JP2008301875A - Drying and storage device of endoscope - Google Patents

Drying and storage device of endoscope Download PDF

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JP2008301875A
JP2008301875A JP2007149113A JP2007149113A JP2008301875A JP 2008301875 A JP2008301875 A JP 2008301875A JP 2007149113 A JP2007149113 A JP 2007149113A JP 2007149113 A JP2007149113 A JP 2007149113A JP 2008301875 A JP2008301875 A JP 2008301875A
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endoscope
air
refrigerant
storage
storage space
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Koichi Hosono
貢一 細野
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Ms:Kk
株式会社エムエス
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/12Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements
    • A61B1/128Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements provided with means for regulating temperature
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/12Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements
    • A61B1/121Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements provided with means for cleaning post-use
    • A61B1/123Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements provided with means for cleaning post-use using washing machines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B1/00Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor
    • A61B1/12Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements
    • A61B1/121Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements provided with means for cleaning post-use
    • A61B1/125Instruments for performing medical examinations of the interior of cavities or tubes of the body by visual or photographical inspection, e.g. endoscopes; Illuminating arrangements therefor with cooling or rinsing arrangements provided with means for cleaning post-use using fluid circuits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B50/10Furniture specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B50/10Furniture specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
    • A61B2050/105Cabinets

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a drying and storage device of an endoscope which unerringly dries the endoscope as far as the internal cavity and can reduce regeneration time necessary for drying. <P>SOLUTION: The drying and storage device of an endoscope includes a refrigerant circulation system 2 comprising a refrigerant compressor 3 for generating a refrigerant liquefactively-heated by sucking and compressing the refrigerant, a heater 4 for heating air around through the liquefactively-heated refrigerant, a refrigerant decompressor 5 for generating evaporatively-cooled refrigerant to the secondary side by decompressing the liquefied refrigerant arriving at the primary side, and a dehumidifier 6 for dehumidifying the air around through the evaporatively-cooled refrigerant and supplying the evaporated refrigerant to the refrigerant compressor 3. The drying and storage device produces circulating airstreams for supplying the air heated by the heater 4 to a storage space and sucking the air toward a dehumidifier 6 by an airstream former 15. The drying and storage device sucks the air heated by the heater 4 and delivers the air from a supply nozzle 21 to the internal cavity of the endoscope by a heated air supply device 16. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、洗浄後の内視鏡を乾燥すると共に、そのまま保管する内視鏡の乾燥保管装置に関する。   The present invention relates to an endoscope drying and storing apparatus for drying an endoscope after washing and storing the endoscope as it is.
内視鏡を使用すると、血液、粘液、分泌液、組織片、消化物、薬剤などの汚染物質が付着するので、使用後の内視鏡は、速やかに洗浄・消毒、乾燥、滅菌し、次の患者に使用するまで保管する必要がある。   When an endoscope is used, contaminants such as blood, mucus, secretions, tissue fragments, digests, and drugs adhere to it, so the endoscope after use must be cleaned, disinfected, dried and sterilized immediately. It is necessary to keep it until it is used for the patient.
しかし、洗浄後の内視鏡用ファイバースコープ(以後:内視鏡と言う)のチャンネル(以後:内腔と言う)を乾燥させることが困難であり、不十分な乾燥状態で保管していると、内腔に残留したバクテリアが繁殖して院内感染を発症させることになってしまう。したがって、内腔まで確実に乾燥させなければならない。   However, it is difficult to dry the channel (hereinafter referred to as “the lumen”) of the endoscope fiberscope (hereinafter referred to as “the endoscope”) after washing, and it is stored in an insufficiently dried state. Bacteria remaining in the lumen will propagate and cause nosocomial infections. Therefore, it must be surely dried to the lumen.
洗浄後の内視鏡を乾燥すると共に、そのまま保管する内視鏡乾燥保管装置として、内視鏡の保管庫に除菌ユニットを配設し、除菌ユニットは除菌物質生成装置と機構部を含み、除菌物質生成装置は保管庫の天井部に配置され、機構部は内視鏡の管状部分をもたせかけるべく保管庫の内部に設けられた傾斜構造体の背後に置かれており、機構部は気流形成装置を含む保管庫が提案されている(特許文献1参照)。この装置によれば、気流形成装置(真空ポンプ)につながる吸引チューブを内視鏡の管状部分の先端に接続し、除菌ユニットを運転すると、除菌物質生成装置で生成されたマイナスイオンを含む空気が管状部分を通り抜け、管状部分の内部の除菌と乾燥が遂行される。また、このものは、吸引チューブを通じて吸引した空気を水分分離器を通すことで水分を分離して排水することで、保管庫内の空気の乾燥を行うものである。   As an endoscope drying storage device that dries the endoscope after washing and stores it as it is, a sterilization unit is arranged in the storage of the endoscope, and the sterilization unit includes a sterilization substance generation device and a mechanism unit. The disinfectant generating device is disposed on the ceiling of the storage, and the mechanism is placed behind a tilted structure provided inside the storage to cover the tubular portion of the endoscope. As the part, a storage including an airflow forming device has been proposed (see Patent Document 1). According to this device, when the suction tube connected to the airflow forming device (vacuum pump) is connected to the distal end of the tubular portion of the endoscope and the sterilization unit is operated, negative ions generated by the sterilization substance generation device are included. Air passes through the tubular portion, and sterilization and drying inside the tubular portion are performed. Moreover, this thing dries the air in a storage by separating and draining water | moisture content by letting the air suck | inhaled through the suction tube pass a moisture separator.
また、加圧空気を乾燥チャンバを介して乾燥させ、乾燥させた空気を内視鏡の光源コネクタに送り込む内視鏡の乾燥装置が提案されている(特許文献2参照)。なお、このものは、空気の乾燥を乾燥チャンバに充填した乾燥剤を用いて行うものである。   Also, an endoscope drying apparatus has been proposed in which pressurized air is dried through a drying chamber and the dried air is sent to a light source connector of the endoscope (see Patent Document 2). In this case, air is dried using a desiccant filled in a drying chamber.
特開2005−52199号公報JP 2005-52199 A 特開2004−41332号公報JP 2004-41332 A
上記従来の内視鏡の乾燥装置は、いずれも低温(室温)で乾燥を行うものである。従って、内視鏡の内腔を確実に乾燥させるまでに時間がかかる。   All of the conventional endoscope drying devices perform drying at a low temperature (room temperature). Therefore, it takes time to surely dry the lumen of the endoscope.
そこで、本発明の目的は、内視鏡の内腔に乾燥加温した温風を送気して、内腔まで確実に乾燥させると共に、内視鏡の乾燥に要する乾燥処理時間を短縮でき、乾燥状態を保ったまま保管する内視鏡の乾燥保管装置を提供することにある。   Therefore, the object of the present invention is to send warm air that has been dried and heated to the lumen of the endoscope, to ensure that the lumen is dried, and to shorten the drying processing time required for drying the endoscope, An object of the present invention is to provide a dry storage device for an endoscope which is stored in a dry state.
請求項1に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置は、上記課題を解決するために、内視鏡を収納する収納空間を構成する保管庫を有し、前記収納空間の上部に、内視鏡を吊り下げて支持する複数の内視鏡用吊下装置と、接続された内視鏡の内腔へ温風を送気する複数の送気ノズルとを配設し、前記収納空間に、冷媒を吸引圧縮することで液化発熱した冷媒を生成すると共に送り出す冷媒圧縮機と、前記液化発熱した冷媒を通じて周囲の空気を加温する加温装置と、前記加温装置を通過して1次側に到来する液化した冷媒の圧力を減圧することで、2次側に気化冷却した冷媒を生成する冷媒減圧器と、前記気化冷却した冷媒を通じて周囲の空気を除湿すると共に前記冷媒圧縮機に気化した冷媒を供給する除湿装置とで構成された冷媒循環装置と、前記加温装置で加温された空気を前記収納空間に送気すると共に前記収納空間から空気を除湿装置に向って吸気する循環気流を作り出す気流形成装置と、前記加温装置で加温された空気を吸気して前記複数の送気ノズルに向けて送り出す加温空気送気装置と、を配設し、前記複数の送気ノズルの各々に対して、前記内視鏡の内腔に接続されない無負荷の送気ノズルへの温風の送気を遮断する電磁弁をそれぞれ設け、前記電磁弁は、内視鏡の存在を感知する内視鏡検知手段によって開放され、前記内腔に接続された送気ノズルのみに前記温風を送気して前記内腔を乾燥させることを特徴とする。   In order to solve the above problems, an endoscope dry storage apparatus according to claim 1 has a storage that constitutes a storage space for storing an endoscope, and an endoscope is provided above the storage space. A plurality of endoscope suspension devices that are suspended and supported, and a plurality of air supply nozzles that supply warm air to the lumens of the connected endoscopes are disposed, and a refrigerant is supplied to the storage space. A refrigerant compressor that generates and sends out liquefied heat generated by suction and compression, a heating device that heats ambient air through the liquefied heat generated refrigerant, and passes through the heating device to reach the primary side The pressure of the liquefied refrigerant to be reduced is reduced to generate a refrigerant that is vaporized and cooled on the secondary side, the ambient air is dehumidified through the vaporized and cooled refrigerant, and the refrigerant that is vaporized in the refrigerant compressor is A refrigerant circulation device comprising a dehumidifying device to be supplied, and the heating An air flow forming device that creates a circulating air flow that feeds air that has been heated by the device to the storage space and that draws air from the storage space toward the dehumidifying device, and intakes the air that has been heated by the heating device And a heated air air supply device that sends out toward the plurality of air supply nozzles, and each of the plurality of air supply nozzles is unloaded without being connected to the lumen of the endoscope An electromagnetic valve is provided to block the supply of warm air to the air supply nozzle, and the electromagnetic valve is opened by an endoscope detection means for detecting the presence of an endoscope and connected to the lumen. The warm air is supplied only to the nozzle to dry the lumen.
請求項2に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置は、請求項1に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置において、前記内視鏡検知手段が、前記複数の内視鏡用吊下装置の各々に配設されると共に吊り下げられた内視鏡を検知する内視鏡検知スイッチで構成され、前記加温空気送気装置が、前記加温装置に接近させて配置したポンプで構成され、前記ポンプに一端が接続された温風配管と、前記温風配管の他端に接続された温風チャンバと、前記温風チャンバに接続されると共に、前記複数の送気ノズルの各々に接続された複数の温風供給チューブとが設けられ、前記電磁弁が前記複数の温風供給チューブの各々に設けられると共に、各電磁弁が前記複数の内視鏡用吊下装置の各々に配設された各内視鏡検知スイッチに一対一で連係されたことを特徴とするものである。   The endoscope dry storage apparatus according to claim 2 is the endoscope dry storage apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the endoscope detection means is disposed in each of the plurality of endoscope suspension apparatuses. An endoscope detection switch for detecting an endoscope that is installed and suspended, and the heated air supply device is configured by a pump disposed close to the heating device, A hot air pipe connected at one end, a hot air chamber connected to the other end of the hot air pipe, a plurality of hot air pipes connected to the hot air chamber and connected to each of the plurality of air supply nozzles Each of the plurality of hot air supply tubes, and each solenoid valve is provided in each of the plurality of endoscope suspension devices. The one-to-one linkage with the endoscope detection switch .
請求項3に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置は、請求項1又は2に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置において、前記収納空間に、該収納空間内の空気を加熱する赤外線ヒータを配設したことを特徴とするものである。   The endoscope dry storage device according to claim 3 is the endoscope dry storage device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein an infrared heater for heating the air in the storage space is disposed in the storage space. It is characterized by this.
請求項1に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置によれば、冷媒循環装置及び気流形成装置が作動することにより、収納空間に加温装置で加温された空気を温風として送り出すと共に、収納空間の上部に配設された内視鏡用吊下装置に吊下げられた内視鏡から蒸発した水分によって湿気を含んだ空気を吸い込んで除湿装置より除湿することで、収納空間内の空気の除湿加温を繰り返し、気流形成装置によって循環する空気の流れが作り出されることにより、収納空間の乾燥処理時間を短縮できる。そうして、加温空気送気装置によって、送気ノズルに接続した内視鏡の内腔に対して乾燥加温した温風を送気するので、内腔まで確実に乾燥させることができる。   According to the endoscope dry storage device according to claim 1, the refrigerant circulation device and the airflow forming device are operated to send out the air heated by the heating device to the storage space as hot air, and the storage space. Dehumidifying the air in the storage space by sucking in the air containing moisture from the moisture evaporated from the endoscope suspended in the endoscope suspension device disposed on the upper part of the endoscope and dehumidifying it from the dehumidifier By repeating the heating and creating a flow of air that is circulated by the airflow forming device, the drying processing time of the storage space can be shortened. Then, since the warm air that has been dried and heated is supplied to the lumen of the endoscope connected to the air supply nozzle by the heated air supply device, it is possible to reliably dry the lumen.
請求項2に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置によれば、送気ポンプからの強弱のある脈流で送られて来る温風を温風チャンバで均一化することができ、内視鏡を吊下げた内視鏡用吊下装置の内視鏡検知スイッチに連係した電磁弁が開くことにより、内視鏡を吊下げた内視鏡用吊下装置に連係した送気ノズルにのみ温風を送気することができるので、内視鏡の内腔まで確実に乾燥させることができる。   According to the endoscope dry storage apparatus of the second aspect, the warm air sent by the strong and weak pulsating flow from the air supply pump can be made uniform in the warm air chamber, and the endoscope is suspended. When the solenoid valve linked to the endoscope detection switch of the lowered endoscope suspension device is opened, hot air is supplied only to the air supply nozzle linked to the endoscope suspension device where the endoscope is suspended. Since the air can be supplied, it can be surely dried up to the lumen of the endoscope.
また、請求項3に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置によれば、赤外線ヒータにより収納空間の空気の加温を補助的に行うことができるので、内視鏡を予定外の患者に対して使用する必要性が生じた場合にも、内視鏡の乾燥処理時間を短縮できる。   Further, according to the endoscope dry storage apparatus according to claim 3, since the air in the storage space can be supplementarily heated by the infrared heater, the endoscope is used for an unplanned patient. Even when the necessity to do so arises, the drying time of the endoscope can be shortened.
以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面を参照して説明する。図1は、本発明の実施形態に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置の内部を透視して示す正面図である。図2は実施形態に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置の内部を透視して示す側面図である。また、図3は、内視鏡の乾燥保管装置を模式的に示す正面図である。   Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a front view of the endoscope dry storage device according to the embodiment of the present invention as seen through. FIG. 2 is a side view of the endoscope dry storage device according to the embodiment as seen through. FIG. 3 is a front view schematically showing a dry storage device for an endoscope.
図1に示すように、内視鏡の乾燥保管装置1は、内視鏡を収納する収納空間25を内部に構成する保管庫24を有している。収納空間25の上部には、内視鏡を吊り下げて支持する複数の内視鏡用吊下装置50と、接続された内視鏡の内腔へ温風を送気する複数の送気ノズル21とが配設されている。本実施形態では、内視鏡用吊下装置50a〜50fの6つ設けられている。   As shown in FIG. 1, the endoscope dry storage device 1 has a storage 24 that internally includes a storage space 25 for storing the endoscope. In the upper part of the storage space 25, a plurality of endoscope suspension devices 50 that suspend and support the endoscope, and a plurality of air supply nozzles that supply warm air to the lumens of the connected endoscopes 21 is disposed. In the present embodiment, six endoscope suspension devices 50a to 50f are provided.
収納空間25の下部にはハウジング10が設置され、ハウジング10の内部には、冷媒を吸引圧縮することで液化発熱した冷媒を生成すると共に送り出す冷媒圧縮機3と、液化発熱した冷媒を通じて周囲の空気を加温する加温装置4と、加温装置4を通過して1次側に到来する液化した冷媒の圧力を減圧することで、2次側に気化冷却した冷媒を生成する冷媒減圧器5と、気化冷却した冷媒を通じて周囲の空気を除湿すると共に冷媒圧縮機3に気化した冷媒を供給する除湿装置6とで構成された冷媒循環装置2が配設されている。   A housing 10 is installed in a lower portion of the storage space 25. Inside the housing 10, ambient air is generated through the refrigerant compressor 3 that generates and sends out the liquefied heat generated by sucking and compressing the refrigerant, and the liquefied heat generated refrigerant. A heating device 4 for heating the refrigerant, and a refrigerant pressure reducer 5 for generating a vaporized and cooled refrigerant on the secondary side by reducing the pressure of the liquefied refrigerant passing through the heating device 4 and arriving on the primary side And a dehumidifying device 6 configured to dehumidify ambient air through the vaporized and cooled refrigerant and supply the vaporized refrigerant to the refrigerant compressor 3.
また、ハウジング10の内部には、加温装置4で加温された空気を収納空間25に送気すると共に収納空間25から空気を除湿装置6に向って吸気する循環気流を作り出す送気ファン15よりなる気流形成装置と、加温装置4で加温された空気を吸気して前記複数の送気ノズル21に向けて送り出す電磁式のポンプ16よりなる加温空気送気装置とが配設されている。ポンプ16は、加温装置4とセットとされるもので、実施形態では、加温装置4の下部に接近させて配置されている。   Further, in the housing 10, an air supply fan 15 that sends the air heated by the heating device 4 to the storage space 25 and creates a circulating airflow that sucks air from the storage space 25 toward the dehumidifying device 6. And a heated air supply device including an electromagnetic pump 16 that sucks the air heated by the heating device 4 and sends the air toward the plurality of supply nozzles 21. ing. The pump 16 is set as a set with the heating device 4, and is arranged close to the lower portion of the heating device 4 in the embodiment.
図3に示すように、冷媒圧縮機3は、冷媒を吸引圧縮することで液化発熱した冷媒を生成すると共に、液化発熱した冷媒を加温装置4に送り出すものであり、具体的にはコンプレッサで構成される。冷媒圧縮機3と加温装置4とは、液化発熱した冷媒を給送するための給送配管7で接続されている。また、加温装置4は、給送配管7を通じて給送された液化発熱した冷媒を装置内の配管で巡り通わせることで周囲の空気を加温する。   As shown in FIG. 3, the refrigerant compressor 3 generates the liquefied heat generated refrigerant by sucking and compressing the refrigerant, and sends the liquefied heat generated refrigerant to the heating device 4. Composed. The refrigerant compressor 3 and the heating device 4 are connected by a feed pipe 7 for feeding the liquefied heat generated refrigerant. Further, the heating device 4 warms the surrounding air by circulating the liquefied heat generated by the refrigerant fed through the feeding pipe 7 through the piping in the apparatus.
加温装置4と除湿装置6とは、中途に冷媒減圧器5を有する給送配管8で接続されている。液化発熱した冷媒は、加温装置4において周囲の空気を加温するためにある程度放熱したのち、給送配管の1次側8aに送出される。冷媒減圧器5は、具体的にはキャピラリー(毛細管)で構成され、1次側8aに到来する液化した冷媒の圧力を減圧することで(液化した冷媒の圧力がキャピラリーによりブロックされることで)、給送配管の2次側8bに気化冷却した冷媒を生成する(冷媒がキャピラリーを通過して2次側8bにおいて断熱膨張することで気化する結果、冷媒は冷却する)。   The warming device 4 and the dehumidifying device 6 are connected to each other by a feeding pipe 8 having a refrigerant decompressor 5 in the middle. The refrigerant that has liquefied heat is radiated to some extent in order to warm the surrounding air in the heating device 4, and then sent to the primary side 8a of the feed pipe. The refrigerant pressure reducer 5 is specifically composed of a capillary (capillary tube), and by reducing the pressure of the liquefied refrigerant arriving at the primary side 8a (by blocking the pressure of the liquefied refrigerant by the capillary). Then, a refrigerant that is vaporized and cooled is generated on the secondary side 8b of the feed pipe (the refrigerant is cooled as a result of the refrigerant passing through the capillary and adiabatically expanding on the secondary side 8b, thereby cooling).
除湿装置6は、給送配管の2次側8bを通じて給送された気化冷却した冷媒を装置内の配管で巡り通わせることで周囲の空気を冷却することにより、周囲の空気を除湿する(湿気を含んだ空気を除湿する)。除湿装置6と冷媒圧縮機3とは、気化した冷媒を戻すための給送配管9で接続されている。除湿装置6において周囲の空気を除湿するために巡通させた気化冷媒は、給送配管9を介して冷媒圧縮機3に戻される。冷媒循環装置2は、以上に述べたサイクルで冷媒を循環させることで、空気の加温と空気の除湿を行う。   The dehumidifying device 6 dehumidifies the surrounding air by cooling the surrounding air by circulating the vaporized and cooled refrigerant fed through the secondary side 8b of the feeding piping through the piping in the device (humidity). Dehumidified air). The dehumidifying device 6 and the refrigerant compressor 3 are connected by a feed pipe 9 for returning the vaporized refrigerant. The vaporized refrigerant circulated to dehumidify the surrounding air in the dehumidifying device 6 is returned to the refrigerant compressor 3 through the supply pipe 9. The refrigerant circulation device 2 performs air heating and air dehumidification by circulating the refrigerant in the above-described cycle.
図1及び図3に示すように、ハウジング10の一側にはガラリを斜め上に向けた吹出口11が設けられ、ハウジング10の他側には中央から上部に掛けて吸気口12が設けられている。ハウジング10の内部において、吸気口12の内側にはプレフィルタ14が設置されている。また、加温装置4と吹出口11との間には気流形成装置を構成する送気ファン15が設けられ、吸気口12に近接して除湿装置6が配置されている。送気ファン15は、稼働することにより、加温装置4で加温された空気を吹出口11から収納空間25に送気すると共に、収納空間25の空気(湿気を含んだ空気)を吸気口12から除湿装置6に向って吸気する循環気流を作り出す。また、ハウジング10の底部には、除湿装置6の直下に相当する位置に、除湿装置6が除湿を行うことによって生じるドレインを外部に排出するための排水口37が設けられている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, an air outlet 11 is provided on one side of the housing 10 with the louver facing upward, and an air inlet 12 is provided on the other side of the housing 10 from the center to the top. ing. Inside the housing 10, a prefilter 14 is installed inside the air inlet 12. Further, an air supply fan 15 constituting an air flow forming device is provided between the heating device 4 and the blower outlet 11, and the dehumidifying device 6 is disposed in the vicinity of the air inlet 12. When the air supply fan 15 is operated, the air heated by the heating device 4 is supplied from the air outlet 11 to the storage space 25, and the air in the storage space 25 (air containing moisture) is supplied to the intake port. A circulating air flow is drawn from 12 toward the dehumidifier 6. Further, a drain outlet 37 is provided at the bottom of the housing 10 at a position corresponding to the position immediately below the dehumidifying device 6 for discharging the drain generated by the dehumidifying device 6 to the outside.
図3に示すように、収納空間25の上部一側には、温風チャンバ18が配設され、前述の温風を送気するポンプ16と温風チャンバ18の一端部とが温風配管17によって接続されている。温風チャンバ18の他端部には、収納空間25の上部他端に向けて延出する分配用温風配管19が接続されている。分配用温風配管19の中途と末端には、内視鏡用吊下装置50の個数に対応して、即ち、内視鏡用吊下装置50a〜50fのそれぞれに対応して複数の温風供給チューブ20a,20b,・・・20fの一端が各々接続され、各温風供給チューブ20a〜20fの他端にはそれぞれ送気ノズル21が接続されている。このように、各送気ノズル21は、内視鏡用吊下装置50の配設個数に対応して近傍に6個設けられている。また、各温風供給チューブ20a〜20fの中途には、複数の(6つの)送気ノズル21の各々に対して、内視鏡の内腔に接続されない無負荷の送気ノズル21への温風の送気を遮断する電磁弁32a〜32fがそれぞれ設けられている。なお、各電磁弁32a〜32fの各々は、各内視鏡の存在を感知する各内視鏡検知手段(内視鏡検知スイッチ)56a〜56fによって開放され、内腔に接続された送気ノズル21のみに温風を送気して内腔を乾燥させる。   As shown in FIG. 3, a warm air chamber 18 is disposed on the upper side of the storage space 25, and the pump 16 for supplying the warm air and one end of the warm air chamber 18 are connected to the warm air pipe 17. Connected by. A distribution hot air pipe 19 extending toward the other upper end of the storage space 25 is connected to the other end of the hot air chamber 18. In the middle and the end of the distribution hot air pipe 19, there are a plurality of hot air corresponding to the number of the endoscope suspension devices 50, that is, corresponding to each of the endoscope suspension devices 50a to 50f. One end of each of the supply tubes 20a, 20b,... 20f is connected, and an air supply nozzle 21 is connected to the other end of each of the hot air supply tubes 20a to 20f. In this way, six air supply nozzles 21 are provided in the vicinity corresponding to the number of the endoscope suspension devices 50 arranged. Further, in the middle of each of the hot air supply tubes 20a to 20f, for each of the plurality (six) of the air supply nozzles 21, the temperature to the unloaded air supply nozzle 21 that is not connected to the lumen of the endoscope. Solenoid valves 32a to 32f that block air supply are provided. Each of the electromagnetic valves 32a to 32f is opened by each endoscope detection means (endoscope detection switch) 56a to 56f that senses the presence of each endoscope, and is connected to the lumen. Warm air is supplied to only 21 to dry the lumen.
本実施形態では、前記内視鏡検知手段が、複数の内視鏡用吊下装置50a〜50fの各々に配設されると共に吊り下げられた内視鏡を検知する内視鏡検知スイッチ(例えば、マイクロスイッチ)56a〜56fで構成されている。そして、各電磁弁32a〜32fが複数の内視鏡用吊下装置50a〜50fの各々に配設された各内視鏡検知スイッチ56a〜56fに一対一で連係されている。   In the present embodiment, the endoscope detection means is disposed in each of the plurality of endoscope suspension devices 50a to 50f and detects an endoscope that is suspended (for example, an endoscope detection switch (for example, , Micro switches) 56a to 56f. The electromagnetic valves 32a to 32f are linked one-to-one to the endoscope detection switches 56a to 56f disposed in the plurality of endoscope suspension devices 50a to 50f.
保管庫24は、例えば、幅が1200mm、高さが1800mm、奥行きが600mmの箱形状のもので、前面に両開き扉26を備える(図1参照)。両開き扉26の略中央には覗き窓27が設けられ、覗き窓27より保管庫24の内部の状態を目視で確認できる。また、保管庫24の前面上部(左側寄り)には、乾燥保管装置1を運転させるための操作パネル部28と電源投入されていることを点灯により表示する電源ランプ29が設けられている。また、保管庫24の下面には、前後左右の四隅にキャスタ30及びアジャスタ31が設けられ、キャスタ30により保管庫24の移動を容易に行えると共に、アジャスタ31によって配置場所に保管庫24を確実に固定することができる。   The storage 24 is, for example, a box shape having a width of 1200 mm, a height of 1800 mm, and a depth of 600 mm, and includes a double door 26 on the front surface (see FIG. 1). A viewing window 27 is provided in the approximate center of the double door 26, and the state inside the storage 24 can be visually confirmed from the viewing window 27. In addition, an operation panel unit 28 for operating the dry storage device 1 and a power lamp 29 for displaying that the power is turned on are provided on the upper front side (left side) of the storage 24. Further, casters 30 and adjusters 31 are provided at the front, rear, left and right corners on the lower surface of the storage 24, so that the storage 24 can be easily moved by the casters 30, and the adjuster 31 ensures that the storage 24 is placed at the place of placement. Can be fixed.
図1及び図2に示すように、収納空間25の中程の奥方には、左右にそれぞれ補助的に空気を加温する遠赤外線ヒータ40(45W)が配設されている。なお、加温装置4で収納空間25の温度を45℃まで加温可能であるが、高価で所持本数が少ない内視鏡の乾燥処理時間を短縮するため、65℃まで任意に調節が可能な遠赤外線ヒータ40を設けている。   As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, far infrared heaters 40 (45 W) for warming air to the left and right are arranged in the middle and rear of the storage space 25. In addition, although the temperature of the storage space 25 can be heated up to 45 ° C. by the heating device 4, it can be arbitrarily adjusted up to 65 ° C. in order to shorten the drying time of the endoscope that is expensive and has a small number. A far infrared heater 40 is provided.
保管庫24の床板の下方には、一端をハウジング10に設けられた排水口37に連設された排水樋38が設けられ、排水樋38の下端寄りにはドレイン処理用ヒータ39が配設されている。なお、ドレイン処理用ヒータ39でドレイン(水滴)を加温して蒸発させる。このため、ドレイン管を不要とすることができる。   Below the floor plate of the storage 24, there is provided a drainage basin 38 connected at one end to a drainage port 37 provided in the housing 10, and a drain processing heater 39 is disposed near the lower end of the drainage basin 38. ing. Note that the drain (water droplet) is heated and evaporated by the drain treatment heater 39. For this reason, a drain pipe can be dispensed with.
図4は、内視鏡用吊下装置50の一実施形態を分解して示す概略斜視図である。図4において、符号51は保管庫24の天板24a(図2参照)に上端を取付けられた支柱であり、上下方向に垂下してその下端部が収納空間25の上部に配置される。支柱51の下端部の一側部(図4では右側部)には、柱状の支軸突起52が設けられる共に、支軸突起52の下方に雄ネジ突部53が設けられている。この実施形態の内視鏡用吊下装置50は、支柱51とに対して角度調整可能に取り付けられたハンガー体54とにより構成される。   FIG. 4 is an exploded schematic perspective view showing an embodiment of the endoscope suspension apparatus 50. In FIG. 4, reference numeral 51 denotes a column having an upper end attached to the top plate 24 a (see FIG. 2) of the storage 24. The lower end of the column 51 is vertically arranged at the upper part of the storage space 25. A columnar support protrusion 52 is provided on one side (right side in FIG. 4) of the lower end of the support column 51, and a male screw protrusion 53 is provided below the support protrusion 52. The endoscope suspension device 50 according to this embodiment includes a hanger body 54 that is attached to a column 51 so as to be adjustable in angle.
ハンガー体54は、図6に示すように、内視鏡70の本体部71を両傾斜板55,55の間に載置すると共に、ユニバーサルコード72と挿入部73とを左右の傾斜板55,55にそれぞれ支持させて吊り下げるものである。ハンガー体54は、支柱51に設けられた支軸突起52及び雄ネジ突部53を介して支柱51の下端部に対して角度調整可能に取り付けられる。   As shown in FIG. 6, the hanger body 54 places the main body 71 of the endoscope 70 between the two inclined plates 55, 55, and connects the universal cord 72 and the insertion portion 73 to the left and right inclined plates 55, 55. It is supported by 55 and suspended. The hanger body 54 is attached to the lower end portion of the column 51 via a support shaft projection 52 and a male screw projection 53 provided on the column 51 so that the angle can be adjusted.
ハンガー体54は、中央から左右の側方に向けてそれぞれ下方に傾斜する傾斜板55,55を備え、両方の傾斜板55,55の前後の側縁の下端寄りと上端寄りとには、傾斜板55の傾斜面からほぼ垂直に折曲されて起立する側部支持片57,57及び側部支持片58,58が設けられている。また、両方の傾斜板55,55の上部の後端縁間には補強板59が設けられ、補強板59には、上部中央に軸孔60が設けられると共に、軸孔60の下方には、下方に向けて凸となる半円弧状の角度調整用孔61が設けられている。   The hanger body 54 includes inclined plates 55 and 55 that are inclined downward from the center toward the left and right sides, respectively, and the slanted plates 55 and 55 are inclined toward the lower end and the upper end of the front and rear side edges. Side support pieces 57, 57 and side support pieces 58, 58 that are bent upright from the inclined surface of the plate 55 and stand up are provided. Further, a reinforcing plate 59 is provided between the rear end edges of the upper portions of both the inclined plates 55, 55. The reinforcing plate 59 is provided with a shaft hole 60 in the upper center, and below the shaft hole 60, A semi-arc-shaped angle adjusting hole 61 that protrudes downward is provided.
ハンガー体54は、補強板59の軸孔60に支柱51の支軸突起52が挿通され、補強板59の角度調整用孔61に支柱51の雄ネジ突部53が挿通され、これにより支軸突起52の回りにハンガー体54が回動可能に取り付けられることで、吊り下げ角度を調整可能とされ、さらに、雄ネジ突部53の先端に螺合する蝶ネジ62を締め付けることで、調整した角度でハンガー体54を支柱51に対して固定する。   In the hanger body 54, the support shaft protrusion 52 of the support column 51 is inserted into the shaft hole 60 of the reinforcement plate 59, and the male screw protrusion 53 of the support column 51 is inserted into the angle adjustment hole 61 of the reinforcement plate 59. The hanger body 54 is pivotably attached around the protrusion 52, so that the hanging angle can be adjusted. Further, the hanger body 54 is adjusted by tightening the butterfly screw 62 screwed onto the tip of the male screw protrusion 53. The hanger body 54 is fixed to the support column 51 at an angle.
ハンガー体54の一方の傾斜板55(図4では右側)には、ハンガー体54に吊り下げられた内視鏡を検知する内視鏡検知スイッチ(この例では、マイクロスイッチ)56が配設されている。図5は、スイッチ周辺部分の縦断面図である。図4に示すように、内視鏡検知スイッチ56はL字型取付金具63の側面に固定され、L字型取付金具63の底面が傾斜板55の裏面の斜め下方に延出した下端寄りに固定されることで、傾斜板55の裏面下部に取り付けられている。   On one inclined plate 55 (right side in FIG. 4) of the hanger body 54, an endoscope detection switch (in this example, a micro switch) 56 that detects an endoscope suspended from the hanger body 54 is disposed. ing. FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a peripheral portion of the switch. As shown in FIG. 4, the endoscope detection switch 56 is fixed to the side surface of the L-shaped mounting bracket 63, and the bottom surface of the L-shaped mounting bracket 63 is closer to the lower end extending obliquely downward on the back surface of the inclined plate 55. By being fixed, it is attached to the lower part of the back surface of the inclined plate 55.
図4及び図5に示すように、傾斜板55の下部中央には、傾斜板55の長手方向に沿った矩形状の長孔64が穿設され、該長孔64を貫通して内視鏡検知スイッチ56の作用片(アクチュエータ)65が傾斜板55の上面側に突出して配置されている。また、傾斜板55の下部上面には、傾斜板55の幅よりも僅かに幅が小さいアルミ製の薄板状の押し板66が配設され、押し板66の裏面に内視鏡検知スイッチ56の作用片65が配置されている。押し板66は、上端部分66aが傾斜板55にビス及びナット等により固定され、上端部分66aよりも下方において僅かに上方に向けて折曲され、折曲部分よりも下方の中間板部66bが、傾斜板55に向けて接近する方向に弾性変形可能に傾斜板55よりも上方に浮いた状態で配置されている。また、押し板66の下端縁は裏面方向に上端へ向けて半円状をなすように屈曲された屈曲部66cに形成されている。   As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, a rectangular long hole 64 along the longitudinal direction of the inclined plate 55 is formed in the lower center of the inclined plate 55, and the endoscope penetrates the long hole 64. An action piece (actuator) 65 of the detection switch 56 is disposed so as to protrude from the upper surface side of the inclined plate 55. Further, on the lower upper surface of the inclined plate 55, an aluminum thin push plate 66 having a width slightly smaller than the width of the inclined plate 55 is disposed, and the endoscope detection switch 56 is disposed on the back surface of the push plate 66. An action piece 65 is arranged. The push plate 66 has an upper end portion 66a fixed to the inclined plate 55 with screws and nuts, and is bent slightly upward below the upper end portion 66a, and an intermediate plate portion 66b below the bent portion is formed. Further, it is arranged in a state of floating above the inclined plate 55 so as to be elastically deformable in a direction approaching the inclined plate 55. The lower end edge of the push plate 66 is formed in a bent portion 66c that is bent in a semicircular shape toward the upper end in the rear surface direction.
このため、ハンガー体54に内視鏡が吊下げられていない状態では、傾斜板66の中間板部66bは傾斜板55よりも上方に浮いた状態であって、内視鏡検知スイッチ56の作用片65は常態を保持しているため、内視鏡検知スイッチ56はオフとなっている。一方、ハンガー体54に内視鏡が吊下げられた状態では、押し板66は、ハンガー体54に吊下げられた内視鏡の重みで中間板部66bが傾斜板55に向けて接近する方向に弾性変形し、中間板部66bによって内視鏡検知スイッチ56の作用片65が押し込まれて内視鏡検知スイッチ56がオンすることにより、内視鏡が検知される(図5の一点鎖線参照)。   Therefore, when the endoscope is not suspended from the hanger body 54, the intermediate plate portion 66b of the inclined plate 66 is in a state of floating above the inclined plate 55, and the operation of the endoscope detection switch 56 is performed. Since the piece 65 holds the normal state, the endoscope detection switch 56 is off. On the other hand, in a state where the endoscope is suspended from the hanger body 54, the push plate 66 is a direction in which the intermediate plate portion 66b approaches the inclined plate 55 with the weight of the endoscope suspended from the hanger body 54. When the action piece 65 of the endoscope detection switch 56 is pushed in by the intermediate plate portion 66b and the endoscope detection switch 56 is turned on, the endoscope is detected (see the one-dot chain line in FIG. 5). ).
吊るした内視鏡が安定するようにハンガー体54の角度を調整し、雄ネジ突部53に蝶ネジ62を締め付けてハンガー体54を支柱51に固定する。また、両傾斜板55,55の側部支持片57,57及び側部支持片58,58が内視鏡70の本体部から傾斜板55に沿って垂れ下がる挿入部73及びユニバーサルコード72を側方から支持するので(図6参照)、挿入部73及びユニバーサルコード72がふら付いたり、絡まって取り出し難くなったりすることがない。   The angle of the hanger body 54 is adjusted so that the suspended endoscope is stabilized, and the hanger body 54 is fixed to the column 51 by tightening the thumbscrew 62 to the male screw projection 53. Further, the side support pieces 57 and 57 and the side support pieces 58 and 58 of both the inclined plates 55 and 55 are laterally moved from the main body portion of the endoscope 70 along the inclined plate 55 along the insertion portion 73 and the universal cord 72. (See FIG. 6), the insertion portion 73 and the universal cord 72 do not fluctuate or become entangled and difficult to take out.
なお、内視鏡用吊下装置50のハンガー体54に配設された内視鏡検知スイッチ56は、内視鏡が吊下げられるとオンとなって当該内視鏡検知スイッチ56に一対一で連係する電磁弁32が開かれて内腔に温風が送気される構成となっている。一方、内視鏡が吊下げられていない状態では(例えば、内視鏡をハンガー体54から取り外すと)、押し板66の中間板部66bが弾性により元の位置に復帰し、このため内視鏡検知スイッチ56はオフを維持する。したがって、当該内視鏡検知スイッチ56に一対一で連係する電磁弁32が閉じた状態にあり、内視鏡が吊下げられていない無負荷の送気ノズル21への温風の送気が遮断されている。   Note that the endoscope detection switch 56 disposed on the hanger body 54 of the endoscope suspension device 50 is turned on when the endoscope is suspended, and is one-to-one with the endoscope detection switch 56. The associated electromagnetic valve 32 is opened and warm air is supplied to the lumen. On the other hand, when the endoscope is not suspended (for example, when the endoscope is removed from the hanger body 54), the intermediate plate portion 66b of the push plate 66 returns to the original position due to elasticity, and thus the endoscope The mirror detection switch 56 remains off. Therefore, the solenoid valve 32 that is linked one-to-one with the endoscope detection switch 56 is in a closed state, and the supply of warm air to the unloaded air supply nozzle 21 in which the endoscope is not suspended is blocked. Has been.
以上のように構成された実施形態の内視鏡の乾燥保管装置1の作用を説明する。両開き扉26は、開放するとスイッチ(図示せず)がオフするが、乾燥保管装置1は内視鏡用吊下装置50に内視鏡を吊下げる際や内視鏡を使用するために取り出す際の短い時間は、運転が停止されることなく、継続して運転する。これにより、収納空間25の空気が外に流出するのを防止する。なお、両開き扉26は、閉まり方が悪いとスイッチ(図示せず)がオンせず、乾燥保管装置1の運転が停止したままとなる。この場合、エラー発生としてブザー等で知らせる。   The operation of the endoscope dry storage apparatus 1 according to the embodiment configured as described above will be described. When the double door 26 is opened, a switch (not shown) is turned off, but the dry storage device 1 is used when the endoscope is suspended from the endoscope suspension device 50 or when the endoscope is used for use. During the short period of time, the operation is continued without stopping. This prevents the air in the storage space 25 from flowing out. If the double door 26 is not closed well, a switch (not shown) is not turned on, and the operation of the dry storage device 1 remains stopped. In this case, an error occurrence is notified by a buzzer or the like.
乾燥保管装置1の運転は、操作パネル部28への押しボタン操作又はタッチパネル方式により行う。乾燥保管装置1は、運転を開始すると、前述のように、冷媒循環装置2及び送風ファン15が作動することにより、収納空間25に加温装置4で加温された空気を温風として吹出口11から送り出すと共に、内視鏡から蒸発した水分によって湿気を含んだ空気を吸気口12から吸い込んで除湿装置6より除湿する。図3に示すように、収納空間25内に除湿加温を繰り返し、循環する空気の流れが作り出されることにより、内視鏡の乾燥が行われるため、内視鏡の乾燥処理時間を短縮できる。   The operation of the dry storage device 1 is performed by a push button operation on the operation panel unit 28 or a touch panel method. When the operation of the dry storage device 1 is started, as described above, the refrigerant circulation device 2 and the blower fan 15 are operated, so that the air heated in the storage space 25 by the heating device 4 is used as a hot air outlet. 11, and air containing moisture is sucked from the intake port 12 by the water evaporated from the endoscope and dehumidified from the dehumidifier 6. As shown in FIG. 3, the dehumidifying and warming is repeated in the storage space 25 and the circulating air flow is created, whereby the endoscope is dried, so that the drying time of the endoscope can be shortened.
また、ハンガー体54に内視鏡が吊下げられると、各ハンガー体54に設けられた内視鏡検知スイッチ56がオンすることに応じて対応する電磁弁32が開いて内腔に温風の送気が開始されるが、内視鏡が吊下げられていない無負荷の送気ノズル21から温風が吹出すのを電磁弁32が閉じている状態により防止しているので、内視鏡の内腔を確実に乾燥させることができる。また、65℃まで任意に調節が可能な遠赤外線ヒータ40により、収納空間25の加温を補助的に行うので、内視鏡を予定外の患者に対して使用する必要性が生じた場合にも、内視鏡の乾燥処理時間をさらに短縮することができる。終業直前に洗浄された内視鏡は、明朝までに自動乾燥保管ができる。   Further, when the endoscope is suspended from the hanger body 54, the corresponding electromagnetic valve 32 is opened in response to the turning on of the endoscope detection switch 56 provided in each hanger body 54, and warm air is blown into the lumen. Although the air supply is started, since the warm air is prevented from being blown out from the unloaded air supply nozzle 21 in which the endoscope is not suspended, the state where the solenoid valve 32 is closed prevents the endoscope from being supplied. It is possible to reliably dry the lumen. Moreover, since the far-infrared heater 40 that can be arbitrarily adjusted to 65 ° C. assists in warming the storage space 25, it becomes necessary to use the endoscope for an unplanned patient. In addition, the drying time of the endoscope can be further shortened. The endoscope cleaned immediately before the end of work can be automatically dried and stored by the morning.
図4に示した内視鏡用吊下装置50は、保管庫24の天板24aに固定的に取り付けた支柱51に対してハンガー体54を支持させたもので、保管庫24内の収納空間25に対してハンガー体54が定位置にある固定配置型のものである。このため、内視鏡のハンガー体54への吊下げ及び内視鏡のハンガー体からの取り出しが行いにくい。   The endoscope suspension device 50 shown in FIG. 4 is a device in which a hanger body 54 is supported on a column 51 fixedly attached to a top plate 24 a of the storage 24, and a storage space in the storage 24 is provided. The hanger body 54 is of a fixed arrangement type with respect to 25. For this reason, it is difficult to hang the endoscope from the hanger body 54 and to remove the endoscope from the hanger body.
図7は、保管庫24の前後方向に沿って、ハンガー体54を収納空間25の内外に移動可能とした引き出し式とした第2実施形態の内視鏡用吊下装置80を示すものである。第2実施形態の内視鏡用吊下装置80は、内視鏡のハンガー体54への吊下げの際及び内視鏡のハンガー体54からの取り出しの際の利便性を考慮し、第1実施形態における支柱51の代りに引き出し機構を設けて、保管庫24の前方側にハンガー体54を引き出せるようにしたものである。なお、第2実施形態の内視鏡用吊下装置80において、ハンガー体54の構造は図4に示した第1実施形態と同一なので詳細な説明は省略する。   FIG. 7 shows an endoscope suspension device 80 according to a second embodiment that is a pull-out type that allows the hanger body 54 to be moved in and out of the storage space 25 along the front-rear direction of the storage 24. . The endoscope suspension device 80 of the second embodiment takes into account the convenience when the endoscope is suspended from the hanger body 54 and when the endoscope is taken out from the hanger body 54. A drawer mechanism is provided instead of the support column 51 in the embodiment so that the hanger body 54 can be pulled out to the front side of the storage 24. In the endoscope suspension device 80 of the second embodiment, the structure of the hanger body 54 is the same as that of the first embodiment shown in FIG.
図7に示すように、第2実施形態の内視鏡用吊下装置80は、前方に開口した略直方体形状の外側枠体81と、外側枠体81の内側に収納されると共に、外側枠体81に対して保管庫24の前後方向に沿って摺動可能に設けられた箱形の引き出し体82と、引き出し体82の前部下面に設けられた垂下支持体83と、垂下支持体83に対して角度調整可能に取り付けられたハンガー体54(図7には図示せず、図4参照)とにより構成される。   As shown in FIG. 7, an endoscope suspension device 80 according to the second embodiment is housed inside a substantially rectangular parallelepiped outer frame 81 that opens forward, and an outer frame 81. A box-shaped drawer body 82 provided to be slidable along the front-rear direction of the storage 24 with respect to the body 81, a hanging support body 83 provided on the front lower surface of the drawer body 82, and a hanging support body 83 And a hanger body 54 (not shown in FIG. 7, refer to FIG. 4) attached so as to be adjustable in angle.
外側枠体81は、その前後方向を保管庫24の前後方向に一致させて保管庫24の天板24aの前後方向の中央部付近に、例えば、L字型の固定金具86を介して固定されている。引き出し体82の下面前縁寄りの中央に垂下支持体83が固定され、引き出し体82が外側枠体81に収納された状態において、垂下支持体83が障害とならないように、外側枠体81の下面の前縁中央から前後方向に向けて切欠部85が設けられている。引き出し体82の一側部(図7の右側部)には、引き出し体82を外側枠体81に対して前方(保管庫24の手前方向)に引き出した時に後述するストッパと係合する係合孔87が設けられている。一方、外側枠体81の一側部外面の前部(図7の右側部)には、前記係合孔87に対応するストッパ88が設けられている。   The outer frame 81 is fixed, for example, via an L-shaped fixing bracket 86 in the vicinity of the center of the top plate 24a of the storage 24 in the front-rear direction, with the front-rear direction aligned with the front-rear direction of the storage 24. ing. In the state where the hanging support 83 is fixed to the center of the drawer body 82 near the front edge of the lower surface and the drawer body 82 is housed in the outer frame 81, the outer frame body 81 is prevented from becoming an obstacle. A notch 85 is provided from the center of the front edge of the lower surface in the front-rear direction. One side of the drawer body 82 (right side in FIG. 7) is engaged with a stopper, which will be described later, when the drawer body 82 is pulled forward with respect to the outer frame body 81 (frontward of the storage 24). A hole 87 is provided. On the other hand, a stopper 88 corresponding to the engagement hole 87 is provided on the front part (the right side part in FIG. 7) of the outer surface of one side part of the outer frame 81.
図8は、ストッパ88の斜視図である。ストッパ88は、板状のレバー部材89の中間部が上下方向の軸90により回動自在に軸支され、レバー部材89の前端部が、外側枠体81の側部外面との間に嵌設されたバネ91により、外側枠体81から離間する方向に付勢され、レバー部材89の後端部の裏面には外側枠体81の側部外面に向けて突出する柱状の係合突部92が設けられ、係合突部92は前記バネ91の付勢により常時外側枠体81の側部外面に向けて当接する方向に付勢されている。さらに、図7に示すように、外側枠体81の一側部には、ストッパ88の係合突部92を引き出し体82の一側部に当接させるための通孔93が設けられている。従って、ストッパ88の係合突部92はバネ91の付勢により、通孔93を貫通して常時引き出し体82の一側部に当接されている。   FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the stopper 88. The stopper 88 is pivotally supported at the middle portion of the plate-like lever member 89 by a vertical shaft 90, and the front end portion of the lever member 89 is fitted between the outer side surface of the outer frame 81. The columnar engagement protrusion 92 that is urged by the spring 91 in a direction away from the outer frame 81 and protrudes toward the outer surface of the side of the outer frame 81 on the rear surface of the rear end of the lever member 89. The engaging protrusion 92 is always urged by the spring 91 in such a direction as to contact the outer surface of the side of the outer frame 81. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 7, a through-hole 93 is provided in one side portion of the outer frame 81 for bringing the engaging projection 92 of the stopper 88 into contact with one side portion of the drawer body 82. . Accordingly, the engaging protrusion 92 of the stopper 88 is always in contact with one side of the drawer 82 through the through hole 93 by the bias of the spring 91.
垂下支持体83の下部には、一側部(図7では右側部)に向けて張り出す張出部83aが設けられ、張出部83aの一側部(図7では右側部)には、第1実施形態と同様に、柱状の支軸突起52が設けられる共に、支軸突起52の下方に雄ネジ突部53が設けられている。   A projecting portion 83a that projects toward one side (the right side in FIG. 7) is provided at the bottom of the hanging support 83, and one side (the right side in FIG. 7) of the projecting portion 83a is Similar to the first embodiment, a columnar support shaft protrusion 52 is provided, and a male screw protrusion 53 is provided below the support shaft protrusion 52.
ハンガー体54の垂下支持体83への取り付けは、第1実施形態と同様であり、補強板59の軸孔60に支軸突起52が挿通され、補強板59の角度調整用孔61に雄ネジ突部53が挿通され、これにより支軸突起52の回りにハンガー体54が回動可能に取り付けられることで、吊り下げ角度を調整可能とされ、さらに、雄ネジ突部53の先端に螺合する蝶ネジ62を締め付けることで、調整した角度でハンガー体54を垂下支持体83の下部に対して固定する。なお、第2実施形態の内視鏡用吊下装置80を図1及び図3に示す内視鏡用吊下装置50a〜50fに代えて保管庫24に採用した場合、6つのハンガー体54は、その両傾斜板55,55の長手方向が保管庫24の側面に沿った姿勢で保管庫24に収納される。   The attachment of the hanger body 54 to the hanging support 83 is the same as in the first embodiment. The support shaft protrusion 52 is inserted into the shaft hole 60 of the reinforcing plate 59 and the male screw is inserted into the angle adjusting hole 61 of the reinforcing plate 59. The protrusion 53 is inserted, whereby the hanger body 54 is pivotally attached around the support shaft protrusion 52 so that the hanging angle can be adjusted, and further, screwed into the tip of the male screw protrusion 53. By tightening the wing screw 62, the hanger body 54 is fixed to the lower portion of the hanging support body 83 at the adjusted angle. When the endoscope suspension device 80 according to the second embodiment is used in the storage 24 instead of the endoscope suspension devices 50a to 50f shown in FIGS. 1 and 3, the six hanger bodies 54 are: The slanted plates 55 and 55 are stored in the storage 24 in a posture in which the longitudinal direction is along the side surface of the storage 24.
引き出し体82を外側枠体81に対して前方(手前)に引き出すと、引き出し体82の一側に設けられた係合孔87が前方に移動し、外側枠体81の一側に設けられた通孔93に係合孔87が一致すると、バネ91の付勢によりストッパ88の係合突部92が係合孔87に嵌まり込み、引き出し体82の前方への移動が規制される。このように、引き出し体82を前方(手前)に引き出すことで、引き出し体82の垂下支持体83に取付けられたハンガー体54を保管庫24の外に引き出すことができ、保管庫24の外でハンガー体54に対して内視鏡の吊り下げと取り外しを行うことができる。このため、狭い内視鏡の間に腕を入れる必要がなく、庫内容積が小さくできるため維持費が節約できる。   When the drawer body 82 is pulled forward (front side) with respect to the outer frame body 81, the engagement hole 87 provided on one side of the drawer body 82 moves forward and is provided on one side of the outer frame body 81. When the engagement hole 87 coincides with the through-hole 93, the engagement protrusion 92 of the stopper 88 is fitted into the engagement hole 87 by the bias of the spring 91, and the forward movement of the drawer body 82 is restricted. Thus, by pulling out the drawer body 82 forward (front side), the hanger body 54 attached to the hanging support body 83 of the drawer body 82 can be pulled out of the storage box 24, and outside the storage box 24. The endoscope can be suspended and removed from the hanger body 54. For this reason, it is not necessary to put an arm between narrow endoscopes, and the internal volume can be reduced, so that maintenance costs can be saved.
引き出し体82を外側枠体81の内部に収納する場合は、指でストッパ88のレバー部材89の前端部を外側枠体81の側部に接近する方向に押すと、バネ91が推し縮められると共にレバー部材89が軸90を中心として回動し、レバー部材89の後端部の係合突部92が係合孔87から離脱し、引き出し体82への移動が規制解除される。このレバー部材89の状態を指で保持したまま、引き出し体82を奥方に向けて押し込むと、引き出し体82が後方に移動して外側枠体81の内部に引き出し体82を収納することができる。   When the drawer body 82 is housed in the outer frame body 81, the spring 91 is pushed and shrunk when the front end portion of the lever member 89 of the stopper 88 is pushed in the direction approaching the side portion of the outer frame body 81 with a finger. The lever member 89 rotates about the shaft 90, the engagement protrusion 92 at the rear end of the lever member 89 is disengaged from the engagement hole 87, and the movement to the drawer 82 is released. When the drawer body 82 is pushed inward with the lever member 89 held by a finger, the drawer body 82 moves rearward and the drawer body 82 can be stored inside the outer frame body 81.
なお、内腔を2つ有している内視鏡を乾燥させる場合には、送気ノズル21に図9に示すような逆Y字型接続チューブ100を接続すると共に二股に分かれた先端をそれぞれ2つの内腔に接続する。   When drying an endoscope having two lumens, an inverted Y-shaped connection tube 100 as shown in FIG. Connect to the two lumens.
本発明の実施形態に係る内視鏡の乾燥保管装置の内部を透視して示す正面図である。It is a front view which sees through and shows the inside of the dry storage apparatus of the endoscope which concerns on embodiment of this invention. 内視鏡の乾燥保管装置の内部を透視して示す側面図である。It is a side view which sees through and shows the inside of the dry storage apparatus of an endoscope. 内視鏡の乾燥保管装置を模式的に示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows typically the dry storage apparatus of an endoscope. 内視鏡用吊下装置(第1実施形態)を分解して示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which decomposes | disassembles and shows the suspension apparatus for endoscopes (1st Embodiment). 内視鏡用吊下装置のスイッチ周辺部分の縦断面図である。It is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the switch periphery part of the suspension apparatus for endoscopes. 内視鏡用吊下装置のハンガー体にスコープを吊り下げた状態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the state which suspended the scope on the hanger body of the suspension apparatus for endoscopes. 内視鏡用吊下装置(第2実施形態)の一部を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows a part of suspension apparatus for endoscopes (2nd Embodiment). 図7の内視鏡用吊下装置に設けられたストッパの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of the stopper provided in the suspension device for endoscopes of FIG. 内腔を2つ有している内視鏡を乾燥させる場合に用いる逆Y字型接続チューブの斜視図である。It is a perspective view of an inverted Y-shaped connection tube used when drying an endoscope having two lumens.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 乾燥保管装置
2 冷媒循環装置
3 冷媒圧縮機
4 加温装置
5 冷媒減圧器
6 除湿装置
7 給送配管
8 給送配管
8a 1次側
8b 2次側
9 給送配管
10 ハウジング
11 吹出口
12 吸気口
14 プレフィルタ
15 送気ファン(気流形成装置)
16 ポンプ(加温空気送気装置)
17 温風配管
18 温風チャンバ
19 分配用温風配管
20 温風供給チューブ
21 送気ノズル
24 保管庫
24a 天板
25 収納空間
26 両開き扉
26a 取っ手
27 覗き窓
28 操作パネル部
29 電源ランプ
30 キャスタ
31 アジャスタ
32 電磁弁
37 排水口
38 排水樋
39 ドレイン処理用ヒータ
40 遠赤外線ヒータ
50 内視鏡用吊下装置(第1実施形態)
51 支柱
52 支軸突起
53 雄ネジ突部
54 ハンガー体
55 傾斜板
56 内視鏡検知スイッチ(マイクロスイッチ)
57 側部支持片
58 側部支持片
59 補強板
60 軸孔
61 角度調整用孔
62 蝶ネジ
63 L字型取付金具
64 長孔
65 作用片
66 押し板
66a 上端部分
66b 中間板部
66c 屈曲部
70 内視鏡
71 本体部
72 ユニバーサルコード
73 挿入部
80 内視鏡用吊下装置(第2実施形態)
81 外側枠体
82 引き出し体
83 垂下支持体
83a 張出部
85 切欠部
86 固定金具
87 係合孔
88 ストッパ
89 レバー部材
90 軸
91 バネ
92 係合突部
93 通孔
100 逆Y字型接続チューブ
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Dry storage apparatus 2 Refrigerant circulation apparatus 3 Refrigerant compressor 4 Heating apparatus 5 Refrigerant decompressor 6 Dehumidifier 7 Feeding pipe 8 Feeding pipe 8a Primary side 8b Secondary side 9 Feeding pipe 10 Housing 11 Outlet 12 Intake Port 14 Pre-filter 15 Air supply fan (air flow forming device)
16 Pump (warming air supply device)
17 Hot air piping 18 Hot air chamber 19 Hot air piping for distribution 20 Hot air supply tube 21 Air supply nozzle 24 Storage 24a Top plate 25 Storage space 26 Double door 26a Handle 27 Viewing window 28 Operation panel 29 Power lamp 30 Caster 31 Adjuster 32 Solenoid valve 37 Drain port 38 Drainage basin 39 Drain processing heater 40 Far-infrared heater 50 Endoscopic suspension device (first embodiment)
51 Struts 52 Support Projection 53 Male Threaded Projection 54 Hanger Body 55 Inclined Plate 56 Endoscope Detection Switch (Micro Switch)
57 Side support piece 58 Side support piece 59 Reinforcement plate 60 Shaft hole 61 Angle adjustment hole 62 Thumb screw 63 L-shaped mounting bracket 64 Long hole 65 Action piece 66 Push plate 66a Upper end portion 66b Intermediate plate portion 66c Bending portion 70 Endoscope 71 Main body 72 Universal cord 73 Insertion unit 80 Endoscope suspension device (second embodiment)
81 Outer frame body 82 Drawer body 83 Suspended support body 83a Overhang portion 85 Notch portion 86 Fixing bracket 87 Engagement hole 88 Stopper 89 Lever member 90 Shaft 91 Spring 92 Engagement protrusion 93 Through-hole 100 Reverse Y-shaped connection tube

Claims (3)

  1. 内視鏡を収納する収納空間を内部に構成する保管庫を有し、
    前記収納空間の上部に、内視鏡を吊り下げて支持する複数の内視鏡用吊下装置と、接続された内視鏡の内腔へ温風を送気する複数の送気ノズルとを配設し、
    前記収納空間に、
    冷媒を吸引圧縮することで液化発熱した冷媒を生成すると共に送り出す冷媒圧縮機と、前記液化発熱した冷媒を通じて周囲の空気を加温する加温装置と、前記加温装置を通過して1次側に到来する液化した冷媒の圧力を減圧することで、2次側に気化冷却した冷媒を生成する冷媒減圧器と、前記気化冷却した冷媒を通じて周囲の空気を除湿すると共に前記冷媒圧縮機に気化した冷媒を供給する除湿装置とで構成された冷媒循環装置と、
    前記加温装置で加温された空気を前記収納空間に送気すると共に前記収納空間から空気を除湿装置に向って吸気する循環気流を作り出す気流形成装置と、
    前記加温装置で加温された空気を吸気して前記複数の送気ノズルに向けて送り出す加温空気送気装置と、を配設し、
    前記複数の送気ノズルの各々に対して、前記内視鏡の内腔に接続されない無負荷の送気ノズルへの温風の送気を遮断する電磁弁をそれぞれ設け、
    前記電磁弁は、内視鏡の存在を感知する内視鏡検知手段によって開放され、前記内腔に接続された送気ノズルのみに前記温風を送気して前記内腔を乾燥させる
    ことを特徴とする内視鏡の乾燥保管装置。
    It has a storage room that internally configures a storage space for storing the endoscope,
    A plurality of endoscope suspension devices that suspend and support an endoscope and a plurality of air supply nozzles that supply warm air to the lumen of the connected endoscope at an upper portion of the storage space. Arranged,
    In the storage space,
    A refrigerant compressor that generates and sends out liquefied heat generated by sucking and compressing the refrigerant, a heating device that heats ambient air through the liquefied heat generated refrigerant, and a primary side that passes through the heating device The pressure of the liquefied refrigerant arriving at 2 is depressurized to generate a refrigerant that is vaporized and cooled on the secondary side, and the ambient air is dehumidified through the vaporized and cooled refrigerant and vaporized into the refrigerant compressor. A refrigerant circulation device composed of a dehumidifying device for supplying refrigerant;
    An airflow forming device that sends air heated by the heating device to the storage space and creates a circulating airflow that sucks air from the storage space toward the dehumidifying device; and
    A heated air air supply device that inhales the air heated by the heating device and sends the air toward the plurality of air supply nozzles; and
    For each of the plurality of air supply nozzles, an electromagnetic valve that shuts off the supply of warm air to an unloaded air supply nozzle that is not connected to the lumen of the endoscope is provided.
    The electromagnetic valve is opened by an endoscope detection means for detecting the presence of an endoscope, and the warm air is supplied only to an air supply nozzle connected to the lumen to dry the lumen. Endoscope dry storage device.
  2. 前記内視鏡検知手段が、前記複数の内視鏡用吊下装置の各々に配設されると共に吊り下げられた内視鏡を検知する内視鏡検知スイッチで構成され、
    前記加温空気送気装置が、前記加温装置に接近させて配置したポンプで構成され、
    前記ポンプに一端が接続された温風配管と、前記温風配管の他端に接続された温風チャンバと、前記温風チャンバに接続されると共に、前記複数の送気ノズルの各々に接続された複数の温風供給チューブとが設けられ、
    前記電磁弁が前記複数の温風供給チューブの各々に設けられると共に、各電磁弁が前記複数の内視鏡用吊下装置の各々に配設された各内視鏡検知スイッチに一対一で連係されたことを特徴とする請求項1に記載の内視鏡の乾燥保管装置。
    The endoscope detection means is configured by an endoscope detection switch that is disposed in each of the plurality of endoscope suspension devices and detects the suspended endoscope,
    The heated air supply device is composed of a pump arranged close to the heating device,
    A hot air pipe having one end connected to the pump, a hot air chamber connected to the other end of the hot air pipe, connected to the hot air chamber, and connected to each of the plurality of air supply nozzles A plurality of hot air supply tubes,
    The electromagnetic valve is provided in each of the plurality of hot air supply tubes, and each electromagnetic valve is linked one-to-one to each endoscope detection switch provided in each of the plurality of endoscope suspension devices. The endoscope dry storage apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the endoscope is a dry storage apparatus.
  3. 前記収納空間に、該収納空間内の空気を加熱する赤外線ヒータを配設したことを特徴とする請求項1又は2に記載の内視鏡の乾燥保管装置。   The dry storage device for an endoscope according to claim 1 or 2, wherein an infrared heater for heating the air in the storage space is disposed in the storage space.
JP2007149113A 2007-06-05 2007-06-05 Drying and storage device of endoscope Pending JP2008301875A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103622754A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-12 重庆优玛环试医疗设备有限公司 Endoscope storing cabinet
KR101375215B1 (en) * 2012-02-14 2014-03-17 유중하 Medical endoscope sterilizing drapes wrapping apparatus
JP2015136415A (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-30 株式会社Ihiシバウラ Endoscope storage cabinet
JP2015205016A (en) * 2014-04-21 2015-11-19 タイホー株式会社 Endoscope storage and medical instrument storage
JP2016150064A (en) * 2015-02-16 2016-08-22 株式会社アスカメディカル Endoscope drying and storing device
EP3278719A1 (en) * 2016-08-01 2018-02-07 Cantel Medical (UK) Limited Universal endoscope drying cabinet
WO2019048244A1 (en) * 2017-09-05 2019-03-14 Olympus Winter & Ibe Gmbh Processing device for endoscopes and endoscope carrier

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101375215B1 (en) * 2012-02-14 2014-03-17 유중하 Medical endoscope sterilizing drapes wrapping apparatus
CN103622754A (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-03-12 重庆优玛环试医疗设备有限公司 Endoscope storing cabinet
JP2015136415A (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-07-30 株式会社Ihiシバウラ Endoscope storage cabinet
JP2015205016A (en) * 2014-04-21 2015-11-19 タイホー株式会社 Endoscope storage and medical instrument storage
JP2016150064A (en) * 2015-02-16 2016-08-22 株式会社アスカメディカル Endoscope drying and storing device
EP3278719A1 (en) * 2016-08-01 2018-02-07 Cantel Medical (UK) Limited Universal endoscope drying cabinet
WO2018024690A1 (en) * 2016-08-01 2018-02-08 Cantel Medical (Uk) Limited Universal endoscope drying cabinet
WO2019048244A1 (en) * 2017-09-05 2019-03-14 Olympus Winter & Ibe Gmbh Processing device for endoscopes and endoscope carrier

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