JP2008128922A - Analyzing method of concentration of stable isotope - Google Patents

Analyzing method of concentration of stable isotope Download PDF

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JP2008128922A
JP2008128922A JP2006316545A JP2006316545A JP2008128922A JP 2008128922 A JP2008128922 A JP 2008128922A JP 2006316545 A JP2006316545 A JP 2006316545A JP 2006316545 A JP2006316545 A JP 2006316545A JP 2008128922 A JP2008128922 A JP 2008128922A
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JP4878998B2 (en
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Toshibumi Abe
Kenji Fukuda
Hidetoshi Yoshida
秀俊 吉田
健治 福田
阿部  俊文
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Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corp
大陽日酸株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To perform the analysis of the concentration of a stable isotope by FABMS which employs an FAB method as an ionization method at the time of mass analysis of a sample having hard volatility. <P>SOLUTION: In the method for analyzing the concentration of the stable isotope in the sample by the mass analysis of the sample, the FAB method is employed as the ionization method of the sample at the time of mass analysis and the sample is mixed with a matrix solution, which is prepared by dissolving a matrix used in the FAB method in a solvent, to undergo mass analysis. The concentration of the stable isotope is calculated from the intensity ratio of the peak of the molecular ions having the highest-presence probability and the peak of molecular ions next high in presence probability within the peak determined by mass analysis. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2008,JPO&INPIT

Description

The present invention relates to a method for analyzing a stable isotope concentration, and more specifically, is a non-volatile material such as a high purity stable isotope labeled amino acid, and one element of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen in the molecule The present invention relates to a stable isotope concentration analysis method for determining an isotope concentration of a labeled element of a compound labeled with a high concentration of 13 C, 2 H, 15 N, and 17 O or 18 O.

Currently, research on elucidating the three-dimensional structure of proteins and utilizing the information in the drug discovery industry has been activated. For amino acids that are constituents of proteins, isotopes of specific elements are highly purified. There is an increasing demand for stable isotope-labeled amino acids, which are amino acids that are replaced by species isotopes. In other words, in NMR structural analysis of proteins, replacement of 2 H-labeled amino acids with unlabeled amino acids at specific sites in the protein to be analyzed can be used to increase the necessary signals in order to eliminate unnecessary signals and sharpen proximity signals. The invention has been devised to enable NMR analysis of higher molecular weight proteins and to significantly improve the obtained structural information by performing the same replacement with 13 C and 15 N labeled amino acids. (For example, refer to Patent Document 1).

  Incomplete isotope labeling of labeled amino acids to replace unlabeled amino acids in proteins results in incomplete removal of unwanted signals and inadequate sharpening and increase of required signals. In order to prevent a more accurate structural analysis, it is desired that the labeling amino acid to be used has a more complete isotope labeling rate and its value is determined with high accuracy. .

  On the other hand, mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy are used to determine the isotope labeling rate of a specific element in a compound. Specifically, in mass spectrometry, a pretreated sample or an untreated sample is analyzed with a mass spectrometer such as GCMS (Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry), LCMS (Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry), or IRMS (Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry). The peak ratio between the molecular ion peak and the mass number + α (α is the difference between the mass numbers of two nuclides that are isotopes) or the peak ratio between a specific fragment ion and the mass number + α is Since it is equal to the abundance ratio of isotopes, the isotope purity (isotope labeling rate) is obtained. By performing mass spectrometry in combination with GC or LC, the isotopic purity of a specific compound in the mixture can also be determined.

In particular, in the case of IRMS, mass spectrometry specialized for gas samples: CO 2 , N 2 , O 2 , SO 2 is performed to determine the isotopic purity of each element. Sample Otherwise CO 2, N 2, O 2 , SO 2, firstly, CO 2, N 2, O 2, it is necessary to gasification to SO 2. The method of gasification, CO 2, NO 2, O 2, and SO 2, combustion method and to obtain the N 2 from NO 2 by further reduced, chemical, such as decarboxylation by combustion in the combustor which is connected to the IRMS For example, there is a method of obtaining CO 2 , NO 2 , O 2 , SO 2 by a simple pretreatment. IRMS can be combined with GC, and the method combined with the gasification: combustion method described above is called GC-C-IRMS (GC-Combustion Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry).

In infrared spectroscopy, existing techniques exist only for the analysis of carbon isotopes of CO 2 and CH 4 . For example, in the case of CO 2, 12 CO 2 and the intensity ratio of the light absorption of each characteristic wavelength of 13 CO 2 to analyze the isotopic ratios by measuring (e.g., see Patent Document 1.).

  Further, in the isotope analysis, particularly in the isotope analysis of light elements such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, the mass fractionation effect in the device (the mass fractionation effect in the device is particularly referred to as the mass discrimination effect) is large. It is difficult to determine the absolute value of the isotopic composition. For this reason, the isotope ratio is often discussed as a relative deviation from a certain standard (relative method). In stable isotope mass spectrometry, the analytical elements are subjected to isotope fractionation not only during mass analysis, but also during sample processing and extraction of analytical elements, and also during removal of interfering elements. Therefore, it is important to analyze the unknown sample and the standard substance under the same conditions as much as possible. In order to match the analysis conditions of unknown samples and isotope standards as much as possible, a so-called dual inlet method, which is equipped with two pairs of sample introduction systems of the same shape and size, is used, and samples and standard samples are measured alternately. (For example, refer nonpatent literature 2.).

  High-accuracy isotope analysis of light elements is often performed by a combination of the relative method using the dual inlet method and the IRMS described above. Especially when the sample is a hardly volatile substance such as an amino acid, a combustion method is used as a pretreatment. IRMS using a combination of these is used.

  On the other hand, a method using the FAB method (Fast Atom Bombardment = fast atom bombardment method) as an ionization method is known as mass spectrometry of thermally decomposable and hardly volatile substances such as amino acids. In the FAB method, a sample is mixed with a viscous organic compound (matrix) such as glycerol, and atoms such as xenon and argon collide with the solution to perform ionization. As the matrix, glycerol, thioglycerin, 3-nitrobenzyl alcohol, etc. are known as practical matrices, and selecting a matrix according to the properties of the sample is very effective in obtaining a high-quality mass spectrum. It can be said that it is an important factor (for example, refer nonpatent literature 3).

However, since both matrices are very viscous substances and the sample is a solid sample, it is difficult to obtain a uniform sample solution even if it is directly mixed with the matrix. Is often carried out through a solvent in which both are dissolved. Hereinafter, a mixture of a solvent in which the sample and the matrix are dissolved and the matrix is referred to as a matrix solution. In addition, the FAB method has a softer ionization mechanism than the EI method (Electron Ionization), which is the most common ionization method, and molecular ions (exactly protonated molecules: [M + H] + and deprotonated molecules). : [M−H] −, the same applies hereinafter). Of the ions generated by ionization, fragment ions give information only about specific sites in the molecule. On the other hand, molecular ions give information on the whole molecule. That is, in the molecular ion, information is reflected even if any part of the element in the molecule is labeled with a specific isotope. For this reason, the FAB method is a versatile and excellent method for obtaining the isotope labeling rate of a substance whose isotope labeling rate is unknown.

As described above, in the isotope analysis of hardly volatile substances such as amino acids, IRMS combined with a combustion method is generally used, but IRMS also has the following problems.
(1) Since the combustion and reduction device is incorporated in the previous stage of mass spectrometry, the device becomes complicated.
(2) Since mass analysis is performed after finally converting to substances present in the environmental atmosphere such as oxygen gas, nitrogen gas, and carbon dioxide gas, there is a high possibility of causing an analysis error due to contamination from the environmental atmosphere. In particular, in the measurement of samples that are isotopically labeled at a high concentration with 13 C, 15 N, 17 O, and 18 O, which are very little present in the ambient air, the adverse effects of this contamination are significant.
(3) Since the mass spectrometry is specialized for CO 2 , N 2 , O 2 , and SO 2, it is impossible to measure the isotopic purity of hydrogen.

In addition, in high-accuracy light element isotope analysis, the “comparative relative method between a reference material and a sample” has been implemented in order to eliminate the influence of the mass discrimination effect, but this also has the following problems. is there.
(4) Although reference materials for samples whose isotope abundance ratio is approximately equal to the natural abundance ratio are established internationally, reference materials for samples whose isotope concentration is very different from the natural abundance ratio are international. Are not in place and cannot be obtained.

  Furthermore, the dual inlet method used in the relative method also has the following problems, taking into account the current situation that there is no international standard for reference materials for samples whose isotope concentration is very different from the natural abundance ratio. There is.

(5) If the isotope composition of the reference material and the sample differ only slightly, the isotope composition of the reference material and the sample is very different, although it is an excellent method for high-precision isotope analysis. In some cases, the common part of the device (when the dual inlet method is adopted for mass spectrometry, the sample introduction system is independent for the standard substance and the sample, but the part after the ion source is shared). Highly accurate isotope analysis is not possible due to the memory effect of (the other residue after the ion source).

Furthermore, in FABMS which has the possibility of solving the above problem,
(6) Although molecular ion peaks appear, there are many trace impurities in the sample and matrix, noise peaks derived from the apparatus (see Non-Patent Document 3), and the concentrations of nuclides that are isotopes are not equal to each other. In the case where the peak of one is much smaller than the other peak, the peak is buried in the noise peak described above, so the quality required for the determination of the isotope concentration with high accuracy, that is, the target molecule It is difficult to obtain a mass spectrum in which the intensity of only the ion peak is very large and other unnecessary peaks are suppressed as much as possible.
There was a problem.

Finally, as a means for obtaining a mass spectrum in which only the molecular ion peak intensity is increased and other unnecessary peaks are suppressed as much as possible, a method of measuring FABMS using a novel matrix has also been proposed (for example, , See Patent Document 2). However, when this method is used, the molecular ion peak increases,
(7) No effect has been obtained until it can withstand the calculation of the isotope concentration with higher accuracy than the peak.

As described above, there are a number of problems in obtaining the isotope concentration accurately for substances that are hardly volatile substances such as amino acids and whose isotopic composition deviates greatly from the natural abundance ratio. In the present situation, the precursors, intermediates or raw materials are analyzed, and the concentration of these isotopes is set to the isotope concentration of amino acids or the like.
JP 2005-30186 A JP-A-9-113485. ) Terauchi, Ono, Protein structure analysis using stable isotope-labeled amino acids, Chemistry and Industry, 2005, Vol. 58, No. 12, pp. 1426-1429 Hirata, Analytical Method for Measuring Isotope Ratios, Bunkeki, 2002 No. 4, pp. 152-160 YOKUDEL-FAB-Matrix [Matrix for FAB measurement]-Know-how of FAB measurement, JEOL Datum Co., Ltd., July 1, 2004 (2nd edition)

  Therefore, the present inventor uses the FAB method as an ionization method for mass spectrometry of a sample having low volatility without using an IRMS having many problems and without performing comparative analysis with a standard substance. When analyzing the stable isotope concentration with the adopted FABMS, the quality of the obtained mass spectrum is improved by dramatically increasing the peaks derived from the target in the sample and suppressing the appearance of unnecessary peaks as much as possible. It was found that making it useful for highly accurate determination of isotope concentration is very effective in determining the isotope concentration of highly volatile substances such as highly labeled amino acids, and completed the present invention. It came to do.

  That is, the stable isotope concentration analysis method of the present invention employs the FAB method as a sample ionization method for mass analysis in the method of analyzing the stable isotope concentration in the sample by mass analyzing the sample. Then, the sample is mixed with a matrix solution in which the matrix used in the FAB method is dissolved in a solvent and subjected to mass spectrometry. Among the peaks obtained by the mass spectrometry, the peak of the molecular ion having the highest existence probability and its peak Next, the stable isotope concentration is calculated from the intensity ratio with the peak of a molecular ion having a high existence probability.

  Furthermore, the stable isotope concentration analysis method of the present invention is characterized in that the stable isotope concentration is calculated from the peak intensity ratio by absolute measurement using only the peak obtained from mass analysis of the sample. It is said.

  In the stable isotope concentration analysis method described above, the matrix mainly contains at least one of glycerin, thioglycerin, 3-nitrobenzyl alcohol, dithiothreitol, diethanolamine, and triethanolamine. The solvent can be preferably used, and the solvent preferably contains at least one of water, methanol, ethanol, hexane, benzene, and N, N′-dimethylformamide as a main component.

  Furthermore, the matrix concentration of the matrix solution is 10% by volume, and in particular, the matrix solution is preferably an aqueous solution containing 10% by volume of glycerol, and the addition of an acid to the matrix solution, in particular, the acid is an aqueous hydrochloric acid solution. It is more preferable that the acid is added at a ratio of 1 in the 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution to 6 in the matrix solution when the concentration of the hydrochloric acid aqueous solution is 1N.

According to the stable isotope concentration analysis method of the present invention, it is not necessary to incorporate a combustion apparatus or a reduction apparatus in the previous stage of the mass spectrometer, and the apparatus can be simplified. In addition, since labeled amino acids and the like are not converted into oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and the like, there is no possibility of an analysis error due to contamination of these from the ambient atmosphere. Furthermore, since the determination of isotope purity using molecular ion peaks including molecular information obtained by adding protons to the molecule, 2 H concentration information can be obtained, and hydrogen isotope analysis is also possible.

  In addition, since the concentration can be calculated by measuring only the sample, there is no risk of a decrease in analysis accuracy due to the memory effect as in the dual inlet method. In addition, even if one peak is much smaller than the other peak, a small peak is not buried in trace impurities in the sample and matrix, noise peaks derived from the device, etc. It is possible to obtain a mass spectrum that can be sufficiently used to determine the concentration, and to determine the isotope concentration of a highly volatile substance having various problems with high accuracy.

  The present invention is used when the isotopic concentration of one element among the constituent elements is unknown. However, even when the isotope concentrations of a plurality of elements are unknown, the concentration is determined using another means such as IRMS, IR, NMR, etc. Thus, by using the present invention, even when the isotopic concentrations of a plurality of elements are unknown, it is possible to determine all of them.

  First, in order to carry out the method of the present invention, for example, when analyzing the isotope concentration of a hardly volatile substance such as an amino acid, it is very important to appropriately prepare a matrix solution in FABMS analysis. Specifically, when the matrix is dissolved in a solvent to form a matrix solution, it is necessary to set the matrix concentration appropriately. The matrix concentration can be adjusted according to the type of the matrix and the solvent, but it is usually most preferable to adjust the matrix concentration to be 10 vol / vol%.

  As the matrix used in the present invention, a commonly used matrix can be used. Specifically, glycerin (glycerol), thioglycerin, 3-nitrobenzyl alcohol, dithiothreitol, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, Ethanolamine or the like can be used, and a special matrix as described in Patent Document 2 can also be used. Among these matrices, the effects of the present invention are most remarkable when glycerol is selected.

  As the solvent, any substance can be selected as long as the matrix and the sample to be measured are dissolved together. Specifically, pure water, methanol, ethanol, hexane, benzene, Although N, N′-dimethylformamide or the like can be used, the combination of the matrix and the solvent in which the effect of the present invention is most prominent is a combination of glycerol and pure water.

  Furthermore, the effect can be drastically improved by adding a trace amount of acid to the matrix solution prepared as described above. Specifically, the effect of the present invention becomes most prominent by preparing a matrix solution in which a 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution is mixed with the matrix solution so that the matrix solution: aqueous hydrochloric acid solution = 6: 1 by volume ratio. In addition, the strictness of the acid type and concentration is not particularly limited, and although there are differences in the degree of effect, the acid type may be nitric acid or sulfuric acid, and the concentration must be strictly 1N. Absent.

Example 1
First, the following three types were prepared as matrix solutions.
Solution A: High-purity glycerol and ultra-pure water produced by an ultra-pure water production apparatus were mixed at room temperature so that the volume ratio was glycerol: ultra-pure water = 1: 9, and then stirred well to be uniform. A simple matrix solution was prepared.
Solution B: After mixing the solution A and a 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution (general commercially available for neutralization titration) at room temperature so that the volume ratio is a solution A: 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution = 6: 1 The mixture was stirred well to prepare a uniform matrix solution.
Solution C: High-purity glycerol and ultra-pure water produced by ultra-pure water production equipment were mixed at room temperature so that the volume ratio was glycerol: super-pure water = 1: 1, and then stirred well to be uniform. A simple matrix solution was prepared.

Moreover, ten amino acids of glycine, serine, cysteine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamine, glutamic acid, methionine, histidine, and tryptophan were used for the sample. Each of these amino acids is a concentrated product in which all carbon atoms in the molecule are highly labeled with 13 C.

  Mass spectrometry was performed on a mixture of 1 mg of each sample and 30 μL of each matrix solution, and 30 mass spectra obtained by combining each sample and each matrix solution were obtained. The spectrum acquisition conditions in mass spectrometry are: xenon for collision gas, 1 kV for acceleration voltage, 50 to 250 for mass scanning range, low resolution measurement for mass resolution (M / ΔM = 500), and the spectrum acquisition conditions for one amino acid are: The details were the same except for the different types of matrix solutions.

  The results of FABMS analysis performed in this way were evaluated based on two points: the intensity of the molecular ion peak, which is the peak used for calculating the isotope concentration, and the state of the peak other than the molecular ion peak such as the matrix-derived peak. Then, it was determined whether the obtained mass spectrum was useful for high-accuracy isotope analysis.

Table 1 shows the absolute intensity of the molecular ion peak ([M + H] + ) in each spectrum extracted from 30 mass spectra measured using each matrix solution.

  From Table 1, the absolute intensity of the molecular ion peak increases in the order of solution C, solution A and solution B for 9 amino acids other than methionine out of 10 amino acids. It can be seen that the matrix solution is useful for accurate isotope analysis. Moreover, also in the measurement of methionine, it is understood that the solution having the highest absolute intensity of the molecular ion peak is the solution B, and the solution B is more versatile than the solution A.

On the other hand, regarding the state of the peak other than the molecular ion peak, as a representative example of the peak other than the molecular ion peak such as the matrix-derived peak, the main peak of glycerol which is the matrix used this time (the peak with the strongest appearance: M / Z = 93). Therefore, the ratio of the molecular ion peak to the same peak from each spectrum, that is, the relative intensity of the molecular ion peak to the main peak of the matrix was calculated. The results are shown in Table 2.

  The larger the numerical values in Table 2, the smaller the peak derived from the matrix solution, and it can be said that the matrix solution is useful for highly accurate isotope analysis. Therefore, it can be seen from Table 2 that solution B is the most excellent matrix solution of 9 amino acids other than glutamine out of 10 amino acids, followed by solution A. In this evaluation as well, since the 10 amino acids including glutamine having the largest numerical value are the solution B as described above, it can be said that the solution B is a very excellent matrix solution.

Example 2
As matrix solutions, four types were prepared in which the mixing ratio of glycerol and ultrapure water was such that the volume concentration of glycerol was 5%, 10, 25 and 50% by volume. In addition, the sample contains 6 types of serine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, histidine and tryptophan, which are concentrated products in which all carbon atoms and nitrogen atoms in the molecule are highly labeled with 13 C and 15 N. Prepared.

  24 mass spectra were acquired under the same conditions as in Example 1. From each mass spectrum obtained as a result, the absolute intensity of the molecular ion for each amino acid is extracted, and the molecular ion peak of each amino acid with respect to each glycerol concentration when the absolute intensity of a 10% by volume glycerol aqueous solution is 1 as a matrix solution. Absolute strength was compared. The result is shown in FIG. As can be seen from FIG. 1, the molecular ionic strength is maximum when the glycerol concentration is 10% by volume as a matrix solution for any amino acid, and this solution is most useful.

  Furthermore, the result of comparing the relative strength in the same manner as in Example 1 is shown in FIG. FIG. 2 also shows that the relative intensity of molecular ions is maximum when the glycerol concentration is 10% by volume as a matrix solution in any amino acid.

Example 3
Using the solution B in Example 1, reproducibility was confirmed for the 10 amino acids sampled in Example 1. In this data acquisition, 1 data per day was acquired for 5 days, and the 13 C isotope concentration was calculated from the obtained mass spectrum. In calculating the concentration, isotopes of elements other than carbon were assumed to be natural abundance ratios. Table 3 shows the calculation results.

  From the results shown in Table 3, it can be seen that the reproducibility (relative standard deviation) for all 10 amino acids was highly accurate within 0.1%.

Example 4
A similar comparison was performed by performing the same operation as in Example 1 except that the matrix was changed from glycerol to thioglycerin. Table 4 shows the absolute intensity of molecular ion peaks of glycine and serine in each matrix solution, and Table 5 shows the relative intensity.

Example 5
A similar comparison was performed by performing the same operation as in Example 1 except that the matrix was changed from glycerol to diethanolamine. Table 6 shows the absolute intensity of molecular ion peaks of cysteine and aspartic acid in each matrix solution, and Table 7 shows the relative intensity.

  From the results of Example 4 and Example 5, it can be seen that the matrix is effective even if it is other than glycerol.

Example 6
The same operation as in Example 1 was performed except that hydrophobic substances hypoxanthine and Fmoc-leucine were used as samples, and the solvent was changed from ultrapure water to N, N′-dimethylformamide. Carried out. Table 8 shows the absolute intensity of molecular ion peaks of hypoxanthine and Fmoc-leucine in each matrix solution, and Table 9 shows the relative intensity.

  From Tables 8 and 9, it can be seen that by selecting an appropriate solvent, it is effective not only for hydrophilic substances such as amino acids but also for hydrophobic substances.

Example 7
A similar comparison was performed by performing the same operation as in Example 1 except that the acid added to the matrix solution was changed from a 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution to a 1N nitric acid aqueous solution. Table 10 shows the absolute intensities of the molecular ion peaks of glutamic acid and tryptophan in each matrix solution, and Table 11 shows the relative intensities.

  From Table 10 and Table 11, it can be seen that it is effective regardless of the type of acid, although there is a difference in degree.

Example 8
The same comparison as in Example 2 was performed except that the concentration of the hydrochloric acid aqueous solution added to the solution A in Example 1 was changed to four types of hydrochloric acid aqueous solutions of 0.1, 0.5, 1, 3 and 6 respectively. Carried out. In addition, data for no addition of acid was also obtained for comparison. The results are shown in FIGS.

  From FIGS. 3 and 4, the effect of adding a 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution as an acid solution is the maximum for any amino acid, but no acid was added (hydrochloric acid concentration: 0N point in the figure). By comparison, absolute strength and relative strength are increased for all amino acids at any acid concentration, and it can be seen that addition of a small amount of acid is useful in a wide range of concentrations regardless of the exact concentration. .

Example 9
Using a glycine labeled with a high concentration of all nitrogen atoms in the molecule with 15 N as a sample, the solution B was used as a matrix solution, and the stable isotope concentration in the sample was analyzed. 1 mg of the sample was mixed with a matrix solution composed of 30 μL of 10% glycerol aqueous solution and 5 μL of 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution to obtain a uniform sample solution. This sample solution was inserted into an ion source of a mass spectrometer to obtain a mass spectrum. The measurement conditions for the mass spectrum were the same as in Example 1. The acquired mass spectrum is shown in FIG.

In this mass spectrum, a peak with an intensity of 2660428 at M / Z = 77 is obtained as the maximum peak derived from a molecule, and a peak with an intensity of 11367 at M / Z = 76 is obtained as a peak derived from the next largest molecule. Obtained. These intensity ratios, from equal to the abundance ratio of molecules that provide the respective peak, calculating the 15 N concentration using these intensities, 15 N concentration became 99.6atom%.

In addition, when the same sample was measured by the conventional N 2 conversion IRMS method, the 15 N concentration was 83.1 atom%, and the result was inaccurate due to the influence of nitrogen gas in the ambient air in the pretreatment and measurement chamber. It became. Furthermore, the 15 N concentration when using a matrix solution (without addition of hydrochloric acid) having a glycerol concentration of 50% was 92.1 atom%.

Example 10
A mass spectrum was obtained by performing the same operation as in Example 9 using serine in which nitrogen atoms in the molecule were labeled with 15 N with high purity. The acquired mass spectrum is shown in FIG. In this mass spectrum, a peak having an intensity of 2467433 at M / Z = 107 is obtained as a maximum peak derived from a molecule, and a peak having an intensity of 17601 at M / Z = 106 is obtained as a peak derived from the next largest molecule. Obtained. When the 15 N concentration was calculated from these intensity ratios, the 15 N concentration was 99.3 atom%.

It is a figure which shows the relationship between a glycerol density | concentration and the absolute intensity | strength of a molecular ion peak. It is a figure which shows the relationship between a glycerol density | concentration and the relative intensity | strength of a molecular ion peak. It is a figure which shows the relationship between hydrochloric acid aqueous solution density | concentration and the absolute intensity | strength of a molecular ion peak. It is a figure which shows the relationship between hydrochloric acid aqueous solution density | concentration and the relative intensity | strength of a molecular ion peak. It is the mass spectrum acquired in Example 9. It is a mass spectrum acquired in Example 10.

Claims (8)

  1.   In a method of analyzing a stable isotope concentration in a sample by mass spectrometry of the sample, the FAB method is adopted as a sample ionization method in mass spectrometry, and the matrix used in the FAB method is dissolved in a solvent The sample is mixed with the solution and subjected to mass spectrometry. Among the peaks obtained by the mass spectrometry, the intensity ratio between the peak of the molecular ion having the highest probability of existence and the peak of the molecular ion having the highest probability of existence next. A stable isotope concentration analysis method, comprising calculating a stable isotope concentration from
  2.   2. The stable isotope concentration analysis method according to claim 1, wherein the calculation of the stable isotope concentration from the peak intensity ratio is performed by absolute measurement using only the peak obtained from mass analysis of the sample. .
  3.   The stable matrix according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the matrix is mainly composed of at least one of glycerin, thioglycerin, 3-nitrobenzyl alcohol, dithiothreitol, diethanolamine, and triethanolamine. Analysis method of isotope concentration.
  4.   4. The solvent according to claim 1, wherein the solvent is mainly composed of at least one of water, methanol, ethanol, hexane, benzene, and N, N′-dimethylformamide. The analysis method of the stable isotope concentration described.
  5.   5. The stable isotope concentration analysis method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the matrix concentration of the matrix solution is 10% by volume.
  6.   3. The stable isotope concentration analysis method according to claim 1, wherein the matrix solution is an aqueous solution containing 10% by volume of glycerol.
  7.   7. The stable isotope concentration analysis method according to claim 1, wherein an acid is added to the matrix solution.
  8.   2. The 1N hydrochloric acid aqueous solution is 1 with respect to 6 of the matrix solution when the acid is a hydrochloric acid aqueous solution and the concentration of the hydrochloric acid aqueous solution is 1N. The analysis method of the stable isotope concentration described.
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JP2010160086A (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-22 Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corp Matrix for mass spectrometry, and mass spectrometry method
JP2012117926A (en) * 2010-12-01 2012-06-21 Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corp Method for analyzing isotopic concentration

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