JP2008060515A - Cooling device for electronic control device - Google Patents

Cooling device for electronic control device Download PDF

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JP2008060515A
JP2008060515A JP2006239104A JP2006239104A JP2008060515A JP 2008060515 A JP2008060515 A JP 2008060515A JP 2006239104 A JP2006239104 A JP 2006239104A JP 2006239104 A JP2006239104 A JP 2006239104A JP 2008060515 A JP2008060515 A JP 2008060515A
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cooling
air
heat
electronic control
housing
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JP4720688B2 (en
Inventor
Koji Otani
幸二 大谷
Yoichi Aikawa
洋一 相川
Naoto Yoshinori
直人 義則
Hideaki Hitotsubashi
秀明 一橋
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Fuji Electric Co Ltd
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Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/20009Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a gaseous coolant in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/202Air circulating in closed loop within enclosure wherein heat is removed through heat-exchangers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/2089Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating for power electronics, e.g. for inverters for controlling motor
    • H05K7/20927Liquid coolant without phase change

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Microelectronics & Electronic Packaging (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Cooling Or The Like Of Electrical Apparatus (AREA)
  • Cooling Or The Like Of Semiconductors Or Solid State Devices (AREA)

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a closed cooling device for an electronic control device which can be provided easily and at low cost. <P>SOLUTION: The cooling device circulates an air within the device by using a microfan 2, in which the air has a temperature rise caused by a heat generated in built-in components 8 and a printed circuit board 10; heat-collects the heat of the air by an air-cooling fin 6; and transfers the concentrated heat through a heat pipe 7 to a cooling unit for liquid cooling 3 and cools the air with the cooling unit for liquid cooling 3. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2008,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、電力変換装置等の電子制御装置の冷却装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a cooling device for an electronic control device such as a power conversion device.

電子制御装置の冷却方式としては、一般的に、自然空冷、強制空冷、あるいは液冷却方式が知られている。自然空冷は冷却力が小さいという問題があり、強制空冷では空冷ファンの大型化及び騒音問題も挙げられる。   Generally, natural air cooling, forced air cooling, or liquid cooling is known as a cooling method for the electronic control unit. Natural air cooling has a problem that the cooling power is small, and forced air cooling includes an increase in size and noise of an air cooling fan.

液冷却方式に関しては、例えば特許文献1に開示されるような方式等、様々な方式があるが、ポンプ、配管等を要する為、装置が大型化する。
図3(a)〜(c)に、従来の冷却方式の一例を示す。
As for the liquid cooling system, there are various systems such as the system disclosed in Patent Document 1, for example. However, since a pump, piping, and the like are required, the apparatus becomes large.
3A to 3C show an example of a conventional cooling method.

図3(a)には、従来の一般的な自然空冷方式を示す。同図及び図3(b)、(c)において、34a、34bは電子制御装置内に設けられる発熱部品であり、32、35は各々筐体に設けられる排気口、吸気口である。   FIG. 3A shows a conventional general natural air cooling system. 3B and 3C, reference numerals 34a and 34b denote heat generating parts provided in the electronic control device, and reference numerals 32 and 35 denote an exhaust port and an intake port provided in the housing, respectively.

そして、図3(a)においては、自然な空気の流れによって、吸気口35から外部の空気が流入すると共に、発熱部品34a、34b等によって温度上昇した内部空気が、排気口32から排出される。図3(b)に示す一般的な強制空冷方式では、冷却用ファン33を更に設けることによって、強制的な空気の流れを作り出している。   In FIG. 3A, external air flows from the intake port 35 by natural air flow, and internal air whose temperature has been raised by the heat generating components 34a, 34b and the like is discharged from the exhaust port 32. . In the general forced air cooling method shown in FIG. 3B, a forced air flow is created by further providing a cooling fan 33.

図3(c)には、従来の一般的な液冷却方式を示す。図示の例では、発熱部品37を、液冷却システム40によって冷却している。液冷却システム40は、液冷却用冷却体41、冷却パイプ42、ラジエータ43、ファン44等を有する。冷却パイプ42内には冷却水等の冷却液が循環して流れている。冷却パイプ42の一部は液冷却用冷却体41に接続(挿入)している。発熱部品37は、液冷却用冷却体41に接触している。これより、発熱部品37で発生した熱は、液冷却用冷却体41に伝達し、更に冷却パイプ42内の冷却液に伝達して、冷却液によって装置外へ運び出される。冷却液は、ラジエータ43、ファン44によって冷却される。   FIG. 3 (c) shows a conventional general liquid cooling method. In the illustrated example, the heat generating component 37 is cooled by the liquid cooling system 40. The liquid cooling system 40 includes a liquid cooling body 41, a cooling pipe 42, a radiator 43, a fan 44, and the like. A cooling liquid such as cooling water circulates in the cooling pipe 42. A part of the cooling pipe 42 is connected (inserted) to the liquid cooling cooling body 41. The heat generating component 37 is in contact with the liquid cooling cooling body 41. Accordingly, the heat generated in the heat generating component 37 is transmitted to the liquid cooling cooling body 41 and further transmitted to the cooling liquid in the cooling pipe 42, and is carried out of the apparatus by the cooling liquid. The coolant is cooled by the radiator 43 and the fan 44.

また、特許文献2に記載の従来技術では、周囲雰囲気の影響を受けない、密閉構造になる閉鎖形ケースを採用しつつ、ケース内に組み込んだ主回路部品等を効果的に冷却できるようにしている。
特開2006−31574号公報 特開平8−186388号公報
Moreover, in the prior art described in Patent Document 2, while adopting a closed case that is not affected by the surrounding atmosphere and has a sealed structure, it is possible to effectively cool main circuit components and the like incorporated in the case. Yes.
JP 2006-31574 A JP-A-8-186388

従来の図3(a)〜(c)の冷却方式は、全てが、外気を装置内部に取り入れ、温度上昇した内部空気を装置外へ排出する方式である(図3(c)でもファンによる排出も行っている)。   The conventional cooling method shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C is a method in which all the outside air is taken into the apparatus, and the internal air whose temperature has risen is discharged outside the apparatus (FIG. 3C is also discharged by a fan). Also go).

この為、特に、電子制御装置を複数並べた、所謂“列盤”とした場合、あるいは他の発熱する機器と並べて設置した場合、これらを収納する盤、又は装備室内部の空気温度が上昇する。このことで、室内全体の冷房設備などの検討も必要になるという問題があった。   For this reason, especially when a plurality of electronic control devices are arranged, so-called “rows”, or when installed side by side with other heat generating devices, the temperature of the air in the panel for storing them or in the equipment room rises. . As a result, there is a problem that it is necessary to consider cooling equipment for the entire room.

これに対して、上記特許文献2では、密閉構造になる閉鎖形ケースを採用している。しかしながら、この技術では、特殊形状のフィン付きヒートシンクやこれに接続した冷却パイプ等を新たに設ける必要がある。更にプリント回路板で発生する熱の冷却効率がよいとは言い難い。一方、図3(c)に示すような構成で密閉を行えば、当然、発熱部品37以外の部品による発熱で、筐体内の空気温度が上昇し、この熱は筐体に伝わり、結局、筐体表面から周辺への熱放散が生じる。   On the other hand, in the said patent document 2, the closed type case used as a sealed structure is employ | adopted. However, in this technique, it is necessary to newly provide a specially shaped finned heat sink, a cooling pipe connected thereto, and the like. Furthermore, it is difficult to say that the cooling efficiency of the heat generated in the printed circuit board is good. On the other hand, if sealing is performed with the configuration as shown in FIG. 3C, naturally, heat generated by components other than the heat generating component 37 raises the air temperature in the housing, and this heat is transmitted to the housing. Heat dissipation from the body surface to the surroundings occurs.

本発明の課題は、液冷却システムを採用した閉鎖型の電子制御装置であって、内部部品等の発熱により温度上昇した装置内部の空気の冷却を、液冷却システムを利用して行うことで容易且つ低コストに実現でき且つ効率的に冷却できるようにし、装置から外部への熱放散を低減でき以って列盤内や装備室内部の空気温度の上昇を抑制し得る電子制御装置の冷却装置等を提供することである。   An object of the present invention is a closed electronic control device that employs a liquid cooling system, and can easily cool the air inside the device, which has risen in temperature due to heat generated by internal components, by using the liquid cooling system. A cooling device for an electronic control unit that can be realized at low cost and can be efficiently cooled, and heat dissipation from the device to the outside can be reduced, thereby suppressing an increase in the air temperature in the panel or in the equipment room. Etc. is to provide.

本発明による電子制御装置の冷却装置は、筐体内にパワーデバイス、各種発熱部品/基板が搭載され、該パワーデバイスを冷却する冷却システムであって該パワーデバイスと接触する液冷却用冷却体と該筐体外部へ繋がる冷却パイプとを備える冷却システムを有する、閉鎖型の電子制御装置の冷却装置であって、前記筐体内で内部空気を循環させるファンと、該循環される内部空気から集熱する冷却フィンと、該冷却フィンと前記液冷却用冷却体とを熱的に接続して、該冷却フィンから前記液冷却用冷却体へ熱移動させる高熱伝導性部材とを有する。   A cooling device for an electronic control device according to the present invention is a cooling system in which a power device and various heat-generating components / boards are mounted in a housing, and cools the power device. A cooling device for a closed electronic control device having a cooling system including a cooling pipe connected to the outside of the housing, wherein the internal air is circulated in the housing, and heat is collected from the circulated internal air. A cooling fin, and a high thermal conductivity member that thermally connects the cooling fin and the liquid cooling cooling body and causes heat transfer from the cooling fin to the liquid cooling cooling body.

本発明による電子制御装置の冷却装置は上記閉鎖型である。そして、パワーデバイス以外の各種発熱部品/基板による発熱は、ファンと冷却フィンによって集熱して、これを高熱伝導性部材を介して、パワーデバイスを冷却する為の液冷却用冷却体に熱移動させ冷却する。冷却フィンや高熱伝導性部材は、特殊なものではなく、一般的なものを用いればよく、容易且つ低コストに、閉鎖型の電子制御装置内で発生した熱を、外部に移すことができる。   The cooling device for the electronic control device according to the present invention is the above-mentioned closed type. The heat generated by the various heat generating components / boards other than the power device is collected by the fan and the cooling fin, and is transferred to the liquid cooling body for cooling the power device through the high thermal conductivity member. Cooling. The cooling fins and the high thermal conductivity members are not special ones and may be general ones, and heat generated in the closed electronic control device can be transferred to the outside easily and at low cost.

また、例えば、前記冷却フィンは、伝熱性能(集熱)を高める為、前記ファンの近傍に配置する。
一方、例えば、前記パワーデバイスは、筐体内への放熱を最少に抑える為に、前記ファンによる循環風が当たらない位置へ配置する。
In addition, for example, the cooling fin is disposed in the vicinity of the fan in order to improve heat transfer performance (heat collection).
On the other hand, for example, the power device is disposed at a position where the circulating air from the fan does not hit in order to minimize heat radiation into the housing.

本発明の電子制御装置の冷却装置等によれば、液冷却システムを採用した閉鎖型の電子制御装置であって、内部部品等の発熱により温度上昇した装置内部の空気の冷却を、液冷却システムを利用して行うことで容易且つ低コストに実現でき且つ効率的に冷却でき、装置から外部への熱放散を低減でき以って列盤内や装備室内部の空気温度の上昇を抑制し得る。   According to the cooling device and the like of the electronic control device of the present invention, it is a closed type electronic control device adopting a liquid cooling system, and the liquid cooling system Can be implemented easily and at low cost and can be efficiently cooled, and heat dissipation from the device to the outside can be reduced, thereby suppressing an increase in the air temperature inside the panel and inside the equipment room. .

以下、図面を参照して、本発明の実施の形態について説明する。
図1に、本例の冷却装置を備える電子制御装置の構成例を示す。
図示の電子制御装置は、その筐体1内に、電解コンデンサ等の内蔵部品8、電力用半導体モジュール9、プリント基板10等を有する構成であり、これら部品8〜基板10から発生する熱を冷却するシステムとして、以下の構成を有する。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
In FIG. 1, the structural example of an electronic controller provided with the cooling device of this example is shown.
The electronic control device shown in the figure has a built-in component 8 such as an electrolytic capacitor, a power semiconductor module 9, a printed circuit board 10, and the like in its housing 1, and cools heat generated from these components 8 to 10. The system has the following configuration.

まず、パワーデバイスの一例である電力用半導体モジュール9の発熱に関しては、液冷却用冷却体3、冷却パイプ4(排出口側)、冷却パイプ5(吸入口側)等を備えている。これらの構成自体は、上述した従来の液冷却システム40と同様の構成であり、その一部を示してある。すなわち、液冷却用冷却体3は上記液冷却用冷却体41に相当し、冷却パイプ4、5は上記冷却パイプ42に相当する構成である。更に、図1では省略してあるが、上記ラジエータ43、ファン44等に相当する構成も存在する。尚、電力用半導体モジュール9は上記発熱部品37に相当する構成であり、内蔵部品8とプリント基板10は上記発熱部品34a、34bに相当する構成である。   First, regarding the heat generation of the power semiconductor module 9 which is an example of a power device, a liquid cooling cooling body 3, a cooling pipe 4 (discharge port side), a cooling pipe 5 (suction port side) and the like are provided. These structures are the same as those of the conventional liquid cooling system 40 described above, and a part of them is shown. In other words, the liquid cooling body 3 corresponds to the liquid cooling body 41, and the cooling pipes 4 and 5 correspond to the cooling pipe 42. Furthermore, although omitted in FIG. 1, there are also configurations corresponding to the radiator 43, the fan 44, and the like. The power semiconductor module 9 has a configuration corresponding to the heat generating component 37, and the built-in component 8 and the printed circuit board 10 have a configuration corresponding to the heat generating components 34a and 34b.

本例の液冷却方式の特徴は、内蔵部品8やプリント基板10による発熱で温度上昇した内部空気の冷却を、上記液冷却用冷却体41等(液冷却システム40)を利用して行うことである。すなわち、図1に示す通り、空気冷却フィン6を設けると共に、この空気冷却フィン6と上記液冷却用冷却体3とを、高熱伝導性部材(例えばヒートパイプ7)によって熱的に接続している。また、伝熱性能を高める目的で、筐体1内での空気の循環を行うマイクロファン2を設けている。尚、高熱伝導性部材は、銅またはアルミ等の高熱伝導材を加工したものであってよい。   The feature of the liquid cooling method of this example is that cooling of the internal air whose temperature has risen due to heat generated by the built-in component 8 or the printed circuit board 10 is performed using the liquid cooling cooling body 41 or the like (liquid cooling system 40). is there. That is, as shown in FIG. 1, the air cooling fins 6 are provided, and the air cooling fins 6 and the liquid cooling cooling body 3 are thermally connected by a high thermal conductivity member (for example, a heat pipe 7). . A microfan 2 that circulates air in the housing 1 is provided for the purpose of improving heat transfer performance. The high thermal conductivity member may be a processed high thermal conductivity material such as copper or aluminum.

以上の構成により、内蔵部品8やプリント基板10による発熱で温度上昇した装置内部の空気を、マイクロファン2で循環させ、この空気を空気冷却フィン6で集熱して、これをヒートパイプ7によって液冷却用冷却体3へ熱移送して、液冷却用冷却体3で冷却する。 この様に、電力用半導体モジュール9の冷却用である液冷却用冷却体3を利用して、装置内部の空気を冷却する。   With the above configuration, the air inside the apparatus that has risen in temperature due to heat generated by the built-in component 8 or the printed circuit board 10 is circulated by the microfan 2, this air is collected by the air cooling fins 6, and this is collected by the heat pipe 7. Heat is transferred to the cooling body 3 and cooled by the liquid cooling body 3. In this way, the air inside the apparatus is cooled using the liquid cooling body 3 for cooling the power semiconductor module 9.

ここで、本例の筐体1には従来の図3(a)〜(c)のような穴(吸気口、排気口)は設けられておらず、上記各構成部品は筐体1内に密閉された構成となっている。従って、マイクロファン2は、従来のような筐体1外部への空気の排気に用いるようなものではなく、上記の通り、密閉された筐体1内部で空気を循環させる為に用いられる。本例の構成では、上記の通り、筐体1内で発生する熱は全て液冷却システムを利用して排出される。   Here, the casing 1 of this example is not provided with holes (intake ports and exhaust ports) as shown in FIGS. It has a sealed configuration. Therefore, the microfan 2 is not used for exhausting air to the outside of the casing 1 as in the prior art, but is used for circulating air inside the sealed casing 1 as described above. In the configuration of this example, as described above, all the heat generated in the housing 1 is discharged using the liquid cooling system.

空気冷却フィン6は、一般に冷却(放熱)フィンと称するものであり、既製品が多種存在し、取り付け等の為に一部加工を施して使用するのが一般的である。本例においても、既製品を一部加工しており、既製品のアルミ板数枚の中央に穴を空け、この穴にヒートパイプ7を通している。   The air cooling fins 6 are generally referred to as cooling (heat radiation) fins, and there are a variety of ready-made products. Generally, the air cooling fins 6 are partially processed for mounting and the like. Also in this example, a part of the ready-made product is processed, a hole is made in the center of several ready-made aluminum plates, and the heat pipe 7 is passed through the hole.

また、空気冷却フィン6は、伝熱性能(集熱)を高める為に、図1に示す通りマイクロファン2近傍に設置し、一定の風速を確保することが望ましい。すなわち、空気冷却フィン6による集熱量Qは、以下の(1)式によって算出できるが、以下の(1)式より、集熱量Qを大きくする為には、以下の(1)式におけるAやhを大きくすればよいことになる。そして、Aを大きくする為には、フィン枚数を多くするか、フィン1枚当たりの面積を大きくすればよい。hを大きくする為には、マイクロファン2近傍に空気冷却フィン6を設置すればよい。
集熱量Q=A・h(Ta−Tf) ・・・(1)式
(A;フィン表面積、h;空気の熱伝達率、Ta;空気温度、Tf;フィン温度)
Moreover, in order to improve the heat transfer performance (heat collection), the air cooling fins 6 are desirably installed near the microfan 2 as shown in FIG. 1 to ensure a constant wind speed. That is, the heat collection amount Q by the air cooling fin 6 can be calculated by the following equation (1). However, in order to increase the heat collection amount Q from the following equation (1), A and It is sufficient to increase h. In order to increase A, the number of fins may be increased or the area per fin may be increased. In order to increase h, air cooling fins 6 may be installed in the vicinity of the microfan 2.
Heat collection amount Q = A · h (Ta−Tf) (1) Formula (A: fin surface area, h: air heat transfer coefficient, Ta: air temperature, Tf: fin temperature)

上述した様に、本例の空気冷却フィン6は一般的なものであり、特許文献2のような特殊な形状・加工を要するものではない。また、マイクロファン2による筐体1内の空気の循環についても、空気冷却フィン6に特別なダクト等は設けておらず、内蔵部品の最適配置等で空気の循環路を確保すればよい。   As described above, the air cooling fin 6 of this example is a general one and does not require a special shape and processing as in Patent Document 2. In addition, for air circulation in the housing 1 by the microfan 2, no special duct or the like is provided in the air cooling fin 6, and an air circulation path may be secured by optimal arrangement of built-in components.

更に、電力用半導体モジュール9に関しては、その発熱の出来る限り多くを液冷却用冷却体3で熱吸収させること(筐体内への放熱を最少に抑えることで、筐体内空気温度上昇を抑制すること)が望ましいので、電力用半導体モジュール9は、マイクロファン2による循環風が出来るだけ当たらない配置とすることが望ましい。   Furthermore, regarding the power semiconductor module 9, as much of the heat generation as possible is absorbed by the liquid cooling cooling body 3 (suppressing heat dissipation into the housing to suppress the rise in the air temperature inside the housing). Therefore, it is desirable that the power semiconductor module 9 be arranged so that the circulating air from the microfan 2 does not hit as much as possible.

本例のように電子制御装置の構成部品を筐体1内に密閉する構成では、筐体内空気温度上昇を抑制する必要がある。よって、電力用半導体モジュール9表面からの放熱量を最小限にする必要がある。ここで、電力用半導体モジュール9表面からの放熱量Qは、以下の(2)式で表すことができる。
放熱量Q=B・h(Tc−Ta) ・・・(2)式
(B;電力用半導体モジュール表面積、h;空気の熱伝達率、Tc;電力用半導体モジュール表面温度、Ta;空気温度)
In the configuration in which the components of the electronic control device are sealed in the housing 1 as in this example, it is necessary to suppress an increase in the air temperature in the housing. Therefore, it is necessary to minimize the amount of heat released from the surface of the power semiconductor module 9. Here, the heat radiation amount Q from the surface of the power semiconductor module 9 can be expressed by the following equation (2).
Heat dissipation Q = B · h (Tc−Ta) (2) Formula (B: Power semiconductor module surface area, h: Air heat transfer coefficient, Tc: Power semiconductor module surface temperature, Ta: Air temperature)

空気の熱伝達率hは、風速が早くなるほど大きな値となる為、電力用半導体モジュール9の表面には風を当てないで、自然空冷による放熱とした方が、電力用半導体モジュール9表面からの放熱量が少なくなる。従って、筐体1内への放熱量が減り、空気冷却フィン6の冷却能力を増強させなくても済むようになる。   Since the heat transfer coefficient h of air becomes larger as the wind speed becomes faster, the heat is not released from the surface of the power semiconductor module 9 but is radiated by natural air cooling from the surface of the power semiconductor module 9. Reduces heat dissipation. Accordingly, the amount of heat released into the housing 1 is reduced, and the cooling capacity of the air cooling fin 6 does not need to be increased.

以上説明したように、本例の構成によれば、電子制御装置において、まず、この装置を構成する部品を全てその筐体内に密閉するので、温度上昇した内部空気が装置外へ排出されることはない。但し、その熱は、筐体1表面から外部へ放熱される。しかし、内蔵部品やプリント基板等による発熱で温度上昇した内部空気の冷却は、電力用半導体モジュール冷却用の液冷却用冷却体を利用することで実現するので、筐体内空気の冷却の為の冷却装置の大型化を防止できる。内部空気が冷却されることで、筐体表面から筐体外部への熱放散を低減することができる。   As described above, according to the configuration of this example, in the electronic control device, first, all the components constituting the device are sealed in the housing, so that the internal air whose temperature has risen is discharged outside the device. There is no. However, the heat is radiated from the surface of the housing 1 to the outside. However, the cooling of the internal air that has risen in temperature due to heat generated by built-in components and printed circuit boards is realized by using a liquid cooling body for cooling the power semiconductor module. An increase in the size of the apparatus can be prevented. By cooling the internal air, heat dissipation from the housing surface to the outside of the housing can be reduced.

また、上記特許文献2の技術では、パワーデバイスをはじめとする全ての発熱源を、液冷却装置の特殊形フィン付きヒートシンク一体で冷却していたが、本例の構成では、液冷却を必要とする電力用半導体モジュールの冷却用の液冷却用冷却体を利用して、一般的な冷却フィン、ヒートパイプを追加するだけで、容易且つ低コストに、他の発熱部品が筐体内へ放熱した熱量も、液冷却システムにより外部へ移すことが可能となる。   Moreover, in the technique of the above-mentioned Patent Document 2, all the heat sources including the power device are cooled together with the heat sink with a special fin of the liquid cooling device. However, the configuration of this example requires liquid cooling. The amount of heat that other heat-generating components dissipated into the housing easily and at low cost simply by adding general cooling fins and heat pipes using a liquid cooling cooling body for cooling power semiconductor modules Also, it can be transferred to the outside by the liquid cooling system.

図2に、図1に示す本例の電子制御装置を複数並べて、所謂“列盤”とした場合の斜視図を示す。
特にこの様な列盤として使用する場合には、従来と比較して、電子制御装置の排気口等からの内部空気(熱)放出は無くなり、また筐体表面からの熱放散も低減されるので、これら電子制御装置の筐体1を収納する収納盤20や装備室の温度上昇を抑制することができ、全体の冷房設備等の容量を小さくできる。尚、不図示の上記ラジエータ43、ファン44等に相当する構成は、収納盤20の外、又は装備室外、あるいは建物外等に設けることが望ましい。
FIG. 2 shows a perspective view in the case where a plurality of electronic control devices of this example shown in FIG.
In particular, when used as such a panel, there is no internal air (heat) emission from the exhaust port of the electronic control device, and heat dissipation from the housing surface is also reduced compared to the conventional case. The temperature increase of the storage panel 20 and the equipment room for housing the housing 1 of these electronic control devices can be suppressed, and the capacity of the entire cooling equipment or the like can be reduced. It should be noted that it is desirable to provide a configuration corresponding to the radiator 43, the fan 44, etc. (not shown) outside the storage panel 20, outside the equipment room, outside the building, or the like.

本例の冷却装置を備える電子制御装置の構成例である。It is a structural example of an electronic control apparatus provided with the cooling device of this example. 図1に示す本例の電子制御装置を複数並べて、所謂“列盤”とした場合の斜視図である。It is a perspective view at the time of arranging a plurality of electronic control devices of this example shown in FIG. (a)〜(c)は、従来の冷却方式の一例を示す図である。(A)-(c) is a figure which shows an example of the conventional cooling system.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 筐体
2 マイクロファン
3 液冷却用冷却体、
4 冷却パイプ(排出口側)
5 冷却パイプ(吸入口側)
6 空気冷却フィン
7 ヒートパイプ
8 内蔵部品
9 電力用半導体モジュール
10 プリント基板
20 収納盤
1 Housing 2 Microfan 3 Cooling body for liquid cooling,
4 Cooling pipe (discharge port side)
5 Cooling pipe (inlet side)
6 Air cooling fins 7 Heat pipes 8 Built-in parts 9 Power semiconductor module 10 Printed circuit board 20 Storage panel

Claims (3)

筐体内にパワーデバイス、各種発熱部品/基板が搭載され、該パワーデバイスを冷却する冷却システムであって該パワーデバイスと接触する液冷却用冷却体と該筐体外部へ繋がる冷却パイプとを備える冷却システムを有する、閉鎖型の電子制御装置の冷却装置であって、
前記筐体内で内部空気を循環させるファンと、
該循環される内部空気から集熱する冷却フィンと、
該冷却フィンと前記液冷却用冷却体とを熱的に接続して、該冷却フィンから前記液冷却用冷却体へ熱移動させる高熱伝導性部材と、
を有することを特徴とする電子制御装置の冷却装置。
A cooling system in which a power device and various heat generating components / boards are mounted in a housing and cools the power device, and includes a cooling body for liquid cooling that contacts the power device and a cooling pipe connected to the outside of the housing. A closed electronic control device cooling system having a system,
A fan for circulating internal air in the housing;
Cooling fins collecting heat from the circulated internal air;
A highly thermally conductive member that thermally connects the cooling fin and the cooling body for liquid cooling and causes heat transfer from the cooling fin to the cooling body for liquid cooling;
A cooling device for an electronic control device, comprising:
前記冷却フィンは前記ファンの近傍に配置することを特徴とする請求項1記載の電子制御装置の冷却装置。   The cooling device for an electronic control device according to claim 1, wherein the cooling fin is disposed in the vicinity of the fan. 前記パワーデバイスは、前記ファンによる循環風が当たらない位置へ配置することを特徴とする請求項1記載の電子制御装置の冷却装置。   The cooling device for an electronic control device according to claim 1, wherein the power device is disposed at a position where the circulating air from the fan does not hit.
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JP2009261125A (en) * 2008-04-16 2009-11-05 Denso Corp Power control unit
JP2010193695A (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-09-02 Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd Power converter and method for detecting fan failure
JP2010199179A (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-09-09 Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd Method for estimation of internal air temperature in enclosed type power conversion unit, and cooling system of power converter
JP2010199180A (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-09-09 Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd Cooling system of power conversion device
JP2012105426A (en) * 2010-11-09 2012-05-31 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Power converter and electrically driven vehicle using the same
JP2013080981A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-02 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Cooling system for power conversion device
JP2013131763A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-07-04 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Internal air temperature estimation method of closed type electric power conversion unit and cooling system of electric power conversion apparatus
ITBO20130419A1 (en) * 2013-07-31 2015-02-01 Elenos S R L DEVICE FOR COOLING COMPONENTS IN AIR OF A POWER EQUIPMENT
CN109690763A (en) * 2016-10-20 2019-04-26 西门子股份公司 Switchgear with closing shell and cooling device

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009261125A (en) * 2008-04-16 2009-11-05 Denso Corp Power control unit
JP2010193695A (en) * 2009-01-22 2010-09-02 Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd Power converter and method for detecting fan failure
JP2010199179A (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-09-09 Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd Method for estimation of internal air temperature in enclosed type power conversion unit, and cooling system of power converter
JP2010199180A (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-09-09 Fuji Electric Systems Co Ltd Cooling system of power conversion device
JP2012105426A (en) * 2010-11-09 2012-05-31 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Power converter and electrically driven vehicle using the same
JP2013131763A (en) * 2013-01-21 2013-07-04 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Internal air temperature estimation method of closed type electric power conversion unit and cooling system of electric power conversion apparatus
JP2013080981A (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-05-02 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Cooling system for power conversion device
ITBO20130419A1 (en) * 2013-07-31 2015-02-01 Elenos S R L DEVICE FOR COOLING COMPONENTS IN AIR OF A POWER EQUIPMENT
CN109690763A (en) * 2016-10-20 2019-04-26 西门子股份公司 Switchgear with closing shell and cooling device
CN109690763B (en) * 2016-10-20 2023-06-06 西门子股份公司 Switch cabinet with closed shell and cooling device

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