveying direction. The fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 is not limited to that shown in FIG. 14. For example, if the fruit and vegetables 1 can be sent diagonally backward by pushing the fruit and vegetables 1 on the mounting table 62 by the sending body 63, the mounting table is a plate. For example, it may be a fixing tool such as a roller conveyor that is rotatably disposed obliquely rearward in the conveyance direction.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態7)
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法では、果菜搬送体2で搬送中の果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、前記各実施形態記載の方法には限られず、図15(a)(b)に示すような鍵盤状の果菜載せ体3によって行うこともできる。この場合、図15(a)に示すように、果菜載せ体3を、搬送方向斜め後方向きに配置された角棒状の支持材100とし、その支持材100を搬送方向斜め後方に向けて多数枚並べ、各支持材100を首振り駆動体(図示しない)により支持軸101を中心に鍵盤状に首振り可能にして果菜載せ体3上の果菜1を搬送方向斜め後方に滑落可能とすることもできる。
(Embodiment 7 of fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method)
In the fruit vegetable conveying and sending method of the present invention, the feeding of the fruit vegetables 1 being conveyed by the fruit vegetable conveying body 2 obliquely backward in the conveying direction is not limited to the method described in the above embodiments, and is shown in FIGS. 15 (a) and 15 (b). It can also be performed by the keyboard-like fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 as shown. In this case, as shown in FIG. 15 (a), the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 is a rectangular bar-shaped support material 100 arranged obliquely rearward in the transport direction, and a large number of the support materials 100 are directed obliquely rearward in the transport direction. The support materials 100 can be swung in a keyboard shape around the support shaft 101 by a swing drive body (not shown) so that the fruit vegetables 1 on the fruit vegetable mounting body 3 can be slid diagonally backward in the transport direction. it can.
果菜搬送送出方法の実施形態8)
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法では、図16(a)(b)に示すように、果菜搬送体2の果菜載せ体3と果菜受体4の間に設けられた減速体110によって、果菜載せ体3から果菜受体4に搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜1の送り出し速度を減速させることもできる。このとき、減速体110としては、表面がフッ素樹脂加工等された板材やテープ等を用いることができる。減速体110は、果菜載せ体3から果菜受体4に向けて上り傾斜に配置することもできる。その場合、同図に示すように、果菜受体4の上面を果菜載せ体3の上面より高くなるようにしたり、更にその果菜受体4自体を上り傾斜にしたりすることができる。減速体110は、果菜載せ体3の出口側や果菜受体4の入口側に備えることもできる。また、果菜1の送り速度の減速は、減速体110によるものには限られず、減速体110を設けずに、果菜受体4の上面を果菜載せ体3の上面より高くなるようにしたり、果菜受体4自体を上り傾斜にしたりして行うこともできる。
(Eighth Embodiment of Fruit Vegetable Conveying and Sending Method)
The fruit vegetable transport delivery method of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 16 (a) (b), by moderator 110 provided between the fruit vegetable loaded member 3 and fruiting receptacle 4 of the fruiting carrier 2, fruit vegetables loaded body The feeding speed of the fruit vegetable 1 fed from 3 to the fruit vegetable receiver 4 obliquely backward in the conveying direction can also be reduced. At this time, as the speed reducer 110, a plate material, a tape, or the like whose surface is processed with a fluorine resin can be used. Moderator 110 may also be disposed inclined upward toward the fruit vegetables placed body 3 fruit vegetable receptacle 4. In that case, as shown in the figure, the upper surface of the fruit and vegetable receiver 4 can be made higher than the upper surface of the fruit and vegetable receiver 3, or the fruit and vegetable receiver 4 itself can be inclined upward. Moderator 110 may also be provided on the inlet side of the outlet side and fruiting receiving body 4 of fruit vegetables loaded body 3. Also, the deceleration of the feed rate of fruit vegetables 1 is not limited to by moderator 110, without providing the deceleration member 110, or to be higher than the upper surface of the fruit vegetables loaded body 3 a top surface of the fruit vegetables receptacle 4, fruit vegetables It can also be performed by making the receiving body 4 itself uphill.
果菜搬送送出方法のその他の実施形態)
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法では、果菜搬送体2で搬送中の果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出しは、前記各実施形態記載のものには限られず、他の任意の手段によって行うことができる。
(Other Embodiments of Fruit Vegetable Transporting and Sending Method)
In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery method of the present invention, the fruit vegetables 1 being conveyed by the fruit vegetable conveyance body 2 are not limited to those described in the above embodiments, but can be delivered by any other means. it can.
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法では、果菜搬送体2から搬送方向斜め後方への果菜1の送り出しは、果菜受体4の上に限られず他の任意の場所への送り出しとすることもできる。場合によっては、果菜受体4を省略することもできる。 The fruit vegetable transport delivery method of the present invention, feed from fruit vegetable carrier 2 of fruit vegetables 1 in the transport direction obliquely rearward may also be a delivery to any location in a limited without the other on the fruit vegetables receptacle 4. In some cases, the fruit vegetable receiver 4 can be omitted.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態1)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態の一例を図面に基づいて説明する。本例では、果菜搬送送出装置をトマト、桃、梨、イチゴ等の丸玉系の果菜や、胡瓜、茄子等の長尺系の果菜を、サイズ別、形状別、色別、糖度別といった各種規格別(等級別)に自動的に選別するための果菜自動選別装置として用いた例について説明する。この果菜搬送送出装置は図1に示すように、果菜1を、果菜搬送体2の果菜載せ体3に載せて矢印a方向に搬送し、搬送中の果菜1を判別部6において形状、サイズ、色といった規格別に自動的に判別し、判別後の果菜1が果菜搬送体2の側方に配置されたプールコンベア(果菜受体)4の横まで搬送されると、図2に示すように、果菜載せ体3を駆動させて、果菜載せ体3上の果菜1を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出して果菜受体4に載せ換えるようにしたものである。果菜受体4は図1に示すように果菜の規格別に果菜搬送体2の側方数箇所に配置されており、果菜1は規格別に夫々の果菜受体4に送り出されるようにしてある。果菜載せ体3は、図2、図3に示すようなベルトコンベア式であり、その無端ベルト18の上面に果菜支持具5を取付け、果菜載せ体3に乗せた果菜1を支持できるようにしてあり、また、無端ベルト18の下面から下方に係止具35を突設し、それを図3に示す案内体43に沿って図4のように果菜受体4と反対側(図4の右側)に移動させると無端ベルト18の上走行部が果菜受体4側に回転(図4では左回転)して上走行部の上に載せてある果菜1が果菜受体4に送り出されるようにしてある。この場合、果菜載せ体3の送り出し側を図1〜図3に示すように果菜受体4の後方に向けて斜めに配置して、果菜載せ体3から送り出される果菜1の送出し速度が減速されて果菜1の勢いがセーブされるようにしてある。以下に、果菜搬送体2、果菜載せ体3等について詳細に説明する。
(Embodiment 1 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery device)
An example of an embodiment of a fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery apparatus of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In this example, the fruit vegetable transportation and delivery device is a variety of rounded fruit vegetables such as tomatoes, peaches, pears, strawberries, etc., and long fruit vegetables such as pepper and eggplants, by size, shape, color, sugar content, etc. An example used as an automatic vegetable vegetable sorting device for automatically sorting by standard (by grade) will be described. As shown in FIG. 1, this fruit vegetable transporting and feeding apparatus places fruit vegetables 1 on the fruit vegetable carrier 3 of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 and conveys them in the direction of the arrow a. When it is automatically discriminated according to the standard such as color, and the fruit vegetable 1 after the discrimination is conveyed to the side of the pool conveyor ( fruit acceptor) 4 arranged on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier 2, as shown in FIG. The fruit and vegetable mount 3 is driven, and the fruit and vegetable 1 on the fruit and vegetable mount 3 is sent out obliquely rearward in the transport direction and is mounted on the fruit and vegetable receiver 4. As shown in FIG. 1, the fruit vegetable receivers 4 are arranged at several positions on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 according to the specifications of the fruit vegetables , and the fruit vegetables 1 are sent to the respective fruit vegetable receivers 4 according to the standards. Fruit vegetables loaded body 3, FIG. 2, a belt-conveyor type, such as shown in FIG. 3, attached to fruit vegetables support 5 on the upper surface of the endless belt 18, so as to support the fruit vegetables 1 carrying the fruit vegetable loaded body 3 There is also provided a locking member 35 projecting downward from the lower surface of the endless belt 18, which is provided along the guide body 43 shown in FIG. 3 on the side opposite to the fruit vegetable receiver 4 (right side in FIG. 4). ) So that the upper traveling portion of the endless belt 18 rotates toward the fruit receiver 4 (left rotation in FIG. 4), and the fruit vegetable 1 placed on the upper traveling portion is sent to the fruit receiver 4. It is. In this case, it arranged obliquely toward the rear of the fruit vegetable receptacle 4 to indicate the delivery side of the fruit vegetables loaded body 3 in FIGS. 1 to 3, the delivery rate of fruit vegetables 1 sent out from the fruiting placed body 3 decelerated The momentum of fruit vegetables 1 is saved. Hereinafter, the fruit vegetable carrier 2, the fruit vegetable carrier 3 and the like will be described in detail.
図1の果菜搬送体2は駆動スプロケット10aと従動スプロケット10bに架設された無端状のチェーン11に、細長の果菜載せ体3が多数本取り付けられており、この果菜載せ体3はモータMの回転により駆動スプロケット10aが回転し、チェーン11が矢印a方向に移動すると同方向に移動する。前記果菜載せ体3はいずれも送出し側3aをチェーン11の移動方向斜め後ろ向きにして取り付けてある(図2参照。)。 The endless chain 11 fruiting carrier 2 that is laid on the driving sprocket 10a and the driven sprocket 10b in FIG. 1, and fruit vegetables loaded body 3 of elongate installed this number, the fruit vegetable loaded body 3 rotates the motor M As a result, the drive sprocket 10a rotates and moves in the same direction when the chain 11 moves in the direction of arrow a. Each of the fruit vegetables 3 is attached with the delivery side 3a facing diagonally backward in the moving direction of the chain 11 (see FIG. 2).
前記搬送チェーン11は図3に示すように上走行部が上方開口の角型樋状のチェーンガイド14内に収容されてその内部を走行するようにしてある。チェーンガイド14は図5に示すように果菜搬送送出装置の主フレーム13の上面に設置されている。チェーン11には図2、図6に示すようにアタッチメント15が一定間隔で取り付けられており、このアタッチメント15に果菜載せ体3のフレーム16(図6)を取り付けてある。 As shown in FIG. 3, the transport chain 11 is accommodated in a square hook-shaped chain guide 14 having an upper opening at an upper opening so as to run inside the chain. As shown in FIG. 5, the chain guide 14 is installed on the upper surface of the main frame 13 of the fruit vegetable conveying and feeding apparatus. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 6, attachments 15 are attached to the chain 11 at regular intervals, and a frame 16 (FIG. 6) of the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 is attached to the attachment 15.
図1〜図5に示す果菜載せ体3は図7に示すように支持板19と無端ベルト18を備えたベルトコンベアであり、無端ベルト18の回転によりその上面に載せた果菜1を無端ベルト18の回転方向先方(受体4側)へ送り出すものである。 FIGS fruit vegetables loaded body 3 shown in 5 is a belt conveyor provided with a supporting plate 19 and the endless belt 18 as shown in FIG. 7, fruit vegetables 1 an endless belt 18 which carries on its upper surface by the rotation of the endless belt 18 To the other side of the rotation direction (receiving body 4 side).
支持板19は図6に示すように細長い中央板20の外側に前方側板21、後方側板22があり、後方側板22の前端に平面形状ほぼ三角形のガイド部23を形成し、ガイド部23を前方側板21の前端部より先方まで突出させてある。支持板19の先端側には前方空間部24が、後端側には後方空間部25が形成されている。   As shown in FIG. 6, the support plate 19 has a front side plate 21 and a rear side plate 22 on the outer side of the elongated central plate 20, and a guide portion 23 having a substantially triangular shape is formed on the front end of the rear side plate 22. The side plate 21 is projected beyond the front end portion. A front space 24 is formed on the front end side of the support plate 19, and a rear space 25 is formed on the rear end side.
無端ベルト18は図6に示すように前方フリーローラー26とガイドローラ27と後方フリーローラー28の外周に巻いて先端部下側を上向き傾斜にしてあり、その無端ベルト18を支持板19の中央板20の外周に周回させ、無端ベルト18の先端部と前方フリーローラー26及びガイドローラ27を支持板19の前方空間部24内に、後端部と後方フリーローラー28を支持板19の後方空間部25内に配置してある。この果菜載せ体3は図4に示す上方開口のコンベアフレーム16内に収容し、前方フリーローラー26の回転軸29をコンベアフレーム16の前方受け溝30に回転可能に支持し、ガイドローラ27の回転軸31をコンベアフレーム16の支持孔32に回転可能に貫通し、後方フリーローラー28の回転軸33をコンベアフレーム16の後方受け溝34に夫々回転可能に支持して、図6のようにセットされている。   As shown in FIG. 6, the endless belt 18 is wound around the outer periphery of the front free roller 26, the guide roller 27, and the rear free roller 28, and the lower end portion of the endless belt 18 is inclined upward. The front end portion of the endless belt 18 and the front free roller 26 and the guide roller 27 are placed in the front space portion 24 of the support plate 19, and the rear end portion and the rear free roller 28 are placed in the rear space portion 25 of the support plate 19. It is arranged in. This fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 is accommodated in the conveyor frame 16 having an upper opening shown in FIG. 4, and the rotation shaft 29 of the front free roller 26 is rotatably supported by the front receiving groove 30 of the conveyor frame 16, and the rotation of the guide roller 27 is performed. The shaft 31 is rotatably passed through the support hole 32 of the conveyor frame 16, and the rotary shaft 33 of the rear free roller 28 is rotatably supported by the rear receiving groove 34 of the conveyor frame 16 to be set as shown in FIG. ing.
前記無端ベルト18の上面には果菜支持具5が接着剤やネジ等の固定手段で固定されている。果菜支持具5はスポンジ製、ゴム製、軟質樹脂製等にして果菜1に傷がつかないようにしてあり、円錐台形にして、果菜1が例えばトマトや林檎等のように下部が細く上部が膨らんでいる形状の果菜であっても安定して支持できるようにしてある。果菜支持具5の材質や形状はこれには限られず任意とすることができる。果菜支持具5を省略することも可能である。 The vegetable support 5 is fixed to the upper surface of the endless belt 18 by a fixing means such as an adhesive or a screw. The fruit vegetable support 5 is made of sponge, rubber, soft resin or the like so that the fruit vegetables 1 are not scratched. The fruit vegetables 1 have a truncated cone shape, and the fruit vegetables 1 are thin at the bottom, such as tomatoes and apples. Even swelled fruit vegetables can be supported stably. The material and shape of the fruit vegetable support 5 are not limited to this and can be arbitrary. It is also possible to omit the fruit vegetable support 5.
無端ベルト18の下面には係止具35(図6)が取り付けられている。図示した係止具35にはボルトが使用されており、そのボルトが図6に示すように、コンベアフレーム16の底板36に配置した保持具37、保持具37の上下に宛がった上当て板38、下当て板39を貫通したボルトの下端ネジにナット40を締付けてコンベアフレーム16の底板36に固定してその下方まで突出させてある。係止具35は図2、図3に示すように、チェーンガイド14と平行に設けられた上方開口の角型樋状の係止具ガイド41内をガイドされて移動するようにしてある。係止具ガイド41は図5に示すように果菜搬送送出装置の主フレーム13の上面にチェーンガイド14と平行に配置され固定されている。また、係止具ガイド41は、図5に示すように、案内体43の設置部分には設けられていない。 A locking member 35 (FIG. 6) is attached to the lower surface of the endless belt 18. As shown in FIG. 6, a bolt is used for the illustrated locking device 35, and the bolt 37 is disposed on the bottom plate 36 of the conveyor frame 16, and the top cover is placed above and below the holding device 37. A nut 40 is fastened to a lower end screw of a bolt passing through the plate 38 and the lower plate 39 and fixed to the bottom plate 36 of the conveyor frame 16 so as to protrude downward. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the locking device 35 is guided and moved in a square hook-shaped locking device guide 41 having an upper opening provided in parallel with the chain guide 14. As shown in FIG. 5, the locking tool guide 41 is disposed and fixed in parallel with the chain guide 14 on the upper surface of the main frame 13 of the fruit vegetable conveying and feeding apparatus. Moreover, the locking tool guide 41 is not provided in the installation part of the guide body 43, as shown in FIG.
図7のように形成された果菜載せ体3は、そのコンベアフレーム16(図4)をチェーン11のアタッチメント15にネジ42(図6)で取付けることによりチェーン11に固定してある。この場合、果菜載せ体3の送出し側3aをチェーン11の搬送方向後方に向けて斜めに取付けて、果菜載せ体3の上の果菜1が搬送方向斜め後方に送り出されるようにしてある。果菜載せ体3の前記取り付け角度(図2中θ)は果菜1を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能であれば任意の角度とすることができ、例えば30°〜60°程度とすることができる。この実施例では、図6に示すように、果菜載せ体3の後方側板22の先端部に、前方側板21の先端よりも先方まで突出している三角形のガイド部23が形成されているため、果菜載せ体3の送出し側3aを果菜搬送体2に対して後方向きに斜めに配置しても、果菜載せ体3の先端と果菜搬送体2との間が三角形のガイド部23で閉塞されて隙間が殆ど生じない。このため、果菜載せ体3の無端ベルト18から送出される果菜1が果菜受体4に乗り移りにくいとか、果菜1が落下してしまうといったことが無い。 The fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 formed as shown in FIG. 7 is fixed to the chain 11 by attaching the conveyor frame 16 (FIG. 4) to the attachment 15 of the chain 11 with screws 42 (FIG. 6). In this case, the sending side 3a of the fruit vegetables loaded body 3 mounted obliquely toward the conveying direction behind the chain 11, fruit vegetables 1 on the fruit vegetables loaded member 3 are so fed in the conveying direction obliquely rearward. The attachment angle ([theta] in FIG. 2) of the fruit vegetable mounting body 3 can be any angle as long as the fruit vegetables 1 can be sent obliquely backward in the transport direction, and can be, for example, about 30 [deg.] To 60 [deg.]. In this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 6, the distal end portion of the rear side plate 22 of the fruit vegetables loaded body 3, since the guide portion 23 of the triangular projecting to other party than the tip of the front side plate 21 is formed, fruit vegetables Even if the delivery side 3 a of the loading body 3 is arranged obliquely rearward with respect to the fruit vegetable transport body 2, the space between the tip of the fruit vegetable loading body 3 and the fruit vegetable transportation body 2 is blocked by the triangular guide portion 23. There are almost no gaps. For this reason, it is difficult for the fruit and vegetable 1 sent from the endless belt 18 of the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 to easily transfer to the fruit and vegetable receiver 4 or for the fruit and vegetable 1 to fall.
果菜載せ体3の幅と、果菜載せ体3の隣接間隔は、載せる果菜1のサイズ、形状等によっても異なるが、基本的には果菜載せ体3の幅は図8(a)に示すように一つの果菜1を載せることができる広さにし、隣接間隔は図8(b)に示すように細長な一本の果菜1を二本以上の果菜載せ体3に跨がせて載せることができ、例えば、図2に示すようにサイズの大きな丸玉系の果菜1などを二本以上の果菜載せ体3に跨がせて載せることができるように設定するのがよい。 The width of the fruit vegetables loaded body 3, adjacent intervals of fruit vegetables loaded body 3, put the size of fruit vegetables 1, varies depending on the shape or the like, the width of the basic fruit vegetable in placing member 3 as shown in FIG. 8 (a) The width can be set so that a single fruit vegetable 1 can be placed, and an adjacent interval can be placed across two or more fruit vegetables 3 as shown in FIG. 8 (b). For example, as shown in FIG. 2, it is preferable to set so that a large rounded fruit vegetable 1 or the like can be placed across two or more fruit vegetables 3.
前記判別部6は、果菜搬送体2の搬送路上に設けられた、搬送中の果菜1を規格別に自動的に判別する部分である。判別部6は、既存の判別装置と同様にカメラ、糖度センサ、重量計等、判別に必要な各種装置を備え、搬送されてくる果菜1の形状、サイズ、重量、色、糖度等を計測し、自動的に規格を判別できるものである。 The discriminating unit 6 is a portion that is provided on the transport path of the fruit and vegetable transport body 2 and that automatically discriminates the fruit and vegetable 1 being transported by standard. The discriminating unit 6 includes various devices necessary for discrimination, such as a camera, a sugar content sensor, and a weigh scale, as in the existing discriminating device, and measures the shape, size, weight, color, sugar content, etc. of the fruit vegetables 1 being conveyed. The standard can be discriminated automatically.
図1に示す判別部6の先方には、多数本の案内体43が平行に、しかも果菜搬送体2の搬送方向に対して後方斜め向きに配置されている。夫々の案内体43の先端側には切換レバー44が配置されている。切換レバー44は、判別部6の判別結果に基づいて果菜載せ体3の係止具35の移動方向を切り替えるものであり、案内体43は係止具35の移動をそれに沿ってガイドするものである。案内体43は図3に示すL字状の細長板であり、その先端側を図5に示すように選別装置の主フレーム13の上のチェーンガイド14に対して斜め後方に向けて配置してある。切換レバー44は図2、図3に示すように回転体45に取り付けられており、回転体45を回転させることにより果菜搬送体2と平行な向きの進路不変位置(図3a)と、果菜搬送体2と交差する向きの進路変更位置(図3b)とに切替えられるようにして、進路不変位置(図3a)にあるときは果菜搬送体2で搬送されてくる果菜載せ体3の底面下方に突出している係止具35が切換レバー44及び案内体43に触れることなくそのまま直進し、果菜載せ体3の無端ベルト18は動作せずその上の果菜は送り出されない。切換レバー44が進路変更位置(図3b)に切替えられると、果菜搬送体2で搬送されてくる果菜載せ体3の係止具35が切換レバー44に当たって直進が阻止され、案内体43側に導かれて案内体43に沿って進行して図3(b)、図4の矢印A方向に移動し、同時に無端ベルト18の下側も同方向に移動し、無端ベルト18の上面が搬送体の側方に配置されている果菜受体4方向(送り出し方向:図4の矢印B方向)に移動し、無端ベルト18の上の果菜1が果菜受体4に送出されるようにしてある。前記回転体45の回転による切換レバー44の切換えは、前記判別部6での判別結果に応じて制御装置によって制御される。 A large number of guide bodies 43 are arranged in front of the determination unit 6 shown in FIG. 1 and obliquely rearward with respect to the transport direction of the fruit vegetable transport body 2. A switching lever 44 is disposed on the distal end side of each guide body 43. The switching lever 44 switches the moving direction of the locking tool 35 of the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 based on the determination result of the determination unit 6, and the guide body 43 guides the movement of the locking tool 35 along with it. is there. The guide body 43 is an L-shaped elongated plate shown in FIG. 3, and its tip side is arranged obliquely rearward with respect to the chain guide 14 on the main frame 13 of the sorting device as shown in FIG. is there. The switching lever 44 is attached to the rotating body 45 as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, and by rotating the rotating body 45, the path invariant position (FIG. 3 a) in the direction parallel to the fruit vegetable transport body 2 and the fruit vegetable transporting It is switched to the course changing position (FIG. 3b) in the direction crossing the body 2, and when it is in the course invariant position (FIG. 3a), it is below the bottom surface of the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 conveyed by the fruit and vegetable conveying body 2. The protruding locking member 35 advances straight without touching the switching lever 44 and the guide body 43, the endless belt 18 of the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 does not operate, and the fruit and vegetables on it are not sent out. When the switching lever 44 is switched to the course changing position (FIG. 3b), the locking tool 35 of the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 conveyed by the fruit and vegetable conveying body 2 hits the switching lever 44 and is prevented from going straight and guided to the guide body 43 side. Then, it travels along the guide body 43 and moves in the direction of arrow A in FIGS. 3B and 4, and simultaneously, the lower side of the endless belt 18 also moves in the same direction. It moves in the direction of the fruit vegetable receiver 4 (feeding direction: the direction of arrow B in FIG. 4) arranged on the side, so that the fruit vegetable 1 on the endless belt 18 is sent to the fruit vegetable receiver 4. Switching of the switching lever 44 by the rotation of the rotating body 45 is controlled by a control device according to the determination result in the determination unit 6.
果菜搬送体2の側方に配置されている果菜受体4は、図1に示すように果菜搬送体2の排出部7から送出される果菜1を受け継いでそのまま搬送したり一旦プールしたりしておくためのものであり、図1の場合は多数本のベルトコンベアが使用され、それらベルトコンベアを果菜搬送体2と直交させて二箇所に平行に配置してある。図1では果菜受体4が果菜搬送体2の搬送方向二箇所に設けられているが、果菜受体4は、果菜1の種類や規格毎に果菜搬送体2の搬送方向に数箇所に設け、夫々の箇所の果菜受体4に果菜1を種類や規格別に送り出すことできるようにすることができる。全ての果菜受体4のベルトコンベアの本数を同じにするのではなく、数や種類の多い果菜1を引き継ぐ果菜受体4のベルトコンベアは本数を多くし、少ない果菜1を引き継ぐ果菜受体4のベルトコンベアは本数を少なくすることができる。果菜受体4のベルトコンベアは常時回転させておくことも可能であるが、果菜1が送出されないときは一時停止にして待機させておき、果菜載せ体3から果菜1が送出されるときに果菜一個分だけ回転して果菜1が載るように制御することもできる。ベルトコンベアの回転制御は前記判別部6による判別結果に応じて制御装置によって行われる。 As shown in FIG. 1, the fruit vegetable receiver 4 arranged on the side of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 inherits the fruit vegetables 1 sent from the discharge unit 7 of the fruit vegetable carrier 2 and directly conveys them or pools them once. In the case of FIG. 1, a large number of belt conveyors are used, and these belt conveyors are arranged in parallel at two locations so as to be orthogonal to the fruit vegetable carrier 2. Although Figure 1 in the fruiting receptacle 4 is provided in the conveying direction two portions of fruit vegetables carrier 2, fruit vegetables receptacle 4 is provided at several locations in the conveying direction of the fruiting transport body 2 for each fruit vegetable first type and specifications The fruit vegetables 1 can be sent out to the fruit receivers 4 at the respective locations according to type and standard. Not the number of all of the belt conveyor of fruit vegetables receptacle 4 than the same, a belt conveyor of fruit vegetables receptacle 4 take over the fruit vegetables 1 lot of the number and type will increase the number, fruit vegetables acceptor 4 take over small fruit vegetables 1 The number of belt conveyors can be reduced. The belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 4 can be always rotated. However, when the fruit vegetables 1 are not sent out, they are temporarily stopped and kept waiting, and when the fruit vegetables 1 are sent out from the fruit vegetable carrier 3. It can also be controlled so that the fruit vegetables 1 are placed by rotating by one. The rotation control of the belt conveyor is performed by the control device according to the determination result by the determination unit 6.
果菜搬送体2の排出部7の搬送方向先方には、図1に示すように戻し用案内体46が配置されている。戻し用案内体46は前記案内体43とは逆向き斜めに配置されている。果菜1を果菜受体4に送り出した果菜載せ体3は、果菜1を果菜受体4へ送り出した後に果菜搬送体2によって排出部7の先方へ搬送されていくと、案内体43によってガイドされて果菜受体4から離れた方向に位置している係止具35を逆方向へガイドして元の位置まで戻すことができるようにしてある。 As shown in FIG. 1, a return guide body 46 is disposed in the transport direction ahead of the discharge unit 7 of the fruit vegetable transport body 2. The return guide body 46 is disposed obliquely in the opposite direction to the guide body 43. Fruit vegetables loaded body 3 send out fruit vegetables 1 fruit vegetable receptacle 4, when conveyed toward the other party of the discharge section 7 after sending the fruit vegetables 1 to fruiting receptacle 4 by fruiting carrier 2 it is guided by a guide member 43 Thus, the locking tool 35 located in the direction away from the fruit vegetable receiver 4 can be guided in the reverse direction and returned to the original position.
図1に示す果菜搬送体2の搬送開始地点付近(図1の左端側)は果菜1を果菜載せ体3に載せる投入部8としてあり、投入部8は作業員が数人並ぶことができる程度の長さが確保されている。 The vicinity of the transfer start point of the fruit vegetable transport body 2 shown in FIG. 1 (the left end side in FIG. 1) is an input section 8 for mounting the fruit vegetable 1 on the fruit vegetable mount body 3, and the input section 8 can accommodate several workers. The length of is secured.
図1の果菜受体4の側方には果菜受体4にプールされた果菜1を作業者が手作業で取出して箱詰作業をする作業空間が確保されており、ここも数人が並んで作業できる広さのスペースにしてある。なお、果菜受体4は、前記のようなベルトコンベアを複数本並べて備えたものには限られず、ローラーコンベアとする等、任意のものとすることができる。また、果菜受体4に代えて、別の装置の搬送ラインを備えることも可能である。また、果菜受体4を省略することも可能である。 In the side of the fruit vegetable acceptor 4 in FIG. 1, a working space is secured for the operator to manually take out the fruit vegetables 1 pooled in the fruit vegetable acceptor 4 and perform the boxing work, and several people are also lined up here. The space is large enough to work with. The fruit vegetable acceptor 4 is not limited to the one having a plurality of belt conveyors arranged as described above, and may be any one such as a roller conveyor. Moreover, it can replace with the fruit vegetable acceptor 4, and can also provide the conveyance line of another apparatus. It is also possible to omit the fruit vegetable receiver 4.
果菜搬送送出装置の使用例)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置を利用した果菜自動選別装置によって果菜を搬送、選別するには次のようにする。
(1)投入部8において、搬送中の果菜搬送体2の果菜載せ体3の上に果菜1を載せる。この場合、果菜1の形状、サイズ等により、一つの果菜1を一つの果菜載せ体3に載せたり、二以上の果菜載せ体3に跨がせて載せたりする。
(2)投入部8で載せた果菜1は果菜搬送体2で搬送され、判別部6でその形状、大きさ、重量、糖度等が計測され、自動的に規格が判別される。
(3)計測された果菜1は果菜搬送体2によって排出部7に搬送される。
(4)排出部7において、前記判別結果に基づいて、どの果菜載せ体3の果菜1をどの果菜受体4へ送り出すか指示され、この指示に基づいて、切換操作具(回転体)45が作動して切換レバー44が進路変更位置に切換えられ、果菜1を載せた果菜載せ体3の係止具35が切換レバー44に当たって案内体43へガイドされる(図4参照。)。このとき、果菜1が二以上の果菜載せ体3に跨がって載っている場合は、二以上の切換操作具(回転体)45が同期して動作して、二以上の果菜載せ体3の係止具35が夫々の案内体43へガイドされるように指示する。
(5)果菜載せ体3の係止具35が案内体43にガイドされると、果菜載せ体3の無端ベルト18の下側(下走行部)が係止具35と同方向に移動し、それにより無端ベルト18の上側(上走行部)が下走行部と反対側に回転し、上走行部に載せてある果菜1が果菜受体4へ送り出される。このとき、果菜1が引き継がれる果菜受体4のベルトコンベアは果菜一個分だけ回転して、ベルトコンベアに果菜1を一個だけ載せることができるようにする。この繰り返しにより果菜1が果菜受体4に順次送り込まれ、果菜1が判別結果に応じて所定規格の果菜受体4のベルトコンベアにプールされる。また、果菜載せ体3が果菜搬送体2の搬送方向斜め後方に向いているため、果菜載せ体3の上の果菜1はその方向(果菜搬送体2の搬送方向と逆方向)へ送り出されて、送出し速度が減速され、勢いが付きすぎて横転するとか、果菜受体4にプールされている果菜1に衝突するとかして果菜1が傷つくことがない。
(6)果菜1を送り出した果菜載せ体3は果菜搬送体2によって更に先方へ搬送され、搬送路の途中に配置してある戻し用案内体46によって、果菜受体4から離れた方向に位置している係止具35を逆方向へガイドして元の位置まで戻され、果菜搬送体2の始端部へ戻る。
(7)前記(4)において、果菜載せ体3をそのまま前進させる旨の指示があったときは、切換操作具(回転体)45が作動せず切換レバー44が進路不変位置に停止したままとなり、果菜1を載せた果菜載せ体3の係止具35が切換レバー44に接触することなくその前を通過して、その搬送が継続される。所定位置まで搬送されて、送出し位置まで到来すると、前記計測結果に基づいて切換レバー44を進路変更位置に切り替えるよう指示が出され、果菜載せ体3の係止具35が前記(5)のように案内体43にガイドされ、果菜載せ体3の無端ベルト18が前記(5)の場合と同様に移動して果菜1が果菜受体4へ送り出される。
(Usage example of fruit vegetable transportation and delivery device)
In order to convey and sort fruit vegetables by the automatic fruit vegetable sorting device using the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery apparatus of the present invention, the following is performed.
(1) In the loading unit 8, the fruit vegetables 1 are placed on the fruit and vegetable carrier 3 of the fruit and vegetable carrier 2 being conveyed. In this case, depending on the shape, size, and the like of the fruit vegetable 1, one fruit vegetable 1 is placed on one fruit vegetable placing body 3 or placed across two or more fruit vegetable placing bodies 3.
(2) The fruit vegetables 1 placed on the input unit 8 are conveyed by the fruit vegetable carrier 2, the shape, size, weight, sugar content, etc. are measured by the determination unit 6, and the standard is automatically determined.
(3) The measured fruit vegetables 1 are transported to the discharge unit 7 by the fruit transporter 2.
(4) at the discharge section 7, based on the determination result, which fruit vegetable is instructed or feed the fruit vegetables 1 loaded body 3 to which fruiting receptacle 4, on the basis of this instruction, the switching operation member (rotating member) 45 By operating, the switching lever 44 is switched to the course changing position, and the locking tool 35 of the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 on which the fruit and vegetable 1 is placed hits the switching lever 44 and is guided to the guide body 43 (see FIG. 4). At this time, when the fruit vegetables 1 are straddling the two or more fruit and vegetables mounting bodies 3, the two or more switching operation tools (rotating bodies) 45 operate in synchronism, and the two or more fruit and vegetables mounting bodies 3 are moved. Are instructed to be guided to the respective guide bodies 43.
(5) When the locking tool 35 of the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 is guided by the guide body 43, the lower side (lower traveling portion) of the endless belt 18 of the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 moves in the same direction as the locking tool 35, Thereby, the upper side (upper travel part) of the endless belt 18 rotates to the opposite side to the lower travel part, and the fruit vegetables 1 placed on the upper travel part are sent out to the fruit vegetable receiver 4. At this time, the belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 4 to which the fruit vegetables 1 are handed over is rotated by one fruit vegetable so that only one fruit vegetable 1 can be placed on the belt conveyor. By repeating this process, the fruit vegetables 1 are sequentially sent to the fruit vegetable receiver 4 and the fruit vegetables 1 are pooled on the belt conveyor of the fruit vegetable receiver 4 of a predetermined standard according to the determination result. Further, since the fruit and vegetable carrier 3 is directed obliquely backward in the conveyance direction of the fruit and vegetable carrier 2, the fruit and vegetable 1 on the fruit and vegetable carrier 3 is sent in that direction (the direction opposite to the conveyance direction of the fruit and vegetable carrier 2). The fruits and vegetables 1 are not damaged when the delivery speed is reduced, the momentum is too strong to roll over, or it collides with the fruits and vegetables 1 pooled in the fruits and vegetables receiver 4.
(6) The fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 that has delivered the fruit and vegetables 1 is further conveyed forward by the fruit and vegetable conveying body 2, and is positioned in a direction away from the fruit and vegetable receiving body 4 by the return guide body 46 arranged in the middle of the conveying path. The locking tool 35 is guided in the reverse direction and returned to the original position, and then returned to the starting end portion of the fruit and vegetable carrier 2.
(7) In the above (4), when there is an instruction to advance the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 as it is, the switching operation tool (rotating body) 45 does not operate and the switching lever 44 remains stopped at the path invariable position. Then, the locking tool 35 of the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 on which the fruit and vegetables 1 are loaded passes in front of it without contacting the switching lever 44, and the conveyance is continued. When it is transported to a predetermined position and arrives at the delivery position, an instruction is issued to switch the switching lever 44 to the course change position based on the measurement result, and the locking tool 35 of the fruit vegetable placing body 3 is moved as described in (5). Thus, the guide body 43 guides the endless belt 18 of the fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 in the same manner as in the above (5), and the fruit and vegetables 1 are sent out to the fruit and vegetable receiver 4.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態2)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態の他の例を図11に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体3は幅の細い無端ベルト18を二本平行に並べたベルトコンベア方式にしたものである。二本のベルト18は搬送方向手前方のもの(図11中左側)を搬送方向先方のもの(図11中右側)よりも先端位置を長くして、両ベルト18を搬送体2に後ろ向き傾斜に配置しても両ベルト18の先端部が果菜受体4に近づいて果菜載せ体3と果菜受体4との間の隙間51に殆ど隙間ができないようにし、果菜載せ体3から果菜受体4に果菜1がスムースに引き継がれるようにしてある。無端ベルト18は三本以上にすることもできる。
(Embodiment 2 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery device)
FIG. 11 shows another example of the embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention. Fruit vegetables loaded body of the fruit vegetable transport delivery device 3 is obtained by the belt conveyor system by arranging a thin endless belt 18 having a width in two parallel. The two belts 18 in the front in the transport direction (left side in FIG. 11) have their tip positions made longer than those in the front in the transport direction (right side in FIG. 11), so that both belts 18 are inclined backward to the transport body 2. be placed as distal portion of the belts 18 can not hardly gap clearance 51 between the fruit vegetables loaded member 3 and fruiting receptacle 4 approaching the fruiting receptacle 4, fruit vegetables receptacle 4 from fruiting placed body 3 In addition, fruit vegetables 1 are taken over smoothly. The endless belt 18 may be three or more.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態3)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の第3の実施形態を図12(a)(b)に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体は多数本のローラー52を回動可能に設けたローラーコンベア構造であり、ローラー52の下にベルトコンベア53を各ローラー52と接触させて設け、ベルトコンベア53が回転すると各ローラー52が回転してローラーコンベア上の果菜1が果菜受体4に送り出されるようにしてある。ベルトコンベア53は図12(b)に示すようにベルトコンベア53の下走行部に設けた係止具54を任意の手段で同図(b)の左右方向に移動させることにより回転させることができ、係止具54を左側に移動させるとベルトコンベアが右回転し、各ローラー52が左回転し、その上の果菜1が図12(b)の左側に(果菜受体4側)に送り出されるようにしてある。
(Embodiment 3 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus)
FIGS. 12A and 12B show a third embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention. The fruit vegetables put of fruit vegetables transport delivery device is a roller conveyor structure provided with the roller 52 a number pivotably, provided a belt conveyor 53 under the roller 52 into contact with each roller 52, the belt conveyor 53 When rotated, each roller 52 is rotated so that the fruit vegetables 1 on the roller conveyor are sent to the fruit vegetable receiver 4. As shown in FIG. 12B, the belt conveyor 53 can be rotated by moving a locking tool 54 provided at the lower traveling portion of the belt conveyor 53 in the left-right direction of FIG. When the locking device 54 is moved to the left, the belt conveyor rotates to the right, each roller 52 rotates to the left, and the fruit vegetable 1 on the roller 52 is sent to the left side of FIG. 12B (the fruit vegetable receiver 4 side). It is like that.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態4)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の第4の実施形態を図13(a)(b)に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体は、多数のローラー55がフレーム57に回動可能に設けられたローラーコンベア56であり、図13(b)に示すようにフレーム57を支持軸58を中心に左右に回動可能(シーソー式)に支持台59に設け、フレーム42のうち支持軸58の左右両側をバネ60で支持台59に連結してフレーム57を水平に保持し、フレーム57の軸方向一端の下に駆動ピン61を設け、その駆動ピン61を下から持ち上げる(押し上げる)とローラーコンベア56が図13(b)の左側(受体4側)に下り傾斜になって、ローラー55の上の果菜1が果菜受体4に落下するようにしてある。駆動ピン61の持ち上げ(押し上げ)を解除するとローラーコンベア56はバネ60の引っ張り力によって水平に戻るようにしてある。
(Embodiment 4 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery device)
The 4th Embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus of this invention is shown to Fig.13 (a) (b). Fruit vegetables loaded body of the fruit vegetable transport delivery device is a roller conveyor 56 a number of rollers 55 are rotatably provided on the frame 57, around the support shaft 58 of the frame 57 as shown in FIG. 13 (b) It is provided on the support base 59 so as to be pivotable to the left and right (seesaw type), and the left and right sides of the support shaft 58 of the frame 42 are connected to the support base 59 by springs 60 to hold the frame 57 horizontally. When a drive pin 61 is provided under one end and the drive pin 61 is lifted (pushed up) from below, the roller conveyor 56 is inclined downward on the left side (the receiving body 4 side) in FIG. Fruit vegetables 1 fall to the fruit vegetable receiver 4. When the lifting (pushing up) of the drive pin 61 is released, the roller conveyor 56 returns to the horizontal state by the pulling force of the spring 60.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態5)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の第5の実施形態を図14に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体3は、二本のバーを平行に配置して果菜1を載置可能とした載置台62と、載置台62に沿って往復移動可能な送出体63で構成され、載置台62上に載せた果菜1を送出体63の移動で矢印方向に押して果菜受体4に送り出し可能としてある。送出体63は果菜1が安定するように当接面64を円弧状に湾曲させてある。載置台62に用いられるバーは滑り抵抗が小さくて果菜1が滑り易いものが好ましく、例えば、金属棒の外周にフッ素樹脂をコートしたものとか、樹脂製の棒などが適する。送出体63はその下側に設けた係止具65を任意の駆動機構で往復移動させることができる。図14の果菜載せ体3もブラケット66により果菜搬送体2の搬送方向に対して後ろ斜め向きに取り付けてある。載置台62は果菜1を載置可能であれば三本以上のバーやプレート等の固定具としたり、搬送方向斜め後方に回転可能に配置されたローラーコンベアとしたりするなど、任意のものとすることができる。
(Embodiment 5 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus)
FIG. 14 shows a fifth embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention. Fruit vegetables placed body 3 of the fruiting transport delivery device, constituting a fruit vegetables 1 arranged parallel to the two bars and the mounting table 62 and can be placed, as a transmission member 63 reciprocally movable along the mounting table 62 The fruit vegetables 1 placed on the mounting table 62 can be pushed out in the direction of the arrow by the movement of the sending body 63 and sent out to the fruit vegetable receiving body 4. The sending body 63 has a contact surface 64 curved in an arc shape so that the fruit vegetables 1 are stabilized. The bar used for the mounting table 62 preferably has a small sliding resistance and the fruit vegetables 1 are easy to slide. For example, a metal bar coated with a fluororesin or a resin bar is suitable. The sending body 63 can reciprocate a locking tool 65 provided on the lower side thereof by an arbitrary driving mechanism. The fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 in FIG. 14 is also attached to the rearward and oblique direction with respect to the conveying direction of the fruit and vegetable conveying body 2 by the bracket 66. The mounting table 62 may be an arbitrary one such as a fixture such as three or more bars or plates, or a roller conveyor that is arranged to be rotatable obliquely rearward in the transport direction, as long as the fruit vegetable 1 can be placed thereon. be able to.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態6)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の第6の実施形態を図15(a)(b)に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置の果菜載せ体3は、搬送方向斜め後方向きに配置された鍵盤状(角棒状)の支持材100であって、その支持材100を搬送方向に多数枚鍵盤状に並べて備えたものである。各支持材100は、図15(b)に示すように、首振り駆動体(図示しない)により、支持軸101を中心に鍵盤状に首振り可能とされており、その首振りによって果菜載せ体3上の果菜1を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能としている。支持材100の下側には、首振りした支持材100が係止して必要以上に首振りしないようにする係止具102が備えられている。多数の支持材100は接近させて配置することにより、どの位置の一又は二以上の支持材100にも果菜1を載せることができるようにしてある。また、この支持材100は細長平板状であってもよい。
(Embodiment 6 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus)
FIGS. 15 (a) and 15 (b) show a sixth embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention. Fruit vegetables placed body 3 of the fruiting transport delivery device, a support member 100 of the shape are arranged in the conveying direction obliquely rearward facing keyboard (square bar), provided side by side the support member 100 to the large number keyboard shape in the conveying direction It is a thing. Each support 100, as shown in FIG. 15 (b), the swing drive member (not shown), which is capable swing the keyboard shape around the support shaft 101, fruit vegetables loaded member by its swinging 3 fruit vegetables 1 can be sent out obliquely backward in the conveying direction. On the lower side of the support member 100, there is provided a locking tool 102 that locks the swinged support member 100 so that it does not swing more than necessary. A large number of support materials 100 are arranged close to each other so that the fruit vegetables 1 can be placed on one or more support materials 100 at any position. Further, the support material 100 may be an elongated flat plate.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態7)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の第7の実施形態を図9(a)(b)に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置では、隣接する二本のベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3を一組のユニット50として、夫々のユニット50に二以上の果菜1を載せることができるようにし、各ユニット50の二本以上の果菜載せ体3が同期作動して果菜1を果菜受体4に送り出し可能としたことである。前記ユニット50は三本以上を一組とすることもできる。各ユニット50の果菜載せ体3は図9(b)に示すようにフレームにセットされ、両フレームを斜め平行に並べて連結してある。また、ユニット50は、図10に示すように、隣接する四本のベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3を一組のユニット50とすることもできる。この図10に示すユニット50においては、四本のベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3に跨るようにして果菜支持体5が設けられている。この場合も、四本のベルトコンベアを同期作動させて果菜1を果菜受体4に送り出し可能である。さらに、ユニット50は、前記のベルトコンベア式の果菜載せ体3を組合わせたものには限られず、前記各実施形態のいずれに記載された果菜載せ体3を組合わせて形成することもできる。
(Embodiment 7 of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery apparatus)
FIGS. 9A and 9B show a seventh embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention. In this fruit vegetable conveying and feeding apparatus, two adjacent belt conveyor type fruit and vegetable vegetables mounting bodies 3 are set as a set of units 50 so that two or more fruit vegetables 1 can be loaded on each unit 50. That is, two or more fruit and vegetable mounts 3 are operated synchronously so that the fruit and vegetable 1 can be delivered to the fruit and vegetable receiver 4. The unit 50 may be a set of three or more units. The fruit and vegetables mounting body 3 of each unit 50 is set on a frame as shown in FIG. 9 (b), and both the frames are arranged obliquely in parallel and connected. In addition, as shown in FIG. 10, the unit 50 may be a set of units 50 that are the four adjacent belt conveyor type fruit and vegetable support bodies 3. In the unit 50 shown in FIG. 10, the fruit and vegetable support 5 is provided so as to straddle the four belt conveyor type fruit and vegetable supports 3. Also in this case, it is possible to feed the fruit vegetables 1 to the fruit vegetable receiver 4 by synchronously operating the four belt conveyors. Further, the unit 50 is not limited to the combination of the belt conveyor type fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 described above, and can be formed by combining the fruit and vegetable mounting body 3 described in any of the above embodiments.
果菜搬送送出装置の実施形態8)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置の第7の実施形態を図16(a)(b)に示す。この果菜搬送送出装置では、果菜搬送体2の果菜載せ体3と果菜受体4の間に減速体110が設けられている。この減速体110は、表面がフッ素樹脂加工等された板材などが用いられ、図16(b)に示すように果菜載せ体3から果菜受体4に向けて上り傾斜に配置されている。この場合、果菜受体4の上面を果菜載せ体3の上面より高くなるようにする。減速体110の傾斜角度は、任意とすることができ、例えば1°〜10°とすることができるが、3°程度が望ましい。減速体110を傾斜させずに備えることもできる。この減速体110は、果菜載せ体3の出口側や果菜受体4の入口側に備えることもできる。この減速体110によって、果菜載せ体3から果菜受体4に搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜1の送り速度を減速させることができる。また、減速体110を省略し、果菜受体4の上面を果菜載せ体3の上面より高くなるようにしたり、果菜受体4自体を上り傾斜にしたりして果菜1の送り速度を減速させることもできる。
(Eighth Embodiment of Fruit Vegetable Conveying and Sending Device)
FIGS. 16 (a) and 16 (b) show a seventh embodiment of the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention. In this fruit vegetable transporting and delivering apparatus, a speed reducing body 110 is provided between the fruit vegetable carrier 3 and the fruit vegetable receiving body 4 of the fruit vegetable transporting body 2. The moderator 110, the surface is used, such as plate material is fluoropolymer processing or the like is disposed inclined upward toward the fruit vegetables placed body 3 as shown in FIG. 16 (b) to the fruit vegetable receptacle 4. In this case, the upper surface of the fruit vegetable receiver 4 is made higher than the upper surface of the fruit vegetable rest 3. The inclination angle of the speed reducer 110 can be arbitrarily set, for example, 1 ° to 10 °, but about 3 ° is desirable. The speed reducer 110 can be provided without being inclined. The moderator 110 may also be provided on the inlet side of the outlet side and fruiting receiving body 4 of fruit vegetables loaded body 3. This moderator 110, it is possible to decelerate the feeding speed of the fruit vegetables 1 fed in the conveying direction obliquely rearward from the fruiting placed body 3 fruit vegetable receptacle 4. Further, the speed reducer 110 is omitted, and the feeding speed of the fruit vegetable 1 is reduced by making the upper surface of the fruit vegetable receiver 4 higher than the upper surface of the fruit vegetable rest body 3 or by making the fruit vegetable receiver 4 itself incline upward. You can also.
果菜搬送送出装置のその他の実施形態)
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置では、果菜搬送体2で搬送中の果菜1の搬送方向斜め後方への送り出し手段は、前記各実施形態記載のものには限られず、他の任意の手段によって行うことができる。
(Other embodiment of fruit vegetable conveyance delivery device)
In the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention, the means for feeding the fruit vegetables 1 being conveyed by the fruit vegetable conveyance body 2 obliquely backward in the conveyance direction is not limited to those described in the above embodiments, and is performed by any other means. Can do.
本発明の果菜搬送送出装置では、果菜受体4を省略して、果菜搬送体2から搬送方向斜め後方へ送り出される果菜1が任意の場所へ送り出されるようにすることもできる。 In the fruit vegetable conveyance / delivery device of the present invention, the fruit vegetable receiver 4 can be omitted, and the fruit vegetable 1 that is fed obliquely backward in the conveyance direction from the fruit vegetable conveyance body 2 can be sent to any place.
本発明の果菜搬送送出方法、果菜選別方法、前記方法の実施に用いる果菜搬送送出装置、果菜選別装置は、果菜の選別に限られず、農産物、海産物等の一次産業品、工業製品のような二次産業品といった各種物品の搬送、送出、選別に応用することもできる。 The fruit vegetable transporting and sending method, the fruit vegetable sorting method of the present invention, the fruit vegetable transporting and sending device, and the fruit vegetable sorting device used for carrying out the method are not limited to fruit vegetable sorting, but are two primary industrial products such as agricultural products and marine products, and industrial products. It can also be applied to the transportation, delivery, and sorting of various items such as next industrial products.
果菜
果菜搬送体
果菜載せ体
果菜受体
果菜支持具
6 判別部
7 排出部
8 投入部
11 チェーン
13 主フレーム
14 チェーンガイド
15 アタッチメント
18 無端ベルト
35 係止具
41 係止具ガイド
43 案内体
44 切換レバー
45 回転体
50 ユニット
52 ローラー
53 ベルトコンベア
54 係止具
56 ローラーコンベア
61 駆動ピン
62 載置台
63 送出体
65 係止具
100 支持材
101 支持軸
102 係止具
110 減速体
1 fruit vegetable 2 fruit vegetable transport body 3 fruit vegetable carrier 4 fruit vegetable receiver 5 fruit vegetable support 6 discriminating part 7 discharge part 8 input part 11 chain 13 main frame 14 chain guide 15 attachment 18 endless belt 35 locking tool 41 locking tool guide 43 Guide body 44 Switching lever 45 Rotating body 50 Unit 52 Roller 53 Belt conveyor 54 Locking tool 56 Roller conveyor 61 Drive pin 62 Mounting table 63 Sending body 65 Locking tool 100 Support material 101 Support shaft 102 Locking tool 110 Deceleration body

Claims (12)

  1. 搬送中の果菜を判別部において判別項目別に自動的に判別し、判別済みの果菜を判別内容別に搬送方向側方に送り出す果菜搬送送出方法において、
    果菜搬送体の果菜載せ体に載せて搬送中の果菜を、その果菜載せ体を搬送方向斜め後方に稼働させて、又は搬送方向斜め後方に移動する送出体により、同方向に移動させて送り出すことを特徴とする果菜搬送送出方法。
    In the fruit vegetables transporting and sending method in which the fruit vegetables being transported are automatically determined according to the determination items in the determination part, and the determined fruit vegetables are sent to the side in the transport direction according to the determination contents
    The fruits and vegetables that are being transported by being placed on the fruit and vegetable carrier on the fruit and vegetable carrier are moved in the same direction by the fruit and vegetable body being operated obliquely rearward in the conveying direction or moved in the same direction by the feeding member that moves obliquely rearward in the conveying direction. A method for conveying and delivering fruit vegetables .
  2. 搬送中の果菜を判別部において判別項目別に自動的に判別し、判別済みの果菜を判別内容別に搬送方向側方に送り出す果菜搬送送出方法において、
    果菜搬送体で搬送中の果菜を、果菜搬送体から搬送方向斜め後方に送り出すことを特徴とする果菜搬送送出方法。
    In the fruit vegetables transporting and sending method in which the fruit vegetables being transported are automatically determined according to the determination items in the determination part, and the determined fruit vegetables are sent to the side in the transport direction according to the determination contents
    The fruit vegetables being conveyed in greenhouse vegetable carrier, fruit vegetable transport delivery method characterized by sending in the conveying direction obliquely rearward from the fruiting carrier.
  3. 果菜搬送体の途中に、搬送中の果菜を判別項目別に自動的に判別する判別部を設け、判別部よりも先方で、判別済みの果菜を判別項目別に搬送方向側方に送り出して、果菜搬送体の側方に配置された果菜受体に送り出す果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜搬送体が、多数の果菜載せ体と、それらが装備された無端走行体を備え、果菜載せ体は無端走行体の走行により走行して果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送し、果菜搬送中に果菜載せ体自体が稼働して、又は駆動体により果菜搬送中の果菜載せ体を稼動させて、果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the middle of the fruit transporter, there is a discriminator that automatically discriminates the fruits and vegetables being transported according to the discriminating items. In the fruit and vegetable transporting and sending device that sends it to the fruit and vegetable receiver arranged on the side of the body,
    Fruit vegetable carrier is, a large number of fruit vegetables loaded body, they comprise an endless traveling body that is provided, fruit vegetables loaded body carries the fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables placed body traveling by the traveling of the endless traveling member, in the fruit vegetable transport A vegetable transporting / feeding device characterized in that the fruit vegetable mounting body itself can be operated, or the fruit vegetable mounting body being transported by the driving body can be operated by the driving body, so that the fruit vegetables on the fruit vegetable mounting body can be sent obliquely backward in the transport direction. .
  4. 請求項記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜載せ体がベルトコンベアであり、そのベルトコンベアの下側に係止具が突設され、その係止具はベルトコンベアの走行と共に走行し、ベルトコンベアとは別の案内体にガイドされて搬送方向斜め前方に移動し、前記係止具の移動に伴って前記ベルトコンベアの上側が搬送方向斜め後方に移動又は回転して、前記ベルトコンベア上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device according to claim 3 ,
    The fruit and vegetables mounting body is a belt conveyor, and a locking tool protrudes from the lower side of the belt conveyor. The locking tool travels with the traveling of the belt conveyor, and is guided and conveyed by a guide body different from the belt conveyor. The upper side of the belt conveyor is moved or rotated obliquely backward in the conveying direction along with the movement of the locking tool, and the vegetables on the belt conveyor can be sent diagonally backward in the conveying direction. Fruit and vegetable transport and delivery device characterized by
  5. 請求項記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアであり、ローラーコンベアとは別に回転駆動体が設けられ、ローラーコンベアは回転駆動体の回転に伴って回転して、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device according to claim 3 ,
    The fruit and vegetable mounting body is a roller conveyor, and a rotation driving body is provided separately from the roller conveyor, and the roller conveyor can be rotated in accordance with the rotation of the rotation driving body, and the fruit vegetables on the roller conveyor can be sent diagonally backward in the conveying direction. There is a fruit vegetable transporting and feeding device.
  6. 請求項記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアであり、ローラーコンベアとは別にローラーコンベアを搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜にさせる傾斜駆動体を設け、その傾斜駆動体によりローラーコンベアを搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜にして、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device according to claim 3 ,
    The fruit and vegetables loaded body is a roller conveyor, and apart from the roller conveyor, an inclined driving body is provided that causes the roller conveyor to be inclined downward and backward in the conveying direction, and the inclined conveyor causes the roller conveyor to be inclined downward and backward in the conveying direction, A fruit vegetable transporting and sending apparatus characterized in that the fruit vegetables on a roller conveyor can be sent in the same direction.
  7. 請求項記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜載せ体が鍵盤状に首振り可能な多数の支持具であり、支持具とは別に首振り駆動体を設け、その首振り駆動体により支持具を搬送方向斜め後方に下り傾斜に首振りさせ、支持具上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device according to claim 3 ,
    Fruit vegetables loaded body is a number of support that can swing to the keyboard shape, apart from the oscillating drive member is provided, then swinging the declivity the support in the conveying direction obliquely rearward by the oscillating driving member and support A fruit vegetable transporting and sending device characterized in that the fruit vegetables on the support can be fed in the same direction.
  8. 果菜搬送体の途中に、搬送中の果菜を判別項目別に自動的に判別する判別部を設け、判別部よりも先方で、判別済みの果菜を判別項目別に搬送方向側方に送り出して、果菜搬送体の側方に配置された果菜受体に送り出す果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜搬送体が多数の果菜載せ体と、それらが装備された無端走行体と、果菜載せ体上の果菜を送り出す送出体を備え、果菜載せ体は無端走行体の走行により走行して果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送し、果菜搬送中に送出体が搬送方向斜め後方に移動して、果菜載せ体上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the middle of the fruit transporter, there is a discriminator that automatically discriminates the fruits and vegetables being transported according to the discriminating items. In the fruit and vegetable transporting and sending device that sends it to the fruit and vegetable receiver arranged on the side of the body,
    Fruit vegetable carrier is, a large number of fruit vegetables loaded body, and they are endless traveling body that is provided, comprising a delivery member for delivering fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables loaded body, fruit vegetables loaded body fruit vegetables loaded traveling by the traveling of the endless traveling body conveying the fruit vegetables on the body, to move the delivery body conveying direction obliquely rearward in fruit vegetable transport, fruit vegetable transport delivery device, characterized in that the fruit vegetables on fruit vegetables loaded member is deliverable in the same direction.
  9. 請求項記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜載せ体がプレート、二本以上のバー等の固定具であり、固定具とは別に送出体が設けられ、果菜搬送中に送出体が搬送方向斜め後方に移動して、固定具の上に載せた果菜を同方向に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device according to claim 8 ,
    The fruit and vegetable mounting body is a fixture such as a plate, two or more bars, and a delivery body is provided separately from the fixture, and the delivery body moves obliquely rearward in the conveyance direction during the transportation of fruit vegetables , and on the fixture. A fruit vegetable transporting and sending apparatus characterized in that the loaded fruit vegetables can be sent in the same direction.
  10. 請求項記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜載せ体がローラーコンベアであり、ローラーコンベアとは別に送出体が設けられ、果菜搬送中に送出体が搬送方向斜め後方に移動して、ローラーコンベア上の果菜を同方向に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In the fruit vegetable conveyance and delivery device according to claim 8 ,
    Fruit vegetables loaded body is a roller conveyor, separate delivery member is provided with a roller conveyor, it sends body during fruit vegetable conveyor moves in the conveying direction obliquely rearward, it is possible to feed the fruit vegetables on a roller conveyor in the same direction Fruit and vegetable transport and delivery device characterized by
  11. 請求項乃至請求項10のいずれかに記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    多数設けられた果菜載せ体のうち、隣接する二以上の果菜載せ体が一組のユニットとされ、夫々のユニットは一又は二以上の果菜を載せることができる広さであり、各ユニットの果菜載せ体が稼動して果菜載せ体上の果菜を搬送方向斜め後方に送り出し可能であることを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In fruit vegetable transport delivery device according to any one of claims 3 to 10,
    Of a number provided was fruit vegetables loaded body adjacent two or more fruit vegetables loaded body is a set of units, the unit of each is the size that can place one or more fruit vegetables, fruit vegetables of the units A fruit vegetable transporting and sending device characterized in that the fruit vegetable on the fruit vegetable mounting body can be operated and sent out obliquely backward in the transport direction.
  12. 請求項乃至請求項11のいずれかに記載の果菜搬送送出装置において、
    果菜搬送体の果菜載せ体の出口側、又は果菜載せ体と果菜搬送体の側方に設けた果菜受体の間、又は果菜受体の入口側のいずれか一箇所或いは二箇所以上に、果菜載せ体から果菜受体に搬送方向斜め後方に送り出される果菜の送り速度を減速させる減速体が設けられたことを特徴とする果菜搬送送出装置。
    In fruit vegetable transport delivery device according to any one of claims 3 to 11,
    Fruit vegetables loaded fluid outlet side of the fruiting carrier, or fruit vegetables loaded body and fruiting carrier during fruiting receptacle provided on the side of, or any one position of the inlet side of the fruiting receptacle or two or more places, fruit vegetables A fruit transporting / feeding apparatus comprising a speed reducer that decelerates a feeding speed of fruit vegetables that are fed obliquely backward in the transport direction from the placing body to the fruit receiving body.
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