JP2009208600A - Regenerative cooperation brake control device - Google Patents

Regenerative cooperation brake control device Download PDF

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JP2009208600A
JP2009208600A JP2008053394A JP2008053394A JP2009208600A JP 2009208600 A JP2009208600 A JP 2009208600A JP 2008053394 A JP2008053394 A JP 2008053394A JP 2008053394 A JP2008053394 A JP 2008053394A JP 2009208600 A JP2009208600 A JP 2009208600A
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regenerative
torque
braking
target
master cylinder
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JP5332235B2 (en
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Hiromitsu Toyoda
博充 豊田
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Nissan Motor Co Ltd
日産自動車株式会社
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Abstract

In a so-called in-line regenerative cooperative brake control device, it is possible to suppress fluctuations in braking torque during regenerative switching.
The sum of an effective regenerative torque T (t) and a target friction braking torque F (t) is controlled to become a target deceleration G (t). When the effective regenerative torque T (t) changes, the target friction braking torque F (t) is corrected by the change.
[Selection] Figure 3

Description

  The present invention relates to a regenerative cooperative brake control device that generates a target deceleration by a friction braking torque and a regenerative braking torque corresponding to a hydraulic pressure.
  As a conventional regenerative cooperative brake control device, for example, there is a technique described in Patent Document 1. In this technique, a basic hydraulic pressure corresponding to a brake operation state caused by depression of a brake pedal is generated in a master cylinder. The generated basic hydraulic pressure is directly applied to the wheel cylinder of each wheel connected by the oil path via the master cylinder and the hydraulic control valve. Accordingly, a hydraulic brake device is provided that generates a basic hydraulic braking torque corresponding to the basic hydraulic pressure on each wheel. Further, a regenerative braking device is provided that generates regenerative braking torque on the wheels based on the brake operation state. Then, by causing the hydraulic brake device and the regenerative brake device to cooperate, a sum of the basic hydraulic brake torque and the regenerative brake torque is calculated according to the brake operation state, Control to be.
Here, the basic hydraulic braking torque is limited so that regenerative braking is possible.
There is also a regenerative cooperative brake control device that controls the basic hydraulic braking torque by a brake-by-wire system. However, a so-called in-line regenerative cooperative brake control device that connects the master cylinder and the wheel cylinder as described above is less expensive.
JP 2006-96218 A
  In the so-called in-line regenerative cooperative brake control device as described above, for example, if the regenerative braking torque is reduced in order to change the ratio between the basic hydraulic braking torque and the regenerative braking torque, the basic hydraulic braking torque is correspondingly reduced. Is controlled to increase. At this time, since the hydraulic pressure increase control of the wheel cylinder is performed, the hydraulic fluid is sucked from the master cylinder, so that the stroke amount of the brake pedal changes even if the driver does not change the pedal operation. Specifically, the stroke amount decreases. This also leads to fluctuations in the master cylinder pressure, that is, the master cylinder pressure decreases. At this time, since the driver does not recognize that the regenerative braking is functioning, as a result of trying to keep the displacement amount of the brake pedal constant, the pressure fluctuation in the brake pipe is transmitted to the wheel unit side, that is, The deceleration will change.
In this way, when the stroke amount of the brake pedal and the master cylinder pressure change, the target deceleration changes accordingly. In the above case, the deceleration is lower than the driver's will.
The present invention has been made paying attention to the above points, and an object of the present invention is to suppress fluctuations in braking torque during regenerative switching in a so-called in-line regenerative cooperative brake control device.
  In order to solve the above problems, the in-line regenerative cooperative brake control device of the present invention corrects the target deceleration or the target friction braking torque in accordance with the change in the regenerative braking torque.
  According to the present invention, by correcting the target deceleration or the target friction braking torque in accordance with the change in the regenerative braking torque, fluctuations in the braking torque at the time of regenerative switching can be suppressed.
(First embodiment)
Next, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
(Constitution)
First, the drive system configuration of the hybrid vehicle will be described.
FIG. 1 is an overall system diagram showing a drive system of a hybrid vehicle to which the regenerative cooperative brake control device of this embodiment is applied.
As shown in FIG. 1, the drive system of this hybrid vehicle includes an engine E, a first motor generator MG1 (generator), a second motor generator MG2, an output sprocket OS, and a power split mechanism TM.
The engine E is a gasoline engine or a diesel engine, and controls the valve 37 opening degree of the throttle valve 37 and the like based on a control command from the engine controller 1 described later.
  The first motor generator MG1 and the second motor generator MG2 are synchronous motor generators in which a permanent magnet is embedded in a rotor and a stator coil is wound around a stator. The first motor generator MG1 and the second motor generator MG2 are independently controlled by applying a three-phase alternating current generated by the power control unit 3 based on a control command from a motor controller 2 described later.
  Both of the motor generators MG1 and MG2 can also operate as electric motors that are driven to rotate by receiving power supplied from the battery 4 (hereinafter, this state is referred to as “powering”). Further, when the rotor is rotated by an external force, both the motor generators MG1 and MG2 can function as a generator that generates electromotive force at both ends of the stator coil to charge the battery 4 (hereinafter referred to as “the generator 4”). This operating state is called regeneration.)
The power split mechanism TM is configured by a simple planetary gear having a sun gear S, a pinion P, a ring gear R, and a pinion carrier PC.
The connection relationship of the input / output members with respect to the three rotating elements (sun gear S, ring gear R, and pinion carrier PC) of the simple planetary gear will be described. The sun gear S is connected to a first motor generator MG1. The ring gear R is connected to the second motor generator MG2 and the output sprocket OS. An engine E is connected to the pinion carrier PC via an engine damper ED. The output sprocket OS is connected to the left and right front wheels via a chain belt CB, a differential (not shown), and a drive shaft.
Due to the above connection relationship, the first motor generator MG1 (sun gear S), the engine E (planet carrier PC), the second motor generator MG2 and the output sprocket OS (ring gear R) are arranged in this order on the alignment chart shown in FIG. It is possible to introduce a rigid lever model (a relationship in which three rotational speeds are always connected by a straight line) that can simply express the dynamic operation of a simple planetary gear.
Here, the “collinear diagram” is a velocity diagram that is used in a method that is obtained by a simpler and easier-to-understand drawing instead of a method that is obtained by an equation when considering the gear ratio of the differential gear. The vertical axis represents the rotational speed (rotational speed) of each rotating element, the horizontal axis represents each rotating element, and the interval between the rotating elements is a collinear lever ratio based on the gear ratio λ of the sun gear S and the ring gear R. It is arranged so as to be (1: λ).
Next, the configuration of the brake hydraulic brake device will be described with reference to FIG.
In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a brake pedal 30 that is operated to instruct a braking torque requested by the driver. The brake pedal 30 is connected to the master cylinder 34 through a negative pressure booster 31. The negative pressure booster 31 boosts and supplies the braking pressure (pedal depression force) corresponding to the depression amount of the brake pedal 30 to the master cylinder 34. However, in this embodiment, the boosting force by the negative pressure booster 31 is limited, and the braking pressure to the master cylinder 34 is adjusted to be smaller than the pedal effort. Reference numeral 35 denotes a reservoir of control fluid.
The master cylinder 34 is connected to the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 of each wheel through a pipe line constituting the hydraulic circuit 36. A proportional electromagnetic valve 37 for fluid pressure control is inserted on the upstream side of the conduit. FIG. 1 shows a state in which the proportional solenoid valve 37 for fluid pressure control is not energized, and shows a state in which the fluid in the master cylinder 34 is supplied to the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 as they are.
The fluid pressure control proportional electromagnetic valve 37 adjusts the fluid (fluid pressure) supplied from the master cylinder 34 to the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 by the control current from the brake controller 5.
The conduit includes a brake control pump 38. The brake control pump 38 has a suction port connected to the master cylinder 34 and a discharge port connected to the wheel cylinders 20-23. The brake control pump 38 increases the cylinder pressure of the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 based on a control command from the brake controller 5.
It should be noted that, for the above-mentioned pipe line, a proportional solenoid valve for fluid pressure control for pressure increase for ABS control and other controls (hereinafter referred to as a solenoid valve for pressure increase), and a proportional solenoid for fluid pressure control for pressure reduction. A valve (hereinafter referred to as a pressure reducing electromagnetic valve) may be provided so that the brake fluid pressures of the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 can be individually controlled.
Further, the output pressure of the master cylinder 34 (master cylinder pressure MCP: driver's required braking amount) is detected by the master cylinder pressure sensor, and the detection signal is supplied to the brake controller. Further, the brake fluid pressure of each wheel cylinder 20 to 23 is detected by the pressure sensor 40, and the detection signal is also supplied to the brake controller 5.
Next, the control system of the hybrid vehicle will be described.
As shown in FIG. 1, the control system of the hybrid vehicle in this embodiment includes an engine controller 1, a motor controller 2, a power control unit 3, a battery 4 (secondary battery), a brake controller 5, and an integrated controller. 6.
The integrated controller 6 receives input information from an accelerator opening sensor 7, a vehicle speed sensor 8, an engine speed sensor 9, a first motor generator speed sensor 10, and a second motor generator speed sensor 11. To do.
  The integrated controller 6 manages the energy consumption of the entire vehicle and bears a function for running the vehicle with the highest efficiency. That is, the integrated controller 6 performs engine operating point control by a control command to the engine controller 1 during acceleration traveling or the like. Further, the motor generator operating point control is performed by a control command to the motor controller 2 at the time of stopping, running, braking, or the like. The integrated controller 6 includes an accelerator opening AP, a vehicle speed VSP, an engine speed Ne, a first motor generator speed N1, and a second motor generator speed N2 from the sensors 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11. input. And based on these input information, a predetermined calculation process is performed and the control command by the process result is output to the engine controller 1 and the motor controller 2. FIG. The integrated controller 6 and the engine controller 1, the integrated controller 6 and the motor controller 2, the integrated controller 6 and the brake controller 5, etc. are connected by bidirectional communication lines 24, 25 and 26, respectively, for information exchange.
  The engine controller 1 outputs a command for controlling the engine operating point (Ne, Te) to, for example, a throttle valve actuator (not shown) in accordance with a target engine torque command or the like from the integrated controller 6. Here, the integrated controller 6 calculates a target engine torque command and the like based on the accelerator opening AP from the accelerator opening sensor 7 and the engine speed Ne from the engine speed sensor 9.
  The motor controller 2 calculates a command for controlling the motor operating point (N1, T1) of the first motor generator MG1 in accordance with a target motor generator torque command or the like from the integrated controller 6. Independently, a command for controlling the motor operating point (N2, T2) of the second motor generator MG2 is calculated according to the target motor generator torque command or the like. These calculated commands are output to the power control unit 3. The motor controller 2 uses information on the battery SOC that represents the state of charge of the battery 4. The integrated controller 6 obtains the target motor generator torque command and the like based on the motor generator rotational speeds N1 and N2 from the motor generator rotational speed sensors 10 and 11 by the resolver.
  The power control unit 3 includes a joint box (not shown), a boost converter, a drive motor inverter, and a generator generator inverter. Power control unit 3 constitutes a power supply system high voltage system that can supply power to both motor generators MG1 and MG2 with less current. A drive motor inverter is connected to the stator coil of the second motor generator MG2. A generator generator inverter is connected to the stator coil of the first motor generator MG1. The joint box is connected to a battery 4 that is discharged during power running and charged during regeneration.
Further, the power control unit 3 obtains the effective regenerative torque T (t) and outputs the effective regenerative torque T (t) to the brake controller 5.
The brake controller 5 includes a front left wheel speed sensor 12, a front right wheel speed sensor 13, a rear left wheel speed sensor 14, a rear right wheel speed sensor 15, a master cylinder pressure sensor 17, and a brake stroke sensor 18. And input information. The brake controller 5 performs regenerative brake cooperative control by issuing a control command to the integrated controller 6 and a control command to the brake hydraulic pressure unit 19 during braking by operating the engine brake or the brake pedal 30.
The processing of this brake controller will be described with reference to FIG.
The brake controller operates at a predetermined sampling cycle. First, in step S10, the wheel speed information from each wheel speed sensor 12, 13, 14, 15 and the master cylinder pressure sensor 17 and the brake stroke sensor 18 are detected. Input braking operation amount information.
Next, in step S20, the target deceleration G (t) is calculated based on the master cylinder pressure MCP and the pedal straw amount of the brake pedal 30.
Next, in step S30, the maximum regenerative torque Tmax (t), which is the upper limit value of the regenerative torque, is calculated from the vehicle speed, a control command is output to the integrated controller 6, and the process proceeds to step S40.
Here, calculation of the maximum regenerative torque Tmax (t) performed in step S30 will be described. This process is performed in a regeneration control block as shown in FIG.
As shown in FIG. 5, this regenerative control block includes a required regenerative torque calculation module 41, a required regenerative torque limit calculation unit 42, and a required regenerative torque limit selection module 43.
The required regenerative torque calculation module 41 inputs the master cylinder pressure MCP and the brake stroke S, and calculates the required regenerative torque REGE based on these information.
The requested regenerative torque limit calculation unit 42 calculates a regenerative torque upper limit value REGELIM based on vehicle speed information and the like. For example, when the accelerator is off and the coast braking is shifted to the creep state, the upper limit of the regenerative torque is calculated so as to gradually decrease toward zero. In addition, the upper limit value of the regenerative torque is limited depending on the charging rate and temperature of the battery.
The required regenerative torque limit selection module 43 receives the required regenerative torque REGE and the regenerative torque upper limit value REGELM, selects the regenerative torque REGEMIN after the limit by select low, and filters the upper limit value and lower limit value to obtain the maximum value. The regenerative torque Tmax (t) is calculated and output to the integrated controller 6.
In step S40, the effective regenerative torque T (t) is input and the process proceeds to step S50.
In step S50, the friction braking torque F (t) is calculated based on the following formula, and the process proceeds to step S60.
F (t) = target deceleration G (t)-effective regenerative torque T (t)
In step S60, the amount of change ΔG of the target deceleration G (t) is estimated from the amount of change ΔT of the effective regenerative torque T (t), and the process proceeds to step S70. This estimation is obtained by using a map of the change amount of the effective regenerative torque T (t) and the change amount ΔG of the target deceleration G (t) obtained through experiments and the like. The change amount ΔT of the effective regenerative torque T (t) and the change amount ΔG of the target deceleration G (t) have a relationship as shown in FIG.
In step S70, it is determined whether the target deceleration G (t) is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold value. If it is determined that the threshold value is equal to or greater than the predetermined threshold value, the process proceeds to step S80. If it is determined that the threshold value is less than the predetermined threshold value, the process proceeds to step S100.
The predetermined threshold is set to a value slightly larger than the target deceleration G (t) corresponding to the port idle, for example, for the piston stroke of the master cylinder 34. In such a state where the target deceleration G (t) is small, the variation dependency of the master cylinder pressure MCP due to the pedal stroke is large, and the possibility of variation due to the driver's operation is large. Is.
In step S80, the target deceleration G (t) is corrected by the change amount ΔG as shown in the following equation, and the process proceeds to step S90.
Correction target deceleration G ′ (t) = target deceleration G (t) + change amount ΔG
In step S90, the friction braking torque F (t) is calculated again based on the following formula, and the process proceeds to step S100.
F (t) = corrected target deceleration G (t) G ′ (t) −effective regenerative torque T (t) T (t)
In step S100, the target control fluid pressure of the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 corresponding to the friction braking torque F (t) is calculated, and the process proceeds to step S110.
In step S110, the master pump pressure BPu is calculated by subtracting the master cylinder pressure MCP from the target brake fluid pressure, and a command value corresponding to the target pump pressure is output to the brake control pump 38 of the brake hydraulic pressure unit 19. It will return later. Note that the target control fluid pressure of the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 can be adjusted to be small by the proportional solenoid valve 37 for fluid pressure control.
Thus, the control fluid pressure of each wheel cylinder 20-23 is controlled individually, and the braking torque by the friction load of a desired magnitude | size is provided to a wheel via a disk rotor.
FIG. 7 shows a control block example of the above processing.
Here, the brake control pump 38 constitutes a hydraulic pressure adjusting means. The power control unit 3 constitutes an effective regeneration amount detection means. Motor generators MG1, MG2, power control unit 3, motor controller, and battery 4 constitute regenerative braking means. Step S20 constitutes the target deceleration G (t) calculation. Step S50 constitutes friction braking torque F (t) calculation means. Step S100 constitutes a hydraulic pressure control means. The change amount ΔG constitutes a deceleration correction amount. Steps S80 and S90 constitute correction means. Step S30 constitutes a maximum regenerative torque estimating means.
(Operation)
First, driving force performance will be described.
As shown in FIG. 8B, the driving force of the above hybrid vehicle includes an engine direct driving force (a driving force obtained by subtracting the generator driving amount from the engine total driving force) and a motor driving force (both motor generators MG1, MG2). The driving force by the sum of As shown in FIG. 8A, the maximum driving force is configured such that the motor driving force occupies more as the vehicle speed becomes lower. In this way, the vehicle does not have a transmission and travels by applying the direct drive force of the engine E and the motor drive force converted electrically. For this reason, the driving force can be controlled in a seamless and responsive manner from the low speed to the high speed, from the state where the power of steady driving is low to the full power where the accelerator pedal is fully opened (torque on demand).
  In the hybrid vehicle described above, the engine E, the motor generators MG1, MG2, and the left and right front tires are connected without a clutch via the power split mechanism TM. In addition, as described above, most of the engine power is converted into electric energy by a generator, and the vehicle is driven by a motor with high output and high response. For this reason, for example, when driving on a slippery road surface such as an ice burn, when the driving force of the vehicle changes suddenly due to tire slip or tire lock during braking, the power control unit 3 is protected from excessive current. Alternatively, it is necessary to protect parts from the pinion over-rotation of the power split mechanism TM. On the other hand, motor traction control that utilizes the high-output and high-response motor characteristics, developed from the component protection function, detects tire slip instantly, recovers its grip, and runs the vehicle safely. Is adopted.
Next, the vehicle mode will be described.
As shown in the alignment chart of FIG. 2, the hybrid vehicle has a “stop mode”, “start mode”, “engine start mode”, “steady travel mode”, and “acceleration mode”. .
In the “stop mode”, as shown in FIG. 2A, the engine E, the generator MG1, and the motor MG2 are stopped. In the “start mode”, as shown in FIG. 2 (2), the motor MG2 鑿 is driven to start. In the “engine start mode”, as shown in FIG. 2 (3), the sun gear S rotates and the engine E is started by the generator MG1 having a function as an engine starter. In the “steady travel mode”, as shown in FIG. 2 (4), the vehicle travels mainly by the engine E, and power generation is minimized in order to increase efficiency. In the “acceleration mode”, as shown in FIG. 2 (5), while increasing the number of revolutions of the engine E, power generation by the generator MG1 is started, and the driving power of the motor MG2 is increased using the power and the power of the battery 4. In addition, it accelerates.
In reverse running, in the “steady running mode” shown in FIG. 2 (4), if the rotational speed of the generator MG1 is increased while the increase in the rotational speed of the engine E is suppressed, the rotational speed of the motor MG2 becomes negative. Transition and reverse travel can be achieved.
At the time of start-up, when the ignition key is turned, the engine E starts, and after the engine E is warmed up, the engine E stops immediately. When starting or at a light load, when starting or when going down a gentle hill that runs at a very low speed, the fuel is cut in a region where the engine efficiency is poor, and the engine is stopped and the vehicle is driven by the motor MG2. During normal travel, the driving force of the engine E is driven by the power split mechanism TM, one of which directly drives the wheel, the other drives the generator MG1, and assists the motor TM2. At the time of full open acceleration, power is supplied from the battery 4 and further driving force is added.
  At the time of deceleration or braking, the wheel drives the motor TM2 and acts as a generator to perform regenerative power generation. The collected electrical energy is stored in the battery 4. When the charge amount of the battery 4 decreases, the generator MG1 is driven by the engine E and charging is started. When the vehicle is stopped, the engine E is automatically stopped except when the air conditioner is used or when the battery is charged.
Next, the braking torque performance will be described.
In the above-described hybrid vehicle, when braking by the engine brake or the foot brake, the kinetic energy of the vehicle is converted into electric energy and recovered by the battery 4 by operating the second motor generator MG2 that operates as a motor as a generator. The regenerative braking system is reused.
Here, the regenerative brake cooperative control employed in the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment limits the master cylinder pressure MCP of the master cylinder 34 with respect to the depression amount of the brake pedal 30, as shown in FIGS. As a result, the regenerative braking (effective regenerative torque T (t)) is given priority over the driver's required braking torque, and the regenerative portion is expanded to the maximum extent as long as it can be covered by the regenerative portion. As a result, energy recovery efficiency is high particularly in a traveling pattern in which acceleration and deceleration are repeated, and energy recovery by regenerative braking is realized up to a lower vehicle speed.
  In the present embodiment, the master cylinder 34 and the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 are connected to make the apparatus inexpensive. At this time, the fluid pressure supplied from the master cylinder 34 to the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 is suppressed, and the pressure cannot be controlled. There may be a difference between the effective regenerative torque T (t) and the maximum regenerative torque Tmax (t). Therefore, in the present embodiment, the required braking torque (target deceleration G (t)) is secured by controlling the brake control pump 38.
  Here, as shown in the time chart of FIG. 11, when the stroke amount of the brake pedal 30 is constant, for example, when the accelerator is off and the effective regenerative torque T (t) is limited, the shortage is compensated. In addition, the discharge pressure of the brake control pump 38 increases. At this time, since the hydraulic fluid of the master cylinder 34 is sucked by the brake control pump 38, the master cylinder pressure MCP decreases even though the stroke of the brake pedal 30 does not change. For this reason, the target deceleration G (t) decreases, and if it is left as it is, a fluctuation occurs in the decreasing direction with respect to the deceleration requested by the driver. Similarly, when the effective regenerative torque T (t) changes in the increasing direction, the change occurs in the increasing direction with respect to the deceleration requested by the driver as it is.
  On the other hand, in the present embodiment, by correcting the target deceleration G (t) by the variation of the effective regenerative torque T (t), the variation in braking with respect to the deceleration requested by the driver is suppressed. That is, when the effective regenerative torque T (t) is changed in a decreasing direction, correction for increasing the target deceleration G (t) is performed. On the other hand, when the effective regenerative torque T (t) is changed in the increasing direction, correction for reducing the target deceleration G (t) is performed.
(Effect of this embodiment)
(1) By performing so-called regenerative switching in which the ratio of regenerative braking and friction braking with respect to the target deceleration G (t) is performed, even if the master cylinder pressure MCP fluctuates, the actual deceleration required by the driver Changes in the target deceleration G (t) can be suppressed. As a result, even in a regenerative cooperative brake system using a fluid braking system (braking system that is not a BBW system) in which the master cylinder 34 and the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 are communicated with each other, fluctuations in deceleration can be suppressed. .
(2) Even if the effective regenerative torque T (t) varies, the above correction is not performed when the target deceleration G (t) is small. When the target deceleration G (t) is small, the variation dependency due to the pedal stroke is high. Therefore, there is a high possibility that the driver has actually operated the brake pedal 30. Can be avoided.
(Second Embodiment)
Next, a second embodiment will be described with reference to the drawings. Note that components similar to those in the above-described embodiment will be described with the same reference numerals.
(Constitution)
The basic configuration of this embodiment is the same as that of the first embodiment. However, a part of processing of the brake controller 5 is different.
FIG. 12 shows a processing flow of the present embodiment.
In FIG. 12, the processes from step S10 to step S50 are the same as those in the first embodiment.
In step S50, the friction braking torque F (t) is calculated based on the following formula, and the process proceeds to step S160.
F (t) = target deceleration G (t)-effective regenerative torque T (t)
  In step S160, the change amount ΔF of the friction braking torque F (t) is estimated from the change amount ΔT of the effective regenerative torque T (t), and the process proceeds to step S170. This estimation is obtained by using a map of the change amount ΔT of the effective regenerative torque T (t) and the change amount ΔF of the friction braking torque F (t) obtained by experiments and the like. The change amount of the effective regenerative torque T (t) and the change amount ΔF of the friction braking torque F (t) have a relationship as shown in FIG.
In step S170, it is determined whether the target deceleration G (t) is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold value. If it is determined that the threshold is equal to or greater than the predetermined threshold, the process proceeds to step S190. If it is determined that the threshold is less than the predetermined threshold, the process proceeds to step S100.
The predetermined threshold is set to a value slightly larger than the target deceleration G (t) corresponding to the port idle, for example, for the piston stroke of the master cylinder 34. In such a state where the target deceleration G (t) is small, the variation dependency of the master cylinder pressure MCP due to the pedal stroke is large and the possibility of variation due to the driver's operation is large. is there.
In step S190, the friction braking torque F (t) is corrected by the change amount ΔF as shown in the following equation, and the process proceeds to step S100.
Friction braking torque F (t) ← Friction braking torque F (t) −Change amount ΔF
In step S100, the target control fluid pressure of the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 corresponding to the friction braking torque F (t) is calculated, and the process proceeds to step S110.
In step S110, the master cylinder pressure MCP is subtracted from the target brake fluid pressure to calculate a target pump pressure, and a command value corresponding to the target pump pressure is output to the brake control pump 38 of the brake hydraulic pressure unit 19. To return. Note that the target control fluid pressure of the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 can be reduced by the proportional solenoid valve 37 for fluid pressure control.
In this manner, by controlling the control fluid pressure of each wheel cylinder 20 to 23 individually, a braking torque due to a friction load of a desired magnitude is applied to the wheels via the disk rotor 30.
FIG. 7 shows a correction position (correction amount ΔF) in the case of the second embodiment with a broken line. In the case where the pump pressure is directly corrected, the correction is performed at the portion of circle D in FIG.
Other configurations are the same as those in the first embodiment.
Here, the change amount ΔF constitutes a braking correction amount. Step S190 constitutes correction means.
(Effect of this embodiment)
(1) By performing so-called regenerative switching that changes the ratio of regenerative braking and friction braking to the target deceleration G (t), even if the master cylinder pressure MCP fluctuates, the actual deceleration required by the driver Changes in friction braking can be suppressed. As a result, even in a regenerative cooperative braking system using a fluid braking system (braking system that is not a BBW system) in which the master cylinder 34 and the wheel cylinders 20 to 23 are communicated with each other, fluctuations in deceleration can be suppressed. .
(2) Other effects are the same as those of the first embodiment.
(Modification)
(1) Although the friction braking torque F (t) is corrected here, the target pump pressure BPu may be corrected based on the change amount ΔT of the effective regenerative torque.
(2) In all the embodiments described above, after obtaining the target friction braking torque F (t) by subtracting the effective regenerative torque T (t) from the target deceleration G (t), the target friction braking torque F The case where the control amount of a pump is calculated from (t) is illustrated. Instead, a configuration like the control block shown in FIG. 14 may be used. That is, the master cylinder pressure MCP is first subtracted from the target deceleration G (t) to obtain the sum of the regenerative torque and the friction braking torque F (t) by the pump, and then the control amount of the pump (target pump pressure BPu). ) May be calculated.
When the invention of the first embodiment is applied to this configuration, the amount of change in the target deceleration G (t) may be corrected at the portion indicated by arrow A in FIG.
In addition, when applying the invention of the second embodiment, the amount of change in the target deceleration G (t) may be corrected at the portion indicated by arrow B or C in FIG.
(3) In the above embodiment, the case where the motor that performs regeneration is coupled to the engine is illustrated, but the motor that performs regeneration may be independent of the engine.
1 is an overall system diagram showing a hybrid vehicle to which a regenerative cooperative brake control device of a first embodiment is applied. It is a collinear diagram which shows each vehicle mode in the hybrid vehicle to which the regeneration cooperation brake control apparatus of 1st Embodiment was applied. It is a figure which shows the structure of a hydraulic brake device. It is a figure explaining the process of the brake controller which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a control block diagram which calculates | requires the target value of regenerative braking. It is a figure which shows an example of the relationship between the change of the effective regenerative torque T (t), and the corrected amount of target deceleration G (t). It is a figure which shows an example of the control block of the brake controller which concerns on 1st Embodiment. FIG. 2 is a driving force performance characteristic diagram and a driving force conceptual diagram in a hybrid vehicle to which the regenerative cooperative brake control device of the first embodiment is applied. It is a figure showing the braking torque performance by the regeneration cooperation in the hybrid vehicle to which the regeneration cooperation brake control device of the first embodiment is applied. It is a figure showing the braking torque performance by the regeneration cooperation in the hybrid vehicle to which the regeneration cooperation brake control device of the first embodiment is applied. It is a figure which shows the example of a conventional time chart. It is a figure explaining the process of the brake controller which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a figure which shows an example of the relationship between the change of the effective regenerative torque T (t), and the corrected amount of the target friction braking torque F (t). It is a figure which shows another example of the control block of the brake controller which concerns on this embodiment.
Explanation of symbols
2 Motor controller 3 Power control unit 4 Battery 5 Brake controller 6 Integrated controller 17 Master cylinder pressure sensor 18 Brake stroke sensor 19 Brake fluid pressure unit 20-23 Wheel cylinder 30 Brake pedal 31 Negative pressure booster 34 Master cylinder 36 Hydraulic circuit 38 Braking control Pump F Friction braking torque G Target deceleration MCP Master cylinder pressure MG1, MG2 Motor generator S Brake stroke T Effective regenerative torque TM Power split mechanism VSP Vehicle speed ΔF Change amount (brake correction amount)
ΔG Change amount (Deceleration correction amount)
ΔT change amount

Claims (5)

  1. A master cylinder that generates a master cylinder pressure corresponding to the pedal stroke of the brake pedal, a hydraulic circuit that can supply the hydraulic cylinder pressure to a wheel cylinder of a wheel, and a wheel provided from the master cylinder to the wheel Hydraulic pressure adjusting means capable of increasing / decreasing the hydraulic pressure supplied to the cylinder, regenerative braking means for generating regenerative braking by applying an electric load to the wheels, and effective regenerative amount detecting means for obtaining an effective regenerative torque by the regenerative braking means When,
    Target deceleration calculating means for calculating a target deceleration based on the pedal stroke and the master cylinder pressure;
    Friction braking torque calculating means for calculating a target friction braking torque obtained by subtracting the effective regenerative torque from the target deceleration calculated by the target deceleration calculating means;
    In a regenerative cooperative brake control device comprising: a hydraulic pressure control unit that increases or decreases a hydraulic pressure via a hydraulic pressure adjusting unit so as to be a wheel cylinder pressure corresponding to the target friction braking torque calculated by the friction braking torque calculating unit.
    A regenerative cooperative brake comprising: a correction unit that estimates a deceleration correction amount based on a change amount of the effective regenerative torque and corrects the target deceleration calculated by the target deceleration calculation unit using the deceleration correction amount. Control device.
  2. A master cylinder that generates a master cylinder pressure corresponding to the pedal stroke of the brake pedal, a hydraulic circuit that can supply the hydraulic cylinder pressure to a wheel cylinder of a wheel, and a wheel provided from the master cylinder to the wheel Hydraulic pressure adjusting means capable of increasing / decreasing the hydraulic pressure supplied to the cylinder, regenerative braking means for generating regenerative braking by applying an electric load to the wheels, and effective regenerative amount detecting means for obtaining an effective regenerative torque by the regenerative braking means When,
    Target deceleration calculating means for calculating a target deceleration based on the pedal stroke and the master cylinder pressure;
    Friction braking torque calculating means for calculating a target friction braking torque obtained by subtracting the effective regenerative torque from the target deceleration calculated by the target deceleration calculating means;
    In a regenerative cooperative brake control device comprising: a hydraulic pressure control unit that increases or decreases a hydraulic pressure via a hydraulic pressure adjusting unit so as to be a wheel cylinder pressure corresponding to the target friction braking torque calculated by the friction braking torque calculating unit.
    A regenerative cooperative brake control device comprising: a correction unit that estimates a braking correction amount based on a change amount of the effective regenerative torque and corrects the target friction braking torque calculated by the friction braking torque calculation unit by the braking correction amount. .
  3.   The regenerative cooperative brake control device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the correction means performs correction when the target deceleration is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold value.
  4. A maximum regenerative torque estimating means for estimating the maximum regenerative torque based on the vehicle speed;
    The regenerative braking control device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the regenerative braking means performs regeneration with the maximum regenerative torque estimated by the maximum regenerative torque estimating means as an upper limit value.
  5.   The hydraulic pressure adjusting means includes a brake control pump having a suction side connected to a master cylinder and a discharge side connected to a wheel cylinder, and the hydraulic pressure control means controls the brake control pump. The regenerative cooperative brake control device according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
JP2008053394A 2008-03-04 2008-03-04 Regenerative brake control system Active JP5332235B2 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010179840A (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-08-19 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Regeneration cooperation brake control device and regeneration cooperation brake control method
JP2012040964A (en) * 2010-08-20 2012-03-01 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicle brake control device
WO2013047598A1 (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-04-04 株式会社アドヴィックス Braking control device for vehicle
CN108944878A (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-12-07 株式会社万都 Electric brake system

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JP2005324640A (en) * 2004-05-13 2005-11-24 Toyota Motor Corp Braking force controller for vehicle
JP2006021745A (en) * 2004-06-11 2006-01-26 Advics:Kk Brake device for vehicle and brake control program for vehicle
JP2007276684A (en) * 2006-04-10 2007-10-25 Advics:Kk Vehicular brake control device

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JP2005324640A (en) * 2004-05-13 2005-11-24 Toyota Motor Corp Braking force controller for vehicle
JP2006021745A (en) * 2004-06-11 2006-01-26 Advics:Kk Brake device for vehicle and brake control program for vehicle
JP2007276684A (en) * 2006-04-10 2007-10-25 Advics:Kk Vehicular brake control device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010179840A (en) * 2009-02-06 2010-08-19 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Regeneration cooperation brake control device and regeneration cooperation brake control method
JP2012040964A (en) * 2010-08-20 2012-03-01 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicle brake control device
WO2013047598A1 (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-04-04 株式会社アドヴィックス Braking control device for vehicle
JP2013071520A (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-04-22 Advics Co Ltd Brake control device for vehicle
CN103459215A (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-12-18 株式会社爱德克斯 Braking control device for vehicle
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CN108944878A (en) * 2017-05-17 2018-12-07 株式会社万都 Electric brake system

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