JP2009124846A - Power distribution system in collective housing, power distribution method in collective housing, and power distribution managing device in collective housing - Google Patents

Power distribution system in collective housing, power distribution method in collective housing, and power distribution managing device in collective housing Download PDF

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JP2009124846A
JP2009124846A JP2007295613A JP2007295613A JP2009124846A JP 2009124846 A JP2009124846 A JP 2009124846A JP 2007295613 A JP2007295613 A JP 2007295613A JP 2007295613 A JP2007295613 A JP 2007295613A JP 2009124846 A JP2009124846 A JP 2009124846A
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power
dwelling unit
amount
reduced
unit
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JP4799531B2 (en
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Yoshiaki Ito
Shiro Suzuki
善朗 伊藤
史郎 鈴木
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Mitsubishi Electric Corp
三菱電機株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B70/00Technologies for an efficient end-user side electric power management and consumption
    • Y02B70/30Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for improving the carbon footprint of the management of residential or tertiary loads, i.e. smart grids as climate change mitigation technology in the buildings sector, including also the last stages of power distribution and the control, monitoring or operating management systems at local level
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Management or operation of end-user stationary applications or the last stages of power distribution; Controlling, monitoring or operating thereof
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems
    • Y04S20/242Home appliances

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To realize power load control complying as much as possible with requests from dwelling units, while preventing the overload of a trunk line in an collective housing. <P>SOLUTION: The power distribution system in an collective housing for distributing electric power to each dwelling unit on a trunk line 5 comprises: a trunk line current measuring means 2 for measuring the current flowing on the trunk line 5 to detect overload; a trunk line power managing means 3 for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduction power amount obtained as a calculation result by calculating the power consumption to be reduced by each dwelling unit according to a predetermined calculation expression when the trunk line current measuring means 2 detects overload; and a dwelling unit managing means 6 provided to each dwelling unit for controlling the power consumption of each dwelling unit. The dwelling unit managing means 6 controls the power consumption within the dwelling unit based on the power amount to be reduced notified by the trunk line current managing means 2. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、集合住宅における電力配電に関するものである。 The present invention relates to power distribution in an apartment house.

近年、住宅の高気密・高断熱化により室内の空気の汚染がないクリーンな熱源として電力が見直され、電気温水給湯器やIHクッキングヒーター等の普及によりオール電化住宅が増加し、電力消費量は年々増加の一途をたどっている。
このような状況下で、電力供給の規制緩和が進められており、電力自由化により電力供給ビジネスが活発化し、電力供給に関する競争が激しさを増している。 Under these circumstances, deregulation of electric power supply is being promoted, and the liberalization of electric power has activated the electric power supply business, and competition for electric power supply is intensifying. In recent years, electricity has been reconsidered as a clean heat source that does not pollute indoor air due to high airtightness and high insulation of houses, and all-electric houses have increased due to the spread of electric hot water water heaters and IH cooking heaters. It continues to increase. In recent years, electricity has been reconsidered as a clean heat source that does not pollute indoor air due to high airtightness and high insulation of houses, and all-electric houses have increased due to the spread of electric hot water water heaters and IH cooking heaters . It continues to increase.
Under such circumstances, the deregulation of power supply has been promoted, and the power supply business has been activated by the liberalization of power, and the competition for power supply has been intensifying. Under such circumstances, the deregulation of power supply has been promoted, and the power supply business has been activated by the liberalization of power, and the competition for power supply has been intensifying.

また、一般家庭では、複数台のエアコン等の多くの電気製品を備えることが一般化したため、集合住宅ではさらに多くのエアコンが設置され、またキッチンの電化(IHクッキングヒーター、食器洗浄機など)も普及し始めており、電灯線の過負荷により幹線ブレーカが落ちる恐れが顕在化している。
過負荷を回避する手段としては、電灯線の増強を行うことが一般的であるが、既存の幹線の増強工事に手間と多額の費用が必要となる。 As a means of avoiding overload, it is common to reinforce the lamp line, but the reinforcement work of the existing trunk line requires labor and a large amount of cost. In general homes, it has become common to have multiple electrical appliances such as multiple air conditioners, so more air conditioners are installed in apartments, and kitchen electrification (IH cooking heaters, dishwashers, etc.) is also popular. As a result, the risk of the main circuit breaker dropping due to overloading of the power line has become apparent. In general homes, it has become common to have multiple electrical appliances such as multiple air conditioners, so more air conditioners are installed in apartments, and kitchen electrification (IH cooking heaters, dishwashers, etc.) is also popular. As a result, the risk of the main circuit breaker dropping due to overloading of the power line has become apparent.
As a means for avoiding overload, it is common to reinforce the power line, but it requires labor and a large amount of money to reinforce the existing trunk line. As a means for avoiding overload, it is common to reinforce the power line, but it requires labor and a large amount of money to reinforce the existing trunk line.

そこで、『大電力を必要とする電気機器を家庭で同時に使用した場合に、その家庭の上限供給電源容量をオーバし、ブレーカが落ちてしまうといったような事態を未然に防止でき、各電気機器に対し、安全にしかも効率よく電力供給が行える電力供給制御システムを提供する。』ことを目的とした技術として、『電気機器(104)の使用電力に関する情報を収集する情報収集手段(104、103、102、101)と、この情報収集手段で収集された使用電力に関する情報を基に、予め定められた許容電力量の範囲内で前記電気機器に電力を供給できるか否かを判断する判断手段(101)と、この判断手段で電力の供給が可能と判断された電気機器の電力消費を許可する手段(102、103)とを具備している。』というものが提案されている(特許文献1)。   Therefore, “When electrical equipment that requires high power is used at the same time in the home, it is possible to prevent a situation in which the upper limit power supply capacity of the home is exceeded and the breaker is dropped. On the other hand, a power supply control system capable of supplying power safely and efficiently is provided. As a technology for the purpose of, “information collecting means (104, 103, 102, 101) for collecting information on electric power used by the electric equipment (104) and information on electric power collected by the information collecting means” Based on the determination means (101) for determining whether or not power can be supplied to the electric device within a predetermined allowable power amount, and the electric device determined to be able to supply power by the determination means And means (102, 103) for permitting power consumption. Is proposed (Patent Document 1).

また、『集合住宅全体の電力負荷について制御していないため、複数の家庭の電灯線が接続されている幹線の過負荷を引き起こし、幹線ブレーカが落ちてしまう。』ことを課題とした技術として、『屋外電灯線から供給された電力は、トランス11により100もしくは100Vと200Vに降圧され電灯線でメイン・サーキット・ブレーカ12(MCB)を介して集合住宅14に供給される。MCB12は、MCB12に流れる電流値を測定し、幹線電流制御指示器13(IB制御器)に電流値を出力する。IB制御器13は、出力された電流値の変化により処理アルゴリズムに基づき各戸の電力制御機能付き電気機器に対する制御命令を電灯線搬送信号として送信する。』というものが提案されている(特許文献2)。   Also, “Because the power load of the entire apartment is not controlled, it causes an overload of the trunk line to which a plurality of household power lines are connected, and the trunk breaker falls. As a technology with the problem of "the electric power supplied from the outdoor power line is stepped down to 100 or 100V and 200V by the transformer 11 and is sent to the housing complex 14 via the main circuit breaker 12 (MCB) by the power line." Supplied. The MCB 12 measures the current value flowing through the MCB 12 and outputs the current value to the main line current control indicator 13 (IB controller). The IB controller 13 transmits, as a power line carrier signal, a control command for the electric device with the power control function of each house based on the processing algorithm based on the change in the output current value. Is proposed (Patent Document 2).

特開平10−94199号公報(要約) Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-94199 (summary) 特開2005−312210号公報(要約) JP 2005-312210 A (summary)

上記特許文献1に記載の技術では、集合住宅全体の電力負荷について制御していないため、複数の家庭の電灯線が接続されている幹線が過負荷を引き起こし、幹線ブレーカが落ちてしまう可能性がある。   In the technique described in Patent Document 1, since the power load of the entire apartment house is not controlled, there is a possibility that the trunk line to which a plurality of household power lines are connected causes an overload and the trunk breaker falls. is there.

また、上記特許文献2に記載の技術では、全戸に同一の命令を出すため、各住戸はこの命令に従うかどうかの選択(例えば規定以上の電力消費を行っているかどうか)しかできず、各住戸の都合が充分に考慮されない。
そのため、「契約の範囲であるのに充分な電力が供給されない」、「この時間帯にはどうしても電力が必要なので供給して欲しい」、といった不満が各住戸に発生する可能性がある。
Further, in the technique described in Patent Document 2, since the same command is issued to all the units, each dwelling unit can only select whether or not to comply with this command (for example, whether or not it consumes more power than specified). Is not fully considered.
For this reason, there is a possibility that dissatisfaction may occur in each dwelling unit, such as “sufficient power is not supplied to be within the scope of the contract” or “I want power to be supplied because it is absolutely necessary during this time period”. For this reason, there is a possibility that dissatisfaction may occur in each dwelling unit, such as “sufficient power is not supplied to be within the scope of the contract” or “I want power to be supplied because it is absolutely necessary during this time period ”.

本発明は、上記のような課題を解決するためになされたものであり、集合住宅の幹線の過負荷を防止しつつ、各住戸の要求にできるだけ沿った電力負荷制御を実現することを目的とする。 The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and aims to realize power load control in accordance with the demands of each dwelling unit as much as possible while preventing overloading of trunk lines of apartment houses. To do.

本発明に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムは、幹線を介して各住戸に電力を配電する集合住宅の電力配電システムであって、前記幹線に流れる電流を計測して過負荷を検出する幹線電流計測手段と、前記幹線電流計測手段が過負荷を検出した際に、各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量を所定の算出式で算出して求めた結果として得られた削減電力量を各住戸に通知する幹線電力管理手段と、各住戸に設けられ当該住戸の電力使用量を制御する住戸電力管理手段と、を有し、前記住戸電力管理手段は、前記幹線電力管理手段が通知した前記削減電力量に基づき、当該住戸内の電力使用量を制御するものである。   An electric power distribution system for an apartment house according to the present invention is an electric power distribution system for an apartment house that distributes electric power to each dwelling unit via a main line, and measures an electric current flowing through the main line to detect an overload. And when the main current measuring means detects an overload, each dwelling unit is notified of the reduced power consumption obtained as a result of calculating the amount of power used by each dwelling unit with a predetermined calculation formula. Main power management means, and dwelling power management means for controlling power consumption of each dwelling unit provided in each dwelling unit, wherein the dwelling power management means is the reduced power amount notified by the main power management means Based on the above, the power consumption in the dwelling unit is controlled.

本発明に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムによれば、各住戸間の電力負荷を協調制御して、各住戸に最適な方法でピーク電力を抑制することが可能となる。
さらに、既存の集合住宅においては、新たに幹線増強工事をすることなく、新規集合住宅においては、幹線などの電気設備を過大にすることなく、適切なコストで電化促進を図ることが可能となる。
According to the power distribution system for an apartment house according to the present invention, it is possible to control peak power by a method optimal for each dwelling unit by cooperatively controlling the power load between the dwelling units.
In addition, it is possible to promote electrification at an appropriate cost without renewing the main trunk line in existing apartment buildings and without increasing the electrical facilities such as trunk lines in new apartment buildings. . In addition, it is possible to promote electrification at an appropriate cost without renewing the main trunk line in existing apartment buildings and without increasing the electrical facilities such as trunk lines in new apartment buildings.

実施の形態1.
図1は、本発明の実施の形態1に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。
図1において、1は幹線ブレーカ、2は幹線電流計測手段、3は幹線電力管理手段である。幹線ブレーカ1と幹線電流計測手段2は、幹線5に接続されている。
住戸A〜Cは、幹線5に接続されており、幹線5から電力の供給を受ける。
Embodiment 1 FIG.
FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

In FIG. 1, 1 is a main line breaker, 2 is a main line current measuring means, and 3 is a main power management means. The main line breaker 1 and the main line current measuring means 2 are connected to the main line 5. In FIG. 1, 1 is a main line breaker, 2 is a main line current measuring means, and 3 is a main power management means. The main line breaker 1 and the main line current measuring means 2 are connected to the main line 5 ..
The dwelling units A to C are connected to the trunk line 5 and receive power supply from the trunk line 5. The dwelling units A to C are connected to the trunk line 5 and receive power supply from the trunk line 5.

幹線ブレーカ1は、幹線5の過負荷を防止するためのものである。
幹線電流計測手段2は、幹線5に流れる電流を計測し、過負荷を検出するものである。

幹線電力管理手段3は、幹線電流計測手段2が幹線5の過負荷を検出した時に、所定の分配式により削減電力分配量を算出し各住戸に出力する。 When the trunk line current measuring means 2 detects an overload of the trunk line 5, the trunk line power management means 3 calculates the reduced power distribution amount by a predetermined distribution formula and outputs it to each dwelling unit. また、後述の住戸電力管理手段6から出力される住戸電力量計測信号を住戸毎に累積した住戸累積電力量を蓄積する。 In addition, the cumulative electric energy of the dwelling unit is accumulated by accumulating the electric energy measurement signal of the dwelling unit output from the electric power management means 6 of the dwelling unit, which will be described later. The main line breaker 1 is for preventing an overload of the main line 5. The main line breaker 1 is for preventing an overload of the main line 5.
The main line current measuring means 2 measures the current flowing through the main line 5 and detects overload. The main line current measuring means 2 measures the current flowing through the main line 5 and detects overload.
When the main line current measuring means 2 detects an overload of the main line 5, the main line power management means 3 calculates a reduced power distribution amount by a predetermined distribution formula and outputs it to each dwelling unit. Moreover, the dwelling unit accumulated electric energy which accumulate | stored the dwelling unit electric energy measurement signal output from the below-mentioned dwelling unit electric power management means 6 for every dwelling unit is accumulate | stored. When the main line current measuring means 2 detects an overload of the main line 5, the main line power management means 3 calculates a reduced power distribution amount by a predetermined distribution formula and outputs it to each dwelling unit. Moreover, the dwelling unit accumulated electric energy which accumulate | stored the dwelling unit electric energy measurement signal output from the below-mentioned dwelling unit electric power management means 6 for every dwelling unit is accumulate | stored.

幹線電力管理手段3は、幹線電流計測手段2に接続されている。また、幹線電力制御信号通信媒体4を介して、後述の住戸電力管理手段6に接続されている。   The main line power management means 3 is connected to the main line current measurement means 2. Moreover, it is connected to the below-mentioned dwelling unit power management means 6 through the trunk line power control signal communication medium 4.

各住戸は、住戸電力管理手段6、住戸分岐線ブレーカ7、住戸電力制御信号通信媒体8、住戸分岐線9、電気機器10を備える。 Each dwelling unit includes a dwelling unit power management means 6, a dwelling unit branch line breaker 7, a dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8, a dwelling unit branch line 9, and an electric device 10.

住戸電力管理手段6は、後述の住戸分岐線9に流れる電流を取得し、幹線電力管理手段3への住戸電力量計測信号を出力する。また、幹線電力管理手段2からの幹線電力制御信号を取得し、各電気機器10への住戸電力制御信号を出力する。
住戸分岐線ブレーカ7は、幹線5と住戸分岐線9の間に配置され、住戸分岐線9を介して電気機器10に幹線5からの電力を供給する際に、住戸分岐線9の過負荷を防止する。 The dwelling unit branch line breaker 7 is arranged between the main line 5 and the dwelling unit branch line 9, and causes an overload of the dwelling unit branch line 9 when supplying electric power from the main line 5 to the electric device 10 via the dwelling unit branch line 9. To prevent.
住戸電力制御信号通信媒体8は、住戸電力管理手段6から出力された住戸電力制御信号を、当該住戸内の電気機器10に伝達する。 The dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8 transmits the dwelling unit power control signal output from the dwelling unit power management means 6 to the electric device 10 in the dwelling unit.
住戸分岐線9は、住戸電力管理手段6、住戸分岐線ブレーカ7、電気機器10に接続され、幹線5から供給される電力を電気機器10に供給する。 The dwelling unit branch line 9 is connected to the dwelling unit power management means 6, the dwelling unit branch line breaker 7, and the electric device 10, and supplies the electric power supplied from the trunk line 5 to the electric device 10.
電気機器10は、幹線5から電力の供給を受けて動作する家電製品などの機器であり、住戸電力制御信号通信媒体8と住戸分岐線9とに接続される。 The electric device 10 is a device such as a home appliance that operates by receiving power supplied from the trunk line 5, and is connected to the dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8 and the dwelling unit branch line 9. The dwelling unit power management means 6 acquires a current flowing in a later-described dwelling unit branch line 9 and outputs a dwelling unit electric energy measurement signal to the main line power management unit 3. Moreover, the main line power control signal from the main line power management means 2 is acquired, and the dwelling unit power control signal to each electric equipment 10 is output. The dwelling unit power management means 6 acquires a current flowing in a later-described dwelling unit branch line 9 and outputs a dwelling unit electric energy measurement signal to the main line power management unit 3. Moreover, the main line power control signal from the main line power management means 2 is acquired, and the dwelling unit power control signal to each electric equipment 10 is output.
The dwelling branch breaker 7 is arranged between the main line 5 and the dwelling branch line 9, and when the electric power from the main line 5 is supplied to the electrical equipment 10 through the dwelling branch line 9, the dwelling branch line 9 is overloaded. To prevent. The dwelling branch breaker 7 is arranged between the main line 5 and the dwelling branch line 9, and when the electric power from the main line 5 is supplied to the electrical equipment 10 through the dwelling branch line 9, the dwelling branch line 9 is overloaded . To prevent.
The dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8 transmits the dwelling unit power control signal output from the dwelling unit power management means 6 to the electrical device 10 in the dwelling unit. The dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8 transmits the dwelling unit power control signal output from the dwelling unit power management means 6 to the electrical device 10 in the dwelling unit.
The dwelling unit branch line 9 is connected to the dwelling unit power management means 6, the dwelling unit branch line breaker 7, and the electric device 10, and supplies power supplied from the trunk line 5 to the electric device 10. The dwelling unit branch line 9 is connected to the dwelling unit power management means 6, the dwelling unit branch line breaker 7, and the electric device 10, and supplies power supplied from the trunk line 5 to the electric device 10.
The electrical device 10 is a device such as a home appliance that operates by receiving power supply from the trunk line 5, and is connected to the dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8 and the dwelling unit branch line 9. The electrical device 10 is a device such as a home appliance that operates by receiving power supply from the trunk line 5, and is connected to the dwelling unit power control signal communication medium 8 and the dwelling unit branch line 9.

幹線電流計測手段2、幹線電力管理手段3、および住戸電力管理手段6は、これらの機能を実現する回路デバイスのようなハードウェアを用いて実現することもできるし、その機能の全部または一部をマイコンやCPUのような演算装置とその動作を規定するソフトウェアを用いて実現することもできる。   The main line current measuring means 2, the main line power management means 3, and the dwelling unit power management means 6 can be realized by using hardware such as a circuit device that realizes these functions, or all or part of the functions. Can also be realized by using an arithmetic unit such as a microcomputer or a CPU and software defining its operation.

本実施の形態1における「電力配電管理装置」は、幹線電流計測手段2および幹線電力管理手段3がこれに相当する。これらの手段は、図1に示すように分離して構成してもよいし、一体的に構成してもよい。 The “power distribution management device” in the first embodiment corresponds to the trunk current measuring means 2 and the trunk power management means 3. These means may be configured separately as shown in FIG. 1 or may be configured integrally.

以上、図1の構成図に示す各構成部について説明した。
次に、図1に示す電力配電システムの動作について、以下の(ステップ1)〜(ステップ6)で説明する。 Next, the operation of the power distribution system shown in FIG. 1 will be described in the following (step 1) to (step 6). Heretofore, each component shown in the configuration diagram of FIG. 1 has been described. Heretofore, each component shown in the configuration diagram of FIG. 1 has been described.
Next, the operation of the power distribution system shown in FIG. 1 will be described in the following (Step 1) to (Step 6). Next, the operation of the power distribution system shown in FIG. 1 will be described in the following (Step 1) to (Step 6).

(ステップ1)
各住戸の住人は、電気機器10を使用し、幹線5から供給される電力を消費する。各住戸における電力消費量の総和が規定値を超えると、幹線5が過負荷状態となる。
(ステップ2)
幹線電流計測手段2は、幹線5が過負荷になったことを検出し、幹線電力管理手段3にその旨を通知する。
(ステップ3)

幹線電力管理手段3は、各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量を所定の分配式で算出し、各住戸の削減電力量を求める。 The trunk power management means 3 calculates the amount of power consumption to be reduced by each dwelling unit by a predetermined distribution formula, and obtains the amount of reduced power consumption of each dwelling unit. 次に、幹線電力管理手段3は、求めた削減電力量を、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力して通知する。 Next, the trunk line power management means 3 outputs the obtained reduced power amount as a trunk line power control signal to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit to notify the unit. (Step 1) (Step 1)
A resident of each dwelling unit uses the electric device 10 and consumes power supplied from the main line 5. If the sum of the power consumption in each dwelling exceeds the specified value, the trunk line 5 will be overloaded. A resident of each dwelling unit uses the electric device 10 and consumes power supplied from the main line 5. If the sum of the power consumption in each dwelling exceeds the specified value, the trunk line 5 will be overloaded.
(Step 2) (Step 2)
The main line current measuring means 2 detects that the main line 5 is overloaded and notifies the main line power management means 3 to that effect. The main line current measuring means 2 detects that the main line 5 is overloaded and notifies the main line power management means 3 to that effect.
(Step 3) (Step 3)
The main line power management means 3 calculates the power usage amount that each dwelling unit should reduce by a predetermined distribution formula, and obtains the reduction power amount of each dwelling unit. Next, the main line power management means 3 outputs the calculated reduced power amount to the dwell unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal and notifies it. The main line power management means 3 calculates the power usage amount that each dwelling unit should reduce by a predetermined distribution formula, and obtains the reduction power amount of each dwelling unit. Next, the main line power management means 3 outputs the calculated reduced power amount to the dwell unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal and notifies it.

(ステップ4)
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、ステップ3で幹線電力管理手段3が出力した幹線電力制御信号を受信する。次に、住戸電力管理手段6は、受信した幹線電力制御信号に従って各電気機器10に住戸電力制御信号を出力する。
(ステップ5)

各電気機器10は、ステップ4で住戸電力管理手段6が出力した住戸電力制御信号に従って運転制御を行う。 Each electric device 10 performs operation control according to the dwelling unit power control signal output by the dwelling unit power management means 6 in step 4.
(ステップ6) (Step 6)
各住戸の電気機器10が同様の運転制御を行うことにより、電力消費量の総和が抑制され、幹線5が過負荷の状態になることを防ぐことができる。 By performing the same operation control of the electric equipment 10 of each dwelling unit, the total power consumption can be suppressed and the trunk line 5 can be prevented from being overloaded. (Step 4) (Step 4)
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit receives the main line power control signal output by the main line power management unit 3 in step 3. Next, the dwelling unit power management means 6 outputs a dwelling unit power control signal to each electrical device 10 according to the received trunk power control signal. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit receives the main line power control signal output by the main line power management unit 3 in step 3. Next, the dwelling unit power management means 6 outputs a dwelling unit power control signal to each electrical device 10 according to the received trunk power control signal.
(Step 5) (Step 5)
Each electric device 10 performs operation control in accordance with the dwelling unit power control signal output by the dwelling unit power management means 6 in step 4. Each electric device 10 performs operation control in accordance with the dwelling unit power control signal output by the dwelling unit power management means 6 in step 4.
(Step 6) (Step 6)
When the electric equipment 10 of each dwelling unit performs the same operation control, the total power consumption can be suppressed and the main line 5 can be prevented from being overloaded. When the electric equipment 10 of each dwelling unit performs the same operation control, the total power consumption can be suppressed and the main line 5 can be prevented from being overloaded.

上述のステップにより、本実施の形態1に係る電力配電システムは、各住戸の電力負荷を各住戸に最適となるよう制御しつつ、ピーク電力を抑制することが可能である。 With the above-described steps, the power distribution system according to Embodiment 1 can suppress peak power while controlling the power load of each dwelling unit to be optimal for each dwelling unit.

以上のように、本実施の形態1では、幹線電力管理手段3は、各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量を所定の分配式で算出して各住戸に通知し、各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、その通知に基づき各電気機器10の運転制御を行って電力消費量を抑制する。
これにより、電力消費量の総和が抑制され、幹線5が過負荷の状態になって幹線ブレーカ1が遮断動作を行うことがない。 As a result, the total power consumption is suppressed, the trunk line 5 is overloaded, and the trunk line breaker 1 does not shut off. したがって、各住戸は電力消費量を抑制しながらも電気機器10の使用を継続することができ、突然電力供給が遮断されるような不都合を受けることがなくなる。 Therefore, each dwelling unit can continue to use the electric device 10 while suppressing the power consumption, and does not suffer the inconvenience that the power supply is suddenly cut off. As described above, in the first embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 calculates the power usage amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined distribution formula and notifies each dwelling unit, and the dwelling unit power management means for each dwelling unit. 6 controls the operation of each electric device 10 based on the notification to suppress power consumption. As described above, in the first embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 calculates the power usage amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined distribution formula and notifies each dwelling unit, and the dwelling unit power management means for each dwelling unit. 6 controls the operation of each electric device 10 based on the notification to suppress power consumption.
Thereby, the sum total of electric power consumption is suppressed, the trunk line 5 becomes an overload state, and the trunk line breaker 1 does not perform a cutoff operation. Accordingly, each dwelling unit can continue to use the electric device 10 while suppressing power consumption, and there is no inconvenience that the power supply is suddenly cut off. Accordingly, the sum total of electric power consumption is suppressed, the trunk line 5 becomes an overload state, and the trunk line breaker 1 does not perform a cutoff operation. Accordingly, each dwelling unit can continue to use the electric device 10 while suppressing power. consumption, and there is no inconvenience that the power supply is suddenly cut off.

実施の形態2.
実施の形態1では、本発明に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成と動作の概略を説明した。本発明の実施の形態2および後述の実施の形態3〜7では、幹線電力管理手段3が各住戸の削減電力量を求める際の分配式について、それぞれ異なる具体例および数値例を説明する。

なお、実施の形態2〜6に係る電力配電システムの構成図は、実施の形態1で説明した図1と同様であるため、説明を省略する。 Since the configuration diagram of the power distribution system according to the second to sixth embodiments is the same as that of FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, the description thereof will be omitted. Embodiment 2. FIG. Embodiment 2. FIG.
In the first embodiment, the outline of the configuration and operation of the power distribution system for an apartment house according to the present invention has been described. In the second embodiment of the present invention and later-described third to seventh embodiments, different specific examples and numerical examples will be described for the distribution formula used when the trunk power management means 3 calculates the reduced power consumption of each dwelling unit. In the first embodiment, the outline of the configuration and operation of the power distribution system for an apartment house according to the present invention has been described. In the second embodiment of the present invention and later-described third to seventh embodiments, different specific examples. and numerical examples will be described for the distribution formula used when the trunk power management means 3 calculates the reduced power consumption of each dwelling unit.
In addition, since the block diagram of the power distribution system which concerns on Embodiment 2-6 is the same as that of FIG. 1 demonstrated in Embodiment 1, description is abbreviate | omitted. In addition, since the block diagram of the power distribution system which concerns on Embodiment 2-6 is the same as that of FIG. 1 demonstrated in Embodiment 1, description is abbreviate | omitted.

以下の実施の形態2〜7の説明において、電力量の単位を(A)で記載する。集合住宅では、供給される電圧は各住戸で共通であるため、記載の簡易の観点からこのようにしたものである。 In the following description of Embodiments 2 to 7, the unit of electric energy is described as (A). In the housing complex, the supplied voltage is common to each dwelling unit, and therefore, this is done from the viewpoint of simplicity described.

以下の実施の形態2〜7において、下記(1)〜(2)のような状況を仮定する。
(1)集合住宅内の住戸A、B、Cの使用可能電力量(契約電力量)は、以下の通りとする。
(1.1)住戸A:50(A)
(1.2)住戸B:30(A)

(1.3)住戸C:20(A) (1.3) Dwelling unit C: 20 (A)
(2)集合住宅全体の使用可能電力量は、70(A)とする。 (2) The usable electric energy of the entire apartment building shall be 70 (A). In the following second to seventh embodiments, the following situations (1) to (2) are assumed. In the following second to seventh embodiments, the following situations (1) to (2) are assumed.
(1) The usable electric energy (contracted electric energy) of the dwelling units A, B, and C in the apartment is as follows. (1) The usable electric energy (contracted electric energy) of the dwelling units A, B, and C in the apartment is as follows.
(1.1) Dwelling unit A: 50 (A) (1.1) Dwelling unit A: 50 (A)
(1.2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A) (1.2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)
(1.3) Dwelling unit C: 20 (A) (1.3) Dwelling unit C: 20 (A)
(2) The amount of power that can be used for the entire apartment is 70 (A). (2) The amount of power that can be used for the entire apartment is 70 (A).

(3)さらに、上記(1)〜(2)の条件の下、各住戸の電力使用量が以下のように増加して合計79(A)となり、したがって電力消費量の総和を9(A)抑えなければならないものとする。
(3.1)住戸A:30(A) −> 34(A)

(3.2)住戸B:30(A) −> 30(A) (3.2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 30 (A)
(3.3)住戸C: 5(A) −> 15(A) (3) Furthermore, under the above conditions (1) to (2), the power consumption of each dwelling unit increases as follows to a total of 79 (A), so the total power consumption is 9 (A). Shall be suppressed. (3.3) Dwelling unit C: 5 (A)-> 15 (A) (3) further, under the above conditions (1) to (2), the power consumption of each dwelling unit increases as follows to a total of 79 (A), so the total power consumption is 9 (A). Shall be suppressed.
(3.1) Dwelling unit A: 30 (A)-> 34 (A) (3.1) Dwelling unit A: 30 (A)-> 34 (A)
(3.2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 30 (A) (3.2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 30 (A)
(3.3) Dwelling unit C: 5 (A)-> 15 (A) (3.3) Dwelling unit C: 5 (A)-> 15 (A)

なお、ここでいう増加量は、適当に定めた単位時間あたりの増加量としてもよいし、各住戸の電力使用量を定期的に監視した結果得られる瞬時的な増加量としてもよい。 The increase amount referred to here may be an appropriately determined increase amount per unit time, or may be an instantaneous increase amount obtained as a result of periodically monitoring the power consumption of each dwelling unit.

本実施の形態2において、幹線電力管理手段3は、各住戸の削減電力量が同量となるように、総削減量を平均化して各住戸に分配する。
即ち、集合住宅全体として削減すべき電力量は9(A)であるので、これを平均化すると各住戸の削減すべき電力量は以下のようになる。 That is, since the amount of electric power to be reduced for the entire apartment house is 9 (A), the amount of electric power to be reduced for each dwelling unit is as follows when this is averaged.
(1)住戸A:−3(A) (1) Dwelling unit A: -3 (A)
(2)住戸B:−3(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: -3 (A)
(3)住戸C:−3(A) In the second embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 averages the total reduction amount and distributes it to each dwelling unit so that the reduction power amount of each dwelling unit becomes the same amount. (3) Dwelling unit C: -3 (A) In the second embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 averages the total reduction amount and distributes it to each dwelling unit so that the reduction power amount of each dwelling unit becomes the same amount.
That is, since the amount of power to be reduced as a whole apartment is 9 (A), when this is averaged, the amount of power to be reduced in each dwelling unit is as follows. That is, since the amount of power to be reduced as a whole apartment is 9 (A), when this is averaged, the amount of power to be reduced in each dwelling unit is as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: -3 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: -3 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: -3 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: -3 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: -3 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: -3 (A)

幹線電力管理手段3は、上記のような手順で各住戸の削減電力量を求め、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力する。
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、幹線電力制御信号に基づき電気機器10の電力制御を行い、これにより各住戸の電力消費量は以下のようになり、幹線5への負荷は70(A)に抑えられる。
(1)住戸A:34(A) −> 31(A)
(2)住戸B:30(A) −> 27(A)
(3)住戸C:15(A) −> 12(A)
The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal.
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, therefore the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 31 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 31 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 12 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 12 (A)

本実施の形態2において、仮に使用電力量が3A未満の住戸がある場合は、その住戸は3(A)の削減ができないため、各住戸の削減量が同一とならない。
この場合は、できる限り各住戸の削減量が同一に近づくよう、その住戸の電力量を0(A)にするとともに、残りの削減量を他の住戸で按分するとよい。 In this case, it is advisable to set the electric energy of the dwelling unit to 0 (A) and apportion the remaining reduction amount among the other dwelling units so that the reduction amount of each dwelling unit approaches the same as much as possible. In the second embodiment, if there is a dwelling unit whose power consumption is less than 3A, the dwelling unit cannot reduce 3 (A), so the reduction amount of each dwelling unit is not the same. In the second embodiment, if there is a dwelling unit whose power consumption is less than 3A, the dwelling unit cannot reduce 3 (A), so the reduction amount of each dwelling unit is not the same.
In this case, it is preferable that the power consumption of each dwelling unit is set to 0 (A) and the remaining reduction amount is apportioned by other dwelling units so that the reduction amount of each dwelling unit is as close to the same as possible. In this case, it is preferred that the power consumption of each dwelling unit is set to 0 (A) and the remaining reduction amount is apportioned by other dwelling units so that the reduction amount of each dwelling unit is as close to the same as possible ..

実施の形態3.
本実施の形態3において、幹線電力管理手段3は、使用可能電力量(契約電力量)の高い住戸ほど電力を多く使用できるように、使用量の優先順位を高くする。 In the third embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 raises the priority of the usage amount so that the dwelling unit having a higher usable power amount (contracted power amount) can use more power. 即ち、本実施の形態3では、使用可能電力量の高い住戸ほど、削減すべき電力量が小さくなるように、削減量の順位付けが行われる。 That is, in the third embodiment, the reduction amount is ranked so that the higher the usable electric power amount of the dwelling unit, the smaller the electric power amount to be reduced.
使用可能電力量の高いのは、住戸A>住戸B>住戸Cの順であるので、削減すべき電力量が大きいのは、住戸C>住戸B>住戸Aの順となる。 Since the amount of usable power is highest in the order of dwelling unit A> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit C, the amount of power to be reduced is large in the order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A. Embodiment 3 FIG. Embodiment 3 FIG.
In the third embodiment, the trunk line power management means 3 increases the priority of the usage amount so that the dwelling unit with the higher usable electric energy (contracted electric energy) can use more electric power. That is, in the third embodiment, the reduction amounts are ranked so that the dwelling unit having a higher usable power amount has a smaller power amount to be reduced. In the third embodiment, the trunk line power management means 3 increases the priority of the usage amount so that the dwelling unit with the higher usable electric energy (contracted electric energy) can use more electric power. That is, in the third embodiment, the reduction amounts are ranked so that the dwelling unit having a higher usable power amount has a smaller power amount to be reduced.
Since the amount of usable electric power is high in the order of dwelling unit A> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit C, the amount of power to be reduced is in the order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A. Since the amount of usable electric power is high in the order of dwelling unit A> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit C, the amount of power to be reduced is in the order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A.

なお、本実施の形態3における「各住戸が使用を契約している電力の契約量」は、各住戸の契約電力量がこれに相当する。
ここでは記載の簡易の観点から単位を(A)として説明しているが、必ずしもアンペア契約に限られるものではなく、その他の単位系に準じて電力使用契約をしたものであってもよい。 Here, the unit is described as (A) from the viewpoint of simplicity of description, but the unit is not necessarily limited to the ampere contract, and a power usage contract may be made according to another unit system. The “contract amount of power that each dwelling unit has contracted to use” in the third embodiment corresponds to the contracted power amount of each dwelling unit. The “contract amount of power that each dwelling unit has contracted to use” in the third embodiment corresponds to the contracted power amount of each dwelling unit.
Here, the unit is described as (A) from the viewpoint of simplicity of description, but the unit is not necessarily limited to an ampere contract, and a power use contract may be made according to other unit systems. Here, the unit is described as (A) from the viewpoint of simplicity of description, but the unit is not necessarily limited to an ampere contract, and a power use contract may be made according to other unit systems.

集合住宅全体として削減すべき電力量は9Aであるので、これを各住戸の使用可能電力量(契約電力量)の比「50:30:20」で配分すると、以下のようになる。
全体削減量=9(A) −> 4.5(A):2.7(A):1.8(A) Since the amount of power to be reduced as a whole apartment building is 9A, when this is distributed by the ratio “50:30:20” of the usable power amount (contracted power amount) of each dwelling unit, it is as follows. Overall reduction = 9 (A)-> 4.5 (A): 2.7 (A): 1.8 (A) Since the amount of power to be reduced as a whole apartment building is 9A, when this is distributed by the ratio “50:30:20” of the usable power amount (contracted power amount) of each dwelling unit, it is as follows.
Total reduction amount = 9 (A)-> 4.5 (A): 2.7 (A): 1.8 (A) Total reduction amount = 9 (A)-> 4.5 (A): 2.7 (A): 1.8 (A)

本実施の形態3では、使用可能電力量の高い住戸ほど削減すべき電力量を小さくするので、これに従って上述の削減電力量を配分すると、以下のようになる。
(1)住戸A:−1.8(A)
(2)住戸B:−2.7(A)

(3)住戸C:−4.5(A) In this Embodiment 3, since the electric energy which should be reduced is made small as the dwelling unit whose usable electric energy is high, when the above-mentioned reduced electric energy is allocated according to this, it becomes as follows. (3) Dwelling unit C: -4.5 (A) In this Embodiment 3, since the electric energy which should be reduced is made small as the dwelling unit whose usable electric energy is high, when the above-mentioned reduced electric energy is allocated according to this, it becomes as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: -1.8 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: -1.8 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: -2.7 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: -2.7 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: -4.5 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: -4.5 (A)

幹線電力管理手段3は、上記のような手順で各住戸の削減電力量を求め、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力する。
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、幹線電力制御信号に基づき電気機器10の電力制御を行い、これにより各住戸の電力消費量は以下のようになり、幹線5への負荷は70(A)に抑えられる。
(1)住戸A:34(A) −> 32.2(A)

(2)住戸B:30(A) −> 27.3(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A)
(3)住戸C:15(A) −> 10.5(A) The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal. (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 10.5 (A) The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal.
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, therefore the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 32.2 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 32.2 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 10.5 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 10.5 (A)

本実施の形態3において、各住戸の使用可能電力量(契約電力量)は、幹線電力管理手段3または住戸電力管理手段6が備えるメモリやHDD(Hard Disk Drive)などの記憶装置にあらかじめ格納しておき、これから取得すればよい。
あるいは、幹線電力管理手段3または住戸電力管理手段6が各住戸の契約情報を格納したサーバ等にアクセスし、これから取得してもよい。
In the third embodiment, the usable power amount (contracted power amount) of each dwelling unit is stored in advance in a storage device such as a memory or HDD (Hard Disk Drive) provided in the main line power management unit 3 or the dwelling unit power management unit 6. You just have to get it.
Alternatively, the trunk line power management means 3 or the dwelling unit power management means 6 may access and acquire a server or the like that stores contract information of each dwelling unit. Alternatively, the trunk line power management means 3 or the dwelling unit power management means 6 may access and acquire a server or the like that stores contract information of each dwelling unit.

実施の形態4.
本実施の形態4において、幹線電力管理手段3は、各住戸の電力削減率が同一となるように、削減量を各住戸に分配する。ここでいう削減率とは、各住戸の使用可能電力量(契約電力量)を基準とした電力使用量の削減割合のことである。
集合住宅全体として削減すべき電力量は9(A)であるので、これを各住戸の削減率が同一となるように配分するには、下記(式1)(式2)のA0、B0、C0を求めればよい。
Embodiment 4 FIG.

In Embodiment 4, the main power management means 3 distributes the reduction amount to each dwelling unit so that the power reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same. The reduction rate here refers to the reduction rate of the power consumption based on the usable power amount (contracted power amount) of each dwelling unit. In Embodiment 4, the main power management means 3 distributes the reduction amount to each dwelling unit so that the power reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same. The reduction rate here refers to the reduction rate of the power consumption based on the usable power amount (contracted power amount) of each dwelling unit.
Since the amount of power to be reduced for the entire apartment is 9 (A), in order to distribute this so that the reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same, A0, B0 in the following (Equation 1) (Equation 2), What is necessary is just to obtain | require C0. Since the amount of power to be reduced for the entire apartment is 9 (A), in order to distribute this so that the reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same, A0, B0 in the following (Equation 1) (Equation 2) , What is necessary is just to obtain | require C0.

A0/Amax=B0/Bmax=C0/Cmax ・・・(式1)
(A0+B0+C0)=9(A) ・・・(式2)
ただし、
A0:住戸Aの制限電力量(A)
B0:住戸Bの制限電力量(A)

C0:住戸Cの制限電力量(A) C0: Power limit of dwelling unit C (A)
Amax:住戸Aの使用可能電力量(契約電力量)=50(A) Amax: Usable electric energy of dwelling unit A (contract electric energy) = 50 (A)
Bmax:住戸Bの使用可能電力量(契約電力量)=30(A) Bmax: Usable electric energy of dwelling unit B (contract electric energy) = 30 (A)
Cmax:住戸Cの使用可能電力量(契約電力量)=20(A) A0 / Amax = B0 / Bmax = C0 / Cmax (Formula 1) Cmax: Usable electric energy of dwelling unit C (contract electric energy) = 20 (A) A0 / Amax = B0 / Bmax = C0 / Cmax (Formula 1)
(A0 + B0 + C0) = 9 (A) (Formula 2) (A0 + B0 + C0) = 9 (A) (Formula 2)
However, However,
A0: Limit electric energy of dwelling unit A (A) A0: Limit electric energy of dwelling unit A (A)
B0: Electric power limit of dwelling unit B (A) B0: Electric power limit of dwelling unit B (A)
C0: Energy limit of dwelling unit C (A) C0: Energy limit of dwelling unit C (A)
Amax: Usable electric energy (contract electric energy) of dwelling unit A = 50 (A) Amax: Usable electric energy (contract electric energy) of dwelling unit A = 50 (A)
Bmax: Usable electric energy (contract electric energy) of dwelling unit B = 30 (A) Bmax: Usable electric energy (contract electric energy) of dwelling unit B = 30 (A)
Cmax: Usable electric energy (contract electric energy) of dwelling unit C = 20 (A) Cmax: Usable electric energy (contract electric energy) of dwelling unit C = 20 (A)

上記(式1)(式2)の解を求めると、下記のようになる。
(1)A0=4.5(A) (1) A0 = 4.5 (A)
(2)B0=2.7(A) (2) B0 = 2.7 (A)
(3)C0=1.8(A) The solution of the above (formula 1) and (formula 2) is as follows. (3) C0 = 1.8 (A) The solution of the above (formula 1) and (formula 2) is as follows.
(1) A0 = 4.5 (A) (1) A0 = 4.5 (A)
(2) B0 = 2.7 (A) (2) B0 = 2.7 (A)
(3) C0 = 1.8 (A) (3) C0 = 1.8 (A)

また、各住戸の削減率は、下記のように全住戸で等しくなる。
(1)住戸A:4.5/50=9(%)
(2)住戸B:2.7/30=9(%)
(3)住戸C:1.8/20=9(%)
Moreover, the reduction rate of each dwelling unit becomes equal in all dwelling units as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 4.5 / 50 = 9 (%)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 2.7 / 30 = 9 (%)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 1.8 / 20 = 9 (%)

幹線電力管理手段3は、上記のような手順で各住戸の削減電力量を求め、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力する。
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、幹線電力制御信号に基づき電気機器10の電力制御を行い、これにより各住戸の電力消費量は以下のようになり、幹線5への負荷は70(A)に抑えられる。
(1)住戸A:34(A) −> 29.5(A)
(2)住戸B:30(A) −> 27.3(A)
(3)住戸C:15(A) −> 13.2(A)
The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal.
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, therefore the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 29.5 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 29.5 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 13.2 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 13.2 (A)

実施の形態5.
本実施の形態5において、幹線電力管理手段3は、現時点で電力を多く必要としている住戸(電力使用量の増加が大きい住戸)ほど電力を多く使用できるように、使用量の優先順位を高くする。

即ち、本実施の形態5では、電力使用量の増加が大きい住戸ほど電力削減量が少なくなり、電力使用量の増加が小さい住戸ほど電力削減量が大きくなるように、削減量の順位付けが行われる。 That is, in the fifth embodiment, the reduction amount is ranked so that the dwelling unit with a large increase in the amount of power consumption has a small amount of power reduction, and the dwelling unit with a small increase in power consumption has a large amount of power reduction. Will be. Embodiment 5 FIG. Embodiment 5 FIG.
In the fifth embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 increases the priority of the usage amount so that a dwelling unit that needs a lot of power at present (a dwelling unit with a large increase in power usage) can use more power. . In the fifth embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 increases the priority of the usage amount so that a dwelling unit that needs a lot of power at present (a dwelling unit with a large increase in power usage) can use more power.
In other words, in the fifth embodiment, the reduction amount is ranked so that the dwelling unit with the larger increase in power consumption decreases the power reduction amount, and the dwelling unit with the smaller increase in power consumption increases. Is called. In other words, in the fifth embodiment, the reduction amount is ranked so that the dwelling unit with the larger increase in power consumption decreases the power reduction amount, and the dwelling unit with the smaller increase in power consumption increases. Is called.

各住戸の電力使用量の増加は、先に述べた条件より、以下のようになる。
(1)住戸A:34(A)−30(A)= 4(A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A) -30 (A) = 4 (A)
(2)住戸B:30(A)−30(A)= 0(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A) -30 (A) = 0 (A)
(3)住戸C:15(A)− 5(A)=10(A) The increase in power consumption of each dwelling unit is as follows based on the conditions described above. (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A) -5 (A) = 10 (A) The increase in power consumption of each dwelling unit is as follows based on the conditions described above.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A) -30 (A) = 4 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A) -30 (A) = 4 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A) -30 (A) = 0 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A) -30 (A) = 0 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A) -5 (A) = 10 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A) -5 (A) = 10 (A)

したがって、電力使用量の増加が大きいのは、住戸C>住戸A>住戸Bの順であるので、削減すべき電力量が大きいのは、住戸B>住戸A>住戸Cの順となる。 Accordingly, the increase in power consumption is large in the order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit A> dwelling unit B. Therefore, the amount of power to be reduced is in the order of dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A> dwelling unit C.

集合住宅全体として削減すべき電力量は9Aであるので、これを各住戸の電力使用量の増加分の比「4:0:10」で配分すると、以下のようになる。
全体削減量=9(A) −> 2.6(A):0(A):6.4(A) Since the amount of electric power to be reduced as a whole apartment is 9A, when this is distributed by the ratio “4: 0: 10” of the increase in the electric power consumption of each dwelling unit, it is as follows. Overall reduction = 9 (A)-> 2.6 (A): 0 (A): 6.4 (A) Since the amount of electric power to be reduced as a whole apartment is 9A, when this is distributed by the ratio “4: 0: 10” of the increase in the electric power consumption of each dwelling unit, it is as follows.
Total reduction amount = 9 (A)-> 2.6 (A): 0 (A): 6.4 (A) Total reduction amount = 9 (A)-> 2.6 (A): 0 (A): 6.4 (A)

本実施の形態5では、住戸B>住戸A>住戸Cの順に削減すべき電力量を順位付けするので、これに従って上述の削減電力量を配分すると、以下のようになる。
(1)住戸A:−2.6(A)
(2)住戸B:−6.4(A)

(3)住戸C:0(A) In this Embodiment 5, since the electric energy which should be reduced is ranked in order of dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A> dwelling unit C, when the above-mentioned reduction electric energy amount is allocated according to this, it becomes as follows. (3) Dwelling unit C: 0 (A) In this Embodiment 5, since the electric energy which should be reduced is ranked in order of dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A> dwelling unit C, when the above-mentioned reduction electric energy amount is allocated according to this, it becomes as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: -2.6 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: -2.6 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: -6.4 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: -6.4 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 0 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 0 (A)

幹線電力管理手段3は、上記のような手順で各住戸の削減電力量を求め、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力する。
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、幹線電力制御信号に基づき電気機器10の電力制御を行い、これにより各住戸の電力消費量は以下のようになり、幹線5への負荷は70(A)に抑えられる。
(1)住戸A:34(A) −> 31.4(A)

(2)住戸B:30(A) −> 23.6(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 23.6 (A)
(3)住戸C:15(A) −> 15.0(A) The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal. (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 15.0 (A) The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal.
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, therefore the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 31.4 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 31.4 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 23.6 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 23.6 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 15.0 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 15.0 (A)

実施の形態6.
本実施の形態6において、幹線電力管理手段3は、過去の電力使用量に基づき、電力使用頻度の高い住戸ほど電力を多く使用できるように、使用量の優先順位を高くする。 In the sixth embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 raises the priority of the amount of power used so that the dwelling unit that uses the power more frequently can use more power based on the past power consumption.
即ち、本実施の形態6では、過去の電力使用量が大きい住戸ほど電力削減量が少なくなるように、削減量の順位付けが行われる。 That is, in the sixth embodiment, the reduction amount is ranked so that the power reduction amount is smaller for the dwelling unit that has used a larger amount of power in the past. Embodiment 6 FIG. Embodiment 6 FIG.
In the sixth embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 raises the priority of the usage amount so that the dwelling unit with the higher power usage frequency can use more power based on the past power usage amount. In the sixth embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 raises the priority of the usage amount so that the dwelling unit with the higher power usage frequency can use more power based on the past power usage amount.
That is, in the sixth embodiment, the reduction amounts are ranked so that the dwelling unit with the larger past power usage amount has a smaller power reduction amount. That is, in the sixth embodiment, the reduction amounts are ranked so that the dwelling unit with the larger past power usage amount has a smaller power reduction amount.

なお、幹線電力管理手段3は、各住戸の電力使用量の累積値を格納する記憶手段(図示せず)を備えているものとする。記憶手段は、HDDのような書き込み可能な記憶装置で構成することができる。
幹線電力管理手段3は、上述の記憶手段より、住戸の電力使用量の累積値を取得する。
In addition, the trunk line power management means 3 shall be provided with the memory | storage means (not shown) which stores the accumulated value of the electric power consumption of each dwelling unit. The storage means can be composed of a writable storage device such as an HDD.
The main line power management means 3 acquires the accumulated value of the power consumption of the dwelling unit from the storage means described above.

まず、過去の電力使用量を累積する手順について説明する。
(1)住戸電力管理手段6は、各住戸の電力使用量を計測し、幹線電力管理手段3へ住戸電力量計測信号を出力する。
(2)幹線電力管理手段3は、住戸電力量計測信号を住戸毎に累積してその累積値を記憶手段に格納する。
First, a procedure for accumulating past power consumption will be described.
(1) The dwelling unit power management means 6 measures the power consumption of each dwelling unit and outputs a dwelling unit power amount measurement signal to the main line power management unit 3.
(2) The trunk line power management means 3 accumulates the dwelling unit electric energy measurement signal for each dwelling unit and stores the accumulated value in the storage unit.

ここでは、各住戸の累積使用電力量の比が、住戸A:住戸B:住戸C=10:6:4であったものと仮定する。
したがって、過去の電力使用量が大きいのは、住戸A>住戸B>住戸Cの順であるので、削減すべき電力量が大きいのは、住戸C>住戸B>住戸Aの順となる。
Here, it is assumed that the ratio of the accumulated power consumption of each dwelling unit was dwelling unit A: dwelling unit B: dwelling unit C = 10: 6: 4.
Accordingly, since the past power consumption is large in the order of dwelling unit A> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit C, the amount of power to be reduced is in the order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A.

集合住宅全体として削減すべき電力量は9Aであるので、これを各住戸の過去の電力使用量の比「10:6:4」で配分すると、以下のようになる。
全体削減量=9(A) −> 4.5(A):2.7(A):1.8(A)
Since the amount of electric power to be reduced as a whole apartment is 9A, when this is distributed by the ratio “10: 6: 4” of the past electric power consumption of each dwelling unit, it is as follows.
Total reduction amount = 9 (A)-> 4.5 (A): 2.7 (A): 1.8 (A)

本実施の形態6では、住戸C>住戸B>住戸Aの順に削減すべき電力量を順位付けするので、これに従って上述の削減電力量を配分すると、以下のようになる。
(1)住戸A:−1.8(A)

(2)住戸B:−2.7(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: -2.7 (A)
(3)住戸C:−4.5(A) In this Embodiment 6, since the electric energy which should be reduced is ranked in order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A, when the above-mentioned reduction electric energy amount is allocated according to this, it becomes as follows. (3) Dwelling unit C: -4.5 (A) In this Embodiment 6, since the electric energy which should be reduced is ranked in order of dwelling unit C> dwelling unit B> dwelling unit A, when the above-mentioned reduction electric energy amount is allocated according to this, it becomes as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: -1.8 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: -1.8 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: -2.7 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: -2.7 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: -4.5 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: -4.5 (A)

幹線電力管理手段3は、上記のような手順で各住戸の削減電力量を求め、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力する。
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、幹線電力制御信号に基づき電気機器10の電力制御を行い、これにより各住戸の電力消費量は以下のようになり、幹線5への負荷は70(A)に抑えられる。

(1)住戸A:34(A) −> 32.2(A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 32.2 (A)
(2)住戸B:30(A) −> 27.3(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A)
(3)住戸C:15(A) −> 11.5(A) The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal. (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 11.5 (A) The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal.
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, therefore the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as follows, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 32.2 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 34 (A)-> 32.2 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 30 (A)-> 27.3 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 11.5 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 15 (A)-> 11.5 (A)

なお、本実施の形態6において、幹線電力管理手段3が記憶手段を備えるものとしたが、記憶手段を備える箇所は幹線電力管理手段3の外部でもよい。即ち、当該集合住宅の電力配電システムからアクセス可能な位置に配置されていればよい。 In the sixth embodiment, the trunk power management unit 3 includes the storage unit. However, the portion including the storage unit may be provided outside the trunk power management unit 3. That is, it should just be arrange | positioned in the position which can be accessed from the power distribution system of the said housing complex.

実施の形態7.
図2は、本発明の実施の形態7に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。

図2において、各住戸には実施の形態1の図1で説明した構成に加えて新たに住戸電力予約入力手段13が備えられている。 In FIG. 2, each dwelling unit is newly provided with a dwelling unit electric power reservation input means 13 in addition to the configuration described with reference to FIG. 1 of the first embodiment. 住戸電力予約入力手段13は、住戸電力管理手段6に接続されている。 The dwelling unit electric power reservation input means 13 is connected to the dwelling unit electric power management means 6.
また、幹線電力管理手段3は、後述する各住戸の電力使用の予約情報を格納する記憶手段(図示せず)を備えているものとする。 Further, it is assumed that the trunk line power management means 3 is provided with a storage means (not shown) for storing reservation information for power use of each dwelling unit, which will be described later. 記憶手段は、HDDのような書き込み可能な記憶装置で構成することができる。 The storage means can be configured by a writable storage device such as an HDD.
幹線電力管理手段3は、上述の記憶手段より、住戸の電力使用の予約情報を取得する。 The trunk line power management means 3 acquires reservation information for power use of the dwelling unit from the above-mentioned storage means.
その他の構成は実施の形態1で説明した図1と同様であるため、説明を省略する。 Since other configurations are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, the description thereof will be omitted. Embodiment 7 FIG. Embodiment 7 FIG.
FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to Embodiment 7 of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to embodiments 7 of the present invention.
2, each dwelling unit is newly provided with dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 in addition to the configuration described in FIG. 1 of the first embodiment. The dwelling unit power reservation input unit 13 is connected to the dwelling unit power management unit 6. 2, each dwelling unit is newly provided with dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 in addition to the configuration described in FIG. 1 of the first embodiment. The dwelling unit power reservation input unit 13 is connected to the dwelling unit power management unit 6.
The main line power management means 3 is assumed to include storage means (not shown) for storing reservation information for power use of each dwelling unit to be described later. The storage means can be composed of a writable storage device such as an HDD. The main line power management means 3 is assumed to include storage means (not shown) for storing reservation information for power use of each dwelling unit to be described later. The storage means can be composed of a writable storage device such as an HDD.
The main line power management means 3 acquires the reservation information on the power usage of the dwelling unit from the above-mentioned storage means. The main line power management means 3 acquires the reservation information on the power usage of the dwelling unit from the above-mentioned storage means.
Other configurations are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted. Other configurations are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

住戸電力予約入力手段13は、例えばタッチパネルのような入力デバイスで構成され、各住戸の住人が電力を使用したい日時と使用量等を、電力使用の予約情報として入力するためのものである。
住戸電力予約入力手段13に入力された予約情報は、幹線電力制御信号通信媒体4を介して幹線電力管理手段3に出力される。
幹線電力管理手段3は、受信した予約情報を住戸毎に記憶手段に格納する。
The dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 is constituted by an input device such as a touch panel, for example, and is used for inputting the date and amount of use and the like that the resident of each dwelling unit wants to use power as reservation information for power use.
The reservation information input to the dwelling unit power reservation input unit 13 is output to the main line power management unit 3 via the main line power control signal communication medium 4. The reservation information input to the dwelling unit power reservation input unit 13 is output to the main line power management unit 3 via the main line power control signal communication medium 4.
The trunk power management means 3 stores the received reservation information in the storage means for each dwelling unit. The trunk power management means 3 stores the received reservation information in the storage means for each dwelling unit.

本実施の形態7において、幹線電力管理手段3は、電力の使用を予約している住戸に優先して電力が割り当てられるように、使用量の優先順位を高くする。
即ち、予約した使用量までは必ず電力量が確保されるよう各住戸に電力を割り当てるとともに、予約量を超えて電力を使用している場合は、予約量まで使用量を抑えるように削減量を割り当てる。 That is, power is allocated to each dwelling unit so that the amount of power is always secured up to the reserved amount of use, and if the amount of power used exceeds the reserved amount, the amount of reduction is reduced so as to suppress the amount of power used up to the reserved amount. assign. In the seventh embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 increases the priority of the usage amount so that power is allocated in preference to the dwelling unit that reserves the use of power. In the seventh embodiment, the trunk power management means 3 increases the priority of the usage amount so that power is allocated in preference to the dwelling unit that reserves the use of power.
In other words, power is allocated to each dwelling unit to ensure that the amount of power is reserved up to the reserved usage amount, and if the power is used beyond the reserved amount, the reduction amount is reduced so as to suppress the usage amount to the reserved amount. assign. In other words, power is allocated to each dwelling unit to ensure that the amount of power is reserved up to the reserved usage amount, and if the power is used beyond the reserved amount, the reduction amount is reduced so as to suppress the usage amount to the reserved amount. Assign.

ここでは、例として各住戸の予約情報が下記のように入力されているものとする。
(1)住戸A:2007年4月19日18:00〜20:00=40(A) (1) Dwelling unit A: April 19, 2007 18:00 to 20:00 = 40 (A)
(2)住戸B:2007年4月19日19:00〜19:30=25(A) (2) Dwelling unit B: April 19, 2007 19:00 to 19:30 = 25 (A)
(3)住戸C:予約なしHere, as an example, it is assumed that the reservation information of each dwelling unit is input as follows. (3) Dwelling unit C: No reservation Here, as an example, it is assumed that the reservation information of each dwelling unit is input as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: April 19, 2007 18: 00 to 20: 00 = 40 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: April 19, 2007 18:00 to 20:00 = 40 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: April 19, 2007 19: 00: 00-19: 30 = 25 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: April 19, 2007 19: 00: 00-19: 30 = 25 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: No reservation (3) Dwelling unit C: No reservation

2007年4月19日19:20に、各住戸の電力使用量が以下のように増加して合計79(A)となり、したがって電力消費量の総和を9(A)抑えなければならないものと仮定する。
(1)住戸A:30(A) −> 46(A)
(2)住戸B:20(A) −> 24(A)

(3)住戸C: 5(A) −> 9(A) Assuming that at 19:20 on April 19, 2007, the power consumption of each dwelling unit will increase as follows to a total of 79 (A), and therefore the total power consumption must be reduced to 9 (A) To do. (3) Dwelling unit C: 5 (A)-> 9 (A) Assuming that at 19:20 on April 19, 2007, the power consumption of each dwelling unit will increase as follows to a total of 79 (A), and therefore the total power consumption must be reduced to 9 (A) To do.
(1) Dwelling unit A: 30 (A)-> 46 (A) (1) Dwelling unit A: 30 (A)-> 46 (A)
(2) Dwelling unit B: 20 (A)-> 24 (A) (2) Dwelling unit B: 20 ​​(A)-> 24 (A)
(3) Dwelling unit C: 5 (A)-> 9 (A) (3) Dwelling unit C: 5 (A)-> 9 (A)

予約している住戸を優先させて分配量を算出すると、以下のようになる。
(1)住戸A:予約が40(A)なので、6(A)削減して40(A)とする。
(2)住戸B:予約が25(A)、現在の使用量は24(A)なので、削減なし。

(3)住戸C:予約がないので優先割り当てはしない。 (3) Dwelling unit C: Since there is no reservation, priority allocation is not made. 残りの必要削減量である3(A)を削減し、6(A)とする。 The remaining required reduction amount of 3 (A) is reduced to 6 (A). When the distribution amount is calculated by giving priority to the reserved dwelling units, it is as follows. When the distribution amount is calculated by giving priority to the reserved dwelling units, it is as follows.
(1) Dwelling unit A: Since the reservation is 40 (A), it is reduced by 6 (A) to 40 (A). (1) Dwelling unit A: Since the reservation is 40 (A), it is reduced by 6 (A) to 40 (A).
(2) Dwelling unit B: There is no reduction because the reservation is 25 (A) and the current usage is 24 (A). (2) Dwelling unit B: There is no reduction because the reservation is 25 (A) and the current usage is 24 (A).
(3) Dwelling unit C: Since there is no reservation, priority allocation is not performed. The remaining required reduction amount 3 (A) is reduced to 6 (A). (3) Dwelling unit C: Since there is no reservation, priority allocation is not performed. The remaining required reduction amount 3 (A) is reduced to 6 (A).

幹線電力管理手段3は、上記のような手順で各住戸の削減電力量を求め、幹線電力制御信号として各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6に出力する。
各住戸の住戸電力管理手段6は、幹線電力制御信号に基づき電気機器10の電力制御を行い、これにより各住戸の電力消費量は上記のようになり、幹線5への負荷は70(A)に抑えられる。 The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit controls the power of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as described above, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). It is suppressed to. The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal. The main line power management means 3 obtains the reduced power amount of each dwelling unit by the procedure as described above, and outputs it to the dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit as a main line power control signal.
The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, whereby the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as described above, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed. The dwelling unit power management means 6 of each dwelling unit performs power control of the electric device 10 based on the main line power control signal, therefore the power consumption of each dwelling unit becomes as described above, and the load on the main line 5 is 70 (A). Can be suppressed.

本実施の形態7において、住戸の住人が住戸電力予約入力手段13を用いて使用電力を予約する際には、以下のような制約条件を課してもよい。   In the seventh embodiment, when a resident of a dwelling unit uses the dwelling unit power reservation input unit 13 to reserve power usage, the following constraint condition may be imposed.

(1)契約電力量のチェック
各住戸の使用可能電力量(契約電力量)を超えて電力を予約しないよう、住戸電力予約入力手段13、住戸電力管理手段6、または幹線電力管理手段3で入力内容をチェックするようにしてもよい。
(1) Checking the contracted power amount Input by the dwelling unit power reservation input unit 13, the dwelling unit power management unit 6, or the trunk power management unit 3 so as not to reserve power exceeding the usable power amount (contracted power amount) of each unit. The content may be checked.

(2)集合住宅全体の使用電力量のチェック
各住戸の予約電力量の総和が集合住宅全体の使用可能電力量を超えないよう、住戸電力予約入力手段13、住戸電力管理手段6、または幹線電力管理手段3で入力内容をチェックするようにしてもよい。
(2) Checking the power consumption of the entire apartment house In order to ensure that the sum of the reserved electricity amount of each dwelling unit does not exceed the usable power amount of the entire apartment house, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13, the dwelling unit power management means 6, or the trunk line power The input content may be checked by the management means 3.

なお、本実施の形態7において、幹線電力管理手段3が記憶手段を備えるものとしたが、記憶手段を備える箇所は幹線電力管理手段3の外部でもよい。即ち、当該集合住宅の電力配電システムからアクセス可能な位置に配置されていればよい。   In the seventh embodiment, the trunk power management unit 3 includes the storage unit. However, the part including the storage unit may be outside the trunk line power management unit 3. That is, it should just be arrange | positioned in the position which can be accessed from the power distribution system of the said housing complex.

なお、上述した実施の形態2〜7において、設定した数値は一例であり、適応する集合住宅に応じて適切に設定され、快適性を失わずに、電化促進と遮断防止を図るための電流制御が行われることはいうまでもない。 In the above-described Embodiments 2 to 7, the set numerical value is an example, and is set appropriately according to the apartment house to be applied, and current control for promoting electrification and preventing interruption without losing comfort. It goes without saying that is performed.

実施の形態8.
図3は、本発明の実施の形態8に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。

図3において、各住戸には実施の形態1の図1で説明した構成に加えて新たに電気機器制御用通信手段11が備えられている。 In FIG. 3, each dwelling unit is newly provided with a communication means 11 for controlling an electric device in addition to the configuration described in FIG. 1 of the first embodiment. 電気機器制御用通信手段11は、住戸電力管理手段6と電気機器10に接続されている。 The electric device control communication means 11 is connected to the dwelling unit power management means 6 and the electric device 10.
その他の構成は実施の形態1で説明した図1と同様であるため、説明を省略する。 Since other configurations are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, the description thereof will be omitted. Embodiment 8 FIG. Embodiment 8 FIG.
FIG. 3 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to Embodiment 8 of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to embodiments 8 of the present invention.
In FIG. 3, each dwelling unit is newly provided with communication means 11 for controlling an electric appliance in addition to the configuration described in FIG. 1 of the first embodiment. The electrical device control communication means 11 is connected to the dwelling unit power management means 6 and the electrical device 10. In FIG. 3, each dwelling unit is newly provided with communication means 11 for controlling an electric appliance in addition to the configuration described in FIG. 1 of the first embodiment. The electrical device control communication means 11 is connected to the dwelling unit power management means 6 and the electrical device 10.
Other configurations are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted. Other configurations are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

実施の形態1〜7では、住戸電力管理手段6は電気機器10へ住戸電力制御信号を出力することを説明した。
本実施の形態8では、住戸電力管理手段6は電気機器制御用通信手段11に住戸電力制御信号を出力する。
電気機器制御用通信手段11は、住戸電力管理手段6より受け取った住戸電力制御信号に基づき、電気機器10の電力制御を行う。電気機器制御用通信手段11と電気機器10の間の通信は、有線でも無線でもよい。
その他の動作に関しては、実施の形態1〜6のいずれかと同様であるため、説明を省略する。

なお、実施の形態7と同様に各住戸に住戸電力予約入力手段13を設け、電力配分に係る動作を実施の形態7と同様に構成することもできる。 It should be noted that, as in the seventh embodiment, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 may be provided in each dwelling unit, and the operation related to the power distribution may be configured in the same manner as in the seventh embodiment. この場合の信号伝達経路も、上記と同様である。 The signal transmission path in this case is the same as described above. In Embodiment 1-7, dwelling unit power management means 6 explained outputting a dwelling unit power control signal to electric equipment 10. In Embodiment 1-7, dwelling unit power management means 6 explained outputting a dwelling unit power control signal to electric equipment 10.
In the eighth embodiment, the dwelling unit power management unit 6 outputs a dwelling unit power control signal to the electrical device control communication unit 11. In the eighth embodiment, the dwelling unit power management unit 6 outputs a dwelling unit power control signal to the electrical device control communication unit 11.
The electrical device control communication unit 11 performs power control of the electrical device 10 based on the dwell unit power control signal received from the dwell unit power management unit 6. Communication between the electrical device control communication means 11 and the electrical device 10 may be wired or wireless. The electrical device control communication unit 11 performs power control of the electrical device 10 based on the dwell unit power control signal received from the dwell unit power management unit 6. Communication between the electrical device control communication means 11 and the electrical device 10 may be wired or wireless.
Other operations are the same as those in any of the first to sixth embodiments, and thus the description thereof is omitted. Other operations are the same as those in any of the first to sixth embodiments, and thus the description thereof is omitted.
In addition, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 can be provided in each dwelling unit similarly to the seventh embodiment, and the operation relating to the power distribution can be configured similarly to the seventh embodiment. The signal transmission path in this case is the same as described above. In addition, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 can be provided in each dwelling unit similarly to the seventh embodiment, and the operation relating to the power distribution can be configured similarly to the seventh embodiment. The signal transmission path in this case is the same as described above.

以上のように、本実施の形態8では、住戸電力管理手段6は電気機器制御用通信手段11を介して住戸電力制御信号を出力する。
これにより、住戸電力管理手段6が電気機器10とのインターフェースを持たない場合でも、電気機器制御用通信手段11が電気機器10との通信を媒介することにより、実施の形態1〜7と同様の電力制御を実現することができる。 As a result, even when the dwelling unit power management means 6 does not have an interface with the electric device 10, the communication means 11 for controlling the electric device mediates the communication with the electric device 10, so that the same as in the first to seventh embodiments. Power control can be realized. As described above, in the eighth embodiment, the dwelling unit power management unit 6 outputs a dwelling unit power control signal via the electrical device control communication unit 11. As described above, in the eighth embodiment, the dwelling unit power management unit 6 outputs a dwelling unit power control signal via the electrical device control communication unit 11.
Thereby, even when the dwelling unit power management means 6 does not have an interface with the electric device 10, the electric device control communication means 11 mediates communication with the electric device 10, so that the same as in the first to seventh embodiments. Power control can be realized. Thus, even when the dwelling unit power management means 6 does not have an interface with the electric device 10, the electric device control communication means 11 mediates communication with the electric device 10, so that the same as in the first to seventh embodiments. Power control can be realized.

例えば、既に住戸電力管理手段6を設置している住戸において、本実施の形態8のような構成を適用することで、既設の集合住宅でも実施の形態1〜7と同様の電力制御を行うことができる。 For example, in a dwelling unit in which dwelling unit power management means 6 is already installed, the same power control as in the first to seventh embodiments is performed even in an existing apartment house by applying the configuration as in the eighth embodiment. Can do.

実施の形態9.
図4は、本発明の実施の形態9に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。

図4において、幹線ブレーカ1、幹線電流計測手段2、幹線電力管理手段3、幹線電力制御信号通信媒体4、および幹線5は、実施の形態1で説明した図1と同様である。 In FIG. 4, the trunk line breaker 1, the trunk line current measuring means 2, the trunk line power management means 3, the trunk line power control signal communication medium 4, and the trunk line 5 are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment. Embodiment 9 FIG. Embodiment 9 FIG.
FIG. 4 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to Embodiment 9 of the present invention. FIG. 4 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to embodiments 9 of the present invention.
In FIG. 4, the main line breaker 1, the main line current measuring unit 2, the main line power management unit 3, the main line power control signal communication medium 4, and the main line 5 are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment. In FIG. 4, the main line breaker 1, the main line current measuring unit 2, the main line power management unit 3, the main line power control signal communication medium 4, and the main line 5 are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment.

各住戸は、住戸分岐線9、電気機器10、および住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ12を備える。
住戸分岐線9と電気機器10は、実施の形態1で説明した図1と同様である。

住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ12は、住戸分岐線9に流れる電流を取得し、幹線電力管理手段3へ住戸電力量計測信号を出力する。 The breaker 12 with a dwelling unit branch line power management function acquires the current flowing through the dwelling unit branch line 9 and outputs a dwelling unit electric energy measurement signal to the trunk line power management means 3. また、幹線電力管理手段3からの幹線電力制御信号を受信し、各電気機器10へ供給される電力を制御して住戸分岐線9の過負荷を防止する。 Further, the trunk line power control signal from the trunk line power management means 3 is received, and the power supplied to each electric device 10 is controlled to prevent the dwelling unit branch line 9 from being overloaded. Each dwelling unit includes a dwelling branch line 9, an electrical device 10, and a breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function. Each dwelling unit includes a dwelling branch line 9, an electrical device 10, and a breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function.
The dwelling branch line 9 and the electric device 10 are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment. The dwelling branch line 9 and the electric device 10 are the same as those in FIG. 1 described in the first embodiment.
The breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function acquires the current flowing through the dwelling branch line 9 and outputs a dwelling electric energy measurement signal to the trunk power management means 3. Moreover, the trunk line power control signal from the trunk line power management means 3 is received, and the power supplied to each electrical device 10 is controlled to prevent overload of the dwelling branch line 9. The breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function acquires the current flowing through the dwelling branch line 9 and outputs a dwelling electric energy measurement signal to the trunk power management means 3. Moreover, the trunk line power control signal from the trunk line power management means 3 is received, and the power supplied to each electrical device 10 is controlled to prevent overload of the dwelling branch line 9.

住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ12は、実施の形態1〜7で説明した住戸電力管理手段6と住戸分岐線ブレーカ7の役割を兼ね備えるものである。
即ち、住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ12は、幹線電力管理手段3より幹線電力制御信号を受信し、電気機器10に住戸電力制御信号を出力して電力制御を行う。 That is, the breaker 12 with the dwelling unit branch line power management function receives the main line power control signal from the main line power management means 3 and outputs the dwelling unit power control signal to the electric device 10 to perform power control. The breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function combines the roles of the dwelling unit power management means 6 and the dwelling branch line breaker 7 described in the first to seventh embodiments. The breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function combines the roles of the dwelling unit power management means 6 and the dwelling branch line breaker 7 described in the first to seventh embodiments.
In other words, the breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function receives a trunk power control signal from the trunk power management means 3 and outputs a dwell power control signal to the electric device 10 to perform power control. In other words, the breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function receives a trunk power control signal from the trunk power management means 3 and outputs a dwell power control signal to the electric device 10 to perform power control.

その他の動作に関しては、実施の形態1〜6のいずれかと同様であるため、説明を省略する。
なお、実施の形態7と同様に各住戸に住戸電力予約入力手段13を設け、電力配分に係る動作を実施の形態7と同様に構成することもできる。 It should be noted that, as in the seventh embodiment, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 may be provided in each dwelling unit, and the operation related to the power distribution may be configured in the same manner as in the seventh embodiment. この場合の信号伝達経路も、上記と同様である。 The signal transmission path in this case is the same as described above. Other operations are the same as those in any of the first to sixth embodiments, and thus the description thereof is omitted. Other operations are the same as those in any of the first to sixth embodiments, and thus the description thereof is omitted.
In addition, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 can be provided in each dwelling unit similarly to the seventh embodiment, and the operation relating to the power distribution can be configured similarly to the seventh embodiment. The signal transmission path in this case is the same as described above. In addition, the dwelling unit power reservation input means 13 can be provided in each dwelling unit similarly to the seventh embodiment, and the operation relating to the power distribution can be configured similarly to the seventh embodiment. The signal transmission path in this case is the same as described above.

以上のように、本実施の形態9では、住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ12は住戸電力管理手段6と住戸分岐線ブレーカ7の役割を兼ね備え、電気機器10の電力制御を行って住戸分岐線9の過負荷を防止する。
本実施の形態9のような構成は、住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ12の機能が既存の住戸用ブレーカとは異なるため、新規に建てる集合住宅のように設計上の自由が利く環境下に向いている。
As described above, in the ninth embodiment, the breaker 12 with a dwelling branch line power management function has the role of the dwelling unit power management means 6 and the dwelling branch line breaker 7, and performs power control of the electric device 10 to perform the dwelling branch line. 9 overload is prevented.
Since the function of the breaker 12 with the dwelling branch line power management function is different from the existing breaker for a dwelling unit, the configuration as in the ninth embodiment is in an environment where design freedom is good like a newly built apartment house. It is suitable. Since the function of the breaker 12 with the dwelling branch line power management function is different from the existing breaker for a dwelling unit, the configuration as in the ninth embodiment is in an environment where design freedom is good like a newly built apartment house. is suitable.

実施の形態1に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。 1 is a configuration diagram of a power distribution system for an apartment house according to Embodiment 1. FIG. 実施の形態7に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。 It is a block diagram of the power distribution system of the apartment house which concerns on Embodiment 7. FIG. 実施の形態8に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。 It is a block diagram of the power distribution system of the apartment house which concerns on Embodiment 8. FIG. 実施の形態9に係る集合住宅の電力配電システムの構成図である。 It is a block diagram of the power distribution system of the apartment house which concerns on Embodiment 9. FIG.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 幹線ブレーカ、2 幹線電流計測手段、3 幹線電力管理手段、4 幹線電力制御信号通信媒体、5 幹線、6 住戸電力管理手段、7 住戸分岐線ブレーカ、8 住戸電力制御信号通信媒体、9 住戸分岐線、10 電気機器、11 電気機器制御用通信手段、12 住戸分岐線電力管理機能付きブレーカ、13 住戸電力予約入力手段。   1 trunk line breaker, 2 trunk line current measuring means, 3 trunk line power management means, 4 trunk line power control signal communication medium, 5 trunk line, 6 dwelling unit power management means, 7 dwelling branch line breaker, 8 dwelling unit power control signal communication medium, 9 dwelling branch Lines, 10 Electrical equipment, 11 Electrical equipment control communication means, 12 Dwelling branch line breaker with power management function, 13 Dwelling electricity reservation input means

Claims (21)

  1. 幹線を介して各住戸に電力を配電する集合住宅の電力配電システムであって、
    前記幹線に流れる電流を計測して過負荷を検出する幹線電流計測手段と、
    前記幹線電流計測手段が過負荷を検出した際に、各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量を所定の算出式で算出して求めた結果として得られた削減電力量を各住戸に通知する幹線電力管理手段と、
    各住戸に設けられ当該住戸の電力使用量を制御する住戸電力管理手段と、
    を有し、
    前記住戸電力管理手段は、
    前記幹線電力管理手段が通知した前記削減電力量に基づき、当該住戸内の電力使用量を制御する ことを特徴とする集合住宅の電力配電システム。 A power distribution system for an apartment house, characterized in that the power consumption in the dwelling unit is controlled based on the reduced power amount notified by the trunk power management means. A power distribution system for an apartment house that distributes power to each dwelling unit via a trunk line, A power distribution system for an apartment house that distributes power to each dwelling unit via a trunk line,
    A main line current measuring means for detecting an overload by measuring a current flowing through the main line; A main line current measuring means for detecting an overload by measuring a current flowing through the main line;
    When the main line current measuring means detects an overload, the main line power for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduced power amount obtained as a result of calculating the power consumption amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined calculation formula Management means; When the main line current measuring means detects an overload, the main line power for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduced power amount obtained as a result of calculating the power consumption amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined calculation formula Management means;
    A dwelling unit power management means for controlling the power consumption of each dwelling unit provided in each dwelling unit; A dwelling unit power management means for controlling the power consumption of each dwelling unit provided in each dwelling unit;
    Have Have
    The dwelling unit power management means includes: The dwelling unit power management means includes:
    Based on the reduced power amount notified by the trunk power management means, the power usage amount in the dwelling unit is controlled. Based on the reduced power amount notified by the trunk power management means, the power usage amount in the dwelling unit is controlled.
  2. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量が同量となるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の集合住宅の電力配電システム。
    The trunk line power management means includes:
    The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the reduced power consumption is calculated so that the power consumption to be reduced by each dwelling unit is the same.
  3. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸が使用を契約している電力の契約量を取得し、

    前記契約量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の集合住宅の電力配電システム。 The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the larger the contracted amount of the dwelling unit, the smaller the amount of power to be reduced. The trunk line power management means includes: The trunk line power management means includes:
    Acquire the contract amount of electricity that each dwelling unit has contracted to use, Acquire the contract amount of electricity that each dwelling unit has contracted to use,
    The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the power consumption to be reduced is calculated such that a dwelling unit having a larger contracted amount has a lower power consumption. The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the power consumption to be reduced is calculated such that a dwelling unit having a larger contracted amount has a lower power consumption.
  4. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸の電力削減率が同一となるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の集合住宅の電力配電システム。
    The trunk line power management means includes:

    The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the power reduction amount is calculated so that the power reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same. The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the power reduction amount is calculated so that the power reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same.
  5. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸の電力使用量の増加量を取得し、
    前記増加量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の集合住宅の電力配電システム。
    The trunk line power management means includes:
    Obtain an increase in the amount of electricity used by each unit,
    The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced decreases as the unit of increase increases.
  6. 各住戸の累積電力使用量を格納する記憶手段を有し、
    前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    前記記憶手段に格納された各住戸の累積電力使用量を取得し、
    累積電力使用量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する
    ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の集合住宅の電力配電システム。
    Having storage means for storing the cumulative power consumption of each dwelling unit;
    The trunk line power management means includes:
    Obtain the accumulated power usage of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means,
    The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the power consumption to be reduced is calculated such that a dwelling unit having a larger cumulative power consumption reduces the amount of power to be reduced.
  7. 住戸の電力使用量を予約する予約入力手段を各住戸に有するとともに、
    前記予約入力手段より予約された予約情報を格納する記憶手段を有し、
    前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    前記記憶手段に格納された各住戸の電力使用量の予約情報を取得し、
    予約のある住戸に優先して電力を割り当てるように前記削減電力量を算出する
    ことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の集合住宅の電力配電システム。
    Each unit has a reservation input means to reserve the power consumption of the unit,
    Storage means for storing reservation information reserved by the reservation input means;
    The trunk line power management means includes:
    Obtaining reservation information on the power consumption of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means,
    The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that power is allocated with priority to dwelling units with reservations. The power distribution system for an apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that power is allocated with priority to dwelling units with reservations.
  8. 幹線を介して各住戸に電力を配電する集合住宅において各住戸に電力を配分する方法であって、
    前記幹線に流れる電流を計測して過負荷を検出するステップと、
    過負荷を検出した際に、各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量を所定の算出式で算出して求めた結果として得られた削減電力量を各住戸に通知する算出ステップと、
    前記削減電力量に基づき各住戸の電力使用量を制御するステップと、

    を有することを特徴とする集合住宅の電力配分方法。 A method of allocating electric power to an apartment house, which is characterized by having. A method of distributing power to each dwelling unit in an apartment house that distributes power to each dwelling unit via a trunk line, A method of distributing power to each dwelling unit in an apartment house that distributes power to each dwelling unit via a trunk line,
    Measuring the current flowing through the main line to detect overload; Measuring the current flowing through the main line to detect overload;
    A calculation step for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduced power amount obtained as a result of calculating the power consumption amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined calculation formula when detecting an overload; A calculation step for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduced power amount obtained as a result of calculating the power consumption amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined calculation formula when detecting an overload;
    Controlling the power consumption of each dwelling unit based on the reduced power consumption, Controlling the power consumption of each dwelling unit based on the reduced power consumption,
    A power distribution method for an apartment house, comprising: A power distribution method for an apartment house, comprising:
  9. 前記算出ステップにおいて、
    各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量が同量となるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項8に記載の集合住宅の電力配分方法。 The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power consumption is calculated so that the power consumption to be reduced by each dwelling unit is the same. In the calculating step, In the calculating step,
    The method of allocating power to an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that the amount of power used by each dwelling unit is the same. The method of allocating power to an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that the amount of power used by each dwelling unit is the same.
  10. 前記算出ステップにおいて、
    各住戸が使用を契約している電力の契約量を取得し、
    前記契約量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項8に記載の集合住宅の電力配分方法。
    In the calculating step,
    Acquire the contract amount of electricity that each dwelling unit has contracted to use,

    The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced is smaller as the contracted unit has a larger contract amount. The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced is smaller as the contracted unit has a larger contract amount.
  11. 前記算出ステップにおいて、
    各住戸の電力削減率が同一となるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項8に記載の集合住宅の電力配分方法。
    In the calculating step,
    The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the power reduction amount is calculated so that the power reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same.
  12. 前記算出ステップにおいて、
    各住戸の電力使用量の増加量を取得し、

    前記増加量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項8に記載の集合住宅の電力配分方法。 The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the larger the increase amount is, the smaller the power amount to be reduced is. In the calculating step, In the calculating step,
    Obtain an increase in the amount of electricity used by each unit, Obtain an increase in the amount of electricity used by each unit,
    The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced decreases as the unit of increase increases. The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced decreases as the unit of increase increases.
  13. 各住戸の累積電力使用量を格納する記憶手段を設けておき、
    前記算出ステップにおいて、
    前記記憶手段に格納された各住戸の累積電力使用量を取得し、

    累積電力使用量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項8に記載の集合住宅の電力配分方法。 The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the larger the cumulative power consumption is, the smaller the amount of power to be reduced is. A storage means for storing the cumulative power consumption of each dwelling unit is provided, A storage means for storing the cumulative power consumption of each dwelling unit is provided,
    In the calculating step, In the calculating step,
    Obtain the accumulated power usage of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means, Obtained the accumulated power usage of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means,
    The method of allocating power to an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the amount of power to be reduced is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced is smaller in a dwelling unit having a larger cumulative power consumption amount. The method of allocating power to an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the amount of power to be reduced is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced is smaller in a dwelling unit having a larger cumulative power consumption amount.
  14. 各住戸の電力使用量の予約情報を格納する記憶手段を設けておき、
    住戸の電力使用量を予約して予約情報を前記記憶手段に格納するステップを有し、

    前記算出ステップにおいて、 In the calculation step
    前記記憶手段に格納された各住戸の電力使用量の予約情報を取得し、 Acquire the reservation information of the electric power consumption of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means, and obtain the reservation information.
    予約のある住戸に優先して電力を割り当てるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項8に記載の集合住宅の電力配分方法。 The power distribution method for an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so as to preferentially allocate power to a dwelling unit having a reservation. A storage means is provided for storing reservation information for the power consumption of each dwelling unit. A storage means is provided for storing reservation information for the power consumption of each dwelling unit.
    Reserving power consumption of dwelling units and storing reservation information in the storage means; Reserving power consumption of dwelling units and storing reservation information in the storage means;
    In the calculating step, In the calculating step,
    Obtaining reservation information on the power consumption of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means, Obtaining reservation information on the power consumption of each dwelling unit stored in the storage means,
    The method of allocating power to an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that power is allocated preferentially to a reserved dwelling unit. The method of allocating power to an apartment house according to claim 8, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that power is allocated preferentially to a reserved dwelling unit.
  15. 幹線を介して各住戸に電力を配電する集合住宅において各住戸に配分する電力を管理する装置であって、
    前記幹線に流れる電流を計測して過負荷を検出する幹線電流計測手段と、
    前記幹線電流計測手段が過負荷を検出した際に、各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量を所定の算出式で算出して求めた結果として得られた削減電力量を各住戸に通知する幹線電力管理手段と、
    を備えたことを特徴とする集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。
    A device that manages the power distributed to each dwelling unit in an apartment house that distributes power to each dwelling unit via a trunk line,
    A main line current measuring means for detecting an overload by measuring a current flowing through the main line;
    When the main line current measuring means detects an overload, the main line power for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduced power amount obtained as a result of calculating the power consumption amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined calculation formula Management means; When the main line current measuring means detects an overload, the main line power for notifying each dwelling unit of the reduced power amount obtained as a result of calculating the power consumption amount to be reduced by each dwelling unit using a predetermined calculation formula Management means;
    A power distribution management device for an apartment house, comprising: A power distribution management device for an apartment house, comprising:
  16. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸が削減すべき電力使用量が同量となるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項15に記載の集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。
    The trunk line power management means includes:

    The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced electric energy is calculated so that the electric power consumption to be reduced by each dwelling unit is the same. The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced electric energy is calculated so that the electric power consumption to be reduced by each dwelling unit is the same.
  17. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸が使用を契約している電力の契約量を取得し、
    前記契約量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項15に記載の集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。
    The trunk line power management means includes:
    Acquire the contract amount of electricity that each dwelling unit has contracted to use,

    The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced is smaller for a dwelling unit with a larger contract amount. The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced is smaller for a dwelling unit with a larger contract amount.
  18. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸の電力削減率が同一となるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項15に記載の集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。
    The trunk line power management means includes:
    The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the power reduction amount is calculated so that the power reduction rate of each dwelling unit is the same.
  19. 前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸の電力使用量の増加量を取得し、 Acquire the increase in electricity consumption of each dwelling unit,
    前記増加量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項15に記載の集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。 The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the larger the increase amount is, the smaller the power amount to be reduced is. The trunk line power management means includes: The trunk line power management means includes:
    Obtain an increase in the amount of electricity used by each unit, Obtain an increase in the amount of electricity used by each unit,
    The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced decreases as the unit of increase increases. The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the amount of power to be reduced decreases as the unit of increase increases.
  20. 各住戸の累積電力使用量を取得する手段を備え、
    前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸の累積電力使用量を取得し、

    累積電力使用量が大きい住戸ほど削減すべき電力量が少なくなるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項15に記載の集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。 The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that the larger the cumulative power consumption is, the smaller the amount of power to be reduced is. It has a means to acquire the cumulative power consumption of each unit, It has a means to acquire the cumulative power consumption of each unit,
    The trunk line power management means includes: The trunk line power management means includes:
    Acquire the cumulative power consumption of each unit, Acquire the cumulative power consumption of each unit,
    The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that a dwelling unit having a larger cumulative power usage amount reduces a power amount to be reduced. The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so that a dwelling unit having a larger cumulative power usage amount reduces a power amount to be reduced.
  21. 各住戸の電力使用量の予約情報を取得する手段を備え、
    前記幹線電力管理手段は、
    各住戸の電力使用量の予約情報を取得し、

    予約のある住戸に優先して電力を割り当てるように前記削減電力量を算出する ことを特徴とする請求項15に記載の集合住宅の電力配電管理装置。 The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the reduced power amount is calculated so as to preferentially allocate power to a dwelling unit having a reservation. A means for obtaining reservation information on the power consumption of each unit is provided. A means for obtaining reservation information on the power consumption of each unit is provided.
    The trunk line power management means includes: The trunk line power management means includes:
    Obtain reservation information on the power consumption of each unit, Obtain reservation information on the power consumption of each unit,
    The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that power is allocated preferentially to reserved units. The power distribution management device for an apartment house according to claim 15, wherein the amount of reduced power is calculated so that power is allocated preferentially to reserved units.
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