JP2008256321A - Hot water storage type water heater - Google Patents

Hot water storage type water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2008256321A
JP2008256321A JP2007101524A JP2007101524A JP2008256321A JP 2008256321 A JP2008256321 A JP 2008256321A JP 2007101524 A JP2007101524 A JP 2007101524A JP 2007101524 A JP2007101524 A JP 2007101524A JP 2008256321 A JP2008256321 A JP 2008256321A
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hot water
mixing valve
pipe
storage tank
water storage
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JP2007101524A
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JP4962104B2 (en
Inventor
Takanobu Fujimoto
Junichi Hattori
Hiroshi Kitanishi
博 北西
順一 服部
孝信 藤本
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Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a hot water storage type hot water heater that prevents hot water from coming out due to siphon phenomenon when a hot water pipe or currant is removed.
A middle outlet pipe provided at an intermediate portion of a hot water storage tank, a first mixing valve for mixing high temperature water supplied from an upper outlet pipe and intermediate hot water supplied from an intermediate outlet pipe, The first mixing valve is provided with a second mixing valve 17 for mixing the hot water supplied by mixing with the first mixing valve 14 and the water supplied from the water supply pipe 10 to supply a hot water temperature desired by the user. 14, the first mixing valve 14 is provided with a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening so that the first mixing valve 14 does not become the fully opened position on the side of the middle outlet pipe 13, and the hot water supply operation During the inside, the opening is controlled within the range between the regulation position and the upper open hot water pipe 12 side fully open position.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a hot water storage type water heater.

  Conventionally, this type of hot water storage type hot water heater has not been provided with a restriction position for restricting the opening degree relative to the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve that are controlled in the hot water supply operation (see, for example, Patent Document 1). ).

  FIG. 3 shows a conventional hot water storage type water heater described in Patent Document 1. As shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 3, the conventional hot water storage type hot water heater includes a hot water storage tank 50 for storing hot water, a water supply pipe 51 provided at the lower part of the hot water storage tank 50, an upper hot water discharge pipe 52 provided at the upper part of the hot water storage tank 50, and hot water storage. A middle outlet pipe 53 provided in an intermediate portion of the tank 50, a first mixing valve 54 that mixes high temperature water supplied from the upper outlet pipe 52 and intermediate temperature water supplied from the middle outlet pipe 53, and a first mixing valve 54 The second mixing valve 55 for mixing the hot water supplied by mixing with the water supplied from the water supply pipe 51 and the relief valve 56 for releasing the pressure when the internal pressure of the hot water storage tank 50 exceeds a specified value. ing.

And the hot water storage type hot water heater configured as described above is connected to the hot water discharge pipe 57 from the second mixing valve 55 and connected to the end of the currant 58. When the user opens the currant 58, a hot water supply operation is performed to control the opening degrees of the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve in order to supply a desired hot water temperature.
JP 2003-240342 A

  However, in the conventional configuration, if the hot water supply operation is performed in a situation where there is a lot of hot hot water stored in the hot water storage tank 50 from the connection position of the central hot water outlet pipe 53, the first mixing valve is on the side of the central hot water outlet pipe 53. It will be driven to the fully open position.

  When the first mixing valve is driven to the fully open position on the side of the middle outlet pipe 53 and is stopped, the power supply is shut off and the outlet pipe 57 and the currant 58 are removed by moving or repairing the hot water storage type hot water heater. If the removed portion is lower than the position where the central hot water discharge pipe 53 is connected to the hot water storage tank 50, atmospheric pressure is applied to the hot water storage tank 50 through the relief valve 56. The hot water in the upper part comes out from the connection position of the pipe 53. At this time, if hot water is stored in the hot water storage tank 50, there is a risk that the hot water will come out.

  The present invention solves the above-mentioned conventional problems, and provides a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening degree so that the first mixing valve does not reach the fully open side of the middle hot water pipe, and the upper hot water pipe and the middle hot water pipe are An object of the present invention is to provide a hot water storage type hot water heater that maintains a communication state and prevents hot hot water from coming out even when a hot water supply pipe or currant has been removed.

  In order to solve the above-described conventional problems, the hot water storage type water heater of the present invention controls the opening of the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve in order to supply the hot water temperature desired by the user. The first mixing valve is provided with a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening so as not to be in the fully opened position on the middle outlet pipe side, the upper outlet pipe and the middle outlet pipe are maintained in communication with each other, Even when the currant has been removed, hot water can be prevented from coming out.

  The present invention provides a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening degree so that the first mixing valve does not reach the fully open position on the side of the middle hot water pipe, thereby maintaining the communication state of the upper hot water pipe and the central hot water pipe. Even if the hot water supply pipe or currant is removed due to the above, it is possible to provide a hot water storage type hot water heater that prevents hot water from coming out due to the siphon phenomenon.

  A hot water storage type water heater according to a first aspect of the present invention includes a hot water storage tank for storing hot water, a water supply pipe provided at a lower portion of the hot water storage tank, an upper hot water discharge pipe provided at an upper portion of the hot water storage tank, and an intermediate portion of the hot water storage tank. A middle hot water pipe provided, a first mixing valve that mixes hot water supplied from the upper hot water pipe and intermediate hot water supplied from the middle hot water pipe, and hot water mixed and supplied by the first mixing valve And a second mixing valve that mixes water supplied from the water supply pipe, and controls the opening degree of the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve in order to supply a hot water temperature desired by the user. In the hot water supply operation, the first mixing valve is provided with a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening so that the first mixing valve is not in the middle outlet pipe side fully open position. Control the opening degree within the range Therefore, it is possible to maintain communication between the upper and middle outlet pipes and prevent hot water from coming out due to the siphon phenomenon even if the hot water pipes or currants are removed due to relocation work, etc. it can.

  A hot water storage type water heater of the second invention comprises a hot water storage tank for storing hot water, a water supply pipe provided at the lower part of the hot water storage tank, an upper hot water supply pipe provided at the upper part of the hot water storage tank, and an intermediate part of the hot water storage tank. A middle hot water pipe provided, a first mixing valve that mixes hot water supplied from the upper hot water pipe and intermediate hot water supplied from the middle hot water pipe, and hot water mixed and supplied by the first mixing valve And a second mixing valve that mixes water supplied from the water supply pipe, and controls the opening degree of the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve in order to supply a hot water temperature desired by the user. In the hot water supply operation, the first mixing valve is provided with a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening degree so as not to be in the fully opened position on the middle outlet pipe side, and the opening degree of the first mixing valve is more If it is on the side of the middle outlet, the regulation The hot water supply operation is controlled by the opening to the fully open position on the middle outlet pipe side during hot water supply operation, so that hot water of intermediate temperature is stored especially when a lot of hot water of intermediate temperature is stored in the hot water storage tank. It can be used preferentially, and when the heat source for heating the hot water in the hot water storage tank is a heat pump mechanism, the energy consumption efficiency (COP = heating capacity / power consumption) can be increased, and the hot water supply operation After completion, keep the upper and middle outlet pipes connected to prevent hot water from coming out due to the siphon phenomenon even if the hot water pipe or currant is removed due to relocation work, etc. be able to.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments.

(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram of a hot water storage type hot water heater in the present embodiment. In addition, the arrow shown in FIG. 1 has shown the direction through which hot water or a refrigerant circulates. The hot water storage type water heater of the present embodiment includes a hot water storage tank 1 that stores hot water, a circulation pump 2 that circulates the hot water stored in the hot water storage tank 1, a water refrigerant heat exchanger 3 that performs heat exchange between the refrigerant and hot water, Are connected to each other in an annular manner through a hot water supply pipe, and have a hot water supply circuit 4 indicated by a thick line in FIG. 1, and further, as a heating source for heating hot water in the hot water storage tank 1, a water refrigerant heat exchanger 3 and a compression for compressing the refrigerant The machine 5, the evaporator 6 that absorbs heat from the outside air, and the expansion valve 7 that decompresses the refrigerant are sequentially connected in an annular manner with refrigerant piping, and has a refrigerant circuit 8 indicated by a thick line in FIG. 1.

In the present embodiment, the refrigerant circuit 8 includes a water-refrigerant heat exchanger 3, a compressor 5, an evaporator 6, and an expansion valve 7 that are annularly connected by a refrigerant pipe and uses carbon dioxide as the refrigerant. The side exceeds the critical pressure. For this reason, the water flowing through the water-refrigerant heat exchanger 3 does not condense even if the temperature drops and the temperature drops, and it becomes easy to form a temperature difference between the refrigerant and water in the water-refrigerant heat exchanger. Thus, hot water can be obtained and the heat exchange efficiency can be increased. In addition, since carbon dioxide, which is relatively inexpensive and stable, is used as the refrigerant, the product cost can be reduced and the reliability can be improved. In addition, carbon dioxide has an ozone depletion coefficient of zero and a global warming coefficient of about 1/700 of the alternative refrigerant HFC-407C, which is very small. Further, the refrigerant is compressed by the compressor 5, the refrigerant discharged from the compressor 5 radiates heat by the water refrigerant heat exchanger 3, is decompressed by the expansion valve 7, and then absorbs heat from the air by the evaporator 6, The gas is again sucked into the compressor 5.

  The heated hot water forms a hot water temperature layer in which the upper part of the hot water storage tank 1 is separated into a high temperature and the lower part is separated into a low temperature due to the difference in specific gravity.

  A relief valve 9 is connected to the upper part of the hot water storage tank 1. When the water in the hot water storage tank 1 is heated to become hot water, it expands by about 3% with a temperature rise of about 60 ° C., so that the internal pressure of the hot water storage tank increases. The relief valve 9 serves to discharge the expanded hot water for protecting the hot water storage tank 1.

  Further, a water supply pipe 10 for supplying water is connected to the lower part of the hot water storage tank 1 via a pressure reducing valve 11 for reducing the water pressure from the water supply. An upper hot water discharge pipe 12 is connected to the upper part of the hot water storage tank 1, and an intermediate hot water discharge pipe 13 is connected to an intermediate part of the hot water storage tank 1. A first mixing valve 14 is connected to the ends of the upper outlet pipe 12 and the middle outlet pipe 13, and a first mixing temperature detector 15 is provided at the outlet of the first mixing valve 14. A second mixing valve 17 is connected to the outlet of the first mixing valve 14 and the tip of the branch pipe 16 from the water supply pipe 10. A second mixing temperature detector is connected to the outlet of the second mixing valve 17. 18 and a flow rate detector 19 for detecting the flow rate of hot water flowing in the pipe. Hot water storage is performed by the upper tapping pipe 12, the middle tapping pipe 13, the first mixing valve 14, the first mixing temperature detector 15, the branch pipe 16, the second mixing valve 17, the second mixing temperature detector 18, and the flow rate detector 19. A hot water supply circuit is configured in the water heater. And in the actual construction site, the hot water pipe 20 is connected by the construction contractor etc., and the currant 21 is connected to the tip.

  In the hot water circuit configured as described above, the hot water operation will be described below.

  When the user opens the currant 21, the hot water starts to flow through the hot water supply circuit, and the flow rate detector 19 detects the hot water flowing at this time, and temperature control is started. In the temperature control, control is performed so that the temperature detected by the second mixed temperature detector 18 becomes a temperature desired by the user. First, hot water is supplied from the upper hot water discharge pipe 11 to the first mixing valve 14, and intermediate hot water is supplied from the intermediate hot water discharge pipe 13. The first mixing valve 14 performs mixing by controlling the opening so that the temperature detected by the first mixing temperature detector 15 is higher than the temperature desired by the user. For example, if the temperature desired by the user is 40 ° C., the detection temperature of the first mixing temperature detector 15 is controlled to detect + 10K of 50 ° C. And the 2nd mixing valve 17 mixes the hot water supplied from the 1st mixing valve 14, and the water supplied by the branch pipe 16, and the detection temperature of the 2nd mixing temperature detector 18 desires a user. The opening is controlled so that the temperature is reached.

  Thus, by having the 1st mixing valve 14, even if intermediate temperature water of intermediate temperature generate | occur | produces in the hot water storage tank 1 in large quantities, it can take out efficiently, and even if it heats with a heat pump mechanism, energy consumption efficiency is improved. Hot water can be created without lowering.

  However, when all the hot water storage tanks 1 are hot hot water and the temperature control is performed in the same manner, high temperature water is supplied from the upper hot water discharge pipe 11 to the first mixing valve 14, and the middle hot water discharge pipe. High temperature water is also supplied from 13. In this case, for example, if all the temperatures in the hot water storage tank 1 are 80 ° C. and the temperature desired by the user is 40 ° C., the detected temperature of the first mixing temperature detector 15 is controlled to be + 10K. Even if it tries to go, it cannot be set to 50 degreeC, but will operate | move to the opening degree of the center hot-water pipe 13 side full open position. Even in this case, the second mixing valve 17 mixes the 80 ° C. hot water supplied from the first mixing valve 14 and the water supplied by the branch pipe 16, and the detected temperature of the second mixing temperature detector 18 is increased. Since the opening degree is controlled so as to be 40 ° C. desired by the user, the user can use hot water without any problem.

  Further, in the relocation work or repair, the power supply of the device is shut off, and the piping is removed after the water stop valve 22 prevents the water pressure from being applied from the water supply. At this time, if the opening degree of the first mixing valve 14 remains at the fully opened position on the side of the middle outlet pipe 13, if the outlet pipe 20 or the currant 21 is removed, the removed part is stored in the central outlet pipe 13. If it is lower than the position connected to the tank 1, the hot water in the upper part flows out from the connection position of the middle hot water discharge pipe 13 due to the siphon phenomenon. Since the atmospheric pressure is applied to the hot water storage tank 1 through the relief valve 9, this is the same as a hole formed on the side surface of the large hot water tank 1 as shown in FIG. It becomes the same phenomenon as the hot water in the cup leaks out. If hot water is stored in the hot water storage tank 1 at this time, there is a risk that the hot water will come out.

  In order to prevent this siphon phenomenon, a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening degree is provided so that the opening degree of the first mixing valve 14 does not become the fully opened position on the side of the middle outlet pipe 13 when performing temperature control. During the adjustment control, the control of the opening degree is performed within the range between the restriction position and the fully opened position on the upper outlet pipe 12 side. If the first mixing valve 14 is driven by a stepping motor, the regulation position can be regulated by the step by the number of output pulses to the stepping motor. For example, the fully opened position on the side of the middle outlet pipe 13 is set to the 0 step position, the fully opened position on the side of the upper outlet pipe 12 is set to the 1000 step position, and the restricting position is set to the 200 step position. Suppose that it is a position to keep. When the temperature control is performed in this positional relationship, the opening degree is controlled within the range of the restriction position: 200 step position to the upper outlet pipe 12 side fully open position: 1000 step position. If the first mixing valve 14 is driven by a DC motor, it is possible to mechanically provide a stopper mechanism at the restricting position so that the first mixing valve 14 is not driven from the restricting position toward the middle tapping pipe 13 side. In addition, by providing a position detection sensor such as a Hall IC at the restriction position, it is possible to detect that the restriction position has been reached and prevent further driving toward the middle tapping pipe 13 side. As described above, by providing the restriction position, the communication state of the upper tapping pipe 12 and the middle tapping pipe 13 can be maintained, and even when the tapping pipe 20 and the currant 21 are removed due to relocation work, It is possible to prevent hot water from coming out due to the siphon phenomenon.

In addition, as another method for preventing siphon phenomenon, the temperature of the first mixing valve 14 is not particularly limited when temperature control is being performed, and the driving is performed up to the fully opened position on the side of the middle outlet pipe 13. When the flow rate detector 19 detects that the person has closed the currant 21 and ends the temperature control, when the opening degree of the first mixing valve 14 is closer to the middle outlet pipe 13 than the restriction position, It is also possible to operate to the restricted position. By this operation, the communication state of the upper tapping pipe 12 and the middle tapping pipe 13 can be maintained, and even if the tapping pipe 20 and the currant 21 are removed due to relocation work, hot water is discharged due to the siphon phenomenon. Can be prevented. Note that the restriction position in this case may be a fully open position on the upper hot water discharge pipe 12 side. If the upper hot water discharge pipe 12 side is fully opened, the upper hot water discharge pipe 12 and the middle hot water discharge pipe 13 are not in a communication state, but the upper part of the hot water storage tank 1 is in an open position, so that the siphon phenomenon does not occur. It is possible to prevent hot water from coming out.

  As described above, the present invention is not limited to a heat pump type hot water storage type hot water heater, but can be used for a hot water type hot water heater that supplies hot water from a hot water storage tank in any system such as electricity, gas, oil, and fuel cell. it can.

Configuration diagram of hot water storage type water heater in Embodiment 1 Explanatory drawing of the siphon phenomenon in the first embodiment Configuration diagram of a conventional hot water storage water heater

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Hot water storage tank 10 Water supply pipe 12 Upper tapping pipe 13 Middle tapping pipe 14 1st mixing valve 17 2nd mixing valve

Claims (2)

  1. A hot water storage tank for storing hot water, a water supply pipe provided at a lower portion of the hot water storage tank, an upper hot water supply pipe provided at an upper portion of the hot water storage tank, a middle hot water supply pipe provided at an intermediate portion of the hot water storage tank, and the upper hot water discharge pipe A first mixing valve that mixes the hot water supplied from the middle hot water supply pipe and the hot water supplied from the middle outlet pipe, the hot water supplied by mixing with the first mixing valve, and the water supplied from the water supply pipe In the hot water supply operation for controlling the opening degree of the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve in order to supply a hot water temperature desired by the user, the first mixing valve includes: A restriction position is provided to restrict the lower limit of the opening so as not to be in the middle outlet pipe side fully open position, and during hot water supply operation, the opening degree of the control hole is controlled within the range between the restriction position and the upper outlet pipe side fully open position. Hot water storage hot water characterized by .
  2. A hot water storage tank for storing hot water, a water supply pipe provided at a lower portion of the hot water storage tank, an upper hot water supply pipe provided at an upper portion of the hot water storage tank, a middle hot water supply pipe provided at an intermediate portion of the hot water storage tank, and the upper hot water discharge pipe A first mixing valve that mixes the hot water supplied from the middle hot water supply pipe and the hot water supplied from the middle outlet pipe, the hot water supplied by mixing with the first mixing valve, and the water supplied from the water supply pipe In the hot water supply operation for controlling the opening degree of the first mixing valve and the second mixing valve in order to supply a hot water temperature desired by the user, the first mixing valve includes: When a restriction position for restricting the lower limit of the opening degree is provided so as not to be the fully opened position on the middle outlet pipe side, and when the opening degree of the first mixing valve is closer to the middle outlet pipe side than the restriction position at the end of the hot water supply operation, Characterized by operating to a restricted position Hot-water storage type water heater that.
JP2007101524A 2007-04-09 2007-04-09 Hot water storage water heater Active JP4962104B2 (en)

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JP2007101524A JP4962104B2 (en) 2007-04-09 2007-04-09 Hot water storage water heater

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JP4962104B2 JP4962104B2 (en) 2012-06-27

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010255878A (en) * 2009-04-22 2010-11-11 Corona Corp Hot water storage type hot water supply device
JP2011043286A (en) * 2009-08-21 2011-03-03 Corona Corp Storage water heater
CN105650860A (en) * 2016-02-15 2016-06-08 佛山市樱顺卫厨用品有限公司 Water outlet device with flow stabilizing function

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002048408A (en) * 2000-08-03 2002-02-15 Takara Standard Co Ltd Hot water supply control device for electric water heating apparatus
JP2003240342A (en) * 2002-02-18 2003-08-27 Corona Corp Heat pump type hot water supply system
JP2004232899A (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-08-19 Denso Corp Water heater
JP2005265369A (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-29 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Hot-water storage type water heater
JP2006064336A (en) * 2004-08-30 2006-03-09 Corona Corp Hot-water storage type water heater

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002048408A (en) * 2000-08-03 2002-02-15 Takara Standard Co Ltd Hot water supply control device for electric water heating apparatus
JP2003240342A (en) * 2002-02-18 2003-08-27 Corona Corp Heat pump type hot water supply system
JP2004232899A (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-08-19 Denso Corp Water heater
JP2005265369A (en) * 2004-03-22 2005-09-29 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Hot-water storage type water heater
JP2006064336A (en) * 2004-08-30 2006-03-09 Corona Corp Hot-water storage type water heater

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010255878A (en) * 2009-04-22 2010-11-11 Corona Corp Hot water storage type hot water supply device
JP2011043286A (en) * 2009-08-21 2011-03-03 Corona Corp Storage water heater
CN105650860A (en) * 2016-02-15 2016-06-08 佛山市樱顺卫厨用品有限公司 Water outlet device with flow stabilizing function

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