JP2008231914A - Installation structure of solar battery module - Google Patents

Installation structure of solar battery module Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2008231914A
JP2008231914A JP2008136955A JP2008136955A JP2008231914A JP 2008231914 A JP2008231914 A JP 2008231914A JP 2008136955 A JP2008136955 A JP 2008136955A JP 2008136955 A JP2008136955 A JP 2008136955A JP 2008231914 A JP2008231914 A JP 2008231914A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
roof
base plate
solar cell
fixture
mounting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
JP2008136955A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Susumu Terauchi
進 寺内
Original Assignee
Panahome Corp
パナホーム株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Panahome Corp, パナホーム株式会社 filed Critical Panahome Corp
Priority to JP2008136955A priority Critical patent/JP2008231914A/en
Publication of JP2008231914A publication Critical patent/JP2008231914A/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/30Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors
    • F24S25/33Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles
    • F24S25/35Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using elongate rigid mounting elements extending substantially along the supporting surface, e.g. for covering buildings with solar heat collectors forming substantially planar assemblies, e.g. of coplanar or stacked profiles by means of profiles with a cross-section defining separate supporting portions for adjacent modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S2020/10Solar modules layout; Modular arrangements
    • F24S2020/13Overlaying arrangements similar to roof tiles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/6006Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules by using threaded elements, e.g. stud bolts
    • Y02B10/12
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an installation structure of a solar battery module superior in workability, by stably installing the solar battery module with a simple support structure. <P>SOLUTION: This installation structure has a plurality of solar battery modules arranged on a roof constituted by laying a roof material on a roof backing plate, a support for supporting these solar battery modules, and a fixture for installing this support on the roof, and is characterized in that a penetrating cutout part is formed in the roof material, and the fixture is composed of a fixing metal fitting inserted into the cutout part, fixed in a state of being placed on the roof backing plate and having a fixing bolt turning upward for installing the support, and a covering cover is arranged for covering the cutout part and the fixing metal fitting to be watertight. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a solar cell module mounting structure used when a solar power generation device is installed on a roof surface of a building.

  Since solar power generation has a low environmental impact and can conserve resources, development has progressed as a countermeasure for global issues such as environmental pollution by exhaust gas containing CO2 (carbon dioxide), which is the basis of global warming, and depletion of energy resources. It is also widely used in commercial buildings and public facilities as well as ordinary households.

  By the way, roof materials such as tiles are designed and manufactured without considering the installation of objects on them. Therefore, when installing a solar cell module on the roof material in a detached house, etc., it has a complicated structure, including various conditions such as the roof surface having various slopes and a complete rain finish. Solar cell modules are supported and workability tends to be inferior. Thus, improvements have been made repeatedly, and various mounting structures have been proposed (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

  As one example, in the mounting structure shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, first, as shown in FIG. 9 (A), a through hole d is drilled in the roof material a from above using an electric drill b, and then FIG. As shown in FIG. 9B, in order to maintain waterproofness, the through hole d is filled with a watertight material n such as butyl rubber, and is inserted from above as shown in FIG. The vertical rail g is fixed with a screw e1.

  Further, in the mounting structure shown in FIG. 11, a part (a1) of the roof material a is once removed, and the base plywood i and the space plywood j penetrate the roof baseboard f into the rafter k through the exposed roof baseboard f. It is fixed by the driven screw e2. The Z-shaped metal fitting m in which the substrate m1, the vertical piece m2 rising from the edge of the eaves side of the substrate m1, and the upper piece m3 extending from the upper end of the vertical piece m2 toward the eaves side are bent together. The ridge side of the substrate m1 is fixed on the space plywood j with the screw e3, and the vertical rail g is attached to the upper piece m3. Then, the removed roof material a1 is returned to its original position, and the attachment portion is rained.

JP 2004-162487 A

  However, in the former mounting structure shown in FIGS. 9 and 10, since the load of the solar cell module h is applied to the roof material a through the vertical rail g placed on the roof material a, it is under a strong wind such as a typhoon. When a large stress is generated, the roof material a is likely to be cracked or chipped, the support of the solar cell module h is unstable, and there is a risk of rain leakage. In particular, when installing a photovoltaic power generation facility by renovation on the roof of an existing building, the roof material a is often reduced in strength due to deterioration over time, and there is a high possibility of impairing the rain performance.

  In addition, as shown in FIG. 9C, this construction method inserts the screw e1 into the watertight material n filled in the drilled through hole d and drives it into the roof base plate f to attach the vertical rail g. The water-stopping state due to the water-tight material n later cannot be visually confirmed, and the water-tight material n may be detached from the through-hole d when the screw e1 is inserted, and the reliability of the rain performance is low.

  Furthermore, since the diameter of the through hole d drilled in the roof material a is slightly larger than the screw e1, the state of the thickness, material, degree of deterioration, etc. of the roof base plate f is visually observed through the through hole d. It cannot be confirmed. Accordingly, in the renovation, the fixing strength of the screw e1 cannot be determined. Therefore, it is necessary to fix the screw e1 in a large amount on the basis of the prediction.

  In the latter mounting structure shown in FIG. 11, the vertical rail g is attached to the roof base plate f via the Z-shaped metal fitting m that can extend from the overlapping portion of the roof material a adjacent in the gradient direction. Therefore, the vertical rail g is supported by the upper piece m3 at a position greatly deviated downward from the position fixed to the roof base plate f by the screw e3 on the ridge side of the substrate m1. Therefore, when positive and negative dynamic pressure due to wind load acts on the solar cell module h, the Z-shaped metal fitting m is deformed by the action of bending force, and the support of the solar cell module h becomes unstable.

  In addition, as a problem of the embodiment of the present invention, when the screw e2 is driven and fixed to the rafter k, the roofing sheet may be laid and the position of the rafter k is unknown from the roof base plate f. The rafter tends to be removed, and the mounting strength is insufficient.

  The present invention is based on the fact that the fixture is inserted into a notch formed in the roof material and fixed in a state of being placed on the roof base plate, and the support structure is simple and the solar cell module is stabilized. Therefore, it is an object to provide a solar cell module mounting structure that can be mounted and has excellent workability.

  In order to achieve the object, the invention according to claim 1 supports a plurality of solar cell modules disposed on a roof constructed by laying a roof material on a roof base plate, and supports the solar cell modules. A support for attaching the support to the roof, and the roof material is formed with a notch that penetrates, and the attachment is inserted into the notch and the roof base plate A fixing bracket that is fixed in a state where it is placed on top and that has a fixing bolt facing upward for mounting the support is provided, and a covering cover that covers the notch and the fixing bracket and is watertight is provided. And

  In the invention according to claim 2, the fixing bracket comprises a U-shaped opening that opens downward, and a mounting flange that extends and bends outward from the lower end of each vertical piece facing the U-shaped, The covering cover includes a cover main body and a cap arranged on the cover main body. The cover main body includes a shell portion that surrounds the fixing bracket, and a roof that extends from the peripheral edge portion of the shell portion to the periphery. The cap includes a flange extending along the surface, and the cap is fitted to the shell portion of the cover body from above.

  In the invention which concerns on Claim 3, the said fixture is fixed to a roof baseplate using an expansion sticker, and the said expansion sticker is penetrated by the attachment hole drilled in a roof baseplate. And a retaining portion that is formed at the lower end of the insertion portion and is inserted into the mounting hole from above and that expands below the roof base plate and engages the roof base plate. The fixture is fixed to the roof base plate using the engagement between the portion and the roof base plate.

  In the invention according to claim 1, since the fixture is inserted into the notch formed in the roof material and fixed to the roof base, the load of the solar cell module is supported by the roof base almost directly through the fixture. . As a result, the support structure is simplified, the mounting strength of the solar cell module is stabilized, the support structure is reliably supported even under strong winds such as typhoons, and the workability is excellent. In addition, since the load of the solar cell module is not applied to the roofing material, damage to the roofing material is prevented, and there is no risk of rain leakage even if the roofing material deteriorates over time when it is attached to an existing building by renovation. . Furthermore, in the renovation, since the deterioration state of the roof base plate can be visually confirmed through the notch, construction corresponding to the situation is possible, and reliability can be improved. In addition, the support body can be firmly supported by using the fixing bolt, and a highly accurate rain performance can be configured by the covering cover. Moreover, in the invention which concerns on Claim 2, since a fixing bracket is firmly fixed to a roof baseplate using an attachment flange, the attachment state of a solar cell module is stabilized, and a cover main body has a collar part extended along a roof surface. Therefore, it can be stably mounted on the roof surface, the rain performance is improved, and the cap is fitted to the shell portion of the cover body, so that the accuracy of the rain performance is further improved.

  Further, as in the invention according to claim 3, when the fixture is fixed to the roof base plate using the spread fixing tool, even if the roof base plate has deteriorated over time in the case of renovation, it is stable without being damaged. Since the attachment strength can be obtained, and the fixture can be fixed regardless of the position of the rafter, the workability is good.

  Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. As shown in FIG. 1, the solar cell module mounting structure 1 includes a plurality of solar cell modules M disposed on a roof R, a support 4 that supports the solar cell module M, and the support 4. Is attached to the roof R.

  The solar cell module M is connected to a plurality of solar cells, which are the minimum unit having the function of converting sunlight into electric energy, and further, a transparent film, a transparent resin, an insulating resin, a reinforcing material, etc. are arranged on the front surface. It is housed in a weather-resistant package and configured in a flat plate shape. The planar shape is usually rectangular, and one side is formed, for example, in the range of about 500 to 2000 mm. However, there are some that are formed in a triangular shape, a trapezoidal shape, etc. depending on the situation of the installation location. A plurality of solar cell modules M are arranged on the roof and connected in series and in parallel to form a solar cell array.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the roof R on which the solar cell module M is installed is configured by laying a roof material 3 on a roof base plate 2. As shown in FIG. 1, the roof R of the present embodiment has a rectangular outer peripheral frame 21a1 and an upper surface of a panel frame 21a which is a vertical or horizontal reinforcing frame 21a2 spanned inside the outer peripheral frame 21a1. What was comprised using the roof panel 21 which affixed the panel surface material 21b which forms the roof base plate (field board) 2 is illustrated. The roof panel 21 is fixed to the upper frame 22 a of the wall panel 22 on the girder side via a box metal fitting 23, and the lower end portion is covered with a nose cover plate 24. On the outside of the nose cover plate 24, an eaves wall 25 is attached using a bracket 25 a, and an eaves ceiling material 26 is bridged between the wall panel 22 on the side of the girders. The eaves ceiling material 26 covers the underside of the eaves of the roof panel 21 for makeup.

  The roofing material 3 is disposed on a roofing sheet 27 laid on the roof base plate 2 for waterproofing the roof, and each roofing material 3 has a substantially rectangular flat plate shape from the eaves to the ridge direction. On the other hand, the roof base plate 2 is attached to the roof base plate 2 without a gap while overlapping the lower end portion of the roof material 3 on the ridge side with the upper end portion of the roof material 3 on the eave side. The roofing material 3 may employ various types such as a press cement tile, a glazed cement tile, a concrete tile, an smoldering tile, and a metal tile.

  As shown in FIG. 3, a notch 6 is formed in the roof material 3. The notches 6 in this embodiment are circular, and are spaced at a predetermined assigned pitch based on the required support strength of the solar cell module M. The diameter is, for example, about 20 to 80 mm, and in this embodiment, the size is 40 mm, and can be formed by cutting using a hole saw attached to an electric drill. The state of the thickness, material, and deterioration state of the roof base plate 2 is visually confirmed from the top of the roofing material 3 through the notch 6 formed in this way, and the solar cell module M is appropriately selected according to the state. Selection, change, and reinforcement of the fixing means are appropriately performed, and as a result, the reliability of the solar cell module mounting can be improved. In addition, the said notch part 6 can also be made into a rectangle, a triangle, a regular pentagon other than circular.

  Further, in this embodiment, a mounting hole 16 for mounting the spread fixing tool 15 is drilled immediately below the center of the notch 6 of the roof base plate 2. The mounting hole 16 is formed in a circular hole having a diameter of about 10 to 40 mm, for example, and 22 mm in this embodiment. The mounting hole 16 can be drilled by inserting a drill bit or a hole saw attached to the electric drill into the notch 6.

  As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the expanding and fixing tool 15 attached to the mounting hole 16 includes an insertion portion 17 and a retaining portion 18. The insertion portion 17 includes a cylindrical body 17A in which a screw 28 is threaded on the outer periphery of the lower end and a housing 17B extending outward from the entire upper end of the cylindrical body 17A. The housing 17B has a diameter larger than that of the insertion portion 17, and is formed so that the insertion portion 17 can be supported by engaging with the upper edge portion of the mounting hole 16 when the cylindrical body 17A is inserted from above. . However, the housing 17 </ b> B is formed to have a smaller diameter than the notch 6 so as to pass through the notch 6.

  The retaining portion 18 is attached to a nut-like body 18A having a screw hole 29 penetrating vertically and to the outer periphery of the nut-like body 18A so that it can be tilted between upward and outward, and radially separated. It consists of a plurality of provided, in this embodiment, six locking legs 18B. Further, the upper surface of the nut-like body 18A has a recess 40 in which a screw 30 is screwed on the inner peripheral surface.

  As shown in FIG. 3, when attaching the expanding and fixing tool 15 to the attachment hole 16, the lower end is gripped by the upper part of the screw rod 31 screwed into the screw hole 29 of the retaining part 18, so that the retaining part 18 is secured. Insert into the mounting hole 16 from above. Since the locking leg 18B of the retaining portion 18 is guided by the inner periphery of the mounting hole 16 and is along the screw rod 31 in an upward posture at the time of insertion, the mounting leg 16 can pass smoothly. However, after passing through the mounting hole 16, the locking leg 18 </ b> B falls to the outside due to its own weight and engages with the lower edge of the mounting hole 16. It becomes impossible to get out over 2. By pulling up the screw rod 31, the retaining portion 18 is brought into close contact with the lower surface of the roof base plate 2 at the periphery of the mounting hole 16, and the screw 28 of the insertion portion 17 is inserted and slid downward in this state. Is screwed into the screw 30 of the retaining portion 18 so that the periphery of the mounting hole 16 of the roof base plate 2 is sandwiched between the housing 17B of the insertion portion 17 and the locking leg 18B of the retaining portion 18. The spreading fixture 15 is fixed to the roof base plate 2. At this time, by inserting the doughnut plate-like rubber packing 32 between the lower surface of the peripheral edge of the mounting hole 16 of the roof base plate 2 and the locking leg 18B, idling of the spread fixing tool 15 is prevented. The spread fixture 15 can be fixed more stably.

  In this embodiment, the fixture 5 includes a vertically long cylindrical portion 7, a fixing portion 8 fixed to the roof base plate 2, and a mounting portion 9 to which the support body 4 is attached. In this embodiment, the cylindrical portion 7 has a cylindrical shape, is formed to have a diameter smaller than the cutout portion 6 by, for example, about several millimeters, and is disposed in the cutout portion 6. Moreover, the shape of the cylinder part 7 can also be made into a rectangle, a triangle, a regular pentagon etc. according to the shape of the said notch part 6. FIG. Thus, if the cross-sectional shape of the cylinder part 7 is made the same as the shape of the notch part 6, the clearance gap between both can be formed uniformly small, and it is preferable at the point which rain performance is favorable. Moreover, the height of the cylinder part 7 is about 30-50 mm, for example. Furthermore, it is preferable to prepare a plurality of types of cylindrical portions 7 as parts in that the installation height of the solar cell module M can be arbitrarily adjusted by selecting and replacing the cylindrical portion 7.

  In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, the fixing portion 8 includes a base plate 8A and a pair of fixing pieces 8B and 8B rising from the base plate 8A. The base plate 8A has a substantially disk shape having a through hole 33 in the center, and is provided with a notch 34 at the edge. Further, the fixed piece 8B is inserted into the cylindrical portion 7 and formed in a curved cross section so as to be along the inner peripheral surface thereof. 2 and 4, in this embodiment, the mounting portion 9 includes an upper plate 9A having a mounting bolt 35 extending upward, and a pair of fixed leg pieces 9B and 9B depending from the lower surface of the upper plate 9A. Consists of. And the fixed leg piece 9B is formed in the cross-sectional curved shape so that the inner side of the said fixed piece 8B may be followed inside the cylinder part 7. FIG.

  Then, the fixing pieces 8B and 8B are inserted into the notches 6 of the roof material 3 by screwing the bolts 36 inserted into the through holes 33 of the base plate 8A into the screw holes 29 of the expanding and fixing tool 15. In this state, the fixing portion 8 is fixed to the roof base plate 2. At this time, in this embodiment, since the packing 55 is interposed between the fixing portion 8 and the spread fixture 15, it is preferable in that the water tightness of the mounting hole 16 of the roof base plate 2 is ensured. Further, the fixed portion 8 is prevented from rotating by driving a screw 54 engaged with the notch 34 of the base plate 8 </ b> A into the expansion fixture 15. As described above, in the present embodiment, the fixing portion 8 formed separately as parts constituting the fixture 5 is used to fix the roof base plate 2, so that the fixing work through the small notch portion 6 can be easily performed. It can be carried out.

  The cylindrical portion 7 is inserted into the cutout portion 6 from above, and the lower portion thereof is externally fitted to the fixing pieces 8B and 8B of the fixing portion 8 fixed to the roof base plate 2. Further, the fixed leg pieces 9B and 9B of the mounting portion 9 are inserted into the cylindrical portion 7 until the upper plate 9A comes into contact with the upper end of the cylindrical portion 7, whereby the fixed leg pieces 9B and 9B are inserted into the fixed pieces of the fixed portion. 8B and 8B are fitted inside. And the cylinder part 7, the fixing | fixed part 8, and the attachment part 9 are integrated by the screw | thread 37 which penetrates the cylinder part 7, the fixed piece 8A, and the fixed leg piece 9B continuously, Thereby, the whole fixture 5 is roof. Fixed to the base plate 2. At this time, a sealing material 38 is filled in a small gap between the cylindrical portion 7 and the cutout portion 6 of the roof material 3 to ensure waterproofness. This sealing operation is preferable in terms of high reliability because the operator can clearly check the filling state from the roof.

  In this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, a water shielding cover 39 that covers the roof slope upper side of the fixture 5 is attached. This water-proof cover 39 is composed of a cover substrate 39A that continuously covers the upper side of the roof slope from both sides of the notch 6, and a U-shaped collar 39B that rises from the cover substrate 39A and surrounds the fixture 5. The screw 37 is fixed to the fixture 5 by passing through the collar 39B. As shown in FIG. 2, the upper end portion of the roof gradient of the cover substrate 39A is inserted between the roof material 3 provided with the notch 6 and the roof material 3 arranged on the gradient. Thus, in this form, since the water shielding cover 39 covers the gradient upper side of the fixture 5 which penetrates the roofing material 3, it is preferable at the point from which a rain finish becomes favorable.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the support 4 is composed of a vertical rail 4 </ b> A in the roof gradient direction and a horizontal rail 4 </ b> B disposed at an interval in the roof gradient direction in this embodiment. The vertical rail 4A is attached to the roof R via the fixtures 5 at a plurality of locations including the upper and lower ends by screwing and tightening nuts 41 to the mounting bolts 35 of the mounting portion 9 passing through the lower flange 4A1. . Then, the horizontal rail 4B is placed on the upper flange 4A2 of the vertical rail 4A and fixed by the fixing tool 42, whereby the support body 4 having a lattice shape with the vertical rail 4A and the horizontal rail 4B is attached to the roof R. Attached.

  On the horizontal rail 4B, the upper and lower ends of the solar cell module M are attached using a dedicated metal fitting 43. Thus, the fixture 5 that supports the solar cell module M is inserted into the notch 6 formed in the roofing material 3 and fixed to the roof base plate 2, so that the load of the solar cell module M is passed through the fixture 5. And is supported by the roof base plate 2 located almost immediately below. As a result, the support structure is simplified, the mounting strength of the solar cell module M is stabilized, and the solar cell module M is reliably supported even in strong winds such as typhoons and is excellent in workability. And since the load of the solar cell module M is not directly applied to the roofing material 3, there is no possibility that the roofing material 3 will be damaged. In particular, when renovating the existing building, rain does not leak even if the roofing material 3 has deteriorated over time.

  In addition, in this embodiment, the fixture 5 is fixed to the roof base plate 2 using the engagement between the roof base plate 2 and the retaining portion 18 below the roof base plate 2, and the retaining portion 18 is in the engaged range. Because it expands, it spreads over a wide area, and when renovation is performed, even if the roof base plate 2 is reduced in strength due to deterioration, the stress is dispersed and the roof base plate 2 is not damaged and the installation strength is stable. It is preferable in that it can be obtained. Moreover, the arrangement position of the rafters is confirmed as in the case where the fixing tool is driven and fixed to the rafters, and the workability is excellent because the rafter positions are not restricted.

  FIG. 5 illustrates another embodiment. The contents different from the above embodiment will be described, and other than that, only the same reference numerals are given to the main components appearing in the figure. The fixture 5 of this embodiment includes a vertically long cylindrical tube portion 7, a fixing portion 8 fixed to the roof base plate 2, and a mounting portion 9 to which the support body 4 is attached. The fixed portion 8 of this embodiment has a pair of fixed pieces 8B and 8B arranged in a direction perpendicular to the roof slope, and a pair of fixed leg pieces 9B and 9B arranged in the same direction. The cylindrical portion 7, the fixed portion 8, and the mounting portion 9 are integrated by a screw 37 that continuously passes through the fixed piece 8 </ b> A and the fixed leg piece 9 </ b> B. Further, the mounting portion 9 of this embodiment has a U-shape by providing a pair of sandwiching pieces 9C and 9C in which both side edges of the upper plate 9A are bent upward, and a vertical rail (not shown) is sandwiched between the sandwiching pieces 9C and 9C. It is preferable at the point which can support stably by fitting in.

  6 and 7 illustrate yet another embodiment. The notch 6 of this embodiment is formed by opening the roof material 3 in a rectangular shape. And the peripheral part of the notch part 6 is watertightly sealed by filling the sealing material 46.

  Further, the expanding and fixing tool 15 is inserted into the four mounting holes 16 formed in the roof base plate 2 facing the notch 6. As shown in FIG. 7, the expanding and fixing tool 15 of this embodiment includes an insertion portion 17 made of a screw rod and a rod-like shape that can swing by being pivotally attached to the lower end of the insertion portion 17. And a retaining portion 18. The retaining portion 18 is inserted from above into the mounting hole 16 in a state along the insertion portion 17 in the longitudinal direction, and the retaining portion 18 rotates horizontally after passing through the mounting hole 16 to expand. Thus, the retaining portion 18 engages with the roof base plate 2, and as a result, even if the insertion portion 17 is pulled upward, it cannot be pulled out onto the roof base plate 2 against this.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 8, the fixture 5 of the present embodiment is bent outwardly from the lower end of the U-shaped body 11A opening downward and the vertical pieces 11A1 and 11A1 of the U-shaped body 11A facing each other. An example is shown in which the mounting flange 11B, 11B in which the hole 44 is drilled has a hat shape, and the fixing bracket 11 is provided with a fixing bolt 10 facing upward. The fixing bracket 11 is formed by inserting the insertion portion 17 of the expansion fixture 15 into the mounting hole 44 and screwing the nut 45 to the roof base plate 2 by screwing the nut 45 into the fixing hole 11. It is fixed to the roof base plate 2 using the joint. Thus, since the fixing bracket 11 of this embodiment is fixed to the roof base plate 2 using the planar mounting flanges 11B formed on both sides, the solar cell module M can be mounted stably.

  In this embodiment, a cover 12 that covers the notch 6 and the fixing bracket 11 is attached. The covering cover 12 is composed of a cover main body 13 and a cap 14 fitted on the cover main body 13, and covers the mounting hole 16 to which the notch 6 and the fixing bracket 11 are attached. The water tightness is enhanced by covering. As shown in FIG. 8, the cover main body 13 includes a home base-like shell portion 13A surrounding the upper portion of the fixing bracket 11, and the periphery of the shell portion 13A from the periphery of the roof portion toward the roof slope and toward both sides. The shell portion 13A is provided with a notch 48 for enabling the insertion of the fixing bolt 10 and adjusting the position thereof. The upper end portion of the roof slope 13B is inserted between the roof material 3 provided with the notch 6 and the roof material 3 arranged on the slope and is fixed by the fixing tool 49. Thus, since the cover main body 13 has the collar part 13B along the roof surface, it can be stably mounted on the roof surface and the rain performance is good.

  The cap 14 has the same shape as the shell portion 13A and is formed slightly larger than the shell portion 13A so as to be fitted on the shell portion 13A. Thus, since the double waterproofing is comprised by the shell part 13A and the cap 14 of the cover main body 13, a favorable rain effect is obtained. Further, the cap 14 has a bolt hole 47 through which the fixing bolt 10 is inserted on the upper surface thereof, and the support fitting 50 is screwed onto the fixing bolt 10 protruding from the bolt hole 47. Thereby, the support body mounting bracket 50 is stably fixed on the fixing bracket 11 via the covering cover 12.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the vertical rail 51 which comprises the support body 4 which supports the solar cell module M equips the both sides of the U-shaped rail main body 51A with the horizontal blade piece 51B and 51B extended outward. The support mounting bracket 50 has a mounting groove 52 that opens inward on one side thereof, and fits one wing piece 51B of the vertical rail 51 into the mounting groove 52 and the other wing piece. The vertical rail 51 is fixed by clamping 51B with the pressing piece 53 screwed to the support body mounting bracket 50.

It is sectional drawing which illustrates one embodiment of this invention. It is the principal part enlarged view. It is the one part disassembled perspective view. It is a disassembled perspective view of the different part. It is a perspective view which illustrates other embodiment. It is sectional drawing which illustrates other embodiment. It is the principal part enlarged view. FIG. A prior art example is shown, (A) thru | or (C) are principal part sectional drawings explaining the construction order. It is sectional drawing of another prior art example. It is the principal part enlarged view.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Mounting structure of solar cell module 2 Roof base plate 3 Roof material 4 Support body 5 Mounting tool 6 Notch part 7 Tube part 8 Fixing part 9 Mounting part 10 Fixing bolt 11 Fixing bracket 11A U-shaped body 11A1 Vertical piece 11B Mounting flange 12 Cover DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 13 Cover main body 13A Shell part 13B Gutter part 14 Cap 15 Expanding fixing tool 16 Mounting hole 17 Insertion part 18 Detachment part M Solar cell module R Roof

Claims (3)

  1. A plurality of solar cell modules disposed on a roof configured by laying a roofing material on a roof base plate, a support for supporting the solar cell module, and a fixture for attaching the support to the roof Prepared,
    The roof material is formed with a notch that penetrates,
    The fixture comprises a fixing bracket that is inserted into the notch and is fixed in a state of being placed on the roof base plate, and has a fixing bolt facing upward for attaching the support,
    A solar cell module mounting structure, characterized in that a watertight covering cover is provided to cover the notch and the fixing bracket.
  2. The fixing bracket comprises a U-shape that opens downward and a mounting flange that extends and bends outward from the lower end of each vertical piece facing the U-shape.
    The covering cover includes a cover body and a cap arranged on the cover body,
    The cover body includes a shell portion that surrounds the upper portion of the fixing bracket, and a flange portion that extends from the peripheral edge portion of the shell portion to the periphery thereof along the roof surface, and the cap is formed on the shell portion of the cover body from above. The solar cell module mounting structure according to claim 1, wherein the solar cell module mounting structure is fitted.
  3. The fixture is secured to the roof base plate using an expanding fixture,
    The spread fixing tool is formed at a lower end of the insertion portion inserted into a mounting hole formed in the roof base plate, and is inserted into the mounting hole from above and below the roof base plate. Including a retaining portion that expands on the side and engages the roof base plate,
    The attachment structure of the solar cell module according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the fixture is fixed to the roof base plate using the engagement between the retaining portion and the roof base plate.
JP2008136955A 2008-05-26 2008-05-26 Installation structure of solar battery module Abandoned JP2008231914A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2008136955A JP2008231914A (en) 2008-05-26 2008-05-26 Installation structure of solar battery module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2008136955A JP2008231914A (en) 2008-05-26 2008-05-26 Installation structure of solar battery module

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2004283208 Division

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2008231914A true JP2008231914A (en) 2008-10-02

Family

ID=39905042

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2008136955A Abandoned JP2008231914A (en) 2008-05-26 2008-05-26 Installation structure of solar battery module

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2008231914A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2190031A2 (en) * 2008-11-19 2010-05-26 Solmatix Limited Device for mounting an object through a roof structure
JP4878402B1 (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-02-15 古河樹脂加工株式会社 Piping fixing base
WO2012127251A1 (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-09-27 Aluminco S.A. Supporting system for photovoltaic modules on tile roofs of aluminum profile
JP2012193569A (en) * 2011-03-17 2012-10-11 Kaneka Corp Fixing tool for solar cell module, method for fixing solar cell module, and roof structure
WO2010085357A3 (en) * 2009-01-26 2013-07-11 Single Source Roofing Corporation Mobile photovoltaic panel structure1
JP2014043729A (en) * 2012-08-28 2014-03-13 Showa Shell Sekiyu Kk Mounting structure for installation object, and mounting method
JP2014077317A (en) * 2012-10-12 2014-05-01 Kmew Co Ltd Structure for installing functional member in roof
JP2015158048A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-09-03 株式会社屋根技術研究所 Fixture for on-roof installation object, and fixing structure of on-roof installation object

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2190031A2 (en) * 2008-11-19 2010-05-26 Solmatix Limited Device for mounting an object through a roof structure
EP2190031A3 (en) * 2008-11-19 2012-04-11 Solmatix Limited Device for mounting an object through a roof structure
GB2465484B (en) * 2008-11-19 2013-10-23 Solmatix Ltd Roof mounting devices
WO2010085357A3 (en) * 2009-01-26 2013-07-11 Single Source Roofing Corporation Mobile photovoltaic panel structure1
JP2012193569A (en) * 2011-03-17 2012-10-11 Kaneka Corp Fixing tool for solar cell module, method for fixing solar cell module, and roof structure
WO2012127251A1 (en) * 2011-03-24 2012-09-27 Aluminco S.A. Supporting system for photovoltaic modules on tile roofs of aluminum profile
JP4878402B1 (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-02-15 古河樹脂加工株式会社 Piping fixing base
JP2014043729A (en) * 2012-08-28 2014-03-13 Showa Shell Sekiyu Kk Mounting structure for installation object, and mounting method
JP2014077317A (en) * 2012-10-12 2014-05-01 Kmew Co Ltd Structure for installing functional member in roof
JP2015158048A (en) * 2014-02-21 2015-09-03 株式会社屋根技術研究所 Fixture for on-roof installation object, and fixing structure of on-roof installation object

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20190238087A1 (en) Waterproofing mounting system for attaching solar modules to a roof
US10844602B2 (en) Roof vent for supporting an extension member
US9328942B1 (en) Solar panel racking system
US9103112B2 (en) Non-invasive roof mounting adapter and method for installing same
US8713858B1 (en) Roof attachment flashing system
US8250829B2 (en) Module attachment apparatus
US9906188B2 (en) Photovoltaic mounting system
KR101355881B1 (en) Fixing structure of solar battery module, frame for the solar battery module, and fixing member
EP1006592B1 (en) Solar cell roof structure and construction method thereof
US6606830B2 (en) Solar cell-bearing roof and method for installing solar cell-bearing roof
US8181402B2 (en) Building-integrated photovoltaic power unit
US20040000334A1 (en) Photovoltaic tiles, roofing system, and method of constructing roof
JP2010261180A (en) Structure for fixing solar cell module, and frame and fixing member for the solar cell module
KR101390571B1 (en) PV module mounting and support assembly and mounting method
US8631629B1 (en) Roof mounting assembly
KR20100025512A (en) Structure for mounting on a building wall frames for holding panels such as photovoltaic panels
KR20070114065A (en) Solar roof tile
JP2975998B1 (en) Solar cell roof structure
US20070084504A1 (en) Outer surrounding structure of photovoltaic power generation
US4321745A (en) Sealing method
JP2006210613A (en) Solar power generator
US5603187A (en) Watertight system for mounting equipment on roof
US20110220596A1 (en) Support system for solar panels
US7861485B1 (en) Method for installing a stanchion on a tile roof and system therefor
EP2023402A1 (en) Profile and device for assembling photovoltaic panels within a building structure, and in particular a roof, and building structure integrating these elements

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A821

Effective date: 20080526

A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20080526

A762 Written abandonment of application

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A762

Effective date: 20091207