JP2009136108A - Electric vehicle - Google Patents

Electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2009136108A
JP2009136108A JP2007310568A JP2007310568A JP2009136108A JP 2009136108 A JP2009136108 A JP 2009136108A JP 2007310568 A JP2007310568 A JP 2007310568A JP 2007310568 A JP2007310568 A JP 2007310568A JP 2009136108 A JP2009136108 A JP 2009136108A
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Prior art keywords
cord
plug
charging
member
storage box
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JP2007310568A
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JP4985361B2 (en )
Inventor
Toshisato Matsui
Seiichi Takasaki
俊里 松井
静一 高崎
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Mitsubishi Automob Eng Co Ltd
Mitsubishi Motors Corp
三菱自動車エンジニアリング株式会社
三菱自動車工業株式会社
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/1816Charging electric vehicles by conductive energy transfer, e.g. connectors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1851Battery monitoring or controlling; Arrangements of batteries, structures or switching circuits therefore
    • B60L11/1877Arrangements of batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration, power consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0069Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to the isolation, e.g. ground fault or leak current
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2230/00Charging station details
    • B60L2230/10Parts thereof
    • B60L2230/12Connection cables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/10Vehicle control parameters
    • B60L2240/28Door position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/10Driver interactions by alarm
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/16Driver interactions by display
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/705Controlling vehicles with one battery or one capacitor only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7088Charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/121Electric charging stations by conductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an electric vehicle in which a charging cord plug can be reliably fixed at a prescribed position where there is no chance of being splashed by water, when the charging cord is not in use.
SOLUTION: The electric vehicle includes a battery unit, a charging device 13, a charging cord accommodating section 30 and a charging cord 40. One end of the charging cord 40 is connected to the charging device 13 at all times. A plug 62 for connecting to a power supply is provided at the other end of the charging cord 40. The charging cord accommodating section 30 includes a cord accommodating box 41 and an opening section 50 for pulling out the charging cord 40. A door member 31 is provided to the opening section 50. A dummy socket 80 is provided insides the cord accommodating box 41. The plug 62 of the charging cord 40 can be inserted into the dummy socket 80. With the plug 62 inserted into the dummy socket 80, the plug 62 can be retained at a prescribed position within the cord accommodating box 41.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、バッテリを電源とするモータによって走行する電気自動車に関する。 The present invention relates to an electric vehicle that is driven by a motor using a battery as power source.

電気自動車に使用されるバッテリユニットは、蓄電量が減少したときに充電する必要がある。 Battery unit used in an electric vehicle, it is necessary to charge when the storage amount is reduced. 充電を行うには充電コードが必要である。 To do charging there is a need for charging cord. 充電時に充電コードを介して電気供給源(例えば100ボルトあるいは200ボルトの商用電源)から送られる電流が、車体に搭載された充電装置を介してバッテリユニットに供給される。 Current sent through the charging cord when charging from an electrical source (e.g., 100 volts or 200 volts of the commercial power supply) is supplied to the battery unit via a charging apparatus mounted on the vehicle body.

充電コードは、その一端が電気自動車に常時接続されている常時接続タイプと、充電時のみ電気自動車の給電端子に接続される分離タイプとの2種類が知られている。 Charging cord two types are known and constant connection type, one end of which is constantly connected to the electric vehicle, and the separation type which is connected to the power supply terminal of the electric vehicle only when charging. 常時接続タイプの充電コードは、充電コードの他端に設けられているプラグが充電時に電気供給源のソケットに差し込まれるようになっている。 Charging cord always-type plug provided at the other end of the charging cord adapted to be plugged into a socket of an electrical supply source during charging. これに対し分離タイプの充電コードでは、両端にそれぞれプラグが設けられていて、充電時に一方のプラグが車体の給電端子に接続されるとともに、他方のプラグが電気供給源のソケットに差し込まれる。 The charging cord separation type hand, have plugs respectively provided at both ends, with one of the plug during charging is connected to the vehicle body of the feeding terminal and the other plug is inserted into the electrical supply socket.

常時接続タイプの充電コードは紛失の恐れが無く、また降雨時の防水対策が容易であるが、数メートル以上もある長い電源コードを車体に収納するための収納部が必要である。 Charging cord always-type without fear of loss, but also it is easy to waterproof during rainfall, it is necessary accommodating portion for accommodating a long power cord, which is also more than a few meters to a vehicle body. また充電コードのプラグが収納部内で移動しないようにする必要があるし、収納されたプラグに水が付着しないようにすることも重要である。 Further to it is necessary to prevent the plug of the charging cord not move storage portion, it is also important that water housed plug is prevented from adhering.

例えば下記特許文献1に開示されている自動二輪車の充電コード収納構造では、車体フレームを構成するパイプの近傍に、充電コードを収納可能なコードボックスとプラグ受けが設けられている。 For example, in the charging cord storing structure for a motorcycle disclosed in Patent Document 1, in the vicinity of the pipe constituting the body frame, receiving code box and plug capable of storing is provided a charging cord. この従来例では、充電コードを収納する際に充電コードのプラグにプラグキャップを装着し、充電コードをコードボックス内に挿入するとともに、プラグとプラグキャップを車体フレームの外側から前記プラグ受けに載置するようにしている。 In this conventional example, a plug cap attached to the plug of the charging cord when storing the charging cord, placed with inserts the charging cord into the code box, the plug and plug cap from outside of the vehicle body frame to receive the plug It is way.
特許第3347433号公報 Patent No. 3347433 Publication

前記従来例をはじめとして従来の充電コード収納構造は、収納された充電コードのプラグが走行中の振動や揺れによって移動する可能性があり、また、降雨時等にプラグに水がかかることを防ぐ上で必ずしも十分なものではないなど、改良の余地があった。 Conventional charging cord storing structure including the above-described conventional example, there is a possibility that plug housed charged code is moved due to vibration or shaking during running, also prevent the water according to the plug rainfall or the like such as but not necessarily sufficient in the above, there is room for improvement.

従って本発明の目的は、収納された充電コードのプラグを水のかかるおそれのない所定位置に確実に保持することができる電気自動車を提供することにある。 Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an electric vehicle which can reliably hold the plug housed charged code into place without risk of consuming water.

本発明は、車体に搭載されたバッテリユニットと充電装置とを有する電気自動車であって、一端が前記充電装置に接続され他端に電源接続用のプラグが設けられた充電コードと、前記充電コードを収納するためのコード収納部とを備え、前記コード収納部は、前記車体の一部に形成され前記充電コードを収納するに足る広さを有しかつ前記充電コードを車体の外部に引出すことができる開口部を有するコード収納箱と、前記開口部を開閉する扉部材と、前記コード収納箱の内部に設けられ、前記充電コードの前記プラグを前記コード収納箱の内側から差し込むことができかつ前記プラグを差し込んだ状態において該プラグを保持するダミーソケットとを具備している。 The present invention provides an electric vehicle having a battery unit mounted on the vehicle body and the charging device, a charging cord having one end plug for power connection connected to the other end is provided in the charging device, the charging cord and a code storage portion for accommodating the cord storage section has a breadth which is formed on a part of the body sufficient to house the charging cord and to draw the charging cord to the body of the external a code storage box having an opening which can, a door member for opening and closing the opening is provided in the interior of the cord storage box, and can be plugged with the plug of the charging cord from the inside of the cord storage box It has and a dummy socket for holding the plug in the state plugged the plug.

本発明の1つの形態では、前記プラグが前記ダミーソケットに挿入されているか否かを検出するためのプラグ検出スイッチと、このプラグ検出スイッチによって前記プラグが前記ダミーソケットに挿入されていない状態が検出されたときに作動する報知手段とを備えている。 In one form of the present invention, the plug is said and plug detection switch for detecting whether the inserted dummy socket, a state where the plug by the plug detection switch is not inserted into the dummy socket detected and a notification means that operates when.

また前記扉部材が開いているか否かを検出する扉検出スイッチと、この扉検出スイッチによって前記扉部材が開いていることが検出されたときに点灯することにより前記ダミーソケットを照明するランプとを備えていてもよい。 Also a door detection switch for detecting whether the door member is open, and a lamp for illuminating the dummy socket by lighting when it is detected that the door member is opened by the door detection switch it may be provided. 本発明の1つの形態では、前記コード収納箱の底部に、該コード収納箱内に侵入した水を排水可能なベンチレーション孔と、外力が加わらない自由状態では前記ベンチレーション孔を開口させ、前記コード収納箱の下方から圧力が加わったときに前記ベンチレーション孔を閉じる方向に移動する弁部材とを有している。 In one form of the present invention, the the bottom of the code storage box, and the cord ventilation holes can be drained and the water entering the storage box, in a free state where no external force is applied to open the ventilation hole, the wherein and a valve member that moves ventilation holes a closing direction when the pressure is applied from below the code storage box.

前記コード収納箱を構成する内部の壁に前記充電コードが挿通するコード挿通孔が形成され、前記充電コードには、前記充電装置に接続されるコネクタ部材と、前記コード挿通孔に嵌合した状態において前記コード挿通孔を塞ぐグロメット部材とが設けられ、かつ、前記コード挿通孔が前記コネクタ部材を通過させることのできる大きさに形成されていてもよい。 State the code the charging cord into the interior of the wall constituting the container box are cord insertion hole is inserted is formed, wherein the charging cord, and a connector member connected to the charging device, fitted to the cord insertion hole the cord insertion hole and the grommet member for closing a is provided, and said cord insertion holes may be formed to a size capable of passing said connector member in.

また、前記コード収納箱が車体の後部に形成され、前記扉部材がバンパ部材に設けられ、該扉部材がバンパ表面の一部をなしていてもよい。 Also, the code storage box is formed in a rear portion of the vehicle body, the door member is provided on the bumper member, said door member may be a part of the bumper surface.

本発明によれば、コード収納箱内の所定位置に充電コードのソケットを確実に保持することができ、収納されたソケットに水がかかることも回避できる。 According to the present invention, the code at a predetermined position in the storage box can be reliably held sockets charging cord, can be avoided that water in the housing socket consuming.

以下に本発明の一実施形態について、図1から図4を参照して説明する。 An embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to FIGS.
図1は電気自動車10の一例を示している。 Figure 1 shows an example of an electric vehicle 10. この電気自動車10は、車体11の後部に配置された走行用のモータ12および充電装置13と、車体11の床下に配置されるバッテリユニット14などを備えている。 The electric vehicle 10 includes a motor 12 and a charger 13 for traveling disposed at the rear of the vehicle body 11, and a battery unit 14 disposed under the floor of the vehicle body 11.

図2は、電気自動車10を車体11の後側から見た斜視図である。 Figure 2 is a perspective view of the electric vehicle 10 from the rear side of the vehicle body 11. 車体11の後部にバンパ部材20が設けられている。 Bumper member 20 is provided at a rear portion of the vehicle body 11. バンパ部材20は車体11の幅方向(車幅方向)に延びている。 Bumper member 20 extends in the width direction of the vehicle body 11 (vehicle width direction). バンパ部材20の車幅方向中央部に、充電コード収納部30の一部をなす扉部材31が設けられている。 In the vehicle width direction central portion of the bumper member 20, the door member 31 forming a part of the charging cord storage unit 30 it is provided. この扉部材31は、扉部材31の下部に設けられた水平方向のヒンジ軸32を中心に、図2に矢印Aで示すように上下方向に回動することができるようになっている。 The door member 31 is about a horizontal hinge shaft 32 provided in the lower portion of the door member 31, so that it can be rotated in the vertical direction as shown by an arrow A in FIG.

図3は扉部材31が閉じた状態を示している。 Figure 3 shows a state where the door member 31 is closed. 図4は扉部材31が開位置まで移動した状態を示している。 Figure 4 shows a state where the door member 31 is moved to the open position. この扉部材31には、開閉操作用のハンドル35と、扉部材31を閉位置に保持するためのラッチ等の保持部材36(図2に模式的に示す)などが設けられている。 This is the door member 31, a handle 35 for opening and closing, such as retaining member 36 such as a latch for holding the door member 31 in the closed position (shown schematically in FIG. 2) is provided. 本実施形態の扉部材31はバンパ部材20に設けられており、扉部材31がバンパ表面の一部をなしている。 Door member 31 of this embodiment is provided on the bumper member 20, the door member 31 is a part of the bumper surface. この場合、扉部材31の外面とバンパ部材20の外面とがほぼ面一に揃っているとよい。 In this case, when the outer surface of the outer surface and the bumper member 20 of the door member 31 is aligned substantially flush.

図3に示すように充電コード収納部30は、充電コード40を収納するためのコード収納箱41と、前記扉部材31とを備えている。 Charging cord storage unit 30 as shown in FIG. 3 includes a code storage box 41 for storing the charging cord 40, and said door member 31. コード収納箱41は充電コード40を収納することのできる広さを有している。 Code storage box 41 has a size capable of housing the charging cord 40. コード収納箱41は、扉部材31の内側において車体部材45に設けられた上下方向に沿う縦壁46と、下部の底壁47と、上部の上壁48などによって構成され、内部に水が侵入しにくい防水構造をなしている。 Code storage box 41 includes a vertical wall 46 along the vertical direction provided on the vehicle body member 45 inside the door member 31, the lower portion of the bottom wall 47 is constituted by including an upper portion of the upper wall 48, the water entering the interior and forms a hard to waterproof the structure.

コード収納箱41には、扉部材31によって開閉されるコード取出し用の開口部50が形成されている。 The code storage box 41, the opening 50 of the code extraction that is opened and closed by the door member 31 is formed. この開口部50は、扉部材31が図3に示される閉扉位置にあるときに扉部材31によって閉じられる。 The opening 50 is closed by the door member 31 when in the closing position the door member 31 is shown in FIG. 扉部材31が図4に示す開扉位置に移動すると、前記開口部50が車外側に開放されるようになっている。 When the door member 31 is moved to the open door position illustrated in FIG. 4, the opening 50 is adapted to be opened to the exterior.

コード収納箱41の底部にある底壁47に、ベンチレーション孔55と、弁部材56が設けられている。 The bottom wall 47 at the bottom of the code storage box 41, the ventilation hole 55, the valve member 56 is provided. ベンチレーション孔55は、コード収納箱41内に侵入した水を排水可能な位置に形成されている。 Ventilation holes 55 are formed in the drain position capable of water that has entered the code storage box 41. 弁部材56は、外力が加わらない自由状態ではベンチレーション孔55を開口させる下降位置にあり、コード収納箱41の下方から水圧等の圧力が加わったときにベンチレーション孔55を閉じる方向に移動するものである。 The valve member 56 is in the lowered position to open the ventilation hole 55 in a free state where no external force is applied to move the ventilation holes 55 in the direction for closing when the pressure of the water pressure or the like from the lower side of the code storage box 41 is applied it is intended.

充電コード40は、コード本体の一例としてのカールコード60と、カールコード60の一端に設けられた常時接続用のコネクタ部材61と、カールコード60の他端に設けられた電源接続用のプラグ62と、グロメット部材63を備えている。 Charging cord 40 is a curl cord 60 which is an example of a code body, the connector member 61 for always-provided on one end of the curl cord 60, a plug 62 for power connection provided on the other end of the curl cord 60 When, and a grommet member 63. コネクタ部材61は、電気自動車10に搭載された充電装置13の給電端子70に常時接続されている。 Connector member 61 is constantly connected to the power supply terminal 70 of the charging device 13 mounted on the electric vehicle 10. 充電コード40の他端に設けられたプラグ62は、充電時に電気供給源のソケット部71(図4に示す)に接続される。 Plug 62 provided at the other end of the charging cord 40 is connected to the socket portion 71 of the electric source during charging (FIG. 4).

カールコード60は、外力が加わっていない自由状態において自力で螺旋状に巻回することのできる弾性復元力を有し、伸ばした状態で数メートル以上、例えば5メートル前後の長さを有している。 Curl cord 60 has an elastic restoring force which can be wound spirally on its own in a free state where no external force is applied, stretched state a few meters, for example have a length of 5 meters before and after there. カールコード60を格納する際には螺旋状に巻回するため、1〜2メートル前後の長さまでコンパクトにまとめることができる。 When storing coiled cord 60 for winding spirally, it can be summarized in a compact to a length of 1-2 meters before and after.

コード収納箱41の周壁の一部をなす縦壁46にコード挿通孔75が形成されている。 Cord insertion hole 75 to the vertical wall 46 forming part of the peripheral wall of the code storage box 41 is formed. 前記充電コード40は、このコード挿通孔75に挿入され、コード挿通孔75にグロメット部材63が嵌め込まれている。 The charging cord 40 is inserted into the cord insertion hole 75, the grommet member 63 is fitted into the cord insertion hole 75. グロメット部材63は、合成ゴム等の弾性材料からなり、コード挿通孔75の縁に嵌合させることによって、コード挿通孔75と充電コード40との間を防水している。 Grommet member 63 is made of an elastic material such as synthetic rubber, by fitting the edge of the cord insertion hole 75, and waterproofing between the cord insertion hole 75 and the charging cord 40. このコード挿通孔75は、コネクタ部材61を通過させることのできる大きさに形成されている。 The cord insertion hole 75 is formed in a size capable of passing the connector member 61.

またコード収納箱41の縦壁46に、ダミーソケット80が設けられている。 Also the vertical wall 46 of the code storage box 41, a dummy socket 80 is provided. このダミーソケット80は、充電コード40をコード収納箱41に収納する際に、プラグ62をコード収納箱41の内側から差し込むことができる位置に設けられている。 The dummy socket 80, at the time of housing the charging cord 40 to the code storage box 41 is provided in a position that can be plugged a plug 62 from the inside of the cord storage box 41. プラグ62をダミーソケット80に差し込んだ状態において、このプラグ62はコード収納箱41内の上部の所定位置に移動不能に保持される。 In a state in which plugged 62 into the dummy socket 80, the plug 62 is immovably held at a predetermined position of the upper in the code storage box 41. プラグ62とダミーソケット80との間には、プラグ62がダミーソケット80に差し込まれた状態において、プラグ62の接続端子62aを防水するためのシール部材81が設けられている。 Between the plug 62 and the dummy socket 80, in a state where the plug 62 is inserted into the dummy sockets 80, sealing member 81 for waterproofing the connection terminals 62a of the plug 62 is provided.

ダミーソケット80には、プラグ62の接続端子62aが差し込まれているか否かを検出するためのプラグ検出スイッチ85が設けられている。 Dummy socket 80, the plug detection switch 85 for detecting whether or not the connection terminal 62a of the plug 62 is inserted is provided. このプラグ検出スイッチ85から出力される信号に応じて、報知手段として機能する表示装置86が作動するようになっている。 Depending on the signal output from the plug detection switch 85, a display device 86 that functions as a notification means is adapted to operate. 表示装置86は、例えば運転席付近の計器盤にインジケータランプとして配置されている。 Display device 86 is disposed as an indicator lamp on the instrument panel in the vicinity for example the driver's seat. プラグ62がダミーソケット80に挿着されていない状態がプラグ検出スイッチ85によって検出されると、表示装置86が作動し、警告表示86a(図4に一例を示す)がなされることにより、乗員等にプラグ62がダミーソケット80に挿着されていないことが報知される。 When the state where the plug 62 is not inserted into the dummy socket 80 is detected by the plug detection switch 85, the display device 86 is operated by the warning display 86a (an example is shown in FIG. 4) is made, the passenger or the like it is informed that the plug 62 is not inserted into the dummy socket 80. この表示装置86は、ブザー等の警報音を発するものでもよい。 The display device 86 may be one that emits an alarm sound such as a buzzer.

扉部材31の近傍には、扉部材31が開いているか否かを検出する扉検出スイッチ90と、この扉検出スイッチ90によって扉部材31が開いていることが検出されたときに点灯するランプ91が設けられている。 In the vicinity of the door member 31, a lamp 91 which lights when the door detection switch 90 for detecting whether the door member 31 is opened, it is detected that is open the door member 31 by the door detection switch 90 It is provided. ランプ91はダミーソケット80を照明することのできる位置に配置されている。 Lamp 91 is disposed at a position capable of illuminating a dummy socket 80.

次に前記構成の充電コード収納部30の作用について説明する。 Next will be described the operation of the charging cord storage unit 30 of the configuration.
充電時以外は、図3に示すように充電コード40をコード収納箱41に収納し、扉部材31を閉じる。 Except during charging, housed in the code storage box 41 the charging cord 40 as shown in FIG. 3, to close the door member 31. 充電コード40はカールコード60を備えているため、充電コード40をコンパクトにまとめてコード収納箱41に収納することができる。 For charging cord 40 which has a curl cord 60 can be accommodated in the code storage box 41 together charging cord 40 compactly. この収納状態で扉部材31は、保持部材36(図1に示す)によって開かないように保持される。 Door member 31 in this accommodated state is maintained not to open by the holding member 36 (shown in Figure 1). 充電コード40のプラグ62はダミーソケット80に差し込まれている。 Plug 62 of the charging cord 40 is plugged into the dummy socket 80.

前記収納状態では、プラグ検出スイッチ85によってプラグ62がダミーソケット80に差し込まれていることが検出される。 In the accommodated state, it is detected that the plug 62 is plugged into the dummy socket 80 by a plug detection switch 85. この場合、表示装置86は特段の報知動作を行わない。 In this case, the display device 86 does not perform a special notification operation. また扉検出スイッチ90によって扉部材31が閉じていることが検出されるため、ランプ91は消灯している。 Since it is detected that the door member 31 is closed by the door detection switch 90, the lamp 91 is off.

この電気自動車10が走行し、例えば水溜りや浅瀬走行をする際などに、路面からの水がバンパ部材20の下部に浸入し、コード収納箱41の底壁47の下側から水圧がかかると、弁部材56が図3に2点鎖線Bで示すようにベンチレーション孔55を塞ぐ方向に移動する。 The electric vehicle 10 travels, for example, such as when the water reservoir and shallow travel, enters the bottom water of the bumper member 20 from the road surface, when the water pressure from the lower side of the bottom wall 47 of the code storage box 41 takes , the valve member 56 moves in a direction to close the ventilation holes 55 as shown by the chain line B 2 points in FIG. このためコード収納箱41の内部に水が入ることを防ぐことができる。 Therefore it is possible to prevent water from entering the inside of the cord storage box 41.

万一、コード収納箱41内に水が入っても、通常の走行時あるいは駐車中に弁部材56が下がり、ベンチレーション孔55が開くことにより、コード収納箱41内の水を排出することができる。 Should even contain water in the code storage box 41, the valve member 56 is lowered during normal traveling or during parking, by opening has ventilation holes 55, to be discharged water code storage box 41 it can. またこのベンチレーション孔55によってコード収納箱41内に空気を流通させることができるため、コード収納箱41の内部を乾燥状態に保つことができる。 Further, it is possible to circulate air in the code storage box 41 by the ventilation holes 55, it is possible to keep the inside of the cord storage box 41 in a dry state.

バッテリユニット14を充電するときに、図4に示すように扉部材31を開ける。 When charging the battery unit 14, it opens the door member 31 as shown in FIG. 扉部材31が開位置に移動すると、扉部材31の内面31aがほぼ水平な状態となる。 When the door member 31 is moved to the open position, the inner surface 31a substantially horizontal state of the door member 31. そして充電コード40を取出す。 And take out the charging cord 40. また充電コード40のプラグ62をダミーソケット80から外し、例えば家屋の商用電源等のソケット部71に差し込む。 The unplugged 62 of the charging cord 40 from the dummy socket 80, for example, plugged into the socket portion 71 of the commercial power source of a house or the like. プラグ62がダミーソケット80から外されると、プラグ検出スイッチ85が作動し、表示装置86が作動することにより、プラグ62がダミーソケット80から外されたことを示す警告表示86aがなされる。 When the plug 62 is removed from the dummy socket 80, the plug detection switch 85 is actuated, the display device 86 by operating a warning display 86a indicating that the plug 62 is removed from the dummy socket 80 is made.

前記したように扉部材31を開けると、扉検出スイッチ90が作動することにより、ランプ91が点灯する。 Opening the door member 31 as described above, by the door detection switch 90 is actuated, the lamp 91 is turned on. このため、夜間などの暗所でもプラグ62をダミーソケット80に着脱する作業を容易に行うことができる。 Therefore, it is possible to perform the work for attaching and detaching the plug 62 even in a dark place such as at night dummy socket 80 easily. プラグ62を電気供給源のソケット部71に接続し、電気供給源のソケット部71から送られる電流を充電コード40を介して充電装置13に供給することにより、バッテリユニット14を充電することができる。 Connect the plug 62 into the socket portion 71 of the electrical supply source, the current delivered from the socket portion 71 of the electrical supply source by supplying to the charging apparatus 13 via a charging cord 40, it is possible to charge the battery unit 14 .

充電が終了すると、充電コード40を再びコード収納箱41に収めるとともに、プラグ62をダミーソケット80に差し込む。 When charging is finished, with fit in the code storage box 41 the charging cord 40 again, plugging 62 to the dummy sockets 80. その際に扉部材31が開いているため、ランプ91が点灯している。 Since the door member 31 is open when the lamp 91 is on. このため、夜間などの暗所でもプラグ62をダミーソケット80に差し込む作業を容易に行うことができる。 Therefore, it is possible to perform the work of inserting the plug 62 even in a dark place such as at night dummy socket 80 easily.

プラグ62をダミーソケット80に差し込むと、プラグ検出スイッチ85が作動することにより、表示装置86による警告表示86a(図4に示す)が消える。 Plugging 62 to the dummy socket 80, by the plug detection switch 85 is operated, (FIG. 4) warning display 86a by the display device 86 disappears. こうして充電コード40をコード収納箱41に収納したのち、扉部材31を閉じる。 Thus after housing the charging cord 40 to the code storage box 41, it closes the door member 31. そうすると、扉検出スイッチ90が作動することにより、ランプ91が消灯する。 Then, by the door detection switch 90 is actuated, the lamp 91 is turned off.

プラグ62がダミーソケット80に差し込まれていない状態で扉部材31を閉めると、表示装置86は警告表示86aをしたままとなる。 When closing the door member 31 in a state where the plug 62 is not inserted into the dummy socket 80, the display device 86 will remain a warning display 86a. このため、運転者等の乗員はプラグ62がダミーソケット80に差し込まれていないことを知ることができる。 Therefore, an occupant such as the driver can know that the plug 62 is not inserted into the dummy socket 80. すなわち表示装置86が作動することにより、プラグ62を含む充電コード40が正しくコード収納箱41内に収納されていないことを乗員に知らしめることができる。 That is, by the display device 86 is activated, that charging cord 40 including a plug 62 is not accommodated in the incorrect code storage box 41 can notify the occupant.

よって乗員は、プラグ62をダミーソケット80に差し込むことが促される。 Thus the occupant, it is prompted to insert the plug 62 to the dummy socket 80. このため走行中にプラグ62がコード収納箱41の内部を転がったり、みだりに移動することを回避できる。 Or rolling the inside of the plug 62 during running because the code storage box 41 can be avoided to move indiscriminately. このためカールコード60やプラグ62、コード収納箱41等が損傷したり、プラグ62の接続端子62aが錆びたりする不具合を防止できる。 Therefore curl cord 60 and plug 62, or the code storage box 41 and the like are damaged, can prevent a problem of or rust connecting terminal 62a of the plug 62.

本実施形態の充電コード40の一端には充電装置13に常時接続するためのコネクタ部材61(図3に示す)が設けられている。 Connector member 61 for the end of the charging cord 40 of this embodiment always connected to the charging device 13 (shown in FIG. 3) is provided. このコネクタ部材61は、充電装置13の給電端子70に対して着脱可能である。 The connector member 61 is detachable from the power supply terminal 70 of the charging device 13. 例えば充電コード40が損傷したり不具合が生じるなどして、充電コード40を交換する必要が生じたときには、コネクタ部材61を充電装置13の給電端子70から外し、かつ、グロメット部材63をコード挿通孔75から外す。 For example charging cord 40 and the like is defective or damaged occurs, when the need to replace the charging cord 40 occurs, disconnect the connector member 61 from the power supply terminal 70 of the charging device 13 and cord insertion hole of the grommet member 63 remove from 75.

コード挿通孔75はコネクタ部材61を通過させることのできる大きさを有しているため、充電コード40を車外側から引き、コネクタ部材61をコード挿通孔75を通過させることにより、充電コード40の全体を車外に取出すことができる。 Because cord insertion hole 75 has a size capable of passing the connector member 61, pull the charging cord 40 from the vehicle outside, by passing the cord insertion hole 75 of the connector member 61, the charging cord 40 it is possible to take out the whole to the outside of the vehicle. そして交換された充電コード40のコネクタ部材61を再びコード挿通孔75を通し、充電装置13の給電端子70に接続し、さらにグロメット部材63をコード挿通孔75に嵌め込むことにより、充電コード40の交換が終了する。 The connector member 61 of the charging cord 40 exchanged again through a cord insertion hole 75, is connected to the power supply terminal 70 of the charging device 13, by further inserting the grommet member 63 to the cord insertion hole 75, the charging cord 40 the exchange is completed.

本実施形態の電気自動車10は、プラグ62がダミーソケット80に差し込まれた状態で保持されるコード収納箱41の上部に、ダミーソケット80が設けられている。 The electric vehicle 10 of this embodiment, the top of the code storage box 41 is held in a state where the plug 62 is inserted into the dummy socket 80, a dummy socket 80 is provided. このため、プラグ62の接続端子62a等の端子部分が防水され、端子部分に水等が付着することを回避できることにより、充電時の安全性が向上する。 Therefore, the terminal portion of such as connection terminals 62a of the plug 62 is waterproof, by avoiding that the water or the like from adhering to the terminal portion, thereby improving safety during charging.

また扉部材31が開いていることが扉検出スイッチ90等によって検出されたときに、表示装置86等の報知手段を作動させるようにしてもよい。 Further, when it is detected by the door detection switch 90 such that the door member 31 is opened, it may be caused to actuate the alarm means such as a display device 86. また扉部材31が開いていることを報知するための手段を別途に設けてもよい。 Further means may be provided for informing that the door member 31 is opened separately. 前記報知手段が作動しているとき、すなわちダミーソケット80にプラグ62が差し込まれていないとき、あるいは扉部材31が開いているときに、この電気自動車10の走行を禁止したりモータ12の出力を制限したりする制御を行なってもよい。 When said informing means is activated, i.e. when the plug 62 is not inserted into the dummy socket 80, or when the door member 31 is open, the output of the prohibited travel of the electric vehicle 10 or the motor 12 it may be subjected to control or limit.

なお前記実施形態では、モータや充電装置、コード収納部が車体後部に配置された電気自動車について説明したが、本発明はモータや充電装置、コード収納部が車体前部等に配置された電気自動車にも適用することができる。 Note in the above embodiment, the motor and the charging device, but the code storage unit is described electric vehicle, which is disposed in the rear portion of the vehicle body, the present invention is an electric vehicle motor and charging device, the code storage unit is disposed in the front part of the vehicle body or the like also it can be applied to. また本発明を実施するに当たって、モータ、バッテリユニット、コード収納箱、扉部材、充電コード、プラグ、ダミーソケットをはじめとして、発明の構成要素の構造及び配置を適宜に変更して実施できることは言うまでもない。 The carrying out the present invention, motor, battery unit, code storage box, the door member, the charging cord, plug, including the dummy socket, can naturally be implemented by changing the structure and arrangement of the components of the invention suitably .

本発明の一実施形態に係る電気自動車の斜視図。 Perspective view of an electric vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention. 図1に示された電気自動車の一部を後側から見た斜視図。 Perspective view from the rear part of the electric vehicle shown in FIG. 図1に示された電気自動車の充電コード収納部の断面図。 Sectional view of a charging cord storage unit of the electric vehicle shown in FIG. 図3に示された充電コード収納部の扉部材を開けて充電コードを引き出した状態の断面図。 Sectional view of a state of pulling the charging cord opening the door member of the charging cord storage unit shown in FIG.

符号の説明 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

10…電気自動車 11…車体 13…充電装置 14…バッテリユニット 20…バンパ部材 30…充電コード収納部 31…扉部材 40…充電コード 41…コード収納箱 50…開口部 55…ベンチレーション孔 56…弁部材 61…コネクタ部材 62…プラグ 71…ソケット部 80…ダミーソケット 85…プラグ検出スイッチ 90…扉検出スイッチ 10 ... electric vehicle 11 ... body 13 ... charging device 14 ... battery unit 20 ... bumper member 30 ... charging cord storage unit 31 ... door member 40 ... charging cord 41 ... code storage box 50 ... opening 55 ... ventilation holes 56 ... valve member 61 ... connector member 62 ... plug 71 ... socket 80 ... dummy socket 85 ... plug detection switch 90 ... door detection switch

Claims (6)

  1. 車体に搭載されたバッテリユニットと充電装置とを有する電気自動車であって、 An electric motor vehicle having a battery unit mounted on the vehicle body and the charging device,
    一端が前記充電装置に接続され他端に電源接続用のプラグが設けられた充電コードと、 A charging cord plug for power supply connection is provided on the other end connected to the charging device,
    前記充電コードを収納するためのコード収納部とを備え、 And a code storage portion for accommodating the charging cord,
    前記コード収納部は、 The cord storage unit,
    前記車体の一部に形成され前記充電コードを収納するに足る広さを有しかつ前記充電コードを車体の外部に引出すことができる開口部を有するコード収納箱と、 A code storage box having an opening which can be drawn and the charging cord has a wide enough to house the charging cord is formed in a part of the vehicle body to the vehicle body of the outer,
    前記開口部を開閉する扉部材と、 A door member for opening and closing the opening,
    前記コード収納箱の内部に設けられ、前記充電コードの前記プラグを前記コード収納箱の内側から差し込むことができかつ前記プラグを差し込んだ状態において該プラグを保持するダミーソケットと、 A dummy socket for holding the plug in the provided in the code storage box, the plug can be plugged from the inside of the cord storage box and state plugged the plug of the charging cord,
    を具備したことを特徴とする電気自動車。 Electric vehicle characterized by comprising a.
  2. 前記プラグが前記ダミーソケットに挿入されているか否かを検出するためのプラグ検出スイッチと、このプラグ検出スイッチによって前記プラグが前記ダミーソケットに挿入されていない状態が検出されたときに作動する報知手段とを具備したことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の電気自動車。 And plug detection switch for detecting whether the plug is inserted into the dummy socket notification means operative when said plug by the plug detection switch is detected state not inserted into the dummy socket electric vehicle according to claim 1, characterized by comprising and.
  3. 前記扉部材が開いているか否かを検出する扉検出スイッチと、この扉検出スイッチによって前記扉部材が開いていることが検出されたときに点灯することにより前記ダミーソケットを照明するランプとを具備したことを特徴とする請求項1または2に記載の電気自動車。 A door detection switch for detecting whether the door member is open, and a lamp for illuminating the dummy socket by lighting when it is detected that the door member is opened by the door detection switch electric vehicle according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the.
  4. 前記コード収納箱の底部に、該コード収納箱内に侵入した水を排水可能なベンチレーション孔と、外力が加わらない自由状態では前記ベンチレーション孔を開口させ、前記コード収納箱の下方から圧力が加わったときに前記ベンチレーション孔を閉じる方向に移動する弁部材とを有していることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の電気自動車。 The bottom of the code storage box, and the code storage box can drain the penetrated water to a ventilation hole, are opened the ventilation holes in a free state where no external force is applied, the pressure from below the code storage box electric vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a valve member for moving the ventilation hole closing direction when applied.
  5. 前記コード収納箱を構成する内部の壁の一部に前記充電コードが挿通するコード挿通孔が形成され、前記充電コードには、前記充電装置に接続されるコネクタ部材と、前記コード挿通孔に嵌合した状態において前記コード挿通孔を塞ぐグロメット部材とが設けられ、かつ、前記コード挿通孔が前記コネクタ部材を通過させることのできる大きさに形成されていることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の電気自動車。 Said code the charging cord to a part of the inside of the wall constituting the container box are cord insertion hole is inserted is formed, wherein the charging cord, and a connector member connected to the charging device, fitted to the cord insertion hole and the grommet member is provided in the combined state closing the cord insertion hole, and, according to claim 1, wherein the cord insertion hole is characterized in that it is formed to a size capable of passing said connector member electric car.
  6. 前記コード収納箱が車体の後部に形成され、前記扉部材がバンパ部材に設けられ、該扉部材がバンパ表面の一部をなしていることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の電気自動車。 Said code storage box is formed in a rear portion of the vehicle body, the door member is provided on the bumper member, an electric vehicle according to claim 1, said door member is characterized in that it forms part of the bumper surface.
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