JP2007335309A - Battery pack - Google Patents

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JP2007335309A
JP2007335309A JP2006167747A JP2006167747A JP2007335309A JP 2007335309 A JP2007335309 A JP 2007335309A JP 2006167747 A JP2006167747 A JP 2006167747A JP 2006167747 A JP2006167747 A JP 2006167747A JP 2007335309 A JP2007335309 A JP 2007335309A
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sealing
battery pack
insulating
battery
case
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JP2006167747A
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JP5057706B2 (en
Inventor
Yuichi Kikuma
Tsutomu Matsui
勉 松井
祐一 菊間
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Toshiba Battery Co Ltd
東芝電池株式会社
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    • Y02E60/12

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To prevent corrosion of a case of nonaqueous electrolyte batteries, in regard to a battery pack wherein the battery pack of the nonaqueous electrolyte batteries is stored in an electronically conductive case body. <P>SOLUTION: This battery pack includes the battery pack 2 having a unit constituted by connecting in series the plurality of flat-type nonaqueous electrolyte batteries each of which is provided with the case 4 made of a laminated film with a layer 8 of aluminum or aluminum alloy and having a seal part in at least part of the circumference and with electrodes 17 stored inside the case 4 and including a negative electrode active material in which lithium storage potential (open circuit) is above 0.4 V with respect to lithium metal potential; and the electronically conductive case body 1 in which the battery pack 2 is stored. Portions 21a, 21b, out of end faces of the seal part of the case 4, opposing to the wall faces of the case body are insulated from the case body 1. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2008,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a battery pack.

  As electronic devices have become thinner and smaller in recent years, there has been a strong demand for thinner and smaller batteries and modules (assembled batteries). A flat battery in which an electrode group (for example, a laminated type, a wound type, etc.) is housed in a thin exterior member such as a laminate film container is considered a battery having an advantageous configuration from such a viewpoint. A laminate film is a film produced using a metal layer such as an Al foil and a polymer resin layer for heat sealing, and has attracted attention as a new type of battery exterior member. The laminate film used in this type of battery has a requirement to reduce the volume of extra non-functional parts, increase the space efficiency, and support the thin and small size of the device, and the intrusion of outside air into the battery and the inside of the battery. There was a need to ensure sealing reliability so as not to cause leakage of the electrolyte.

  The battery module (assembled battery) is preferably configured by stacking several batteries in space. At that time, it has been studied to increase the space efficiency and rigidity of the assembled battery by storing the cells in a metal casing rather than directly stacking the cells.

  However, it has been found that a battery pack using a metal casing may have a hole in a laminate film container during use. Therefore, when an insulating resin casing was used instead of the metal casing, the rigidity of the assembled battery was lower than when the metal casing was used with the same plate thickness. Although it is easy to imagine a method of increasing the plate thickness in order to maintain the same rigidity, the size of the assembled battery is increased against the reduction in thickness and size.

  By the way, Patent Document 1 describes that a long-side heat-sealed portion is covered with a protective member in order to prevent damage to a laminate sheet of a laminate-type battery. Further, Patent Document 2 discloses that a water-repellent substance is applied to the outer edge end surface of the sealing portion of the laminate exterior material, thereby reducing water intrusion from the outside into the exterior material and reducing the area of the sealing portion. It is disclosed to increase the volumetric energy density of the battery.

On the other hand, Patent Document 3 relates to a thin battery pack in which a polymer battery is stored in a casing as a single cell. When the thin battery pack is stored in a container, bag, or the like, a metal piece or the like may electrically connect the output terminal of the negative electrode and the metal plate of the casing. For this reason, when the aluminum foil of the outer film of the polymer battery is in contact with the metal plate of the casing, the lithium of the negative electrode of the polymer battery and the aluminum of the outer film may react to form an alloy of aluminum and lithium. . This alloy reacts with water to corrode aluminum. Therefore, in Patent Document 3, the insulating frame body of the casing is provided with insulating ribs, and the cut end surface of the outer film and the metal plate of the casing are insulated with the insulating ribs, thereby preventing the corrosion of the aluminum foil of the outer film of the polymer battery. is doing.
JP-A-2005-116278 JP 2005-196979 A JP-A-2005-347156

  The present invention relates to a battery pack in which an assembled battery of a nonaqueous electrolyte battery is housed in an electronically conductive casing, and an object thereof is to prevent corrosion of a container of the nonaqueous electrolyte battery.

The battery pack according to the present invention is made of a laminate film having an aluminum or aluminum alloy layer, and has a container having a sealing portion at least at a part of its periphery, and is accommodated in the container, and has a lithium occlusion potential (open circuit). An assembled battery comprising a unit in which a plurality of flat non-aqueous electrolyte batteries are connected in series, each of which includes an electrode group including a negative electrode active material having a negative electrode active potential of 0.4 V or more with respect to a lithium metal potential;
A battery pack comprising an electronically conductive casing in which the assembled battery is accommodated,
Of the end face of the sealing part of the container, a portion facing the wall surface of the casing is insulated from the casing.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, corrosion of the container of the nonaqueous electrolyte battery which comprises an assembled battery can be prevented, using an electronic conductive housing | casing.

In the thin battery pack described in Patent Document 3, the cause of the corrosion of the outer film of the polymer battery was examined in more detail, and it was found that the cause was that a carbon material was used for the negative electrode of the polymer battery. . When the aluminum foil of the exterior film is electrically connected to the negative electrode terminal via the metal plate of the casing, the potential of the aluminum foil of the exterior film becomes substantially equal to the negative electrode potential. When a carbon material is used for the negative electrode, the potential of the aluminum foil of the exterior film is close to 0 V (vs. Li / Li + ) due to the connection with the negative electrode terminal, so that an alloying reaction with lithium occurs. Therefore, when the lithium occlusion potential (open circuit) of the negative electrode active material is 0.4 V or more with respect to the lithium metal potential, the potential of the aluminum foil of the exterior film is 0.4 V, which is the same as the negative electrode potential, due to electrical connection with the negative electrode terminal. Only by the above, the potential of the alloying reaction is not reached.

  However, even when a negative electrode active material having an open circuit potential of 0.4 V or more with respect to the lithium metal potential is used as the lithium occlusion potential, in the case of an assembled battery, corrosion occurred in a container used for a unit cell . By investigating the cause of this corrosion, the present inventors have realized an assembled battery that does not cause corrosion of the container while using an electronically conductive casing. The cause of corrosion will be described with reference to FIG.

An assembled battery of a flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 40 in which a positive electrode terminal 42 and a negative electrode terminal 43 are drawn from one side of a laminate film container 41 will be described as an example. In this assembled battery, a plurality of (for example, three) flat nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 40 1 to 40 3 are connected in series. The laminate film constituting the container 41 includes an Al layer 44, a thermoplastic resin layer (for example, a polyethylene layer) 45 formed on one surface of the Al layer 44, and an insulating layer formed on the other surface of the Al layer 44. (For example, nylon layer) 46. A laminate film container 41 is obtained by sealing the laminate film by heat sealing using the thermoplastic resin layer 45. There is a sealing portion formed by heat sealing at the periphery of the laminate film container 41. Although not shown in FIG. 15, the assembled battery is housed in an electronically conductive casing such as metal.

Depending on the heat sealing conditions, the thermoplastic resin layer 45 may be melted during heat sealing, and the Al layer may be exposed on the surface of the laminate film and come into contact with the negative electrode terminal 43. As a result, in the battery 40 1 , for example, an electrical path as shown by A is formed, so that the potential of the Al layer of the laminate film becomes substantially equal to the negative electrode potential. Since the end face of the laminate film container is in contact with the casing, the Al layers of the laminate films of the batteries 40 1 to 40 3 are electrically connected via the casing, and the laminate films of the batteries 40 1 to 40 3 are connected. An electrical path indicated by B is formed between the Al layers. Thus, rather than the potential of the Al layer of the battery 40 1-40 3 is all equal, the battery 40 2 than cell 40 1, the potential of the Al layer of the cell 40 3 than the battery 40 2 is a baser potential Become. As a result, the potential of the Al layer of the battery 40 3 approaches the lithium deposition potential, since the Al layer of the cell 40 3 is reacted with lithium, pitting risk occurs in Al layer of the laminate film. When a hole is opened in the Al layer of the laminate film, hydrogen fluoride (HF) and fluorine ions are generated by the reaction between the water that has entered from the outside and the electrolyte. Further, the alloy or Li generated by the reaction between the Al layer and lithium reacts with moisture, thereby generating hydrogen gas and depositing LiOH.

  A container between batteries connected in series while using a case having electronic conductivity by insulating a portion of the end face of the sealing part of the laminate film container facing the wall surface of the case from the case. The Al layers can be reliably insulated from each other. As a result, it is possible to prevent a hole from being formed in the container of the nonaqueous electrolyte battery constituting the assembled battery. Insulation treatment may be performed on either the container or the housing. For example, the end surface of the sealing portion facing the wall surface of the housing is covered with an insulating member, or the end surface is sealed facing the wall surface of the housing. A technique such as folding back a part can be given.

  Hereinafter, a battery pack according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

(First embodiment)
As shown in FIG. 1, the battery pack according to the first embodiment includes a casing 1 having electronic conductivity and an assembled battery 2 housed in the casing 1. The housing 1 has a rectangular cylindrical shape, and the inside is partitioned into three spaces by partition plates 1a and 1b. In each space, flat type nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 3 1 to 3 3 are accommodated, respectively. Examples of the electron conductive material constituting the housing 1 include metals such as aluminum, aluminum alloys, iron, and stainless steel. From the viewpoint of reducing the weight of the assembled battery, aluminum or an aluminum alloy is desirable. The metal casing can suppress the increase in the width and thickness of the assembled battery, sufficiently downsize the battery pack, and increase the volume energy density. Further, since the rigidity of the housing is increased, the strength against dropping and vibration of the battery pack can be increased. The thickness of the casing is preferably in the range of 0.2 mm to 2 mm, although it depends on the number of cells constituting the assembled battery.

As shown in FIG. 3, the flat nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 3 1 to 3 3 have a strip-like positive electrode terminal 5 and a negative electrode terminal 6 drawn out from one short side of the laminate film container 4. For example, aluminum is used for the positive and negative terminals 5 and 6. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 1 of the positive terminal 5 and a flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 the negative terminal 6 of the 2, the positive electrode terminal 5 a flat-type flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 2 By connecting the negative electrode terminals 6 of the nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 3 with the tabs 7, the flat nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 3 1 to 3 3 are connected in series to form an assembled battery (module).

  As shown in FIG. 4, the laminate film constituting the container 4 includes a metal layer 8 made of Al or an Al alloy for the purpose of moisture prevention, and a thermoplastic resin layer fixed to one surface of the metal layer 8 with an adhesive layer 9. 10 and an insulating layer 15 fixed to the other surface of the metal layer 8 with an adhesive layer 11. As the Al alloy, an alloy containing at least one element selected from magnesium, zinc, silicon and the like is preferable. The insulating layer 15 may be composed of one type of resin or may have a multilayer structure in which a plurality of resin films are bonded together with an adhesive layer. In the case of FIG. 4, the insulating layer 15 is formed by laminating a nylon film 12 and a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) film 13 with an adhesive layer 14. The PET film 13 constitutes the surface of the container 4. For the thermoplastic resin layer 10, for example, polyolefin such as polyethylene or polypropylene is used. The thermoplastic resin layer 10 constitutes the inner surface of the container 4. A more preferable range of the thickness of the laminate film is 0.5 mm or less. Moreover, it is desirable that the lower limit value of the thickness of the laminate film be 0.01 mm.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the container 4 is a laminate film in which a rectangular recess 16 is formed by drawing or pressure forming. The container 4 is folded in half, and an electrode group (battery element) 17 is accommodated in one recess 16. The other flat plate functions as a lid 18. The edge of the concave portion 16 on the long side direction side and the lid 18 are joined by heat fusion of the thermoplastic resin layer 10, whereby the sealing portions 19 a and 19 b are formed at the long side direction end of the container 4. It is formed. The positive electrode terminal 5 and the negative electrode terminal 6 are located between the edge on the short side direction side of the concave portion 16 and the lid body 18, and the positive electrode terminal 5 and the negative electrode terminal 6 have a portion facing the edge portion and the lid body 18. The part which opposes is covered with the insulating film 20. As a result of joining the edge and the lid 18 by thermal fusion of the thermoplastic resin layer 10 with the positive and negative terminals 5 and 6 and the insulating film 20 sandwiched therebetween, the short side direction side of the container 4 is obtained. A sealing portion 19c is formed at one end of the. The insulating film 20 is provided to securely seal the space between the positive and negative terminals 5 and 6 and the container 4. For example, the insulating film 20 is a two-layer body of modified polyethylene (PE) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Can be used.

  In the electrode group (battery element) 17, for example, a separator made of a gel electrolyte layer is interposed between a strip-like positive electrode and a negative electrode, or a plate-like positive electrode and negative electrode are formed as a gel electrolyte layer. A multi-layered structure is used with a separator made of The positive electrode includes a positive electrode current collector and a positive electrode active material-containing layer formed on at least one surface of the positive electrode current collector. The positive electrode terminal 5 is electrically connected to the positive electrode current collector of the positive electrode. The negative electrode includes a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode active material-containing layer formed on at least one surface of the negative electrode current collector. The negative electrode terminal 6 is electrically connected to the negative electrode current collector of the negative electrode.

In addition, a well-known material can be used for a structure part. For example, the positive electrode includes a positive electrode active material containing layer including lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO 2 ), graphite powder as a conductive agent, and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF) as a binder, and a positive current collector such as an aluminum (Al) foil. It can be configured with the body.

The negative electrode includes a negative electrode active material powder having a lithium occlusion potential of 0.4 V or more with respect to the open circuit potential of lithium metal, carbon powder as a conductive agent, and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVdF) as a binder. A negative electrode active material-containing layer and a negative electrode current collector such as an aluminum (Al) foil can be used. A more preferable range of the lithium occlusion potential is 0.4 V or more and 3 V or less in terms of the open circuit potential with respect to the open circuit potential of lithium metal. A more preferable potential range is 0.4 V or more and 2 V or less. As a metal oxide capable of occluding lithium in the range of 0.4 V or more and 3 V or less, for example, a titanium oxide such as TiO 2 , for example, Li 4 + x Ti 5 O 12 (x is −1 ≦ x ≦ 3) and lithium titanium oxides such as Li 2 Ti 3 O 7 , tungsten oxides such as WO 3 , amorphous tin oxides such as SnB 0.4 P 0.6 O 3.1 , tin silicon oxides such as SnSiO 3, etc. Examples thereof include silicon oxide such as SiO. Examples of the metal sulfide capable of occluding lithium in the range of 0.4 V or more and 3 V or less include lithium sulfide such as TiS 2 , molybdenum sulfide such as MoS 2 , such as FeS, FeS 2 , and Li x FeS 2. And iron sulfide. Examples of the metal nitride capable of occluding lithium in the range of 0.4 V or more and 3 V or less include lithium cobalt nitride such as Li x Co y N (0 <x <4, 0 <y <0.5). Thing etc. are mentioned. In particular, it is preferable to use lithium titanium oxide for the negative electrode active material.

As the non-aqueous electrolyte, for example, EC (ethylene carbonate) and GBL (.gamma.-butyrolactone) mixed organic solvent in the nonaqueous electrolyte containing dissolved LiBF 4 lithium salt is used. For the separator, for example, a porous thin film mainly composed of a material such as polyethylene is used.

  Among the sealing portions 19a, 19b, and 19c formed by heat-sealing, the sealing portions 19a and 19b on the long side direction side are located above the crease (X) shown in FIG. Bend). As a result, when the assembled battery 2 is stored in the housing 1, the end surfaces 21 a and 21 b of the sealing portions 19 a and 19 b face the wall surface of the housing 1. A method of covering the end faces 21a and 21b with an insulating member will be described with reference to FIGS.

  A case where the insulating member is formed by a coating method will be described with reference to FIG. The dispenser 22 is attached to an XYZ-axis actuator (three-dimensional slider), and while the dispenser 22 is moved in the direction indicated by the arrow, the insulating agent 23 in the dispenser 22 is applied quantitatively and applied to the sealing portion end faces 21a and 21b. The material and configuration of the insulating agent are not particularly limited, but a silicon resin having organic solvent resistance and flame resistance can be used (the insulating agent is not particularly limited). If it is such an insulating method, it can also apply | coat to the wall surface of a housing | casing instead of apply | coating directly to the end surface of a laminate film, and can insulate reliably regardless of a place.

  A case where the insulating member is formed by a dipping method will be described with reference to FIG. The sealing portion end surface is covered with an insulating member by immersing the sealing portion end surface in an elastomer (insulating agent) 24 that melts at a low temperature of 80 ° C. or lower. It is desirable not to be immersed in the molten elastomer for more than 5 seconds even at low temperatures. Moreover, as shown in FIG. 7, you may immerse before folding sealing part 19a, 19b, or you may immerse after folding sealing part 19a, 19b. According to the dipping method, the entire sealing portion can be reliably insulated without being constrained by the shape of the end surface of the sealing portion. Depending on the viscosity of the insulating material, the insulating member can be made thin.

  FIG. 8 shows an example in which an insulating tape or paper is used as an insulating member. For example, the insulating tape 25 having a width of 6 mm is cut into 40 mm which is the same as the length of the battery, and is folded in half so as to cover the sealing portion end faces 21a and 21b. The material of the tape is not particularly limited as long as it has organic solvent resistance and flame resistance. Further, even if an aramid paper, which is a high heat resistant insulating paper having flame retardancy, is used, insulation can be reliably performed at a low cost and without greatly increasing the volume of the battery. With such an insulation method, standardized parts can be obtained at low cost, and can be easily and reliably insulated. This is the most popular method.

  FIG. 9 shows an example in which a structure that has been processed into a desired shape in advance is used as an insulating member. For example, the U-shaped structure 26 having the groove portion 26a into which the sealing portion is inserted serves as a reinforcing material for the assembled battery, and the rigidity of the assembled battery is increased. Therefore, the vibration resistance performance of the assembled battery compared to other methods. And can improve impact resistance performance. On the other hand, there is a possibility that the volume energy density of the assembled battery is lowered by the insulating structure. In this case, it can be solved by forming the structure from a thin polymer film. It is desirable that the material forming the structure has organic solvent resistance and flame resistance.

  After covering the end face of the sealing portion with an insulating member by the above-described method, the nonaqueous electrolyte batteries are connected in series as shown in FIG. 2 described above, and the obtained assembled battery is housed in the housing 1. Since the insulating member is interposed between the end face of the sealing portion and the wall surface of the casing, the containers between the nonaqueous electrolyte batteries connected in series are reliably insulated. As a result, Al in the metal layer of the container can be prevented from melting (depositing) into the cell and opening the container.

  In the battery pack according to the first embodiment, the number of units in which the nonaqueous electrolyte batteries are connected in series is not limited to one, and a plurality of units may be provided. It is also possible to connect the series connection units in parallel. Furthermore, a unit in which nonaqueous electrolyte batteries are connected in parallel can also be provided. Further, the battery pack can be provided with necessary electronic components such as a protection circuit board.

  In addition, although the cylindrical housing | casing was illustrated in FIG. 1 mentioned above, the shape of a housing | casing is not restricted to this, For example, you may use what closed one opening part of the housing | casing with the bottom plate. .

  Moreover, although FIG. 1 mentioned above demonstrated the example in which the sealing part was formed in three sides of a container, you may form a sealing part in all the four sides of a container. In this case, it is desirable to cover not only the long side sealing portion but also the end surface of the short side sealing portion (however, the sealing portion where the positive and negative electrode terminals are not drawn out).

  In FIG. 1 described above, the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal are drawn out from the same side of the container, but the side from which the positive electrode terminal is drawn out may be different from the side from which the negative electrode terminal is drawn out. For example, the drawing direction of the negative electrode terminal can be opposite to the drawing direction of the positive electrode terminal.

(Second Embodiment)
The battery pack according to the second embodiment has the same configuration as that of the battery pack according to the first embodiment described above, except that the insulating method of the end face of the sealing portion is different.

  As shown in FIG. 10, the end face of the sealing portion can be insulated from the casing by folding back the sealing portions 19a and 19b whose end faces are opposed to the wall surface of the casing. For example, when the width of the sealing part is 6 mm, the sealing part is bent with half of 3 mm as the first bending start point Y. The second bending starting point Z is the boundary of the sealing portion. When bent twice in this manner, the sealing portion end faces 21a and 21b of the laminate are folded inward, so that they are not electrically contacted (conducted) with the end faces of the laminate sealing portions of other batteries.

  Insulation treatment to the end face of the sealing portion can be applied to the casing instead of directly to the battery. There is no particular limitation on where and in which process the insulation is performed.

(Third embodiment)
The battery pack according to the third embodiment includes assembled batteries connected in series in a state where the batteries are arranged flat.

As shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the flat type nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 3 1 to 3 3 are placed flat. In the flat type nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 3 1 to 3 3 , the long side sealing portion is bent, and the end surface of the long side sealing portion is covered with the insulating tape 25. The insulating method is not limited to the insulating tape, and the method described in the first and second embodiments can be adopted. Flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 1 of the positive terminal 5 and a flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 2 of the negative electrode terminal 6, a flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 2 of the positive terminal 5 and the flat type nonaqueous anode electrolyte battery 3 3 By connecting the terminals 6 with the aluminum tabs 27, the flat nonaqueous electrolyte batteries 3 1 to 3 3 are connected in series. The size of the assembled battery can be, for example, about 70 mm × 130 mm × 6 mm. The positive terminal 5 of the flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 1 of the negative electrode terminal 6 a flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery 3 3 are connected to the protection circuit board (PCM) 28.

  The electron conductive casing includes a lower case (material: aluminum plate thickness 1.0 mm) 29 and an upper case (material: aluminum plate thickness 1.0 mm) 30. The assembled battery is fixed to the inner surface of the lower case 29 with an adhesive tape. The upper case 30 is fitted and fixed to the lower case 29 with screws. The size of the battery pack varies depending on the capacity of the assembled battery and the like, and can be, for example, about 220 mm × 180 mm × 8 mm.

  The material of the lower case and the upper case is not limited to aluminum, and the same type of metal as described in the first embodiment can be used. Moreover, although the plate | board thickness of a lower case and an upper case is based also on the quantity of the cells which comprise an assembled battery, the range of 0.2 mm-2 mm is desirable.

  In the battery pack according to the third embodiment, the number of units in which nonaqueous electrolyte batteries are connected in series is not limited to one, and a plurality of units may be provided. It is also possible to connect the series connection units in parallel. Furthermore, a unit in which nonaqueous electrolyte batteries are connected in parallel can also be provided.

  Moreover, although FIG. 11 mentioned above demonstrated the example in which the sealing part was formed in three sides of a container, you may form a sealing part in all the four sides of a container. In this case, it is desirable to insulate not only the long side sealing portion but also the end surface of the short side sealing portion (however, the sealing portion where the positive and negative electrode terminals are not drawn out) from the casing.

  In the first to third embodiments, the assembled battery is configured by either stacking the nonaqueous electrolyte batteries or placing the nonaqueous electrolyte flat, but the unit in which the nonaqueous electrolyte batteries are stacked and the nonaqueous electrolyte battery Units placed horizontally may be mixed.

  Note that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment as it is, and can be embodied by modifying the components without departing from the scope of the invention in the implementation stage. In addition, various inventions can be formed by appropriately combining a plurality of components disclosed in the embodiment. For example, some components may be deleted from all the components shown in the embodiment. Furthermore, constituent elements over different embodiments may be appropriately combined.

The perspective view which shows the battery pack which concerns on 1st Embodiment. The disassembled perspective view of the battery pack of FIG. The perspective view which shows the flat type non-aqueous electrolyte battery which comprises the battery pack of FIG. Sectional drawing which shows the laminate film which comprises the container of the flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery of FIG. FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the flat type nonaqueous electrolyte battery of FIG. 3. The perspective view for demonstrating the method to form an insulating member in the sealing part end surface by the apply | coating method. The perspective view for demonstrating the method to form an insulating member in the sealing part end surface by the immersion method. The perspective view for demonstrating the method to coat | cover the sealing part end surface with the insulating member which consists of insulating paper or an insulating tape. The perspective view for demonstrating the method to coat | cover the sealing part end surface with the insulating member which consists of structures. The perspective view for demonstrating the method of folding back a sealing part. The perspective view which shows the battery pack which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. The perspective view which shows the assembly process (insulation process) of the battery pack of FIG. The perspective view which shows the assembly process (protection circuit board mounting | wearing) of the battery pack of FIG. The perspective view which shows the assembly process (housing to a housing | casing) of the battery pack of FIG. The schematic diagram for demonstrating the mechanism which a hole opens in the container of the unit cell which comprises an assembled battery.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Housing | casing, 2 ... Battery assembly, 3 < 1 > -3 < 3 > ... Nonaqueous electrolyte battery, 4 ... Container, 5 ... Positive electrode terminal, 6 ... Negative electrode terminal, 7, 27 ... Tab, 8 ... Metal layer, 9, 11, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 14 ... Adhesive layer, 10 ... Thermoplastic resin layer, 12 ... Nylon film, 13 ... PET film, 15 ... Insulating layer, 16 ... Recessed part, 17 ... Electrode group, 18 ... Lid, 19a, 19b, 19c ... Sealing part 20 ... Insulating film, 21a, 21b ... End face of sealing part, 23, 24 ... Insulating agent, 25, 26 ... Insulating member, 28 ... Protection circuit board, 29 ... Lower case, 30 ... Upper case.

Claims (4)

  1. A container made of a laminate film having an aluminum or aluminum alloy layer and having a sealing portion on at least a part of the periphery, and stored in the container, the lithium occlusion potential (open circuit) is 0 with respect to the lithium metal potential. An assembled battery comprising a unit in which a plurality of flat type nonaqueous electrolyte batteries each having a negative electrode active material having a voltage of 4 V or more are connected in series;
    A battery pack comprising an electronically conductive casing in which the assembled battery is accommodated,
    A portion of the end face of the sealing portion of the container that is opposed to the wall surface of the casing is insulated from the casing.
  2.   2. The battery pack according to claim 1, wherein an end surface of the sealing portion facing the wall surface of the casing is covered with an insulating member.
  3.   3. The battery pack according to claim 2, wherein the insulating member is formed by application of an insulating agent or immersion in an insulating agent, or is made of insulating paper, insulating tape, or a structure.
  4.   The battery pack according to claim 1, wherein a sealing portion whose end surface faces the wall surface of the housing is folded.
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JP2012527725A (en) * 2010-02-10 2012-11-08 エルジー ケム. エルティーディ. Pouch-type lithium secondary battery
CN102906903A (en) * 2010-05-28 2013-01-30 株式会社Lg化学 Battery pack having compact structure
CN102918681A (en) * 2010-05-28 2013-02-06 株式会社Lg化学 Battery pack having novel structure
JP2013254751A (en) * 2013-09-20 2013-12-19 Nec Corp Battery pack
WO2015008341A1 (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-01-22 株式会社 日立製作所 Secondary battery module and battery system
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CN106229430A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-12-14 深圳市博亿能科技有限公司 A kind of power battery box
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