JP2008082113A - Lock device for cab guard of construction machine - Google Patents

Lock device for cab guard of construction machine Download PDF

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JP2008082113A
JP2008082113A JP2006266056A JP2006266056A JP2008082113A JP 2008082113 A JP2008082113 A JP 2008082113A JP 2006266056 A JP2006266056 A JP 2006266056A JP 2006266056 A JP2006266056 A JP 2006266056A JP 2008082113 A JP2008082113 A JP 2008082113A
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Prior art keywords
cab
guard
cab guard
lock lever
pin
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JP2006266056A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4466923B2 (en
Inventor
Takeshi Mori
武志 森
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Sumitomo (Shi) Construction Machinery Manufacturing Co Ltd
住友建機製造株式会社
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Publication of JP2008082113A publication Critical patent/JP2008082113A/en
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Abstract

An object of the present invention is to facilitate a lock / unlock operation of a cab guard of a construction machine.
A pin 4a is provided on a side surface on the open / close side of a cab guard 4 of a construction machine, and a rotatable lock lever 11 is pivotally attached to a front surface of a cab 1. The lock lever is formed with a groove 11a having one end opened in the rotational direction and the lateral width of the end portion of the groove is increased in the outer peripheral direction. A rubber stopper 17 is provided on the back side of the cab guard. By rotating the lock lever from the unlock position, the pin of the cab guard is engaged with the groove of the lock lever, and if the lock lever is rotated to the rotation end position, the cab guard is pressed against the cab side and fixed. The The elastic stopper can prevent the vibration of the cab guard and the damage of the contact surface between the cab guard and the cab, and also has a good lock retention.
[Selection] Figure 3

Description

  The present invention relates to a cab guard locking device for a construction machine, and more particularly to a cab guard locking device for a construction machine that is simplified in configuration and operation.

  Some construction machines such as a hydraulic excavator are provided with a metal grid or a resin cab guard in order to protect the windshield of the cab and the driver from rocks scattered during excavation work and rock drilling work.

  The simplest cab guard mounting structure is to fix the cab guard frame to the front of the cab with bolts and nuts. However, the cab guard device of Patent Document 1 mounts the cab guard via a hinge or rail. The windshield can be opened to facilitate maintenance such as windshield cleaning.

  The cab guard described in Patent Document 1 is configured to be fixed to the windshield protection position with bolts and nuts. However, the protective device described in Patent Document 2 is obtained by fixing the hinged cab guard by a lock mechanism using a latch. , Simplified opening and closing operation. The latch of the locking mechanism is a rubber rod-like member that is pivotably attached to the driver's seat side, and has a spherically bulged convex portion formed in the middle of the cab guard frame. The cab guard is pressed against and fixed to the front surface of the windshield by hooking the convex portion of the latch.

Similar to the cab guard described in Patent Document 2, the cab guard described in Patent Document 3 fixes a hinged cab guard with a lock mechanism using a latch, and the latch is a well-known two-fold lever type, and is folded in two. In this state, the intermediate horizontal bar is hooked in the cam groove of the catch and the tip is pushed to engage the receiving side engaging portion, so that the latch is locked and the cab guard is fixed to the front surface of the windshield. In addition, an elastic stopper such as rubber is interposed between the front of the driver's seat and the cab guard, and the fixed cab guard vibrates by clamping the elastic stopper between the front of the driver's seat and the cab guard. To prevent that.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 9-228422 (Claims 1 to 5) JP 2001-97250 A (paragraph number 0029, FIG. 8) JP 2003-328396 A (Claim 3 and Claim 5)

  The lock mechanism for fixing the openable cab guard with the lock mechanism by the latch is easy to fix the cab guard. However, when a rubber latch is used like the lock device described in Patent Document 2, the cab is a heavy load. In order to securely fix the guard, it is necessary to increase the tensile strength of the latch itself. For this reason, there is a problem that a strong arm force is required to manually pull and extend the latch having a high tensile strength to engage the convex portion of the latch with the spherical concave portion of the catch. Further, the rubber latch is inferior to the metal latch in terms of durability such as aging fatigue and may be broken.

  The locking device described in Patent Document 3 does not cause a problem of durability by using a metal latch. However, the locking device is locked / locked by rotating a two-fold lever type latch provided on the side surface of the cab guard in the horizontal direction. This is a structure to release, while pushing the cab guard against the elasticity of the elastic stopper, hook the horizontal bar at the middle of the latch into the cam groove on the receiving side, and push the front end of the latch in the horizontal direction to It becomes an operation procedure for engaging with the engaging portion, and it is desirable that the locking / unlocking can be performed more easily if difficult.

  Therefore, there is a technical problem to be solved in order to provide a cab guard locking device that is easier to lock / unlock than the conventional type, and the present invention aims to solve the above problem. To do.

  The present invention is proposed in order to achieve the above object, and is provided in a cab guard locking device for a construction machine for fixing an openable / closable hinged cab guard that protects the front surface of a cab of a construction machine in a protected position. The cab guard is provided with a pin on the open / close side surface, a pivotable lock lever is pivotally mounted on the front surface of the cab, and a groove having a rotational direction and one end opened is formed on the lock lever. A cab guard locking device in which the lateral width of the end portion of the cab is expanded in the outer peripheral direction, the cab guard is closed to the front side of the cab, and the lock lever is rotated to engage the pin of the cab guard in the groove of the lock lever. The cab guard is locked in the protected position by rotating the lock lever until the cab guard pin reaches the wide end portion of the groove. It is intended to provide a cab guard locking system for a construction machine according to claim.

  Also, a construction in which an elastic material stopper such as rubber is provided on one of the mutually facing surfaces of the cab guard and the cab so that the cab guard locked in the protected position and the cab holds the elastic material stopper. A cab guard locking device for a machine is provided.

  In the cab guard locking device for a construction machine according to the present invention, the pin provided on the side surface of the cab guard is engaged with the groove of the lock lever by rotating the lock lever provided on the cab side from the unlocking position. When the lever is rotated to the end position, the cab guard is pressed against the cab side and fixed, so the lock / unlock operation is simpler and more reliable and the number of parts is minimized.

  In addition, by inserting an elastic stopper between the cab guard and the cab, vibration of the cab guard and damage to the contact surface between the cab guard and the cab can be prevented, and the retention of the locked state is also improved. To do.

  The present invention relates to a cab guard locking device for a construction machine for fixing an openable / closable hinge-type cab guard that protects the front surface of a cab of a construction machine in a protected position, and a pin is provided on a side surface of the cab guard on the open / close side. A structure is provided in which a pivotable lock lever is pivotally mounted on the front face of the cab, a groove having a rotational direction and one end opened is formed in the lock lever, and the lateral width of the end portion of the groove is expanded in the outer circumferential direction. As a result, the cab guard can be locked / unlocked with one touch by turning the lock lever, and the object of providing a cab guard locking device that is easier to lock / unlock than the conventional type is achieved. did.

  Fig. 1 shows the front part of a cab 1 of a hydraulic excavator as an example of a construction machine. The front side of the box-type cab 1 is almost entirely occupied by a glass windshield 2, and the windshield 2 is The upper and lower cab guards 4 and 5 are attached to the surrounding window frame 3 to protect the windshield. The lower cab guard 5 covers up to a fraction of the height (about the height of the driver's knee) from the lower end of the front of the cab, and the upper cab guard 4 with a wider upper and lower width is the lower cab guard. It covers the upper part from 5.

  The upper cab guard 4 and the lower cab guard 5 are metal plates 7 that connect the upper and lower sides of the rectangular frame 6 in parallel at regular intervals in the horizontal direction, and the upper cab guard 4 is a metal that further connects the left and right sides of the rectangular frame 6. The plate materials 7 are arranged at regular intervals to form a lattice shape. The frame 6 of the lower cab guard 5 is fixed to the front of the cab 1 with bolts 8, and the right side (left in the figure) of the frame 6 of the upper cab guard 4 has a hinge 9 at the front right end of the cab 1. The left side of the frame 6 is locked by a pair of upper and lower locking devices 10 provided at the left end of the front surface of the cab 1.

In FIG. 1, the lock lever 11 of the lock device 10 is in the downwardly locked position, and when the bar-shaped handle portion 12 of the lock lever 11 is pulled up, the upper cab guard 4 is unlocked, as shown in FIG. The upper cab guard 4 can be opened with the hinge 9 as a fulcrum.
FIG. 3 shows a state in which the lock lever 11 is in the upper unlocking position and the upper cab guard 4 is not locked. In this state, the upper cab guard 4 can be opened by pulling the upper cab guard 4 forward. When the handle portion 12 of the lock lever 11 is pushed down, the pin 4a provided on the side surface of the upper cab guard 4 is sandwiched by the lock lever 11, and the upper cab guard 4 is fixed in the closed position.

  FIG. 4 shows the configuration of the locking device 10. 13 is a base plate fixed to the upper part of the window frame part 3 of the cab 1, and the pin receiving part 14 rises forward from the lower part of the base plate 13. The pin receiving portion 14 is a portion that receives the pin 4a on the side surface of the upper cab guard 4, and is formed with a vertical groove 14a into which the pin 4a enters, and the bearing hole 14b formed below the vertical groove 14a has the lock lever 11 The lock lever 11 is rotatably supported by inserting the shaft portion and fastening the nut 15 to the shaft portion. 16 is a washer for reducing the rotational friction of the lock lever. The lock device 10 fixed to the lower part of the window frame portion 3 of the cab 1 has the same structure and movement except that the shape of the base plate is different from that of FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the lock lever 11 is formed with a lateral groove 11a in a direction perpendicular to a straight line passing through the center of rotation from the front surface (left in the drawing) to the rear. The width of the lateral groove 11a (in the vertical direction in the figure) is slightly wider than the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4, and the lateral width is expanded only at the end portion (the innermost portion). Further, a rod-shaped handle portion 12 is welded to the upper end of the lock lever 11. When the lock lever 11 attached to the pin receiving portion 14 is rotated downward, the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4 is sandwiched between the vertical groove 14a of the pin receiving portion 14 and the horizontal groove 11a of the lock lever 11, and finally the upper cab The pin 4a of the guard 4 is locked.

When the upper cab guard 4 is fixed to the front surface of the windshield 2, first, as shown in FIG. 2, it is confirmed that the lock lever 11 is in the upper unlocking position, and the upper cab guard 4 is overlapped on the windshield 2. At this time, the front surface of the pin receiving portion 14 of the locking device 10 is open, and the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4 enters the vertical groove 14a of the pin receiving portion 14 of the locking device 10.
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, elastic stoppers 17 such as rubber are attached to the upper and lower ends of the left side of the upper cab guard 4, and the elastic stoppers 17 are attached to the base plate 13 of the locking device 10. The upper cab guard 4 comes into contact and stops.

  FIG. 6 is a diagram for explaining the operation of the locking device, in which A indicates an unlocking position of the lock lever 11, B indicates an intermediate position, and C indicates a locking position. When the upper cab guard 4 is closed as shown in FIG. 2 and the lock lever 11 is rotated downward from the unlocking position A, the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4 engaged with the vertical groove 14a of the pin receiving portion 14 is released. The pin 4a is sandwiched between the vertical groove 14a of the pin receiving portion 14 and the horizontal groove 11a of the lock lever 11, and the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4 is placed in the cab due to the shape of the linear horizontal groove 11a. The elastic body stopper 17 is compressed by being pressed toward the front surface of 1.

  FIG. 7 shows a state where the lock lever 11 is at the intermediate position B and the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4 is pushed down most. When the lock lever 11 is further pushed down from this state, as the lock lever 11 rotates, the pin 4a of the upper cab guard 4 moves to the back of the lateral groove 11a of the lock lever 11 and enters the wide portion of the lateral groove 11a. At this time, the upper cab guard 4 is slightly lifted in the opening direction by the elastic force of the elastic stopper 17, and the upper cab guard 4 is fixed in a state in which the pin 4a is caught in the wide portion of the lateral groove 11a of the lock lever 11. . In this state, the lock lever 11 is held at the lock position, and there is no possibility that the lock is released due to vibration or the like.

  When opening the upper cab guard 4, if the lock lever 11 is pulled up from the lock position C in reverse to the above procedure, the pin 4 a and the upper cab guard 4 are connected to the windshield 2 due to the shape of the lateral groove 11 a of the lock lever 11. The pin 4a comes out of the wide portion of the lateral groove 11a of the lock lever 11 and returns to the unlocked position A through the intermediate position B in FIG. 6, and enters the unlocked state in FIG. 4 can be opened.

  The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and various modifications are possible within the technical scope of the present invention, and it is natural that the present invention extends to those modifications.

The perspective view of the cab of the hydraulic shovel which shows one Embodiment of this invention. The perspective view of the cab of the hydraulic excavator in the state where the cab guard is opened. The perspective view of the locking device part of this invention. The assembly drawing of a locking device. The side view of a lock lever. The operation stroke figure of a locking device. The operation stroke figure of a locking device.

Explanation of symbols

1 cab
2 Windshield
3 Window frame
4 Upper cab guard
4a pin
5 Lower cab guard
9 Hinge
10 Locking device
11 Lock lever
11a Horizontal groove
12 Handle section
13 Base plate
14 pin receiver
14a Vertical groove
14b Bearing hole
17 Elastic stopper

Claims (2)

  1. In a cab guard locking device for a construction machine for fixing an openable / closable hinged cab guard that protects the front of a cab of a construction machine in a protected position,
    A pin is provided on the open / close side of the cab guard, and a pivotable lock lever is pivotally mounted on the front surface of the cab, and a groove having a rotational direction and one end opened is formed on the lock lever. A cab guard locking device with the lateral width of the end portion expanded in the outer peripheral direction, closing the cab guard to the front side of the cab and rotating the lock lever to engage the pin of the cab guard with the groove of the lock lever The cab guard is locked in a protected position by rotating the lock lever until the pin of the cab guard reaches the end wide portion of the groove. apparatus.
  2. 2. An elastic material stopper such as rubber is provided on one of the surfaces of the cab guard and the cab facing each other, and the cab guard locked in the protected position and the cab are configured to sandwich the elastic material stopper. The cab guard locking device for the construction machine described.
JP2006266056A 2006-09-28 2006-09-28 Cab guard locking device for construction machinery Active JP4466923B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006266056A JP4466923B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2006-09-28 Cab guard locking device for construction machinery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006266056A JP4466923B2 (en) 2006-09-28 2006-09-28 Cab guard locking device for construction machinery

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JP2008082113A true JP2008082113A (en) 2008-04-10
JP4466923B2 JP4466923B2 (en) 2010-05-26

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010216188A (en) * 2009-03-18 2010-09-30 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Guard fixing device of construction machinery
JP2011084876A (en) * 2009-10-13 2011-04-28 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Front-guard mounting device for construction machine
JP2012193511A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-10-11 Kobelco Contstruction Machinery Ltd Work machine
JP2013181317A (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-09-12 Kobelco Contstruction Machinery Ltd Front guard device of construction machine
JP2013221280A (en) * 2012-04-13 2013-10-28 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Cab for demolition machine and cab guard used for the same
WO2014073723A1 (en) * 2012-11-12 2014-05-15 볼보 컨스트럭션 이큅먼트 에이비 Cabin protection apparatus for construction machine
JP2015096673A (en) * 2013-11-15 2015-05-21 コベルコ建機株式会社 Front guard of work machine
JP2016102320A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-02 日立建機株式会社 Cab guard of work machine

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010216188A (en) * 2009-03-18 2010-09-30 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Guard fixing device of construction machinery
JP2011084876A (en) * 2009-10-13 2011-04-28 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Front-guard mounting device for construction machine
JP2012193511A (en) * 2011-03-15 2012-10-11 Kobelco Contstruction Machinery Ltd Work machine
JP2013181317A (en) * 2012-03-01 2013-09-12 Kobelco Contstruction Machinery Ltd Front guard device of construction machine
JP2013221280A (en) * 2012-04-13 2013-10-28 Hitachi Constr Mach Co Ltd Cab for demolition machine and cab guard used for the same
WO2014073723A1 (en) * 2012-11-12 2014-05-15 볼보 컨스트럭션 이큅먼트 에이비 Cabin protection apparatus for construction machine
JP2015096673A (en) * 2013-11-15 2015-05-21 コベルコ建機株式会社 Front guard of work machine
JP2016102320A (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-06-02 日立建機株式会社 Cab guard of work machine

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