JP2009135116A - Planar light source device, prism sheet, display, and information processor - Google Patents

Planar light source device, prism sheet, display, and information processor Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2009135116A
JP2009135116A JP2009063577A JP2009063577A JP2009135116A JP 2009135116 A JP2009135116 A JP 2009135116A JP 2009063577 A JP2009063577 A JP 2009063577A JP 2009063577 A JP2009063577 A JP 2009063577A JP 2009135116 A JP2009135116 A JP 2009135116A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
guide plate
surface
light
light source
light guide
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JP2009063577A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Makoto Abe
Yasushi Hara
Masa Hirabayashi
Chikara Nishio
Toshikazu Takahashi
Akira Tanaka
Hiroshi Yamada
靖 原
浩 山田
雅 平林
章 田中
千香良 西尾
阿部  誠
利和 高橋
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Fujitsu Kasei Kk
Fujitsu Ltd
富士通化成株式会社
富士通株式会社
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Priority to JP2003342724 priority
Application filed by Fujitsu Kasei Kk, Fujitsu Ltd, 富士通化成株式会社, 富士通株式会社 filed Critical Fujitsu Kasei Kk
Priority to JP2009063577A priority patent/JP2009135116A/en
Publication of JP2009135116A publication Critical patent/JP2009135116A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To obtain an illumination device and a display device with excellent brightness uniformity without luminance unevennesses of an emission line or the like, concerning a reflector, the illumination device, a light guide plate and the display. <P>SOLUTION: The reflector 16 consists of a curved part 30 for covering a light source 14 and a pair of end parts 32 extending to both sides of the curved part 30. The inside surface of each end part 32 has a plurality of substantially parallel projections or depressions 34. The light-guiding plate has an incident surface and an emission surface substantially perpendicular to the incident surface, and the incident surface has a plurality of projections or depressions extending substantially parallel to the emission surface. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a reflector, an illumination device, a light guide plate, and a display device.

  In a liquid crystal display device such as a personal computer or a liquid crystal television, a sidelight type illumination device is used. In the case of a transmissive liquid crystal display device, a planar illumination device (backlight) is disposed on the back side of the liquid crystal panel. The sidelight-type backlight includes a light guide plate, a light source disposed on one side of the light guide plate, and a reflector.

  The reflector has, for example, a semicircular or U-shaped cross section, and is disposed so as to cover the light source, extend to the end portion of the light guide plate, and partially overlap the light guide plate. The light incident on the incident surface of the light guide plate travels through the light guide plate while being reflected. Therefore, in order to emit light from the exit surface of the light guide plate, the light guide plate is formed in a wedge-shaped cross section, or an optical element such as a prism array or a micro lens array is arranged.

  Light that has entered the light guide plate at a large angle is emitted from a position near the light source on the exit surface of the light guide plate, and may cause bright lines on the exit surface. In addition, weak light may cause dark lines on the exit surface. The sidelight type backlight has a problem that luminance unevenness including bright lines and dark lines occurs.

  Furthermore, the conventional sidelight type backlight has a problem that the luminance near the light source is lowered because no treatment is performed on the light incident surface. FIG. 30 shows the verification result of the luminance distribution in the vertical direction from the light source due to the difference in the processing of the light incident surface. The reflecting surface of the light guide plate uses a prism light guide plate and emits light inclined by 60 to 70 degrees from the normal line from the emission surface. The emitted light is bent in the normal direction by the downward prism lens sheet. From the results, it can be confirmed that the conventional luminance distribution which is in a smooth state without any treatment on the light incident surface has a decrease in luminance near about 20 mm near the light source.

  In order to solve this problem, there has been a proposal to roughen the incident surface of the light guide plate to eliminate luminance unevenness (see, for example, Patent Document 1). Light enters and scatters on the roughened entrance surface, and the amount of light exiting from the portion near the light source on the exit surface of the light guide plate increases, but exits from a portion far from the light source on the exit surface of the light guide plate. The amount of light will be reduced. In addition, a part of the light scattered on the incident surface of the light guide plate does not effectively propagate through the light guide plate, and the light use efficiency decreases. The roughening is uniformly performed on the entire incident surface of the light guide plate.

  FIG. 30 shows a luminance distribution when a diffusion-treated tape is pasted instead of the diffusion process of the light incident surface. Although the luminance near the light source is increased by the diffusion treatment of the light incident surface, there is a problem that the luminance is gradually decreased because the amount of light is reduced at a distant portion.

  There is also a proposal to arrange a prism sheet between the light source and the light guide plate (see, for example, Patent Document 2 and Patent Document 3). The diffused light emitted from the light source is collected by the prism sheet and becomes highly directional light and enters the incident surface of the light guide plate. However, when light with high directivity is incident on the incident surface of the light guide plate, the amount of light emitted from the end portion of the light guide plate close to the light source decreases, and luminance unevenness at the end portion of the light guide plate close to the light source is reduced. It will not be resolved.

  In addition, there is a proposal to form a groove extending perpendicularly to the exit surface of the light guide plate on the entrance surface of the light guide plate (see, for example, Patent Document 4). This conventional example aims to prevent the display from becoming dark at the end portion where the electrode of the lamp forming the light source is located.

  In addition, there is a proposal of forming an inclined surface that reflects light on an end portion of a reflection sheet that is disposed on the opposite side of the light guide plate from the opposite surface (see, for example, Patent Document 5). In this conventional example, in order to prevent light having a large angle emitted from the light source from being reflected by the end portion of the reflection sheet and entering the light guide plate, such light is reflected by the inclined surface of the reflection sheet to thereby generate the light source. It tries to return to the side. This prevents bright lines from appearing on the exit surface of the light guide plate. However, this conventional example has a basic configuration in which the end portion of the reflection sheet is disposed between the light guide plate and one end portion of the reflector, and the other end portion of the reflector is in close contact with the light guide plate. Only available in In the case where the end portion of the reflection sheet is arranged outside the one end portion of the reflector, or when there is a gap between the other end portion of the reflector and the light guide plate, this conventional example is Not applicable.

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-160035 JP-A-9-166713 JP 2000-260216 A JP-A-10-253957 JP 2002-216522 A

  An object of the present invention is to provide a reflector, an illuminating device, a light guide plate, and a display device capable of obtaining an illuminating device having good luminance uniformity without luminance unevenness such as bright lines.

  The reflector according to the present invention has a curved portion and a pair of end portions extending on both sides of the curved portion, and an inner surface of the end portion has a plurality of substantially parallel protrusions or recesses. is there.

  According to this configuration, the light emitted from the light source is reflected by the protrusions or recesses on the inner surface of the end portion of the reflector and returns toward the light source. Therefore, the light emitted from the light source is incident on the light guide plate at a large angle and is emitted from the exit surface, thereby preventing the bright line from being generated.

  An illumination device according to the present invention includes the reflector, a light guide plate, and a light source. The light source is disposed on a side portion of the light guide plate, the reflector is disposed around the light source, and the end portion of the reflector. The portion partially overlaps the light guide plate.

  Moreover, a display apparatus can be comprised with this illuminating device.

  Also in this case, generation of bright lines is prevented.

  The light guide plate according to the present invention has an incident surface and an exit surface substantially perpendicular to the entrance surface, and the entrance surface has a plurality of protrusions or recesses extending substantially parallel to the exit surface. It is what.

  According to this configuration, the projections or recesses provided on the inner surface of the light guide plate correct the angular distribution and intensity distribution of the light source, and an illumination device with good luminance uniformity without luminance unevenness can be obtained. In this case, since the protrusion or the recess extends substantially in parallel with the exit surface of the light guide plate, luminance unevenness including bright lines and dark lines can be eliminated.

  The present invention also includes the reflector, the light guide plate, a light source, and a display element. The light source is disposed on a side portion of the light guide plate, and the curved portion of the reflector is disposed around the light source. The display device is characterized in that the end portion of the reflector partially overlaps the light guide plate.

  In the light guide plate of the present invention, the shape of the plurality of protrusions or recesses on the incident surface varies depending on the position, and is larger at the upper and lower end portions farther from the light source and smaller at the center portion closer to the light source. And In the vicinity of the light incident surface, light is provided by the projections or recesses at the upper and lower ends, and in the distance, more light is provided far away by the central portion having few projections or recesses. This makes it possible to provide light both near and far from the light incident surface.

  In the light guide plate of the present invention, the pitch of the plurality of protrusions or recesses on the incident surface varies depending on the position, and the pitch is smaller at the upper and lower end portions farther from the light source and larger at the center portion closer to the light source. It is characterized by being. This makes it possible to provide light both near and far from the light incident surface.

  The light guide plate of the present invention is characterized by having a reflecting surface having a prism array in which prisms parallel to the longitudinal direction of the light incident surface and the incident surface are continuously formed. By combining the light incident surface and the reflective surface, a substantially uniform luminance distribution from the vicinity of the light source to the counter light source can be realized.

  Further, the light guide plate of the present invention is characterized in that it has an exit surface having a prism array in which prisms perpendicular to the incident surface and the longitudinal direction of the light incident surface are continuously formed. The light exiting surface can collect light in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the light incident surface.

  Further, the present invention is characterized in that in the light guide plate, the reflection sheet is one in which a metal such as aluminum or silver alloy is deposited on the sheet, or a metal film is pasted (regular reflectance is 80% or more). And With respect to a conventional thermoplastic resin sheet mixed or coated with titanium oxide, barium titanate, or the like, diffusion of light reflected on the reflective sheet is reduced, and the overall luminance can be improved.

  Further, according to a feature of the present invention, the surface light source device includes a side light source, a light guide plate, and a prism sheet, and the side light source is one side surface of two opposite side surfaces of the light guide plate. The light guide plate and the prism sheet are arranged so as to overlap each other, and the prism sheet includes a plurality of prism portions on the light guide plate side, and from the side light source compared to the central region. The ratio of the slope area per unit area is reduced in the range up to a predetermined distance.

  The present invention also provides the prism sheet described above. Furthermore, the present invention provides a liquid crystal display device including the surface light source device described above. The present invention further provides an electronic apparatus including the liquid crystal display device described above.

  With the above-described features, the light in the vicinity of the light source in the surface light source device can be reduced, and the surface light source device having a uniform luminance distribution as a whole including the vicinity of the light source can be realized.

  As described above, according to the present invention, by providing a plurality of protrusions or recesses on the inner surface of the end portion of the reflector, from the space of the overlap region between the reflector and the light guide plate or the incomplete edge of the light guide plate. The light that enters the light guide plate and becomes a bright line is relaxed, so that a flat light source having a uniform luminance distribution is obtained. In addition, by providing a plurality of protrusions or recesses extending substantially parallel to the exit surface of the light guide plate on the entrance surface of the light guide plate, the angular distribution of the light that has entered the light guide plate from the entrance surface is made uniform, and unevenness in brightness and darkness is caused. Improved.

It is a schematic perspective view which shows the illuminating device of the Example of this invention. It is an enlarged side view which shows a part of illuminating device of FIG. It is sectional drawing which shows the processus | protrusion or recessed part of the inner surface of the edge part of the reflector of FIG. It is a figure explaining the basic effect | action of an illuminating device. It is a figure which shows the example which light reflects in the edge part of a reflector, and injects into the output surface and reflective surface of a light-guide plate, when there is no protrusion or a recessed part. It is a figure which shows the example which the light reflected in the edge part part of a reflector in case there is no protrusion or a recessed part injects into a light guide plate from the edge of the entrance plane of a light guide plate. It is a figure which shows the example which the light reflected in the edge part part of a reflector passes along the edge of the entrance plane of a light guide plate in case there is no protrusion or a recessed part, and injects into a light guide plate. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the example of the illuminating device of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the example which light injects into the entrance plane of a light-guide plate, when there is no protrusion or a recessed part. FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating an example in which bright and dark stripes are generated on the exit surface of the light guide plate when there is no protrusion or recess in FIGS. 8 and 9. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is the elements on larger scale of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is the elements on larger scale of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of FIG. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the example of the illuminating device of this invention. It is a figure which shows the modification of a light-guide plate. It is a figure which shows the modification of an illuminating device. It is the elements on larger scale of the prism array of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of an illuminating device. It is the elements on larger scale of the prism array of FIG. It is a figure which shows the modification of an illuminating device. It is a figure which shows the display apparatus of the Example of this invention. It is a figure which shows the modification of the illuminating device of this invention. FIG. 30 is a diagram showing a luminance distribution due to a difference in processing on the light incident surface. It is a figure which shows the modification of the light-guide plate of this invention. FIG. 32 illustrates a perspective view of a liquid crystal display device including a surface light source device and a microprocessor, a light source control unit, and a light source driving unit in a portable electronic device according to an embodiment of the present invention. 33A to 33D respectively show a prism sheet according to the present invention and a structure of its deformation. 34A to 34C respectively show prism sheets having still another structure obtained by modifying the prism sheet according to the present invention. FIG. 35A shows a partially enlarged structure of the prism portion in a region far from the light source. FIG. 35B shows a partially enlarged structure of the prism portion in the region near the light source. FIG. 36A is a side view of the surface light source device in the Y direction. FIG. 36B shows the luminance on the front side of the liquid crystal panel with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source. FIG. 37A is a side view of a surface light source device having a prism sheet that has been subjected to a diffusion process for making the luminance more uniform in a region near the light source. FIG. 37B shows the degree of diffusion processing with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source in the prism sheet of FIG. 37A. FIG. 38A is a side view of a surface light source device having a prism sheet that has been subjected to a diffusion process for making the luminance more uniform in a region near the light source and a diffusion process for expanding the viewing angle. FIG. 38B shows the distribution of the degree of diffusion processing with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source in the prism sheet of FIG. 38A. FIG. 39A is a side view of a surface light source device having a prism sheet that has been subjected to diffusion processing for making the luminance more uniform and widening the viewing angle in an area near the light source. FIG. 39B shows a distribution of the degree of diffusion processing with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source in the prism sheet of FIG. 39A. FIG. 40 shows diffusion having different degrees of diffusion in the X direction and the Y direction in the prism sheet 40. FIG. 41A shows a perspective view of a prism sheet in which the prism portion is divided in the Y direction by a plurality of grooves. 41B to 41D respectively show side views of the prism sheet viewed in the B, C, and D directions in FIG. 41A. 42A to 42F show the basic shape of each prism portion.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view showing a lighting device 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is an enlarged side view showing a part of the illumination device of FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a protrusion or recess 34 on the inner surface of the end portion 32 of the reflector 16 of FIG.

  The illuminating device 10 includes a light guide plate 12, a linear light source 14 including a cold cathode tube disposed on one side of the light guide plate 12, and a reflector 16 that covers the light source 14.

  The light guide plate 12 includes an incident surface (end surface) 18 that extends long in parallel with the light source 14, an emission surface (upper surface) 20 that is substantially perpendicular to the incident surface 18, and a reflection surface (lower surface) 22 on the opposite side of the emission surface 20. Have. The light guide plate 12 is formed in a wedge shape, and the reflection surface 22 is inclined with respect to the emission surface 20. A light control sheet such as the diffusion plate 24 and the prism sheet 26 is disposed on the light emission surface 20 side of the light guide plate 12, and a reflection sheet 28 is disposed on the reflection surface 22 side of the light guide plate 12.

  The light guide plate 12 is made of a transparent acrylic resin (PMMA) having a refractive index of 1.49. However, the light guide plate 12 can be made of a resin other than acrylic resin. For example, an optically transparent material having a refractive index of 1.4 to 1.7, such as polycarbonate (PC), can be used. On the reflection surface 22 of the light guide plate 12, diffusing material dots 21 (FIG. 4) are provided by printing or the like. The reflector 16 is formed by evaporating a metal such as aluminum or a silver alloy on a non-conductive sheet. The reflection sheet 28 is made of a non-conductive sheet deposited with a metal such as aluminum, a metal film attached, or a thermoplastic resin sheet mixed or coated with titanium oxide or barium titanate.

  The reflector 16 includes a curved portion 30 that covers the light source 14 and a pair of end portions 32 that extend in parallel on both sides of the curved portion 30. The end portion 32 extends beyond the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 and partially overlaps the light guide plate 12. There is a gap between the end portion 32 and the light guide plate 12. When the end portion 32 and the light guide plate 12 are brought into close contact with each other, a structure for pressing the end portion 32 from the emission surface 20 side is required, and the end portion 32 and the light guide plate 12 are bonded to each other. It is necessary to use an adhesive. If an adhesive is used, the optical properties may change.

  The reflection sheet 28 is disposed on the outer side (the side farther from the light guide plate 12) than the end portion 32 of the reflector 16. When the reflection sheet 28 is disposed outside the end portion 32 of the reflector 16, the unit composed of the light guide plate 12, the light source 14, and the reflector 16 is placed on the reflection sheet 28 when the lighting device 10 is assembled. Since it is only necessary to place it in the position, assembly becomes easy.

  In the reflector 16, the inner surface of the end portion 32 that overlaps the light guide plate 12 has a plurality of protrusions or recesses (rib structure or groove structure) 34. In FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the protrusions or recesses 34 are formed as triangular grooves (V-shaped grooves) provided on the inner surface of the end portion 30. The triangular groove is formed by two inclined surfaces 34 a and 34 b extending long in parallel with the light source 14. As shown in FIG. 3, the light L reaching the protrusions or recesses 34 at a large angle is reflected by the inclined surface 34 b and returns to the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12. The angle A between the two slopes 34a, 34b is preferably 90 degrees. Of course, the depth and interval of the triangular grooves (V-shaped grooves) can be changed in consideration of the plate thickness of the reflector 16, processing conditions (for example, press), etc., and may have a continuous sawtooth shape. In the present invention, since the protrusions or recesses 34 are formed integrally with the reflector 16, the number of parts is not increased, and the lighting device 10 can be easily assembled.

  FIG. 4 is a diagram for explaining the basic operation of the lighting apparatus 10. The light incident on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 does not directly exit from the exit surface 20 of the light guide plate 12 but propagates through the light guide plate 12 while being reflected by the exit surface 20 and the reflection surface 22. Since the reflection surface 22 is inclined with respect to the emission surface 20, the angle of the light reflected by the reflection surface 22 with respect to the normal line of the emission surface 20 becomes small, and the light travels toward the end surface opposite to the incidence surface 18. As it progresses, the light exits from the exit surface 20 little by little. In this way, light is emitted from the entire emission surface 20.

  FIG. 5 shows that when there is no protrusion or recess 34 and there is a gap between the light guide plate 12 and the reflector 16, the light is reflected by the end portion 32 of the reflector 16 and the light exit surface 20 and the reflection surface of the light guide plate 12. FIG. If there is no protrusion or recess 34 and light is incident on the exit surface 20 and the reflection surface 22 of the light guide plate 12 at a relatively large angle, the light exits at a position near the overlapping portion of the reflector 16 and the light guide plate 12. Outgoing from the surface 20, bright lines are generated at the exit surface 20. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, by providing a projection or recess 34 on the inner surface of the end portion 32 of the reflector 16, such light is reflected by the inclined surface 34 b of the projection or recess 34, and the light source 14. Return to the direction of, and eliminate the generation of bright lines.

  FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example in which light reflected by the end portion 32 of the reflector 16 enters the light guide plate 12 through the edge of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 when there is no protrusion or recess 34. The edge of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 may be rounded when viewed microscopically. Also in this case, light is incident at a large angle, and a bright line is generated on the exit surface 20.

  FIG. 7 shows an example in which light reflected by the end portion 32 of the reflector 16 through the edge of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 enters the output surface 20 and the reflective surface 22 of the light guide plate 12 when there is no protrusion or recess 34. FIG. The edge of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 may include burrs when viewed microscopically. Also in this case, light is incident at a large angle, and a bright line is generated on the exit surface 20.

  As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, when the edge of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 is incomplete, bright lines are generated. Therefore, by providing a projection or recess 34 on the inner surface of the end portion 32 of the reflector 16, unwanted light is reflected by the inclined surface 34b of the projection or recess 34 and returned to the light source 14 so that no bright line is generated. .

  Accordingly, the light incident through the gap between the end portion 32 of the reflector 16 and the light guide plate 12 or the incomplete edge of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 is caused by the triangular groove (V groove) 34. It becomes difficult to move in the direction of the end surface on the opposite side of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 (the amount of light traveling toward the opposite end surface decreases) or returns to the incident surface 18 side of the light guide plate 12, The bright lines generated near the light source 14 on the 12 emission surfaces 20 are alleviated.

  FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing an example of the illumination device 10 of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing the light guide plate 12 of FIG. The illuminating device 10 includes a light guide plate 12, a linear light source 14 including a cold cathode tube disposed on one side of the light guide plate 12, and a reflector 16 that covers the light source 14.

  The light guide plate 12 includes an incident surface 18 that extends long in parallel with the light source 14, an emission surface 20 that is substantially perpendicular to the incident surface 18, and a surface (reflection surface) 22 on the opposite side of the emission surface 20. The light guide plate 12 is formed in a wedge shape, and the reflection surface 22 is inclined with respect to the emission surface 20. It is also possible to provide a light control sheet such as the diffusion plate 24 and the prism sheet 26 shown in FIG. The reflector 16 includes a curved portion 30 that covers the light source 14 and a pair of end portions 32 that extend in parallel on both sides of the curved portion 30. The end portion 32 extends beyond the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 and partially overlaps the light guide plate 12.

  In the light guide plate 12, the incident surface 18 has a plurality of protrusions or recesses (rib structure or groove structure) 36 extending substantially parallel to the output surface 20. The protrusions or recesses 36 prevent light and dark stripes (brightness / darkness unevenness) from occurring on the exit surface 20.

  In a conventional sidelight-type backlight, a portion with a high luminance level (that is, a bright line) and a portion with a low luminance level (that is, a dark line) are generated in parallel with the incident surface 18 in the vicinity of the incident surface. There was a problem that occurred. Generation of such bright lines and dark lines reduces the commercial value of a surface light source used in a liquid crystal display device, and its prevention has been a major issue. This luminance unevenness occurs when the angular distribution of light incident from the incident surface 18 varies depending on the position of the incident surface 18 in the vertical direction.

  FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating an example in which light is incident on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 when there is no protrusion or recess 36. In FIG. 10, a part of the light emitted from the light source 14 is directly incident on the light guide plate 12, and another part of the light emitted from the light source 14 is reflected by the reflector 16 (indirectly). Is incident on. The directly incident light reaches the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 with almost no loss, so that the intensity of the light is high, but the indirectly incident light has some loss when reflected by the reflector 16. So the light intensity is small.

  Depending on the position of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12, the amount and angle distribution of the directly incident light and the indirectly incident light are different. For example, for directly incident light, the angular distribution B of light incident on the central portion P of the incident surface 18 near the light source 14 is larger than the angular distribution C of light incident on the upper and lower end portions Q of the incident surface 18. Become. The light reflected by the reflector 16 and incident on the incident surface 18 is incident at a relatively weak intensity at a larger angle than the directly incident light. As a result, for light incident on the central portion P of the incident surface 18, light having a large intensity is incident in a large angle range, and for light incident on the upper and lower end portions Q of the incident surface 18, light having a large intensity. Is incident in a small angle range. That is, as for the light incident on the upper and lower end portions Q of the incident surface 18, a large amount of large light is incident with a small intensity.

  FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating an example in which a bright and dark stripe pattern is generated on the exit surface 20 of the light guide plate 12 when the protrusions or the recesses 36 of FIGS. 8 and 9 are not provided. The distribution of light emitted from the emission surface 20 of the light guide plate 12 is, for example, weak light La, strong light Lb, strong light Lc, strong light Ld, and weak light Le. The light incident on the upper and lower ends Q of the incident surface 18 has a small intensity at a certain incident angle, and is emitted from the emission surface 20 as weak light La and Le. The light incident on the central portion P of the incident surface 18 has high intensity at the same angle, and is emitted from the emission surface 20 as strong light Lb, Lc, and Ld. For this reason, a bright and dark stripe pattern is generated.

  In FIGS. 8 and 9, light incident on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 is refracted at the protrusions or recesses 36 of the incident surface 18, and strong light directly incident on the light guide plate 12 from the light source 14 is emitted from the output surface 20. And it comes to spread toward the reflective surface 22 side. Accordingly, with respect to the light incident on the upper and lower end portions Q of the incident surface 18, light having a high intensity enters the light guide plate 12 in a large angle range. For this reason, for example, the weak light La and Le in FIG. 11 become strong light, and the bright and dark stripe pattern is eliminated. In the central portion P of the incident surface 18, the incident surface 18 remains flat. By providing protrusions or recesses 36 on the incident surface 18, it is possible to suppress loss without scattering light in all directions compared to a method of roughening the incident surface, and to further reduce the surface roughness (Ra), etc. It can be managed by the shape and dimension of the protrusion or recess 36 extending straight instead of the statistical method.

  FIG. 12 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. In this example, the shape of the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 extending along the long side of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 is changed according to the position of the incident surface 18. The protrusions or recesses 36 are larger at the upper and lower end portions farther from the light source 14 and are smaller toward the central portion closer to the light source 14. Further, the pitch of the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 is changed according to the position of the incident surface 18. The closer to the center of the light source 14, the larger the angle of directly incident light, the larger (wider) the area of the flat surface perpendicular to the exit surface 20 of the incident surface 18, and vice versa. The lower and upper end portions of the incident light having a smaller incident angle, the smaller the surface property of the flat surface perpendicular to the exit surface 20 of the incident surface 18, the smaller the angle distribution of the light incident on the light guide plate 12. It does not change depending on the position of the incident surface.

  FIG. 13 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. In this example, the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 are formed along the long side direction of the incident surface 18, and are formed to have a wavy curve when viewed in the short side direction of the incident surface 18. Light incident on the light guide plate 12 is refracted toward the output surface 20 and the reflection surface 22 by the protrusions or recesses 36 of the incident surface 18, and strong light directly incident on the light guide plate 12 from the light source 14 is reflected on the light source 14. Toward the exit surface 20 and the reflection surface 22.

  FIG. 14 is a partially enlarged view of the light guide plate of FIG. FIG. 14A is an enlarged view of the protrusion or recess 36. The light incident on the incident surface 18 is refracted at the protrusions or the recesses 36 and travels through the light guide plate 12 while widening the angle range. FIG. 14B is a view macroscopically showing the protrusion or recess 36. The light incident on the incident surface 18 travels through the light guide plate 12 while widening the angle range as a whole at the protrusions or recesses 36.

  FIG. 15 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. FIG. 16 is a partially enlarged view of the light guide plate of FIG. FIG. 16A is an enlarged view showing the protrusion or recess 36 in the central portion P of FIG. FIG. 16B is an enlarged view showing the protrusions or recesses 36 in the upper and lower ends Q of FIG.

  In this example, as in the example of FIG. 13, the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 are formed along the long side direction of the incident surface 18, and when viewed in the short side direction of the incident surface 18, a wavy curve is formed. Is formed. Furthermore, the central portion where the shape of the protrusion or recess 36 is closer to the light source 14 and the angle of directly incident light is larger, the smaller the amplitude of the wavy curve (the curve closer to the plane), the smaller the change in inclination, The upper and lower end portions that are closer to a flatter surface, farther from the light source 14, and have a smaller angle of light that is directly incident, increase the amplitude of the wavy curve and increase the change in the inclination, so that the light guide plate 12 The angular distribution of the light incident on the light is not changed depending on the position of the incident surface 18. In this way, strong light is directed toward a region that is conventionally a dark line, and unevenness between the bright line and the dark line is reduced.

  FIG. 17 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. In the example of FIG. 8, the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 are formed as protrusions having a round cross section formed along the long side direction of the incident surface 18, but in this example, the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 are the incident surfaces. It is formed as a protrusion having a V-shaped cross section formed along the long side direction of 18. The protrusions having a V-shaped cross section extend straight and long in parallel with the emission surface 20. For example, the apex angle of the protrusions in the V-shaped cross section is 90 degrees, the depth is 25 μm, and they are formed at intervals of 100 μm. Of course, the height and interval of the protrusions in the character-shaped cross section can be changed in consideration of the plate thickness of the light guide plate 12 and processing conditions (for example, press processing), and may have a continuous sawtooth shape. The operation of the light guide plate 12 is the same as that of the light guide plate 12 of FIG.

  FIG. 18 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. The shape and pitch of the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 in FIG. 17 can be changed like the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 in FIGS. . In FIG. 18, in the protrusion or recess 36 formed as a protrusion having a V-shaped cross section, the apex angle of the protrusion having a V-shaped cross section is 90 to 150 degrees, preferably 120 degrees. The protrusions having a V-shaped cross section are formed at an interval of 0.01 to 0.1 mm, and the length in the short side direction of the flat incident surface 18 between the protrusions having the V-shaped cross section is V-shaped. The height of the V-shaped cross-section protrusions is adjusted so as to be 20 to 80% of the interval between the protrusions of the cross-section. For example, the light guide plate 12 has a thickness of 2 mm and 40 protrusions having a V-shaped cross section are formed at a pitch of 50 μm. The height of the protrusion of the V-shaped cross section located at the upper and lower end portions of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 is about 20 μm, and the height of the protrusion decreases toward the center of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12. . The operation of the light guide plate 12 is the same as that of the light guide plate 12 of FIG.

  FIG. 19 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. In this example, the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 are formed as grooves having a V-shaped cross section formed along the long side direction of the incident surface 18. The operation of the light guide plate 12 is the same as that of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. Note that the protrusions or recesses 36 shown in FIGS. 8 to 15 can also be formed as recesses formed along the long side direction of the incident surface 18.

  FIG. 20 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of FIG. In this example, the plurality of protrusions or recesses of the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 are formed in a cross-sectional protrusion shape or a cross-sectional groove shape formed by combining a plurality of planes. The operation of the light guide plate 12 is the same as that of the light guide plate 12 of FIG.

  The cross-sectional shape of the plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 may be a curved shape such as a sine curve. A concave prism may be used. Further, instead of the prism, it may have a cross-sectional arc shape. In this case, the curve may be approximately formed by a plurality of straight lines.

  FIG. 21 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing another example of the illumination device 10 of the present invention. The illuminating device 10 includes a light guide plate 12, a linear light source 14 including a cold cathode tube disposed on one side of the light guide plate 12, and a reflector 16 that covers the light source 14. The light guide plate 12 includes an incident surface 18 that extends long in parallel with the light source 14, an exit surface 20 that is substantially perpendicular to the entrance surface 18, and a reflective surface 22 on the opposite side of the exit surface 20. Further, a light control sheet such as the diffusion plate 24 and the prism sheet 26 is disposed on the light emission surface 20 side of the light guide plate 12, and the reflection sheet 28 is disposed on the reflection surface 22 side of the light guide plate 12. The reflector 16 includes a curved portion 30 that covers the light source 14 and a pair of end portions 32 that extend in parallel on both sides of the curved portion 30. The end portion 32 extends beyond the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 and partially overlaps the light guide plate 12.

  In the illuminating device 10 of FIG. 21, the light guide plate 12 has a plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 shown in FIGS. 8 to 20 on the incident surface 18, and the reflector 16 is formed on the inner surface of the end portion 32 as shown in FIG. And a plurality of protrusions or recesses 34 shown in FIG. Accordingly, the illumination device 10 of FIG. 21 has both the characteristics of the reflector 16 described above and the characteristics of the light guide plate 12 described above. Since the protrusions or recesses 36 of the light guide plate 12 refract light toward the exit surface 20 and the reflection surface 22, the incident angle of the light with respect to the exit surface 20 increases, and the light enters the entrance surface of the exit surface 20. There is a possibility of emitting at a large angle at a position near 18. The protrusions or recesses 34 of the reflector 16 not only prevent the bright lines described with reference to FIGS. 5 to 7, but also occur when light refracted by the protrusions or recesses 36 of the light guide plate 12 exits from the exit surface 20. It also prevents the generation of bright lines.

  FIG. 22 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12. In this example, the light guide plate 12 is formed with a microlens array 38 in which spherical concave portions are arranged on the reflection surface 22. The microlens array 38 is provided in place of the diffusing material dots 21 of FIG. 4 and assists the light traveling on the light guide plate 12 to be emitted from the emission surface. The microlens array 38 is formed so as to become denser as the distance from the incident surface increases, and light is uniformly emitted at locations far from the entrance surface 18. The incident surface 18 is provided with a plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 shown in FIGS. Instead of the microlens array 38, a microlens array in which spherical convex portions are arranged may be used.

  FIG. 23 is a diagram showing a modification of the lighting device 10. In this example, the light guide plate 12 is provided with a prism array 40 in which prisms parallel to the longitudinal direction of the incident surface 18 are continuously formed on the reflecting surface 22. FIG. 24 is a partially enlarged view of the prism array 40 of FIG. For example, the interval between the prisms is 0.1 to 0.5 mm, and the slope of the inclined surface (α surface) 40a facing the opposite side to the incident surface of the prism is 0 to 5 degrees with respect to the outgoing surface 20, and the inclined surface facing the incident surface side. (Β surface) The inclination of 40b with respect to the emission surface 20 may be 40 to 50 degrees, and the light to be guided may be totally reflected by the β surface 40b and emitted in the normal direction of the emission surface 20.

  FIG. 25 is a view showing a modification of the illumination device 10. FIG. 26 is a partially enlarged view of the prism array 40 of FIG. In this example, the α surface 40a and the β surface 40b of the prism array 40 are replaced with those of FIG. 23, the light to be guided is totally reflected by the α surface 40a, and is inclined by 60 to 70 degrees from the normal line of the emission surface 20. The light may be emitted in the direction and refracted in the normal direction of the emission surface 20 by the prism sheet 26.

  FIG. 27 is a diagram illustrating a modification of the lighting device 10. In this example, instead of the combination of the light source 14 and the reflector 16, a light pipe in which LEDs 44 as point light sources are arranged on both sides of a long light guide 42 is used. The light guide 42 is disposed on one side of the light guide plate 12 so that light emitted from the LEDs 44 enters the light guide plate 12 through the light guide 42. A plurality of protrusions or recesses 36 shown in FIGS. 8 to 20 are formed on the incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12. The operation of this illumination device is the same as that of the illumination device 10 of FIG.

  FIG. 28 is a diagram showing the display device 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention. The liquid crystal display device 100 includes the illumination device 10 and the display element 90 of any of FIGS. The illumination device 10 is used as a sidelight type backlight in the display device 100. Preferably, the display element 90 is a liquid crystal panel.

  FIG. 29 is a diagram showing a modification of the illumination device 10 of the present invention. In this example, the light incident surface 18 of the light guide plate 12 has a projection or recess 36, and the reflecting surface 22 is provided with a prism array 40 in which prisms parallel to the longitudinal direction of the incident surface 18 are continuously formed. . The light to be guided is totally reflected by the α surface 40 a, emitted in a direction inclined by 60 to 70 degrees from the normal line of the emission surface 20, and refracted in the normal direction of the emission surface 20 by the prism sheet 26. . In the case of the combination of the light incident surface 18 and the reflective surface 22, as shown in FIG. 30, as a result of the verification experiment, a substantially uniform luminance distribution can be obtained from the vicinity of the light source to the distance. In addition, when a metal such as aluminum or silver alloy having a high regular reflectance is vapor-deposited on the reflection sheet 28 or a metal film is attached, diffusion by the reflection sheet is reduced, and more light is transmitted to the prism. It becomes possible to provide.

  FIG. 30 shows a verification experiment result of the luminance distribution in the vertical direction from the light source due to the difference in processing of the light incident surface 18. The reflection surface 22 of the light guide plate uses a prism light guide plate (prism array 40), and emits light inclined by 60 to 70 degrees from the normal line from the emission surface 20. The emitted light is bent in the normal direction by the downward prism lens sheet 26. In the case where the processing of the light incident surface 18 is a smooth surface, the luminance is significantly reduced near 20 mm near the light source. Further, when the processing of the light incident surface 18 is diffusion processing, although the luminance near 20 mm near the light source is improved, the amount of light going to the back is small, and the luminance at a distant place is lowered. When the light incident surface 18 is in the prism state, a substantially uniform luminance distribution can be obtained from the vicinity of the light source to the distance.

  FIG. 31 is a view showing a modification of the light guide plate 12 of the present invention. A triangular prism 41 is provided on the exit surface 20 of the light guide plate 12. Due to the effect of the prism, light in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the light incident surface can be collected.

  Next, features of the prism sheet will be described. In the present invention, the characteristics of the reflector and / or the characteristics of the light guide plate described above can be implemented in combination with the characteristics of the prism sheet described below.

  FIG. 32 is a perspective view of a transmissive liquid crystal display (LCD) 100 in a portable electronic device such as a notebook personal computer and a PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) according to an embodiment of the present invention. The light source control part 182 and the light source drive part 84 are illustrated. The liquid crystal display device 100 includes a transmissive liquid crystal panel 90 and a surface light source device or a backlight device 110 disposed on the back thereof. In the surface light source device 110, a linear light source such as a white cold cathode fluorescent lamp (CCFL) or a fluorescent lamp is typically used. As an alternative, the light source may be an array of LEDs arranged in a straight line.

  The light source driver 84 is coupled to an external AC power source (not shown) and a DC battery (not shown). The light source controller 82 activates the light source driver 84 in accordance with a command INST from the microprocessor or microcontroller 80 of the electronic device (not shown).

In FIG. 32, the surface light source device 110 is disposed in front of the linear light source 14, the generally wedge-shaped light guide plate 12 having two pairs of opposite sides each having a pair of opposite sides substantially parallel to each other, and the light guide plate 12. Prism sheet 26 and diffusion sheet 24 disposed between prism sheet 26 and liquid crystal panel 90. The surface light source device 110 reflects and refracts the light from the linear light source 14 by the light guide plate 12 and the prism sheet 26 and radiates the light toward the liquid crystal panel 90. The light guide plate 12, the prism sheet 26, the diffusion sheet 24, and the liquid crystal panel 90 are actually arranged so as to be substantially in contact with each other, but are shown at intervals in order to clarify their structures. ing. Each of the light guide plate 12, the prism sheet 26, the diffusion sheet 24, and the liquid crystal panel 90 is, for example, a rectangle having an area of about 200 cm 2 with a vertical length L Y of about 10 cm × a horizontal length L X of about 20 cm.

  32, the direction from the light source 14 toward the light guide plate 12 is the X direction, the longitudinal direction of the light source 14 is the Y direction, and the direction from the light guide plate 26 toward the transmissive liquid crystal panel 90 is the Z direction.

  In FIG. 32, the light source 14 is disposed on the left side surface of the light guide plate 12 and radiates light toward the light guide plate 12. Therefore, the light source 14 is a side light (side light source) of the surface light source device 110. The light source 14 is surrounded by the reflector 16 except for the light guide plate 12 side. The reflector 16 is typically made of an aluminum plate cover that is silver-plated or mirror-coated on the inner surface. In the drawing, a portion of the reflector 16 is not shown to clarify the structure.

  As shown in FIG. 32, the light guide plate 12 is generally wedge-shaped on the XZ plane, that is, the back surface is inclined in the Z direction along the X direction and gradually becomes thinner. The inclination angle α is in the range of greater than 0 degrees and less than or equal to 5 degrees. The light guide plate 12 is typically made of acrylic resin, has a thickness of about 2 mm that is the thickest at a position closest to the light source 14, and a thickness of about 1 mm that is the thinnest at a position farthest from the light source 14. .

  On the back surface of the light guide plate 12, a plurality of parallel elongated triangular prism portions 132 extending in the Y direction and formed by a plurality of grooves are arranged in the X direction. The back surface of the light guide plate 12 is covered with a known reflection sheet or reflection plate 28. On the front surface of the light guide plate 12, a plurality of elongated triangular prism portions 134 which are formed by a plurality of grooves and extend in the X direction are arranged in parallel in the Y direction.

  The back prism portion 132 of the light guide plate 12 refracts the light in the X direction from the light source 14 within the light guide plate 12, and the front surface is approximately 30 degrees with respect to the front surface of the light guide plate 12, that is, at an emission angle of approximately 60 degrees. Radiates toward the diffusion sheet 24. By disposing the diffusion sheet 24 between the prism sheet 26 and the liquid crystal panel 90, the luminance of the entire display is somewhat higher than when the diffusion sheet 24 is disposed between the light guide plate 12 and the prism sheet 26. The front prism unit 134 further condenses the outgoing light toward the prism sheet 26 in the Y direction.

  The prism sheet 26 refracts light incident through the back surface at an incident angle of approximately 30 degrees with respect to the back surface thereof, that is, approximately 60 degrees, by the prism portion 134 in a substantially vertical Z direction with respect to the front surface. To the diffusion sheet 24. The thickness of the prism sheet 26 is preferably a value in the range of about 150 μm to 250 μm, for example, about 200 μm.

  The prism sheet 26 is also referred to as a lenticular lens sheet, and is typically a flat front surface on the side close to the liquid crystal panel 90 and a plurality of parallel surfaces in the longitudinal direction of the light source 14, that is, the Y direction, on the side close to the light guide plate 12. A back surface having a plurality of prism portions 142 each having an elongated triangular prism shape and a quadrangular prism shape. Each of the inclined surfaces of the prismatic part 142 having a triangular prism shape and a quadrangular prism shape has an angle within an angle range of more than 30 degrees and not more than 35 degrees with respect to a line perpendicular to the flat front plane, for example ± about 32. It is tilted 5 degrees. The prism sheet 26 refracts and reflects the incident light at approximately 30 degrees with respect to the back surface (the incident angle with respect to the plane is approximately 60 degrees) with respect to the front surface, and is approximately perpendicular to the diffusion sheet 24 from the front surface. Radiates in the direction.

  The diffusion sheet 24 angularly diffuses light in the substantially Z direction from the prism sheet 26 to widen the viewing angle of the liquid crystal display device 5.

  33A, 33B, and 33D show the structures of the prism sheet 26 according to the present invention and the prism sheets 452 and 454 obtained by modifying the prism sheet 26, respectively. FIG. 33C shows the distribution of the pitch P of the prism portion 142 of FIGS. 33B and 33D. In the prism sheets 26, 452 and 454, a back surface plane 444 indicated by a broken line passing through a mountain line or a bottom surface of the prism portion 142 shown in FIGS. 33A, 33B and 33D is parallel to the flat front surface 442.

  In FIG. 33A, the prism sheet 26 typically includes a film portion 144 made of PET, and a plurality of prism portions 142 each of which is secured to the back surface 446 of the film portion 144. The thickness of the film part 144 is typically about 100 μm. The prism portion 142 is typically made of UV (ultraviolet) curable resin. The thickness or height of the prism portion 142 is typically about 100 μm. The prism part 142 according to the embodiment of the present invention includes a large number of triangular prisms 402 having the same dimensions (dimensions) arranged in a wide area 146 far from the light source 14 and a narrow area near the light source 14. A plurality of triangular prisms or quadrangular prisms 1404 having different sizes and shapes, which are arranged at 48. The area 148 is an area for improving an unnecessarily high brightness near the light source 14, and the length of the area 148 in the X direction is about 3 to about 10 times the maximum thickness of the light guide plate 12 on the light source 14 side. For example, it may be 6 mm with respect to the maximum thickness of 2 mm of the light guide plate 12.

  The plurality of prism portions 402 in the region 146 have the same size and shape as a normal one, and are separated from each other by the same plurality of grooves 408, and each prism portion 402 has two inclined surfaces. The plurality of prism portions 404 in the region 148 are separated from each other by a plurality of different grooves 410, and each prism portion has two inclined surfaces 412 and a flat surface 406. Each flat surface 406 is disposed between two inclined surfaces inclined in opposite directions. The plurality of flat surfaces 406 are substantially parallel to a virtual plane passing through the inclined surfaces of the plurality of prism portions 402 and 404 and substantially parallel to the surface of the light guide plate 12 on the prism sheet 26 side. These flat surfaces 406 lie on the bottom plane 444 of the prism sheet 26 in this view.

  In the conventional prism sheet, a prism portion having the same size and shape as the prism portion 402 in the region 146 is also disposed in the region 148, and thereby has a distance of about 3.5 times the maximum thickness of the light guide plate 12 on the light source 14 side. There is a drawback that the luminance of the surface light source within the range becomes unnecessarily high. In addition, the high luminance near the light source 14 cannot be sufficiently lowered even if diffusion processing with prism gradation in the region 148 is performed. The disadvantage is eliminated by the structure of the prism portion 404 in the region 148 according to the present invention.

  In the region 148 in the vicinity of the light source 14, the area of the individual inclined surfaces 412 of the individual prism portions 404 decreases as the distance from the light source 10 increases, and the area of the individual flat surface 406 increases as the distance from the light source 14 increases. In FIG. 33A, the pitch P of all the prism parts 402 and 404 of this prism sheet 26 is equal to each other. The upper surface or base line of the prism portion 404, that is, the valley line of the groove 410 is located on the inclined plane 420. According to the inclination of the inclined plane 420, the depth of each groove 410 becomes shallower as it approaches the light source 10, that is, the height of each prism portion 404 becomes lower as it approaches the light source 14, and the X of each flat surface 406 The width of the direction increases as it approaches the light source 14, that is, the area of each flat surface 406 increases. The height of the prism portion 404 at the position closest to the light source in the region 148, that is, the depth of the groove 410 is a value in the range of 50% to 70% of the height of the prism portion 402 in the region 146, that is, the depth of the groove 408, for example. 60% is preferable. In the region 148 in the vicinity of the light source 14, the area ratio of the slope 412 per unit area substantially gradually decreases substantially as the light source 14 is approached. Further, in the region 148 near the light source 14, the ratio of the area of the flat surface 406 to the area of the inclined surface 412 per unit area substantially gradually increases substantially as the light source 10 is approached.

  In the surface light source device 110 having the above-described configuration, part of light emitted from the light guide plate 12 toward the prism portion 404 by the inclined surface 412 of the prism portion 404 is directed toward the diffusion sheet 24 in the region 148 near the light source 14. The remaining part of the light emitted from the light guide plate 12 toward the prism portion 404 is reflected downward and right by the flat surface 406. The remaining part of the reflected light is reflected by the prism portion 132 on the back surface of the light guide plate 12, is emitted obliquely upward through the front surface of the light guide plate 12, and is emitted obliquely through the prism sheet 26. .

  FIG. 35A shows a partially enlarged structure of the prism portion 402 in the region 146 far from the light source 14. FIG. 35B shows a partially enlarged structure of the prism portion 404 in the region 148 near the light source 14. 35A and 35B serve to illustrate the propagation of light through the prism sheet 26. FIG.

  In FIG. 35A, the angle θ formed by the adjacent slopes 472 and 473 is a value in the range of more than 60 degrees and less than 70 degrees, for example, 65 degrees. As indicated by the broken line arrow, most of the light emitted from the light guide plate 12 toward the prism portion 402 of the prism sheet 26 in the upper right direction is reflected by the inclined surface 473 through the inclined surface 472 and is reflected on the front surface. Radiated upwards perpendicular to the plane 442.

  In FIG. 35B, the angle θ formed by the adjacent slopes 474 and 475 is a value in the range of 60 degrees to 70 degrees, for example, 65 degrees. As indicated by the broken-line arrows, a part of the light emitted from the light guide plate 12 toward the prism sheet 26 in the upper right direction is reflected by the inclined surface 475 through the inclined surface 474 and is approximately with respect to the front plane 442. Radiated vertically upwards. The ratio of this upward emitted light to the incident light decreases as the light source 14 is approached as the individual slopes 474 and 475 change in size as a function of the distance from the light source 14 as described above. The remaining part of the light is reflected downward and to the right by the flat surface 406, and another part is emitted obliquely to the upper right through the flat surface 406 and the prism sheet 26. Decrease. The ratio of the light reflected to the lower right with respect to the incident light and the light emitted to the upper right through the prism sheet 26 is the size of the individual flat surface 406 according to the distance from the light source 10 as described above. Increases as the light source 14 is approached.

  FIG. 33B shows a prism sheet 452 according to another embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 33C shows the distribution of the length of the pitch P of the prism portion 142 in the X direction. In FIG. 33B, unlike the pitch P of the prism portions 402 and the pitch P of the prism portions 404, the individual pitches P between the prism portions 404 are closer to the light source 10 as indicated by the solid line 422 in FIG. 33C. growing. The heights of the prisms 402 and 404 are the same, i.e. the width and depth of the grooves 408 and 410 are the same. The area of each flat surface 406 in the region 148 increases as it approaches the light source 14 as in the case of FIG. 33A. As the individual slopes 412 in the region 148 are closer to the light source 14, the distance between them increases and the density decreases.

  FIG. 33D shows a prism sheet 454 according to yet another embodiment of the present invention. This prism sheet 454 has the characteristics of both the prism sheet 26 of FIG. 33A and the prism sheet 452 of FIG. 33B. That is, in the region 148 near the light source 10 on the back surface of the prism sheet 454, the height of the individual prism portions 404 decreases as the distance from the light source 14 increases, the pitch between the prism portions increases, and the depth of the individual grooves 410 increases. And the width is reduced, and the area of each flat surface 406 is increased. The inclination of the inclined plane 424 including the valley lines of the plurality of grooves 410 is smaller than the inclination of the plane 420 of FIG. 33A, and the inclination of the change in the pitch P between the prism portions 404 in the region 148 is indicated by a broken line 425 in FIG. Which is smaller than the slope of the change in pitch shown by the solid line 422 in FIG. 33C.

  34A to 34C show prism sheets 456, 458 and 460, respectively, having yet another structure obtained by modifying the prism sheet 26 according to the present invention. The planes 426 and 428 indicated by broken lines passing through the crest or bottom surface of the prism portion 404 of the prism sheets 456, 458 and 460 are inclined. The pitch of the prism portions 404 is the same as the pitch of the prism portions 402.

  In FIG. 34A, a prism portion 404 has a shape in which a bottom portion of a series of prism portions in a region 148 having the same size and shape as the plurality of prism portions 402 is cut off along an inclined plane 426. Accordingly, the flat surface 406 of the prism portion 404 in the region 148 lies on a somewhat inclined plane 426. The area of each flat surface 406 increases as it approaches the light source 10. The area of each slope 412 becomes smaller as the light source 14 is approached.

  In FIG. 34B, the prism sheet 458 is modified so that the individual flat surfaces 406 are parallel to the front plane 144 of the film 144. The center line in the Y direction of the flat surface 406 of the prism portion 404 in the region 48 is on the inclined plane 426. The area of each flat surface 406 increases as it approaches the light source 14. The area of the inclined surface 412 of each prism portion 404 decreases as the light source 14 is approached.

  In FIG. 34C, the prism sheet 460 is formed by forming all the dimensions and shapes of the prism portion 404 as triangular prisms and forming each portion of the bottom surface of the film 144 as a flat surface 406 of a valley portion in the groove portion 410. The crest line or bottom surface of the prism portion 404 in the region 148 lies on an inclined plane 428. The area of each flat surface 406 increases as it approaches the light source 14. The area of each slope 412 becomes smaller as the light source 14 is approached.

  As will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the features of the prism sheets shown in FIGS. 33A to 33D and FIGS. 34A to 34C may be arbitrarily combined.

  FIG. 36A is a side view of the surface light source device 110 in the Y direction. FIG. 36B shows the luminance on the front side of the liquid crystal panel 90 with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source 14. The light from the light source 14 is reflected substantially obliquely in the upper right direction by the light guide plate 12, and the reflected light is refracted and reflected in the Z direction by the prism sheet 26. A solid line curve 502 in FIG. 36B shows the luminance distribution of the surface light source device using the conventional prism sheet in which the prism portion in the region 148 has the same size and shape as the prism portion 402 in the region 146. A broken line curve 504 in FIG. 36B shows the luminance distribution of the surface light source device 110 using the prism sheet 26 according to the present invention. Compared with the curve 502, it can be seen that the brightness of the curve 504 is substantially uniform due to the structure of the prism portion 404.

  However, the curve 504 in FIG. 36B includes local brightness non-uniformity, and a noticeable bright line, such as shown by the high brightness portion 506, may appear locally in the region 148. As a result of investigation by the inventor, it has been found that the bright line 502 is caused by light gathered at the mirror-like end portion of the reflector 16 of the light source 14 on the prism sheet 26 side. Accordingly, a diffuser 118 having a diffusibility, for example, a white seal or a paint applied thereto is provided at the end of the mirror surface to reduce the brightness, thereby eliminating the local high brightness portion 506. Curve 508 is obtained.

  FIG. 37A is a side view of the surface light source device 110 including the prism sheet 26 that has been subjected to a diffusion process for making the luminance more uniform in the region 148 near the light source 10. The surface light source device 110 includes a diffusion sheet 24. FIG. 37B shows the degree of diffusion processing with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source 14 in the prism sheet 26. Since the pitch P between the prism portions 404 in the region 148 on the light source 14 side is large, noticeable bright and dark stripes as indicated by the stripe portions 506 in the curve 504 in FIG. 36B may appear in the region 148. The bright and dark stripes form a diffusion portion 522 on the surface of the prism portion 404 in the region 148 and / or form a diffusion portion 524 on the upper surface of the prism sheet 26 corresponding to the prism portion 404 to further localize the light. Diffusion, thereby making the luminance in region 148 uniform.

  As shown in FIG. 37B, the diffusion process increases the degree of diffusion as the light source 14 is approached. The luminance of the surface light source device 110 decreases according to the degree of the diffusion process. The shape of the prism portion 404 described in relation to FIGS. 33A, 33B, and 33D and FIGS. 34A to 34C is rough (roughly), for example, the brightness is reduced by about 90% of the target reduction amount, and then the diffusion process is further performed. For example, desired brightness uniformity can be obtained over the entire liquid crystal panel 90 by finely adjusting the brightness so as to reduce the brightness by the remaining approximately 10%. The luminance in the region 148 cannot be sufficiently reduced only by this diffusion processing, and the extra light in the region 148 cannot be sufficiently reflected toward the region 146 by only partially attenuating the light. .

  For the diffusion process, a negative (middle) type (mold) (not shown) corresponding to a part to be subjected to the diffusion process on the surface of the prism part 404 and / or the upper surface of the film part 144 of the prism sheet 26. ) Is formed by applying fine particles to the portion, and a scratch or a dent is formed. Depending on the length of time the particles are applied, the amount of scratches or dents increases and the degree of diffusion is adjusted. Diffusion parts 522 and / or 524 including a large number of fine protrusions are formed on the surface of the prism sheet 26 corresponding to the scratches or dents.

  FIG. 38A is a side view of the surface light source device 110 having the prism sheet 26 subjected to the diffusion process 522 for making the luminance more uniform in the region 148 near the light source 14 and the diffusion process 526 for expanding the viewing angle. is there. In this figure, the diffusion sheet 24 in FIG. 37A is removed. Instead of using the diffusion sheet 24, a dispersion process 526 is performed. In this case, since the diffusion sheet 24 is unnecessary, the structure of the surface light source device 110 is further simplified. FIG. 38B shows distributions 542 and 544 of the degree of diffusion processing 522 and 526 with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source 14 in the prism sheet of FIG. 38A.

  A solid line 544 in FIG. 38B represents the distribution of the degree of diffusion of the diffusion process 526 on the front surface of the prism sheet 26, and the degree of diffusion of the diffusion process 526 is substantially constant over the entire prism sheet 26. The degree of diffusion of the diffusion processing 522 indicated by the solid line 522 has a distribution similar to that shown in FIG. 37B.

  Regarding the light guide plate 12, the viewing angle in the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the side light source 14 is generally extremely narrow compared to the viewing angle in the direction parallel to the longitudinal direction. If the degree of diffusion in the direction parallel to the same degree as the degree of diffusion in the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the side light source 14 is set, there is a disadvantage that the degree of diffusion in the parallel direction becomes stronger.

  FIG. 40 shows diffusion having different degrees of diffusion in the X direction and the Y direction in the prism sheet 26. The degree of diffusion in the direction parallel to the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the side light source 14 is relatively weakened so that the optimum degree of diffusion is formed in each of the vertical direction and the longitudinal direction. It is desirable that the viewing angle in the vertical direction is expanded by the above. As a method for imparting anisotropy to the degree of diffusion, there is a method using elliptical bubbles as described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-4813. Here, this entire document is incorporated by reference. For this purpose, such an elliptical bubble may be used for the diffusion processing unit 526 in FIG. 38A. In the diffusion processing unit 528 in FIG. 39A, after forming the elliptical bubbles, fine particles are applied to the region 148 so that the degree of the diffusion processing has the distribution 546. In FIG. 40, the light 532 that travels through the prism sheet 26 to the front is, as indicated by the diffusion range 536, on the upper surface subjected to the diffusion treatments 526 and 528 having such anisotropy. Wide in the direction and narrower in the Y direction.

  FIG. 39A is a side view of the surface light source device 110 having the prism sheet 26 subjected to the diffusion process 528 for making the luminance more uniform and expanding the viewing angle in the region 148 near the light source 14. Also in this figure, similarly to FIG. 38A, the diffusion sheet 24 in FIG. 37A is removed. In this case, since the diffusion sheet 24 is not required, the structure of the surface light source device 110 is further simplified, and further, only one dispersion process needs to be performed on the front surface of the prism sheet 26, thereby simplifying the processing steps. FIG. 39B shows a distribution 546 of the degree of diffusion processing with respect to the distance in the X direction from the light source 14 in the prism sheet of FIG. 39A.

  The solid line 546 in FIG. 39B represents the distribution of the degree of diffusion of the diffusion process 528 on the front surface of the prism sheet 26, and the degree of diffusion of the diffusion process 526 corresponds to the sum of the distributions 542 and 544 in FIG. In the region 158 near the light source 14 of the prism sheet 26, the degree of diffusion increases as it approaches the light source 10, and in the region 56 far from the light source 10, it is substantially constant throughout.

  FIG. 41A shows a perspective view of the prism sheet 40 in which the prism portions 402 and 404 are divided in the Y direction by a plurality of grooves. 41B to 41D respectively show side views of the prism sheet viewed in the B, C, and D directions (Y direction, X direction, -X direction) in FIG. 41A. The prism portions 402 and 404 are formed in a pyramid shape. The plurality of grooves or prism shapes in the X direction are provided as an alternative configuration of the prism portion 134 on the upper surface of the light guide plate 12. Therefore, in this case, the upper surface 134 of the light guide plate 30 is flat. The prism portions 402 and 404 are not pyramidal as shown in FIG. 41A, that is, the mountain lines (FIG. 32) of the plurality of prism portions 134 on the upper surface of the light guide plate 12 and the plurality of prism portions 402 of the prism sheet 26. And the crest lines of 404 cross each other, the light guide plate 12 and the prism portions 402 and 404 rub against each other in the crest lines due to external vibration with respect to the liquid crystal display device 100. The mountain line may be damaged. Such damage can be prevented by the pyramidal structure of FIG. 41A.

  42A to 42F show the basic shapes of the prism portions 402 and 404. FIG. A broken line 430 indicates the position of the flat portion 406 of the prism 404. The prism portion in FIG. 42A has a flat slope. In the prism portion of FIG. 42B, the slope on the light source 10 side is flat, and the slope on the opposite side is curved in a protruding manner. In the prism portion of FIG. 42C, both inclined surfaces are curved in a projecting manner. In the prism portion of FIG. 42D, the tip of the lower apex is flattened. The prism portion of FIG. 42F has a rounded tip. 42D and 42F reduce the tendency for the tops of prism portions 402 and 404 of prism sheet 26 and the top surface of light guide plate 12 to rub together and damage each other.

  The embodiments described above are merely given as typical examples, and it is obvious to those skilled in the art to combine the components of each embodiment, and variations and variations thereof will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Obviously, various modifications may be made to the above-described embodiments without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the scope.

  The embodiment of the present invention described above includes the following features.

  (Supplementary note 1) A light guide plate having an entrance surface and an exit surface substantially perpendicular to the entrance surface, the entrance surface having a plurality of protrusions or recesses extending substantially parallel to the exit surface. .

  (Additional remark 2) The light guide plate of Additional remark 1 characterized by the pitch of this some protrusion or recessed part changing with the edge part by the side of the output surface of an incident surface, and other positions.

  (Additional remark 3) The light-guide plate characterized by having an incident surface, and the output surface and reflective surface substantially perpendicular | vertical with respect to this incident surface, and this reflective surface has a processus | protrusion.

  (Additional remark 4) The said light guide plate has a processus | protrusion in an output surface, The light guide plate of Additional remark 1 or 3 characterized by the above-mentioned.

(Supplementary Note 5) A light source device including a side light source, a light guide plate, and a prism sheet,
The side light source is disposed on one of the two side surfaces facing each other in the light guide plate, and the light guide plate and the prism sheet are disposed to overlap each other,
The prism sheet includes a plurality of prism portions on the light guide plate side, and is configured so that a ratio of an area of a slope per unit area is reduced in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. Features
Light source device.

  (Supplementary Note 6) The prism sheet includes a plurality of slopes and at least one flat portion on the light guide plate side, and the prism sheet corresponds to a slope area per unit area in a region ranging from the side light source to a predetermined distance. The light source device according to appendix 5, wherein the ratio of the area of the flat surface is larger.

  (Supplementary Note 7) The prism portion of the prism sheet is configured such that the ratio of the area of the slope per unit area gradually decreases as the side light source is approached in a region ranging from the side light source to a predetermined distance. The light source device according to appendix 5 or 6, characterized in that:

  (Supplementary note 8) Each of the plurality of prism portions includes two slopes, and the pitch of the prisms is larger in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. The light source device according to any one of the above.

  (Additional remark 9) The pitch of the said prism becomes gradually large as it approaches the said side light source in the area | region of the range from the said side light source to predetermined distance, The additional notes 5 thru | or 8 characterized by the above-mentioned. Light source device.

  (Additional remark 10) The area | region of the range to the predetermined distance from the said side light source of the said prism sheet is an area | region of the range to the distance at least 3 times the maximum thickness by the side light source side of the said light-guide plate. The light source device according to any one of appendices 5 to 9, which is characterized by the following.

  (Supplementary Note 11) Each of the prism portions in a region ranging from the side light source of the plurality of prism portions to a predetermined distance is substantially a quadrangular prism shape including two inclined surfaces and one flat surface, Supplementary note 5 wherein each of the prism portions in a region outside the region in the range from the side light source of the plurality of prism portions to a predetermined distance has a substantially triangular prism shape including two inclined surfaces. The light source device according to any one of 1 to 10.

  (Appendix 12) Each of the plurality of prism portions has a substantially triangular prism shape including two inclined surfaces, and each flat surface is disposed between the two prism portions. 12. The light source device according to any one of 11 to 11.

  (Supplementary Note 13) In the region of the prism sheet in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance, the surface of the prism sheet on the light guide plate side and / or the surface opposite to the light guide plate is subjected to diffusion treatment. The light source device according to any one of appendices 5 to 12, wherein the light source device is provided.

  (Supplementary note 14) The light source device according to supplementary note 13, wherein a degree of diffusion applied to the prism sheet is larger in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance than in a central region. .

  (Supplementary note 15) The degree of diffusion applied to the prism sheet is substantially gradually increased as the side light source is approached in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. The light source device according to appendix 13 or 14.

  (Supplementary Note 16) The light source device according to any one of Supplementary Notes 5 to 15, wherein the entire surface of the prism sheet opposite to the light guide plate is subjected to diffusion treatment.

  (Supplementary Note 17) The degree of diffusion applied to the entire surface of the prism sheet opposite to the light guide plate is substantially constant in the region outside the region in the range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. The light source device according to appendix 16, wherein:

  (Supplementary Note 18) The supplementary notes 14 to 14 are characterized in that the degree of diffusion applied to the prism sheet is different at least in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the light source and in a direction perpendicular thereto. 18. The light source device according to 17.

  (Supplementary note 19) The degree to which the prism sheet is applied is configured to be stronger at least in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction than in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the light source. The light source device according to any one of appendices 14 to 18.

  (Supplementary note 20) The light source device according to any one of supplementary notes 5 to 19, further comprising a diffusion sheet disposed on the prism sheet on the side opposite to the light guide plate, and disposed on the prism sheet. .

  (Additional remark 21) The diffusion part was provided in the side part by the side of the said side light source of the said light-guide plate in the edge part vicinity of the said prism sheet side of this side surface, The one of Claim 5 thru | or 20 characterized by the above-mentioned. Light source device.

(Supplementary Note 22) Having a plurality of prism portions on one main surface of the sheet,
Compared to the central area, the area in the range from one side of the main surface to a predetermined distance is configured such that the ratio of the area of the slope per unit area decreases as the one side approaches. A prism sheet.

(Supplementary Note 23) A liquid crystal display device including a side light source, a light guide plate, a prism sheet, and a liquid crystal panel,
The side light source is disposed on one of the two side surfaces facing each other in the light guide plate, and the light guide plate and the prism sheet are disposed to overlap each other,
The prism sheet includes a plurality of prism portions on the light guide plate side, and is configured so that a ratio of an area of a slope per unit area is reduced in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. Features
Liquid crystal display device.

(Supplementary Note 24) An electronic device including a side light source, a light guide plate, a prism sheet, and a liquid crystal panel,
The side light source is disposed on one of the two side surfaces facing each other in the light guide plate, and the light guide plate and the prism sheet are disposed to overlap each other,
The prism sheet includes a plurality of prism portions on the light guide plate side, and is configured so that a ratio of an area of a slope per unit area is reduced in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. Features
Electronics.

  As described above, according to the present invention, by providing a plurality of protrusions or recesses on the inner surface of the end portion of the reflector, from the space of the overlap region between the reflector and the light guide plate or the incomplete edge of the light guide plate. The light that enters the light guide plate and becomes a bright line is relaxed, so that a flat light source having a uniform luminance distribution is obtained. In addition, by providing a plurality of protrusions or recesses extending substantially parallel to the exit surface of the light guide plate on the entrance surface of the light guide plate, the angular distribution of the light that has entered the light guide plate from the entrance surface is made uniform, and unevenness in brightness and darkness is caused. Improved.

  In addition, a combination of a prism light entrance surface, a prism reflection surface, a light guide plate having a prism exit surface, and a reflection sheet having a regular reflectance of 80% or more provides high brightness and a substantially uniform brightness distribution from the vicinity of the light source to the distance. A lighting device can be obtained.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Illuminating device 12 Light guide plate 14 Light source 16 Reflector 18 Incident surface 20 Output surface 22 Reflecting surface 26 Prism sheet 30 Curved portion 32 End portion 34 Projection or recess 36 Projection or recess 41 Triangular prism 90 Display element 100 Display device

Claims (5)

  1.   A light guide plate having an entrance surface and an exit surface substantially perpendicular to the entrance surface, the entrance surface having a plurality of protrusions or recesses extending substantially parallel to the exit surface.
  2.   A light guide plate having an incident surface, and an exit surface and a reflective surface substantially perpendicular to the incident surface, the reflective surface having protrusions.
  3. A surface light source device comprising a side light source, a light guide plate and a prism sheet,
    The side light source is disposed on one of the two side surfaces facing each other in the light guide plate, and the light guide plate and the prism sheet are disposed to overlap each other,
    The prism sheet includes a plurality of prism portions on the light guide plate side, and the ratio of the area of the slope per unit area is reduced in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance as compared with a central region. It is configured as follows,
    Surface light source device.
  4. A plurality of prism portions on one main surface of the sheet;
    Compared to the central area, the area in the range from one side of the main surface to a predetermined distance is configured such that the ratio of the area of the slope per unit area decreases as the one side approaches. A prism sheet.
  5. A liquid crystal display device comprising a side light source, a light guide plate, a prism sheet and a liquid crystal panel,
    The side light source is disposed on one of the two side surfaces facing each other in the light guide plate, and the light guide plate and the prism sheet are disposed to overlap each other,
    The prism sheet includes a plurality of prism portions on the light guide plate side, and is configured so that a ratio of an area of a slope per unit area is reduced in a region in a range from the side light source to a predetermined distance. Features
    Liquid crystal display device.
JP2009063577A 2002-11-29 2009-03-16 Planar light source device, prism sheet, display, and information processor Pending JP2009135116A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011049144A (en) * 2009-07-27 2011-03-10 Chichibu Fuji Co Ltd Led illumination system
JP2011100644A (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-19 Advan Lighting:Kk Illumination cover, its manufacturing method, and lighting fixture
JP2011233508A (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-11-17 Sharp Corp Light source module, and electronic apparatus provided with same
WO2012105315A1 (en) * 2011-02-04 2012-08-09 コニカミノルタオプト株式会社 Shelf-use light guide element and lighting device
JP2013501344A (en) * 2009-08-03 2013-01-10 クォルコム・メムズ・テクノロジーズ・インコーポレーテッド Microstructure for light guide plate illumination
ITRM20120154A1 (en) * 2012-04-12 2013-10-13 Veneta Cucine S P A light Box
JP2014085404A (en) * 2012-10-19 2014-05-12 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Prism sheet, surface light source device, and display device
WO2015012135A1 (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-01-29 堺ディスプレイプロダクト株式会社 Lighting unit and liquid crystal display device

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JPH06289390A (en) * 1993-04-06 1994-10-18 Sharp Corp Liquid crystal display device
WO1997017631A1 (en) * 1995-11-06 1997-05-15 Seiko Epson Corporation Illuminator, liquid crystal display using the illuminator and electronic device
JPH09166713A (en) * 1995-10-11 1997-06-24 Mitsubishi Rayon Co Ltd Back light
JPH10339815A (en) * 1997-06-09 1998-12-22 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Light guide plate, manufacture of light guide plate, and surface light source using the light guid plate

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JPH06289390A (en) * 1993-04-06 1994-10-18 Sharp Corp Liquid crystal display device
JPH09166713A (en) * 1995-10-11 1997-06-24 Mitsubishi Rayon Co Ltd Back light
WO1997017631A1 (en) * 1995-11-06 1997-05-15 Seiko Epson Corporation Illuminator, liquid crystal display using the illuminator and electronic device
JPH10339815A (en) * 1997-06-09 1998-12-22 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Light guide plate, manufacture of light guide plate, and surface light source using the light guid plate

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011049144A (en) * 2009-07-27 2011-03-10 Chichibu Fuji Co Ltd Led illumination system
JP2013501344A (en) * 2009-08-03 2013-01-10 クォルコム・メムズ・テクノロジーズ・インコーポレーテッド Microstructure for light guide plate illumination
JP2011100644A (en) * 2009-11-06 2011-05-19 Advan Lighting:Kk Illumination cover, its manufacturing method, and lighting fixture
JP2011233508A (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-11-17 Sharp Corp Light source module, and electronic apparatus provided with same
WO2012105315A1 (en) * 2011-02-04 2012-08-09 コニカミノルタオプト株式会社 Shelf-use light guide element and lighting device
ITRM20120154A1 (en) * 2012-04-12 2013-10-13 Veneta Cucine S P A light Box
JP2014085404A (en) * 2012-10-19 2014-05-12 Dainippon Printing Co Ltd Prism sheet, surface light source device, and display device
WO2015012135A1 (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-01-29 堺ディスプレイプロダクト株式会社 Lighting unit and liquid crystal display device

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